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Rating of the most terrible earthquakes

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On April 25, 2015, one of the most devastating earthquakes on the planet took place in Nepal, which killed more than 3,000 people and turned many buildings and historical monuments into ruins. According to experts, in the coming week, residents of Nepal can survive new aftershocks. In our review of the 10-ka most destructive earthquakes that have occurred on Earth over the last century.

1. Valdivia, Chile

This earthquake, which occurred in 1960, was the strongest recorded in history, the Richter scale indicator reached a maximum of 9.5 points. This can be compared with the simultaneous explosion of 1000 atomic bombs. The earthquake was felt not only in Valdivia, but also on the Hawaiian Islands - at a distance of 700 km. During the disaster that destroyed Valvidia, Concepcion and Puerto Montt, 6,000 people died. Material damage amounted to more than $ 1 billion.

2. Sumatra, Indonesia

December 26, 2004 an earthquake occurred at the bottom of the Indian Ocean with a magnitude of 9.3, which caused a huge tsunami. It was the second strongest earthquake in the world, and the longest duration of shocks was recorded. Even Maldives and Thailand have suffered from its consequences, as more than 5 tsunamis hit the entire coast of the Indian Sea. 225,000 people died, and in just the first 10 minutes of the disaster, the damage from it was more than 7 billion dollars.

3. Tanshan, China

On July 28, 1976, an earthquake struck the Chinese city of Hebei, razing the city of Tangshan. 255,000 people were killed, although the Chinese government first claimed 655,000 dead. An earthquake of magnitude 8.2 lasted only 10 seconds, but led to a huge destruction in the area. Hebei is a region with a very low risk of earthquakes, so the buildings in Tangshan were not earthquake resistant. The total damage amounted to 10 billion yuan, or $ 1.3 billion.

4. Tashkent, Uzbekistan, USSR

Early in the morning of April 26, 1966, an earthquake measuring 8 points occurred in Tashkent. The zone of maximum destruction was 10 square meters. kilometers 8 people died, 78 thousand families were left homeless. More than 2 million "squares" of buildings were destroyed.

5. Port-au-Prince, Haiti

The strength of the earthquake in Haiti, which occurred on January 12, 2010, was 7.0 on the Richter scale. The epicenter of aftershocks was located near Leogan, 25 km west of the capital of Haiti, Port-au-Prince. There were at least 52 aftershocks that were felt even after 12 days. The earthquake resulted in 316,000 deaths, 300,000 people were injured, and more than a million people were left homeless. Also, 250,000 homes and 30,000 commercial buildings were destroyed.

6. Tohoku, Japan

On March 11, 2011, the east coast of Japan was hit by an earthquake of magnitude 9.03, which was the strongest in the entire history of the country. The earthquake, which is considered one of the five largest in the world, led to 15,878 deaths, 6,126 injured and 2,173 missing in 20 prefectures. It also destroyed 129,225 buildings, and the tsunami caused by the earthquake caused serious infrastructure damage and fires in many areas. The Fukushima nuclear power plant was severely damaged, leading to radioactive contamination. As a result, Japan faced the biggest crisis after the Second World War.

7. Ashgabat, USSR

This earthquake of magnitude 7.3 occurred on October 6, 1948 near Ashgabat. Because of censorship, it was not reported in the media, so there was no information about the victims and the destruction. The number of victims is estimated at 110,000 people, and 98% of all buildings were destroyed in Ashgabat.

8. Sichuan, China

May 8, 2008 in the Chinese province of Sichuan an earthquake of magnitude 8.0. It was so strong that it was felt in neighboring countries, as well as in remote Beijing and Shanghai, where buildings were swaying from aftershocks. According to official data, the death toll was 69 197 people. 374,176 people were injured, and 18,222 are reported missing. The Chinese government allocated 1 trillion yuan or $ 146.5 billion to rebuild areas affected by the earthquake.

9. Kashmir, Pakistan

On October 8, 2005, the disputed region of Pakistan and India, Kashmir was subjected to an earthquake of 7.6 on the Richter scale. As a result of the disaster, 85,000 people died, more than 69,000 were injured, and 4 million Kashmiris were left homeless.

10. Izmit, Turkey

A 7.9-magnitude earthquake struck northern Turkey on August 17, 1990. Although it lasted only 3.7 seconds, the city of Izmit was practically turned into ruins. Officially, 17,127 victims and 43,959 wounded were reported, although other sources reported that the real number of the dead was 45,000. An earthquake destroyed 120,000 poorly designed houses and severely damaged 50,000 other buildings. More than 300,000 people were left without shelter.

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10. Earthquake in Cascadia

Despite the fact that it was in 1700, it is still listed in the archives as one of the strongest. An earthquake in Canada, a little bit west of Vancouver. Its power was estimated at 8.8-9.3 points.

