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Figure skating for children harm and benefits

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How to understand that a child can become a professional and successful skater:

  • The kid is clever, active and attentive.
  • The child has a sense of rhythm.
  • The child is interested in figure skating.
  • The child does not suffer from frequent colds.
  • The child is not afraid of cold and feels great in the winter season.

In what cases figure skating will not work?

  • The child has weak joints or bones.
  • Frequent colds, reduced immunity.
  • The child does not like winter, experiencing severe discomfort in the cold.
  • The kid is clumsy, slow, passive.
  • The presence of chronic diseases.
  • Unwillingness to engage in figure skating.

Advantages and disadvantages

To begin, let us list the advantages of figure skating:

  • They make the child more collected and responsible, discipline him, and this is useful in life.
  • Especially figure skating is useful for girls. She will become more graceful, slim.
  • Figure skating is an incredibly beautiful and entertaining sport.
  • Since this sport is included in the list of Olympic sports, the child will definitely aim for something, and this increases the effectiveness of training.
  • Many parents think about the future of children. And if you are one of them, then you probably will be interested to know that the salaries of professional and successful skaters are quite high.
  • Figure skating for children is also useful because it improves health. So, regular exercise will improve immunity, normalize the work of the respiratory, nervous and cardiovascular systems, as well as the musculoskeletal system. Children involved in this sport are much less likely to suffer from colds and respiratory diseases, which is associated with the special microclimate of the rink.
  • Diversified development. Training increases stamina, reaction speed, concentration, strength and agility, and also improves the functioning of the vestibular apparatus. And all this is useful both in school and in later life.

  • Perhaps the most significant for many parents is the increased risk of injury. The most common are sprains and bruises, but there are also concussions and fractures.
  • It is believed that this sport is not suitable for a boy. So, he can be teased at school. Unfortunately, in the modern world this is quite common.
  • Big cost. Yes, parents will have to buy expensive skates and costumes, and quite often, because children grow very quickly. In addition, you will need to pay for sharpening skates, as well as trips to other cities in the competition.
  • Big competition. It usually reaches its peak in adolescence, since at this stage hormonal changes occur in children and large ambitions, a desire for perfection and a desire to be the best, appear. And the competition is associated with strong tension and constant stress, which is not very useful for a growing organism.
  • Since the rink has a low temperature, colds and some other illnesses can occur.
  • Figure skating is a tremendous burden, especially if you want your child to take part in important competitions and achieve some success. Will have to deal with a lot. If the child is not ready for this, then results will not be possible. But the readiness of parents is also important, since it is they who should tune the child, guide him on the right path and constantly support.
  • If a child starts to engage in this sport professionally, his school performance will inevitably decrease, since there will be a catastrophically short time for classes.
  • Many people think that sport practically deprives a child of childhood. In part, this is so, because he will not have time for simple entertainment available to everyone.

When to give a child to figure skating?

What is the best age to start figure skating? It all depends on the characteristics of the child and the goals of the parents. So, if dad and mom just want to diversify the development of the child, improve his health and fitness, then you can write him into a section at almost any age.

If parents are set to professional sports and plan to make a kid a champion, then it is worth starting classes at 4.5-5 years of age. In any case, coaches believe that the deadline is seven years. But it is worth repeating again that it’s never too late to begin to train in pleasure. A truly talented child can become a champion in just a few years.

What is required for classes?

So, what is required for training?

  • Skates. They must be of high quality, otherwise the child will be extremely uncomfortable to deal with, and the risk of injury will significantly increase. It is advisable to consult with a coach before buying.
  • Clothing. For the first year of training, it is not necessary to purchase professional suits, but they will be required later when the child begins to take part in competitions. In the meantime, buy a warmed sports suit, vest or windbreaker, as well as a lightweight hat. All clothes should be comfortable!

How are the classes?

How are training in figure skating? The first year of the kids do two or three times a week. In this exercise begins with a general training, which includes choreography, warm-up, mastering the basic movements. This part lasts about 30-45 minutes. Then begins training directly on the ice. Its duration is also approximately 30-45 minutes.

If the coach sees the potential in the child, then most likely the classes will move to a new level. The child will immediately go out on the ice and practice there for an hour and a half. The frequency of training will increase, it can reach up to 5-7 workouts per week. And in preparation for the competition classes can be held even twice a day.

