Women's Tips

Maple on the summer cottage - features of cultivation and pruning principles


How good in the heat of the summer to take refuge in the shade of a thick spreading tree! On your own plot, you often want to get such a “shelter” that would protect you well from the sun's rays, and it was a beautiful decoration of the lawn, and in terms of care it was not too whimsical.

So why do not you try to grow maple? These beautiful trees of the maple family have been loved by many of us since childhood: songs and poems are folded about them, weave autumn wreaths, and the pointed multi-colored leaves in the shape of the palm are used for various kinds of creativity. So why not get such beauty in your own garden?

Of course, many gardeners can immediately express their doubt: mature trees can reach 25 meters in height, while the girth of the crown will be 15-20 meters! Of course, for a small garden plot, such giants can be a bad idea.

But after all, a maple is a tree that has many species and varieties, some of them are very small and decorative, however, they have not lost the charm of large brethren.

Almost all types of such trees form dense, relief and even openwork crowns, which perfectly protect from the sun, wind and even city noise. In addition, they are beautiful at any time of the year: in the summer with their saturated green colors, and in the fall - red, pink, yellow and orange! On top of that, the maples are also excellent honey plants, which can also be a determining factor when choosing a new garden tree.

Care and cultivation of maple

So, you finally decided, but then an important question arises, how to grow maple in the garden? Of course, there is a widespread opinion that, in principle, it is an unpretentious and easy-to-care plant that requires almost no attention: it is planted and that is enough.

There is some truth in this, but still there is a certain number of rules and recommendations that are important to follow in order not to ruin a sapling. So, for a start, it is important to decide on a new “place of residence”, because in order for maple to grow healthy and strong, it is very important for him where to begin his life path.

In priority - darkened places, under direct sunlight it will also grow, however, will lose all the diversity and brightness of the leaves.

Next you need to prepare the ground for planting: in principle, the usual garden will do, but it is much better if it is pretreated and humus added. You can use the special soil mixtures, however, their composition, in many respects, will depend on the specific type of maple representatives.

Planting should be done in spring or autumn, the depth of the planting pit for a small seedling is about 50 cm. In order for the plant to settle better, you can put a little mineral fertilizer on the bottom of the prepared pit.

As for the care, everything is quite simple: such trees are able to tolerate drought, but it significantly affects the appearance of the leaves and the crown as a whole. Therefore, if you planted a tree just for aesthetics and its decorative look, then it is very important to ensure proper and regular amount of moisture for it: about 20 liters for the whole dry period.

Young plants may need a double dose of moisture. After a good watering, do not forget to carefully loosen the soil around the tree, regularly remove weeds, so that the planting area does not get too thick. Basically, that's all the basic rules.

It is also an important moment, and those who think that it is necessary only to reduce the growth of a tree are very mistaken. This procedure may be necessary for formative purposes: with the help of simple manipulations, you can change the nature of the growth of branches, which is very important in the conditions of decorative garden.

In addition, pruning can be sanitary, that is, designed to remove dry and diseased branches, as well as rejuvenating, which is necessary for the growth of young branches.

Typically, pruning is carried out in the autumn months, this period is considered the most favorable for such a procedure. For example, in spring, pruning of branches is undesirable due to active sap flow, and in winter the tree is hibernating, and therefore it does not tolerate various pruning.

To carry out such a procedure is necessary with the use of a special pruner: the branches are cut at an angle so that the juice does not accumulate at the sites of the slices.

What types can be planted on the plot?

  • Norway maple. That is what we all know well, it is most often found in our latitudes and European forests, has sharp five-pointed leaves, which, depending on the color of the year, change color. It has many varieties and remains unusually showy at almost any time of the year.
  • Silver Maple. It is also well known to us, it differs from the previous one with a special silver color on the underside of the leaves. This species is characterized by powerful, but rather fragile branches, which easily break during strong winds.
  • Maple red. Came to us from Canada, where it grows in fairly damp places. Suitable for growing in our latitudes - winter hardy and rarely reaches a height of more than 20 meters.
  • Japanese. From the name it is quite clear where he came to us from - the unusual form of leaves and crown always attracted gardeners and collectors. However, it must be said that this species is one of the most capricious and difficult to care for, especially in our areas. But the beauty of the result is worth it!

