This flower, according to the statements of the esoteric people, has amazing properties. In their opinion, it is able to influence a person’s life: it stimulates working capacity, increases purposefulness, causes a feeling of comfort, creates a feeling of peace and tranquility. True or not, we cannot say with certainty, but in its beauty it deserves our attention. Growing and caring for oleander is the topic of this article. In it, we will try to talk about what conditions are necessary for the plant to be healthy and beautiful, how to care for it, to avoid problems and disappointments.
Characteristic features of oleander
The plants of the kutrov family, to which oleander belongs, have properties to excrete the milky sap, it is toxic, therefore all parts of the shrub: roots, leaves, stems and flowers are poisonous. Infusions and decoctions prepared on its basis, are used in the treatment of certain diseases. This does not mean that the flower is dangerous when grown at home, you should only be careful if you accidentally broke a sprig, and the released juice fell on your hands. In this case, rinse the place where the droplets of juice fall, under running water, or use protective gloves when transplanting.
Oleander is a heat-loving shrub, in the open field it grows excellently in southern regions with a humid climate. His homeland is considered the Mediterranean countries and river valleys of the countries of Asia Minor. In colder climates, oleander cultivation is possible in greenhouses, greenhouses or cultivated as a houseplant.
There are other useful properties of oleander - this is its use in medicine, veterinary medicine, in folk recipes:
- tinctures, decoctions and lotions help to alleviate the condition of the patient with headaches, insomnia, nervous exhaustion, reduce inflammation in skin diseases,
- improve blood circulation, facilitate attacks of tachycardia,
- alcohol extract from the leaves is used in acute heart failure in animals, improves the bowels.
Attention! In a house where there are children and animals, it is necessary to observe some precautions. It is necessary to choose a place inaccessible for contact with them for oleander. The plant is toxic, do not forget about it.
There is only one type of this plant - "common oleander". In landscape design, this shrub is used in the design of seaside gardens and parks. Sometimes, as a separate tree, if it is cultivated in such a form, more often in an ensemble with other shrubs, or as a framing of alleys and paths.
Oleander in the house is an original decor for the interior of the rooms, it cleans the atmosphere of the dwelling, fills it with a light delicate aroma. Its main indicators are:
- the height of the tree bush in the open field reaches 4 meters, at home - no more than 2 m,
- a perennial plant, the life span of a room oleander is 15 years, this limit can be increased if permanent rejuvenation is performed by transplanting,
- branching branches, at the stiffened bushes are covered with rough olive-colored bark,
- when growing oleander at home, it requires constant and correct pruning, in this case a flowering phase occurs in a year,
Necessary conditions for the care of oleander
Experienced flower growers know that the indoor plant grows healthy and gives abundant flowering, you need to constantly fulfill three conditions:
- The air temperature in the room. For oleander, the air that is heated to + 20-25 degrees in summer is considered optimal, in winter the limit is possible - to + 15 ° С.
- Air humidity. This plant is moisture-loving, in nature it grows along the banks of reservoirs, which means that at home it should be protected from drying out. The soil on the surface of the pot should always be wet, and the leaves should be often sprayed, at least 4 times a week (if the room is very hot and the moisture evaporates quickly).
- Trimming and removing unwanted buds. Pruning oleander is made annually, shortened shoots that have reached a length of 20 cm, unwanted lateral buds are removed as they appear.
Growing oleander and taking care of it does not take much time, the main thing is that it is necessary to fulfill all these conditions. Do not forget, every living thing loves care and affection. Indoor plants are your pets, like cats or dogs, they need you. In response to your attention, they respond and thank in their own way, with lush greens, unusually beautiful flowering and fragrant aroma in your rooms.
General description and photo of the plant
Oleander reaches 3-5 m in height when grown in a garden and up to 2 m indoors. The color of the bark is light gray, and the foliage is whorled, dark green. Flowers in diameter range from 3 to 5 cm, inflorescences have the shape of a half-nest of white, pink, dark red or beige color. There are terry varieties. The most common type is common oleander. Among the other representatives - fragrant, pink, Indian, white and pink.
Oleander, flower photo:
It is located in a wide subtropical strip, stretching from Portugal to China. In Russia and the CIS, oleander grows on the South Coast of the South Caucasus, the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, the Caucasus, the Central Asian natural zone. In the northern parts of the globe, the plant is distributed as an indoor species.
Care in the home and outdoors
The flower is well acclimatized in greenhouses and winter gardens, but in apartment conditions, oleander requires very careful and reverent care.
The capricious oleander requires a cool temperature during the winter period and likes abundant lighting.
Can I keep at home?
At home, oleander can be grown, but it is recommended to maintain the required temperature - cool in winter and warm in summer, as well as give the plant a lot of light. Pruning crown allows you to adapt the flower to the size of your home.
Provide plant bright placewhere it will receive a lot of sunlight and fresh air. Best suited windows located on the south side. On the north side you need to use additional light sources.
