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How to learn to draw with a pencil: lessons for beginners

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Once you get here, it means at least a little believe that you can learn to draw. And indeed it is! Even if you drew quite a bit, didn’t draw at all, or doubt your abilities, find a simple pencil and 20 minutes a day - and in a month you will learn how to create amazing images.

The hardest part is to get started

To learn to draw, a person first just needs to start. We need to push him to take a pencil in his hands and begin to draw lines on a clean sheet of paper. Many believe that a blank sheet of paper is a problem that only a talented artist can handle. In fact, having mastered Nine fundamental laws of drawing, you will gain enough confidence to enjoy drawing.

Having completed this course thirty days You will achieve the first creative success, get an incentive to constant practice, strengthen self-confidence and keep your interest in drawing for life.

What you need to start drawing lessons:

2. Pencil (as long as you can take any pencil that is at hand).

3. Diary or calendar (perhaps the most important thing from the entire list!). You will need to systematically allocate 20 minutes every day on drawing lessons. Therefore, you need to plan it and track.

Step one - we make the schedule

Take your diary and pencil - let's draw up a schedule of drawing lessons for the first week. I know your days are extremely busy, so you can break one twenty-minute lesson into two ten-minute ones.

My goal is for you to commit to draw every day just a week I know that after seven lessons you will love this. Immediate success is the greatest motivator! If you can draw daily during the week, you will successfully complete your training in a month.

However, it is perfectly acceptable to use a more leisurely approach and focus on several classes a week, spending much more time on the lessons and additional tasks at the end of each lesson.

The main thing is not to give up!

Pencil drawing basics

Experts say that to learn how to learn to draw correctly with a pencil is capable of anyone, regardless of age. Learning painting always begins with an acquaintance with the materials that a beginning artist needs:

  • a sheet of white paper of any format
  • eraser, he's a rubber grater,
  • simple pencils.

The first steps in drawing begin with a pencil sketch. With the help of stingy lines, the general outlines of the object being copied, various poses, and moments of movement are transmitted. A sketch is the fastest way to consolidate your first thoughts and impressions of what you are drawing on paper. During the execution of the sketch, it is not necessary to pay attention to the extra details, it is recommended to draw no more than 10 minutes.

How to learn to draw from scratch

Scientists have proved by scientists that during the process of creating a picture, both hemispheres of the brain are actively working in a person, imagination is activated. No wonder there is a technique for calming the nerves called art therapy - this is drawing for adults and children. Many want to be able, but do not know how to learn to draw with a pencil. Learning to draw from scratch is not at all difficult, because the pencil drawing technique is available for children and adults.

Art school

How to learn a child to draw with a pencil? The best solution is to give it to art school. It is designed to teach children of school age from 6 to 17 years. Upon admission to this institution is determined by the level of knowledge and skills in the visual arts. Depending on the skills of the child is determined in the appropriate group of students.

Education in art school is free and is publicly funded. This institution is visited after basic lessons at school three times a week. The course of study ranges from two to seven years. After graduation, a graduate receives a diploma that opens the door to an artistic future: entering a school or a higher educational institution in a specialty.

How to learn adults to draw with a pencil? Learning the art of drawing is possible with the help of art courses. They are paid. The course of study ranges from several weeks to four years. During this time, the art studio will teach you these skills:

  • How to draw correctly in a phased technique.
  • Learn to own a pencil and brush. Teachers in an art studio teach not only the ability to properly hold tools, but also to choose, to distinguish quality from low grade.
  • Learn how to draw children with a pencil.
  • Learn many drawing techniques.
  • Learn how to learn to draw various objects.
  • Learn to draw from life, landscapes, still lifes, people, animals, etc.
  • Learn how to color - correctly select and match colors.
  • Learn how to draw a cat with a pencil and other animals.
  • They will tell you how to learn to paint portraits.

Online lessons

If you do not have free time, and you do not know how to learn to draw with a pencil, then use the online courses. They are suitable for those who do not have the opportunity to visit the stationary studio. Approximate plan for the passage of such a format for beginning artists:

  • The teacher gives basic knowledge in drawing in the form of examples of works, pictures.
  • The selected topic of the drawing lesson is analyzed in detail.
  • The teacher at the end of the lesson gives homework that you are doing and mailing to the teacher for verification.
  • In the next lesson, the student, together with the teacher, analyzes the homework in detail, together corrects mistakes in the drawing, if any.

