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Demodecosis in dogs is also called red scabies. This disease does not occur by itself, but can only be caused by parasites, or rather by ticks of the genus Demodex. It is almost impossible to see it, because the mite has microscopic dimensions. It parasitizes hair follicles and subcutaneous glands. Symptoms are quite obvious, and it is difficult not to notice them. In more detail about the manifestations and methods of prevention of demodicosis in dogs we will discuss later in the article.
Causes of demodicosis
Ticks live on each dog's coat, but they do not lead to the appearance of diseases. This is due to the fact that the animal's immune system is able to overcome parasites. Every healthy dog produces antibodies in the blood that hinder the development of red scabies. But due to various factors, the body can weaken greatly, and as a result, demodecosis will begin. Most often this happens in autumn or spring, when the animal's body is in dire need of vitamins. Some dog breeds are particularly prone to the occurrence of this disease. Among them are German Shepherd, Pug, Shar Pei, Terrier, Bulldog, Bull Terrier. These are the main causes of demodicosis in dogs.
Ways of infection
Demodecosis does not belong to infectious diseases and cannot be transmitted from one animal to another. The only thing worth paying attention to is that newborn puppies can become infected from the mother by eating her milk. This disease is also safe for humans, since it cannot be transmitted from animals. Now it becomes clear whether demodicosis is contagious in dogs.
The factors that can provoke the appearance of demodicosis can be safely attributed to the following:
- The presence of malignant tumors.
- Conducting a course of treatment that involves the use of hormonal drugs that can greatly reduce the immune system.
- Heredity (there may be a congenital absence of antibodies against red scabies).
- Disorders in the endocrine system.
- Obesity dogs often leads to such a result.
- Dogs that take anti-lymphocyte sera may develop demodecosis.
- Non-compliance with the rules of hygiene, as well as too frequent water procedures can lead to the appearance of such a disease.
- Often, demodicosis occurs in dogs that are already in old age.
- There are a number of diseases that greatly reduce the dog's immunity.
- A dog that eats too little decreases immunity and there is a risk of infection.
- And the last factor is too long therapy with the use of antibacterial drugs.
Ticks are especially comfortable in rooms with high humidity, as well as on the wet skin of an animal.
Manifestation of the disease begins with the time when the parasites begin to multiply actively. Depending on the symptoms, there are several forms of the disease:
- Juvenile (manifested mainly in puppies).
Further more in detail about each stage of demodicosis in dogs and its symptoms.
First of all, the localized form manifests itself in the form of bald areas of the dog's body. They can appear anywhere, but are most often visible on the head, paws, abdomen and chest. The skin in these places is strongly modified, it becomes more coarse, even thickened, may be covered with scales, and in more advanced forms - ulcers. Over time, these areas appear strong redness and folds. Vaccinations and stresses have some effect on these symptoms. They can aggravate them, and they can make them disappear altogether. This is the stage when it is worth seriously to do your pet, because there is a real chance to completely heal the dog. If you do not start treatment of demodicosis in a dog now, then the localized form turns into a generalized one.
There are already more serious symptoms that simply cannot be ignored:
- The affected places are very concerned about the dog because of the itch, it constantly combing out these areas.
- The number of bald areas gradually increases.
- The skin of the animal begins to smell unpleasant.
- The first signs that the internal organs are affected are also manifested. The dog loses its strength, it is disturbed by convulsions, muscles tremble in it, vomiting appears, and foam can even be released from the mouth.
- Significantly violated coordination of movements.
The generalized form is curable, but it will take quite a lot of time and effort. An important role here is played by the age of the dog, since the older the dog, the more difficult it will be to cure it. If the treatment is not taken on time or not doing it at all, the animal will simply die from intoxication and exhaustion.
As mentioned earlier, the symptoms of demodicosis in dogs of the juvenile form almost always occur in puppies that have not yet turned one year old. This form of the disease is classified as hereditary. In puppies, the skin around the eyes falls out and is covered with scales. They are immediately excluded from the breeding program, and also sterilized on a mandatory basis in order to prevent the development of the disease in their children. Every second puppy is cured independently. The disease passes when the baby starts to grow up. If the puppy has a weak immunity, then juvenile demodicosis will develop into a generalized one.
They are no less dangerous than the disease itself, and can manifest themselves even after complete recovery. Especially common complications after a generalized form. This disease can affect your pet's stomach, gallbladder, intestines, and endocrine system. Such forms of the disease quite often lead to the death of a pet, so it is better to prevent the disease from developing into a generalized one.
Diagnosis of demodicosis
It will not be difficult for a veterinarian to diagnose demodicosis, since it appears on the skin's surface, and an analysis of complaints is carried out, the heredity of the dog is studied. Additional analyzes also include scraping for demodicosis in dogs, which is taken from the surface of the animal's skin.
This analysis is very simple. The animal's skin is very squeezed and scraped so that a few drops of blood come out. Earlier it was said that ticks live on the body of a healthy dog, but a parasite's eggs can be found in the patient under the skin, as well as individuals that have not yet reached maturity. This is a clear sign that an active parasite breeding process is underway. It is possible that only one tick will be detected in the analysis. In this case, scraping will be repeated, but on another part of the body.
In dogs such as Shar Pei, scraping is quite problematic due to the many folds on the skin, but the treatment of demodicosis in dogs of this breed cannot be postponed. A biopsy is performed for them.
How to distinguish demodicosis from another disease
Sometimes it happens that demodicosis is confused with other diseases. As a result, the wrong therapy is carried out, time is wasted, which would be worth spending on the right treatment. Diseases that are confused with demodicosis:
- Ear Scabs During this disease, the skin of the animal is also affected, but a completely different group of ticks "works" here. And the affected areas cover only the ears of the animal, and not the whole body, as in demodecosis.
- Sarcoptosis Another disease that causes ticks, but with it is an incredibly intense itching that does not give the dog a rest. Sarkoptoznye ticks lodge directly under the epidermis, and demodectic ticks - in the follicles.
- Notoendrosis. It is also among the parasitic diseases, but mainly the head area is affected here.
- Ringworm. This disease already belongs to the fungal. With him, the dog also begins to lose wool, but in the bald areas it can be seen that the hairs seem to have cut off very shortly. And also the affected places swell noticeably.
- Allergy. Quite often, allergies are accompanied by severe itching. But with allergic reactions hair loss is not observed.
- There are some infectious diseases that are accompanied by hair loss. But they are also characterized by fever and many other signs of infection.
Treatment of the disease
The veterinarian determines the method of treatment based on the form of the disease and the extent of skin lesions. The first thing is assigned the right care and compliance with all necessary rules of hygiene. The owner should pay special attention to the level of humidity in the room. Any remedy should be taken only on prescription. Usually treatment is carried out in several stages:
- The first step is to destroy the parasite.
- Next, you should improve the condition of the skin of the animal.
- At the third stage, the body is detoxified.
- Then you need to strengthen the immune system so that there is no re-infection.
- Symptomatic treatment is last carried out.
