Vegetative dystonia (VVD) is a condition associated with changes in the work of the vegetative system, which manifests itself in the form of a complex of symptoms. Patients rarely understand the dangers of the disease, demanding a precise, in their opinion, diagnosis. But the condition requires careful diagnosis, and treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia must be selected taking into account many indicators of health. What is important to pay attention to effective treatment of dystonia?
What is IRR?
Vegetovascular dystonia or, as it is also called, neurocirculatory - this is a pathology, which is perceived as another disease. Vegetative dystonia can occur with symptoms of gynecological disease, neurological, as well as any other. Thanks to the work of the vegetative system, the body is able to adapt to changes in the environment.
As a result of vegetative-vascular dystonia, an imbalance of the vegetative system arises, which leads to a change in the work of this or that organ. The causes of the disease are heredity, constitutional features, frequent stresses, environmental features, family environment. People of all ages are prone to pathology.
Signs and symptoms of VSD
Disease with vascular syndrome can occur in different types, based on what area is affected. Thus, they distinguish forms with syndromes of the central nervous system (dizziness, nausea, headaches), cardiovascular system (shortness of breath, heart pain), digestive (manifested as epigastric pain, nausea, diarrhea or vomiting).
Often, when a patient has vascular dystonia, the patient has:
- Neuromuscular syndrome - weakness, rolling of eyes, incoordination, numbness of fingers.
- Mental syndrome - depression, decreased performance, aggression.
- Cognitive syndrome - memory loss, inability to concentrate.
- Vascular syndrome - impaired blood circulation, cooling of the limbs, weakness, convulsions.
The very state of vegetative dystonia occurs in hypotonic type or hypertonic, that is, with a decrease or increase in blood pressure. A mixed course of the disease is also likely. Children have their own characteristics of the state. Consider the signs of each variant of the disease separately.
Dystonia in children
Complicating the diagnosis of vegetative-vascular dystonia is that the child’s pulse rate is much higher than that of an adult. For this reason, this indicator should not be used as a sign of pathology.
The skin of children with the disease becomes a different color, rash, dryness, swelling. The changes in the work of the endocrine organs are especially indicative: in boys, puberty is delayed, while in girls, on the contrary, it is accelerating.
Body temperature varies with vegetative-vascular dystonia for no particular reason, which is not accompanied by a runny nose or other respiratory symptoms. Children have drowsiness, no cause for panic, or constant anxiety. With the defeat of the heart, there is a change in the nature of breathing: it becomes too frequent, then slows down. Often, dyspnea occurs with vegetovascular syndrome.
Such children suffer from reduced appetite, they are worried about nausea, sometimes vomiting, diarrhea. By 12-15 years, all this leads to gastritis or duodenitis.
Against the background of the IRR can develop other diseases. These are heart defects, arrhythmia, pathologies of the heart muscle, Itsenko-Cushing syndrome. If there are such deviations, a thorough examination is required to determine the cause of the condition. Not only a pediatrician is involved in the treatment of vascular dystonia. A psychiatrist, gynecologist, neurologist, and a cardiologist should be involved.
IRR on hypotonic type
The main feature that accompanies the vegetative-vascular syndrome of the hypotonic type is a reduction in blood pressure. With exacerbation of the disease crises appear. Patients complain of increased weakness, rapid heartbeat, panic, neurosis, shortness of breath, interruptions of cardiac activity, sweating, lowering blood pressure (BP), fainting.
IRR on hypertonic type
This form is characterized by an increase in blood pressure with periods of crises. In patients with vegetative dystonia, palpitations, overexcitement, panic, hypertension, cold extremities, frequent chills are noted. limbs.
Doctors sometimes expose such a diagnosis as sympathicotonia, that is, the predominance of the sympathetic system over the parasympathetic one. In other words, in a vegetovascular disease, the regulation between the centers activating all organs and those slowing down their work is disturbed, and the amount of adrenaline in the blood rises.
If the parasympathetic system prevails over the sympathetic, the patient is worried about slowing of heart contractions, sweating, polyuria, severe weakness, dizziness, drowsiness.
In the treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia, it is important to consider the form of the pathology and, based on the symptoms, select drugs and drugs.
Treatment of the disease
When a malfunction of the vegetative system occurs, the first thing to do is to conduct a thorough examination of the whole organism. If you suspect vegetative-vascular dystonia, attention is drawn to the condition of the skin, blood vessels, capillaries, organs and systems. In the presence of systolic noise or marked blood pressure surges, an additional examination is required for the presence of defects and comorbidities.
Experts prescribe for a vegetovascular disease such studies as an ECG of the heart, MRI of the brain, chest X-ray, FGS of the stomach and duodenum, as well as an ultrasound of vital organs. According to the results of the examination, as well as a photo ultrasound or radiography, the doctor assesses the condition, as well as the degree of changes in the body.
In order for the treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia to produce the desired result, a lifestyle change is required. The correct combination of work and rest regimen ensures the normal functioning of the vegetative system. An active lifestyle is welcome, that is, morning jogging, swimming, fitness, aerobics, but all this is at the level of an amateur, not a professional.
Also, vascular dystonia requires a change in diet. You need to sleep at least eight hours a day. A visit to a sanatorium or sanatorium with a neurological profile of patients will be useful. Doctors recommend periodically conduct a course of exercise therapy, massage. A pronounced effect has a hydrotherapy of all kinds.
How to cope with vegetovascular disease and what to do to improve the condition? You can get answers to these questions by watching the video. It describes in detail what constitutes the IRR and how to deal with it.
Drug treatment of VSD
Treatment of vascular dystonia is carried out mainly on the symptoms. It is impossible to say exactly which drugs will be prescribed for treatment, it depends on the characteristics of the case, they are selected only after examining the patient.
First of all, anti-depressants and tranquilizers are prescribed for vegetative-vascular dystonia. The dosage is selected based on the severity of symptoms. In addition to them, antihypertensive drugs are assigned, or, on the contrary, caffeine to raise blood pressure. B vitamins, ginseng and beta-blockers are considered essential.
If venous insufficiency is observed, a vazoke and detralex are prescribed. They relieve heaviness in the head, pain and throbbing. The course for vegetative dystonia should be long - not less than a month.
If dystonia arteries are strained, and the pressure is high, suitable cavinton, oxybral, sermion, ginkgo biloba or memoplants. Betaserk will help get rid of the noise, but afobazole will help to remove the alarming state. Antidepressants need to take for six months. Only then does the tangible effect appear.
An ordinary smile can activate the brain. Therefore, patients who are prone to vegetative-vascular dystonia should smile more often and also just enjoy life. Changing attitudes towards the world around it significantly affects the patient's condition. Only if a person takes on himself, that is, he tries to find a way out of the problem, he will be able to get rid of the pathology, and the drugs will help him achieve the desired effect in a short time.
Traditional medicine for the IRR
Given the condition of the patient, sedatives are selected for the treatment of IRR. Herbs with antidepressant effect will be helpful, as well as those that help get rid of anxiety, anxiety or stress.
Melissa has a pronounced effect in vascular dystonia. In addition to its sedative effect, it has an antispasmodic and anti-depressive effect. In the process of receiving tincture of lemon balm, the work of the heart improves, stress is removed, the perception of the world improves. You can use lemon balm both in the form of tea and in the form of infusion (decoction).
St. John's wort with a vascular disease improves the internal state, relieves anxiety, normalizes sleep and improves tone. Use herbs in the form of decoctions or tea. For ease of use and for busy patients, tablets containing extracts or dry extract of Hypericum will do.
Hops will help relieve heart pain in vegetative-vascular dystonia, calm down after a working day. Hawthorn will relieve heartbeat, normalize blood pressure and calm the nerves.
With the help of mint, you will be able to relieve spasm from blood vessels, improve sleep, calm down and get rid of tension arising in the vascular syndrome. Valerian is used to normalize sleep and restore a normal psycho-emotional state.
All of these herbs are used for dystonia, both in pure form (tinctures, tinctures, balms, tea, decoction), and in the form of tablet preparations sold in the pharmacy chain.
Some herbs are used depending on the level of blood pressure. In hypertensive type of vegetative-vascular dystonia, it is recommended to use such plants as dogrose, dioscorea, motherwort, hawthorn, dried ladybed, sophora. In parallel with this, in the presence of vegetovascular syndrome, it is necessary to diversify the diet with apples, pears, grapefruit, garlic, chocolate, vegetables.
Avoid alcohol, caffeine, salt and fatty foods. Be sure to take a walk in the fresh air and pick up for yourself simple fitness classes.
In case of hypotonic type of vegetovascular dystonia, it is recommended to use ginseng, propolis, eleutherococcus and other herbs that increase the tone, as well as forcing the receptors to properly respond to environmental factors.
Complications and prevention of VSD
In order to prevent deterioration of the internal organs in case of vegetative-vascular dystonia, in addition to normalizing the daily regimen, follow all the recommendations of the doctors. Carefully consider the IRR in children. They often develop diseases that negatively affect the general condition of the baby.
Prevention of IRD should begin as early as childhood. It is especially important to avoid stress and nervous overstimulation. In case of illness, it is necessary to ensure the correct balance of work and rest. Sleep a child with vegetative dystonia should be at least eight hours a day. Benefit will bring sports, dancing, running, swimming, skiing or cycling. Yoga, auto-training, breathing exercises.
