In order for the birth of your four-legged pet to pass successfully and without complications, and the puppies were born strong and healthy, you should take care of the dog during pregnancy. It is very important to change the diet and exercise. Therefore, you need to know how to determine pregnancy in a dog.
The duration of the "interesting" position
On average, a normal pregnancy with our smaller friends lasts 61-66 days, that is, about two months. There are deviations, but small. The exact duration of pregnancy in dogs depends on both the breed and the individual characteristics of the organism and the number of puppies. It can vary from 57 to 72 days.
When can you tell if a dog is pregnant?
It will be possible to find out for sure if the mating has been successfully completed only in 1.5-2 weeks. Noticeable signs of pregnancy in the dog appear at all only a month after conception. However, professionals may notice minor changes in the behavior of the animal, which may indicate a "interesting" situation. If pregnancy is the first, then the stomach of a four-legged pet can be rounded only before the very birth. Today, it is not necessary to guess whether the mating was successful. You can contact the veterinary clinic and in the first month of pregnancy find out the exact data on the condition of your dog. This can be done with ultrasound.
Signs of pregnancy in dogs help to learn about the condition of the cat early. However, today and veterinary clinics offer the service of early diagnosis using a special test. This is a blood test that will show the level of the hormone relaxin. By the second week of pregnancy, he begins to grow. This may indicate a "interesting" situation. If you conduct this test by the end of the first month of pregnancy, the result can be obtained 100%.
The most reliable way to find out if a dog is pregnant is an ultrasound. The procedure is carried out from 24 to 35 days after mating. At this period, you can accurately see not only the presence of puppies, but also find out their exact number, predict the course of pregnancy. In order to more accurately diagnose ultrasound done in the later stages. For example, on the 38-45 day after mating. You can trace the formation of babies, to draw conclusions about their health and readiness for birth.
Early signs of pregnancy dogs
Any dog owner wants to know as soon as possible whether the mating was successful. The attentive owner will be able to determine the pregnancy in the early stages, if he observes the behavior of his pet. A dog after breeding behaves as usual. The first bell may be a decrease in appetite. Fertilization occurred - the hormonal background began to change. And the dog feels it. The body is under stress. This can be reflected in poor health, lack of appetite, anxiety.
You will not believe it, but dogs also have toxemia! The body can respond to a pregnancy with vomiting and diarrhea. This is a temporary phenomenon that will not last long. Provide comfort and peace for the animal. Toxicosis is an early sign of pregnancy. If vomiting appeared in the second month, this is a bad sign. In this case, an urgent need to consult a doctor. Changes in behavior can also indicate an "interesting" position. An active dog can become affectionate, abandon the turbulent games in favor of quiet evenings in the society of the owner. There may be aggression, anxiety. The animal is able to worry and negatively relate to touch, especially in the back and abdomen.
A dog may become passive if it is often overcome by sleepiness. Some future moms can literally sleep all day. It is very important not to forget that a decrease in activity and lack of appetite is evidence of the onset of the disease. Therefore, if your dog has become passive and has stopped eating, you should immediately contact a veterinarian. He will be able to accurately determine whether this behavior is a disease or the vagaries of the future mother. A change in the nipples may occur in the second week of pregnancy. They swell, changing color.
Signs of a false pregnancy in dogs
The phenomenon of a false pregnancy is not uncommon in a canine world. It occurs a month after estrus in unrelated bitches or in case of unsuccessful mating. In this case, the hormonal changes in the same way as in a fertilized dog: all the early signs of pregnancy are present. At an animal nipples swell, the colostrum is allocated. The female can build a lair and even treats her toys like puppies. Signs of a false pregnancy in dogs usually go away on their own in 2-3 weeks. In some cases, you may need the help of a veterinarian and hormone therapy.
4 weeks after the mating it is already clear whether the dog is pregnant. Hormonal storms subside, the behavior of the four-legged pet will return to normal. Puppies in the second month of pregnancy are actively growing. The dog's stomach starts to round out. She often turns over in her sleep, can be laid on a litter for a long time. There are signs by which one can judge the normal course of pregnancy. The animal has a good appetite. Moreover, if the diet of the future mother is made up correctly, it is balanced and satisfying, then she will not eat for three. She has enough and the usual amount of food.
The dog saves the stomach, allowing only the owner to be close to him. If an animal has had problems with the perception of other people before, then it can become aggressive towards outsiders. Many animals do not like to touch their belly. In addition, there is a tone of the uterus. The abdomen becomes hard and elastic. It protects growing puppies. Nipples swell, change color and become warm. They can be filled with colostrum. Transparent mucous secretions may appear from the genitals, especially after urination.
From 25-30 days puppies heartbeat can be heard with a stethoscope. When you touch the stomach, you can feel the babies, their movements. Many veterinarians do not recommend performing ultrasounds in 35-40 days. This gestation period in dogs allows you to determine the number of puppies and judge their health.
Last weeks of pregnancy
At the end of the second month, the position of the future mother is obvious. The abdomen is noticeably rounded and sags, especially if there are many puppies expected. The dog may get better a little, a layer of fat appears on the sides. And this is completely normal. However, if the appetite has increased or the dog has a tendency to be overweight and gluttony, then a strict diet should be established. Excess weight will not benefit neither mother nor puppies. Therefore, overfeeding the animal is prohibited. Obesity will adversely affect childbirth and will subsequently affect the health of the dog.
The motor activity of the animal during this period is significantly reduced. It is already difficult for her to move, she saves her strength before giving birth. If necessary, the time for walking should be reduced, and in some cases even move the bowls of food and water closer to the bed. And ensure the animal peace. If you put your hand on the dog's belly, you can clearly feel the movements of the babies.
Caring for a pregnant dog
After the planned mating, without waiting for the first signs of pregnancy to appear in the dog, the owners should begin to rebuild the schedule and diet. The place of the animal should be large so that the future mother can comfortably lie down even with a raised tummy. If necessary, lounger should be increased. Females in position are more picky about litter, since it is difficult for them to find a comfortable position. If the four-legged pet began to refuse any products, for example, eggs or milk, you should not force it. This can lead to dysbiosis and allergies. Early gestation in dogs - it's time to take a course of vitamins. Especially needed are calcium, magnesium, ascorbic acid. These may be powders or biological additives.
In walks to limit the petition is not worth it. The dog itself will understand when it is time to stop active games. It is also important that the future mother went to the street. It is useful sunbathing necessary for the metabolism and synthesis of vitamins. Rest is important for a dog in a position, therefore the place should be in a quiet corner, where children and other pets will not annoy the animal with excessive attention. Do not let a pregnant bitch lie on a cold surface for a long time: concrete, earth, wet grass. Rides on cars also have to be reduced, as many dogs in the position begins to rock.
