“Living in Sweden” is one of the many topics of interest to Russian citizens. All people like to talk about politics, economics, and also to criticize the modern lifestyle. And, of course, everyone does not forget to mention that life in America, Europe, Africa is much better.
If you translate into Russian rubles, the standard of living in Sweden makes it easy to earn 105 thousand rubles a month, namely 1,500 euros. However, do not flatter yourself ahead of time.
Accommodation in the center of Stockholm is exactly 1500 euros per month, which includes 4 rooms and 2 bathrooms. Such everyday life is considered customary for every European resident. Therefore, the life of immigrants in Sweden can be called sweet after receiving decent work with a high level of wages. This means that the work of invitation in the country will bring enviable fruits of income. If you decide to move without a penny in your pocket, then it’s hardly possible to get rich in a foreign country.
Not deprived here and students. Every month they receive a modest 300 euros from the state, which is barely enough to rent an apartment. In order to fulfill the needs of students in the country, the opportunity to receive an educational loan is provided. During the month, each student can receive 600 euros per month at 2 percent per annum. Each is given a reasonable time to refund: 50 years from the date of receiving the loan. By simple calculations, it becomes clear that the student lives on 900 euros, namely, 63 thousand rubles a month.
Employment and social security
There are positive and negative opinions about life in Sweden. Responses of emigrants often talk about problems with employment. If you do not have higher education, then finding a job with good pay is extremely difficult. About 25 percent of young people under 25 cannot find work.
In connection with this problem, many residents tend to move to Denmark or Norway, where it is much easier to find work without appropriate qualifications. Even with professional qualifications, people prefer to service resorts, work in seaports and on the coasts, and so on, moving to neighboring countries. The standard of living in Sweden has a decent indicator, but this side of life of citizens is characterized by not the best results.
Not only beautiful, but also a very wealthy country is Sweden. The standard of living of the population allows you to pay a good allowance in the amount of 7,000 rubles to each child who has not reached the age of majority. If the parents or the parent receive a salary of less than $ 1,000, the state pays the additional amount. The disadvantages of living in Sweden are that it is rather difficult for a person to get a disability allowance, since it was difficult to prove one’s failure before the 1980s. Since the introduction of this state aid, many citizens began to actively use the privilege, which caused significant damage to the country's budget.
Business and economic crime
Economic crimes are severely punished in the country. If you commit an illegal transaction, give, take a bribe, or commit other illegal actions in the economic sphere, then the maximum penalty will be 10 years of imprisonment. Given that the maximum sanction is only 13 years in prison. This side does not affect the life of ordinary citizens in Sweden, but it can severely knock down those who are used to earning bread by illegal means.
People who live at the expense of business will not find their refuge. The business life of Russians in Sweden does not bring much income. The main reason for the pressure on small and medium business is the income tax, which is 65% of its total amount.
In addition, after a certain period of time, there will be two pensioners per working person. As a state support for one citizen, $ 1,000 is allocated. Given the possible costs, government agencies want to raise the bar of retirement age from 65 to 75 years. It is important to note here that the average life expectancy in Sweden is about 80 years.
Infringement of small and medium businesses creates a gradual reduction in jobs. In this regard, drug addiction and alcoholism are widespread in the country, and young people do not know basic things from history or native language.
The level of education
Education in Sweden leaves much to be desired. This trend is due to the fact that Swedish society has a very specific culture. In the state, no one has the right to offend anyone, embarrass, embarrass, or otherwise infringe upon his legal status. This also applies to the relationship between teachers and students.
Because of this lifestyle, life in Sweden through the eyes of Russians is sometimes perceived as ridiculous. Teachers have no right to make comments to their students, even if they behave indecently. In other words, education in the state is characterized by complete democracy between the student and the student. Not a hint of violence. And pay attention to the fact that many use this state of affairs, respectively, do not receive the necessary knowledge. When a teacher makes a remark, the student can always write a complaint to him, for which the teacher will receive a penalty, say, in the form of dismissal.
About the education system
The topic “Living in Sweden” implies a comprehensive consideration of the problem of education in the country. This sphere of state activity is divided into 3 levels: primary education, gymnasium and high school. This structure is practically no different from ours, except for the gymnasium - the period of study is 1 year longer.
From the early grades, students are given a little autonomy, the range of which is gradually increasing. After the end of the first stage of training, each student passes the required exams in 3 subjects, namely: mathematics, Swedish and English. Next comes the independent life.
It is worth paying attention to the fact that after the initial training a person will not be taken on any job that does not even require special qualifications. Admission to the gymnasium is held on the basis of competition, where the main criterion is the points for the exams. In total there are two types of secondary schools: weak and strong gymnasiums. Accordingly, in a particular institution a specific passing score is determined: in some it is higher, in others it is lower.
All gymnasiums are divided into 2 types:
- Those thanks to whom a person has a particular profession as a result of training. This type of educational institutions is similar to vocational schools.
- Those who prepare students for higher education. They are called classic gymnasiums.
There are two ways to enter a university: first, on the basis of the average score, and second, passing a specialized exam, which is similar to the Russian EGE.
Education in high school
Living in Sweden offers everyone the opportunity to study at prestigious universities. Upon admission you are automatically offered a period of study: bachelor, master. In the first case, you can devote the program for 3 years and go to earn a living. And in the second - to spend two years and begin a career as a scientist or teacher.
You can choose the program for yourself, or you can use the one offered by the university. If you choose an independent learning path, then the plan should meet all the requirements for the document.
For example, you can thoroughly study 3 semesters of one of the subjects that will be useful in your future profession. Then, in the following semesters, give preference to other, equally important subjects. For each profession is attached the appropriate list. And the remaining two semesters you devote to non-core subjects.
Kindergarten and further adult education
The country of mysteries and incomprehensible solutions is Sweden. The life of ordinary people here is not very different from the life of citizens of the Russian Federation, but at a higher level, significant differences are felt.
