Wisteria (translated from Greek means “sweet”) or, as it is also called, wisteria (Wistéria-lat.) - is a large decorative liana. Belongs to the legume family.
Wisteria can be found in the United States and East Asia - there are 9 species of them. However, only 2 are used in ornamental gardening - Chinese and lush-colored wisteria. Growing can take place both in the garden and as a houseplant (this purpose is used quite rarely). Wisteria is named after Caspar Wistar (Professor of Anatomy, America).
Chinese Wisteria (Latin Wisteria chinensis (Sims.) Sweet)
The height of Chinese wisteria reaches 20 meters. At the base, the stem is about 35 cm thick. Complicated leaves with 13 leaves, up to 30 cm long. The bark is dark gray. Moth flowers are light purple in color, their length is 2.5 cm. Flowers are collected in racemes. They are up to 30 cm long. It grows rapidly. Begins to bear fruit from 4-5 years.
The first period of flowering in vines begins in May. Then comes the second - in August, but the Chinese wisteria does not so abundantly bloom. Planting and care in the summer does not require much effort.
Wisteria is lush-colored or abundantly bearing (lat.Wisteria floribunda (WiUd.) DC.)
The height of the bright wisteria reaches 8 meters. Complicated leaves with 5 leaves, up to 40 cm long. The flowers are purple-blue. Their length reaches 45 cm. They are collected in brushes up to 60 cm. Unlike Chinese wisteria, this kind of vine blooms once.
Wisteria is lush and colorful from Japan.
In addition to these two species, other species are common in Russia:
- Wisteria is beautiful. Liana up to 10 m. White flowers, gathered in a brush with a length of up to 20 cm.
- Wisteria shrub. Liana up to 12 m. Small purple-blue flowers.
- Wisteria Japanese. Liana, with white flowers.
Wisteria. Planting and care
It is best to purchase a sapling, which (preferably) has already bloomed 1-2 times.
Wisteria will feel good in a loose and fertile land. Lime and wet soil tolerates poor vine. If you plant it in such a land, then wisteria may begin to cause chlorosis, the leaves become pale, turn yellow, and the plant loses its decorative effect.
If the place is not suitable at all, and the wisteria has already been acquired, the planting (and the care of the liana in the future) can also occur on the soil prepared by itself. Sand, humus, and sheet clay-sod soil are mixed in a pit of earth. The ratio is 1: 1: 1: 3.
Wisteria - Vine Care
Pruning largely depends on the abundance of flowering. With the help of cutting off extra branches, it is possible to form a tree on the trunk, but this miracle will take several years.
Pruning begins in the spring. It is necessary to remove the old and frozen out shoots, thereby giving the liana the shape.
For the winter, wisteria must be covered so that the plant does not suffer during hard frosts. Young shoots are always untied and laid on the ground. And then cover with dry leaves, agrofibre or coniferous spruce branches. You can fall asleep with two buckets of earth.
When such a beautiful and amazing plant as wisteria, planting and care are carried out correctly, for many years it will delight you with lush blooming!
If you describe wisteria, this description will turn out really fabulous plants.
Gentle-green shoots, tree stalks, long inflorescences, brushes of various colors look very decorative. In total, 9 species of the plant are known as wisteria, but as a garden culture, only Chinese and Japanese wisteria are grown or, moreover, flowering. Wisteria flowers, these are long brushes, can reach up to 80 cm. With good care, the liana will delight you with its flowering twice per season - in spring and in the second half of summer. All varieties of wisteria shake magnificent, numerous flowers. Wisteria looks especially decorative when vertical gardening arches, arbors, fences ...
Home Wisteria - China. Brief description of the plant is a tree-like liana with a dense deciduous cover, up to 20 meters long. Liana is very well adapted to urban conditions. The growth of wisteria is interesting - the vine wraps around the supports from right to left. Properly pruning a liana you can grow a graceful tree in a tub or pot.
Homeland of this variety - North America. Cold-resistant wisteria is a very fast-growing plant, but its maximum length is only 8 meters. Variety leaves consist of 8-9 small leaves. Luxurious inflorescence varieties, reaching a length of 30 cm, consisting of blue or blue-purple flowers. Variety blooms in early June, flowering lasts about three weeks.