Features of growing maple on the site

Maple grows fast and prefers penumbra, as in direct sunlight its leaves can lose their bright color. The tree does not tolerate oversaturated places and very demanding of soil composition. Therefore, to the place of planting a tree must be approached with the utmost seriousness.

AT soil For the quality growth of maple there should be a large amount of humus, sod and some sand. Acidity should be small - pH 6.0-7.5. Maple is demanding of moisture, so in the summer it is necessary water plenty of water at least 1 time per week. One tree requires about 10-20 liters of water, since on poorly moistened soil growth of the tree slows down.

After watering the soil around the tree should be well loosened to a shallow depth and weed weeds. In summer, after tillage is recommended to make Kemira, and in spring feed up wood urea, potash salts and superphosphate. Once a year, preferably in spring, the soil around the plant should be mulched with peat.

Maple pruning is an important procedure.

Pruning Maple is also of no small importance. It is a delusion that this procedure should be carried out only to stop the growth of the tree. In fact, pruning prevents the branches from rubbing against each other. The procedure is also necessary to remove damaged, diseased or dry branches.

The basis of maple pruning is to remove the apical bud or shorten the branch. At the same time undeveloped, thin and weak shoots are removed. This helps prevent the spread of infections and promotes the growth of healthy branches.

There are several types of pruning:

  • formativein which the shape of the crown is created and the nature of the growth of the branches changes,
  • sanitary pruningat which they remove diseased, shrinking, and also broken branches,
  • anti-aging pruning, which is necessary for the formation of new shoots in older trees.

Maple pruning is carried out from September to December. Because of the strong sap flow in the early spring, this procedure is undesirable, and after leaf fall, maple does not tolerate any kind of pruning. Therefore, if there is no special need for this procedure, you should not resort to it once again. An exception can only be the need to form a crown with uneven growth of shoots near a tree or thinning of branches. In any case, pruning maple should be carried out as rarely as possible.

Pruning branches carried out at an angle using a special garden knife or pruner. A slight slope is necessary so that the juice does not accumulate at the cut point or the water does not stagnate during the rains (which can lead to decay or disease of the branch). The distance between the cut and the lower kidney should be about 2 mm. In this case, the branch will have a complete shape, without a hemp at the end, and the lower kidney will not dry out during the heat and will not freeze during frost. When pruning maple remove about 35% of the increase in the previous year.

Where do the "extra" trees come from?

Unbidden trees appear on the site in several ways. Some grow from seeds brought in by the wind, birds, or other means. There are usually not many such trees, except if you don’t appear on the site for several years.

Worse, if shoots appear from the roots of nearby plants. How to get rid of maple in this case?

The easiest way to cut it with a scythe. Some of the processes disappear forever. But in most cases, they begin to grow, and instead of one stalk a whole bush appears.

If an adult tree for some reason turned out to be superfluous on the site, it is usually cut, leaving a stump. The stump itself may further interfere, but more often the root system, located within a radius of several meters from the trunk, or the root growth from it.

Removal of annuals

If you remove small shoots in the first year of their life, you can easily get rid of them even manually. And closer to the fall to make it more difficult. We have to take a shovel or other tool. It is easier to remove such sprouts on the cultivated soil: a vegetable garden, a flower bed, a dug-up plot. On virgin soil, lawn, path need more effort.

If you skip such a tree, the next year its root system will get stronger and it will resist more during removal. How to get rid of maple in this case? Dig it with a shovel will not be difficult. You can use the ax, hemming the stem as low as possible in the ground.

Removing root growth

How to get rid of maple in the garden? The fight against maple root shoots needs to be waged in several directions. It is not bad to destroy the tree, from the roots of which the shoots move to the site. True, this is not always possible. Sometimes such a tree grows on a plot of a neighbor to which it for some reason does not interfere. In this case, you have to fight with shoots.

Removing the tree does not always lead to a quick solution to the problem. After all, usually the trunk is cut, but the root remains. Feeling the approach of death, he begins to actively produce root processes, hoping to leave offspring. The same reaction is observed in the old, dying trees, living the last years.

