Neoprene is a synthetic chloroprene rubber or, in other words, foamed rubber. In general, this material was manufactured in the 30s of the last century by the DuPont company, which was engaged in the production of polymeric materials.
First, the issue was patented, and the main goal of the manufacturers was to replace the rubber with a cheaper option. In 1953, the French chemist George Bush invented the first costume based on this material. Today, neoprene is often supplemented with other components (for example, fabric) and is used to make a variety of items.
The main advantages of neoprene fabric:
- Wide scope. Today, neoprene is used to make a variety of consumer goods, medical devices, sports and diving suits. In addition, this material is used for the manufacture of parts of space stations, as well as in industry. And recently they started to make it and clothes, which, by the way, is becoming more and more popular.
- Since neoprene is tight, yet elastic, it provides a bandage effect, that is, it fixes the correct position. That is why it is often used for the manufacture of various orthopedic devices.
- Neoprene is waterproof, which makes it suitable for the manufacture of modern and very comfortable wetsuits.
- Things from neoprene practically do not crumple, of course, if not deliberately crushed.
- Elasticity provides maximum comfort when wearing or using.
- Things from neoprene perfectly retain heat, so they are best worn in the cold season.
- This material is resistant to mechanical stress and is practically not subjected to deformation.
- Neoprene is durable and retains its original properties.
- Neoprene is frost resistant. According to manufacturers, it can withstand temperatures from -50 to +90 degrees. But the specific range will depend on the chemical composition of the material.
- A definite plus - resistance to any vagaries of weather.
- This material is resistant to ultraviolet rays, so it can not burn out in the sun.
- Environmental friendliness. Under normal conditions, no harmful substances are released into the environment.
- In neoprene, bacteria, fungi and other pathogens cannot breed, so it can be called one of the safest materials.
- Neoprene has excellent insulating properties, that is, it does not transmit current (therefore, it is used to make the sheath of cable systems).
- Such material can be called absolutely hypoallergenic.
- He does not let the air through and therefore practically does not “breathe”. So if you decide to purchase neoprene clothing, then be prepared for increased perspiration due to the so-called greenhouse effect created under the fabric, as well as irritations. And that is why wearing such things should be no longer than two or three hours a day.
- In the summer in neoprene things will be very, very hot.
- Neoprene is not easy to care for. So, you can wash products from it only with your hands and at a temperature not exceeding 30-40 degrees. Machine wash is contraindicated, as is drying. Also, do not use detergents for cleaning, suitable only a weak soap solution. Neoprene clothes should not be pressed either, as well as ironing. To dry such clothes preferably on a horizontal surface in the straightened form, and not in the sun or near heating devices.
- It is necessary to wear things from neoprene extremely carefully, as it can react with certain substances, such as alkalis, solvents, acids and even some oils. When exposed to certain aggressive compounds, structure destruction may begin. For example, if you stain your dress or swimsuit with orange juice, a dent or even a hole may form at the spot.
Be sure to weigh the pros and cons before purchasing neoprene products.
Material Features Neoprene
Developed in 1930 by the American scientist Wallace Carothers, it is still unique in its kind. Initially, its name was “Dupren”, and only then it was renamed to neoprene. What is this material, they know almost everything. In fact, this is a true work of art: light and porous, completely waterproof, extremely wear-resistant - this is the reason for its wide scope of application. Today it is produced in a variety of colors.
Application in the industry of losing weight
Clothing made of thick fabric performs three functions at once:
- Supports the spine and prevents injury and stretching.
- With the help of a porous structure performs micromassage during sports.
- "The effect of the sauna" - the skin under the neoprene is heated, which improves blood circulation, metabolism and accelerates the breakdown of fat cells.
We must immediately make a reservation that the key to a slim figure here is exactly sport, and not clothes made of neoprene. It can be shorts, breeches, pants, tops and even tracksuits made entirely of this amazing fabric. The most common products are belts, which are used for the problematic waist area, especially after pregnancy.
Despite the fact that such things are undesirable to wear longer than two hours a day, this time is quite enough, especially since neoprene greatly enhances the effect of exercise, it saves you time. Ten minutes of intense training in a neoprene suit will replace half an hour without him.
Wearing such clothing helps to restore the elasticity and firmness of the skin. If it is a quality neoprene, it will not cause allergic reactions.
