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Distance learning: pros and cons, reviews

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Education is an important condition for a successful career. But not everyone can afford to enroll in a prestigious university for full-time or correspondence courses, as this requires considerable financial costs.

In addition, such factors as work, the need to ensure family, health, and also the geographical distance of the university from the student’s place of residence may impede obtaining a diploma in this way. So what to do?

In this era of digital technology and the Internet, you can get a higher education without leaving your home. This will help you distance learning system.

What it is?

Distance education is education at a remote distance without the need for a personal visit to a university.

The student and teacher, who is called a tutor, may be located on different continents, but this does not interfere with the learning process.

Most often, this form of training is chosen by people who want to get a second education or improve their qualifications, and already have a certain knowledge base on the chosen specialty. But it is possible, as they say, to start learning from scratch.

After completing the course of study, a document is issued that has the same legal force as a regular diploma obtained after graduation.

Duration of study depends on the chosen specialty and is 3.5-5 years. It can vary significantly depending on the intensity of your study schedule, as you choose an individual training program.

It should be noted that not all specialties can be mastered using distance learning. For example, you can not study for a doctor without visiting a university to gain practical knowledge. Most often, distance education courses include specialties related to information technology and commerce.

Now let's find out in more detail how this learning happens?

Each student on the website of his university has his personal page, where teachers send manuals, textbooks and necessary educational materials for self-study of the subject, as well as assignments, after which the student must send them to the teacher for verification.

All tests, tests and exams are passed in the same way. Then the teacher also via e-mail informs the student of his assessment or sends back his work to correct errors.

There are several types of distance learning technologies:

  1. Case technology. It involves the use of paper in the form of workbooks, which the tutor regularly checks. The interaction between the student and the teacher in this case is carried out through mailing or personal meetings at training centers.
  2. TV satellite technology. It is very rarely used because of the high cost and lack of technical feasibility for students. Its main drawback is the lack of feedback between the tutor and the student.
  3. Network technology or online training.

Most often, distance education includes all these three technologies, but in different proportions. Of course, the use of the Internet prevails in the educational process, but students also receive CDs with teaching materials and lectures.

Like all forms of education, distance education also has its advantages and disadvantages.

The advantages include:

  • The opportunity to study in any university in the world. Regardless of your geographic location and time zone, you can get all the necessary knowledge without leaving your home. This is especially important for people with disabilities, as well as for those who live in regions where it is not possible to get an education due to the lack of suitable higher education institutions. Even mothers who take care of their small children and those who are serving sentences in prisons can receive a diploma in this way.
  • The cost of distance learning is much lower than full-time or correspondence, as there is no personal contact with teachers, for example, to listen to lectures, which means you do not need to pay for their working time. In addition, you do not need to go to another city or country to study at a university, and thus you save on travel and accommodation.
  • Flexible training schedule. Each student decides for himself how much time he needs to spend on studying a given subject, and based on this, he himself calculates the duration of his classes. In addition, in some universities, you can postpone training for a long time and return to it later without the need to re-pay.
  • The opportunity to study in any place convenient for you without interrupting the main type of activity. This means that you can study even during breaks at work, and you do not need to take time off to pass regular tests or exams. You can even listen to lectures or perform tasks while sitting at home on a comfortable sofa, or while on holiday in distant countries.
  • Fast and effective interaction between student and teacher. Most often, communication between them is carried out using the Internet, so the student always has the opportunity to ask his question and quickly get an answer to it, and without having to arrange a personal meeting.
  • The use of modern technology in the educational process.
  • Availability of training materials. It so happens that in universities there are not enough textbooks and various manuals, so you have to buy them. In distance education, all the necessary educational materials are in electronic form, so students always have everything they need to receive knowledge in full.
  • Calm atmosphere. The student experiences less stress when passing tests and passing tests and exams, because there is no personal contact with the tutor, and he does not need to think about the impression he makes on the teacher.