If a tree, thick or thin, is cut at the ground level, leaving no hemp, the likelihood of sprouting is greatly reduced. Sometimes a thick tree is so difficult to cut. Especially if you do this with a hand saw, popularly known as "Friendship-2". Experienced gardeners say that a stump will disappear more quickly if you sprinkle it with earth.

You can go the other way and dig up stump so that around it formed a hole. The roots, which are exposed at the same time, cut. Then pour salt solution (1 pack - on a bucket of water), pour kerosene, put dry branches on it and set fire to it. This is also not a very eco-friendly way.

If the young growth continues to grow, it is necessary to interrupt it periodically. It is enough to do it once a month.

Digging out shoots

How to get rid of maple in the garden? One of the easiest and most laborious ways is manually digging up the root shoots. If the old tree was able to be removed, the work may well be crowned with success. Every year there will be fewer shoots.

How to get rid of maple forever?

The most reliable way is to plow a plot with a tractor. Then collect all the branches with roots from the site. Of course, in the subsequent growths can again penetrate from neighboring areas.

Use of cooking salt

How to get rid of the American maple, if the site is a wide stump of the cut tree, and uproot it no strength, no time? You can try to get rid of it with chemicals. The simplest is to salt the stump. To do this, a chainsaw or a regular saw make a cut crosswise. The deeper it is, the better.

Take the salt and fall asleep received cuts. Leave salt on the surface of the hemp.

As a result of such actions, the tree may soon dry out and not give new shoots. But this may not happen. It all depends on the strength of the root system. Salt, of course, does not really need the soil. But its quantity is usually small, and it is unlikely that it will be possible to plant potatoes in the place of the stump soon.

Using dark packets

How to get rid of the maple in the area, if there are a lot of trees?

Trees need heat and sunlight to grow. Make the temperature in a separate area minus will not work. But to deprive the world of a small piece of territory is possible. If you remove the access of light to the stump, he will cease to produce sprouts.

First, trees are cut at a distance above the ground. Take dark durable bags and put them on cut trees. Securely fix them with scotch tape or other available methods. This is to ensure that the packages are not blown away. After all, they must remain on the stumps for a long time.

The disadvantage of this method is that it is quite difficult to handle a large area. If there are many stumps, the process of putting on the bags can take a lot of time and effort. If you need to get rid of a few stumps, it is quite possible to apply. This is an environmentally friendly way. Of course, if the packages with time to remove and dispose of.

If a tree is cut to the root, attaching a package to it is more difficult.

Use of herbicides

How to get rid of the maple in the area, if the stumps and overgrown a lot, but there is no time to cover them with packages?

It is necessary to turn to the help of herbicides - drugs that are designed to destroy certain plants. Some of them have a selective effect, that is, it acts only on certain types of grass. Others burn everything on site.

Herbicide "Arsenal VK", which is produced by BASF, is used by railway workers to remove all vegetation at a certain distance from the paths. The herbicide “Grader VGR” is similar in action. Sold in cans of 20 liters. Usually no one has this amount of stumps in the garden plot. Therefore, most often the owners of sites on which maples grow, try to find people related to the railway.

How to get rid of the maple, without damaging the surrounding trees? When using such a tool you need to accurately observe the proportions. If you make the concentration too strong, not only unnecessary maples can disappear, but all the vegetation at a distance of several meters from the place of application can disappear.

On sale in small packing it is possible to buy herbicides "Tornado 500VR" and "Roundap VP". Experts recommend removing root shoots with Hurricane Forte BP preparations. It is sold pre-packaged in 350 ml. User feedback suggests that Roundup is not good at coping with a problem. Therefore, they use it in conjunction with other operations: cutting the bark on the trunk, chopping off the available roots, uprooting stumps.

If you need to remove an unnecessary tree and shoots from it, they cut down the trunk, drill deep holes near the edge of the hemp (in the cambium layer). Periodically poured into the holes "Roundup", diluted with three parts of water. After the procedure, cover the stump with a black package. The next year, the stump will disappear, and the processes will cease to appear.