Clothing for tourism and recreation
Neoprene inserts are successfully used to make the top waterproof layer of tourist clothing, tents, and backpacks. No other fabric possesses such properties; it will not be as light and durable as neoprene. What is synthetics, we have repeatedly mentioned. It is for this reason that clothes in which a tourist travels many kilometers cannot be made entirely of neoprene, inserts are usually made in the lower part of trousers and other places.
Neoprene is used in the manufacture of suits for scuba diving. Moreover, there is a material of different thickness, therefore, based on the depth of the dive and the season, different options are selected. The surface of the neoprene can be covered with a special cloth or metal sputtering to heat shielded back to the body. For lovers of thrills - rafting, kayaking - such clothing will be protected from moisture.
From the history
High-tech modern fabric neoprene was created in 1930 by scientists from the American company DuPont, which specializes in the production of polymers. The original name of the amazing material sounded like Duprene, including part of the name of the development company and the chemical name of the chloroprene obtained. Among the advantages of the new product was high resistance to oils and chemicals, as well as low cost. But Duprene could not manage to win the desired popularity, as it exuded a persistent unpleasant smell.
Only 7 years later, scientists were able to change the composition of the substance and get rid of this problem. A new kind of synthetic rubber began to be called neoprene. In the textile industry, fabric has been used since 1953, after the French scientist George Bush introduced the first costume of this material.
The production of neoprene is a fully mechanized process, at all stages of which it is necessary to closely monitor pressure, temperature and processing time. Usually, petroleum products are used as raw materials for the manufacture of foamed rubber, but some manufacturers use other starting materials, for example, limestone.
Neoprene fabric - rubber
Neoprene technology can be compared to baking bread. It consists of several stages. First, using a clear liquid called chloroprene, a polychloroprene crumb is created, which is the basis of the future foam. As a result of vulcanization, all the crumbs are tied into one giant granule.
Then there is the preparation of the base of neoprene. The base for the future fabric, which is a viscous dark mass, is mixed from a polineoprene crumb, a frother and black pigments.
The pasty mass is poured into a special form and sent to the oven, where the creation of foam occurs. After cooling down, a sheet of neoprene foam is obtained, which is 2 m long, 1 m wide and several centimeters high. Inside the foam are microscopic nitrogen bubbles. Only one surface of the sheet is smooth.
The thick sheet is cut into several thin pieces, having a height of from 0.5 mm to 10 mm. Such neoprene webs are very fragile, they are easier to tear than a sheet of paper. That is why the next stage is the strengthening of the material by laminating.
To give the fabric strength and an attractive appearance, various fabrics are glued to the surface of the resulting sheet: nylon, lycra, polyester. Sometimes a special titanium coating is applied to the canvas, which retains heat better than others.
Neoprene fabric properties
This new type of material has many advantages and is characterized by truly unique properties. Neoprene has a beneficial effect on the human body. It is able to fix tissues and organs in one position, warm up and massage, activating blood flow in the skin. Products from this matter accelerate metabolic processes and help the removal of toxins. In fact, the impact of neoprene clothing can be compared to a stay in a sauna, so you should not wear it all the time.
On the outside, neoprene is pasted over with fabric or stained. The inner side of the material is a slice of bubbles, which, in contact with the skin, work as suckers. Due to its structure, the fabric perfectly fits the body, does not hinder movement and retains heat. The only disadvantage of using neoprene with open pores is that such clothes can be worn only with soap. Soapy water for some time neutralizes the action of suckers, and after drying, the suit fits snugly to the body.
Many manufacturers on open pores apply a special coating that allows you to wear clothes in the usual way. Matter with dusting is much more expensive than with open pores.
Neoprene has the following advantages.
- Full water tightness inherent in all rubbers.
- The porous structure provides the unique insulating qualities of the material. Products made of neoprene withstand temperatures from + 90 ° C to -55 ° C.
- Resistant to salt water, oils and chemicals.
- The ability to protect the wearer from mechanical damage.
- Environmentally friendly material. Neoprene does not accumulate static electricity and does not cause allergies.
- Higher fire resistance compared to other rubber materials.
- The fabric is lightweight, flexible and plastic, perfectly preserves the shape of the product.
Foamed rubber has its drawbacks, which, as often happens, are the reverse side of the merits.
