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How I opened my kindergarten and did not regret it: the real story of a business mom

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nursery, garden, choice

Choosing a kindergarten - it is very painstaking and does not tolerate haste. Psychologists, methodologists and thoughtful parents are unanimous: it is much better for a child from 3 years to go to a good kindergarten than to stay at home with his mother, grandmother or nanny, while going to a bad one is immeasurably worse.

There is a long-formulated rule that should be remembered when giving a child to kindergarten: we are looking not so much for the garden as for the educators, parents should rely on their personal and professional qualities. After all, it depends on the first teacher how the kindergarten fate of your child will develop.

A fairly reliable source of information is word of mouth. In advance, start collecting feedback on kindergartens in your area from neighbors, acquaintances, parents of “kindergarteners” on the playground, in the clinic, from the local doctor.

It is advisable to start choosing a garden no later than a year before the expected receipt, since there is a queue in good gardens. If you initially do not like the option you have chosen, there will be time to find and consider others.

Having selected the addresses of the institutions about which you have learned anything that interested you, go on reconnaissance. We advise you to take this little book with you and put pros and cons in front of each of the following points. When you come home, count all the pros and cons, think and discuss in your family: will you be calm for your child, leaving him for the whole day in this kindergarten.

Come to the kindergarten for a walk (at about 10.30 am - 11.30 am). It is necessary to begin with a conversation with the manager, then - an inspection of the garden and its territory.

Conversation with the head

The manager inquire about the mode of the day. Is there enough time spent on daytime sleep and walks, are children overworked, is there morning gymnastics. Choose a garden where the number of children in the group is not more than 15 and not less than 6.

If the group does not have an assistant caregiver (nanny) and a second (replacement) caregiver - look for another garden, regardless of any arguments.

Remember, it is not the fact of the presence of a speech therapist and a psychologist in the state, but how many children he will have to “lead”. One psychologist (speech therapist, defectologist) for 70-80 children is not serious.

Find out if the nurse works in the garden, what her duties are, her work schedule, what preventive, wellness and tempering activities are being carried out.

Check out the sample menu. Specify whether it changes depending on the season (in spring and autumn - more vegetables and fruits, not pea soups, but vegetables, not macaroni and potatoes, but zucchini and cabbage). Is it possible to feed the baby separately if it is allergic.

Ask to talk about classes, parties, music and sporting activities and the staff that conduct them.

Standard set of disciplines:

  • familiarity with the world or ecology,
  • games (subject role-playing, mobile, didactic),
  • speech development (vocabulary, learning correct pronunciation,
  • coordination of words, making up an oral story about what he saw),
  • acquaintance with children's literature (listening, retelling, memorizing
  • by heart),
  • maths,
  • drawing,
  • modeling,
  • application,
  • construction,
  • music lessons (listening to music, singing, musical rhythmic movements),
  • physical education classes.
  • In the preparatory group literacy is added.

If there are numerous additional classes in kindergarten (logic, psychology, rhetoric, computer science, early learning to read, write, chess, etc.), carefully weigh whether all these sciences are really necessary for your child, or it makes sense to give up something.

Experienced teachers and psychologists have established that the child is “ready” for conscious perception of a large number of various “sciences” and knowledge only by 5-6 years and the total number of classes throughout the day should not exceed four to five, including individual lessons.

Separately about a foreign language. By itself, the idea of ​​learning a foreign language in early childhood is not bad. However, it must be borne in mind that early bilingualism can lead to delayed speech development or stuttering. Especially this danger is real if the child does not just study the language, but enters a foreign language environment. You should also not engage in the production of sound pronunciation with children under 5 years of age, as well as with children with speech therapy problems.

Inspection of premises and territory

When you get acquainted with the kindergarten, pay attention: how the teachers talk with each other, the children, how interested adults are with the kids, whether they raise their voices, call their names, organize play activities, react to the requests and complaints of the children. Your task is to understand whether you are ready to respect and understand your child.

Pay special attention:

  • to the exhibition of children's works,
  • is there any information for parents, recommendations of experts,
  • whether toys are diverse, whether they are accessible to children, whether they are matched by age, whether your baby will be interesting or just “throw dust in the eyes”, to create a “bright spot” in the group,
  • Are there any corners for role-playing games?
  • is there a place for drawing and designing in free time,
  • is there a book exhibition
  • if there is no separate place for food, and meals and activities take place at the same tables - this is not so important. Much more important is whether this furniture is suitable for your child in height and whether the wrong back of a chair will spoil the bearing,
  • whether there are specially equipped music and gymnastics halls (in some gardens they can be combined, which is quite acceptable) is strictly obligatory.
  • A gym with equipment for physical therapy is welcome, however, physical therapy exercises in no way replace the usual physical culture!
  • Are the hair dryers provided?
  • are there special rubber mats and walkways (if there is a sauna or swimming pool in the garden),
  • if there is a special relaxation room at the sauna, or the steamed out babies will have to immediately run to their group,
  • on the cleanliness and safety of toilet rooms.

