You decided to buy a puppy and paid attention to the Belgian shepherd breed? In this case, it's time to learn more about these wonderful representatives of the dog world. Just remember one thing - this is not a “sofa ottoman”. A dog of this breed will be a wonderful friend and partner for sports, energetic people who are not used to spending time at home and in fashionable clubs. But in a flat Belgian shepherd feels very bad. Before you get such a pet, learn the features of the future furry friend, and also evaluate the possibilities of your home, availability of free time and money.
The Belgian Sheepdog is an extremely active dog that will become a faithful companion on hikes, cycle routes, will gladly accompany you on your morning jog and is ready to move 24 hours a day. Pay special attention to this, can you provide your pet with a sufficient level of physical activity?
This breed is unique, it includes 4 types of dogs, differing in exterior data. Many people are sure that they see representatives of different breeds, but no, the Gruenendal, Tervuren, Malinois, Lacenois are all Belgian shepherd dogs. Below we consider the features of each type separately.
The Belgian Shepherd is considered a shepherd breed. The main feature of the representatives of this group is an excellent intellect, the ability to independently make competent decisions in critical situations. The Belgian Shepherd is perfect for these descriptions. Communicating with her, you forget that there is no person in front of you.
In the XIX century a certain type of herding dogs was formed, all of them were hardy, unpretentious, perfectly amenable to training. Separate individuals became progenitors of various breeds known in our time. Not an exception and the Belgian Shepherd. She appeared thanks to Adolph Riiul, a professor at the veterinary school. He first proceeded to purebred breeding of these dogs in 1891. After some time, shepherd dogs acquired the features by which we recognize them today.
If you are looking for a reliable friend who has excellent guarding qualities, elegant appearance and cheerful disposition, then you will definitely like the Belgian Shepherd. Photos of these charming women always delight both children and adults. They are loyal and hardy animals, very affectionate and sensitive. But with strangers, they behave somewhat wary.
Sheepdogs are full of energy and must always be in motion. The dogs are very clever, they grab commands just on the fly, so there are no problems to teach them the basic commands. The memory of these animals is fantastic.
Annually held exhibitions fully show what a Belgian shepherd is. Photo champions gives a clear understanding of what should be the ideal (in terms of breeding) a representative of this breed. The Belgian Shepherd is a fairly large, but at the same time very elegant dog. The height of males reaches 60-66 cm, bitches slightly lower - within 56-62 cm. At the same time, the weight of the animal is relatively small, about 28-35 kilograms. For comparison, the short-legged basset hound sometimes weighs much more. The head of the Belgians is long, the skull and the muzzle have approximately the same structure. The nose is black with wide nostrils. The forehead is moderately convex, the eyes are almond-shaped, of medium size. Triangular ears are located high on the crown and stand upright. The body is powerful, but not overloaded, light. Chest deep, lowered, not too wide. The croup is sloping, rather massive. The hind limbs are powerful, while the front ones have compact bones and strong muscles.
First of all it should be noted character. The breed of the Belgian Shepherd is the standard of courage and independence. If the situation requires it, your pet will not wait for the command, but will immediately respond. At the same time, dogs are very obedient and absorb any commands like a sponge. They perfectly coexist in the family and are the best "nannies" for younger children. Keep in mind that the dog is a mirror image of its owner, because he has raised her since a month. Such character traits as aggressiveness or shyness, despite their “humanity”, are also transmitted to your shaggy friends.
Certain flaws can be found in the exterior, especially if mating was made between different types of rock. It can be traces of pigmentation on the nose, eyelids, earlobes, as well as straight or weak shoulders, loose paws, a highly raised tail, the absence of a black mask on the face and other deviations in color. Too aggressive or cowardly behavior is also not considered the norm, but it is often the result of a lack of socialization and proper training.
Belgian Shepherd Groenendael
This is a very bright representative of the breed. Graceful, luxurious dogs attract the attention of everyone without exception. The charm is added by the smooth, straight wool of an exceptionally black color. This creates a certain mystical halo, giving the image a mysterious, gothic look. Only a small white “tie” is allowed, as well as some white wool on the fingers. The Belgian Shepherd Groenendael is initially a candidate for recognition of its separate breed, but to this day is not separated from the common branch. In terms of working qualities, character and learning, animals do not differ from representatives of another type of this breed. But consider the features of long hair care.
Belgian Shepherd Malinois
At first glance, this dog looks like a German Shepherd. Malinois is a red-haired, short-haired variety with a black mask. It is noteworthy that in America they are distinguished as a separate breed (Kennel Club). In the city of Malin, the Belgian Shepherd Malinois was first bred. Photo of the first four-legged shows their absolute identity to modern representatives. Despite the apparent similarity with the Germans, these dogs are lighter and more elegant. The movements are also significantly different, the Malinois are markedly seeded, and in the ring they should be trotted to show in all their glory.
A special place in this group are working dogs. In this case, the breeders do not evaluate the exterior, but the working data. Consequently, the best of them participate in breeding, which allows us to improve the skills of the guard and guard service with each generation. From the point of view of experts evaluating the exterior, these dogs may have some drawbacks (color, tail tail, pigmentation). Therefore, separate exhibitions are held for them, where instead of graceful defiling around a circle, dogs pass an obstacle course and show how to act at the moment of danger. Historically, it is the Belgian Shepherd Malinois that is most used for security and guard duty.
Features of type tervuren
At first glance - this is the same Grünendal. The same luxurious, straight wool, absolutely identical physique. The only difference in color, but in this Belgian Shepherd Tervuren has no equal. With all the grace and visual appeal, the Groenendael is a very peculiar dog because of its coal-black hair. In some cases, the shepherd has a fiery-red color, which alternates with dark spots. Having met such a “little deer”, you will forget that just yesterday you liked the Belgian Shepherd Malinois. Photos of your pet will be a real family pride.
Remains the last type secreted inside this breed. This is a laquenois, but it's very difficult to meet its representatives. Wire-haired Belgian Shepherds practically did not spread in Europe. Russia took over this trend. The color of these dogs ranges from fawn to red with blackening on the face.
Since this is a large and agile dog, food should be appropriate. You can buy ready-made feed (dry and canned) super premium or prepare food for your pet yourself. The second option is somewhat cheaper, but takes more time. Generally, if you have a tight schedule, you can immediately forget about this dog. She will demand to play with her constantly.
Be sure to introduce protein into the diet, both of plant and animal origin. Sources will be fish, dairy products and eggs. An energetic dog will definitely need a large amount of healthy carbohydrates that contain various cereals: wheat, rice and buckwheat. Fats also play an important role, as they are responsible for metabolic processes, wool quality and energy accumulation. Their source is butter and vegetable oil.
Do not forget about the need for vitamins and minerals, which in large quantities contain vegetables and fruits, fish oil, as well as specialized drugs. These elements are especially important when you have a Belgian shepherd. Puppies are extremely sensitive to the lack of important trace elements, this can cause serious developmental disabilities.
The first thing this breed needs is regular long walks and physical exertion. It is unacceptable to keep a dog on a leash. Sheepdogs are quite unpretentious, but long hair requires attention of the owner. It must be combed out, this is especially important during the molting period. But to bathe a pet is not recommended even before important exhibitions. On average, dogs live for about 15 years, during which animals constantly have to be busy with something, otherwise natural activities will cause them to spoil things.
How to choose a puppy
Determine what you want from the dog. Do you dream of a stellar career at exhibitions, or want to find a reliable friend and protector? In this case, you need to pay attention to the parents, their differences, titles and skills. It is necessary to go to the kennel or to the breeder, evaluate the condition of the dogs and the conditions of growing puppies, read the pedigree. The chosen kid should have a brilliant coat and clear eyes, have a cheerful and curious character, actively move. Taking a puppy home is recommended in 1.5-2 months.