- The fabric does not breath and does not breathe at all. In the summer in neoprene clothes is very hot. Under the fabric creates a greenhouse effect, which can lead to skin irritation. Wear foam rubber products should be no more than 1-2 hours per day.
- Neoprene things require special care.
- When interacting with alkali or acid, the structure of the material is capable of collapsing, and a tear can appear on the spot.
The porosity of matter is responsible for its density: the smaller the bubbles, the higher the density.
- Soft - low density canvas. Soft and volatile material is used to make sportswear. Gives shrinkage when washing and quickly wears out.
- Medium density - a fabric of medium density, more durable, but not as comfortable. Used for workwear, for example, wetsuits and ammunition for rescuers.
- High density - high density fabric. The canvas is very tough, used only for the manufacture of diving equipment.
Classification by purpose
Depending on the sheet thickness and other consumer characteristics, there are several types of neoprene. A specific list of products is made of each type.
- LS - fabric soft and stretchable, has a silky surface. Used in the manufacture of suits for amateur divers, as well as when sewing casual clothing.
- S - canvas rather dense, but at the same time elastic. Suits for deep-sea immersion, packaging, medical bandages, supporting and upholstery elements, belts are made of fabric of this type.
- HS is characterized by high cell density and low flexibility. This type of neoprene covers sports equipment. He is in demand in the manufacture of clothing for cyclists, hunters and supporters of equestrian sport. Light and waterproof tourist equipment is made of the material: sheds, tents, backpacks, raincoats.
- HHS - inelastic, dense material. Used in the shoe industry for the manufacture of protective elements and in the technical field.
- NF - fire resistant, fairly dense fabric. Indispensable in the manufacture of fire ammunition: protective suits, masks, socks and gloves.
- W - differs in a dusting with antibacterial effect and white color. Used in medicine for the manufacture of bandages, workwear, orthopedic shoes.
The last 10 years, foamed rubber began to be used when sewing trend clothing. The first original collection of neoprene was created in 2009 by designer Nicolas Gheskyer. The combination of volume, clear lines and pure color allows you to talk about the emergence of a new style in high fashion.
Neoprene products require special care. If the clothes become dirty, it is better to use the services of dry cleaning.
Wash things from this delicate material can only be manually when the water temperature is not more than 30 ° C. As a detergent, you should choose a mild liquid soap or gel without aggressive chemical elements. Since neoprene does not absorb water, it is necessary to wash products from the front side, then from the wrong side.
To dry things better in a dry well-ventilated area, avoiding direct sunlight. During drying, it is necessary to periodically turn out the product so that both sides: the front and the wrong side dry out evenly.
Things made from this amazing material do not belong to everyday. They are applied in a specific case and always amaze with their reliability, efficiency, safety and comfort.
On how to repair a wetsuit from neoprene, watch the video:
Neoprene. What kind of stuff? Properties Composition
thick but light with all this, the fabric is neoprene - a material whose composition differs from many others. It can be called universal, as it perfectly takes any shape, beautifully emphasizing the dignity of the figure, modeling it. Previously, this fabric was called dupren, and it was created in 1930 by the American scientist W. Carothers, who is still considered to be a unique creator. So, what kind of material is neoprene? What properties does it have and how is it different from other fabrics?
What is neoprene?
Neoprene refers to synthetic materials used in sewing sports and tourist clothes, making shoes and applying in many areas of human life. It has found wide application in tourism, from it sew the top layer of tents, clothing for scuba diving, swimwear and much more. But, in view of his unnaturalness, when sewing clothes for permanent wear, inserts are made in places where it is necessary for reasons of practicality and hygiene.
Neoprene material: properties and benefits
Duprene material is among the unique for its many qualities and advantages. It has such features as:
- water tightness
- resistance to mechanical stress, weather conditions and deformations,
- a light weight,
- the porosity of the structure, due to which, during exercise, the metabolic processes are improved, the fat dissolves as soon as possible, and blood circulation is stimulated.
- wear resistance
- variety of shades
- frost resistance
- banding effect - the ability to support the spine, prevent sprains and injuries, simulate a figure,
- safety, hypoallergenic and environmental friendliness.