Almost every little resident attends kindergarten. Here the negative side, of course, comes down to the minimum. From an early age, children are taught not to embarrass anyone; they prohibit insulting each other. Everyone has the right to express their point of view. Thanks to this technique, there are no unsolvable problems in the life of young talents. Despite the freedom of action, there is a two-faced situation.
On the one hand, each student and each student can express his opinion, whatever it may be, on any issue. On the other hand, the students are silent, do not show activity because they do not want to offend their opponent. Such a program has a negative effect: the students are silent, there is no free expression of thoughts.
Immigrants and true swedes
In this country, education works against local residents. So, visitors can often beat the native Swede, and the locals will never raise a hand to the visitor. Yes, life in Sweden includes many interesting features.
In addition, statistics show that every fifth person in the state is an immigrant. Today, there are about 500 thousand Finns alone in the state. Without considering immigrants from other European countries, it can be concluded that the state is overcrowded with foreign residents.
The reason for such overcrowding is the situation in the early 90s, when migrants arrived from the Middle East. In addition, visitors are not too interested in the mentality of the Swedes, are not aware of strict respect for others' feelings and interests. Such illiteracy creates conflict situations. Each visitor considers it his duty to loudly declare his rights. This is a prime example of how democracy and freedom of speech work for immigrants, but they are completely useless for true Swedes.
On the territorial structure of the state
Cities like Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmo are characterized by life in Sweden. Guest reviews describe the amazing beauty of the architecture and nature of these places. The opinion is formed due to episodic stay in the country, because not every tourist is interested in the true life of the country. In practice, things are completely different ...
Please note that in Malmö, skirmishes can last for several weeks when visitors break into each other. The Swedish police are not in a hurry to respond to this kind of situation, as they have a lot of fear.
In every major city there are areas where law enforcement officials never drop by. Here, again, against the Swedes, their tolerance plays. Visitors use it, causing unrest in the state.
As a separate social group, those who have a fierce hatred of immigrants stand out. When negative emotions take over and hatred begins to pour over the edge, the groups get into the cars and start driving around the areas where the foreign population lives. As soon as they see a "stranger", then combat weapons are used. Despite aggressive attempts, not a single person was killed, only a few injured.
Attitude towards refugees
Considering the life in Sweden, the pros and cons of this state can be easily seen. Over the years, the state has accepted into its ranks a large number of refugees from various parts of the world. The authorities were driven by the idea of strict observance of human rights and freedoms. In view of the events described above, such a policy is now fading away. The reason for this is the inability to get a job with a decent income for foreigners, since the higher education received in a foreign country does not matter in Sweden. If you want to increase your level and continue to get crusts, you need to retake all exams again.
Due to the widespread policy, the political movements of nationalists are gaining increasing popularity. Increasingly, on the TV screens touched the problem of the presence of a huge number of foreign citizens. The emphasis is constantly on the inaction of the authorities, which either ignore the voice of the people or take minor measures. This problem is not widely publicized, since upbringing and innate tolerance play a role.
Immigrants and families
For any Russian person, a family is an important vital element, therefore it is impossible to close the topic of Sweden without affecting personal relationships.
State immigrants gather in groups. As for the indigenous people, they can not talk, not first skipping a glass of alcohol. The Swedes are very closed people, and in order to liberate themselves, they can drink so much alcohol that in the morning not to remember how they spent the weekend.
Their families are not distinguished by unity, loyalty and love for their spouse. Almost all old people meet death in nursing homes. Young people live in their pleasure and devotes all the attention to career growth. In this state, there is a very weak connection between several generations. Sweden is a country of divorces. Many teenagers are raised by single mothers, which gives rise to their uncontrolled behavior.
As for the visitors, their families present a completely opposite picture: friendship, love and mutual understanding flourish in the foreign cells of society for Swedes. The following picture gradually develops: foreigners form Swedish society, and the indigenous people mostly live in isolation.
Indigenous people do not really think about preserving their own traditions and culture. If earlier, when they graduated from a school or university, everyone sang the Swedish anthem, now it is forbidden to do so. It is believed that such actions can offend the feelings of immigrants. Despite this, anyone who wishes can nationalist legally speak on the square calling for the need to kill all visitors.
Of course, this is an incomplete picture of the description of such a state as Sweden, but the general features are presented to you. Before you move to a permanent place of residence, think hard about whether you can fully comply with foreign law or whether you should consider another option.
Who has any chances of emigration from Russia
The most obvious way to get long-awaited citizenship is refugee status. But not everyone can claim it. To prove the need for migration, it is imperative to confirm the existence of political persecution or military conditions in the home country.
The second option is to study at a local university. Any student of a higher educational institution has the right to a workplace under a contract. As soon as the state finds where to arrange you, get permission to stay. If the student age has already passed, try to find a position yourself or open your business.
The third option is to marry a citizen of the country or to reunite with the family.
Brief description of visa options that go to Sweden
In Sweden, all visas are divided into single and multiple entry. The first ones are for one trip, the second ones are valid for the specified period and allow you to live in the territory.
There are such categories:
- Short-term, C. Given for up to 90 days. Need to visit friends and family, start a business or participate in the conference.
- Transit, A and B. Issued only for travelers who need to travel through the country.
- National, D. Suitable, if you need to stay for a long time with close relatives.
- Multiple for 5 years. For reunification with a spouse or parent, is also made out for members of the government.
- Repeated for 1 year. To participate in various events by invitation, training, for journalists and professional drivers.
Is there a problem of illegal migration
In 2015, a wave of illegal migration began in all countries of the European Union. The escalation of the conflict in the Middle East has led to hundreds of citizens wanting to leave the conflict zone. Some countries immediately tightened migration policy. But Sweden at first happily accepted refugees.
As a result, the number of migrants, including illegal ones, in some areas reached a staggering 80%. Only after a wave of protests had risen did the local government decide to act. By 2017, several new laws had appeared. All illegal immigrants are instantly deported, and it became not so easy to get a visa.
