Currently, quite a lot of owners of country houses are planted on the site of various flowers. Someone does it for beauty, and there are gardeners who sell flowering plants and earn money on it. Most importantly, provide the flowers with the right care, and then they will delight you with their appearance.
Hydrangea is deservedly considered one of the most beautiful flowering shrubs. To date, this plant has about a hundred species, differing in resistance to low temperatures, the size of the bush and the shape of the leaves. Interestingly, the color of the hydrangea flowers themselves does not depend on the variety, but on the level of soil acidity. And in different years, the plant can make the owner happy with white, cream, pink, bright crimson or even blue inflorescences. Common features for all plants are the height of the bush no more than one and a half meters, large dark green leaves with jagged edges (can be sharp or wavy) and a long flowering period from mid-summer to late autumn. Before you grow a hydrangea in the garden healthy and luxuriantly blooming, you should familiarize yourself with the rules of its content, since the plant is quite capricious.
So, how to grow a hydrangea in the garden? The rules of care first of all say about the strict observance of recommendations for watering. The shrub is very sensitive to the regularity of moisture and water quality. In no case can not lead to drying out of the soil, since the plant is quite moisture-loving. Ideally, watering should be done a couple of times a week, depending on the weather. Too arid summer of the southern regions may require more watering, and the cool rainy weather, on the contrary, to reduce it. To keep the soil hydrated for a long time, the stem of the bush must be promulched.
Organic materials are ideal for this, such as:
It is best to promulgate the plant immediately after planting or perform the procedure every year in early spring, even before the sun begins to burn. The watering procedure should always be carried out only in the morning or in the evening, excluding the possibility of drops on the leaves and buds, the plant does not like it.
For watering this plant should choose the water according to certain rules. It is forbidden to take it from the tap because such water is saturated with chlorine harmful to the shrub. The consequence will be chlorosis of the leaves, requiring additional costs for further treatment of hydrangea. Also, watering can provoke rotting of the root system, if you use stagnant water for this. So how to grow hydrangea in the garden? Water it only with warm and not hard water.
High requirements of hydrangea to the growing conditions apply to the nutrition of the bush, without which it is impossible to obtain abundant and prolonged flowering. Feed the plant should be different mixtures depending on its needs at different times of the year. So, in early spring the shrub should be fed with a mixture of urea and potassium sulfate, which will form and accelerate the growing season. To do this, each component must take 0.5 tablespoons and dilute in half a bucket of water, then pour all under one bush. The future branches will also give strength and strength to watering in early spring of the plant with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Before you grow the hydrangea in the garden blooming luxuriantly, you should feed it back during the formation of buds. The mixture for this is prepared from superphosphate, the concentration of which on a bucket of water is one tablespoon. Already during the flowering of the plant, attention should also be paid to adequate nutrition, which will ensure uninterrupted flowering of the buds until autumn. So, in the middle of summer, you can use nitrophoska, Agricola or Kemira flower to feed. All of them are diluted in a bucket of water and 1 tablespoon. This feeding will not only prolong the life of flowers, but also increase their number on the bush. Any fertilizer should be applied under the plant no more than twice a month and, if possible, try to alternate between mineral fertilizers and organic fertilizers. As the latter, a perfect mullein, an infusion of chicken manure, and so on.
Autumn feedings should provide a good wintering plant. At this time, hydrangea should be fed with superphosphate and potassium sulphate in equal proportions also to a bucket of water (1 tbsp). Pour under each bush enough 5-7 liters. As organic materials at this time, mulching of the soil with peat, humus or compost, which should be laid out with a layer of at least 5 cm, will be excellent.
Even with all of the above conditions, the question of how to grow hydrangea in the garden, care for which is quite painstaking, remains open. The fact is that without proper pruning, flowering and growth of the bush will not be of high quality even with adequate nutrition. It is necessary to form the crown of the shrub in spring or autumn, or twice a year. The main thing in this process is to cut off the branches when they do not yet have full buds, or all the buds on them have already bloomed. Carefully cut not only the frozen and weak branches, but also those that grow in the center of the bush. Annual shoots can be cut almost to the root, leaving a few buds, and can be shortened slightly, depending on the type of plant. The fact is that some species of hydrangea bloom only on branches of past years, and some already on young annual shoots.