1. The very first option - the most important and most banal: interview parents whose children attend nearby kindergartens. It is they who will tell you how well or poorly take care of the children, whether the teachers love the children, how the garden is equipped, what kind of toys there are, and many more important details that no one else will tell you.

2. Pay attention to the territory of the kindergarten - how clean it is, whether it is cluttered with debris, sandboxes and swings are not broken. Naturally, the territory should have a playground, and the territory itself is fenced, and the gate leading to it is closed - do not be surprised, but many kids are so curious that they are trying to escape from the kindergarten.

3. Get to know the staff, look at the environment in which your child will be. Is there enough toys? Is it cozy indoors? Do you like a teacher? Be sure to talk to a doctor who is supposed to be in kindergarten.

4. Ask the manager what program is being used for, the number of children in the group, ask to tell you about the classes and the staff who conducts them.

The list of questions to ask the administration when choosing a kindergarten of any type:

  • Find out the DOW mode of operation.
  • Ask for a license and charter.
  • Ask about the programs and methods that caregivers work with.
  • Pay attention to the number of children in the group and the number of caregivers.
  • Ask to tell you about the staff.
  • Take an interest in nutrition.
  • Find out what groups are in the garden.
  • Ask what extra classes are in kindergarten and how much they cost.
  • Pay attention to the founders and sponsors of the garden.
  • Documents in kindergarten.

Suppose you have already chosen a suitable garden, and this garden is a municipal one. What documents are required to write a child there?

1. Medical record 20 marked with vaccinations: polio, DTP, parotitis, measles, Mantoux reaction (done not more than a year ago). Analyzes: blood (general), urine, enterobiosis, eggs on the worm (done no more than 10 days ago). Marks of doctors: orthopedist, ENT, ophthalmologist, neuropathologist, dentist, pediatrician (epicrisis and referral to a health group).

2. Birth certificate.

3. Insurance policy

What to do if there are no places?

And what to do if you have already collected all the necessary documents, brought them to the head and heard that there are no places in the kindergarten? This is a typical situation at the moment, since most of the gardens are crowded, and even waiting lists are made 1-3 years ahead. In this case, you must contact the district education department, and there you will be sure to pick up another kindergarten closer to the house, where there are free places.

To avoid this situation, queue up in advance. This can be done officially - now in every kindergarten there are “Books for registration of future students”. As soon as the baby is born, you come to your favorite garden and write the child in this book. The head of the department will give you a notice of registration and will inform you in the future when the group will be completed. There are also preferential categories that are admitted to kindergarten out of the queue - these are children from large families, children of the unemployed, children of refugees and displaced persons, children of mothers' students, children of disabled groups 1 and 2, children under guardianship, children one of whose parents is in military service, children of single working parents, children of judges, prosecutors and investigators, children of employees of educational institutions of the Department of Education, as well as children whose brothers and sisters already attend this garden.

How did the idea to open a kindergarten

I never dreamed of my own kindergarten. Everything happened by chance. It all started with the fact that I was faced with the problem of choosing a preschool institution for my three year old son. I studied all the nearby municipal and private kindergartens, but in none of them I could find answers to my questions and confidence that I could entrust my child to them.

The problem was in educators:

Tired of searching, I decided to organize a suitable place myself. The first step was the creation of a small animation studio in the village of Glukhovo on Ilinskoe Highway.

I gathered a team of great artists who drew cartoons with children. Everything developed very quickly, we almost immediately closed the set in two groups. The children refused to leave after class, and the parents began to persuade me to quickly do something more serious - a place where they could leave the kids for the whole day.

So, in 2009, the first “Interesting kindergarten” appeared.

Gradually, there were so many requests from parents that we had a waiting list. Then I thought about starting a new site. The second department, already a full-fledged large kindergarten, we opened in Moscow, near the Ulitsa 1905 goda metro station. And in 2016 they launched two more gardens.

By that time, we had already established ourselves in the market: we had a strong teaching staff, high-quality materials, a diverse training program, and a large number of additional classes.

What techniques are used by teachers and teachers of the garden

In private kindergarten, in contrast to the state, there is an opportunity to make adjustments to the program and the system of education. The result of many experiments was that we compiled several programs close to us.

Again, this is all just because all the children are very different, and what is good for one does not suit the second at all. I went on the way: “If you want to do well, do it yourself”.

And they decided to make emphasis on the development of emotional intelligence. Such a program involves a wide range of creative disciplines, and creativity develops children in preschool age.

No need to strive to invest in the child a lot of knowledge, they are not needed at this age. We also We pay great attention to the "free game". Following the interest of the child is not easy, and not all educators and teachers are trained in this.

In addition to the main program, we offer parents to choose various additional classes: chess, ballet, vocals, playing musical instruments, capoeira, football, and foreign languages. I must say that, in addition to the educational program, we pay great attention to the developing environment and education. It is important in our modern world to be not only educated and developed, but also educated person. And these skills need to be vaccinated from early childhood.

What experience we have learned from foreign colleagues

I really like the approach to pre-school development and education in the Scandinavian countries. Children’s progress on any scale is not evaluated there, more attention is paid to the communication of children with each other, children spend a lot of time outside, in any weather! Children in kindergarten can walk in the rain and in puddles, and this is one of the most interesting activities for them.