Health and Disease
In general, the Belgian shepherds are in good health, but this does not eliminate the need for vaccinations. The dog must have a vaccination card in which the vet will make all the necessary entries. About once every 4-6 months, deworming procedure should be carried out. In the summer period, the dog should be regularly treated with anti-tick agents that carry piroplasmosis and other diseases. Proper nutrition and a sufficient number of walks in the fresh air also contribute to a long and happy life of your pet. Remember, if your pet felt bad and fell ill, you should immediately contact a veterinarian without losing valuable time. Only a doctor can assess how serious his condition is.
Features of the form
The dog of breed the Belgian shepherd combines working qualities:
- the hunter
- the guard
This breed of dogs is extremely durable and tireless in work due to small size, developed muscles, body flexibility and speed of movements. It should be noted the extreme jumping ability of dogs of this breed, a three-meter barrier is not the limit that the Belgian can overcome. The listed qualities in combination with grace, phenomenal abilities to train and train make these dogs regular participants of sports competitions and contests.
It should be noted that these dogs are infinitely tied to the owner. In an emergency, if the owner is in danger, from a calm and watchful guard the Belgian Shepherd instantly turns into a fearless beast, ready to defend the owner at any cost.
The exceptions are cases where the owner leads an active lifestyle and is able to provide his pet with a sufficient amount of physical and mental stress, which is very difficult in the close space of the apartment. Belgians are recommended for very active people, whose professional activities are related to sports, service in the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the police, the army or at customs.
According to external signs, there are four types of Belgians:
- Malinois - the coat is short, yellow-brown, red-brown or red,
- Tervuren - the wool is long, bright red or red-brown,
- Grunendal - wool long, fluffy, black,
- Laquinoy - Wool hard, gray, red, fawn or red-brown.
Photo and description
- Homeland - Belgium.
- Breed recognition - FCI, UKS, AKS, KCGB, ANKS, SKS.
- Height at withers of males - 60–66 cm, an average of 62 cm.
- Dog weight - 25–30 kg.
- Height at withers bitches - 60–66 cm, on average 58 cm.
- Bitches weight - 20–25 kg.
- Lifespan - 12-15 years.
- Content - a private house.
- Temperament - active.
- Color - dark fawn or red with blackening on the face and ears.
- Wool - short, adjacent, thick with a fluffy undercoat.
- Body - square format, muscular, strong.
- Posture - proud with straight shoulders.
- Movements - A little mincing, fast and light.
- Head - set high.
- Eyes - dark brown, look smart.
- Ears - standing, triangular.
- Nose - the black.
- Tail - thick, fluffy.
- Character - balanced, very active and alert. Suitable for keeping in the family.
- Training - easy.
- Livableness - It is difficult to get along with other dogs, cats and domestic rabbits.
- Attitude to children - positive if the dog grows with the child.
Malinois are very intelligent, intellectually developed, easily trained dogs, capable of independent decision making. There is a need to develop these qualities in the Malinois character. Peace and quiet are not characteristic of the Belgian Shepherd. This breed is characterized by activity, vigor and curiosity. If you do not direct this irrepressible energy into a "peaceful course", or rather into useful work, then the pet will find entertainment that may not please the owner at all.
Belgian shows early socialization - should as soon as possible teach your pet to the community of people. Otherwise, the animal may grow suspicious, fearful or even aggressive. The same can happen from a lack of attention to the animal from the owner.
These dogs have a confident, fearless character. They are suitable owner with no less strong character, which can become an authority for your pet, otherwise the role of the leader in the family will take Malinois. But it is impossible to physically punish or raise a voice for a dog, since this breed has a fine nervous organization. And yet you need to bring up a pet in strictness, but not excessive, so that it does not turn into cruelty.
Malinois are very attentive, by gestures and facial expressions they are able to catch the slightest change in the mood of the host. Если же хозяин расстроен или обижен и отказывается общаться со своим питомцем, это будет самым страшным наказанием для преданного пса.Чаще всего бельгиец выбирает себе одного хозяина, но с остальными членами семьи он будет вести себя послушно.With the children, the Malinois are patient enough, but you still have to explain to the child that this is not a toy, you should not bother the dog or run around and swing your arms so that the hunting instinct, which is well developed in the animal, does not work.
Dogs of this breed love and protect their family. The relationship of malinois with other animals is not very easy, it concerns both dogs and cats. Belgian Shepherds love to drive cats, catch up with cyclists and passing cars.
In addition to a serious responsible service, the Belgian Shepherd dog has proven itself as a guard at home or in a closed area, as a companion for morning jogs, as a guide dog for blind people. Malinois love to travel with the owner, run, play with the ball and flying saucer.
It is better to keep the Belgian Shepherd in an open-air cage in the fresh air, especially since the representatives of this breed are adapted to changeable climatic conditions and adverse atmospheric phenomena.
History and appearance
The grandparents of the Belgian shepherd are shepherd dogs, who herded sheep on the territory of modern Europe from the XVI – XVII centuries.
Shepherd dogs were not similar in size and color, but they had one main common quality - they herded flocks of sheep perfectly. In addition, they could protect the host and domestic animals from predators.
In 1650, the first description of dogs that look like modern Belgian shepherds is found.
In 1891, an exhibition took place in Belgium, where 117 dogs of the Belgian Shepherd Dog breed were shown for the first time. Only 40 of the dogs presented by the judges allowed for further breeding. The following year, the first detailed description of the breed standard appeared. But this standard has not received official recognition.
During the following years, a great deal of work was carried out on “correcting the mistakes” made in the original description of the breed standard. And by 1910 the breed standard was completely corrected and approved. Of course, the color variety of representatives of the breed caused a lot of discussions and disputes (they do not cease to this day), but the physical data, character and working qualities were clear, understandable and indisputable.
In 1910, only three types of Belgian Shepherd Dogs were described.: Groenendael, Malinois and Laquinoy - with black long hair, with red-brown short and with gray hard wool, respectively.
The dog owners, who differed in color from the standard described, united and continued to breed dogs of all colors, including brown and gray. In 1885, both clubs merged and created four types of Belgian Shepherd Dogs that still exist: the Groenendael, Malinois, Lackenois and Tervuren.
In the entire history of the breed standards, disputes regarding the color range of the representatives of the breed did not subside. They have not stopped in our time. Most acutely, they broke out between Belgium and France.
What a puppy should look like
Before you get a Malinois puppy, the future owner must be honest with himself and answer a few questions:
- Do you have enough free time that you can devote to your pet?
- Is there any necessary experience in raising dogs?
- Do you lead an active lifestyle?
- Do your living conditions allow malinois?
Only in the event that all the answers turn out to be positive, it is worthwhile to start choosing a Belgian Shepherd puppy. General recommendations would be.
- Determining the gender of the future pet. It should be noted that the cables are more capricious, strong and outwardly solid. Bitches are more appeasable, kinder and more obedient to males.
- Puppy age It is ideal to take a puppy into the family at the age of 2-3 months. This is the age when the puppy is already intelligent enough to start learning and meeting other people.
It is advisable to meet with the parents of your pet. When meeting in person, assess the working qualities of the animal, evaluate its character. Do not blindly trust the puppy's pedigree. It would be very useful to get advice from a professional who has spent more than one year breeding dogs of a given breed.
You can buy a puppy in a specialized kennel. There, he will receive the necessary vaccinations, about which the relevant documents will be submitted to the owner. In serious nurseries, they will additionally conduct special testing of a puppy, according to the results of which, with a high degree of probability, it can be assumed what the nature of the adult animal will be and its working qualities.
In the nursery the price of a Malinois puppy varies from 400 to 1000 dollars. The price is directly proportional to the number of eminent ancestors in the puppy's pedigree.
Wool and bathing
A distinctive feature of Malinois is a rough, matte, thick, water-repellent wool. Therefore, one should not make the malinois coat soft, silky and shiny. Moreover, the frequent bathing of a Belgian with the use of detergents can spoil the wool. Malinois can be bathed no more than twice a year with a minimum amount of special shampoos for dogs.
