It is difficult to find a person who would not know how useful nuts are. Indeed, doctors and even nutritionists distinguish this product among others. What are the most useful nuts? Or do they all have unique properties? What kind of nuts do you need to eat to always stay young, and which ones are good for heart and vascular diseases? Let's try to figure it out.
How are nuts useful?
Sales stalls are now full of a variety of nuts - from the usual to us walnuts to very exotic Brazilian. Obviously one thing: this product is simply necessary in the human diet, because any nut has a lot of useful properties. At the same time, each representative of this product has its own unique qualities, thanks to which it is “prescribed” for certain problems or simply for maintaining health. So what is the benefit of nuts?
- It is simply a storehouse of minerals and vitamins necessary for the human body to function well. In this, all kinds of nuts are several times ahead of the fruit.
- Nuts are healthy fats of plant origin. Accordingly, the person using them may not be afraid of the formation of cholesterol plaques in the vessels.
- Vegetarians introduce nuts in their diet instead of meat, because they contain “perfect protein” - an excellent alternative to animal protein.
- Despite the high calorie content, nuts are a product that is appreciated by nutritionists. Studies have shown that, due to the structure of the fruit we are considering, the calories contained in it are not fully digested. In addition, omega-3 acids will help to cope with sweets for a diet.
- The ability of nuts to remove toxins from the body makes them an indispensable product for people who want to preserve youth and vigor of the body.
- This is the product that is allowed to eat in the evening and use as a snack. They quickly quench hunger.
- Unique properties are stored in them for a long time.
- To defeat depression, eat nuts. It is proved that they contain substances that help to cope with stress and nervous tension.
- It is useful to eat nuts and people engaged in mental work, because it is an excellent feed for the brain.
- Doctors in different fields offer their patients to eat these gifts of nature, because they help to regulate the work of various body systems - from cardiovascular to respiratory.
- Known benefits of nuts and beauticians. Oils of almond, cedar, walnut since ancient times have helped women to preserve beauty, make the skin soft and elastic.
The benefits of walnut
Walnut is perhaps the most famous and popular of all. The place of its growth is the Caucasus, it is cultivated in the Crimea, and in Central Asia, as well as in Moldova. Interestingly, not only the kernels of nuts are useful, but also the peel, and even the leaves. Both young and already ripe fruits are suitable for consumption.
Why is walnut so popular? This is due to the wide range of useful properties that this product has. Tannins in large quantities in it help to cope with skin diseases and relieve inflammation of the gums. Since ancient times, walnuts have contributed to the healing of wounds, eased the condition of burns, disinfected, with their help even coped with parasites. In diseases of the thyroid gland, it is very useful to use partitions, because it contains very useful iodine. These nuts are shown to people suffering from diabetes, and all because of the low sugar content and starch.
By the way, these are the most useful nuts for those people who want to cope with high levels of cholesterol in the blood. Their use will not only prevent the formation of cholesterol plaques, but will also help to clear the blood of already existing ones.
A walnut, with its appearance even resembling the human brain, as if hints at what helps to improve mental activity. This is true: it is highly recommended to people of intellectual work.
A complex of trace elements and minerals contained in it strengthens the human body during epidemics and after illness. Calorie walnut does not exceed 680 kcal.
How are cashews useful?
Cashew is another nut that has many beneficial properties. "Food of joy" - as it is called in India. If you are afraid to gain extra pounds while eating nuts, then cashew is just for you, because it contains the least amount of calories - only 643 units. per 100 grams.
In addition to the properties characteristic of all nuts, cashew has its own, unique qualities.
Especially distinguished is the ability of this type of nuts to maintain immunity. In addition, the potassium contained in it has a beneficial effect on the heart muscle, strengthening it.
Helps cashews and improve blood composition. In addition to the anti-sclerotic effects that many nuts possess, cashews increase iron levels and have a positive effect on hemoglobin content.
The fact that these nuts help to cope with a toothache, the Indians noticed: they greased the diseased areas with a paste of cashews - and the pain receded. More recently, this fact has been proven scientifically: these nuts really help to relieve pain in the teeth.
For people suffering from diseases of the respiratory system, doctors strongly recommend using cashews - these are the most useful nuts for patients with pharyngitis, bronchitis, asthma. And all thanks to the strengthening effect of the product.
It should be remembered that eating raw cashews is very dangerous for the organism, because the layer between the shell and the core is different in the content of cardol. The latter can cause severe burns and even pulmonary edema upon contact with the skin and mucous membranes. You can only eat roasted cashews.
Almond - Female Walnut
Almond nut is very useful for people suffering from beriberi and general weakness, for example, after illness. Nut kernels with a spicy taste should be included in your diet for people with heart and vascular diseases.
Minerals and nutrients are balanced in the almonds in such a special way that they will certainly help to clear not only the kidneys in urolithiasis, but also blood vessels and hepatic ducts.
Since ancient times, women who did not have enough breast milk, used almond. For its preparation, the walnut in a special way insisted on cow's milk and filtered it. In terms of its composition, this product easily replaced breast milk.
Hazelnut protects the body from cancer
Like the rest of the nuts, hazelnuts have a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system: it makes the myocardium stronger, cleans the blood of cholesterol, and improves its composition. Among other things, hazelnut has a positive effect on the elasticity of blood vessels. It is recommended for varicose veins and thrombophlebitis, as well as other vascular diseases.
If you want to prevent cancer, enter this nut into your diet. Hazelnuts will help in the treatment of this terrible disease: the recently discovered substance paclitaxel is able to defeat cancer cells. Hazelnuts contain a large amount of antioxidants that perfectly eliminate free radicals. They will help to preserve the youth of the whole organism.
Hazelnut is also shown to cleanse the body of toxins. It is indispensable for people engaged in heavy physical work, because it fights fatigue well, including chronic fatigue. It is explained by the high content of potassium with calcium and sodium. These same elements have a positive effect on the nervous system, calm, save from over-stimulation.
