Each thing has its own history of occurrence. Even the usual faceted glass used in our day has it! The history of a cut glass contains several versions.
According to one of the versions (the most common), a glass vessel of a similar design was first released during the existence of the USSR in the city of Gus-Khrustalny in 1943. The official birthday of faceted glass (and in combination also the holiday celebrated in Russia so far) is the day of September 11th. You will probably agree that not everyone knows about this holiday.
Interestingly, the creator of the design of a glass with edges is considered the very Vera Mukhina, who is the author of the monument called “Worker and Collective Farmer”. It is said that Vera developed the design of dishes specifically for domestic catering. The task of creating a new type of dishes appeared after new industrial dishwashers were imported into the Soviet Union.
According to some reports, Vera did not come up with the design herself, but peeped at Nikolai Slavyanov, a geologist. They say that it was he who once drew a sketch of a multifaceted glass (just wanted to make it out of metal). And Vera Mukhina allegedly was able to use it to their advantage. She offered to make glassware. Also, some historians claim that the artist and avant-garde master Kazimir Malevich helped Vera with the invention of the multi-faceted glass design. True, all this information has not been confirmed by any official sources. And what's more, many historians refute this information. As proof of a refutation, they endure information that Slavyanov died in 1897, and Malevich died in 1935.
Connoisseurs of creativity Vera Mukhina argue that she began to work with glass only in the second half of the forties at the art glass factory in Leningrad. If you think sensibly, then she could not conduct any experiments in Leningrad. After all, Leningrad was under blockade during the Great Patriotic War (we recall that the ribbed glass cup was first released exactly in the forties).
Moreover, there are no documents confirming that Mukhina became the ancestor of many-sided dishes in nature.
Modern glass is different from the usual in that around its circumference is a smooth ring. Modern multi-faceted dishes due to its special design is extremely durable and easy to use.
According to another version, glasses with faces were blown out in Russia in the seventeenth century. The proof of this fact can be considered the fact that a huge number of samples of such dishes are stored in the Hermitage.
As for the usual faceted glass, the mention of it appeared in the time of Peter the Great. According to some information, Peter presented the ribbed dishes to well-known Vladimir glassblower Yefim Smolin so that the emperor could drink alcohol without fear of breaking the glass. Incidentally, the emperor was pleased with such a gift. After all, glass at that time was a rather fashionable material, and even during swimming the faceted glass did not fall off the table (while pitching).
The third version of the emergence of ribbed dishes arises from the mention of it in the army doctrine, which was published by Paul I near the end of the eighteenth century. The army of that time was in zero combat readiness, as the soldiers drank too much wine. Pavel decided to change the situation and imposed a restriction on the use of alcoholic beverages during the day. A normal daily dose of wine, as then considered by the monarch Paul I, was equal to one faceted glass.
There is an erroneous opinion that this type of dishes was distributed only on the territory of Russia. Proof of this can serve as a painting "Breakfast" by Spanish painter Diego Velasquez, written in 1617 - 1618. The painting shows a faceted glass. The fact that ribbed dishes came to us from abroad is also evidenced by the fact that the manufacture of dishes using the pressing method was invented in America in the 1820s.
Now, a cut glass has another life. In the modern world, faceted glass is not a subject of kitchen utensils, but a popular art object.
September 11, 2019 (Day of cut glass)
Peter I became the world's first owner of faceted glass, revered as ideal for the conditions of ship rolling pitches. The Soviet analogue of faceted glass is a model of pragmatic minimalism and to the detriment of the aesthetics of the type of vessel, the emphasis is placed on practicality and functionality. It is no coincidence that it is precisely the faceted glass that has so firmly established itself in catering establishments and entered the everyday life of people that it is still actively used everywhere. Traditionally, such dishes are made with an even number of edges, which is due to the specifics of production, and a volume of 200 grams of liquid is necessarily preserved.
The day of cut glass is not just a fun holiday, but an iconic historical date timed to the beginning of the mass production of cut glasses in the USSR. It is difficult to call him a masterpiece of design art, but from this simple subject comes a very positive energy and it serves as a material reflection of the spirit of an incomprehensible and complex era.
Holidays are very different
All of them are important, of course.
There are such wonderful celebrations,
Celebrate that we can forever!
And today I congratulate you all,
Congratulations heartily, cordially, without cheating
I wish you prosperity, smiles and fun!
Happy glass cut!
Today was a wonderful day,
Mood is lovely for the glory!