In winter, oleander also requires bright light. Lamps placed at a distance of 0.7 m from the pot.
How to trim the oleander?
Need a flower in constant pruning due to the rapid growth. Not only cosmetic, but careful pruning is useful for him.
Flowers bloom exclusively on young shoots of the current year.
When flowering ends, you can trim the oleander and form a crown. Shoots are shortened by half, to give the opportunity to grow new. The plant quietly tolerates the cutting procedure.
The flower is watered almost all the time abundantly, except for the winter time.
In the summer it is recommended to pour water into the pan in order to keep moisture longer. On cloudy days and during the coolness of the pan, make sure that the pan is on the contrary dry.
Water preferably with distilled water, so that it is soft and warm - a few degrees above room temperature.
Growing oleander from seeds at home
In forming the flower pods there are seeds - they can be used for planting.
Sowing soil is prepared from a favorable substrate - turf soil and peat. Seeds need to be pressed to the ground, slightly pressing down. Do not fall asleep with the earth in any case - the seeds need the rays of the sun. Sprouts appear in the second month after sowing!
Prepare loamy heavy soil for planting oleander. Soil composition in equal shares, using peat, sand, humus and sod soil. The mixture can be replaced by purchased, pour sand into it.
Young oleanders need to be transplanted annually, and adults - every 3 years. Transplantation is performed after the roots are covered with an earthen clod. Favorable time - the end of spring - the beginning of summer. It is desirable to shorten old roots by treating the cut sites with charcoal.
Open field maintenance
Oleander grows beautifully in the garden, flourishing magnificently with gorgeous flowers in yellow, white, pink, red colors.
The plant grows quickly on the sunny side, but is absolutely intolerant to the shadow.
Leaving will require minimal:
- shrub normally tolerates dry periods, if it is well watered. Overdoing is also impossible, and then the leaves will turn yellow,
- in the spring it is desirable to feed complex fertilizer,
- periodic crown formation by pruning will help give the plant the desired shape, as it is also useful for getting rid of damaged branches.
Cultivation of seeds in open ground
Remember that oleander seeds cannot survive for a long time. Sow them better immediately after ripeningso that sprouts appear as soon as possible. Soak the seeds in a weak solution of potassium permanganate before sowing. Sow in moist soil, sprinkle with a thin layer of earth. The soil mixture is prepared with the addition of peat and sand.
What if the oleander does not bloom?
If the plant is not cut, removing the tips of old shoots, it will not bloom, because flowers are formed only on young shoots.
More often engage in the formation of the crown for lush flowering shrubs.
Other causes may be a lack of moisture or nutrients. Water the plant in the right amount and do not forget to feed fertilizer, especially if the soil is infertile.
Why have oleander leaves become faded?
Most likely, the oleander lacks light. Shadow for him is extremely destructive, the processes of photosynthesis are disturbed. If it is not possible to transplant, try to increase the access of sunlight to the shrub.
See how flower growers solve problems with oleander in this video:
Benefit and harm
Lovers of indoor flowers rightly worried about poisonous oleander or not.
Oleander is poisonous, but this does not prevent him from possessing healing properties. When caring for shrubs follow safety rules, and it will not harm you.
- don't start a flower if you have small children, because in all its parts there is poisonous juice,
- during the shaping of the crown, take care of your eyes and lips, better wear safety glasses or a mask,
- wash your hands thoroughly after finishing the plant
- Do not put a flowerpot in the bedroom - you can not breathe its fragrance for a long time, which is also dangerous,
- Do not allow poison on the wounds or scratches.
Among the healing properties of emit the content cardiac glycosides, which when added to drugs stimulate normal blood circulation and the work of the heart as a whole.
The main thing is to be able to properly handle the plant.
When buying an oleander, remember that the plant loves care and attentive care.
Grow it and enjoy the luxurious flowering!
Oleander is a fairly large evergreen shrub with densely branched stems of a light brown color. The leaves of the plant are narrow and lancet-like, located on short petioles. In length they reach ten, less often - fifteen centimeters, in width - no more than three centimeters.
Bright and large flowers, consisting of five petals, form beautiful and lush inflorescences at the end of each shoot.
Breeders deduced a large variety of shrub varieties, differing from each other in color and shape of flowers, as well as the peculiarity of their structure.
The plant is considered a poisonous culture, so in the process of reproduction of oleander at home (cuttings, layering, and so on), you should follow some precautions to prevent juice from entering the body of a person or animal. For example, in contact with the plant it is important to use gloves.
How to carry out an effective culture transplant?
What is grafting
First of all, it should be noted that there are several options for reproduction of oleander: cuttings, seeds or air layering. In this article we will talk about the first method, since it is considered the easiest and most common.
A cutting is a specially separated part of a plant that can be used for breeding. After its planting in the substrate, the young seedling will have roots and buds, after which it can be rooted to the planned growing place.
How to choose the planting material
In our case, they will be a young tender shoot or an unsteady branch from a bush. Why for reproduction of oleander cuttings at home are suitable just such processes? The fact is that green elastic stems will take root sooner than their stiff counterparts.