Cedar nuts: useful kids
Pine nuts are not nuts in our usual sense, but only the seeds of Siberian cedar pine. They got their name from cooks. However, in their composition, these nuts are not inferior to other nuts: they are also more than half of the very healthy vegetable fats, contain perfect protein and a large amount of vitamin and trace elements.
Pine nuts - champions on the content of vitamins of group B. In addition, they also contain vitamins E, K, phosphorus, zinc and magnesium. These small fount of useful substances are used not only in cooking, they produce cosmetic oil on their basis - an excellent antioxidant that helps preserve youth.
Expectant mothers should also take a closer look at pine nuts, because arginine contains there - a very useful substance for the successful development of the baby.
Cedar - the most useful nuts for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Rubbed cake and shells from them are used as a remedy for urolithiasis and liver problems. To alleviate the condition of the patient with arthritis will help the bath with oil cake from pine nuts.
Fruit of the Tree of Life - Pistachio
Pistachios, or nuts of happiness, as they are called in China, are not only tasty, but also very useful nuts. Not for nothing because in the countries of the East pistachio tree is called the tree of life.
We already know that nuts prevent the formation of cholesterol plaques and reduce the level of harmful cholesterol, but still the record holder in this business is pistachio. But this is not its only useful quality, their mass.
Pistachios are wonderful aphrodisiacs, they are recommended for men with impaired sexual function.
The lutein contained in these nuts will help improve vision, and a high fiber content will improve the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and the liver. The ability of pistachios to relieve pain in liver colic has long been proven.
In cosmetology, pistachio oil is used - it has a rejuvenating effect, nourishes the skin.
Groundnut, or Peanut
Peanut is a plant of the legume family. Its widespread use is due to the high nutritional value of this product. Peanut is also made from frying oil and pasta, and it is also used in confectionery. Surprisingly, glue is boiled out of it, wool and soap are made. Here is such a nut!
As for the benefits, peanuts are recommended for heart disease, atherosclerosis, nervous disorders, fatigue and insomnia. He has a choleretic property. The ability of this nut to remove free radicals and slow down the aging of the body is scientifically proven by scientists.
It is wise to use peanuts for people with diabetes. Roasted is especially dangerous, but raw - these are the most useful nuts for them, because they normalize blood sugar levels.
Very carefully it is necessary to approach the choice of peanuts, because it is damp, it can moldy and thus cause serious damage to the body.
Useful exotica: brazil nut
Recently, previously unknown nuts began to appear on the shelves, for example, Brazilian. Those who managed to try it, definitely appreciated the beneficial effect of exotic fruits on the body. Brazil nut contains a large amount of selenium, which not only has a beneficial effect on the heart muscle, but is also a prophylactic agent against intestinal, lung and breast cancer. This nut can be given to children because it is easily digested due to its high fiber content. Brazil nuts and people with thyroid problems are highly recommended. To experience the beneficial effect of this nut, it is enough to eat 1-2 things a day.
It is obvious that all nuts have a large number of useful properties. Choose the most useful of them for themselves according to their taste preferences and the unique qualities that each species is rich in to a greater degree.
Composition and useful properties
Due to the rich composition and unique compounds that are contained in one small seed, pistachios have long ago acquired the status of a valuable, therapeutic and very useful product for the human body.
Where there are such “fruits of life”, you can find their second name - “rejuvenating”, because the unique substances contained in them are akin to antioxidants, which are able to prolong our beauty and youthful cells.
It should be noted that such nuts have a great nutritional value, because 50 g of fat per 100 g of the product, proteins are the same, in quantitative composition they take second place here!
So, eating only a few handfuls of such seeds can be very satisfying, and most importantly, it is useful to eat.
As with all valuable natural products, pistachios also had a place for vitamins: most of them contain B vitamins, especially B6. In second place - vitamin PP, then go, no less important, E and C, also contains a small amount of vitamin A.
Naturally, the beneficial properties do not end there: the amount of microelements and minerals is large, among which manganese, copper and phosphorus are in the lead, then iron, magnesium and potassium. In addition to them, zinc, calcium and selenium are found in small amounts.
Not to mention a fairly wide range of amino acid: in total, pistachios contain 12 important essential amino acids, among them tryptophan, isoleucine, valine and others. It is worth noting the high content of replaceable amino acids, including glutamic acid, proline, serine and many others.
Regular consumption of such nuts in food allows you to normalize the work of the liver, especially effective for disturbing hepatic colic. In addition, pistachios can be used as an additional tool in the treatment of anemia or jaundice.
It has long been recognized that pistachios are not just healthy nuts, they are an excellent natural remedy that easily quenches hunger, helps to restore strength, and is an excellent prophylactic against many diseases.
The advantage of such a product is that their processing does not require any chemical intervention, which means that they belong to environmentally friendly products suitable for clinical nutrition. True, those salted pistachios, which we used to buy in packs, are still soaked before drying in salt water.
It has also long been observed that pistachios are a powerful natural aphrodisiac that is very useful for men: regular consumption of them can increase sexual potency, even change the quality of sperm for the better they can!
It should also be noted that such "rejuvenating seeds" are very useful for people with heart disease, as they strengthen blood vessels and soothe the intense heartbeat. Plus, they also have a beneficial effect on vision, as well as improve brain activity, which is why they are recommended for use by people who are heavily engaged in mental work.
Pistachios also help with respiratory diseases, they are even prescribed for such a serious disease as tuberculosis.
Pistachios are very successfully used in cooking: they can be used to make incredibly tasty confectionery, they also decorate cakes, cookies and pies, and in some countries they are also an indispensable component of some dishes of national cuisine.
With the addition of pistachios, you can make very rich and tasty salads, and some gourmets prefer to absorb them exclusively with cream sauce and strawberries.
But what about the cons?
It should be noted that despite not all the positive properties of such amazing nuts, there are a number of contraindications, in the presence of which their use should be reduced to a minimum or completely eliminated.
This is especially true for people who suffer from allergies, because they are considered a powerful allergen, which in some cases can even cause anaphylactic shock.
Also with this product should be cautious for people who often suffer from high blood pressure, especially, it is undesirable for them to use salted nuts.