There are also disadvantages to this form of education. These include:

  • The presence of rigid self-discipline and strong motivation. Russian people tend to be lazy. In distance education it is very important to tune in to study independently, but for some people it is difficult to do this without outside help. The student must have good will power and self-discipline in order to complete all tasks on time, since this form of education, although it has a flexible schedule, still has obligatory control points that must be completed in a timely manner.
  • Lack of practical knowledge. Distance education cannot give the student practical skills in the chosen specialty.
  • Lack of personal contact with the teacher and fellow students. This can be a negative point for people who like to communicate live, rather than using the Internet. In addition, it is much better for some students to memorize educational material by ear when the teacher gives a lecture, rather than cram it with textbooks.
  • Requires constant access to the Internet and information sources. Not all people who want to get distance education have the possibility of permanent access to the Internet, and some even do not have a computer.
  • Insufficient computer literacy. In order to fully obtain all the necessary knowledge, the student must be technically savvy and understand the use of computer online programs in order to take part in online lectures and use everything necessary for learning along with everyone.
  • Some courses and programs for receiving distance education are developed poorly and do not meet all the requirements. This is due to the lack of a sufficient level of skill among the people developing these study guides.
  • Not all employers recognize a diploma of distance education.
  • Problem with student identification. It is difficult for teachers to see if a student performs all the tasks independently, passes tests or not. Therefore, the student will have to come to the university or its branches to pass the exam for the final certification.
  • All learning in writing. It is much easier for many people to express the material they have learned orally than in writing. Because of this, there may be problems when performing tasks.

Unfortunately, today not all universities have a distance form of education. This greatly limits the possibility of obtaining a diploma in an educational institution you like. However, the number of institutes and universities supporting this form of education is increasing every day. After all, our future is behind new technologies.

Anytime

Of course, an unequivocal answer does not work. After all, our today's question is the eternal problem of all modern education. In some cases, distance learning may help. And sometimes - harm. Many factors play a role here.

For example, distance learning has its pros and cons in equal numbers, in principle. The role is played only by the importance of each area. Among the benefits of such training is its versatility. No problem, at any time a student or a student will be able to pursue their education. Immediately life becomes easier. Of course, this is a plus. You are not bound by time frames, you can allocate time as you want. After all, the main thing in our current education is the result. Although all the material for the day digest, even stretch it for a week.

Self-education

It has distance learning pros and cons. Reviews from teachers, parents and students indicate that with this form of studying the material, self-education plays a huge role. In fact, it is to them that you will be engaged. That is, no teachers behind, no surveillance and restrictions in time. On the one hand, this is a plus - you can learn to use time efficiently, it is better to absorb the material. In addition, there are people who are easier to learn when no one is following the process. It can be said, "with the rod" students.

On the other hand, distance learning requires organization and concentration. For example, such an education is likely to be given to young children with great difficulty - it is difficult for them to concentrate. Especially when there is no control. There are also students who are not predisposed to self-education at all. Such children will be fun all the time, not learn.

Anytime and anywhere

The pros and cons of distance education is a controversial issue. It requires a thorough study of all the nuances. Otherwise, you can make the wrong conclusions. Of course, since in Europe this form has long been used, it means that in Russia, with a well-designed system, it will produce results.

In addition to the advantages already listed, it can be emphasized that teaching students at a distance allows them not to miss classes for one reason or another. For example, if a student is sick. Just turn on the computer, join a virtual conference - and you will be able to attend the lesson. And this is without harm to health.

It turns out, absenteeism can be minimized. Yes, with the Internet sometimes there are a variety of failures. But they just can check. But the real hook - no. Often it is the distance learning that helps even during a long illness or inability to attend school to remain in the general stream and keep up with other students.

Situation

Another plus, which, as a rule, does not stand out much is training in a comfortable environment. Often, children just do not want to go to school. They are uncomfortable there, unpleasant. In this case, there is no question of any effectiveness of training.

But if at home the material is absorbed better, then BEFORE is an excellent choice. He will not only allow himself to educate himself and always stay in touch, but he will not cause any discomfort. You can create the most convenient conditions for learning, and then just listen to lectures and lessons.