Swedish language courses
Жизнь русских в Швеции может не удасться, если не знать местный язык. Правительство прекрасно понимает, что языковая адаптация – вещь долгая и дорогостоящая. Поэтому они запустили несколько бесплатных курсов для легальных мигрантов. Чтобы иметь возможность посещать занятия, подайте заявление в органы местного самоуправления.
Различают следующие вариации занятий:
- Курсы SFI A и B. Подходит для детей, получивших только начальное образование или без него. Ориентировано на людей, не умеющих читать, писать, незнакомых с латинским алфавитом.
- Курсы SFI B и C. Для детей в возрасте от 6 до 9 лет, окончивших начальную школу и обладающих базовыми навыками.
- Курсы SFI C и D. Для взрослых и детей в возрасте от 10 лет со средним школьным или высшим образованием.
Кому платят больше всего
Quite a large spread between salaries caused a stir around some professions and led to a shortage of workers. Most of all receive employees of the banking sector. If you have the appropriate education, get a job in a bank and work for 35 thousand euros per year.
Since local education is considered one of the most prestigious, teachers are required to higher education institutions. Highly paid to specialists in economics and finance, computing. Among other things, study counselors can count on a big bet.
35 thousand euros per year are programmers and engineers. To earn well, get an education in IT.
Popular professions for immigrants
In order not to be left without a job in an unfamiliar country, it is advisable to examine the list of relevant specialties. The greatest likelihood of obtaining a contract from data processing specialists. In second place is the position of engineer. People with a mathematical mindset is not enough.
The third place in the number of open vacancies - nurses in the field of psychology. Local hospitals constantly need doctors of different specializations, from the therapist to the dentist. Well-trained language waiters and qualified chefs are also required.
Among the list of popular positions there are teachers of pre-school education in government institutions.
The attitude of the state to entrepreneurship
According to statistics, every tenth Swede of adulthood, has already opened his own business. More than 50% of the population want to enter the sphere of private entrepreneurship in the future. Therefore, even an aspiring businessman will face support from his family and friends.
However, among the disadvantages of living in Sweden is the nature of local entrepreneurs. Here it is decided to decide things slowly and unhurriedly, without rush jobs and deadlines. Our Russian rush is not welcome, so local people rarely want to do business with us. About 5% of companies available on the market are operating on franchises.
You can choose any industry other than mining. Local markets have long been occupied by gas and oil workers.
Most of the country's contractual citizens get about 11 euros per hour. The state does not regulate this issue as violently as in other European countries. Any company can hire a cheap specialist. But working conditions must necessarily correspond to the rate received, otherwise the employee has the right to go to court.
The minimum rate is set by each region individually. But, if you summarize the statistics, you can understand: the poorest resident receives about 11 thousand euros per year. People without higher education usually claim such a salary. They have not graduated from any university, working at a construction site or home.
Average wages in sweden
If you make a comparison with other European countries, you will find that Sweden has the highest level of average wages, despite the rather large tax rate. Initially, an amount of 3,800 euros per month is transferred to the employee’s account.
The biggest wages in the state capital - Stockholm. On average, a Swede earns about 4,400 euros per month. In other regions, the rate may differ by several hundred. The best deals in the south and west of the country - the regions are close to the capital.
The least paid in the north, despite the unpleasant climate and working conditions.
Net average per capita income after taxes
Among the advantages of living in Sweden are local wages. The average member of the Swedish family, paying absolutely all taxes, receives on hands about 26 thousand euros. This indicator is slightly higher than the average global value.
There is a big gap between the rich and the poor. The first earn almost 4 times more than the second. Among the working-age population that has reached 15 years, almost 76% of all local residents have a job. The percentage of people working overtime is very low - only 2%. In this work mainly men. Women prefer not to stay late in the office.
System of general, secondary and higher education
Any child who has reached the age of 1 year has the right to his / her place in a pre-school educational institution. This stage is optional, therefore paid, but the prices are democratic. A child attending the garden does not learn, but has fun with peers, goes on various excursions and recreational activities.
From 7 years old, a child must go to a free school. From 1 to 3 classes, elementary education lasts, 4-6 - intermediate, 7-9 - senior. After that, the graduate can either go to work or go to gymnasium. There, training lasts from 1 to 3 years - depending on the chosen direction.
Higher education for Swedish citizens is also free. If desired, the child can graduate from the technical school for an abbreviated program. But to get a bachelor's degree, he must unlearn 5 years. Master takes another 3 years. To get the highest degree - doctoral - you need to unlearn for 6 years.
What are scholarships and grants
The Swedish Institute Study Scholarships is a local organization that supports international students. With their help, any successful student receives a cash scholarship for the entire period of study. Costs are paid by the same government agency.
The International Federation of University Women provides research grants for women only. On their website are promising areas of research. If your topic matches the stated one, apply to the organization and receive funding.
Rotary Foundation Global Grants for Development helps people with postgraduate education. Funds the study and hands out a predetermined amount.
Various reviews about life in Sweden through the eyes of Russians mention food prices. Even for a minimal salary, they live well here, sometimes allowing themselves to buy rare delicacies.
Characterized by the following rates (in CZK, kilograms, unless otherwise indicated):
- Liter of milk - 10.70.
- 500 grams of white bread - 21.08.
- Rice - 23.92.
- 12 pieces of chicken eggs - 26.87.
- Local cheese - 83.86.
- Chicken - 90.56.
- Beef - 138.81.
- Apples - 23.67.
- Bananas - 20.91.
- Oranges - 22.52.
- Tomatoes - 26.85.
- Potatoes - 9.53.
- Onions - 10.37.
- 1 head of lettuce - 17.45.
- 1.5 liters of clean drinking water - 13.31.
- A bottle of wine - 80.00.
- 0.5 liters of local beer - 16.23.