Online lessons, as an option, in order to learn how to draw professionally, are not the only way out. If you do not have financial and territorial opportunities, but there is a great and irresistible desire to learn how to draw cool, then this can be done independently with the help of:

  • textbooks and drawing aids,
  • tutorials,
  • drawing instructions
  • training videos.

Phased drawing technique

Beginners need to practice drawing by creating sketches. In order for the drawing to be meaningful, the sketch should be created according to the rules that form the plan:

  1. First, select the object that you will draw, for example, a teapot or a vase.
  2. Look at it from all sides, determine the shape, its texture, how the shadows fall on this object.
  3. Determine the composition of the picture, i.e. how it will be placed on paper, in what format.
  4. After the outlines are drawn, draw the details, apply shadows.

In order to draw a person, it is necessary to determine the composition. This means that you need to analyze the boundaries of the location from head to toe. When you have imagined the figure in your mind, begin to assemble the parts of the body. You need to draw a person from the outline of the contours of the head, going down below. In the image of a person it is very important to immediately find an image, it is necessary to determine the number of parts necessary for the finished drawing.

In drawing a person, great attention is paid to the face. To draw it correctly, you need to proceed in steps:

  1. To decide how the face will be on paper. To do this, mentally hold the axis of symmetry, it must pass through the center of the sheet.
  2. Draw with pencil on paper the shape of the face in the form of an oval (the shape of a chicken egg).
  3. Line up the shape of the face, starting from the line of the chin, moving to the most convex part - the zygomatic region, then to the narrowest - the temporal zone.
  4. To align the induced lines with an eraser, it will noticeably “facilitate” the shape of the oval.
  5. The resulting oval is divided into three equal parts by light, barely noticeable lines. The very first feature, located closer to the chin, marks the tip of the nose.
  6. Draw the nose, starting from the tip. It always comes forward, therefore it has a round, square, or pointed shape. Then draw the wings of the nose and nose.
  7. We draw the mouth, starting from the upper bend of the lip, which is located in the middle of the nostrils of the nose.

In the portrait of a man, eyes occupy the most important place, they attract attention to themselves, so they need to pay special attention. To draw them in a phased technique, you must adhere to this plan:

  1. Before drawing eyes, it is necessary to designate eyebrows which settle down at the level of a nose bridge. Their shape depends on the character that the artist wants to convey in the portrait.
  2. Outlining the approximate location of the eyes, draw their shape in the form of an oval.
  3. Draw the pupil in the shape of a circle.
  4. We direct the eyelids and make out the eyelashes.

Anime and Manga

Many young artists start learning to draw with anime and manga, because depicting people in the style of bright characters of Japanese cartoons is much easier than in the classical. The greatest emphasis in such cartoon characters falls on the head, eyes and hair. Let us analyze a phased drawing scheme, with which a novice artist learns how to learn to draw anime:

  1. Start drawing anime with an oval that will be your head.
  2. Divide the circle in half along with a flat line.
  3. Divide the head across into three parts with light lines.
  4. Further, it is necessary to note the location of the eyes, nose and mouth.
  5. We draw big eyes, starting with the arc of the upper eyelid. The distance between them should be equal to one eye. Much attention in the drawing of pupils is paid to glare. Eyebrows are drawn to these characters in a classic style: two even arcs.
  6. The nose of the anime and manga draw a small, expressed using a check mark.
  7. Lips are drawn in two small lines.
  8. Anime and manga hair should be drawn with falling triangles that slightly cover the eyes.
  9. Anime girls are drawn in bright clothes, mostly in dresses.

3d drawings

Volumetric drawings fascinate with their realism, thanks to the correct construction of the form, applying shadows and highlights in the right places. One should learn to depict such pictures from simple geometric figures: cylinder, rhombus, square. To recreate a 3D illusion of an object, it is necessary to draw in isometry, when the angles between the axes of coordinates are 45 degrees. The volume of the drawing is added with auxiliary lines, which are drawn inside the figure with a slight pressure, and the contour is drawn with a bold, darker color.

Portraits can be drawn from life or from a photograph. Before drawing up the image, think carefully about what the message will carry the future picture. Learn to draw a portrait of a person correctly, not only in terms of proportionality and symmetry, but also to display live emotions. Another task of drawing a person's image is the maximum transfer of the similarity of the person being copied; for its implementation, before starting to draw, consider all the details, highlight those features, “highlights” that you will emphasize.

Where to begin?

