From the point of view of industrial gardening, strawberry is a profitable berry. It reproduces quickly and well, does not require significant investments, as in fruit growing, for example, cultivation of cherry and apple orchards, berry bushes. But every summer resident, who grows this wonderful berry on two or three beds, knows that to get a crop, at least in a bowl of jam, it is necessary to faithfully care for each bush. And the level and quantity of June bliss depends on how well the varieties of strawberries are chosen.
Consider what properties should have the best varieties of strawberries for home gardens.
- Productivity and size. From a good bush going to a kilogram of berries, and in the first harvest, they should weigh 50-70 grams.
- Taste and aroma. For a balanced taste, strawberry fruits should contain a sufficient amount of sugars and acids and have a recognizable aroma not only in smell, but also in taste.
- The consistency, that is, the density of the fruit and the tenderness of the skin. From these parameters depends on the keeping quality of strawberries and the ability to protect themselves from slugs and rot.
- Resistance to the disease, pests, freezing and not demanding of natural factors - the composition and fertility of the soil, acid-base balance, etc.
For industrial cultivation of strawberry two more factors are important:
- one-dimensionality and roundness (without the “white ass”),
- simultaneous ripening.
To the summer gardener the other characteristics are more interesting:
- exceptional ripening - super early and late,
- originality - remontant species and plants of ampelous type with berries on the whiskers are welcome. The latest varieties of fruit year round, they grow right at home in pots.
Of course, all the excellent parameters can not be combined in one variety of strawberries. According to practicing gardeners, the best varieties of strawberries are gaining no more than 90% on a 100 point scale. However, they should be considered when choosing the most suitable seedlings.
The most reliable strawberry for the summer resident of Moscow
Let's start with the tested varieties, which may not have the excellent qualities of the newest breeding samples, but not be afraid of the climatic foci of average Russia and guarantee the harvest in any conditions. Timeless classics tested on their own experience. My childhood, ruined on a plot with strawberries, gives me the right to judge the value and correlation of time and result.
Advice from Zoya Bukhteyeva: In the suburbs you should not choose early varieties for planting in open ground, because the traditional frosts at the end of May fall at the very time of flowering and can generally deprive you of the harvest.
Beauty Zagorje - the old, proven variety of domestic selection, the result of crossing varieties Mysovka and Komsomolskaya Pravda. It conquers with high winter hardiness and good yield, slugs and powdery mildew are indifferent to it, but the rains, which are traditional during the harvest period, turn into gray rot. The berries ripen at the end of June, in the first collection of medium-large, 35-40 g, elongated and oval in shape, slightly ribbed with a shiny dark red skin. The flesh is dense, very juicy, with a dessert taste and a pleasant aroma.
Disadvantage: "Demanding on the conditions of cultivation" - write the sellers in the description. Verily! And the mustache forms in large quantities.
Festival - very stable and winter-hardy variety, bred, as the name suggests, in the late 50s of the last century. Mid-season. The berries are dark red, there are huge, flattened, with grooves, for my taste, somewhat dryish inside. After the first wave of the crop are shallow. Gray rot is not afraid and calmly endure rainy seasons. Can be planted in lace shade.
Pineapple - amazingly pleasant berry for lovers of light fruit. It does not have a bright, pronounced taste, sugary sweetness, or sourness, but is very fragrant. The berries are soft, light-pink, with a delicate skin. Growing pineapple strawberries in the shade means giving a crop to slugs and gray rot. Only in open areas and without special harvest. Exclusively to feast on.
Zanga Zengana - late cultivation. The berries are dark red, round, slightly flattened on top, like a hat of a young mushroom, shiny, very juicy. Small - the largest berries do not exceed the walnut. It begins to bear fruit after the main flow, but it is valuable not only for this, but also for its stunning taste, combining all the colors of the late summer: the taste of raspberries, blackberries, and, of course, the sun is felt in it. Sweet Slugs almost do not touch, gray rot, too. Whiskers are few, leaves are dark green.
Modern varieties of garden strawberries, from early to late - we will not advise the bad!
I am writing this section based on the recommendations of strawberry producers who are simultaneously testing modern varieties in Meshchera.
Nowadays, they have not heard of varieties that some farms and distributors, such as strawberries Moscow delicacy, Black Prince, Marshal, Japanese Chamora Turusi or mythical Victoria. The State Register of Breeding Achievements includes 73 varieties of strawberry, allowed to reproduce in Russia according to test results, and the names listed above do not appear there. It doesn’t say anything: just recently a remontant strawberry variety was included in the registry Yoshkarolinka, created at the Volga Technological University in the early 2000s.
For clarity: the presence of a plant of a certain variety in the State Register of breeding achievements means that seeds and seedlings are allowed to be imported and sold on the territory of Russia. Otherwise, the seizure of the unlawful product may follow, and the deal (for example, with an online store) may be broken.
In the Moscow region, sweet strawberries are especially appreciated, with a “caramel” flavor, but one should not give up “sweet and sour” varieties that are very suitable for jam and other cooking. In addition, some sweet varieties without sourness are considered by some not sufficiently saturated to taste and “empty”.
Here is a selection of the most popular and high-yielding varieties according to experienced producers of strawberries and its seedlings.
Kimberly - It is considered the best variety of very early ripening of Dutch origin. Very large and sweet berries with a "caramel" flavor, up to 50 g, cone-shaped. Winter-hardy, resistant to powdery mildew, not picky about fertile soil.
Maryshka - a well-known mid-early domestic variety, one of the sweetest. The berries are large, about 50 g, but with an insufficient level of refreshing acid and do not have the “power of taste”. The fruits are soft, with a delicate skin. Differs in unsurpassed climatic stability and protection from diseases. It multiplies quickly due to the abundantly growing mustache.
Shelf - variety with very large sweet rounded dark red dense berries. Not all young saplings endure winter, but those who stay will reward a hundredfold. It grows into a large sprawling bush, for which you need to allocate a lot of space, bears fruit for a long time, you can harvest several times in July. The whiskers are small, growing in the lace shade.
Maxim or Gigantella Maxim - the most large-fruited variety of medium maturity. Dutch breeders have created a plant with powerful bushes, mustaches and stalks as thick as a pencil. Very large, up to 110-125 g berries, slightly flattened on the sides, dense, dryish. Prefers bright places, not very winter-resistant, like most Dutch species. Throws away many mustaches that need to be removed to get a good harvest. The adult bush of Gigantella demands about 50 cm of free space, but also does not give a harvest of less than a kilogram.
Black swan - also large-fruited variety, up to 70 g, late ripening. It is famous for its fragrant taste, sweet. Berry is loose and dry, because large, but without voids. Fruits until mid-August, you can plant in the shade.
Council from Zoya Bukhteyeva: Light strawberries should be planted in the sun, red can be in the shade.
Original strawberry varieties - repair, ampelous, curly
Gardeners and pulls to grow on your site something special. White strawberries, without a cake or, on the contrary, ampelous, with berries on a mustache - all this exotic pleases the soul, but not the stomach or the wallet. However, it is impossible to ignore such varieties.
I am wary of remontant strawberry varieties. It is not enough for me to take care of the plot in June-July, so if you please, from May to September, you can spin around the oversight breeders! In addition, unattended, remontant varieties quickly intersect with strawberries, shrink, degenerate and fill their best places with their whiskers, displacing the decent inhabitants of the strawberry plot. Nevertheless, “advanced” gardeners wonders of wonders, so it makes sense to follow the advice of experienced professionals.