- 0.33 liters of imported beer - 16.66.
- 20 cigarettes - 60.00.
The basic diet of the average resident of Sweden
An ordinary worker spends about 3 thousand crowns per month to buy products. You can buy goods both in specialized stores and in supermarkets. The second option is much cheaper, so the locals often go to the grocery chain.
As an entertainment, the Swedes just spend time with their friends. Often parents with their children go to free museums. The educational program in them is as diverse and interesting as in the paid ones. Therefore, they spend up to 300 kroons a day for leisure, depending on waste. For this amount go to restaurants or cinemas.
Who can buy a property
Buy your corner can anyone in the country legally. To improve the standard of living of an immigrant in Sweden, you can invest in real estate. But such a large purchase does not give the infinite right to stay in the territory. You can still be deported at any time.
The price of an apartment depends on the area. The average price tag in the local market is about 200-300 thousand euros. The cheapest places are in disadvantaged areas where migrants from the Middle East live in large numbers. But living there is not safe.
In this country, there are practically no apartments provided by individuals. The delivery of housing here involved companies, both public and private. It’s not so easy to find your corner. Property owners in large cities choose between tenants, because the competition is very high.
The cost of an apartment depends on where the accommodation is located. If we are talking about large cities like Stockholm, the price reaches the sum of 15 thousand crowns per month. In small towns the minimum cost is 3 thousand.
So that the citizens did not have any complaints about the communal apartment, the state introduced a fair system of payment. Each person must pay not just for their existence, but for the area of the apartment occupied. At the same time, taxes are almost 10% more than in neighboring countries.
But despite this, the locals continue to save with the help of modern technology. Achievements of science allow the use of biofuel boilers, reducing energy costs.
Characterized by the following rates (euro per month):
- Studio apartment or studio - 50.
- Two-bedroom apartments - 68.
- Three-room apartment - 85.
The need for a car
According to the latest statistics in 2018, Sweden ranks first in the ranking of countries with the number of cars per person. Therefore, it is not necessary to buy a car - there is a developed network of public transport and permanent traffic jams. But if you have already decided on such a move, be prepared to pay.
Buy a car C-class - 19 thousand euros. Rent - from 30 to 50 euros per day. A liter of gasoline - 1.46 euros, and a similar amount of diesel - 1.42. Parking here is mostly paid. For one place will have to pay from 3 to 8 euros.
The development of public transport
Any resident or tourist can purchase a so-called zone card for 1.5 euro. During this time, you can go on it by any public transport in the region. City dwellers most often move by metro - the network envelops all large settlements, including Stockholm.
Between cities or in other European countries travel by high-speed trains. Regions connect among themselves comfortable buses, clearly driving on schedule.
General condition of roads, sidewalks
Like any country, Sweden is divided into south and north. In the southern part of the state are many cities. Here is the main industrial part of the country. The population density is quite high, all the plains and hills are built up with high-quality roads. But there are fewer paths in the north, since there are not so many inhabitants living in the Arctic Circle.
But regardless of territorial affiliation, all roads are in perfect condition. The government each year approves a schedule for changing pavement and snow removal.
Features of health insurance
Each resident of the state, arranged officially and under the contract, monthly transfers a single tax to the benefit of the country. Part of this money goes to medical insurance - it is required. In this case, the local health system is arranged in an unusual way.
The hospital has the right to take a doctor for no more than 15-30 euros. In the year the amount of the costs per patient should not exceed 100 euros. Moreover, the quota is kept absolutely on all doctors. The most expensive is to treat teeth. From your pocket you have to pay about 60% of all expenses.
Social guarantees of the state in matters of insurance
Every person residing legally in the country has the right to education and treatment, benefits and pensions in official work. Here adopted a system of protection of working citizens. If a person is forced to go to hospital because of himself or a child, he gets about 70% of his salary.
About 80% of all residents receive social benefits. Payments are made to all families with a child under the age of 16. Almost all students have scholarships and grants.
How do retirees get income
Every year, every able-bodied citizen of the state receives a so-called orange envelope. It has a small account statement showing the size of the citizen’s future pension. On average, a resident of a large province receives about 2,000 euros per month. In the regions, the amount is slightly lower.
Retired citizens can count on the delivery of free lunches. If they prove their inability to serve themselves, then the state allocates social services. workers and carers. Among other things, retirees get the right to travel in a preferential taxi.
The level of medicine in the country
The health care system here is focused primarily on people, and not on the convenience of doctors. There are no paper carriers of information, all patient data is recorded in an electronic database. If you feel bad, you better get to the hospital yourself. Ambulance cause only in severe cases.
If necessary, you can call a consultation, describe the symptoms of your illness and get advice. The doctors here are highly skilled, the mortality rate is very low.
Attitude to sport
Healthy and happy Swedes do not like to sit at home on the sofa at the weekend, idly watching TV. They prefer to enjoy the beauty of their own nature, combining travel with a useful thing - sports. They regularly go hiking and skiing.
They spend their leisure time in nature. Periodically they float from the mountain rivers in canoes or ride sailing boats. Volleyball and football are equally popular. In the north, people often play hockey.
For a well-developed social system and road conditions, the Swedes are forced to pay dearly. Their tax rate is considered one of the highest in the world. However, the locals do not complain - more than 70% of citizens are satisfied with the situation. Hide from taxes here is not accepted.
Each individual must pay a monthly amount of 29-35% of their income to the state. At the same time, a salary of less than 1,800 euros per month is not subject to income tax.
Regions and resorts in Sweden
The capital is Stockholm. A cozy, Swedish neat city is divided into 14 islands, washed by the Baltic Sea and Lake Mälaren and connected by 57 bridges. Medieval sights are concentrated in the old town of Gamla Stan and on the Knightly island of Riddarholmen. Here and the Royal Palace, and the Cathedral, and the Nobel Museum, and the oldest Stockholm church of St. Nicholas. For noisy parties, it's better to go to the Stureplan area, for expensive clothes — to Östermalm, for photogenic views — to Södermalm. Having walked through the picturesque streets, it is worth looking into any of the many museums - the Swedes know a lot about art.
