Russian emigrant in Poland.
In Warsaw, there are several observation platforms, from where you can look at the city from above. One of them is the roof garden of the Warsaw University Library, which is one of the largest and most beautiful roof gardens in Europe (with an area of more than 1 hectare). You can get there through the main entrance of the library, then you should climb to the roof of the building. Admission is free, but the roof closes at 18.00. From here you can admire the panorama of Warsaw, the Swietokrzyski Bridge and the Vistula River.
2. Ride the canal
One of the “Seven Wonders of Poland” Ostróda-Elbläg Canal is a unique structure that has no analogues not only in Europe, but throughout the world. This water-wheel machinery raises more than sixty ships to a hundred-meter hill overland along rails. This structure is more than 150 years old, but it still functions successfully, serving as a tourist attraction. The length of the channel from Ostroda to Elblлонg is 80 km, the cruise lasts 11 hours. Flights run from May 1 to the end of September.
3. Swim in the Baltic Sea
In Sopot, which is located on the Baltic coast, is the longest wooden pier in Europe. Its length is 515.5 meters. Here you can swim, leaving your things right on the pier. On summer evenings, there is no overflowing due to the influx of tourists. At other times of the year, you can safely come and enjoy the sound of sea waves.
4. See the highest statue of Christ
It is not a secret for anyone that the most famous statue of Jesus Christ is the Statue of Christ the Redeemer in Brazil, but few know that the highest statue in the world is in Poland. In the town of Swiebodzin in the west of the country there is a 36-meter statue of Christ the King, which can be seen by everyone passing along the highway. The height of the statue itself is 33 meters, which symbolizes the years of the life of Christ. The creators of the statue are hoping that it will help to attract tourists to the city, while they rely on high hopes for the upcoming Euro 2012.
5. Find all the dwarfs of Wroclaw
On the streets of Wroclaw, every year there are more and more bronze gnomes. It is curious that each of them has its own name. There are about 30 dwarfs in the city (according to the special “gnomeiskatel” map). Finding a gnome, you need to rub against it to attract good luck!
6. Visit the Kraków Old Town
Kraków’s Old Town is the most popular destination among tourists visiting Poland. Many valuable architectural monuments have been preserved in its structure, which is why it was included by UNESCO in the list of world cultural heritage.
7. Visit the Schindler factory
Oscar Schindler, who redeemed several hundred Jewish prisoners at Plaswów with his own money and provided them with work at their factories in Poland and the Czech Republic, gained world fame after the story of his life was based on the novel “The Ark of Schindler” by writer Thomas Kinelli, and then became the object of Spielberg's adaptation. Now the Schindler Museum of Modern Art and the Krakow Historical Museum are located on the territory of the Schindler factory, and there are also expositions devoted to Schindler and the history of the occupation of Krakow. Entrance fee - 17 zł (4 euros).
8. Send a postcard out of the ground
The former salt mine in Wieliczka, which has a history of more than 700 years, now represents one of the most important sights of Poland. There are underground chambers, huge halls connected by long passages, decorated with sculptures and bas-reliefs of salt, underground lakes and unique chapels. And from the camera of Stanislav Stashits, at a depth of 124.7 m, you can send a postcard to your friends with a stamp of salt mines.
9. Skiing in Zakopane
Zakopane is a small town on the border with Slovakia. Since there are many ski and snowboard trails here, this place is considered to be the winter capital of Poland. You can get here by bus or train from Krakow. The ticket costs about 20 zł, and the journey takes about two hours.
10. Visit Auschwitz
This can hardly be called a tourist attraction in the full sense. Because 3 million victims of Nazi concentration camps do not require cameras with cameras. But every person needs to visit Auschwitz in order to see with their own eyes the horror of the war and to think about how to ensure that this tragedy will never happen again.
1. Marienburg Castle
One of the largest brick castles in the world, the standard of brick Gothic. Monument of World Heritage of Mankind and a popular tourist site. The first of the many reconstructions of the castle originated in the XIII century, when Marienburg was used as a fortified residence of the Teutonic Order crusaders. After the destruction of the Second World War, the castle was restored and opened to tourists.
2. Warsaw Old Town
Warsaw’s popular Old Town district was founded in the 13th century. Here is the Market and Castle Square, the Literary Museum. Adam Mickiewicz, the Historical Museum of Warsaw, as well as the main Catholic church of the capital - the Church of St. John the Baptist. After World War II, the architecture of the Old City was almost completely restored.
