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Characteristics of fragrant onion Dzhusay and description of its useful properties

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Nature gave us sets of various plants, and some of humanity learned to use for their own purposes. Do you know what dzhusay? This is a useful alternative to the usual bow!

Dzhusay, which is also called fragrant onion, is a plant belonging to the Onion family, and a relative of the more common for many leek. Other common names are Chinese, branched and wild onions. The plant has a rather long green arrow and resembles garlic: both in appearance and in taste and smell.

Many consider Mongolia and China to be the birthplace of Dzhusay, but now it is widespread, as it is unpretentious and grows well in any conditions, therefore cultivation presents no difficulties. And some use it for decorative purposes, as thin tall arrows and starry inflorescences look very original.

The composition of Dzhusay includes a significant amount of ascorbic acid, the plant also contains pectin, volatile production, calcium, sodium, iron, potassium, vitamins E, PP, K and group B.

What is useful?

Useful properties of the plant Dzhusay:

  • Fragrant onions helps to strengthen the immune system and protect the body from attacks of viruses and bacteria. It is also useful to use with flu and cold.
  • Dzhusay helps with lung diseases such as bronchitis and tuberculosis: it eliminates inflammation and facilitates the discharge of viscous sputum.
  • The plant normalizes the work of the hematopoietic system and improves the composition of the blood, cleaning it from harmful substances and increasing the level of hemoglobin.
  • The benefits of Dzhusay is that it increases the appetite and improves digestion, stimulating the motility of the intestinal walls and the production of gastric juice.
  • Vitamin C, which is present in the composition in significant quantities, strengthens the vascular walls and protects them from deformation, and also prevents the development of atherosclerosis.
  • The plant has a positive effect on the functioning of the nervous system: increases stress resistance, eliminates the effects of stress, strengthens nerve cells, eliminates increased excitability.
  • Dzhusay outwardly can be used for burns, insect bites and other injuries, since this plant has wound-healing and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Sweet onions have a hemostatic effect.
  • It is worth noting bile and diuretic properties.
  • Regular use will help cleanse the body of toxins and slags.
  • Dzhusay contributes to the regulation of metabolic processes and accelerate metabolism.
  • Chinese onions, if regularly eaten, will help restore and strengthen the cartilage tissue and increase the mobility of joints.
  • The plant is useful in cardiovascular diseases, as it strengthens the myocardium and normalizes blood pressure.

Can it hurt?

Harmful jusai is possible with abuse, which can lead to digestive disorders, stomach pain, heartburn, dyspepsia, and other similar symptoms. Contraindications include gastrointestinal diseases such as pancreatitis, gastritis, cholecystitis, ulcers, gastroduodenitis. Individual hypersensitivity to this plant is possible.

Application

What to cook from dzhusay? It has been widely used in cooking, and almost all of its parts are used, including leaves, bulbs and arrows. For example, arrows will replace garlic in salads and other dishes, they can also be pickled. The leaves are quite juicy, they can be eaten fresh. The bulbs have a spicy taste and an interesting aroma, therefore they will be an excellent addition to meat and vegetables.

Chinese onions can be used for prophylactic and medicinal purposes. Based on it, they prepare infusions, decoctions and tinctures used for bronchitis, wounds and burns, constipation, colds, and some infections.

Try to use an unusual dzhusay for culinary or medicinal purposes. And you can grow it in your garden.

Sweet scented onion: properties

Calorie content: 41 kcal.

The energy value of the product Onion sweet Dzhusay:
Protein: 1.4 g.
Fat: 0.2 g
Carbohydrates: 8.2 g.

Dzhusay - fragrant onion, a plant of the Onion family. It is also called wild, branchy or Chinese onion. This plant has long thin arrows of green color, externally dzhusay is similar to young garlic. What is interesting is the smell and taste of this plant is also similar to garlic.

For the first time, the people of Mongolia and China learned about this plant, and now it grows literally in all corners of the earth. Some use a fragrant bow as a decoration, as thin arrow-leaves and flowers in the shape of asterisks look great on home gardens.

Beneficial features

In all parts of the fragrant onion, Dzhusay contains ascorbic acid, given this vegetable can be used to strengthen the immune system and blood vessels. This onion helps to improve the condition of the nervous, endocrine and hematopoietic systems, as well as cartilage tissue.

In Tibet, all parts of Jusai are used to make various potions. Such tinctures help with bronchitis, gastroenteritis. In addition, they are used to get rid of amenorrhea, nervous tension.