The concept of childhood is based on democratic values ​​and respect for the rights of the child. The attitude of educators to children does not have the character of a hierarchical attitude - the principle of negotiation operates. From an early age the baby has the right to choose , he understands that his opinion is important to others. There is nothing surprising if the tutor asks the children for advice on what is better to play.

How we choose educators

The search for teachers and educators takes a lot of time and effort. After all, a general formula by which one can understand whether a person can work with children or not does not exist. In modern preschool education, people with flexible thinking are needed, ready to constantly improve their skills and work on themselves.

All kindergartens are divided into 4 types:

  • municipal or state,
  • departmental,
  • private,
  • home or family.

State kindergarten is very familiar to us from our childhood. The child will be engaged in it according to the general educational program, which includes physical education, drawing, modeling, music and, of course, walks. Unfortunately, government funding is very often lacking in such children's institutions.

This is reflected in the number of caregivers and nannies in groups, the number and variety of toys, and the monotonous diet. But it all depends on the head. It happens that the state garden has a good reputation among parents.

If we talk about the advantages of municipal kindergartens, then they can be attributed to them: low cost and close distance.

As for the minuses, they are much more. The main disadvantage of public kindergartens is a large number of children in groups, sometimes more than 30 people. All subsequent problems are connected with it. It happens that the money that the state allocates is not enough to maintain a sufficient number of kindergarten employees, and therefore it is quite common that there is only one employee for such a large group of children.

Of course, one teacher simply physically can not pay attention to each child, so about any individual approach is out of the question. If the baby did not understand something, then you will have to explain it.

In addition, due to the large number of children in groups, the quality of care for them decreases. "You will not keep track of everyone."

Poor funding is reflected in the monotony of classes. The teacher simply does not have enough playbooks and materials to explain this or that topic to the children in a more interesting way.

Another drawback of state-owned gardens - monotonous food. The quality of food, of course, meets all standards, but the diet of children consists of the same dishes. If your baby refuses to eat something, then he is unlikely to be offered another dish, and he will remain hungry until the next meal.

The departmental kindergarten is under the control of a particular enterprise or organization. If you are among their employees, then you are lucky, as in this case you will be given a discount. For everyone else, the cost of a departmental kindergarten will be much more expensive than, for example, the state.

But if we compare these two institutions, then the departmental kindergarten has many more advantages. The most important of them is the smaller number of children in groups as compared to state kindergartens.

In addition, departmental kindergartens have created the best conditions for children. Enterprises whose agency includes this institution, are trying to provide the children of their employees with everything they need. Therefore, a good repair will be done in the room, and all the furniture will be of high quality, and there will be enough toys for everyone.

Equally important is the varied menu. Your baby will never go hungry.

But, despite all the advantages, the departmental kindergarten has its drawbacks.

  • Во-первых, если вы не являетесь сотрудником предприятия, которое содержит ведомственный садик, то будет довольно сложно устроить туда своего ребенка, так как в данных учреждениях неохотно берут людей «со стороны».
  • Во-вторых, стоимость данного садика довольно высокая.

Что же касается частного детского сада, то у него одни достоинства.

Самый главный плюс данного учреждения – маленькое количество детей в группах, не больше 12 человек. The teacher has an excellent opportunity to pay due attention to each child, and therefore children adapt more easily to new conditions for them.

Also in private kindergartens rather large staff. In addition to caregivers and nannies, psychologists, speech therapists, pediatricians and subject teachers will follow the proper development of your baby. In addition, these institutions have a fairly extensive training program. This makes it possible from the earliest years to reveal all the abilities of the child, as well as reveal all his talents.

In private gardens, an individual approach is carried out in drawing up a menu for each child: his preferences are taken into account, and if the child is allergic, then such a product is excluded from his diet.

Also to the advantages of private kindergartens include the ability of parents to monitor the work of all staff through trustee advice. You will have the opportunity to influence the educational process and even attend classes, check the work of the kitchen, and if necessary, you can request a financial report to make sure that your money goes to the destination.

Speaking of money, the cost of a private kindergarten is very high. This is perhaps his only drawback.

Another type of preschool is family or home kindergartens. As a rule, they are organized on the basis of an ordinary apartment or room in which a bedroom, a game room and a kitchen are being settled. The staff is only a few people: a teacher, a nanny and a cook. Also can separately invite teachers in music and drawing.

The advantages of such kindergartens include a small number of children in the group (3-5 people). In addition, the conditions in them are as close as possible to the home and the baby will be much more comfortable than, for example, in a public kindergarten.

The disadvantages of family kindergartens are the very high cost and in some cases the absence of a specially equipped place for walking on the street, and there may not be enough room for children.

Now let's talk about the selection criteria.

The first thing you should pay attention to is its location. The distance from your home to the kindergarten should be such that the time spent to overcome it does not exceed 20-25 minutes walk by foot or by transport.

Even if you find a beautiful kindergarten, but you and your child need to get to it more than the specified time, then it is better to refuse this choice. Otherwise, your baby will be tired from early morning due to a long walk or exhausted from an early ride in public transport during rush hour, and he will only have negative emotions in his kindergarten.

