There are different methods and manuals for learning Japanese, and you can choose any that you find more or less understandable and interesting. But whichever option you choose, you need to act consistently. There are several main stages of the study:
- First you need to start learning the basics: study the two syllabic alphabets. The first is Hiragana, and it is a kind of basic phonetic alphabet of the language, which is used for writing and participates in the connection of hieroglyphs (kanji). Such symbols denote syllables and prepositions and are the basis for the formulation of sentences and phrases. Katakana is used to refer to names, borrowed words and foreign terms. Such an alphabet has a similar pronunciation with hiragana, but differs from it in the way of character designation. When studying you will have to be patient and be diligent in order to remember all the designations. Connect the memory and imagine that you are learning the multiplication table.
- If both Japanese hiragana and katakana are thoroughly learned, you can move on to mastering kanji - a system of hieroglyphs consisting of a huge number of characters. Although you can only write words with hiragana, people in the country of the rising sun use full-fledged hieroglyphs, so if you want to achieve high results, then kanji will also need to be learned. You will have to memorize not only the outlines of hieroglyphs, but also all the words of which they are part. You can imagine that you are assembling a constructor from individual elements. Remember them, combinations and so-called keys - the rules of connection and application.
- Remembering the phonetic alphabet and hieroglyphs, you can begin to learn vocabulary and grammar. And if the characters can be memorized independently, then for a detailed study of the language, you will need a certain structured technique. If self-study does not suit you, you can hire a teacher and work with him. And if you are a thinking and disciplined person, then you can purchase a textbook or manual and use it as a knowledge base.
- If the spelling is already well given to you, it's time to move on to pronunciation that cannot be called simple. To master it, it is best to use audio materials, which you can listen to not only during full-fledged classes or in your free time, but also when performing simple routine duties, such as traveling to work or school, cleaning, walking the dog.
- It is time to apply the knowledge and practice. It’s better to start by reading books in Japanese. Then watch movies and anime, but be prepared for the fact that at first the pace of speech will seem incredibly fast and will make half of the words incomprehensible. To capture everything, you can slow down playback.
- The final stage can be communication with the Japanese. The easiest way is the internet. Start with the correspondence, then invite the other person to chat during a video call using Skype. And if the opportunity arises, be sure to go on a trip to the land of the rising sun and make some pleasant and useful contacts there.
We use useful programs
How can you quickly learn Japanese? To master it in a short time just will not work, but to speed up the process will help modern services and programs that can be used on computers and modern gadgets. Consider a few of these applications:
- Anki. This program is based on memorizing the so-called flash cards, and this method is considered effective and easy to learn. You can change elements and group them into categories, add them yourself, use ready-made or make up decks.
- “Yarksi” is a huge and easy-to-use base consisting of more than 60 thousand Japanese words with Russian translation, from symbols and hieroglyphs with symbols. Users can access a simple search system based on various criteria, including graphic ones. The program can be used as a detailed dictionary or a full reference.
- “Wakan” is a real magic wand for learners of Japanese. This service offers extensive functionality: searching for various hieroglyphs in many ways, translating words and texts with comprehension, pronunciation, ordered dictionary, editor, full catalog of alphabetic characters and hieroglyphs. The application is used as a Japanese reference, directory, dictionary, simple translator. It is very convenient and contributes to effective learning.
- "Rikaichan" is an application designed, rather, for reading, rather than for the full development of grammar and vocabulary. Using the service, you can translate Japanese words into any other languages. If the basics have already been studied, the program may be useful.
Learn the Japanese language and achieve success in learning it tips:
- Start with the simplest and, having only mastered the basics, go to the more complex. Do not overestimate your strength and do not seek to jump over any stages. In studying Japanese, consistency is important.
- Be patient and prepare for what will be difficult. In order not to stop halfway, you can find a suitable motivation. This could be a trip to Japan or a new promising job in this country, a change of residence or something else.
- Set goals clearly and follow the plan. In the diary or notebook, write down tasks for each lesson and try to complete them. You can plan the learning process for a week or a month in advance, but it is important to follow the plan and not deviate from the intended course.
- Try to make the learning process as comfortable and easy as possible. For example, you can pay per day by the hour, this will be quite enough. If today you have no desire to engage, do not push yourself. Conduct classes in a calm and comfortable environment, so that nothing irritates you or distracts you.
- If you decide to learn Japanese at home, then you need to engage regularly and constantly. Sometimes it is not easy to force yourself to tear yourself away from the TV or get off the couch, but you have to motivate yourself and understand that no one will direct you in the right direction, you will have to act independently.
- You can be engaged not only at home at your desk or on courses, but also in your free time, for example, in public transport on the way to work or to other places, while walking with a dog or cleaning, in a queue and so on.
- If you are learning a language from scratch, then it makes sense to start learning it with the help of a professional. Hire a tutor or sign up for courses to master the basics and understand the direction in which to act. And when you feel more confident, you can begin an independent free swimming, but it is better to use the same technique, so as not to stray from the intended path.
- Use different sources to develop and expand the horizons, adding to the knowledge base. Read books, use different manuals and services, watch movies and listen to songs.
- Study the culture of the country and its history in order to penetrate the language and truly love and recognize it.
- Constantly practice and actively use the knowledge gained.
We can only wish success in such a difficult matter as the study of the amazing Japanese language.