In the diet of vegetative-vascular dystonia, products such as potatoes, cabbage, apricots, raisins, figs, prunes, beans, tomatoes, peas, and dill should be included. If you notice that when measuring the pulse at the wrist joint, the vessels are tense, make a bias for buckwheat, carrots, nuts, soy, rosehip.
If our information helped you in the treatment of vegetative dystonia, or you have your own proven methods and recipes to eliminate this disease, share your feedback in the comments.
What is necessary treatment
Drugs for vegetative dystonia play a supporting role.
Non-pharmacological methods of therapy, namely, conducting psychotherapeutic sessions, a mode of work and rest that must be observed, limiting the effect of factors provoking attacks, conducting activities that harden the body, come to the fore.
Since autonomic dysfunction develops primarily in the main systems of the body, for example, in the endocrine, nervous, cardiovascular, the first symptoms occur in these areas. In the event that panic attacks in the IRR interfere with the person’s habitual way of life and degrade its quality, lower the ability to work, prescribe medications that help eliminate unpleasant symptoms.
In the treatment of VSD involve drugs that contribute to the elimination of common disorders of the pathology and those that act symptomatically. As a rule, appoint reception:
- nootropic drugs
- vitamin complexes.
Sedatives (or sedatives) help normalize the activity of the autonomic nervous system, correct the emotional background of a person. The general condition at the same time improves, working capacity increases. Other benefits of such drugs include:
- irritability and aggression disappear,
- insomnia and dizziness disappear,
- drugs allow the heart vessels to relax, removing their spasm,
- normalization of blood pressure occurs,
- funds have a quick therapeutic effect, reducing the risk of severe attacks.
Most of these drugs contain only herbal ingredients, which only increases their safety and effectiveness. The only negative - less pronounced calming effect than in those tools that are based on synthetic substances.
Valeryanka - an excellent budget tool that can be used with the IRR
Vegerovascular dystonia, which is accompanied by symptoms of mental disorder, can be cured by means of Valerian (drops, pills), Passionflower, Passionflower, St. John's wort tincture, and motherwort herb.
Perfectly cure the symptoms of VSD drugs tranquilizers, which have a more powerful therapeutic effect than sedatives. Immediately it is worth noting that only a specialist should appoint such, because tranquilizers can cause side effects and have contraindications to receive. For this reason it is not recommended to take them yourself.
Tranquilizers help regulate the activity of the autonomic nervous system, normalizing the psychopathic state, eliminating neurosis, panic syndrome, anxiety syndrome, anxiety, irritability, and emotional instability. They are prescribed if necessary to restore the body after a strong emotional shock, stress or depression.
Improvement in the general condition occurs within 5–10 minutes after taking the drug, but the overall duration of the effect is low — up to 2–3 hours. It is possible to cure VSD forever in this way by conducting treatment courses in 2-3 weeks. With the omission of such a rule, unpleasant symptoms may recur over time.
So, how to treat the IRR? Such tranquilizers as Fenazepam, Madazepam, Lorazepam, Gidazepam will come to the rescue. Means of a new generation can be called Atarax and Afobazol. Acceptance of any drug is not recommended to end abruptly, but you need to do it gradually. Otherwise, you can cause unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.
It is also possible to treat VSD at home with antidepressants, the active substances of which ensure the normalization of metabolic processes in the vegetative nervous system. These are necessary when there are bright attacks of the IRR and the accompanying symptoms.
The first positive results are visible only 2–3 weeks after the start of taking the pills and only in the case of their systematic use. To enhance the effectiveness of antidepressants, it is recommended to take tranquilizers in the complex.
The total duration of treatment with any antidepressant is no more than 6 months.
Given the fact that all antidepressant drugs have not yet been fully studied by researchers, the exact mechanism of their effect on autonomic dysfunction has not yet been established. This can be explained by the complex symptom complex that occurs during the development of dystonia. Несмотря на это препараты использовались и продолжают использоваться в лечении ВСД, ведь как таковая альтернатива им пока не найдена.
Вылечить ВСД раз и навсегда можно такими трициклическими антидепрессантами, как Теперин и Амитриптилин. К тетрациклическому типу препаратов относят Леривон, Лудиомил, Пиразидол. Also in the group of antidepressants include the following tools: Zolofort, Paroxetine, Cipralex, Prozac, Remeron, Venlafaxin, etc.
Antidepressants can be taken at home, but only after they are prescribed by the attending physician. In the selection process, the severity of the impaired mental state, the general condition of the patient and other important factors are taken into account.
To treat vegetovascular dystonia of the brain can be such drugs as nootropics, active substances which affect the higher integrative functions of its cortex. With these tools you can improve concentration and memory. General malaise and depression disappear as well as headache, dizziness. Most often, doctors prescribe:
- Glycine (provides improved brain metabolism, but there is a ban on its simultaneous use with other drugs used in the treatment of dystonia),
- Piracetam (treats many neurological and psychological diseases, but in the case of vegetative-vascular dystonia has a lot of contradictory reviews, it is prescribed for VVD according to the mixed type),
- Noofen (has antihypoxic and antiamnestic action, the drug is used for dystonia of hypotonic type).
Neurocirculatory dystonia can also be treated with a preparation such as Actovegin, released in the form of an injection solution.
Adaptogens and vitamin preparations
Adaptogenic drugs have a purely vegetable origin, have a tonic and tonic effect, help to improve the immune system and improve mood. Often these funds are prescribed in combination with vitamin preparations. Immediately it should be noted that adaptogens can not be taken with high blood pressure. Examples of remedies include Doppelgerz with ginseng, Pantocrin, Antistress formula, which is prescribed for any type of vascular dystonia.
Magnesium-based vitamin complex Complivit helps reduce symptom relief in IRR
Vitamin preparations are important for everyone, regardless of the presence in the body of such a pathology. At the pharmacy stalls you can find a variety of tools for this purpose, which act both curatively and prophylactically. Replenishing the body with the right amount of potassium and magnesium, you can reduce irritability, anxiety, increase work capacity. Drugs that contain such trace elements: Magne B6, Magnelis, Magnerot, Asparkam.
You can take vitamin complexes, which contain other useful substances. In addition to normalizing the activity of the nervous system, vitamins will help strengthen the immune system and increase its resistance to infectious diseases. This may be Complivit, Supradin, Neuromultivitis, etc.
Many are interested in the question of whether it is possible to cure the IRR psychotherapeutic sessions. This technique is quite effective, but only if the person turned to a specialist at the early stage of the development of vegetative-vascular dystonia.
The main goal of therapy is to restore the balance of the mental forces of the person, the normalization of mental balance. The task of the doctor is to find the main reason for the disturbance of the emotional state, which caused unpleasant symptoms, and to teach the person to manage it.
The psychotherapist or psychologist can help get rid of the symptoms of the IRR
Actively use breathing exercises, douche, relaxing massage and some techniques of psychological influence. The latter include:
- psychoanalysis (the specialist finds out the cause of psychological disorders and tries to eliminate it by the suggestion method),
- behavioral analysis (the cause of dystonia is sought in the real life of a person, not in the past, and eliminated by changing the attitude towards it),
- Gestalt treatment (the doctor explains and suggests to the person that there is a major and minor in his life, and the causal situation that caused the psychological disorder is the second option),
- hypnosis (in the process of therapy, a person is administered in a light trance).
The psychotherapist also explains to the person how to cope with the arisen attack. In any case, do not panic, because pathology is not life threatening. If possible, it is necessary to go to the fresh air, remove and unbutton the constraining elements of clothing (tie, buttons, etc.). You can lie down, but only so that the head is below the level of the legs. This will help ensure blood flow to the brain. You can carry out treatment with folk remedies, for example, a solution of components such as Valocordin, tincture of peony, valerian, hawthorn, taken at 0.5 tsp.
It is hard to say how long the disease goes. It all depends on the mood of the patient. In any case, although vegetovascular dystonia is not dangerous to health, you should not abuse home treatment. Who, if not a specialist, can correctly prescribe the most effective treatment.
IRR: effective treatments
Vegetative-vascular dystonia can be a symptom of many organic diseases: neurological, somatic, endocrinological, oncological, gynecological. However, most of the IRR is not associated with serious diseases. The course of the disease is long, with periods of exacerbations and remissions. For successful therapy of vegetative-vascular dystonia, one should lead a healthy lifestyle: observe the regime of work and rest, play sports (jogging, swimming, fitness). Contrasting showers, healthy food, staying in the open air, visiting a therapist will be helpful. The sanatorium-resort treatment in the sanatorium of the neurological profile with the use of all types of reflex therapy, balneotherapy (hydrotherapy), physiotherapy, aromatherapy, massage will bring great benefits.
When VSD sleep should be at least eight hours a day.
Interesting facts about vascular dystonia
The diagnosis of vegetative-vascular dystonia exists mainly only in the territory of the CIS countries. At present, this diagnosis has the status of a “myth”, since it is not recognized by many experts and does not exist in the international classification of diseases.
The diagnosis of vegetative neurosis is universal - many “symptoms” and syndromes “fit” for it. So, for today 150 symptoms and 40 syndromes of this disease are described. This explains the fact that vegetative-vascular dystonia has the features of very many diseases. That is why this diagnosis is made in excess. Sometimes the patient has literally “everything,” which makes vegeoneurosis syndrome particularly “convenient” in such cases. Also, very often this pathology is placed when no other reasons for the patient's complaints were found.
At the same time, despite the abundance of symptoms, there are no uniform criteria for this diagnosis, as well as a consensus on the mechanism of its causes. Academician Wayne believed that the cause of dystonia is acute or chronic stress. This is confirmed by the high efficiency of the psychotherapeutic approach in the treatment of this disease.