Neoprene clothing: dignity
When wearing neoprene, a person has a unique opportunity. restore skin elasticity, its beauty and elasticity. This high-quality and durable material, but it requires special care (hand wash and natural drying). It is strong and durable, does not cause allergies. Swimsuits, skirts and tops made of neoprene perfectly hide the flaws of the figure, and at the same time they will not hesitate and get wet, which is a special advantage.
Shoes made of it have been repeatedly assessed.
за её способность не впитывать влагу, прочность и водонепроницаемость. Эта ткань сохранить ноги в тепле и сухости, что особенно важно в условия непредсказуемого ландшафта и климата. Специальный слой неопрена способен выдерживать температуру до минус 40 градусов по Цельсию.
In general, neoprene clothing and shoes are excellent products that are ideal for extreme sports, tourists, lovers of diving, hunters and those who want to become slimmer.
Neoprene is a unique and versatile material that has found immense use in sports and tourism, medicine and other industries. It is strong and durable, has special characteristics and advantages, safe and environmentally friendly.
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What it is?
Neoprene is a lightweight, elastic, but at the same time quite durable web, which is hygroscopic and wear resistant. One of the subspecies of synthetic rubber - polychloroprene rubber is used as a raw material for its production. The structure of the canvas is very different from the usual types of matter, looking more like a honeycomb due to miniature air bubbles located inside small rubber cells. Due to this structure, the material is almost impossible to break, but at the same time it stretches quite well and does not crumple at all. There are several varieties of neoprene material.
Depending on the degree of density, there are several types.
- SOFT - It is a fabric with a minimum density. As a rule, it is used for tailoring sportswear. This canvas is soft, it fits tightly to the body and stretches very well. However, it changes shape over time, begins to deform and quickly becomes unsuitable.
- MEDIUM DENSITY - this is an option with average density parameters, its use period is higher, it keeps its shape much better, however, some structure parameters make this matter not quite pleasant and comfortable to wear. The material is practically not used for the production of sports suits, but is made only overalls, for example, for rescuers.
- HIGH DENSITY - Neoprene with maximum density, it is used only for equipment of divers and divers, since it is not possible to move in such things under standard conditions.
In addition to density, other characteristics are taken into account when classifying neoprene:
- products with LS marking are the smoothest material, its distinctive feature is a sliding coating, so the canvas is often used for the production of ordinary clothes,
- S is quite flexible, but at the same time dense material intended for special sewing.
- HS is a very tough option,
- HHS - material with minimal elasticity parameters, mainly used to create shoes,
- NF-neoprene, resistant to high temperatures,
- W-material with specific properties, which has found wide application in medicine.
The composition of neoprene due to the peculiarities of its production. The canvas is made in several stages. Petrochemical products are taken as raw materials, mini-granules are produced using chloroprene, which become the base material.
As a result of the high-tech process, these very granules are combined and form a rather sticky mass. A dye and foaming composition is poured into it, as a result a thick substance is formed, which is sent to the furnace, it is heated intensively and under the influence of heat it is converted into foam. As a result of heat treatment, long thickened black layers are formed, they are cut into thin ones so that each one is no more than 1 cm thick. Such sheets are very unattractive, therefore, to improve their appearance, as well as to enhance the strength characteristics, the layers are glued to other materials total with polyester).
Thanks to this unusual technology, a unique material is obtained which consists of a large number of cells filled with nitrogen. This structure affects the heat-conducting properties of the canvas.
Cells can have a different shape.
- Open - while they visually resemble suckers, which is why the canvas fits the body rather tightly. This type of neoprene is ideal for making wetsuits.
- Closed - in this case, the fabric has a special sputtering and does not impose a tight weight on the body, so it is much easier to put on and take off such clothes.
