Bath during pregnancy is one of the controversial issues. Some say it is possible, others can not, and still others can not decide. But the bath is often not just desired, but even necessary. This is a sure way to relieve fatigue, especially with painful legs and back, to relax, rest and recover. And just to make yourself pleasant, in the end, which is also necessary during pregnancy. To clarify this issue, it is necessary to understand why you can take a bath during pregnancy and why it is impossible.
The ban on bathing has long roots. Our ancestors also knew that it was impossible to do this during pregnancy. And everything had its own explanation. It was believed that through the water, infections and unwanted germs could get to the baby, so being in the water "this hole" was avoided. However, modern doctors say with confidence that all this is empty superstition, and this is impossible in principle. Water with dirt or infection does not get to the child through the vagina - this is prevented by a mucus plug that closes the cervix and protects the fetus and amniotic fluid from such an impact. But there was a second explanation for the harm of a bath for a pregnant woman: this could provoke premature birth. Hot water was often resorted to in cases of abortion at home. And it is true. In addition to the threat of miscarriage, a hot bath can lead to disturbances in the growth and development of the fetus and an increase in the placenta. But we are talking about a hot bath.
Bath during pregnancy: benefits and contraindications
Our ancestors also argued that one should not take a bath during pregnancy, as it was believed that infections and microbes could get to the child through water through “this hole”. In addition, bathing could provoke preterm labor - it should be mentioned that at home for abortions they often resorted to lying in hot water.
However, modern medical studies have shown that water with infections and dirt can not get into the baby and amniotic fluid through the vagina, as the obstacle is the natural mucus plug that covers the cervix. Before taking a bath, you should simply use a shower to wash off the excess and not to provoke irritation of the mucous membrane, which is more sensitive during pregnancy - and then put into the bath. And about the threat of accidental abortion or miscarriages (and at the same time impaired growth and development of the fetus, as well as increments of the placenta) - this is true only for hot baths, but not for warm ones.
Of course, to avoid accidental risk, it is better, according to the advice of gynecologists, to wait the first trimester as the most dangerous, and during this period be limited to a shower, but again not hot - the water should be just warm, and the pressure should be made light.
Bath benefits during pregnancy
In the normal course of pregnancy, a bath is not only desirable - it is even necessary, since it:
- able to relieve fatigue from painful legs and loins,
- helps to relax and recover.
- Yes, and for the emotional background of a pregnant woman, the opportunity to soak in the bathroom is a very important factor.
- In addition, in addition to relieving tension, fatigue and pain, the bath restores the nervous system,
- gently improves circulation
- and helps to cope with a number of specific effects inherent in the pregnant body: relieves stress and swelling, and even reduces the tone of the uterus.
Who should not take a bath during pregnancy?
As all of us know, a pregnant woman can take a shower right up to the very moment of giving birth, but the bathroom is therefore forbidden, although in the bathroom and in the soul a woman can slip and, therefore, fall, because during pregnancy the center of gravity is shifted.
The damage to the bathroom, most likely, is explained by the fact that according to ancient customs, impure water does not go away during bathing, which means it can get into the vagina and “start” the inflammatory process there. Today, doctors insist that it is possible to take a bath during pregnancy, because even if this very water gets into the vagina, the mucus plug will block its path far inland, which will ensure the safety of the fetus, so the inflammation issue does not have a logical confirmation.
Pregnant women are often advised to do water aerobics or just go to the pool. It is true that such exercises can improve muscle tone, which is very good for the upcoming labor. But it is also true that in such “reservoirs” as a pool there is a high probability of infecting with various diseases, bleach can also cause trouble, which is abundantly used in water disinfection and can cause allergic reactions.
So is it not easier to arrange such a “pool” in your own bathroom, and although you don’t really “swim” there, but you will not catch a fungal infection and protect yourself from the troubles that can be obtained as a result of using the pool.
The harm of hot water during pregnancy:
Of course, it is better to forget about the hot bath during pregnancy and lactation, because it relaxes the muscles too much and can cause early unplanned childbirth or even a miscarriage. But a slightly warm bath will help relieve fatigue, relax muscles (slightly), tidy up the nervous system.
And yet it is worth remembering that during pregnancy, a woman should surround herself with what she likes and brings true joy, and a relaxing bath is exactly what you need.
How to take a bath during pregnancy?
