Women's Tips

Hypoallergenic cat breeds


For a long time cats live near to the person. Today it is without exaggeration one of the most popular and beloved pets in the world. Unfortunately, not everyone can fulfill his dream and have a fluffy or short-haired, graceful and affectionate friend in his home.

More than half of the inhabitants of our planet suffer from various types of allergies. For this reason, they do not dare to start animals in the house. Many simply do not know which breed of cat is suitable for allergies. Unfortunately, such cats are not yet known that do not cause allergic reactions at all. But there are hypoallergenic rocks. Keeping such pets clean and observing simple preventive measures can minimize the possible manifestations of a negative reaction.

Why are cats allergic? Can the symptoms of this insidious disease be minimized? How to live an allergic with a cat? What breeds are the safest? We will try to answer these questions in this article.

Causes of Allergic Reactions to Cats

There is a misconception that allergy is caused by animal hair. In fact, the reaction provocateur is Fel D1 protein, which accumulates in the animal's skin layers, in saliva, urine, sweat and sebaceous glands. People with intolerance to this protein have health problems when they come into contact with animals.

Allergies to cats can be different in nature and intensity. It depends on the characteristics of the human body. In some people, allergens do not cause serious problems. Communicating with a cat for people with allergies and asthmatics can have serious consequences. Even a small amount of allergens in the respiratory tract causes laryngeal edema, wheezing during exhalation, asthma, spasms in the bronchi, urticaria and itching, conjunctivitis, sneezing, tearing, nasal congestion and runny nose.

How to choose a cat breed for allergies or asthmatics?

People suffering from these serious diseases should take a closer look at the Javanese breed that does not have an undercoat. Cornish Rex with soft, curly hair, but completely harmless, will not make you feel tearing, sneezing and runny nose. Further in the article we will list suitable cat allergy sufferers with photos and descriptions. But first it should be noted that no one can say for sure whether an allergic reaction to this or that cat will manifest.

It depends on a number of factors, including:

  • coat color (light coat causes less allergy),
  • age of the animal,
  • breed,
  • floor.

There are animals bred by breeding, in the body of which the content of harmful proteins is minimized or they are completely absent. Such cats are very rare, and their cost is high. An example of this could be an artificial breed of allergy.

How to choose a pet?

It happens that for some people, some breeds are hypoallergenic, while for others they cause itching and nasal congestion. In this regard, allergists recommend to get acquainted with the future pet before buying a kitten, after spending a few days with him under the same roof. In parallel, you should pass a blood test of the future owner and the kitten's hair and saliva samples. This will allow you to find out how the human immune system reacts to the samples of the selected pet.

Of course, acquiring an animal in the bird market, such a "test drive" is impossible to do - this is typical of well-known and large nurseries, where expensive animals are bred. There are breeds of cats that can cause allergies only with very serious problems with the immune system of the owner. With them we will introduce you further.

Shorthair oriental

Graceful and slender animal with short hair, which practically does not shed. Cats have a very peculiar appearance, which many find not very attractive. Homeland of these unusual creatures is Thailand, where cats have been considered sacred for many centuries.

Orientals for a long time it was forbidden to export out of the country, so the Europeans learned about them only at the end of the XIX century. Interestingly, the first attempts of the Orientals to conquer the hearts of cat lovers in Europe ended in complete failure, since experts decided that this was a kind of Siamese breed.

Representatives of this breed are very active - they will not sleep for hours, like most of their brethren. They enjoy playing with children, but claws and teeth never float. Orientals are friendly, but too touchy. This trait went to animals from Siamese ancestors. They perfectly feel the mood and pain of the owner, and therefore always fall on his sore point.

Java cat

According to experts, this is one of the most suitable allergy sufferers and asthmatics cats, having a thin coat. Animals do not have undercoat, so a large amount of hair does not fall out during shedding, and those that inevitably remain on upholstered furniture and carpets do not cause allergic reactions in humans.

The Java cat has a high intelligence: it is easily trained, it quickly gets used to the claws and the tray.

Attentive look, huge ears and curly short hair - this is how you can describe the following representatives of cats for allergy sufferers. Breed bred in England.

In the body of these animals produces a small amount of harmful protein. This is a weighty argument for all who are interested in which cats are suitable for allergies. The fur of these cats does not fall out during the molt. These funny curly creatures are almost always near the beloved master. Devon Rex owners often compare their pets with dogs, because they are also true, loyal and easy to train.

Siberian cat

It is possible that someone will be surprised to learn that these beauties with a luxurious fur coat are also hypoallergenic. Scientists have so far failed to identify the reason why the body of these animals with long hair produces a small amount of an allergen protein (Fel D1). Be that as it may, these Siberian beauties do not cause allergic reactions.

Cats of this breed do not like to show emotions - they categorically do not accept stroking and other master's caresses. However, they never scratch the little owner, even if the child tortures them with his games. The predatory grace and wild beauty of these amazing animals are highly valued not only in our country, but also far beyond its borders.

Lika (werewolf cat)

If you are looking for a cat for allergies, pay attention to these animals. The breed is still very young. Her story began in 2010. The breeder Patti Thomas discovered unusual kittens in the litter of a short-haired cat. They looked painful and kind of shabby. Wanting to find out the reason for this, Patti made a DNA test. The result of the analysis showed that this mutation does not belong to any of the known rocks. Because of the genetic disorder, the hair follicles of cats have lost certain components, therefore, the cheeks have no undercoat, and during the molt they remain completely naked.