Use of means "Baikal"

Reviews gardeners say that a good effect gives the processing of hemp undiluted means "Baikal". Half a liter of the funds goes to the spilling of 3 dozen small hemp. If they are treated this way in the fall, then in the spring they will rot, will not give overgrowths and can be easily removed with a scrap or ax.

When deciding how to get rid of the maple in the garden or in the garden, estimate the area affected. They look at how quickly this needs to be done: this year, if it grows in the garden, or for several years, if at the border of the site. Evaluate the risk of falling into the water herbicide.

The appearance of the tree

At this time, there are about a hundred species of Japanese maple. A huge variety of this plant will allow you to choose your favorite look, perfect for your landscape design. The height of the tree ranges from two to ten meters. The leaves are of different colors: purple, green, pink, yellow, you can find more unusual colors. For example, the Chinese maple, it is Bonsai, has a blue, white, blue color of leaves.

The tree has a large wide crown, a bit like a palm. This is surprisingly a beautiful tree. Its bright foliage it uplifting and inspiring to engage in creative work.

Much to my regret In the northern regions, growing Japanese maple on the street will not be easy, but if you plant a tree in a large container, which can be brought into a house or utility room in winter, you will have the opportunity to grow a chic plant.

Приобретая саженец, следует помнить, что посадка и уход за ним потребуют тщательной подготовки. От этого процесса зависит, будет ли дерево иметь желаемый окрас листьев.

Рекомендации по посадке

Planting and maintenance must strictly comply with the growing instructions. Otherwise, it is unlikely you will be able to grow a healthy and beautiful plant.

Penumbra is an ideal place for Japanese maple, as the leaves can get burned under the bright rays of the sun. Landing for landing should be drained.

The Japanese plant loves the acidic soil, filled with humus. To make it strong, the land around it needs to be fertilized once a month in spring and summer, in winter time, fertilizing is not done.

In the case when the seedling is planted in fertile land - one dressing will be enough for a whole year. If the soil is scarce, then the tree should be fertilized a second time in the summer and only until August, after this fertilizer cannot be applied to the soil, since the plant needs preparation for winter.

Japanese tree loves water. A young seedling must not only be watered, but also provided with a large volume of water. In the summer, it is watered once in seven days, in the cold season - once a month. Having finished watering, pluck out all the weeds and loosen the ground around the tree so that the soil is not strongly compacted. With poor watering the tree grows very slowly.

The method of planting a maple sapling is simple, you just need to remember some rules. To properly plant a Japanese tree, you need to prepare in advance:

  • healthy seedling
  • peat and compost for soil fertilization.

The dimensions of the pit should be twice the root span of the seedling. Carefully untangle the roots before planting the tree. Lower the peat and compost into the dug hole, then carefully submerge the sapling and cover it from above with soil, slightly tamping.

Make around the seedling bumpers, it will hold moisture. Fill well with water, so that the root system will start soon. In hot weather, maple water more often and plentifully. It is very important that the roots of the maple receive moisture in full quantity, otherwise the leaves from its shortage will have an unattractive brown color. The tree does not like lime: if the roots come into contact with it, the maple will shed its foliage.

Spread the mulch layer of soil mixed with the leaves on top. This is an excellent weed protection, and moisture will linger well in the root circle.

Tree Care Tips

Care and planting are individual for each type of plant. Many of them prefer the sun, but at the same time do not like direct hot rays. This does not apply to those trees that have a double color on the leaves - they prefer shade. It should be borne in mind:

  • Draft and strong winds Japanese maple is not afraid. If the climatic conditions in your region are cold, then the tree should be carefully covered for the winter period. The ideal material for warming maple is a soft and warm garden fleece.
  • In winter, shake snow from branches, as they may break due to gravity. After the winter thaw, do not touch the branches covered with ice-crust, they are easy to damage.
  • Forming the maple crown, the branches must be cut at the beginning of growth, then it is necessary to cut only the sick and damaged parts.

In the case when the crown of the tree becomes very thick and its appearance is not so attractive, you need to trim. This is done as soon as the tree drops foliage. This will return the crown transparency and save the plant from the disease fungal infection.