In this case, bathing involves the observance of certain rules that must be strictly followed:
water temperature should be no higher than 36-37 0 С - and it is better to lie down in a little cool water with a temperature of about 30 0 С or slightly higher,
the upper torso, including the heart, is not immersed in water to avoid an increase in pressure. At the same time it should be noted that, without immersing your shoulders in water, you thereby avoid the risk of overheating the baby,
hands and feet should be periodically thrust out of the water to cool,
when there is no one in the house except you - it is better not to take a bath.
because of the displaced center of gravity, which is peculiar to the state of pregnancy, there is a risk of slipping in the bath - therefore it is better to lay a rubber mat to avoid this risk,
the duration of the bath should not exceed 10-15 minutes maximum
hot water (the one that is above 38 0 C) is strictly prohibited,
Bath can not be taken after the water has withdrawn.
Rules for taking baths for pregnant
The life of a pregnant woman is filled with various taboos and prohibitions: from real medical contraindications to a different family of “grandmother's” prejudices. The question “can I take a bath during pregnancy?” Refers specifically to these topics. For some reason, many folk healers do not recognize the healing properties of the bath. How are things really?
To begin with, we note that the future mom needs to wash at least as often as other young ladies. Earlier it was stated that the quality of tap water is considered an obstacle to swimming during pregnancy, as a woman can “catch infection”, get inflammation of the birth canal and harm the baby. Now the doctors are decisive in this matter: the child in the mother’s womb is reliably protected by a mucus plug, which means that no infection from the water threatens him. Doctors advise pregnant women to visit the pools and do water aerobics. So, the water in the household bath is unlikely to be harmful during pregnancy. The only question is how to take a bath and at what temperature.
Often doctors recommend expectant mothers to get by with a shower for the simple reason that it is strictly forbidden to overheat. Prolonged overheating of the mother's body above 39 degrees can lead to different pathologies. And in late periods during pregnancy, overheating can cause preterm delivery and pressure surges. And this pregnant is also useless.
However, warm water in the shower is dangerous no less warm water in the bathroom. In my heart almost always there is a chance to slip. Therefore, the representatives of the weaker sex can with a clear conscience sink into the water of the bathroom. True, the water temperature should be no higher than 37 - 37.5 degrees (this is the temperature of the baby’s amniotic fluid).
If the doctor does not have categorical objections to your account, it is useful to take a bath. This can help both to relax and relieve painful feelings in the spine, and to save from tiredness accumulated during the day, and to reduce swelling. A couple of drops of lavender aromatic oil can help even more quickly plunge into a healing dream.
Features of taking a shower
A shower is an everyday and obligatory hygienic procedure, so pregnancy is not a reason to refuse it. On the contrary, expectant mothers should be especially careful to monitor the cleanliness of their body in order to avoid infections (pathogenic microorganisms that are on the skin, can penetrate into the body almost by any means). But still it is necessary to exercise caution.
Rules for expectant mothers:
- The optimum water temperature is about 37-38 degrees, not more.
- Although a contrast shower is useful, if earlier you did not take it, then pregnancy is not the best time for experiments, especially in the early stages. And yet you can try to carry out such procedures, if health is in order. But reduce the temperature of the water carefully and gradually.
- To ensure safety, under your feet, lay a rubber mat that minimizes slip.
- It is not necessary to send a strong pressure of water on the stomach, this can lead to an increase in the tone of the uterus, which is quite dangerous, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy.
How to take a bath for a pregnant girl?
Follow the simple rules:
- Hot baths during pregnancy are contraindicated, so the water temperature should not exceed 38 degrees Celsius.
- Make sure that the upper part of the body (chest and shoulders) protrudes above the surface of the water, otherwise overheating of important organs may develop, which will affect the condition and development of the unborn child.
- To cool, periodically remove your arms and legs from water, then immerse them in a bath again.
- The optimal duration of the procedure is 15-20 minutes. During this time, you relax, and the water does not have time to cool down much.
- In order not to accidentally slip, getting up, lay a mat under your feet. Also, the mat should lie next to the bathroom so that you stand on it and not on the wet slippery floor.
- You should not take a bath if no one is at home at this time. For example, you may become ill, and in this case, the household will not be able to provide timely assistance.
- Do not carry out the procedure too often. If the shower can be daily, then the bath should be taken no more than twice a week, this will be quite enough.
- It is advisable to fill the bath and sink into it after taking a shower. This will allow you to wash off the dirt and pathogens so that they do not fall into the vagina and do not violate its microflora (in your position, it is especially vulnerable and sensitive).
- Some doctors recommend not taking baths in the first trimester of pregnancy. But if it proceeds normally, then the gynecologist may allow such procedures.
Although the procedure is very useful, it has some contraindications related to pregnancy:
- Infectious diseases of the urinary system, especially the urinary tract. The fact is that pathogenic microorganisms can move through the water and with it penetrate the vagina, and then into the uterine cavity, which will increase the risks of intrauterine infection of the fetus.
- Hypertension of the uterus or the threat of miscarriage, especially in the early stages. In this case, any thermal effects can exacerbate the situation.