If it is common for a plant to produce buds only on branches of past years, pruning young shoots will harm them, in the case of flowering on young branches, on the contrary, it will stimulate. For species of hydrangea with flowering on last year's shoots, it is important to prune only in the fall and not too plentiful, only to rejuvenate the bush.
Time, place and landing rules
Since this plant is quite capricious and sensitive, its seedlings can be placed in the open ground only after thorough hardening in the open air and growing in greenhouse conditions for at least two years. It is best to carry out the transplant in the spring, so that the plant has enough time to take root during the warm season. Of course, in warm regions they do not adhere to this rule too much, since it is not difficult to grow hydrangea in the garden, the planting of which is allowed here in the fall.
A place for a shrub is better to choose a well-lit or partial shade with direct sunlight at the beginning or end of the day. The pit is dug up to the size of a crown of a bush or twice the size of an earthen coma of a plant. Typically, when young saplings are planted, such a pit is half a meter deep and the same in diameter.
The soil should be:
- neutral (ideally sour),
- breathe well
- quickly adsorb moisture.
On alkaline soils, you need to use different acidulants or peat. Also, without fail, a complex of fertilizers from urea, superphosphate and potassium sulfate is added to the pit for planting. The hydrangea root system must be healthy in order to quickly adapt to the new environment, therefore, all roots are reviewed and molds are removed or rotted. After planting, the soil around the bush is mulched to preserve moisture in the soil, as well as to prevent the emergence of weeds and overheating of the roots. Over time, the mulch will rot through, feeding the plant, and you will need to feed it.
When considering how to properly grow hydrangea in the garden when planting several plants, be sure to consider the optimal distance between the bushes. For comfortable growth, they must be placed at a distance of at least one meter from each other, and preferably one and a half.
The question of how to grow the hydrangea in the garden from seeds, few people are interested, because this process is lengthy and time consuming. It is much easier to propagate the plant by cutting or dividing the bush. If the site already has a hydrangea bush, then it is enough just to dig it up, divide it into several parts with roots and shoots and sprinkle damaged areas with coal dust, then simply plant each part as a separate plant in its place.
If the existing shrub is still too small, or the owner just had the opportunity to get a cutting, then it should be cut from the lateral one-year escape. From the twigs, remove all leaves except 4-8 pieces and root them in a mixture of peat and sand (2: 1). After that, the prepared soil is mulched with another layer of sand, and a cutting at an angle of 45 ° is planted into the main nutrient layer to a depth of one centimeter so that the leaves do not touch the soil. Best of all, cuttings take root in the middle of summer, but the temperature for this should be no more than 20 °, so it is best to make a landing in the shelter.
Answer the question of how to grow hydrangea in the garden, planting and caring for which are described above, is impossible without knowledge of possible diseases, pests and ways to eliminate them. Inadequate nutrition of the bush with iron is manifested in this plant most often, causing yellowing of the entire surface of the leaves, except for the veins. The solution to the problem is feeding the plant with iron in special mixtures or with the help of foliar application of blue vitriol and citric acid (1: 2). Hydrangea can be watered with such a mixture, but at particularly advanced stages.
White and gray rot become frequent problems of the shrub, as the plant needs frequent watering, as well as powdery mildew. Diseases are eliminated by treating hydrangeas with fungicides. Pests that are dangerous for this shrub are spider mites and leaf aphids, from which insecticide treatment helps.
Before you grow a hydrangea in the garden in the Urals, you should choose the right variety for the climate, which is the plant in question. Paniculate hydrangea can be left for the winter without shelter, only plentifully promulcating the soil around it with humus. Pits for planting this variety are needed large, because the roots are very actively growing. Bushes are planted at a distance of more than two meters from each other. If necessary, plant a hedge for a plant digging trenches and bushes are planted with the same distance. This variety should be carefully thinned in spring for abundant flowering and leave no more than 10 buds on young shoots. When planting, you can leave no more than six at all.