The cutting for growing season must be young, but well matured, without visible injuries and diseases.
So, planting material found. What to do next?
What are the general rules for breeding oleander cuttings?
First of all, cut the branch should be shortened to a length of ten to fifteen centimeters. It is important to sprinkle the edges with charcoal and allow time for drying. It is necessary that the open wound heals slightly and heals.
Then, the lower leaves from the planting material are recommended to be removed, and the upper ones to be cut off (slightly more than half).
These manipulations are of great importance, since thanks to them the leaves will take less moisture and nutrients. Then all the useful elements will be spent on plant rooting, and not on growth or flowering.
Is it possible to reproduce oleander cuttings in the summer? This season of the year is not recommended for growing season, as in a hot period it will be difficult for a plant to cope with two tasks at the same time: rooting in a new place and fighting unpleasant growing conditions.
The most optimal breeding season for oleander cuttings is spring. Also, this procedure can be carried out in the fall.
Below are photos of breeding oleander cuttings.
The first method of rooting
What to do after the planting material is prepared for reproduction? There are two options for planting seedlings.
The first of these is reproduction of oleander cuttings in water. In accordance with this method, planting material is placed in a container with water. It is recommended to add a few pieces of charcoal to the liquid.
A jar with a handle (preferably, the color of the glass was dark) is best placed in a place inaccessible for direct sunlight. Every week the water needs to be changed.
The second method of rooting
What is the second method of breeding oleander cuttings? First of all, it is grounding of the shoot in a mixture of sand and charcoal, taken in equal amounts. The substrate is recommended to be watered regularly, but it is important not to overdo it here, since excessive moisture will cause rotting of the planting material.
This option is not as good as the previous one, since it does not imply regular monitoring of the development of the root system.
Within what length of time should the cuttings take root? Usually this process does not exceed four weeks.
When the root system reaches about three centimeters in height, seedlings can be grounded in small pots, the diameter of which would not exceed seven to eight centimeters. What soil is suitable for this purpose?
Best of all cuttings will take root in such an earthen mixture:
- thirty percent turf
- thirty percent peat,
- thirty percent of humus,
- ten percent sand.
How to care for rooted shoots?
Care for young seedlings
First of all, pots with freshly planted cuttings should be hidden from direct sunlight. When the additives go into growth, they will need to gradually and carefully accustom them to the sunlight. Water young plants need to be careful so as not to overwet the soil.
If the reproduction of oleander cuttings occurred in the spring, then in summer the sapling may bloom. In this case, delicate buds should be cut off to maintain the strength of the shrub for growth and rooting.
How to care for the plant?
First of all, it is very important to choose the right place for growing oleander. It should be spacious and bright room, as the bush has impressive dimensions: in height and width it can reach two meters!
Moreover, the place where the plant will stand must be inaccessible to children and animals. It is very important to observe this precaution, because oleander has a dangerous toxicity - a drop of bush juice can lead to cardiac arrest!
It is also not recommended to install the plant in the bedroom or in the immediate vicinity of the recreation area - the scent from the flowers is quite toxic and can provoke headache and bouts of vomiting.
Light and air
Fruitful care and cultivation of oleander is fraught with some secrets, which we will discuss below.
The plant loves the sun's rays and fresh air. To do this, it can be taken out in the warm season on the balcony, loggia and even the courtyard.
And in the winter it is recommended to create additional lighting in the form of a fluorescent lamp. Это важно, потому что, если кустарник перестанет получать необходимые свет и воздух, он ослабеет, его листья поблекнут и помельчают, а цветки – поредеют и завянут.
Оптимальная температура воздуха для растения – двадцать-двадцать пять градусов летом и десять-пятнадцать зимой.
What else does an oleander flower need? Home care requires regular and proper watering.
In hot weather, it is important to water the shrub abundantly, as soon as the top layer of the soil dries out. It is also recommended to use a tray filled with water, which can be installed under the bottom of the pot. This is necessary for constant moistening of the root system.
It is very important to irrigate the oleander from a hose or sprayer. This will help its leaves to have a fresh and rich look.
In the winter, water should be watered less often, carefully watching the soil, so that it does not become too wet. Spraying (or sprinkling) during this period should be infrequent and not abundant.
It is recommended to water the plant with well-separated warm water.
It is very important to feed the oleander in the form of liquid mineral fertilizers. This can be done twice a month, preferably thirty minutes after watering.
The plant is in great need of such useful elements as nitrogen, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, as well as sulfur, zinc, manganese, boron.
To trim the shrub is very important. This will help to improve its flowering and growth rate. This procedure should be done carefully, as all parts of the plant are very toxic and toxic. To prevent the juice from getting on the skin and mucous membranes, you should wear protective gloves and goggles.
Pruning oleander is best in the fall, after flowering. First of all, it is important to remove all old and damaged shoots, and young and healthy need to be shortened by half. Remains after handling can be used as planting material.