- Some diseases of the cardiovascular system, for example, hypotension or hypertension, heart failure, ischemia, and others. With violations of the work of the heart or blood vessels, the condition of the future mother may deteriorate sharply during the procedure, and this is extremely dangerous for her and the fetus.
Everything written above refers to the usual bathing, but there are special procedures, they should be considered in more detail.
Bath with aromatic oils
Aromatherapy has long been proven effective, but is it useful during pregnancy? Yes, but not always. So, a pregnant woman should give up any essential oils in the first trimester, because they can suddenly or negatively affect both the future mother and the fetus.
It should be extremely careful and responsible attitude to the choice of aromatic oils. At any time contraindicated all types that have a tonic or stimulating effect. These include essential oils of cypress, basil, patchouli, juniper, cedar.
To make the procedure as safe and useful as possible, pay attention to oils with a relaxing effect, such as lavender, sandalwood, chamomile, rosewood. They will help relieve tension, tune in to positive thoughts and even minimize the manifestations of toxicosis. But do not overdo it: enough 3-5 drops per bath. And the duration of the procedure should not exceed 10-15 minutes.
Tip: if you feel discomfort, stop the procedure immediately.
Baths with herbal decoction
Herbal baths are very useful during pregnancy, as they improve the condition of the skin, which is under enormous stress during pregnancy and is greatly stretched due to the growing abdomen and increasing weight. And especially recommended such herbs as chamomile, lemon balm or mint, calendula. They have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and relaxing properties.
To prepare the broth, you need two or three tablespoons of high-quality dry raw materials pour a glass of boiling water. Then put the container on the fire and languish for about ten minutes. Let the broth stand, strain it through cheesecloth and pour it into the bath.
Recently, salt baths are very popular, and during pregnancy they are not prohibited, but, on the contrary, useful. Salt perfectly cleanses the skin and gently removes dead cells, tones the skin, has a mild sedative effect, and also removes toxins and excess fluid from the tissues, preventing the development of edema.
For salt baths, it is best to use natural sea, but not flavored salt that does not contain synthetic additives (some fragrances and other chemicals can cause allergies). Adhere to permissible dosages: one-time amount is about 200-300 grams (approximately a glass) per bath. The duration of the procedure should not exceed 15-20 minutes, but it should be increased gradually, starting with five minutes. And you should not carry out the procedure too often, it will be enough once a week.
Some general tips for expectant mothers:
- Any procedures, above all, should be pleasant. So if you feel uncomfortable in the bath or, in general, do not like to take it, you should not go against your will, find another way to relax.
- If in doubt, consult your gynecologist for advice. The doctor, after examining and assessing your condition, will identify problems and give recommendations.
- Pay attention to the choice of personal care products: they must be mild, hypoallergenic and non-aggressive.
Can I take a bath at a late date?
Perhaps this question is asked even more often. If at the very beginning of pregnancy a woman can still give relief and allow herself to relax a bit in warm water, then closer to the middle she begins to seriously think about is it worth it? Suddenly is it dangerous?
The reality is that the moment of the second trimester is considered the most favorable from the point of view of water procedures. After all, a dangerous initial period was left behind, leaving toxicosis, hormonal changes and other "tests" in the same place. So that restrictions on short-term bathing, of course, with all the precautions, can be removed.
If there are no complications and medical contraindications, then it is not worth depriving yourself of the pleasure of swimming. Sometimes obstetricians and gynecologists even recommend that pregnant women take a bath 1-2 times a day.
At the first signs of childbirth and the separation of the mucous membrane of the uterus cap can not take a bath! Only a shower.
Many people, when asked whether they can take a bath in pregnant women, immediately begin to argue vehemently that this is very dangerous, harmful, and in general - in no case! Moreover, such an answer is often supported by various arguments, one worse than the other. But we hasten to reassure future mothers, many of them are nothing more than simple delusions.
Especially often the “theory” about the harmful effects of tap water. As soon as a pregnant woman gets into a warm bath, like various infections and bacteria that can lurk in such water, they will easily get to the baby. This is not only fundamentally wrong, but even ridiculous. Хотя бы потому что плод в течение всего периода беременности надёжно защищается слизистой пробкой, закрывающей шейку матки вплоть до родов.
На самом деле в принятии ванны на ранних сроках нет ничего особо плохого. Напротив, они помогут унять боль в спине и мышцах, снять отёк и напряжение. It is also a great way to relax after a hard day. It is only necessary to observe a number of precautions and unduly not be carried away by water procedures.
Be wary for lying in the bath should be women whose pregnancy is accompanied by complications or there is a threat of miscarriage. If there is bleeding or a tone of the uterus, then it is better to wait a little longer with swimming. Well, it should not exceed 15 minutes.