Useful tips

Some tips for parents:

  1. Carefully weigh the pros and cons.
  2. Be sure to consider the opinion of the child. If he does not want to engage in figure skating, forcing him to do it is not worth it, nothing good will come of it.
  3. It is important to see talent in time and notice the prerequisites, so watch him closely.
  4. If the baby doubts, write it down for a few test lessons.
  5. Do not worry if your child refuses to engage in figure skating after a year of training. This happens.
  6. It is important to find a truly experienced coach.
  7. Listen to the coach. If he does not see talent in the child, then you should not try to make the kid a champion by any means.

Get ready

Simple rules will help to avoid serious trouble.

For skaters, especially beginners, it is extremely important not to neglect the means of protection. Suitable equipment for roller skating. It is also important to dress warm enough, because the air temperature at the rink is below zero.

Shoes should be approached with all seriousness! When the foot is badly fixed in the shoe, it can turn inwards when it falls. "Wrong" shoes can cause damage to the meniscus and ligaments of the joint. Try to choose skates in a good store, where the consultant will advise you on the right model.

Be careful on the rink, carefully look not to collide with others. An important rule: alcohol and the rink are not compatible, in any case do not drink alcohol, even if you do not plan to do triple axels, but just come to ride with friends!

Health promotion. Skaters less likely to suffer from colds. Affects the special microclimate of the rink. The presence of ice increases the humidity of the air, it is very useful, because in the winter in all heated premises it falls below the desired rate. Long stay in the cool atmosphere of the rink promotes hardening and healing of the body.

Harmonious development. Figure skating develops dexterity and strength, improves coordination and speed of reaction. The stability of the vestibular apparatus increases, trying to learn how to own the skates, you will gain the ability to group when you fall, and household injuries will become rare.

Improving the shape. Classes will quickly help lose weight - an average of 400 calories are burned per hour.

Injuries. A novice skater rarely manages to do without it. Usually they are not very heavy: bruises of the arms, legs and soft tissues of the head, which pass quickly. If this happens, you need to attach to the injury site the ice wrapped with a handkerchief, sit on the bench until the pain subsides, and observe the condition for 10-15 minutes. If there is no dizziness, vomiting, headache, you can continue classes. To prevent injuries will help our advice.

When mastering the technique of jumping, there may be sprains and other injuries, including serious leg fractures.

The classic stand of the skater - unfolded shoulders, bending the back back when leaving the ice and jumping - is not very useful for the spine. It can lead to fatigue of the back muscles, which causes pain.

Figure skating is very beautiful, but only from the side. In fact, this sport is considered one of the most difficult. Is it worth it to give your child a figure skating?

Pluses of figure skating:

  • Raises a sense of responsibility in a child and disciplines him.
  • Makes the figure more slender, and movement - more graceful.
  • Increases immunity, strengthens the musculoskeletal system.
  • Normalizes the cardiovascular, nervous and respiratory systems.
  • Increases concentration, reaction speed and endurance.
  • Develops the vestibular apparatus, strength and agility.

Figure Skating Cons:

Despite the indisputable advantages of figure skating, this sport has several disadvantages. They are not too significant, but they should be considered.

  • High risk of injury - sprains, bruises and other more serious injuries.
  • Big expenses - you have to buy expensive suits and skates, pay for training and trips to competitions.
  • A lot of time - you need to be prepared for the fact that all the free time of the baby and his parents will be occupied by trainings and other concerns related to sports.
  • High competition - the desire to be first due to a strong moral tension and stress, which is not very good for the younger body.

In the first year of training, two or three workouts per week are enough. The main part of the training is general training, which includes warm-up, physical training, choreography, and the study of basic movements. Duration of training - an hour and a half. If the child has good potential, the preparatory part is reduced, and the kid is more time training on the ice. The number of trainings increases to 5-7 per week, and before the competition - twice as much. Therefore, before giving the child to figure skating, carefully weigh the pros and cons and talk to the kid - his desire should be decisive, and our ice training center will help you with this.

The benefits of figure skating

Improved coordination. Figure skating is an ideal sport for better coordination. To skillfully navigate on slippery ice, you need to learn how to keep your balance well. Regular classes are sure to help you quickly succeed in mastering this skill. It is useful in everyday life.

Strengthening the muscles of the legs. The main burden during figure skating exercises falls on the lower part of the body. At the same time all muscle groups work. This is an excellent workout to strengthen the legs.

Joint improvement. Figure skating helps to strengthen the small muscles that are involved in the work of the hip, knee and ankle joints. It is believed that figure skating is more favorable for the development of joints than running or cycling.

