Night sweats gives a person a lot of trouble. The cause of sweating may be in such natural sources as, for example, menopause. Otherwise, severe perspiration may indicate serious pathologies: HIV-AIDS, tuberculosis, cancer of the lymphatic system, and other diseases.
If sweat is released excessively at night, and it lasts for a period of time, you should seek proper medical attention. Causes of sweating come from different backgrounds. Sweat is released both because of menopause, and in the presence of serious pathologies. Heavy sweating at night is a symptom requiring special attention and quick reaction. Knowing the 9 main causes of sweating will help to quickly respond and take the necessary measures.
1. Night sweats during menopause
Night sweats often occur with hormonal changes. Unfortunately, women may experience a number of symptoms during menopause (and with perimenopause, that is, immediately before menopause), including mood swings, heavy sweating, and depressive states. Night sweats gives a lot of discomfort for a woman at this stage of life.
So that sweat is not produced by the body above normal, need to create optimal sleeping conditions:
- Room temperature should be lower than normal.
- take a cool shower before bed,
- wear clothes that allow the skin to breathe.
2. Acid reflux as a cause of sweat
Another cause of sweating is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or acid reflux. When the disease occurs, the outflow of gastric juice into the throat or esophagus, causing an attack of heartburn. At night, the discomfort is more pronounced due to the anatomical horizontal position of the human body during sleep. Sweating at night also accompanies GERD symptoms.
Taking medications will help get rid of heartburn and that the body over-produces sweat in the middle of the night.
3. Heavy sweating due to obstructive sleep apnea
Snoring is often considered a “bad habit” or even a fad. However, it is not. Snoring can be a sign of a serious pathology - sleep apnea.
Sleep apnea provokes disturbances in the processes of breathing, making it more frequent and uneven, with possible short-term stops. As a result of this, there is heavy sweating, adding additional discomfort.
So that the sweat is not produced in excess, and breathing was stable, apply a series of recommendations for the elimination of this disease.
- weight loss,
- non-use of tobacco and alcohol,
- the use of special devices that contribute to the development of the jaw muscles.
If the therapy is ineffective, then surgical intervention will help with the negative symptoms.
4. Night sweating with hyperthyroidism
Another cause of sweating is an increased level of hormones in the thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism provokes an increase in temperature, thereby forming sweat in large quantities. Night sweating while easily eliminated with a special diet and medication.
Food should be excluded cauliflower and white cabbage, turnips, millet, soy products. All this causes malfunctions in the thyroid gland, and causes not only sweating at night, but also disruption of the gastrointestinal tract.
5. Severe sweating with hypoglycemia
Heavy sweating often occurs due to a sharp decrease in blood sugar levels in humans. People suffering from hypoglycemia, in addition to nightmares and poor sleep, often in addition receive sweating at night.
Eliminate signs of disease can be through proper control of blood sugar levels. A special permanent glucose monitoring device (PUKG) will help the patient to sleep peacefully at night and not be afraid that the whole body will wrap in abundant sweat.
However, to get a blood glucose level of 6.2 mmol / l, you should first consult with your doctor, and get all the necessary recommendations for setting up the device. Such a device will always monitor and signal glucose jumps in the bloodstream.
6. Night sweats and tuberculosis
One of the worst infectious diseases is the development of a pathogenic bacterium in the human body called mucobacterium tuberculosis. The statistics is as follows: 9.6 million people in the world suffer from this pathology, of which 1.5 million die annually.
It is worth being attentive and not ignoring the symptoms, since night sweats is one of the signs of tuberculosis. Sweating at night due to pathology can last several months before the bacterium becomes more virulent.
In parallel, you must follow the accompanying signs: fever, decreased normal body weight, and cough.
7. Sweating at night with lymphoma
Cancer of the immune system - lymphoma - Another reason for sweating at night.
If in the middle of the night it turns out that the sweat has completely wetted the nightgown and the whole sheet, then this probably indicates the presence of oncological pathology in the human body.
This symptom occurs because of the body's focus on fighting cancer cells and the concomitant increase in body temperature.
It is worth paying special attention to a complex of symptoms that are often symptoms of lymphoma:
- loss of appetite and weight loss,
- night sweats and sleepiness
It must be remembered that the causes of sweating are of different nature, but you should not ignore the signals of your body. It is best to visit the attending physician to make sure there are no serious pathologies.
8. Heavy sweating with HIV / AIDS
The cause of sweating may also be in the development of a disease such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, in the early stages of a patient with HIV, symptoms such as fatigue, severe headache, night sweats, and even rashes are observed.