Queen Elizabeth 2 - remontant variety with very large berries of conical slightly flattened shape, some of them with an average apple - 100-110 g, bright red color, the flesh is dense. A very original look of "winter" strawberries, in which already formed buds hibernate - hence the very early fruiting. The advertised "hit of the season-2010" does not tolerate drought and cannot boast of exquisite taste.
Russian size - very popular in the mailing variety, but by experimenters and gardeners is estimated at C grade. The taste is not sweet enough, the berries are not much larger than the usual remontant strawberries. Usually more than 3 years it does not hold, preferring foreign varieties.
Merlan - it could be called an ornamental plant of ampelous type for cultivation in hanging baskets, but it has a surprisingly pleasant taste. Original compact bushes with pink inflorescences bear fruit 10 months a year in an apartment or from May to October in the country. It seems to be unassuming to care. I do not understand why pots with such types of strawberries are not hung with city apartments?
Garland - curly variety, intermediate variety between ampelous and remontany strawberries: gives berries on whiskers, fruits all summer, but berries are large, quite tasty, juicy. It is grown both on the ground, on beds, and in a suspended form.
Hopefully, guided by this article, you will find for yourself the very variety that is simply meant for growing on your plot and will bring you much joy in the summer and little hassle in the spring and autumn.
Strawberries are not only tasty and delicious berries, which we all used to feast on in the summer. Its composition is unique. Here's what is there: organic acids, carbohydrates, fiber, protein, vitamins B2, B6, B3, B9, B1, C, H, E, as well as a variety of macronutrients, such as magnesium, sodium, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, chlorine . There is also iodine, zinc, chromium, iron, copper, manganese, selenium, molybdenum, and much more. All this makes this berry just amazing in terms of its benefits.
Here are some useful properties of strawberries:
- First of all, this berry is an excellent anti-inflammatory agent that can be used in the treatment of various diseases of the nose, mouth or throat.
- There is an antimicrobial effect.
- This is a great diuretic, which acts gently, but allows you to get rid of edema.
- Although strawberries are sweet, they can help control blood sugar levels. This means that such a product can be included in the menu of people with diabetes.
- It contains antioxidants that protect the tissues from the action of free radicals, so this is an excellent means of cancer prevention.
- For the thyroid gland, such a berry is simply necessary, because it contains iodine.
- It is known that this berry has a positive effect on the skin. Acids that make up the berries, can be used as a soft peeling. In addition, such a tool will get rid of age spots and freckles.
- Strawberries have only 36 calories per 100 grams, which is negligible. And this means that such a product will help to lose weight, if, for example, to eat it instead of sweets.
- Strawberries are often used as a treatment for colds. Yes, it can accelerate the healing process, as well as strengthen the immune system and protect against diseases.
- Fresh juice is useful for gallstone disease.
- Strawberries are an excellent means of preventing and treating anemia.
- For vessels such a berry is also very, very useful, as well as for the heart.
- The product has a positive effect on metabolic processes.
- It is a good antipyretic.
- Salicylic acid strengthens joints.
- Strawberries have a positive effect on male potency.
Who can not eat strawberries?
Despite all the benefits, there are some contraindications to the use of such amazing berries:
- This is a fairly strong allergen, so if you are prone to allergies, you should be careful.
- Some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are also contraindicated. For example, you should not risk with increased acidity of the stomach, with gastritis, duodenal ulcers or stomach ulcers, with gastroduodenitis.
- When gout also do not abuse this berry.
- Small children (up to 1-1.5 years old) should not be offered strawberries.
And a few special instructions about the use. First, you should not eat strawberries on an empty stomach, as it will irritate the stomach mucous membranes. Secondly, this berry should not be abused, since oxalic acid and calcium can interact with each other and provoke the development of such ills as pyelonephritis, cystitis, caries, osteoporosis, kidney stones, and so on.
How to buy?
How to choose strawberries and enjoy its benefits and taste? Here are some helpful tips.
- The best option is homemade strawberries collected from your own garden. But if there is no garden, then you should not despair. Go to the market, it is better to buy such a berry there, because in this case there is a greater likelihood that the strawberries will be local and mature. But the store often sells imported berries, which are brought from far away and “stuffed” with fertilizers to preserve juiciness and color.
- Remember that you should buy such a berry only in the season of its ripening, namely from mid-June. This season lasts no more than a month, remember this. But some climatic conditions may shift this framework. But in any case, in April or September, ripe and healthy strawberries will not be able to buy you.
- Pay attention to the appearance of the berries. They must have a rich red or burgundy color (depending on the variety). There can be no stains or blotches on the surface. The size of the strawberry should be medium, too large berries contain a lot of water and will not be tasty. The berries must be strong, fleshy. Excess fluid will be talking about improper storage.
- Smell the berries. They will smell like strawberries, and not something else.
- Pay attention to the stalk. It should be green, fresh. And her absence should alert you.
How to store?
You can store strawberries outside the refrigerator for no more than a day, then it starts to sour and ferment. But even in a refrigerator, do not remove such a berry for a long time, it may lose its beneficial properties. In the cold strawberry stored for 3-4 days. And it is better to eat it fresh, just bought.
Do you want to enjoy this product all year round? Then freeze it. Another option is to boil the jam.
How to use?
What to cook from ripe and tasty strawberries? You can use it as a filling and add to the cake. We offer you the best recipes:
- Curd-strawberry cream. For cooking you will need: 500 grams of cottage cheese, 150 ml of full-fat milk or cream, 200 grams of ripe and fresh strawberries, 80 grams of honey, 1 bag of vanillin. First, beat the cottage cheese on a blender with honey, milk and vanilla. Chop strawberries and mash them. Combine the mashed potatoes with cottage cheese, whisk everything again. This cream can be added to the cake or in any dessert.
- Salad "Original". List of ingredients: 300 grams of leaf lettuce (or salad mixture), 200 grams of strawberries, 50 grams of walnuts, 150 grams of feta cheese (or cheese), 1 cucumber, olive oil, lemon juice. Slice the strawberries, cucumbers and cheese. Salad narvite into small pieces. Ceil the nuts a little or cut with a knife. Mix all the ingredients and sprinkle the salad with olive oil and lemon juice. Done!
Strawberries can also be used in cosmetology. From it make various masks, lotions and other means. Here are a few options:
- Refreshing cleansing lotion from strawberry water. Take a glass of fresh berries, crush them with a spoon, squeeze juice through gauze. Add half a teaspoon of soda, a teaspoon of alcohol, and then a quarter of a glass of milk. This lotion can wipe the skin of any type of sutra and at night. After wiping it is better to wash and then apply the cream.
- For normal or dry skin, this mask is suitable: take a couple of strawberries, crush them and mix with egg yolk. Apply the mixture onto the face and leave there for about 15-20 minutes. Then rinse your face with warm and then cool water. Apply a nourishing cream.
- Если у вас чувствительная кожа, то смешайте по одной чайной ложке жидкого мёда и жирного творога, добавьте столовую ложку клубничного сока или мякоти клубники. Массу нанесите на кожу лица на 15 минут, а потом смойте тёплой водой.
Choose only high-quality and ripe strawberries, eat it for health and use it in cosmetology to preserve beauty and youth!
Daronka - very early conical berries, dark red in color, with dense flesh, when fully ripe, sweet, with a taste of wild strawberries. High yield. It gives a very early harvest when grown under cover.
Joseph Mohammed is a clone of Rusanovskaya. Bushes with a strong root system, which indicates excellent drought and frost resistance. The berries are dark red, oval, with a "bald" neck, medium-sized. Ripening friendly. The taste is sweet-sour, the flesh is tender. It gives a very early harvest when grown under cover.
Strawberry variety "Alba" is one of the most popular for gardeners.