It is not necessary to self-medicate, since only a doctor can prescribe drugs for demodicosis in dogs and the required dosage based on the weight, age and general condition of the animal.
The veterinarian is required to prescribe drugs in the form of tablets, and can also prescribe antiparasitic injections. Most often it is "Ivermectin" in injections or "Aversect". It is these drugs that can cause massive death of parasites. In addition, local funds are also assigned. It can be special drops for withers "Lawyer", "Bars Spot-on", as well as the solution used for washing the affected areas - "Miramistin". It is useful to apply ointments such as "Vetabiol", ichthyol ointment or sulfuric. All these tools are intended for external use.
In the early stages, you can try special shampoos: "Doctor", "Phytoelite". But they can be effective only in a localized form, and then their use simply does not make sense and is considered a waste of money.
Pustules may occur in the affected areas. In such cases, sulfonamides and antibiotics are prescribed. You should not use glucocorticosteroids, because they greatly reduce the immunity of the animal, which is contraindicated in demodecosis.
In particularly difficult cases, radiotherapy is prescribed. The animal is exposed to radiation for ten or fifteen minutes, and then it is scraped with ticks. If, according to the results of the analysis, the presence of parasites is confirmed, then the procedure is repeated once more.
For the purposes of prophylaxis, you can use Artemon ticks collars. But remember that the collar can be worn only on a healthy animal, so that no invasion occurs. Already infected dog he does not help.
More than once it was mentioned that the disease of demodicosis in dogs occurs in animals with weakened immunity. Therefore, it must be strengthened. Veterinarians prescribe special vitamins that assist the animal in the fight against invasion.
Most often used such vitamin preparations:
It is known that all antiparasitic drugs are toxic, and this means that the animal's stomach is in dire need of protection. Therefore, the owner will have to spend money on probiotics, enzymes, hepatoprotectors.
Widely applicable and traditional methods of treatment, which prove to be effective, however, only in conjunction with medical treatment. And you can use any of the folk remedies only after consulting with your veterinarian.
In addition to all this, a dog with demodicosis needs a diet. If the pet eats ready-made feeds, then there should be no allergic substances in them, and the presence of dyes and flavor enhancers is completely excluded. Any food must be fresh and of high quality. The use of cheap food is not allowed. If the dog eats natural food, then any fatty foods should be excluded. During this period, it is especially useful for a pet to eat boiled meat, cereals and vegetables, eggs, various dairy products.
Demodecosis is a complex disease that is not so easy to cure, so it is better to do everything to prevent its occurrence. There are a few simple rules that will help keep your pet healthy:
- Be sure to follow all the rules of hygiene for the animal.
- Pet must be provided with proper nutrition.
- You must purchase a special anti-parasitic zoohampoo with birch tar and periodically use it while swimming.
Modern medicine allows you to make a vaccine against demodicosis, to forget about this disease forever. Her name is "Immunoparasitan". This drug is equally well tolerated when administered to puppies and adult animals. But to vaccinate a dog that is already sick with demodicosis is not worth it, because it can lead to increased symptoms.
What is demodicosis and who is the causative agent of the disease
Demodecosis in dogs is a parasitic disease caused by a special form of the itch mite Demodex Canis, which lives exclusively on dogs.
Demodecosis can affect both animals and people. But the probability of transmitting the disease to man from the dog and vice versa is excluded. The fact is that the causative agent of the disease in humans is one type of parasite (Demodex folliculorum), and in dogs another.
Demodex Canis is a small tick that can only be seen under a microscope. Adults reach only 0.4 mm in length. Translucent elongated body, short legs and very powerful (if I may say so) for such a microscopic parasite jaw apparatus.
The tick settles in the hair follicles of the animal or in the sebaceous and sweat glands located near the hair shaft. There are the best conditions for him. Thanks to the scales, located on the body, it is perfectly fixed in its "den". Leaving the contents of the hair follicle, an adult tick moves to the next source of “food”, gnawing its way and eating away the epithelial cells, delivering a lot of unpleasant sensations to its “owner”.
Hence, the animal and the characteristic signs of the disease: persistent itching and hair loss. The gnawed “tunnel” is filled with extracellular fluid, which is excellent for the appearance of bacteria. That is why the disease of demodicosis is often additionally accompanied by bacterial infections.
In their habitats, adults lay eggs, and within a month mature ticks grow from them. In one hair follicle at the same time there may be a whole colony of parasites - up to 5 thousand ticks of different degrees of development. Adults feed on the contents of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. And the larvae eat the dead cells.
When the parasite becomes very much, in search of "food" they make their way deeper and deeper. If treatment is not started in time, tick colonies penetrate the liver, kidneys, lymph nodes and other internal organs of the dog.
It is with such complex forms of demodicosis that the animal is either no longer amenable to treatment, or after a long and severe therapy, the rest of its life suffers from the consequences of this terrible disease.
What contributes to the manifestation of demodicosis
As a result of veterinary research, it was found that Demodex Canis is part of the usual skin fauna of four-legged animals. Therefore, when taking a skin scraping, it is often found in completely healthy animals.
A tick can live on a dog's skin for the rest of its life, without causing illness and not delivering any inconvenience to its “wearer”. But, as a result of some external or immune changes, the parasite can wake up from hibernation. Its number increases dramatically, which leads to a condition called demodicosis.
The following factors may contribute to the manifestation of demodicosis as a disease:
- Age. Usually, the disease affects young dogs up to one year old and older pets older than 10 years. The reason for this is still immature immunity in young or weakened by age, the immunity of old dogs.
- Heredity. Often the disease can be transmitted to puppies by inheritance from the mother.
- Seasonality. Most often, demodicosis occurs in dogs from April to September. This is due to warm weather, favorable for the growth of Demodex Canis. During this period, the parasite's development cycle is halved. Instead of 3-4 weeks, the tick turns into an adult in 2 weeks. In the warm summer period, the female has time to lay thousands of eggs, which complicates the treatment of the disease.
- Stress. Constant stress caused by one or other reasons, primarily has a negative impact on the psychological state of the animal and its health. Under the blow are all the internal systems of the body: the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular and endocrine systems. A weakened body can no longer resist the effects of external factors. Вследствие чего, малейшие соприкосновение с инфекцией или вирусом тут же приводят к развитию тяжёлого заболевания.
- Неправильное питание. With improper feeding in dogs, the gastrointestinal tract and liver are impaired. This leads to the development of skin diseases such as psoriasis, dermatosis, and so on. Alopecia (hair loss) appears on the skin, on which fungi and ticks are easily “settled”. In addition, malnutrition leads to a malfunction of the internal organs, which helps to weaken the body and reduce immunity.
- Weak immunity. This is the main reason for the development of demodicosis. And, one might say, the collective factor. All the above-mentioned reasons contribute to the weakening of immunity: maintenance, improper feeding, stress, tumors, prolonged exposure to drugs, worms, lack of proper care, contact with sick animals and much more.
- Lack of proper care. The probability of infection with demodicosis is high in the absence of normal animal care: non-observance of the rules of hygiene, poor nutritional deficiencies, untimely deworming and vaccination, self-chasing and chatting with stray dogs.