This new type of material has a truly unique user parameters. Neoprene most beneficially affects the human body, because it fixes tissues and organs in one position. The cloth massages and warms, contributing to the activation of blood circulation in the skin. Clothing made of neoprene tends to speed up metabolism and eliminate toxins. Simply put, the effect of such a costume can be compared with a stay in a bath or sauna. Due to its unique structure, the material does not hinder movement and retains heat. Neoprene has the most exceptional user characteristics:
- the material is completely waterproof, thanks to this property it is, in most cases, used for the manufacture of wetsuits,
- Neoprene retains its physical and technical properties in a wide temperature range - from -60 degrees to +90,
- Neoprene is heat resistant, it keeps the human body warm and does not allow a person in such a suit to freeze,
- the fabric maintains its integrity under the influence of salt solutions and certain types of chemicals, the ingress of oil also does not damage the canvas,
- the material is highly durable, so the person is protected from various cuts and scratches, and in addition, the canvas is able to significantly mitigate any shocks and mechanical damage,
- Neoprene does not accumulate static electricity inside its fibers,
- characterized by hypoallergenic,
- Neoprene refers to materials of increased fire resistance,
- It is noteworthy that with such strength characteristics the canvas is quite flexible and soft, so you can freely go in for sports clothes - it doesn’t restrict movement at all.
However, nothing perfect has yet been invented, and neoprene is no exception. The fabric has its drawbacks. Firstly, neoprene does not allow air, therefore it is impossible to use things sewn from it for daily wear. Moreover, during the day it is allowed to wear clothes for no more than two hours, otherwise intense sweating begins, which leads to the creation of a "greenhouse effect", as a result, a rash appears and the state of health sharply worsens. Secondly, the material requires special care. Neoprene can not squeeze, iron and use bleach in the wash. To dry products from this cloth should be only in a well-ventilated place so as to prevent the ingress of ultraviolet radiation. Thirdly, under the influence of acid-base solutions, the product is destroyed.
The exceptional features of neoprene made it a material suitable for the production of clothing for physical education and sports. Despite its low weight, the fabric slightly massages the body, and due to its ability to retain heat, it quickly splits fats. Nowadays, you can see stylish pants, summer shorts, elegant neoprene tops, as well as designer dresses and coats. The unique features of Neoprene have long been noted by fashion designers, who immediately included this material in the development of the fashion industry. Clothes made from such a canvas are distinguished by the purity of color and the clear geometry of the lines, due to which it always looks stylish and attractive.
Lightweight versions of neoprene are used for sewing skirts, dresses and sweatshirts. Such matter tends to recreate lush styles or bandage details. These products, as a rule, perfectly keep their shape and retain heat, so they are ideal for wearing during the cold season. Usually it is used either as the main fabric, or to create decorative ornaments and prints. For example, neoprene things in a futuristic style with a wide variety of space patterns look very stylish. Of neoprene quite often make autumn shoes or shales, while most often the material is used only for the sole.
The most popular is the neoprene tarmac, tents and protective sleeping bags. It perfectly keeps the heat and does not let moisture, so the products are optimal when traveling, hiking and traveling in frosty and rainy weather. These properties make neoprene optimal when sewing shoes for fishermen, hunters and people involved in winter sports. Things from neoprene have spread in many other industries:
- medicine - here neoprene is used to create corsets, orthopedic belts, bandages and many other structures,
- construction - exceptional heat and noise insulating properties, as well as high environmental friendliness of neoprene is often used for interior finishing work,
- Covers for laptops, tablets and mobile phones are often made from this material - they not only protect gadgets from damage and moisture, but also emphasize the individual style of their owner,
- diving - from the 50s last century, neoprene became the diver’s most important friend (to this day no cloth was created that could surpass neoprene in the field of tailor-made equipment) - it is used to equip wet-type and dry plan,
- for fishing and hunting under water, you can use the most common neoprene, but so that its pores are always cut off - thanks to this feature, the fabric fits to the body, which reduces the moisture circulation of such a suit and makes the person much warmer,
- due to its chemical inertness, the fabric is universally used in industry in the manufacture of hoses, as well as gaskets and various types of glands, in addition, it is often used as a sound-absorbing material,
- the combustibility of the composition is much lower than that of rubber, so it is often used for the manufacture of fire protection coating for interior doors, and is also used in the manufacture of equipment for rescuers and firefighters, for example, they make protective helmets, glasses and gloves,
- in the technological field, neoprene is made a sheath for electrical wires and cables,
- in the automobile industry, various sealing rings are produced from it, as well as devices designed to dampen sounds and vibrations,
- Neoprene has found its application in construction, where it is often fixed as a gasket between concrete goods and columns,
- the canvas is universally used in equestrian sports, industry and the manufacture of certain types of haberdashery.
The creation of neoprene involved in a variety of countries: Japan, France, USA. But as the facts show, the newest material was presented by a chemist from an American company. DuPonttherefore, the material itself was at first called "dupren" (only later it was renamed to neoprene).