In the event of a disease, the virus tends to form an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans.
Since the causes of sweating at night are so different, it is worthwhile to clarify with your doctor the distinctive symptoms of HIV. Among the main symptoms include:
- weight loss,
- sweating at night
- sore lymph nodes
Some HIV patients also claim that they have never felt such sweating before.
9. Night sweats due to medication.
Side effects after taking medication can cause sweating at night. This cause of sweating is often caused by antidepressants, antihypertensives and antipyretics.
One study found that night sweats were caused by sweating. paroxetine.
After the recommendation of the attending physician to replace the drug or reduce its concentration, sweating at night stopped bothering the patient. Often, the correction of drug intake depends on the specific reaction of the patient.
If necessary, perspiration can be treated with cyproheptadine or benztropine.
Nighttime sweats can also occasionally stand out due to heroin and alcohol addiction. In this case, sweating at night can be eliminated only by taking a course of treatment for these addictions.
How to support the body with drainage drinks
If your night sweats are not associated with serious health problems, then most likely your body is oversaturated with toxins, excess fluid and other harmful substances. After compulsory consultation with a doctor, try to drink away some natural drainage drinks for cleaning and losing weight.
Be vigilant and in time seek help from a doctor! published by econet.ru.
If you have any questions, ask them.here
Sweating is necessary for our body as a cooling system. When the fluid released by the pores of the skin evaporates, the surface cools. Thus, in normal conditions, a person sweats profusely during exercise or excessively elevated ambient temperature. But there are many other predisposing factors.
Sweating can be caused by fear or anxiety, and this phenomenon is often accompanied by the release of cold, sticky sweat. There is an unpleasant sensation of chill and cold. This is the body's natural reaction to extreme stress, fright or intense feelings. It is known that overly impressionable people often suffer from nightmares (it is interesting that they may not remember them). It is “terrifying” dreams that are often the cause of night sweats.. However, this is not the worst. Hyperhidrosis in such cases may be due to something more serious. Some of the factors below present a real danger to human life and health.
Cold sweat itself is not a pathology. The problem is that it rarely occurs on its own. The emergence of such discharge contribute to some serious problems with human health:
- Severe injuries, accompanied by the development of shock. Of course, such a reason is always in sight, to guess why a person sweats a lot is easy.
- Shock. With this harder. In particular, in people prone to developing allergic reactions, profuse cold sweat can be a formidable symptom of incipient anaphylaxis.
- Dyspnea. It often happens in old people who have problems with the cardiovascular system.
- Hypoglycemia, that is, reduced (in relation to the norm) blood sugar content. We will tell about it in more detail below.
Thus, excessive night sweats are a good reason to immediately consult a doctor. However, it is not always worth panicking. It often happens that even quite healthy people sweat profusely at night - we have already talked about impressionability and nightmares. But even if you do not suffer from bad dreams, sweating may well be the result of the use of bed linen, made on the basis of synthetic fabrics. By the way, it’s not worth saving on it: if every night your bed turns into a branch of the nearest swamp, it’s time to think about purchasing something more natural.
It is for this reason that it is recommended that if you have any doubt about the nature of night sweats, consult a doctor. The specialist will use special techniques designed to differentiate the "natural" sweating from sweating, due to the presence of some pathological factors.
Major predisposing factors
There are many different causes of excessive sweating. To determine the one that causes hyperhidrosis in a particular person, the doctor should receive a detailed medical history and conduct tests. Only on the basis of these data can we reliably establish what exactly is wrong in the body of a patient.
Here are just a few of the most well-known causes of heavy night sweats:
- Idiopathic factors. Such a diagnosis is made by doctors in cases where it was not possible to find a single specific cause of nocturnal hyperhidrosis.
- Infections. A very large group of possible causes, each of which may well lead to numerous problems It is believed that the "classic" infection, accompanied by excessive sweating at night, is tuberculosis. However, other pathologies of bacterial origin, such as endocarditis (inflammation of the heart valves), osteomyelitis (inflammation of the bone tissue), as well as "banal" abscesses may well result in abundant night sweats. It is also an early symptom of HIV infection.
- Cancer tumors. Often, "sputum" at night - early deadly forms of cancer. It is believed that in about 70% of cases the most "wet" tumor is lymphoma. Note that even in the early stages of oncology there are other disturbing symptoms, especially unexplained weight loss.
- Menopause in women. The "hot" rushes of blood that accompany the period of menopause, often begin to disturb women at night. During this period, one should not be surprised at the increased perspiration: this is a completely normal reaction of the body to the "tumult" of hormones.