What effect does a bath have during pregnancy?
To finally dispel doubts, you should definitely ask your attending gynecologist about whether you can lie in the bathroom and whether the woman has individual contraindications to such procedures. If not, then you shouldn't be afraid of water at all. The only exception may be hotbath - it is absolutely impossible to take her pregnant! Such a pastime is fraught with:
- First trimester Increasing body temperature above 38 for a long time provokes the development of pathologies in the child and can lead to bleeding or miscarriage.
- Third trimester Heating the body contributes to the appearance of the uterus and, as a result, increases the likelihood of miscarriage, stillbirth or premature birth.
Fortunately, this applies only to extremely hot water. Bath, the temperature in which is in the area 36−37 is considered absolutely safe for both the mother and her child. True, it is not recommended to lie there for a long time. But even in a short period of time, it will give enough benefit:
- short bath well removes the swelling of a pregnant
- blood circulation and blood flow to the legs are improved,
- warm water relaxes the muscles and relieves pain in the spinal region.
An alternative to a full bath, which also helps to cope with the swelling, can become a foot bath, into which you can add some natural sea salt without harm to health.
Precautions - rules for taking baths during pregnancy
Going to the bathroom, a woman must strictly observe the list of recommendations. And remember three points that can be dangerous for an unborn baby:
- sharp corners, slippery floor and bathroom bottom,
- high temperature steam
- harmful substances contained in detergents.
If there are no relatives at home, it is better to postpone taking a bathroom The presence of strangers and the open door is important in case the pregnant woman suddenly becomes unwell or simply needs help. And from slippery surfaces, it can easily save rubber mats: one of them is recommended to be placed next to the bathroom, while the other can be placed on its equally slippery bottom.
An important point is a preliminary shower. It is better to wash off sweat and dirt in advance; the water in the bathroom should be clean. Well, a separate topic - its temperature. Normal for pregnant women is the one that is in the range of 36−37 degrees. But the ideal option would not be warm, but a slightly cool bath, the temperature of which is closer to 30. Hot water should be avoided.
To avoid a rapid increase in pressure, having an adverse effect on the baby in the tummy, it is enough to monitor the position of the heart area - it should be above the water level.
It is a good habit to periodically "hover" over the surface of the legs and arms to cool the body - so the expectant mother will definitely not be overheated. Tighten the reception of the bathroom is also not worth it, procedure for pregnant women should not exceed 15 minutes regardless of the period.
If you feel discomfort when you take a bath or your well-being changes, then this is a sure sign to interrupt the procedure.
What are the dangers of a hot bath?
If we even talk about the bath during pregnancy, then it is useful to affect such an important factor as temperature. The best way to relax is to lie in hot water - it can quickly come around, not only by relieving psychological and physical stress, but also by opening bleeding, or worse, by threatening miscarriage. Why, there ... even a hot shower can cause preterm labor.
Hot water procedures are prohibited during the entire period of pregnancy., regardless of whether it is a bath, shower, sauna or jacuzzi! High temperatures are one of the common causes of miscarriage or the development of complications!
Even a short stay in a hot bath can trigger pathology. Why precisely she? Heating the body improves blood circulation, but at the same time it significantly increases the load on the vessels and heart muscle. But during pregnancy she is so seriously tense. Childbearing is far from being such a simple process for the body, requiring a great return and a serious hormonal adjustment.
Can pregnant women take a bath with foam, salts or aroma oils?
Each lady who follows herself is accustomed to treat even ordinary water procedures in a special way. Perhaps that is why they are so loved various additivesthat are generously poured or pour in the bath. Sea salt, bubbling balls and evenly rising clouds of foam under a thin plume of aromatic oil ... but is it possible to resort to such subtle supplements for pregnant women?
Unfortunately, doctors and even scientists did not have a common opinion on this matter. So do not be surprised if your doctor will intimidate the harmful effects of such supplements, while the gynecologist will advise you to drop a few drops of aromatherapy oil in the bath for relaxation.
What is definitely worthrefuse, so it is from the use of various foams and bath salts. Of course, some may turn out to be harmless, but at the same time, their composition often consists far from natural components and it is not known what effect the production dyes or additives will have on pregnancy after the future mother is absorbed into the skin.
But aromabahnna can properly relax or, conversely, to charge with energy. But it is necessary to choose oils for it with special care, because there is a whole list of incompatible with pregnancy. Aromatic oils, seasonings and additives are strictly contraindicated for pregnant women.:
Anyway, oils and products for expectant mothers that are also affecting the pressure and cardiovascular system are also prohibited. If you so want to pamper yourself with a fragrant bathroom, then You can choose one of the following options:
- pink (rose),
- orange, lemon or bergamot oil,
- tea tree.