- Contact with sick animals. If the pet's immunity is weakened, then any contact with a sick animal is likely to lead to infection.
Scaly (focal) form of demodicosis
Focal form is considered the easiest. The animal begins to itch. On the skin around the eyes, nose, ears and in the neck appear redness and rounded hairless skin covered with small scaly scaly keratinized epidermis.
The skin in these places is reddened and rough, sometimes with cracks and small nodules. The hairs on the edges of such areas are sparse and very brittle.
At this stage there are not so many foci: from three to five. Bald areas of skin are usually located on the head, paws, or chest.
Focal stage lasts 1-2 weeks. Next comes the pustular stage of the disease.
Pustular demodicosis can develop as a complication of scaly form, or independently. Dense nodules on the affected areas are transformed into pustules of red-brown and sometimes black.
At 4-5 weeks from the onset of the disease, the abscesses burst, and pus is released from them, often with blood impurities. In a laboratory study in such secretions, you can find whole colonies of Demodex Canis at different stages of their development.
An unpleasant odor emanates from the affected lesions. When the pustular mucus begins to dry out, a scab (a crust formed by blood, pus and dead pieces of the epidermis) forms on the surface of the wound.
In the absence of proper treatment, the disease turns into the most difficult - the generalized form.
Generalized demodicosis in dogs is the most difficult stage in the development of the disease. It is characterized by the same symptoms as in the first two cases. But the lesions of the skin become more extensive. If on the body of the animal appears 5 or more bald foci, experts will diagnose it is a generalized form of demodicosis.
The boundaries of the affected lesions are constantly increasing and "spreading." The dog becomes like a sick dinosaur with inflamed areas of skin covered with a scab. From the four-legged comes a heavy fetid odor. Without proper treatment, after 2-3 months, the animal becomes completely bald.
“Eating” the skin, Demodex Canis gradually moves on and affects the internal organs. Pet refuses to eat. Vomiting, convulsions, general weakness and impaired coordination appear. There comes exhaustion and the animal dies.
There is a kind of generalized form - this is generalized juvenile (children's) demodicosis. This form of the disease is considered hereditary and is transmitted from the mother to puppies through a special autosomal recessive gene. Most often suffer puppies up to a year. To treat this form of the disease is very difficult and long. After convalescence, such pets are sterilized.
Regarding the complete recovery from demodicosis, there are two opinions of veterinary specialists. Some believe that a complete cure is impossible: if there is a tendency to the disease, then sooner or later it will flare up again. Others are optimistic and say: if you choose the right drugs and strictly follow all the recommendations of the veterinarian, you can completely get rid of the disease.
In any case, the animal is considered to be completely healthy, if eight months after the treatment, the disease did not flare up again.
Demodecosis in dogs is a serious disease that is difficult to treat. The choice of treatment method depends entirely on the degree of damage to the animal. Therefore, it is very important to find a competent veterinarian who will prescribe therapeutic manipulations based on the state of a particular animal.
The fight against Demodex Canis is carried out comprehensively and includes several types of drugs of different directions. Therapy is complicated by the fact that some drugs penetrate only into the living cells of the body and act only on adults, which live exclusively in living tissues. The action of other drugs is aimed at the destruction of the larvae that live in the upper layers of the epidermis and feed on dead cells.
In addition to drugs aimed at the destruction of Demodex Canis, the doctor prescribes medications to restore immunity, remove toxins and restore the affected skin.
If the disease is accompanied by fungal infections, antibiotics are prescribed in addition to the main drugs.
Medicines to kill Demodex Canis
- Aversect K & C - 0.2% or 0.5% solution for injection.
For large and medium dogs, it is used in a proportion of 0.4 ml of a 0.5% solution for every 10 kg of weight.
For dogs weighing less than 10 kg, it is used in a proportion of 0.1 ml of a 0.2% solution per kg of body weight.
Injections are administered 1 time in 6 days and until complete cure. The course of treatment is quite long and is prescribed by a veterinarian, based on the condition of the sick animal.
Once in 3-4 weeks it is necessary to carry out scrapings. This drug is used until 3 negative scrapings are obtained.
- Ivermectin is produced in the form of a solution for injection, tablets or cream.
Ivermectin for injection is a 1% solution that causes paralysis, and then the death of ticks and larvae. The therapeutic effect comes very quickly. Introduced once intramuscularly.
Dosage: 0.1 ml for every 5 kg of four-legged weight. When running demodicosis, repeat the injection in 7-10 days.
Ivermek is contraindicated for weak animals, puppies up to 6 months, pregnant and lactating females. With care assigned to the breed dogs: sheltie, collie and bobtail due to the breed intolerance of the drug.
- Ivermectin is available in 3 mg packaging. For the treatment of adult dogs used 200mkg per 1 kg of animal weight. Puppies give this drug is not recommended. Duration and admission scheme is appointed by the veterinarian.
- Milbemycin is a French helminth drug, which is also used to kill demodectic ticks. Assigned according to the instructions.
- Bravecto. Chewing insectoacaricidal drug for the treatment and prevention of infection of the animal with ticks, fleas and other parasites. Kills all the "evil" within 12 hours after ingestion.
The main active ingredient is fluralaner (isoxazoline insecticide and acaricide of complex action). The tablets are made in 5 different dosages, depending on the content of fluralaner in them. Assigned at a dosage of 25-65 mg of active ingredient per 1 kg of dog weight.
The pill is given before the meal in general. In no case can bravecto be divided into parts, since one half of the tablet contains fluralaner and the other contains auxiliary substances.
If the dosage is not suitable, it is better to take two tablets with different content of the active ingredient.
Contraindications to the use of individual intolerance. Also, the drug should not be given to puppies younger than 8 weeks and pets weighing less than 2 kg.
- Sulfuric ointment - a means for external use. It has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action. Excellent destroys not only the parasites, but also the larvae. It is applied both on the affected areas and on the area around them. It is applied 1-2 times a day.
- Aversectic ointment is an insectoacaricidal agent that destroys both the larvae and the adult mite that live on the surface of the skin.
With focal demodicosis, ointment is applied to the wound 3 times a day. Then 5-7 days interval, and then the procedure is repeated again.
In case of a pustular and generalized form, the ointment is applied 7 times in knocks with an interval of 7 days. And so on until complete recovery of the pet.
Should not be used for weakened animals, pregnant and lactating bitches, puppies younger than 2 months.
- Ichthyol ointment has an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect. It is applied on the wounds every 8-10 hours. A gauze bandage is applied over the applied ointment layer.
- Ointment Vetabiol has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect. Apply to the affected area 2-3 times a day. The duration of treatment for demodicosis is 14 days.
Solutions for treating affected skin
- Solution Bars Spot-it contains praziquantel, ivermectin and other excipients. Recommended for dogs older than 2 months for the prevention and treatment of nematosis, otodekozov and demodicosis.