This type is resistant to cold weather, so the answer to the question of how to grow hydrangea in a garden in Siberia will not be complete without consideration of this variety. The pit for planting also needs a large one, as long as the groundwater does not reach its bottom. You can plant in early spring by adding humus and a complex of mineral fertilizers to the planting pit. All shoots of this hydrangea should be cut in the spring more than half. Only young bushes need shelter for the winter, the rest is sufficiently thorough mulching of the soil with compost or humus.
How to grow hydrangea in the garden of the Crimea? To do this, you can choose any kind, but among the thermophilic, which do not take root in other regions, stands out large-leaved hydrangea. For its landing enough pit in diameter and a depth of 30 cm, while the distance between plants can be 1 meter. The annual pruning of the variety is not carried out in the spring, but when planting, shoots should be shortened, leaving no more than 4 buds. In winter, the bush should be covered, putting the branches on the boards and covering it with fallen leaves, and opened only when the threat of frost disappears.
Distinctive features of varieties
Before you grow the hydrangea in the garden, you should carefully select the ideal variety for a particular region. As a rule, almost all varieties can be planted in the middle lane and in the south, and for the northern regions attention should be paid to frost resistance. The best in this regard are considered tree-and paniculate hydrangeas, but even they need to be protected in the winter from severe frosts.
How to grow hydrangea in the garden of the middle band? To do this, you can choose any plant variety, the main thing is to carefully cover for the winter heat-loving shrubs from freezing.
The southern regions can safely shelter in their garden any variety of this amazing shrub.
Above was presented an exhaustive answer to the question of how to grow hydrangea in the garden, a photo of which simply fascinates with its beauty. All the features of shy shrub care will be more than justified by its exquisite appearance, and over the long years of its growth on the site all the procedures will not be so burdensome. Interestingly, with proper care, some varieties are able to bloom profusely for more than half a century, and rejuvenate them with a fairly common bush cut.
Home hydrangea description
This is a perennial shrub that can reach a height of one meter, its homeland is China and Japan. Different sources point to several women, owners of such a beautiful name, after whom this flower is named.
Hortensia is amazing because its flowers have petals instead of petals, which have a variety of colors. Initially, at the time of dissolution, the sepals have a green color, and later they are painted in different colors. After flowering, hydrangea shares its fruit - a box with a lot of seeds.
The plant can have from one to seven inflorescences, which are located above the shoots. There is a pattern - a smaller number of inflorescences gives larger flowers. Room hydrangea blooms in March-April and lasts about 1.5-2 months.
Growing hydrangeas at home
During this period, the hydrangea plant is best placed on the shady side, because the blooming beauty does not tolerate direct sunlight. The contact of its leaves with window glass causes them to burn. In general, it refers to shade-tolerant plants. Most of the time he likes to be in the fresh air - loggias, balconies, verandas.
In the autumn, the hydrangea needs to be transferred to a non-hot place in the apartment, and in the middle of winter it requires placement in a place with a higher temperature in order to cause abundant flowering in the spring. Usually, large-leaved hydrangea is grown in pots at home. The flower will take root in the store substrate intended for planting azaleas, Saintpaulia or begonias. And you can cook it yourself by mixing for this turf and leaf soil with the addition of peat and sand. Hortense lover of water treatments - regular spraying. Also for her the necessary condition is wet soil.
Watering and feeding hydrangea at home
In summer, hydrangeas require abundant watering, but with excellent drainage. Protect it from watering with cold water, otherwise the roots may rot. Watering should be done only with soft, warm, separated water. In the cold season, watering of hydrangeas is very rare - once a month. Fertilizers are applied until mid-August, and then completed along with abundant watering, so that the plants can have flower buds during the rest period.