This is one of the most mysterious breeds of cats, causing their appearance ambiguous impressions of people. Animals with scraps of hair on a bare body and with demonic eyes appeared during the crossing of an American Shorthair cat with a sphinx. Being veiled can be called charming only with a big stretch. The animals compensate for this lack with a soft and kind character, amazing affection for man. In addition, they are very affectionate and playful.

Balinese cat

Novice owners can easily confuse this cat for allergies with Siamese. Indeed, these are related breeds, but Balinese are hypoallergenic animals, since neither their wool nor the amount of harmful protein secreted excites the human histamine centers, therefore allergic reactions do not occur.

Animals with a sophisticated appearance, slanting blue eyes and fine silky hair are the result of the work of American breeders who crossed representatives of long-haired and short-haired Siamese breed.

Gorgeous graceful cat with leopard color. The hair of this beauty is short and almost not falling out. The breed was bred by breeding. For generations, breeders crossed only those individuals that produced the least amount of protein allergen.

This is a separate category of hypoallergenic cats. It contains the Canadian Sphynx, which has no wool, and there are no allergen proteins in its saliva. Another representative of the breed is the Don Sphynx. There are rare little hairs on his body, but they do not provoke allergic reactions.

If you ask the felinologist: "What kind of cat to get allergic?" - he will certainly recommend the Canadian sphinx. They are very friendly representatives of the breed. They quite adequately react to other pets living with them in the same house. Canadians are not afraid of dogs that they meet on the street during their walks.

Don Sphynx - great lovers soak up the hands of the owner. They are very fond of being stroked, and in a rush of feelings they can even lick the beloved master in the face.

It is not only beautiful, but also quite expensive animal (about 6 thousand dollars). The breed was bred specifically for people with allergies and asthma in the research corporation Allerca. This is the only scientifically proven hypoallergenic cat. Due to the long-term selection in these animals, the number of allergy-causing enzymes is reduced.

Hypoallergenic cats care

Even the most “safe” cats sometimes cause allergies if they are not well cared for. It is necessary to adhere to the following recommendations of allergists:

  1. A significant amount of allergens is contained in cat urine, so you should regularly wash the tray and use a filler that absorbs the liquid.
  2. Cats with wool (especially undercoat) should be brushed daily, and hairs stuck to the surfaces of upholstered furniture should be gathered with a rubber glove.
  3. You should bathe the cat often (at least once a week) with antiallergenic shampoo.
  4. Not only the pet itself should be kept clean, but also its dishes, toys, the rug on which it sleeps - in other words, everything the animal is in contact with and on which it can leave saliva, wool or sweat.

Following these simple rules, an allergic person will be able to perfectly coexist with a cat, getting great pleasure from communicating with her.

Why are cats allergic?

This unpleasant disease occurs due to the human reaction to protein protein that is present in pets. Licking itself, the cat with the help of saliva and mucous secretions carries the enzyme throughout the house, transferring it to its owner too. And the cause of an allergic reaction is not at all cat's hair, as many mistakenly think, but a special protein contained in the blubber and saliva of the animal. This allergen is able to attach to even the smallest specks of dust, which then settle on surfaces and penetrate into the respiratory tract of a person, causing various diseases. The patient suffers from coughing, sneezing, skin itching and tearing. However, there are some nuances that are worth paying attention to.

  • Cats secrete more irritating enzyme than cats.
  • Little kittens practically do not secrete any allergens.
  • The risk of an allergic reaction can be reduced by castration of the cat.
  • The same applies to cats - the risk of allergy reduces sterilization.
  • The lighter the pet's coat, the less it releases the allergen.

But not everyone has the same allergy. Some may have saliva, others may have urine and feces, some may have animal dander, etc. And it is impossible to know in advance whether the chosen kitten will cause an allergic reaction. And if you have a clear predisposition to allergens, then it is better to try to reduce the risk and get not a regular cat, but a hypoallergenic one. But will it not cause allergies?

Hypoallergenic breeds: true or false?

Immediately dot all the “i” - 100% non-allergenic cats do not exist. The word "hypo" from the Greek language is translated as "less than" - less, but not quite! That is, the breeds, which are called hypoallergenic, also represent a certain danger for allergy sufferers, but with the only difference that they produce less protein protein. Simply put, in the body of all cats and cats, without exception, there is a dangerous protein for allergy sufferers, but someone produces more of it and less of it. Accordingly, people who are prone to allergic reactions should pay attention to hypoallergenic breeds of cats. With proper care for your four-legged friend, you will have every chance that the allergy will not manifest at all, or will appear in insignificant quantities. What breeds are on the list of hypoallergenic and who is better to choose?

Oriental cat

Another "American", although for the first time these cats appeared in Thailand. This is a very elegant and plastic animal with a panther article, slim and graceful. It has a muscular body, large ears and huge expressive eyes. The nature of a sociable, open, by nature, these cats are very curious, they are easy to train. They are demanding to care and, in return, respond to the owner with loyalty, always ready to be around. Amazingly touching and loyal creatures.

Causes of Cat Allergies

Many people blame the cat's fur and think that it serves as a catalyst for an allergic reaction. But this is not true. Recent studies have shown the absence of a direct relationship between the disease and the presence of coat in the pet. Intolerance in the human body causes a specific protein protein contained in saliva in animals. The substance was named Fel d 1, which is short for Felis domesticus (translated as “domestic cats”).

Allergies to cats show sneezing, itching, tearing and other unpleasant symptoms.