The highest part of the Carpathians, the Tatras, is located simultaneously on the territory of Poland and Slovakia. The Tatra National Park of Poland, together with the Slovak park of the same name, is engaged in the protection of the local unique biosphere. Here you can see caves, mountain lakes and the 70-meter waterfall Velka-Siklava.
4. Wawel Castle
One of the most important architectural monuments of Krakow is the Royal Castle on the Wawel Hill. According to the excavations, a fortified settlement of local tribes was located here already in the XI century. Until 1609 the Polish kings lived here, and in 1905, after many destructions, restoration work began in the Royal Castle. Today the castle houses an exposition telling about the life of the Polish kings.
5. Krakow’s Old Town
From 1038 to 1596, Old Krakow was the capital of the Kingdom of Poland, and the first settlements in these places appeared in the VIII century. The old town is rich in its monuments of architecture - it is worth visiting the Market Square, the Church of St. Wojciech and the Church of St. Andrew, dating from the 11th century.
6. Wooden churches in the south of Little Poland
In Malopolska and Subcarpathian voivodships there are many valuable wooden churches from the historical point of view. The buildings are well preserved to this day, although the earliest of them date from the XIV century. To see the famous wooden churches, a special “Path of wooden architecture in Malopolska Voivodeship” was organized, consisting of several tourist routes.
7. Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum in Auschwitz
In 1940-1945, a complex of concentration camps and death camps built by the Third Reich was located near the town of Oswiecim. In 1947, the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum was established in these places, which since 1979 has been protected by UNESCO. In the museum you can see shocking evidence of the cruelty of the Nazis during the Second World War.
8. Old Town in Gdansk
In the north of Poland is Gdansk, in the Old Town of which you can see architectural monuments of the XIII-XVIII centuries. Many of these buildings were destroyed during World War II, and then restored. In Gdansk, there is the Church of St. Virgin Mary of the XIII century, the town hall of the XVI century, as well as the Great Mill of the XVI century.
9. Masurian Lake District
The many lakes in the north-east of the country are called the Masurian Lakeland, the total area of which is about 52 thousand km2. In these places you can have a great time with tents, go fishing, ride a yacht or a boat. Fans of organized recreation will enjoy local camp sites and motels.
10. Statue of Christ the King
In 2010, the world's largest statue of Jesus, the statue of Christ the King, was opened in the southeast of the city of Swiebodzin. The figure of Jesus reminds one of the main Christian symbols - the cross. The height of the statue with the crown and pedestal is 52 meters, and the distance between the hands of Christ’s outstretched arms is about 25 meters.
11. Slovinsky National Park
In 1967, the Słowinski National Park was established in the north of Poland, which since 1997 belongs to the biosphere reserves according to the UNESCO classification. More than 30 km of the coast, where the famous moving dunes are located, are the northern boundary of the park. For the convenience of tourists, there are many equipped hiking and cycling routes.
12. Wieliczka Salt Mine
More than 15 million years ago salt deposits appeared in the area of Wieliczka, which have been developed since the 13th century, and became a tourist site in the 15th century. Since 1978, the Wieliczka Salt Mine has been on the UNESCO List. Today's visitors can learn about salt production technology, and also see many chapels and chambers. Here you can hold a conference, play a wedding or even spend the night underground.
13. Wilanow Palace
One of the most popular sights of Warsaw is the Wilanow Palace, built as a country royal residence in the 17th century. This palace is considered the subject of Poland’s national pride, and it is also listed in the State Register of Museums. Not only the Baroque palace, but also the adjacent park is popular among tourists.
14. Belovezhskaya Pushcha
On the border of Poland and Belarus there is a unique relict plain forest, which is under the protection of both states. The Bialowieza National Park of Poland, which has been on the UNESCO list since 1979, is known for its wide bison population. The park has several hiking and cycling trails.
15. Wroclaw Cathedral
The Catholic Cathedral of St. John the Baptist is one of the most famous sights of Wroclaw. The cathedral is considered the first Gothic temple in Poland and begins its history from the XIII century. The Second World War severely destroyed the building, and in 1946-1951, the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist experienced a significant restoration.