For this variety, it is advisable to choose a sunny plot for planting on the south side of the house. Frost-resistant wisteria can grow on any type of ground, but it is advisable to plant it in order to achieve abundant flowering, on black soil or loam.
You should not plant cold-resistant wisteria in wetlands and in lowlands, where there is stagnant water. This species is not so demanding for irrigation, as others and perfectly tolerates dry summer periods. Only young individuals need regular watering.
Originally this liana was bred by the Japanese. In height, the plant can reach 10 meters, has a very decorative, large foliage, the length of which is about 40 cm. On each large sheet is up to 20 small leaves. Blooming clusters of wisteria are very beautiful, reaching a length of 70 cm. This variety blooms after foliage blooming in the second decade of May. Sometimes this wisteria blooms the second time, in the second half of summer. Sometimes wisteria is white, purple, pink.
This type of Wisteria is able to withstand temperatures down to -25 degrees. For its landing, it is preferable to choose areas in the sun, with very light and loose soil, moderately moist. In no case on the site should not be stagnant water. It is desirable that the soil was very nutritious.
The homeland of this creeper is China. A plant with a very dense foliar cover, the length of the shoots can reach 20 meters. Chinese Wisteria has very large leaves up to 30 cm in length. This variety is blooming with purple flowers sometimes white, which are gathered in lush tassels up to 40 cm in length. Chinese vine blooms with the blooming of the leaves, and its flowering lasts all summer. Very often, with the arrival of warm autumn days, the plant blooms again.
This plant prefers a light, permeable soil, and rich. The composition of the soil should be neutral or slightly alkaline. If there is too much lime in the soil, it will affect the color of the foliage of the plant, which will turn pale noticeably. Also, we should not forget that wisteria loves drainage - stagnant water for the vines can be disastrous. In order for the wisteria to bloom profusely and for a long time, it must be planted in the illuminated area.
The seed method of breeding wisteria is not very popular, since plants grown from seeds may never bloom in their entire life. Why this happens nobody knows. It is best to use a vegetative breeding method, as faster and more reliable. Wisteria reproduces well by layering. Early spring take one-year escape, and on it make an incision obliquely. The shoot is then laid notch down onto a pot filled with a nutrient substrate. The shoot is fixed and added to the soil, leaving a tip on the surface. Already next spring it will be possible to plant a liana.
Growing from seed
The scheme of planting seeds.
Growing wisteria from seed is quite a laborious task. To get the plant wisteria from seeds, they must be sown in the last days of November or at the very beginning of December. For sowing, it is necessary to prepare a soil mix from four parts of leafy ground, one part of sod and one part of sand. From above sown seeds to the surface of the substrate should be sprinkled with a thin layer of river sand. Then moisten the soil with a spray bottle and cover the container with glass or tighten it with a transparent film to make an artificial greenhouse. The boxes should be placed in a dark room, the temperature of which is + 22-25 degrees. For those who do not know how to grow wisteria from seeds, it is necessary to know that this process is rather long - only after almost a month the first fragile shoots will appear.
After three or four weeks, shoots should appear together. Two weeks after seed germination, the boxes with young plants are transferred to a bright room, but in no case are they placed under direct sunlight.
After the seedlings form two true leaves, they should be swooped into small separate containers together with a clod of earth around the roots. Transplanted seedlings need to be shed by weak potassium permanganate.
Seed sprouts in separate pots should be taught gradually to the environment in which they will live. To do this, put the pots of seedlings every day for two hours in an unheated room, or open for an hour or two, but provided that there is no drafts in the room where wisteria grows. Liana seeds can be sown immediately in the garden in early spring. In this case, the seedlings will be much better to live in the open field, and will be more enduring.
Planting wisteria grown from seeds, by its rules, is not much different from planting in the garden of other perennials. So, how to plant wisteria? Only after the soil and air warms up sufficiently in the spring, can wisteria seedlings be planted. An important condition is that the wisteria is a heat-loving plant, and therefore it will be necessary to wait a little while planting in the garden until the threat of the May frosts is over.
The pit under the saplings is dug 50 cm deep. The hole should be about 60 cm in diameter. To enrich the soil, compost or humus is added before planting in the hole. If the soil at the site is acidic, then dolomite flour or a small amount of lime should be added to the planting hole. At the bottom of the hole must be laid drainage. Drainage can be made of ceramic fragments, broken red bricks, stones. Experienced growers recommend adding a bit of complex mineral dressings to the hole before planting the vines.