Since all members of the Feline family are distinguished by increased cleanliness, they watch their hair vigilantly and lick themselves with enviable constancy, the saliva inevitably turns on the skin of the animal and on its coat. Allergen particles have a very small size (3-4 microns), so they are easily transported by air currents and enter the respiratory tract. Protein is also found in the cutaneous epithelium, urine and in the secretions of the sebaceous glands.

In this case, the length and thickness of the pet's hair does not matter, it is important how much Fel d 1 protein is produced by its body. There are no cats that are completely devoid of this protein. But there are hypoallergenic rocks that produce this substance in much smaller quantities. The prefix "hypo" can be translated from Greek as "weak" or "less than." Allergic reaction is possible, but will be weak and not so pronounced.

It is believed that most often allergy occurs cats with long hair

From personal experience. With allergies, we first came up close together when the eldest daughter fell ill. She coughed very hard for almost a year. All down pillows, woolen blankets, and even all soft toys were removed from the house. The poor cat was closed and hidden for a long time, but then it had to be given to good people.

Hypoallergenic cat breeds

Contrary to the general belief, hypoallergenic cats do not have to be completely bald. The list of such breeds includes long-haired animals. It is believed that harmful protein accumulates in the undercoat, so its absence is the determining factor.

The Rex cat breed includes several varieties, but only two of them are considered hypoallergenic.

Devon Rex is an exotic breed of graceful cats that resemble creatures from another planet because of their huge erect ears. They have a large triangular head with pronounced cheekbones and a short curled mustache. Compact, powerful and muscular body with embossed long legs makes animals strong, active and extremely mobile. The coat of these cats is soft, sparse, short and wavy, without undercoat. Big golden or green eyes with a slightly almond-shaped incision have a very intelligent and intelligent look that can melt ice in the most cruel heart.

The Devon Rex have a very meaningful, almost human look.

Devons are very mobile, playful and jumping, they like to take high-rise positions on cabinets and shelves. Get along well with everyone who lives with them in the same area. But they always choose their owner, who will be followed closely, like a dog, and even wag their tails. Они способны улавливать его эмоции и тонко чувствовать перемены настроения, выражают своё отношение при общении различными звуками (фырканье, урчание, трели, мурлыканье и пр.).Их смело можно назвать очень умными и высокоинтеллектуальными особями.

Девоны выбирают себе единственного хозяина и не отходят от него ни на шаг

Ухаживать за девон-рексами очень легко, так как короткая и редкая шерсть не требует расчесывания. По этой же причине этих мерзлявых кошек нужно одевать на прогулках.Wash well, sometimes they can get into the bath with their pet. Males have no need to mark the territory, and females do not make heart-rending sounds during estrus.

Cornish Rex

Tall, graceful and aristocratic Cornish Rexes look like Egyptian cats with an unusual elongated small head with a long nose and large ears that are wide at the base. The body is dry, middle-sized (no more than 3-5 kg) with well-developed muscles and tall thin legs. Silky, delicate and short coat covers the whole body with curly dense waves resembling astrakhan fur. Eyelashes and whiskers are also wavy.

Cornish Rex has soft, short and wavy fur

The character of these cats is as aristocratic as their appearance. They will never spoil, steal food from the master's table, and even more so, shit is not where it should be. Animals are very intelligent, easy to learn, not attached to the house, but to the human host. Extremely in need of increased attention. They need not just to stroke and caress, they need to talk.

In intelligence, the Cornish Rex can be compared to a good working dog, since they themselves understand everything and never bother the owners.

Looking at Cornish there is a feeling that he knows and understands everything.

Corniches are completely non-aggressive, vindictive and unforgiving, they love to play with small children. Their energy and activity can only be envied. Cats of this breed also do not exhibit localist instincts and do not mark the territory. In the care of the cat-aristocrat difficulties do not deliver. The only caveat is that claws do not fully retract into small paw pads, so they need to be cut at least once a week. They bathe the animal about once every two months and regularly clean the ears.

Balinese cat

The closest relative of Siamese cats is the Balinese (Balinese) breed. But the Balinese are slightly stockier and denser. An animal of medium size, very graceful and slender, but with a well-developed muscular system. The head is triangular wedge-like with a narrow lower jaw, the ears are large, almost regular triangular in shape. Bright blue narrow elongated almond-shaped eyes are arranged at an angle to the line of the nose. Paws neat and long, the front slightly shorter than the rear.

Balinese cat is a relative of the Siamese and is very similar to her in coloring.

The coat is of medium length, there is no undercoat. Soft, delicate and silky to the touch coat to the body fits tightly, bushy tail with a pronounced fringe. Kittens are born completely white, but after six months they have a dark face, legs and tail, giving them a characteristic Siamese color.

The nature of these pets is not too soft, although they are far from Siamese cats. They like to play very much, therefore, in order to avoid damage to interior items and furniture, it is necessary to provide Balinese with special gaming complexes. They are strongly attached to their masters, they are intelligent, they are easily accustomed, but they are unlikely to be trained. In case of any offense, these cats cannot be scolded and punished physically, otherwise the pet may be seriously offended.

Balinese cannot be punished because they may be offended

With children Balinese appeasable, but do not allow to scoff at themselves. If necessary, they can stand up for themselves. Kinship with Siamese cats makes itself felt.

Wool requires daily combing with a simple comb, the rest of the usual care (cleaning the ears and eyes, cutting claws, etc.). Periodically, the animal is bathed using a special zooshampoo to preserve the healthy shine of the coat. An important advantage of Balinese cats is that their wool does not roll and does not form mats.

