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Azalea room: care at home

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Azalea is a flower that requires close attention and attention, starting from the moment it is selected in the store.

With proper care, the azalea will not die, but will delight with its flowers, actively reproduce.

A distinctive feature of azaleas is a specific microflora near the root space, breaking which can ruin the flower.

In the article we will describe in detail how to properly care for azalea at home after purchase.

How does rhododendron in the store?

In the shops of plants come from nurseries. It is no secret that azalea is quite a capricious flower. Manufacturers prepare plants for flowering and sale by artificial means.

In nurseries they are treated with special synthetic substances that introduce the flower into a state of sleep. The plant has a presentable appearance and is able to bloom for several months thanks to fertilizers introduced in the nursery.

But at this time, the azalea root system is in a state of sleep and does not receive any development. As a result, the plant can get sick - the roots will die from a fungal infection. This is one of the reasons why azalea disappears immediately after it was brought from the store and placed on the windowsill of the house.

approximate cost

Prices for azaleas in Moscow and St. Petersburg range from 250 to 2500 rubles per flower. There are several factors that influence the cost of a plant:

  1. a variety of azaleas (home and garden),
  2. the size of the flower and its root system (the higher and larger the plant, the more expensive it is),
  3. number of buds.

Next you can see a photo of this plant:





What to do after the acquisition and how to save the plant?

What to do next when bought the plant? After bringing the plant home, do not rush to remove it from the store wrapper. Leave the shrub for 30 minutes to get used to the microclimate of the room.

Decide on the future place for the flower. Recommended options:

  • well-lit space beyond the reach of direct sunlight (east or north side),
  • temperature from 16 to 18 heat is cool enough,
  • high level of humidity.

Very often, to give a fresh look in the shops Azalea is poured with water. If the soil is too wet it is necessary:

  1. Remove the flower from the pot and wrap the root system with a well absorbent paper.
  2. Repeat until the soil is sufficiently dry.

In case the flower is dried:

  1. It should be placed directly with the pot in a container of water for an hour. The liquid should reach the edges of the pot.
  2. After pulling the plant out of the water and allow excess moisture to drain, put the pot on a plate or tray, previously laid with expanded clay, so that the soil does not touch the liquid.

It is also not recommended to immediately replant the plant, especially during flowering.

The adaptation period of indoor flower

It is possible to consider a plant adapted only when after moving to the window sill from the store, the azalea will fade and give new shoots. During this nerve period, it is necessary to carefully care for and observe the plant.

Azalea does not tolerate heat, so do not put a flower on the window sills over the radiators.

Low humidity is also detrimental to them. The cooler it will be indoors during the adaptation period, the greater the likelihood that the plant will not die. Do not rush to fertilize the plant. In nurseries, azaleas are planted in overfed ground for further transportation and preservation. If all the rules are followed, all that remains is to wait.

Spraying “Epinom” will help to adapt. This is a biostimulator for plants created artificially. It helps to activate the individual protection functions of the plant, increases its resistance to stress and immunity. Breeding instructions can be read on the package, and you can spray once every 10 days.

More details about plant nutrition, as an obligatory part of azalea care, about carrying out a fertilizer procedure and other nuances, can be found here.

How to care for the purchased plant so that it does not wilt?

Azalea should get used to the room to which it was brought after purchase. Due to its capriciousness, a once beautiful flowering plant in a few days can shed flowers and leaves. If the leaves on the branches of the trunk still have fallen or the plant withers, then these are the forerunners of the inevitable destruction of the shrubber, so you need to know what to do in such a situation. To enjoy this plant for many years, it is necessary to adhere to the basic and important rules of caring for it and know how to care for a potted flower in a store.

The handling process is simple:

  1. carefully remove the earthen room with the plant from the purchased pot,
  2. place the flower with the soil in a new spacious pot,
  3. fill the free space with a special substrate
  4. Do not overmoisten the land.