When the planting hole is prepared, seedlings, along with a lump of earth around the roots, are taken out of the pots and planted. Land after planting around the seedling should be compacted, and then shed plenty of water.
In the northern regions, flower growers prefer not to risk it, and they grow wisteria as a pot plant, and not in the garden. As the seedling grows in a pot, a wisteria tree is formed, very elegant and richly flowering. In spring and summer, pots with wisteria are put in the garden.
Watering and fertilizer
Wisteria in cultivation is hard work, but the result is worth the effort. It is necessary to water a liana very often. In a drought, it is necessary to water the vines twice a day. Watering the vine is moderate, wetting the ground around the roots. A prerequisite - the land should be moderately moist, but in any case not damp. In the spring, it is very important not to let the earthen coma dry on the roots, since spring is the moment of bud formation that can crumble from lack of moisture. Caring for wisteria in the garden is a vigilant control of the moisture content of the roots.
With the arrival of cool autumn days, watering begins to gradually reduce. To facilitate maintenance and at least slightly reduce the amount of watering, many growers mulch the ground around the plant. As a mulch the cut grass or compost will fit. Mulch will not only hold back the growth of weeds, but also retain the moisture of the earth.
Wisteria care is a regular fertilizer for proper plant development and long and lush flowering. Three times a month a vine should be fertilized. It is desirable that fertilizing with mineral fertilizers and organic matter alternate. Can be made under the wisteria infusion of mullein, diluted 1:20. Thankfully, wisteria will feed and feed with complex mineral fertilizers. Once for the whole vegetation period, under wisteria, chalk should be added, dissolving 100 gr. chalk in 12 liters of water.
Trimming and wintering
Wisteria care includes the obligatory pruning. In order for the plant to bloom magnificently every season, it must be cut twice a year. The first pruning is always carried out immediately after flowering. All side shoots at the first pruning should be shortened, but not more than 2/3.
The second pruning is carried out in the fall with the beginning of leaf fall. During the second pruning, all the old side shoots are pruned, as well as the young, leaving four to five buds on them.
To the delight of our gardeners, several varieties of wisteria were bred, which tolerate the winter cooling. Winter-hardy wisterias are able to withstand temperatures down to -25 degrees. But this does not mean that winter-hardy varieties do not need shelter for the winter. Caring for wisteria must necessarily include preparing the plant for the winter.
To protect the root system around the plant lay a 12-inch layer of mulch from peat, compost, dry leaves. Strongly grown vines are removed from the supports and carefully laid on a layer of lapnik on the ground. Having laid wisteria, it is covered with a layer of spruce branches, bags or any other covering material.
Wisteria in garden design
This plant grows and grows very quickly, and therefore is ideal for landscaping vertical surfaces. Very often lianas decorate the facades of houses, balconies, arbors. During the flowering period, the wisteria is fabulously beautiful, and after flowering the plant is decorated with lush, juicy foliage.
The spread of wisteria in our gardens is limited to only a few of the low frost resistance of some varieties. Although there are varieties of wisteria, which grow well in regions with cold climates. Many growers grow vines in tubs, which put up for the summer on the outdoor terraces and in the garden. Wisteria can be the main decoration of the winter garden.
Landscape designers often plant hyacinths, large, soft white tulips, yellow or white daffodils at the roots of the vines. Such partners increase the decorativeness of the wisteria.
Be sure to try to grow on your site this miracle - wisteria. Painstaking care and time spent returning to you in the form of a lush, fabulous flowering plant that will decorate your garden.
Interesting facts about wisteria
Wisteria Chinese, translated from Greek, means "sweet."
Glitsiya - a plant alone, it subjugates and destroys those who serve him as a support, if there is no support - the sprouts choke themselves.
Creepers that can tolerate frost down to minus 40 ° C are rare. Wisteria - just such a plant, frost-resistant varieties have already been bred.
The varieties of wisteria are impressive with the grandeur of countless flowers, connected in a racemes-brush, which can reach up to 160 cm in length.
Wisteria grows quickly enough: in 5 years of the active phase, it grows up to 12 m in height. Then it stops the active growth phase, but it can live up to 100 years.