Port Gothenburg once served as a haven for English traders and is still referred to as “little London” for its eclecticism and the diversity of cultural traditions. It is a city of green parks, well-kept beaches and interesting museums. The most famous sights are the futuristic Gothenburg Opera, the monumental Elvesborg Fortress, the elegant Castle of Gunneby and the largest amusement park in Northern Europe, Liseberg.
Famous for its parks and beaches and Malmo is a small and very hospitable city. Its recognized symbols are the twisting skyscraper “Turning Torso”, the Öresundsky bridge connecting Sweden and Denmark, and the Emporia shopping center with a effectively “pressed in” facade.
Ski resorts: Idre, Salen and Åre, which includes the Tegefjell, Ore-By, Ore-Bjørnen and Duved ski areas. For a complete list of interesting cities to visit, look at the city and resorts page in Sweden. About when is the best time to go here and what to do on the spot, described on the page "Tours to Sweden."
The time difference with Moscow
- with Kaliningrad
- with Samara
- with Yekaterinburg
- with Omsk
- with Krasnoyarsk
- with Irkutsk
- with Yakutsk
- with Vladivostok
- with the North Kuril
- with Kamchatka
Moderate, transitional from sea to continental. In winter, the air temperature in most parts of the country does not fall below −16 ° C, only in the north frost is below −22 ° C, and in summer it is rarely warmer than +22 ° C (and in mountainous regions - + 17 ° C). In Stockholm, the thermometer practically does not fall below zero, even in January-February.
Wet sea air masses from the North Atlantic and the Baltic Sea often bring changeable weather with precipitation and winds. The beach season in the Swedish resorts is short: you can warm up under the soft Scandinavian sun from mid-June to late August. Fans of downhill skiing are more fortunate: the snow-covered slopes of the northern and western regions are ready for conquest from November to April. Autumn is considered a low season: it is dank, rainy and windy. In spring, the weather is also capricious, but the snow begins to descend already in March, and by April in the south meadows are blooming with might and main.
See the current weather forecast in the cities of Sweden for the coming days.
Visa and customs
Sweden is a member of the Schengen countries. To enter the country, citizens of Russia and the CIS require a visa and travel medical insurance.
Import and export of national and foreign currency is not limited, but the amount of 10 000 EUR at the entrance must be declared. Tourists over 20 years old are allowed to import alcohol in the following quantities: wine with a strength up to 15 ° - up to 2 liters, beer - up to 2 liters, a choice of up to 2 liters of wine with an alcohol content of 15-20% or up to 1 liter of strong drinks. Nicotine restrictions (for travelers over 18): 250 g of pure tobacco, 50 cigars or 200 cigarettes. Общая стоимость предметов в багаже не должна превышать 1700 SEK. Нельзя провозить более 50 мл духов, 250 мл туалетной воды, 100 г чая и 500 г кофе. Владельцам домашних животных стоит позаботиться о наличии справки о вакцинации против бешенства и ветеринарного сертификата международного образца. Цены на странице указаны на октябрь 2018 г.
К ввозу в Швецию запрещены: алкоголь крепостью более 60 %, наркотики и наркосодержащие лекарства, оружие, взрывчатка, порноматериалы, шоколад, мясомолочные продукты (за исключением детского и диетического питания для лиц с серьезными заболеваниями), картофель (не из стран Евросоюза).
For the export of historical objects, jewelry, antiques, animals, plants, as well as ammunition and weapons, official permits are required. Alcohol can be exported in any quantities, but it is worth considering that the permissible norms when crossing the Russian border are no more than 3 liters of alcohol of any strength.
If you buy goods in the stores free of tax free, you can get a partial refund of VAT (up to 19%). The minimum purchase amount is 200 SEK. In the store you need to present a passport and ask for a special refund check (Global Refund Check). The goods will be given in sealed packaging, which cannot be opened until obtaining an export permit. The goods must be exported from the country within three months from the date of purchase. At customs, you will need to show your passport, purchases and checks, get a stamp on the export permit, and then the amount due at the nearest Tax free return point.
How to get to Sweden
The largest airport in Sweden is located in the village of Marsta, which is 42 km from the capital. Regular direct flights from Moscow are provided by Aeroflot: departure from Sheremetyevo, tickets - from 172 EUR one way, flight duration - from 2 hours and 15 minutes. It will be cheaper with transfers: Air Baltic has routes through Riga for EUR 116 one way (journey time - from 4 hours).
Scandinavian Airlines flies directly from St. Petersburg to Stockholm: from 200 EUR in one direction, flights last 1.5 hours. Belavia (120 EUR one way, transfer in Minsk, on the road - 14 hours and 40 minutes) or Air Baltic (from 110 EUR, the minimum duration of routes through Riga - 3 hours and 30 minutes) will help save money.
The second largest Swedish airport is in Gothenburg. Brussels Airlines (docked in Brussels, from 177 EUR one way, travel time - from 8 hours), Finnair (from 207 EUR, from 5 hours 40 minutes through Helsinki), Lufthansa ( from 200 EUR, from 18 hours via Frankfurt am Main) and other carriers. From the northern capital is the cheapest and fastest way to travel with Scandinavian Airlines (180 EUR in one direction via Stockholm, 4 hours).
Malmo has its own airport: flights from Moscow (from 361 EUR one way, travel time - from 5 hours) and St. Petersburg (from 160 EUR, from 20 hours 20 minutes) are offered by Aeroflot, Cityset and Scandinavian airlines ", all - with transfers in Stockholm. But it is cheaper and more convenient to fly to Malmo via Copenhagen: a journey by train between Denmark and Sweden along the Oresund Bridge takes only 20 minutes and costs 615 SEK. From Moscow to the Danish capital can be reached directly for 184 EUR one way (Aeroflot, 2 hours and 40 minutes), from St. Petersburg - via Riga for 115 EUR (Air Baltic, from 12 hours), all the details - on our page.