Need a little more to talk about tuberculosis. Contrary to popular belief, night sweats are a common, but not very specific symptom of tuberculosis. Other symptoms can be much worse: coughing up blood, chest pain, breathing problems and high fever. The latter, as everyone knows, in itself contributes to increased sweating. Worse, tuberculosis often affects the kidneys. This causes severe pain, and it, in turn, contributes to excessive sweating. The number of cases of tuberculosis, including those leading to death, has significantly decreased in our country in recent years, but at least 1.5 million new patients are registered in the world every year.
AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
In persons who have been diagnosed with this terrible diagnosis, increased sweating at night is observed quite often. It is so heavy and profuse that bed linen, sheets and pillowcases are completely soaked with sweat. Often a person wakes up in the middle of the night from the sensation of "swimming." Note that in HIV and AIDS such symptoms are not a sign of a secondary infection. They are, so to speak, "normal." Such night sweats are simply inconvenient, but if a feverish state develops further, it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as possible, since this clinical picture directly indicates the presence of a secondary infection.
It should also be noted that in the first two weeks after infection, a person also develops symptoms similar to those with the flu. The patient has a sudden chill, weakness, feeling of "weakness." At night, a person sweats profusely. All this is a sign of the spread of the virus throughout the body and its subsequent reproduction. During this phase, skin rash may also appear, resembling dermatitis or eczema. So, if you see such symptoms in yourself, although you have not caught a cold recently and have not been in contact with patients with the flu (especially when it happens in the summer), you should immediately notify your doctor.
Some sweaty drugs
Note that the regular (or, on the contrary, not very systematic) intake of certain drugs can also cause episodes of night sweats. Surely almost everyone knows that it is good to drink tea with raspberries and honey, which also cause profuse sweating.. But the leaders in the "wet" case are antidepressants. Over the years, these drugs have become increasingly popular among citizens, as they help to cope with a bad mood after prolonged stress. Since they take, as a rule, for a long time, side effects, among which - just strong sweating, manifest themselves in all its glory.
But not only antidepressants can lead to this effect. In particular, "ordinary" aspirin with paracetamol also contribute to the revitalization of the sweat glands. Moreover, some specific drugs can cause sweating so much that even professional doctors sometimes take it for symptoms of cancer or another dangerous disease. These include, for example, the following products:
- A nicotinic acid. Often and in "shock" doses used in the treatment of pathologies involving lipid metabolism.
- Tamoxifen. Specific agent used exclusively in the treatment of cancer. Again, his "sweating" action has long been known.
- Hydralazine. It is widely used in the treatment and elimination of the consequences of diseases of the cardiovascular system, it is widely practiced for people with hypertension.
- Nitroglycerine. Known tool used in the treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system. Its effectiveness in recent years has often been questioned, but one thing is certain for sure - this drug is indeed capable of causing sweating.
- Sildenafil. Very "dual" drug. On the one hand, it is sometimes prescribed as an adjuvant in the treatment of pathologies of the cardiovascular system. On the other hand, it is quite often written by andrologists to ... eliminate erectile dysfunction in men. Anyway, the medicine is quite “sweating”, and this side effect is described in detail in the instructions for its use.
Thus, taking as prescribed by a doctor (or self-medicating, which we do not approve of) any drugs, take time and please read the instructions for use. It is possible that your sweating is caused by drugs. If you have any doubts, be sure to consult with your doctor!
Конечно же, выше мы перечислили далеко не все лекарственные средства, способные, хотя бы гипотетически, вызывать ночной гипергидроз. Их куда больше. In addition, you must always take into account the individual characteristics of the organism of a particular person.
But already existing diseases and pathological conditions that develop in some people (especially closer to old age) can play a smaller role:
- Hypoglycemia. With diabetes, this condition (low blood sugar) is very characteristic. Moreover, the administration of insulin and the administration of orally administered drugs are also a common cause of diabetics for night sweats.
- Hormonal disorders. Sweating is particularly common in pheochromocytoma, carcinoid syndrome, and hyperthyroidism.
- Neurological conditions. Quite rarely, but still, neurological disorders, including autonomic dysreflexia, post-traumatic syringomyelia, stroke, and autonomic neuropathy, can cause sweating during the day and at night.
It is necessary to dwell on neurological disorders. It is believed that they relatively rarely cause nocturnal hyperhidrosis, but the practice of neuropathologists shows that even in the initial stages Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Disease hyperhidrosis is a more than likely clinical sign. So if we are talking about an elderly person who has suddenly and suddenly started soaking the bed, it is strongly recommended to go to a neuropathologist. It is quite possible that this visit will save you from many problems in the future.