According to the instructions, the dosage of the drug is measured in pipettes, applied to withers and spine in 3-4 places. The number of pipettes depends on the weight of the animal: from 2 to 5 kg - 1 pipette, from 5 to 10 kg - 2 pipettes, from 10 to 20 kg - 3 pipettes and so on.
For the treatment of demodicosis, the drug is used at a 14-day interval to obtain 2 negative scrapings.
- Chlorhexidine is a versatile solution of a wide range of applications. It has antiseptic properties and is used to wash the affected areas before applying medicinal ointments.
Many owners of four-legged doubt the need for shampoos. However, under the influence of shampoo, the remnants of the dead epidermis are removed from the affected areas, which allows for more effective treatment with antiparasitic ointments.
For the integrated treatment of demodicosis, veterinarians recommend:
- "Doctor" - benzoyl peroxide based antipruritic shampoo. It stops the growth of harmful microbes and contributes to the reduction of inflammatory processes.
- Shampoo "Phytoelite" with insecticidal action. Relieves inflammation and itching, protects the four-legged from parasites.
Multiplying in the body of a quadruped, the parasite poisons all the internal organs with toxins. In addition, antiparasitic drugs make a strong load on a weakened body. The kidneys and liver are most affected.
To maintain the functions of these organs, drugs such as Karsil, Hepatovit, Phytoelitis Healthy Kidneys, Essentiale Forte are prescribed.
First of all, it is necessary to analyze what your dog eats, whether it receives the whole set of necessary substances. You may have to completely adjust the entire diet, the conditions of the four-legged and the mode of the day.
To restore the intestinal microflora recommend the use of probiotics.
To maintain the protective functions of the body prescribed: Immunofan, Hemobalance, Fosprenil.
For removing toxins and restoring liver function, the drug Midivet is recommended. It is produced from mussel mollusc meat and contains fatty acids and amino acids that help to normalize the metabolism and increase the body’s natural resistance to negative factors (parasites, infections, etc.).
Treatment of demodicosis is a very expensive and long-term event. In no case can not ignore the prescribed scheme or skip therapeutic procedures. The slightest violation will lead to the fact that all previously performed manipulations go down the drain, and the number of ticks will increase again.
In addition, competent care and a balanced diet will help to quickly cope with this serious illness.
Food with demodicosis
Comprehensive treatment of the disease is a sure sign of the speedy recovery of immunity and recovery of a pet. Therefore, you should definitely pay close attention to such an important factor as proper feeding.
In order not to encounter such diseases in the future, the diet of the four-legged must be complete not only for the duration of the treatment, but also for the rest of their lives.
Food should be fresh, without adding chemicals. In the diet of the dog must be at least 60-70% protein (meat, fish, eggs, poultry, dairy products), about 20-30% of various fresh vegetables, fruits and berries. Depending on the chosen food system, it is allowed to add some boiled cereals to the diet.
You must properly feed the dog so that the pet's body gets all the necessary minerals along with the food.
Do not make food salty and too fat. You have to know which products are strictly contraindicated for a quadruped.
If you feed your dog dry food, make sure that it is a quality food that is 100% suitable for your pet.
You may have to drastically revise the diet. After all, what is currently eating your dog may be contraindicated to it, as a result of which problems with immunity appear.
By the way, it was the same in our case. If someone does not know, then in childhood we tried to feed our Jack dry food. It seems that the food was the most superfood premium, but Dzhekusik categorically refused to eat it. That only we have not tried. While they were conducting these “experiments” on the selection of food, the immunity of our little tail strongly undermined. Against this background, and got what they got - demodicosis. In general, they were treated long and painfully. Shed many tears and snot. And the solution to all problems was the transition to natural feeding ... Immediately and the immune system was restored, and the sores began to heal ...
Here the opinions of experts diverge. Some believe that vitamins with demodicosis create favorable conditions for the reproduction of ticks. Others unequivocally argue that vitamins strengthen the immune system and strengthen the body's ability to resist parasites. I believe that everything is individual. Yes, and such a wonderful supplement, like fish oil, is more likely to bring more benefits than harm.
In any case, before giving any animal a drug, you must make sure that the pet is not allergic to it.
Of course, it is impossible to protect your beloved pet from all misfortunes. But to reduce the risk of certain diseases, including demodicosis, in your power. To do this, observe the following preventive measures:
- Do not allow your pet to contact sick and stray dogs.
- Provide four-legged nutrition.
- Follow the rules of hygiene. Keep the skin and coat of the tail clean and dry. Timely washing and combing, if not prevented, will help identify the disease in the early stages. After washing, carefully wipe the wool so that it is not wet.
- Before the intended viscous, conduct a comprehensive survey of both four-legged parents.
- Clean the bed and toys regularly.
- The room where the pet is kept must be dry, without high humidity. Dampness and drafts contribute to diseases and reduced immunity, as a result - the emergence of demodicosis.
- Keep track of the general health of your furry pet.
- Perform timely deworming and prophylactic vaccination. One of the prophylactic agents that prevent infection with demodicosis is the antiparasitic Immunoparasitan vaccine. She is introduced to the dog every half year - 2 times, with an interval of 14 days.
With a focal form, the timely detection of demodicosis in 95% of cases guarantees a complete cure for this disease. But with a generalized, the outcome completely depends on the speed of spread of ticks, on how strongly the internal organs are affected and on the degree of resistance of the organism to the ailment. In advanced cases, the outcome is rather sad.
In any case, everything is in your hands. Compliance with all preventive measures and timely access to a specialist significantly reduces the likelihood of demodicosis in dogs.
Causes of disease
The immune system is able to keep a certain amount of ticks on the skin in the normal state, so the disease does not develop in healthy animals and people. But in the case of impaired immunity, the body's ability to control the number of parasites is lost, therefore, demodecosis begins to develop.
The disease itself is not infectious and is not transmitted from dog to dog or to person.. Ticks are transmitted at birth from mother to puppies and live on the surface of the skin and hair follicles. The disease depends on immunity and, as soon as it weakens, there is an impetus to its development.
К основным причинам развития демодекоза, кроме снижения иммунитета также относят:
- oncological diseases,
- гормональные нарушения,
- применение препаратов, снижающих иммунитет (стероиды, гормоны, химиотерапия).
Демодекоз, вызванный отдельным заболеванием, обычно наблюдается у взрослых собак. У щенков до года обычно встречается ювенильный демодекоз. The reason for this is the heredity of the immune system when the body loses the ability to control the number of ticks.
Most often, dogs suffer from this disease in the winter-spring period., which is explained by a decrease in the overall resistance of the animal.
The disease usually occurs in a dog up to a year and does not depend on its gender and breed. Physically, they are generally healthy and sick due to a temporary illness or a serious stressful situation.
The first signs of a localized form: sparse hair around the mouth, eyelids and on the front paws. The prognosis for complete recovery is favorable. Practically all the sick - 90% of the dogs - will recover, and in the rest of the cases the localized form will become generalized.
Generalized form - the continuation of the untreated localized. The younger the animal, the higher its chances of a quick recovery.