Search for flights to Sweden
Sweden stretches for many kilometers from north to south, so the air transport in the country is quite popular. The main carriers are Scandinavian Airlines, Norway and others. Flights between Swedish cities take an average of about an hour, and traveling by air from Stockholm to Gothenburg or Malmö will cost from 560 SEK.
State railway company SJ (official website in English) connects the vast majority of settlements in the center and south of the country.
For early booking (90 days) tickets are much cheaper. In order to save money, you can also purchase a train ticket: InterRail Sweden Pass is valid in Sweden (cost - from 1752 SEK for 3 days), InterRail Global Pass - in 30 European countries (from 2494 SEK for 6 days). Travel tickets are sold at the box office and online.
SweBus express bus lines (official website) cover more than 1.5 thousand cities, in northern Sweden it is the only form of public transport. Tickets are sold at the bus station ticket offices, a trip from the capital to Malmo will cost from 550 SEK.
Public transport inside cities
The main type of public transport is buses. In Stockholm there is a metro (one of the most beautiful in the world), in other large cities it is replaced by high-speed trains and trams. Travel by public transport costs from 30 SEK.
Swedish streets are literally dotted with bike lanes. In the capital, you can rent a bike in any of 80 CityBikes rental offices; 3 days of skiing will cost 300 SEK. Water transport is also developed in the country: high-speed ferries deliver, for example, to the most picturesque islands of the Stockholm archipelago for 150-200 SEK.
There are a lot of taxi companies in Sweden that set their own rates and discounts on their cars. Approximately 1 SEK is charged 14 SEK, for landing - 35-45 SEK. There are cars with a fixed fast pris tariff, owned by large companies, and so-called “free taxi” (fritaxi), in which the fare in which you must agree before the trip. An average of 290-390 SEK will be rolled through the central regions of Swedish cities, transfer to the capital’s airport costs 400-500 SEK. In the evening, on weekends and public holidays rates are rising.
Rent a car in Sweden
To rent a car in Sweden, you need international driving license, a credit card, the minimum driver’s age is 18 years old (for some cars it is 24 years old). The maximum age is not limited. Riding a bike in Sweden is easy and safe - almost all highways are equipped with special bike lanes. Bicycles can be rented at one of the rental locations or through local travel agencies. The average cost is 165 SEK in 3 days.
Properly parking and not breaking the rules in Stockholm is not an easy task. Swedish laws strictly punish drunk driving and speeding. But, apparently, this does not help much, as checks are often arranged on the roads. Both day and night driving in the country is allowed only with the dipped headlights on. Everyone should wear seat belts in Sweden - both the driver and the passenger in the front seat, and even the rear passengers - if their seats are equipped with belts. Speed limits range from 110 km / h on motorways to 70 km / h on other roads and 30-50 km / h - within the boundaries of settlements. Most gas stations operate on the principle of self-service and are open daily, some around the clock. Most of them accept major credit cards.
Communication and Wi-Fi
In Sweden, payphones that accept special calling cards as well as credit cards are common. Cards in denominations of 30 SEK, 60 SEK and 120 SEK can be purchased almost everywhere - from the press kiosks of the Pressbyran network to supermarkets. There are payphones at the railway stations that accept coins of 1 SEK, 5 SEK and 10 SEK, the conversation will cost at least 2 SEK.
On weekdays after 4 pm and around the clock on weekends, tariffs for internal negotiations are halved.
The leading mobile operators in Sweden are Telenor, Telia and Tele2. Prepaid SIM cards are sold in supermarkets and branded salons of communication, for their design does not even need a passport. One of the most favorable tariffs for calls to Russia is offered by the Comviq operator: a minute of conversation costs 1.65 SEK (plus 0.95 SEK per connection), SMS - 0.50 SEK. At Telenor, the rates are higher: subscribers who subscribe to the Global tariff will have to pay 4.99 SEK per minute to call home.
Free Wi-Fi is available in many Swedish cafes, restaurants, shopping centers and hotels. All operators have mobile Internet packages: for example, Tele2 has tariffs with 10 GB of traffic for 199 SEK. Internet cafe services will cost from 30 SEK per hour of connection.
The monetary unit of the country is the Swedish Krona (SEK), in 1 krona 100 era. Current exchange rate: 1 SEK = 7.34 RUB (1 USD = 9.05 SEK, 1 EUR = 10.3 SEK).
In Sweden, it is most profitable to exchange currency in exchange offices. Banks have a fairly high fee and not the most favorable rate.
Most exchange offices are open from 8:00 to 21:00. Banks are open on weekdays, except Thursdays, from 10:00 to 15:00, on Thursdays - from 10:00 to 16: 00-17: 30. In some cities, work time is extended until 18:00. On weekends and public holidays, all financial institutions are closed.
Banks at airports, ports and main railway stations usually work longer.
In Sweden, the most convenient way is to use plastic cards: MasterCard and Visa are accepted not only in shops and restaurants, but also in taxis, and even in street kiosks with fast food. There are many ATMs, almost all of them work around the clock. Euros can be paid only in large shopping centers and supermarkets, therefore, it is worthwhile to take care of buying local currency in advance. Small amounts in exchange offices are accepted without problems, with large amounts it can be difficult: it’s better to change them at the airport or on board the ferry.
There are no official hotels in Swedish hotels, so the "asterisks" in the catalogs of tour operators are the result of a subjective assessment. There are typical Scandinavian hotels in the country: without pathos, as practical as possible, everything is clean, regular and accurate. Service - a pragmatic "Central European", from 16:30 food and drinks are 10% cheaper.