Use in cooking

Sweet scented onion can be used fresh, for example, add to salads, appetizers, main and first courses, side dishes. Due to the unusual and fragrant aroma, this onion produces very tasty sauces. As food, you can use not only arrows, but bulbs and flowers. Arrows, for example, turn out very tasty, if they are marinated, and they can also be added to other preserves to impart a unique flavor. The leaves can be frozen, which makes it possible to use them throughout the year. By the way, this method allows you to save all the nutrients and taste. Scented onions are a must-have for such popular dishes: lagman, Korean and potato salad with dzhusay etc. In addition, fragrant onions, in order to diversify and improve the taste, are added to dumplings, soups and roasting for various dishes.

The benefits of fragrant onion Dzhusay and treatment

The use of fragrant onion dzhusay due to the rich composition of vitamins and minerals. This vegetable can be consumed in the period catarrhal diseasesas well as those who have heart problems or suffer from bronchitis and tuberculosis. In addition, you should definitely take into account that this plant possesses diuretic, choleretic and hematopoietic action.

In folk medicine is also widely used treatment of this fragrant onions. Its juice helps to relieve inflammation, which is obtained by nettle or insect bite. In the East, Dzhusay is used in the period of neurasthenia, exhaustion and gastritis.

Jusay - what is it?

Dzhusay is a branched onion. People sometimes call him garlic onions or mountain garlic, as well as fragrant onions. This name is due to the fact that when it is used, you can feel the taste of light garlic. The hillsides of China and Mongolia are the birthplace of this unusual bow.

Leaves of branched onions can reach up to half a meter. They have a bright green color. The leaves are very thin and numerous, they form a large shock of greenery. The root system of this plant is called pseudobulb. Due to this structure, each year the bulbs become more and more, forming at the same time large families.

The mountain garlic begins to bloom in July, throwing out long stems with round inflorescences. The inflorescences are formed by many small white flowers, which have a very pleasant delicate aroma.

To care for him is quite simple. It is necessary to water it periodically and cut dry leaves. It can be grown not only for use in cooking, but also as an ornamental plant. And also it is very useful for the treatment of various diseases.

How to grow

Because of its simplicity to grow Dzhusay is not difficult. It grows well both in the sun and in the shade. To the soil he is also indifferent. It can be grown in both acidic and neutral soil.

This perennial can grow in the area up to 10 years.

Reproduction can occur in three ways: with the help of seeds, vegetative and bulbous. Seeds are better to start sowing in the spring.

When grown vegetatively, an adult plant is dug out and several bulbs are separated from it. It is best to take 3-4 bulbs and plant them in one hole. The best time for such a landing is spring.

Bulb method is very similar to the vegetative. You can also take several onions and plant them in the hole. With this method of reproduction, seedlings begin to appear after 2 weeks. Blooming fragrant onions with this method of planting will begin only in the second year.

In the first year to cut the young foliage is not recommended. She needs to get stronger and gain strength. After the plant has got accustomed and gets stronger, it is possible to cut off foliage not more than four times in one season.

Benefit and harm

Dzhusay contains many vitamins and minerals. But, despite its obvious benefits, it has a number of contraindications.

  • inflorescences of branched onions contain a large amount of ascorbic acid,
  • it strengthens the immune system
  • onion leaves stimulate the cardiovascular system,
  • stimulates the gastrointestinal tract,
  • improves the condition and functioning of the nervous system,
  • improves the condition of cartilage tissue
  • useful in the treatment of colds,
  • can be used as a diuretic and choleretic agent,
  • juice can be used for bites of various insects and nettle burns,
  • helps in the treatment of gastritis,
  • can be used in the treatment of pneumonia and tuberculosis.

  • contraindicated with individual intolerance,
  • not recommended for use in inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (pancreatitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis),
  • overuse can cause heartburn.

Recipe for cabbage casserole in the oven - try this dish.

Take note of the recipe for sweet buns on yogurt, for sure, it is useful to you.

Jusay - what is it?

This is a perennial plant belonging to the Onion family. Dzhusay has the properties of garlic and onions. And also this plant has other names: branched, Chinese, fragrant, fragrant, garlic onions. Comparing it with the varieties of other perennial onions, it can be understood that the dzhusay is a thermophilic species, but with a slight snow cover it can withstand temperatures down to minus 45 ° C. Jusay - what is it? This is a plant that is resistant to drought, but a large and high-quality crop can be grown only with heavy watering. Onions are undemanding to the ground, and it can be grown on alkaline soils. For him fit both sunny and areas in the shade.