Among the sphinxes distinguish two breeds that do not cause allergic manifestations: Canadian and Don.

Canadian Sphynx

A prominent representative of bald cats is the Canadian Sphynx. The appearance of this animal is so original that it causes very opposite feelings. Some are touched by soft suede skin and large eyes, shaped like a lemon, with a keen attentive look. Others consider the huge, wide-spread ears, as well as a large number of skin folds all over the body, head and limbs, to be ugly and unsightly.

Appearance in the Canadian Sphynx is extremely unusual. To some, he seems inconspicuous and scary.

Visually, the animal seems fragile and light, but this impression is very deceptive. Some individuals of the Sphynx can weigh up to 6 kg. The body is muscular, pear-shaped with a broad chest. The tail is thin and long, usually folded in karalka and pressed to the body. Feet high with long toes, sometimes slightly pubescent. No mustache and eyebrows.

The nature of the Canadian Sphynx are not quite feline. They probably feel almost human, and therefore behave as full-fledged members of society. Inquisitive and good-natured, these cats are completely devoid of aggression and are ready to endure the harassment of young children to infinity. Totally non-conflicting and get along with all tenants. They have a proud temper, because they never beg or beg for food. Sphinxes just take it themselves (they can directly from the dinner table). Breed differs in mobility and jumping ability, it is necessary for them to provide a set of shelves and supports, on which it is possible to climb.

Canadian Sphynx often need to bathe and wipe his skin with wet wipes

Bald cats sweat a lot, so they should often be cleaned with soft napkins so that the sweat doesn’t dry out and the owners ’furniture and clothes that the animals like to play around and get on their knees do not get dirty.

There is a version that they have the gift of healing. The body temperature of sphinxes is slightly elevated (38 ° C) and the heart beats twice as often as other cats. Their metabolism is enhanced, pets of this breed are prone to obesity, so the process of nutrition must be approached carefully. They bathe cats approximately once every 3-4 weeks using baby detergents. Big ears should be regularly cleaned from dirt.

Don Sphynx

Don Sphynx are a breed of Russian breeding. They differ from the Canadian ones by the almost complete absence of wool cover (a small bristle of 2-3 cm is allowed) and a smaller number of skin folds. These cats have large, oval, slightly slanting eyes and large, tall, slightly inclined ears. The body is rather large (up to 5–7 kg), powerful and muscular. The tail is straight and long, but at the end slightly rounded.

Don Sphynx has no wool at all

Don Sphynx kittens are most often born with eyes already open.

These sphinxes show aggression extremely rarely, they like to play, but they are lazy and prefer to sleep most of the day. Very loyal to other animals and even mice are not perceived as potential prey. They are easy to learn and a little trained. They are distinguished by their sensitivity to the mood of the master, because they are especially fond of when they feel unwell.

Sphinxes should be worn, as they do not tolerate low temperatures.

The complete absence of wool requires the owners to maintain the desired temperature in the room (at least 22–25 ° C) or to put the pet in warm clothes, otherwise it will catch a cold. For the same reason, sphinxes need to be fed more often, they need a lot of energy to warm their own body. Avoid contact with skin of direct sunlight, because then burns are inevitable.

From personal experience. I had a good friend living at the house of the Don Sphynx. This is a completely unusual animal, its body is always hot and slightly moist. Look extremely meaningful and understanding. The children did whatever they wanted with him. The cat's claws were always cut very shortly, because he could scratch himself much too much of the woolless skin. He physically could not scratch the kids, but did not even try. Only an extremely appeasable sphinx could tolerate such manipulations with his own body. Often mom had to save the cat when the children were too enthusiastic. After deliverance, he hid in a secluded corner, but not for very long.

Oriental Shorthair Cat

Oriental cats are the closest relatives of the Siamese feline breed, but differ in color, as they have no characteristic dark areas on the tail, paws and muzzle. The eastern type of appearance is manifested in a wedge-shaped head with a narrow chin, as well as in slanted almond-shaped green (occasionally blue) big eyes. The ears of these animals are large, set low enough, while the line of the head continues with the line of the ears. The neck is long and graceful.

Orientals are relatives of Siamese cats, but have a uniform color throughout the body.

The body of Oriental cats is relatively large (up to 8 kg), long, thin, muscular and graceful. The limbs are very slender, thin and long. The tail has the shape of a whip. Shiny, short, silky hair has no undercoat.

Orientals are devoid of aggression inherent in the Siamese. They, on the contrary, are sociable and tender up to obsession. Poor loneliness, therefore, if the pet often stays at home alone, it is better to provide him with a company in the form of a second animal. These cats are extremely strongly attached to the owner, which often borders on addiction. To give them up in an adult state to other people is highly discouraged, since it will be a huge stress for an animal. They get used to it for a very long time and can get depressed.

Oriental cats are distinguished by increased talkativeness, which is shown loudly for any reason.

Orientals do not tolerate loneliness, so it is better to take another pet of the same breed.

Oriental cats are not able to sit long in one place, they constantly need to run and play. They are well trained, they can carry various objects in their teeth. These cats are hospitable and curious, never hiding when new people appear. They are extremely loyal to children and other pets, they spend time with pleasure with them.

Short hair does not need frequent combing. At least once in 10–14 days, you should brush your ears and shorten long claws. Animals need to be constantly raised, they understand all the intonations of voice. Shouting at them and punishing them is impossible, because they are creatures with a fine nervous organization. It is enough just to say loudly and strictly. Orients love to walk, but this should be done only in warm weather (given the low wool), and only on a leash.

