Women's Tips

Tip 1: How to keep a lizard at home

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The most common type of lizard is the common lizard or, in other words, the sand lizard. This type of animal is not the most popular for home breeding. If only because in bondage they breed extremely rarely. Of course, there are many advantages in a manual mini dinosaur: for example, it does not need to be walked, and this animal is much quieter than cats or dogs. Although it does require some conditions of detention.

So, you caught a lizard and brought it home. How to understand what gender this individual is? Usually males are larger and brighter in color, and in the mating season (the month of May) they become completely green. The age of your lizard can be determined by its size: the older - the more. On average, they reach a length of about 30 cm (with a tail). Life expectancy is about 6 years.

Lizard common at home

Having decided on the sex and age of her captive, you need to create certain conditions for her life so that she does not die of starvation on the very first week. The animal is quite small, so its requirements are relevant.

First, you will need a long horizontal terrarium. Of course, she can live for some time in the usual three-liter jar, but the common lizard is a fairly active creature, it needs to “roam” somewhere. In addition, your terrarium should be high enough: you wonder how far lizards can jump. If you do not want her to just jump out of a glass shelter, this condition must be met.

Secondly, you have to create the usual conditions in the terrarium. First of all it concerns the land, where she will dig her burrows. The land should be without any additives and fertilizers, you can also use sand or chips for rodents, sold in any pet store. Be sure to throw different branches into your lizard's new house, because This view on the outside loves to climb trees.

Required temperature, lighting and humidity

The common lizard requires a lot of heat in order to warm up and not fall into anabiosis. The general temperature of the terrarium at night should not be lower than 21 ° C, but should be 30 ° C during the day. But you definitely need a zone where the day will be 36 ° C, so that your pet receives the heat it needs. This can be achieved with the help of various lamps, such as infrared or glass-ceramic. With the same lamp you can give your lizard the necessary light. The soil should also be heated using a special mat, which you will find in the pet store. For the necessary moisture in the terrarium in the coolest place you need to put a bowl with water, which would completely fit your lizard.

What do lizards eat?

Of course, these are insects: spiders, earthworms, crickets, grasshoppers. Very nutritious for boiled lizard eggs. Females need to be fed with tweezers, otherwise they will simply die of starvation. In addition, the lizard is under stress when it goes into captivity, it may refuse to eat. In this case, you need to put food right in her mouth. Feed such a lizard should be three times a day. In two weeks, she will come to terms with the situation and will eat herself measuredly.

How to feed lizards at home?

In the summer, you can feed the lizard 3 times a day. In winter, it will be enough two meals a day. Offer your favorite of different insects - for example, crickets, spiders, mealworms. In addition, the lizard will not give up eating small mammals or bird eggs.

You can cook the following mixture for this animal at home: mix minced meat and finely grated carrots in equal proportions, then add the chopped lettuce, and sprinkle on top with a small amount of vitamin and mineral supplements. Pay attention to the fact that the latter did not have a sharp smell that can scare the lizard.

Feed this animal should be in the period of its activity. If you have several pets, they should be given food separately. Be sure to ensure that your pet eats your portion. When the lizard is active, it drinks water well, but at the same time eats a little, there is no reason for excitement.

Young animals should be fed with tweezers, and adults can feed themselves from a small bowl. After feeding lizards, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.

Content Features

Most often, the Russian lizard lives in Russian latitudes, which later becomes a pet for lovers of the exotic. And to make her feel comfortable outside the natural conditions, it is necessary to provide her with a comfortable living environment.

Location. The shape of the terrarium, you can choose any, but here the size should be at least two body lengths of the animal. And if the dimensions of the room in which the “housing” will be located, make it possible to purchase a “bigger house”, then the pet will be only too happy. At the bottom it will be necessary to fill the ground, but it is best to take it in the forest or steppe so that the soil does not contain any extraneous additives. Also suitable bark or special rugs, which can be found in pet stores.