How to save the azalea bought in the store? Under these conditions, azalea better adapts. The fragile root system is also preserved. To the very ground, too, special requirements. On the roots of azaleas live special symbiont fungi that provide nourishment for the flower. Symbionts die in alkaline soil, and after them the plant itself. This is another reason why you can not wash the roots of azaleas.

The substrate must be acidic and well pass moisture and air masses. The soil is better to buy ready-made specially prepared for azaleas. Repot young flowers should be annually. Older generation every 3 years. At the same time, they replace the upper layer of the earth, without touching the tender roots of the plant.

Temperature

Ideal for the favorable development of azaleas is the temperature of 10-15 heat. However, in the heat of summer it is very difficult to provide a flower with such a regime. But in the summer months, azaleas begin a period of sleep and rest.

For the maintenance of plants suitable shaded place on the street. If possible, you can bury the flower with the pot in the ground.

Before that, put a capron stocking on the pot. It is necessary to prevent the attack of pests on azalea. According to experienced flower growers, The substrate for this flower is very loved by all sorts of parasites.

In autumn, it is time to bookmark the buds. During this period it is necessary to lower the temperature of the content of azaleas to 6 degrees. As soon as the buds begin to blossom, increase it to 15. We wrote in this article about care for azalea in the fall.

Humidity in the pot

This factor is one of the most important. For azaleas destructive dry air. To maintain a high level of moisture you need to perform several manipulations:

  1. choose a deep pan for the pot,
  2. put pebbles and moss on the bottom of the pallet (sphagnum is ideal),
  3. ensure that fluid is constantly present in the sump
  4. leaves should be sprayed during flowering,
  5. Avoid large drops when moistened with an atomizer; drops should be small to prevent the appearance of spots on the leaves.

This plant is very fond of bright lighting. But at the same time it can die under the influence of the direct rays of the sun. Perfect for azaleas east and north side. It is possible to put the azalea in the south, but for this it is better not to use the window sill, but to buy a stand and install it in front of the window.

Another important factor that helps save azalea from death. A big role is played by:

  • water quality
  • temperature,
  • the abundance of watering,
  • periodicity.

It is strictly forbidden to water the azalea with icy or cool water. A sharp temperature drop puts the plant in a state of stress. It also serves as a signal of the onset of autumn, and the azalea can shed flowers and leaves (how to care for azalea in the fall, it says here). It is best to use a liquid of the same temperature as the azalea.

Use soft water:

  1. to boil
  2. let cool
  3. use only the top layer of liquid
  4. Do not touch the sediment.

When watering with simple water, the soil from the acid will turn into alkaline, as it contains salts of magnesium and calcium. And when boiling, they precipitate. Lemon can be used to acidify the soil. 3 drops of juice dissolved in a liter of liquid. If for the summer you transplant azalea on the street, then rainwater will act favorably on it.

Find out more details about the correct watering of azaleas at home and flower irrigation methods from our material.

What is unacceptable to do?

  • heat,
  • drought,
  • waterlogging
  • sharp temperature drop
  • direct exposure to sunlight.

If the flower starts to fade:

  1. pay attention to the soil
  2. moisten it if necessary
  3. monitor the air humidity
  4. location may not be like - move the flower to a cooler room, remove it from the rays of the sun.

If azalea sheds leaves - this may be the first sign of plant death. What if the leaves fall?

  1. Carefully inspect the soil - whether there are any pests, mold or rot in it.
  2. Spray the azalea with Appin or zircon. This should be done during the period when the plant does not bloom.
  3. After 2 days, pour and spray azalea with phytosporin (10 drops per 250 ml of liquid).
  4. Alternate the procedure for 2-3 weeks. This will help the dying plant survive stress.

Azalea requires greater attention and strictly consistent care. Very often, even producing rescue procedures, the plant can not be saved and it dies. Therefore, it is better not to bring the flower to the dying state.