Dry cleaning of wool, on the contrary, is useful. It is advisable to comb your pet once every 1-2 weeks with a stiff, but not thick brush in the direction of hair growth. During the period of molting (summer-winter) it is useful to brush the dog's hair more often. Puppies are recommended to comb twice a week. Combing will not only get rid of dead hair, but will also prevent dermatitis, as well as help protect the animal from parasites such as ticks and fleas.
They do not need a raspberry haircut, their coat is rather short.
Hygiene of teeth, ears, eyes
Every day you should inspect the teeth, ears and eyes of the pet.
Set to brush your ears once every two weeks. and wipe them with a damp cotton swab.
For teeth and gums, it is useful to periodically feed soft cartilage tendons to dogs. To prevent the formation of tartar and gum massage, a pet should purchase special heavy cast rubber or rubber toys in the pet store. From childhood you need to teach your dog to brush your teeth with a special brush and paste.
Once a week it is necessary to wipe the eyes of the animal with a cotton pad, moistened in warm boiled water.
It is also necessary to carry out preventive treatments from worms once in three months, from fleas - once in two months. Nails cut only when necessary as they grow.
Malinois, like any Belgian, badly needs physical exertion. Walking around the park twice a day is definitely not enough for her. Sheepdog simply needed running and active games, training and training. The animal will tirelessly, be happy from the ability to execute commands and serve its owner. Shepherd loves fresh air and space, so it will be right to keep it in the yard, having built shelter from wind, rain and snow.
It will be my pleasure to guard your yard and patrol the territory entrusted to it. Malinois has the need to be busy, to feel its importance.
Despite the fact that the Belgians are not demanding in food, without a high-quality balanced diet they will not have thick hair with a fluffy undercoat, a strong developed bones, and the basic working character traits will not fully develop.
The owners of the Belgian Shepherd can be divided into two camps: some are staunch supporters of dry food, while others are natural food.
With dry food everything is extremely simple and clear:
- Balance The package contains the composition and nutritional value of the feed. It is very difficult to determine whether the body needs macro-and microelements, as well as proteins, fats and carbohydrates, in the natural nutrition of the Belgian.
- Ability to choose food in accordance with the needs of a particular animal. The package indicates the purpose and compliance with the sex, age and degree of physical activity of the animal (food developed separately for adult males, lactating bitches or puppies).
- Price. Even the most expensive dry food will be cheaper than high-quality diverse natural food, which will include the necessary amount of meat, fish, etc.
- Save time. Feeding a pet with dry food practically does not require time and effort from the owner. All that is required is to put the food in a bowl and pour water.
Despite all of the above advantages of dry food, properly organized natural food will be much better than dry food. Moreover, it is not always possible to trust what is written on the packaging of animal feed.
Natural Belgian food must contain high-quality meat, sea fish, eggs, vegetables, dairy products and cereals from a variety of cereals. The most preferred cereal - buckwheat, barley, rice, wheat. In the shepherd's diet should contain butter and vegetable oil. Sometimes you can give your pet seasonal fruit, and if necessary, add vitamins to the diet.
If a Belgian trains a lot, he should be fed twice a day at the same time.
Training and education
Thanks to a developed intellect and a phenomenal memory, the Belgians are very easy to train. It is only important, hThe classes were regular, without the use of rudeness and cruelty. The Belgian Shepherd is so attentive that it can notice changes in the facial expression of the owner, his gestures or gestures, which will mean praise or disapproval. Sometimes it seems that the malinois can read minds.
The experience of communicating with different people will enable the animal to independently conclude that a good or bad person is in front of him. If the Belgian does not learn to understand other people, he will be suspicious of every stranger.
Shepherd breeding should be strict, strong-willed and confident, as the animal tends to dominate. If a good relationship is established between a person and his four-legged friend, then education will not cause difficulties. Moreover, the lessons will give the dog great pleasure, because this dog is extremely focused on the beloved owner. It is important to choose the right moment of encouragement and punishment, otherwise the wrong behavior of the animal can form.
If the owner has no experience in animal training, then it is better to entrust it to a professional. With unprofessional upbringing, the animal may be afraid of strangers and new places or become aggressive.
Proof that the Malinois are perfectly trainable can be the fact of frequent victories of this breed of dogs in agility competitions. Competitions are to overcome the stand with obstacles in the shortest possible time.
About breed diseases
Belgian Shepherd Dogs are among healthy and efficient dogs throughout their lives. Malinois live on average 12–15 years or more.
Genetic diseases are mostly inherent in LA. - the smallest type of Belgian Shepherd. The reason is frequent inbreeding, which breeders resorted to when breeding this species.
Some diseases can be distinguished, not often, but still occurring in malinois.
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - torsion of the stomach.
- Diseases of the joints - hip dysplasia and elbow joint.
- Vision problems - retinal atrophy and cataract.
- Hormonal disorders - problems in the thyroid gland.
- Diseases of the nervous system - epilepsy.
Shepherd dogs are often injured due to increased mobility and activity. The paws of the animal are primarily affected.
There are cases of allergic reactions among the Belgians. Of the products, citrus fruits and nuts are considered potentially allergenic, and allergies to pollen and flowering plants are possible.
If malinois lead a “couch lifestyle,” they are prone to obesity. Being overweight causes not only physical discomfort to the animal, but also affects mental health.
Of course, the shepherd will not be able to grow healthy without strict adherence to the vaccination schedule.
If you still doubt whether it is worthwhile to have a four-legged Belgian friend, talk about it with the owners of Malinois. They will unanimously characterize their pet as an exclusively devoted and intelligent family member.
The history of the Belgian Shepherd Malinois
The final formation of this breed occurred in Mechelen. This little town in French sounds "Malin", - it was from him that the Belgian Shepherd breed got its name.
Malinois belongs to the famous four Belgian shepherds. In the early autumn of 1891, the National Belgian Shepherd Club was founded by the famous professor and veterinarian Adolf Riiul. Rioul set a goal to bring out a variety of dogs with certain standards. Of the hundreds of proposed options for breeding the Belgian Shepherd, 40 breeds were selected. Professors engaged in breeding and veterinarians, who later rejected several more types of dogs, whose owners decided to organize a separate breeding club. Later, the new community merged with the main club, and finally, four varieties of the Belgian Shepherd Dog with the standards for color and type of wool were bred:
- Tervuren - long-haired with red-red color, combined with a black mask and patina,
- Laquinoy - coarse with uniform ginger or ashen color,
- Malinois - shorthair with red-brown color and “coal” mask,
- Grunendal - long-haired with a uniform black color.
In other countries, these shepherd species are recognized in different ways. For example, Canada and the United States, referring to the Belgian Shepherd, mean only the breed of the Groenendael, the Malinois and the Tervuren, they consider to be separate breeds, and they do not even perceive the Lakenois as a sheepdog.
When the malinois was only taken out, the professionals paid more attention to its working qualities rather than external data.. As a result, the breeders got this shepherda - an excellent and reliable helper who was able not only to feed and protect livestock, but also to protect the shepherd from the attack of dangerous animals.
In the process of breeding the Belgian Shepherd, the qualitative characteristics of the breed were increased. Today, malinois can be used for work not only in the field of animal husbandry. The police, the Emergencies Ministry and the customs will use this breed along with German shepherds. The Belgian Shepherd has established itself as an excellent bloodhound and a great guard. On the Internet you can find a lot of videos with competitions and contests, where dogs of this breed participate.
Proportions and sizes of the Belgian Shepherd Malinois
This photo Belgian Shepherd breed can always be found on the Internet. Malinois is rarely encountered in Russia, as there is little information about it.
Although Tervuren occupies a leading place in size and speed in the four "Belgians", it does not affect the valuable qualities of malinois. In any rings and trials she can surprise with her flexibility, strength and speed, despite the average size. Sheepdog has a muscular body and has a proud and graceful posture. If its owner is in danger, the dog turns into a fearless and formidable beast.
Belgian Shepherd has the following indicators in height and weight:
- 60−65 cm, 25−30 kg in a dog,
- 55−65 cm, 20−25 kg in females.