True, parents will still have to watch out for younger schoolchildren in this case. They still do not know how to concentrate and engage in self-education. Perhaps the distance learning form is more suitable for middle and high school. Children who can already consciously control their activities and do what is necessary.

the freedom of action

Distance learning pros and cons has numerous. It can be said that each advantage has its own antipode. And vice versa. Speaking of school distance learning, among the minuses often distinguish complete freedom of action. Indeed, if you do not follow the child - he is likely to abandon his studies altogether. So the pros and cons of distance learning for schoolchildren is a very controversial issue.

An online seminar is extremely difficult to control. Of course, if the system of distance education in schools is developed and thought out to the smallest detail (how to control children, conduct testing, and so on), then this form will give visible progress and maximum results. Otherwise, distance education will simply further alienate children from the educational process.

The pros and cons of distance learning (in English, Russian or any other language) can be discussed indefinitely. But the main advantage of this form of knowledge acquisition is convenience. It does not matter for what reasons - whether it is the freedom of time and action, or saving time. Learning and learning in this way is just convenient.

Especially for teachers, this option is most suitable. You can not break away from their own affairs, as well as engage in part-time work during the lesson. For example, if you enter this form of education, women’s maternity leave will no longer need to design a vacation. You will be able to look after the baby without any problems and at the same time train the students at school. Easy and simple. And most importantly - convenient! Yes, it is important to work out the education system at a distance. But this does not negate the fact that such an admission will make study accessible to everyone - both for students and teachers!

Educational materials

What is the distance learning pros and cons? To be honest, the advantages of this educational system are much simpler to describe. Yes, and you can notice them with the naked eye. Of course, with proper implementation of the process.

For example, another advantage is the availability of training materials. In electronic form, you can read any textbook or outline. If necessary, you will be given all the information on the Internet. We are talking about additional material. You do not need to spend a lot of time and money on the purchase and search for textbooks, manuals and other educational abstracts.

By the way, distance learning will save children from the mass of books in bags. Now even a first grader sometimes has a briefcase that weighs so much that it is scary to think how children go to school like that! All this has a negative impact on health. And electronic textbooks do not weigh anything at all. Yes, and in the class to say that you have forgotten the manual at home, will no longer work. There is access to the network - it means that all the material will be at your fingertips!

As you can see, there are many pros and cons to our current system. If it is thoroughly worked out, then only benefits will remain. Unfortunately, no educational system has been so well developed yet. But such a probability is not excluded.

If we talk about the education of more adults, then distance form has become extremely popular. She is actively used. You will be able to study and get a higher education (and even a few) without interrupting your daily life, work and family. These are all great opportunities. Thus, it is possible to live in one city, and to study - in another. And even without breaking your habitual way. The choice of universities that provide distance learning increases every year.

In addition, this form differs in cost. The cost of distance learning is less. So, you can get a higher education without any problems and at affordable prices. So do not think that the lack of personality within the walls of an academic university is bad. Not at all.

As you can see, distance learning has its pros and cons in school and university. There are a lot of advantages. But there are also some shortcomings. It is recommended to use this form if the child is better self-employed (predisposed to self-education), and also when it is not possible to attend classes at school. Remember, with the proper organization of the educational process, there will be only advantages from the DL. But as a receipt of the "tower" now is a great choice!

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Posted on http://www.allbest.ru/

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

FEDERALSTATE BUDGET EDUCATIONALINSTITUTIONHIGHERPROFESSIONALEDUCATION

«NOVOSIBIRSKIYSTATEPEDAGOGICALUNIVERSITY »

INSTITUTE FGBOU VPO "NGPU"