With proper and careful care of the azalea, the plant will delight with its magnificent flowers for many years. It may seem to an inexperienced florist that this kind of flower will take too much time. However, the rule rather quickly become a habit that brings only pleasure.

From the history of the plant

This indoor flower is evergreen, branchy flowering dwarf plant. Its homeland is Japan and China, but it can also be found in the south of Europe and in North America. Azalea room belongs to the genus rhododendrons. Rhododendron from the Greek "rhodon" means a rose, and "dendron" - a tree. Otherwise - pink tree. "Azalea" is translated from the ancient Greek language - dry. It is named so because of its appearance, as a rule, it is a dry small shrub. In Russia they appeared at the beginning of the 20th century, initially they were only in botanical gardens and greenhouses.

There are about 350 azaleas in the wild, but room there are only two types:

  1. Indian azalea (most common). It is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 50 cm. The leaves are dark green small with short petioles no larger than 3.5 cm in size. They are covered in azalea with reddish hairs. These azaleas bloom in winter, their flowers reach a diameter of 3 to 5 cm.
  2. The Japanese azalea is also an evergreen shrub, only 30 to 50 cm high. Its leaves are small shiny. The main difference from the previous species is smaller flowers. This shrub can be kept in the garden.

Room azalea blooms fairly plentifully aged 3 to 4 years. She often has bright pink color flowers, but often white, saturated red, purple, purple, there are even two-tone. Petals of room azalea flowers can be double, slightly double, just smooth. The leaves of azaleas are rather small and dark green.

Buying intensively flowering indoor azalea, it is better to choose the one where there is a significant amount of unblown buds, such a plant will adapt to other conditions more quickly and will delight with its fabulously beautiful flowers for a long time.

You should also carefully review the plant for the presence of pests and diseases. By tilting the plant a little, you can be convinced of the presence of dry leaves, which indicates improper care and illness.

Azalea: how to care at home

To beautifully blooming azalea pleased for a long time, you need provide proper care at home behind this potted flower.

First of all, after buying a indoor flower, you need to find the right place for it. Given that it is light-requiring, but it is destroyed by the bright rays of the sun, the ideal place for it will be on the windowsill from the east, as an option from the north and from the west. The main thing to remember when leaving, that the light should be diffused, also partial shade will do.

During the formation of buds (October - November), care must be taken that there is sufficient illumination, for example, illuminating the indoor plant with fluorescent lights.

Azalea Cutting and Pinching

To make it better bush, and the bush was formed, and also for more lush flowering it is necessary to take care of it properly, timely pinching the grown stalks and cutting them. After flowering, remove all single flowers. Starting from May, you need to constantly cut fresh shoots and gently pinch them. The main goal of such care is to make buds appear at the tips of the shoots.

Cutting is necessary with a special pruner. It is not necessary to cut all branches, only those that stretched. As a rule, young leaves will begin to appear in a couple of weeks after pruning.

Feed for azaleas and growth stimulants

Feed this plant is necessary mineral fertilizers, it is necessary to make sure that chlorine is not contained there, otherwise it will destroy it. It is better to buy in specialized stores feeding "Azalea". In spring and summer it is necessary to feed once (not more) per week, and in winter, in general, only 1 time in 30 days. When buds begin to form and during the period of flowering of home azaleas, you need to purchase fertilizers that contain enough potassium, phosphorus, for example, Uniflor - Bud, Kemira-Lux.

Immediately after the first flowering, it is better to transplant this plant. This should be done carefully, in the way of transshipment, keeping a lump of earthit has very thin roots and is very easy to damage. Pot for transplanting azaleas room should choose a shallow, so the roots can be closer to the surface of the soil.

As a rule, young plants are transplanted once a year, and adults only once in three years. When transplanting it is necessary to cut dried shoots, flowers, branches.

Azalea reproduction

Indoor flower propagated by stem cuttings. It is desirable to do this in the summer. For this, semi-woody cuttings with existing buds are planted in the ground, preferably with a glass jar, a plastic bag. Watering and spraying is plentiful and regular. If flower buds appear, they are immediately removed.