The second thing you should pay attention to when choosing a garden is its mode of operation. As a rule, most kindergartens are open from 7:00 to 19:00, but there are those that close at 5:00 pm. Also, in some kindergartens, the time when children stay in them ends at 21:00, while others generally work around the clock.

If the distance to the kindergarten and the mode of its work suits you, then you need to move on to a more detailed study of the children's institution you like.

The third criterion that should be guided in choosing a garden is its external decoration. Look at the state of the kindergarten: whether there is a fence and a gate, which is locked with a key, whether there is a playground and equipped places for games, what the condition of the swing, pavilions and sandboxes are.

The whole area should be clean and tidy. Best of all, you can figure it out if you visit the garden from 10:00 to 11:00. At this time, children are usually taken out for a walk, and you will have the opportunity to see if the swings are in order and what the children do, whether the games are organized for them or they are hanging around. You also need to find out whether there is a guard or a person on duty who ensures that there are no unauthorized people in the territory of the kindergarten.

After that, you definitely need to talk with the head. She should find out:

  • Kindergarten has a state educational license,
  • familiarize yourself with the Charter and the contract, which must clearly state the obligations of each of the parties and the cost of services so that there are no additional “extortion”,
  • How does the kindergarten work?
  • the number of caregivers and nannies in one group (for every 7-10 people, there should be one educator, that is, in a group of 20 children, 2 educators and a nanny should work),
  • what kind of education is provided by educators, doctors and educators, as well as the degree of their qualifications,
  • availability of sanitary books for all garden personnel, including cleaners,
  • according to which schedule the doctor and nurse work
  • Is there a speech therapist and a psychologist in the permanent staff of the kindergarten?
  • read the menu.

Ask the manager to give you a tour of the kindergarten, show the kitchen, dining room, games room, recreation room and physical education. Pay attention to how spacious these rooms are, the condition of the furniture, how many toys are in groups, and whether children play with them. At the same time you will have a great opportunity to evaluate the work of educators.

How they communicate with children, whether they raise their voices, whether their children understand, whether they additionally explain the material, if the child does not understand something. You will be able to assess the psychological situation in the group, whether the children of the caregiver are afraid or willing to go with her.

The most important condition that you must follow when choosing a kindergarten is good educators. After all, with these people your baby will spend most of the time. Take an interest in their education.

It is best if it is pedagogical in the field of early childhood development. Pay attention to how educators behave with children in the room and on the street, whether they organize games for them, whether they respond favorably to requests and whims, and how they punish them if they disobey. Personally communicate with them, what impression will they make on you? Ask around parents whose children already go to a group with this tutor. You will learn many interesting things!

Another criterion is the direction of kindergarten. It may be as follows:

  • General development. In such gardens the physical, artistic, aesthetic and intellectual development of children is carried out.
  • Supervision and rehabilitation. These kindergartens are focused on children with poor health. They carry out various preventive and wellness procedures.
  • Compensating. These kindergartens are designed for children with pathologies.
  • Child development centers. They emphasize the all-round development of children's abilities. Therefore, in such kindergartens there is necessarily a computer class, a swimming pool, a children's theater, and a fitness center.
  • Combined kindergartens. They have groups with different directions presented above.

Also, when choosing a kindergarten, be sure to pay attention to the number of children in groups. The smaller they are, the better. Then your baby just will not remain deprived of attention. The main thing is that for every 7-10 children in a group there should be one teacher.

In addition, in the kindergarten must be created all the conditions for the normal development of both a boy and a girl.

But, in spite of all the above criteria, the price of kindergartens most of all influences the final choice of parents. The cost of these services for 1 month may be as follows:

  • State Garden - 150 rubles,
  • departmental - from 1000 rubles,
  • private and family - from 200 cu up to several thousand.

You should also be aware that there are certain categories of families who can receive a concession in the amount of 30 to 65% of the total cost in kindergartens, and in some cases parents can be exempted from paying kindergarten. You can learn more about all this on the Internet or other sources.

Whatever it was, but still, when choosing a kindergarten, the last word must remain with the child. Look at the kindergarten through the eyes of the baby, will he like it there or not? After all, he will spend a lot of time there. If you are satisfied with all the answers to your questions, then you can safely write down your baby in your favorite kindergarten, and let your baby grow up healthy and comprehensively developed!

Situation

Take a closer look at the kindergarten setting, drawing attention to furniture, toys, bathroom, etc. Kindergarten is a place where your child will spend a lot of time, so his comfort and safety should be a priority.

© Weedezign / iStock

Other children

Watch the children in the group and how they interact with each other. Make sure that the children easily make contact, listen to the caregiver and develop their communication skills. Of course, petty quarrels may arise between them and this is normal, but it is important that the kids are not too aggressive and hostile towards each other.

Kindergarten classification by orientation - what they are

Kindergarten is the most common type of public pre-school educational institution. It provides supervision, care and rehabilitation, training and education of children. Kindergartens have different educational programs.