Reproduction of garden hydrangea
Hydrangea growing in flower beds also requires regular watering, timely removal of weeds and delivery of oxygen to the roots by loosening the soil. A plant growing in a garden can be propagated in several ways. The first of them - the division of the hydrangea bush. Splitting the bush is required so that there are resumption points on each part. The procedure can be carried out twice a year - in the fall and spring. The second method is reproduction of hydrangea layers. The cuttings of the shoots of one-year-old age are buried in the hole so that the well contains the buds and the upper part is outside. The following year, in spring or autumn, the escape of hydrangea, which is rooted, is separated from the main plant to a new place. The third method is cutting, which is produced in the warm season. Spring cuttings are harvested with a part from last year’s runaway in the month of June, and summer ones in July, but until the trunk is stiffened. Cherenochki take from the top of the shoots of the current season, which take root in less than a month.
Hydrangea has the most spectacular appearance in the first year of flowering; in all subsequent decorations, it somewhat decreases, because the flowering balls become smaller in size, and the shoots are drawn out and become crooked. Since hydrangea grows heavily, it should be taken into account when planting and plant it on an empty plot. In warm regions, it can be planted in the fall, and in areas with a harsh winter, it should be produced only in spring.
Like any garden plant, hydrangea is prone to attack, most often aphids. To prevent the occurrence of these pests near the hydrangea, you can plant plants - scarers: garlic, tobacco or yarrow.
Размножение гортензии зелеными черенками
Нарезку черенков проводят в июле, когда формируются бутоны:
- выбирают нижние боковые прошлогодние побеги,
- срезают прут утром,
- затем побег делят на части, оставляя на каждой по 2-3 пары листьев,
- готовые черенки помещают в раствор стимулятора роста корней на пару часов,
- далее их высаживают в торфяную почву, и накрывают стеклянными банками.
Cuttings should be watered regularly. Within a month, new leaves will appear on them.
Reproduction of hydrangea layers
Layers are recommended to do in the spring, before bud break. The soil around the bush digging and align, form the grooves, which lay the lower side shoots. They are pinned to the ground, and powdered with powder. Already by October, the cuttings will form the roots and young shoots will start - then they can be separated.
Seed propagation method
Growing from seed begins in autumn:
- as a substrate they use garden soil, peat and sand 4: 2: 1,
- sowing is covered with a thin layer of soil mixture, moistened, and covered with glass,
- planting is regularly aired and irrigated,
- the first shoots appear after 4-6 weeks
- At the development stage of the first leaves, the first pick is performed,
- in May, a second picking is carried out, planting the plants in individual containers with a diameter of at least 7 cm.
During the summer, the young shoots are hardened in the open air, but without drafts and direct sunlight. So seedlings grow for 2 years, regularly removing the buds - this will save the strength of the young sprout. In winter, seedlings are kept in a bright, cool place.
Choosing a place for growing hydrangeas
Culture loves moisture and sunshine. Well, if close to the surface of the soil are groundwater. Nutritious clay soil is ideal for cultivation, unlike sandy.
The best neighbors for the spreading flower garden will be shrubs and trees. The lower tier can be filled with a host and fern.
For hydrangea, an open sunny place is perfect.
By choosing a place, you can start preparing the soil, oxidizing or deoxidizing it to the required level, and bringing in the necessary minerals. This is done to change the color of the hydrangea buds to fit the overall garden design.
Soil preparation for hydrangea
The most important feature of the plant is that the inflorescences can change their color depending on the acidity of the soil:
- the plant may have white and beige flowers - if the soil has a neutral pH,
- lilac and pink inflorescences are characteristic of alkaline soil,
- blue and blue - for sour.
The brightness of blue hues depends on the level of iron in the soil, the greater it is - the more saturated blue the flowers will be. To enhance the shade, the soil under the bush is watered with solutions of iron salts, and sprinkled with metal shavings.
In alkaline soil, iron is not absorbed by plants, so the flowering becomes delicate pink tones. White inflorescences practically do not change their shade.