Victoria Fedorenko: “Thanks to this remedy, I stopped sweating”
In general, it will be about sweating. It all started from the moment when I bought a gym membership. Of course, a beautiful slim body is the ultimate dream of many girls. But about what efforts he received, very often they are silent. Sweat ran down my stream!
So what to do and how to be? Depends on the root cause. If you know for sure (as a result of a medical examination) that your sweating is not the result of some dangerous infection or other pathology, you can try to get by with traditional methods. But first, we will consider simpler events, for which you do not need to brew anything and “shamanize" in a different way:
- First, be sure to air the room before going to bed! It is possible that your hyperhidrosis - only a consequence of high air temperature and stuffiness in the bedroom. In any case, this "sin" about 41% of all patients who come to the clinic with such a problem.
- Secondly, use our advice above. - Be sure to use natural bedding and clothing worn at bedtime. Natural fabrics are well breathable and do not interfere with natural gas exchange. In addition, they do not cause allergic reactions, which happens with daily use of synthetics.
- Thirdly, before going to bed, it is strongly recommended not to overeat! This is fraught with not only fullness, but also increased sweating (as well as a bad dream). The fact is that the body consumes a lot of energy to digest food. At a time when the body falls asleep, it causes a strong outflow of blood to the digestive organs, there is a feeling of "heaviness" and severe sweating.
In general, as for food: if you sweat a lot (no matter when it happens), you should refrain from consuming excessively greasy, salty and smoked food. It greatly overloads the organs of the gastrointestinal tract (especially the pancreas). In addition, with regular consumption of large quantities of such dishes, the sweat becomes odorless, and this only adds to the problems of patients already suffering from constant sweating.
Finally, all people suffering from night sweats, and from excessive weight, it is necessary to take all measures to lose weight as soon as possible. In overweight patients, the process of thermoregulation can be seriously impaired, due to which the process of sweating becomes excessively active. By the way, one more nuance. Human fat is not only an energy depot. In addition to directly fat cells, a huge amount of hormones, drug residues and toxins can accumulate in this tissue. When a person loses weight (especially if it happens quickly), the whole “mix” enters its bloodstream. This also leads to sweating. So not only complete patients can get wet, but also those who are on the way to finding ideal forms.
So, everyone is available cheap, but quite effective treatment of hyperhidrosis of traditional methods. The simplest and “delicious” recommendation is regular use of herbal teas. Especially well proven infusions of mint, chamomile, motherwort and thyme. To prepare them, you need to take a teaspoon of dried herbs of each type, and then pour boiling water (200-250 ml). Insist the composition to a normal tea temperature, then drink. It is not forbidden to add sugar or honey, but remember that bee products are powerful allergens. If you have a predisposition to allergies, it is better to choose a different sweetener.
You can use natural apple cider vinegar. This is a known anti-sweating agent used for a long time. There are two ways to use it. The first is to moisten cotton wool or any suitable rag with a bite (of course, it is vinegar with a concentration of not more than 9%), then gently wipe the most sweating areas with it. Wait for the complete drying of the composition and go to bed. You need to repeat every day, best of all - twice, in the morning and in the evening. Ideally, this should be done after taking a shower, when there is no sebum and dried sweat on the skin.
The second way is to takevinegar inside. True, not in pure form. First you need to take a teaspoon of vinegar and the same amount of honey (preferably a liquid consistency). All this is mixed up to the formation of a completely homogeneous mixture. Take one or two times a day, on an empty stomach. Bedtime composition should be used on a mandatory basis.
Advice to all bath lovers. Practice has proven that the best prevention of sweating - regular trips to the steam room. And it should be steamed oak broom. In addition, to the branches of the oak tree is shown to add branches of Hypericum, thyme and a series. They not only give a wonderful aroma, but also contribute to the normalization of the work of the sweat glands.
We offer you a cheap and easy way to get rid of hyperhidrosis. You need to take the usual baking soda, mix it with water so that a thick paste is formed, and then apply the resulting composition to the skin of those parts of the body that are especially susceptible to sweating. Be patient and wait until the paste is completely dry. After that it can be washed off with clean water without soap. As in the case of "acetic" wiping, you must perform the procedure at least twice a day.
The epidemiology of night sweats WHO has not been studied, but, according to some studies of medical institutions in the United States, up to 30-34% of patients over 64 years of age who applied to general practitioners complain of this symptom. 75-80% of women sweat at night during menopause and at least 16% of oncologic hospice patients.