Since in nature these reptiles actively climb trees, thanks to their clinging legs, it is not superfluous to install several branches in an aquarium, as well as to bring the “interior” closer to the natural one with the help of stones and plants.

Temperature. Everything is somewhat more complicated here, but do not worry, there are all the necessary devices on sale that will help to create a comfortable atmosphere for your pet. The lizard needs two temperature zones - one is very warm, with a mode of +35 degrees, the second is cooler, up to +30. At night, the temperature can drop to +20.

Shine. Remember that lizards live in warm latitudes and spend most of the time in the sun, so light is vital for them. To do this, it is advisable to install a conventional lamp and ultraviolet.

Humidity. This characteristic also needs to pay special attention. The optimum moisture content is 50-70%. To achieve it, it is enough just to put a container with water in the terrarium. Besides the fact that evaporating water will contribute to the formation of the desired level of humidity, the lizard will be able to perform there water procedures. For the same purpose, you can spray inside the plant and the branches of the spray. But the main thing - do not overdo it, too high level of moisture can cause the development of fungus and the death of the reptile.

Nutrition. What is the feed lizards? In the warm season, the feeding regime should be three times a day, and in winter two meals will be sufficient per day. Usually such animals feed on flies, spiders, crickets. Also useful will be food prepared from grated carrots, fresh meat, lettuce and vitamin supplements.

Small pets will need to be fed with tweezers, adults do not need this, and can eat on their own.

Reproduction. At home, lizards can breed. But this can be done only when the female reaches 2 years of age, and in the cold season, when the activity of reptiles is rather low. After mating, the female should be transplanted into a separate terrarium, having previously prepared a place for burying eggs (peat and moss can be used). As soon as the small lizards hatch, they also need to be transplanted, and monitor the temperature regime (about + 40 + 42 degrees) and humidity (sprinkling the terrarium 2-3 times a day).

Small, quick and active lizards will be excellent favorites. Despite their predatory nature, they live beautifully in the home and delight their masters.

Viviparous lizard - description

Bright color these lizards do not differ. He is quite modest. In adults, the upper body and tail may be brown, brown, tan, or greenish. It has a characteristic pattern that stretches along the ridge. This is a dark band that is sometimes interrupted. In addition, there may be two broad bands on top and dark stripes on the sides of the body, which are limited to the lower light line, which sometimes make up round specks.

I must say that not all individuals have a pronounced pattern. Moreover, it is not uncommon viviparous lizard (the photo you see in our article) is completely black. These are melanists. Such animals are most often found in northern latitudes, in the mountains. This color is due to the fact that dark colors absorb heat better.

In males, the lower body is brick-red and even orange; females have a belly with a yellowish, greenish or light gray shade. In addition, males have a thicker tail at the base.

The viviparous lizard (newborn) has a dark brown, almost black color, often the pattern is not pronounced. Over time, the color becomes lighter, gradually a characteristic pattern appears on the main background. This happens as the baby grows.

Habitat

These cute lizards inhabit almost the entire forest territory of Eurasia - from Ireland, Great Britain and the Pyrenees to Sakhalin, Kolyma and the Shantar Islands. In the west of the range they are distributed from the Kola Peninsula to the Arctic Circle, the lower course of the Yenisei. Viviparous lizards live everywhere on Sakhalin, and in the south they can be found in the forest zone.

The viviparous lizard prefers to settle on the edges, in the thickets of bushes along the banks of rivers and lakes, in the meadows. Often they can be found on wet floodplain meadows that border the forest. In Siberia, they can live in the tundra, in the marshland on the bumps, surrounded on all sides by water. As shelters for these lizards are thick forest litter, burrows of small rodents, shallow crevices between the stones, old, dilapidated stumps. Viviparous lizards do not build their own shelters.

