A young breed confidently conquering the hearts of the cat owners of the planet. Accidentally meeting an Asiatic leopard in the jungle, not a single tourist would have thought to step in to cuddle his closest relative. But the modern character of the Bengal cat combines the natural energy and excitement of a wild predator with the playfulness and tenderness of a pet.
The Bengal cat is an artificial breed bred from the crossing of the Asian leopard with domestic cats of Abyssinian, Burmese and other breeds. These cats have absorbed the best habits of pets: cleanliness, sociability, lack of aggression, and also livability with children and other animals.
The breed standard highlights the following colors.
- Brown tabby. Classic leopard color in which all shades of brown are acceptable: from red to brick. Drawing - brown and black. Light or white strokes can be around the eyes, on the booster, chin, neck and abdomen.
- Silver Tabby. Light color on the basis of white with the presence of shades of gray. Figure in the same colors, but darker.
- Snow . It is subdivided into a color-point (similar to Siamese), sepia and mink (both are golden-beige, but differ at the genetic level).
- Coal. Dark pattern on a cold background of gray or brown tones.
- Blue Silver with a non-contrast pattern.
Advantages and disadvantages
Bengals are an exotic and rare breed that successfully combines the beauty, energy and appearance of a wild cat with devotion, sociability and playfulness of home purrs. They are quite unpretentious in care and maintenance. However, the description of the breed Bengal cat will be incomplete, if you do not take into account its disadvantages. The advantages and non-deliveries of the breed are compared in the table.
Table - Pros and cons of the Bengal cat
History of origin and interesting facts
The history of the breed of Bengal cats can be stated without exaggeration by mentioning one name - Jean Mill. In the middle of the last century, a young geneticist from the United States brought from the area around Bangkok a local wild cat, the Asian leopard, which almost disappeared in its homeland due to poachers.
For several decades, Jean's personal circumstances and professional difficulties did not allow her to take up the job of breeding a new breed of pets with the appearance of wild cats. By the end of the 70s, Jin took nine hybrids of leopards with domestic cats from zoos. The scientist crossed them with different breeds, including the Burmese, Abyssinian, and American Shorthair. Breeder smiled luck in the face of a kitten wild Indian cat.
By the mid-80s, the results were already there, but until the recognition of the breed, Bengalis from the laboratory of Dr. Mill had grown only in 1991. Today, these domestic leopards are rare, but known throughout the world.
Requirements for the content and nutrition
Bengalis cleanly from nature, and to teach a kitten to the tray is easy. This is done from the first hours of life in your apartment. Watch your pet, and as soon as he shows signs of anxiety and starts to look for corners or hide under furniture, carry him to the tray. Often, the kitten learns to use the tray from his mother, and in order to make it easier for him to adapt to the new conditions, ask the breeder for a little bit of filler from the toilet of the mother cat. This “aroma marker” will be a pointer for the baby.
The rest of the care of the Bengal cat is not too complicated. Their short hair does not need special grooming. It is enough to brush your pet once a week with a brush and collect dead hair with a special rubber glove. Sheds this breed is not abundant, but it is better to comb daily during the molting period.
Bengals adore swimming by nature, but washing them with the use of cosmetics is no more than once a month. Optimally - four or five times a year.
It is necessary to cut the claws once every two weeks. They grind off in a natural way about the scraper, but the tips are still trimmed with a special shears. Care of the ears - once a week or two, wipe with a cotton pad. Sulfur should not be much and it should not have a smell.
Bengalis are smart and have a good memory. Experienced owners advise to constantly talk with the cat, to teach him to the simplest words, commands: "You can", "You can not", "Good", "Bad", "Ko me" and others. Cats of this breed are very sociable and well socialized. Maybe you will not achieve the top of the training, but compared to any other breed your pet will be an incredibly scientist.
What to prepare for a kitten
Before the kitten-bengal moves into your home, housing needs to be prepared. This will protect your pet from unnecessary injuries, and you - from regrets about torn, scratched and broken objects. The apartment must hold the following basic activities.
- To secure a home. Remove from outdoor areas and surfaces of the wire and charging from gadgets. Tie up the curtains tapes higher, remove the curtains themselves or assemble them so that the pet does not feel comfortable climbing them. Rearrange or remove vases, watches and other breakable items. Make sure that the sockets and switches do not hang out, the water taps are tightly closed, there are shut-off devices on the vents - there is enough intelligence for the Bengal to use both in your absence.
- Prepare a place to sleep. Buy a cot or cat house. You can start to organize a bed from an old blanket. It is better if the place of the cat will be in your bedroom or in the hall where he can contact the whole family.
- Buy carrying. In it, you can take a kitten, and then carry on a routine examination to the vet or on a trip.
- Buy bowls for food and water. The water bowl should be large and heavy, as the breed loves water procedures, and the kitten can constantly climb into her paws.
- Purchase tray and filler. It will be more convenient for a little kitten to have a tray with low sides, but then you have to replace it with a tray with high sides so that the pet does not scatter the filler on the floor.
- Buy kogtetochku. This is a necessary accessory for Bengal - to sharpen claws embedded in its genes.
- Provide pet toys and ladders. Bengals are very active. The more entertainment you come up with for your pet, the less the apartment will suffer during your absence. Get a variety of toys - both for playing with a pet, and for his solo entertainment. This breed loves height - cabinets, bookshelves, clothes hangers. In order to avoid injuries and damage to property, buy or make yourself a "cat tree", allowing your pet to safely climb up and down.
- Prepare a collar or harness. If you want to walk with your cat on the street, from childhood teach him to these accessories. In case he escapes, you can attach a token with his name and your contacts to the collar.
Proper nutrition for Bengal - a pledge of beautiful appearance, health and good mood. You can feed the Bengal cat with both dry food and natural food. Experts do not recommend giving soft canned food - such food can remain in the oral cavity, promote the formation of tartar and serve as breeding ground for bacteria. The Bengal cat food must always be fresh and access to water must be unhindered. Features of the two main power schemes are shown in the table.
Table - Features of the Bengal Cat Diet
The natural diet is based on fresh (after freezing) meat, boiled offal and sea fish. Also sometimes give eggs, dairy products. Vegetables and cereals - no more than 10-15% servings. Dry food should be from reputable manufacturers, not cheaper than premium.
Disease and treatment
Jean Mill and her followers succeeded in breeding a generally healthy breed, with endurance and natural immunity of wild animals. Of congenital abnormalities in this breed are found.
- Weak immunity of some breed lines. It happens in cats, whose ancestors breeders often crossed with close relatives.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. When one of the heart walls is thicker than the other, which can lead to early sudden death (diagnosed by ultrasound and ECG).
- Flat chest syndrome. It squeezes the lungs and interferes with the pet's breathing. Often kittens with this pathology do not survive.
Bengal has a rather sensitive stomach and intestines. They are difficult to tolerate the change of food, prone to indigestion, food poisoning and various intestinal problems based on inflammatory processes. Some representatives of the breed found food allergies. With age, non-sterilized animals may start hormonal problems, cancer may occur.
Often the name of the Bengal cat reminds of its wild ancestors from Asia and emphasizes the exotic beauty of these animals. Many owners, choosing the name of the pet, are repelled by the appearance and character of the cat, their own cultural tastes or allusions to mass culture.
For example, the nicknames for the Bengal cat "boy":
Nicknames for Bengal cats- "girls":
Photos of Bengal cats are similar to wildlife observation reports. Only their natural habitat is human housing, which Bengals skillfully adapt to their active lifestyle and decorate with their elegant persona.
Cost and where to buy
The Bengal cat is a young, artificially bred breed, which explains the high cost of these kittens. In Moscow, the cost of a Bengal cat kitten from the nursery is 25-55 thousand rubles (data for January 2018).
An animal with good exhibition prospects will cost much more. In the ads of private individuals, kittens are cheaper, but not the fact that the pet "with hands" will fully comply with the breed standards.