Criteria for choosing a kitten hypoallergenic breed

The body of any representative of the cat tribe produces a dangerous protein for allergy sufferers. As a result of the research it was found that in some cases the content of this substance will be less.

There are several factors that affect the concentration of Fel d 1 in an animal:

  1. Floor. In females, the dangerous enzyme is released in smaller quantities. The operation of castration of males reduces the production of protein several times.
  2. Age. The body of a small kitten until it reaches puberty practically does not emit a dangerous allergen.
  3. Breed. Some breeds genetically produce less problematic substance.
  4. Coloring wool. A pet with a light woolen coat is considered safer, since its body produces less protein than an animal that has a darker coat.

Before you take a kitten, you need to know everything about his breed.

To choose the right hypoallergenic kitten is recommended to adhere to the following rules:

  1. You should buy an animal only from breeders in the nursery, only there is guaranteed the purity of the breed. Otherwise, the pet may not have the necessary hypoallergenic qualities.
  2. Allergy sufferers are advised to spend a few hours with a mom-cat before buying to make sure there is no negative reaction. You can ask the breeder to take the baby with the possibility of return, in case of allergic symptoms.
  3. It is necessary to get acquainted in advance with all the features of the content of the desired cat breed.
  4. No need to go on about the fashion. Choose a kitten to your liking.
  5. Buying a cat, you need to immediately tune in to his future castration.

With a pronounced allergy, it is advised to opt for the Canadian Sphynx, because this breed is considered the least dangerous for people with hypersensitivity. The body of these cats practically does not produce a dangerous protein.

To reduce the risk of a negative reaction to the pet must be carefully looked after. The skin needs to be washed and cleaned frequently with wet wipes.

Reviews of owners of hypoallergenic cats

Allergies to skin particles, saliva and wool. There are no hypoallergenic animals. No dogs, no cats. I tell you as a dog breeder and allergies in one bottle. Another story is that for some unknown reason, some people are not allergic to some breeds. Need to try.



My son has asthma, the diagnosis was set at 4.5 years. He was 10 when they brought Cornish Rex. The hair is short, 3 mm, there is no smell. He has been living with us for 10 years, everyone is happy, his son has no allergies to the cat ....

Natalia Pchelkina


My husband is allergic to cats, but I just love cats)) And we want

do I take a hypoallergenic cat ... but didn’t know what .. and then my sister showed me an article about them .. Now Asya lives in our cat Asya Devon Rex breed ... And her husband just loves her, as I do))



I am allergic, sphinxes cause me allergies, like any other cats. But Cornish kept almost no problems, the cat, even on a pillow, was asleep, and I am also asthmatic. If you do not reach into the eyes and nose, it was normal, quietly squeezed, with other breeds this does not pass. And still cats in me cause many times weaker allergies than cats. But all individually. Ask for a breeder to visit, play with the kittens, let your husband determine which breed is less allergenic for him.



I, my mother and my son are allergic, but only the mother reacts to the sphinx (and while the cat was pregnant, the mother's allergy disappeared as soon as the kittens were born - the allergy appeared again). It is all individually. There are no universal solutions.



My daughter is allergic to animal hair and dust

But in September, nevertheless, they took the risk and took the little bald cat. My daughter used to have swollen eyes on animals, watery tears and a small rash appeared at the site of the swelling. From the bald kitten there was no reaction to the eyes, at first the place of the scratches swelled and reddened (without zzd), after a week it was no longer there. So our kitty is with us soon three months and everyone is happy. The only thing is that the daughter’s room is still prohibited by the entrance of a cat (taboo zone) and there we do wet cleaning more often. And so she constantly squeezes and kisses her in her arms, and the toilet tidies up after her. True, you should always wash your hands after just in case.



Video: hypoallergenic cat breeds

No need to deprive yourself of the pleasure of communicating with such cute and wonderful animals like cats. Even if the body reacts negatively to their presence nearby, you can always pick up the pet of the desired breed, which will be safe. With proper care and appropriate content, all risks of allergy are reduced to a minimum.

What causes allergies to cats in humans?

It's a shame when such a handsome man becomes a source of allergies

You adore cats, but you never enjoy being among them. Your cough begins, your nose starts up, your eyes turn red and itchy, you sneeze, and a rash appears on your body. Unfortunately, this is a signal that leads to the conclusion that you suffer from allergies. According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, an average of 10% of people suffer from allergies to pets, and this reaction occurs twice in cats more often than on dogs.

Allergies to cats are caused by a protein known as Fel d 1, which is found in cat's saliva and on the skin. When a cat cares for itself, the protein remains on its “fur coat”. The protein is very sticky and easily settles on the surface that your pet rubs.

Fel d 1 is very light and light. Therefore, it remains in the air for many hours. Therefore, the person breathes it easily. The immune system of some people reacts as if attacked by a protein. It causes coughing, wheezing and rashes.

Such a British Shorthair cat produces more Fel d 1 than, for example, white Persian

Interestingly, dark-colored cats produce less protein than their lighter counterparts.. Kittens also produce less allergens than adult cats. However, even if you decide to try your luck by taking a cat that includes all the above characteristics (kitten, female, sterilized, dark color), there is no guarantee that you will not have a reaction because they still produce protein. more or less for which you are allergic.