The benefits and harm of pistachios
Given such a rich composition, it is worth mentioning the nutritional value of these nuts, it is quite high - 660 calories per 100 g of product, so if you do not want to increase your weight, do not get carried away with over-eating this delicacy. Studies have shown that eating 30–40 grams of pistachios a day is good, and the harm of pistachios becomes apparent with an increase in the number of nuts eaten. Since pistachios are one of the strongest allergens, abuse of this product can cause severe allergic reactions, even anaphylactic shock. Therefore, people suffering from food allergies need to remember that for healthy people pistachios - benefit, but harm to pistachios manifested in the presence of health problems. Excessive consumption of pistachios is fraught with indigestion, impaired kidney function and other very unpleasant symptoms.
Useful properties of pistachios
Eating pistachios in food significantly reduces the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Расщепление холестериновых бляшек, вызывающих отвердение стенок сосудов и снижающих их эластичность – основная польза фисташек. Регулярное потребление небольших порций орехов способно снизить уровень вредного холестерина в разы (проведенные исследования доказали семикратное сокращение вредных холестериновых бляшек в сосудах).Improving the composition of the blood and activating the blood flow has a positive effect on sexual function, therefore pistachios are attributed to aphrodisiac properties.
Lutein contained in pistachios has a beneficial effect on a person’s vision, vitamin E (tocopherol) is a well-known fighter against free radicals, a vitamin that prolongs youth.
High fiber content has a positive effect on the intestinal function, improves peristalsis and cleansing the body of toxins and toxins. Pistachios also improve the function of the liver, activate the flow of bile, clean the ducts. Experts say that pistachios can relieve pain during liver cramps.
It is also noted that beneficial properties of pistachios affect the work of the respiratory system (they are recommended to use in case of tuberculosis), normalize the contractile work of the heart (reduce the heartbeat during tachycardia).
Pistachios have a powerful activating effect on the nervous system, they are recommended to be used by people with a high intellectual load, increased fatigue, as well as people suffering from chronic fatigue.
Oil extracted from pistachio nuts is also extremely useful, it is actively used in cosmetology as a nourishing and rejuvenating component.
Among the dietary hype around almonds and other popular nuts, completely unnoticed, pistachios are kept alone. Exceptional beneficial properties and rich nutritional composition of emerald nucleoli deserve attention.
Photo: Depositphotos.com. Posted by: bit245.
The Middle East and Central Asia are considered the birthplace of these nuts. Distributed in the Mediterranean and southern United States. They are valued for their soft, oily taste, wonderful aroma, original green color, as well as for a unique set of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients.
Every year, a series of studies on healthy pistachios is growing and growing. It has already been established that they lower cholesterol, improve blood counts, improve eyesight, promote weight loss and prevent diabetes. I wonder what other useful properties of pistachios are hidden behind their hard shells?
The nutritional value
Under the shell of each nut there is a wealth of energy, vitamins and trace elements. In pistachios, many vegetable components of increased activity, which are the guarantors of our health.
In one serving (approximately 49-50 nucleoli), 14 g of fat (mainly monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids), 3.2 g of dietary fiber (more than 12% of the daily value), 6.2 g of protein (13% of the daily value for women and 11% for men).
These green nucleoli are especially rich in amino acids: arginine and phenylalanine. Let me remind you that arginine strengthens the immune system, and phenylalanine improves mood. Pistachios do not contain cholesterol, but they contain phytosterols, which inhibit the absorption of cholesterol in the intestine.
Monounsaturated fats found in pistachios are similar to those found in avocados. According to the American Heart Association, these substances are extremely important for the health of the cardiovascular system, they do not allow cholesterol to occupy your blood vessels, and even prevent a heart attack.
Compared to other nuts, pistachios contain many antioxidants, such as lutein, beta-carotene, and vitamin E. There are very few vitamins A and C, but at the same time a record high amount of B-complex vitamins. In 1 serving, scientists find 17–40% of the daily dose of vitamin B6, 15–20% of thiamine or vitamin B1, as well as biotin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic and folic acid. Thiamine is essential for healthy digestive tract, functional brain activity, good appetite and energy production. Vitamin B6 is involved in protein metabolism, the production of red blood cells, the breakdown of glycogen with the release of glucose and energy, the synthesis of brain mediators such as dopamine and serotonin.
Also present are phosphorus (135.8 mg in 1 serving, or 13% of the daily value), manganese (0.36 mg, or 17%), copper (44%), and also magnesium and potassium (slightly more than 10% of the norm) . Unfortunately, salted pistachios contain an impressive dose of sodium. But even in this case, nuts are the best alternative to chocolate bars and candy.
Damage to cellular DNA is a major cause of cancer, inflammation and heart disease. Providing the human body with a set of plant antioxidants, pistachios seriously increase its defenses. Small green nucleoli contain molecules that destroy free radicals and protect cells.
A recent study in the journal Nutrition proved that adding pistachios to the diet normalizes blood glucose levels, improves circulation parameters of the circulatory system, and reduces the values of oxidative stress markers in a healthy person.
The fruits of the subtropical shrub that gave the world tasty green nuts, include at least 3 substances with high antioxidant capacity:
- vitamin A (beta carotene),
- vitamin E (lutein),
- gamma tocopherol.
The last of these is especially useful for hair and eyesight.
Application for weight loss
High-calorie nuts are by far not the most popular product among those who are on a diet. Although pistachios still have some qualities that allow you to talk about their benefits in the arduous process of losing weight. The surprisingly harmonious combination of proteins, vegetable fats and dietary fiber gives a quick feeling of satiety. The need to break down each shell extends food intake, allowing the brain to capture the moment of saturation.
For the benefit of cores
The beneficial properties of cardiac pistachios depend on the concentration in the nucleoli of fatty acids, which prevent and treat many cardiovascular diseases.
After just 3 weeks of daily consumption of these nuts, volunteers in a double-blind study decreased cholesterol levels by 12%, decreased bad cholesterol levels by 14%, and increased good cholesterol levels by 14%. Since cholesterol is one of the key risk factors for heart disease, the results of the study are very good.