Choosing a kitten
It is necessary to acquire a Bengal kitten only in the nursery or from professional breeders specializing in this breed. Before you finally decide, talk with the breeder, ask about the nature and health of the parents of the future pet. It is important that the animals are balanced and non-aggressive.
A Bengal kitten is taken no earlier than two and a half to three months. By this age, he had already received the necessary vaccinations and was quarantined, learned the basic behavioral skills from mother cats, and was sufficiently socialized in the society of other litter kittens.
The kitten should be clean, moderately well-fed, with a soft "baby" hair. In babies, the coat is fluffy and smoky, not as smooth as in adults. This is normal and will take place by five to six months. The basic shades are already visible, but the color will become completely contrasting after a year. Your future pet should be energetic, active and curious, with no signs of timidity, cowardice or excessive aggression.
Decide in advance for yourself whether you are going to breed cats. If not, then your choice may stay on a pet-class kitten, which will be cheaper, but not initially suitable for breeding. Such an animal will be reasonably sterilized to avoid unwanted pregnancies in the cat and for the serenity of the cat. Males are recommended to be neutered after eight months. Cats sterilization operation is performed at the same age. Optimally, if this happens before the first heat, but it may pass earlier. Before you assign an operation, you should consult with a veterinarian.
These relatives of leopards are not as common as other breeds, but Bengal cat breeds can be found in most major cities:
- Paradiseapple in Moscow - http://olicat.ru,
- BENSHARM in St. Petersburg - https://www.bensharm.com,
- NATIN in Irkutsk - http://www.natincats.ru,
- Shiny Silk in Minsk - https://www.bengalminsk.com,
- BenekliAsk in Kiev - http://bengal-cat-pitomnik.com.
Active animals that do not tolerate boredom and require a lot of time and attention from a person, but at the same time they are very intelligent and do not cause allergies - these are reviews of the Bengal cat. However, if you are susceptible to allergic reactions, before taking the “mini-leopard”, try to visit the house where the bengal cat already lives to make sure that such cohabitation will be safe for you.
Reviews: "It happens very aggressive"
Pluses: A good faithful, affectionate friend.
Disadvantages: Does not want to get along with other cats.
I want to tell you how this breed gets on with children and cats of other breeds.
We recently had a baby, we were very afraid of how the cat would react to the emergence of a new family member. You can characterize her behavior in a nutshell - she tolerates him. It allows you to drag yourself by the tail, pull out a little wool. Of course, for an animal it is stress, and you need to protect it from the child, but it does not always work, they are very interested in each other!
We have three cats of different breeds at home, and to put it mildly, Roxy is not friendly with them. With a Burmese cat they have an eternal confrontation, wherever he sits, she always wants to take his place. From time to time there are fights about them, that the wool flies in all directions. But with a British breed cat they just have a war! Roxy hunts her, even though she is larger. The British's fearful nature awakens a hunting instinct in this cat, they fight not for life, but for death, with fluffed tails and frightening sounds. It’s very hard for three of them, they live in different rooms.
The conclusion is that the bengal must live alone, without other animals, in order to feel like the owner.
The cat grew, and at the same time amazed everyone with its beauty. But the reverse side of the coin is not so bright. As my kitten turned into an adult cat, the problems he created became more and more serious. First, he destroyed all the indoor plants. Then he switched to shoes. Our cat is very aggressive. At what he can begin to play quite peacefully, but having entered into excitement his eyes begin to turn black and this is the first sign that it is time to escape from the cat.
In the hope that the cat's claws will erase the claws slightly, we bought its highest model in the pet store. But she did not sleep us. When the cat is fond of it, in the literal sense of the word, it starts to grow wild and wildly rushes onto the curtains of sofas and so on. And at such moments the animal moves at the speed of sound. I understand that I am in the same room with a leopard!
Looking at this animal, I do not see a cat in it. All his habits, manners and behavior of a completely wild beast. We have lived together for 8 months, very soon our wild pet will have its first anniversary and it will be one year old. And I increasingly think about where to find good hands and arrange him a housewarming party.
After almost a year of living in one apartment, I can note the main points:
1. Bengals sooo love to play. The breeder immediately warned us that it was desirable that there was either a small child in the house who would play with him constantly or take a pair of kittens at once. But we didn’t pull a couple of kittens, so we decided to entertain him on our own =)
Even at the age of 1.1 years, our cat doesn’t mind playing, it’s bored a lot when there’s no one at home for a long time. Going to meet the door, just like a dog
2. About the love of water - partly true. Yes, our Johnny is not afraid of water, but there was no wild desire to swim or dive in the bathroom =) He is more fond of playing with some water.
3. Bengals have a rather strange and loud voice. When the cat is boring, he can start with cute maukanya and go almost to the growl. And yet - they do not get tired of “talking” very soon. Nerves, in general, strong need =)
4. A very wayward animal. Our cat is not sitting on their hands. Absolutely! even when you just take it in your arms when you come home, after 2 seconds it starts breaking out. But as soon as you put it down on the floor - to immediately play around, purrs) Not manual at all.
5. It is very strange, but with the coordination of our cats there are serious problems =) Honestly, looking at Bengal is difficult to believe that they can move somehow clumsily - just the grace and smoothness of the leopard. But ours had already fallen several times from the second floor, constantly misses or lands very loudly - when jumping onto the bed from the window sill, it seems that the bag of potatoes was dropped = D.
6. Our cat loves the street. Once we brought him out for a walk - and then Ostap suffered. Very, very fond of the street =)
In general, the breed is very interesting and cool. But this is an amateur. If you want yourself a purring ottoman on the knees - it is better to look at the sacred Burma and the like. You should play with Bengal and have fun (it is advisable to buy earplugs = nervous),…
Walk through the history
Back in 1961, an American woman brought a leopard kitten from Bangkok. Since at that time there was a special demand for this breed because of the valuable skin, they were actively exterminated by poachers. Over time, there was a crossing with an ordinary domestic cat. As a result, the kitten was bred with a unique spotty color and wild character. However, most of these individuals died of leukemia. Поэтому через 15 лет в Калифорнии начались исследования, и со временем скрещивание проходило более удачно. В настоящее же время данная порода признана всеми ассоциациями мира. Можно с уверенностью сказать, что бенгальская кошка, описание породы которой мы сейчас рассмотрим, считается самой умной домашней породой.
Что можно сказать о характере?
Бенгальские кошки – это животные, сочетающие в себе огромное количество качеств. The high activity of the beast is due to well-developed hunting instinct. If the house has a place where to run and jump, then your pet will be grateful to you. It is advisable for such cats to spend at least some time on the games every day. Bengali also loves Laska very much. If you do not have time for such entertainment, you can be sure that the cat will run wild with time.
It is noteworthy that the wild origin does not prevent them from being friends with children. These are some of the most curious and gullible cats that love to spend time near their owner. Experts note that the character is completely absent share of aggression. Cats love to conquer new heights, so regardless of age, an individual will explore all the tops: cabinets, chairs, shelves, etc. They love water very much, so bathing problems should not arise. Although too often you do not need to bathe the beast, a maximum of a couple of times a year. By the way, the breeders say that if you want to teach your pet to the toilet, then the Bengal cat will be perfect for you. The description of the breed is not over, let's consider some more features.
Common Bengal standards
Pure breed must meet a number of requirements, based on which, the price of a kitten will be formed. For example, the size of an individual should be medium or large. With all this, the weight of an adult cat should be about 4 kg, a cat - 6-7 kilograms.
We have already talked a little about color, but it is worth saying that scientists have come to believe that it is best if the beast will have a brown color in all its diversity. “Snow leopards” are Bengals that have a silver color. They are the most expensive and rare, so not everyone can buy such an individual. Cat hair is a separate conversation. With proper care, it has an amazing view: shiny with a low tide and very thick. In this case, the hair is short and tight to the body. For kittens, the average length is acceptable, with time it will become somewhat shorter, but thicker. There are also wild Bengal cats in southeast Asia. They are somewhat larger than their home counterparts. The length of an adult male can be up to one meter, the females - 75 centimeters. In principle, the Bengal cat can have different sizes, it all depends on the environment of existence and the activity of a single individual.