After a couple of months, when rooting of the cuttings occurs, it is necessary to plant them in a pot. Stretched shoots pinch on rooted cuttings to form a crown.

Azalea diseases and pests

Diseases occur as a result of improper care: insufficient watering of the plant, exposure to the sun, increased temperature in the room where the flower is located, lack of light, wrong ground. Diseases culture:

  • If the leaves are wilted, yellow, fall off, then the reason is the lack of watering the plants or exposure to the sun. If you start to follow the rules of watering, spraying and lighting, the problem will disappear.
  • If rust or gray rot has appeared, then it is necessary to create a comfortable temperature for the flower to exist and to cut off the spoiled leaves.
  • If the flowers she has only turn yellow, begin to fade and fall off, it means that watering occurs with low-quality water. This can be corrected if watered with boiled water with specialized fertilizers.
  • Due to an overabundance of moisture in the soil, azalea most often affects phytophthora, which leads to the death of the houseplant.

Spider mites, scale insects, strawberry mites - pests that can ruin the azalea room. To fight it is necessary to process a home flower with special means. First you need to do the foliage treatment with soapy water, then rinse with warm water and then you need to spray it with the purchased product (for example, actellic solution).

Azalea: adaptation period after purchase

Often, the new owner of an azalea, having acquired it in a store or having received it as a gift in a blossoming state, after a short period of time, watches how a chic “bouquet” in a pot begins to dry, dropping flowers and foliage, and then dies.

To prevent the development of such a scenario, it is necessary to acclimatize the plant in the new conditions:

  1. When a flower enters the apartment, an inspection of the condition of the earthen coma is conducted.
  2. In the case of mold, the soil is treated with a fungicide or a solution of manganese.
  3. If a room is too dry, then a flower pot is placed in a basin of water for 20-25 minutes.
  4. Then the azalea is located in a semi-shaded place with a temperature not higher than 18 ° C and is gradually accustomed to a new lighting regime.
  5. With the help of a spray gun, an artificial increase in the humidity level close to a natural flower is carried out.

Soil and pot requirements

Because of the culture’s love for acidic soils, azalea cultivation substrate is best purchased at a flower shop. Однако при желании его можно подготовить самостоятельно, смешав перегнившую хвою, мох и песок в пропорции 2:1:1. Горшок подбирается низкий и широкий, на дно которого помещается дренажный слой, предотвращающий застой воды.

Due to the fragility of the root system, a representative of the heath is transplanted by transshipment in such a way that the root collar remains half a centimeter above the ground level.

How to care at home?

The care of the room azalea, which will provide the flower with a long life and abundant flowering, provides for the creation of conditions similar to the natural growth.

To provide azaleas diffused light without access to direct sunlight, the pot is placed on the windowsills of the eastern or northern windows. In the second half of autumn, when the plant has a budding phase, the artificial illumination is organized using fitolamps.

With a lack of light in the autumn-winter period, the flower can lose foliage.

An important event for the care of room azalea, during which there are a number of rules.

  1. The flower is watered only with well-settled or filtered water, which does not contain chlorine.
  2. Moistening is carried out regularly to prevent the soil from drying out by spraying the substrate or placing several ice cubes on its surface.
  3. To stimulate flowering, 3 drops of lemon juice are added to the water for watering twice a month.

If over-drying did take place, the pot is placed in a basin with water for several hours so that the root system absorbs the required volume of liquid.

Top dressing and fertilizer

For the full development of azaleas, macronutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are required, which can be obtained from weekly supplements.

  • In the spring and summer when growing green mass of the plant is fed with nitrogen-containing fertilizers.
  • In the autumn-winter season, when budding and flowering are noted, fertilizing is carried out by phosphorus-potassium agrochemicals.