Also, a pregnant bitch should be protected as much as possible from jumping, falling, active games with other animals. Be very careful on the stairs and avoid them if possible. Find a veterinarian in advance who will lead the pregnancy and give birth. It can be urgently addressed in cases of force majeure. Pregnancy of dogs of small breeds often takes place under the careful supervision of a veterinarian, as many are incapable of independent childbirth and they will need surgery. Monitor the condition of the animal. Remember that during pregnancy all diseases are aggravated and possible health problems are felt. For example, brachycephalus may experience difficulty in breathing, and large dogs may suffer from joint pain.
How to raise a pregnant dog?
Do dogs in a position often spoil the character. They can become capricious. Some cease to obey the master and execute commands. A cat can simply lie on the ground and refuse to go on. Often there are situations when a dog needs to be picked up and put on its paws. First make sure that the animal is not sick. If the breathing is even, the look is clear, you can raise it. Never hold your belly. Place one hand under the chest, the other support the pelvis. It is necessary to put a dog on all four paws. Do not release your hands until you are sure that she is standing by herself.
The early signs of pregnancy in a dog will help you quickly find out whether the mating has been successfully performed. However, to change the usual way of life should begin immediately after the alleged conception. Proper care and care will contribute to a healthy pregnancy.
The content of the article
- Features of pregnancy in dogs
- How is the pregnancy in dogs
- Why does a dog have a false pregnancy?
On average, carrying puppies lasts 63 days. This time period can be reduced to 56 or increase to 73 days. In any case, puppies born at this time are considered mature and viable. If the pregnancy lasts more than 73 days, the owner must consult a doctor to examine their pet. It is possible that the operation will be required.
Signs of affection
Immediately after mating, even an experienced dog breeder is difficult to determine whether the bitch has become pregnant or not. The dog does not change its behavior, eats normally. After about 14 days, she may experience drowsiness, loss of appetite, depressed mood. Mucous secretions may appear from the loop. During this period, do not force the dog to eat or move. Just make sure that clean water is available to her all the time.
From 30–35 days nipples swell. Ultrasound diagnosis or palpation can already show the presence of pregnancy. The belly of the future mother in the area of the ribs begins to increase. This is especially noticeable when the dog is sitting. The animal makes fewer movements, avoids a large load and sudden jumps.
From about 45 days, the abdomen begins to increase daily. It is already difficult for him to overlook even an inexperienced host. Puppies can be felt through the abdominal wall. The animal rests more and more, eats well. To feed a puppy bitch at this time is better in small portions and more often than usual.
50 days after conception, the future mother will have milk. She moves a little. From the 58th day the dog starts to worry, makes a nest. Puppies are ready for birth.
Differences in the gestation period of different dogs
In general, all the main points of pregnancy are similar. Small differences may be related to the age of the dog or its breed. For example, old animals need more care in the final stages of pregnancy. Their paws may swell, shortness of breath appears.
In dogs of small breed, behavioral reactions are more pronounced during whelping, since their nervous systems are more fragile. If an animal gives birth for the first time, then signs of affection will appear later in it than in those who have given birth. Milk in a primiparous dog also appears only on the day of birth or the day before.
All other features of the course of pregnancy are the same. A healthy dog does not bring too much anxiety to its owners, and 2 months after mating it gives birth to healthy offspring.
In the first two weeks, the symptoms of pregnancy in dogs are manifested purely individually, and tests at such an early stage will not give a result. Uncertainty often leads to the fact that the dog is knitted again, and in one litter puppies are born formally from different matings, and possibly from different males.
Experts identify four signs that help determine pregnancy in a dog at home in the early stages.
- Bad appetite. Soon it will recover and improve, but at the first stage, the body has stress. Changes in hormonal levels and other sensations prevent the pet from enjoying food.
- Toxicosis. Like the body of a pregnant woman, the body of the bitch is “protected” from the DNA developing in the womb. As with women, toxicosis goes away by itself. You can help only by ensuring peace and access to clean water. If nausea has not passed after a month, it is necessary to consult a doctor - the mother’s health and puppies are no longer threatened by toxicosis, but by complete intoxication.
- Change of behavior. Some pregnant bitches become passive, constantly sleeping and not interested in anything. Others, on the contrary, become overly loving and constantly cling to people.
- Condition nipples. In experienced mothers, nipples may begin to swell in the first two weeks, in dogs with the first pregnancy, the nipples may change color, and the skin around them may become denser.
Science will help confirm the fact of conception since the third week. During this period, you can conduct a pregnancy test for dogs. In the laboratory examine the blood of the animal. Elevated levels of the hormone relaxin indicate successful fertilization.
After three weeks, the doctor can already listen to the puppies heartbeat, you can also do an ultrasound, although it is better to wait up to 35–40 days when the study can provide full information on the number of puppies and their health status.
How long does the pregnancy last in dogs: normal daily
Inexperienced dog lovers, setting themselves up for long-term care of their future mother, ask themselves the question: how many months does the dog carry puppies? The process is very short-lived - two months, and if everything is done correctly, you will become the master of the cutest brood.
The exact duration of pregnancy in dogs is individual, depending on the size and health of the animal, the number of puppies in the litter, and a number of other factors. Average:
- pregnancy in dogs of small breeds - lasts up to 60 days,
- pregnancy in dogs of large breeds - lasts 63-65 days.
If there are many puppies in the litter, childbirth can begin earlier.
The peculiarity of canine physiology is that fertilization does not occur as a result of mating. Male sperm remain viable in the body of the female for several days after mating. Accurately determine the day of conception is not always possible. The first signs after mating may also not manifest immediately, so the owner is better to focus not only on the calendar, but on the health of the dog and the conclusion of the veterinarian. Worry is, when the gestation period is approaching 70 days - there is a risk to endure. In this case, the veterinarian will decide on the promotion of labor or cesarean section.
Stage of congenital and fetal development
Two months of carrying puppies conditionally divided into six stages of pregnancy.
- 0-20 days. From fertilization of the egg to the formation of the heart of offspring.
- 20-28 day. The offspring takes on the appearance of future puppies, but without fur. From this period, pregnancy is already visible to the naked eye, the dog grows belly, changes movements and habits.
- 28-34 day. Puppies are excellent on ultrasound, they have already gained a quarter of the future weight, the bones of the limbs and ribs are strengthened.
- 34-37 day. The formation of all life support systems of the body enters the final stage.
- 37-55 days. The end of the formation of the body, weight gain, preparation for childbirth.
- From 56 days. Bitch begins to look for a secluded place for childbirth, hard to lick, nipples can already allocate colostrum.