Collecting and planting seeds

Japanese maple breeds seeds, which are collected in the month of October. They are stratified, preparing for planting. Then laid out in dry sandy soil, stored in a cool place.

In early spring, planting material is treated with a growth stimulator and sown in special containers.. During the summer, the seedlings grow well, after which they are sorted, leaving high and strong shoots. Grown seedlings their first winter should remain indoors, in their containers. Then they are transplanted into pots, each separately. When the plants grow, they are planted in open ground.

Norway maple: biological features

Norway maple or common - It is a deciduous tree, which is widespread throughout Europe and in Asia, in deciduous and mixed forests, singly or in groups. Often found in the vicinity of ash, oak, birch, chestnut. It got its name because of the leaves pointed at the ends. Did you know?Norway maple in Latin is called Acer platanoides. Aser in translation means sharp, strong. The crown of this species of maple is thick, spherical, shirokoraskidisty. In diameter, it has dimensions of 15-20 m. The branches are strong, wide, grow upwards. Barrel slender, powerful. Norway maple grows quite large - its height can reach 30 m. On average, a tree trunk reaches 12-28 m.

The bark of young plants is gray-brown, darkens with time and becomes covered with cracks.

The leaves are simple, palmate, with five to seven serrated lobes. They have large sizes - up to 18 cm in length and up to 22 cm in width. The upper part of the leaf plate is saturated green, the lower part is lighter. In autumn, the leaves turn yellow, orange, golden.

Maple bloom occurs in April and the first half of May before or after the leaflets appear. The flowers are yellow-green, collected in corymbose inflorescences of 15-30 pieces. Have a pleasant aroma. Norway maple is a dioecious plant. When the maple blossoms, male and female flowers open on different trees. Pollination occurs with the help of insects. The fruit is a two-handed. Its structure allows, during the wind, to spread the seeds for fairly long distances from the tree. Fruiting occurs in September-October annually from the 17th year of life.

The root system of the Norway maple is superficial, recessed into the soil by 20 cm. The lateral roots grow strongly. Very often they are observed reaching the surface of the soil. The lifespan of a tree is 150 years. Although there is information about 200-300-year-old representatives of the species.

The maple Norway maple is propagated by seed, root processes, grafting. Seeds require stratification. In the wild, gives a lot of self-sowing and abundant growth from the stump.

At a young age, maple grows fairly quickly - with an annual increase of 45-60 cm in height and 30-40 cm in width. By the age of seven reaches 2 m and above. Up actively grows to 25-30 years, then the growth rate in height slows down, and the tree begins to grow in breadth. After 50 years, growth slows down or stops altogether.

It is necessary to add to the characteristics of the Norway maple that it is a good melliferous plant, frost-resistant and able to withstand winter temperatures up to -40 degrees, wind-resistant, easily tolerates heat and drought, can be used as a soil-improving breed, it is not afraid of planting in cities, in polluted air. Did you know?The maple content of the maple is 150-200 kg per 1 ha. From one tree, bees collect up to 10 kg. Norway maple has about 150 species, including many decorative forms, which differ in size, shape and color of leaves, type of crown, growth rate. The most popular in landscape gardening are such forms as “Purple King”, the shape of Drummond, Schwedler, spherical, standard, hand-cut and others.

Choosing a place for Norway maple: requirements for soil and lighting

When choosing a place for planting the Norway Maple, its relation to the light should be taken into account, and since it is light-requiring, choose well-lit areas. Although the tree can tolerate and planting in the penumbra.

Important!It is not necessary to plant Norway maple in strongly shaded areas. The shadow will affect the decorative leaves - they will become faded and small. With age, the ability to shade with a tree decreases. Demanding maple and soil composition. Loves fertile loamy soil. Feels good in humus fresh sandy loams. Will not grow in saline, sandy, calcareous, dense soils. Does not tolerate stagnant water.

The process of planting young maple seedlings

The best time for planting a maple sapling will be early spring, when the buds have not yet blossomed. Also, the tree can be planted in the autumn, after leaf fall. Soil mixture for planting must be prepared from a fertile mixture. It must be fertilized with organic matter. For heavy soils, sand or rubble drainage is mandatory. It is better to buy a seedling with a closed root system, with a large lump of earth, which is not destroyed when planted. Such trees will settle down better in a new place and will quickly grow.