FACULTYSAFETY OF LIFE

PLUSES AND MINUSES OF REMOTE EDUCATION

1. Трактовка термина

2. Плюсы дистанционного образования

3. Минусы дистанционного образования

Список используемой литературы

Specialists in strategic education problems are called the educational system of the 21st century. Today it is a huge bet. The relevance of the topic of distance learning is that the results of social progress, previously concentrated in the field of technology, are now concentrated in the information sphere. The era of computer science has arrived. The stage of its development at the moment can be characterized as a telecommunication. This area of ​​communication, information and knowledge. Based on the fact that professional knowledge is aging very quickly, their continuous improvement is necessary. The distance learning form gives today the opportunity to create systems of mass continuous self-study, universal exchange of information, regardless of time and space belts. In addition, distance education systems provide equal opportunities for all people, regardless of social status (schoolchildren, students, civil and military, the unemployed, etc.) in all parts of the country and abroad to realize the human right to education and to receive information. It is this system that can most adequately and flexibly respond to the needs of society and ensure the realization of the constitutional right to education of every citizen of a country. Based on the above factors, we can conclude that distance learning will enter the 21st century as the most effective system of training and continuous maintenance of a high qualification level of specialists.

The purpose of this work is to identify the advantages and disadvantages of the distance education system.

To the question: “What is Distance Education?”, The search engine gave several answers. Consider them.

Distance education is education that is fully or partially carried out with the help of computers and telecommunication technologies and facilities. The subject of distance education is removed from the teacher, and / or teaching aids, and / or educational resources.

Distance education is the organization of cognitive activity based on self-education, where direct pedagogical communication is minimized.

Distance education (DL) is a set of technologies that ensure the delivery of the bulk of the material being studied to students, the interactive interaction of students and teachers in the learning process, providing students with the opportunity for independent work on the development of the material being studied, as well as in the learning process.

Distance education is a new, specific form of education, somewhat different from the usual forms of full-time or part-time education. It involves other means, methods, organizational forms of learning, a different form of interaction between teachers and students, students between themselves.

Thus, we can conclude that distance education is a kind of new form that is closest to the correspondence form, but with the use of information technology, the Internet, which allows communication between students and teachers on-line. The latter brings it closer to full-time form and highlights it in a separate way of getting higher education.

2.Pluses of distance education

distance learning organization society

According to experts in the field of education, and the students themselves, the advantages of distance education are obvious and are as follows:

The opportunity to study at any time:

A distance learning student can independently decide when and how much time during the semester he is given to study the material. He builds for himself an individual training schedule. Some educational institutions provide their students with the opportunity to postpone their studies for a long time and return to them without having to pay for educational services again.

Ability to learn at your own pace:

Students remotely do not need to worry about losing their classmates. You can always return to the study of more complex issues, watch video lectures several times, re-read the correspondence with the teacher, and you can skip already known topics. The main thing is to successfully pass intermediate and final certification.

Opportunity to study anywhere:

Students can study from anywhere in the world without leaving their home or office. To start learning, you must have a computer with Internet access. The absence of the need to attend school on a daily basis is a definite plus for people with disabilities, for those living in hard-to-reach areas, serving sentences in prisons, and parents with young children.

In-service study:

Remotely you can study at several courses at the same time, get another higher education. To do this, it is not necessary to take a vacation at the main place of work, to go on business trips. There are educational organizations that organize corporate training (advanced training) for employees of companies and civil servants. In this case, the study does not interrupt the work experience, and the questions studied can immediately be applied in work.

High learning outcomes:

As research by American scientists shows, the results of distance learning are not inferior or even exceed the results of traditional forms of education. The student of dispensaries studies the most part of educational material independently. It improves memorization and understanding of topics covered. And the ability to immediately apply knowledge in practice, at work helps to consolidate it. In addition, the use of new technologies in the learning process makes it more interesting and lively.

Communication with teachers, tutors is carried out in different ways: both on-line and off-line. It is sometimes more effective and faster to consult a tutor via e-mail than to arrange a personal meeting with full-time or part-time education.

Availability of training materials:

The problem of the shortage of textbooks, problem books, and training manuals is unknown to students remotely. Access to all necessary literature is opened to the student after registration on the university website, or he receives study materials by mail.

Distance education is cheaper:

If you compare training in a single specialty on a commercial basis, in person and remotely, the second will be cheaper. The student does not have to pay for travel, accommodation, and in the case of foreign universities, you do not need to spend money on a visa and passport.