Care for your future mom
The first stage of caring for the health of future puppies and their mother during pregnancy begins long before the very process of conception. В первую очередь посмотрите в ветпаспорте сроки следующей вакцинации и соотнесите их с предполагаемым периодом беременности и выкармливания щенков. Если они не совпадают — хорошо. Если совпадают, то посоветуйтесь с врачом и пройдите прививки чуть раньше срока.
Сделать ежегодные прививки необходимо приблизительно за три месяца до наступления течки, в которую планируется вязка. A large period is due to the fact that more than once a quarter it is impossible to treat an animal from worms, and the deworming procedure is obligatory both before vaccination and before mating. In both cases, it is carried out two weeks before the procedure.
A month before mating, a dog should be reduced to a professional examination and, at the discretion of the veterinarian, be tested for herpes, streptococcus, staphylococcus, chlamydia, brucellosis and other diseases.
In the first month outwardly, the animal practically does not change. If internal processes go smoothly, changes in diet and daily regimen are not required. Depending on the symptoms of pregnancy in the dog in the early stages, for example, in case of toxicosis, it may require additional nutrition or vice versa, reducing the portion with an increase in the proportion of proteins and reduction of carbohydrates. If your pet is sick in the morning, try to make its diet more neutral, add back broth, kefir, low-fat cottage cheese. A dog should always have clean water. Experts strongly do not recommend in this phase to increase the amount of feed, since you can provoke weight gain. Diet is still the same - twice a day.
Walking while you can and should be. The animal retains the usual activity, and as a precautionary measure, it is enough to avoid intense loads and exercises. Exceptions are some working breeds, for example, German shepherds, which even during pregnancy are recommended long walks to a reasonable fatigue in an animal. Small breeds that are inactive by nature should be further protected from jumping from a height.
It is time to reconsider the physical activity of the nursery and its nutrition in the fourth or fifth week. Most bitches during this period themselves become less mobile, and it is not necessary to load them with long walks. Even if all vaccinations are made, protect the animal from unnecessary contact with other dogs, especially with dogs. During this period it is normal for an animal to sleep a lot, to seek solitude, or vice versa. Toward the middle of the second month, many females have a maternal instinct that causes them to take care of their favorite toy and react sensitively to any squeak, vaguely resembling a scheniah.
Even before the diagnosis confirmed pregnancy, make it a rule to wash your paws after walking with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or a similar disinfectant.
It is better to refuse bathing for this period and the time of raising puppies - any stress can harm the expectant mother and babies. If it is nevertheless necessary - avoid drafts and hypothermia; after washing, thoroughly dry the coat and undercoat.
In the second half of pregnancy, critically examine your darling. If overweight is visible to the naked eye, do not increase your daily calorie intake. If the animal looks thin, you will need to increase the portion. Often, during this period, the dog's appetite increases, because it eats not only for itself, but also for kids. In case of a small pregnancy, the dog may not need abundant food for puppies. Focus on the appearance and behavior of the cat.
It is important that during this period the animal receives a balanced diet, covering the body's needs for nutrients, vitamins and minerals. But at the same time it is important to remember that during pregnancy the female should appear only a thin fat layer, and not obesity, which will complicate childbirth. Since puppies are becoming larger and can physically push on the internal organs, it is better to transfer the dog to three meals a day, and in the later periods to feed up to five times a day in small portions.
Animals that feed on dry food are transferred to a special food for pregnant women. It is important to comply with the dosage recommended by the manufacturer, do not overfeed the animal and provide round-the-clock access to drinking water. Natural nutrition must necessarily include dairy products, lean meat, boiled by-products rich in vitamins and macronutrients. Kefir, cottage cheese, on request, vegetables and fruits can be given as a moderate addition to dry food. Once or twice a week for wool it is useful to give an egg.
In the last week of pregnancy, the diet is made more dietary, it practically excludes meat and supplements to facilitate childbirth. Vitamins or special vitamin-mineral complexes for pregnant women should be given according to the manufacturer's instructions. Some are introduced into the diet from the first days, others begin to give even before viscous.
The dog should receive additional doses of calcium. Breeds prone to joint problems also need phosphorus and vitamin D. In the second month, you can additionally give a drop of vitamin E per serving of food.
By the second month of pregnancy, your dog will require additional amenities. The animal becomes heavier, increases in volume, becomes less agile, and should have a comfortable place to sleep and rest. Buy, lend or make from old blankets a new, larger in area, stove bench.
A week before giving birth, a dog may begin to choose a secluded place where it plans to give birth. It can be a wardrobe, a drawer, a cozy nook. You can offer her a box covered with blankets or equip her chosen place. The future “birth” should be spacious enough, you or the veterinarian should have access to help.
Make sure that in the room where mothers and newborns will live, the temperature regime is kept around 30 ° C. Hypothermia and heat are harmful to puppies. A little later, mom and offspring will need a playpen or an improvised aviary, whence an adult animal will be able to go out easily, but kids will not.
Calculate the approximate dates of delivery and try to take a few days off or vacation. Prepare in advance:
- rubber diaper - for the box,
- diapers, sterile bandages or gauze - for wiping puppies,
- cotton wool, iodine, brilliant green, petrolatum - and antiseptic for hands and instruments,
- sterile threads - for the umbilical cord,
- colored woolen threads - to distinguish puppies,
- sterile scissors - with rounded ends, for the umbilical cord
- syringe - to remove mucus from the nose,
- scales and notebook - to record the time, weight and the sequence of the appearance of babies,
- Syringe with oxytocin - an extreme measure to stimulate contractions.
Hours to add
It is possible to determine that labor is approaching in three to three to five days for whitish discharge from the genitals after sleeping or urinating. This is a mucus plug, the release of which gives the start of preparing the body for the birth of offspring. Control the temperature of the animal - during the day before the birth it decreases by one and a half degrees. At this time, the animal behaves strangely, looks for something, tries to dig up something in the floor, looks inquiringly into the eyes of the owners.
A few hours before the contractions, a powerful mixture of hormones is released into the animal’s bloodstream, which can temporarily make the dog inadequate, too mobile and sociable. Do not let the woman give birth far away from you. After the animal begins to urinate and squat frequently, you can carefully place it in the “birth room”, you have no more than one and a half hours left until the first puppy has left. After birth, you may need:
- separate box with a heating pad - if necessary, separate the puppies from the mother,
- goat's milk or infant formula - in case of lack of milk,
- milk or broth - for women in labor.
Pregnancy may not take place or be interrupted for a variety of reasons, including the incompatibility of partners, illness, infections, parasites and so on. It is important to regularly examine the dog, including with the help of tests and ultrasound, in order to monitor the normal course of whelping and the development of fetuses.