In the south of Poland in the Tatra valley is located a small town of Zakopane, known for its ski resorts. Tourists with any level of training will find here the route to your liking. Also in Zakopane is the largest ski jump in Poland Wielka Krokiew. In summer, lovers of mountain walks aspire to the town.
17. Lazienki Park
The largest metropolitan palace and park complex, Лазazienki Park, is located in the center of Warsaw. The uprising of 1944 caused significant damage to the park, but after the reconstruction, Lazienki once again delights its visitors. Here you can see the original Palace on the water of the XVII century, the Roman Theater, the White House, the Astronomical Observatory and the monument to Chopin.
18. The old part of Zamosc
Not bad preserved buildings of the historic center, made in the Renaissance style, brought the city of Zamosc popularity among tourists. In local buildings, Italian traditions can be traced, which makes Zamosc unlike any other Polish city. It is worth visiting the Big Market Square, the Town Hall, as well as the Zamoyski Palace.
19. Architectural and park complex Kalvaria-Zebrzydowska
In the town of the same name, there is an unusual architectural and park complex Kalvaria Zebrzydowska, attracting Catholic pilgrims from around the world. The park, which has been included in the UNESCO list since 1999, consists of extensive gardens and several buildings made in the style of Mannerism. Calvary Zebrzydowski was visited by Pope John Paul II.
20. Churches of the world
Some of the most unusual landmarks in Porlša are the so-called Churches of the World. These wooden buildings were built in the cities of Javor, Swidnica and Glogów in the 17th century as an expression of the good will of the emperor of Sweden after the Peace of Westphalia. In 1758 the church in Glogów was destroyed by lightning, and the two remaining buildings in 2001 were added to the World Heritage List.
21. Park Muskau
Unusually beautiful place, located on the border of Germany and Poland - the park of Prince Pückler in Bad Muskau, recognized as the largest English landscape park of Central Europe. The dream of the prince’s whole life was his own garden, which he began to create in 1815. The Muskau Park perfectly preserved the New and Old Palaces, the Cavalier House, where the mud clinic is now located, as well as the cactus tropical greenhouse.
22. Castle Ksyong
One of the most popular sights in Poland, Ksiaz Castle, is located near the town of Walbrzych. The castle was built in the XIII century and still amazes with the luxury of its interiors. Nowadays, various festivals are often held here. To explore the castle, tourists can book a two-hour detailed tour.
23. Bieszczady National Park
The Bieszczady National Park, established in 1973, is located in the south-east of Poland near the border with Slovakia and Ukraine. This third largest national park in Poland is home to bison, wolves, boars, bears and beavers. Silence, clean air and the opportunity to make horseback riding makes Bieszczady, a popular tourist destination.
24. Mosno Castle
With more than 365 rooms, the Moshni Castle is a model of eclectic architecture. The building was erected in the XVII century and since then has gone through a lot of rebuilding. World War II bypassed the Moszhni castle side, thanks to which it was perfectly preserved. Today the castle houses the hotel.
25. Hill of Crosses Grabarka
The famous Orthodox shrine is located in northeastern Poland near the town of Siemiatycze. Hill of Crosses Grabarka officially got its name in 1947. At the same time, the Martha-Mariinsky Convent was founded near the Temple of the Transfiguration of God, located on the Hill. Every year, as part of a three-day religious procession, many pilgrims from all over the world visit Holy Mountain.
26. Clear Mountain
The historical monument, a popular object of pilgrimage, as well as the storage place of the miraculous Czestochowa icon of the Mother of God is the Catholic Monastery of Yasnaia Gora in southern Poland. The monks of the Pauline Order founded a monastery belonging to them as early as the 14th century. The largest number of pilgrims visit Yasnaya Mountain on the feast of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary.
27. Old Town in Torun
On the Vistula River in northern Poland is the city of Torun, the historical part of which is on the UNESCO List. The old town of Torun keeps many unique brick Gothic designs, among which the most popular are the Town Hall in the Old Market, the Teutonic Order castle and the Copernicus House.
28. Old Powzki
In 1790, the famous necropolis was founded in the north-west of Warsaw. Many actors, scientists, artists, military and political figures have found their last refuge here. So, the father of the famous composer Nicolas Chopin and the Nobel Prize winner of 1924, the writer Vladislav Reymont, are buried here.
What country is it?
