Perhaps you need to have the gift of writing not weaker than Pushkin, to describe what musk smells like. The history of the use of this substance stretches from time immemorial. Obviously, for such a long human attachment, it must have truly fantastic qualities.
What is musk made from?
Musk is the name for a whole class of aromatic substances, which is used as a base note in perfumery. Originally, this word was meant only animal glandular excretionsas well as flavors synthesized from these secretions.
We list the main mining sources this substance:
- Musk deer - this animal was destroyed in huge quantities for a tiny amount of substance. Currently, international law prohibits killing representatives of this species. However, poaching continues to this day: the price of natural perfumes is ten times higher than artificial counterparts.
- Similar smell emit and other representatives of the fauna. For example, in the 1940s, it was found in the glands muskrats. Then the furry animal was saved by economic calculations: the business did not consider this a profitable enterprise. Some musky notes emit a number of insects, some snakes, crocodiles, alligators, ducks, etc.
- Musk is widespread today vegetable origin. It is he who is present in the brand French perfume. Different plants are used as raw materials (in general, there are about 5 species).
This chemical compound has an extremely wide range of qualities that are beneficial to human health:
- Strengthening the body's defense system,
- Improving the performance of microscopic blood vessels
- Beneficial effect on the lungs
- Elimination of ulcer problems
- Help with coughing
- Treatment of heart problems. Substance gives the strongest tonic effect.
In this video, Dr. Victor Morozov tells about the medicinal use of musk extract:
Natural sources of matter
For most of human history, a specific flavoring substance was obtained by killing male musk deer. Only a little more than a century ago, people stopped doing this for reasons of ethics and thanks to advances in science.
The mechanism for producing musk of animal origin is as follows:
- The animal was caught and killed, and the glands were removed.
- Then they were dried on a hot stone in the sun and immersed in hot oil.
- After drying, a granulated black powder is obtained.
- Then the substance was subject to aging in a specially prepared place for this for some time.
- In order for the substance to give a pleasant smell, it is diluted before use.
To obtain one kilogram of substance, it was required to kill from 30 to 50 innocent animals. All this made the price of musk extremely high in past centuries. As of the beginning of the XIX century, its value was two times higher than that of gold.
What does musk smell like?
No other substance causes such serious contradictions when describing odor. The shortest wording sounds like “complicated” and “multifaceted”.
Here are the most frequent epithets that are awarded this family of flavors:
- The smell of a clean human body
- Tree bark,
- Some have a sweet note,
- It resembles the flavor of some spices,
- The aroma of sexual desire - this substance is a product of external secretion of animals, through which they attract the attention of females.
In general, it is worth noting that the aroma of a given substance, being sprayed in the air, tends to suppress all other odors. In its effects on the human olfactory system, it has no equal.
Fortunately, the times when it was possible to kill and torture animals with impunity, while destroying entire species, have sunk into oblivion. The moral development of society surprisingly coincided with the rapid development of scientific thought, which made it possible not to add more and more new lines to the Red Book.
As of today, there are three types of synthetic musks:
- Ketones. They were discovered at the end of the 19th century by the German explorer Baur. He tried in vain to derive a more advanced formula of trinitrotoluene. But in his quest, he came across an aromatic substance, the analogue of which in nature was costing at that time a fortune.
- A number of polycyclic substances. They were created on the basis of the previous substances by removing from them the nitro groups. The fact is that ketones differed in photochemical reaction and instability in an alkaline medium. The new class of liquids received much stronger chemical bonds. Due to the increased stability, it was possible to expand the scope of application of musk to cleaning agents.
- Macrocycles - have a large number of carbon atoms in the chain (usually more than 10). They are closest to the original natural smell. Were known to science since 1926, but their mass production was launched only in the 1990s.
- Cycloalkyl ether. Was first received in 1975.
How does musk smell in perfumes?
The fact that today is served under the label "Musk" in jars with perfumes, has little in common with the original pheromone smell of a wild animal. It is a kind of variation on the theme of natural flavor, and the variation is very artificial.
Today, many perfumers younger than 35 years old do not have experience with a natural aroma, so all the arguments on this subject seem more than ephemeral. Theoretically, the product of the modern chemical industry should resemble the light, barely noticeable shadow of the smell of the Kabarga glands.
Modern synthetic smell has a certain similarity with:
Currently, this fragrance is used not only in expensive perfumes, but also in household chemicals (detergents, laundry detergents, fabric softeners, etc.)