Alba - bushes sredneroslye, mild. The berry is very large, bright red, shiny, regular conical shape. The fruits retain their size throughout the entire harvest. Transportability is very high. Resistant to diseases and pests. It gives a very early harvest when grown under cover. Excellent industrial grade.
Octave (Ukraine) - plant srednerosly, semi-sprawling with dark green, leathery, medium-sized leaves. Ripens in the third decade of May. Differs in yield of large, transportable dessert berries. Berries are large (the first up to 36-40 g, on average for all collections 10-12 g), wide-conical, with a neck, dark red, shiny. The skin is firm, the pulp is thick, juicy, very fragrant, of excellent taste. It gives a very early harvest when grown under cover.
Berries strawberries varieties "Clery".
Clery (Italy) - high bushes, erect, medium density. Inflorescence at leaf level. Berries of good taste, with full maturity dark cherry, with a strong shine. High transportability. It gives a very early harvest when grown under cover.
Rosanna (Ukraine) - sredneroslye plants, sredneoblichnye. Peduncle a lot, they are few-flowered, medium compact. Flowers at the level of leaves or above. The berries are large, the first wide-conical, subsequent truncated-conical or tear-shaped, intensely red, with a small neck, bordered by large, bulged sepals. The flesh is intense red, medium density, pleasant sweet-sour taste with a rich aroma. Productivity is high. Ripening friendly. Resistant to diseases. It gives a very early harvest when grown under cover.
Strawberry variety "Kama".
Kama (Poland) - compact bush, well leafy, medium height. Peduncles located below the leaves. The berries of the correct classical form, when fully ripe, have a very dark color, a strong strawberry flavor and aroma. Not very resistant to spotting. Usov gives little. In this class there is a secret. If you pick berries that are not fully ripe, this is a common strawberry of a sweet-sour taste, fragrant, but without a raisin. But if the berries are already burgundy - this is clearly expressed taste and aroma of wild strawberries.
Elkat (Poland) - a variety of medium early ripening. The berries are beautiful rounded-conical in shape, bright red, almost no small ones. Tastes at the height, the berries are very juicy, refreshing taste. Productivity is high. Ripening friendly. The variety is easy to grow. Bushes with a strong root system, which indicates excellent drought and frost resistance. It multiplies rapidly.
Marvelous - originator. A powerful bush, but compact, copious amount of elongated blunt-shaped berries. Seeds are numerous, yellowish. Unusually strong taste and aroma of wild strawberry. Excellent balance of density. Ripening berries stretched in time. Winter-hardy, resistant to drought. Berry dry, transportable. Abundant fruiting. The berries are large, long, often rectangular. By taste and appearance, you can’t confuse Marvelous with more than one variety.
Maryshka - the driest and sweet berries, with a pronounced taste and aroma of wild strawberries. Bushes are low, very compact. Variety is not picky in the care. When grown under shelter, it easily yields a crop at a very early date. The berry is mostly medium-large, elongated, but sometimes comes across a large rectangular (almost) shape. Sunflower seeds (grains) on the surface are yellow-green in color, at the tip of the berries are their main cluster, therefore often, even with full ripeness, the tip has a greenish tinge. Berry gains sugar content in any weather. If someone can wait for the burgundy color of the berries - the taste is indescribable. Resistant to a complex of diseases. He tolerates heat well, even if it is not watered for a long time.
Veselka (Ukraine) - early-term ripening with a prolonged period of fruiting (1-2 days later than the Olbia variety, and 11-12 days earlier than the Zeng Zengana variety). Plants are vigorous, semi-weighty. Round-shaped berries of orange-red color with glitter, sweet, with the aroma of wild strawberry, up to 40g. Transportability is good. Productivity is high. The variety has a high winter hardiness and resistance to gray rot of berries, as well as to leaf spot.
Kokinsky Dawn (Russia) - early ripening. Productivity is high. Bush srednerosly, semi-sprawling. Peduncles short, located below the level of the leaves. The berries are large, stupidly shaped, without a neck. The skin is dark red, shiny. The flesh is dark red, moderately dense. Sweet berry with a very rich taste and aroma of wild strawberries.
Stolichnaya (Ukraine) - early middle grade. Bushes are powerful, leafy, compact, which allows them to grow in a compacted planting to increase yields. The variety is characterized by high drought resistance and resistance to major diseases and pests. The berry is oval, with a neck, large, dark red, sweet and fragrant. The variety is extremely fruitful, the berry practically does not become shallow as it is harvested. Differs in the increased drought resistance, resistance to the main diseases. The variety is good for those who have little land.
Sequoia (USA) - tall, medium-bush bushes. The berries are bright red, shiny, elongated-cylindrical shape (3-4 cm on average), similar to the “Lady Fingers” grapes. The flesh is an excellent balance of density, very juicy and tasty. Resistant to disease, drought and frost.
Strawberry varieties "Honey".
Honey (USA) - one of the most popular varieties in the countries of central and northern Europe. The shrub is medium-tall, upright, slightly dominant, the peduncles are straight, durable. The first fruits are large, up to 45 g and rather large remain until the end of the harvest. From bright red to dark red, with a strong sheen. The top of the first berries can remain light. Berries should be picked ripe, as the taste is formed only in fully ripe berries. One of the most transportable varieties, resistant to the conditions of trade. Resistant to gray rot - not afraid of rainy weather, rather cold-resistant, resistant to elevated levels of calcium salts in the soil. Variety susceptible to phytophthora - redness of the axial cylinder of the rhizome caused by the fungus Fhytophtora Fragariae Hickman.
Anapolis (Scotland) - a variety with good productivity. Fruits are medium to large, with a dense consistency, red color of medium intensity and shiny skin. The taste is good. Quite resistant to root rot, but susceptible to mildew.
Wistar (Canada) - very productive, with a good taste, dense, red, shiny berries that quickly become shallow as the harvest. The plant is vigorous, but not sufficiently resistant to root rot and verticillus.
Evangelina (Scotland) - a very early ripening period, with oblong, rather large fruits of conical shape of light red color with good flavors. Pulp of average density. Very early flowering often causes damage to the flowers by frost. The plants are vigorous, but unstable to root rot and verticillosis.
Kamaroza is a powerful plant, with exceptional yield, capable of producing a large number of fruits with dense flesh. The berries are colored bright red.
Camino Real - the variety is comparable with the Kamaroza and Gaviata varieties. Kamino Real plants are smaller and more compact, but more upright than Kamarose plants. At the same time, it is more compact, but less upright, than the Gaviota variety plants. In favorable conditions, the Camino Real variety is more productive than Kamarose and Gaviota and has a higher commercial rating. The fruits of the Camino real variety are much darker than those of Kamarose and slightly darker than those of Graviata, dense, of very good taste, equally well suited for fresh implementation and for processing.
Nortest - large, dense fruits with a strong aroma. Good yield compared to other varieties. Forms little mustache. The plant is large, grows well on heavy soils. Resistant to root rot and verticillus.
Mohawk - high quality fruit of good taste. The harvest is lower than that of the Norstet variety. Plants vigorous, forms a large mustache. Resistant to root rot and verticillosis.
Oso Grand - a variety widely distributed in Florida and Spain. Fruits are large, dense, sweet, well transported. Oso Grand has good adaptive properties, it can potentially be used in different environmental conditions.
Sable (Scotland) - fruits from medium to large sizes. Tastes are very high, but the berries are soft. The plant is vigorous, resistant to root rot.
Totem (USA) is a variety distributed in the northeast of the country. Fruits are medium sized, dense, with bright red flesh, very good for processing.