The Republic of Poland is a state located in central Europe. In the north it is washed by the Baltic Sea. The country borders with Belarus, Lithuania, Ukraine, Russia, the Czech Republic, Germany, as well as with Slovakia. The capital of Poland is the beautiful city of Warsaw.
The official language of the country is Polish. The population of the state is about 38-39 million people, and the area is equal to 312 679 km 2. A large number of believers who profess Catholicism live in the country (Catholics here have more than 80%). Poland has an unusual territorial administrative division. So, its territory is divided into 16 provinces.
In turn, the voivodship is divided into districts, and districts into communes. And in every administrative unit there are local authorities with certain powers.
Climate and nature of Poland
The climate in Poland is temperate, passing from sea to continental. Winter is quite mild, and summer is warm. But in the mountain regions is much cooler. In winter, temperatures can drop to -5 degrees (in mountainous areas to -10), and in summer, the thermometer usually ranges between 18-22 degrees (in mountains, the average temperature is 15 degrees).
Since the climate is rather mild, there are no sharp changes in temperature. Most of the precipitation in this country falls in the summer (July and August), and the least in March. As for the water temperature, it usually does not exceed 19-20 degrees in rivers. The sea is even cooler (no more than 18 degrees).
Most of the territory of Poland (about ¾) is occupied by lowlands. And in the south, the territory of the state intersects the majestic Sudat and Carpathian mountains. In the west and north of Poland grow dense forests (they occupy more than 25% of the territory), in which there are numerous pristine lakes.
There are also many rivers in Poland, the largest of them are Audra and Vistula. Forests are mainly represented by deciduous species such as ash, oak, birch, maple and so on. The fauna is not too diverse, which is associated with the widespread development of territories. In the forests you can find bison, deer, wolves and foxes.
How to get there?
It is most convenient to get to Poland by plane, the travel time will be about 3-4 hours depending on the point of departure. Regular flights are operated by all well-known airlines from major cities. При желании можно доехать дл столицы и на поезде, в этом случае в дороге придётся провести 1-1,5 суток.
Visa and customs regimes
Так как Польша входит в список стран-участниц Шенгенского соглашения, то для въезда в страну требуется виза. Она оформляется в среднем за 10-14 дней.
To obtain a visa, you will need to provide some documents: a photo (size 3.5x4.5), a completed application form, railway or air tickets, documents confirming a hotel reservation, a bank statement or other document confirming financial viability, certificate of employment , foreign and civil passports and their copies, as well as medical insurance.
Consular fee is 35 euros. In addition, when submitting documents through the Visa Center for some services, you also have to pay.
It is worth knowing in advance about the customs rules. Imports of tobacco, alcohol and perfume, as well as gasoline and some medicines are restricted. Subject to the declaration of import of old books and jewelry.
Where to stay?
In Poland, you can find both one-star and five-star hotels. At the same time, the quality of services complies with generally accepted international standards. You can also find small and very budget hotels located in old houses. And in the ski resorts a network of boarding houses and guest houses.
The culture of Poland is distinctive and rich. All Poles love holidays and respect cultural traditions. But some rituals have already lost their former significance and turned into a kind of tribute to their ancestors, in remembrance of past times. All inhabitants of the country are polite and hospitable.
If you are lucky enough to be in Poland, then you will hardly see rubbish on the streets, as the Poles are very sensitive to cleanliness and keep order. Children are brought up rather strictly here. And the family is for many the most important part of life.
All the holidays the people of Poland celebrate with their families. The Poles are mostly believers, so they are serious about religious events. Here are the most popular holidays:
- Christmas is celebrated on December 25th.
- Independence Day is celebrated here on November 11th.
- Constitution Day is celebrated on May 3rd.
- Resurrection of the Lord.
- Day of the Lord's Body.
- Andrzejki - the day of St. Andrzej, celebrated on November 30.
- St. Nicholas Day is celebrated on December 6th.
- All Saints Day (Day of the Dead) is celebrated on November 1 and 2.
- Many celebrate the New Year.
Resorts in Poland
We list resorts and major cities in Poland:
- Warsaw is the capital of Poland, as well as a city with stunning architecture and historical monuments. It's incredibly beautiful here! By the way, the Old Town of Warsaw was restored and included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
- Krakow is sometimes called "Slavic Rome", since the history of this beautiful city has more than ten centuries.