Most animals recover on their own due to their own body defenses.. Recovery usually occurs between the ages of 8 months and 3 years of an animal, depending on the breed of dog.
The prognosis for recovery in adult dogs is less optimistic. Usually, the cause of the disease in older age is a consequence of another disease or immunosuppressive therapy. The provoking factors include: oncology, endocrine diseases, treatment with steroids, metabolic disorders. The prognosis in this case depends on the underlying disease.
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The disease occurs in puppies up to 1 year and is transmitted by hereditary means. Such dogs are usually sterilized. If the immunity is weak, it will be very difficult to get rid of the disease. In the opposite case, the dogs themselves are cured of the disease.
The main symptom of the disease - education in the form of "glasses" around the eyes or in the limbs. Dogs such skin lesions do not cause suffering, more worried about their owners. In some cases, juvenile demodicosis turns into other forms of the disease.
Photo of symptoms (Do not look impressionable)
Photo of symptoms (Do not look impressionable)
Demodecosis of paws
Symptoms of demodicosis in dogs
The first signs of the disease occur when ticks begin to multiply massively. In this case, the symptoms may differ, depending on the clinical form of demodicosis.
Symptoms of the disease are divided into localized (focal), generalized and asymptomatic forms.
- Localized demodicosis in dogs is characterized by the appearance of zones of baldness on certain areas of the body (usually on the head and limbs). The skin on these areas thicken, shrink, become grayish or reddish-red, covered with small scaly elements. Pustules may appear - light pink nodular rash, which eventually darken and degenerate into ulcers. Pustules filled with pus, burst, resulting in their secreted content, which dries up, taking the form of gray-brown scabs. Damaged integuments grow coarse and red, folds appear on them. In severe cases, general intoxication and exhaustion develops, as a result of which the animal may die.
- Generalized demodicosis in dogs occurs with extensive lesions of the skin, with the involvement of almost all parts of the body of the animal. The disease penetrates into the deep layers of tissues, and internal organs are also affected. Signs of general intoxication come to the fore:
- muscle tremor and convulsions,
- vomiting reflex,
- nausea (salivation),
- the appearance of foam from the mouth,
- coordination disorders.
If in the near future not to help the dog, the disease can be fatal.
- Asymptomatic demodicosis occurs without visible changes on the skin, but with a thorough examination you can find Demodex ticks.
Treatment of demodicosis in dogs
The treatment regimen for demodicosis in dogs is prescribed depending on the extent of the damage to the animal. With a localized course, spontaneous healing is possible, and with a generalized course, such an outcome is impossible.
First of all, attention is paid to the competent care, hygiene and living conditions of the animal. A sick dog must be kept in a warm and dry room, with proper nutrition, which we will discuss later. If the general state of health is unsatisfactory, then it will be quite difficult to cure demodicosis.
Antibiotics and other pills for demodicosis for dogs are prescribed only by a veterinarian. Such drugs must act in several ways:
- tick parasite destruction,
- restoration of the skin,
- strengthening the animal’s own immune defense,
- acceleration of elimination of toxic substances from the bloodstream,
- elimination of unpleasant symptoms.
- Tablets for demodicosis for dogs:
- Ivermectin is a known antiparasitic agent, is available in tablets of 3 mg, is used for oral administration in an amount of 200 μg / kg of animal weight. The duration of admission - 1 week.
- Milbemycin is an anthelmintic drug that is also used to get rid of Demodex mite. Assigned as follows:
- dogs weighing up to 1 kg - half a pill "for puppies",
- dogs weighing up to 5 kg - the whole tablet "for puppies"
- dogs weighing up to 25 kg - the whole tablet "for adults",
- dogs up to 50 kg - two tablets "for adults",
- dogs up to 70 kg - three pills "for adults".
Do not use Milbemycin to treat puppies under 14 days old and weighing less than 500 g, as well as in pregnant and weak animals.
- Bravekto - insektoakaritsidny preparation. Appointed before meals at the rate of 25-56 mg / kg body weight of the dog. A pill is given in its entirety without crushing or breaking. It is permissible to take this veterinary drug for pregnant and lactating animals.
Also used penicillin therapy or sulfa drugs for the treatment and prevention of purulent infections.
- Solutions and drops for dogs from demodicosis:
- Bars Spot-on is a veterinary agent for outdoor use, it is prescribed for the treatment and prevention of nematodoses and demodicosis. Contains Praziquantel and Ivermectin. The solution is applied to the withers, after exposing the skin. The tool can also be used in puppies older than 2 months, from 1 to 5 pipettes, depending on the weight of the animal.
- Chlorhexidine (Miramistin) is an antiseptic external solution, which is used twice a day for washes. Duration of use of the drug - no more than 5 weeks. The drug is well disinfects and disinfects the skin, promoting rapid healing. Used without serious limitations.
- Injections for demodicosis in dogs:
- Aversect is used in the form of a 0.5% solution for animals weighing more than 10 kg, based on a ratio of 0.4 ml per 10 kg. For animals with lower weight, the dosage is calculated according to the 0.1 ml per kg scheme. Aversect is administered once every 6 days, p / c or / m. The course of treatment is long.
- Ivermectim - 1% solution, causing paralysis and death of ticks. It is injected subcutaneously, once, at the rate of 0.2-0.4 ml dosage per 10 kg of weight. Do not apply Ivermectim in weak animals, puppies up to 6 months, 14 days before and 14 days after birth.
- Ointment from demodicosis for dogs:
- Sulfuric ointment - has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and antiparasitic action. The ointment is applied under dressings, or in the form of applications once every two days.
- Vetabiol is a natural outdoor product derived from coniferous wood. The ointment is applied to the areas affected by demodicosis, every day up to 3 times a day. Covering the application area is not recommended. The duration of treatment is up to 14 days.
- Ichthyol ointment is a local remedy, which is applied under the dressing every 8-10 hours.
- Other remedies for demodicosis:
- Shampoo "Doctor" (Convet company) - keratolytic, antipruritic and deodorizing drug, inhibits the growth of pathogens and inhibits the development of the inflammatory reaction. Contains benzoyl peroxide. The shampoo is applied to the affected areas, washed and re-applied. After 10 minutes, finally wash off with clean water. The tool can be used 2-4 times a week.
- "Phytoelite" shampoo for dogs is a natural remedy with insecticidal action. It protects animals from various parasites, eliminates itching and inflammatory reactions. The product is applied to a pre-moistened skin in a dosage of ½- 1 ml per 1 kg of dog's weight, avoiding contact with the mouth and eyes. Wash off after 4-5 minutes, the wool is dried. In addition, shampoo "Fitoelita" can be treated with animal litter or blankets.
Treatment with hormonal (in particular, corticosteroid) drugs is contraindicated, since such drugs contribute to the aggravation of demodicosis and accelerate its transformation into a purulent form.
Counsel is a veterinary medicinal product from demodicosis in the form of an external solution, intended for the treatment and prevention of nematodoses, entomoses, sarcoptoidosis (including sarcoptosis and otodectosis) and subcutaneous tick in dogs.