13 best hypoallergenic breeds

It is important to note that hypoallergenic cats do not have to be bald, because allergens are in saliva and on the skin, and not on wool.

Вот список пород, которые, как доказано, вызывают меньше аллергических реакций у людей.

Несмотря на длинную шерсть, сибирские кошки являются безопасными для аллергиков

Сибирские кошки родом из России, имеют длинную и густую шерсть. Они ласковые, преданные и игривые. Сибиряки также знамениты своим мастерством прыжков.

Despite the long shaggy coat, they managed to surprise many, becoming one of the best options for allergy sufferers - due to the fact that they produce less Fel d 1 protein.


Option for lovers of exotic

Meet the majestic Bengali domestic cat that looks like it just came from the jungle. Bengal is the result of breeding of Asian hybrids of leopard cats. It is therefore not surprising that they are more like a leopard or an ocelot than a domestic cat.

In Bengalis bright orange or light brown "coat" and white bellies. They have a short coat with fine fur. Bengal cats spend less time caring for their fur. This means that less saliva remains there, making them an excellent choice for people suffering from allergies.


Despite the harsh view, Burmese cats are very playful

Burmese cat originally from Thailand. She is extremely playful and affectionate. Burmese have outstanding vocal and short hair with thick fur, which is not as active as in other breeds. Accordingly, Burmese cats produce less allergens.

Colorpoint shorthair

Colorpoint shorthair affectionate and energetic

The colorpoint of the shorthair was originally bred as a cross-breed between Siamese and American Shorthair. This was done in order to diversify the Siamese colors, but in the end the breeders successfully brought out 16 point colors.

Shorthair colorpoint is an extrovert, affectionate and playful cat with almond-shaped eyes and thin paws. Their soft coat is known to cause a less intense allergic reaction.

Oriental Shorthair

So that the short-haired Oriental does not provoke an allergy, he needs special care.

Oriental shorthair cat is similar to Siamese. They usually have green, almond-shaped eyes, large ears, a lean muscular body, and a triangular head shape.

Oriental Shorthair is playful, sociable and smart. They also love to show their athletic prowess and enjoy sitting in high places. Oriental shorthair have a short thin hair, which, as a rule, less shedding. However, they require frequent care in order to make the most of their hypoallergenic nature.

Russian blue

It’s impossible to keep your eyes away from Russian blue cats

Russian blue cats are also known as the Arkhangelsk blue and are famous for their amazing beauty. They are loyal and playful. They have short, dense coat and bright green or blue eyes.

Russian blue produces less protein Fel d 1, so people with allergies take them better.

Amazing beauty and no allergies

Siamese cats will amaze you with their beauty: blue almond-shaped eyes, thin muscular body and big ears. They are smart, social and playful.

No wool - no allergens

Sphynx is the most famous bald cat and has a beautiful downy coat that looks like suede. Sphinx is very affectionate, intelligent and loves to explore.

Being bald, the sphinx needs constant care to get rid of excess oil on the skin. In combination with the fact that they do not have wool to keep allergens, regular care makes them even more hypoallergenic.

Tips for minimizing allergens in cats

If for financial or other reasons you cannot take a hypoallergenic cat, do not despair. There are tips you can use to minimize contact with your pet's allergic protein. They also apply to hypoallergenic cats. Proper care will help minimize the release of Fel d 1 protein.

Care for your pet regularly.

The more thorough the care, the less protein remains on the skin of the cat.

Increase the frequency of baths for your cat - this will significantly help reduce the protein on his skin. Bathe the cat once a month, using shampoo, which advises the vet. Regular brushing also helps reduce dandruff.

As the allergen settles everywhere, ensure your carpets, floors and furniture are cleaned regularly. Your home should remain as fur free as possible.

Wash your hands after contact with the cat.

Hand hygiene when dealing with a cat is very important

Always make sure to wash your hands thoroughly after contact with the cat. Every time you snuggle up to him, take a shower before you go to bed. This ensures that you do not bring an allergen into the bedroom.

Wash cat toys and bedding regularly

Do this once a week to minimize allergens in your home. Cleanliness is the key to a peaceful and allergy-free life with your favorite four-legged friends.

Hypoallergenic cats are a great relief and a real find for people who want to have a four-legged pet, but have some health restrictions. Choose a cute breed from our list and enjoy the cat company.

Truth and lie

Hypoallergenic cat breeds, of course, exist, but they are not very many. Therefore, the unauthorized expansion of this list allowed by unscrupulous breeders is a thirst for profit based on the ignorance of buyers.

It is extremely strange, for example, to hear from breeders that Maine Coon, Ragdoll, Siberian and Norwegian cats (with their increased “shaggy” and thick undercoat) rarely cause allergies.

Important! When choosing a pet (not a breed!), Know that it can be safe for one allergic person, but extremely dangerous for another.

Since unfavorable symptoms may not appear at the time of communication with the animal, but much later (after hours or days) - do not limit yourself to a minute acquaintance.

Ask the breeder for saliva or kitten wool to take to the clinic. Having tested your blood and these biomaterials, they will give a qualified conclusion about compatibility.

Cause allergies

This is not at all wool, as is commonly thought, but different types of Fel D1 protein present in all physiological secretions of the caudate, including saliva, sweat, urine, sebum, seminal and vaginal fluids.

Allergen settles everywhere and hovers in the air, which has to breathe allergies, reacting to dangerous protein painful attacks. It is logical that hypoallergenic cats should produce Fel D1 in minimal doses that are not capable of significantly harming humans.