In Sweden, there is a series of deluxe hotels, both in large cities and in the outback. In the provinces, these are hotels created on the basis of the former royal or noble palaces, and offering service at very high prices.
Hotels and apartments in ski resorts are built in alpine style, many apartments (90% with a sauna). World and Scandinavian "chains" are common in the country.
The voltage in the network is 220 V, 50 Hz. Sockets and plugs comply with EU standards.
How to avoid problems
Sweden is ranked among the safest countries of the world for a reason: the crime rate here is extremely low. However, pickpockets do not sleep wherever there are tourists, so it would be wiser to follow the wallet and keep valuables under supervision. Do not litter on the streets: the Swedes are extremely scrupulous in matters of cleanliness, and fines of 800-1000 SEK for a piece of paper thrown on the asphalt are not uncommon here. The same applies to country rest: everything is permitted that does not disturb the precious calm of others, and most importantly, does not harm the environment.
Smoking in the country is also strictly: in public places, including most restaurants, it will not work to raise a cigarette (and if it does, it will cost too much: fines reach 5000 SEK). In some catering points there are special areas for smokers, but food and drinks are not served there.
It is even more difficult with alcohol: you can buy a bottle or two of alcohol only in the official stores of the Systembolaget chain, and then only at the designated time: from 10:00 to 13:00 on Saturdays and until 18:00 on weekdays. Strong liquor is sold exclusively to persons over 20 years of age, in licensed bars and restaurants the age limit is reduced to 18. In ordinary supermarkets one can find only low-alcohol beer.
Russian Embassy in Stockholm: Gjorwellsgatan, 31, tel. (8) 130-441, 130-443, website.
Consulate General of the Russian Federation in Gothenburg: St. Sigfridsgatan, 1, tel. (31) 408-084, 409-846, website.
Firefighters, police or ambulance: 112.
The best photos of Sweden
Types of Lapland
Drottningholm Palace, Sweden
Village in Sweden
Spectacular views of Stockholm
Panorama of Stockholm
Christmas shopping at David Design in Malmo
Stockholm's ancient architecture
Alpine skiing in Sweden
Swedish nature is an ideal background for conquering the mountain slopes: clean air, mild climate, picturesque snow-capped peaks have long attracted fans of winter sports. Local resorts are famous, first of all, for dizzying changes in heights and a variety of opportunities for outdoor activities.
There is also a fly in the ointment: the level of service here is not as high as, for example, in neighboring Finland. But annoying little things, like early closing lifts and the frequent absence of pointers in English, still fade against the background of numerous advantages.
The most popular ski resort in Sweden is Åre, consisting of four separate villages with the best lift system in Northern Europe and dozens of kilometers of first-class trails. Duved is often compared to the Alps: in the midst of majestic landscapes, away from the hustle and bustle, modern snowparks and tracks for skiers, snowboarders and free riders are equipped with any preparation. Tegefjell is a paradise for extreme lovers, in Åre by - the most developed infrastructure, and protected from the wind Åre-Bjørnen is a great place for family holidays.
Popular and the resort Selen - the largest in the country. More than 80% of his fans are families with children: the slopes are gentle and wide, playgrounds are equipped everywhere, but most of the kids like the fabulous snow castle and the world's largest snowman, painted on the Gustavbakken hill. By the way, it is pleasant to relax in Salen in the summer: in the entertainment palette - swimming in mountain lakes, canoeing, golf and fishing.
Family-oriented leisure is focused on the resort of Idre, which is not far from the border with Norway. For adults there are skiing, snowboarding, riding scooters and dog sledding, for children - the water center "Sudpulen", the main inhabitant of which is the good-natured whale Moby Dick.
In the Swedish education system there are solid advantages: its efficiency is recognized all over the world, education is oriented both on theory and practice, and most importantly, public schools and universities are absolutely free. Young Swedes start their studies at the age of 6-7, the overwhelming majority - 98% - choose municipal institutions. You don’t have to pay for anything: textbooks, school supplies, dinners in canteens, and even home delivery - all for free. Education lasts for 9 years, preparation for admission to university continues in high schools.
Higher education institutions in the country are about 55. A university diploma is issued after 2 years, the 3rd is awarded a bachelor's degree, then an annual or two-year master's degree and, finally, a licentiate and a doctoral degree. The most prestigious university - Stockholm University with 4 faculties: law, humanities, social and natural sciences. The university in Gothenburg with an extensive scientific base in the field of genetics, biology and engineering is not far behind. Dear universities there are also in Uppsala, Lund and other cities.
Higher education in Sweden - of course, also free of charge - may be lucky foreign scholars. To do this, you need to decide on a future alma mater, successfully pass a test of proficiency in Swedish or English and fill out an online application, explaining in detail the desire to absorb knowledge here. It remains to attach the recommendations, make a small fee for reviewing the certificates and wait for the commission’s response.
Shops in Sweden do not have a single schedule. As a rule, they are open from Monday to Friday from 9:30 to 18:00. Department stores and other large stores usually work on Sundays, from 12:00 to 16:00. Grocery open daily, usually until 20:00, and some - and longer. Winter sale with significant discounts starts from December 27 and lasts a month.
As a souvenir from the country, you can bring glass and crystal, steel and silver products, wooden crafts. Also appreciated are women's and children's clothes, especially Scandinavian sweaters. When choosing, it is better to pay attention to something really rare: outfits from global brands are more expensive here than, for example, in neighboring Finland. Fortunately, local designers are among the most creative, and therefore recognizable in the world: their boutiques are concentrated in the Sofo area.
As in Finland, the “green snake” in Sweden is tamed by the state. Wines and spirits with a strength of more than 2.8 ° and beer with a strength of more than 3.5 ° are sold only in the specialty stores Systembolaget. The minimum age for the right to buy alcohol is 20 years. Restaurants and bars must have special permission to sell alcohol.