Earley Glow - one of the early varieties with good qualities. Fruits of dense consinstance with excellent taste and color. The yield is inferior to the grade Nortest. Fruits tend to become smaller as they are harvested. The plant is large, forms a large mustache, resistant to root rot and verticillis.
Modeline is a variety of early medium ripening. Bushes high, medium density. The berry is wide-conic, large, leveled, sweet and fragrant. The variety adapts well to different soils. Good transportability.
Forget-me-not (Ukraine) - the newest early average grade. Chic variety with a powerful root system, tall bushes with leathery, disease-resistant leaves. The berries are large, perfect shape, bright red shiny. Very tasty and juicy. Fruiting is plentiful and long lasting.
All varieties of strawberries
Middle and Middle Late Varieties
Anastasia (Russia) - a variety of average maturity of breeding of the Research Institute of Gardening in Siberia M.A. Lisavenko. The bush is powerful, upright, well leafy, with carved beautiful foliage. The berry is medium large, rich sweet taste, fragrant, dark red color. Resistant to major diseases and pests.
Mishutka (Russia) - grade obtained at the Kokinskoy strong point. Berries are large, average weight - 10 g, round-conic shape. The bush is large, compact, well leafy. The flesh is dark red, dense, juicy, sweet-sour, with a rich taste and aroma of wild strawberry.
Wegera (in Russia better known as the Stranger) is a vigorous, spreading bush. The berries are large, rounded-conical, cut from the bottom, with dark red skin. The flesh is dense, dark red, the taste is sweet, aromatic, with a pronounced aftertaste of wild strawberry. Tasty fresh, very well stored. When fully ripe berries maroon color. The history of its origin is very complicated, but it does not affect the taste.
Astra (Poland) - dark red berries, with convex bright yellow seeds on the surface. Beautiful, juicy, sweet, without emptiness inside. Transportability is high. Bushes are small, compact, gives little mustache.
Eros (UK) - a variety of medium ripening with extended fruiting. Bushes sredneroslye, mild. Berries are large (up to 75g) orange-red color, beautiful shape, dense. Juicy flesh, when fully ripe, sweet with a nutmeg flavor. In the first year when razrezhennoy planting in the heat of the berries can popekatsya. Usov gives little.
Darlelect (France) - powerful bushes, upright. During the season, the elongated-conical shape of the berry dominates, sometimes with a blunt tip. Reducing the size of the berries - only at the very end of fees. The peel is uniformly brick-red, with glitter. Berry is very juicy, excellent refreshing taste and pleasant aroma. Drought resistant
Tsaritsa (Russia) is the pride of the breeder S. Aitzhanova from the Kokinsky stronghold of the All-Russian Breeding-Technological Institute of Horticulture and Nursery. Berries are large (up to 50 g), very beautiful, shiny, highly transportable. Picking berries is just fun. Sweet, juicy, fragrant. This variety does not rot in the garden and until the end of autumn they are distinguished by bright green leaves without any spots. Tick resistant.
Carmen (Czech Republic) - a variety of medium ripening. Bushes high, but upright, compact. Beautiful carved leaf, powerful flower stalks. Shrubs appearance sharply stand out among other varieties. Large berry, rounded-conical shape, dark red. Great taste. Productivity is high. Ripening friendly. Large berry, rounded-conical shape, dark red.
Gariguetta - a variety of medium ripening with an extended ripening period. The bushes are very powerful, the leaves are light green, corrugated and carved. Bushes stand out among other varieties. Powerful flower stalks, large sepals. Berries are large and medium, almost no small ones. Weight on average 80g. The berries are conical in shape, dense, but tender, sweet, juicy, fragrant.
Moscow Jubilee (Russia) - powerful, well-developed, mid-range bushes. Peduncles long, many-flowered, at or slightly above the leaves. A distinctive feature of the variety is the unusual shape of the berries: they are very large (80-100 g), comb-like or fan-shaped, as if flattened on both sides, on wide flat stalks formed by the accretion of several flowers (fascia). Subsequent berries-oblong, more regular shape, low ribbed, aligned, dark red, shiny. Taste is pleasant, sweet-sour with aroma. With good farming gives very high yields.
Vienna (Austria) variety of medium ripening. Powerful bush. The berries are large, beautiful, fleshy and at the same time dancing in the mouth. Saturated taste and aroma. In the second year, absorption decreases. Transportability is average. Fruiting stretched, high yields. Powerful bush, resistant to diseases.
Present (Ukraine) is a relatively new variety of medium ripening. Bushes are tall, sprawling, strongly leafy. Berries are large, the first - up to 50 g, when fully ripe, very juicy, sweet, dark red, transportable. Drought resistant Resistant to diseases.
Vebenil (England) - a variety of medium maturity. Shrubs high. Berries spindly with a sharp tip, bright red, very beautiful. The average weight is 30-70 g. Tastes are excellent. Transportability is high. Fruits abundantly and for a long time, until the last charges there is an excellent presentation.
Rusich (Russia) - a variety of medium maturity. Spherical bush, medium density, vigorous. The fruit is large, conical in shape, low-ridged, dark red, medium density, with red flesh. The taste of berries is sweet-sour, with full maturity, rich taste and strong aroma of wild strawberry. The variety has a high frost and drought tolerance. Disease resistant.
Symphony (Scotland) - a variety of medium maturity with a prolonged harvest period. Bushes well leafy, the leaf is very hard. The berries are large, conical in shape, bright red in color, with colored pulp, excellent taste. Berries are very deadly, transportable. The variety is characterized by high frost resistance, resistance to gray rot and vertical withering. Due to the extended ripening period, the variety is ideal for those who come to the country once a week.
The Chosen One (Russia) is a variety of medium to medium late ripening. Powerful peduncles, large leaf. Productivity is high. The first berries are very large, the rest of the average size. Transportability is good. Resistance to diseases and pests is high. Berry elongated-conical, slightly flattened on the sides, very tasty and fragrant. The peculiarity of the variety is that the berry begins to turn red from the tip, and the white “collar” adorns the top of the berry.
Queen Elizabeth-2 (Russia) - a variety selected by visual means at the Krasnodar Experimental Station from the variety "Queen Elizabeth". One of the most high-yielding varieties of re-fruiting. Bushes are medium sized, sprawling. The berry is large, truncated-cone-shaped, dense, sweet when ripe. Resistant to diseases.
Chamora Turusi (Chamora Kurusi) is a variety of late ripening with very large berries and high yield. Fruiting is very long, but subject to regular watering. If there is not enough moisture, the berries begin to ripen partially, not gaining size, drying themselves up, as when drying. The first berries can be very large (up to 100 g). In the subsequent harvest, berries ripen as they ripen, but they are not very small. Berry juicy, sweet. Рекомендована разреженная посадка – до 60 см, а в условиях жаркого климата 40 на 40, что бы листья смогли прикрыть ягоды от ожогов.
Мице Шиндлер (Германия) — на Украине ходит под названием Веденбил-7, также в народе её называют «земляника-малина». Небольшого размера, низкие, раскидистые, с наклонно растущими листьями, слабооблиственные. Ягоды средних размеров. Большой процент ягод неправильной формы. Первая ягода весит 10-12 г (до 20 г). Средняя масса ягоды около 5 г. In shape, they are round or slightly flattened from the sides, sometimes angular with a depression in the place of attachment to the calyx, the grains are strongly impressed. The flesh is red and dark red, tender, sweet, of unusual taste, very fragrant. The form is similar to raspberries, hence the popular name "strawberry-raspberry". This variety is for those who like to feast on berries just on the garden. Transportability is weak. Many strawberries recognize this variety as the best in taste.