During flowering, it is recommended to pluck shoots that may appear under the buds of flowers. It is necessary to do this, because the extra shoots always prevent inflorescences from developing correctly and intensively.
Careful care of the shrub necessarily includes a daily inspection of the plant to determine possible diseases and pests.
Most often, oleander is exposed to the onslaught of such parasites as aphids, spider mites and mealybugs.
If this happens, it is very important to treat the plant with pesticides in accordance with the attached instructions.
Also, the shrub can undergo such dangerous diseases as oleander cancer, or other fungal and bacterial ailments. In this case, you should immediately remove the affected areas, and process the plant itself with specialized insecticides.
As you can see, oleander is a magnificent shrub with impressive size and beautiful buds. It is quite undemanding and easy to grow.
Observing the simple rules of care, reproduction and transplanting plants, you can enjoy the flowering of this beautiful, impressive garden culture for many years.
Oleander is a shrub with branching brownish stems that are covered with rounded lentils. The leaves are long and narrow (10-15 cm - length and 3 cm width). They are entire, located on short petioles. Leaves leathery, not pubescent, having a light median vein.
Oleander blooms in summer (June-July). The flowers of the plant, large, bright, pyatilepestkovye, located in the corymbose inflorescences. They can be of different colors, but white and pink flowers are most common, yellow and scarlet are much less common. Now there are many new varieties that have flowers of various shapes, many of which have magnificent double petals.
Oleander grows in natural conditions in the subtropics: from Portugal and Morocco in the west to southern China (in the east). Often found in the channels of the drying rivers (wadi, screams). In our country and the CIS countries, shrubs are grown on the southern coast of the Crimea, the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, in the south of Central Asia, in the Caucasus.
In more northern regions, it is found only as an indoor plant, oleander, the cultivation and care of which is available even to beginner growers.
According to various sources, the genus Oleander (Nerium) has from 3 to 10 species. He received the name from the Greek nerion - "wet, wet." This is explained by the fact that, despite the fact that the shrub loves the sunny hot climate and grows predominantly in arid areas, it is in dire need of an influx of groundwater. The species name of the plant consists of two words: oleo, which means "fragrant" and Andros is the name of the Greek island where the Nereid lived according to legend.
In our country, three types are common:
The common oleander is a large shrub (evergreen) with erect branches, which reaches a height of 3-4 meters. Usually cultivated grow garden forms of this species with larger, often terry flowers. The common oleander today is represented by numerous varieties with different colors of flowers. The most popular ones are:
- Petit salmon
- Soleil Levant,
- Hardy red
Scented and Indian oleanders are not distinguished by a variety of varieties, but have their own characteristics. For example, Indian oleander is continuously blooming (from June to October). Its five-leafed flowers are large, bright, possessing a pleasant sweet smell. They can be red, yellow, white or pink.
The fragrant oleander is the shortest of the species represented: its height does not exceed fifty centimeters. The plant has a wonderful delicate aroma.
Oleander: care and cultivation in the garden
In the fresh air, oleander grows very quickly, decorating any country site. It is successfully used in landscape design. It is necessary to warn beginner gardeners that only ordinary oleander is cultivated by gardeners.
You can grow from the seeds of garden oleander. Care and cultivation of the plant in this case is somewhat more complicated than from cuttings. Pre-seeds are soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for a half to two hours, then they are poured with warm water for several hours. Prepared seeds are placed in a pre-prepared substrate, which should include the following components:
- river sand,
Sow the seeds in a pot with a wet substrate. The tank must have drainage holes so that moisture does not stagnate in it. The air temperature in the room at the time of landing should be about + 30 ° C. You will see the very first shoots on the eighth day from the moment of sowing. Sprouts need extra light. During this period, the temperature in the room where the germinated seeds are located should be slightly lowered.
After two leaves appear on the seedlings, the plants dive into separate pots or cups and prepare them for planting in open ground. In this case, we should not forget about regular airing of the room.
It has fabulously beautiful flowers oleander. Growing, caring for them should begin with the choice of a place for planting seedlings. The shrub grows beautifully on the sunny side and does not tolerate a lack of light. It should be remembered that year-round to keep this plant in the fresh air is possible only in the southern regions, where in winter the air temperature is never below + 8 ° C. And even in this case, the bush should be protected from frost, using covering material.
In the open field needs a fertile soil oleander. Growing and caring for the bush will give good results if the soil is fertile. To do this, the following substances must be added to the planting well:
If the soil before planting is saturated with useful substances, then the plants are fed only in spring. Fertilizers are applied to the soil only during the cold months while the plant is at rest. Under favorable climatic conditions, oleander is completely unpretentious. Growing and caring for this plant in the garden can even beginner gardeners.
As an ornamental plant, oleander has become popular in the Mediterranean, the countries of Southeast Asia. Today he has become a welcome guest in many homes in our country. If you know all the details of caring for him, you can admire the beautiful flowering almost all year round.