The depth of the planting pit should be at least 50 cm. The seedling is placed in its center, gently straighten the roots and sprinkle with soil. Then lightly tamped.

After planting, the tree should be poured abundantly and continue this procedure regularly for two months. If you plan to plant a group of maples, then it is recommended to leave a distance between trees of 2-4 meters.

Care for young maple trees

For maple leaves, planting and care will not require special knowledge, skills and efforts. Young trees are often and abundantly watered. After the age of two, maples will be able to cope with short-term droughts on their own. In the summer, watering should be done once a week, in the dry season it will take 1.5-2 buckets per plant. In the autumn-spring period, watered once a month.

Despite the fact that the maple is a very cold-resistant plant, young Norway maple trees will require shelter in winter. With the help of spruce branches or dry leaves cover the root neck. Shoots that do not have time to become covered with wood before the winter period may freeze over. However, this is not dangerous for maple trees - because of the rapid growth rates, it will be able to grow new ones, and freezing will not affect the appearance of the tree. Every year the frost resistance of the plant will be strengthened.

It is possible to replant a maple till 15 years. It transports the transplant process easily.

Care for mature maple trees

Adult plants will require only sanitary pruning of maple maple. It is produced in early March. Prune dried, damaged branches. At the same time it is possible to produce a shaping mowing crown.

Maple responds well to a haircut - it quickly begins to branch and grow. It is also possible to produce a shallow loosening of the earth in the near-bottom circle after irrigation and precipitation.

Diseases and pests of maple leaves

Under favorable conditions of planting and cultivation, in the absence of stagnant moisture, it is rarely affected by maple trees and pests. However, it still happens.

The greatest danger to the tree is coral blotch, which is manifested by small maroon spots on the bark and shoots. If these symptoms are found, the diseased branches should be immediately cut off. Crop pruning sites and cover with garden pitch. Also, garden tools that were used for pruning are subject to disinfection. Maple infects the Taphrina acerina mushroom, causing watery brown spots on the leaves.

Of maple pests can bother maple whitefly. Its caterpillars feed on the leaves of the plant. To fight it, it is necessary to destroy the affected branches. With a strong lesion resorted to spraying ammophos.

To avoid the attack of a maple mealybug, before mating, maple must be sprayed with a 3% nitrafene solution. Also, its harmful activity on the maple can perform leaf weevil. In his attacks, treatment with chlorophos is used.

Use of Norway Maple in Landscape Design

Since the Norway maple is decorative throughout its vegetative period, it perfectly tolerates urban conditions and the forming crown haircut, it is used in landscape design in a rather wide and varied way. This is one of the common breeds used for landscape gardening construction - always present in city parks, squares, boulevards, avenues, along roads. It is planted as a tapeworm and in group plantings. It looks great on the background of conifers. Maples are made of hedges, used in alpine slides, rockeries. Grow them on a trunk, shear in the style of bonsai.

The use of Norway maple in folk medicine

Folk remedies made on the basis of Norway maple, have the following properties:

  • painkillers
  • urinary and choleretic,
  • tonic,
  • astringent
  • wound healing
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • antibacterial,
  • antipyretic
  • antiemetic,
  • tonic

The bark is used as an astringent for disorders of the digestive system and to strengthen the hair roots. Broths and infusions of leaves can reduce the heat and strengthen the immune system. When ARVI use funds from the fruits of maple. Also, double-claws are used in kidney stones. Flowers allow you to cope with problems of the digestive tract. The juice of Norway maple is a natural antiseptic. They are treated with wounds, ulcers, inflammations on the skin. Mixed with milk, it is able to relieve cough. They drink it to strengthen the immune forces of the body, to quench thirst. Maple honey is also an excellent immunomodulatory agent. It is recommended for anemia and atherosclerosis, to increase lactation and normalize the activity of the nervous system.

Maple tree is used in dendrotherapy. It is believed that it is able to charge a positive energy, helps to cope with depression, bad mood and fatigue.

Important!All funds prepared on the basis of Norway maple, should be used only as an additional therapy and after consulting a doctor. Maple is a versatile plant. It is often used in ornamental horticulture, planted both in vast areas and in small summer cottages. Appreciated for its large size, beautiful dense crown, carved leaves, fragrant flowers and unusual fruits. His wood is allowed to make furniture, musical instruments and crafts. Bees love it for its wonderful smell and harvest aromatic light honey from it, so wood is valuable for beekeeping. Leaves, bark, fruits and juice are used to treat a variety of illnesses.

Which plant maple on the plot

In the landscaping areas are used several dozen species and varieties of maples. To make a spectacular hedge, you can plant on a section of bush maple undersized. In small areas, in rockeries, mini-gardens, trees are planted with a height of about 3 m. If the area is large enough, the owner chooses krupnomer with a height of 10 m.

Serpentine species:

  • Green Root

Almost every type of breeders divided into several varieties, differing in the color of the foliage, shoots and bark, the shape of the crown, the height of the trunk. After consulting with a specialist landscape studio, you can pick up and plant a maple in the country, which is best suited to her in size and shape.

Preparatory work before planting a tree

Before you plant a maple in the area, you need to make sure that the grown tree will not become a problem in the future.

An outdoor sunny ground should be chosen for the tree in order to get a beautiful lush crown and be able to admire it. A sprawling maple growing close to the house can severely shade the room. Its shadow will be destructive for sun-loving flowering perennials and shrubs.

The second possible inconvenience from the maple is the numerous seedlings of its seeds. They are carried by the wind and germinate in the cultivated soil with pleasure. If flowerbeds or beds are broken in the immediate vicinity, you need to be ready to fight with additional weeds.

You can plant a maple on a plot at a permanent place at the age of 2-3, when the tree shows its varietal qualities and becomes an independent viable organism.

Maple loves fertile soil. If a sufficient amount of humus or compost is prepared for planting, the question of how to grow a strong and healthy maple will be solved.

It is not difficult when and how to plant a maple, so that it quickly settles down and gives growth. An open-root maple is planted in spring or autumn. Sapling grown in container culture can be placed on a permanent place at any time of the year. It is better to plant krupnomer in winter, when the earth bed is guaranteed not to crumble from the roots.

Planting maple and care for him

Maple planting and care begin at least 2-3 weeks before the acquisition of the tree. Under the sapling they dig a planting hole 70 cm deep in depth. The dug-out earth is mixed with humus. If the soil is thick clay, sand, peat is added to the planting ground. On flooded groundwater areas in the pit, a drainage of gravel and sand is arranged with a layer of at least 20 cm.

A stake is driven into the bottom of the pit, 100-150 g of mineral fertilizer are poured in and partially filled with enriched dredging mixture. The root system is freed from strapping or container, placed on poured soil in such a way that its root neck rises 5 cm above the site. The roots straighten and fall asleep with the remnants of the earth, compacting it with their foot. After watering the seedling with 10–20 liters of water, the soil will settle, the neck will sink to the edge of the pit. The tree is tied to a cola.

Planting maple and caring for the seedling on the first day are completed, if necessary, with partial pruning of the branches. Весной и летом в период солнечной активности свежепосаженное деревце следует притенить, чтобы оно расходовало энергию не на испарение, а на развитие корней и побегов. Поливать саженец нужно ежемесячно 10 литрами воды, а жарким летом – еженедельно.

В последующие несколько лет молодому клёну для активного роста потребуется регулярная подкормка минеральными удобрениями. Взрослое растение хорошо переносит засуху, но если в засушливый период его периодически поливать, крона будет более пышной и свежей.

The tree should be regularly inspected for pests and diseases. Upon detection of infection, remove damaged leaves and shoots, treat with insecticides or fungicides. Pristvolny circle should be regularly weeded and loosened to destroy possible pests and improve air access to the roots.

As you see, planting a maple in the country and learning how to properly care for it is not an easy task. But do not despair! If this is difficult for you, then I, Alisa Samoilova, will be happy to help you! Call me on the phone: 8-916-999-99-20, and I will give you any help in gardening the site, planting trees and plants, as well as any other issues relating to landscape design.