Kindergarten general developmental type with the priority implementation of any direction or directions of development of pupils - physical, intellectual, artistic and aesthetic.

Kindergarten care and rehabilitation functions with an emphasis on sanitary and hygienic, preventive and recreational activities and procedures.

Child Development Center - Kindergarten. Such centers have a game and fitness center, an art studio, a computer class, a children's theater, a swimming pool. An integrated approach to the organization of work with children is being applied - physical and mental development is carried out, correction is made, and emphasis is placed on intellectual, artistic and aesthetic development.

Kindergarten combined type includes several different groups: general developmental, compensating, wellness, as well as in different combinations.

Kindergarten compensating view with the priority implementation of a qualified correction. Children with various pathologies are taken to these kindergartens, for example, with mental retardation, with tuberculous intoxication, with disorders of the musculoskeletal system, hearing impaired, with speech disorders, visually impaired, with intellectual disabilities, often ill children. Highly qualified doctors work in such kindergartens, and special conditions are created for children - sometimes diet food, swimming pools, saunas, massage rooms, a small number of children in groups. In kindergartens, compensating type is not only treated, but also educated and trained in accordance with a special program. At these gardens there are counseling centers where parents can get advice, advice on how to act in this or that case.

To get to the kindergarten compensating view, you need a referral pediatrician and information from specialists on the profile of the kindergarten.

Four types of kindergartens

In addition to the classification by orientation, kindergartens are divided into four large groups: municipal, departmental, private (commercial) and home (family). Depending on the type of kindergarten, the training program, the number of children in a group, the quality of food and toys, and even the psychological atmosphere in many ways will vary.

Municipal kindergartens - this is our own childhood. Very much in them depends on the manager or director - under equal conditions, some kindergartens are known throughout the district, and parents try to take a queue there in a few years. In the state kindergarten there is a "general education program", walks, physical education, modeling, drawing and music. Some of them provide paid additional services that you have the right to refuse, even if all the other parents in the group want to use them.

Pluses of the municipal kindergarten:

  • small cost. It is established by law and amounts to 150 rubles per month. There are categories of beneficiaries, for example, single mothers, mothers of many children, widows, etc.
  • proximity to home. In addition to the fact that doctors do not recommend carrying a baby to kindergarten, if the road takes more than 20 minutes, in a nearby kindergarten, the child will have the opportunity to make friends with whom he can spend his free time and on weekends.

Cons of the municipal kindergarten:

  • too much fullness of groups. 25-30 people for the state kindergarten - not uncommon. As a result, for example, for example, reading or writing still happens at home, the teacher does not have time to explain incomprehensible moments to such a number of wards.
  • poor quality of care and supervision, uniformity in classes. On the individual approach to each child the question is not posed. In part, this is also caused by the problem of "overcrowding."
  • the absence of any delicacies in the diet. If the child refuses to eat any food, he will have to stay hungry until the next meal.

Choosing the best municipal kindergarten

  1. In many kindergartens real queues are lined up. To give back a three-year-old child, the queue must be taken immediately after birth - and this, unfortunately, is not an exaggeration. You can take a turn at once in several kindergartens, so that there is time for the final choice.
  2. Find out if there is a so-called "adaptation group" in kindergarten. It is designed for small children who have never attended kindergarten before.
  3. Find out the mode of the kindergarten. All public gardens are divided into 12-hour, 14-hour and non-stop. There is a ten or five hour stay mode. By the way, if educators try to demand from parents that they pick up babies earlier - this is their personal initiative, to which they are not entitled. The so-called "short days" is also a violation of the law, the kindergarten should work the same on all working days.
  4. Pay attention to the number of children in the group and the number of caregivers. In municipal kindergartens there are violations of the Model Provision on pre-school (preschool educational institutions), according to which the group should not be more than 20 children and 2 educators - one in the first shift and one in the second, an assistant carer (nanny) works with them. These are full-time employees. But sometimes, due to insufficient funding, such an assistant may not be present, and the caregiver assumes all the functions of a nanny.

Departmental kindergartens not controlled directly by the Department of Education, their programs and orders are determined by enterprises and organizations whose department is a kindergarten. Such kindergartens are more expensive, but discounts are given to the children of the company's employees. There are few departmental gardens now, and their number is decreasing.

Advantages of departmental kindergarten:

  • a relatively small (compared with the municipal) number of children in the group,
  • better conditions for children (again, compared to municipal gardens),
  • thoughtful menu.

Cons departmental garden:

  • quite high pay (up to several thousand)
  • sometimes there are difficulties with the enrollment of children "from the side".

Choosing the best departmental kindergarten

When choosing, two important points should be considered:

  1. Check that the kindergarten has state certification and licenses.
  2. Pay attention to how well the social base of the enterprise, in whose department is the kindergarten, is provided, how rich is this organization. Otherwise you risk paying for dubious quality.

Private kindergartens - ideal option in the absence of financial difficulties. They work, as a rule, until 20-00 or 21-00, or around the clock. In private kindergartens a very intensive and intensive development program. Private kindergartens, as a rule, are well provided with games and toys, visual aids, children for a walk can be taken to the nearest forest-park zone.