However, do not forget that all parts of the plant contain poisonous juice, so before purchasing this flower, you must consider all the requirements for its content. Experienced growers who grow oleander recommend planting a plant only if it is located in a room in which family members do not spend too much time. Excluded placement of the flower in the bedroom, nursery, office.
It is undesirable to grow oleander in an apartment where there are small children. Kids can taste the beautiful leaf, and this is very dangerous. Owners need to know that the sap of a plant that has fallen on a wound, as well as the consumption of any parts of it, can cause serious consequences, including the cessation of breathing. The room in which the plant is located should be spacious and well ventilated.
If there are pets in your house who like to pluck houseplants (especially cats sin), then you will have to choose between a beautiful flower and your pet.
So, you know the basic requirements for the content of this flower. All of them are observed, and you decided to start this magnificent plant in your house. What you need to know in order for the flower to grow actively and for a long time to please its flowering? Let's start with the landing.
Choosing the right capacity
The first flower pot for a seedling should be quite bulky (at least 12 liters), given the rapid growth of the plant. Each subsequent capacity must be at least twice the size of the root ball.
The plant needs a balanced, well-drained soil with acidity not exceeding pH-7.8. You can use the finished soil mixture or prepare it yourself. For this you will need:
- perlite - 1 part,
- garden soil - 1 part,
- peat or leaf humus - 1 part,
- lime - 10 g per bucket mix.
The prepared soil should be heated for one and a half hours in a water bath.
The choice of location and temperature
In order for your flower to develop well and bloom profusely, it needs a sunny place and regular airing. For this fit the south window. Located on the north window, the oleander will drop the leaves, and it will need additional lighting.
In the summer, oleander is useful to make on the balcony, porch, in the garden. In winter, the flower may lack lighting. An eight-hour highlight will be required. Lamps placed at a distance of 70 cm above the plant. It is important to ventilate the room while avoiding drafts.
In spring and summer, oleander is comfortable with air temperature from +20 to + 27 ° C, with the arrival of autumn it is gradually reduced to + 15 ° C, and in winter the plant needs coolness (from +8 to + 15 ° C). From mid-March, the temperature is set at + 15 ° C.
Humidity and watering
Spring and summer oleander requires abundant watering. But it is carried out only as the topsoil dries. On hot and sunny days, excess water can be left in the pan, so that over time the plant absorbs it. In winter and autumn, watering is reduced: after drying the top layer of soil, it is necessary to withstand another two days.
Try to prevent souring of the soil, which will lead to rotting of the root system. In the summer and spring, oleander does not require spraying: the flower will feel comfortable on a pallet with wet pebbles, but on condition that water does not touch the pot. In winter, oleander needs spraying. Water for spraying and irrigation, use only soft, separated and rather warm (a little warmer than the air in the room).
Oleander blooms in summer. Like most shrubs, its flowering becomes more lush after competent pruning of shoots. Cut them in half or even 2/3 immediately after flowering, because the flowers appear only on new, young shoots of the plant. If you skip pruning, the next bloom will be very weak.
It is equally important to pluck shoots under the flower buds that appear during flowering.
On top dressing oleander is very responsive. Growing and caring for this plant requires regular fertilization of the soil with complex compounds. This should be done from April to August twice a month.
Oleander: care and cultivation at home (owner reviews)
According to the owners, this is an unusually beautiful plant. Observing all the rules of maintenance and care for him, you can achieve a great result. Even novice gardeners will not cause problems with its growing and care. Oleander juice is poisonous, so all work with this plant should be carried out with gloves and after their completion, wash hands thoroughly.
Varieties and types
Oleander ordinary found wild in Italy and Algeria. It grows near the reservoirs. In height, this species reaches four meters. Leaves with short legs, linear, elongated, about 15 cm in length and about two centimeters in width. The upper part of the sheet is saturated - green, and the inner side is a light shade.
When flowering begins, the shrub is covered with abundant large inflorescences that emit a pleasant aroma. The color in natural conditions in this species is either pink or reddish. Flowering is long the entire summer season, including autumn.
White oleander unpretentious care. Often grown in office space. In height can reach up to 2 meters. But you can use the trim to form the desired height and shape of the plant. Flowering is prolonged from summer to frost. Inflorescences have a pleasant aroma.
Oleander Pink Terry This is a green shrub with oblong leaves like a willow. The shape of the bush neat, compact. During flowering, the entire bush is covered with terry inflorescences of soft pink color.
Oleander room loves good lighting. If he does not support such conditions, he will refuse to flower and stop growing. The optimum temperature for it is where 20 degrees. In summer, needs fresh air. And in winter, the home oleander enters a state of rest. He needs to provide dark conditions where he will throw off all foliage.
Oleander yellow it blooms brightly, the flowers resemble bells in shape. The seeds of the plant are similar to chestnut seed. Inflorescence throws in the form of brushes. Hue they gently - peach. Duration of flowering all summer season and autumn. The amazing property of an oleander from one seed can grow several plants.