Causes of night sweats
This symptom is non-specific, that is, it manifests itself in many diseases: infectious, viral, endocrine, malignant, autoimmune. In almost a third of cases, doctors face difficulties in identifying the true cause of night sweats, and then we are talking about idiopathic night overhydration.
Symptoms of night sweats
Night sweats in pulmonary tuberculosis, which cause Mycobacterium tuberculosis, are typical symptoms of this infectious disease, along with general weakness, fever, weight loss, cough, etc. Despite various pathogens, almost all patients have night sweats in pneumonia and bronchopneumonia, pleurisy, lung abscess, infectious mononucleosis, coccidioidomycosis, brucellosis. The first signs of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: weakness, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and night sweats with HIV.
Night sweating in syphilis, the causative agent of which is the spirochete Treponema pallidum, is explained by venereologists by the penetration of treponema into the systemic circulation and its negative polyneurogenic effect on the body.
Night sweating in chronic hepatitis, which can occur without yellowness of the skin and sclera, is considered the response of the body not only to the introduction of the virus, but also to the formation of lymphoid infiltrates in the liver parenchyma.
Severe night sweats are among the symptoms of hyperthyroidism (thyrotoxicosis) - an increased level of thyroid hormones. And in this case, the pathogenesis is due to the ability of thyroid hormones to increase heat production by the body.
In diabetes mellitus, nocturnal weakness, sweating, and hunger are noted, which in endocrinology is commonly referred to as the hypoglycemic syndrome. In diabetic patients, insulin levels and blood glucose levels drop at night, resulting in an increase in adrenaline synthesis by the adrenal glands, and adrenaline — by entering the bloodstream and acting on specific receptors — activates the sympathetic nervous system.
Night sweating in the IRR - vegetative-vascular dystonia is also associated with autonomic disorders of the nervous system: in response to an increase in the synthesis of acetylcholine (lowering blood pressure), the functions of the sweat glands are activated. VSD is characterized by night sweats on the neck, back and scalp.
Also nightly bouts of weakness and sweating observed in cancer (leukemia, lymphoma, malignant corticosteroma and pheochromocytoma, cancer, lung and kidney), myeloproliferative diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, systemic lupus erythematosus, gastroesophageal reflux disease, chronic nephritis, insulinoma, Parkinson's disease , obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome. In addition, the causes of night sweats may be associated with strokes, infective endocarditis, osteomyelitis, Itsenko-Cushing's disease, herpes zoster (Herpes zoster), obesity, spinal cord injuries.
Night sweats are a side effect of some antipyretic, decongestants and antihypertensive drugs, tricyclic antidepressants, phenothiazine antipsychotics, opiates, corticosteroids, hormone replacement medicines, and dietary supplements with iron and zinc.
Night sweats in children
In addition to most of the reasons listed above (hepatitis, pneumonia, etc.), night sweats in children in the first two years may indicate a deficiency of calciferols (vitamin D), in which the occipital part of the head is sweating in a dream, as well as congenital heart disease or Cerebral palsy.
Night coughing and sweating in children give almost all infectious inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract, accompanied by fever.
One of the possible options for children from 4-12 years old is night sweating due to night terrors.
When infected with hepatic trimatodes and the development of opisthorchiasis in a child, there is weakness and lethargy, poor appetite, night sweats, diarrhea and sore throat (or soreness), pain in the right abdomen. It should be borne in mind that night sweats can occur with most helminth infections.
If snoring and night sweats have appeared in a child, then it is necessary to contact an otolaryngologist, since it can only be used to find out the possible cause of these symptoms: tonsillitis, inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsil, nasal septum curvature or obstructive sleep apnea.
Hyperactivity of the thyroid gland also causes severe sweating during sleep, and, according to endocrinologists, Graves disease is often diagnosed in girls 11-15 years old. In children 6-14 years of age, a rare tumor of the adrenal glands can occur - pheochromocytoma, which is manifested by nocturnal hyperhidrosis, episodic attacks of tachycardia and an increase in blood pressure.
Pediatricians warn that night sweats in adolescent children can be not only a physiological sign of puberty (adolescent "hormonal storms"), but also a symptom of leukemia (acute lymphoblastic or myeloblastic leukemia) or Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Night sweats for women
One of the most common causes of nocturnal hyperhidrosis in women older than 43-45 years are hormonal changes associated with menopause and perimenopause. Night sweats with menopause and daytime "hot flashes" are the classic vasomotor symptoms of this condition, which is caused by a decrease in the level of estradiol in the blood and a disturbance in the circadian rhythm of GnRH secretion.