Lifestyle

Probably, not everyone knows that the viviparous lizard is not only an excellent swimmer and diver, it moves with ease along the bottom of the reservoir. In the case when she is in danger, she instantly digs into the mud. Lizards of this species do not run very well when compared with green large counterparts.

In mountainous areas, they often live at an altitude of 2500 meters. They feel fine in a humid environment and tolerate fairly low temperatures. Thanks to this fact, they were able to settle beyond the Arctic Circle, where they hibernate during the winter.

In the spring, when the air warms up only to + 4 degrees, and in some places there is still snow, they leave this state. At this time, they bask in the sun for a long time, hiding in the pits of the ground, on planks, stumps. Normal activity returns to them when the air warms up above +15 degrees.

In the central regions of Russia, they finish wintering at the end of March, in the Far East - at the end of May, and in the north - at the beginning of June.

We equip a terrarium

Your pet will need a small horizontal terrarium. For one individual, its minimum dimensions must be 30 × 20 × 20 cm. It must be maintained at a certain temperature. This is achieved with the help of a thermo-cord, a thermo-stone, a thermotube or thanks to the heating lamps - incandescent lamps, reflector lamps directed downwards.

The viviparous lizard at home needs a warm corner, in which in the daytime the temperature should be up to 30 ° C and at night not less than 20 ° C. Under room conditions, night heating is optional. Under the lamp, install a snag, a wooden shelf or a slide made of stone so that your pet can warm up well, choosing a temperature that is more comfortable for you.

In the terrarium there must be a small water tank, lizards love to swim and do it with pleasure. Shelters can be made of arbitrary shape — these can be shelves, houses, stone slides, etc. It is better to use coarse sand, gravel, coconut substrate as the soil. Once a day, the terrarium must be sprayed with warm water. This will maintain the necessary moisture. Can contain lizards group.

Daily and seasonal rhythm

Daylight hours and daytime work vary throughout the year. When an animal is active (autumn, spring, summer), it is 12 hours. For irradiation, it is better to use erythemal lamps. A session is five minutes three times a day. You can carry out this procedure with household appliances (UFD) for 1 - 2 minutes during the week. When irradiated with any kind of devices, the animal must be in a dry zone.

In winter, lizards need complete rest. Within three weeks, the duration of heating should be reduced very slowly and the light day should be reduced. When it reaches six hours, the heating is turned off, and the viviparous lizard does not receive feed. Content in captivity involves placing it in a week in a ventilated, light-proof cage, which is filled with sawdust or squeezed sphagnum. During wintering, the temperature should be maintained at 8-10 ° C. We must not forget about humidity. It should be maintained by spraying the soil in the cage corner once a week. The duration of wintering is about two months. Lizards are removed from this state in the same rhythm, gradually increasing the heat and light day. When the six-hour day is reached, heating is turned on, and the animal begins to be given food.

In natural conditions, viviparous lizards feed on small invertebrates, sometimes they eat their young. Under the conditions of the terrarium they are fed with flour worms, crickets, cockroaches, zofobas, and other insects. They eagerly eat earthworms, small snails and newborn mice. Feeding is done at least once every two days, but can be fed daily. Fresh water in the drinker should be constantly.

Do not neglect the various mineral supplements that are given along with the feed - crushed eggshell, drugs with high calcium content. You can periodically add Borjomi - mineral water to the drinker. Once a week, give your pet concentrated vitamin preparations.

Breeding

At the age of two years, viviparous lizards become sexually mature. There are ovoviviparous and egg-laying species. In the Cantabrian mountains, they lay eggs. This happens twice a season. Incubation lasts about forty days at a temperature of about 18-20 ° C.

In the remaining points, viviparous lizards give birth to babies in the mucous membrane of a transparent egg shell, which small lizards tear apart within thirty minutes.

After leaving the wintering grounds (at home), lizards are irradiated and fed with regular food. But they add drugs containing vitamin E. It lasts 3 weeks. Then the lizards molt, and the males acquire mating color. After that, males and females are combined in one terrarium, if they were separated.