Bengal cat: owners reviews
You can endlessly read the joyful reviews of people who have a young Bengal running around the house. Absolutely everyone celebrates friendliness. By the way, this, rather, depends not on the nature of the particular individual, but on the breed as a whole. Lack of aggression allows you to keep these animals, even if the family already has a dog or bird. Cats love children too. If too much attention is soon tired of the pet, he will not hiss and scratch, but simply find himself a secluded corner where he can rest. Bengal cats love their owners very much and are constantly with them. Also, these animals are very curious, so they can follow you from room to room and watch as you open and close doors, windows or blinds. What is most surprising, they remember all this and then try to repeat it. Of course, cases with blinds for the most part end in failure, but the doors sometimes open even by the handle.
Many say that the best pet is a Bengal cat. The owners' reviews about them are positive, and you are unlikely to encounter at least some negative.
Useful expert advice
Most professionals who have linked their work with the study of cats, recommend checking the pedigree of the future pet. It is better to make the purchase from a licensed nursery or breeder. So you can not be afraid of being deceived. For example, if in the character of a kitten they find at least a drop of aggressiveness, then they reject it and no longer sell it like a pure Bengal. The lack of secretions around the mouth and eyes, as well as beautiful and thick hair speak about the good health of the baby. Experts draw your attention to the fact that the Bengal cat, whose size in 2-2.5 months may vary by 5-10 centimeters, should have a leopard color, sometimes somewhat faded. The final formation of colors occurs at the age of 3-4 months.
What you need to know about the health of a kitten?
The immunity of the beast in most cases is quite good. But the diseases that are often found in this species of animals, sick and Bengal kittens. A Bengal cat, for example, is prone to leukemia, bowel disease and heart problems. A sensitive stomach needs proper nutrition, otherwise frequent poisoning and frustration are quite possible, and there is nothing good about it. All vaccinations should be given before the purchase, at about 12 weeks of age, when the kitten is taken from the mother. Another cause of the disease and the deterioration of the general condition of the Bengal cat is the lack of physical activity and activity. For this simple reason, it is recommended to play with a pet or buy him a playground where he can play and develop.
What to feed Bengal?
At this point, you need to take very seriously. Do not forget that due to improper diet pet can hurt (frustration, poisoning). Therefore, if you can afford to buy a Bengal cat, then take care of a good daily diet. However, in practice, Bengals can eat almost everything, although the preferences of a particular food depend on the nature of the individual.
In any case, experts recommend giving dry and wet food. They are balanced so that the animal receives all the necessary vitamins and minerals. With an unhealthy diet, the Bengal cat, which weighs 7-8 kilograms, will suffer from obesity. Do not exclude from the diet and raw meat. For example, venison or rabbit in the raw form at least once a week will greatly delight your pet. It was repeatedly noted that cats of this breed like to drink running water. But it is not necessary to water the beast from the tap, especially with low quality of the carrier. It is advisable to arrange a special fountain in which the bengal will be able to quench their thirst at any time.
How much is such a pleasure?
This breed is not considered one of the most expensive in the world, but Bengals are not as cheap as we would like. Much depends on the so-called class. Individuals of the show class have a high cost, pet-class - a little lower. The high price of the breed is due to several factors. First, it is the difficulty of reproduction, as well as the small number of breeding material. Offers from the best nurseries in Moscow or St. Petersburg start at 15,000 rubles and end with 30,000 rubles. If the pet is purchased for exhibitions, then it will have to pay a lot more than for a domestic kitten.
The origin of the breed
Appeared by crossing an ordinary domestic cat with a wild leopard. The birthplace of Bengal cats is America, where it was bred in 1963.
The combination turned out very impressive, if not for the size, then Bengal cats are very similar to wild cats. Everyone who has a kind of wild life in the house is enraptured not only by its unusual color, but also by the temperament of the Bengal cat.
Breed standard (appearance)
A description of all the external features that are characteristic of "Bengalam" is the breed standard (distinguishing features).
- The head of the "Bengal" has a wedge-shaped shape, which makes the "fit" of his ears a bit peculiar. Special differences - a massive chin and thickened boilers, which makes the cat's mouth "tiger" (square shape). This can be seen when the cat is yawning, meowing or growling.
- The ears are short, highly spaced, have a broad base and slightly rounded tips.
- The nose is curved, large and wide.
- Cheeks plump with large pads under mustache.
- Eyes (almond-shaped) of unusually beautiful green or golden color.
- The neck is thick, massive and muscular, proportional to the head and body.
- The body is large, strong and muscular.
- Paws are round, powerful and large. The hind legs are longer than the front.
- The tail is medium in size, dense, not fluffy. Over the entire length of the tail should be present spots or rings.
- The coat is medium or short, dense in texture, very soft (like silk) to the touch.
- Color spotty-striped (leopard or marble). There may be several shades (gray, white, red). The specks should be evenly distributed over the cat's body (photos can be seen below).
Character and some features
The domestic Bengal cat is a cute creature that looks like a picture (it can “freeze” in a beautiful pose and sit thoughtfully for a long time), which needs affection and constant attention. "Bengals" are very playful and curious, but smart, do not stick their nose where it is dangerous.
It is believed that these cats are aggressive, but this is not the case. As we have already noted, only about 20% of “wild blood” flows in their genes, the remaining 80% they inherit from domestic, quiet, affectionate and calm cats.
These cats are incredibly devoted, ready to accompany their master everywhere: on the couch, in bed, in the kitchen, in the bathroom ... They, like a dog, will chase their master everywhere, running at his heels.
"Bengals" love water and can take a bath with the owner (with great pleasure).
Life expectancy of this breed is 12-15 years (and more).
Care and maintenance
Caring for a Bengal cat is a pleasure. They love to bathe, behave with dignity (they don’t tear up the wallpapers and do not gnaw the armrests of the chairs), and feed them as easily as everyone else. No special care is needed, only the standard: vaccinations, periodic grooming, attention and caress.
They learn to use the toilet without any problems, but they love to bury their "waste". Keep this in mind, get for them a closed or deep toilet and do not forget to pour sand into it (cat litter mix).
These cats get along well with other pets, finding a common language with them. They love children.
Photos of Bengal cats
In the photo you will see Bengal cats of various colors.
- Leopard cat, it is often called "leopardetta", the most popular of the "Bengal". She is very similar to her wild descendants.
- "Sorrel" (golden color with chocolate brown spots). In cats with this color is usually the black tip of the tail. It is interesting that their true color is formed by the year (one and a half years), so it is difficult to determine the value of a kitten younger than this age.
- Marble Bengal cat differs from others in that it has completely different spots, they have a peculiar (not leopard) form.
- "Snow Leopard" (white, gray). Dark spots are visible on a grayish-white background. It is interesting that kittens of this color are born completely white, they later acquire grayish shades and dark spots.
Conclusion about the breed
These cats require a lot of attention, so Bengals are unlikely to suit people growing into a sofa. With this pet will have to talk and explain to him all their movements around the house. It is remarkable that you will have a dialogue with Bengal, because the representatives of this breed make a couple of dozens of special sounds - from classical “meow” to scream, rattle and roaring.
This cat reacts quietly to the noise, but calf-like tenderness transfers it with difficulty.
In general, the breed is smart, active and healthy.
Of diseases peculiar to bengalam, we note hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. This disease often affects young cats who have undergone castration. In addition, Bengal kittens can hurt feline leukemia and food poisoning, because they have very sensitive stomachs.