Poisonous oleander, therefore, all manipulations with a flower must be made with gloves. It contains oleanin poison. And at the end of any work with him should wash your hands with soap and water. If there are small children in the house, then you should give up growing oleander. Or leave the plant at a height not accessible to children.
Oleander care at home
Lighting the plant requires full and airing, too. It prefers the southern side. In the summer it is better to make a loggia. In winter, the plant needs additional lamp lighting, otherwise it will shed all the leaves.
The temperature in the warm season will be optimal up to 27 degrees. And in the winter should be slightly reduced to 15 degrees, but not less, and not a sharp drop.
Moistening the plant does not require constant, only in hot summer weather should spray the plant. In winter, it is necessary to periodically spray the plant, otherwise in winter, when the heating season begins, the plant has the probability of drying the tips of the leaves.
Watering prefers constant, but not overwet. Vodichka for moistening requires a soft, warm and settled day. In the cold season, the plant is moistened every three days. But it is worth paying attention that the earth was not sour and the root system did not rot.
In the care and cultivation of plants such as oleander, fertilizer is necessary. Suitable for this complex fertilizer for indoor plants. Feed during the growing season once every 14 days. To do this in the evening after watering.
The plant needs pruning and the formation of a bush in the shape that you prefer. Trimming oleander at home is not difficult. The plant must be cut more than half. Since the buds appear only on new shoots. Those branches that are cut, you can multiply.
Soil and transplant
The composition of the soil should include hardwood, turf, humus, peat and sand, all in equal parts.
Home flower oleander transplant requires as needed. As soon as the roots are covered with an earthen clod, oleander needs a transplant.
A favorable period for transplantation is the second half of spring. During transplantation it is necessary to cut the roots, it is necessary for abundant flowering. An adult individual who has reached the age of five must replace part of the soil annually. Cut off the roots must be sprinkled with flour charcoal.
The plant can be propagated by cutting and seeds.
Plant reproduction oleander cuttings
It is possible to produce cuttings both in spring and autumn. It is necessary to cut the stalk about 15 cm in length, with a well-formed bush and having several buds.
The cut-off place is treated with broken charcoal and dried a little. После черенок необходимо посадить в подготовленную смесь из древесного угля и песка. Поддерживая температуру для укоренения около 21 градуса.
Не забывая следить за тем, чтобы почва не подвергалась застою влаги. При правильно проведенных манипуляциях по размножению, корни начинают появляться примерно через месяц. После укоренения и периода адаптации растение пересаживают в подготовленную емкость с грунтом.
Homemade oleander seeds
Seeds should be planted immediately after ripening, because they have a small shelf life. But before sowing, they must be soaked in a solution of manganese for one hour. After manganese it is necessary to treat them with a growth stimulator. Then sow in the soil of sand and small charcoal, lightly sprinkled with earth.
After that, cover with foil and place in a well-lit place with a temperature of about 30 degrees. The first shoots begin in a week and a half. Seedlings need to be sprayed, and when a pair of leaves appears, they need to be transplanted into separate containers.
Diseases and pests
Diseases of oleander at home can be triggered by improper care. Also, the plant is subject to fungal and bacterial diseases. To do this, remove the diseased leaves.
- Of the pests, the plant infects spider mites, aphids and mealybugs.. To control pests need to be treated with insecticides.
- Oleander drops leaves, what to do - This usually happens when the plant does not have enough lighting in the cold season. It is necessary to provide the plant with additional artificial lighting.
- Why do oleander dry and fall leaves - this happens because of a lack of light and dryness of the soil.
- Why does not oleander bloom at home - The reason may be weak poor lighting, improper pruning and lack of fertilizer.
Features flowering and pruning room oleander
The room oleander, in the photo, belongs to the long-blooming ornamental cultures.
If the plant receives enough water, food and care, the flowers on the shrubs open from June to mid-autumn, and often on the inflorescence ovaries form at the same time, and new corolla immediately open.
At home, in the care of oleander necessarily include regular pruning. Stems are not afraid of a strong shortening, sleeping axillary buds in the spring will compensate for the loss of crown, which, thanks to this care, will become much more attractive and thicker.
The optimal time for pruning oleander is autumn, when mass flowering ends. If, at home, the care of oleander, in the photo, is done correctly, by the spring the plant has time to lay new flower buds and prepare for the summer lush fragrant inflorescences. Because of this feature of the shrub spring pruning is not carried out, with the exception of sanitary removal of the dead, sick or weakened shoots.
But spring is the best time for transplanting the oleander flower depicted in the photo.
Oleander transplantation and reproduction
Young bush can be transshipped into new, large pots each year. In this case, the root system is not disturbed, and the voids between the walls of the container and the earthy clod are filled with fresh substrate. Adult bushes are best replanted no more than 1 time in 3-4 years. As a soil for plants take a fertile loose mixture of turf land, half the volume of sheet soil, as well as humus and sand. For the structuring of the substrate and as a prevention of bacterial infections, a little crushed charcoal is mixed in.