Training in a relaxed atmosphere:

Intermediate certification of distance course students takes the form of on-line tests. Therefore, students have less reason to worry about meeting with teachers at tests and exams. The possibility of subjective assessment is excluded: the system that checks the correctness of the answers to the test questions will not be affected by the student's progress in other subjects, his social status and other factors.

Convenience for the teacher:

Teachers, tutors, teachers engaged in pedagogical activities remotely, can pay attention to a larger number of students and work, being, for example, on maternity leave.

With traditional teaching, it is quite difficult for a teacher to give the required amount of attention to all students in a group, to adjust to the pace of each. The use of distance technologies is suitable for organizing an individual approach. In addition to the fact that the student chooses the pace of learning himself, he can promptly receive answers from the tutor to emerging questions.

Experiments have confirmed that the quality and structure of training courses, as well as the quality of teaching in distance learning, are often much better than with traditional forms of education. New electronic technologies can not only ensure the active involvement of students in the learning process, but also make it possible to manage this process, unlike most traditional learning environments. The integration of sound, movement, image and text creates a new learning environment, unusually rich in its capabilities, with the development of which the degree of student involvement in the learning process will increase. Interactive capabilities of the programs and information delivery systems used in the system of distance learning allow us to establish and even stimulate feedback, provide dialogue and ongoing support, which are impossible in most traditional training systems.

Thus, modern computer telecommunications are able to provide the transfer of knowledge and access to a variety of educational information on an equal basis, and sometimes much more efficiently than traditional teaching aids.

Despite the prevailing number of advantages of distance education, this system is not perfect. During the implementation of e-learning programs, the following problems of distance education have been identified.

Strong motivation is needed:

Virtually all educational material student dispensary masters on their own. This requires developed willpower, responsibility and self-control. Maintain the desired pace of learning without external control is not possible to all.

Distance education is not suitable for the development of communication skills:

In distance learning, the personal contact of students with each other and with teachers is minimal, if not absent. Therefore, this form of training is not suitable for the development of communication skills, confidence, teamwork skills.

Lack of practical knowledge:

Training in specialties involving a large number of practical exercises is remotely difficult. Even the most modern simulators will not replace future doctors or teachers of "live" practice.

User Identification Problem:

So far, the most effective way to follow up is whether a student has passed exams or tests honestly and independently - this is video surveillance, which is not always possible. Therefore, students have to come personally to the university or its branches for the final certification.

Insufficient computer literacy:

In Russia, a special need for distance education arises in remote areas. However, in the outback not everyone who wants to learn has a computer with Internet access.

Of course, the effectiveness of distance learning is directly dependent on those teachers who work with students on the Internet. These should be teachers with universal preparation: they own modern pedagogical and information technologies, psychologically ready to work with students in the new educational and cognitive network environment. Unfortunately, in our country there is no training of specialists of this kind. Another problem is the student information infrastructure in networks. The question of what should be the structure and composition of educational material remains open. Along with this, the question is raised about the conditions for access to distance learning courses. The issue of organizing and conducting the assessment of knowledge of "distance" students is also not resolved. To solve it, it is necessary to create a regulatory framework for assessing students' knowledge.

Thus, it can be concluded that, along with a large number of advantages, distance education has a number of significant drawbacks.

Prospects and opportunities for distance education contributed to the fact that the number of those wishing to graduate from a university remotely is steadily increasing every year. Despite the fact that the number of advantages is much greater than the disadvantages, the majority still study full-time. Since the features of distance education for many students are simply not acceptable.

For example, the lack of constant communication between teacher and student. It is important for someone to be constantly directed, pointed out mistakes and encourage initiative, good academic performance. And to someone, on the contrary, verbal communication is easier to express their thoughts in writing. In other words, in such cases, and there may be a great many, the choice is justified by the psychological type of the student’s personality. Or, for example, poor technical equipment: lack of a computer, access to the global information and unified educational system. This problem directly affects the ability to learn remotely.

Summing up, one can definitely answer that distance education has a future. However, much depends on how quickly problems will be resolved to eliminate information illiteracy, technical equipment and improve the quality of e-education that arise during the implementation of distance science programs and projects.