Certain types of wisteria bloom only in the seventh year of their own lives.
Application in landscape design
Amazing plant, wisteria, is recognized as one of the most impressive in the world. This gorgeous creeper wraps its velvet paws full of delicate fragrant inflorescences, gazebos, arches, houses and any other vertical supports available to it. Wisteria wisteria is considered an exotic and most unusual legume of the family. Rich clusters of flowers vertically hanging from the supports, the impression of a picturesque tale.
Each gardener wants to have an exotic beauty in his plot, and landscape designers are increasingly resorting to its use in gardening vertical planes. A brief summary of knowledge about this amazing view will help determine its choice, learn the basic rules of cultivation and care. Tips experienced gardeners will tell you how to beat the beauty of the plant on your site.
Wisteria Wisteria Description
Wisteria belongs to the legume family. It is a climbing plant, reaching 20 meters in length, depending on the type and place of growth. Greens consist of feathery leaves, bright green color. Flowers are clustered in lengths from 10 to 70 cm. The color of the inflorescences varies from white to deep purple hues, sometimes you can find dark red flowers.
The wisteria creepers twist the supports strictly clockwise.
The plant suppresses neighboring crops as it grows; this should be taken into account when choosing a site for planting. Wisteria prefers sunny areas with fertile soil. If you are going to grow this noble plant, you should take into account its toxicity. Groundwater should not touch the powerful root system of the loach. In its wild form, wisteria grows in the northeastern parts of America, in China, Japan and Korea.
The most luxurious and abundant flowering in the open air can be observed in California. In the town of Sierra Madre, wisteria covered an area of one acre. Impressive wilds are an impassable carpet, completely covered with flowers. According to some estimates, the weight of this carpet reaches 250 tons. Wisteria creepers are very heavy and require strong supports, otherwise it may break the unreliable construction. Растение выращивают в целях декорации вертикальных сооружений таких, как арки, беседки, стены домов, заборы и шпалеры. В зависимости от объекта, опоры, выбирают вид растения.
Условия выращивания глицинии
Советы по выращиванию:
- По большому счету глициния может расти и на плодородных почвах, и на бедных. But if the florist wants to achieve abundant flowering and foliage density, it is better to grow it in fertile soil.
- The main condition for the successful growth and development of vines is good solar lighting. The plant should be under the sun, at least six hours a day.
- Another necessary attribute for growing wisteria is a reliable support. For such a serious loach, pillars are constructed with a concrete cement base. The best option will be the construction of the metal, it will not bend under the weight of vines and will not fall under the influence of strong winds.
- If you plan to shade the house with wisteria, pay attention to the roof. It must be strong, otherwise the vines will pave their way under it and destroy the structure. The support should be made in such a way that the inflorescences are hanging vertically, and not lost in the green. In this case, lush and elegant clusters will please the eye.
- During the period of growth it is necessary to monitor the soil moisture. Wisteria likes moisture, but not excessive. Therefore, on constantly wet areas, before planting a vine, the soil must be drained.
It is very important to create for vines close to natural conditions. Try to choose a plot where the root of the plant would be in the shade, and the vine itself in the sun. In the wild, this is how it grows, stretches like a lotus from the darkness to the sun.
Otherwise, wisteria is rather unpretentious and grows on its own, if there is access to the sun during the day, and the soil is moderately moist.
Wisteria wisteria is propagated by seed or grafting. Since the plant belongs to the legume family, it is propagated as the most common pea. As the vines grow, pods with fruits appear on it - seeds. The beans begin to land at the beginning of winter at home. To do this, prepare the ground. 4 parts of leafy ground, one part of sod and one part of sand are taken.
Drainage of expanded clay or broken brick is laid in the pot for planting, and the prepared soil is poured onto it.
Water the soil slightly and plant the beans. Cover the pot with a film and put it in a dark place. In about a month, the seeds will germinate. As soon as this happens, immediately expose the container to the light. A plant that has reached the size of a small bush is planted in the spring in a greenhouse. When you see that the root system has grown strong and the bush has gone to growth, transplant it to the planned permanent place.
- In the store you can buy ready-made and germinated cuttings of vines. It is better to acquire one-year or two-year plants. They better take root.