The head is proportional to the body, although it may seem elongated from the side. Triangular ears slightly rounded and raised high. Sheepdog has a rounded nape and a sloping forehead, directly turning into a narrowing nose bridge. A thin dark groove runs from the forehead to the bridge of the nose. Clever eyes are almond-shaped, iris of rich dark brown shade. Eyebrows are characterized by mobility and expressiveness. Tightly fitting lips are characterized by black pigmentation. Malinois is characterized by a dense scissor bite, powerful jaw and white teeth. Sheepdog is known for its beautifully bent and muscular neck, which is tucked up and has no folds.
The Belgian Shepherd has a strong and muscular body. Bitches often tend to have an elongated body, and in males the length of the broad and even back should be equal to the height of his body. The appearance of the sheep dogs is close to the square format. Deep and moderately wide cage with elongated ribs. Malinois has rounded croup and a high set wide tail with a curved tip.
Sheepdog has well-developed equatorial paws with strong relief muscles. The dog has wide, strong hips. These characteristics give movements freedom and sweeping.
Color and wool
The main indicators, according to which the division of the lines of the Belgian Shepherd Dogs took place, are the color and type of wool. Malinois has a short coat and a dense undercoat. Such a cover well protects the body from adverse weather conditions. On the riding breeches and tails, the fur becomes more magnificent.
Color Malinois can be red-brown or light yellow. Coal color is present on the face, lips, ears and around the eyelids.
"Malinoisky Shepherd Dog" is distinguished by a special intelligence and persistent character, therefore, it requires careful training and good education. She will become an ideal protector and obedient dog only with a kind and skillful owner. If this sheepdog is left without training, then it will become uncontrollable and completely independent. Поэтому профессионалы сразу предупреждают об этом людей, которые решают выбрать именно эту породу. Очень активное и сильное животное всегда нуждается в работе и подвижных занятиях. Длительных прогулок и бега за хозяином на велосипеде будет недостаточно. Занятия по дрессировке и аджилити будут необходимы для малинуа. The ideal option for a dog would be shepherd's or security work.
Sheepdog can be imposed on the owner if she is bored. Puppies and even adults can play pranks. But usually this breed is characterized by seriousness. Malinois does not show aggression towards the owner and people she knows, but for strangers and people whom she sees for the first time, the dog will be dangerous. This line of the Belgian Shepherd is distinguished by a well-developed watchdog instinct, which makes it necessary to socialize it at an early age.
After acquiring a puppy, the owner must immediately establish psychological contact with him. Raising a malinois will not be difficult if the owner shows proper attention to his dog, teaching him commands. This breed is well trained, because he respects and loves his master, if he is kind to her and spends a lot of time and energy on her training.
Dog training should be conducted by a person with a firm but not rude temper. Malinois is characterized by instant reaction, it quickly masters all the teams. So that the shepherd does not form a stubborn character, it must be encouraged in time for good behavior and blamed for disobedience.
If you are not confident in your abilitiesthen it is better to provide training to a professional who will harden the character of the dog and teach all the necessary commands.
In public places, shepherd dog must be walked in a muzzle. To ammunition dog accustom at an early age.
Maintenance and nutrition of malinois
Malinois does not require complex care.
- A short coat of beautiful color is combed once a week using a dry brush with rare teeth.
- So that the undercoat does not lose the original qualities of the shampoos, the dog should not be washed frequently, you should not bathe puppies up to 1 year old.
- Ears are cleaned 1 time in 2−3 weeks.
- Every day, you must examine the eyes, teeth and ears of a dog.
They walk their pet regularly and for a long time. Walking should be combined with active exercise.
The hardy breed is very rarely ill. But possible errors in the diet and the general content of the dog, as well as genetic features, can lead to diseases such as torsion of the stomach, dysplasia, cataracts, and epilepsy. Sometimes there are disorders with the thyroid gland, which are successfully treated.
In order for the dog to grow strong, healthy and beautiful, it is necessary for it to make the right diet. Numerous disputes about natural food and dry food do not make it clear what would be best for a dog. Malinois eats any food, the individual disposition of a pet to a particular type of food will help to make a choice on a certain diet.
Acquisition of a dog
Before you buy a puppy, you must determine whether you can take on such responsibility. Belgian Shepherd needs not only care, but also active education and communication, which will have to spend a lot of time.
If you decided to purchase raspberry, then you need to find out all the necessary information about this breed from the seller, who must tell all about the education, training and care of the dog. Previously additional information with reviews of the owners of this breed can be searched on the Internet.
Kids become quite independent and ready to be raised at the age of two weeks, then they can already be acquired. Buying a puppy is necessary from reliable breeders with the provision of documents with pedigree and vaccinations.
Puppies can cost from 600 to 1000 dollars. Price varies by parent. baby If adults are characterized by the presence of all standards in appearance and character, take an active part in various competitions and even have awards, then the price for a puppy will be high.
A faithful and devoted shepherd dog with a rich history is considered one of the best breeds. According to the owners, from Malinois excellent defenders and guards are obtained, but only with proper training and serious training.
Malinois - a dog for those who can and are willing to work for a long time. She comes closer to her master faster than the German Shepherd, but she is also superior in activity.
If you decide to take it purely for protection, not planning to devote a lot of time to its training, it is better to immediately abandon this venture. With the first malinois we had a bad experience, we spent too little time for walks, and there was really no training. An uncontrollable creature has grown out of the dog, which has trashed everything in the house that it came across on the way. She practically did not obey me or my wife. I had to go to the coach, who “corrected” the dog and taught us to work with it correctly. Now she obeys perfectly, rarely naughty. If this happens, it means that we have not organized enough active activities for her.
Also decided to have a malinois. After the death of an old German shepherd dog, a year passed and decided to start a dog again.
I learned about this breed only two years ago. It is a pity that in our country they are not as popular as the Germans. This is surprising, because they are superior in many qualities to the Germans.
Like any sheepdog, the Belgian also needs a maximum load and training. After the German, it was easy to deal with the malinois, although it was noticeable that she was a more active dog. If you constantly engage with him, walk for at least 3 hours a day, then the dog will not have any problems. The dog is very energetic. If you want an active and cheerful companion, then the Belgian variety will be the best solution.
The Belgian Sheepdog is both easy and difficult to train. If you immediately make contact with a little puppy, show that you love him, and immediately indicate who is the boss, then there will be no problems with the subsequent education of the dog. We bought such a beautiful woman about three years ago, quickly accepted us, perfectly obeyed and carried out all the commands. Of course, walks for her need long and always with active tasks that she gladly performs.
He treats children positively, perhaps due to the fact that they were already in the family. I do not know how adults get along with new family members. But if you buy a puppy in a family with a child, then she will definitely make friends with them.
What is this breed, how did it come about?
Malinois is a type of Belgian Shepherd, which is named after the Belgian city of Malin. And if we consider it among the four main lines of dogs in Belgium, then this type is considered to be truly working and possessing excellent skills.
Presumably malinois in 1891 brought the breeder Adolf Rühl, who wanted to get a breed, whose representatives would become real assistants in a variety of cases. And he succeeded, because the considered Belgian Shepherd has the best qualities and is very hardy.
The photo clearly shows that the malinois are not very large, their body size is average: the height at the withers is 55-65 centimeters, and the weight is about 20-30 kilograms (the males are larger). The body is well developed, muscular, the head is somewhat elongated, but proportional to the body. Ears are triangular and slightly rounded, highly raised. The nose is quite wide, the eyes are almond-shaped. The paws are powerful, parallel, the hips are muscular.
Wool deserves special attention. It is short, and this distinguishes Malinois from other varieties. The undercoat is rather thick and dense. The color is red, but non-intense, reminiscent of deer. There are dark patches on the sides and shoulder blades, and the ears and front part of the muzzle are black.