Pensioner Chelsea (England) - is positioned as the best variety of strawberries, a masterpiece. Late ripening with extended fruiting, in the first year the yield is weak, in the second year there is an excellent harvest, many horns are formed. The berries are dark red, tasty, juicy, good transportability. The bushes are not very tall, but wide at the base, densely leafy, the leaves are green. With a lack of moisture and heat, the berry can be dried up.
Great Britain - late large-fruited variety. Bushes are low, but wide and very powerful. The leaf is hard, the mustache is thick, hard. The berries are very large and large, not small. The berry is sweet, juicy. With a lack of moisture and heat, the berry can be dried up and not gain the proper size of the variety.
Molding Pandora (England) - a variety of late cultivar. Bushes are strong, low, compact, medium-rich. Berries of a beautiful round shape, with full ripening of dark cherry color, tasty and juicy, with the aroma of wild strawberry. The grade is valuable in that it enters fruiting, when other varieties already give the last berry.
Triploid is a variety of late ripening. The first berries are very large, scallop-shaped, the next ones are smaller in size (up to 60g.), Of a wide, regular-shaped, pleasant taste. The variety is high-yielding. It is often found in the literature that is the best pollinator of Pandora Moring.
Profüzhen (France) - dessert variety. Fruits from late May to late October. The bush is tall, large, the leaves are dark green, large. The berries are elongated-conical, bright red, large, with dense, juicy, pink flesh, excellent taste and aroma. The taste and density of the berries as close as possible to the varieties of disposable fruiting. The variety forms few whiskers, is resistant to diseases, and is often affected by ticks.
Wim Rin - a powerful bush, half-sprawling, well leafy. The mustache is medium green. The leaves are medium, light green. Peduncles average, on a par with leaves. Inflorescence sprawling, long stem. Berries are large conical shape with a neck, red, shiny, dense, transportable. The flesh is red, tender, when fully ripe, sweet-sour, dense, juicy. Resistance to drought and heat resistance above average.
NSD Belle Bourbonnaise (Bourbon) - high bushes, sredneoblitelnye. The berries are large, leveled at the gathering, bright red, brilliant, harmonious taste with a light aroma. High resistance to diseases and pests. Mustache gives not much. It tolerates heat and cold.
Charlotte (France) - sprawling bushes of medium height, flower stalks at the level of leaves. The berries are large and medium, heart-shaped. When fully ripe, the berries are very sweet and fragrant.
Sizozh (France) - a bush low, well leafy. The berries are conical in shape, bright red with glitter. The berry is medium and large, the density balance is excellent, juicy, when fully ripe, sweet with the aroma of wild strawberries.
Syrafin (France) - a bush of medium height, medium density. Peduncle high. The berries are large and medium, of elongated shape, the flesh is dense, the taste is high.
Elsinore (Italy) - bushes are sredneroslye, mild. Peduncles very long. Berries up to 70g, conical, elongated, very ripe, juicy when fully ripe. Usov gives very little. Very fruitful. Drought resistant
Princess Diana (England) - bushes of medium height, mild-sprouting, spreading. Berries are elongate-wedge-shaped, red, shiny, sweet and fragrant, dense and juicy at the same time. High-yielding.
Early ripe varieties
Many gardeners engaged in the industrial cultivation of horticultural strawberries prefer early ripening varieties. The first spring berry is a good source of profit.
Alba strawberry variety was highly appreciated by consumers for the interesting presentation and good taste of ripe juicy berries. However, you can often hear criticism of excessive acidity.
For the period of removable ripeness, Alba berries have a beautiful bright red color and a conical shape. The weight of a ripe fruit reaches 30 g. The berries retain a uniform shape and do not shrink at the end of ripening, as often happens with other varieties of strawberries. The main advantages of the Alba variety include early fruiting, abundant productivity and good winter hardiness.
With proper care, the culture copes well with both hot and humid climates, and also has strong immunity against most fungal and viral diseases.
One of the newest varieties of strawberry foreign selection is Christina. This fruit plant was bred by British scientists and in a short period managed to gain popularity among gardeners in many countries of the world, including Russia.
The Kristina variety is in demand both in amateur and industrial gardening. It is characterized by abundant yield and good resistance to pathogens of various fungal infections. With proper organization of storage, this culture has demonstrated high rates of keeping quality and transportation.
Berries are large (up to 40 g), the correct form, juicy and fragrant. The skin and pulp have a characteristic red color.
Honey strawberry variety is the result of selection of American scientists. If we talk about the merits of strawberries Honey, it is necessary to note the high yield, excellent transportability and the ability of fruits to preserve their taste and commodity qualities for a long period, as well as resistance to temperature extremes.
Berries are large (medium weight - 40 g), dense texture, juicy and fragrant. At the time of harvest, strawberries have an attractive rich red color with a distinctive sheen.
Clery is a new ultra early strawberry variety recommended for planting in 2018. This fruit crop managed to establish itself as one of the best commercial varieties.
If you are looking for the perfect berry, for which you can request a good price, pay attention to the grade of Clery. The main advantages are high productivity, early fruiting and excellent transportability with proper packaging and storage.
Ripe strawberries have a regular and uniform conical shape, amazing taste, pleasant aroma and bright red color with shine. The average weight of one ripe berries reaches 50 g.
Gardeners of central Russia, including the Moscow region, appreciated this fruit crop, which came to our region from Holland. The Kimberley variety is distinguished by good winter hardiness and has strong immunity to such a fungal disease as powdery mildew.
Thanks to a fresh, bright, rich taste reminiscent of caramel, Kimberley strawberries enjoy high demand from consumers. Ripe berries of bright red color with a characteristic brilliance have a pleasant and fragrant smell.
Italian strawberry variety Anthea, the seeds of which can be bought in many gardening shops, quickly fell in love with Russian gardeners.
Juicy berries, characterized by interesting taste characteristics and pleasant strawberry aroma, have a regular conical shape. Due to the dense texture of the pulp, the fruit can well withstand transportation over long distances without losing its presentation.
One of the key advantages of the variety is high resistance to most diseases of the leaves and roots.
Late ripening varieties
Want to enjoy the divine taste of garden strawberries as long as possible? Try to plant in the garden not only early ripening, but also remontant late-ripening strawberry varieties.
So, varieties of remontant strawberries will delight gardeners with several stages of fruiting, and late ripening will provide an opportunity to collect fragrant and tasty berries even at the end of the growing season.
The variety Zenga Zengana of German breeding is well adapted to the harsh Russian climate. Due to its excellent frost resistance, this fruit crop is suitable for cultivation even in Siberia.
Strawberry Zenga Zengan has a high yield, high immunity to pathogens of many root diseases, and also has ideal qualities for quick freezing.
Small-fruited remontant strawberry Cinderella is highly valued by consumers for its interesting gastronomic qualities and pleasant strawberry flavor. Despite the low weight, ripe berries have a beautiful presentation. The peel is colored red-orange with an intense gloss, while the seeds are planted deep inside.
This garden culture is characterized by good frost resistance and resistance to pathogens of most fungal diseases.
Foreign grade of strawberry of late ripening ripening Talisman is suitable for the Moscow region. This fruit plant is distinguished not only by excellent winter hardiness, but also by abundant yield. As gardeners note, with the observance of the technology of planting and growing, the Talisman variety is resistant to powdery mildew and gray rot.
Berries are round-conical shape, light red color. However, in the process of fruiting the fruits become smaller. So, if the first berries weigh about 20–25 g, then at the end of the growing season they harvest fruits weighing no more than 8–10 g.