But they do not need to be abused, three drops per bath will be more than enough. We should not forget that any additives, absorbed by the skin, enter the blood and from there to the child. Therefore, it is very important if and use of funds, then only with natural and harmless ingredients in the composition.
During pregnancy, the jacuzzi, sauna and other “steam rooms” should be avoided. Even one minute in a hot environment can cause irreparable harm to the body and cause miscarriage or early childbirth.
Can pregnant women take a warm bath?
Many women during pregnancy are interested in the question: does taking a bath with warm water at different stages of pregnancy harm a child? How long can this procedure take?
Previously, people believed that water contains a large number of bacteria that can penetrate the vagina and harm the baby. Therefore, during pregnancy, the woman was strictly forbidden to swim. Modern scientists have proven that this opinion is wrong. When water enters the vagina, a dense tube does not allow any bacteria to get to the baby and cause him even the slightest harm.
Only a negative impact has hot water regardless of the duration of pregnancy.
In fact, in a bathroom, a woman in a position can face the following dangers: hot water, slippery floor and bathroom, therefore it is recommended to use special rubber mats. Too warm or hot water adversely affects the body, increasing blood pressure, as a result of which a miscarriage can occur or preterm labor can begin.
For pregnant women, as well as for young children, a temperature of 37 degrees is well suited. It will help to relax and rest. If there is no thermometer, your own face will help you determine the temperature comfortable for swimming, which you need to dip into the water before diving. It is the most sensitive part of the body, so you will immediately feel the hot water.
The effect of water procedures on the body of a pregnant woman
Do not forget that the safety of water procedures during pregnancy should be discussed with your doctor.
Experienced experts believe that if there are no contraindications, a warm bath, taken after a shower, will be completely safe for the baby.
This procedure will also have a positive effect on the woman’s body. Puffiness decreases, blood circulation improves, more blood flows to the legs, as a result of which tension is relieved and back and lower back pains are reduced. As one of the useful bath options, doctors recommended foot baths with the addition of sea salt.
A warm bath with the addition of a kilogram of sea salt will help to cope with an increased tone and pulling pains in the lower abdomen. For a long time, this method has been used as a reliable means to relieve the threat of premature birth. It should not be used more than once a week, otherwise it is fraught with changes in bone mineralization.
The only risk is that during bathing the blood rushes to the pelvis, which can start the process of labor before the appointed time. But this can be easily avoided, because only very hot water causes adverse effects.
Can pregnant women take a bath with salt or oils?
We should also talk about aromabahnas. Doctors still have not come to a common opinion. Some categorically prohibit such procedures, others constantly recommend them.
Pregnant women are best suited: pink, eucalyptus, orange, bergamot, lemon, sandalwood, and tea tree oil. In the bath you need to add no more than three or four drops.
We strongly recommend to refuse the means raising or lowering pressure.
It is strictly forbidden to use the following oils and salts containing them:
Using oils, do not forget that all funds are immediately absorbed into the blood and passed to the child. Preference should be given only to gels and products with natural ingredients.
Women during pregnancy are strictly forbidden to visit the Jacuzzi even for a few minutes. This procedure affects the uterus and fetus too much, which greatly increases the risk of miscarriage or premature birth.
Can pregnant women take a bath: the basic rules that can help avoid adverse effects
Women during pregnancy are recommended water treatments. Taking a warm bath will be of great benefit if you follow some rules, they will also help to avoid adverse effects:
• water temperature should be from 30 to 37 degrees (in no case is warmer),
• in the first and third trimester, due to the high riskiness, it is recommended to minimize water procedures,
• the upper body should be above water (especially for women who suffer from pressure),
• To avoid overheating of the body, hands and feet can sometimes be pulled out of the water, together or in turns,
• it is not recommended to take a bath alone, so that there is someone to ask for help if you feel bad,
• bathing time should not exceed fifteen minutes,
• if you feel the slightest discomfort, the procedure immediately stops,
• do not leave the bath immediately, sit until the water is drained (this will avoid a sharp pressure drop).
If you still doubt whether to take a bath during pregnancy or not, just calm down. Modern gynecologists not only allow this procedure, but often recommend it. Taking a bath brings too much benefit and pleasure, so you cannot refuse it. So do not hesitate.
Bathing has several advantages. In addition to the above favorable effects, the bath helps to raise the mood, improve blood circulation, restore the nervous system and eliminate toxins from the body.
Cosmetic essential products also have a beneficial effect on the body of a woman during pregnancy. When choosing, preference should be given to products intended for pregnant women.
If someone you know strongly recommends avoiding taking a bath during pregnancy, do not worry - they are simply mistaken. Modern medicine recommends water treatments.