In the case of missed abortion, one or more fetuses cease to develop. The greatest risks in the third week are at the stage of implantation, that is, the final formation of the embryo, or in the seventh or eighth week, when the period of placentation ends. The mother's body can get rid of the frozen embryo, either by miscarriage, or by resorption of the embryo, or by mummification and decomposition of the frozen fetus in the uterus and birth canal.
Miscarriage may be accompanied by pain, purulent discharge, or go completely asymptomatic. In any case, the dog must be examined by a veterinarian. Miscarriage may be partial, and then viable puppies remain in the uterus, and the pregnancy continues. With a full miscarriage, all offspring die. In the latter case, it is important to make sure that there are no fragments left in the uterus.
There are cases of ectopic pregnancy in dogs. It can be caused by a disruption in the sexual and endocrine systems of the dog, or by a consequence of a stomach injury, when the wall of the uterus ruptures, and one or more fetuses enter the abdominal cavity. There are no specific symptoms in this state, it is manifested by abdominal pain, there may be discharge from the genital organs, internal or external bleeding. In most cases, pregnancy is interrupted by dogs. In the early stages, this may be a medical effect, later - surgery.
Also, the need for termination of pregnancy may arise for medical reasons, or due to unplanned mating with an undesirable partner. In this case, you must contact the veterinary clinic as soon as possible. Until the dog shows signs of pregnancy, it is possible with the help of drugs to prevent the fertilized egg from attaching to the uterus wall. An abortion with a surgical procedure often leads to subsequent sterilization of the animal.
On the diet of a pregnant bitch. A few years ago I tried royal feed HT 42 d for pregnant women (from the first day of estrus, up to 42 days of pregnancy).
I started to try on Labradors, I was impressed, now mopsses are grunted during pregnancy. I liked the fact that it provides the necessary amount of protein, calcium and vitamins, while the dog does not gain excess weight, which is important for the normal passage of pregnancy. And the fact that even the picky ones ate it with pleasure. The big plus for me was that the girls who received this feed turned out to be very milky. As you know, milkiness is laid in the period when the dog is pregnant.
Two weeks before the birth I translate to a starter, and accordingly the lactation period I feed them a plus, if my mother doesn’t add “Starter Mousse” with appetite.
From 3-4 weeks I start starter mousse for the babies and gradually start to add drying Starter, first of all in the wetted form, of course.
Since I don’t know what the future owners of the baby will feed when he gets into their house, I’ve started to add natural food (meat, curd, ryazhenka, etc.) from month to week, so that the baby would be A new home could adapt more quickly to its regular diet.
The only minus of a royal for pregnant women is that it is packaged in large bags. For a large dog it is convenient, but for a pug ... I usually still have half a bag left.
On limiting the activity of a pregnant woman. Healthy dog is not for nothing. During pregnancy, she will run and jump perfectly and will give birth to wonderful healthy puppies. If she wants to frolic, let frolic, you should not limit it in this. Loads should not be stronger than before pregnancy, and the same load can be left, especially in the first half of pregnancy.
But it is impossible to categorically allow fights for dogs to be entered so that they do not crush her during the fight.
Here in the second half of pregnancy, you can limit activity, but already look at a particular dog, I know many cases where literally one day before the birth the bitches jumped, ran and everything was fine with them.
How long does the pregnancy last in dogs?
The average length of gestation for a dog can be from 55 to 70 days. Sometimes there are cases when babies can be born on the 60th or 75th day of pregnancy. This is due to the individual physiological characteristics of the female.
One of the reasons for late delivery is any injury that the dog received earlier. In addition, premature birth can occur due to any hidden diseases, as well as be a result of depletion of the body, age characteristics: too old or too young age.
In large breeds of animals, pregnancy lasts for 65 days, although sometimes there are cases that puppies are born on the 54th or 75th day. If there are a large number of puppies in the womb, the pregnancy time will decrease, and with a small amount, respectively, it will increase.
In the early terms of gestation, the dog leads a habitual way of life, just as active and mobile. In the following stages, it is important to limit the excessive activity of the female. Quite often they themselves feel it perfectly and become calmer.
Pregnancy in small dogs
The normal term of whelping in dogs belonging to small breeds is 60 days. In order to find out how many litters will be born, ultrasound can be done in the early stages of pregnancy, and in later ones you can find them.
Before the start of pregnancy in small-breed individuals, the body temperature decreases by several degrees. They are very sensitive to hypothermia or overheating, so you need to ensure that there is an appropriate temperature in the room where the pregnant dog lives.
In small dogs, the size of the stomach is the same small, and this, in turn, affects feeding during their pregnancy. Indeed, with the growth of the uterus, the stomach shifts and is slightly compressed. Therefore, the food should be light, but calorie.
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy in dogs
Many of the dog owners ask the same question: “How to understand if a bitch is pregnant or not?” To do this, you first need to know the signs and symptoms of pregnancy in dogs. The main manifestations of this state are directly dependent on how long the female is. In most cases, if the period is less than three weeks, then almost no changes with the animals do not occur, there is only increased drowsiness and a certain apathy.
Starting from 20-26 days, in the area of the mammary glands, the skin gradually swells, and the glands themselves become pinkish. It is also clearly manifested an increase in the abdomen in the volume, especially in the region of the ribs.
Diagnosis using ultrasound is usually carried out from the 20-25th day. On the screen of the device will already be visible amniotic bubbles with embryos. The most obvious are signs of pregnancy after the 30th day. At this stage, the mammary glands increase significantly in the bitch, and already 5–8 days before giving birth, experienced women give birth to milk. If we talk about dogs that are pregnant for the first time, the milk in most cases arrives right before the birth or during the immediate labor activity.
Starting from the 35th day, the weight of a pregnant female is rapidly increasing every day. At the 8th week of pregnancy, it is possible to probe the individual fetuses in the uterus. At this stage, using X-ray images, you can determine what kind of offspring is expected.
Symptoms of false pregnancy
False pregnancy in dogs is a physiological and mental disorder that occurs in the animal. They can be caused as a result of any deviations in the activity of the sex glands.
External signs of false pregnancy are quite similar to normal. There is a change in pigments of the mammary glands, an enlarged abdomen, colostrum appears, but in reality the fetus is absent. The only sign by which a false pregnancy can be determined is the lack of movement of the embryo in the animal's belly.
All signs of false pregnancy are associated with a dramatic change in the behavior of a bitch:
- The female with special love sets up her lair for future puppies.
- Constantly plays and does not part with soft toys, licks them and behaves as if they were alive.
- There is a certain lethargy regarding walks.
- In most cases, he behaves excitedly and even sometimes aggressively.