Copulations last no more than five minutes. The pregnancy of the female lasts from 70 to 90 days. Usually born from 2 to 12 babies.

Sand lizard in nature

This animal in the home is considered exotic. That is why in order to maintain no problems, it is necessary to know its natural habitat conditions.

Anyone who walked through the woods, met these green or brown lizards, hiding quickly in the grass or bushes at the slightest danger. These are representatives of the species Lacerta agilis Linnaeus (lat.) Or nimble lizards.

Currently, science knows 9 subspecies that are distributed in the vast territory of Eurasia from the Atlantic coast to Central Siberia.

Within Russia, the distribution range of these amphibians is very large: from Karelia, the Arkhangelsk and Leningrad regions in the north to the Caucasus in the south and from the border with Belarus in the west to Baikal in the east.

Accordingly, the biotope of natural existence is different: damp wetland, coniferous and mixed forest, forest-steppe and steppe, stony dry areas of the territory. It leads mainly day-to-day life, but it can climb high both in trees and on stone slopes.

Sandy (or ordinary) lizards do not go far from their habitable territory, sometimes digging narrow holes in the ground.

By the size of the sand lizard may also be different. The length of the animal with a tail is from 5 to 25 cm (depending on the subspecies). Males are usually somewhat larger than females, their color is usually brighter. The abdomen of males is greenish-yellow, and in females white or slightly yellowish.

Common lizards feed on a variety of invertebrates: snails, worms, insects. They can eat both their own and "neighbor" youngsters.

If the animal sharply grab the tail, then it may try to bite, and after escaping, leave its tail to the "enemy". In this case, there will be no bleeding, since the muscles of the animal in the area of ​​the folded tail are almost instantly reduced. After some time, the caudal process is restored (regenerated), but, as a rule, the new tail is somewhat shorter than the “old” one. This feature of the body should be considered when the home content.

The organization of the terrarium

Keep экзотического питомца следует только в террариуме. Свободно разгуливающая по дому ящерица может получить травму или ожог.

Размеры и формы террариума могут быть любыми, но существует неписанное правило: высота стенок искусственного жилища должна равняться длине земноводного умноженной на 2. Как минимум. Recall: lizards easily climb even along a vertical wall.

Ordinary glass can serve as a material for a terrarium (the old aquarium fits perfectly), but it is better to make a rising cover out of a wire mesh. In addition, small holes for ventilation must be arranged in the side walls.

There are variants of the "house" made from an old bookshelf. In this case, one side wall and the cover of an improvised terrarium are also made from a wire mesh.

It is recommended to cover the bottom with primer, coarse sand, pebbles and even ordinary earth are ideal for this.

For your quick pet, it would be nice to decorate the landscape with branches or stumps of trees, snags, stone hills, and caves. A quick lizard will definitely like this decor.

Microclimate

The animal normally feels at room temperature, but if a representative of one of the southern subspecies lives in the terrarium, then the temperature should be maintained between +25 and +30 degrees during the day and between +18 and +20 degrees at night.

Temperature conditions can be provided with either a thermo glue or an ordinary incandescent lamp with a reflector. But in this case, the lamp should be located out of reach for the animal.

Humidity should be maintained not lower than 75–80%, which is achieved by regularly spraying the internal space of the terrarium.

For catering, you need to install a cup for food and a drinker. Over time, the lizard gets used to one place to eat and drink.

Common lizard: what to feed

Argued that this brisk amphibian can be given pieces of "human" food, the remnants of a family meal. In principle, this is so, but this food should not be abused in any way.

It should still provide a diet that is close to the natural.

  • That is why normal food for lizards are spiders, cockroaches, grasshoppers, worms (even flour).
  • You can prepare a nutritional mixture consisting of grated carrots and pieces of meat (minced meat is allowed).
  • And if you add finely chopped spinach leaves or dandelion to such a mixture, the lizard will receive not only protein, but also vitamins necessary for normal development.