Water treatments during pregnancy (shower, bath, bath, sauna)
Traditionally, the daily routine of pregnant women is limited to all sorts of prohibitions and many are not even surprised by some curiosities. For a long time, it was believed that pregnant women should not take a bath, bathe in a bath, but generally swim in any reservoir, because there are a huge number of pathogens of various kinds of diseases in the water, which through the sexual way can penetrate into the womb and damage health, also provoke gynecological diseases and inflammations.
Today, from a medical point of view, it has long been proven that the statement presented above is nothing but nonsense. In fact, even if a small amount of dirty water gets into intimate places, the protective effect of the mucus plug in the cervix will not allow bacteria to harm the fetus. Now doctors are more prone to taking water procedures, visiting the pool for pregnant women is very helpful, and a home bath is an excellent way to solve problems with swelling, pain in the back, stress, fatigue.
In the body of a woman, both in the late and in the early periods there are many changes. Most women claim that during pregnancy, sweating increases significantly, while there is a previously unpleasant odor. The intensity of the vaginal discharge also increases, and to this phenomenon it is necessary to add more frequent urination. All these changes are quite natural, since the rate and amount of blood flow in the body changes during pregnancy, and there are also many changes on the hormonal background. In addition to the fact that vaginal congestion and sweating cause discomfort, these phenomena can also be dangerous, since they can create the most favorable conditions for infection by fungi and bacteria. That is why hygiene procedures should become more frequent than usual, more carefully monitor the cleanliness of your own body.
What kind of water procedures for the future mother are safe and will benefit, and which ones will have to be postponed - read our article.
Without a doubt, the shower is the most affordable water treatment. Experts recommend mandatory hygienic shower in the morning and evening. The shower acts on the body with water in the form of a jet or many jets. In addition to the hygienic effect, the active factor of the shower is temperature and mechanical irritation. Cool shower is considered at a water temperature of 20-34 ° C, cold - less than 20 ° C, warm - 38-39 ° C, hot - 40 ° C and above. At home, while taking a shower, you can use a jet of any pressure, but the procedure should not cause discomfort.
With regard to water temperature, then its choice should be approached very carefully. Do not take too hot a shower and soar legs - it is definitely harmful for a pregnant woman, can lead to spontaneous abortion, and too cold water - contribute to the development of a cold. For most women, a warm shower is suitable, and the only exception is when a woman is shown bed rest. In this case, hygiene will have to be maintained with wet wipes.
Contrast shower is a special type of water treatment, in which hot water alternates with cold. This tool has a tempering, invigorating and refreshing effect. The procedure has a beneficial effect on connective tissue and blood vessels. Cold water increases the tone of the joints and muscles, and warm - relaxes. Contrast shower should always leave a pleasant feeling. During pregnancy, you can start using a douche, but not in the first trimester and in the absence of complications. The procedure should be started gradually (first use a contrast shower only for the legs) and perform it daily.
As for procedures that imply the presence of special equipment (Charcot, massage, etc.), then during pregnancy you can afford to massage the legs from time to time, this will already be a preventive procedure of varicose veins. В зависимости от интенсивности струи, можно получить либо расслабляющий эффект (когда струя душа напоминает равномерное падение капель дождя) или, наоборот, тонизирующий (при интенсивном напоре), который рекомендуется использовать для массажа ягодиц, бёдер и спины. Душ Шарко - строго по назначению и под контролем врача.
Bathing has a very beneficial effect on the body of a pregnant woman, since such a procedure can reduce swelling, improve blood flow to the legs and blood circulation in general, reduce back pain and relieve tension. Jacuzzi is not recommended to take, the point effects of hydromassage on pregnant women are not fully understood.
When taking a bath, pregnant women should observe basic care and some rules.
Water temperature should not exceed 37-38 ° С To determine the comfortable temperature of the water, without running with a thermometer in your hand, we offer a simple and affordable way to determine it - just dip your face in the bathroom before diving. The fact is that it is the most sensitive to temperature. And if your body is able to withstand much more hot water, your face will “say” immediately and absolutely unequivocally: “Stop!” Hot water is strictly not allowed, overheating can lead to miscarriage, especially dangerous in the treacherous first trimester.
Bath time should not exceed 15 -20 minutes. Sitting or lying in the bath should be left bare shoulders to avoid overheating of the fetus. If you suddenly feel the slightest discomfort, you must immediately leave the bath.
Carefully enter and exit the bath. Especially if you are on a long term when it is difficult to maintain balance because of the abdomen. To avoid slipping, lay a rubber mat at the bottom of the bath. It is desirable that you are not alone at home, so you will feel more confident and, if necessary, get help.