Popular souvenirs from Sweden - painted horses “gave” (the same as nesting dolls in Russia), unsuited figurines of moose and Vikings, characters from Astrid Lindgren’s fairy tales and everything connected with them (guess who the red wig with braids will turn you into ). Gourmets recommend to buy a mini-bottle of Christmas alcohol "Gleg", a package of local chocolates or cookies, a jar of excellent herring or jam from northern berries.
Coast of malmo
Stockholm city view
Sarek National Park in Lapland
Swedish cuisine and restaurants
Buffet (smorgasbord in Swedish, literally - "sandwich table") has become the world heritage of the restaurant business. In Sweden, it is very plentiful: these are various salted and smoked fish, sausages, pies, salads, cheeses, meat and fish hot dishes, desserts, pastries. Christmas buffet from December 1 to December 23 includes up to 50 dishes. In general, the Swedish national cuisine has a restrained variety. It almost does not use seasonings and the natural taste is very much appreciated. Delicacies include venison, elk and crayfish dishes. And everywhere salmon: raw, smoked, salted, in the form of kebabs or grilled.
Specific Swedish drinks are low-alcohol fruit punch and Christmas mulled mulled wine, which is made from warmed red wine with cardamom, cloves, raisins and almonds. It is better for connoisseurs of coffee to order “espresso”, coffee “in Swedish” will hardly satisfy them.
Very expensive, even by local standards, liquor and cigarettes. A bottle of wine costs from 20-30 EUR and above.
Sweden is one of the first places in the world for the quality of water purification. Водопроводная вода пригодна для питья без предварительного кипячения, поэтому не стоит удивляться, если в баре или ресторане подадут стакан прямо из-под крана.
В Швеции популярны кафе с самообслуживанием: в меню — сэндвичи, салаты, кебабы и знаменитая жареная селедка. В городах много кондитерских и кофеен: один из любимых местных ритуалов — «фика», перекус за чашечкой кофе в компании друзей или коллег. Повсюду открыты едальни для веганов и вегетарианцев. Традиционные блюда лучше пробовать в гостевых домах «вэрдсхус»: там вкусно и не слишком дорого. Азиатские заведения чаще всего работают по системе шведского стола. Обед в кафе средней руки обойдется в 200 SEK, ужин в ресторане — от 500 SEK на персону.
Immediately it should be said that the main disadvantage of recreation in Sweden is its cost. To see the maximum number of interesting places, and feel the real comfort, which is paid special attention, will have to fork out. But in exchange, in addition to the picturesque landscapes, you will also receive excellent customer-oriented service.
What is worth visiting in Sweden?
Stockholm. This city is recognized as one of the most developed in Western Europe. People come here first of all to get a portion of cultural “pleasure”, because it is in Stockholm that the main number of museums of various kinds is concentrated.
The most famous of them is the “Nobel Museum”, where you can learn a lot of new and interesting things about Alfred Nobel himself and the award founded by him. The largest art gallery is located in the National Museum, and in the Vasa Museum you can see the only sailing ship in the world that has survived from the 17th century, and several exhibitions dedicated to it.
And if you go on holiday with children, be sure to check out the “Junibacken Museum”. You will find yourself in a fabulous world inhabited by heroes of the works of Tove Janson, Astrid Lindgren and other children's writers.
But from the modern entertainment that will introduce you to the city, it is worth noting Sky View - a unique attraction, which is a glass sphere, rising to a height of 130 meters. From there, a great view of the city. The duration of such a “high-altitude excursion” is 20 minutes.
Gotland This is an island where in summer you can relax on the beach, and in all other seasons get acquainted with the cultural heritage. To do this, be sure to look into the city of Visby. There you can see beautiful houses of the 18th century with tiled roofs, old mills and ancient stone fences. And after driving a few kilometers from the city, visit one of the favorite "fabulous places" described in the book Astrid Lindgren "Peppy Long Stocking". This is a museum in the villa "Hen" Those who read the famous work, know exactly what is at stake.
Gothenburg. Of course, seeing the long coastal line, sea lovers will prefer to swim in the sea first. But after that you should definitely see one of the main cultural treasures - the opera house. And after a ballet, a musical or a show that is staged here, you can look at a restaurant located there. Excellent cuisine and a gorgeous view of the river, which opens from the veranda, you provided.
Travelers who hunt for thrills and new emotions, you must go to the largest amusement park in Scandinavia. There you will find all sorts of rides, performances and shows.
By the way, guides advise to get acquainted with the local cuisine in Gothenburg, which is famous for its chefs. They have repeatedly won the recognition of world chefs and prestigious awards.
Ore Tourists from all over the world strive to get here in winter, because Åre is one of the most popular ski resorts. It is divided into four villages, which are connected by bus routes. Here is the best system of lifts in Europe, and safety is thought out to the smallest detail. That is why from November to May in Ore comes a huge number of families with children who are happy to learn the basics of skiing.
A significant plus of the resort - more affordable prices than in the nearby Alps. But the exotic is probably even brighter - starting from walks in a sleigh pulled by reindeer, ending with the delicacies of local cuisine - for example, freshly smoked salmon.
Malmo. This small town attracts mainly travelers who prefer a relaxing holiday. Since the territory of Malmo is small at all, all interesting places are within walking distance.
In addition to a large number of cozy and comfortable beaches, it is worth seeing historical sights, located mainly in the center, as well as modern man-made buildings. The main one is the 190-meter “Turning Torso” skyscraper.
And having decided to go on a picnic, you will have to choose from a huge number of chic gardens, attracting with their aromas in the warm season.
Selen. What to do at this ski resort in Sweden besides skiing? Be sure to visit the unusual and original "MakSki". There can order a delicious fast food skiers who decide to rest after long races.
Swedish resorts, of course, are not cheap. But everything is more than compensated by excellent service and ideal places to relax, where world celebrities may well be your neighbors. Famous models, performers and actors often come here to forget about work for a while. This is the hospitable Swedes advise to do and you, promising a warm welcome.