Main character traits
Characteristic Malinois is very ambiguous. So, on the one hand, these are intellectually developed, intelligent, understanding and trainable dogs. But, on the other hand, representatives of the breed are very curious and energetic, and this temperament often interferes, since energy can be directed not into training and work, but in a completely different direction.
And that is why Malinois are not suitable for inexperienced owners and busy people, they require constant attention. In addition, the owner must immediately establish his authority and take a leadership position, otherwise the pet will become the “leader” in the family. And it is best to keep such a shepherd in an open-air cage in the open air, as in a cramped apartment she will feel slighted.
It is worth noting some other qualities. So, the Malinois are very sensitive and even vulnerable, so there is no need to raise the voice of a dog, much less apply physical punishment. And yet you need to act strictly, but the severity should be appropriate and not overly rigid. And training, which should start from an early age, should be carried out in a game form. The memory of the considered Belgian Shepherds is canceled, so the teams will be mastered quite quickly and easily.
Advice: don't let your pet get bored, otherwise he will find entertainment, for example, he will gnaw on furniture or curtains. Therefore, distract him from such activities, offer toys and outdoor games.
How to care for raspberry?
Belgian Shepherd Malinois unpretentious, special care she does not need.
Follow these simple rules:
- Brush your hair once a week to remove loose undercoat. But during the molting period, such procedures should be more frequent: they are carried out daily. It is not necessary to cut the wool, it is already short and does not cause trouble.
- Bathe Malinois should be every two to three months, and with specialized means.
- Once a week, wipe the eyes and ears with a cotton pad dipped in boiled warm water.
- Once in one or two months, conduct preventive treatments against fleas. Damps should be given every two to three months.
- As you grow, you can cut the claws.
What to feed the dog?
Malinois food should be balanced and varied, so include meat and sea fish, vegetables, eggs, sometimes seasonal fruits, cereal from different cereals, dairy products in the diet. The menu may also consist of specialized high-quality industrial feed. Harmful foods such as smoked food, fast food, fried, confectionery, are excluded. It is not necessary to offer potentially allergenic products: nuts, citrus and others. As needed, you can give your pet vitamins.
The Belgian Shepherd Malinois in favorable conditions lives on average 10-13 years. Health is quite strong, but nevertheless some diseases are characteristic of this breed, for example, dysplasia of the knee and elbow joints, epilepsy, diseases of the thyroid gland and associated endocrine disorders, retinal atrophy and cataracts. And if you do not provide proper care and proper nutrition, then you can face allergic reactions, overweight or even obesity, as well as fractures and other injuries.
How to choose a pet?
Malinois puppies do not have the characteristic for the breed and pronounced features, striking the eye, so an inexperienced person can make a mistake and succumb to the deception of an unscrupulous seller. And in order to avoid such trouble, you should go to the nursery, or at least find a professional breeder with an impeccable reputation.
Tip: choose an active, energetic and clean, as well as showing interest and curiosity of the puppy.
If you become a good host, then Malinois will be your companion and loyal friend!
The origin of the breed
Sheepdog Malinois, came to us from the glorious city - Malin (Mechelen), which is located in Belgium. An excellent veterinary doctor who wanted to get a new breed, from similar representatives by Adolf Riyuli, tried to bring a separate representative with better quality indicators.
He succeeded in this at the end of the 19th century, unfortunately his desire to classify an animal by type of wool failed, and the choice was based on color. The dog is like a real representative of the afterbirds, has a harmonious, strong structure and a pleasant character.
Varieties of this Belgian Shepherd at the moment has the following description of the breed:
- Groenendael - looks like a half longhair dog, exclusively with a dark color,
- Malinois - shorthair with a dark brown color, there is another color - coal,
- Laquinoy - with long hair and gray color.
Sheep-dogs of these varieties are considered medium-sized, there are also smaller individuals that pass along the lower borders of the standard. This size allows it to have a lighter skeleton.
Malinois Belgian Shepherd Dogs - have standards for the breed, which are spelled out by a canine federation and cannot weigh more than 32 kg for males, and 25 for bitches.
- The height at the withers of males is 60 cm, the bough is not more than 55 cm.
The standard of this breed, clearly prescribes the size and features of the structure:
Elongated in moderation, with a rounded nape, a visual transition is not observed, the muzzle is not longer than the head, drier, the forehead of a square type.
Moderately long, without any special transitions, the nose and lips are completely pigmented, the teeth are not visible. Bite - scissor, without bias.
Wide enough, even, clearly dyed,
Medium in size, not almond-shaped, rounded with a bleached lid, dark brown or blackish-charcoal,
Not large, located on the same line, the shape of a triangle - stand. Hard cartilage that does not require special setting.
Strong, not elongated, with a good muscular frame,
Light body, clear corners, well developed muscular muscles, a stomach slightly retracted, a straight shoulder forms a clear angle in the front. The loin is not elongated and not short.
The tail is of medium length, does not rise to the back, when moving is slightly below the level of the body, when alert, it rises higher. The strong loin, chest has a wider structure, but not barrel type.
With a good muscle mass, massive, with dark pads, shoulder blades are long - form an angle that allows you to provide free and light movements of the animal. The hind legs are more developed, large, have good muscular strength, the thigh is wide, forms an even angle in the front, in proportion to the body. Be sure to parallel, create smooth, clear lines.
From the history of the breed
The appearance of the Malinois breed is due to the professor of zootechnics Adolph Reul. In September 1891, the Belgian Shepherd Club began its operations. In the very first standard, the breed was divided into four groups:
- black long-haired (gruenenda),
- long-haired redhead (Tervuren),
- shorthair with a black mask (malinois),
- coarse-haired (lakenois) of red or ashen color.
The first short-haired Belgian Shepherd became in 1891, Charly. Later, this dog became the “model” of the Belgian malinois for the artist A. Clarice.
Malinois (Belgian Shepherd) harmoniously folded. She is distinguished by elegance and proud posture, thanks to her always high head. Since the Malinois is a short-haired dog, it is easy to maintain.
Representatives of this breed are strong, muscular and flexible animals. Front and hind legs are flat, form a square. The overall exterior is impressive in depth and thoroughness, but it is not bulky.
Sizes and proportions
The Belgian Shepherd Malinois, the photo of which you can see in our article, is a rather large dog. The height at the withers of males is 62-66 cm, the bough is 56-62 cm. If the animal does not fit into these parameters, this is considered a disadvantage. In accordance with the standard, the height of the dog should be equal to the length of his back, in the bitches a longer torso is allowed. The bones are moderate in proportion to the height of the animal. The Malinois Sheepdog should have a square-like outline. Her body should not be too elongated and leggy or large and heavy.
The head is well-defined, not too heavy, proportional to the body. The eyes are almond-shaped, of medium size, edged with black. Usually they are dark brown.
Muzzle slightly tapering to the nose, but not sharp. Powerful and strong jaws. Lips tight, black with pink.
The teeth are even and white. The bite should be scissor-like, straight. Overshot or undershot snack are considered a defect. Another major disadvantage is the absence of one or more teeth. When having a snack, when two or more upper incisors are not in contact with the lower ones, the dog may be disqualified.
The Belgian Shepherd Malinois, whose photos adorn many dog publications, has a massive but not heavy body. The chest is deep, but not wide. The lumbar region is wide and short.
The tail is strong at the base, reaching the length of the knee. Docked tail is a sign of disqualification.
The Malinois Sheepdog is covered with a straight, short and rather stiff coat with a thick undercoat. Thanks to him, the animal can withstand all weather conditions.
On the head, ears and legs, the coat is very short. On the tail, hips and neck a little longer.
According to the standard, raspberry wool can be dyed in various colors, ranging from mahogany color to light yellow. Mask, ears, hair ends should be black. Fawn but blurred color is a defect.
There may be white tips of the paws, and white spots on the chest are also allowed, if they do not go to the neck. Other white spots are disqualifying.
Издавна это были отличные пастушьи собаки, но с 1880 года они стали незаменимыми помощниками полицейских. Как утверждают бельгийские специалисты, порода собак малинуа неразрывно связана с ринг-спортом – состязаниями полицейских собак.