Control over the work of non-state pre-school educational institutions is carried out through licensing, accreditation, certification of programs and certification of teachers.

Advantages of a private kindergarten:

  • a small number of children in the group - about 10-12 people, the child gets enough attention
  • children adapt more easily to kindergarten
  • varied and tasty food, the opportunity to please every child,
  • an individual approach to children, which makes it possible to maximize their abilities. In each group, several educators work, speech therapists, psychologists, pediatricians, and subject teachers observe the development of children.
  • parents have the right to influence the educational process - for example, through boards of trustees. In particular, they can inspect the kitchen, demand a financial report, or even attend classes.
  • Many private kindergartens work on the "kindergarten-school" system.

The only minus of a private kindergarten is its cost.

Choosing the best private kindergarten

  1. Pay attention to the proximity of the garden to the house. Even a very good kindergarten will not work if the road takes more than half an hour by car. Кстати, в некоторых частных садиках предусмотрена доставка детей до учреждения и обратно.
  2. Ознакомьтесь с лицензией на образовательную деятельность, Уставом учреждения и договором. Узнайте, есть ли у детского сада документ на ту площадь, которую он занимает в данный момент. В договоре должен содержаться комплекс предоставляемых услуг, условия оплаты и режим пребывания ребенка в детском саду. Все права и обязанности сторон должны быть детально оговорены и внесены в договор. And in order to protect yourself from unexpected expenses, find in the documents the phrase “the price paid under the contract cannot change during the period of the child’s stay in the preschool institution”.
  3. Check out the menu. Inspect the premises, toys, territory for walking, pay attention to the behavior of teachers and their communication with the kids.
  4. Learn about the program and the methods by which they work in the kindergarten. Find out which school the kindergarten is focused on - private or general education.
  5. You can ask an additional question about the education of the person who runs the kindergarten and the qualifications of teachers, doctors and educators - in a good kindergarten you will be provided with detailed information. Ask who will lead the special items.
  6. Find out in which mode the nurse and doctor are working.
  7. Pay attention to the term of the kindergarten: five years for our country is already a solid period.

Home kindergarten (family kindergarten) - another type of private garden. Usually it contains a married couple in his apartment, or the founders rent a room in which they arrange the bedroom and game room. They invite a teacher, a nanny and a cook, for older children - teachers of a foreign language, music, drawing.

Pros home kindergarten

  • maximum care and attention, no injuries, conditions close to home, to the life of a large family,
  • a small number of children - 3-5 people
  • individual approach to nutrition.

Cons home kindergarten

  • very high pay
  • possible problems with the lack of equipment or premises.

The rules for choosing a garden are the same as in the previous case.

We are looking for the best kindergarten

  1. The first option is the most important and most banal one: interview parents whose children attend nearby kindergartens. It is they who will tell you how well or poorly take care of the children, whether the teachers love the children, how the garden is equipped, what kind of toys there are, and many more important details that no one else will tell you.
  2. Pay attention to the territory of the kindergarten - how clean it is, whether it is cluttered with debris, sandboxes and swings are not broken. Naturally, the territory should have a playground, and the territory itself is fenced, and the gate leading to it is closed - do not be surprised, but many kids are so curious that they are trying to escape from the kindergarten.
  3. Meet the staff, look at the environment in which your child will be. Are there enough toys? Is it cozy indoors? Do you like a teacher? Be sure to talk to a doctor who is supposed to be in kindergarten.
  4. Ask the manager what program is being used, the number of children in the group, ask to tell you about the classes and the staff who conducts them.

If the choice of kindergarten is made

Suppose you have already chosen a suitable garden, and this garden is a municipal one. What documents are required to write a child there?

  1. Medical record 20 marked with vaccinations: polio, DTP, parotitis, measles, Mantoux reaction (done not more than a year ago). Analyzes: blood (general), urine, enterobiosis, eggs on the worm (done no more than 10 days ago). Marks of doctors: orthopedist, ENT, ophthalmologist, neuropathologist, dentist, pediatrician (epicrisis and referral to a health group).
  2. Birth certificate.
  3. Insurance policy

And what to do if you have already collected all the necessary documents, brought them to the head and heard that there are no places in the kindergarten? This is a typical situation at the moment, since most of the gardens are crowded, and even waiting lists are made 1-3 years ahead. In this case, you must contact the district education department, and there you will be sure to pick up another kindergarten closer to the house, where there are free places.

To avoid this situation, queue up in advance. This can be done officially - now in every kindergarten there are "Books of the account of future students". As soon as the baby is born, you come to your favorite garden and write the child in this book. The head of the department will give you a notice of registration and will inform you in the future when the group will be completed. There are also preferential categories that are admitted to kindergarten out of the queue - these are children from large families, children of the unemployed, children of refugees and displaced persons, children of mothers' students, children of disabled groups 1 and 2, children under guardianship, children one of whose parents is in military service, children of single working parents, children of judges, prosecutors and investigators, children of employees of educational institutions of the Department of Education, as well as children whose brothers and sisters already attend this garden.

Pay or not pay?