Bengal cat owners reviews
Marina: “My Bengal cat is the most important creature in the house, he must control everything and be everywhere at the same time. She noted from the unusual that the Marquis loves to play with water - he pushes toys with his paw, he likes to splash, but he cannot stand to bathe. Since Bengal is by nature hunters, I often take the Marquise to take a walk and he enjoys climbing trees and rushing along the front lawn. ”
Igor: “Before appearing in the house of Saffron, I did not know what kind of unique breed it was. Right are those who talk about hyperactivity of Bengal cats. Until six months, Saffron literally walked on the ceiling and did not know a moment's rest. And we together with him. And then we noticed that Saffron can communicate - for each situation he makes a certain sound and we already understand when the cat asks for water, and when - to clean the tray. Overall, a very smart breed. ”
Where to buy a bengal kitten?
If you, having thought, decided to get a home leopard, are ready to pay attention and care for it, then you will be satisfied. But you should know that their best sales points are nurseries and official breeders.
We invite you to pay attention to these cattery of Bengal cats (in Russia, in Ukraine and in Belarus), where pedigree parents live, giving appropriate offspring.
How much is a Bengal cat?
The answer is unequivocally impossible, since much depends on the breed standard. One thing is for sure - not cheap (price - from 35,000 rubles and much higher, from 10,000 hryvnias in Ukraine). And you can buy in nurseries, breeders and the market (cheap, but with dubious pedigree).
Get for yourself an exotic home “leopard” and you will “bathe” in his love and devotion.
The history of the breed
Bengal cat breed is one of the few successful examples of domestic and wild cats crossing. There is evidence that the first attempts at such a crossing were undertaken in the 60s of the XX century. However, they were unsuccessful. Bengal cat breed appeared in 1970. Famous felinologist J. Mill took up several cats that took part in a genetic experiment. Friend and like-minded Jane, Dr. Willard Centerwal, studied the immunity of Bengal cats (wild). As it turned out, he was so powerful that he successfully resisted cat leukemia virus. Work began on the crossing of wild and domestic cats. The main goal of the experiments was to transfer this unique property to descendants of wild animals.
After completing the experiment, Dr. Centerwol did not destroy the litter, but decided to find owners for the little ones. Since Jane dreamed of getting a hybrid of a wild and domestic cat, she gladly accepted the offer of a colleague. From the litter, she chose animals that inherited the traits of a wild cat, and had quite a sweet temper, which allowed them to be tamed in the future.
I must say that Jane Mill began experimenting in the field of cat breeding as early as the University of Davis in 1940, when she studied genetics there. In 1961 she visited Bangkok, and there she saw Bengal cats for the first time. The Bengal cat breed, the photo of which she had previously seen only in the special literature, struck her. She brought one of the representatives of the breed to her homeland and crossed with her domestic cat. True, in the future life circumstances were such that Jane interrupted her experiments.
This background provides an opportunity to understand how enthusiastically she began to work when fate gave her a second chance to work with this animal. Dr. Centerwol supported her completely and completely, which was not the case for the cat lovers community. The main part of organizations and nurseries opposed the mixture of wild and domestic animals. And today, such an authoritative organization as CFA does not register Bengals. Despite this, the Bengal cat has been recognized since 1980 by many international organizations.
Mrs. Mill continued her painstaking work on the breed, which turned out to be quite difficult - the cats did not want to mate with the cats, and besides, most of the cats turned out to be sterile. With females it was easier - they were able to produce healthy offspring.
It was clear that the cats of the Burmese, Mau and Abyssinian breeds do not have strong genetics, Jean looked for the necessary animal in different countries. In 1982, she was approached by an employee of the Indian Zoo (New Delhi), who invited her to pay attention to the magnificent wild cat who lived in the zoo. It was a completely wild animal. However, from him and the hybrid cats that belonged to Jane, managed to get a litter.
Generations of cats have the numbers F1, F2, F3, etc. The first numbers indicate that the offspring obtained from a wild cat and domesticated cats. Beginning with the generation (F4), the fourth in a row, only a Bengal domestic cat and a cat were allowed to breed.
The first generations of animals were raised by enthusiasts, since these cats could not be called domestic cats. They still retained the habits and traits of wild animals. Now the Bengal cat (owner reviews allow us to talk about it) is a friendly, affectionate and effective pet. Nevertheless, many still belong to the breed is critical. Jane Mill believes that her pets are biased. According to her, when a cat bites a judge at a competition, this is attributed to stress, and if the bengal does the same, then it immediately comes to wild blood.
Bengal cat - breed description
Эти великолепные «мини-леопарды» обладают грацией, изяществом, гибкостью и роскошной пятнистой шубкой, являются напоминанием того, что еще 9500 лет назад наши милые домашние питомцы из семейства кошачьих были совершенно дикими. Поэтому люди снова и снова стремятся воссоздать домашнюю кошку, напоминающую дикую. Примером того служат оцикет, египетская мау, бенгал, саванна.
The Bengal cat, whose photo often adorns the covers of animal magazines, is a large and developed athlete with a long body (but not of the oriental type). Animals have well developed musculature (especially for cats). The paws are also muscular, powerful, the hind limbs are slightly longer than the front ones. The neck is rather long and seems to be thick, but in fact it is quite proportional to the body. The head is wedge-shaped, has rounded contours. In relation to the body is small.
Eyes oval, almost round, large. Eye color can be different - gold, green or blue at the points. The deeper and richer it is, the better.
The ears are short, small in size, broad at the base, rounded at the tips, set apart at the edges of the head.
Wool and color
The coat is short or medium in length, adjacent to the body, rather dense, but very silky and soft. Bright markings create excellent contrast with the main tone.
The color of Bengal cats is a distinctive feature of the breed. It can vary within brown tones. But besides them, there are snow and silver colors.
Regardless of the basic tone, there must be a pattern on the animal's hair - marble, rosette or spotted. At the age of four weeks, kittens tend to lose their color. But do not worry, he will recover by ten months. This is a genetic feature of the Bengals.
Bengal cat domestic has a body of large or medium size, with strong legs with rounded pads. The tail is medium in size, rather thick.
These animals are considered adult and fully physically formed by two years. The size of the Bengal cat is impressive. Cats are noticeably larger than cats, their weight varies from 4.5 to 6.8 kg with an increase of 32 cm. Cats by two years gain from 3.6 to 5.4 kg, and their height is about 26 cm.
The Bengali cat is also different in its voice from its relatives. Reviews of the owners say that it is rather loud in it, containing much more sounds and intonations than other cats.
Bengal cats - character reviews
Many animal lovers are wondering if you can keep such a cat in the house. Immediately we want to reassure them: the Bengal cat is domestic, whose photos are often demonstrated by breeders (of later generations) are no more aggressive than any of its fellows from other breeds. These are active, playful animals that remain kittens in their souls until old age.
Bengal cats (owner reviews confirm this) fly into the room with glowing eyes of happiness, which seem to urge everyone present to have fun with them and immediately start the game. To this should be added a high level of intelligence, great curiosity and the incredible charm of such a pet.
It is not surprising that the Bengal cat is very clever, whose photos are placed by all reputable nurseries in their advertising brochures. After all, her wild ancestors needed something more than claws and fangs to survive in natural conditions.
Bengal cat character and habits, rather, a dog - resorts to the call of the owner, brings his toys, calling for the game, can learn various tricks. Sometimes they succeed in this matter, which causes discontent of the owners. For example, when they begin to open doors, doors, taps or flush the water in the toilet. They are playful to old age, they catch everything that moves - from real mice to artificial ones.
Put together all these qualities, and you will understand what a Bengal cat is. Breed descriptions can be found in all animal publications. Such a pet has a high degree of socialization. They are absolutely not afraid of strangers, boldly go to meet them, study, sniff, look at. But you shouldn't pull your hands to them when they first met - they can scratch them. These irrepressible "mini-leopards" are ready to play at any time of the day or night. They always strive to climb as high as possible and absolutely do not like to sit in one place.
Very much like freedom and Bengali cats do not accept its restrictions. Owners' reviews convince us of this. This may be expressed in relation to the leash or when the owner tries to take his pet in his arms. This does not mean that he will spread his hands into the bloodstream, just run away at the first opportunity. This behavior should not be attributed to the “wildness” of the animal, as many quite domestic cats quite often behave.