Summing up

As you can see, it is quite simple to maintain a jumping lizard in a house or apartment. If you carefully monitor the well-being and behavior of the nimble green minx, establish a solid feeding schedule, maintain a normal temperature and humidity regime, and maintain cleanliness in the terrarium, the intelligent lizard will get used to its owners. And then she will not be afraid of human hands.

Video on how to keep an ordinary lizard at home:

How to keep a lizard at home?

The content of lizards involves the provision of certain conditions to the animal, but it is very easy to do and it will take very little time. Here are some basic tips for caring for lizards at home:

  1. Before you decide to buy and maintain a lizard at home, you should pick up and install a terrarium for it. The lizard must have its own place in the house, otherwise it will simply run away and may get sick or be injured. You can choose a terrarium of any shape, but its height should be at least two body lengths of your pet. The bottom should be covered with earth, but without various fertilizers or additives. Instead of land, you can use coconut chips or sand, the store sells special mats. Chips for rodents or pieces of paper will do; you can cover the bottom with large pieces of bark.
  2. In its natural habitat, the common lizard loves various trees; at home, it can put a few branches in the terrarium. You can decorate your pet's housing with various stones, artificial plants or climbing plates.
  3. Temperature mode. The maintenance of lizards at home suggests the constant presence of two temperature zones in the terrarium. The hot zone must be heated to 36 ° C, and the cool zone to 30 ° C. At night, the temperature should not fall below 21 ° C. You can heat up the hot zone with an incandescent lamp or a glass-ceramic lamp, you can use an infrared lamp. Heated soil will provide a special mat, it can be purchased at the pet store.
  4. Lighting. At home, lizards need constant bright light. Be sure to install the UV lamp. If you decide to start several pets at once, take care of several heated areas.
  5. Humidity. Humidity content of at least 50-70% is considered ideal for keeping a lizard. There are several ways to provide such home-keeping for a lizard. In a cool area of ​​the terrarium you need to put a bowl of water. The size of the bowl should be chosen according to the size of the lizard: it should easily climb into it. It is possible to achieve the necessary humidity by spraying or using wet sponges. Do not forget to constantly monitor the quality of ventilation; fungi can form at high humidity.

What to feed domestic lizards?

In the summer, you can feed your pet three times a day. In winter, two meals are enough. How can you feed the fast lizard at home? Offer her various insects: these can be spiders, crickets, meal worms, the lizard will not refuse bird eggs or small mammals. At home, lizards willingly eat a specially prepared mixture: mix in equal proportions finely grated carrots and shredded meat. Add some chopped lettuce and calcium supplements, vitamins.

It is necessary to feed a lizard in the period of its greatest activity. If you have several pets at once, you need to feed them separately. Be sure to make sure that the lizard eats everything without residue. When your pet is active and drinks water well, but eats little, there is no reason for excitement.

Young animals should be fed with tweezers, and adults may well eat independently from the bowl. After feeding, always wash your hands thoroughly.

The most common type of lizard is the common lizard or, in other words, the sand lizard. This type of animal is not the most popular for home breeding. If only because in bondage they breed extremely rarely. Of course, there are many advantages in a manual mini dinosaur: for example, it does not need to be walked, and this animal is much quieter than cats or dogs. Although it does require some conditions of detention.

So, you caught a lizard and brought it home. How to understand what gender this individual is? Usually males are larger and brighter in color, and in the mating season (the month of May) they become completely green. The age of your lizard can be determined by its size: the older - the more. On average, they reach a length of about 30 cm (with a tail). Life expectancy is about 6 years.

Lizard common at home

Having decided on the sex and age of her captive, you need to create certain conditions for her life so that she does not die of starvation on the very first week. The animal is quite small, so its requirements are relevant.