More information about this incident was almost not found, since at the beginning of the eighteenth century in the area written records were not particularly in demand.

9. Earthquake in Chile

2010 was marked for Chileans by a large-scale and strong earthquake over the last half of the century. On the Richter scale, the caprice of the elements was estimated at 8.9 points.

The death toll after this incident was about eight hundred people, and more than two million people lost a roof over their heads. In dollars, the damage was estimated at thirty billion.

Also, an earthquake was caused by a tsunami that struck the eleven nearby islands and the coast of Maule. Fortunately, there were no victims, since the inhabitants of these places were able to take refuge in the mountains beforehand.

8. Earthquake in Ecuador

In 1906, at the end of January, the coast of Ecuador began to shake from the strongest tremors, a magnitude of 9.0.

The consequence of this earthquake was a devastating tsunami, the “victim” of which was the coast of Central America. The first northern wave was able to reach San Francisco, and the first western wave - to Japan.

But, due to the low density of the population, the death toll was minimal — about one and a half thousand people.

7. The Great Kanto Earthquake

The beginning of the autumn of 1923 brought a powerful earthquake, which, in the end, was called the “Great Kanto Earthquake”.

In just two days, about three hundred and fifty-six strong shocks occurred, which the tsunami brought with them. His waves reached a height of twelve meters. Having fallen on the coast, the tsunami destroyed a huge number of settlements.

The earthquake also caused fires in quite large by that time cities: Tokyo, Yokosuke and Yokohama. More than three hundred thousand buildings have become dust. A decent damage was caused to the infrastructure of cities, of six hundred and seventy-five bridges three hundred and sixty burned out.

The sum total of the dead was equal to one hundred and seventy-five thousand, besides, another five hundred forty-two thousand people were considered missing. Material damage amounted to five billion dollars, which in those years exceeded the country's budget for the whole year twice.

6. Great East Japan Earthquake

In 2011, the eleventh of March, one hundred thirty kilometers to the east of Sendai, an earthquake occurred, which was later recognized as the strongest throughout the history of Japan. Its magnitude was 9.1-9.2 points.

Together, the tsunami and the earthquake claimed the lives of about sixteen thousand people, another six thousand were injured and two thousand were lost. Most of the island was deprived of electricity, since the tremors were of such capacity that as many as eleven units stopped at the local nuclear power plant.
Cash damage was thirty-six billion dollars.

5. Earthquake in the Indian Ocean

It happened on the twenty-sixth of December 2004. The magnitude of the earthquake reached 9.3 points.

The epicenter was very close to the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The tsunami that arose later was recognized as one of the most destructive. The waves reached a height of fifteen meters!

The coastal infrastructure was almost completely destroyed. According to various sources, the death toll ranged from two hundred twenty five thousand to three hundred thousand, and the damage was estimated at ten billion dollars.

4. Great Alaskan Earthquake

An earthquake occurred in the northern part of one of the bays, March twenty-seventh in 1964. Magnitude - 9.1-9.3 points.

From the earthquake and tsunami killed about three hundred people, however, the material damage was much more. Has suffered a terrain from Canada to California with Japan.

Such a small number of fatalities for a disaster of this magnitude can be explained by the fact that Alaska has a rather low population density. But the material damage was considerable. At the prices of 1965, he was about four hundred million dollars.

3. The Great Chilean Earthquake

The disaster occurred in May 1960. As a result, the city of Valdivia was completely destroyed, about six thousand people died and the homes of two million people were destroyed.

It is noteworthy that most people died or suffered mainly from the tsunami, whose waves reached ten meters in height. Tsunami could reach even the coast of Japan!

The magnitude was estimated at about 9.5 points, and the damage reached half a billion dollars.

2. Spitak earthquake

One of the strongest earthquakes in the history of mankind. It happened in the northwestern part of Armenia in 1988.

The force of jerks then reached a record 11.2 points on the Richter scale (12-point scale)! As a result of this incident, the city of Spitak was destroyed, about forty percent of industry in Armenia was out of operation, the cities of Stepanavan, Kirovakan and three hundred more settlements were partially destroyed.
The death toll was twenty-five thousand, and in addition, another five hundred and fourteen thousand lost their homes.

1. The Great China Earthquake

As a result of this disaster, more than eight hundred thirty thousand people died, and this is the largest figure in the history of mankind.

The aftershocks began on the twenty-third of January 1556. The epicenter of the earthquake was discovered in the valley of the river Wei, and the territories located at a distance of five hundred kilometers from it were destroyed!

In some nearby areas, more than sixty percent of the population died, while other areas were completely deserted.

Assam, Tibet

1950, magnitude 8.6, epicenter of Tibet

The earthquake caused very strong landslides that blocked entire rivers. Then, only in eastern Tibet and in the state of Assam in India, about 1,500 people died.