Planting Hydrangea Seedlings
The seedlings are placed in the soil together with the earthy clod, respectively, the size of the hole should be 2 times larger than it. A mixture of peat and soil with the addition of minerals and organic matter is introduced into the recess.
The roots of the seedling slightly straighten, and planted so that the upper part of the root system is just above ground level. Then planting sprinkle with soil, water and mulch the bark.
How to care for hydrangea in the garden
The soil under the hydrangea bush should always be hydrated. In hot summertime, irrigation should be carried out twice a week with warm settled water in the amount of 30-40 liters under an adult bush.
Using mulch will keep moisture longer, so the frequency of watering can be reduced. The surface root system needs oxygen, so in spring and summer it is necessary to loosen the soil several times to a depth of 5 cm.
Fertilization under the hydrangea
Feeding is recommended twice a year:
- before flowering: 20 g of urea per bucket of water, the consumption rate is 3 buckets per adult plant,
- after flowering: fertilizing complex mineral composition.
During the summer, it is good to fertilize the soil with organic matter. It is important not to overdo it, because plants can activate uncontrolled growth.
Trimming various types of hydrangea
Crops are subject to plants that have reached 3-4 years of age. The procedure is carried out in the spring before the start of active sap flow.
Trees are pruned before others: shoots are shortened at a height of 3-4 buds. Cut residues can be used as cuttings.
In paniculate hydrangeas, only last year's shoots are cut, shortening them by a third. Plant residues are used for reproduction.
Pruning Hydrangea Trimming
Large-leaved subspecies slightly rejuvenate and thin out: cut out every 4th shoot to avoid thickening. Remove the diseased, broken and growing inside the bush shoots.
Chlorosis of hydrangeas - occurs when there is a lack of iron in the soil. The leaves turn yellow, the buds shrink. In case of chlorosis, the bushes should be watered with soft rainwater, and fed with iron-containing preparations.
Diseases of hydrangea - leaf chlorosis
White rot is a fungal disease that causes plants to rot, leaves and shoots turn brown and are covered with a white bloom like cotton wool.
With the defeat of septoriozom on the leaves are formed brown spots rounded, which gradually merge. The affected sheet dies off.
Hydrangea Diseases - Septoria
For fungal diseases, plants are treated with phytosporin or copper sulfate.
Ring spots: viral ailment. On the leaves appear black spots of necrosis in the form of rings. There is no cure for viral hydrangea diseases.
The most commonly encountered hydrangea pests:
- snail grape and amber,
- spider mite,
- gall nematode.
Insects feed on leaves, buds and roots of plants. To combat them applicable insecticides and acaricides: Tifos, Lightning, Vermitek. Snails and their clutches are mechanically destroyed.
Gall nematodes damage the hydrangea root system
Preparation and shelter of hydrangea for the winter
Culture has a superficial root system, which is subject to freezing. In the autumn you need to prepare a flower garden for wintering. Bushes should be highly spud and well zamulchirovat.
In October, you need to take care of the winter shelter. Young bushes bend to the ground, and covered with roofing material, pressing the edges of the sheet with stones or bricks.
Adult bushes bind and wrap spunbond. Around them build frames from the grid in the form of cones. The space between the net and the shelter is filled with dry leaves.
Shelter hydrangea for the winter
Growing hydrangea in the garden is very simple. Unpretentious culture develops well on different soils, has a high winter hardiness, and a little sick. A unique feature of the plant is to change the color of the inflorescences depending on the acidity of the soil, which allows it to be used in the design of any garden design.
Varieties and varieties of hydrangea
Hortensia - undoubtedly a favorite among the flowers in the suburban areas. The long flowering period, a variety of shapes and colors attract special attention to it from gardeners and designers, and more and more often various varieties of this perennial are used in landscape design.