The Bengal cat breed, the photos of which we have posted in our article, like some things that are unacceptable for other breeds. They are very fond of water, as are their wild and larger relatives leopards. Your pet will be happy to play with a trickle of water from the tap, maybe even get into your bathroom.
This, of course, is funny, but only until the happy pet gets out of the water and starts to rush around the house. Sometimes cats are so addicted to water that the owners have to close the bathrooms and toilets on the lock, otherwise they flush the toilet in their toilets and open the taps.
The Bengal cat, whose character is quite appeasable (if you ignore some petty pranks), is usually tied to one person, singled out and considered his master. This does not prevent them from spending time and playing with all family members. These beautiful animals need close interaction with the owner, and the trouble is for those who can not provide it. Bengal cat domestic (photos of which are posted in our article), when he misses, begins to behave oddly. She can tear things apart to find out what's inside, open the door to some room to determine what is hidden there. The animal loves to hide things, so it’s best to keep the most valuable things out of the reach of it.
Bengal cat, whose character is quite livable, usually behaves quietly. But if she starts to make sounds, then you can't do it with a simple and gentle meow. The range of their sounds is large enough, and over time, the owners begin to understand when their pet is hungry, when it wants to walk, and when it is just boring.
Normally Bengali cats get along well with other pets. The character (feedback from the owners will allow such a conclusion) of the “little leopards” does not allow them to be kept in families with small children. The fact is that they will be happy to play with the child, but only until the silly little one pulls their tail or mustache. It is necessary that the child be at that age when he will understand that in front of him is not a toy, but a living being.
Bengal cat, whose character is always individual, in each case may behave differently. But if you learn to understand this independent, proud and at the same time playful creature, then you never want to start a cat of a different breed.
Maintenance and care
These graceful beauties do not require complex care. Representatives of this breed are strong and active animals, distinguished by good physical health.
They love to climb up, the higher the better. Therefore, to protect your furniture, provide them with a high scraper. The higher it is, the more interesting your pet. In many ways, caring for bengal comes down to creating conditions for him to maximize activity. The health and mood of your pet depends on it. These cats walk with pleasure in a street on a leash - this satisfies their innate curiosity.
Despite the fact that Bengals love water, it is often not recommended to bathe them. These are very clean animals.
But the teeth need to pay special attention. When feeding with natural food, deposits may appear on the teeth, as a result - an unpleasant smell from the mouth. It is necessary to regularly inspect the oral cavity of the animal. To eliminate plaque, it is important to include in the diet dry food, which also perfectly massages the gums. It is advisable to use special toothpaste for cats for brushing your teeth, and regularly visit a veterinarian for preventive purposes.
Bengal cats coat is gorgeous - short, silky, smooth. She practically does not need care - just brush it once a week. Trim the claws regularly (once a week). As it gets dirty, clean the ears with a cotton swab. Remember, the earlier you teach your pet to hygienic procedures, the easier they will be in the future.
What is this breed?
The Bengal cat is the result of the crossing of an ordinary domestic cat with a wild Bengal, that is, Asian leopard. The result was a breed that combines the qualities of a wild beast and a pet.
But since there are usually specimens on sale that are several generations removed from their wild descendant, the positive characteristics of a domesticated cat still prevail.
The Bengal breed appeared solely due to the efforts of the American biologist Jane Mill, who brought a kitten to an Asian leopard cat from Taiwan, giving it the name Malaysia. She grew up not very sociable, scared and constantly hid.
But once Jane noticed that the cat favorably refers to the usual black cat. As a result of their communication, the first hybrid kitten Kin-Kin appeared. Further work on the crossing stopped, but resumed later. As a result, only in 1991 representatives of the breed became exhibitors.
Who is suitable?
Although the difficulties in the care does not arise, yet the Bengal cat is more suitable for experienced owners, since its character can not be called simple and accommodating. Sometimes it may seem that near you is absolutely wild forest beast, and unsociable.
But if you are engaged in education from an early age, then the pet can become understanding, sociable and even affectionate. And that is why it is desirable to have at least minimal knowledge in the psychology of animals, in general, and cats, in particular (especially such a specific and complex breed).
Externally, the Bengal cat resembles a leopard, due to the color characteristic of such a wild beast. But the dimensions are quite normal. Thus, the height at the withers is about 25-32 centimeters, and the weight reaches 5-7 kilograms. In general, representatives of this breed are very similar to ordinary domestic cats. The body is muscular, slightly elongated and graceful.
The limbs are rather long and strong, the tail has an average length and a rounded tip. The head is rather massive, it is slightly longer in length than in width, but not too elongated. The profile has a smooth transition, and the neck is long and powerful.
Ears slightly inclined forward, not very large, with rounded tips. Eyes oval, rather large and set wide (at a slight angle).
Separate attention deserve color and wool. The coat is not long, but thick, silky and shiny, so that the pet will always look well-groomed. The main background is usually golden-orange, and there are distinct spots on the photo (brown, black, less often marble).
Main character traits
The character of Bengal cats can be called unique, because it combines the qualities of a true wild hunter and an intelligent pet. These pets are very careful and cunning, they have well-developed hunting instincts, which they use in everyday life during games.
They may seem unsociable to some, but in reality this is not the case. If you pay due attention to the education and socialization, then from the Bengal cat will grow quite sociable pet. And yet he will treat the strangers with caution, looking for a long time, and only then deciding on a rapprochement.
Bengal cats can easily get along with all family members and other animals, but be prepared for the fact that they will defend their territory, so pre-select a place that your pet will consider and protect as his own (this is necessary to satisfy the instincts).
But children do not like such animals. And they are very capricious, so you should not try to turn this beautiful and proud beast into a homemade toy, it still will not succeed.
If you are afraid of aggression, you can calm down, its manifestations will be extremely rare, and if you treat Bengal as a full-fledged family member and take into account his opinion, then he will not be angry at all, but will become a good friend.
Such animals are very talkative; in communication and in expressing emotions, they use a wide range of sounds from a satisfied quiet rumbling and satisfied purring to a loud meow, growls (especially when eating food), and even screaming.
And this will have to get used to, this is the nature, because communication between representatives of the species in the wild is necessary. And Bengals are very active.
Bengal cat breed is unpretentious, so that care will be simple. Sometimes you need to comb wool, although such pets practically do not shed. Also trim the claws regularly, if you don’t want your apartment to suffer.
Clean your ears with cotton buds as they become dirty. You can bathe your pet as needed, and it will treat the water quite normally, so this procedure will not require any effort.
Education will start correctly from a very early age. Characteristic features are such that you need to pay attention to socialization and training for hands. So spend as much time with your pet as possible, take it in your hands, iron and regularly provide tactile contact. And also invite guests or take a four-legged friend for a walk, so that he gets used to people and other animals.
Bengal requires a territory, so you should definitely purchase a sunbed or a whole cat's house, which your pet will use for active games. By the way, be sure to give him the opportunity to splash out energy, it is necessary. You can take your pet for walks or play at home, for example, with a ball, toy mice.
You should not try to "squeeze" the pet, he probably will not like it. So if he doesn't want to sit on his hands, let him go. Talk to him, as he is very observant and may eventually begin to understand some words. The breed cannot be trained, but it is necessary to restrict freedom of action and to designate the role of an authoritative owner. In case of bad behavior, speak strictly and use the words "no" or "no."
The basis of the diet is meat, and raw, high-quality, fresh and preferably diet, for example, beef and rabbit meat. Sea fish should be given only once a week, pre-scalding boiling water or boiling. Also allowed vegetables and dairy products. All food should be at room temperature.
In general, Bengal cats are healthy and strong, but some heart diseases can be inherited (sometimes they lead to sudden death), intestinal diseases, and also feline leukemia. The digestive system is very sensitive, so watch the quality of the feed.
How to choose?