When a large bush is transplanted, it is sometimes divided, which makes it possible to reproduce oleander quickly.
But most often they do not use this method, but grafting. But before you breed oleander, you need to get planting material. To do this, young cuttings are cut from a healthy plant of the sort that you like so that they have a growing point and several unfolded green leaves. Harvesting and rooting of seedlings intended for reproduction of oleander is carried out in the summer.
The lower leaves are removed, and the cuttings are added to the wet mixture of sand, perlite and peat. It is better to cover the container with landings with a film or to put in a hothouse. When roots with a length of 3-5 cm appear on the seedlings, young oleanders sit on their own pots.
It is even easier and clearer to root oleander in ordinary water, where you can add crushed charcoal. After transplanting in pots, young plants easily acclimatize, and next autumn they can be carefully cut to give rise to a bushy lush crown.
Botanical classification carries the plant to the family kutrovye (Arosupaseae). It grows up to half a meter with an erect branching brownish stem with lenticular growths. The leaves are bright green saturated color lanceolate shape with a pointed end. Plates are smooth, flat with short planting stalks, in the middle separated by a light green radial line.
The shape and size of flowers depends on the variety, there are small, large, terry, smooth. All share the shape of the inflorescence - shield with five-leaf flowers. The flower is distinguished by the presence of a pleasant aroma, the intensity of which may vary from the conditions of detention, the varietal variety. Red, white, yellow, pink oleanders are more common, but the color can change the intensity, combine several shades on one bush.
In nature and favorable conditions, the plant reaches 3-4 meters. For indoor cultivation the maximum height is registered 1.5 meters. Oleander is a creeping creeper, so at home it is easy to twist erect supports with its stem.
How to grow oleander at home
Oleander photo care at home We propagate oleander cuttings
Like all southern plants, oleander loves bright sun, plenty of light and heat, loose sandy soil. Feeding is grateful, watering on demand, loves water treatments.
It is best to take a room with a bright sun for permanent residence, preferably from the south, but the eastern part will do. The sun's rays should illuminate oleander throughout the daylight, in the winter to provide additional sources of daylight. Small species are placed on stands or low shelves, grown bushes move to the floor.
The plant is not demanding to high temperatures, for optimal growth, abundant flowering is 22-25 degrees in summer and 10-15 degrees in winter. The temperature is reduced gradually, decreasing every day by a degree. If the apartment is hot, it is recommended to air the room more often. It is better not to plant next to the heat-loving plants. Oleander easily tolerates freezing temperatures, but not for long. Wintering outdoors is detrimental to the plant.
On the south side, the sun floods the room from morning to evening. Oleander is not afraid of direct sunlight, it easily transfers the summer heat, therefore, on a hot day, it is taken out to a closed balcony or loggia. In winter, the sunlight of the northern regions is not enough; therefore, they organize artificial daylight, which will replace solar energy.
Watering and irrigation
Abundant watering the plant is not needed, but in the heat with the scorching sun, be sure to leave water in the pan. Water balance is best maintained through basal feeding, when the soil is not moistened from above, and all the moisture comes from the pot sap. The soil should not dry out, so at the first signs of lack of water on the ground it is necessary to shed the plant. In winter, water treatments are reduced to give the flower a rest before the upcoming abundant flowering. The main threat of waterlogging is the suppuration of the roots, which leads to the death of the flower.
Gratefully responds to water procedures under the shower and spray. In the absence of an air humidifier with heating turned on, oleander needs to be sprayed and wiped once every 2-3 days. In the hot summer, put a flower for a long time in a bath of cold water, pouring cool water on top.
Loosening the air exchange allows the roots to breathe, but over time the ground exhausts its energy potential, the plant begins to fade, and flowering becomes scarce. Experienced florists advise to change the soil in 2-3 years, and during the growing season and swelling of the buds to use special or universal mineral and organic complexes. Before buying, pay attention to the purpose: indoor, flowering, spray, warm and light-loving.
- The young plant is transplanted every year, increasing the capacity of the flower size.
- You cannot take a big pot right away: large bowl sizes will not allow a green mass to form, there will only be root growth.
- Small capacity does not allow the roots to grow, changing the appearance of the plant: the lower leaves fall, growth slows down.
- After 3-4 years, the bush is considered fully ripe, the soil in the pots of such a plant is changed every 4 years.
- To do this, pour a lump of earth into a new, suitable-sized container, having previously well drained the soil with sand and pebbles. This procedure allows you to avoid caking of the earth, better aeration, mineralization of the soil.
Trimming oleander at home
To form a tree sturdy stalk, use pruned root shoots. Otherwise, the plant grows, forming a shrub, as in nature. Creating the desired shape, use garden shears or pruners. The procedure is carried out, wearing gloves, a mask and goggles so that the poisonous juice does not get on the skin and mucous membranes. Because of its aggressive internal content, the plant is not grown in children's rooms, institutions and organizations with children.