The most accessible and useful for pregnant women with daily use is a light cosmetic bath of sea salt. Dosage - 200-300 grams of pharmaceutical sea salt of the same unappetizing gray color without any additives for the full volume of bath water. Rest in a solution of this concentration soothes the nervous system, relaxes the muscles of the uterus and removes the tone, the procedure takes 15–20 minutes.
If you are worried about the increased tone, and nagging pain in the lower abdomen, prepare a warm bath for yourself, putting in it a kilogram of sea salt. The effect of the solution of this concentration, exaggerating, can be compared with the action of the pill noodles. In the old days, such a healing bath was removed by the threat of premature birth. Frequent use of a therapeutic bath with sea salt threatens to change bone mineralization, so you can take no more than once a week.
But with herbs and essential oils, be careful - check with your doctor before using them, there are contraindications!
Everything that gets on the skin of the future mother, is immediately absorbed into the bloodstream and immediately follows the baby. This also applies to the components of the very foams, gels, scrubs that we use in everyday life. If you are not sure of their absolute naturalness, is it worth risking the health of your baby? Let it sound a bit old-fashioned, but is it more reasonable in your position instead of all these frills to use the tested grandma's recipe, and, building yourself a terry-cloth from a terry or canvas cloth, use a concentrated solution of sea salt, coffee, ground coffee ( for example, buckwheat). Or, if you are not able to give up your habits, purchase only really high-quality and natural cosmetics for body and face skin care, special cosmetics for pregnant women. Instead of shower gel and ordinary soap, it is strongly recommended to use baby soap, as it has a pleasant smell and does not cause allergies. After taking a bath, apply a moisturizer to the skin, especially on the skin of the abdomen and rub it with light massaging movements.
And of course do not forget about the baths for arms and legs. They perfectly relax and relieve fatigue. For example, at a later date, keep your feet in cool water. Foot baths take no less useful, especially if you add sea salt to them. The advantages of baths are obvious, moreover, they remove toxins from the body, normalize the nervous system, raise the mood, reduce the tone of the uterus, relieve swelling and tension, and alleviate pain.
Bath and sauna
As a rule, a sauna or a bath is considered as an excellent means for relieving stress and relaxation. Many are so accustomed to their visit that they can hardly refuse this pleasure when the need comes. One of these cases for women is pregnancy. Women who, before becoming pregnant, regularly visited a sauna or a bath often ask themselves the question: is it possible to go to a sauna or a bath during pregnancy? Indeed, this question should worry more than ever before the consciousness of a pregnant future mother, since in this position the safety of the child is paramount.
Opinions and advice of doctors actually differ on this issue: some say that a bath and a sauna have a beneficial effect on the well-being of a pregnant woman, allows you to relax and relieve tension, to relax. Others say that a bath during pregnancy is not highly recommended, as when visiting it there are more risks than benefits.
Let us try to sort out this question in order to understand at the end: is it possible to go to the sauna or bath during pregnancy?
Contraindications to visit the bath and sauna: with acute inflammatory diseases with fever, with epilepsy, cancer, coronary heart disease, hypertension stage II and III. You can not go to the bath with asthma, after recent surgeries, with complicated pregnancy (threat of interruption, placenta previa, high blood pressure, edema, fetal growth retardation), the first trimester.
Before visiting the bath, sauna, please consult with your gynecologist!
Every person goes to the bath for rest, well-being and improvement of the general state of health; the bath for pregnant women is useful for the same properties:
• Bath perfectly relaxes and allows you to relax, get rid of negative emotions. For pregnant women is a great way to relieve tension, which often accompanies the process of carrying a child. Calm pastime, relaxation, silence have a positive effect on the nervous system, soothing both mother and baby,
• Since ancient times, the Russian bath has a cleansing effect, washing away the negative energy, other people's thoughts, and a pregnant woman attracts a lot of envious glances, so this purification will only benefit her,
• A high bath temperature and a moist environment helps to improve blood circulation, which helps to cope well with edema and stagnation,
• Exposure of heat, moisture and the use of a broom helps to improve the condition of the skin, make it more elastic, thanks to such an effect, a bath during pregnancy will help to avoid problems with loose skin, stretch marks and other troubles,
• A cool shower or swimming pool after a steam room activates all body processes, enhancing immunity, which will later protect both mother and baby,
• Due to active perspiration, swelling occurs in the bath, toxins and wastes are removed from the body.
• The effect of the bath improves the condition of the veins, increases the tone of the walls, which makes it easier to tolerate the late stages of pregnancy. It is known that about 1/3 of pregnant women suffer from varicose veins, but after the bath such problems disappear completely. It was noticed that after childbirth lovers of the sauna and baths appear much less bleeding, and blood loss during childbirth is not great. Women who attend a steam room are less likely to suffer from thrombosis, which is evidence that steam affects the clotting mechanisms.