- Planting is made in the spring in a permanent place prepared for the vine.
- The soil must be fertilized with mineral fertilizers.
- When planting the stalk is cut and formed. Many growers are advised to make an incision around the middle of the cutting, then it is deepened in the soil along this cut.
- After some time, the plant will give side layers.
- In August, the liana is transplanted to a permanent place.
In one way or another, a cutting is planted, as practice shows, it will still grow and shuffle.
Caring for wisteria is not so difficult. If all the conditions of planting are met and a good area with constant solar lighting is selected, all that is required of the grower is timely pruning. It plays an important role in growing wisteria. The formation of lianas requires constant garter new shoots. Trimming is as follows:
- When planting in the first year of life, the main stem is cut to the bud that is strongest. Side shoots are cut. As it grows, the main stem is tied up vertically, and the lateral diagonally.
- In the second year of the plant’s life, the main stem is again pruned on the same principle as during planting. Horizontally running shoots are shortened.
- In the third year of the liana's life, in addition to the main stem, new leading lianas grow. They are also cut and fastened to the support vertically. Side shoots are shortened and fastened diagonally. Small growth at the base is removed. It is necessary to constantly monitor the garter, it should not over-pull the vines and damage them.
- In all subsequent years of the plant's life, pruning and garter occurs according to the third year growth pattern.
These simple rules of care will help the flower grower to form a luxurious, flowering creeper. However, it is necessary to be patient, peak flowering and growth of wisteria falls on the third or fourth year of life. It grows rather slowly. Trimming and garter accelerates growth, but not so much.
Top dressing and shelter for the winter
In the spring and when landing, the wisteria should be fed with complex mineral fertilizers containing phosphate-potassium compounds. Be wary of introducing nitrogen preparations into the soil.
With their excess, wisteria will not bloom, and the green will become faded, colorless. In autumn, the vines are lowered and covered in several layers with non-woven material. Many cover the plant film and roofing material.
Despite the frost resistance, it is necessary to cover the vine, and it is rather dense.
These simple rules of care will help the grower to properly grow wisteria. After a couple of years, she will begin to delight with her exotic flowering and beauty.
Varieties and their features
Wisteria, or wisteria, allows not only to decorate the vertical supports, walls, as well as fences and buildings - it can easily disguise those parts in the garden that look unpresentable, distinguish the space on the site and close the required zones from the sun's rays and gusts of wind.
The genus of this planting has 9 species, however, only some of them are widespread:
- Chinese wisteria. This is a vine with thick, strong leaves that can reach 20 m in height. Inflorescences most often have a bleached purple or white shade, the brush inflorescences grow up to 30 cm in length. The flowers begin to bloom almost simultaneously with the appearance of the leaves, and flowering can continue throughout the summer season. Sometimes flowering repeats - it happens from late August to mid-September.
The graceful feathers of the foliage add to the appearance of the planting a special decoration, and in the fall their golden color becomes a real decoration of the site. It tolerates short winters without severe frosts and perfectly adapts to the urban environment.
- Multicolor variety. The culture was bred in Japan and can reach up to 10 m in height and 5-6 m in width. Brushes inflorescences rather large, dropping, resemble a cone in shape. The flowers are predominantly purple-blue, bloom alternately, starting from the base, and gradually lower below.
Flowering begins after the appearance of the leaves, until mid-June, but repeated flowering also occurs during the period July-August. This variety is more decorative and frost-resistant than the Chinese version, and it has more variations of shades: there are pink, purple and white inflorescences. In addition, the multi-flowered variation can be large-leaved and variegated.
- Blue moon. This variation is the most frost-resistant - it can withstand frosts up to 37º C without shelter. The pedigree of this variety is from the USA, flowering in the middle lane begins in June and lasts 2-3 weeks. Wisteria inflorescences reach 25-30 cm in length and most often have a blue tint.
- Japanese variety. It is much less widespread due to its low frost-resistant characteristics: it grows only in a warm climate - in Georgia and in the Crimea.
How to plant and grow wisteria?
Planting plant in two ways:
- Cuttings (layering) in the spring-summer season. For cuttings are selected shoots of about 25 cm long. Rooting is done in a mixture of turf soil, humus, river sand and peat. In late August, rooted cuttings can be planted in the ground.