First, you will need a long horizontal terrarium. Of course, she can live for some time in a conventional three-liter can, but the common lizard is a fairly active creature, she needs to “roam” somewhere. In addition, your terrarium should be high enough: you wonder how far lizards can jump. If you do not want her to just jump out of a glass shelter, this condition must be met.

Secondly, you have to create the usual conditions in the terrarium. First of all it concerns the land, where she will dig her burrows. The land should be without any additives and fertilizers, you can also use sand or chips for rodents, sold in any pet store. Be sure to throw different branches into your lizard's new house, because This view on the outside loves to climb trees.

Required temperature, lighting and humidity

The common lizard requires a lot of heat in order to warm up and not fall into anabiosis. The general temperature of the terrarium at night should not be lower than 21 ° C, but should be 30 ° C during the day. But you definitely need a zone where the day will be 36 ° C, so that your pet receives the heat it needs. This can be achieved with the help of various lamps, such as infrared or glass-ceramic. With the same lamp you can give your lizard the necessary light. The soil should also be heated using a special mat, which you will find in the pet store. For the necessary moisture in the terrarium in the coolest place you need to put a bowl with water, which would completely fit your lizard.

What do lizards eat?

Of course, these are insects: spiders, earthworms, crickets, grasshoppers. Very nutritious for boiled lizard eggs. Females need to be fed with tweezers, otherwise they will simply die of starvation. In addition, the lizard is under stress when it goes into captivity, it may refuse to eat. In this case, you need to put food right in her mouth. Feed such a lizard should be three times a day. In two weeks, she will come to terms with the situation and will eat herself measuredly.

The lizard is a rather exotic pet. If there is no desire to walk the dog, to clean the cat tray every day, and the noise from the guinea pig is unacceptable - you can get a reptile.

She does not make loud sounds, does not wake up in the morning, she does not need to allocate a lot of space in the room. Having opted for the preying one needs to know how to keep the lizard at home.

General information about lizards

These cold-blooded individuals belong to predators. There are many types and sizes of lizards that can be kept at home from large and sluggish to small and nimble.

Each type is interesting in its own way for both a professional and an amateur, and requires an individual approach.

Lizards unpretentious and do not really want to communicate with their owner, which is great for those who prefer to contemplate a pet rather than messing with it.

Depending on the size of the reptile and on its appearance. nutrition can also be quite diverse. Some representatives, like snakes, can do without food for a long time.

Lizard in nature

Today, science knows 9 subspecies of lizards. They are distributed over a large territory of Eurasia from Central Siberia to the Atlantic coast.

Within the borders of Russia area The spread of these amphibians is quite extensive: from the Caucasus in the south to Karelia, the Leningrad and Arkhangelsk regions in the north, from Baikal in the east to the borders with Belarus.

Sand lizards vary in size. Depending on the subspecies, the length of the animal can be from 5 cm to 25 cm. The females are somewhat smaller than the males. In males, the color is bright greenish-yellow, in females the abdomen is white or yellowish.

Respectively biotope The natural existence of lizards is different. These are mixed and coniferous forests, damp wetlands, steppes and forest-steppe, dry rocky areas. These reptiles lead predominantly terrestrial daytime life, but can climb stone slopes and trees.

Lizards do not go far from the lived-in area, digging narrow holes in the ground. During the hunt, reptiles do not move more than 15 meters from their mink, so that in case of danger they can take refuge in a shelter.

Common lizards feed on invertebrates: worms, snails, insects, often eating the neighbor and their own young.

Cell selection directly depends on the type of lizard. There must be enough space in the terrarium to move it freely. Reptiles require a certain temperature.