Эти животные разводились по особой методике, в которой более ценятся рабочие качества, чем экстерьер. They "work" in the army and the police, including the search service, rescue structures.
Malinois (Belgian Shepherd) has absorbed the best qualities of a guard, shepherd and protector. This is a very intelligent dog, which, oddly enough, is both a plus and a minus of the breed. In skillful and kind hands she quickly and easily becomes an ideal working dog. Uneducated and untrained malinois also quickly turns into an “evil genius”, uncontrollable and wayward. Probably for this reason, experts believe that such a dog is suitable not for every owner. Work is vital for a very athletic and mobile animal. A dog does not have enough physical exertion (long walks, running after a bicycle), it needs intellectual loads - agility, obedience classes, shepherd's or protective service.
When the Malinois Shepherd is bored, she can be somewhat obsessive. She may begin to mischief, but much more often the dog is emphatically serious. She is not at all aggressive, but always very closely follows the actions and movements of strangers.
The Belgian Shepherd Malinois (a characteristic of specialists convinces us of this) has a well-developed guard instinct, therefore, it needs early socialization. This will help to direct her innate vigilance in the right direction.
Learning and training
The Belgian Shepherd is completely focused on its owner. She is happy, and even enthusiastic about all his suggestions. If from the very first acquaintance between animal and man a close psychological contact has been established, then training a pet will not cause any difficulties. But the novice owner may face some difficulties. To avoid this, it is necessary to know that the Malinois is extremely sensitive to physical effects, so a person with a firm will, but without rudeness, should train.
Malinois has an instant reaction, the dog grasps everything on the fly. Therefore, the owner must accurately capture the moment of encouragement or reprimand. Otherwise, unwanted behavior can be generated.
It should be noted that the malinois very accurately reads all the movements of the host and his facial expression. Sometimes this causes an inexperienced owner to be confused - it seems that the dog is always one step ahead. Belgian Shepherds need consistent training - they love to cope with the task and proceed to the next.
Owners without experience should not be embarrassed by external elegance and even refinement of Malinois. These are very strong and even harsh dogs. Often up to five years, they behave like active puppies. If they lack physical or mental exercise, animals can exhibit destructive behavior.
Maintenance and care
A Belgian shepherd in the house will require compliance with certain hygienic rules. Often you should not bathe such a dog, as even very high-quality dog shampoos can spoil your pet's coat. She can lose her natural matte and rigidity. It should not be soft and shiny.
To get rid of the characteristic dog "flavor", you can use commercially available products, but they should be applied very metered. Puppies up to a year should not be bathed at all.
Wool should be cleaned with a dry brush about once a week (adult dog) and twice a week if it is a puppy. Comb for combing should be with rare teeth.
Eyes, nose and ears are cleaned with a cotton swab dipped in warm water.
Before making a decision to purchase a pet, you must carefully weigh the pros and cons. This is necessary in order to ensure the full development of the animal, its proper upbringing. You must clearly define for yourself, for what purpose you need this particular dog. Before buying a puppy, try to get the most detailed expert advice on the breed.
Puppies can be picked up from mothers aged 10-16 weeks. By this age, the baby is already quite independent and even able to learn the first lessons of education.
You must buy a dog in a specialized kennel or from a well-proven breeder. This gives you certain guarantees that you get a purebred, and most importantly - a healthy animal. You need to familiarize yourself with all the "dog documents": pedigree, puppy card, find out how the vaccination was carried out. It will not be superfluous to meet his parents, or at least one of them, so that you have an idea of how your malinois will grow. A Belgian Shepherd Dog can be a great watchdog. Thanks to his intelligence, he can become a careful and attentive guide for poorly seeing people. It can become a hero and a winner of dog shows and just a reliable and devoted friend. After you have acquired a puppy - his fate is in your hands.
Raising a puppy will require significant effort from the owner. In the first few months try not to disturb the little one during his rest, do not tire him with too long walks and games. First of all, your baby must learn to walk on a leash, learn his nickname.
By the way, the puppy should be named briefly and clearly. Over time, he will begin to associate his "name" with attention and affection.
In the hands of the attentive and experienced owner Malinois easily performs the most difficult tasks, while the rude attitude has a detrimental effect on the psyche of the dog. Such an attitude can turn a ready-made master puppy into an unfortunate coward and neurasthenic.
There are some diseases peculiar to this breed. Among them: epilepsy, diseases of the eyes and thyroid gland, joint dysplasia. Undoubtedly, there is a number of infectious diseases, many of which your pet will be able to protect timely vaccination.
Simplified feed raspberries should not be. This active dog needs to receive a wide variety of products daily to replenish its energy supply. By the way, meat, which is so loved and perfectly assimilated by dogs, must be combined with other products.
For the normal development of an active dog, proteins are needed, both of animal and plant origin. To do this, foods such as fish, dairy products (but not milk), eggs, and meat should be included in the diet. Malinois should receive and carbohydrates, which are contained in cereals such as rice, wheat, buckwheat, barley.
Do not forget to include in the diet of your pet vegetable and butter. Animal and vegetable fats contribute to the accumulation of energy.
When feeding a dog with natural food, minerals and vitamins should be added, without which the normal functioning of the dog's body is impossible. They are found in both fresh and slightly scalded vegetables and fruits.
Some malinois owners feed their pets with ready-made dry food. But we can not ignore the fact that often such foods are poorly digested and can cause bowel problems. Therefore, it is better to first consult with your veterinarian. It will help you find the right food that best suits your dog, taking into account its age, weight and general health.
Do not forget that your pet should always have unlimited access to drinking water.
Already by name it is clear that the Belgian breeders were engaged in breeding. That they had the idea to bring a type of shepherd dog with a short coat of wool. The history of this breed began in the 19th century, when there was a need for working herding dogs.
At that time, there was already a type of able-bodied dogs that guarded and performed shepherd's activities, but the experts set themselves the task of improving their natural qualities.
Adolf Rühl is considered the first breeder of the Belgian shepherds; it was he who became interested in these dogs and began to work hard to isolate pure-breed signs. The breed was officially recognized in the 90s of the 19th century, and it was added to the Genealogical Book of Belgium in 1901.
Description of breed Belgian Shepherd Malinois
Among the Belgian Shepherd dogs, Malinois is not the largest representative, for example, long-haired Tervurenas look more volumetric and impressive. But individuals of this type are distinguished by flexibility, muscularity, they are graceful and fry.
Average growth males is 60 cm, females - 56 cm. Maximum weight males - 30 kg, females 5 kg lighter, indeed very rarely there is a malinois, which weighs more than 30 kg.
In the standard individuals are described as follows:
- Head - sufficiently elongated, clearly delineated, with a rounded nape and a pronounced transition from the forehead to the muzzle, but not sharp.
- The muzzle is medium in size, the cranial line smoothly passes into the straight back of the nose.
- Lips - pigmented with dark color, tight to the gums.
- Cheeks - well muscled, flat.
- The nose is colored black, with wide, well-open nostrils.
- Eyes - not too deep planting, medium, with dark brown iris and circled in black. The dog is looking with a certain wariness, but alive, the look is intelligent.
- Teeth - white, strong, with a scissor or pincer bite.
- Ears - set high, triangular, medium-sized.
- Neck - slightly elongated, with developed muscles, without dewlap, expands to the shoulder girdle.
- Housing - quite massive, but not heavy, in bitches it is more elongated than in males, due to their genital function. Withers delineated, chest deep, narrow, belly tightened, but not much.
- Tail medium sized, sturdy and thick at the base, never twists into a ring and does not hang sideways.
- Front limbs - muscular, slender and strong, back - straight, arranged parallel to each other, with muscular hips, oval legs and toes, gathered in a strong lump.
Coat and possible colors
A distinctive feature of all Belgian shepherds is their wool - its structure and color. In Malinois, it is short, dense, with abundant undercoat. This coat provides good protection even in severe frosts. On the tail and in the breeches, it is a little more magnificent.