- Seeds. This method requires considerable effort and patience. Seeds are planted in greenhouses or greenhouses in late November and early December, or immediately in open ground in the garden in the spring. The soil must be loose and consist of sod and leaf earth and sand.
To maintain a high level of humidity, crops are closed with glass or polyethylene. Seedlings usually appear no earlier than 3-4 weeks, after which the seedlings are taken to a lighted place and swooped when the first two leaves appear.
Growing Wisteria requires a special approach. In order for her to grow up healthy and fluffy, you should provide her with the following conditions:
- constant sun illumination - at least half a day,
- strong supports, which will subsequently grow liana,
- constant moderate soil moistening. Do not be too zealous - abundant watering can harm the plant,
- light soil rich in nutrients
- active feeding once a week during the formation of buds,
- warm shelter for the winter, including warming and basal area,
- regular two-time pruning: the first time when the vine has faded and the second - after the leaves fall. In autumn it is necessary to cut the side branches, leaving 3 to 5 buds.
If the climate of the area does not allow growing the plantings on the open ground, you can plant it in pots as standard trees. With the onset of cold weather, it is necessary to bring them into a room with a temperature of 7 to 10º C and ensure economical watering.
In spring, the shoots of these trees should be pruned to 3 buds, thus forming a beautiful crown. As soon as summer comes, wisteria can again be brought to the air, continuing to periodically water it.
How to take care of the vine?
Caring for a plant involves following a number of rules:
- It should not be forgotten that a vine grown from a seed blooms only after 7-8 years, and store seedlings can take root up to 4-5 years before flowering. As soon as there is a tendency to flowering, it is necessary to fertilize the tree trunk circle every week,
- Wisteria watering should be regular, but not abundant,
- it happens that the planting does not bloom for several years in a row. To fix this, you need to saturate the soil with potash fertilizers, avoiding nitrogen varieties - nitrogen most often affects the intensive development of foliage,
- pruning should not be done less than 2 times a year, and in the winter no manipulations should be performed due to the formation of kidneys,
- in the autumn period, it is necessary to remove all dead branches that hinder the young shoots.
Observing these simple rules, on your site you will soon be able to admire wisteria with lush inflorescences, which produce a delicious aroma.
Wisteria (from the Greek. Glycos - sweet) got its name because of the fragrant flowers, which are still very beautiful. The aroma is sweet, pleasant, comparable to the aroma of acacia. There are types of wisteria with milder or lighter flavors. The flowering of wisteria is not only tangible beauty, but also olfactory beauty. All wisteria adore the growing conditions of their homeland: light, heat, humidity, no temperature fluctuations, humus-rich soil.
The first bloom does not come soon. If wisteria was grown from seeds, it can come in 10 to 15 years. The plants propagated by cutting or rooting will begin to bloom in 7 years, and the flowering will be much more abundant.
The plant begins to bloom before the leaves bloom. As a rule, this is May - June.
- Why does not Wisteria bloom? The answer is simple:
In the wild, wisteria may not wake up after winter, if the summer was dry. Root growth will grow, but the flowering of the plant itself may not be another 3 - 4 years.
Flower buds develop on the shoots of the second year. To create the conditions for flowering in the Russian conditions, it is necessary to form wisteria in the standard form: a small tree or palmette. The latter method is good for decorating the borders of a plot or decorating a wall. The boom is convenient for providing care for the plant, which includes pruning and shelter for the winter with fabric material.
Period after flowering
To wisteria bloomed profusely, pruning should be carried out 2 times a season. The first pruning is needed in order to shorten the side shoots by more than half the length. The second pruning shorten the branches after leaf fall, leaving no more than 5 buds on the branch. After spring inspection, wisteria is tied to a support and pruned for 2 to 3 buds. At this time, the buds are very well distinguished: the flower bud is round and the growth one is flat.
There is another trick that causes wisteria to bloom more abundantly. This pruning of the branches after 2 weeks by 10 - 15 cm throughout the growing season. Stimulation of lateral shoots and their pinching causes the flower buds to form on short sprigs more intensively.
Adhere to this rule should be strictly if you want to get a flowering plant. The formed tree will bloom more abundantly and faster.