Hydrangeas can be spherical, racemic, and in color white, magenta, red, two-tone. The most common in our latitudes is tree hydrangea. Unpretentious, fairly easy to maintain and grow the plant is recommended for novice gardeners. Breeders bred several varieties of shrubs:
- "Bella Anna" - a new variety of tree hydrangea, has rather large spherical inflorescences, the crown grows in diameter up to three meters, the color of petals from pale pink to purple-pink, blooms throughout the summer season and September,
- Anabel - lush blooming sprawling shrub about 1.5 m high, inflorescences in the form of a snow-white ball, blooms in early July and retains its color throughout the summer season until September. After the end of flowering, the leaves of the plant remain bright green all autumn. The variety "Anabel" is adapted for wintering, does not require special shelter for the winter, it is frost-resistant,
- Grandiflora - distinguished by large crystal-white inflorescences, blooms for 4 months,
- Invincibel Spirit - A new variety of hydrangea with pink petals,
- Sterilis - a variety with hemispherical, dense, heavy inflorescences; during the period of flowering - from July to October - the petals radically change color: from pale green to crystal white.
Also quite a common variety of perennial - Paniculously hydrangea, planting and caring for which are quite simple. This flower is attractive inflorescences unusual - paniculata - form, frost-resistant, different fast recovery, even in adverse climatic conditions. An interesting feature of this variety of hydrangea is a particularly long flowering period, during which the inflorescence changes its color. Does not need mulching for the winter. The most common varieties of panicle hydrangea:
- "Vanilla Fraze" - variety with pale white-pink petals,
- Limelight - the plant blooms in the fall, is distinguished by large inflorescences of pale lemon hue,
- Pinky Winky - hydrangea with pale red petals.
How to plant
Growing hydrangeas in the open field under the force of even novice gardeners. If a hydrangea is chosen for a flower bed, planting and caring for it will never be a burden, they will become favorite activities. For planting shrubs should choose the correct location. Hydrangea does not tolerate long shading, the sunny side is the best place to plant it. Propagation of hydrangea produced by individual bushes or cuttings. It is recommended to plant a flower in spring (in May) or in autumn (in warm September).
For planting a hydrangea bush in open ground, it is necessary to dig a planting hole about 60 cm deep, about half a meter wide and long. The distance between the bushes - at least 1.5 meters. The flower, growing with proper care, will occupy a much larger area than during planting. The pits should be filled with a special mixture, including peat, sand, soil, humus (1: 1: 2: 2) and fertilizers (landscape design experts recommend combining 20 g of urea, potassium sulphide, add about 60 g of superphosphate in granules and 10 kg of humus ).
Attention: do not add lime to the soil mixture for hydrangea - it is destructive for this plant.
When planting, it should be borne in mind that the root neck of the plant should be at ground level. After planting hydrangea in open ground, it should be poured abundantly.
Caring for hydrangea is weeding and loosening the soil around it, organizing a timely and proper irrigation regime. In addition, to prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture is recommended to mulch the bush in early summer, peat or sawdust.
Perennial needs proper pruning. Pruning the plant should be in the spring before the growing season, removing old shoots and leaving young and strong, shortening them by 3-5 buds. Faded and dried inflorescences of the shrub need to be removed. Old perennial shrubs must be cut almost to the root, leaving only low peneches from which young shoots will develop.
Top dressing and fertilizer of hydrangea
The hydrangea planted in the prepared and fertilized soil for the first two years can be neither fertilized nor fed.
Then the order of hydrangea feeding is:
- in the spring it is necessary to add complex fertilizer containing micro- and macroelements (phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen) under each bush,
- For the second time in a season, top dressing (potassium sulphate together with superphosphate) is introduced in the period when buds appear on the bush,
- a couple of times it is advisable to feed the perennial with diluted chicken manure or cow manure.
Attention: an excessive amount of nitrogen applied as a fertilizer can lead to a greening of hydrangea petals and problems with wintering the plant.
It should also be borne in mind that hydrangea responds well to lactic acid, therefore it is important when it is grown to periodically water the bush soaked with soured bread, milk whey, sour milk, kefir.
Reproduction of hydrangea
Like other perennial shrubs, hydrangea can be propagated vegetatively (cuttings, dividing the bush, layering) and seeds.