The most popular neoprene products under the brand Yamamoto. Products of this brand are distinguished by high air permeability; the canvas is produced from limestone mined in the mountain ranges of the Land of the Rising Sun. Products made of Japanese neoprene are very warm and light, however, the cost of them is much higher than the prices of products of all other brands of neoprene. Popular cloths from manufacturers such as Daiwabo and Heiwa NJN (National).
In Russia, neoprene was not produced until 2013, only a few years ago, domestic Rufom company introduced the very first prototype with a thickness of 5 mm with nylon coating - this experience was successful and the manufacturer significantly expanded the range, creating a material with a coating of polyester, viscose, cotton and even leather.
What fabric is similar to neoprene?
According to its description, neoprene is similar to rubberized fabric, which has long been used to reliably protect things from the effects of water. Usually for production take the most different types of matter - cotton, linen or synthetic. Fabrics are impregnated with glue and dried, and when all dangerous volatile components evaporate, the rubber is glued to the fibers of the material. This coating does not pass moisture and is well tolerated by the effects of any household chemicals., the material is elastic and durable, however, it has a significant minus, which distinguishes it from neoprene - rubberized material is quite easy to puncture and cut with sharp objects.
Like neoprene, such a canvas is not particularly beautiful, so it is most often used as a basis for sewing workwear or a lining, however, it often serves as a basis for creating stylish elements of decor and accessories design, because due to its smoothness, the fabric can add a touch to even the most inconspicuous women's handbag.
About what kind of clothes sew from neoprene, see the following video.
Today, neoprene is not only a faceless black material.
The rich color palette allows you to create fashion collections, and designers took advantage of this opportunity. First of all, it is neoprene swimwear. The material properties are amazing for a beach holiday. Such a bathing suit does not get wet and does not stretch in the water. The amazing strength of neoprene makes it possible to use it for several seasons. The fabric will emphasize the dignity of the figure and tighten all the flaws.
Skirts and tops of bright neoprene, too, will stand in good stead. They will not get wet and not rumpled, retaining a beautiful view throughout the day.
This is most often sports and hiking shoes. Every tourist who has made a trip lasting several weeks through forests and mountains knows how important whole and dry shoes are. Ordinary sneakers in conditions of passing wet grassy thickets, streams and small rivers fall apart in a matter of days. Shoes with a high neoprene top will come back from a hike safe and sound.
The second category is hunters. We need boots made of neoprene. Lightweight and durable, waterproof, they keep your feet warm during long hikes through the swamps. Special insulating layer makes it possible to withstand temperatures up to -40 degrees. Without additional insoles and warm socks, they can be used from spring to autumn.
Advantages and disadvantages
The unique characteristics of neoprene have long been studied. It does not change its properties under the influence of water, wind, sun, it does not harm even strong temperature fluctuations from -50 to +50 (you need to add about neoprene, it’s still synthetic, therefore drying on the battery and ironing are not allowed).
May be in contact with oils and many chemicals without harm. Practically non-flammable, very flexible and elastic fabric neoprene does not let air and water through. These characteristics make the material indispensable in the manufacture of wetsuits. Special inserts are made of it, allowing clothes to be firmly fixed on the wrists or shins. The equipment of athletes does not do without this material: gloves, elbow pads, knee pads, covers, backpacks - this is just a small list of things in the manufacture of which neoprene is used.
In general, all the advantages of the material can be viewed in a negative light. Dense fabric delays the release of heat, which is especially noticeable during severe physical exertion. Overheating of the body can negatively affect the work of the heart and kidneys. Intense sweating contributes to irritation and diaper rash. Although harm to the body is unlikely, everyone makes their own decisions.
Care of neoprene products
Without proper care, no product will last for a long time. This fabric is extremely durable, but elementary rules must be observed with it. Since the fabric is in direct contact with the body, it needs frequent washing, but it can be done only manually, using warm water (30-40 degrees) and soap. It should be dried naturally, usually it takes only a few hours - and your things are ready for use again.
Where can I buy
A standard fabric store is not usually sold. In the workshops for tailoring specialized clothing you can offer several analogues (polyester, eklon, mountains Tex) and, in fact, neoprene. The price is often high - about 400 rubles per square meter. Add to this the services of cutting and sewing, and it will become clear what makes up the cost of finished products.