The main purpose of wisteria - decoration hanging buds. To emphasize the beauty of flowers, the plant is sent on a support. To do this, use the arches, pergolas, fences and walls. If you do not follow the wisteria, it will enclose everything in its path, up to the drain pipes. The only condition for the preparation of the support is that it must be very strong to withstand the weight of the branches and flowers.
English gardeners, the most respected in the world, argue that wisteria is mostly frost resistant, and temperatures below 25 are not threshold. Nevertheless, without much effort, it can be grown only in the southern latitudes of our country.
The first 3 years of wisteria growth are the most important: a plant skeleton is formed, pruning wisteria increases the formation of flowering buds. If pruned correctly, wisteria will be a durable tree and will not require rejuvenation. But if conditions so require, wisteria can be gradually rejuvenated by removing the stem every year and directing the escape to the right place. Pruning carried out almost to the ground.
Features of growing indoor varieties
Wisteria grows well in the tub on the balcony, terrace, southern room. During the growing season she needs light and heat. Mandatory dressing, otherwise the plant will cease to bloom. In the tub, wisteria is well-stacked.
In the fall, after trimming, the tub is carried out to the veranda or to another room, where it is cool enough (8 - 10 degrees), windy and not damp. Watering is rare and not abundant. In early spring, form a plant, leaving 2 - 3 flowering buds wisteria and put on a permanent place.
If after winter the wisteria is located at the south window, it will bloom rapidly. After a break of 1 - 1.5 months, flowering will resume, but not so plentiful.
Wisteria is very responsive to spraying and fertilizing with universal fertilizer. Young copies need to be transplanted every year, adults - in a few years.
After flowering, the plant is cut to half the length of the branches.
Annual plant can be transplanted to a permanent place in the garden. For this, any fertile soil is suitable and the time from spring to autumn. Before landing it is soaked in water for 2 hours. The root of the seedling in the hole is placed horizontally, immediately establish a support and tie up the stem. Watering seedlings needed after disembarkation. After 1 - 2 days, the plant is shortened by 20 cm, leaving 2 - 3 escapes. During the season they grow by 2 - 2.5 meters. Larger copies in our conditions will require disparate costs. Dry branches should be cut, and curly to send on a support. In winter, the plant is spud and stop watering.
Despite the luxurious appearance, wisteria is not a very capricious plant. If you follow the basic rules of care, you can achieve abundant annual long flowering.
Below you can see a photo of how Wisteria blooms:
Wisteria in art
In Japanese Kabuki (classical theater in Japan) we can learn about this plant, and about its glory, as well as in the poem "The Legend of Wisteria".
- "I was always captivated by my grace,
- Wisteria flowers - Chinese, lush,
- Cascade, her clusters down aspire,
- Like a canopy, fragrant, colorful. "
As a symbol of love, we see wisteria in the Japanese drama of the Japanese kabuki Fuji Musume (Wisteria maiden). The girl is depicted in the picture with a branch of wisteria, and at one point she falls in love with a young man and comes out of the picture, trying to get his attention. Unfortunately, her attempts are useless, but love is unrequited, and she sadly returns to the two-dimensional world of her lonely picture, still holding crying wisteria in her hands.
Wisteria, especiallyWisteria sinensis"It is very hardy and fast-growing. It can grow in fairly poor quality areas, but prefers fertile, moist, well-drained soil. She loves the sun. Wisteria can reluctantly bloom until it reaches maturity. It can take several years to mature, like Kentucky wisteria , или почти двадцать, как в китайской глицинии. Символично, но мы можем ассоциировать эту природную особенность цветка, как внешнее отражение нашего собственного расширяющегося сознания.
что значит цветок Глициния?
Однако имейте в виду, что глициния может быть разрушительной в своём росте, и могут потребоваться значительные усилия, чтобы ситуация не вышла из-под контроля (например, виноградная лоза, как известно, может повредить здания и решётки своим весом).Wisteria reminds us of the need to look more often into the depths of our own "I"that will help you to understand better not only yourself, but also those around you. After all, like wisteria, left without control, a person can do things for which he will be ashamed later.
If you found this article about wisteria value interesting, pay attention to the publication of the symbols of the Trees of the Celts, as well as learn more about the symbolic meaning of Flowers, etc.
Thank you for reading, and may your journey into the symbolism of nature always be evergreen.