I want to laugh, I want to sing songs,
On this holiday, the day of cut glass!
Taking advantage of such a good case
Happy glass of congratulations certainly!
All health, happiness all mighty!
Let things go well for everyone!
It was not without reason that the Day of the cut glass was established.
This holiday we will now celebrate vpolpiana.
How did he, dear, became necessary for all.
And in the kitchen for the hostess, he is irreplaceable.
And in everyday life, and at work,
fishing, hunting -
In the swamp, on the hood
In the garage and in the joke.
Among the glasses he is the most durable
For this love him for good reason
Working for three,
Lovers push the bubble together.
But jokes are jokes, but this strength
Peter the Great himself has long appreciated
Such a vessel because there is no demolition,
Though thrown on the floor, but not broken.
We will celebrate the day of cut glass!
All plans today will quickly forget!
After all, a glass a long time ago — someone invented it there,
Well, we would guess that the author was thinking?
After all, holds a lot - as much as 200 grams!
And you can use everywhere here and there:
Do you want to measure cereals, you want this flour.
So you need to celebrate this wonderful day!
Let's meet, friends!
Today there is a real reason!
Let all kin meet
Just relax! And do you need an argument?
Good holiday is always!
Today is the Day of cut glass!
And even if rarely, sometimes,
Sit together on the couch!
Today is the Day of cut glass,
And that pour it to you.
I wish I wanted not to get drunk today!
You drink better juice, that is on the table!
These glasses can be useful.
Not only alcohol can be poured into them !!
We wish to drink only juice and mineral water,
It will only improve health !!
On this extremely strange holiday,
Day cut glass
You can drink something stronger
You can even early in the morning !!
Enjoy all glass
For many, many years !!
In the place of honor set
He has priority !!
Soviet faceted - Respect!
After all, without him, we can not divide into three.
Poured on the bezel - each set:
Nobody here is offended - you can go nuts and drink.
We wish everyone who loves "Mukhinsky" friend
Have a nice tea and other leisure activities.
Let our faceted reconcile spouses,
Will provide cleanliness and service to the service.
The faceted glass is so comfortable in the hand,
Together we will say: “disappear!” Longing.
We will have tea with him, stronger pour,
And remember the past and sing a song!
Let the rain outside the window, il sadness, il trouble—
A glass will warm us, give us a drink.
I wish to be friends with him forever,
After all, without a spill, a person is sad.
The history of the emergence and tradition of cut glass
For the first time the glass of this form was made in 1943 at the Russian plant Gus-Crystal.
It is said that this event took place on September 11, and from that day the Russian people began to celebrate the birthday of a cut glass.
Sizes of a standard faceted glass 65 millimeters in diameter and 90 millimeters in height.
The very first glass had 16 facets, which is considered today a “classic of the genre”.
There are instances with 12, 14, 18 and with 20 faces, as well as with 17 faces, but they are not so typical, since it is simpler to produce glasses with an even number of faces.
There is an opinion that the shape of the glass with a round rim and faceted sides was developed by the Soviet sculptor Vera Mukhina.
She is the author of the legendary monumental pedestal “Worker and Kolkhoz Woman”, which we used to see on the screen saver of the great film studio “Mosfilm”.
Archive records that would confirm her authorship in the creation of a cut glass, no. But according to some information, Vera Ignatieva created such a glass design intentionally for Soviet canteens.
Thanks to its convenient form and durable material, this table object remained for a long time in the Soviet catering systems, in street machines with soda and on the railway.
This glass became special only due to the round rim, because the usual smooth faceted glass was already during the reign of Peter 1.
During the times of the USSR, glass has become an integral part of Soviet culture.
He was depicted in his paintings by all famous artists of the time.
Even Lenin in his work “Once again about the trade unions, about the current moment and about the mistakes of the vol. Trotsky and Bukharin ".
Noticed the properties and purpose of the legendary cut glass:
There is a glass, no doubt, and a glass cylinder and a tool for drinking.
But a glass has not only these two properties or qualities or sides, but an infinite number of other properties, qualities, sides, relationships and “mediations” with the rest of the world.
A glass is a heavy object that can be a tool for throwing.
A glass can serve as a paperweight, a room for a caught butterfly, a glass can have value, like an object with artistic carvings or patterns, completely regardless of whether it is suitable for drinking, whether it is made of glass, whether its shape is cylindrical or not. quite, and so on and so forth.
Buying a Soviet faceted glass of 200 grams today on the Internet, it is possible at a price of about 100 rubles.