Night sweating before menstruation is a physiologically normal phenomenon and is associated with the same sex hormones. But if a young woman suffers from night sweats, and it is not related to the menstrual cycle, then you should be afraid of problems with the thyroid gland or pituitary, as well as premature extinction of ovarian function or the possible development of a hormone-dependent tumor.
Night sweats during pregnancy are usually caused by changes in hormone levels, and night sweats after childbirth are also associated with the elimination of excess interstitial fluid accumulated during pregnancy.
Night sweats for men
Night sweats in men has many causes - see earlier Causes of night sweats.
But there are specific reasons too. After 50 night episodes of weakness and sweating may indicate the beginning of andropause - age-related decline in testosterone levels, accompanied by an increase in blood pressure and disorders in the genitourinary area. This condition refers to the physiologically due, that is, it is not a pathology. However, it should be borne in mind that night sweats in men under 40 years of age can be a sign of such dangerous diseases as inflammatory prostate cancer or testicular cancer.
Night sweating after alcohol is due to the fact that the blood vessels reflexly expand, blood acidity increases, insulin production by the pancreas decreases, and the toxic load on the liver increases. By the way, increased sweating (as a result of subfebrile temperature) may be in the initial stage of cirrhosis ...
Diagnosis of night sweats
Night sweating is not a disease, but a symptom, moreover, more often than not the only one. And only on this symptom can determine the cause of its occurrence, perhaps, only if there is a clear inflammation of the upper respiratory tract with fever.
So, “diagnosing night sweats” involves identifying the disease, which may require extensive medical examination, including anamnesis, an examination and tests (blood, urine, feces) prescribed by a doctor to determine the functional characteristics of the body’s basic systems. Particularly important in the diagnostic plan is a biochemical blood test for the level of genital and thyroid-reactive, as well as for antibodies.
Narrow specialists use instrumental diagnostics: x-ray and ultrasound examination of internal organs, CT and MRI, laparoscopic examination, etc.
In any case, the diagnosis of diseases that cause excessive sweating at night is a differential diagnosis, the purpose of which is to find the cause and choose the right way to eliminate it.
Increased sweating at night, called night hyperhidrosis, is expressed as an increase in the amount of sweat secreted through the skin. Sweating can sutra detect wet hair, skin and bedding, feel discomfort during sleep. But sometimes other symptoms join, such as hot flashes (feeling of strong heat or heat in the upper part of the body), general malaise, weakness or, on the contrary, increased excitability, fever and chills, and so on.
Why does hyperhidrosis occur?
Why do night sweats appear? All causes can be divided into pathological and physiological. It is worth starting with the latter, since they are not caused by deviations and do not lead to serious consequences.
So, the physiological causes of night sweats:
- Nightmare. Surely everyone at least once woke up in a sweat because of poor sleep. But if the nightmares are constant, it is not normal.
- Increased temperature in the room. It is logical that the body will release an increased amount of sweat, which is caused by the evaporation of moisture through the skin.
- Excessively humid air can also trigger hyperhidrosis.
- Warm or synthetic blanket. If it does not let the air through and does not evaporate moisture (and in any case it is excreted by the human body), the amount of sweat will increase and it will not evaporate.
- Synthetic or too warm clothes. The reasons will be the same as in the previous paragraph.
- Overeating in the evening or eating spicy foods, as well as strong tea and coffee. An excessive amount of food increases the load on the digestive tract, as a result of which he is forced to work at night and does not always cope. Indigestion may be accompanied by sweating. А острые приправы усиливают кровообращение.
Теперь перечислим патологические причины:
- У женщин ночной гипергидроз может быть одним из симптомов менопаузы или климакса. В такие сложные и неприятные периоды происходят серьёзные гормональные перестройки, провоцирующие нарушения некоторых важных процессов, в том числе и терморегуляции.
- Idiopathic hyperhidrosis is a disease characterized by constant increased sweating and not caused by any disruption in the functioning of body systems.
- Acute infections (influenza, mononucleosis, malaria SARS), accompanied by symptoms such as fever, chills or fever, fever, and more. Excessive sweating in a dream is one of the signs of intoxication of the body and a kind of protective mechanism designed to quickly remove all harmful substances with sweat.
- Other serious diseases that may be latent or have a chronic form. These include, above all, tuberculosis, bronchitis, and AIDS.
- Endocrine disorders: hyperteriosis, Itsenko-Cushing's disease, hypoglycemia, thyroiditis, diabetes, obesity.
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system, such as endocarditis, heart failure, myocarditis.
- Diseases of the nervous system (nerve fibers are involved in the processes of thermoregulation and sweating), for example, vegetative-vascular dystonia, neuropathy, epilepsy.