- Szczyrk is a beautiful place located at the foot of two mountains in the valley of the river Zilitsa. This resort is one of the largest and can compete with popular Alpine resorts. Every year there are competitions in winter sports.
- Gdansk is a scientific, historical, tourist and cultural center of the country, as well as a real sea capital with a population of half a million.
- Zakopane. This resort is located at the foot of the only alpine-style mountains in the state. Zakopane is not only a beautiful place, but also the winter capital of the state, in which everyone can test their strength in winter sports.
- Wisla is a resort town located at the source of the eponymous river.
- Wieliczka. Here is the largest salt cave.
- Korpach is a beautiful skiing, tourist and health resort located right at the foot of the Сnieкаka mountain.
- Krynitsa. Today this place is called the pearl of health resorts. There are many mineral springs and sanatoriums built around them.
- Wroclaw is perhaps the most beautiful city in Poland.
What to see a tourist on holiday in Poland? There are many places that deserve the attention of tourists. Most popular attractions:
- Auschwitz is the most famous concentration camp.
- Royal Castle in Krakow.
- Royal Castle in Warsaw.
- Palace Square in Warsaw.
- Stare Miasto in Warsaw is one of the most beautiful areas of the capital.
- Artus yard in Gdansk - a complex of beautiful stone buildings.
- Grunwald - a place of great bloody battle.
- Kraków’s Market Square is one of the largest medieval squares in all of Europe.
- Ksenzh Castle - a palace built in the XIII century.
- Historical Museum of Warsaw.
- Krakow water park is one of the largest in all of Eastern Europe.
- The statue of the Warsaw Siren is a symbol of the country's defense.
- Wawel Dragon - a symbol of Krakow.
- Salt Museum, located in the Wieliczka Salt Mine.
- Museum of caricature in Warsaw.
- Marie Curie Museum.
- Planty is a park ring that surrounds the Old Town of Warsaw.
- Neptune Fountain in Gdansk.
- Royal Route in Warsaw.
- Park Royal Lazienki.
- Inverted house is located in a small village in Poland.
Let Poland give you a lot of interesting and most pleasant impressions and emotions!
Katowice still stands alone on the map of the usual tourist routes. In the past, it was an industrial city owned by metallurgists and miners: in those times, they say, the snow was gray in the city from soot hanging in the air. However, now the so-called. Industrial tourism is a fashionable and rapidly developing direction. And Katowice in this regard is exactly what is needed for lovers of unbroken hiking trails.
The old part of the city is trapped between the highway and the railway. This is not the Middle Ages, which is usually expected to see, and the middle of the 19th century. Then the city was part of Prussia, and most of the inhabitants here were Germans. But in 1921, according to the results of the referendum, part of German Silesia with the city of Katowice became part of Poland. And from that moment on, the main task of the town planners was to transform the German architectural style into Polish. With that "Polish style" did not exist! Thanks to the efforts of the architects of those years, today there is a special route in Katowice, which is nowhere else. The 5.5 km long path and 16 buildings are living illustrations of the modernism era of the 20s-30s of the 20th century. Only two buildings do not correspond to the new architectural principles: the Cathedral and the Parliament.
The symbol of the modern city is Spodek, a stadium resembling a flying saucer landing on the Silesian land. With night illumination, this is truly a fantastic sight.
Olsztyn should be added to the list of the most beautiful cities in Poland. On the territory of the Old Town, the High Gates (23 m), the Cathedral of St. Jakub, the Old and New Town Halls, the Gothic Olsztyn Castle of the Warmia Chapter, are of particular historical interest. The name of the great Polish scientist Nicolaus Copernicus, who served as its administrator for 5 years, is closely connected with the latter. In the two inner rooms of the castle there is a permanent exhibition of the famous scientist, where you can even see the furniture belonging to him. A bench is installed near the castle walls, where everyone can sit and take pictures in the company of the bronze Copernicus. If you rub a brilliant nose of a statue and make a wish, then it will surely be fulfilled.
If you have enough time and all the city sights have already been examined, you can take a fascinating country walk - to the lavender museum, located next to the city. The building of the museum stands in the middle of lavender fields, and countless bunches of fragrant flowers are dried in the attic of the museum. The museum has existed since 2001, and was created with money collected by volunteers. Now, to admire the endless lavender fields, there is no longer any need to go to Provence.