After the flowering phase is over, the time comes for such events:

  • Trimming and nip. Removed all faded inflorescences, weak and strongly overgrown shoots that have a negative impact on future flowering, as well as pinch new shoots over the second pair of true leaves.
  • Transfer. For a young plant is held annually. As the bush grows older, the interval between treatments increases to 3-4 years.

Pests, diseases and methods of dealing with them.

Delicate flower is often affected by harmful organisms. Among the diseases on azaleas are manifestations of powdery mildew, rust, fusarium and other rot, often caused by overflows. To combat these diseases, chemicals are used and transplanted to a new substrate.

Of the pests stand out:

  • azaleus mole,
  • greenhouse whitefly,
  • mealybug,
  • aphid,
  • mite.

When settling with these pests, the crop should be immediately sprayed with an insecticidal preparation according to the manufacturer's instructions.

If the gardener is still decided, then it is necessary to follow this algorithm:

  1. With the arrival of spring and summer, cuttings are cut from half-lignified stem shoots.
  2. Slices are treated with charcoal for disinfection, and then with a growth stimulator, which promotes rapid root formation.
  3. An acidic substrate is prepared from a mixture of peat with moss and ignited in an oven to kill pathogens.
  4. Prepared cuttings are placed in the substrate to a depth of 2.5 cm and covered with glass, which is periodically removed to moisten the plantings.
  5. When the temperature is maintained at 25 ° C, the cuttings rooted in 3-5 weeks.
  6. Upon completion of rooting, young specimens are seated in separate containers.

Growing azaleas due to the demanding of the flower to create almost natural growing conditions, even for experienced growers, is fraught with various difficulties and questions:

  • wrinkled leaves - insufficient watering or moisture,
  • yellowing of leaf plates - clay soil or watering from a tap,
  • short flowering - insufficient watering, dry air and high temperature.

So, it is possible to cultivate azalea at home, but this requires patience and a certain amount of effort.

Beautiful and famous: that's why everyone loves her so much

Azalea is an indoor version of rhododendron. Interestingly, if “rhododendron” is a “rose tree”, then the word “azalea” is translated as “dried tree”. The fact is that in the wild it is not the most attractive shrub (if it does not bloom, of course).

Biologists can list more than 300 species of wild azaleas and just a few indoor. These are Japanese (rhododendron, dull) and Indian azalea (also known as Sims rhododendron), as well as varieties derived from these species.

They came to us from the East (in Asian countries, this is a symbol of peace and joy, as well as a frequent “hero” of bonsai bushes).

The azalea looks like a small bush with a height of no more than 50 cm, with a large number of branches, small leaves and lush flowers. It blooms with simple and terry, fringed and corrugated flowers, painted in pink, purple, red and white.

Flower buds are formed from October to December. Flowers bloom in winter - at a time when most home flowers rest during their rest period. However, if you care for the green pet wrong, the plant will bloom a little, and then throw off the petals and leaves, and even begin to dry inexorably.