For the cultivation of shrubs from cuttings, in the middle of July, it is necessary to cut the tops of young, umilwood shoots and root them in specially prepared soil consisting of coarse-grained sand and peat. Experts recommend taking measures to increase the soil moisture under cuttings. To do this, add the moss-sphagnum. Cuttings in such soil are planted slightly at an angle, at a short distance (up to 5 cm) and provide them with a temperature regime in the range of 16-20 ° C. For rooting, 4-5 weeks is enough. After that, hydrangea is planted at a permanent place of cultivation and provide the right care.
During the reproduction of hydrangea by dividing a bush, a part of it is separated, while it is important that the young shoots have 2-3 buds, dug and transplanted to a new place.
To reproduce hydrangea with layers, it is necessary to bend one of the young shoots of a growing bush to the ground and prikopat it in a previously dug hole (up to a depth of 15-20 cm). In order not to straighten the escape, it can be fixed with staples. Experienced gardeners are advised to make an incision on the part of the shoot that will be in the ground to speed up the process of rooting. It is necessary to water the tap regularly, and it can also be mulched. After the formation of its own root system, it is separated from the parent bush and planted in a new place.
Diseases and pests
As a rule, hydrangea is quite resistant to all sorts of pests and diseases. However, it can also become infected with chlorosis, powdery mildew, a false, spider mite, and green leaf aphid can appear on it.
Chlorosis is expressed in a sharp clarification of the leaves of the plant, the loss of their natural color. The reason for its development is the excessive content of lime or humus in the soil. To eliminate chlorosis, it is enough to ensure that the plant is watered with solutions of potassium nitrate and copper sulfate in turn at intervals of three days.
The cause of hydrangea disease powdery mildew is excessive air humidity. For treatment it is recommended to treat the leafy surface with a solution of copper sulfate with the addition of soap.
An infusion of garlic will help get rid of aphids from the plant. It is necessary to prepare garlic infusion (200 g of minced garlic in a bucket of water, let it brew for 2 days), add household soap (40 g) and irrigate the perennial with this infusion every 5-7 days before destroying the aphids.
Hydrangea: combination with other plants
In a flower garden or garden, hydrangea is quite effective both by itself and in combination with other flowers. For example, paniculate hydrangea looks great next to the curtains of barberry purple-leaved, caliniformes. The beauty of tree hydrangea is emphasized by daylilies, short-cut barberry, low-growing juniper.
Hortensia in landscape design
Hortensia is a fantastically beautiful flower, inspiring to create beautiful compositions in landscape design. Taking into account the climatic conditions, in our latitudes, it is recommended to plant a hydrangea tree, paniculate and petiolate. Hortensia magically looks at the photo in large compositions when it grows in the squares, surprising everyone with the size and beauty of its inflorescences. To emphasize the beauty of hydrangea, it is possible to surround it with borders from helix, cotoneaster, and other shrubs. Hortensia should be planted in the flower garden in the background so that it does not curtain other plants.
It is not recommended to combine hydrangea with yellow, red, orange flowers. Successfully shrubs can shade plants with bluish flowers, needles or leaves - for example, clematis, cereals, hosts, low-growing junipers.
Classic landscape design is considered to be a combination of hydrangea with pink phloxes with a round shape of inflorescences, thujas, microbiota. Hydrangea is also used in mixborders to create compositions along garden paths, it can be grown as a hedge.
Hortensia - the basis of a beautiful garden. With proper care, it will delight you for many years. Experiment with different varieties of this shrub, try to decorate your arbor with curly hydrangea, plant a tree along the paths, create a living fence using paniculata.
Garden hydrangea: photo
- Hydrangea: types and preferred varieties for the Russian garden
- We grow up hydrangea in Siberia
- The reasons why the hydrangea does not bloom, and how to eliminate them
- Key points of planting garden hydrangea in the open ground in autumn
Good time of day! Tell me please:
1. Hydrangeas for more than four years, but not blooming?
2. Hortensia blooms, but low growth?
I also did not bloom for 3 years, and last year I gave steady flowers for the 4th year. All 3 years was small, I thought already everything ... will not grow. Last year, the soil was mulched once a week, and watered with a fresh wagon. This year has increased 2 times and in height and in width. In general, this May planted another 2 bushes. 1 bought in the store and the 2nd from the grandmother on the market, pah-pah, it seems to have taken root both.