Not entirely new, but he managed to recommend himself well the German variety of small-fruited strawberries, Myse Schindler, is rapidly gaining the attention of Russian gardeners.
This plant has many positive characteristics, among which are the excellent yield, resistance to drought and frost, the ability to adapt to different temperature conditions, strong immunity to powdery mildew and gray rot, as well as amazing gastronomic qualities.
A variety of late gestation Troubadour was bred by British breeders. In our area, this culture has become widespread in the North Caucasus region. It is highly appreciated by local gardeners for excellent drought resistance and good resistance to fungal infections typical of most garden crops.
At the time of removable maturity, the berries are covered in dark red with a rich shine on the peel, while the flesh is pale pink. Due to its freshly acidic taste, strawberry Troubadour is used in industrial production for making various preservation.
Red Gauntlet is a Scottish variety of late-ripening strawberries. Berries can be eaten not only raw, but also processed into juices, fruit drinks, jams, jams and strawberry jam.
This fruit crop is characterized by high winter hardiness, respectively, with proper care, it can be grown on the territory of central Russia, in Siberia and the Urals.
Strawberry large-fruited - grade "Kiss-Nellis"
A new interesting variety of strawberries, bred not long ago - in 2014. It has a high yield - up to 1.5 kg of berries from a bush, tasty, transportable berry, very strong peduncles (up to 1 cm in diameter).
- Ripening - medium early
- Mass of berries - average weight 50-60 g, some berries up to 100 g, there are berries of 170 g
- Berry color - dark cherry
- Strawberry flavor - sweet and sour (on the content of sugar 7 out of 10), the flesh is dense, juicy
- Berry shape - truncated cone (decorative berries)
- Bush - very powerful, thick, spreading, with a diameter of about 50 cm (landing scheme 50x50 cm)
- Leaves - light green with some dullness, sometimes with shamrocks, have a corrugated surface
The features of the strawberry variety are high viability, resistance to most of the typical diseases of this culture and pests. Good frost resistance, can withstand temperatures down to -15 ° C. Weak mustache formation.
- With regular dressings and watering in one place, Kiss-Nellis grows 5-8 years.
Strawberry large-fruited - grade "Kamrad-Winner"
Strawberry variety from German breeders. It requires high agrotechnology, including the main spring and autumn feeding, regular watering and processing in the flowering phase with a fruit formation stimulator. Loves fertile soil. Shows yield in the region of 800 g from the bush.
- Ripening - average
- Mass of berries - 40-100 g (the first berries are very large)
- Berry color - dark red, somewhat glossy
- Strawberry flavor - very sweet, gentle
- Berry shape - round-conic
- Bush - tall, up to 40 cm, spreading (recommended planting pattern 55x55 cm)
- Leaves - dark green, wide.
Comrade - Winner resistant to all major diseases. Frost-resistant Drought resistant Does not like thickening.
At one place, the variety gives good yields of 5-7 years.
Strawberry large-fruited - grade "Jorge's giant"
The strawberry variety brought to us from America. It grows well on any type of soil. Gives stable yields, up to 1.5 kg from a bush. Differs in high quality of berries with good transportability.
- Ripening - medium-early
- Mass of berries - medium - 35-40 g, the first berries from 70 to 100 g
- Berry color - Dark red
- Strawberry flavor - sweet, with hints of strawberry, juicy flesh
- Berry shape - rounded elongated spindle
- Bush - powerful, high (landing scheme 55x55)
- Leaves - large, dark green, somewhat curved in a boat
The Jornay giant is considered one of the most resistant to diseases, pests, drought, cold winters, one of the most easily adaptable to any growing area. At one place can grow up to 5-8 years.
Strawberry large-fruited - Tudla variety
Variety giant strawberries from Spanish breeders. At home one of the main commercial varieties. It is appreciated not only for the size of the berries, their transportability, but also for the wonderful taste and aroma.
- Ripening - early-medium
- Mass of berries - first berries up to 100 g
- Berry color - red
- Strawberry flavor - sweet and sour, well balanced
- Berry shape - elongated conic
- Bush - powerful (landing scheme 60x60 cm)
- Leaves - light green, medium in size.
Features: The strawberry fruiting period is stretched wavy. From excess nitrogen fertilizers berry loses its density. It requires regular feedings with calcium and potash fertilizers during the productive cycle. At the same place, with proper agricultural technology, can grow and bear fruit from 5 to 8 years.
Strawberry large-fruited - Lord variety
Garden strawberries with the noble name of the variety - "Lord" belongs to the English selection. Widely known among gardeners due to the stability of yields and unpretentiousness. With regular care allows you to collect up to 2 kg from a bush! Fruiting stretched.
- Ripening - middle-late
- Mass of berries - on average 35-40 g, some up to 110 g
- Berry color - red
- Strawberry flavor - sweet, with a slight sourness in cloudy weather, fragrant, dense (in the middle there is a small cavity)
- Berry shape - a triangle with a blunt end
- Bush - powerful, up to 60 cm high (landing pattern 60x60 cm)
- Leaves - large shiny.
The lord is practically not damaged by gray rot and strawberry mite, but is unstable to spotting. At one place, with the observance of agrotechnics, is able to produce a crop, without loss of grain size, up to 10 years!
Strawberry large-fruited - grade "UK"
The strawberry variety is rather new, not too well known, but one of the most promising large-fruited varieties. Attracts attention to the weight of the berries, its taste, aroma, good transportability and very high yield. With regular care, more than 2 kg of berries can be picked from one bush!
- Ripening - middle-late
- Mass of berries - 120 g on average
- Berry color - dark cherry, with glitter
- Strawberry flavor - very sweet with strawberry notes (in a cold summer it may be sour), the flesh is thick, juicy, very fragrant
- Berry shape - aligned, rounded conic
- Bush - very powerful
- Leaves - large, rich green.
Great Britain has excellent disease resistance. High frost resistance, up to -15 ° C. Resistant to return frost.
- Steadily in one place with regular phosphorus-potassium supplements, the variety can grow and bear fruit for up to 6 years.
Strawberry large-fruited - grade "Gigantella-Maxima"
Checked over the years Dutch variety of strawberries, won many fans. With the observance of agricultural technology has a high yield - up to 1 kg per bush. Berries retain their flavor even with long-term storage in frozen form.
- Ripening - middle-late
- Mass of berries - medium - 70 g, first berries 100-120 g
- Berry color - bright red
- Strawberry flavor - sweet, with strawberry notes, firm flesh, juicy
- Berry shape - flat rounded
- Bush - tall, 50 cm, powerful, with a diameter of about 60 cm (landing scheme 60x60 cm).
Gigantella-Maxima tolerates drought well. It is frost-resistant, copes with frosts to -16 ° C. But in order to obtain decent yields, it needs high agricultural technology and intensive lighting. Требует обязательных обработок против грибковых заболеваний, подкормок.
- Не боится пересадок в продолжение всего сезона. На одном месте растет и плодоносит 4 года.
Клубника крупноплодная — сорт «Цунаки»
Достаточно новый, но уже успевший изрядно нашуметь, сорт клубники японской селекции. It has an interesting taste. Berry is poured for a long time, but sweet already at the first signs of ripening. It is characterized by good transportability. Consistently high yield - 1.5-1.8 kg per bush.
- Ripening - middle-late
- Mass of berries - up to 100-120 g
- Berry color - red
- Strawberry flavor - sweet (sugar content 7 points out of 10), strawberry with a hint of nutmeg, juicy flesh
- Berry shape - comb-like, later - round, often uneven
- Bush - powerful (landing scheme 60x60 cm)
- Strawberry variety unpretentious. It has good drought and frost resistance. At one place bears fruit over 5 years!