It is necessary to purchase Bengal cats only in nurseries or from experienced, proven breeders. If you want to get a sociable friend, make sure that the pet is separated from a wild Asian leopard cat for at least 4 or 5 generations. Bengal kitten costs an average of 35-40 thousand rubles.
Now you know how to care for a Bengal cat, and you will become an excellent owner for it.
The history of the emergence of Bengal cats
The story of the emergence of these wonderful creatures begins in 1961, when the genetic biologist Gene Sugden went on a business trip to Southeast Asia, where she noticed beautiful and graceful wild cats with a very unusual color, which almost immediately conquered her heart. The young genetics extremely upset the state of their population - the breed was on the verge of extinction because of poachers ravishing at that time. It is because of the uniqueness and beauty of the appearance of these cats without exception they exterminated and sold skins for huge money. Since the Bengals were not much bigger than an ordinary cat in size, small kittens were sold in the markets, giving out cute pets, which later brought many problems to their owners, because Bengal cats are not adapted to home living.
The wild Bengal cat lives in the forests of India, China, Indonesia, Thailand, Tibet and the Philippines.
Having bought a Bengal cat in the market, Jean took him home to the States. She called the cat Malaysia, and she began to get used to a new dwelling. Let with distrust, but gradually the cat became accustomed, settled down and did not show strong aggression towards the “cohabitants”. During the heat, she even became friends with the domestic cat Jin, as a result of which, in 1963, there appeared, to everyone's amazement, a hybrid cat with a spotted color. After that, Jin decided to seriously pursue the creation of a breed of cats that look like wild Bengal, but with the character of domestic cats.
Unfortunately, due to the death of Jin's first husband, research was interrupted and resumed only 15 years later. Джин, ставшая уже Джин Милл, узнала о том, что в Калифорнийском университете США практикуются сравнительные исследования иммунитета домашних и диких кошек, во время которых проводятся межвидовые скрещивания. Джин попросила, чтобы для дальнейшего исследования ей отдали несколько гибридов первого поколения, и получила в своё распоряжение 9 самочек. Именно с этого момента Джин всерьёз занялась осуществлением своей мечты и возобновила попытки вывести домашнюю бенгальскую кошку.
Джин потратила огромное количество времени и сил, преодолела множество трудностей, и её труды были вознаграждены: в 1982 году появился котёнок — гибрид домашнего кота мау и дикой бенгальской кошки. He had a wonderful golden-orange color (hereinafter called glitter) with a shine and rosettes characteristic of the Bengal breed. After this, many more crosses were carried out, wild Bengal cats from India were brought in for experiments, and in 1991 Jin introduced the perfect kitten with a chic color and cute character. In the same year, the Bengali domestic cats standard was officially approved.
The brightness of the color of the Bengal cat depends on food and care.
The character of the Bengal cat
The Bengal cat breed is a very active, sweet, curious and very faithful creature with proper upbringing. Mill got her way, she brought exactly what she wanted. The opinion that bengals are aggressive is a prejudice of ignorant people. If to teach a cat from infancy to caress and treat her with care, she will definitely be a great friend to you. Bengals have very well developed hunting instincts, they are active, agile, so they should never be kept in an aviary - there they can grow fearful and aggressive.
These cats very quickly find common language with children and other pets. Due to their ingenuity, Bengals understand that babies are cubs, just like kittens, so if a child causes this breed of cat inconvenience, he will rather leave than he will defend himself. Bengals quickly become attached to people, but most often they choose one family member as their master, and they are simply loyal to the rest of the household.
Bengal cats are very playful and curious - such traits of their character most often remain until old age. Therefore, try to provide your pets with a variety of toys, if you want things in their field of vision - curtains, dressers, small things - to remain safe and sound.
Unlike other domestic cats, Bengals are very fond of water: they can take a bath with you or swim alone, splash in the toilet and even “fish” in an aquarium - be careful
Bengals love the attention to their person very much and for the sake of it they will even go for a crime, for example, they will start to steal small things, like hairpins, comb, pens. Like dogs, cats of this breed are madly in love with walks in the fresh air, so they can be walked on a leash or harness.
The main criteria for choosing a kitten
Choosing a kitten, it is important to understand: a lot depends on the pedigree, but even ordinary cats can be born even in exhibition champion cats. When choosing a pet is important that he was healthy. Therefore, you should not get a kitten before the age of two months - it should have time to feed on mother's milk and form an immunity.
When choosing a kitten, carefully examine its ears, nose and anus - they should be clean, without secretions. A healthy kitten is distinguished by its mobility and playfulness. It would be useful to inquire about the health of his parents.
Moving a kitten to a new home only when it reaches three months of age is a necessary condition for the success of its further development.
When choosing a kitten, it is worth bearing in mind that Bengal has three quality classes - “pet”, “brid” and “show”:
- "Show" - the most expensive, elite cats. They have an ideal pedigree, an ideal appearance, parents with many titles. In addition, these Bengals have the most golden character, with him not ashamed to appear at exhibitions. This class is very rare, it is not all breeders, so if such a kitten is born, they try not to sell it and leave it in the nursery for further breeding and participation in exhibitions.
- "Brid" - this class with ideal pedigree characteristics is mainly intended for offspring. Bengals of this class may not have a bright appearance, but their gene pool is stable, and in the future they will produce light kittens.
- "Pet" - Bengals for home content, so to speak, favorites. They do not have a particularly bright, exhibition appearance, they may have a defect that is hidden to the eye, which will be noticed only at exhibitions, but they do not get any worse.
A lot of controversy is underway about how to properly feed a Bengal cat. Some believe that only natural products can be beneficial to the health of a pet, while others lean towards ready-made feeds. So far, even veterinarians do not know exactly who is right. Therefore, it all depends on the owner: if you are not ready to pick up meat, vegetables and other natural products, competently making up the cat's diet, then buy ready-made food. In this case, you should first examine the reviews and verify the quality of the product.
Ready Cat Food
Feed must be premium or super premium. The most qualitative of them are:
It is important not to mix different foods, as Bengal digestion is very sensitive and does not respond well to a change of diet.
If you have doubts in matters of nutrition, contact the breeders and ask what they fed. The correct choice of high-quality food will relieve you of the problems of compiling a daily balanced menu for your pet.
Natural products in the diet of cats
Kittens under one month of age eat mother's milk. After that, you can start feeding them with raw meat, cottage cheese, diluted milk, meat porridges. In the first two months, the kittens need to be fed 4-6 times a day, after two months, you can reduce food intake to two - four times. By the age of five months, it is time to train the kittens for an adult diet and feed them no more than twice a day.
Having made a choice in favor of natural nutrition, the following products should be included in the cat's diet:
- raw meat should be 50–60% of the main diet of the cat, for example, beef, rabbit, turkey meat,
- dairy products, such as ryazhenka, cottage cheese, kefir with a low fat content,
- raw or cooked vegetables,
- oatmeal (cooked in milk), buckwheat and rice with the addition of vegetables or meat - cereals should be no more than 15% of the total diet.
Unlike other domestic cats, Bengals are reluctant to recognize the fish, so it is better to exclude it from the menu altogether, especially for cat health, this product is not very useful and can cause diseases of the urinary system.
The role of a balanced, proper nutrition is very important if you decide to purchase a Bengal cat. She inherited a shortened intestine from her wild ancestors, and therefore her body is very sensitive, and improper feeding can lead to undesirable consequences, or even death.
Caring for the appearance of Bengal is not so difficult:
- It is not necessary to comb them: they have short wool, it sheds little, and you only need to walk a metal comb over it a couple of times.
- Given that the Bengal cat most often loves water, her bathing turns into a pleasure for the owner. Like ordinary cats, they need to be bathed infrequently - 3-4 times a year are enough.
- But you should clean your ears from dust and sulfur regularly.
- From an early age it is necessary to accustom the pet to the scraper, because the Bengal cats are very active and can grow furniture with their claws.