In Western countries, this syndrome is often part of the somatoform (bodilya) dysfunction of the heart or psycho-vegetative syndrome. This syndrome is observed in panic disorders, neurosis, phobias and post-traumatic disorders.
What is the autonomic nervous system?
The autonomic nervous system is the structure that regulates most processes in the body. The main task of the autonomic nervous system is the regulation of the vital processes of organs. With this system, the work of the organs is consistent with each other and adapts to the needs of the body. For example, with its help, the body's heat exchange, heart rate and respiration rate are regulated when the temperature rises or falls. Like the central nervous system, the vegetative consists of a huge number of neurons. A neuron is a cell that is complex in structure and function, in which the body and the processes are distinguished. Processes of the neuron (axon and dendrites) form nerve fibers, which in the periphery after leaving the brain end with nerve endings.
There are practically no such pathologies in the development of which the vegetative nervous system would not take part. In turn, it produces a sympathetic and parasympathetic division.
Sympathetic nervous system
The sympathetic region is represented by a collection of neurons that are located in the thoracic and lumbar spinal cord, as well as the paired sympathetic nerve trunk.
The processes of the neurons, which are located in the spinal cord, go to the sympathetic nervous trunk, which is located on both sides of the spine. He, being an important structure of this department, consists of 23 nodes, among which there are 3 cervical nodes, 12 nursing nodes, 4 abdominal nodes and 4 pelvic nodes. Interrupted in the nodes of the trunk, the fibers of the neurons exit from it and go to those organs and tissues that subsequently innervate. Thus, the fibers that have broken in the neck nodes innervate the tissues of the neck and face, and those in the chest nodes go to the heart, lungs and other organs of the chest cavity. From the abdominal nodes, the fibers approach the kidneys and intestines, and from the pelvic - to the pelvic organs (bladder, rectum). In addition to organs, the fibers of the sympathetic nervous system innervate the vessels, sweat and sebaceous glands, and skin.
Thus, the autonomic nervous system directly or indirectly regulates all internal organs.
Parasympathetic nervous system
This department is also part of the autonomic nervous system, which works in conjunction with the sympathetic nervous system. The effects of the parasympathetic nervous system are completely opposite to the sympathetic system.
The neurons of the parasympathetic nervous system are located in the spinal cord at the level of the sacrum (peripheral system department) and in the brain (central department). At the level of the brain, neurons are grouped into so-called vegetative nuclei. These nuclei are either part of other cranial nuclei, or they exist separately. The fibers from the nuclei of the parasympathetic nervous system go as part of the cranial nerves to various organs. Thus, fibers from the Edinger-Westphal nucleus go as part of the oculomotor nerve to the muscles of the eyeball and pupil, as part of the facial nerve - to the salivary glands, as part of the vagus nerve - to the internal organs.
The main effects of the parasympathetic division affect the activity of the heart muscle. It reduces the excitability and contractility of the heart, reducing its heart rate, especially at night, as it is most active at this time of day.
In the natural state, the divisions of the autonomic nervous system are in constant tension, referred to as "tone." The predominance of parasympathetic tone is called vagotonia, while the dominance of sympathetic effects is called sympathicotonia. Based on this, all people can be divided into vagotonics and sympathotonics.
Despite the opposite effects of these parts of the nervous system, they are normally in a “balanced” state. If necessary, the body activates one or another mechanism. So, excitement and fear is accompanied by activation of the sympathetic nervous system with a further increase in blood pressure, release of stress hormones, the production of cold, viscous sweat. In vegetative-vascular dystonia, the synchronism of the work of these parts of the nervous system is disturbed. Work of the autonomic nervous system (whether sympathetic or parasympathetic) goes out of control and starts working regardless of the needs of the body. Thus, increased sweating can occur almost constantly, regardless of the presence of stress or high air temperature.
In the clinical picture of vegetative-vascular dystonia, a predominance of the parasympathetic or sympathetic system may be observed. But at the same time, combined syndromes can be observed.
Causes of vascular dystonia
The term "dystonia" refers to the lack of balance in the work of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. There are many reasons for this imbalance, including chronic infections, hormonal imbalances in the body, mental stress and others. However, many experts believe that the main cause of failure in these systems is emotional stress.
The reasons for the development of vegetative-vascular dystonia are:
- genetic predisposition
- acute or chronic stress
- climate change,
- neurological and somatic (bodily) pathology,
- hormonal changes in the body,
- mental illness.
In case of hereditary predisposition to vegetative-vascular dystonia, it is not so much specific genes that are counted as certain human temperaments. If a parent with a certain emotional constitution suffers from vegetative neurosis, then there is a high probability that the child, having inherited the same traits of character, will also suffer from vegetative-vascular dystonia. Therefore, children with a labile psyche, in which the processes of arousal prevail over the processes of inhibition, are at risk.
However, in addition to certain character traits that an individual inherits, an important role is played by the atmosphere in the family, upbringing and environment. A child who is in constant tension, even without a hereditary predisposition, may already show symptoms of vegetonurosis from a young age.
Some experts even distinguish vegetative-vascular dystonia of hereditary constitutional nature. This type of dystonia is manifested in adolescence and is characterized by unstable vegetative parameters.
Hormonal changes in the body
By the restructuring of the body that can cause vegetative-vascular dystonia, include puberty and menopause. During puberty, as a result of changes in hormonal background, new relationships are formed between the vegetative system and the hormonal system. These changes adapt the organs and organ systems to the new restructuring of the body. So, the vegetative system adapts the cardiovascular to the new parameters of the body, namely, growth and weight gain. Thus, a gap is created between the former vascular provision and the new physical parameters. Because of this, during the period of puberty, fluctuations in blood pressure, fainting and other manifestations of dystonia are observed.
Vegetative changes during menopause are also due to changes in hormonal levels. The decrease in estrogen levels is accompanied by hot flushes, fluctuations in blood pressure.
Most often, vascular dystonia is observed in neurotic disorders. It can be part of diseases such as neurosis, anxiety and hypochondria disorders (including panic attacks). Symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia form a clinical picture of various forms of depression.
Under the influence of stress factors, vegetative-vascular dystonia can occur even among harmonious and emotionally stable individuals. However, most often occurs with accentuated personalities. As a rule, these are disturbing and excitable personality types.
Symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia
In the clinic of vegetative-vascular dystonia, there are a huge number of symptoms. Depending on the system in which they appear, they are divided into syndromes.
Syndromes of vegetative dystonia symptoms are:
- syndrome of cardiac disorders,
- respiratory syndrome
- asthenic syndrome (or exhaustion),
- thermoregulation disorders
- neurotic disorders.
Cardiac Disorder Syndrome
It is the most common syndrome in vegetative-vascular dystonia. Most often manifested by pain in the heart, interruptions in its activity and fluctuations in blood pressure. All these symptoms usually appear at the peak of anxiety, stress or overwork. Their manifestation is very individual. Pain can be mild or “intolerable”. They can be piercing, aching, cutting or compressing. Pain syndrome may mimic angina or acute myocardial infarction.
In addition to pain, fluctuations in blood pressure can be observed in patients with vegetative-vascular dystonia. In this case, a person can sharply rise pressure and also fall sharply. This phenomenon is called the vegetative crisis. Its origin is associated with a sharp and short-term activation of the sympathetic nervous system. She, stimulating receptors of vessels, causes their sharp spasm.
Very often this phenomenon is accompanied by the release of cold, sticky sweat (vegetative hyperhidrosis). Since the sweat glands are innervated by the sympathetic nervous system, its activation leads to an increase in their secretion.
This syndrome is characterized by physical and emotional exhaustion. It is observed in almost all patients. Manifested by weakness, fatigue, weak productivity. Constant fatigue is the cause of low mood.
У детей и подростков наблюдается снижение интеллектуальных функций. При этом снижение успеваемости в учебе происходит не из-за каких-либо поражений мозга, а из-за неспособности сконцентрироваться и рассеянности. Дети при этом вспыльчивы, раздражительны, плохо переносят нагрузки.
The nature of thermoregulation disorders depends on the type of vegetative-vascular dystonia. With the predominance of the influence of the sympathetic nervous system, patients very poorly tolerate heat, but satisfactorily tolerate cold. At the same time, their extremities are always cold, but not wet. With the prevalence of parasympathetic tone, patients, on the contrary, satisfactorily tolerate heat and poorly - cold. Their hands are warm and wet. Also observed is abundant sebum secretion. They are constantly freezing and chilly, prefer to dress warmer.
Very often in patients with vegetative-vascular dystonia, subfebrile temperature is observed (37 degrees Celsius). At the same time, fluctuations in body temperature from 36.7 to 37.1 degrees Celsius are also observed. It is important to note that this temperature does not respond to anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics and other drugs.
Studies show that every second patient with vegetative-vascular dystonia has certain neurotic disorders. As a rule, these are anxiety or depressive disorders. In the first case, patients have panic attacks, which are accompanied by fear and anxiety. There is a fear of dying, suffocating, not waking up. If these attacks recur frequently, then anxiety disorder develops. In this case, patients are always anxious, suspicious, restless. They sleep badly at night, often wake up in the middle of the night and fall asleep with difficulty.
In one fourth of cases, vegetative-vascular dystonia is complicated by the development of depression. This may be anxiety or hypochondria depression. Patients come to the fore lowered mood and its fluctuations during the day. With hypochondriacal disorder, the patient is constantly busy with his health. He is overcome by fears about the outcome of the disease. As a rule, people suffering from vegetative-vascular dystonia constantly visit doctors, overcoming them each time with new complaints. They constantly measure temperature, pressure, pulse, and also look for new ways of treatment.