The subtleties of care for this flower

  • Room temperature. For happiness, the flower is needed cool a room in which the temperature is constantly kept from 10 to 15, maximum 18 degrees. In winter, the pot can generally be put on a glazed balcony, where the temperature drops to 5 degrees. And when the plant blooms, the mode can be slightly improved: move the pot to a room with 16-17 degrees. Remember: if the room is warmer, the flowers will delight you only 2 weeks, if you reach the right temperature, they will last more than 2 months.
  • The choice of window sill. You do not have a cold balcony? Keep the pot on the west or north windowsill. If in your apartment all the windows face south, the window can be covered with a matte plastic sheet - so the azalea will not get sunburn.
  • "Spa treatments" for the flower. In the summer, you are unlikely to keep the plant in the refrigerator, and lowering the temperature in the room to 15 degrees using the air conditioner is inhumane in relation to relatives. Therefore, it is easier to cover a pot with a flower with ice, and often spray azalea with cool water. Remember: it must be boiled or distilled.
  • Shine. It must be bright, but not direct, otherwise it will spoil the leaves (the tips will start to dry). In the winter, buy a lamp with a fluorescent light bulb for your pet.
  • Top dressing. Mineral fertilizers need to be applied twice a month. You can buy Azalea, this fertilizer is specially designed for this flower. During the formation of buds, you can make “Uniflor-bud”, “Superphosphate” (1.5 g per liter of water) or “Kemira-Lux”. In general, take potassium-rich phosphorus mixtures. And when the flowering is over, buy nitrogen-containing fertilizers: “Zircon” (a drop of 10 liters) or “Uniflor-micro”. They will help the plant grow twigs and roots. And if the leaves begin to turn yellow, give the drug with iron - say, "Ferovit" or "iron chelate" (1 g per 2 liters). Avoid overdose!
  • Insect enemies. This is spiderweed and strawberry mite. Try a soap solution (weak), and if it does not help, buy a nearon-type acaricide.
  • Diseases. The leaves turn yellow, wither, fall: it is sunburn or insufficient watering. Flowers turn yellow and wither: you do not defend water. This is not true? Try boiling it + buy a bag of fertilizer. Also, azalea is afraid of mosaic, fusarium, gray rot, powdery mildew. Such diseases - the reason to buy a special medicine in the florist shop.

Buying Azaleas

Many easily give money when they see a bush full of flowers. This is wrong - most likely, the beauty will fall off very soon (after all, they probably did not keep the plant in a cold room in the store). It is more correct to choose a bush that has just started to bloom - with a lot of buds and just a few flowers.

Many vases made to the house are immediately transplanted. With azalea is wrong. This flower should be kept longer in a purchased pot, allowing you to settle down first in a new place.

What watering likes this plant

Since "in the wild" azaleas grow in a humid climate, the soil in the pot should be wet. But of course, not wet. If you fail, and all the soil in the pot is dry, put the whole pot in a basin for 4 hours. Do not water the next watering after 3 days.

Watering a flower is simple: the hotter the room, the more often you need to get a watering can.

In the summer, in the heat, watering can be remembered twice a day, complementing the procedure with frequent sprays.

What water to use?

  • If you take it from the tap, be sure to boil it or at least defend it for at least a day.
  • Better yet to use melted, rain or distilled.
  • From time to time (to normalize the acidity of the soil in the pot), you can water the flower with acidified water. To do this, dissolve 1 teaspoon of citric acid in 2 liters of water.

The flower pot must be with a pallet. Excess water will flow here. As soon as you see it, drain it - this will protect the azalea from root rot.

Trimming and nipping: the differences between these important procedures

Nip - a technique by which you form a crown, allowing the plant to bloom more intensely. Do not regret your pet, pinching it is necessary - if you do not tame the crown, it will “shove” in all directions, forgetting about flowering.

Remove shoots that have grown near the flower buds. Forming the crown, remove the young twigs. It will take about 2.5 weeks, and the shortened shoots will be decorated with new leaves.

Pruning produced after flowering. Cut off the weak, as well as unnecessarily "rampant" shoots, and of course, remove the wilted flowers.

Pruning is carried out in May.

With this flower you can not stand on ceremony even during the flowering period. Turn, carry the pot, cut the crown - she will forgive everything.

Proper transplanting of your pet

The flower does not like this procedure very much.

It is necessary to transplant a young azalea (age till 3 years) every year, "old man" - once in 2 years. And even then - only if you see that the roots are frankly crowded, or the ground "worn out" and began to rot.

Buy the soil that is recommended for rhododendrons.

Soil flower need sour. It can be a mixture of coniferous (2 parts), peat soil (1 part) and sand (a little).

You will learn more about transplanting this flower in this video:

How to care for a beautiful woman?

In order for such a plant not to wither after the first flowering, you will have to make a number of efforts, and then the azalea will delight you more than once with its beautiful bouquets of flowers. Azalea is most active in the winter months, it gives her some advantage over other flowers - to pamper our eyes with flowering in the cold months.