- Some sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea, are most common in men. With prolonged breathing, the body experiences stress, which leads to increased sweating.
- Increased sweating may be one of the side effects of taking certain medications, especially if they are taken at bedtime or in the afternoon. These include antidepressants, antipyretics, NSAIDs, antipsychotics, and some others.
- Diseases of autoimmune nature, such as rheumatoid arthritis, Takayasu syndrome, rheumatic polyarthritis.
- Some oncological diseases, for example, lymphoma, leukemia, can also lead to hyperhidrosis at night.
- Mental disorders: psychosis, neurosis, depression, schizophrenia, bipolar affective disorder and others.
- Alcohol abuse or taking drugs.
How to solve a problem?
What to do with night sweats? To eliminate such an unpleasant problem, you need to begin treatment of the underlying disease that caused the symptom in question. And for this you should go to an appointment with a doctor and undergo a full examination to identify violations. For effective diagnostics, such procedures as blood tests, computed or electromagnetic tomography of individual organs or parts of the body, ultrasound, radiography and so on can be prescribed.
A consultation with a doctor will certainly help to clarify the causes of night hyperhidrosis, but the specialist will need to create a complete clinical picture, so describe your symptoms in detail, and also try to remember when they appeared and what events preceded them.
In order to avoid unpleasant increased night sweats, observe the following preventive measures:
- Visit your doctor regularly and undergo routine examinations in order to identify and eliminate even minor deviations in time.
- Try to observe the daily regimen and not overwork, and also go to bed as early as possible and at the same time.
- Before going to bed, ventilate the room well, or rather leave the window ajar for the night (this is the airing mode). And remember that the temperature of the air in the room should not exceed 24-25 degrees. And the optimum humidity is 60-70%.
- Choose a blanket that matches the season and air temperature, as well as made from natural breathable materials. Pajamas should also "breathe" and not be too warm.
- Do not overeat before bedtime, and in the afternoon, avoid strong coffee and tea, as well as heavy and spicy foods.
- Try to avoid stress and do not plan for the second half of the day actions and activities that adversely affect the psyche (for example, watching thrillers).
- Create the most calm and comfortable atmosphere in the bedroom so that the sleep is healthy and sound.
If you are sweating at night, review your lifestyle and consult a doctor to solve this unpleasant problem.
Hypohidrosis and anhidrosis
It seems that some people do not sweat at all. No matter how hot or humid it is around, they stay as cold as a cucumber. Perhaps this is a sign of hypohidrosis - reduced sweating, or even anhidrosis - inability to sweat. Although someone may envy such a feature, but. there is nothing good in it. Inability to sweat is a potentially dangerous condition, as it can lead to overheating, heat stroke, and eventually death. Older people are at risk, especially if they have really reduced sweating. But they may not feel overheated until it is too late.
Although sometimes disorders of sweating appear due to serious genetic diseases, these are mainly acquired states. For example, hypohydrosis and anhidrosis sometimes affects large or small areas of the body - and this is a reaction to some medications, especially antihistamines or drugs for excessive sweating.
Causes of sweating disorders
A group of drugs — anticholinergic agents used to lower blood pressure and relieve angina, psychiatric disorders, and muscle cramps — can also cause impaired sweating.
In some cases, a decrease in sweating or lack of it can be a sign of damage to the sweat glands from burns, injuries and various skin diseases. These disorders can signal serious neurological pathologies, such as Parkinson's disease and Guillain-Barré syndrome — an autoimmune disease that causes numbness, weakness, and sometimes paralysis of the limbs. In addition, lack of sweat or a small amount of it is a sign of peripheral neuropathy, common among diabetics, or autonomous neuropathy, a condition in which nerves that regulate sweating, heart rate, blood pressure, digestion and other key body functions are damaged.
It should be noted that autonomic neuropathy itself can be a sign of diabetes, as well as alcoholism, tumors, autoimmune disorders and other serious diseases. All people have a characteristic odor, which, like fingerprints, according to recent Austrian research, can be used to identify individuals. The researchers also found that the composition of male and female sweat is different.
Causes of sweating at night
Consider some of the symptoms of the disease by sweating at night. Have you ever woken up in the middle of the night, running out afterwards? In women, this most often happens during menopause. Night hyperhidrosis is a sign of various disorders that cause sweating during the day, but causes more inconvenience, since it interrupts sleep - the person himself or his partner.
Medication is the cause of night sweats
Night and day sweating is a common reaction to many drugs, including hypertensives, antidepressants, cortisone, insulin, hormones, leprolide (for treating infertility and prostate cancer), niacin (for lowering cholesterol), nitroglycerin (for angina) and some drugs to restore erectile function.