Another common problem is the so-called "sponsorship" assistance. In some gardens, almost every week new and new financial receipts are demanded from parents. In fact, neither the tutors nor the manager have the right to take any money from you besides paying for the garden produced on receipt. If you do not agree with their requirements - call the county office.

Who can help orient among kindergartens in Moscow:

  1. Consultation at the Institute of Psychology RAS. Experts help to select public and private kindergartens, the most convenient for you. You can get additional information from them, as well as consult on further school selection. Telephone - (095) 283-53-30.
  2. Center "Childhood", whose task is to collect data on the problems of childhood in the Moscow region. By calling the center and ordering information, you will be able to learn brief information about each kindergarten within an hour - the type of institution, the presence of a pool and gym, a foreign language is studied in the kindergarten and much more. Telephone - (095) 235-49-14.
  3. Departments of pre-school education district offices of the Department of Education. They should be handled both when it comes to the selection of a suitable kindergarten, and with complaints of extortion or conflicts with teachers and managers.

Central District: 951-41-67
Northern District: 456-07-32
Northeast District: 210-07-06
Eastern District: 963-55-35
Southeast District: 350-07-22
Southern District: 324-76-46
Southwest District: 120-31-56
Western District: 249-08-86
Northwest District: 947-88-86
Zelenograd: 535-75-31

The list of questions to ask the administration when choosing a kindergarten of any type:

  1. Find out the DOW mode of operation.
  2. Ask for a license and charter.
  3. Ask about the programs and methods that caregivers work with.
  4. Pay attention to the number of children in the group and the number of caregivers.
  5. Ask to tell you about the staff.
  6. Take an interest in nutrition.
  7. Find out what groups are in the garden.
  8. Ask what extra classes are in kindergarten and how much they cost.
  9. Pay attention to the founders and sponsors of the garden.

Do financial aid for high school students

Kindergarten: children along with other children in the group. In kindergarten there are children from three to six years. Most kindergartens also have a playground. The kindergarten in which children stay all day is called Kitoy. Department of Social Work and Youth Support: The Department of Social Work and Youth Support helps children, young people and their parents. For example, there is psychological help for families with problems. Sometimes the problems are so serious that the child can no longer stay with the family.

It will be necessary to find out if there is a nurse on the premises and what functions are included in her duties. You never know where and where a danger can trap a child.

In general, social services and youth support services also have kindergartens and kindergartens. In each city there is a department of social assistance and support for young people. Kindergarten: an institution for children from a few months to three years.

To do this, you must be trained in a specialized school or vocational school. At the training they study disciplines, such as psychology, pedagogy, health, sport and others. Teachers work, for example, in kindergarten or shelter or in social work and youth service.

Should pay and attention to nutrition. It is important to find out which menu is included in it. What is included in the diet, whether there are fruits, what is the variety of nutrition. An important point: find out if your child is allergic, whether he can eat separately, or this is not provided.

The manager needs to find out all the little things, because often such small moments result for parents in big problems.

In it, children can stay for the whole day, usually up to 16 or 17 hours. State: Sixteen state territories, federal states, constitute the Federal Republic of Germany. The state of the federation is usually a large region, such as Bavaria, Hesse or North Rhine-Westphalia. There are also cities that are federal districts, such as Berlin and Hamburg. Each state has its own government with a state assembly. Public administration can make decisions on specific topics, such as issues related to education and culture.

Choosing a caregiver is much more important than even making a decision of a public or private institution. From the teacher, more precisely, from her attitude to children, depends on the further formation of the nature of the child, addiction to society, as well as the acquisition of practical skills.

Thus, it is important not only to choose the best version of the kindergarten on public services, but also the teacher. Educators are people too and they all have their own characteristics. Some kind and their children, while others, on the contrary, strict and rude.

The most important decisions are made by the federal government, that is, the government of all Germany. Residence permit: a residence permit regulates, for example, how long you can stay in Germany, and if you can stay in Germany. A person who has a residence permit is legalized in Germany.

Full-time school: in this school, children stay for the whole day, usually until 4 or 5 in the evening. They get lunch and help with household chores. Students can also attend certain courses, such as learning a musical instrument, playing sports or theater. Established secondary schools are free, but full-time private schools are paid.

So, consider the main shortcomings, which, unfortunately, are found in public and even private kindergartens:

  1. Hatred. This is the worst character trait for the educator, because even if this specialist is from God, then hatred for his work, as well as for the wards, makes him mentally unbalanced. Such an educator should not be allowed to children, and even more so that he worked with them all day.
  2. Indifference. If an educator has indifference in his character traits, then this will directly affect the upbringing of children. A child who will be raised by such a person may develop a set of flaws. Therefore, you should not give your baby in such a kindergarten, where tutors work, who are indifferent to their work.
  3. Excessive passion for work. This is at first glance not bad, but for a child it is a big minus. The keenness of the educator in one case indicates that his purposefulness will be directed only in one direction. If you deal with children only mental disciplines, then they will be alien to such a thing as playing with peers, hobbies and other forms of entertainment.

Therefore, the presence of such deficiencies in the teacher says that he is not suitable for this responsible position. What should be the ideal educator, consider next.