So, the factors and examples above show the need to create and expand distance learning in Russia and its regions. It is necessary for the development of a qualified, intelligent, highly professional and simply healthy society.

Bibliography

1. Loginova D.S. The use of distance learning in higher education. Krasnoyarsk, 2011

2. Ilyushin G.A. The use of distance learning technologies in higher education. Krasnoyarsk, 2011

3. Gaynanova A.N. The use of distance education in higher education (For example, one of the Russian, foreign universities). Krasnoyarsk, 2011

4. Yakimenko A.V. Distance education. Abstract. Krasnoyarsk, 2011

6. Polat E.S. Petrov A.E. Distance learning: what should it be? // Pedagogy. - 1999. -№7. -WITH. 29-34.

Pros and cons of distance education

pros

+ Ability to study at any time

A distance learning student can independently decide when and how much time during the semester he is given to study the material. He builds for himself an individual training schedule. Some educational institutions provide their students with the opportunity to postpone their studies for a long time and return to them without having to pay for educational services again.

+ Ability to learn at your own pace

Students remotely do not need to worry about losing their classmates. You can always return to the study of more complex issues, watch video lectures several times, re-read the correspondence with the teacher, and you can skip already known topics. The main thing is to successfully pass intermediate and final certification.

+ Ability to study anywhere

Students can study from anywhere in the world without leaving their home or office. To start learning, you must have a computer with Internet access. The absence of the need to attend school on a daily basis is a definite plus for people with disabilities, for those living in hard-to-reach areas, serving sentences in prisons, and parents with young children.

+ Study on the job

Remotely you can study at several courses at the same time, get another higher education. To do this, it is not necessary to take a vacation at the main place of work, to go on business trips. There are educational organizations that organize corporate training (advanced training) for employees of companies and civil servants. In this case, the study does not interrupt the work experience, and the questions studied can immediately be applied in work.

+ High learning outcomes

As research by American scientists shows, the results of distance learning are not inferior or even exceed the results of traditional forms of education. The student of dispensaries studies the most part of educational material independently. It improves memorization and understanding of topics covered. And the ability to immediately apply knowledge in practice, at work helps to consolidate it. In addition, the use of new technologies in the learning process makes it more interesting and lively.

+ Mobility

Communication with teachers, tutors is carried out in different ways: both on-line and off-line. It is sometimes more effective and faster to consult a tutor via e-mail than to arrange a personal meeting with full-time or part-time education.

+ Availability of training materials

The problem of the shortage of textbooks, problem books, and training manuals is unknown to students remotely. Access to all necessary literature is opened to the student after registration on the university website, or he receives study materials by mail.

+ Distance education is cheaper

If you compare training in a single specialty on a commercial basis, in person and remotely, the second will be cheaper. The student does not have to pay for travel, accommodation, and in the case of foreign universities, you do not need to spend money on a visa and passport.

+ Training in a relaxed atmosphere

Intermediate certification of distance course students takes the form of on-line tests. Therefore, students have less reason to worry about meeting with teachers at tests and exams. Исключается возможность субъективной оценки: на систему, проверяющую правильность ответов на вопросы теста, не повлияет успеваемость студента по другим предметам, его общественный статус и другие факторы.

+ Удобство для преподавателя

Учителя, репетиторы, преподаватели, занимающиеся педагогической деятельностью дистанционно, могут уделять внимание большему количеству учеников и работать, находясь, например, в декретном отпуске.

+ Индивидуальный подход

With traditional teaching, it is quite difficult for a teacher to give the required amount of attention to all students in a group, to adjust to the pace of each. The use of distance technology is suitable for organizing an individual approach. In addition to the fact that the student chooses the pace of learning himself, he can promptly receive answers from the tutor to emerging questions.

Minuses

- Strong motivation needed

Virtually all educational material student dispensary masters on their own. This requires developed willpower, responsibility and self-control. Maintain the desired pace of learning without external control is not possible to all.

-Distance education is not suitable for the development of communication skills

In distance learning, the personal contact of students with each other and with teachers is minimal, if not absent. Therefore, this form of training is not suitable for the development of communication skills, confidence, teamwork skills.