Drug treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia
Treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia basically comes down to normalization of the emotional background. Special attention is paid to the mental status of the patient. If the clinic is dominated by depressive states, then antidepressants are prescribed, if anxious, anti-anxiety drugs are prescribed. In parallel, the elimination of symptoms of dystonia. If arterial hypertension is pronounced, then antihypertensive agents are prescribed, if insomnia is then hypnotic, if vegetative crises develop, then stabilizers of vascular tone and ganglioblokatora.
Groups of drugs used in vegetative-vascular dystonia:
- medications that affect the cardiovascular system
- anti-anxiety and antidepressants.
Sanatorium-resort treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia
Help for patients with vegetative-vascular dystonia in sanatorium-and-spa treatment is carried out on the basis of the integrated use of natural healing resources, physiotherapeutic and medical methods. The most effective stay in sanatoria is in remission (relieving symptomsa) disease.
Where is the spa treatment recommended?
With this disease, it is favorable to visit sanatoriums and resorts located within the climatic zone in which the patient lives permanently, because abrupt changes in climate and natural conditions can cause stress and exacerbation of the disease. It was found that when the time zone is changed for more than 3 hours, desynchronosis develops in the body (violation of daily biorhythm). This condition is manifested by a disorder of sleep and a general deterioration of the patient’s well-being. Also, a sharp inverse (inversea) change of seasons. So, choosing a sanatorium in the fall in a southern country with summer conditions in the fall, the patient risks causing an exacerbation of the disease.
Types of resorts that are recommended for vegetative-vascular dystonia are:
- mud therapy
The biological effects of climate soothe the nervous system and normalize the functions of vital body systems. The most useful types of climatic resorts for vegetative-vascular dystonia are those located in coastal and mountainous areas.
Sanatorium treatment in seaside areas
Improving the effect when visiting treatment-and-prophylactic institutions located in the coastal areas, is a healing effect on the body of sea water and air.
Sea air does not contain dust and is saturated with a large number of useful elements. Under the influence of air, the metabolism is accelerated and the activity of the circulatory organs is activated. Bromine, which is a large part of the maritime air, strengthens the nervous system of the body and helps to normalize the emotional background. Sea water is a source of elements that have a healing effect on patients with vegetative-vascular dystonia.
Substances that are part of sea water and help to cure this disease are:
- Calcium - normalizes sleep and helps fight depression
- magnesium - helps fight irritability and nervousness
- bromine - has a beneficial effect on the nervous system,
- manganese - strengthens the immune system
- selenium - improves the functioning of the heart and blood vessels,
- iodine - normalizes the brain and the immune system.
- chemical - useful elements contribute to the achievement of a health effect,
- mechanical - the pressure of a large mass of water when bathing is a hydromassage, which helps to improve blood circulation,
- physiological - the temperature difference between sea water and the human body contributes to an increase in heat transfer, due to which exchange processes increase in the body,
- psychotherapeutic - waves and slight rocking of the water have a calming effect on a person.
Climate treatment in mountain resorts
The mountain climate is characterized by clean air with low oxygen content. Once in the body, this air improves the functionality of the circulatory system. The positive effect of mountain air masses is also due to the large number of negative ions in their composition. The climate in the mountains helps to improve the composition of the blood and increase metabolism, which gives positive results in the treatment of this pathology. Being outdoors reassures the nervous system and has a beneficial effect on the body's immunity.
Procedures conducted in climatic resorts
The basis of treatment carried out in climatic resorts is a metered effect on the body of climatic factors and special procedures.
The main methods of climatotherapy are:
- heliotherapy - sunbathing,
- Hypoxytherapy - mountain air treatment,
- aerotherapy - exposure of fresh air to nude (fully or partially) body,
- speleotherapy - visiting karst caves, grottoes, salt mines and mines,
- thalassotherapy - therapeutic procedures using algae, water and other marine products.
Balneotherapy is a combination of various water procedures based on medicinal mineral waters. The mechanism of action of therapeutic procedures is based on the beneficial effects of salts, gases and natural extracts in water. Various useful elements in the composition of mineral waters contribute to the normalization of the circulatory system and improve the functionality of the nervous system. Mineral baths are selected taking into account the characteristics of the disease.
Methods of balneotherapy for vegetative-vascular dystonia are:
- souls (fan, circular, underwater, Charcot's douche) - contribute to the stabilization of vascular tone,
- general and individual baths (nitrogen, pine, pearl, oxygen) - have a calming effect,
- contrast mineral baths - improves blood circulation.
- in hypertensive and cardiac types of the disease, radon, hydrogen sulfide, iodine-bromine waters are shown,
- with antihypertensive vegetative-vascular dystonia, procedures using iodine-bromine waters are recommended,
- in vasomotor syndrome, the patient shows hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide baths,
- during nervous excitation, radon and nitrogen baths help,
- when exhausted, carbonic baths are prescribed,
- with sympathicotonia, sulfa-based water treatment is beneficial.
Mud cure resorts
Mud therapy includes treatments using therapeutic mud. The healing effect of such treatment is achieved due to heat exposure and the characteristics of the chemical composition of the mud. Biologically active substances in their composition, have a high penetrating ability and entering the body through the skin contribute to the normal functionality of all vital systems.
The mud therapy methods that are recommended for this disease are:
- mud baths,
- local mud applications
- mud wraps,
- cumulative effects of dirt and electric current (mud electrophoresis).
Many spa facilities, in addition to specialized methods of treatment, offer additional procedures to combat this vegetative disorder.
Treatments for sanatorium treatment include:
- massage (common and point),
Massage for vegetative neurosis should be carried out in accordance with the type of disease. For hypertensive type, a massage of the neck area, legs, and abdomen is recommended. Percussion techniques with tapping should be excluded. In case of hypotensive vegetative-vascular dystonia, a point and general massage is performed using such elements as stroking, rubbing, kneading, vibration. Massage helps to normalize the functionality of the nervous system, eliminate headaches, improve patient's sleep.
Reflexology is the effect of using needles, a magnetic field, a laser or an electric pulse on the active points of the body, located on the surface of the skin. Stimulation of reflex zones has a beneficial effect on the nervous system and in combination with other methods gives positive results in the treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia.
Physiotherapeutic methods of treatment help strengthen vascular tone, normalize the blood circulation process and activate the body's metabolic processes.
The most common physiotherapy includes:
- electrophoresis (introduction of drugs through the skin using electric current),
- Electric (impact of weak electrical impulses on the brain),
- magnetic therapy (magnetic field treatment),
- laser therapy (procedures using special physiotherapeutic lasers).
With this autonomic somatic disorder (bodilya) disorders in the body in most cases are combined with emotional disorders. Therefore, sanatorium-resort treatment of this disease is not effective without the help of a psychologist or psychotherapist. Specialists help patients develop resistance to stress, changing their attitudes towards negative incidents. Also, psychotherapeutic assistance involves the development of techniques for relaxation and breath control, which help get rid of anxiety and control emotions.
Physical therapy includes a set of exercises and physical exertion, the purpose of which is to strengthen and increase the body's resistance. Sports help to normalize blood pressure, promote emotional discharge and improve the circulatory system.
Recommended sports for dystonia are:
- aerobics in the water,
- walking in the open air,
- skiing, ice skating.
When playing sports with vegetative-vascular dystonia, it is necessary to exclude types of loads with a large amplitude of head and body movement. Fast-performing exercises and exercises that suggest a long static effort are not recommended.
Types of sports activities that are not recommended for this disease are:
- power gymnastics
- high jumps
- martial arts.
A balanced diet in sanatoriums allows patients to achieve positive results in the treatment of vegetative neurosis. The menu of such institutions includes dishes, which include a sufficient amount of vitamins and other useful elements that help the body to fight this disease.
Products that are emphasized in the spa treatment are:
- fresh vegetables and fruits,
- porridge (mostly buckwheat and oat),
- dairy and dairy products,
- Fish and seafood.
The duration of the spa treatment
The duration of treatment in a sanatorium for a given pathology of the vegetative system is determined individually, depending on the characteristics of the disease and the capabilities of the patient. The minimum stay in the sanatorium to achieve a health effect is 12 days. The best option is to visit the sanatoriums every year.
When starting a spa treatment, many patients are faced with such a factor as acclimatization (adaptation). This phenomenon manifests itself by a short-term decrease in the intensity of work of all body systems and is explained by the change in the usual way of life. During the adaptation period, potent medical procedures should be avoided. It is also necessary to adhere to the regime, which contributes to the reconfiguration of the body. If these rules are not followed, the patient's state of health may deteriorate to such an extent that sanatorium-resort treatment will become impossible.
Physiotherapy in the treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia
Physiotherapy in the treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia is aimed at the regulation of vascular tone, the normalization of metabolism and the elimination of pain. The nature, consistency and intensity of the procedures are selected by the doctor in accordance with the characteristics of the disease.
The methods of physiotherapy treatment for this autonomic disorder include:
- laser therapy
- magnetic therapy
The effects that physiotherapy procedures produce on a patient with vegetative neurosis are:
- soothing - electrosleep, electrophoresis of sedative drugs, aeroionotherapy,
- toning - magnetic and laser therapy, inductothermia,
- vasodilator - galvanization, local darsonvalization,
- vasoconstrictor - electrophoresis of adrenaline and other adrenomimetic agents (drugs that stimulate adrenoreceptors),
- antiarrhythmic electrophoresis of potassium chloride, lidocaine.
The electrosleep procedure is a therapeutic sleep that occurs due to the influence of electrical current pulses on the patient’s brain. The procedure is carried out in a special room every day or every other day. The course of treatment includes from 12 to 15 impacts. Electrodes are attached to the patient's head. The frequency of the impulses depends on the nature of the disorders that bother the patient. In case of neurotic disorders, as well as cardiac, hypertensive and arrhythmic syndromes, the frequency of the impulse current varies from 5 to 20 Hertz.
With the hypotensive nature of the disease, the pulse frequency ranges from 10 to 40 Hertz. Begin a course of treatment with minimal values, subsequently increasing them. For any type of vegeto neurosis, the duration of the first procedure will be 30 - 40 minutes, and after 2 - 3 sessions, the time is increased by 5 minutes.
Drug electrophoresis is a method of administering drugs through the skin or the mucous membrane of the body using electric current. During the procedure, a special pad moistened with a solution of the medicine is placed on the patient's body. A protective hydrophilic layer is fixed on top, on which the electrode is placed. Назначается электрофорез в соответствии с типом вегето-сосудистой дистонии.
Электрофорез при гипертензивном типе вегетоневроза
При гипертензивном синдроме процедуру проводят по методу общего воздействия или на воротниковую зону. Сила тока составляет от 10 до 15 миллиампер, длительность воздействия – 15 – 20 минут.
The drugs used for electrophoresis for this type of disorder are:
- sodium solution (5 to 10 percent),
- potassium bromide (5 to 10 percent),
- magnesium sulfate (5 percent),
- solution of aminophylline (1 percent),
- papaverine (2 percent),
- Dibazol (1 percent),
- anaprilin (40 milligrams).
Electrophoresis for hypotensive vegetative-vascular dystonia
With this type of vegetative disturbance, it is recommended to conduct electrophoresis using caffeine. The duration of the procedure varies from 10 to 20 minutes with a current of 5 to 7 milliamperes. The systematic treatment - 15 sessions, which are held every other day. Also, with this type of disease, electrophoresis can be prescribed on the basis of mezaton. If the patient suffers from insomnia and severe neurotic disorders, bromine electrophoresis for the collar zone is recommended. When manifestations of severe asthenia patient spend electrophoresis using a galvanic anode collar Scherbak.
Electrophoresis in cardiac dystonia
In vegetative disorder of cardialgic type, electrophoresis is prescribed using novocaine solution (5 to 10 percent) and nicotinic acid. Procedures are carried out according to the principle of general exposure or by the cardiac method. The second method involves the placement of electrodes in the region of the heart and between the shoulder blades.
If a patient has an arrhythmic syndrome, he is prescribed panangin electrophoresis (2 percent) or anaprilina by the cardiac method.
Darsonvalization is a medical procedure in which a pulsed alternating current, whose characteristics are low frequency, high voltage and weak force, is applied to certain parts of the patient's body. This procedure has a vasodilating and stimulating effect on the body.
In the cardiac form of the disease darsonvalization is prescribed in the region of the heart. With a predisposition to spasms of cerebral vessels, exposure to current is carried out on the region of the cervical region. The course of treatment is from 6 to 10 sessions that are held every day.
When galvanizing the body is exposed to a direct current, which has a low voltage and low power. Metal plates are applied to the patient's body, to which current from the device is supplied with the help of a wire. To avoid damage, a protective pad of material that absorbs water is fixed between the electrode and the skin. When the equipment is turned on, the current begins to increase, and by the end of the session - to decrease. The duration of the procedure depends on the specifics of the disease and can be from 10 to 30 minutes.
The effects of galvanization in the treatment of vegetative neurosis are:
- increased blood circulation
- increased vascular permeability
- stimulation of the nervous system
- improvement of metabolism.
The basis of laser therapy is the effect on the patient's body of the directional light flux. Under the influence of the laser capillaries expand, viscosity decreases and microcirculation improves. This physiotherapeutic method contributes to the activation of the immune functions of the body and has a beneficial effect on the overall tone of the patient. One of the properties of laser therapy is to increase the body's sensitivity to medical drugs. This allows you to achieve positive results of treatment in a short time with the use of minimal doses of drugs.
Magnetic therapy in the treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia is a method of physical impact on the human body by a magnetic field of a constant or variable nature. The magnetic field is perceived by all systems of the body, but the nervous system has the most sensitivity to it. The effect of these procedures is manifested in stabilizing the emotional background of patients, improving sleep, reducing the level of nervous tension. Also, the magnetic field has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system, which is reflected in a decrease in blood pressure and normalization of the pulse.
The effects of magnetic therapy in treating this vegetative disorder are:
- activation of metabolism
- increased peripheral vascular tone,
- improvement of blood circulation.
Induction is a treatment method in which the patient is exposed to heat. Certain areas on the body are heated using a special apparatus that operates on the basis of an alternating electromagnetic field. Due to eddy currents, uniform heating of tissues to a depth of 6 to 8 centimeters occurs. It should be noted that the skin and subcutaneous tissue heat up less than tissues and liquids located at a greater depth. Under the influence of this method of treatment in the patient's body, blood circulation is improved, nervous excitability is reduced, the activity of immune functions is activated.
Aeroionotherapy is a method of treatment in which the patient inhales air saturated with negative ions. For the procedures used special devices aeroionizator individual or collective use. The patient is located at a distance of a meter from the equipment and breathes air for 20-30 minutes. During the course of treatment, the duration of which is 12 to 14 sessions, patients have a decrease in blood pressure, a decrease in the number of heart contractions, and normalization of sleep. In addition, after this method of physiotherapy, the intensity of headaches decreases, weakness disappears and the body's immune processes are activated.
Contraindications for physiotherapy
The feasibility of physiotherapy is determined by the attending physician and depends on the clinical picture of the disease and the general condition of the patient. There is a list of pathologies in which the conduct of physiotherapy is not possible, regardless of the nature of vegetative neurosis and other factors.
Absolute contraindications for all types of physiotherapeutic procedures are:
- diseases of the cardiovascular system in the acute stage,
- malignant neoplasms,
- mental illness
- severe blood diseases,
- tuberculosis in the active stage
- brain atherosclerosis,
- hypertension (Stage 3),
- body temperature from 38 degrees and above.
In this question there is no single point of view, but in terms of the overall performance of the heart, blood vessels and pressure, the syndrome can be divided into the following types, which are characterized:
- the presence of heart pain and disruptions in the rhythms of the heart - normotensive,
- an increase in pressure in any condition, whether it is rest or tension - hypertensive,
- a decrease in pressure with signs of weakness and the presence of syncope is hypotensive.
The following classification depends on the predominance of one of the parts of the peripheral nervous system, sympathetic or parasympathetic over the other, and it happens:
- sympathicotonic type
- mixed species.
The nature of the syndrome also allows the disease to be classified as follows:
- with the constant presence of symptoms, which often happens with heredity, - permanent dystonia,
- with the presence of vegetative attacks - paroxysmal dystonia,
- flowing in the latent form of the IRR - latent form.
What causes the syndrome?
For children, heredity or imbalance between physical development and the maturity of the nervous system, along with the hormonal system, are the main causes of the syndrome. In general, for the development of the syndrome it is enough to have one of the following factors in the form:
- endocrine processes, such as hormonal changes in adolescents or mature women,
- disorders of the endocrine system, where the thyroid gland and adrenal glands, the sex glands are involved,
- stress and neurosis,
- organic brain damage as a result of injuries, tumors, stroke.
Any of these factors, with a decrease in the adaptive forces of the body, can disrupt the normal autonomic nervous activity. The result is an active production of substances that lead to disruption of the metabolic processes of the body, especially in the heart and blood vessels. In such a rhythm, they can not function without coping even with the usual load.
Which doctor should treat the IRR?
If a person begins to show symptoms of this disease, the question naturally arises how to treat the IRR and which specialist to seek help for. In most cases, visiting primary care is recommended. The family doctor and the therapist are engaged in the diagnosis of a wide range of diseases, so they will be able to diagnose the disease of vegetative-vascular dystonia and provide the necessary medical assistance.
The optimal therapy in this case will be complex therapy. It is possible to treat the manifestations of vegetative-vascular dystonia with the help of a neurologist, a psychologist, a psychotherapist. Diagnosis of the IRR falls exactly on their shoulders. Very often used psychotherapy in the treatment of IRR.
There is also a necessary diagnostic minimum of examinations that should be prescribed to people with VVD. These are general blood and urine tests, electrocardiogram and fluorography. For the diagnosis of vegetative-vascular dystonia, other diagnostic methods may be required, depending on the symptoms.
Also, the duties of the attending physician include the prevention of IRR in people who have cured the disease. Fighting vascular dystonia is best before it starts. The patient should take into account all the advice of doctors and take supportive treatment if it is prescribed.
Many try to get rid of vegetative dystonia forever without the participation of doctors at home. In some cases, such treatment may be effective, but not always. People who have suffered from this disease for years usually try all the methods on their own, but they still cannot find a way to overcome the IRR for sure.
Violation of proper nutrition contributes to the development of many diseases, and by adjusting the meal pattern, you can get rid of an important trigger factor. Therefore, it is completely inappropriate to doubt whether vegetative vascular dystonia can be cured by changing the diet.
Unsustainable nutrition partially forms vegetative neurosis and can cause vagoinsular or sympathoadrenal crises. Thus, by putting your diet in order, you can achieve good results in treating vegetative-vascular dystonia.
The diet, which is prescribed for the manifestations of autonomic neurosis, is characterized by the following features during the period of treatment and further to prevent re-deterioration of health:
- Exclusion of semi-finished products, canned goods. Such products contain chemical additives that allow them to maintain freshness and fitness for a long time.
- Exception of salt and caffeine. These products are ways to raise blood pressure, which is too unstable in vegetative-vascular dystonia.
- The exclusion of spicy, fatty or smoked food. Such products create additional stress on the pancreas and liver, thereby complicating the work of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Mandatory intake of B vitamins. This substance is found in large quantities in meat, fish, dairy products, vegetables, cereals, eggs and many fruits. A variety of products allows the diet with NDC to be useful and not often repeated.
Normalized exercise and stress in the IRR strengthen the body and train its respiratory and cardiovascular systems. At the same time, symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia are reduced. But, physiotherapy exercises for the IRR should be applied only under the strict control of a trainer or a gymnastics physician, who will help determine the correct physical activity, the optimal training pattern and know how to cure the IRR with their help.
Any exercise should be combined with the correct diet. After all, when you exercise, you lose some amount of calories that need to be replenished. It should provide the body with sufficient energy resource before spending it on physical exertion.
Therapeutic exercise is very often used for vegetative-vascular dystonia and includes one of the sports. To determine the most appropriate option based on their desired potential effects of exercise therapy in the treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia. Also, each of them may have features for people with IRR.
- Swimming. The most optimal sport, which has a restorative effect on the body. With the help of short sessions you can relieve tension, stress on the joints and the spine.
- Run. Running for speed is not recommended for people with IRR, as it creates a large load for the heart, which should still be avoided. For therapeutic purposes, more suitable fast walking in the fresh air. Distances should be short and uncomplicated. The duration of training should be increased gradually.
- Bicycle riding. Dosed physical loads on all muscle groups have a positive effect on the immune system, stabilize blood circulation. The duration of trips should not exceed the permissible limits that indicate individual physical capabilities.
- Charging. The necessary dose of vigor for every day can be obtained by using a short warm-up, which mobilizes the body's forces and improves well-being for a long time. It is advisable to carry out these exercises in the open air or to ventilate the room before performing them.
- Therapeutic gymnastics with VSD. This is the optimal choice of the method, which includes a set of exercises for the IRR, which helps to relax the muscles, improve health and a surge of strength. It helps to get rid of tension and stiffness.
- Yoga with the IRR. The system of physical exercises in this practice contributes to the strengthening of spiritual unity with the body, eliminates psychological symptoms, if there is one among the factors for the development of the IRR. Yoga is very useful in vegetative-vascular dystonia, as a means of preventing crises.
- Breathing exercises. An important role is given to such training, which improves human breathing, since some of the symptoms of the IRR are associated with this system. Respiratory gymnastics when relieving symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia can be quite effective.
Any physical exercises for the IRR, which are prescribed by the trainer or doctor in the gym, must meet certain requirements in order to protect a person's condition from possible deterioration of health.
Features of training for people with VSD:
- The program of occupations must be individual, taking into account the particular state of health of a particular person.
- You can not combine long-term cardio and strength exercises.
- Each exercise to perform in stages with short breaks to recuperate.
- Heavy exercise and endurance exercise are not allowed for people with IRR.
- An important role is played by respiratory gymnastics at VSD. Performing each exercise, the person must breathe properly.
This method is also called acupuncture. It consists in the introduction of fine needles at a small depth into the skin in order to act on certain points. These places on the skin are projections of internal organs that can be affected.
Acupuncture with the IRR is able to eliminate pain syndromes, soothe and improve the microcirculation in those organs that alternative medicine specialists are trying to influence.
Most often, this technique is combined with more traditional treatment regimens in order to achieve the most effective result. A big plus of acupuncture is that it causes almost no side effects.
More widespread physiotherapy. It uses the physical factors of nature (light, heat, water, mud mixtures) to treat a particular disease. The properties of such methods over the years have been studied, modified to obtain the best effect and now they are widely used along with medicines and other treatment methods.
For the treatment of VSD most often used electroscope, electrophoresis, which are based on the use of low-frequency current. Magnetic therapy has become widespread.
As a physiotherapy, they also use a contrast shower in the morning and the appointment of special baths. Depending on the type of the IRR, their species may differ. If the sympathetic vegetative nervous system prevails, sulfide and carbonic baths are most often used. With the predominance of the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system, coniferous and radon baths will be more successful.
Of great importance for the elimination of the symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia is massage therapy. Particular attention is paid to the cervical spine and lower back. С помощью мануальной терапии можно добиться расслабления мышц человека, улучшения микроциркуляции в мягких тканях и стимуляции кровообращения. Массаж воротниковой зоны и головы способен снимать болевые синдромы, улучшать самочувствие и даже способствовать восстановлению когнитивных функций.
Массаж при ВСД популярен из-за доступности и удобства. Each session brings the person the necessary relaxation and satisfaction, so this appointment contributes to the rapid recovery of all body functions. With the help of massage you can both cope with the most severe symptoms and cure the IRR. Massage with manifestations of vegetative-vascular dystonia can be prescribed to both adults and children.
Traditional methods of treatment
Folk remedies that are passed on from generation to generation, effectively affect a particular disease or pathological condition of the human body, both in men and women. Also, their use helps to cope with the symptoms of psycho-vegetative syndrome in children.
Treatment of VSD at home with various herbs and decoctions has long been used by the people. Many people who know well the means and effects of different plants on the body, successfully apply this knowledge in practice.
All fees and herbs in the treatment of VSD are also prescribed depending on its specific form. For example, for hypertensive vegetative dystonia apply:
- tincture of valerian drug,
- motherwort tincture,
- Peony tincture (before eating),
- hawthorn tincture,
- green tea.
Treatment of folk hypotonic form of the IRR includes:
- tincture of immortelle sandy,
- Chinese lemongrass tincture,
- tincture of ginseng root,
- zamanihi tincture.
The dosage of these herbs should be chosen individually, depending on the degree of symptoms.
First aid for the IRR
The course of vegetative-vascular dystonia causes the occurrence of characteristic seizures or crises that worsen a person's condition, disrupt the body's self-regulation. To eliminate it take a number of actions:
- A change of scenery. In many cases, the crisis occurs due to external circumstances.
- Fresh air access. It is advisable to move either to the street or to open a window, get rid of squeezing clothes.
- High pressure. If blood pressure is high, you should take one antihypertensive pill (beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers).
- Soothing. This may be a tablet remedy for VSD or other drugs with a sedative effect.
- Corvalol or Valocordin 20 drops in water or a teaspoon of sugar.
If a person has lost consciousness, do not panic. In such cases, you need to know exactly what to do and in what sequence. First aid for the IRR in this case includes only the first two actions and an attempt to bring a person to life. It is necessary to lay the patient on a hard surface and lift the legs.
First aid for VSD in case of loss of consciousness consists in provoking olfactory receptors using ammonia or vinegar. Even after a person has come to his senses, it is not recommended to get up sharply. You need to rest and take the necessary medication.
First aid for the IRR should be provided to those people who are nearby, regardless of whether they are doctors or not.
A variety of symptoms and medications cause regular dilemmas on how to treat neurocirculatory dystonia. There are opinions about the inappropriate use of pharmacological agents for the treatment of symptoms of neurocirculatory dystonia.
Despite this, each specialist wants to help the patient and cure the IRR once and for all. Consequently, it is necessary to prescribe those drugs that most effectively cope with this task.
No remedy for vegetative-vascular dystonia can cure a person completely. No studies at the moment can not confirm the 100% effectiveness of such drugs. That is why, so often wonder if it is possible to cure the IRR in general.
The diagnosis, including the IRR, is amenable to correction and all treatment of the psycho-vegetative syndrome is based on this.
First aid for the IRR includes medications that improve blood microcirculation in the brain, calm and return to normal. Therefore, the use of pharmacological agents is still advisable, at least in small quantities.
It should be well understood how to deal with VSD with the help of such drugs before taking them. The appointment must deal with the attending physician, who knows how to get rid of the IRR for good.
Treatment of vegetative vascular dystonia includes:
- Correction pressure. Drugs that help to overcome low or high blood pressure and return it to normal.
- Soothing. Help a person get rid of irritability and anxiety.
- Anxiolytics. Powerful drugs can eliminate the symptoms of anxiety, which causes psycho-vegetative syndrome.
- Vitamins. Used for the treatment and prevention of VSD in adults and children.
Vegetative-vascular dystonia is a complex and multifaceted disease that requires skilled and comprehensive treatment. Timely referral to a specialist will save time and patient health.
Only the doctor fully understands the specifics of this disease and knows how to treat vegetative vascular dystonia so that its symptoms never return. Also, therapy should be aimed at preventing the recurrence of vegetative vascular dystonia.
What is the essence of the syndrome
To find out how to treat vascular dystonia, you need to figure out what the violation is. The IRR has many names: neurocircular dystonia, autonomic dysfunction syndrome, neurocircular asthenia, psycho-vegetative syndrome. All the terms in one way or another hint that the problem is connected with the autonomic nervous system.
Vegetative nervous system
ANS as a branch of the nervous system regulates the activity of the organism, namely, organs, glands, vessels. Thus, it ensures the normal activity of all systems and an adequate response to external and internal stimuli. Accordingly, psycho-vegetative syndrome is a disorder that affects the vegetative nervous system of the human body.
Vegetative dysfunction is considered a chronic, incurable deviation and accompanies a person throughout his life. It manifests itself in the wrong effects of the ANS on the internal organs. Dystonia can be both an independent ailment and a symptom of a more serious illness. By itself, it is not capable of causing myocardial infarction or hypertension, but may indicate their presence. Symptoms of the syndrome are very diverse and may vary in patients. Among the most frequent signs are cardiovascular, vegetative, neurotic disorders, and specifically such:
- frequent dizziness,
- general weakness
- pains in the chest (at the same time on the cardiogram does not show violations),
- violation of thermoregulation,
- joint pain,
- neurotic problems.
Depending on the leading symptoms, the following types of syndrome are distinguished: cardiological, arrhythmic, tachycardic, bradycardic. In the case of the first type, acute heart pains are observed in states of rest and activity. The second is particularly difficult to determine, as it is similar in symptoms to cardiac arrhythmia and myocarditis. The third type is a significant increase in contractions of the heart and occurs mainly in older people. The fourth is characterized by a decrease in heart rate and is often diagnosed in young people.
Why dystonia occurs
Causes of VSD
The different nature of the causes of the disease affects the way how to treat the IRR in each case. Often the occurrence of the syndrome is associated with a factor of heredity, and various adverse effects can activate the disease. Also, the impetus for the development of mental and neurological disorders. They disturb a certain balance in the body - some processes are accelerated, while others - are slowed down. This extremely negatively affects the activity of the body systems, especially the cardiovascular.
In addition to heredity, children may have an IRR due to the fact that in the early stages of pregnancy, the mother experienced stress. This significantly affects the higher nervous activity of the child’s brain. In adolescence, hormonal disorders, mental and emotional overload, chronic diseases can cause the development of vascular dystonia. Endocrine adjustment occurs more often in women: menstruation, pregnancy, menopause. That is why the syndrome is more susceptible to the fair sex than men. Another possible reason, peculiar to people of any age and gender, is overweight.
Diagnosis and treatment
Treatment Methods for IRR
Diagnosing "vegetative dysfunction" is sometimes not very simple. Often the disease does not manifest itself in any way until external factors begin to influence. Even when symptoms worsen, they are easily confused with signs of other diseases. Only a complex symptomatic picture and the results of several classical studies make it possible to determine the diagnosis with a high probability. The patient may require the opinion of several specialists: a neurologist, an endocrinologist, an otolaryngologist, an ophthalmologist, a psychotherapist.
People who have identified the syndrome are often interested in how to treat the IRR on their own. It is necessary to understand that the patient can only carry out the prevention of the disease - eat well, get enough sleep, move more. Treatment may be prescribed only by a qualified doctor. You should not try untested methods, because they can significantly worsen the situation. Therefore, the answer to the question “How to treat VSD with folk remedies?” Is the following: in any way, the only right decision is to consult a doctor.
In addition to the appointments of the doctor, the patient must take care of his own condition. Healthy sound sleep, absence of stress, refusal of bad habits, exercise, healthy food are the best means against dystonia. It is also proved that long walks, communication with nature have a positive effect on the human psyche and strengthen the immune system. Such a psychological device as a temporary change of environment can be useful for the victory over the syndrome.
Treatment of traditional recipes dystonia hypertensive type
In the fight against this autonomic dysfunction of hypertonic nature, it is necessary to use means that have a calming effect and reduce the level of blood pressure.
Plants that are recommended for hypertensive vegetative neurosis are:
To prepare this medication, you need to take 10 grams of dry hawthorn and pour water over it. Place the vessel with the raw material on the steam bath and heat for 15 minutes. You should ensure that the water does not boil, because in this way the decoction loses its healing properties. To take hawthorn infusion with vegetative neurosis it is necessary to take 15 grams of the drug three times a day.
Remedy of hawthorn berries and flowers
Components that are required for the manufacture of decoction, are:
- hawthorn dry flowers - half a tablespoon,
- hawthorn dry berries - half a tablespoon,
- water - 250 milliliters (1 cup).
Tincture with magnolia
Magnolia leaves are used for tincture, which need to be purchased in specialized phyto shops. Crushed fresh plant should be poured with alcohol (96 degrees) at the rate of one to one and stand for two weeks, protecting the vessel from the sun's rays. Strained tincture should be taken 20 drops daily, mixing them with 50 milliliters of water. The tool helps to equalize blood pressure, and also has a positive effect on the functionality of the body's immune systems.
Honey infusion with valerian and dill seeds
This tool of traditional medicine helps to alleviate the patient's condition in hypertensive vegetative pathology.
Products you need to purchase for infusion are:
- valerian root - 2 tablespoons,
- dill seeds - 1 cup,
- natural honey - half a glass (150 grams),
- water - 2 cups (half liter).
Viburnum juice with hypertensive vegetative neurosis
Juice from the berries of viburnum not only normalizes blood pressure, but also activates the protective functions of the body, helping the patient to better deal with the disease. To squeeze the juice from viburnum, berries should be doused with boiling water and slightly wrinkled with their hands. Crumpled berries are placed in gauze, folded several times and placed under pressure or strongly squeezed with palms to drain the juice. Freshly prepared product should be mixed with honey in the ratio of one tablespoon to one hundred milliliters of juice.
Herbal collection for the treatment of hypertonic dystonia
To buy components for this national remedy you need in a pharmacy. In the finished form, a decoction of herbs has a short shelf life, which does not exceed 1 - 2 days. Therefore, steaming plants should be daily, and during the day to keep the drink in the refrigerator.
Herbal ingredients of the collection are:
- valerian root - 20 grams,
- Lily of the valley flowers - 10 grams
- hawthorn flowers - 20 grams,
- peppermint - 15 grams,
- Fennel - 15 grams.
Combined Herbal Tea
With this vegetative disorder, it is necessary to reduce the amount of tea and coffee consumed. Replace these drinks can be herbal tea, the components of which help reduce pressure and have a mild sedative effect.
Ingredients that are necessary for brewing tea are:
- black currant,
Folk remedies for the treatment of hypotensive vegetonurosis
With a pathology of this nature, it is necessary to take drugs that contribute to raising the overall tone of the body and increase the pressure.
The plants that treat dystonia of the hypotonic type are:
- St. John's wort
- Rhodiola rosea
- stinging nettle,
- Chinese Lemongrass.
Taking 25 drops of ginseng tincture three times a day can alleviate the symptoms of this type of vegetative disorder. The product is purchased in a ready-to-eat form at a pharmacy or prepared at home. To make your own tincture you need to pour a dry, crushed plant with vodka in the ratio of one to one. For 10 - 14 days to insist the composition, vigorously shaking capacity 2 - 3 times a day.
Tincture of Rhodiola Rosea
To prepare the tincture, you must purchase in the pharmacy root of Rhodiola Rosea. It should be borne in mind that the leaves of this plant lower the pressure, therefore, the tincture requires an underground part of the flower. It is necessary to grind dry rhizome in the amount of 100 grams and fill it with vodka or diluted to 40 degrees with alcohol. Put the container with the composition in a place where the sunlight does not penetrate, and shake it periodically throughout the week. Before use, the tincture must be made less concentrated by adding water in a ratio of 1 to 5.
Hypericum Herbal Tea
This folk remedy has a pleasant taste, well invigorates and has no restrictions on use. To prepare the mixture for tea should be placed in a hermetically sealed refractory container 10 parts of Hypericum and 1 part of angelica. Herbs need to be used fresh. Put the vessel with raw materials in the oven and hold for 3 hours over low heat. Parboiled raw materials chop and use instead of brewing. To extend the use of plant materials, it can be divided into portions and frozen.
Decoction with immortelle
The immortelle sandy fights fatigue, apathy and increases blood pressure. A tablespoon of fresh herbs should be poured with a glass of water, the temperature of which is 70 - 80 degrees. If dry raw materials are used, then it should be steamed with boiling water. To use the broth you need during the day, dividing the amount of funds into 3 doses.
Chinese lemongrass broth
To make a decoction of Chinese lemongrass, the fruits of a plant in the amount of 2 tablespoons should be filled with a glass of water. Put the container on the fire, wait for the boil and hold for 5 minutes. Use the resulting amount of infusion needed throughout the day, distributing it into 3 doses.
Плоды можжевельника при лечении вегетоневроза гипотонического типа
Активные действующие вещества, которые входят в состав можжевеловых плодов помогают нормализовать артериальное давление и хорошо борются с общей слабостью организма. Ягоды можно добавлять в качестве приправ при приготовлении блюд из свинины, говядины, курицы. Separate use of juniper berries also has a beneficial effect. It should start with 1 piece, daily increasing their number by another 1 berry. After 3 to 4 weeks, treatment should be discontinued.
Combined collection to combat dystonia hypotensive type
The constituent elements of this folk remedy are:
- Rhodiola rosea root - 20 grams
- Echinacea flowers - 20 grams,
- hop cones - 10 grams,
- May honey - 2 tsp,
- water - 250 milliliters.
Herbal collection in the treatment of dystonia under reduced pressure
The components of this drug are:
- dandelion (leaves) - 10 grams
- blackberry gray (leaves) - 20 grams,
- stinging nettle (leaves) - 20 grams,
- water - 250 milliliters (1 cup).
Folk recipes for the treatment of cardiac dystonia
Fighting cardiovascular vegetative neurosis involves using products that include medicinal plants and other products that help normalize the function of the heart muscle.
The components that can be used to base dystonia treatment with cardiac syndrome are:
- dog rose
The composition of raisins includes a greater amount of glucose, which has a beneficial effect on the functionality of the heart muscle and normalizes its contractile activity. This treatment is recommended for recurrence twice a year. To choose a raisin you need one that does not contain bones. Two kilograms of dried berries should be thoroughly rinsed in warm and then in cold water. Next, you need to dry the raisins in a natural way, laying it on a clean cloth. After the dried fruits are dry, it is necessary to divide the total into two parts. Take the raisins should be 40 berries every day, consuming them half an hour before breakfast. After the first half of the dried grapes is completed, you need to proceed to the second part. The second kilogram of raisins to start with 40 berries every day, reducing the number of berries in 1 piece.
Healing collection to strengthen the heart muscle
This folk remedy helps to fight heart pain, which is typical for this type of pathology.
The components of the herbal collection for the treatment of dystonia of the heart type are:
Herbal tea for the treatment of vegeoneurosis of the cardialgic type
The composition of this folk remedy includes plants that contribute to the normal functionality of the heart. Also, this tea contains a large amount of vitamins and beneficial elements that help strengthen the protective functions of the body.
Components of tea are:
- dog rose
- raspberries (greenery),
The remedy for the treatment of vegetonurosis with heart syndrome
The decoction based on the seeds of dill, wormwood, mint, and linden has a mild sedative effect and helps reduce pain in patients with this pathology. Dried and ground plants should be combined in equal proportions. To make a drink, 2 tablespoons of herbs need to be poured with water and brought to the stove to a boil. After cooling broth, it must be subjected to filtration and take one-third of a glass 3 times a day.
A mixture of tinctures to normalize cardiac activity in dystonia
This tool helps to improve the patient's condition in vegetative cardiac disorder, because it strengthens blood vessels and improves the functionality of the heart. This national drug is made from tinctures, which need to be bought ready-made at the pharmacy.
Components of the combined tincture for the treatment of this pathology are:
- peony tincture - 100 milliliters,
- hawthorn tincture - 100 milliliters,
- Valerian tincture - 100 milliliters,
- motherwort tincture - 100 milliliters,
- eucalyptus tincture - 50 milliliters,
- Mint tincture - 25 milliliters,
- Cinnamon grains - 10 pieces.
Folk drugs with a general spectrum of action for dystonia
With this disease, autonomic disorders are combined with emotional background disorders. Therefore, a complete treatment should include means to deal with anxiety, bad mood and frustrated sleep. You should also take treatment that contributes to the suppression of apathy and improve efficiency.
The categories of folk remedies for all types of vegetoneurosis are:
- means for normalizing sleep and stabilizing the emotional background,
- drugs that help eliminate fatigue
Treatment of insomnia folk remedies is based on medicinal plants, which contribute to the relaxation of the body.
Herbs that have a sedative effect include:
The ingredients of this folk remedy are:
- lavender (flowers) - 50 grams
- peppermint (leaves) - 50 grams
- daisy (flowers) - 75 grams,
- valerian (root) - 75 grams.
Combined evening tea
Medicinal plants from which tea is made to treat this vegetative disorder are:
- Veronica officinalis (grass),
- violet (grass),
- lavender (flowers),
- barberry (berries),
- melissa (leaves).
Herbal tea with soothing action
This folk remedy not only calms the nervous system, but also activates the protective functions of the body.
The components of the collection are:
- St. John's wort,
- hop cones of ordinary.
Soothing baths in the treatment of dystonia
Baths with herbal extracts help to relax, relieve muscle tension and normalize sleep.
The rules for baths for a good sleep are:
- dim lights in the bathroom
- the water should not be hot, but warm (35 - 37 degrees),
- stay in the bath should not exceed 15 minutes
- after the bath you need to take a warm shower.
To prepare herbal infusion for a soothing bath should be steamed with two cups of boiling water 100 grams of raw materials, insist and add to water.
Plants that can be used for water treatments for vegetative neurosis are:
Soothing Essential Oil Baths
Baths with the addition of essential oils to water have an effective effect. To avoid skin irritation, the essential oil can be mixed with honey or milk before being added to water. The dosage of essential oil is 3 to 4 drops per bath.
The plants whose essential oils promote good sleep are:
- sweet marjoram
Treatment aimed at recuperation, should include components that contribute to raising the overall tone of the body and the normalization of physical and mental activity of the patient.
The biologically active components that make up this remedy for treating autonomic dysfunction help restore the patient’s physical and mental form. Also, this recipe normalizes the functionality of the circulatory system, thanks to pomegranate juice.
Components of the drink are:
- birch leaves (fresh) - 100g,
- Kalanchoe leaves - 150 grams,
- pomegranate juice - 125 milliliters,
- water - 250 milliliters.
Zamaniha high - a plant that has an effective positive effect in mental and physical exhaustion. Purchased in a pharmacy tincture should be consumed in the amount of 30 - 40 drops twice a day thirty minutes before meals. People who suffer from sleep disorders should abandon this remedy.
Rose Hip Drink
Dogrose contains a large number of active elements that help to fight overwork. To prepare the infusion you need 20 grams of fruit (dry or fresh) steam two glasses of boiling water in a thermos. The next day, add sugar or honey to the present dogrose and take half a glass 3 times a day.
Remedy with red wine at breakdown
To prepare this folk remedy you need a red dessert wine (for example, Cahors). Wine in the amount of 350 milliliters must be mixed with 150 milliliters of fresh aloe juice and 250 grams of may honey. To maximize the benefits of aloe, before cutting off the lower leaves, the plant should not be watered for several days. Aloe needs to be washed, chopped, add wine with honey and infused for 7 - 10 days. The temperature in the place where the container is stored should not exceed 8 degrees. After the infusion is ready, it should be filtered and taken on a tablespoon three times a day.
Symptoms of VSD
Everything is quite complicated here, because the symptoms of the syndrome often imitate other diseases of varying severity. They are so diverse that they are characteristic of a number of diseases. But in this diversity it is necessary to highlight the main features that can occur at the same time. VSD can be suspected in the presence of a person:
- anxiety, accompanied by increased heart rate,
- feeling of stiffness in the chest area,
- malfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract and intestines,
- increased sweating
- unreasonable increases in body temperature,
- the presence of "coma" in the larynx,
- reduction of vital stimulus
- feeling short of breath
- signs of numbness in limbs
- manifestations of meteosensitivity.
Invalid diagnosis contributes to the development of dystonia, depleting a person. After all, adequate treatment is not prescribed, and all the forces are spent on the fight against gastritis or diabetes, hypertension or asthma, thyroid dysfunction.
Syndrome elimination methods
Treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia is often made without medication. It consists of a technique aimed at improving the patient's condition by adjusting his lifestyle and normalizing the functions of the peripheral nervous system. The most effective methods, according to experts, are in such actions:
- Mode and again mode! Do not forget about the rest, the duration of which is on average equal to eight hours. Conditions for a good sleep - fresh air, cleanliness, comfortable bed. A place to sleep should be comfortable, suitable in size and build. The presence of an orthopedic mattress and pillow is welcome.
- Alternation of work with rest, with a little warm-up for muscles or eyes, depending on the type of activity. Mental work must be accompanied by physical exertion. Minimizing the time at the monitor or in front of the TV, in favor of an active pastime.
- The presence of feasible physical exertion. Adequate approach to sports training, in order to avoid overloading muscles, heart, blood vessels. Ideally - swimming, dancing, cycling, preferably in the fresh air.
- Compliance with the potassium-magnesium diet, with the presence in the diet of beans, oatmeal and buckwheat, nuts with dried fruits, eggplant with carrots, fresh greens.
- The use of products for vascular tone - green tea and natural coffee, milk, but only in the absence of hypertension.
- Physical therapy in the form of electrophoresis with drugs on the neck, paraffin applications in the neck area, laser, magnetic therapy. Water treatments in the form of contrast baths, circular or fan showers, underwater massage, swimming.
- Massages, with the rhythm of movements in accordance with the type of the IRR, or acupuncture.
- Reception of herbal preparations. Herbal infusions of sedative and hypotensive effects. Means with plants, bringing a stimulating and activating effect.
In the absence of positive dynamics, it is necessary to resort to taking drugs. Doctors usually recommend medicines, including:
- Preparations containing potassium with magnesium to normalize vascular tone and improve nerve impulses in terms of their conductivity.
- Neurometabolic stimulants in order to improve blood circulation, activate metabolic processes, balance the work of organs.
- Beta-blockers, in order to reduce pressure.
- Tranquilizers with a sedative effect, which is important in case of anxiety.
- Antidepressants that help regulate the work of the central nervous system, eliminating depression.
VSD warning measures
Prevention of the development of the syndrome should be carried out in childhood, despite the opinion that the disease resolves itself as the child grows up. Studies have shown that most of the population prone to dystonia, already in childhood, felt its symptoms, which over time only intensified. Therefore, preventive measures should be observed from childhood. These include:
- observance of the day regimen and full rest for at least eight hours
- high-quality, regular, varied diet,
- rejection of all harmful in food and drinks,
- active lifestyle
- exclusion of stressful situations and nervous system overloads.
So what is vegetative dystonia? This is a syndrome, not a disease. He is often not treated with drugs, but corrected. VSD is not life threatening, but it brings a sense of discomfort. If you have symptoms, you should consult a doctor, which will allow you to start fighting with the IRR in a timely manner and is guaranteed to lead to recovery.