Hortense is my dream! But, so far, we do not develop friendship with this beauty. В прошлом году я посадила у себя на участке маленький кустик гортензии, он вроде все лето нормально себя чувствовал, а сейчас, по-моему, погиб, после зимовки. Очень жаль, но буду еще пробовать садить ее, очень уж красивая она.
Как развести для подкормки при хлорозе азотнокислый калий и медный купорос
У меня небольшой огородик и в основном в полутени. This year I planted a young hydrangea bush in the penumbra in this garden and I do not count on flowers yet. But here I have a question for those who know such subtlety: “Does hydrangea grow in penumbra, and in general, what places does this plant like?”
Hello. In the penumbra, large-leaved hydrangeas feel great. But paniculata prefer the sun.
Hello. Tell me what am I doing wrong? Hortensia bloomed, but the edges of the upper leaves dried out and the inflorescences did not settle and dried. Thanks for the help
Site selection and soil preparation
When to plant a hydrangea? Best time to land - spring, the moment when the earth thaws, the buds are not yet dissolved, and autumn - in the month of September. When choosing a place for an ornamental deciduous plant, consider that it is better to plant the hydrangea in the shade or partial shade, as the bright sun causes slow growth, as a result of which the inflorescences shrink.
Some types of hydrangea can be grown in open solar spaces, but this requires abundant watering. Young shrubs should be protected from bright the sun and big winds. It is not recommended to place under trees that strongly absorb water.
The soil for hydrangea should be well drained and hydrated, consist of a balanced mixture of humus, leaf soil, peat chips, river sand (2: 2: 1: 1). Regardless of the type and variety of hydrangea, remember, lime in the soil adversely affects development. Ground must be level Ph about 5,0 .
Planting hydrangeas in open ground
In the northern regions of the country, planting hydrangea in open ground is preferable in spring, in southern regions, including in the Kuban, the procedure is carried out in the fall. It is recommended to equip a landing hole for a beautiful shrub, the dimensions of which are 0.4 m in diameter and 0.4-0.5 m deep. When planting, be guided by the dimensions of the root system, if too large, increase the volume of the fossa. It is worth noting that the roots of hydrangeas are quite branched.
the choice of location and planting hydrangeas with a closed root system - in the photo
The soil in the stalk zone should be well tamped. Watering hydrangeas after planting is mandatory, it is necessary that the water is well leaked to the depth of the roots 30-40 cm. Watering is best done in the hole next to the plant.
Top dressing and mulching as basis of leaving
To preserve moisture after planting in a permanent place, mulch hydrangea is made in the near-stem circle. Mulch also inhibits the growth of weeds, and protects the roots from overheating. As a mulching material used peat chips, wood chips or bark, having a uniform layer of 8-10 cm.
Over time, mulch will decompose and become part of the soil, slightly acidifying it. Mulch is best laid in late spring, at a time when the earth is already well warmed, but still wet.
For strong and flexible shoots the ornamental shrub is poured over with a solution of potassium permanganate of a weak pink color. In addition, in garden stores special fertilizers are sold for hydrangeas, which include magnesium and iron, which are necessary for the plant.
mulching of hydrangea wood chips - in the photo
Banded hydrangea, large-leaved and groundcover mainly have a pinkish, cream color, which can be changed if desired. The color of the hydrangea is directly determined by the acidity of the soil. If the soil is weakly alkaline, the flowering will be pink and crimson color, on acidic soils, the hydrangea blooms with blue flowers.
To obtain blue flowers in alkaline soil, the shrub is watered with solutions of iron salts. To get a more intense blue color under the hydrangea should bury rusty metal cans.