A lawyer is prescribed for the treatment and prevention of the disease, otodecosis, sarcoptosis, entomoses, intestinal nematodoses (toxocarosis, toxascaris, uncinriosis, hookworm), as well as for the prevention of dirofilariasis.
The drug is used by drip ("spot-on") application to dry, intact skin. Before using, remove the protective cap from the pipette and, having placed it vertically, pierce the protective membrane of the tip of the pipette (putting the cap on the back side), then remove the cap again. The preparation, spreading the fur, is applied to the animal in places inaccessible for licking directly on the skin between the shoulder blades at the base of the neck. When processing large animals, the contents of the pipettes are applied to the skin in 3 to 4 places. The minimum therapeutic dose for dogs is 0.1 ml / kg animal weight (10 mg / kg imidacloprid and 2.5 mg / kg moxidectin).
Ivermek with demodicosis has a pronounced acaricidal effect on the larvae and mature specimens of sarcoptoid and demodectic mites. The drug ivermectin enhances the production of inhibition neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid, which leads to disruption of the transmission of impulses from nerve cells to muscle, paralysis and death of the parasite. Panthenol has a wound healing effect, and lidocaine has a local anesthetic effect with a pronounced antipruritic effect. Ivermectin is practically not absorbed through the skin and has an acaricidal effect on it, in the hair follicles and sebaceous glands for 5 to 7 days. By the degree of impact on the body, ivermek gel belongs to low-hazard substances. In recommended doses, it does not have a local irritant, resorptive-toxic, embryotoxic, teratogenic and mutagenic action. The drug is toxic to fish and bees.
In case of subcutaneous tick, sarcoptosis and notoedrosis, the preparation is applied in a thin layer on the affected areas previously cleared of scabs and crusts at a rate of 0.2–0.3 ml per kg of animal weight, slightly rubbing from the periphery to the center with a seizure of 1–2 cm of healthy borderline skin. To prevent drug licking, animals muzzle (or close their jaws with a loop of tape), which is removed 15 to 20 minutes after application of the drug. The treatment is carried out 2-4 times with an interval of 5-7 days before the animal's clinical recovery, which is confirmed by two negative results of acarological research. Animals with extensive lesions are treated in two doses at intervals of one day, applying the drug to the affected areas, first with one and then the other half of the body. This is the treatment of demodicosis.
Aversectin from demodicosis is a broad-spectrum antiparasitic drug for intradermal injections, which in appearance is a clear yellow solution, contains 20% aversectin C and a solvent.
For the prevention and treatment of hypodermatosis, the drug is administered at a dose of 0.1 ml per 400 kg body weight of the animal, with other parasitosis at the rate of 0.1 ml of the drug per 100 kg body weight (which corresponds to 0.2 mg / kg in DV). A tubercle (pea) with a diameter of about 8 mm is formed at the injection site of the drug, which indicates the correctness of the drug administration. At the time of administration of the drug in order to avoid injury, do not move the nozzle relative to the injection site.
Usually does not cause side effects. Under no circumstances should a drug be taken in case of hypersensitivity to the main components of the drug. This is a serious tool that requires special consultation before use. The therapeutic effect of treating demodicosis in this way is achieved in a short time.
Vitamins with demodicosis in dogs
The feasibility of using vitamins in dogs with demodicosis is controversial: some experts prescribe vitamin preparations for all animals, without exception, and others are totally against it, considering that such means favor the development of ticks. Meanwhile, vitamins uniquely help strengthen the dog's immunity, which increases the body's resistance to infection.
Among the most common vitamin preparations prescribed for demodicosis, the following can be distinguished:
- "Vetzim" is a vitamin tablet drug based on brewer's yeast. Contains vitamins of group B and E. "Vetzim" has practically no contraindications and can be used for a long time. Usually prescribed from 2 to 4 tablets per day for a month.
- Midivet is a modern adaptogen containing a large amount of essential amino acids, fatty acids, macro- and microelements. Midivet accelerates the elimination of toxins, inhibits the growth of bacteria and viruses, activates skin regeneration, strengthens the immune defense, improves liver function. The drug is used in 1-4 drops per 1 kg of weight for 10 days. After 1 month, the treatment can be repeated.
Before giving the dog vitamin preparations, be sure to ensure that the animal is not allergic to the components of the selected agent.
Birch tar is considered the most effective folk remedy against demodicosis. It is evenly distributed over the affected skin and left for 3 hours.
In addition, you can prepare a variety of ointments at home:
- a mixture of pure turpentine with linseed oil or animal fat in a ratio of 1: 2,
- 1 part of celandine juice with 4 parts of vaseline,
- powdered sulfur with melted fat (1: 2),
- a mixture of equal parts of baked fat, grated green soap, powdered sulfur and birch tar,
- a mixture of dried chopped celandine herbs with heavy cream,
- a mixture of equal parts of ground bay leaf and animal fat,
- five parts of mustard oil and 1 part of minced garlic,
- one part of ground root devyasila, two parts of birch tar and 4 parts of ghee,
- two parts of melted fat, the same amount of rubbed soap, one part of powdered sulfur and one part of birch tar.
Also, wounds can be washed with infusions of such plants as buckthorn bark, root of elecampane, grass of the root canal, grass of dymyanki.
Dog nutrition for demodicosis
Treatment of the disease caused by Demodex tick should be comprehensive. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account such an important factor as nutrition. The dog should eat fully, natural and fresh food, free of chemicals - flavor enhancers, dyes, etc. It is better if the food consists of meat products (boiled), as well as eggs, dairy products, vegetables, cereals.
Do not make the dog's food fatty, salty, and add vodka to it. It is allowed to add vitamins to the feed, after consulting with a veterinarian.
Some manufacturers produce special dry food for the treatment of skin diseases in dogs. When buying such a product, you must make sure of the following points:
- good feed quality and manufacturer's reputation,
- positive feedback from buyers,
- no chemical ingredients in the product,
- hypoallergenic feed.
If the dog's diet is chosen correctly, then the chances for a successful cure for demodicosis are noticeably increased.
Demodecosis in dogs: causes, symptoms, treatment
Let's see what is so dangerous this disease:
- firstly, the initial stage of the disease proceeds unnoticed, and it is very difficult to prevent it in the early stages, when the disease is still easily controlled,
- secondly, the desired disease develops rapidly, and has very serious consequences.
Unfortunately, dogs of any breed, as well as mongrel, show susceptibility to demodicosis.
However, it is especially easy to get sick and hard to tolerate this disease representatives of the following species of the breed:
- French Bulldog,
- westerly highland white terrier
- dachshund smooth-haired,
- German Shepherd,
Sheepdogs often suffer from demodicosis
Чтобы разобраться в том, можно ли как-то побороть это заболевание без серьезного ущерба для животного, давайте предварительно выясним причины его возникновения.
Причины возникновения демодекоза
In essence, demodicosis is a disease of the skin of the animal, which is not caused by an infection or a virus, but by subcutaneous parasites inside the dog's dermis. The name of these pests is Demodex Canis. It is highly active individuals of this parasite that provoke the development of demodicosis.