Scientists believe that, in addition to unsaturated fats, nutty fiber is responsible for reducing cholesterol in pistachios. The product has a tangible effect when its share in the diet is 15-20% of calories. See the Journal of American College of Nutrition for April 2007 for details.
Potassium is another pistachio-friendly component of the heart. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition argues in favor of consuming 10–20% of pistachios per day, based on a steady decrease in blood pressure and an improvement in the lipid profile of the cores.
For a great view
Carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin are important for the perfect health of the organs of vision. One serving of healthy pistachios contains 342 µg of lutein and zeaxanthin. This is much more than in other nuts. Do not forget about 2% of the daily rate of beta-carotene. His body converts it to vitamin A to use to maintain excellent vision.
In the fight against aging
Pistachios contain a fat-soluble antioxidant that protects the cells of the body from lipid peroxides. These are harmful chemicals that form when oxygen interacts with fats in the absence of antioxidants.
Our wonderful nuts are distinguished by the presence of fat-soluble molecules with antioxidant activity, which neutralize the action of peroxides. But in order to slow down the aging, it is necessary that at least 1/5 of the calorie intake should be fresh pistachios. Are you capable of such a feat?
Special antioxidants found in pistachio nucleoli prevent the process of glycation of proteins, which upsets the balance in the body and can lead to pathologies. The final products damage cells and tissues, causing diabetes. Pistachios can be good allies in the fight against diabetes and its symptoms.
From these nuts make excellent creamy desserts, they are added to halvah and salads, they are sprinkled with cakes and meat delicacies. Although pure pistachios are the best choice. Raw nucleoli are more beneficial than fried ones because they contain more antioxidants.
Pistachios contain a large amount of nutrients, therefore, occupy a special place among other nuts. The plant on which they grow is called “tree of life” due to its healing properties.
For over 2000 years, humanity has been consuming pistachios for food. In ancient times, magical properties were even attributed to this product. For example, in Persia, nuts were considered a symbol of financial well-being, and were often used as a currency when concluding trade deals. The use of pistachios has not lost its relevance in our days. They are widely used in various fields: medicine, cosmetology, cooking. It remains to figure out what the benefits and harm of pistachios.
Nuts have numerous beneficial characteristics, which are due to the presence of special components in the composition of the product. Pistachios contain:
- protein, which is the basis of valuable amino acids essential for the human body,
- fats consisting of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids (linoleic, stearic, oleic and others),
- vitamins of group B, A, and also E, starch, glycerides,
- important trace elements: magnesium, copper, iron, phosphorus, manganese.
The caloric value of 100 g of the product is 556 kcal.
Learning how pistachios are useful, it seems that they have no flaws. In fact, the product can be harmful to humans.
- Nuts, as mentioned earlier, should be used in moderation. If this rule is ignored, then the person may suffer from unpleasant symptoms: dizziness, feelings of nausea.
- People who are prone to an allergic reaction should consult a qualified professional who will tell you if you can add pistachios to your diet. To prevent the development of skin rash, sneezing, indigestion, it is necessary to approach the use of nuts with great care. The product is quite a strong allergen. Pistachios for children can be especially dangerous. Tasty and seemingly innocuous nuts can provoke anaphylactic shock.
- Modern stores offer their customers natural, slightly dried nuts, as well as a product with added salt. The latter option may be dangerous in case of hypertension.
- Although pistachios contain fewer calories compared to similar products, it is often not worth eating them to people who want to lose weight. It is permissible to eat a handful of nuts on a fasting day. When combined with other pistachio products, it will not at all help to get rid of extra pounds, so it is not recommended to get involved in them.
Features of the selection and storage of nuts
In the food industry, the product has been widely used. Nuts are added to hot dishes, salads, because they give them a special piquancy and pleasant aroma. Pistachio dessert has a lot of fans around the world.
To choose a quality product when buying, you need to adhere to several principles.
- cracked nutshell - an indicator of its ripeness,
- the taste and juiciness of the product depends on the color of the kernels, respectively, the greener it is, the tastier,
- on the shell should not be visible traces of salt, which appear during prolonged soaking nuts in the appropriate solution, many of the healing properties of pistachios in this procedure are simply lost.
The most useful are fresh nuts, which are not subjected to heat treatment and are not placed in a solution with salt. Store the product can be no more than 3 months in the refrigerator, always in a tightly closed container.
Not only pistachios are famous for their pleasant taste, their benefits and harms are of great importance. The unique properties of the product can strengthen the immune system, heal the body, improve well-being. Knowing about the possible negative consequences, you can avoid them in a timely manner and protect yourself and your loved ones from possible problems.
Many of us regard pistachios as a salty snack for frothy drinks. But these nuts were described in the Bible. The ancient Babylonians called them the source of life. What is so valuable pistachios? The benefits and harms of this sort of nuts will be discussed in detail in our article.
Component composition and nutritional value
To answer the question of how useful pistachios are, it is necessary to study in detail the component composition of this sort of nuts. They are mainly grown in Asian countries, as well as in some regions of the Mediterranean. In nature, there are several varieties. Most often, the "trees of life" grow apart. It is extremely rare in the wild to find small pistachio groves.
Interesting! Pistachios always have a split shell, which in appearance resembles a smile. On the shelves of stores, this sort of walnut comes in peeled and dried.
Pistachio kernels can be attributed to the number of low-calorie foods. Approximately 100 grams of nucleoli contains 170 kilocalories. Compare: in servings of fat calories about 117 units.
Pistachios are also rich in micro and macronutrients, minerals, tannins, acids and vitamins. These include:
- saturated fats
- dietary fiber
- ascorbic acid
On a note! In the kernels of pistachio nuts there is not an ounce of cholesterol, but the concentration of manganese, copper and phosphorus is high.
Contained in pistachios and B vitamins, in particular, pyridoxine. If you eat a small handful of nuts daily, then you can satisfy the body's need for this substance by a quarter.
High concentration in pistachios and phenols, which interfere with cell destruction and contribute to the renewal of the organism at the intercellular level.
Interesting! The content of vitamins pistachio nuts can compete even with the vitamin treasure, beef liver.
