The states of the world are incredibly diverse. Each of them is unique in its own way. However, we are accustomed to the fact that the word “country” implies a vast territory, hundreds of cities and villages. Nevertheless, in the world there are powers with a record small area. Today we will find out which countries are the smallest in terms of area and which features they have.
The smallest country in the world occupies an area of the size of only 0.45 km 2. It is located in the heart of the Italian capital - Rome. The total length of the border of the Vatican is 3200 meters. From all sides the state is surrounded by high walls. It has its own post office, police station, railway station, publishing house and even the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Since the nineteenth century, there was also its own monetary unit, the lira of the Papal State, but after the introduction of the euro in Italy in 2002, this currency began to be used in the Vatican.
The country had small dimensions throughout its history. In ancient times, no one lived on the territory of the modern Vatican. The fact is that in ancient Rome this place was considered holy. It began to settle in the year 326, after the construction of the Basilica of Constantine over the supposed burial place of St. Peter. In the period from 752 to 1870, the smallest state in the world in terms of population occupied an area of about 41 km 2. At this time it was called the Papal States. The country was captured by the united Italian army in the mid-nineteenth century.
The current situation was settled in 1929. It was then that the Lateran Treaty was signed, according to which the independence of the state was proclaimed, and Pope Pius XI recognized the Kingdom of Italy in return.
As noted above, the Vatican is the smallest state in the world in terms of population. About 850 people who are citizens of this country live permanently on its territory. All of them have the status of ministers of the Holy See. To obtain Vatican citizenship is possible only in this way. Upon completion of this work, it is instantly canceled. The local army has a hundred people.
During the daytime, there are about three thousand hired workers in the country who are mainly engaged in rough work. They are not subject to the Vatican and live outside. The predominant majority of these people are Italians.
Government and language
Based on international law, the smallest state in the world is an absolute theocratic monarchy, managed by the Holy See. In other words, all executive, legislative and judicial power here is concentrated in the hands of the Pope, who is chosen for life by the Cardinals. He directs, in fact, only the Holy See, while the country is governed by the Governor of the Papal Commission appointed by him.
All legislation issued in the Vatican comes into force only after it is published in Italian and Latin. Thus, we can say that both of them have official status in the country. At the same time, work in any world language is allowed here, which is associated with the presence of representatives of many nationalities among church ministers.
There are no industrial enterprises in the Vatican, in connection with which practically the entire financial income is received by the smallest state in the world from investments, donations and tourism. Basically, this money is used for ordinary expenses, including salaries, reconstruction of buildings, maintenance of the Holy See and so on. The annual state budget of a country whose economy is of a planned type is, on average, 310 million US dollars. At the same time, the state is known through the pontiff's charitable activities. In particular, funds are allocated to support people who have suffered from natural disasters, as well as the construction of churches in all parts of the world.
To ensure close contact and dialogue with the Catholics, as well as the dissemination of the teachings of the church in the Vatican created its own channel. It hosts live broadcasts of public celebrations and services of the Pope, as well as documentary films are created. In addition, it has its own radio. It is available not only on short waves with a frequency of AM and FM, but also through the Internet. Recently, the social policy pursued by the smallest state in the world has been criticized by the parishioners. In particular, many of them do not like conservative teachings, which do not correspond to the realities of modern times.
As previously noted, tourism is considered one of the main sources of income for the Vatican. This is not surprising, since millions of people come here every year who want to see with their own eyes the ancient architectural ensembles and world-famous works of art created by great masters. The most popular among them are the Cathedral and St. Peter's Square, the Sistine Chapel, the Vatican Museum and Library, as well as gardens that occupy most of the country.
The status of the official residence of the Pope Vatican received in 1377.
Any visitor to the country has the opportunity to use the services of local mail, in particular, to send memorable cards with unique stamps to their relatives and friends in every corner of the planet.
Local museums are the third most popular on Earth, second only to the Louvre and the British Museum.
There is no airport on the territory of the Vatican. However, the smallest state in the world can boast the presence of a helipad, operating since 1976. From here, the pontiff usually flies to the Roman airports or to his residence Castel Gandolfo.
The country has its own railway station. Its length is 700 meters.
The Vatican is characterized by extremely high crime rates. Each local resident has an average of one crime per year. As a rule, it is theft. However, it should be borne in mind that they are committed mainly by the attendants or tourists.
In the state, marriages are almost never concluded and children are not born.
Literacy of locals is 100%.
Other tiny countries
As a rule, the smallest countries in the world have a very rich history and are distinguished by high tourist attraction. Then, in order of decreasing, the five smallest countries on the planet are represented.
The rating closes the miniature state located inside Italy, which is called San Marino. It is remarkable in that it is considered the oldest sovereign country and republic on the planet.
On the fourth place of the list is the Pacific island country of Tuvalu. She gained her independence from England in 1978. The local population is about 10 thousand people. The country is located on 4 islands and 5 atolls with a total area of 26 km 2.
The third position belongs to Nauru - an island nation located in the south of the Pacific Ocean. It has the status of an independent republic and is distinguished by the absence of the capital. The area of Nauru is 21.3 km 2, and the population is about 9.5 thousand people.
Monaco ranks second in the “Smallest States in the World” ranking. The Principality is bordered by France and is located on the shores of the Ligurian Sea. The area of the country in which about 36 thousand people live on a permanent basis is 2.02 km 2. Thanks to tax benefits, the capital of the richest people on Earth is attracted here. The capital has a similar name.