If in winter the temperature in the apartment falls below a certain value, you will need a heated terrarium. The temperature in the cage, lighting and humidity must be controlled. When choosing a home you must adhere to certain rules and know how to care for a lizard:

  • the cage must be securely locked so that the reptile does not get out of it,
  • a small gecko will use an aquarium covered with a screen on top for leopard geckos - a 75-liter terrarium,
  • for small reptiles, for example, for the bearded agama, suitable plastic container. But the best option for them would be a vivarium of 200 liters of insulating material. An example of such a home could be an aquarium made of wood with a glass front wall. When choosing a plastic container, one must take into account that it must be at least 0.6 meters high and 0.6 × 1.2 m at the base.
  • Another option is a wire cage that is most suitable for chameleons. It should be high enough to crawl along the walls.

Aquarium filling has a large value. It can be a composition of branches, plants in pots and pebbles. All components must be natural so that the animal does not develop skin disease or allergies. The branches installed in the terrarium must withstand the weight of the pet so that it does not hurt itself by breaking them off.

It is undesirable to use stones as soil. Better to give preference special substrates, paper, pieces of bark, coconut chips. For the perfect selection of a terrarium, it will take some time to follow the lizard. Noticing that the flake eats the soil, the basis must be changed. It is categorically impossible to use “bedding” as a primer for feline toilets or their equivalents.

The reason for the careful selection of litter for the terrarium is that if swallowed, pieces of soil can get up in the intestinal tracts, triggering diseases and even lizard death.

Microclimate required for lizard

To maintain the required temperature in the cage many reptiles need infrared lamp. Choosing it, you need to know that different lamps emit different amounts of heat. In order for a lizard to feel comfortable in a terrarium, it is necessary to adhere to certain rules:

  • choose the most suitable temperature for the pet, knowing in the pet store how much heat it needs. Most reptiles require a plot with a temperature of 32–38 ° C,
  • the reptile also needs a cool zone, so the lamp should be placed in the corner of the cage. In a cool zone, as a rule, the temperature should be 21−24 ° C,
  • the temperature in the terrarium should be checked regularly, given that it must be different in different parts of the cell,
  • for the night should turn off the heating lamps, replacing them with a ceramic heater.

As already noted, for the normal content of scaly at home, you will need ultraviolet lamps of the long and medium wave range. They include about 12 hours.

The reptiles need a plot where they can bask and bask in the light. Therefore, you should prepare a lamp flooding Sveta. To add a range of lighting, UV light is added to the fluorescent lamp.

The lamp is fixed inside the cage in such a way that the lizard can get to it and bask in its rays, but do not burn yourself.

Most of the cells should be in the shade.

Lizards feed plant and animal food The basis of their food are insects: earthworms, spiders, grasshoppers, crickets. Very nutritious for reptile chicken boiled eggs. You can diversify pet food by mixing chopped cabbage and carrots with pieces of meat.

They feed the lizards infrequently, but at one time they can eat a considerable amount of food. Young individuals are fed with tweezers.

Once in captivity, reptiles may refuse to eat, so they should put food straight in your mouth. After two weeks, they become accustomed to the situation and begin to eat themselves.

Any pet should be at least once a year to show the vet. Having noticed painful formations on the skin, they should be eliminated in time so that the lizard does not die.

It is important not to forget that these are warlike creatures. They often compete with each other and can even attack a person. Noticing that one of the individuals is being harassed, it is worth move out or give to friends. Otherwise, the relatives of the lizard can just bait.

Large representatives of this species, without receiving adequate feeding and care, can lean on fingers households. Therefore you should not keep large reptiles in a house with small children.

When you need to equip a living area in the apartment, and there is not so much free time to maintain the animal, you can get an ordinary lizard. She is unpretentious, does not make noise, does not require regular walks in the fresh air, for her life in captivity does not need a large terrarium. Almost perfect pet, right?

General information about lizards

These cold-blooded individuals belong to predators. There are many types and sizes of lizards that can be kept at home from large and sluggish to small and nimble.

Each type is interesting in its own way for both a professional and an amateur, and requires an individual approach.

Lizards unpretentious and do not really want to communicate with their owner, which is great for those who prefer to contemplate a pet rather than messing with it.