Fiber plays a huge role in the digestive tract. Its pistachio kernels contain much more than a serving of healthy oatmeal. You can eat about 30 g of pistachios per day and at the same time replenish your vitamin reserves, as well as get the right portion of fiber.
Pistachios: useful properties and contraindications
The beneficial properties of pistachio nuts are directly related to their component composition. First of all, you should pay attention to the content of antioxidants. With their help, the body is cleared of debris, which improves well-being in general and has a rejuvenating effect.
To replenish your vitamin supply and improve the functioning of all internal organs, pistachios should be on your table daily. Doctors advise to use pistachio kernels to people who subject themselves to exhausting physical activities, and also engage in active mental activity every day.
Pistachios have a beneficial effect on the nervous system. In the kernels of nuts of this grade there is riboflavin, necessary for maintaining the skin tone, its elasticity and elasticity.
As already mentioned, the composition of pistachios is vitamin B6, which is necessary for our heart muscle and blood vessels. By maintaining a normal level of pyridoxine, you can insure yourself against the development of ischemic ailments and atherosclerosis.
On a note! Pistachios are recommended for people with diabetes. The complex of vitamins and minerals contained in them helps to normalize the concentration of glucose.
The use of pistachios has a positive effect on intestinal peristalsis. Also, this product helps to better assimilate the remaining vitamins, acids, micro-and macro.
Attention! Doctors say pistachios are extremely beneficial for men. Firstly, pistachio kernels are considered to be the most powerful natural afrodhesiak, helping to increase potency. Secondly, this product improves spermatogenesis.
Among the most valuable properties of pistachios are:
- reducing the likelihood of developing oncological pathologies in the lungs,
- normalization of testosterone hormone levels,
- excretion of freed radical compounds from the body,
- strengthening bone tissue
- improvement of visual function
- normalization of sleep
- getting rid of chronic fatigue and irritability.
How are pistachios used?
As a beer snack or as an additive to desserts and other dishes.. Most of all, pistachios are known as a tasty beer snack. But besides this, pistachios are used in the food industry as an ingredient for ice cream and sweets. They are added to ice cream and salads to give them a refined flavor.
In cosmetology. Pistachio oil is used in cosmetology, both in pure form and in combination with essential oils and jojoba oil. Pistachio oil has a firming effect on the hair roots, so it is used when weakening the hair follicles. In addition, under the influence of oil hair becomes shiny and strong.
Pistachio oil. In combination with the essential oils of orange, rose, chamomile, the use of pistachio oil helps to refresh the complexion, get rid of mimic wrinkles. The same mixture in combination with a massage of the cuticle and the nail plate will relieve the nails of brittleness and strengthen them.
The benefits of pistachios for the human body
Ценность этих орешков для здоровья человека неоспорима, о ней известно с давних пор. Даже в эпоху доступности различных продуктов фисташки могут положительно влиять на самочувствие благодаря своим компонентам:
ВитаминPP - stimulates digestion and normalizes the hormonal background of the human body, is taken to prevent the formation of cholesterol and remove atherosclerotic plaques, stimulates blood formation.
VitaminB1 (thiamin) - supports the activity of the organism, which is subjected to significant loads: athletes, pregnant women, those who perform heavy physical work, the elderly. It activates mental activity, restores power after a serious illness and operation. Like other B vitamins, thiamin helps prevent insomnia, strengthens the nervous system.
VitaminB2 (riboflavin) - retains the elasticity and elasticity of the skin, helps to convert nutrients from food into energy. Riboflavin promotes tissue regeneration, normalization of the state of the nervous system.
VitaminB5 (pantothenic acid), or "architect of slender forms" - helps to burn excess fat, absorb other vitamins, which is especially valuable in old age.
VitaminB6 (pyridoxine) - normalizes blood sugar levels, preventing surges of glucose, promotes the absorption of fatty acids, normalizes metabolism in brain tissue. In combination with other vitamins heals the cardiovascular and nervous system, which is the prevention of ischemia, myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis.
VitaminB9 (folic acid) - is extremely necessary during pregnancy to prevent severe fetal malformations, strengthens the immune system, normalizes the functioning of the liver, the blood-forming system, and the digestive system.
VitaminE (tocopherol) - slows down the aging process, makes the skin smooth and elastic, protecting it from pigmentation, normalizes blood pressure and blood clotting.
Fiber in the composition of pistachios improves intestinal motility, helps cleanse the body of toxins. Lutein, which is part of them, improves visual acuity.
Pistachios have a very valuable quality - they are a strong aphrodisiac that increases libido.
These fruits reduce the heart rate during tachycardia, help with diseases of the upper respiratory tract. The use of pistachios is very useful for those who work under regular stress, as well as those who need an increased level of brain activity. You can expect that pistachios normalize sleep, relieve from nervousness, irritability, feelings of fatigue.
The benefits of pistachios for various diseases
Diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Positive results in cardiovascular diseases are due to the high content of unsaturated fatty acids. According to a two-step "blind" study conducted over 3 weeks, the level of "bad" cholesterol decreased by 12%. This key factor in the development of diseases of the heart and blood vessels can be reduced by the use of polyunsaturated fats and nut fibers, in excess in pistachios.
According to the Journal of the American College of Nutrition, the use of pistachios by 10–20% increases the level of such a valuable trace element as potassium, which is extremely useful for reducing blood pressure and normalizing fat metabolism in patients with cardiovascular diseases.
According to medical research, another cause of heart disease can be inflammatory processes in the vessels. Antioxidants contained in pistachios (especially lutein), reduce the intensity of inflammatory processes, even when moderate. om their use.
Maintaining visual acuity. One serving of pistachios contains 343 mcg of carotenoids, lutein and zeaxatnin, which are essential for perfect vision, which is a very good indicator. In addition, beta-carotene contained in pistachios is converted by biochemical reactions into vitamin A, which supports excellent vision.
Anti-aging. Fat-soluble antioxidant in the composition of pistachios protects the body against lipid peroxides, which are formed when there is insufficient antioxidant activity, which slow down aging. For such efficiency it is necessary that in the diet not less than 1/5 of the total calories occupied pistachios.