Dzhusay has narrow linear false bulbs with a diameter of 1-1.5 cm, attached to the rhizome and of no value. The onion has large, wide, rich green leaflets about 50 cm long. Within a year, the plant forms 5–6 leaves. Each year, the daughter bulb is formed at the very base of the arrows, which serves as the beginning of a new shoot. Thus, the plant branches, and the number of leaves increases. The next year after planting, the onion dzhusay gives an arrow-stalk, at the end of which an inflorescence umbrella forms. Flowering stem reaches a height of 60 cm. On one shoot can grow from six to twelve leaves with a total weight of 40-70 grams.

The flowers are white in color like small stars with a purple streak on a petal, gathered in an inflorescence - a thick umbrella, of a spherical shape. They are sometimes used to form flower arrangements or to cut into bouquets. Very beautiful flowers have a delicate aroma, for this plant is sometimes called fragrant onions. It blooms, as a rule, in the second year, in the second half of summer. The fruit box has three nests in which are black seeds.

Preparatory work for sowing

  • The best predecessors: any berry bushes.
  • Choose a sunny place with a loose, moderately moist land.
  • In the acidic soil to make lime.
  • Dig the ground in the fall.
  • Feed the following composition of nutrients per 1 sq. Km. m: ten-liter bucket of humus, 20 g of potash, 200 g of ash, 30 g of superphosphate.
  • In early spring, bring in and deposit 5 g of ammonium nitrate per square meter. m

Jusai: how to grow

In the spring they divide and transplant the adult plant. If these manipulations are carried out in the autumn, the onions take on worse, since in the first days of September it continues to bloom. Dzhusay propagated by bulbs or seeds. Onions can be grown for three to four years in one place.

  1. Germination of seed keeps for two years. Sowing seeds Dzhusay begin in the middle of spring. Before it is recommended to soak them in water for about a day, the water should be changed at least three times. Next, the seeds need to be dried. They are sown in rows, at a distance of 30 cm and to a depth of about one centimeter. Seed germination begins at a temperature of 2–3 degrees, and the optimum temperature is considered to be about 18 degrees. For the rapid growth and development of the plant, the recommended temperature regime is from 15 to 24 degrees. The seedlings appear after three weeks, when the three leaves appear, the crops are thinned, in case of frequent planting. Onions withstand easily lowering the temperature to minus 10. In the first year, greens are not cut.
  2. How to grow dzhusay can be different? Since the second year dzhusay can be propagated by dividing the bush. For this method it is necessary to dig a whole bush and divide it into pieces consisting of two or three bulbs. Then they need to be planted in a new place in copiously watered holes. Onions are planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other. To obtain good yields of rhizome, it is necessary to divide every two years. After planting it is watered. Further watering is carried out twice a week.

Foliage begin to collect when in length it grows at least 3 cm. Harvesting of greens is carried out three or four times per season. The buds are cut twice: in early summer and late autumn, in this case the plant will be able to give a good harvest of leaves and flowers. For dzhusaya there is a rule - the more foliage to cut, the more flowers will appear, and accordingly, the harvest will be higher.

Onion Dzhusay, the cultivation of which does not differ from other perennial onion crops - the plant is unpretentious, but does not like wet spots and northern slopes. Dzhusay needs constant feeding, watering and weeding. At daylight levels of 10–12 hours, onion growth slows down.

When loosening the bulbs do not fall asleep with the soil, but rather, clean them and move the soil into the space between the rows. With insufficient moisture foliage becomes coarse. To preserve the taste, as well as the juiciness and tenderness of the leaves, regular watering of the plant is necessary.

After the emergence of the first shoots begin feeding:

  • on 1 square. m is enough 5 g of urea, which is scattered around the garden and then watered with warm water,
  • You can use the chemical agent "Epin Extra", the ampoule of which is dissolved in 5 liters of water.

"Ferovit" to improve photosynthesis is used 15 days after the first feeding. After cuttings of greens (in the second year) fertilize the plant with nitrophoska, using 40 g per ten-liter bucket. In mid-August, they make the last harvest of onion greens, so the Dzhusay plant will be able to gain strength for wintering. Completely greens cut in late autumn. At one place, the plant gives rich yields of up to four years, then weakens, grows, and the greens are low and of poor quality.

Use in traditional medicine

In the grass and bulb there are mineral salts, vitamins and fiber, thanks to which the onion is able to maintain tenderness and the whole complex of beneficial properties, without losing them until the autumn.