The world's smallest state is the Vatican, which was discussed in more detail in this article earlier.
The most sexually unsatisfied country
Japan is the least sexually satisfied country, since only about 15% of its inhabitants have full-fledged sex life. In addition, about 45% of Japanese women are not interested in sex with a partner.
The most photographed place in the world
Since today almost everyone has a phone with a camera and the Internet, it was not too difficult for scientists to calculate the most photographed place in the world by geotagging left by Sightsmap and Google. So the most photographed place is the Solomon Guggenheim Museum in New York
The most expensive city for living
Singapore is the new world champion on the high cost of life, which even Tokyo overtook, having received the title of "the most expensive proud in the world." Cars in this city-state are on average 4-6 times more expensive than in far from the cheapest countries in the world.
The oldest city in the world
This is certainly controversial, but Damascus, Syria, is considered the oldest, continuously populated city in the world. Thanks to the artifacts found, scientists were able to prove that the signs of civilization were present in this city about 11 thousand years ago.
The most visited city in the world
For several years now, Bangkok is not the most visited city in the world, it was replaced by London, which (according to the MasterCard's 2014 Global Destinations City Index) annually receives about 18.690 million international guests, earning them about 19.3 billion dollars
The most sexually satisfied country
Switzerland, with its liberal views on parenthood, prostitution and sex, which Swiss children begin to talk about from the very kindergarten, is the most satisfied country in the world. The overwhelming majority of the population rate their sex life as “excellent”. Perhaps this is why Switzerland also bears the title of the most “early-growing” country, due to the huge number of teenagers who gave birth.
The most intense country in the world
Under the "tense" refers to the stress experienced by the population. Looking at the homicide rate, GDP per capita, income inequality, corruption and unemployment, we can safely say that Nigeria rightfully occupies this place
Highest average IQ
There are many factors that can affect the level of IQ, so this parameter "very" is very controversial. However, thanks to research, scientists have suggested that the city with the highest average IQ is Hong Kong, with an average population of 107 points
The city with the most developed Internet network in the world
Surprisingly, all 618 million Chinese users who spend 18.7 hours a week surfing the Internet do not allow China to occupy this place. And this place was taken by Seoul, South Korea, with its incredibly developed and covering the entire city with a network of free wi-fi. Seoul is a haven for an internet addict.
Ten of the smallest countries in the world in size
Order of Malta
The Order of Malta is considered the tiniest state in the world (not to be confused with Malta). It is located in Italy, inside Rome. The area of this country is 0, 012 square kilometers. Meanwhile, not all countries of the world recognized the Order of Malta as an independent state. However, he has diplomatic relations with 104 countries and is a permanent observer at the UN. The state issues its own car numbers and passports to its residents, and also has its own currency and marks, which are signs of a full-fledged country.
In second place in terms of size is the Vatican. It is also located inside Rome and is considered a state associated with Italy. Its area is 0.44 square kilometers. The country has the strongest support from the entire Catholic community in the world. The head of the Vatican, the Pope of Rome, has a great influence on the economic and political alignment of forces, not only in Europe but also in the world.
In third place is the principality of Monaco, located on the Cote d'Azur. This country is associated with France. Despite the miniature size, Monaco has its own Olympic team, which is headed by the prince. The main source of income in this state is gambling and tourism. The area of Monaco is 2.02 square kilometers.
This state covers an area of 21 square kilometers and is located in Oceania, on the coral island of the same name in the western Pacific Ocean. Nauru is the smallest independent republic on the planet and the tiniest island nation. The absence of an official capital is another distinctive feature of this country.
It is a state in the Pacific Ocean, which is located on five atolls and four islands. Its area is 26 square kilometers. Tuvalu gets its main income from coconut growing and fishing. In addition, it is paid quarterly by a million dollars by many television companies in the world in exchange for the right to use the .tv domain zone. Despite this, Tuvalu is among the ten poorest countries on the planet.
One of the oldest European republics covers an area of 61 square kilometers. The main income of the state is the production of postage stamps and tourism. From all sides San Marino surrounds the territory of Italy.
This state is associated with Switzerland and has an area of 160 square kilometers. He also brings income postage stamps and tourism. Its picturesque alpine landscapes attract many tourists.
This Pacific state is associated with the USA and is located on 5 islands and 29 atolls. The total area of the country is 181 square kilometers. Income to the budget of this state comes from tourism, export of coconuts and fishing.
This state is self-governing and is in free association with New Zealand. The Cook Islands are located in the south of the Pacific Ocean and cover an area of 236 square kilometers.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
This country, located in the east of the Caribbean, consists of two islands - Nevis and St. Kitts. The total area of the state is 261 square kilometers. This is the smallest country in Latin America.
Ten of the smallest countries in the world by population
The smallest state by number of inhabitants. Its population is only 840 people.
Approximately 1,400 people live in Niue.
The population of Nauru is 9320 people.
The population of Tuvalu is slightly over 10,000 people.
Order of Malta
On the fifth line is the Order of Malta. Its population is 12,500 inhabitants.
19600 people live on this archipelago.
On this island state in the waters of the Pacific Ocean live 20,850 inhabitants.
A population of 32,100 people allowed San Marino to occupy the eighth line of the rating.
35900 people live in this European country.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
The top ten of the smallest countries in terms of the number of residents closes the Latin American state with a population of 50,000 inhabitants.