Antidiabeticproperties Antioxidants in the composition of pistachios slow down or completely stop the glycation reaction of proteins, leading to disruption of the acid-base balance in the body, the emergence of diabetes, which destroys the tissues of the human body.
For the manifestation of the valuable qualities of pistachios is best to use them raw, although roasted pistachios are useful. They are added to desserts, salads, halvah, meat dishes.
The benefits of pistachios for women and men
These nuts are able to slightly stop the aging process of the human body, maintain skin, hair, nails in optimal condition.
In cosmetology all over the world, properties of pistachio oil are very much appreciated for making anti-aging baths, lotions and compresses.
High calorie pistachios allow you to use them in the diet as a snack (no more than 30 g) to elevate mood, reduce hunger, and normalize appetite.
Pistachios gently cleanse the intestines, contribute to the burning of excess fat.
There are partial restrictions on the use of pistachios by pregnant and lactating women in large quantities, so as not to cause an attack of allergy.
Pistachios affect the male body in an exciting and tonic way, increasing potency and libido.
Pistachios - the strongest aphrodisiac known for a long time. For effect it is enough to eat a handful of nuts a day..
According to a study conducted by UK scientists, regular use of pistachios has a positive effect on sperm motility, and improves sperm quality. These properties are very useful for couples seeking to conceive a child.
Women on the note!
We should also note the beneficial properties of pistachios for women. Many girls are fighting overweight. This is a difficult task, but everyone can solve it. As you know, pantothenic acid plays a huge role in the process of losing weight and burning subcutaneous fat.
Vitamin B5 is found in sufficient quantities in pistachio kernels. If you adjust your diet, go in for sports and eat pistachios, you can soon become the owner of a fine-cut and taut figure. No wonder the described vitamin is called the "element of harmony."
There are also folic acid in the composition of pistachio nuts, which is responsible for the conception and intrauterine development of the fetus. With a deficiency of this component, malformations can occur. To prevent this, specialized doctors advise to compensate for the deficiency of vitamin B9 during the planning period of conception.
Also, this vitamin helps to strengthen the immune system, which is important for a pregnant woman. With the help of folic acid, the nervous system is normalized, the liver cells are cleaned.
Unfortunately, we can not stop the aging process. Nature can not be overcome, and you can outwit. The main source of youth and beauty of the skin is considered tocopherol. Pistachios contain this vitamin. If you eat a handful of pistachio kernels daily, you can slow down the aging process, saturate the cells with moisture, increase the elasticity and elasticity of the skin.
The "dark" side of pistachios
Each product has two sides. With the great benefits of pistachio nut kernels can cause harm to the body. Firstly, this sort of nuts is among the strongest allergens. If a person is prone to the manifestation of pollinosis, then it is better to refuse such a delicacy, or to enter it into the diet extremely carefully and only after consulting the attending specialist.
Secondly, pistachios should be eaten in reasonable quantities. Only if you observe the maximum dosage you will benefit from them, otherwise it can lead to weight gain, dizziness and bouts of nausea.
Thirdly, processed pistachios with the addition of salt and spices contribute to the increase in blood pressure. That is why people suffering from hypertension should introduce such products into the diet only in pure form.
On a note! In the children's diet, pistachios can be entered from the age of five. Previously, this should not be done due to the high allergenicity of the product. According to doctors, an allergic reaction can be fraught with the development of complicated consequences, up to anaphylactic shock.
In terms of their composition and nutritional value, pistachios cannot be compared with any type of nuts. Enter into the daily diet of these nuts, just do it competently, taking into account the existing contraindications. Be healthy!
How do pistachios grow
These nuts grow and ripen on the so-called pistachio tree, which is scientifically called Pistacia vera (or real pistachio). Among the peoples of Asia, it is also known as the "tree of life."
A related cashew plant is not always represented by a tree, but can grow in the form of a branched multi-trunk shrub. It reaches a height of up to 6 meters.
The main convenience for a person in this case is the low and wide crown, which differs from other trees in density. The bark of the pistachio bush has a gray-brown color and is necessarily covered with deep cracks.
The walnut fruit is an ovoid angular pitted stone not more than 25 mm long. At the same time, the seed nucleus is characterized as an exclusively protein fraction.
The inner part of the shell is always leathery and has a red, yellow or purple color, but the nucleoli are greenish.
Often they are observed by single trees and bushes with an extensive root system or groves.
how do pistachios grow
The period of full ripening of nuts is considered to be September-November. Although many countries cultivating pistachio tree (Greece, Italy, Syria, Iran, Spain, Turkey, United States), harvested in July-August.
At this time, the shell partially cracks, making a click, and the leaves under the influence of ultraviolet actively emit essential oils, which can cause dizziness even in a healthy person.
How pistachios are useful
- They help to prolong the youth of the cells. Phenolic compounds prevent the free radicals of their walls. Pistachios are included in the group of products with a high content of antioxidants, making them considered one of the best sources of longevity.
- Due to the presence of a huge amount of vitamin pistachios, it is recommended to use to restore vitality: after a sports workout, a busy day, a long illness.
- Pistachios are more than helpful in strengthening the vascular system. Antioxidants strengthen blood vessels and cope with the causes of heart palpitations.
- The tannin content helps to remove toxic substances such as glycosides, alkaloids and heavy metals from the body in case of poisoning.
- Lutein, which is a part of pistachios, has a positive effect on vision.
- Thanks to arginine, nuts increase sexual activity in men.
- Dietary fiber contributes to the soft removal of toxins from the intestines and support microflora.
Are pistachios useful for men?
Due to unhealthy diet and predominantly sedentary lifestyle, some men lose their sexual desire and activity from a young age. It is associated with a decrease in male hormones in the blood. After conducting numerous studies and excrement, scientists have proven that men need to use pistachio to improve the quality of sperm and the viability of sperm.
Recommendation: If sexual impotence occurs, it is necessary to eat 30 grams of pistachios daily for three weeks. In the future, include these nuts in your usual diet.