Depending on the size of the reptile and on its appearance. nutrition can also be quite diverse. Некоторые представители, как и змеи, вообще могут обходиться без еды долгое время.

Ящерица в природе

На сегодняшний день науке известно 9 подвидов ящериц. They are distributed over a large territory of Eurasia from Central Siberia to the Atlantic coast.

Within the borders of Russia area The spread of these amphibians is quite extensive: from the Caucasus in the south to Karelia, the Leningrad and Arkhangelsk regions in the north, from Baikal in the east to the borders with Belarus.

Sand lizards vary in size. Depending on the subspecies, the length of the animal can be from 5 cm to 25 cm. The females are somewhat smaller than the males. In males, the color is bright greenish-yellow, in females the abdomen is white or yellowish.

Respectively biotope The natural existence of lizards is different. These are mixed and coniferous forests, damp wetlands, steppes and forest-steppe, dry rocky areas. These reptiles lead predominantly terrestrial daytime life, but can climb stone slopes and trees.

Lizards do not go far from the lived-in area, digging narrow holes in the ground. During the hunt, reptiles do not move more than 15 meters from their mink, so that in case of danger they can take refuge in a shelter.

Common lizards feed on invertebrates: worms, snails, insects, often eating the neighbor and their own young.

Home selection

Cell selection directly depends on the type of lizard. There must be enough space in the terrarium to move it freely. Reptiles require a certain temperature.

If in winter the temperature in the apartment falls below a certain value, you will need a heated terrarium. The temperature in the cage, lighting and humidity must be controlled. When choosing a home you must adhere to certain rules and know how to care for a lizard:

  • the cage must be securely locked so that the reptile does not get out of it,
  • a small gecko will use an aquarium covered with a screen on top for leopard geckos - a 75-liter terrarium,
  • for small reptiles, for example, for the bearded agama, suitable plastic container. But the best option for them would be a vivarium of 200 liters of insulating material. An example of such a home could be an aquarium made of wood with a glass front wall. When choosing a plastic container, one must take into account that it must be at least 0.6 meters high and 0.6 × 1.2 m at the base.
  • Another option is a wire cage that is most suitable for chameleons. It should be high enough to crawl along the walls.

Filling the aquarium

Aquarium filling has a large value. It can be a composition of branches, plants in pots and pebbles. All components must be natural so that the animal does not develop skin disease or allergies. The branches installed in the terrarium must withstand the weight of the pet so that it does not hurt itself by breaking them off.

It is undesirable to use stones as soil. Better to give preference special substrates, paper, pieces of bark, coconut chips. For the perfect selection of a terrarium, it will take some time to follow the lizard. Noticing that the flake eats the soil, the basis must be changed. It is categorically impossible to use “bedding” as a primer for feline toilets or their equivalents.

The reason for the careful selection of litter for the terrarium is that if swallowed, pieces of soil can get up in the intestinal tracts, triggering diseases and even lizard death.

Feeding lizards

Lizards feed plant and animal food The basis of their food are insects: earthworms, spiders, grasshoppers, crickets. Very nutritious for reptile chicken boiled eggs. You can diversify pet food by mixing chopped cabbage and carrots with pieces of meat.

They feed the lizards infrequently, but at one time they can eat a considerable amount of food. Young individuals are fed with tweezers.

Once in captivity, reptiles may refuse to eat, so they should put food straight in your mouth. After two weeks, they become accustomed to the situation and begin to eat themselves.

Any pet should be at least once a year to show the vet. Having noticed painful formations on the skin, they should be eliminated in time so that the lizard does not die.

It is important not to forget that these are warlike creatures. They often compete with each other and can even attack a person. Noticing that one of the individuals is being harassed, it is worth move out or give to friends. Otherwise, the relatives of the lizard can just bait.

Large representatives of this species, without receiving adequate feeding and care, can lean on fingers households. Therefore you should not keep large reptiles in a house with small children.

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