To begin with, it should be remembered that of all the art supplies, a pencil is the most convenient tool for novice artists.

This is due to the fact that it is very easy to erase, and in the case of blots, everything can be fixed very quickly. In addition, there are several types of pencils with which you can effortlessly make your drawing perfect. How can you independently learn to draw with a pencil?

So, the most important tip for beginning artists is to never draw large and complex compositions until you learn how to draw each detail separately. Most likely, you will not be able to do anything, and this will permanently discourage your desire to take a pencil a second time.

First, learn how to draw a single object. To do this, you need to distinguish it from the eyes of other items. Then visually determine its size and shape. After that, you need to imagine where your sheet will most conveniently place it, taking into account the size and shape of the item.

It should be remembered that high objects are best placed on the length of the sheet, and wide - in width.

It should also be borne in mind that the item you are depicting is likely to be larger than your sheet, and therefore it will be necessary to draw it, observing the scale and proportions. For a novice artist, this will be quite difficult.

Therefore, in order to develop your necessary skills, we offer you some simple, at first glance, exercises. They will help you learn how to allocate the right place for a picture on a piece of paper, and this is practically the basis for building any images, since any picture begins with this.

Special exercises

In these exercises, we will depict objects in the form of diagrams, without drawing small details. The most important thing for you is to see with the help of what simple shapes this object can be drawn, and also take into account its proportions and dimensions. After receiving this skill, in the future you will already automatically correctly determine the size and place for the picture.

So, the first exercise is that you will draw the object not from nature, but from the finished drawing. This will greatly simplify your task, since you do not need to select an object among the rest and correctly place it on a sheet of paper - all of this has already been done for you. You just need to repeat all this, but always in a different size, so as not to turn everything into a banal copying process.

We will depict the mountain. To begin, you need to carefully consider it and mentally present it on your piece of paper. After that, draw a straight line that will serve as the basis for the mountain.

Then you need to consider the shape of the mountain, are its slopes equal or not? In our case, this is a mountain with the same slopes, so it can be represented as a regular cone, whose height is less than the width of the base.

How to determine how many times they differ from each other?

With the help of this ruler you would do it very quickly, but for you the most important thing is to learn how to measure the size by eye. In the finished picture, the mountain is depicted in a 1: 3 ratio, i.e. its base is three times larger than its height.

To correctly determine the proportions of your drawing, you first need to build a mountain top. You need to find a place on the horizontal line where it will be. To do this, put on our line three identical segments.

After that, find the middle and build a perpendicular. Then mark the vertex at a distance of one division from the base. If your drawings are the same, then you did everything right. Now try to draw this mountain of a different size. And so several times.

Remember that in order to correctly determine the proportions of the object you are depicting, you must always begin by dividing the base into equal parts, and then start from this.

Through this exercise, you will always learn to accurately determine the relationship between the different parts of the object you are depicting, and this is the basis of drawing.

The second exercise is that you will need to draw a mountain in which the ratio of height and width is 1: 4, and its vertex is rejected to the right. It is more difficult to do than in the first case, but nothing is impossible.

To begin, do as in the first exercise: draw a straight line, divide it into equal parts (in this case, 4). Then there is a nuance - the top is not in the middle of the segment. Take a closer look, it is located just above the third mark, which means that it is necessary to build a perpendicular from it. After that, we postpone the top of the mountain. Most often, when drawing any objects, the base is divided by 2, 3, and less often by 5.

The third exercise is to depict in a single profile picture several mountains at once with different peaks and height. But do not worry, it is not as difficult as it seems. You need to present each mountain separately, mentally drawing dotted lines to the base. And then everything will be clear to you, and you just have to repeat the first exercise three times.

Also a very important skill for a novice artist is the ability to build perfectly straight lines from the hand without the help of special tools. It is not as easy as it seems at first glance. To learn this, you need to constantly train.

Draw a vertical line with a ruler, and try to draw the most parallel lines with your hand. Repeat too with a horizontal line. From the first time you are unlikely to get the perfect masterpiece, but over time the lines will come out more straight and parallel to each other.

Master hatching

When drawing with a pencil, you also need to be able to properly hatch three-dimensional objects in order to show the places where light and shadow falls. It’s best to start with simple shapes, such as a ball, cube, cylinder, or cone. Also, if you look at these figures, you will notice that there are parts of the penumbra on them.

In order for the figure you get a smooth transition from light to partial shade and to darker areas, you need to use pencils of different hardness. Having mastered this skill, you can easily depict any three-dimensional objects, and they will look realistic.