Cardio. At first glance, figure skating is not a classic sport to improve the performance of the cardiovascular system. However, with intensive training, in addition to the power load, aerobic also appears. This contributes to the work of the heart, blood vessels and lungs.

Increase stamina. Figure skating requires a lot of energy for a long time. The longer a person is on the ice, the more enduring he becomes. This property is further useful for practicing other sports.

Maintain a normal weight. Given that the rate of growth of obesity, including among children, is gaining momentum today, figure skating is a brilliant way to combat obesity. Even calories start to burn off extra calories. If you just came to the ice to go for fun, a few laps around the rink will help to spend as many calories as a full-fledged workout with professional athletes.

Antidepressant. Figure skating along with any physical activity helps children to throw out the accumulated energy and prevent the development of emotional stress. Exercises at an open-air rink, in addition to physical exertion, include fresh air, which is also good for health. Even if a child is figure skating unprofessionally, it provides an additional opportunity to communicate with friends and family.

How to choose a school

If you decide that figure skating is your sport, your next step is to choose a school and figure skating coach. When choosing a school, pay attention to the volume of loads, to the tact of trainers. It's no secret that in the coaching staff of various sports schools there are very cruel coaches. For them, only the results are important, and the mental and physical condition of the child does not interest them. Therefore, parents should keep an eye on the relationship between the skater and the coach. Choosing a coach, you must understand that he will be a role model for your child.

Before submitting the child's documents to a sports school, be sure to undergo a medical examination. Thanks to this precautionary measure, you will be confident that your child’s body will withstand the loads from figure skating training. If a school for the future skater is chosen, you need to take up the selection and purchase of equipment.

Choosing equipment

Let's start with the selection of skates. They should fit snugly to the foot. Shoes must be sewn from natural material. Do not trust the sharpening of the blades to a non-professional, poor-quality skates lead to serious injuries. Before you opt for a particular firm and model, consult with a trainer. A professional trainer will always give good advice. Most often skaters order skates for individual tailoring, taking into account all the features of the foot anatomy. Do not be afraid that because of this, the price of skates will increase significantly. The only inconvenience of this option is in anticipation of skates. But isn't it easier to wait a couple of months than to get hurt?
We proceed to the choice of forms for figure skating. As figure skating is not only ice lessons, but also physical training and choreography training. And naturally for ice and for the hall there should be a different form. For choreography, Czech, leggings or shorts and a turtleneck are most often purchased. For classes directly on the ice you need a jumpsuit or tracksuit. The form should not hang on the child, just do not wear a jacket and pants on the child. In bulky clothes your child will be uncomfortable to move, and the coach will not see the mistakes in the exercise. Ideally, if you buy thermal underwear for your child. From thermo fabric you can order a jumpsuit for everyday workouts, socks, gloves, a bandage on his head and of course a suit for performances. It will warm your child, while your child will not sweat, and therefore will not get cold. Be sure to purchase gloves and a headband.
During training, do not forget the girls to collect hair in a ponytail or tight knot.

Of the additional accessories, it is advisable for you to purchase protective covers for skates. It is no secret that in the fall of the skates scratched on the ice, and in order to avoid this, wear protective covers from above. Also, after training on ice, you will need to wipe the blades with an absorbent cloth. This is necessary to prevent damage to the blades. Upon completion of this procedure, it will be necessary to put on protective absorbent covers on the blades. It should not be forgotten, after each going out on the ice, to dry boots from the nutria. This is necessary to prevent the child from wetting the feet on the next ice exit. You will also need rubber covers for the blades. They need to wear off the skate. If you walk without rubber covers outside the rink, the exception is the rubber floor covering, very quickly the blades of your skates will be damaged. Such protective equipment as knee pads, helmet and elbow pads are completely unnecessary to you.

What to expect from the first classes

All preparations are ready and with a sinking heart you are leading the child to the first training session. You must be prepared for the fact that it’s unlikely that your child will get everything right from the first lesson. Скорей всего будет разочарование от неудач, слезы от падения. Именно в эти моменты Вы будите, нужны своему ребенку как никогда. Вовремя понять и поддержать, очень редко когда на первых порах у ребенка не бывает желания бросить занятия по фигурному катанию.

But remember, not all children grow up champions! And if your child, for a long time, did not like the workout, do not force it. Sport should be fun, not to be hard labor.