There are individuals with red-brown and light yellow hair. On the face, lips, ears, she coal color.
The nature and characteristics of the character of Malinois
The dogs of this breed are very intelligent, they have a stable psyche and some independence. Therefore, such a pet needs careful training and early education.
Only a kind and skillful owner can make a perfect defender and an obedient pet out of the malinois. If the owner does not engage with his four-legged friend, the dog becomes uncontrollable and completely independent. Therefore, professionals have an established opinion that it is not recommended for beginners and people who do not have the desire and ability to regularly train a dog to start a Belgian shepherd dog of any type.
Sheepdog, in the absence of attention from the owner, can behave somewhat obsessively. Malinois puppies are very playful and able to play pranks. But most often the pet behaves quite seriously. Such a dog will not show aggression towards the owner, his family members and familiar people.
However, if an outsider invades its territory, the dog becomes a dangerous opponent, incorruptible and stern. If the owner gives a certain command, then the pet will “accompany the target,” that is, closely observe the strangers, without anger and other negative manifestations.
Perhaps, if we compare all the "Belgian", then the best qualities of the guard are developed precisely in Malinois. Because of this, they more than others need early socialization. Without it, the dog may grow overly suspicious and evil.
Belgian Shepherds get along well with children, but this is only possible if the child does not bother the dog very much and does not treat it as if it were his own toy. Leaving kids alone with such a serious dog is not recommended.
Most of the "Belgian" find a common language with other pets, but some individuals of this breed are too pronounced hunting instinct. Such a dog will not be able to deny itself the pleasure of pursuing smaller animals.
Some malinois, especially for males, are rather dominant, so they can clash with fellows of the same sex, proving their superiority time after time.
Education and training of the Belgian Shepherd
The “Belgians” are very smart, and sooner or later they begin to understand why the owner gives them sweets, toys or, on the contrary, deprives them of pleasure and sends them to the place. Such a pet sensitively picks up the intonation of the voice, so you can punish the pet in a stern voice, without assault.
Initially, the Belgian shepherds could restore order among the herd and successfully protect the territory entrusted to them. In Malinois, these skills are present at the genetic level. The pet is respectful and loyal to the owner, so when training it will try to execute commands clearly. But only if he perceives the owner as a leader.
To get an obedient dog, the first time reacting to the team, will have to be patient. Malinois needs attention, and a person can demand obedience from him only if he has friendly relations with his four-legged friend. If a dog sits within four walls most of the time, then he becomes stubborn and capricious.
How to care for a pet
Belgians need intensive workloads, long runs and regular classes, but as regards care, they can be called unpretentious. The owner should purchase a massage rubber glove or brush and comb the pet 3-4 times a month.
Malinois are traditionally molded twice - in the offseason, they have plenty of hair during this period, and in order to rid the dog of dead hair, it is recommended to treat it with a hard comb every day. This procedure is important for the animal, since, if the undercoat is not removed, it can cause irritation of the skin, up to the development of eczema.
Belgian is bathed infrequently, it is enough to do it once every 4-6 months, using specialized detergents. Again, there are high risks of dermatological problems.
The teeth, ears and eyes of a dog should be regularly inspected for contamination and infectious-pathological processes. Ears are cleaned 2-3 times a month, removing the accumulated dirt and excess earwax with a wet disk, preventing the development and further development of the infection.
Teeth cleaned if necessary. As a preventive measure, it is recommended to give your pet soft cartilage and dentological delicacies that can be purchased at the pet store. Claws are sheared 1-2 times a month, for too active or working dogs they grind off independently.
Sheepdogs are vaccinated according to the schedule, preparations for worms are given every 3-4 months, following the instructions, they are treated twice a year from external parasites, this is especially important to do in the spring-summer period.
In general, experts note that the Belgian Shepherds have excellent health. The life span of the malinois is 12-15 years. However, the representatives of this breed can identify some diseases, including genetic ones:
- eye problems - atrophic changes of the retina, cataracts, in advanced cases can lead to blindness of the animal, requires early diagnosis and proper treatment,
- dysplasia of large joints, such a violation has a negative effect on the formation of articular tissue, the disease has a protracted development, therefore it is most often detected in an advanced stage, in most cases it requires surgical intervention,
- hormonal imbalance - failure in the activity of the thyroid gland can cause a number of diseases, ranging from depression to diabetes,
- torsion of the stomach - a pathology that is impossible to predict, accompanied by pain and swelling of the peritoneum, with oxygen deficiency, damage and death of the stomach cells occur, surgical assistance is required,
Due to excessive activity and motility, malinois is often injured. These dogs never succumb to difficulties, “take” all new records, because of which they appear to damage the paws and muscles.
If the pet does not provide the desired load, it can quickly gain excess weight. Naturally, obesity will negatively affect the general state of health of the animal, it develops heart disease, and also deteriorates the psychological state.
Diet and diet
For the Belgian Shepherd to look well-groomed, healthy and active, it is important to provide it with a complete, balanced diet. The owner of a malinois has a choice - to feed the pet with natural food or industrial feed, especially since today there are supporters of both options.
The advantages of dry feed:
- стоимость – даже дорогостоящий готовый рацион обойдется дешевле, чем натуральное меню, включающее рыбу, мясо, субпродукты,
- сбалансированность – специалисты разрабатывают состав продукции, включая все необходимые компоненты в определенных пропорциях, чего сложно добиться при приготовлении обычных продуктов,
- variety - the owners have a choice, and they can purchase food that is most suitable for their pet, based on the size, age, needs, health,
- There is no need for additional vitamin supplements.
But also natural food has its advantages:
- naturalness - the owner is confident that his pet will receive useful, fresh food, but the data on the packaging from feed may cause some doubts,
- utility - if the owner takes the issue seriously, picks up only the necessary products and combines them correctly, then such a menu may be a more suitable food for a four-legged friend.
If the owner has doubts, he can always consult with a veterinarian or breeder.
Belgian Shepherds have 4 varieties that are not separate species. The types of all Belgian shepherds have only external differences, and the other indicators are identical, the performance characteristics are the same, the character and behavior are almost the same.
The general condition must be age appropriate, it must be active, not aggressive, without manifestation of fear or cowardice.
Type of coat and color
- Breed varieties of raspberry - has medium height, good not insulated bones, the reddish color for raspberry should be only fawn, coat of uniform color, medium hardness, well-dyed black face mask, ears stand, slight white color in the chest area is allowed. It is one of the most popular species, the most recognizable and widespread in the world. Height does not exceed - 60 cm at the withers for males, 55 for females.
- Lakenua - more red color, reddish tint, fiery red color slightly diluted with black, but not uniform, but by the type of inclusions, also has a black mask on the face, nose paint, lips and eyelids. There are blackouts on the tail as well as a little on the paws. The longest coat, more yellow type. Not so common, but with the best appeasable character.
- Tervuren - short-haired, hard type. The color is bright red, not dark with an admixture of coal color, it looks the most beautiful, but there are more deviations from the norm on non-color, which excludes often its participation in an exhibition career. Black mask must be present necessarily.
- Gruenendaal is the darkest representative, black wool with blue tint, has a soft, pleasant type to the touch. Often they are trained to serve in bodies, sent to the border and customs, ideal for service, responsible, obedient. The neck has an elongation of wool, which is similar to a collar, which makes it visually wider. Dark color represents the presence of a mask, paint the eyelids, lips and nose, the color of the nails is black, the presence of white wool is not permissible, even insignificant.
Each of these subtypes has the possibility of mating only with its own kind, mating of the interspecific type is prohibited. For each of the types, provided for the mandatory presence of a mask and dark markings on the ears, also paint over the eyelids, lips and nose.
Character and temperament
Malinois dogs with a strong character, well served training. They are smart enough that allows them to perform not only the functions of the guard, but also to participate with pleasure in intellectual games. Respect the owner, love home - show caution to strangers, but without much aggression. They love to spend time actively, they require physical exertion.