Leaves and inflorescences contain a large amount of ascorbic acid, which is used to strengthen the immune system, the circulatory, endocrine and nervous systems. In addition, ascorbic acid strengthens cartilage and vascular walls. Dzhusay, the beneficial properties of which are multifaceted, replenishes the deficiency of vitamin C. In the bulb of Djusai contains mineral salt, vitamins and some fiber. Reviews indicate the healing qualities of this plant.

For the treatment of colds, with bronchitis and pneumonia use Dzhusay. Useful properties and vitamins are preserved if the plant is frozen. This variety of onions restores blood, has diuretic and choleretic properties. For example, in the East, onions are used to treat neurasthenia, gastritis and exhaustion. In Tibet, onions are used in snake bites as an excellent antidote. There are many recipes for using both seeds and bulbs for the treatment of various diseases.

Contraindications

  • GI pathology (gastrointestinal tract),
  • gallstones,
  • inflammatory process in the spleen,
  • cholecystitis.

The calorie content of this onion is slightly higher than other similar plants. There are forty kilocalories in a hundred grams of jusai.

Помимо всех положительных качеств, которые подтверждены многочисленными отзывами, лук может служить украшением вашего участка благодаря ярко-зеленым листьям и небольшим цветкам белого окраса, именуемым звездочками.

Что такое джусай

Джусай — это многолетнее растение семейства Луковые. В народе растение называют китайским, диким или ветвистым луком. Внешне похож на молодой чеснок. Посмотрите, как выглядит джусай что это такое — фото.

Внешний вид (фото) джусая

The habitat of wild onions is found throughout the world. You can see Chinese onions in the fields, meadows, stony slopes. Many gardeners plant it as an ornamental plant for the decoration of flower beds.

In late July, the flowering of culture. The plant produces a stem, at the top of which spherical umbrellas are formed, consisting of small flowers of white color with a pleasant smell.

For food use ground part with arrows and inflorescence. In taste and aroma, Dzhusay grass is similar to garlic. Onions are used for healing tinctures, they are not suitable for food.

Chemical composition

Dzhusaya has medicinal properties due to its unique chemical composition:

  • beta carotene -1 mg
  • ascorbic acid - 4.8 mg,
  • Vitamin B5 - 0.1 mg,
  • Vitamin B3 - 0.28 mg,
  • alpha tocopherol - 0.02 mg,
  • Vitamin B6 - 0.13 mg,
  • potassium - 120-123 mg,
  • sodium - 27-29 mg,
  • calcium-19-22 mg,
  • magnesium - 8.5-9.5 mg,
  • iron - 0,26-0,28 mg,
  • Zinc - 0.12-0.15 mg,
  • manganese - 0.08 mg,
  • selenium - 0.5 µg,
  • copper - 0.06 mg.

Growing onion dzhusaya

The unpretentiousness of Chinese onions and its unique useful properties, makes many gardeners wanting to grow crops in the dacha plots. Grow onions for your table or as an ornamental plant in flowerbeds.

To produce the correct planting, cultivation and care, you must follow the basic principles of preparation for the lettuce plant. A significant advantage of the Chinese perennial - its versatility to the nutritional value of the soil and light.

Please note that Chinese onions cannot be grown in areas where potatoes and cabbage used to live.

Soil preparation

Change the planting place once every 5 or more years. Choose a light and fertile soil with a neutral or slightly acidic environment. To regulate the acidity of the soil, enter lime (up to 4-5 kg ​​per hundred) per season.

Suitable soil is black soil, but you can also plant the plant in peat or loamy soil. Sandy soil for cultivation is not suitable. Even if you grow onions on a gerbil, it will be tasteless and will not be able to be stored for a long time.

Moisten the soil before planting. Excessive water is useless, but drought is dangerous.

Planting onions

Put dzhusay on the east or west side. On the north side of the plot, the ground will be constantly wet, and the plant will lack the sun. On the southern side of planting, it can burn, and you need to water more onions. Plant Chinese onions in the shade of fruit trees.

Seeds sown at different times:

  • if you plant in summer, the green feathers are ready for cutting for the next spring,
  • if planting in April does not provide for harvesting in the current year, it is optimal to allow the plant to grow stronger,
  • if you do not want to wait, plant seeds in the winter and pick greens in July.

Recommendations for growing Chinese onions - how to plant in open ground:

  • If you live in the northern part of Russia, then plant seeds on seedlings and then transplant the grown plants in open ground. When planting seeds immediately in open ground, many will not ascend.
  • Soak seeds in room temperature water for 24 hours before sowing. Within 24 hours, change the water 3-5 times.

Sow jusai in rows (rows should be 50 cm apart) or in holes. In each well, lay two seeds to a depth of 1.5 cm. When growing seedlings, be patient, because Chinese onions are a slow plant, the first shoots appear after 10-20 days. If you plant seeds immediately in open ground, then they grow even slower.