Air humidity

This flower loves moisture, it is very difficult to maintain high humidity in the room, but there is a way out. Place the flowerpot in a tray that is larger than usual. Put small pebbles in it and, if possible, moss. On all this prepared structure, put the pot.

Do not forget that there should always be water in the pan. If the room is too dry, the azalea must be treated with a spray gun 2 times a day, but the drops should be quite small so as not to leave spots on the flowers of the plant.

Caring for azalea, as well as for any plant, includes a specialized flower feeding. It is better not to experiment with fertilizers, but to use special dressings for azaleas, which are sold in stores.

For all azaleas there is a general rule - in early summer they are fed with fertilizers containing more nitrogen, and from August to the end of flowering with phosphorus and potassium. Since azalea loves acidic soil, then once every 10 days add a couple of drops of citric acid to the water for irrigation, it should hardly be felt to taste.

In the flowering period

During flowering, this indoor flower does not like constant movement. A well-lit room with windows to the southwest or southeast is best suited.

Do not forget that azalea is afraid of strong heat, so keep the pot away from batteries and heat sources.

When spraying and watering, try not to touch the flowers and buds. Faded flowers must be removed so that the azalea does not waste strength on seed ripening.

After flowering

An important rule of care for azaleas is the proper and timely transfer of a flower to a new pot. Therefore, as soon as the plant has faded, it is necessary to transplant it into a new container. It is necessary to remove all dry flowers, prune too young shoots, remove weak and dry branches.

This procedure is done once every 3 years for an adult plant, once a year for a young one. Do not forget that the azalea belongs to the surface plants, so the pot should be wide, but shallow.

Azalea is propagated by cutting. The cuttings are harvested either in spring - from March to April, or in summer - from July to August. During the summer period, cuttings are made from plants pinned a year ago, and in spring from plants pinned in July of the previous year.

The cuttings are prepared as follows: the length of a semi-lignified shoot should be 7-10 cm, pruned under the lower bud. Completely cut off the lower leaves, and the rest - in half. After the cuttings are ready, they are placed in the root cut or heteroauxin solution with the lower cut.

After 6 hours, the prepared cuttings are planted in a special small container with a certain soil. At normal room temperature, the cuttings will give roots after 60 days, if you use a special preheat after 25 days.

Specific care is carried out behind the cuttings - they must be watered every day, the room must be aired, the water for irrigation must be settled for 24 hours. When the cuttings take root, they are transplanted into new pots with coniferous soil. 2 months after transplantation, the cuttings are pinched in order to form a bush; it is better to remove the first buds so as not to interfere with the young plant to gain strength.

Azalea diseases

Azalea, like other indoor plants, can also hurt. If you observe that the leaves become yellow, fall off or dry up, and the plant becomes stunted, then it most likely lacks moisture or too much sun.

Insufficient acidity of the soil can also affect how to fix it - we described above. The azalea is also afraid of spider mites, which covers the leaves and flowers with a light web. It is easy to deal with it - move the soap solution, add a little tobacco in it and wipe the affected leaves. Do not forget to wash the leaves with clean water after 2 hours. Usually, this therapy must be repeated 2 to 5 times. There are other types of small pests.

Sometimes, the owners of such indoor plants complain of a short flowering period. This may be due to dry air or insufficient watering.

As you can see, the azalea is distinguished by its capriciousness; increased requirements for care may frighten young gardeners. However, for experienced lovers of growing flowers, this plant should ignite the interest and desire to grow such a fastidious beauty at home. If all the rules are followed, the azalea will thank you more than once for its bloom.

What pot is needed for a plant?

The azalea has a shallow root system, so the pot is wide and flat. When transplanting a new tank must be larger than the previous one, it may be plastic or clay.

In order to avoid rotting of the roots, there should be holes for drainage in the pot, and a drainage layer of ceramic shards or claydite with pieces of pine or spruce bark should be placed on its bottom for permanent acidification of the soil.