If you do all these exercises quickly and without problems, then you can practice your skills on other subjects of a simple form, for example, to draw a jug or a vase. А после этого можно переходить и к более сложным рисункам, таким как, изображения цветов, птиц и различных животных.

Нарисуем человека

Если вы и в этом добились определенных успехов, то следующий уровень для вас – нарисовать человека. Сделать это очень не просто. We will tell you how you can gradually depict an adult on a piece of paper. To get started, try to draw it in a standing position, since it is very important for you to see the proportions.

Start by drawing a vertical line, from which you will build on a person’s grid, i.e. the main lines of the head, shoulders, waist, hips, legs and arms.

But what size should these lines be? If you draw from life, then as a measuring tool, you can use your pencil. For example, you need to measure the distance from the head to the waist - you take a pencil, and its tip is visually aligned with the top of the head, and then on it, with your thumbnail, mark where the waist is. After that, transfer this size to a sheet of paper. Thus, you can measure anything.

But in order to check yourself, you need to know that the body of an adult person can be visually divided into 8 parts. The size of one part corresponds to the size of the head. Body length

in men it is about “three heads”, the boundaries are on the chin, chest, waist and crotch line. The legs are "four heads", with the middle in the area of ​​the knees. Width of shoulders - two whole and one third of the “head”. The length of the arms is three and a half "heads". In women, the proportions are slightly different - the body is longer, and the widest part is the hips.

If you have already decided on the proportions of the person you are depicting and put the corresponding marks on your sheet, then you can proceed to giving it shape. To do this, you need to draw all parts of the body with the help of ovals and cylinders. If you are satisfied with the resulting figure, then you can draw the outline of a person.

After that, you will only have to specify some details, such as folds on clothes, draw fingers, hair, face, etc. - your drawing is ready.

Beautiful portraits

The most difficult thing in depicting people is portraits. Their complexity lies in the fact that in order to achieve similarities with the original, you must correctly draw absolutely all the facial features. Beginners will be quite difficult to do this.

Therefore, the main advice for them is to learn how to draw separately different parts of the face: cuts in the eyes, the shape of the nose and lips in different angles. After that, go to the image portraits. At first, it is better to draw them from a photo, as this can take a lot of time, and not every model will be able to pose for you.

So where to start? First draw the outline of the head. Then draw a central vertical axis. She will divide the face into symmetrical parts. After that, divide it in half with the help of a horizontal line - this is the line where the eyes will be. Eyebrows should be located on the same level with the upper edges of the ears.

The length of the nose is determined as follows: divide the distance between the line of the eyes and the line of the chin in half - this will be the tip of the nose. Its width corresponds to the distance between the inner corners of the eyes. These proportions, of course, are not a dogma, but in most cases all faces can be drawn precisely with their help.

Once you have decided on the location of the parts of the face, you need to draw the contours of the eyes, nose, lips, ears, and hair. If everything suits you, you can proceed to their detailed drawing. After that, it remains to add only a few finishing touches - indicate the places of illumination and shade in the figure, and your portrait is ready.

Graffiti style

If you like drawings with images of various inscriptions, various forms, etc., then you better turn your attention to graffiti. There are several style directions. And in order to decide exactly which style you want to create, you should get to know all of them, and try which one suits you.

For a beginner, you first need to practice on a piece of paper. Write any word in pencil. The distance between the letters should correspond to half the height of the letter, as they will be outlined along the contour. Then add volume and bulge to each letter with light and shade, as well as color intensity. Color the letters and draw their outlines again. And your graffiti is ready.

Choosing Tools

A very important role in creating any drawings is played by the tools and paper that you use. What pencils are needed to make your drawing perfect?

There are several varieties of them. Simple pencils can be of different softness and hardness. Most often they are designated using the English classification, where "B" is the softest pencil, "H" is the hardest, and "HB" is a hard-soft pencil. In addition, next to these letters you can see the numbers from 2 to 9 - they indicate the shade of the color of a pencil.

A novice artist will need only a few pencils of varying hardness and softness. Also when drawing with a pencil it is very convenient to use a good soft eraser. These tools will help you in creating any image.

What paper do you also draw on a very important role? It is best to use heavy white paper. It must withstand all your corrections. For a pencil, grained paper is the most suitable, since any shades of a simple pencil will be very clearly visible on it, and it will be much easier for you to draw all parts of the shadow and penumbra.