By the way children prone to allergies, it is better to take Rex, Sphynx, Burmese or Abyssinian catsalong with microallergenic and sustainable psyche. They will not hurt the skin of the child, which will save him from a possible attack of allergies.

Important details

Looking for a non-allergenic mustache, pay attention to three key parameters:

It is still not entirely clear how pigmentation affects the production of protein, but felinologists have noticed that cats with light and white fur are less likely to provoke allergic manifestations than black, brown and dark blue ones.

It is interesting! Wool helps the allergen to scatter around the room, which means Scottish Fold, British and Exotic are guilty of allergies more often: they have thick fur, duplicated by a dense undercoat.

A loving pet becomes an elevated source of Fel D1, so castration / sterilization is unavoidable. If you are unable to encroach on the reproductive organs of an animal, stop choosing a cat: females require a partner several times a year, and cats are ready for fertilization all the time.

So, the safest cat for allergies can be considered an earthen animal without fur cover or with a smooth white / light hair, devoid of undercoat.

Balinese cat

Bred in the USA. Incredibly elegant and attractive: bright blue eyes are shaded with light body fur and dark points on the ears, paws and tail.

A long, silky coat that does not have an undercoat gradually lengthens from head to tail. Low allergy of the breed is supported by its increased friendliness. These creatures do not tolerate loneliness and are very faithful to their master.

Animal hygiene

It consists of several events:

  • Wash the cat about once a week, using shampoos that reduce the effects of the allergen.
  • Hairless cats wipe with special wipes.
  • Short and long-haired copies must be combed every day. After the brush, collect individual wool with a wet hand.
  • Avoid dust collectors (woolen / plush rugs and houses), where allergens are concentrated.
  • Buy a good quality tray filler, not forgetting to clean it daily.

Pet health

Hypoallergenic cats can easily become hyperallergenic, if you do not monitor their health. A sick animal spreads around itself a huge number of allergens spread:

  • dandruff
  • tears
  • nasal discharge (with a cold),
  • urine (for its incontinence),
  • vomit,
  • loose stools.

That is why it is necessary to give the cat a balanced feed, as well as to carry out prevention, including vaccination, getting rid of worms and external parasitic insects. It is advisable to visit the veterinarian once a year.

Personal hygiene

If you are prone to allergies, do not allow the tail to sleep on your bed, relax on your clothes and enter your closet / wardrobe. And further:

  • Give preference to cotton or synthetic fabrics (wool accumulates allergens),
  • keep the underwear and bed linen in tightly closed plastic bags,
  • stroked the cat - wash your face and hands with soap,
  • do not touch your face (especially your mouth and eyes) after caressing the animal
  • Ventilate the housing and do wet cleaning more often.

If possible, purchase modern air purifiers in the apartment.

Cheating for profit

Until now, there are many authors on the World Wide Web who claim that they have found an absolutely non-allergenic breed of cats Allerca GD. Meanwhile, Allerk, who does not have a standard, is not registered anywhere, and is not recognized by any serious felinological organization.

Allerka is another scam of the American company Lifestyle Pets, the first scam of which was the cat Ashera. Breeder Simon Brody positioned his work as a super-allergenic cat. In 2008, the fraud was revealed: genetic tests proved that Asher’s vaunted is in fact known to all Savannah, which does not possess any hypoallergenic properties.

A year before the revelation of the "joke" with Ashera, employees of Lifestyle Pets launched a new project Allerca GD. Since 2007, the company has repeatedly been brought to court, as Allerca kittens purchased for fabulous money ($ 7,000) provoked allergic attacks on a par with other breeds.

Last thing. Even people with sensitive immune systems can live alongside cats. Based on the knowledge of hypoallergenic breeds, you should look for a kitten among them, with whom you can safely share your square meters for the next 15-20 years.

Why are cats allergic

The problem of cat fur allergy is highly relevant for people: 15% of the world's population is more or less exposed to it. The reason is the Fel D1 protein, which is formed in the cat's body. It is believed that cats produce it less than cats, and therefore less allergenic. Kittens and very young individuals are even more “safe”. Also safe for allergy sufferers are animals with light or white wool.

Whether the sex of an animal and the color of its wool affect hypoallergenicity has not yet been established, therefore it is very dangerous to be guided only by these criteria when choosing a pet: It may well be that a cute white cat will be the strongest allergen.

However, even intolerance to the insidious protein Fel D1 for allergy sufferers is not always a sentence. If you look at the statistics, then 30% of allergy sufferers still have pets. This is because cats are so charming that it is impossible not to love them, despite the possible inconvenience. In addition, there are hypoallergenic animals that are not dangerous even for the most sensitive immune system.

Hypoallergenic cats also produce a protein allergen Fel D1, but in smaller quantities than normal. The number varies greatly depending on the breed. Nevertheless, even those 60% of people who did not decide to buy a pet will be able to choose a pet for themselves from them.

Many try to choose a pet so that it does not cause allergies, especially if there are children in the family

Little wool - a sea of ​​charm

Cats, almost completely devoid of wool, for many average people - too extravagant choice. In addition, in the middle lane, they obviously will have difficulty in the icy winter season. But this problem is completely solved with the help of special clothes, and the unusualness is easily forgotten as soon as you get to know these elegant animals closer. Moreover, for allergy sufferers such breeds are the most suitable option and practically the only one.