- It is also important to monitor the teeth and gums so that they do not form plaque, contributing to the development of inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity. It is enough a couple of times a month to brush your teeth with a special toothbrush.
- Once in 3 months it is necessary to carry out anthelmintic treatment.
The tray for the kitten should not have high sides, it is best to leave the breeder's one at all. An adult cat, on the contrary, needs to purchase a large tray with high and rounded sides. Bengals are very fond of cleanliness and they carefully clean up after themselves, burying waste deep in the sand - in the absence of high sides there will be difficulties with cleaning.
The breed standard is very tough. There are even imperceptible defects that lead to disqualification of an animal at an exhibition. The main defects of the exterior are:
- small size, not corresponding to the Bengali breed,
- white spots
- vertical stripes - “ribs” on the body,
- oblate chest,
- the number of fingers, different from the norm,
- visible defects of the tail (for example, creases).
These shortcomings do not pose a threat to the life of the pet, but basically these Bengals no longer participate in breeding and remain just pets.
Bengal cats are very resistant to diseases. Initially, they were only prone to diarrhea, but over time, more dangerous ailments began to develop - hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and flat chest syndrome in kittens. Very often allergies began to appear.
To avoid health problems, carefully monitor the pet's diet, take the cat for preventive check-ups to the veterinarian at least once a year, vaccinate properly, conduct antiparasitic therapy, and if your plans do not include breeding, it is best to sterilize it.
Breeding Bengal cats
If you first decide to start breeding Bengal cats, it is advisable to contact experienced breeders. They can explain which representatives are best suited to mating your cat, and can give a tip to the perfect candidate. You should not try to associate your cats with ordinary domestic cats, if you want small Bengals. This will lead to the appearance of hybrids, and they may be unlike the Bengalis, which is likely to disappoint their owners.
Bengalok can be knit only with representatives of the same breed.
When choosing a Bengal cat for mating, you need to look not only at his health and affectionate character, but also the appearance, namely the typical signs of representatives of the breed: if he has pale spots or, for example, legs shorter than normal, then such a cat for mating does not take it is worth it, since its genes are no longer ideal, and its offspring will continue to move farther from standards.
It is imperative to check the pedigree of the kitten for up to three generations, to find out whether all vaccinations are affixed. It is desirable that the kitten was already ready tests for the presence of infectious diseases.
Cats of Bengal breed ripen to about 8–9 months of life. Usually at this time they become nervous, unbearably capricious, require attention. The first pairing is best done with a female who has already endured offspring, then you can drive a cat for breeding at least once or twice a week. Bengal cats can give birth twice a year.
Cats mature more slowly, but they can be kept on the first mating in the interval from 5 to 9 months. The current can last from three days to two weeks, and sexual passivity lasts about four months.
Pregnancy lasts about nine weeks, its symptoms differ little from the pregnancy of other species. In the third week, the cat begins to feel sick, she becomes lethargic, quiet. By the middle of the term the bengal will begin to gain weight, and by the seventh week - to look for a place for the nest.
Try yourself to make a petter's house for the child: find a box for this, prepare clean and dry rags, think up a heating system so that future offspring do not freeze. During the week — One and a half before delivery, it is advisable to tame the cat to the nest so that it is comfortable and comfortable there with the kittens.
Bengal cats are not particularly prolific: in one litter - maximum four kittens
If you decide to start breeding Bengals, first consult with experienced breeders, they will advise how to choose the best candidate for breeding. As partners of your cat, you need to look for not only a kind, sweet and affectionate cat, but also an ideal representative of Bengal cats, healthy, vaccinated, without obvious defects of appearance and with a good pedigree.
Mating always occurs on the cat's territory - this option brings less concern to partners. The cat is usually left to the cat for several days, so that they can mate several times. On a successful mating says a sharp change in the behavior of the cat. She becomes calmer, stops screaming, but it is safe to say that the female is pregnant, only after the results of the ultrasound, which is carried out two weeks after mating. If the first mating was unsuccessful, do not rush to get upset, this procedure can always be repeated.
If you are the owner of the cat and knit your cat with the cat of other owners, then the kittens belong to you, but the second side will have to give the fixed amount of money or one kitten from the litter
Castration and sterilization
If you do not plan breeding Bengal kittens, then the best way is to sterilize or castrate the animal. There is little scientific evidence of the age at which animals are best sterilized. There is early sterilization when the kitten has not yet reached puberty. Its advantage is that he has not yet experienced the difficult psychological and physical consequences of the need for mating. A more standard sterilization is carried out when the animal has already reached puberty (starting at 7–8 months).
After the operation, the Bengal cat needs good care. In the first twelve hours you should not leave your pet, it is best to place it in a warm, soft and clean place. In no case should not feed the animal, but after six hours you can give water. It is important that there is a clean, filler-free tray nearby.
After the operation, you need to closely monitor the pet's nutrition, since its activity decreases, it will begin to move less, and if you continue to feed it as abundantly as before, this will lead to obesity.
Bengal Cat Owner Reviews
Advantages: affectionate, smart, companion dog, not a cat, not fading.
Disadvantages: excessive naughty.
To begin with, in our summer the cat died, there is still a dog at home, but it turned out that without a cat, life is not the same. I sat down to read, I was dissuaded to start the fold again (all the pedigree sores that our dead cat could have), and I came across an ad about selling Bengal kittens. The husband appreciated, but he was shocked when he saw the price tag, looking at me, sighed heavily and agreed. I liked the reviews, but, apparently, my foggy mind, enchanted by the beauty of this breed, missed about Activity))) or it just did not occur to me how active they were))) in general, after a month of searching, I rode home with a kitten hands (the cat was called Zakharik), my joy knew no bounds, which the dog did not share at all, which immediately from the fly received from the new tenant with a claw in the eye (eyes were repaired). Well, actually about the cat - unlike Scottish Folds, who sleep 90% of their lives, this spotted monster 90% of his life is in a state of alertness, while he believes that everyone should be at home on a cheerful, therefore it’s early morning when the cat begins to move around the apartment with a very mysterious expression on his face, a look expresses a thought, and a thought, I tell you, is always the same: what would such a nasty thing be. Favorite entertainment - dishwashing sponge - there is no better toy, magnets from the fridge are also super igruha, you can pull them off in two ways: 1. jumping from the table into the door 2. jumping from the window sill into it, then flowing down it with a magnet in the paws. There is nothing cooler than to break all the blooming orchids, and then run away from the sneaker around the apartment. The stopper for the bath and for the sink in the kitchen is hidden in us in such a way that sometimes we do not remember where we were put. Delving into pots of flowers and nibbling them is very entertaining. Water ... ohhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh as ... water ... ohhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh ... Yes it’s a separate story our cat was definitely a diver in a past life the crane. In general, they can just nakkodit anywhere, you will not even think of it, but he has already done))) In general, the breed is very human-oriented, they are very capricious, Zakhar does not like when my dog sits on hands, makes eyes holes and rushes to bite me (jealous with terrible force), should only love him alone when I'm at home, running around on my heels, if I cook something, he immediately climbs onto the table, if I'm in the shower then he sits on the bathroom and looks. I thought I had a dog companion, nifiga, bengals - it's just a shadow of a man. They are very affectionate, we can kiss, we rake him in the mornings, and he pokes his pug on my lips. The ideal option to start this breed, if someone does not work at home or there are children, schoolchildren ... because the bengs do not like to sit alone, they need company. Ours organized a whole protest when I left the hospital for work. We thought that the activity would somewhat reduce castration, a fig with two, only the look changed - it became not so crazy))) In general, we all wait and hope that he will grow up, Zakhar just turned 1 year old, about how they wear igruhi in their teeth - this is a separate story, my husband and I designed the shoulder girdle, in the evenings we had one entertainment - throwing a toy to a cat)))) Ah, and we had a story yesterday: inadvertently closed the door to the toilet, the cat poorel (well, somehow very much noticed, it happens to him), then we hear something scraping, I go into the bedroom, an oil painting - to от насрал на подоконнике и засыпал какахи земелькой из горшка с цветком, прибрался маковка) поржали, убрали, кота пустили в туалет. Вот такие они дурики)) Но, несмотря на все вышеперечисленное, мы его очень любим.