Despite the undoubted benefits of steam rooms for pregnant women, it is still bypassed by many during pregnancy. So why do obstetricians, gynecologists and other doctors continue to discourage women from visiting the baths, saunas during pregnancy and there are a number of explanations:
• Firstly, the general state of health, in our time, almost completely healthy expectant mothers can hardly be met, especially among the inhabitants of the metropolis. Many pregnant women suffer from vegetative-vascular dystonia and blood pressure instability. Accordingly, the symptoms can intensify in the steam room and bring only discomfort and a threat to health, and not benefit and pleasure.
• Secondly, the natural mechanism of a woman’s adaptation to pregnancy, it is manifested by a decrease in pressure, and if a woman suffers from hypotension from nature, bath procedures can cause very unpleasant feelings and harm the health of the mother and baby.
• Thirdly, a considerable load on the circulatory system and main organs (heart, liver, lungs, etc.). In the mother's body, her own circle of blood circulation functions, and also the circle of the baby’s blood circulation, respectively, it is not always possible to increase the load on the heart and the blood circulation. A weak body can not withstand such a load.
• And finally, at every stage of pregnancy, visiting the bath and sauna brings its own threats. In the first trimester there is still no placenta, and the connection between mother and baby is very weak, respectively, visiting the bath and the increased load can lead to miscarriage.
Just remember that visiting a bath or sauna, you are at your own risk and responsibility for this event yourself. If you are a frequenter of baths, then, most likely, there will be no negative and harm from going to the bath correctly, you just enjoy, improve immunity and improve the health of yourself and your child. But before making a decision to go to bathe or not, we urge you to consult with your doctor!
To the bath benefit and pleasure, you should follow some rules and tips:
• The head must always be closed. Well suited special felt hat or just a turban from a towel. Do not wet your hair before the steam room
• Use aromatic oils very carefully, and some should be eliminated altogether. You can take oil of eucalyptus, chamomile, lavender, citrus, mint, ginger, bergamot. It is forbidden to use the following oils: cedar, cypress, myrrh, rosemary, juniper, basil, sage, thyme, lemon balm, etc.
• If you are afraid of contracting infections in the sauna, use proven intimate hygiene products (for example, Intisan, Epigen). It is necessary to apply them on the skin and mucous membranes of the genital organs. So you can increase local immunity and protect against the penetration of fungi and bacteria. On the feet of the feet - antifungal ointment, cream.
• In the breaks between the steam room, be sure to drink for at least 15-20 minutes. It is best to decorate the hips, herbal teas or plain water. The more you drink, the more actively the sweat separates, and with it excess salts and slags are removed.
• Be sure to cool the body after a steam room. Ideally, of course, plunge into the pool, and preferably with your head - you will immediately feel how the gravity recedes and the head will not hurt later. But you should not be zealous with temperature drops, a cool shower will do; it is definitely not recommended for pregnant women to run outside and swim in the snow.
• Do not sit out in the steam room. It is better to go several times than once for a long time. It is recommended to start from one to two minutes. Lie down on the bottom shelf and watch your pulse carefully; in no case should it exceed 120 beats per minute. Do not rush to climb to the top, you should sit at the bottom for 3-4 minutes, climbing the shelf, you should place your legs on the same shelf, and not hang it down. First, at the same time, the load on the heart is reduced by a factor of two, and second, the difference between the temperature at the level of the head and the legs can be 15–20 ° C, which is extremely harmful.
• Be sure to listen to yourself. Check the pulse, watch the general state of health. Any warning sign - dizziness, discomfort, pulling pain in the lower abdomen - a reason to immediately get out of the steam room.
• It is good to visit a bath once a week, devoting a lot of time to it.
• Be sure to wear rubber slippers in the bath and lay a towel or bedding on the shelf.
• It is necessary to cool down well before going out after the steam room. Depending on the time of year, this will take about 15-60 minutes. Especially careful is to be in the cold season. Then it is very easy to catch a cold after the sauna.
• It is better for pregnant women to visit the bath in special groups for pregnant women under the guidance of an instructor.
• It is better to choose the Russian bath, since the normal temperature up to 85 degrees and high humidity (and in the sauna dry steam) contribute to better sweating, provided you feel well. The effect of a Russian steam room in a sauna can be obtained by reducing the temperature and pouring water over the stones.
When deciding for yourself the question: is it possible to visit a bath or sauna, remember the main rule of the future mother, who will always help out when making a decision - always and in everything rely solely on your own well-being, because no one can feel their condition and state better than you, it means - and decisions for you two to take only you.
Follow the tips above and enjoy your pregnancy!