Strawberry large-fruited - Chamora Turus cultivar
The strawberry variety of Japanese breeding that has been tested for years, has firmly established the glory of one of the largest and most productive (1.2 kg per bush). Differs in long return of a harvest (but only at regular watering). A lot of berries. Good transportability. Pleasant sweet taste with the aroma of wild strawberry.
- Ripening - late
- Mass of berries - from 80 to 110 g, the first berries to 150 g
- Berry color - intense red
- Strawberry flavor - sweet, pulp - fleshy, dense
- Berry shape - rounded, rounded-comb
- Bush - large, spreading (landing scheme 60x60 cm).
Among the characteristics of the variety - susceptibility to fungal diseases, a small number of whiskers, the need for phosphorus-potassium supplements and regular watering. In hot climates requires shading or landing in partial shade.
- The highest yield is in the 4th year. The largest number of large berries in 2-3 years. With proper care, the berry practically does not become shallow over the years. At one place Chamora Turusi is able to grow and bear fruit up to 6-8 years.
Strawberry large-fruited - grade "Ottawa"
New unpretentious strawberry variety from Canadian breeders. Differs steadily high yields, up to 1.5 kg per bush, attractive berries and high transportability.
- Ripening - late
- Mass of berries - 50-60 g, some berries up to 100 g
- Berry color - bright red, when fully matured - dark cherry
- Strawberry flavor - sweet-sour, juicy, dense flesh
- Berry shape - spherical
- Bush - compact, neat, medium size
- Leaves - dark green, glossy.
The variety is frost resistant. Resistant to most strawberry diseases and pests. Demanding watering.
- At one place, with good agricultural technology, can grow up to 5-8 years.
Strawberry large-fruited - Cabot variety
A little-known strawberry variety of American selection. Differs evenly large berries and consistently high yields.
- Ripening - late
- Mass of berries - 80 g, individual berries reach 100-110 g
- Berry color - red
- Strawberry flavor - sweet
- Berry shape - ribbed, irregular, with a neck
- Bush - powerful, low
- Leaves - dark green glossy.
- Cabot shows good resistance to fungal diseases. Gives a small amount of mustache. Has the potential of fruiting in one place from 5 to 8 years.
All varieties are giant single-fruiting. All need a larger area of nutrition compared to ordinary garden strawberries. To obtain the declared yield require compliance with agrotechnology. At the same time, not all of them need intensive care, but it is imperative that they make basic dressings and observe the rules for watering.
Particularly large berries come from giants most often in the first collection. Then the berry becomes shallow (but not at all!), But on average it is never less than 50 g. The maximum yield in most cases falls on the 2-4th year, despite the fact that in the first year you can see the potential of the variety.
The power of the titan bush varies depending on the growing area. The resistance to diseases and pests, the maximum mass of the berries may also differ. However, all declared strawberry varieties have high frost resistance, late blooming is enough to avoid falling back frosts, and most are tolerant to high temperatures, therefore they are applicable for cultivation under domestic conditions and show themselves well in the area of risky farming.
What is white strawberry and its features
White strawberry is a hybrid obtained by crossing Chilean and Virginian wild strawberries. This plant grows on different continents, so over time, strawberries appeared with an unusual color. In the process of evolution of such a berry there was a loss of the gene responsible for the red pigment. With this, the ability of berries to cause allergies in people whose body does not tolerate this pigment has disappeared.
Strawberry grade White Swede
The berries of white strawberries are significantly smaller than those of red, except for the variety White Swedewhich even sometimes is larger. Still immature fruits have the same light green color as that of red-fruited garden strawberries, and when ripe they acquire a slightly pinkish hue.
Varieties of White Swan and Yellow Miracle have a yellowish tint due to the multitude of yellow seeds. The taste of white strawberry is very unusual - with hints of pineapple, strawberry, mulberry and wild honey. The berries themselves are very sweet, sometimes sour. In growing unpretentious and grow small bushes, not taking up much space on the site. Stored for long, so do not go on sale - this is probably the only drawback.
Most popular varieties
A popular type of white strawberry is Pineberry or pineapple strawberry, imported from Holland. Small berries (1.5 - 2.5 g) with red kernels and pineapple flavor. Garden strawberry low-yielding, but unpretentious and resistant to various diseases.
Variety brought from France. Anablanca is a rare variety, because it appeared relatively recently. The properties and methods of cultivation are similar to the previous species. The flesh is soft, pinkish due to a long stay in the sun. The variety is high-yielding, compact and just like Pineberry is not susceptible to disease.
How and where does white strawberry grow
White-fruited strawberries are almost the same as usual, so you can grow it in the garden as well as in the greenhouse. Varieties with small berries can also be grown in containers. Landing is not possible in the sunny area, do not require abundant watering. If the water is abundant, the berries will become watery, but retain their sweet rich flavor.
Growing white strawberries in containers
To multiply the plant, you need to root the whiskers in plastic containers, and then separate them from the bush.
White strawberry loves heat, so it is desirable to grow in greenhouses, but it is possible in the open field. But on the site not at every place this berry may well settle down. A good place would be where corn or legumes grew.. If previously grown cucumbers, tomatoes or potatoes, the soil is not suitable for strawberries.
White strawberries should not be planted on the soil used for raspberries, potatoes, tomatoes or cucumbers
Before planting seedlings, it is necessary to remove all unnecessary pollution, weeds, rhizomes. Having dug into the ground at 30-35 cm deep, it is necessary to saturate the soil with mineral fertilizers: nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus. Prepare the wells 10-15 cm, pour a little water and place the seedlings with straightened rhizomes. Leave a distance of 20-25 cm between the bushes for their growth.
Is it necessary and how to properly prune the berry
Once a year, it is imperative to trim the bushes. Old leaves and mustaches take away a lot of strength from the plant and therefore the yield of the bush decreases. This procedure can be performed both in spring and autumn.
The best option would be to cover garden strawberries for the winter. In this case, should be trimmed bushes in the fall and be sure to remove the mustache. Whiskers can also be removed as needed. Over the summer, the bottom leaves of the bush are mainly given up, so they should be removed, carefully cutting off the bottom leaves without damaging the top leaves, which already have buds for the next season.
To increase the yield, it is necessary to trim part of the leaves and whiskers of strawberries.
After removing the whiskers and leaves, the pests and infections will not fall on the strawberries. If there was no pruning in the fall, you must certainly do it in the spring. It is necessary to remove yellowed old and diseased leaves.
Part of the care is fertilizing, which is divided into several stages:
- The first feed is made during planting. With the appearance of peduncles, you need to make an organic dressing with the addition of ash in it.
- When flowering The plant also needs additional feeding, at this time there is an expenditure of strength, water and trace elements for a bountiful and good harvest.
- Last feeding done in the period of laying new buds for the next season.
To reduce weeds and provide protection from the beginning of the rotting of the berries, it is desirable to make mulching of the soil. A height of 8-10 cm above the soil spreads a layer of dry grass. To protect the fruit from insects, you can tie berries to the pegs.
Diseases and pests
Common Gray Rot forms a fluffy bloom on the berries. This disease is caused by frequent rains and is tolerated by this spore. To eliminate should get rid of all the diseased leaves and bushes.
Of pests occur:
- Spider mite,
- Medvedka and many others.
Most insects lay eggs in strawberry fruit.. It is not necessary to plant a plant next to the raspberries, many pests will begin to multiply on strawberries.
All these tips and tricks will help grow an unusual variety of berries. Properly growing and providing good careYou can enjoy the pleasant and delicate taste of white strawberries for many years.