After flowering, you can form the desired shape of the bush, removing excess branches and shortening the remaining ones in height, which is not often used: natural natural forms are in priority. Faded inflorescences do not immediately remove, because they can bloom again.
Reproduction of oleander
Low prevalence on the continent, low germination of seeds, fastidiousness to the conditions of cultivation made the seed method of cultivation not common. Reproduction is most often used by cuttings or aerial processes. Buy these can be in the greenhouse or nursery, seeds are purchased in a specialized garden store.
Oleander seed at home
Oleander seed from seedling photos
In a pack, usually 3-5 seeds, treated with a special solution that prolongs germination. According to statistics, no more than 75% of seeds germinate, so you can buy several packages at once to get a result.
Before sowing, the seed material is treated with a fungicide, soaked in a growth stimulator for an hour. Then placed on the surface of the seedling box, it can be small, 10/15 / 2.5 cm.
- For germination, the seeds need a temperature above 30 degrees, because the box is covered with thermal film, placed in a warm place, preferably with heating.
- After the appearance of the first shoots, the film is removed, watering is reduced to optimum moisture without stagnant water.
- When 2-3 true leaves appear, the bushes are transplanted into pots one by one, the size of the pot should not exceed 10 cm in diameter.
How to propagate oleander cuttings
Reproduction of oleander cuttings at home How to cutting oleander photo
An adult plant in the fall and spring produces processes from the root, which, when planted in a new place, will grow into a healthy adult shrub, otherwise they will be cut.
- The shoots are 15 cm long cut, placed in the prepared soil, and after a month you can see new roots.
- The cut place in an adult plant is treated with ash or a special solution for houseplants bought in a garden shop.
- Oleander cuttings take root well in plain water. When the roots grow, a new bush is planted in a pot. No complications!
Problems in the care
Sometimes the leaves of oleander dry up or fall off, the color changes or growth slows down. Determine the lack of care can be in appearance.
- The leaves dry at the tips - not enough moisture, you need to shed the shrub to moderate moisture, and in the pan to maintain a constant water level.
- Lower leaves fall off - not enough light, it is necessary to organize an additional artificial source of daylight.
- Bad flowering - no favorable conditions: little light, heat, water.
Useful qualities of oleander Is it possible to keep oleander at home
The flower is used not only to decorate a garden, a room or a park, but also as a component of decoctions to maintain immunity and cleanse the liver. To do this, use dry leaves and flowers. The saturated color of the petals is used as a dye for dyeing fabrics, drinks, dry mixes.
Dangerous pairs of plants can harm people, so the flower is not planted in small apartments and rooms, where there is a large crowd of people. An excellent option for him would be the living room, the lobby of the organization with southern windows, where the presence of people is short and not numerous.
Is it possible to land an oleander on the street?
Oleander may well become a decoration of the garden if the climate is mild and the frost does not exceed -11 ° C. In the autumn the plant is pinched, the young shoots are cut so that the wood ripens and can survive the winter. Before wintering the bush is bent down to the ground and covered. So that the branches are not injured, the plant is planted slightly at an angle, preferably in a trench. So with minimal damage you can bend the branches to the ground, and in the spring to lift.
Room oleander can also be planted in the summer for the garden, so that the plant gained strength, expelled more branches, and in the fall transplanted into a spacious tub and set it in the room. Just need to remember that in winter, oleander needs peace, and therefore low temperatures, coolness are desirable. It is better to keep it in the coolest room or on the loggia, and in case of the threat of lowering the temperature below 2 ° С, bring it to the apartment.
Common oleander is the only kind of nerium oleander
Oleander ordinary photo variety Nerium oleander ‘soleil levant’ pink flowers
Soleil levant with pink monochromatic open flowers, the branch of inflorescences has more than 40 corolla,
How to care for oleander at home? In the photo, the grade Petite Salmon Oleander
Petit salmon - a plant of pastel color with a bright yellow middle,
What does an oleander look like? In the photo, oleander variegata Oleander ‘Variegata’
Variegata one of the specific species, its needle-shaped inflorescences by a waterfall fall to the ground from a height of one and a half, a bouquet in diameter reaches 1 m,
Flower oleander photo and description Photo Hardy Red Nerium Oleander
Hardy red - a bouquet of bright scarlet flowers is framed with green leaves with silver leaves, the petals are velvety to the touch,
Oleander photo room grade Nerium oleander Cardinal Red
Cardinal rich burgundy color with smooth petals
EmilieSalut inflorescences salmon color, different lush prolonged flowering.
For fragrant oleander, single-flowering is characteristic, terry inflorescences are large. The height of the plant is just above half a meter; the thicket varies from 30 to 55 cm. It is distributed on the slopes of the Asian mountains, where the sun covers most of the day.
Indian oleander, brought from the coast of the Indian Ocean, grows to 4 meters. His five-petal flowers are red, yellow, turquoise, pink. It attracts insects with the sweetish aroma that surrounds the plant from early June to mid-autumn.
To pick up a grade and a look for continuous cultivation costs proceeding from flavoring preferences, environmental conditions.