Vocational training: through it you learn a profession. Training consists of at least two parts: a vocational school and work in a company. A professional course usually lasts from two years to three and a half years, depending on the profession, as well as on the level of education.

Internship: if you are interested in a particular profession, you can undergo an internship in a clinic or company. This job helps a person to learn a profession. Internships are usually unpaid. The duration of the internship varies by profession or company.

To begin with, there are no ideal tutors. A professional may not even have an education, but children will reach for him from day one. Such a person is the best educator for the child. The teacher must have the right approach to children. Must be able to communicate with kids of three years and older children. A good educator always has his own rules, for example, after the game to remove his place. Moreover, the educator should not indicate, but explain what is so necessary for order.

Vocational school: Vocational school is part of vocational training. He studies specialized content for the profession and other areas. They range from 8 to 12 hours of classes per week, while on other days they work for the company. Or there are block classes: in a few weeks, in a vocational school, there are classes in others if you work for a company. In some professions, you must first go to vocational school for a year, and then begin training in the company.

Vocational school is free. As in a regular school, you only need to pay for the material. How many times have you heard your child say this in the morning, just out of bed? At the beginning of another academic year, a clinical psychologist and psychoanalyst Eduardo Saz launched a book, the title of which borrows children's protest. Since “family is more important than school and play, at least as important as learning”, Eduardo Sa talks about the surpluses made in the process of teaching a child and points his finger at parents and teachers.

An experienced person, a parent, will always understand by communication whether that teacher was caught or not.

The more diverse disciplines taught in the kindergarten, the correspondingly it is better for the child. So, the standard set of disciplines consists of:

  • mathematics
  • drawing
  • familiarity with the letter
  • familiarity with literature
  • music
  • gymnastics

If more profound sciences, such as psychology, logic, etc., are added to this list, then consider whether such a load is necessary for the child. After all, he is still small and he still wants to play.

If in the kindergarten they try to teach children foreign languages, then this is not very good. When a child has just begun to master his or her native language, learning a different language can lead to confusion and thus delayed speech development.

So, coming to the end of the question of how to choose a kindergarten:

  1. Location. It is best if such an institution is not far from home, because morning trips in transport will not be the best option for a child.
  2. Staff. Ask moms who take their children to this institution about what kind of people work here. How does their child relate to caregivers and what, in general, is this kindergarten? If only one teacher goes to 30 children, it is recommended to look for another garden. It is very difficult for one person to spot such a group of small children.
  3. Territory. The playground, where children play, should be fenced and locked. This is necessary so that the children could not voluntarily leave the institution. On the territory must be provided for children's entertainment carousel, slides, etc.
  4. Interior decoration. In addition to all the above, in the kindergarten should be not only educators, but also medical staff, who will come to the rescue at any second. Children are very fast and playful creatures, so sometimes games can cause injuries.

In the game room should be toys, and for different ages. The facility should have a gym, a sleeping room, a dining room, a playroom, a dressing room, a bathroom, etc. The rooms should have order and cleanliness.

  • Nutrition. Meals must be three meals a day, children should not starve. The teacher needs to ensure that the kids eat. Food should be varied and not consist daily of one type of soup and compote.
  • So, how to choose a kindergarten and where to start?

    1. The first thing you should pay attention to is the survey and feedback from parents about a particular child care facility. It is necessary to find out how to care for the children, refer to them, the presence of toys, types of objects, etc.
    2. The territory of the kindergarten should be fenced, retracted, on it are children's entertaining safe swing.
    3. Familiarize with the institution not only in absentia, but also live. Visit the kindergarten, see how the staff works with the children. Based on what you see with your own eyes, you can draw the appropriate conclusions.
    4. Conduct a conversation with the head and find out all the subtleties of the institution and staff.

    The most popular questions that parents ask DOW heads in the process of choosing a kindergarten for their child:

    • What is the mode of operation?
    • Is there an appropriate license to engage in this type of activity? But - this is more related to the question of how to choose a private kindergarten? Indeed, in state institutions the availability of relevant documents is always available.
    • Number of babies in groups?
    • Food quality and menu.
    • Какие виды занятий проводятся с детьми?
    • Какие документы потребуются для поступления?

    Что касаемо последнего вопроса, то все детские сады требуют следующие обязательные документы:

    1. Медкарта. В этой карте должны быть записаны все важные прививки, которые делались ребенку. При отсутствии хотя бы одной — заведующая вынуждена будет отказать родителям.
    2. Свидетельство о рождении.
    3. Страховка.

    What to do in the case when the parents have decided on the institution, but having collected the documents and having come to the manager, they hear in response - there is no categorical? The reason for failure is the lack of seats. This is a normal phenomenon, because the number of gardens does not increase, and every year there are more and more children. In addition, parents always try to give their crumbs only in good hands. So it turns out that all places are occupied. To avoid this situation, you should book a kindergarten in advance. But if you are faced with such a problem, you will need to contact the Department of Education, where they will decide such embarrassment.

    Financial issues worry many people. It is better to even put it this way: who in our time does not care about issues relating to material resources? Every person at least once in their lives, yes.

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