Night sweating is a common reaction to taking antipyretics: aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and other drugs taken at high temperatures. Night sweats are a sign of anxiety, and, unfortunately, some drugs for treating anxiety also cause increased sweat. Many alcoholics and drug addicts suffer from this problem.
The main causes of night sweats
It should be added that increased night sweating is a manifestation of some systemic disorders, including gastrointestinal reflux, hypoglycemia caused by diabetes, mononucleosis and HIV / AIDS. Night sweat is a classic manifestation of tuberculosis and malaria. With tuberculosis, cough and fever appear, and malaria is accompanied by nausea, headache and chills. But sweating often occurs with chills characteristic of these infections.
Night sweats are observed in some forms of cancer, especially leukemia, Hodgkin's disease (Hodgkin's lymphoma) and other types of lymphoma. These serious diseases have other distinguishing features - weight loss and fever. But in the case of Hodgkin's lymphoma, night sweats may be the only complaint.
Erythrocytosis - the cause of night sweats
Finally, night sweats can be one of the earliest signs of a rare blood disorder, erythrocytosis, in which the bone marrow produces more blood cells than necessary, especially red blood cells. There are many other names for this pathology, including polycythemia, myeloproliferative disorder, Osler's disease, and it mainly affects people aged 60, and more often than men than women.
Other signs of this disease include headaches, dizziness, itching after a warm bath or shower, flushing of the face, difficulty breathing, feeling of fullness in the left upper part of the abdominal cavity. Some people have vision problems, gums start to bleed, and other circulatory disorders occur. The increased content of red blood cells thickens the blood and can lead to internal changes in organs and tissues, to heart attack, stroke, blood clots in the lungs, legs, and other places. Without proper treatment, people with this disease die within two years.
Of the several millions of sweat glands located in the human body, most are located on the surface of the palms - about one and a half thousand per square centimeter. And only about 1% of the sweat is excreted under the arms. Fortunately, the sweat on the palms is usually odorless. According to the latest research conducted by the University of California, Berkeley, men's sweat can be very attractive for women. It contains the substance androstenedion, which is sometimes added to perfumes and colognes as a potential aphrodisiac. Earlier it was proved that the sweat of male armpits improves mood in women and even affects ovulation. These studies have shown that androstenedione has a positive effect on hormones, sexual arousal and mood of a woman.
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Night sweats: causes and treatment
Excessive sweating at night is a very common problem that women and men often face, but they do not consider this a reason to visit a doctor. However, this is not correct, it is very important to consult a doctor in a timely manner in order to maintain your own health. Night sweats, the causes of which may lie not only in small malfunctions of the body, but also in more serious diseases, is a problem that should not be ignored.
Causes and symptoms of sweating at night
Often the following reasons cause night sweats:
- emotional overload
- inflammation of the blood vessels
- side effects of drugs
- oncological diseases,
- HIV infection.
Night sweating in women most often occurs due to hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy or menopause.
Night sweats in men are often associated with drops in blood pressure, as well as excessive consumption of spicy foods and spices before bedtime.
The main symptom of night sweats is excessive sweating during sleep, not associated with overheating or physical exertion. Bed suffering from night sweats in the morning becomes very wet.
Methods of treating night sweats
If the reason for increased night sweats lies in the internal disease, the doctor should prescribe the necessary treatment. Very often, night sweats occur due to a disease such as hyperhidrosis. In this case, excessive sweating worries not only at night, but during the day. For the treatment of this disease using various creams and gels, as well as folk remedies.
Pharmacy drugs against sweating at night
Formaldehyde-based medications help eliminate excessive sweating. The most effective of them are Formagel and Pasta Teymurova. Formaldehyde contained in these creams has a strong astringent and disinfectant action. After a single application of such funds sweating is reduced by about 70%.
Also, antiperspirant, which can only be purchased at a pharmacy, successfully fights with excessive sweating. Odaban, Dry-Dry, PURAX, Maxim are considered the most effective of them. Their effectiveness is explained by the presence in the composition of a large amount of zinc and aluminum. The product must be applied to a clean and dry code half an hour after taking a shower. This should be done at night, and in the morning you should wash it off with water.
Folk remedies against night sweats
It is possible to significantly reduce sweating at night with the help of folk remedies.
All of the above methods help reduce the symptoms of night sweats, but since it usually accompanies other serious illnesses, treatment should start with them. Therefore, it is very important to first determine the causes of the disease and eliminate them. And this is almost impossible to do without consulting a doctor.