For open ground, choose the method of planting seeds - in the wells, and for seedlings - in rows.

To care for Jusai is simple. It is enough to regularly water, weed and loosen the soil. When the onion adapts, it will actively grow and may flood the whole area. When weeds appear, remove them immediately, as they feed on the onion juice.

Watering produce separated water at room temperature. If the water is not defended, then on the leaves may appear stains like rust.

Cut the leaves a maximum of 2-4 times per season. In the first year of cultivation, pruning is not carried out, as the plant has not yet adapted and may slow down in growth.
After pruning, feed the plants with complex mineral fertilizers according to the instructions.

Top dressing is best purchased as a liquid solution and used during watering in the morning or evening. If the seeds do not germinate, or the seedlings are weak, then in spring when planting in open ground, cover the seedlings with plastic wrap to maintain the level of humidity and heat. Many gardeners note that in this case the leaves appear ahead of time.

Harvesting

Dig the jusai with a spatula and remove the plant with the soil. If the ground is dry, it is enough to shake the onions from the stuck soil. If necessary, dzhusay can be washed and then dried in fresh air or on a towel.

Spread the bow in the perforated boxes and place in a blown dark place. Keep the onion for a year, after which the grass dzhusay loses medicinal properties and becomes unsuitable for use.

You can still freeze onions. To do this, place it in portions and pack tightly. Store in the freezer no more than 1 year at a temperature of -15-18 degrees.

See more about Dzhusay in the video:

What to remember

  1. Dzhusay what is it and where to buy? Dzhusay is a wild type of onion, externally and in flavor it resembles garlic. Grow dzhusay on the site or get in the vegetable markets.
  2. Dzhusay used to strengthen the immune system, the treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular, nervous, digestive and urinary systems.
  3. Chinese onions are used with caution and in moderation.

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Cultivation and care

This plant is a perennial, because by planting it once, you will get for several years a strong, beautiful and useful dzhusay. Growing and caring for them is minimized. He is not picky about light or soil, he is not afraid of frost. But you should know that Dzhusay does not like the land on which he grew cabbage or potatoes. It is necessary to change the landing site, thereby updating the onion plantation, not earlier than after 5 years. In general, care for him is even simpler than, for example, for ordinary garlic or onions. It should be planted once in the spring, periodically watered and cut the leaves. It is not necessary to warm the dzhusay for the winter either. There is one more pleasant feature of this greenery: fungi and other diseases avoid it, and even the onion fly does not like it.

Starting from the moment of the first shoot in spring and until deep autumn, wild onions will produce a crop - fresh and fragrant foliage. It should be periodically cut, and sometimes thinning the bed, then the plant will delight you with juicy young greens all year round. During the season they spend 3-4 pruning, the last in August, before the onset of cold weather fragrant onions should have time to gain strength. It will also be useful after each such procedure to slightly feed the soil and, of course, to provide abundant watering. In the first year of your life in your area, you do not need pruning, let it grow and gain strength.

Breeding

To plant such a plant on your site is very simple, you will need seeds or onions. Both can be bought or collected on occasion, if you managed to meet a wild dzhusay. How to grow it in these two ways will tell more.

You need to sow the seeds in the spring when the earth is warm enough. In each region, differently, but in general, landing occurs in March or April. Before starting work, it is better to soak the seeds for a day or at least for the night. Swollen seeds removed from the water, lightly dried and start sowing.

The optimum depth for germination is 1-2 cm, usually dzhusay planted in rows, leaving a distance of 30-40 cm between them. To do this, make a groove in the ground and sow the seeds, but not too thick. You can make landing and breeding method. At a distance of a few centimeters from each other, make small indentations with your finger in the ground and lower several seeds into each one, cover it with earth.

Dzhusay perfectly propagated by bulbs, he has a strong root system. You will need to dig a bush of fragrant onions and separate the onions, while trying to select the most powerful, well-developed. Prepare a bed: the land should be loosened, after making shallow holes and planting bushes. At the same time, try not to overly deepen the plant, the ground level should be the same as last time. Slightly press the ground around the planted plants. It is good to carry out such landing both in the spring, and in the summer, but in the autumn it is better not to replace the dzhusay. Onions may not have time to take root well and get stronger, and therefore a cold winter will be disastrous for him.

Dzhusay will begin to bloom in two years and give a great harvest. This amazing plant will delight not only lush greenery, but also will be an excellent decoration for your favorite dishes.

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