The mechanism of erection is directly related to the process of blood supply to the penis. If you are interested in knowing how pistachios are useful in this situation, the answer is simple - they contain arginine, which is responsible for vascular dilation. Thus, saturating the body with nitrous oxide, a man gets rid of sexual disorders.
How do pistachios affect the female body?
Women are more actively struggling with excess weight than the stronger sex. Most of the girls, having read calorie data on the pistachio package, will mercilessly set it aside. But not many people know that these wonderful fruits can become an indispensable assistant in the war with kilograms.
If an irresistible feeling of hunger comes, just a few pistachios will quickly kill the hunger, prolonging the feeling of satiety for another couple of hours. Regular consumption of nuts contributes to the proper functioning of the intestine and its effective purification from toxins and toxins. And this, at times, is much more important than the caloric content of food consumed.
Important! The benefits and harms of pistachios in this case depend only on the amount of consumption. Therefore, it is not recommended to eat more than 20 grams of nuts a day.
Is it possible to eat pistachios pregnant?
During pregnancy, women do not want to hurt. The high content of photosterol and various vitamins in pistachios helps to strengthen the immune system. In addition, these fruits contain zeaxanthin, calcium and lutein keratinoids, which will help to properly form the baby’s bone tissue.
Vitamins of group B will be useful for natural maintenance of healthy hair and nails. Since during pregnancy you need to exclude a variety of chemical cosmetics, the future mom will need an additional portion of beauty.
Recommendation: Pistachios contain a lot of fiber. A total of 15 nuts equal to half a portion of oatmeal. Pregnant women should not overdo it with these fruits. It is advisable to use no more than 15 pieces per day..
After the birth of the baby, for women there are contraindications. During breastfeeding, you should not eat these nuts. Even if the baby is bottle-fed, you must wait at least 7 months after giving birth to start eating your favorite treat again.
Contraindications and possible harm to pistachios
Pistachio nuts, like butter from them, are not recommended to be introduced into the diet:
prone to overweight people
obese of any degree
people with puffiness and intermittent pressure surges (ground nuts are especially harmful),
children under 16 years old (it is not uncommon for a nut to cause allergies in this category),
people with kidney disease,
Video: About the beneficial properties of nuts
Salty nuts will worsen the condition of patients with hypertension, kidney disease, swelling of limbs. In children under 7 months old and in nursing women, pistachios can cause allergies and, as a complication, anaphylactic shock.
For the prevention of complications such as allergic rhinitis, skin rashes, disorders of the digestive tract, nausea and dizziness, it is better to observe moderation in the use of pistachios.
Are pistachios harmful to children?
These nuts are a very powerful allergen, dangerous to the health of a young child. You can start using them from the 5 years of the baby’s life, although at 3 years you can try to drive them into the diet, starting with one thing. At occurrence of an itch it is necessary to get rid of manifestations such as anaphylactic shock and immediately stop using this product.
Pistachios have very valuable properties that are extremely useful for the development of children - increasing immunity, forming a healthy nervous system, so they are the recommended product in the diet of older preschoolers and schoolchildren.
Where and how do pistachios grow?
The pistachio tree grows in the countries of Asia and northwest of Africa. It reaches a small size, belongs to the genus of deciduous trees of the Sumakhov family. In culture, there are about 20 varieties of pistachios. The plant loves the light and the soil rich in calcium. The tree tolerates drought and low temperatures down to -25 ° C.
Features of pistachio cultivation:
The plant is most often a tapeworm, that is, it grows apart, pistachio forest is formed very rarely.
It has a multi-stemmed, thick and low crown.
Pistachio roots are located in 2 tiers, they go to the soil at 15 m, width - at 40 m, which allows the tree to stay on the slopes of the mountains, where pistachios often grow.
The tree has a thick bark of silver color, covered with small cracks. There is a wax coating on the leaves and branches of the tree.
For high yields, you need to have a number of trees with male and female flowers, up to 10 female plants can be planted for 1 male plant.
Pistachio blooms in April, red-yellow small flowers, fruiting in September, clusters of fruit, similar to the bunch of grapes.
Pistachio fruit is a drupe up to 25 mm long. When it matures, it cracks with a click, exposing the oily greenish core. Its aromatic taste allows using pistachios in various fields - from medicine to cosmetology.
If pistachio grows in optimal conditions, it grows up to 5 meters, lives 400 years.
How to choose a good pistachio?
Ripe pistachios have a green core and an opened shell, and, the greener the kernel, the tastier it is. The inner shell of the core has a beige color. The red coloring of the shell is applied artificially to mask the defect of the shell that appears during manual harvesting. When machine assembly shell remains intact, it is not necessary to paint. Краснота может появиться у жареных фисташек после их маринования в соленом лимонном маринаде. Запах плесени у фисташек – признак их недоброкачественности.
Как правильно хранить фисташки?
Чтобы у этой культуры сохранились целебные свойства, желательно употреблять фисташки в пищу свежими, а не солеными и не жареными. So that polyunsaturated acids, which are abundantly contained in pistachios, do not faint, store nuts for no longer than 3 months in a refrigerator in an airtight container.
Peeled fruits used in cooking can be stored no longer than 6 months in the freezer.
Pistachio consumption rate
In order not to expose oneself to the action of essential oils that manifest themselves to nausea, vomiting, loss of consciousness, dizziness, it is undesirable to eat more than 30 nuts a day.
Article author: Kuzmina Vera Valerievna | Dietician, endocrinologist
Education: Diploma RSMU them. N. I. Pirogov, specialty "General Medicine" (2004). Residency at the Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, diploma in "Endocrinology" (2006).
Pistachios grow as shrubs, but are also represented by deciduous and evergreen trees. Their height is 7-10 m.
The fruits of such shrubs and trees are stone fruit, their length is up to 12 cm and width is up to 1 cm. They have an ovoid shape and an elongated seed inside.
The pericarp is thin and reddish, easily separated from the fetus. The shell when ripening the nut often cracks.
The seed is greenish, tasty. Plants begin to bear fruit in late autumn.