+ Любознательный, не боится воды, очень чистоплотны, очень, очень красивая, привязывается к хозяину.
— Дикий характер, дорого стоит, иногда кусается, больно царапается, кусается сильно, очень громко разговаривает.
Hello! Хочу поделиться своим мнением о породе бенгала. Безусловно, это очень красивый окрас. Но я хотела бы поведать вам мою историю для тех, кто собирается приобрести для себя кота или кошку.Keep in mind that he is your master, unlike other breeds, he has increased activity. Requires 100% attention. Everything in the apartment turns into toys, flowers are eaten, vases are broken, curtains are cut off, and this despite the fact that he has a feline town and two tall claws. But this is still far from everything)) there is aggression in my cat, it can unreasonably attack and dig into sharp canines. On the other hand, when he is in a good mood, he lets himself be stroked. About the tray is another story. He likes filler silica gel. And he needs to change it regularly, with a frequency of 3-4 days. Otherwise, it can spoil. DO NOT start a cat if you are constantly away from home. Increased activity occurs at night. At night, sleeping three hours, all the rest of the time in search of adventure. Suitable for those who have active children.
Not the best choice, if you value not only looks
+ Beautiful, inquisitive, no aggression, silk wool, wool almost does not climb, spectacular
- Absolutely not learning from their mistakes, expensive, very loud and almost constantly yelling, wayward
Started a Bengal cat a year ago. Took from the nursery, of course, for the money. The first impression is very sweet, beautiful. The coat is smooth and pleasant to the touch. It's been a few months. The cat has grown a bit. I would not say that this is like a real cat. Attentions to the owner - 0. Almost does not grumble, she did not come to caress or lie down herself. Fed normally, royal canin. Even for the food I did not caress. All the time she climbs on the table, steals food on her eyes. The words "can not" do not understand absolutely. The expression of the eyes all the time some uportoe and absent. Water is really not afraid, she loved to play with her. It is sometimes funny to watch, but you want a pet, a friend, and this is just a new level of a plush toy. Tray - a separate song. Spreads all the filler, and the dirt does not even bury, rather scatters along with the filler on the floor. So, if you like purity, forget about this breed. I heard they all behave that way. In general, litter quite a lot. I removed the cardboard from the boxes, tore the bags. Then began estrus. Had in the spring just. It was something with something. Shouting incessantly, loudly and gutturally. All the while there was cancer, being substituted. I had cats before her, and I saw her friends, but there was no such horror there. And one day I was sleeping, this creature just came, lay down on me and pissed off the blanket with me. Just want to say that no one beat the cat, did not scream, more or less paid attention, they did not give any countersexes. So the motives of this act are completely incomprehensible to me. Okay, just pissed on the bed or on the floor. I put 2 stars for looks. I do not recommend planting. She sterilized and gave her in the summer to her friend, who cares about the beautiful pictures of the cat, caress and love is not necessary for her. Ordinary mongrel cats are much smarter and more tender !! It is better to take from the shelter for free a friend who will love you.
Video: all about Bengal cat
Bengal cats - luxurious exotic beauties, combining natural activity, sociability and gentle nature. Loneliness badly affect the character of the representatives of this breed - Bengals require a lot of attention. They are capable of becoming loyal companions to their master, so this is an excellent choice for people who spend a lot of time at home and families with children.
History, Description and Appearance
Bengal cats were bred in the United States in the early 60s of the twentieth century. Breed founded by Gene Mill - geneticist by education. All her life she was engaged in breeding new breeds of cats. The formation of the Bengal variety involved a wild leopard cat, as well as an Abyssinian, Persian cat and a number of other breeds. At first, scientists were constantly chasing failures. Kittens were very weak in health and died from leukemia and other diseases. However, in the course of further work on the removal of such a disadvantage was eliminated. As a result, a Bengal cat appeared - perhaps one of the most popular and healthier breeds in the world. From the wild ancestors they got a graceful look, dexterity and strength, but they took the character from pets.
These are quite large animals, so the weight of an adult cat reaches 9 kilograms, and cats 5.5-7 kg. The head is wedge-shaped according to the standard, the muzzle is wide, the ears are of medium size and tilted forward, the eyes are large, almond-shaped. Eye color is green or golden, another color according to breed standards is not allowed. The color of wool in Bengal cats can be any other than blue.
It is interesting! Be sure to have large oval black or brown spots. Bengal cats of marble, silver and snow colors are considered the most beautiful and valuable.
The paws of these animals are of medium length, very strong, well developed. The tail is thin, medium length. The coat is short, thick, silky and very pleasant to the touch. In their appearance, they strongly resemble wild leopard cats, ready for any adventures and feats. But in fact, their appearance is deceptive, they are kind and intelligent pets.
Bengal cat is a very cute and intelligent pet. If she is properly educated, she will become your faithful friend and companion. No problems or behavioral features are noted. They are completely non-aggressive and non-conflicting and can get along quite easily with your other pets, be they other cats or dogs. People get used to the mode of the day quite quickly and this is also an undoubted advantage of this breed. Very strongly attached not only to the house, but also to the beloved owner. However, these cats are by nature very curious and can climb into the most unexpected places, it can bring certain inconveniences. But with high intelligence, they quickly understand where to climb is not worth it.
Important! Separation from the owner is transferred normally, if it is for a short time. But if we are talking about a business trip or a vacation for several months and you surrender the Bengal cat for overexposure, this will certainly cause a state of stress in the animal. This must be taken into account before you get yourself a Bengal cat. Otherwise, constant separation will make the animal nervous and unbalanced, you also risk losing confidence, because the cat might think that it was abandoned forever.
You should also take into account the fact that up to 6-8 months the Bengal cat is very active and literally plays and frolics around the clock, sweeping away everything in its path. If you are not ready for this, then it is better to postpone the purchase or start another breed. Having matured, they become quiet and calm, but Bengali fidgets do not fit the role of "sofa pets". At this time, they need to have a lot of toys so that they can spend their energy in the right direction. With Bengal cats, you can play as with dogs, throwing a ball to them, and your pet will bring it with pleasure.
You should also remember that in the veins of these beauties the wild blood of their ancestors flows. Constantly finding a home is not in their character, it is not a sofa breed. Therefore, they urgently need walks in the fresh air. It is best if you take them to the country in the summer, walking there will be much safer, since there are no cars and other threats, and the fenced plot will be an excellent hunting ground for your pet.
Bengali-loss will not disappear and will be able to feed and protect themselves if necessary. But if you decide to walk your cat outside in the city, then at first it is better to bring the animal on a leash so that she gets used to unfamiliar sounds and smells and remembers the way home. The Bengalis are mistrustful of strangers and completely trust only their master. If it is impossible to provide safe walks to the cat, then it is possible to organize areas for active cat games at home or on the balcony, but it should be glazed and the windows should be securely closed with a protective net.
Where to buy, price
Bengal kittens worth buying only in official kennels, it will protect you from many troubles. If you make a purchase from dubious breeders, then there is a chance to get a sick or mongrel animal. When buying, you need to check the pedigree and vaccination marks.
The fact is that kittens of a Bengal cat up to 6 months do not look like adults at all, but as the simplest yard "Vaska" and "Murka" and you can slip a purebred animal just like in color. Prices for Bengal cats are very high and range from 35,000 to 50,000 rubles.. It all depends on the pedigree, color and class of the cat. The most expensive animals are show class kittens. Fluffy babies from random mating can be bought for 10,000-12,000 rubles, but nobody can guarantee good health and high qualities of the breed here.
No matter what color your pet, Bengalis always attract the views of others. These are kind, strong and intelligent cats that will become your loyal and faithful friends. Good luck to you and your furry friend!