Sphynxes are considered to be the most hypoallergenic cats. They just created specifically for people suffering from allergies. First, they have no wool, which means that it will not fly through the house, get into the respiratory tract, causing allergic rhinitis, cough and other well-known allergy symptoms. Secondly, cats are easy to care for: bathing once a week will protect against skin secretions, which can also be strong irritants.

As for the rocks, we can recommend the following:

  • peterbald
  • Don Sphynx,
  • Canadian Sphynx.

Peterbald cats are intelligent, calm and very intelligent. Petersburgers love to communicate with the owner, will gladly give themselves to stroke and "sing" in gratitude. They are clean, undemanding in care. If you arrange a “bath day” for a cat once a week, you will soon be able to forget about allergies.

In 1987, an unusual kitten was discovered in Rostov-on-Don: it was almost bald. Over time, a new breed, called the Don Sphynx. By the way, he is one of the progenitors of another breed - peterbold.

Don sphinxes practically do not cause allergies. But the best among non-allergic cats recognized Canadian sphinxes. Over the mystery of the "Canadians", feline scientists have been fighting for more than one year. But it’s not possible to understand how this breed differs from other hairless cat breeds, why it doesn’t cause allergies at all. Perhaps because the Canadian Sphynx breed among the hairless is the most ancient. However, it does not matter, because the fact remains: even the most sensitive allergy sufferers easily get along with hypoallergenic cats.

Cats, almost completely devoid of wool, for many average people - too extravagant choice

Gallery: hypoallergenic breeds of cats (25 photos)

Best hypoallergenic shorthair cats

For those who do not dare to start hairless hypoallergenic cats, there are many other good breeds:

  • Cornish Rex
  • Devon Rex
  • lykoi
  • yavana,
  • Oriental cat,
  • Balinese cat.

Balinese cat bred in America, and named after the Balinese dancers. Fans of these animals notice their obvious similarities: grace and smoothness of movements. "Balinese" very affectionate. This quality they inherited from their ancestors, Siamese cats. Their coat has a slightly different color and is rather long. At the same time, Balinese cats are practically non-allergenic.

Oriental cats appeared in Thailand, but American breeders made every effort to recognize and love the breed all over the world. Allergy, this type does not cause, but sincere love and adoration - with ease. Their character is simply golden: smart, smart and very docile.

Yavanez, as you might guess from the name, comes from the island of Java. This long-eared miracle has a short, but very beautiful coat. And the Fel D1 allergen is released in extremely small portions, so cats are also practically non-allergenic.

Likoy cats too rarely cause allergies. But only thin aesthetes and real originals can understand their charm, and that, perhaps, not immediately.

The breed of the face did not specifically deduce: it turned out by chance as a "by-product" in the development of a new variety of sphinx. Demonic type of seal, round yellow eyes, gaze and smoky shade of wool evoke the werewolf memories from scary legends. However, someone in the face of such a “kotorozhivnya” will acquire a loyal and non-allergic four-legged friend.

Devon Rex invariably receive only delighted reviews of the owners. And it is not surprising, because these hypoallergenic cats are very intelligent and smart enough to easily learn the commands. Devon Rex are kind, sweet and charming, there is not much wool from them. And the less wool, the less protein-allergen in the apartment.

Among short-haired cats, Cornish Rex are considered the most hypoallergenic. These natives of Cornwall County can boast a magnificent slightly curled hair and a low amount of Fel D1 protein secreted. And if you occasionally bathe an animal, it will be even less!

Of course, not all cats love water treatments, which is why problems may arise with this. But they are more than compensated by their character. Корниш-рексы по своему характеру отличаются и от людей-англичан, и от своих собратьев, британских кошек. Чопорность им чужда: корнишы обожают играть в любом возрасте.

Гипоаллергенные длинношерстные кошки

Среди пород гипоаллергенных котов преобладают либо сфинксы, либо короткошерстные. Максимум, что советуют специалисты — полудлинношерстные балинезийцы. Therefore, in the opinion of many allergies, a fluffy cat can be made only in dreams. And they are completely wrong, because they forget about the beautiful breed, moreover - they are well known to all.

Of course, we are talking about Siberian cats. This breed is considered to be traditionally Russian, although the exact origin is extremely difficult to trace, because nature itself was the “breeder”. According to one hypothesis, on the one hand, their ancestors were animals, which were brought with them to Siberia by migrants from the European part of the country, and on the other, wild forest cats. And until now, domestic cats often bring offspring from wild cats, which is quite consistent with the established standard, which means that kittens are true Siberians.

And the Siberian cat is mysterious, like a Russian soul. Why do these cats with long hair and thick undercoat produce so little Fel D1? This is as difficult to explain as the leadership of the Canadian Sphynx among hairless cats. Nevertheless, the hypoallergenicity of Siberians is an irrefutable fact.

Siberian cats are popular not only in their homeland, but also abroad. At one of the foreign resources for cat lovers, Siberians were called ideal pets. It's hard to disagree. How can it be otherwise, if these cats are not freezing, not nervous, non-aggressive, not at all loud, calm and tender, fluffy and beautiful, and even with hypoallergenic wool!

Of course, the breed has its drawbacks. For example, some members of this breed are very independent. They can purr on the knees of the owners, only if they themselves want to, do not like and do not tolerate when they are squeezed like teddy bears.

It is fair to say that Siberians cannot compete with sphinxes in the degree of hypoallergenicity. But if the disease does not cause much trouble, then it is quite possible to get a Siberian cat. Moreover, according to statistics, about 75% of people who are allergic to cat fur, calmly maintain the neighborhood of a Siberian.