Today, this substance is the most common component of perfume, and is also used in a number of detergent compositions. What smells like musk, today even cleaners can know. But whether this smell has anything to do with the original natural flavor is another matter.
Musk is valued by perfumers as a fixative, which reduces the rate of evaporation of the components, which allows the fragrance to remain on the skin for a long time in its entirety. Originally, Musk was a secret, which is produced by the musk deer glands. Musk deer is a small deer-like animal. Every adult male of this animal has such a gland. It is located in the groin area and is filled with an active and sharp secret.
Scientists are convinced that the musky sharp smell sends a person to the testosterone smell, which is in the body of women and men, speaking human ferromone. This explains the effect of the substance on sexual desire.
Currently, the word "musks" is often used for a whole range of aromatic substances. Usually, we are talking about animalistic notes, for example:
- Artificial compounds that are created in the laboratory.
Animal musk is considered the most valuable raw material. Kabarga and now lives in the mountainous forests of Pakistan, India, China and Tibet. The animal is often found in Siberia, but the population is steadily decreasing.
The natural substance was actively used until the end of the 19th century, but this substance was always considered very expensive and inaccessible to the general population. Interestingly, there are plants that have olfactory properties similar to musky. From plants, macrocyclic lactones are obtained, i.e. compounds with musky aroma and fixative function.
Some of the plants are used in perfumery purposes like musk. Among them:
- garden angel,
- musky flower
Musk is recognized as the most expensive natural product on the planet. In the gland of the musk deer of adult age is only up to 20 g of this substance. In order to remove the substance from the sleepy animal, a special spatula with a groove, through which the substance flows, is inserted into the bag that closes the duct of the gland.
Three types of product are created from animal secrets:
Black musk is the most powerful male ferromone, its dense smell stimulates women.
Men who smell musk from another man subconsciously understand that he dominates them.
Do you know that there are many other aphrodisiacs-essential oils?
White Musk Butter has the following characteristics:
- Quickly excites
- Strengthens eroticism
- It has a relaxing effect on women.
- Appears subconscious erotic reaction. Musk formulations are used in eastern countries to harmonize the relationship between a man and a woman.
In any perfume it is enough to add a few drops of white musk to make the scent erotic and memorable. Musk should be used strictly following the amount. Per 100 ml of perfume requires a maximum of ten drops of infusion or essence. Some people can't smell musk.
Musk aphrodisiac for women perfectly shows itself in various perfume compositions. One of the most popular is a composition called "Geisha."
The basis act (in drops):
- Muskas infusion - 1,
- Infusion of amber - 3,
- Ethyl alcohol - 20 ml.
Additionally, add (in drops):
- Jasmine - 4,
- Anise - 4,
- Ylang Ylang - 4,
- Fennel - 4,
- Rosemary - 4.
The fragrance "Pharaoh" was created specifically to attract women.
The basis is the following substances (in drops):
- Musk Infusion - 3,
- Infusion of amber - 1.
- Also added 20 ml of ethanol.
As a supplement, a mixture of such oils (in drops) will do:
Musk aphrodisiac for women is more effective than for men. However, in any case, it is worth remembering that the flavors with musk give new colors and sensations
Flavors with this substance will give new sensations and colors, however, do not forget that at home, nothing relaxes people more than a cozy atmosphere, pleasant music, tasty food and a sincere attitude to each other.
Musk - what is it?
Musk is an aromatic substance with a specific, strong odor, which is produced by the strongly odorous glands of some animals (for example, beaver or deer-musk deer) or is found in the roots of particular plants. Under natural conditions, it is used by animals in order to mark "their" territory or to attract an individual of the opposite sex for mating. Currently, this substance is very widely used in the perfume industry, as well as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent. It has a fixing and ennobling effect on any fragrance and is the strongest aphrodisiac and natural pheromone.
The history of musk
When the properties of this substance were determined and there was a demand for it in the market of the perfume industry, they began to actively pursue it. Originally, the main source for its production was iron deer-musk deer, and for the extraction of only 1 kilogram of musk it was required to kill up to 40 animals. Because of such a brutal massacre of deer, their population began to decline rapidly, and perhaps they could disappear altogether from the face of the earth, but by 1980 a ban was imposed on hunting and the destruction of this type of animal.
What is musk made from today
However, it was impossible to abandon the means that acquired such high popularity. Therefore, began to produce synthetic musk. What it is? The basis of this substance is a chemical component - nitroglycerin. However, the toxicity of this compound was later established, and the production of musk was prohibited in this way. But scientists did not stop their development and soon began to receive vegetable musk, which is created from galbanum. It practically does not differ from the animal, but does not possess such sharp and exciting properties. But, that is valued in this substance most of all, it retains the softness, sensuality and warmth inherent in natural musk. This leads to its widespread use in the perfume industry. Currently used mainly synthetic musk, which is harmless to humans and the environment.
The healing properties of musk
Musk - what is it: medicine or cosmetic? After all, this substance has irreplaceable healing properties and very valuable qualities. It is able to fully affect the entire human body, strengthen the immune system, increase the defenses, improve the capillary blood supply of blood vessels, clean the bronchi and lungs, normalize the work of the gastrointestinal tract. In cosmetology, musk also finds its application, as it is able to improve skin turgor and smooth wrinkles. Initially, musk was used mainly as an aphrodisiac in cases of cardiac failure. This substance can have a stimulating effect on all nervous formations, therefore, the rationale for its use in disorders of the heart is quite natural.
Musk can also be used as an anticonvulsant, especially for cramps in the glottis and whooping cough. It also finds its application in dentistry - when it is added to tooth powders, they acquire the ability for a long time to eliminate unpleasant odor from the mouth. Today, its use in medicine is not as popular as before, since there are many other medicines that can cure the same diseases and have less cost. The substance is very widely used in perfumery, because the smell of musk is very individual and special.
Musk in the perfume industry
The main property of this substance (the aroma of musk) is used precisely in the perfume industry, in most cases in the production of expensive perfumes, smell fixers or as natural fragrances, aphrodisiacs (attractants). Many manufacturers of perfumes use a combination of several different types of musk in the basic formula of the entire aroma in order to most reliably recreate the original smell of this natural component.
Black and white musk - what is it?
Currently, one can find in various sources references to two types of this substance - black and white. Black is the oil of musk, which is obtained from the glands of male deer-musk deer. To date, the process of extraction of this substance is humane. Iron is not damaged, and the animal during the procedure does not feel pain. The smell of black musk is tart, sharp with an admixture of animal hue.
A special type of this substance is white musk. He received this name not because of his coloring, but because of the freshest, cleanest and most delicate fragrance, which is comparable to the smell of perhaps children's skin. He is more refined, elegant and elegant, but not so sexy and hot as black. If the shade of the smell of ordinary musk is acceptable only for evening, sensual aromas, then white is widely used in perfume compositions intended for everyday, daily use.
Perfume Masterpieces with Musk
There are many well-known perfume compositions in which musk was used. Its use in this quality causes the high price of perfume. A very large number of selective flavors with notes of white musk, which are offered by well-known manufacturers. This component is added to both female and male compositions. Such aromas have well-defined properties. They are able to give men confidence, sex appeal and some brutality, while women add even more sensuality and tenderness.
The white musk in the perfume is used in the following well-known perfume compositions: from M. Micallef the fragrance “Ananda” with fruit, citrus and musky notes, “Ananda Parfum” with floral notes, “Automne” with woody-spicy notes of aroma, from Montale fragrance “Aoud” Blossom "with east-citrus notes," Ginger Musk "with spicy shades of the east," White Musk "- the quintessence of white musk, by Serge Lutens the composition" Clair de Musc ", filled with the delicate aroma of white musk, and many others.
Each created fragrance based on musk is a unique composition based on all sorts of subtleties and aspects of such a broad concept as “musky”.
What is musk
Musk is a substance with a strong odor, of animal or vegetable origin. For the first time, musk was discovered in a secret secreted by the musky gland of males of a small hoofed animal - musk deer. It is used by them to attract females and mark the territory. It was found that musk acts on humans as a strong aphrodisiac.
This fragrance has been used in perfumery for centuries. На востоке мускус, добываемый из желез кабарги, включали в состав ароматических смесей для богатых халифов и даже добавляли в штукатурку при строительстве мечетей, чтобы, разогреваясь на солнце, он источал необыкновенный аромат. Ароматы на основе мускуса экспортировались в Европу, а арабы и китайцы использовали его, в том числе, в лечебных целях для поддержания мужского здоровья, при лечении сердечных заболеваний и т.д.
В 1888 г. Бауэр случайно открыл синтетический мускус. The substance contained nitroglycerin and was soon banned for use due to toxicity. But the beginning of the production of artificial musks was laid.
Unfortunately, in order to get musk, the animal is killed. When at the turn of the 19th century, the number of musk deer was reduced to such an extent that some species were listed as endangered species in the Red Book, animal musk was sharply limited, and its value increased to unprecedented values, because more than 100 deer would have to be killed for one kilogram of musk. Therefore, its price on the black market can reach up to 45 thousand dollars per kilogram. In the middle of the 20th century in Saudi Arabia, a method of humane musk extraction was invented, when males of musk deer were caught and, after lulling an animal with sleeping pills, the contents of the musk gland sac were removed. Then the animal was released into the wild. However, this method required time and additional labor, so in practice it was rarely used.
Alternative to animal resources have become vegetable. In India, the substance ambrettolide is extracted from musky hibiscus, from which perfume, aroma mixtures and incense are made. In the perfume industry, plants such as garden angelica, ambretta and musk flower are also used.
The musky smell is found in the fragrances of Narciso Rodriguez For Her Musk, Essence Eau de Musc, Amouage Gold for her, Maitre Parfumeur et Gantier Fraicheur Muskissime, Incense & Musk Henri Bendel and others.
What smells like musk
The smell of natural musk is difficult to describe, as it is very complex and controversial. In perfume compositions it can vary from sweet, powdery to spicy, leather and woody. In any case, musk is the scent of passion and sensuality. Animal musk causes sexual desire in women and is considered a human pheromone. In other words, musk imitates the smell of the human body. Musk itself has a dominant smell, so it is used by perfumers in small quantities as a base note.
Group: ANIMALISTIC NOTE
Musk. Originally, only one strongly smelling substance was called - a secret produced by the musk deer glands. Every adult male musk deer has a musk gland. Located in the groin, it is filled with a thick, sharp-smelling secret of brown-brown color. Due to the action of pheromones, it serves males of musk deer, mainly to attract females. People were aware of the properties of musk as a powerful aphrodisiac since ancient times. Modern science has confirmed that there is some truth in this myth. The discussion about the effects of pheromones on a person continues. A number of researchers argue that the smell of musk resembles the smell of testosterone, which is produced in the body of both men and women, and can act as a human pheromone.
Now the term "musks" is often used to refer to a wide range of aromatic substances. As a rule, these are animalistic notes, such as civet, castoreum (beaver stream), daman (Hyrax) and various synthetic compounds produced in the laboratory - white musk, for example. This musk musk deer has been used in perfumery for many years and was considered the most valuable raw material. But musk deer is a beautiful animal. It is still found in the mountain forests of India, Pakistan, Tibet, China, in Siberia and Mongolia, but its numbers are declining. Some species of musk deer are listed in the Red Book of the International Union for Conservation of Nature. In some countries there is a limit to the annual withdrawal of musk deer, and it makes up a very small number of individuals, but on the black market, natural musk is priced at $ 45,000 per kilogram. It is one of the most expensive natural products in the world, even more expensive than gold. (The highest recorded gold price is $ 1913.5 per ounce (1 ounce = 0.0284 kg).) What really sounds scary is the fact that only a few dozen grams can be obtained from one animal, and for kilograms kill about 160 deer. Of course, it is quite possible to extract the secret (musk) from the gland without killing the animal, but, unfortunately, this is rarely done in practice.
Musk has been used in perfumery since ancient times. Some of his first mentions as an ingredient of perfumes belong to the 6th century (Arab and Byzantine sources). In the east, musk was especially appreciated. It was used in abundance by the caliphs of Baghdad. And sometimes musk was added even to the plaster when finishing the outer walls of mosques - heating up in the sun, this coating produced a wonderful aroma. The famous Arab philosopher and scientist Al-Kindi, the author of many treatises on a wide range of issues, including perfumery, mentions musk as an ingredient in many recipes. For centuries, fragrant mixtures containing musk have been one of the most luxurious and expensive products imported into Europe from the East. However, musk is so valued not only for its smell, but also for its healing properties. Arab and Tibetan healers used it to maintain men's health, ayurvedic practices to treat the heart, mental and neurological disorders, and in traditional Chinese medicine musk was generally the most important component of more than 300 drugs.
In perfumery, using the term "musky", we do not always mean the specific components of the perfume, so we rather indicate the overall impression of the fragrant composition. The natural aroma of musk is very complex, has a rich variety of shades and is usually described by many contradictory characteristics. Its description can range from sweet, creamy and powdery to rich, leather, spicy and even woody. The most characteristic attribute of musk is an animalistic (animal) nuance, vibrant, vibrant and contrasting in nature. The typical musky smell (in the case of natural musks) develops slowly, moving from the sometimes difficult for perception of the upper notes to the sensual and warm aroma of the "true musk".
Natural animal musks were widely used until the end of the 19th century, before this ingredient became too expensive and controversial. Fortunately, in nature there are plants that have olfactory characteristics very close to musk. From these plants, macrocyclic lactones can be obtained - compounds with both musky aroma and fixative function. Many of these plants, such as garden angel (Angelica archangelica), musk flower (Mimulus moschatus) or ambrette seeds, are now widely used as a substitute for animal musk.
In 1888, the scientist Albert Bauer (Albert Bauer) was the first who managed to get synthesized (nitroglycerin) musk. It was a random discovery that occurred while the scientist was experimenting with TNT explosives (trinitrotoluene). During attempts to create a more effective form of trinitrotoluene, Bauer noticed a pleasant musky smell in the laboratory. The substance responsible for this fragrance was hereinafter called nitro-musk. It was the first "family member" of synthetic musks, but it was soon banned for use due to its instability and potential toxicity. This was followed by the development of classes of polycyclic musks and macrocyclic musks. The first is the most commonly used musky note in modern perfumery. As for macrocyclic musks, they are obtained from plants, and in their aroma most closely resemble natural musk. But, alas, their production is a rather expensive process compared to the production of polycyclic musks. Another interesting fact about macrocyclic musks: about 50% of people can not distinguish their flavor! For them, it is imperceptible in the perfume composition. In particular, and for this reason, perfumers usually combine several different types of musk in an aroma formula to truly reliably recreate the “original idea” of natural musk.
The use of natural musk musk deer has been banned in many countries since 1979, when musk deer was recognized as an endangered species. Today, white (synthetic) musk has become one of the most popular components of perfumery. He wins from his natural predecessor due to the humanity of animals and, of course, in price.
What is attractive musk?
In fact, it is still possible to meet him only in selective perfumery. Musk musk deer does not just smell good. It is also an excellent retainer of aroma, that is, it provides the stability of one or another perfume product.
In addition, it is the strongest pheromone and aphrodisiac, both for women and men. The aroma of musk of natural animal origin is extremely complex, and it cannot be described in any associative terms.
But we are used to talking about deep wood compositions as “musky”, regardless of whether the component is present in its pure form.
Real animal musk is a specific product of natural origin, produced by the special glands of the males of some mammals - musk deer, muskrat, musk ox, civet and desman. Some perfumers are now replacing such valuable products with beaver musk. Actually, this substance from a beaver is not too inferior to the substance of other forest "brothers".
In nature, musk is necessary to make the male methyl his own territory, attracting females to it and warning other males about its borders. In beavers and other waterfowl, this substance is used to lubricate wool with the aim of its protection from wetting. Yes, it is such a prosaic substance that appears in the valuable, expensive perfume of the selective segment. Manufacturers of mass-market perfumery prefer to use synthetic musk, because it is more acceptable at cost.
A bit of "fragrant" story
Extraction of a substance can not be called humane. Therefore, if you consider yourself to be nature conservationists or vegetarians, you'd better skip reading this section. Previously, to get a secret, hunters were “ordered” to get glands of deer-musk deer. And just imagine - in order to get only one kilogram of the substance, they had to kill up to forty adults. This led to the fact that the animal was classified as endangered. The sharp decline in the deer population threatened them with complete extinction from the face of the Earth, and therefore, since 1979, hunting for them has been officially prohibited.
But this did not stop the skillful perfumers. They began to invent a way to bring back a note of depth and warmth to the base of their woody compositions. It was obtained artificial, synthetic musk, which was made on the basis of nitroglycerin. However, his story was short-lived - soon scientists proved the toxicity of a substance, and it was eliminated from factories.
By the way, it is this version of the “active substance” that was used in the first original version of the legendary perfume “Chanel No. 5”. Moreover, it is contained in it in an amount equal to 1/10 of the entire composition.
Today in the perfume are used absolutely non-toxic and harmless substitutes for natural musk. Also, as we have already noted, it may include the so-called “beaver stream”, daman or civet. What does musk smell like? This question is difficult to answer unequivocally. But know that buying oriental woody compositions, you are almost guaranteed to acquire the very musky scent.
The use of musk musk deer in modern perfumery compositions is not and cannot be - hunting for an animal has long been banned.
And by the way, this beautiful majestic deer still lives in the forests of Pakistan, Tibet, India, China, and our native Siberia. Certain types of musk deer are listed in the International Red Book. In some countries, there is a strictly defined limit on seizures of this animal. True, this does not negate the existence of a black market, where, by the way, a natural substance is sold at fabulous prices - about $ 45,000 per kilogram.
Black musk is one of the most expensive products, and its value exceeds even the cost of gold! What is even more frightening is that only a few grams of secret can be obtained from one male. And to get a kilogram of substance, about 150 deer are being destroyed now. Theoretically, the substance can simply be removed from the gland without depriving the animal of life. However, in practice such actions are extremely rare.
Scientists, chemists and naturalists, however, are not asleep. And they managed to bring even vegetable musk, which is not inferior to the animal in all its key qualities! It is just as warm and fascinating, but less harsh and exciting. White musk is considered a special variety. Contrary to common misconceptions, he bears this name is not because of its color. He is thus called for purity, freshness and weightlessness. Perfume "gourmets" compare its fragrance with the smell of delicate baby skin.
Unlike ordinary animal musk, which is used in “heavy” evening compositions, white musk is meant for making fresh “everyday” perfumes. Aromas created on the basis of it are designed for everyday “socks” - to work, to the university, cafe, meeting or meeting with friends. This substance is less "hot" and sexy, but more refined. The aromas made on its basis are neutral, but at the same time charmingly elegant.
White Musk in selective perfumery
What is white musk in perfumery? This product is used in many flavors of the niche (selective) segment. And it is relevant for both women's and men's perfumes. But in the format of "unisex" it is almost never used. It is believed that men adds brutality and self-confidence, and women - natural charm, tenderness and sensuality.
Very often a note of substance appears in the composition of the Arab oil spirits. In the East, it is believed that this fragrance is able to harmonize intimate relationships in a married couple. It is worth noting that this ingredient is of plant origin, and therefore those who sincerely worry about preserving the lives of animals, do not worry about their "atrocities".
The aroma of white musk is very seductive, and therefore it can also be considered an aphrodisiac.
Montale, the most famous manufacturer of selective perfumery, is a huge connoisseur of white musk. This manufacturer has a flavor that is literally the quintessence of white musk. Actually, he has a characteristic name - White Musk.
Other compositions based on the substance among niche perfumes:
- Black ananda
- Crystal Woman number 11,
- Ginger musk
- White Wings
- Pure Gold,
- Soleil de capri
- Aoud Blossom,
- Note Vanille,
- Musk To Musk.
If you crave to smell really sophisticated, try selective perfume based on white, and if you're lucky, black musk. You are guaranteed to feel yourself sexy and feminine, awaken in yourself inner harmony and create around you a real plume of seductiveness.
Perfume and Eau de Toilette with Musk
The main advantage of perfumes with musk is the RESISTANCE of aroma and magical effect on others. The artificial component was included, for example, in the composition of famous perfumes "Chanel №5" and "Lair du Temps" by Nina Ricci.
A line of unsurpassed flavors with musk: Montal Musk
Montale Roses Fragrance Musk - rose and musk, Black musk montale- a fragrance unisex, for both men and women, it belongs to the Oriental Spicy group, released in 2007 by perfumer Pierre Montale. Montale Intense Roses Musk- rose, jasmine, musk and amber, 2015 fragrance. In gold, the same thing, Ambergris, Jasmine, Musk, Rose.
Vegetable musk is obtained from the seeds of a plant belonging to the genus Hibiscus.
It is very thick and clean and is an excellent substitute for animal musk, harvested from musk deer glands. Compared to an animal, herbal has a weaker flavor. Before use, the substance is subjected to special treatment.
Animal musk is very expensive, therefore, it is rarely used in perfumery. It is not replaceable in medicine. With its help, impotence, nervous system and skin diseases are treated. Musk is believed to help in the early stages of cancer.
It rejuvenates the skin and smoothes wrinkles, and during massage it relaxes and has anti-inflammatory effect. Well, where do without it?
So natural musk or artificial, animal or vegetable is a real love potion for men.