The role of figure skating in the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections

The advantage of figure skating is undoubtedly that classes are held on ice. Regular exercises in dry, frosty air temper the body, help strengthen the immune system. I can talk about it for a long time, because The theme of my graduate work at the university was “The role of figure skating in the prevention of ARVI.” Some athletes, including Olympians, really come to figure skating on the advice of doctors. A vivid example of this is Evgeni Plushenko, whose parents, after suffering double-sided pneumonia, the doctors recommended giving the child to the sport. From existing experience, I can say that figure skating is not a panacea for acute respiratory infections, ARVI. According to my observations, about 30% of parents whose children began to engage in figure skating, noted a sharp decrease in incidence. The rest state the absence of changes. But almost everyone noted a decrease in the duration of the disease.

Injuries in figure skating

In short, we can say that there are no more injuries in figure skating than in any other sport, and if compared, for example, with artistic gymnastics or martial arts, it is much less. Basically, the impression of trauma in figure skating is made up of individual unsuccessful performances of figure skaters in pair figure skating. He himself was injured while in pair figure skating, stitched on his leg, and after three days he had to perform in a pair on the ice. And the partner dropped from top supports, fortunately successfully, without consequences. Yes, there are injuries in figure skating. There are many of them in doubles figure skating and much less in single. In my memory, during the 8 years of Rostov-on-Ice existence, there were 4 injuries during the training process. In all cases, the athletes returned to training within a month and a half. When making a choice it is important to understand that Sport is divided into top performance sport and mass sport.. This is a different intensity and different loads. Most athletes in the Center for Sports Development "Rostov-on-Ice" are engaged "for themselves", some perform at competitions and fulfill the standards for grades, but all this is purely proactive. Here the motto "I want!". Another thing DYUSSHOR, DYUSSH. Here the motto "You must"! In pursuit of the result, the discharge and the first places, sometimes the health of the young athlete, including future health, is put on the scales. What is the injury statistics in the children's "big sport" I just can not say. An acquaintance, by specialty a surgeon, once told me a good phrase: “Sport is good for health, but big sport has not added health to anyone yet.” An example of this are many athletes, coaches. For example, the greatest coach Tatiana Anatolyevna Tarasova. I finished my career in big-time sports due to injury, though not during the training process, but on the ice. Probably in the conclusion it is appropriate to recall the words of the ancient Greek philosopher Democritus that:

Measure above all

Everyone must decide how much sport they need.

Time spent

Since figure skating requires ice, athletes are tied to the ice arena. Given the small number of places to practice on the ice in Rostov, parents have to carry children from the distant ends of Rostov, Bataysk and Aksay. For example, from the west to our branch in Aksai (between Aleksandrovka and MEGOY) 50-60 minutes in traffic jams, to a branch in the shopping center RIO about 20 minutes. Total: an hour there + an hour back + 2.5 hours training = 4.5 hours. Training in Aksai three times a week. It is not difficult to calculate how much time the road takes and classes in the sports section. And if you take the DYuSSH, where workouts are 4-6 times a week, and in the morning hours ... I often ask children at trainings whether they have thanked their moms and dads for bringing them to the gym? There are so many interesting things around, they spent time training the children. And even more than a low bow to the parents of children involved in “big sports”, on their ambitions and self-sacrifice the future of Russian figure skating grows.

Material costs

3 years figure skating is one of the three most prestigious sports for children (on a par with hockey and football). The cost of new professional level skates for figure skating starts from 9,500 rubles. There are ways to save when buying skates for figure skating. Dress for performances from 4000 p. The price of a subscription to figure skating classes in Rostov ranges from 4 to 8 thousand rubles. The high cost of the subscription is usually associated with the high cost of renting the ice rink and halls (in Rostov from 4,500 to 10,000 rubles per hour). The high price of renting ice is created by the lack of competition between the rinks, there are few of them in Rostov-on-Don. Plus add here departures and entry fees to the competition (if you plan to participate in the competition, then the cost of setting the program).

For professional athletes, studying in a general educational institution slowly fades into the background. Regular training 4-6 days a week with a changing schedule, trips to competitions and sports camps are difficult to combine with studies. By the time you pass EGE need tutors. This must be borne in mind when arranging a child in the sports section. Ask about the schedule and how often it changes.

Most of the pros and cons of figure skating are inherent in other sports. When deciding which section to give your child, decide on goals (professional sports, development, wellness purposes), ask about the schedule, location, talk to the coaching staff, find out the cost and whether everything is included in the cost of the subscription, reduce the child to a trial lesson it is. Estimate how long the road will take, whether the family budget can allow classes in the section.

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