Neoprene is a unique material that has not lost its relevance since the invention, and this is almost 90 years. The main application is, of course, goods for tourists and athletes, clothing and other paraphernalia, to the reliability of which special demands are made. The fleeting trend of fashion has brought to life skirts, swimsuits and neoprene dresses, but this direction has not gained much popularity.
Generally neoprene is a waterproof material, soft, durable, lightweight and elastic. More often it has a dark, almost black color. The durability of this material depends directly on its chemical composition. Basically, the temperature range of such material ranges from -56 degrees Celsius to +92. Another major feature of neoprene is its increased resistance to UV light.
Повышенная прочность и износоустойчивость этого материала объясняется особым методом его получения. Изначально, чтобы получить неопрен, материал проходит стадии механической обработки, вулканизации и длительной выдержки. После формируются листы, различные по толщине и размерам. The most important thing in production is the formation of a finely porous, cellular structure; it is filled not with oxygen, but with nitrogen. That is why neoprene is one of the most moisture-resistant and heat-insulating materials.
Usually, the outer side of this material is pasted over with some kind of cloth (cotton, polyester), it can also be painted in any color. Such methods are especially used in the fashion industry for clothing.
In section, neoprene has a porous surface that provides an excellent fit. Material with an open cut of pores can be used only with soap. In another way to wear such a thing will not work. For more convenience, at the moment there is a special sputtering of the cut - it helps to dress the thing without any additional devices. Spraying can be different (titanium, black, gold, copper). Accordingly, the more expensive the coating, the higher the cost of the material itself.
Properties that distinguish neoprene from other materials:
- Increased thermal insulation
- High resistance to chemicals and various damages,
- Large temperature range
- Absolute air and water resistant,
- High strength and durability
- High elasticity
- The material is also environmentally friendly and hypoallergenic,
- This material does not wrinkle and cannot be ironed,
- Budget compared to similar materials.
Neoprene is most often used for diving, because such equipment has all the necessary properties for this - it is light, water and airtight, and, moreover, is also thermally protective. Here neoprene applies to surfing, rafting, scuba diving, scuba diving.
Neoprene in clothing and accessories
In the consumer market, neoprene can be seen almost everywhere - these are covers for smartphones and tablets, mouse pads, tags, various accessories for stylish clothing, and the clothing itself.
Chic dresses and skirts made of lightweight neoprene became a real boom among fashionistas. Most often, neoprene helps to recreate the styles of puffy skirts. In this dress or skirt you can not worry that the fabric will be dented, and the pomp of the skirt will settle.
You can choose dresses sewn entirely from neoprene, or including it as a decorative mesh, bandage elements.
Of course, it is better to evaluate the latest fashion live. You can see how a neoprene dress looks like in life in the video review below.
Not less popular are neoprene sweatshirts. They also keep their shape well, serve as a reliable source of heat, so it is convenient to wear just such outerwear with the first cold.
If you like sleek neoprene, you can get a sweatshirt made of this fabric. But, neoprene is also used as a separate element, for example, when creating prints, interesting patterns or stripes.
As for the coat, jackets, bomber and other things, here you can also find interesting models. Designers are experimenting with shapes and colors. Neoprene outerwear may have a familiar classic look, and may resemble fantastic space films.
Footwear and its components are mostly made of neoprene. All familiar shale and autumn waterproof boots are completely made of this material. In other shoes it is a sole.
Even underwear is made using neoprene. Most often it can be found as inserts in corrective underwear.
Neoprene is used in bright fashionable swimwear in the bandage style by Victoria’sSecret. They look like drawn cartoons thanks to neoprene strip contours. Stylish bustier made of leather or with leather inserts, also made of neoprene.
In order for a thing from neoprene to serve as long as possible, it is necessary to care for it. Such things need to be washed and cleaned more often.
Machine wash is not recommended. Water should be at room temperature. The powder should be gentle (it is better to use soap or baby powder). Thing after stricki need to turn out and dry periodically turning out. Do not dry near the heating devices. Thus, the thing from a neoprene will serve longer and will look as new.
Fabric neoprene, price
The cost of such material is currently different, it depends on the type of fabric and its quality.