A person cannot see parasites with the naked eye even if he tries very hard. These microorganisms, which, it turns out, there are about 140 different species, can only be seen in the eye of the microscope.
For humans, Demodex is not dangerous, but for dogs it brings a lot of hassle.
Note: A person cannot get this tick from his pet. By the way, it works and vice versa: human subcutaneous parasites also cannot migrate into the dermis to their pets.
The appearance of a parasite that causes dogs so much trouble, repelling:
- it has an elongated shape,
- resembles the structure of a worm,
- the oral cavity of individuals is equipped with a number of apparently very sharp teeth.
So how does this creature destroy the skin of our pets? And here is how:
- the adult parasite moves across the dog’s skin directly to the place where the hair’s trunk enters,
- then this microscopic worm begins to expand its path to the sebaceous gland or follicle, simply gnawing the top layer of the skin in the chosen place.
Demodecosis in the running stage
Note: the development of demodicosis, which is obvious to others, and, above all, the owner, does not appear immediately when the Demodex mites begin to become more active.
All external changes occur only when large-sized colonies of these most parasites are formed, forming on:
Approximately 200 ticks can collect on one point of the animal's skin and hair.
The fact is that the Demodexes very quickly and actively reproduce, which, in turn, constantly gives a new influx of sexually mature individuals that grow from the larvae.
Only individuals that have reached maturity can eat up the skin of the dog. In the state of the larvae, this tick eats dead cells, which are formed in large numbers on the surface of the skin of a dog infected with demodicosis.
How does a dog get infected?
There are various versions as to exactly how the tick gets into the skin of our pets.
1. So, the first of them says that the Demodexes initially live in the skin microflora of animals, and are its integral part. However, for them to become active, you need to create a special favorable environment for this.
Skin lesions can develop in a dog not only on the body, but also on the face
Partially this version was justified. A very small percentage of dogs examined has a Demodex, in a passive form, living inside their skin, about 8%.
2. The second opinion regarding the appearance of demodicosis is as follows: some researchers believe that this ailment can be transmitted from the mom-dog to its offspring, that is, it has a hereditary origin.
Demodecosis can be inherited
The official versions as to which ways of infection with demodicosis are relevant in the case of dogs, which today are taken to be true veterinarians, will be the following:
- an animal infected with this ailment may contribute to the occurrence of the same disease in another dog, cat, etc., therefore it is better not to allow contacts of healthy pets with infected ones (a person can still contact them without fear, so if you encounter an animal infected with demodicosis, do not undergo by and help him)
- provided that the animal is a carrier of the tick, to activate the disease really need to create special conditions, namely, dramatically reduce the immunity of the dog, for example, another disease, malnutrition, cold, etc.
No matter which way your pet got infected, how to cure him of his illness plays a big role.
The clinical picture of the disease
The correct course of treatment for demodicosis and effective medicines significantly accelerate the healing process of the dog's skin. All the above elements should be selected individually, as implied by their compliance with one of the three forms of the disease. Which, we consider in the table below.
Table 1. Forms of demodicosis
The focal form of this disease is the easiest and most treatable of all three. Its course manifests itself as follows:
It must be said that the foci of the disease are usually located without any order, most often their number is about three to four affected points.
Provided that your dog does not show increased concern about his illness, you can even cure him at home, however, a mandatory condition is the appointment of a course of medications and the drugs used by the veterinarian.
If treatment is started on time, then at this stage the disease will be cured, as a matter of fact, without starting. However, if you decide to slow down a little, it will quickly develop into a more serious stage.
The second form of this ailment is generalized type demodicosis. Its difference from the focal stage of the disease is as follows:
Not only that at this stage the skin of the dog will be literally plowed by the Demodex mites, so after all these parasites can go even further - into the organs of the animal.
Externally, the disease appears at this stage as follows:
This form of demodicosis implies the need for immediate medical intervention.
Provided that you do not start treating the dog immediately, it is highly likely that it will die quickly, since it is not the animal that suffers from the parasites not only the skin, but also the immune system.
For competent treatment consult a specialist.
How to cure demodicosis in dogs
You'd be surprised, but there are also many versions regarding the prognosis for treatment of demodicosis.
1. So, some veterinarians are sure that this disease, if it occurred in your pet, will have to be treated for the rest of his life. It will develop, heal, not make itself known for a while, and then come back. In this case, the owner has only two tasks:
- to maximally ease the course of the disease, healing it in time,
- apply preventive measures.
Preventive measures to eliminate demodicosis
2. The second approach involves the complete elimination of the disease, provided that the doctor’s recommendations are fully followed.
As for the treatment of demodicosis itself, it can be described as complex. This means that for healing dogs, doctors use not one, but several drugs that differ from each other in the direction of action.
The treatment of serious stages of demodicosis is made directly in the veterinary clinic. The main objectives of the procedures:
- the destruction of the Demodexes,
- restoration of the affected skin,
- strengthen the immune system
- excretion of toxic compounds produced by ticks.
For demodicosis, complex treatment is indicated.
So that the Demodexes never again disturb your dog, it is necessary to use drugs with the following active ingredients:
Note, the first listed substance is absolutely not tolerated by such breeds of dogs as sheltie and collie; only doramectin can be used for them.
To destroy the colonies of ticks sitting on the surface of the epithelium of the dog, it is necessary to regularly lubricate the pet's skin with insecticide-acaricide ointments, for example, aversectin. Provided that an infection has joined the parasites, it is necessary to investigate the causative agents that caused it by analyzing the bacterial culture.
What is the purpose of this analysis: in order to determine to which antibiotic a specific pathogen is resistant for subsequently prescribing the most effective medication.
To "shake up" and treat the dog's immunity, various kinds of medications are used:
- having vegetable origin
- animal origin (for example, placental suspension).
Your dog's liver may also suffer, so give her hepatoprotectors.
But to remove the toxins that excrete ticks that live in the skin of your dog will help drugs from the category of sorbents. To protect the liver, various hepatoprotectors will also give the animal, for example:
To protect the kidneys, droppers are placed on the animal, the solutions of which are composed of:
- glucose and other nutrients.
In order to heal the skin from which the malicious tick has become obsolete, the following remedies are used:
So, it is very convenient and popular today to use various baby powders, such as “Baneocin”, as well as Panthenol ointment.
How to treat demodicosis
First aid in case of illness - lubrication of the affected areas with fish oil and monitoring of the cleanliness of the litter. Nutrition should be enriched with vitamin A (for example, adding grated carrots to the diet).
The animal should be delivered as soon as possible to the veterinary clinic for the provision of medical care.
The treatment regimen for demodicosis depends on the type of the disease.
- When localized Forms need to ensure that it does not develop into a generalized. After examination, the doctor will recommend the owner to redeem the dog with an anti-bacterial shampoo and apply a special lotion on the affected skin. It will also be necessary to take a series of tests (scrapings) periodically to monitor the progress of the disease. Usually they pass 2 times for 2-3 weeks.