Pistachio trees are distinguished by thick gray bark, feathery, trifoliate, or simple leaves, as well as reddish-yellow flowers gathered in a panicle that appear before leaves.
The roots of pistachio trees are large, bunk and can grow up to 15 meters in depth, and up to 40 meters wide.
Leaves are leathery, consist of 3-5 leaflets shaped like an ellipse.
Among the trees there are male individuals, as well as female trees. The pollen of one male tree is enough for pollination of 8-12 female trees.
Life expectancy is about 1000 years.
There are too many essential oils in unopened pistachios, they cannot be eaten.
Up to 20 types of pistachios are known, the main ones are:
- Atlantic. Used to produce resin, as well as a stock for pistachio present.
- This. Trees with a height of 9 meters and more, in which the spherical dense crown, often several trunks, deep root, falling leaves in the winter. The plant lives up to 300 years. The fruits of such pistachios have a pleasant taste and a length of up to 2 centimeters.
- Tupolist (wild). Drought-resistant plant growing in the Caucasus, Asia, the Crimea and other places. It is usually represented by trees, the height of which is 8-10 meters, but it also happens in the form of multi-trunk bushes. Fruits are edible, but smaller than the fruits of this pistachio. Crafts are made from wood plants.
- Chinese Differs in the greatest frost resistance and height to 15 m.
- American (also called mexican).
- Turpentine Trees up to five meters. They can be found in Sochi, Tbilisi and Baku.
- Mastic It is represented by small trees or bushes that grow to a height of three meters. Fruits of mastic are used to produce oil. The plant is also in demand to create a hedge. Trim the mastic pistachios get mastic, from which you can make putty, paint or varnish.
The homeland of the plant is Iran, Afghanistan and the countries of Central Asia. Here you can meet her in the wild.
Nowadays, pistachio trees are grown in many countries of the world with a warm climate: in the Crimea, European countries, the USA, countries of Asia, north-western regions of Africa, Turkey, Australia. Wild plants can be found in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.
Reproduction of pistachios in nature occurs by seed, as well as by shoots. Cultivate the plant using propagation by cuttings.
In wild pistachios, resistance to both drought and frost is noted. The plant prefers rocky and stony soil. It can be fixed on a cliff or slope due to a developed system of roots. Often pistachio trees grow alone (large thickets of trees are very rare).
Collecting and harvesting
Fruits in large quantities are formed on trees of 7-10 years of age, and maximum productivity is noted in pistachio trees that have reached 20 years of age. In case of ripening nuts, the shells partially open with a click.
In wild plants, the fruits are not very large (100 grams weighs 50-60 grams). On fruit bearing trees, up to 30% of the drupes can be empty (without nuclei). Productivity varies in different regions and in different varieties.
Fruits from trees are collected in August and September:
- They are cut off manually or shaken off with the help of special poles on the canvas.
- Fruits are harvested at night, because during the day aroma oils are released from the pistachio leaves, causing dizziness.
- Peel the nuts from the shell immediately so that the shell does not darken.
- Peeled fruits are dried in the sun for about 5 days.
- It is necessary to store dried pistachio in a cool place - at a temperature of + 2 + 10 degrees, the nuts will not deteriorate for a year, and at 0 ° C for up to four years.
How to choose and where to buy
Pistachio fruit is almost always sold in the shell.
In size they are divided into:
Ripe pistachios are distinguished by the green color of the kernels and the presence of an open shell.
- The shell should be cream or off-white.
- Nuts should be the same size, without cracks and not flattened.
- Fruits should not be stained.
- Do not buy nuts, if they have a smell of mold, as well as a musty or rancid smell.
For the food industry, in addition to whole pistachios, they sell halves of nuts, quarters and pistachios in the form of small pieces.
Pistachio kernels quickly absorb foreign smell, so they should be stored separately from other products.
It is advisable that the pistachios you buy (if you are talking about unsalted nuts) are well packaged and kept in the refrigerator.
To lengthen the shelf life and prevent spoilage of nuts, they are fried, sweetened or salted.
The reddish shell indicates pre-marinating pistachios.
Watch the program "Controlling purchase", and which chose the best arenas with pistachios and salt.
- Pistachios have a high calorie content, a high content of fats, vitamins, amino acids and minerals.
- Pistachio fruits are recommended during the period of recovery and depletion, as well as to athletes and with high mental stress.
- Regular use improves the function of the heart and liver.
- Due to the ability to enhance potency and positively influence sperm, these nuts are considered an aphrodisiac.
Pistachios are rich in:
- amino acids
- fatty acids - oleic, linoleic, palmitic, stearic and others,
- vitamins E, A, B6, B1, folic acid,
- minerals (phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, copper, potassium),
- carotenoids - zeaxanthin and lutein.
Harm and contraindications
- Overdose may cause dizziness and nausea.
- Pistachio oil is not recommended during pregnancy because of its laxative effect.
- These nuts are considered highly allergenic. Allergies should be used with caution.
- Consumption of salted pistachios can cause an increase in blood pressure.
- Destiny age, because may trigger the development of diathesis.
- Acute diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys.
- Salty pistachios are contraindicated in hypertension due to the presence of a large amount of salt.
From the seeds they produce high quality oil, which is not inferior in its properties to olive oil. It is used in cooking and for the production of high-quality varnish.
It is very useful to add pistachio oil to bathing water (1 tablespoon per bath of water).
Oil obtained from the fruits of pistachios, use:
- inside to strengthen the immune system (1-2 teaspoons daily for a spoon),
- for lubrication of the skin affected by the fungus, as well as for dermatitis (process 4 times a day),
- in order to eliminate acne, diathesis, eczema and allergic rash,
- for hair care to give them shine, silkiness and smoothness,
- as a means of skin care (especially sensitive),
- to protect the skin in the cold and windy weather,
- to strengthen the nail plate,
- as massage oil (used as a basis for aroma oils),
- for masks (can be mixed with other oils, such as almond or avocado, as well as with EM),
- as a sunscreen,
- to eliminate freckles and age spots.
Pistachio oil can enrich any care cosmetics. To do this, simply add a few drops of oil to the usual means.