What to do immediately after buying a flower?

After purchasing a flower, you need to adapt it to new conditions. It is necessary to examine the soil and, if a mold is detected, process it with fungicides (“Zineb”, “Agat”, “Gamar”) or with a solution of manganese. If the soil is dry, you should place the plant pot in a container with water for 20-25 minutes.

It is necessary to place the azalea in a shaded place at a temperature not exceeding +18 ° C, gradually accustoming you to a new light mode and regularly spray the flower to increase the humidity.

At home, the azalea must be isolated for 2 weeks from other plants, in order to avoid possible infection.

After 14 days, the plant needs to be transplanted into a new soil and pot, since the containers in which the plants are sold are not suitable for proper root development, and the substrate contains many chemical stimulants that provoke a lush flowering, but suppress the development of the root system and green mass.

Cuttings

Cuttings must be cut in the spring, while cutting the plant.
For grafting it is necessary:

  • using a sharp object to cut from a semi-lignant stem shoots cuttings 5–15 cm long,
  • make a slash under the kidney, remove half of the leaves,
  • to treat the cut sites with chopped wood or activated carbon,
  • soak the cuttings in a growth stimulator ("Zircon" or "Kornevin"),
  • поместить их в подготовленную почву, углубив на 2,5 см и накрыв банкой или пакетом, для поддержания необходимой влажности,
  • проветривать «теплицу» ежедневно, а увлажнять грунт – 1 раз в 2–3 дня,
  • держать емкость с черенками в хорошо освещенном месте при температуре в +25 ºC,
  • после появления первых побегов банку или пакет убрать.

После полного укоренения черенки необходимо рассадить в отдельные вазоны.

Dividing bush

The easiest and most commonly used method of breeding azaleas. When the plant reaches 3 years, during transplantation you need to be careful not to damage the roots, divide the rhizome into parts. After that, delenki with several roots and shoots should be planted in pots with prepared soil and kept in a dark room for a week.

The most difficult method of breeding azaleas, used in the breeding of new plant varieties.

For seed reproduction you need:

  • sow the seeds in early spring on the surface of a moist soil, not sprinkling on top,
  • do not water the soil, but gently spray it with a spray bottle,
  • cover the container with glass or polyethylene and put in a lighted place,
  • daily air the "greenhouse"
  • when the cotyledon leaves begin to unfold, the shoots need to dive.

For watering shoots, you must use only soft water at room temperature. To soften 10 liters of hard water will require 3 grams of sulfuric or oxalic acid.

Fertilizer and dressing

Mineral fertilizers are suitable for feeding azaleas, the main thing is to ensure that the composition does not contain chlorine that can kill the plant. To minimize the difficulties and problems, it is recommended to use Azalea fertilizer purchased in a specialized store. You can also use fertilizers for decorative flowers, such as "Lux" or "Fertika."

In the spring-summer period, fertilizers should be applied once a week, and in the fall and winter, reduce the number of dressings to 1 time per month.

When the budding and flowering period begins, it is necessary to use phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, such as Kemira-Lux or Uniflor-Bud, to feed the azaleas.

For additional nutrition of the plant, you can use superphosphate, diluting 15 grams of the product in 1 liter of water.

The soil in the pot should always be wet, it should not be allowed to dry.

The plant needs to be watered every 2 days, and at a high temperature in the room - twice a day, in small portions of water, making sure that it does not accumulate in the pan, otherwise the root system will rot and the flower will die.

When the earthen coma dries, it is necessary to lower the container with azalea into the water for several hours so that the roots are soaked with moisture.

To prevent leaves from drying out every 2-3 spraying is carried out.

The soil needs periodic acidification; therefore, a solution consisting of 1 liter of water and 0.3-0.4 grams of citric or ascorbic acid is used 2 times a month for irrigation.

For irrigation and spraying using cool melt, settled or filtered water that does not contain chlorine.

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