Neoprene from the manufacturer Sheico - mainly used for diving (diving suits and equipment). Neoprene category S usually has a higher cost (about $ 100). Category L materials cost a little less (around $ 95).
Material manufacturer Yamamoto - the price for it varies from 95 to 420 dollars per sheet.
Heiwa National mainly manufactures diving material with smoothness and higher wear resistance. Its price ranges from 135 to 220 dollars per sheet.
Neoprene from Daiwabo without coating costs about $ 350 per sheet, with a coating of about $ 280 per sheet.
Despite the fact that neoprene is becoming more and more popular at the present time, it is not suitable for daily use, because it does not allow air and limits freedom of movement.
For the winter season, a neoprene coat will be a wonderful find, because it does not get wet and does not let the cold air through. All this you will see in the video below.
Characteristics and composition
Neoprene is a durable, lightweight, resilient fabric that is resistant to wear and waterproof. Polychloroprene rubber is used for its manufacture - one of the varieties of synthetic rubber.
The structure of the material is different from the structure of conventional tissue, more reminiscent of a honeycomb: small air bubbles inside tiny rubber cells. Due to this, it is difficult to break it, despite the softness, it stretches easily and does not wrinkle at all.
Neoprene is completely hypoallergenic, usually colored black, dark brown or blue, but it can be coated in any color. Also, to create an attractive appearance, it is often glued over with a thin synthetic fabric suitable for elasticity.
Types of neoprene differ in density and purpose. According to its purpose, the fabric is divided into the following groups:
- LS - porous, delicate to the touch, heat-absorbing neoprene. First of all it is intended for tailoring.
- S - thin and very elastic material, often used in the manufacture of medical bands and wetsuit parts.
- HS - dense and resistant to compression technical variety.
- Hhs - even more dense neoprene, thick enough and durable for sewing shoes.
- Nf - fireproof neoprene, from which they sew protective clothing for firefighters.
- W - material with antiseptic coating, used in medical institutions.
By density, neoprene is labeled as follows:
- Soft - soft. The most tender to the touch and porous variety, while the most fragile. Used for the manufacture of sportswear, corrective underwear and other items of clothing that are in direct contact with the body.
- Medium density - medium density material. Due to its high strength and water resistance, it is most often used for sewing workwear.
- High density - tight, stiff neoprene, from which diving suits are made.
Areas of use
The properties of neoprene made it ideal for the manufacture of sportswear. Despite its lightness, it tightly fits the body and creates the effect of micro-massage, besides, retaining heat, helps fast and effective splitting of fat during exercise.
It is possible to find on sale both suits completely sewed from it, and trousers, shorts, tops, belts for problem zones, some manufacturers even produce neoprene dresses and coats.
Due to its elasticity, neoprene is also used in tailoring of corsets, bandages, and slimming underwear.
Tourist clothes and neoprene equipment with breathable inserts do not let the water through and keep warm very well, so they are well suited for traveling and hiking in wet and cold weather. The same is true for people who are popular with hunters and winter sports people who like neoprene shoes.
We should not forget about wetsuits. Since 1953, neoprene is the diver's best friend. There is still no material that would surpass it in the field of sewing diving equipment.
In addition, neoprene is used in industry, equestrian sports, for the manufacture of various haberdashery goods. Thanks to the anti-shock properties and impermeability, cases for phones and tablets are often made from it.
Advantages and disadvantages
As can be understood from a wide range of uses, neoprene has many positive qualities. First of all it is:
- Heat capacity,
- Wear resistance
- Water resistant.
However, he also has disadvantages. Neoprene practically does not make children's clothes, as its heat capacity with long wearing is fraught with overheating (this is also true for adults, but for them this risk is not so great), it is rather difficult to care in comparison with many other fabrics.
Some of its species "melt" when exposed to oils, alkalis and acids.
First of all it is necessary to remember that things from neoprene cannot be ironed and dried at high temperatures.
Machine wash is also poorly suited for this material, so they should be washed by hand, in room temperature water, using mild laundry detergent or soap. Since it is waterproof, it is necessary to wash the back and front sides of the product separately.
Casual clothes made of neoprene or made with neoprene inserts are not popular: buyers criticize it for sweating under the material even in the absence of physical activity.
However, for the manufacture of diving and sports equipment, this material is indispensable.