The Belgian Shepherd Dog and its character is ideal for keeping in a family with babies, the attitude towards children is calm, patient, it allows you to do with them everything that a little person wants. It is important to control the process of games, the child may hurt the dog, but it will not respond, even if it experiences severe discomfort.
With the right upbringing, they become faithful defenders, watchmen and guards. Can not be long without a master, bored. It is not recommended to give the pet to others in possession, after 1.5 years, it will be difficult for the animal.
They have a certain emotional connection with the owner, and his communication is in dire need. They will be happy to study new teams, go on a journey or actively spend evenings with him anywhere, quickly adapt.
Socialize a dog, you need from early childhood, when she just arrived at a new home. Dogs with a healthy psyche should calmly respond to external stimuli such as fireworks, cars, people's scarcity. At the same time, she should instill herself calmly, not hide or whine. There must be a reason for the muzzle and the leash.
- It does not go to the conflict first, but is able to respond if it is provoked. Friendly and affable, not intrusive, she has a fairly stable emotional state.
This is a smart, fast and erudite dog that will not make you blush on the court with other relatives or when you go to the exhibition. Inherent calm and inner confidence, allows you to feel good people and animals in a circle. Perfectly gets on with other dogs, cats and small pets.
The subtleties of training and education
The dog is a Belgian shepherd, must necessarily undergo a course of training with the owner, or with a specialist. There are many programs for dog training, the basic course can be passed quickly and imperceptibly. For education and training fit:
- General course of primary training,
Passing through the programs will give you a good physical load, will allow her to develop her professional qualities, she will train endurance, reaction and obedience. It is important to provide the trainer with all the behavioral characteristics of the dog before training, which will help to find better solutions for training.
What is needed care and content requirements
From early childhood, puppies should be vaccinated, regular medical examinations, along with vaccinations, will allow the pet to significantly improve its quality of life. Special and individual care, the animal does not require, in addition to regular physical activity and general measures to maintain health.
- Combing a pet - it is required at least 1 - 2 times a week, bathing as it becomes polluted, or once in 1-2 months. During the period of molting, you must daily comb the undercoat with a coarse brush with natural teeth or a comb with long, metallic.
- When bathing, use special shampoos, it is important not to overdry the skin of the animal, otherwise an allergic reaction is possible. Claws are cut once a month, it is important not to skip the procedure, if the nail grows strong enough, the dog can damage it - breaking it. Teaching to claw cutting is required from a very young age so that the dog knows how the manipulation takes place and is ready.
Attention needs to be paid to the eyes - process as it is contaminated with a moistened, cotton swab. The mucous membranes should be clean, without external changes.
Ear cleaning is required as it gets dirty. Examination of the mucous membranes for the presence of an expensive pink color, any changes are made as often as possible.
Inspection of the teeth - an important role, unpleasant smell or discoloration of the teeth - they talk about problems. The smell from the mouth can be caused by indigestion.
Regular treatment of wool from parasites and anthelmintic agents, complete the list of necessities.
Health and life expectancy
The lifespan of an animal depends directly on its maintenance and care. Mostly malenua live to 12 - 13 years of age, animals that receive good, high-quality care and food - up to 15 years.
Shepherd Dogs are inherent in certain diseases that are common to many:
- Cataract and retinal detachment, leads to complete blindness, prevention involves the examination by a specialist doctor and monitoring the behavior of the dog.
- The problems of the musculoskeletal system, hip dysplasia, are detected in the late stages of development and require surgical intervention.
- Diabetes mellitus and other endocrine diseases are more common in older animals, in females of childbearing age - a high risk of developed tumors after pregnancy.
- Problems with the gastrointestinal tract, torsion of the intestines.
- Allergic reactions, eczema.
- Excessive weight due to overfeeding, lack of exercise, poor nutrition.
Proper diet and feeding
Things to feed a Belgian shepherd - it is impossible, that is, scraps from the table, mowing and human food, can harm it very much. The dog must eat properly, balancedly - which will allow it to live a good and long life.
- Feeding should take place at this time, adult dogs eat 2 times a day: in the morning and in the evening. Tinting an animal with pieces is not recommended. Small puppies start to eat 4 -5 times a day and gradually with age, feeding decreases, and the portions increase. In order for the dog to live as long as possible, it requires good nutrition.
In order to know how malinois and what should be fed, you first need to know what the puppy was raised on, usually they eat dry food, which is already balanced and has a certain caloric content required for the animal.
Firstly, it is simple, secondly, it brought more benefits. The feed already contains all the micronutrients, high-quality proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
Breeders Tips for Choosing a Puppy
Puppy baby Malinois, will be a great friend for adults and children. Much depends on the right choice of animal. Before deciding, you need to find out detailed information about the parents, clarify the presence of the pedigree, ask about your health and temperament.
When choosing a puppy, rely on external data, healthy babies look nice, can be with puppy plumpness, a pleasant smell, healthy mucous membranes, active and curious.
- Be sure to find out if there are all vaccinations when deworming was done.
An important indicator is - activity, disposition towards a person, mood and behavior. The more active the puppy itself and openly leads, the more cheerful his temperament.
Price puppy breed Belgian Shepherd
If a puppy is purchased from titled parents, he has a complete set of documents and a stamp - it will cost at least $ 1,000, a dog without documents is not suitable for breeding, will cost 2 times cheaper.
It is strongly recommended not to take puppies from the hands, but to contact directly the breeders who know a lot about this breed.
Reviews from owners
- Vadim, 45 years old, Moscow.
I fell in love with the Belgian shepherd from the photo, personally the owners of the Belgian shepherd dogs did not know, did not have time to talk with anyone, had a superficial idea of the animal. I managed to find a nursery with a good reputation, I managed to look at all four varieties of shepherd dogs, stopped at malinois, after 2 months spent with my Agro, I realized that I had been sad about him all my life. Surprisingly positive dog, listens from half-word, despite his age. We are already starting to work with professionals, which makes me and Agro happy too.
- Natalia, 32 years old, St. Petersburg.
My Alpha, perfectly got along with a child, a cat, a parrot and my husband. Now this is a company, do not spill water. It’s a shame that she chose her husband as the leader, he takes care of her every day for 3 hours on the court, both of them come and fall, but are satisfied. I didn’t think that there would be no problems with wool, it was enough to regularly comb it, my ears got up by the 7th month, I was lucky.
Acquisition of a puppy: how to approach the choice and where to buy
Malinois is a serious dog, therefore it is recommended to acquire a puppy in a kennel with an excellent reputation and positive feedback. It is important that the baby meets the standard requirements, has the necessary temperament and grip.
In order not to be mistaken and choose a puppy with excellent working properties, it is worth taking a closer look at his parents. Most often, the offspring manifest their bright features - appearance and character. Many breed clubs conduct special tests that determine the temperament of the puppy in the future.
Among the Belgian shepherd dogs, Malinois and the Groenendael are the most common in Russia, so there should be no problems with acquiring a pet. In Moscow, there is an excellent nursery - “Nursery from Solnik,” http://solnik.ru/new/index.php (Belgian Shepherd Dogs: Tervuren, Malinois, Grenjundal and Jack Russell Terrier).
Usually the puppy is ready to go with new owners at the age of 1.5-2 months. The cost depends on where the baby will be purchased, how much he meets the standard requirements, whether the vaccines and the relevant documentation.
A puppy-mongrel, having as one of the parents Malinois, will cost about 10,000-15,000 rubles. Naturally, in this case there are no guarantees as to how he will grow up similar to his purebred parent.
Purebred offspring from the nursery costs 30000-40000 rubles. For the future champion of exhibitions will have to pay a little more - at least 50,000 rubles.
Malinois - a serious dog that requires no less serious approach. Such a pet is not suitable as the first dog, it should not be started by people who are often absent from the house and cannot give the four-legged friend proper attention. Taking the Belgian into the house, the family receives not only a loyal and devoted pet, but also a certain responsibility.