-Lack of practical knowledge

Training in specialties involving a large number of practical exercises is remotely difficult. Even the most modern simulators will not replace future doctors or teachers of "live" practice.

-User Identification Problem

So far, the most effective way to follow up is whether a student has passed exams or tests honestly and independently - this is video surveillance, which is not always possible. Therefore, students have to come personally to the university or its branches for the final certification.

-Insufficient computer literacy

In Russia, a special need for distance education arises in remote areas. However, in the outback not everyone who wants to learn has a computer with Internet access.

Distance education: pros and cons

The UNESCO International Commission defines two basic principles of modern education: "education for all" and "lifelong learning." These principles are undoubtedly true, but in the harsh Russian conditions and under the influence of stereotypes, several problems arise.

1)The problem of uneven population density in Russia. The vast majority of higher educational institutions and highly qualified teachers are concentrated in the Central region (Moscow and St. Petersburg region), and the population is scattered throughout the vast country, where, sometimes, there are no universities. Admission to a university in another city is not a small amount of money, so it is often unacceptable. And what about the existence of the need for advanced training and education of workers living in remote regions? They, among other things, often have families, and moving to another city means many significant problems to them.

2) Pproblem of time. Today, the pace of life of most modern people forces them to paint their time by the minute. Everyone needs to learn, but how? And even such forms of training as evening and Sunday do not solve this problem.

3) Pproblem of money. It’s not worth talking about how much education costs now, especially higher education. And there is also a preparation for admission with a lot of tutors and a lot of other expenses! The competition for low-cost places is very difficult to sustain, but after all, few people will be able to “pull” paid education.

Distance education is a compromise for all of the above problems. What is it? Based on the foregoing, this is a distant learning, i.e. at a distance when the teacher (tutor) and the student can be at any distance from each other. Training materials are provided via the Internet, and almost all training is conducted using new technologies. It is they who provide accessibility and low cost of distance education, providing opportunities to get an education without moving to another city. The development of distance education emerged thanks to modern advances in the development of technology, media and communications, etc. It uses such achievements as computer and information technologies, educational television, satellite communication systems, distribution of computer training programs, video discs with them, etc.

There are three types of distance technologies used in the learning process. The first is case-based paper technology. This is primarily a teaching aid, called workbooks, which are accompanied by a tutor. The tutor maintains telephone, postal and other communications with students, and can also directly meet with students at counseling centers or training centers. The second technology is television satellite. It is very expensive and so far little used. Its main drawback is weak interactivity, that is, feedback. And finally, the third technology is Internet-based education, or network technology. Most often, in the process of distance learning, all the above-mentioned technologies are used in different proportions.

Distance education takes its development in Europe and the United States in the early 70s. The reasons for the spread and the emergence of this type of education are simple: everyone who wants to get an education, regardless of its demographic characteristics and location, can learn and get a diploma from any university. Most education professionals believe that distance education gives great promise, as it suits many people and costs much less than traditional education. In addition, you can exclude certain disciplines, if you have already passed them, i.e. receive an "education by request", which also gives some advantages in price.

Naturally, this type of training, like the others, has its advantages and disadvantages in obtaining and assimilating material. If you are inclined to this variant of education, then you should remember the following:

The advantages of distance education include:

· Teaching disciplines at an individual pace - the speed of studying materials is set by the student himself, depending on his personal circumstances and desires.

· Freedom and flexibility of learning - the student can choose any of the many courses offered to choose from and also independently calculate the time and duration of his studies.

· Availability of training for any person - regardless of your geographical and temporary position, you can get an education remotely at any university that supports these technologies, which allows you to meet the educational needs of any person.

· The speed of communication - the effective implementation of feedback between the teacher and the student is an integral part of the learning process.

· Technological effectiveness of the educational process - the use in the learning process of the latest achievements and discoveries of information and telecommunication technologies.

· Social equality - implies equal opportunities to receive distance education regardless of place of residence, state of health, nationality and material condition of the student.

· Creativity - favorable conditions for the creative self-expression of the student in the process of mastering knowledge.

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