North Sumatra, Indonesia

March 28, 2005, magnitude 8.6

The earthquake killed more than 100 people and hundreds received injuries of varying degrees of severity, mainly on the island of Nias, in the eastern Indian Ocean. This is the second most powerful earthquake on the island. A couple of months before that, there was another one that ranked third in the list of the strongest earthquakes in the world.

Rat Islands, Alaska

1965, magnitude 8.7

A powerful earthquake caused a tsunami that reached a height of 10 meters. But despite its strength, the earthquake did not bring terrible consequences, mainly due to the remoteness of the islands and due to the fact that these islands are uninhabitable. The tsunami was recorded in Hawaii and even Japan.

Maule Province, Chile

February 27, 2010, magnitude 8.8

More than 500 people were victims of the earthquake and the tsunami that followed, 800,000 people were left without shelter. In total, more than 1.8 million people suffered from the earthquake, and the damage caused exceeded $ 30 billion. The earthquake center occurred on the border between the tectonic plates of Nazca and South America at a depth of 35 km.

Kamchatka, Russia (USSR)

November 4, 1952, magnitude 9

The first scientifically registered earthquake with a colossal 9th ​​Richter scale was recorded precisely on the east coast of Kamchatka, in the Pacific Ocean at about 5 am. As a result of the earthquake, a tsunami (height of 15-18 meters) was formed, which destroyed the city of Severo-Kurilsk. Then 2,336 people died.

east coast of japan

in 2011, magnitude 9

March 11, 2011 is a sad date for Japan. An earthquake that occurred in the western Pacific Ocean, 130 km east of the city of Sendai, created a tsunami that took the lives of 29,000 people and damaged several nuclear reactors.

west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia

December 26, 2004, magnitude 9.1

The third strongest earthquake occurred underwater in the Indian Ocean. It caused a giant tsunami, which is considered the most deadly natural disaster in modern history. The tsunami has reached 14 countries, mainly in Southeast Asia and East Africa. Then, according to various estimates, from 225 to 300 thousand people died (the exact figure is unknown as many people carried water into the ocean), another 1,700,000 were left without a roof.

Great Alaskan Earthquake, USA

March 27, 1964, magnitude 9.2

The earthquake and the tsunami that followed it took the lives of about 130 people. And economic losses amounted to approximately $ 311 million. This terrible event fell on Good Friday.

earthquake in chile

May 22, 1960, magnitude 9.5

The strongest earthquake in the history of observation was a magnitude of 9.5, forming a destructive tsunami, the waves, which reached 10 meters in height. Then 5,700 people died in Chile, 61 people in Hawaii and 130 in Japan. The damage to 1960 prices was about half a billion dollars.

Chilean earthquake

1. The largest earthquake that occurred on Earth was the Chilean earthquake. In some sources, it is called Valdivskoe, as happened in the Chilean city of Valdivia in 1960, May 22. The destruction it brought became the most significant in the new story. The strength of this earthquake was up to 9.5. 5-6 thousand people became his victims. The waves of a grand tsunami caused by earthquake aftershocks affected not only Chile, but also the territories of Japan, the Philippines, and Hawaii.

Alaskan earthquake

2. The strongest seismic activity in the history of the United States, the second most powerful shocks in the world. Occurred in March 1964. The center was his College Fjord. The strength of the vibrations of the Alaskan earthquake was estimated at 9.1-9.2. During his death 131 people. Cities in Alaska underwent immense destruction, the outlines of the shores of the island were greatly changed.

Indian Ocean Earthquake

3. December 26. 2004 earthquake occurred in the Indian Ocean. The third in terms of magnitude, however, the most terrible in terms of human losses. His strength was from 9.1 to 9.3. The epicenter was the island of Sumatra, located in Indonesia. The tsunami caused by the earthquake is called the most deadly and terrifying in modern history. This tragedy killed 300 thousand lives. The exact number of casualties has not been determined; many people who were resting at that time in Sumatra during the tsunami were blown into the open ocean.

Earthquake off the island of Honshu

4. March 11, 2011 an earthquake broke off the coast of the Japanese archipelago, more precisely, near the island of Honshu. Sendai city became its epicenter. The power of tremors - from 9.0 to 9.1 points. About 16 thousand people died from the Sendai earthquake, 6 thousand were injured, about 3 thousand were missing.

Earthquakes in Severo-Kurilsk

5. Not spared the earthquakes and Russia. The largest occurred in the small town of Severo-Kurilsk, on the Kamchatka Peninsula, in November 1952. Its magnitude was from 8.2 to 9.0. Grandiose shocks were caused by the strongest tsunami. The city of Severo-Kurilsk was completely washed away by its multimeter waves. According to the official version, 2336 people died. It was after this incident in the country that it was decided to create a Tsunami Warning System.

Such were the 5 strongest earthquakes that occurred on the planet.

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