If such signs appear, you should immediately contact a veterinarian for help. Also imaginary pregnancy can eliminate the owner himself. To do this, you need to exclude all dairy products from the animal’s diet, try to distract the animal as often as possible and give it various sedatives.
Pregnancy dogs by day
Consider what happens in the process of carrying puppies:
- At week 3, the main symptoms are food refusal and the presence of vomiting. At this stage, the puppies are formed hearts. During this period, it is very important to follow the diet of the bitch and constantly increase its daily amount.
- After 24 days, during the examination, the doctor may feel the embryo.
- On the 29th day, the final formation of the appearance of the embryos takes place, without the formation of wool cover.
- On the 6th week, an increase in the abdomen becomes visually noticeable, the nipples turn pink, and the skin around them becomes lighter.
- На протяжении 30-35 дней можно провести ультразвуковую диагностику, а также в эти дни у малышей заканчивается формирование всех главных систем организма.
- 8-я неделя (54-58-й день) – у суки наблюдаются частые вылизывания, а также она занимается поиском будущего места для родов. Перед непосредственными родами температура собаки резко понижается до 35 градусов. Происходит это приблизительно от 6 до 32 часов до начала родов. В этот момент хозяин должен постоянно находиться с животным рядом, чтобы вовремя оказать своей любимице необходимую помощь.
Interruption of the process of pregnancy
If we talk about the consequences that bears unplanned mating, then in this case the opinion of veterinarians is divided. Most of them consider the best way out of the current situation - getting rid of puppies, while others, on the contrary, consider giving birth a healthy process and are categorically against interrupting an unplanned pregnancy.
In order to interrupt the gestation, use a variety of drugs. They contain a steroid hormone, which includes the active substance estradiol benzoate. This drug is administered to the animal by injection intramuscularly on the 2nd and 4th day after mating, and if this time is not known, the procedure is repeated on the 6th day.
Most of the drugs used for interrupting whelping, have a large number of different contraindications, which are often referred to as:
- Inflammation of the uterus.
- Opening bleeding.
- Increase the term estrus.
- Hormonal disruptions.
Therefore, it is not necessary to prescribe drugs by yourself so as not to harm your beloved pet.
In order for the birth to take place in the absolute norm, and puppies were born healthy, you need to monitor the condition of your pet during the entire pregnancy. If there are any changes in the behavior of the animal or it refuses to walk and eat, then you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible.
No need to leave your pet unattended and during childbirth. Usually this process proceeds normally, but the cases are different and at any time the animal may need help or intervention of a veterinarian. Remember, your favorite dog is becoming a mom!
Diagnosing, pregnancy signs of a dog
They are not typical for all become pregnant.. The fact that the pairing was successful, will tell such phenomena (noticeable already at 1-2 weeks), such as:
- toxicosis is usually temporary. Provide your dog with clean water and, if necessary, sorbents.
- poor appetite - due to fluctuations in hormonal levels,
- apathy and increased sleepiness,
- abandonment of games and increased desire for affection,
- earlier swelling of the mammary glands (noted in women who have given birth to a bitch),
- seal of the skin near the nipples (during the first pregnancy),
- change their color to hot pink (in dogs with a light color).
With the onset of the second month of pregnancy, toxicosis usually disappears. If the accompanying symptoms (nausea, weakness, vomiting) persist, the expectant mother should be shown to the veterinarian: toxicosis smoothly flows into intoxication.
On the third week, you can perform a blood test for the presence of relaxin in it, whose high concentration will tell you about the interesting position of the animal.
The duration of pregnancy dogs, periods
Bearing lasts from 53 to 71 days, with large breeds - 63 days, with miniature - 60. The term is individual and is determined by the anatomy, as well as the nuances of a particular breed. It is believed that puppies that appeared earlier than the 53rd day often have difficulty opening the lungs, and postponed ones suffer from intoxication and hypoxia. Changes in the state of health of the mother and the development of embryos can be traced by weeks.
Embryos are only forming, and the bitch becomes drowsy and apathetic, both in relation to males and to the food offered.
The embryos reach the uterus and attach to the baby. The dog may show lethargy and moderate appetite. In mammary glands that give birth, the mammary glands swell, in primiparas they acquire a brighter shade.
Fruits (in which organs are laid) can already be detected on ultrasound, the level of relaxin in the blood is elevated, the placenta thickens. The dog has reduced activity, vomiting is possible (in the morning).
In puppies, bone formation takes place, and whiskers and cilia grow. Fruits can be detected with careful palpation. Toxicosis leaves the dog, appetite normalizes, vigor appears.
You can already see how grown puppies push in the stomach. They are preparing to exit, head down. In the mammary glands of the dog comes colostrum, the uterus descends, the belly hangs.
The future mom gets heavy movements, including just lifting her legs from a prone position.. She is busy searching for a corner for “creches”, she is hard at work digging the floor, often “privatizes” socks and soft toys.
What to feed a pregnant dog
Bitches from the first pregnancy (especially small breeds) receive calcium and necessary supplements, including vitamin C, from the day of planned conception, and after 30 days they are transferred to an enhanced diet. Breeds with “mixed” blood or diseases of the joints (for example, York, Spitz, Caucasian Shepherd) must be fed with calcium, vitamin D and phosphorus. Do not forget about the exact dosage.
If your pet is prone to allergies, food is chosen on the advice of a veterinarian. Dogs that are used to industrial feed should see “drying” for pregnant and lactating women in their bowls. Note that a surplus of dry granules can cause indigestion, constipation, or torsion of the intestines.
In the daily menu of the expectant mother should be present:
- boiled meat (beef, veal),
- fillet of sea fish (occasionally),
- light cereals (rice, buckwheat, rolled oats),
- eggs (can be quail),
- dairy products without fruit and other fillers,
- vegetables and (optional dog) fruit.
After a month of gestation, or add a drop of vitamin E to your food a little earlier.
Important! By the 40th day, puppies that have grown up in the womb begin to put pressure on the internal organs, including the stomach, which requires the transfer of the mother to fractional feeding — half a serving 4–5 times a day. To facilitate the passage through the birth canal of the first puppy, at 53 days of pregnancy, meat, supplements and calcium are excluded from the diet.
Do not forget to monitor the weight of the dog: a small fat layer is considered normal, a layer of excess fat - an anomaly leading to complications during childbirth.
Activity and rest of a pregnant dog
Protect her from annoying kids, funny games with relatives, control movement, excluding jumping, hitting, running up the stairs and falling. Do not allow the animal to lie down on wet grass, earth, and any cold surfaces. Do not roll it for hours in the car, so as not to provoke an attack of seasickness.
But exercise should be daily, especially if the pet is in good physical shape.. Take her out for a walk half an hour after the meal. Strong bitches of heavy breeds walk a little more intensively than others, but, of course, without fanaticism: to mild fatigue. Walking - it is also the sun's rays, without which the metabolism in the mother's body will break down and the synthesis of vitamins / trace elements will stop.
It is possible that your dog (as all pregnant) will occasionally be naughty, refusing to obey your commands. If she does not want to go, depicts the ailment and lay down on the ground, take her in your arms. Only it must be done correctly:
- Make sure she has no shortness of breath and is conscious.
- Do not pinch the dog's belly: with one hand, clasp it under the breast, the other - under the pelvis.
- At home, put the "actress" on four paws at once.
- Do not remove your hands until you realize that the dog is in balance and stands alone.
In the later periods, she will need rest, but it is better to transfer the bed in advance, at the same time making it more comfortable and spacious, since the expectant mother hardly finds a comfortable position for rest.
Vaccination dogs during pregnancy
At this time, females are not vaccinated, so as not to harm the offspring. The optimal time for vaccination is 1-2 days before mating: this way the puppies are guaranteed the maximum amount of antibodies that they will receive through the placenta and colostrum. If you haven’t planted a bitch before estrus, you’ll have to do this when she stops feeding her young (approximately 2-2.5 months after giving birth).
During gestation and lactation, treatment from fleas and ticks is allowed, but using agents that do not contain organophosphates and pyrethroids. Front Line®, Fiprist®, Fiprex® and Stronghold® are suitable for controlling external parasites.
Puppies should not be allowed to become infected with worms, often passing to them from the mother through the placenta.. To safe and effective include drugs with fenbendazol: at high risk of infection they are used daily (from the 40th day of gestation).
Herpesvirus, leading to stillbirth, miscarriage and infant mortality, is dangerous because of the weariness of its symptoms. In order to avoid infection, protect the bitch from communicating with congeners 3 weeks before and 3 weeks after giving birth. Should I remind you that the use of any drugs during pregnancy is possible only on the advice of a doctor.
False and frozen pregnancy
Signs of sham can appear 1.5-2 months after estrus. From the outside, it seems that the bitch is preparing to become a mother, especially since the changes occurring in her habits and physiology eloquently testify to this:
- she often licks the noose, changing its color,
- the mammary glands swell,
- the belly grows and the temperature rises (occasionally)
- bitch licks nipples (for lactation), colostrum appears,
- the dog eats and drinks a lot
- gagging is observed in the morning,
- there is increased nervousness or, conversely, indifference and lethargy,
- interest in dog fun disappears (moderation in movements replaces jumps).
"Nurse" can stage a childbirth by dragging several soft toys onto her lounger. Imaginary pregnancy can be easily mistaken for a real one or confused with hormonal and other deviations.
Important! False scars are terrible consequences, including mastitis (sometimes purulent), neoplasms of the uterus, mammary glands and ovaries, pyometry and endometritis, vaginitis and sexually transmitted infections, as well as mental disorders.
Before resorting to heavy artillery (hormones and operations), try to reason with the dog, changing the usual rhythm of its life:
- remove from the field of view things that can remind you of puppies (toys, socks, slippers and scarves),
- reduce the portion by removing dairy products and reducing the proportion of meat,
- feed the simulator once a day (at lunch),
- do not cook her soups and porridges,
- give water three times a day in small portions, removing a constant drinking bowl,
- do not encourage bitches to reduce their motor activity,
- walk a lot and play with it (better in nature).
After 2-3 days, the pretender's consciousness (in most cases) clears up and she forgets that she was going to make you grandchildren happy with new litter. When symptoms are running, you will need the help of a veterinarian who will prescribe hormonal drugs or surgery.
A freezing pregnancy (occurring due to hormonal disruption, fetal abnormalities, infections and other causes) is determined by ultrasound, which will show whether there are live embryos in the uterus. If all died, waiting for a miscarriage, if only part of the embryos are not viable - the pregnancy is preserved (during childbirth, the dead will come out with live pups).
The mother is examined for the remains of embryos that have not left the uterus. If they begin to decompose, they stimulate contractions in the bitch to exorcise the dead fruits, or sterilize it.
Birth of a dog, recommendations
The exact date of childbirth does not even know the vet, which is associated with a long preservation (5-7 days) of the seed of a dog in the body of a fertilized bitch. That is why in the same litter, children from different fathers sometimes coexist. The calculation error is given no more than 10 days, after which they proceed to a cesarean section.
Births are divided into 3 stages. The first is contractions, with the onset of which extra people leave the room, leaving only the owner next to the dog. The preparatory period takes from 6 to 30 hours. When expelling the fruit, the blood is saturated with adrenaline, causing the woman in labor to jump and jump. The master's role is to calm her down and help her take a comfortable position for the upcoming labor.
Contractions turn into attempts at which the peritoneum is actively working. According to observations, the first to appear is the biggest boy. The remaining puppies come out with an interval of 10-30 minutes. If the delivery takes less than 3 hours, they are called fast. Exemplary childbirth lasts as many hours as the young are born. Five puppies - 5 hours.
Important! Stroke the woman in labor on the back and stomach to calm her painful sensations. You can also do a gentle tapping massage on the left / right along the spine.
In tiny dogs with numerous offspring, labor can be delayed for half a day. But this does not give you a reason to speed up the process by pulling puppies and their umbilical cords. The afterbirth leaves immediately or at the end of labor (within an hour). After all children's places come out, blood and mucus can flow from the genital tract. This is normal.
The deliveries are completed if all the afterbirths have come out, and there are no fights and attempts for more than 2 hours. The dog is given water and allowed to eat 3-4 afterbirth: a greater amount will lead to diarrhea.
If the birth is not burdened by pathology, your pet will cope with them itself. Your task is to be close, encourage and support.
The duration of pregnancy in dogs
Usually the gestation period for an animal lasts up to 62 days. However, sometimes puppies can be born, starting with a period of 58 days or much later, that is, pregnancy can last up to 72 days. The duration of gestation of offspring is influenced by the specificity of the animal's body, age or if the dog gives birth for the first time.
A sign of early resolution of childbirth, for example, on the 58th day of pregnancy in a dog may be affected by trauma, illness, exhaustion, excessive fullness, a very young age of the animal. When an animal does not give birth until late (72 days), it will need a surgical operation in the Caesarean version.
The first pregnancy is the most difficult test for an inexperienced dog, as it lasts much longer. The owner of a young dog does not need to rely on "nature". The animal needs compulsory help, because natural instincts do not always wake up in domestic animals.
So, you should prepare for the process a few months before planning for conception. Preliminary training includes cleaning up excess fat accumulation, picking up a healthy diet, performing the necessary medical vaccinations and timely eliminating fleas and worms.
How to determine if the dog is pregnant?
After mating, it is impossible to recognize whether the conception took place immediately or not, since no special changes will occur. After 14 days, individual females may experience a depressed mood, a decrease or complete indifference to food. This behavior is a completely standard phenomenon, including the fact that the dog became pregnant. Starting from this period, and after 30 days, the animal's nipples swell, changing color to a bright pink hue.
However, the behavior, sleep and craving for food remains unchanged. During pregnancy, the owner must increase the number of feedings to three meals a day per day. Please note that during pregnancy, increased portions of fermented milk products and food containing a huge amount of protein should be important in the diet.
From the second month you can observe an increase in the abdomen near the ribs. 20 days before the upcoming delivery, the female is gaining weight at a rapid pace, it is important to monitor her diet. When the dog is lying down, you can clearly see the movement of puppies. Do not forget about walking the dog, but without any loads, so as not to affect the development of future offspring.
False pregnancy in a dog
Failure of the reproductive system in dogs is quite common in the animal's body, which must be determined as quickly as possible in order to eliminate undesirable consequences for the body. Violation occurs also in non-tied females after the estrus period, as well as the result of unsuccessful mating. As a result of such a mating, the same hormone accumulation that occurs in the fertilized bitch is formed in the animal. The key signs of false fertilization are quite similar to the symptoms of a real pregnancy dog by week and look like:
- increase and change the color of nipples,
- loop size changes in size,
- loss of appetite,
- looking for a place for future offspring.
As a rule, signs of false fertilization disappear after 2 weeks. There is no need to worry about the dog's state of health, since nothing threatens the pet's health.
It is incredibly difficult to distinguish a miscarriage of pregnancy from a real pregnancy, since there are excretions and corresponding behavior of the animal. Therefore, the main criterion is the lack of movement of puppies in the stomach. However, it is easiest to eliminate such a pregnancy using modern ultrasound diagnostics.
How many weeks does the pregnancy last in dogs?
During the first week of gestation, for two days, the spermatozoa move to fertilize to the gamete of the animal. Already on the third day, the genital cell moves into a paired tubular organ connecting the uterus cavity with the abdominal cavity, and on the 4th day the fertilization process is carried out.
At the end of 7 days, as a result of the merging of both cells, the zygote moves directly into the uterus.
Special modifications in the behavior of the animal is not performed, so you can walk the dog, as before with the same frequency. The power mode at the moment also remains unchanged. Если это первая беременность у собаки не забывайте по любому интересующему вас вопросу обращаться за консультацией к ветеринару.
На второй неделе зародыши устанавливается в оболочке матки, преобразовывается в плаценту, осуществляющую связь между организмом матери и плодом. Эмбрионы развиваются на данном этапе, не превышая размера миллиметра. On the 15th day there comes a new period of intrauterine increase: the necessary organs of the forthcoming offspring are being formed.
On days 16-17, embryos grow to one mm. They develop torso, spine, head and central nervous system. Starting from the 18th to the 20th day, the internal organs are formed, and the germ size is 4 mm. At the end of 3 weeks the heart develops. The embryo volume is already 0.5 cm. From 4 to 5 weeks it is necessary to carefully observe the dog, since starting from day 22 it is necessary to change the feeding schedule.
The animal may have vomiting in the morning, so it is preferable to offer food often and in small doses. From 23 to 32 days the fruit grows to the size of a nut. At this stage, the teeth, the spine, the upper and lower extremities develop, and the supply of calcium of all the necessary parts of the body is reproduced. The period of 6-7 weeks indicates the obviousness of pregnancy, since the embryos are developing rapidly and are scaling up to 6.5 cm.
On the 44th day, the uterus captures a significant portion of the abdominal cavity. At this time there is a chance to probe the offspring, but to establish their clear number is still difficult. The final period of gestation from the 50th to the 57th day is characterized by fully developed embryos, and their size reaches about 15 cm. For 58 days, when lightly pressed, milk flows out of the nipples. Time, from 59, 61, 62 days of pregnancy in a dog is considered to be closer to childbirth, so the necessary medicines should be on hand at home. It should periodically measure the body temperature of the animal.
Remember that the day before childbirth the temperature is slightly reduced. As a rule, on the 63rd day the waters flow away, and the gradual expansion of the uterus begins. On the following day, hormonal changes occur, contractions begin. Puppies do not appear one after the other, but with small intervals. A dog’s pregnancy is approximately nine weeks old. Thus, you know how many weeks the pregnancy lasts in dogs.
Information about the process of fertilization in an animal is presented in the pregnancy calendar by day:
- 1 day. Fertilization can occur after mating or after a couple of days,
- 2 day. Repeated pairing is carried out, zhivchiki move to the formed eggs,
- 3 day. Spermatozoa enter the tubes of the uterus,
- 4 day. Fertilization is carried out
- 5 - 11 day. The eggs descend into the uterus,
- 12-14 days. Embryos are injected into the uterus, and the embryos have an oval up to 0.6 mm,
- 15 day. There comes a period of formation of vital organizations of the upcoming jokes,
- 16 day The volume of embryos increases to 1 millimeter,
- 17th day There comes the development of the head, torso, spinal column and central nervous system,
- 18-19 days The formation of internal organs, the volume of the primordia reaches 2 mm,
- 20 days. Germ dimensions 4 mm,
- 21 day. The period of formation of the placenta. The size of the embryo is 5 mm, thus the formation of the heart begins,
- On day 22 it is possible to carry out ultrasound,
- 23 - 24 day. The formation of the liver, jaw, organs of sight, scent, hearing. The size of the embryo reaches cm
- 25-29 days. The formation of teeth, limbs. The volume of the upcoming offspring is 1.4 cm −1.7 cm,
- 30 day. Germ 2 cm,
- 31 days Hair growth stage
- 32 day. Beginning of 2 half of pregnancy
- 33 day. The rapid increase in fruit to 2.7 cm
- 34 day Changing the behavior of the animal to a calm state,
- 35 day. Increases appetite
- 36 day. Fruit dimensions reach 3.5 cm,
- 37 - 40 day. An increase in bones and body size continues.
- By the 40th day, the organs finish forming, and the fruits are 6.5 cm,
- 41 - 44 day. The period when you can probe the offspring,
- 45-47 day. Fruit capacity 9 cm
- 48-49 day. Significant increase in abdominal volume
- 50 day. The abdomen is very enlarged, movement of the spat is noticeable, and the size is 12 cm
- 51 days. Milk droplets can be tracked,
- 52-54 days. The dog rests and licks
- 55-57 day. Increase in fruits to 15 cm,
- 58 day. Milk excretion
- 59 day Preparations of drugs, since childbirth may soon begin,
- 60-62 day. Volume reach up to 16 cm,
- 63 day. A day before giving birth, the animal turns away from food, t decreases by at least a degree, the cervix opens,
- 64 day. The period of the possible appearance of puppies into the world. Changes are made on the hormone level, which contribute to a frequent uterine contraction, with the appearance of contractions. The appearance of the puppy is made after unequal time intervals. Born puppy reaches from 16 to 22 cm,
- 65 day. Appeared puppy is cleaned from the placenta, and the mass of the baby ranges from 300 - 600 grams.
Proper care for a pregnant dog
Animal hygiene measures include examinations every day, cleaning of wool, and skin control. In the second half of gestation in a pregnant dog, discharge in the form of mucus from the birth canal is sometimes tracked. In most cases, the dog removes the discharge by licking itself. In rare cases, when the dog is still young and this is her first pregnancy, she may not do this, then you should simply clean the area with ordinary clean water. However, it does not make sense to clean the animal 2 weeks before the birth.
When the pet has not received timely treatment with drugs from worms to mating, in this case, now this process must be delayed for 14 days after the permission of the birth. Remember that during the crossbreeding of dogs it is also necessary to abandon similar activities and any other drugs, including the treatment of fleas. Watch the dog so that it does not have contact with sick animals, stray dogs.
There are cases when the dog can relieve the need for an apartment. This is quite common at the time of pregnancy, as the dog sometimes cannot control this process. You should not aggressively take it and drive away the anger on the dog.
Indeed, especially in the later stages of pregnancy, the animal must be given special attention and care. Try as soon as possible to plan and organize the upcoming place for childbirth. The site should be not only convenient for the animal, but also without drafts.
Try also to arrange a place so that there is free access to the dog to assist in childbirth. Gradually accustom the dog to the site, so that later the dog does not look for another place to give birth. An important place in the later periods is also reserved for walks, since it is impossible to reduce the time spent in the fresh air.
Walking the dog will only benefit. In the first month of pregnancy workouts are not contraindicated, however, starting from the second month, protect the bitch from jumping, running.
Vitamins have a beneficial effect on the metabolism throughout the body. The designated complex of essential micronutrients is catalysts that contribute to better digestion of food. Of course, animals need a certain amount of vitamins, and especially during pregnancy. Most of the vitamins enters the body from food, but not always in the required dose, and therefore there is an extreme need for an additional supply of the body.
During the carrying of offspring, the pet menu should be enriched with additional elements that, if necessary, be prescribed by a doctor. Puppy development will require a lot of minerals and vitamins, which sometimes a dog lacks. Therefore, a good varmant of healthy development of puppies is the additional vitamins prescribed by the veterinarian.
In the first month after mating, veterinarians do not recommend changing the pet's menu, and the introduction of vitamins is not yet required. Ordinary habitual food will be able to fully guarantee the basic needs of the body at this stage. It will not be superfluous to add several yolks a week to the dog's diet. In the menu you need to enter more protein foods, meat is not fatty species, for example, beef.
After the first month of pregnancy, it is recommended to significantly increase the dosing of food and switch to feeding 3 times a day. A small amount of fish oil must be added to the food, which guarantees the availability of nutrients for the period of pregnancy. In addition, you will need to use vitamins A, B, D and E. Together with vitamin D, you should use large amounts of Ca - an important element in shaping the skeleton of puppies and maintaining the mother's body as a whole.
In the case when large offspring is expected, a special need appears in lactate and glycerophosphate. However, in addition to vitamins do not need to lose sight of simple foods. Pay attention to the benefits of dairy food, which is necessary for a pregnant bitch. They have a huge amount of calcium and phosphorus, as key elements, without which it can not do in the process of carrying a dog.
Conclusion about the nutrition of a pregnant dog
When the owner intelligently feeds the animal throughout the entire formation of the pregnancy and adds the necessary vitamins to the animal's nutrition, the dog will be able to bear healthy offspring. Thus, the animal is much easier to cope with childbirth, and special care will give strength for the upcoming process of childbirth and feeding puppies.
When there are unusual changes in the behavior of the animal or the dog refuses to walk and eat, it is necessary without delay to go to the vet for advice and competent examination of the pet. Feeding should be balanced according to the number of vitamins, minerals and high-calorie elements.
How long does the pregnancy last for different dog breeds?
The answer to the question of how long a pregnancy lasts in dogs is definitely not possible. It all depends on the breed of pet. It should be considered on specific cases. If you are the owner of a large breed, then the average pregnancy duration in dogs lasts about 63 days.
There are cases when the appearance of puppies took place in the early (50-55 days) and late (70-72 days) terms. The offspring was healthy, strong and strong. There is one reason why the duration of pregnancy can change. It consists in the number of puppies that are in the womb. Scientists proved the fact that dogs of large breeds give birth to less puppies, unlike small pets.
If you are the owner of smaller breeds, then be prepared that the duration of pregnancy will be about two months (60-62 days). The number of puppies in the womb may be several units. You can resort to the services of ultrasound. In a later period of pregnancy, the veterinarian may grope them and count them all.
Signs of an "interesting" position in the cattery
When there is a little idea of how long the “interesting” position lasts, it is worth moving on to pressing issues and their decisions. An experienced veterinarian can easily recognize the signs of pregnancy in dogs. But after all, the owners of their pets also want to determine that their pet will become a mother.
One thing to remember right away is that in the first days or even weeks after mating, no changes should be expected. In most cases, after successful fertilization, estrus can occur. And this is considered normal. If you wish, you can make a test and determine whether there is a long-awaited pregnancy or not.
After about 20 days of mating, the following harbingers of pregnancy may appear:
- slight apathy
- more time the pet goes to sleep,
- the dog stops playing and having fun,
- becomes phlegmatic.
It is possible to understand that a pregnancy has begun in dogs for other obvious reasons, for example, for a positive test. Or:
- Toxicosis. On average, lasts about 7-10 days. As a rule, this condition is not considered dangerous to the health of the bitch and the future offspring. Toxicosis occurs in the morning. In order to somehow help the fluffy household to cope with the problem, you can give soft food in small portions.
- Change in appearance. It is possible to determine pregnancy in dogs by this method. This happens, as a rule, at the end of the first month. Observed swelling of the mammary glands and discoloration.
There is already nothing to hide from the gaze of the owner. You can determine pregnancy by the following features:
- darkening of the mammary glands,
- increasing them in size,
- the dog's belly becomes noticeable and big
- increase in appetite even in "little ones"
- change in the size of the waist, if, of course, you measured it immediately after mating,
- change in the nature of the pet, in some cases the dogs become aggressive,
- You can feel the fruits by hand (approximately 40-45 days).