- When generalized Forms for the dog will need to be sterilized in order not to further spread the disease by inheritance. Treatment is reduced to the elimination of secondary bacterial infections and the elimination of all ticks on the skin of the animal. Apply external agents (ivermectin, milbemycin), which are added to the water and bathe the dog. Prescribe medications depending on the breed of the animal.
- With odemodekoze the most prescribed use of 20% Amitraz, diluted in a ratio of 1: 9 with mineral oil. Apply the product daily.
Another no less unpleasant parasitic disease of dogs is piroplasmosis. Read about what it is and how dangerous it is.
At the same time, check if your dog has any worms symptoms. Helminthiasis is an unpleasant disease that many dog breeders face.
Drugs for the treatment of the disease
As a local treatment, various drugs are used, consisting of equal parts of oil of solar and carbon tetrachloride, turpentine. An effective remedy is the use subcutaneously or intravenously a 1% solution of trypsini. At the same time, sedimentary sulfur powder is rubbed into the infected areas of the skin.
In the treatment of demodicosis in dogs, 2% CK-9 emulsion, 1% coral emulsion, 2% chlorophos solution, 5% soap emulsion, 1% Sevin emulsion are also used. At the same time, the animal is given inside the chlorophos at the rate of 25 mg per 1 kg of animal weight.
In the case of the purpose of dipping the animal, for the best penetration of the drug, you may have to fix the animal in a stationary position. Bathing with therapeutic agents should be regular..
Side effects may occur as itching, tremors, or other reactions. Best of all, if all the manipulations will be performed in a veterinary clinic under the guidance of a doctor. In addition, it is recommended to conduct a session of treatment with soft X-rays.
At home, prescribe a course of antibacterial agents, which will have to be used for several weeks (4-10) to get rid of a secondary bacterial infection. The dog will also be prescribed pills (milbemycin, ivermectin) to eliminate ticks. Usually the treatment takes at least 3 months..
In dogs of other breeds, side effects occur much less frequently and are not pronounced (dizziness, weakness of hind legs, difficulty in walking, stumbling).
Causes of illness
In any dog, a small amount of microscopic mites is present on the skin, but as long as the animal has good immunity, the parasites are not considered dangerous. Reducing the protective properties of the organism leads to a sharp increase in the number of ticks and the development of the disease.
The disease demodecosis in dogs can be triggered by the following reasons:
- hormonal failure that occurred in the dog’s body
- hereditary factor
- lack of proper dog skin care,
- long antimicrobial treatment,
- poor feeding of the animal, lack of important nutrients in the diet,
- contact with sick relatives.
Important! The demodectic mite loves a wet habitat very much, therefore insects often reproduce when the dog is kept in damp and dirty rooms.
Puppies and older dogs are mostly susceptible to demodecosis, it is in this age group that animals have the weakest immunity. Practically every puppy has a small amount of parasites on the skin, but, as a rule, they become pathogenic only under adverse conditions. Many veterinary experts agree that demodicosis is most often registered in dogs with short hair or completely devoid of coat. In addition, experts distinguish the category of dog breeds that are most susceptible to skin disease:
- German Shepherd Dogs
- Bull Terriers,
- Pit bulls
The peak of the disease activity falls on the autumn and spring periods, when humidity in nature increases, and in animals there is a significant decrease in immunity.
Is it contagious to humans?
A dog suffering from demodicosis causes an unpleasant sight. At the initial stage of the development of the disease, the bald patches and bald patches on the pet’s body are not as noticeable as in the more advanced stages. Over time, the skin of a sick animal becomes covered with wounds, scabs, an unpleasant odor emanates from the dog's body. Most owners do not know whether the disease is transmitted from dog to man, and they are afraid for their health. In fact, a person cannot get demodicosis from a sick animal. Despite the fact that people also suffer from this disease, demodicosis in humans causes a completely different type of microscopic tick, the dog's causative agent of the disease cannot live and reproduce on human skin.
Contagious demodicosis only for other dogs, especially those that have low immunity. However, doctors do not recommend the following categories of citizens to communicate with sick animals:
- small children
- To old people,
- persons suffering from immunodeficiency.
It is important to remember that demodicosis is difficult to treat, it is necessary to heal from it for a long time and very painful, so you should not risk it and put your health at risk.
Diet and maintenance conditions
Diet and the required conditions for demodecosis provided to the dog are also part of the therapy.
- So, until the dog regains strength, it is necessary to reduce the amount of protein products in the diet, as well as food containing large amounts of vitamin B.
- It is highly desirable to be at the time of treatment of the dog in the room, which will be:
- protected from drafts.
The faster you notice signs of demodicosis, the sooner the dog will recover.
High humidity is a very favorable environment for ticks. Any drug treatment may fail if the animal does not move from a damp street booth to a dry place in the house, or at least does not receive a new booth.
Let's sum up
Demodecosis is a serious illness, which, contrary to popular belief, quite often leads to the death of a dog. Urgently contact your veterinarian if you notice that your pet:
- loses wool,
- it is often scratched with a paw or gnaws at the same place with his teeth,
- has irritated red skin in some places.
Provided that within 8 months from the moment of the disappearance of the disease, the dog will no longer suffer from Demodex ticks, it is officially considered recovered. To control the course of the disease, or rather its absence, it is necessary to take a bacteriological scraping three times. If all 3 times the result is negative, you have successfully overcome the disease.
It is also best to keep track of the general condition of the dog in parallel. This task will help to carry out such analyzes:
- blood biochemistry
- urine analysis, etc.
How to collect urine of a dog that goes to the toilet in the house
Unfortunately, in the advanced stages of demodicosis, treatment is not only expensive, but also long. That is why make a choice in favor of preventive measures to maintain the health of the dog. Moreover, in this case they are not cunning:
- you need to keep the dog warm and dry
- be sure to feed your pet with quality food in sufficient size
- provide the animal with physical activity,
- regularly show your pet to the vet.
Даже если вы не видите признаков заболевания, это не значит, что оно уже не развивается. Provide your dog with decent care, and you will not only save, but also save a lot of nerves, and also prevent the suffering of your beloved creature.
Signs of demodicosis in dogs
The first is an itch around the muzzle, ears, croup or tail. Often itching happens in other places, but always accompanied by hair loss. Itchy skin is covered with a rash. In the initial stages of a rash poured, completely covers the affected skin. With the development of the disease, the rash remains around the hair follicles. With the full development of the disease, specific brown crusts appear around the hair follicles.
Itching violates the behavior of the animal: the dog ceases to obey the commands, trying to rub on objects at home and on a walk.
The development of microbes in the skin leads to accumulation of pus and the appearance of itchy acne all over the body. With the accumulation of pus, fatigue of the dog increases, sometimes shortness of breath and shaky gait appear.
In severe cases, scratching and ulcers can cover 90% of the animal's body.
The final diagnosis is made only after taking a scraping and examining it under a microscope. With demodicosis, crusts and skin at the border of healthy areas and itchy zones find healthy ticks, their eggs and larvae.
Taking and studying scrapings requires high qualifications and experience.