Properties and varieties of strawberries
Before you consider the best varieties, you need to clarify a few important points.
Strawberries, besides the strawberry itself, are also called several different types:
- garden strawberries,
- strawberry nutmeg,
- small strawberry,
- dredger (hybrids of nutmeg strawberry and strawberry),
- white strawberries.
Remontant varieties that produce fruit several times during the season are popular.
Characteristics to pay attention to when choosing a variety of sweet strawberries:
- yield is usually preferred by high-yielding, with large (50–80 g) fruits, but for many gardeners a unique taste is more important than the number of berries,
- harmonious taste - balance of acids and sugars, soft berries, a special aroma,
- ripening - amicability of yield return, duration and terms of fruiting, remontancy,
- keeping quality - the density of the skin and pulp, the ability of the berries for a long time to maintain product quality, resistance to damage by slugs, mold, rot,
- resistance to climatic conditions - cold, harsh winters, excessive humidity or short-term drought, soil fertility and acidity,
- immunity to diseases and pests.
Honored domestic variety, ripens in the last decade of June. Medium-sized berries, ribbed-oval, slightly elongated, shiny thick red. Juicy, dense, fragrant and very tasty.
The variety is endowed with immunity to powdery mildew, resistant to slugs, but if it rains during the ripening period, gray rot can strike the berries. Although the Beauty Zagorje is considered fastidious and demanding to care, gardeners appreciate her exceptional taste and aroma.
The variety is legendary and extremely popular, has been holding the lead for more than half a century. Steady fruitful, winter-hardy, mid-season fruitful grade. The berries are large, sometimes huge, but after the first harvest they become smaller. The form of saturated red fruits is furrowed, oblong-flattened. Berries are medium dense, juicy, pink in the cut.
The festival is extremely frost-resistant, perfectly resists diseases and pests, is not afraid of prolonged rain.
Time-tested variety with German roots. It is valued for consistently high yields (up to 2 kg per bush), although it cannot boast the size of the berries.
Small fruits with a unique rich "summer" flavor ripen a little later than other varieties, extending the period of strawberry delight. The size of the berries is not impressive - no more than walnut. But they tolerate transportation well and are remembered by pineapple aftertaste.
Bushes almost do not throw out a mustache, it is easy to care for plantings. In addition, Zanga-Zengana almost not sick.
If you decide to upgrade the berry, and wondering what the sweetest strawberry variety can decorate it, pay attention to Kimberley. Large cone-shaped berries, extremely sweet, with a caramel aftertaste! The period of fruiting is easy to extend, if you timely remove the ripe berries.
The fruit of the Dutch selection, Kimberly is not affected by powdery mildew, it grows on almost any soil, it tolerates wintering excellently. A particular advantage is the early (early June) maturity of Kimberley. In addition, amazingly sweet mouth-watering berries easily survive the transport.
When growing Kimberly should attend to the illumination of ridges and the prevention of fungal diseases.
A gift to the sweet tooth - a domestic Maryshka. One of the earliest sweet varieties of champions of domestic breeding. Some tasters believe that the absence of even mild sourness makes the taste of berries dull, but Maryshka meets the preferences of those who like soft, gentle sweetness.
Perfectly adapts to climatic conditions, well breeds with actively growing whiskers, almost does not get sick.
Shelf, or Polka
The sweetest strawberry variety according to reviews of all who have tried super popular large-fruited shelf. Delicate sweet taste is set off by light notes of sourness and a stunning aroma of large, densely red rounded berries.
Sprawling bushes, stocky, easily hold the brush berries. Feel good in a light sliding shadow. The plant is non-aggressive, gives little mustache. Adults landings are winter hardiness, but the young can not overwinter. But those that survive, grow powerful, with excellent immunity.
Differs in long equal fructification within a month. The berries are leveled, fragrant and dense already in the phase of incomplete ripeness, which determines their high transportability and outstanding commercial properties.
Polka is undemanding, unpretentious, docile. Not afraid of severe weather and dangerous insects. Elite high-yielding variety.
Another domestic highly adaptive variety. Double rich red berries on sturdy peduncles differ dessert flavor, richness, unique aroma.
Borovitskaya - strawberry medium ripening. Suitable for industrial cultivation: transportable, high-yielding berry, maturation fruits, immune to fungi.
The outstanding achievement of the Dutch selection, has received recognition from domestic gardeners. Giant all:
- and a bush with a diameter of up to 70 cm and a height of up to half a meter,
- and berries, weighing more than 100 g,
- and taste unsurpassed!
Exceptionally sweet dark red juicy berries retain their sugariness during the rainy period, do not rot, do not succumb to pests, and retain their immaculate shape and health. In the harsh climate may be necessary shelter lapnika for the winter.
One of the most large-fruited varieties of American breeding, sometimes the mass of berries reaches 90 g with a length of 5-6 centimeters. Fragrant, high-sugar berries with dense pulp.
Well kept, suitable for transportation. The plant is super-productive (up to 1500 g from a bush), winter-hardy and completely immune to the main diseases.
Queen Elizabeth II
Studying varieties of sweet strawberries, pay attention to the reviews of this legendary and extremely popular variety. Gardeners vote for large sweet berries with a honey aroma. Mature berries differ in unsurpassed taste, and those that “have not reached” slightly acidify.
Queen Elizabeth II is called the champion among sweet remontant varieties. Among other advantages - winter hardiness, durability (up to six months) of the yield of the crop, fruit weight up to 110 g.
One of the wonderful representatives of the line "vima". Late-ripening variety with medium-large (60–80 g) berries. Copies from the first wave can reach an impressive 120 g.
Juicy sweet berries are tender, sweet taste, keeping quality. Wima Xima different winter hardiness and fecundity. Bushes are powerful, with a modest amount of mustache and strong peduncles, healthy and hardy.
A worthy representative of garden strawberries, the latest achievement of Dutch breeders. High-yielding early ripe strawberry variety. Aligned, harmoniously blunt-shaped berries, shiny, dense, large-sized, long stored. They have a perfect sweet taste and delicate aroma.
Vima Zanta adequately transfers the winter of the middle zone, does not require particularly close attention, and is resistant to diseases and pests.
Achievement of Czech selection, an excellent choice for southern gardens. Mild winters tolerate well, disease does not respond. Very sweet late variety with medium-sized berries weighing 20-35 g.
The Dutch variety is taking root well in the climate of central Russia. For this natural area, a good winter-hardy mid-early hybrid. The berries are slightly larger than medium size, fragrant and very sweet.
Longevity and transportability are not bad, but resistance to diseases is low.
A typical representative of the earthquails is a hybrid of garden strawberries and strawberries. The berries are relatively small, 30–40 mm long. Red berries with violet notes. Характерные земляничные кустики, с приличным количеством розеток.
Урожайность невысокая, но сорт ценится за изысканный вкус и уникальные товарно-презентационные качества.
Again a Dutch variety adapted to the Central Russian climate. Sweet rounded berries, not too large (about 60 g), with dense juicy flesh, fragrant and tender.
Stable high yields, immunity to all major diseases, exceptional endurance and transportability, excellent product quality - these are just a few of the advantages of Elvira. Still it is necessary to mention the ability to give enviable yields in greenhouses, as well as in cold areas with high humidity.
Remember, whatever sweet strawberry varieties you choose for your garden, success will depend on compliance with the rules of agricultural technology and unique climatic conditions. Illumination, humidity, even the average daily temperature affect the sweetness of the berries. Do not make hasty conclusions, test new varieties for 2-3 years, and only after that make a decision - whether to leave a beginner in the garden or not.
You can learn more about the sweetest strawberry varieties from this video: