More than 50% of the world's population are urban dwellers. Based on the fact that 7 billion people live on the planet, there are about 50 people per square kilometer of the earth's surface. However, there are places where the accuracy of people strikes the imagination. For example, the largest favela in Rio de Janeiro, has a density of 48 thousand people per square meter. km
10. Guangzhou, China
Population: 13.5 million
Guangzhou is an educational, economic, technological and cultural center of southern China. The location on the banks of the Zhujiang River contributed to its growth as an important port city.
The population of Guangzhou is replenished mainly by foreign immigrants, as well as illegal migrants from the countries of the Middle East, Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe. Thanks to this, the city has earned a reputation as the “Third World Capital”.
9. Tokyo, Japan
Population: 13.7 million
The capital of Japan is known for its modern design, devotion to advanced technology and crowded streets. In 2010, a demographic boom began in Tokyo, and for the first time in its history, the population exceeded 13 million people. The city authorities explained the population growth by the intensive construction of condominiums and the increase in the number of foreigners.
8. Istanbul, Turkey
Population: 14.8 million people
Istanbul is a tourist city that attracts visitors from all over the world. However, in addition, it serves as the focus of the Turkish economy.
The construction of a new Istanbul airport, which will be able to receive 150 million passengers a year, is in full swing. It should be the largest airport in the world. The opening of the new air port is scheduled for 2018. After that, the old Ataturk Airport will be closed.
7. Lagos, Nigeria
Population: 15.1 million people
Commercial center of the country and one of the fastest growing African cities. And Lagos is famous for being the center of Nollywood (Nigerian film industry).
6. Tianjin, China
Population: 15.4 million
Tianjin is located in the northern coastal zone of China, and has more than 15 million inhabitants.
It is curious that in this port Chinese city until 1919 there was a post office in Russia. Rather, the Russian Empire.
5. Delhi, India
Population: 16.7 million
Delhi is an ancient city located in the north of India. According to the UN forecast, by 2030 the population of Delhi will grow by almost 10 million people.
4. Beijing, China
Population: 21.5 million people
By 2030, the population of the Chinese capital could reach 27 million people. And as the cultural center of China, Beijing boasts seven World Heritage Sites on the UNESCO list.
In addition, Beijing has established itself as an industrial sector after the communist revolution of 1949. Automobiles, textiles, aerospace equipment and semiconductors - this is not a complete list of the products that are produced in this city.
3. Karachi, Pakistan
Population: 23.5 million people
It is hard to imagine that once this multi-million city was a small fishing village. Currently, Karachi is the economic and industrial center of Pakistan and its population is constantly growing, mainly due to migrants from various countries in South Asia.
Karachi has the fame of a higher education center in South Asia and the Muslim world.
2. Shanghai, China
Population: 24.2 million people
Being the second most densely populated city in China, Shanghai has a reputation for being a crowded metropolis. This city is not only a popular tourist destination, but also the place where the world's busiest container port is built. Also in Shanghai is one of the highest skyscrapers in the world.
It is expected that by 2050 the population of Shanghai will reach 50 million people, thanks to economic growth and rapid urbanization.
1. Chongqing, China
Population: 53.2 million people
The largest city by population is one of the 5 national central cities of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and is located in southwestern China.
Such a large number of residents is due to the huge number of migrant workers, many of whom live in Chongqing for less than 6 months a year. At the same time, less than 7 million people live in the urbanized area of the megalopolis.
For comparison: in Moscow - the most populated city of Russia - 12.4 million people live. And taking into account the Moscow region - 16 million.
As in the rest of China, there is a demographic problem in Chongqing. While labor is still fueled by economic growth, the effects of the “one family - one child” policy have yielded negative effects. The labor force is shrinking, and the elderly population is growing exponentially. As one analyst said, China can become the first major country to become old before it is rich.
The largest city in the world in terms of population has a large gap between boys and girls born under the age of 20, and this threatens with problems in the future. For example, this may cause a drop in fertility and, accordingly, a shortage of labor. But most residents of Chongqing are unlikely to face the fate of being an old maid "with 40 cats."
The largest cities in the world by area
Many Russians to the question "what is the largest city in the world?" Will proudly answer: "Moscow". And they will be wrong. Although the Russian capital is the largest metropolis in Europe in terms of area (2,561 km2) and the number of its population, it is inferior in size to overseas cities.
We present you the largest cities in the world, if the territory controlled by the city administration is taken as the main parameter.
10. Kinshasa, Congo
Area: 9 965 km²
Most of the capital of the Republic of the Congo (namely, 60%) is occupied by sparsely populated rural areas. However, it is included in the administrative boundaries of the city. Crowded but small in size urban areas are in the west of the province.
Kinshasa is one of the cities with the largest number of French-speaking people (in the first place, of course, Paris). And if the current demographic situation continues, then in 2020 Kinshasa will surpass Paris in terms of the number of inhabitants.
9. Melbourne, Australia
Area: 9,990 km²
In Australia, one of the most urbanized countries in the world, 89.01% of the population lives in urban areas. Melbourne is home to 4.44 million people, and according to this indicator it is only slightly inferior to the seventh number in the list. But all the big Australian cities have one thing in common - they are located near the coastline. Coastal areas encouraged the growth of the first European settlements, which quickly grew into modern, noisy and bustling metropolitan areas.
8. Tianjin, China
Area: 11,943 km²
Tianjin, Beijing’s “commercial gate”, began to develop as a trading center after the Grand Canal was built during the Sui dynasty.
The city grew especially during the Qing dynasty and during the existence of the Republic of China. The most dynamically developing sector of the urban economy is the seaport of Tianjin.
And Rosneft and the Chinese National Oil and Gas Corporation have agreed to build an oil refinery in Tianjin. The signing of the construction schedule became known in 2014. The start-up of the plant is scheduled for 2019.
7. Sydney, Australia
Area: 12,367 km²
The city of 4.84 million people expanded rapidly after the development of the Harbor Bridge. Its residential areas are surrounded by beautiful national parks. And on the extremely rugged coastline there was a place for many beaches, bays, coves and islands.
6. Chengdu, China
Area: 12,390 km²
The city, which was once famous for its brocade, and at one time was the capital of China, besides its impressive size, it boasts the world's largest statue of Buddha. The height of the Big Buddha carved into the rock is 71 meters. According to local residents, “Gradually, the mountain becomes the Buddha, and the Buddha becomes a mountain.”
5. Asmara, Eritrea
Area: 15 061 km²
Once the capital of the state of Eritrea consisted of 4 villages, founded in the 12th century. And now it is the largest city in the country, which is called the "New Rome" due to the Italian spirit in architecture. In 2017, Asmara entered the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The name of the metropolis was previously pronounced Asmara - “flowering forest” in translation from the language of tigrinya.
4. Brisbane, Australia
Area: 15 826 km²
The administrative center (and once the capital) of Queensland was not always a city. He “gathered” from 20 separate municipalities and acquired the status of a city in 1925.
Now Brisbane is the fastest growing Australian city, and at the same time one of the most multinational in the world.
3. Beijing, China
Area: 16 411 km²
More than 20 million people live in the capital of China. The Beijing city zone diverges in circles that lie between the concentric ring city roads. The largest of them is the Sixth Ring Road, it even runs through the satellite cities of the Chinese capital.
In 2020, Beijing will receive guests and participants of the Winter Olympics, and in 2008 it hosted the Summer Games.
2. Hangzhou, China
Area: 16 847 km²
During the Southern Song Dynasty, Hangzhou was the most populated city in the world. He is now rather big, the number of citizens exceeded 8 million people.
The city is famous for its nature, this beauty and tea plantations. As the Chinese saying goes: "There is a heaven in heaven, and on earth there are Suzhou and Hangzhou."
Top 10 largest cities in the world by area
Did you know that three times more people live in the largest city in the world than in Moscow, and the city itself is 32 times larger than Moscow? Read below.
№10. Wuhan (China) - 8,494 km²
Wuhan stands at the confluence of the Yangtze and Han rivers. The territory of the metropolis of Wuhan consists of 3 parts - Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang, which are collectively referred to as the “Wuhan tri-town”. These three parts are facing each other on different banks of rivers, they are connected by bridges. The population of Wuhan is 10,220,000 people.
The history of the city dates back 3000 years, when an important trading port was formed on the site of the future Wuhan. In Wuhan there are 8 national and 14 public colleges and universities.
№9. Kinshasa (Congo) - 9 965 km²
Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is located on the Congo River. Until 1966 Kinshasa was called Leopoldville. The population of the city is 10,125,000 people.
Kinshasa is the second largest city in Africa, after Lagos.
№8. Melbourne (Australia) - 9,990 km²
Melbourne is the second largest city in Australia, the capital of Victoria. The population with the suburbs is about 4,529,500 people. Melbourne is the southernmost millionaire city in the world.
Melbourne is one of the main commercial, industrial and cultural centers of Australia. Melbourne is also often called the "sports and cultural capital" of the country.
The city is famous for its architecture and a combination of styles of the Victorian era and modernity, parks, gardens. In 2016, The Economist magazine for the sixth time in a row named Melbourne as the most comfortable city in the world for living on the basis of a number of signs.
Melbourne was founded in 1835 as an agricultural settlement on the banks of the Yarra River.
№7. Tianjin (China) - 11,760 km²
Tianjin is located in the north of China along the Bohai Bay. The population of the city is 15,469,500 people. The majority of the population - Han, but also live representatives of small ethnic groups. These are mainly: Hui, Koreans, Manchus and Mongols.
In the 20th century, Tianjin became the locomotive of Chinese industrialization, the largest center of heavy and light industry.
№6. Sydney (Australia) - 12,144 km²
Sydney is the largest city in Australia, with a population of 4,840,600 people. Sydney is the capital of New South Wales.
Sydney was founded in 1788 by Arthur Phillip, who arrived here at the head of the First Fleet. Sydney is the first place of the colonial European settlement in Australia. The city was named in honor of Lord Sydney - Minister of the British colonies.
The city is famous for its opera house, Harbor Bridge and beaches. Residential neighborhoods of Greater Sydney are surrounded by national parks. The coastline is rich in bays, coves, beaches and islands.
Sydney is one of the most multicultural and multi-ethnic cities in the world. Sydney ranks first in Australia and 66th in the world in cost of living.
№5. Chengdu (China) - 12,390 km²
Chengdu is a sub-province city in southwestern China, in the valley of the Minjiang River, the administrative center of Sichuan province. The population is 14,427,500 people.
The emblem of the city is the ancient golden disc “Birds of the Golden Sun”, which was found in 2001 during the excavation of the Jinsha culture within the city.
Chengdu is a major center of economy, trade, finance, science and technology, as well as an important center of transport and communications. Chengdu has become the main center of the new urbanization of China.
№4. Brisbane (Australia) - 15 826 km²
Brisbane is a city in Australia, Queensland. The population of the city is 2,274,560 people.
The city is located in the east of Australia, on the banks of the Brisbane River and the Morton Bay of the Pacific Ocean. Included in the first hundred global cities in the world.
Founded in 1825, the old name is Edenglassi. Since 1859 - the capital of Queensland.
Number 3. Beijing (China) - 16 801 km²
Beijing is the capital of China. It is the largest rail and road junction and one of the country's main hubs. Beijing is the political, educational and cultural center of the People’s Republic of China.
Beijing is one of the four ancient capitals of China. In 2008, the Summer Olympic Games were held in Beijing. In 2022 the Winter Olympic Games will be held in the city.
The population of the city is 21,705,000 people.
№2. Hangzhou (China) - 16 840 km²
Hangzhou is a sub-province city, the capital of Zhejiang province, located 180 km south-west of Shanghai. The population of the city is 9,018,500 people.
The former name of Hangzhou - Lin'an, in the pre-Mongol era, was the capital of the Southern Song Dynasty and was the most populated city of the then world. Now Hangzhou is famous for tea plantations and natural beauty. The most famous place is Lake Xihu.
№1. Chongqing (China) - 82,400 km²
Chongqing is the largest in area of the four Chinese cities of central subordination. The population of the city is 30,165,500 people.
Chongqing originated more than 3 thousand years ago. The city was the capital of the Ba kingdom and was called Jiangzhou.
Now Chongqing is one of the largest commercial centers in China. Most of the city's economy is built on industry. Main industries: chemical, engineering and metallurgical. Chongqing is also the largest car manufacturing base in China. There are 5 plants for the production of cars and more than 400 factories for the production of automotive parts.
Moscow - 2561 km2
St. Petersburg - 1,439 km2
Yekaterinburg - 468 km2
Kazan - 425 km2
Novosibirsk - 505 km2
Volgograd - 565 km2
Summary of the previous series:
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Ganzhou City is a sub-provincial city of the People's Republic of China, the capital of Guangdong Province, a political, economic, scientific, technical, educational, cultural and transport center of all of southern China.
From Tambul - the largest city in Turkey, the main commercial, industrial and cultural center, the main port of the country. Located on the shores of the Bosphorus Strait, which divides it into European and Asian parts, connected by bridges and metro tunnels. In terms of population, the first city in Europe (taking into account the population living in both the European and Asian parts). Former capital of the Roman, Byzantine, Latin and Ottoman empires.
L Agos is a port city in the southwest of Nigeria, the largest city in the country. Lagos is the most populated city in Africa. In Lagos, about half of Nigeria’s industry is concentrated.
D eli is located in northern India on the banks of the Jumna River. Delhi is a multinational city in which different cultures are mixed. Delhi has also become a city of science, and occupies a leading place not only in the field of information technology, telecommunications, but also in natural science and applied sciences. 30% of India's IT is concentrated in Delhi (here Delhi is second only to Bangalore, in which 35% of IT specialists are concentrated).
Pekin is the capital and one of the cities of the central subordination of the People’s Republic of China. Beijing is surrounded on three sides by Hebei Province and borders Tianjin to the southeast. The headquarters of most of China’s national companies are located in Beijing. China's largest transportation hub, many highways and railways begin in Beijing, and Beijing Capital International Airport is the second largest in the world in terms of passenger traffic.
To Arachi is a port city in the south of Pakistan, the largest city in the country and one of the largest cities in the world, the administrative center of Sindh province. The favorable geographical position of the city, located in a convenient natural harbor, contributed to its rapid growth and development in the colonial period and especially after the division in 1947 of British India into two independent states - India and Pakistan.
Ш анхай – крупнейший город Китая и один из крупнейших по численности населения городов мира. Расположен в дельте реки Янцзы на востоке Китая. Промышленный сектор города занимает лидирующие позиции в государстве. The most profitable and developed areas are automobile production, engineering, petrochemical processing, metallurgy, textile and light industry.
Shanghai is a cozy, hospitable and, at the same time, the most highly developed metropolis in China. It is wonderfully intertwined with western chic and oriental charm. The metropolis is replete with expensive restaurants, magnificent skyscrapers, fashionable shopping centers, casinos, luxury hotels and old architectural buildings. Europeans often compare it with Venice and Paris, in connection with which many beautiful nicknames stuck to the city - Pearl of the East, a shopping paradise, East Paris.
Top 10 largest cities in the world:
- Sydney - This is not only one of the most beautiful cities in Australia and around the world, it is also considered the largest in area. This figure is more than 12 thousand square kilometers, but this vast territory is far from fully populated, because the population density is below average (the number is only 4.5 million, which is not so much for such an area). But the vast areas occupy park areas and mountains. And therefore, Sydney is also considered one of the greenest cities. It also amazes tourists from all over the world with large-scale and majestic buildings. In general, the vast territory belongs to Sydney for good reason.
- Kinshasa - the capital of the Congo. And although the republic is recognized as one of the poorest and is not considered developed, Kinshasa completely changes such ideas and therefore stands out against the background of other cities and creates a sharp contrast. But still there are slums and here, with the countryside occupying more than 60% of the capital. But the luxurious and expensive high-rise buildings are also available here (perhaps they are not found anywhere else in the Congo), and gradually the number of such buildings increases. The area of Kinshasa is 10550 square kilometers. The population is quite large - more than ten million people. By the way, until 1966 Kinshasa was called Leopoldville.
- In third place is Istanbul, which is not just the largest city in Turkey and one of the largest in the world, but also an important port, economic, cultural and industrial center. The area of its territory is about 5.3 thousand square kilometers. By the way, once Istanbul was the capital of the Ottoman, Latin, Byzantine and Roman empires. Another unusual feature is the location. The fact is that the city is the only one in the world that is simultaneously located in Asia and Europe, that is, on two continents at once. The terrain is mostly hilly, so the terrain is interesting.
- The fourth is the city Buenos Aireswhich is the capital of argentina. The area of the territory is more than 4 thousand square kilometers, and it is divided into many separate areas. And this large and beautiful city was founded in the XVI century, and literally several years after the beginning of its history, the Indians burned it, but the settlement was restored. In the XIX century, he suffered a new misfortune - a series of devastating earthquakes. But still the city flourishes to this day and even became the capital. Today, Buenos Aires, located in the central-eastern part of the state, is famous for its passionate dances and talented footballers.
- Karachiwhich is a major port and economic center of Pakistan and the capital of Sindh province, is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea (this is the south of the country). Most of the territory is covered with plains, there are hills only in the west. The area of Karachi is over 3.5 thousand square kilometers, which is almost four times the area of Hong Kong. But the city is also considered one of the most densely populated, as the population exceeds 12 million people (according to some information, it is close to 18-19 million). The climate here is very mild, and life is quite prosperous, as the economy and infrastructure are well developed.
- Alexandria - A beautiful city located in the delta of the famous and one of the largest rivers of the Nile. It is the main seaport, as well as the industrial and economic center of Egypt, which is of international importance. But it is the area that is slightly less than 2.7 thousand square kilometers that deserves special attention. By the way, Alexandria was founded by Alexander of Macedon (probably, hence the name) in the far 332 BC.
- Ankara - The capital of Turkey and the second most populous city in this country (after Istanbul, just above). The area of the occupied territory is about 2.5 thousand square kilometers. Ankara is located at an altitude of over 900 meters above sea level, it is considered the most ancient city of Asia Minor. By the way, the first mentions are dated to the seventh century BC. Anyway, today it is a developed capital, the importance of which is explained by its convenient location and a large number of talented young people, industrial and economic enterprises.
- Bogota - The capital of Colombia, the full name of the city - Santa Fe de Bogota (which translates as "fertile land"). He is relatively "young", as he was founded in 1538, with the conquistador from Spain. Previously, there lived one of the most developed civilizations that existed in America before its discovery by Columbus. The area of the occupied territory is about 1.7 thousand square kilometers, and it is located at an altitude of more than 2600 meters above sea level. Today, Colombia is a diverse and surprising city, combining colonial and futuristic buildings, museums, as well as slums, criminals and vagrants.
- Tehran - It is not just the capital of Iran, but also the largest city and significant economic, commercial and industrial center of the state. The relief is diverse, it is represented by desert plains, and hills, and mountainous areas (sometimes elevation differences exceed 700 meters). By the way, Tehran is located almost at the foot of Elbrus - the largest and most famous mountain range. The excavations showed that people lived on this territory before our era, and they came here, fleeing from the desert southern heat.
- At last, the English capital London. The area of this rainy and foggy city is more than 1.5 thousand square kilometers, and it is located on the River Thames. This is, firstly, the main industrial center of Great Britain, and secondly, the major port of England. And London was founded in the forty-third year of our era, when the Roman emperor Claudius and his people invaded Britain. And although some historians think that the settlement already existed before this invasion, such theories have not been confirmed by excavations.
These were the largest cities in the world.