So, you now own almost all the information that we hope will help you in creating your artistic masterpieces!

Interesting pictures of the girl for the personal diary

Beautiful animals

Very complex drawings

And much more for every taste ...

As you can see drawing is a fun, easy and very pleasant process, from which you get a lot of pleasure.

Artist-masochist.

Such an artist can not imagine creativity without suffering. He suffers when he chooses a plot, he is tormented while doing work, he suffers when he looks at his works, because they did not turn out exactly as they should: “I didn’t reach the ideal.” Often depressed and engaged in self-flagellation. If he fails to draw something “As He Conceived”, and this happens almost constantly, he runs around the canvas, clasping his head with his hands, or wailing that he is a nonentity and a layman in art. He is afraid of exhibitions, afraid of someone else's opinion, afraid of criticism in any form. If someone starts to criticize his work, he has a heart attack. And this is not an acting game. It is true, he lives in agony. Perhaps, in his childhood, someone inspired him that creativity without suffering is not real creativity. That the Real Artist is bound to suffer and suffer, and only in torment and suffering are masterpieces born. Otherwise it is a daub. And the height of indecency for masochist artists is when another artist publicly declares that creativity is a pleasure! Not! Not a pleasure! In no case! This is work! This is hard, painful, exhausting work! And if the artist suddenly declares that he likes his own paintings and that he admires his mastery. Everything, such an artist will forever be deleted not only from friends, but also from Artists in general in his own list of the Masochist Artist.

Such artists often suffer from alcoholism, drug addiction and have a tendency to suicide. Bright representative - Vincent van Gogh .

“What is a drawing? - wrote Vincent in one of the letters. “This is breaking through the road through an iron wall, which stands, as it were, between what you feel and what you can do ...”

I really hope that you are not a masochist artist. Most often, masochistic artists become very famous, but after death.

Kayfist artist.

Such an artist, as I wrote at the beginning of the book, enjoys the very process of drawing, then learns to enjoy the result. Such an artist usually becomes known even during his lifetime. He likes to draw, he likes to find new images, he loves to experiment, often goes new way in the works. Many of the kayfisty publicly admit that they get great pleasure from creativity, they say that this is better than sex and any kind of drugs. They are always full of ideas and stories. Depression from kayfistov are only in one case - if they take away the paint and brush. Usually they do not suffer from loneliness, on the contrary, they are well with themselves. He drew himself, admired himself, praised himself. Exhibitions of their interest only as a place to sell and raise their rating, because kayfuy - not kayfuy, you still want to eat.

Very often, after many years, their new techniques and visual tricks become classics. Kaifist artists are the vast majority of famous artists. I will not list all, I will call my beloved - Oscar Claude Monet.

Artist nihilists.

Oh, this is a special type of artists. Each representative of the nihilists is a very bright, memorable person! His little interest in art, he is more interested in people's attention to his person. I would call them artists, it’s a pity that the translation of the word “artist” means an artist, somehow oil turns out. A naughty artist absolutely doesn’t care what to draw, his main goal is to excite, surprise, stun the viewer. If it is impossible to do this with the help of his works, then he begins to do it with his behavior. If you can not surprise, then he will try to cause you disgust, resentment, anger. He doesn’t care what they say about him, the main thing is to talk, he doesn’t care what they think of him, the main thing is to think about him!

Famous are becoming very fast and rich, too, most often. Bright representative - Salvador Dali.

Artist in love.

This is a type of Novice Artist. This is exactly who is called the Lover. Usually artists behave this way, starting their career as an adult. They, like all lovers, idealize the object of their attention. In this case, not only the process of creating paintings is idealized, but also the very image of the Real Artist. Even the artist's lifestyle is usually idealized. Like all timid lovers, the artist-lover for a long time does not dare to admit to himself and others that his soul is filled with love, what he needs to create. Often he begins to sneak in, so that no one sees and accidentally scares off his timid attempts. If, after the first unsuccessful attempts to draw a “masterpiece”, it does not break, if all his ideals fail, and he doesn’t chicken out and begin to actively comprehend the basics of artistic mastery, then literally in a short period of time he will turn into one of the three above-described types of Artist. He will become a master and will start earning his creativity.

I love this type of Artists - they resemble kind, tender children, and so do not want to destroy their beautiful illusions.

My dear, to become an artist, you just need to show your world to people!

Good luck to you and all the very best!

And pay less attention to sadistic Critics, even if these are your relatives and friends.

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