Basic methods of learning Japanese
So, what methods modern linguistic schools teach our children? The most effective and most common teaching method is immersion. According to this method, not only in language schools and courses, but also in the future at the university, therefore, having given the child to study according to a similar program, you will prepare him for higher education, which will not cause any difficulties.
The method of immersion lies in the fact that throughout the entire class all conversations with the teacher and students, as well as all the tasks and any household conversations are conducted exclusively in Japanese. Senior students are strongly encouraged to even think in Japanese in order to constantly improve their conversational skills and the ability to apply new vocabulary.
During classes by immersion, the brain of students works more actively than in everyday life, maximally revealing the potentials of memory, which is tuned to absorb as much new information as possible. Thus, if you decide to give your child to Japanese courses, pay attention to the schools that offer exactly the method of immersion. In this way, your child will achieve maximum results in the shortest possible time.
Can I learn Japanese on my own?
If you want to learn Japanese, but do not have free time, which you are willing to devote to attending language courses, pay attention to independent methods of learning the language. Remember that the key to success in learning is not the teaching staff and not the methodology, namely, strong motivation and desire to learn a new language.
You will be able to achieve maximum results in learning Japanese if you find the optimal ratio of written and grammatical exercises that you combine with a sufficient number of audio lessons. Modern audio courses allow you to train the auditory perception of Japanese vocabulary, learn to distinguish intonation, learn the characteristics of building phrases and sentences, and also understand the basics of the Japanese language, even without breaking away from their daily duties.
Basics of Successful Learning
In most cases, the process of learning Japanese can be described as:
- Mastering and learning the basics. To begin with, it is necessary to study the two syllabic alphabets - hiragana and katakana. We'll have to remember all the symbols that will greatly contribute to the training of memory. Everything is not so bad, because the multiplication table for every elementary school student seems at first an incomprehensible science.
- Mastering the system of hieroglyphs - kanji. The indigenous people of Japan prefer to use full-fledged hieroglyphs when writing, although there is always an opportunity to write words with hiragana symbols. Kanji is a kind of constructor consisting of individual elements that simply need to be “gathered into a heap”, and this must be done correctly.
- Learning vocabulary and grammar. You can use the manuals and textbooks, only an experienced teacher or a native speaker can only answer periodical questions.
- Pronunciation. For successful mastering it is recommended to use audio materials. Slow-motion viewing of Japanese films and anime is also recommended. Why slow? Because in reality, Japanese speech may initially seem too fast and unintelligible.
- Application in practice of the acquired knowledge in order to consolidate it. This - reading books and textual content on the Internet, watching movies, TV shows and TV shows in Japanese.
- Communication If real communication is impossible, then it is recommended to make virtual friends and thereby gain the opportunity to communicate with them via video link. By the way, the Skype program can be used to learn any foreign language with a remote tutor, and this method is perhaps the best for today.
About the advantages of distance learning via Skype
Not every city has a language school where one could take courses in Japanese. Also, not every village has a person who is able to assume the function of a teacher, much less find a teacher of a Japanese speaker.
But now even in remote villages there is the Internet, thanks to which it is possible to get invaluable knowledge. And an auxiliary tool, and we can say that - the main one is the Skype program, which is used not only for communication, but also for training.
Learning Japanese via Skype has significant advantages:
- the ability to choose the optimal course, because one needs a Japanese to communicate, others need a business, and the third to view the anime in the original,
- an individual approach, which is very important, because not all people have a talent - “to grasp everything on the fly,” and many are simply afraid to make a mistake,
- saving money and time (you don’t have to go anywhere and pay fabulous sums to a “live” tutor),
- flexible schedule (if necessary, the lesson can be postponed for another time, having previously agreed with the teacher),
- no binding to a particular place
- minimum technical equipment (laptop with integrated webcam, headphones, microphone, Skype program).
Online schools for learning Japanese through Skype exist and work effectively, here is an example of such a school https://way-to-success.net/yaponskij-yazyk/. And they can offer high-quality educational services to potential students, which is explained by the unique teaching staff, which also includes Japanese-speaking tutors.
As a rule, these are graduates with extensive experience. Many of them lived or studied in Japan, and some studied the culture and national traditions of the Land of the Rising Sun at a professional level.
There is no doubt about the quality of the services provided, because the method of studying Japanese, and other foreign languages on Skype, has established itself exclusively from the positive side.
- Posted: 10/17/2018
- Posted by: Tengu
- Views: 277
- Tags: japan, japanese, learning japanese
From many people I often hear such a statement - “If I knew, for example, English!” Do not tempt yourself with vain illusions. Consider that you know him. And, even, not English, but more rare - Japanese! What's next? Answer! Get settled? Where? By whom? What salary? Pick up the phone and start calling. Go to the Internet and start filling out forms.
Are there any prospects at all in learning Japanese? There is! Twenty years ago, our entire great country went to accountants, then to managers, then all became lawyers (now, according to statistics, every ninth has a law degree in a particular area). A little later, we all plunged into the ocean of programming, came out of it, became economists and anti-crisis economists. Now we are together, the whole country, becoming managers, raw materials and psychologists. Waves of the struggle for prestigious niches are overwhelming with the next generations, institutions are convulsively rearranged for short-term earnings. And now, we are regionalists already!
At my urgent request, one of the students asked at her department where she would work and how much to receive in the specialty regionologist. - Well ... - answered her, - regionologist is the profession of the future! This is how we master the professions of the future, collapse the market with the next myriad of specialists and semi-specialists and move to new “prestigious” specialties of our time.
However ... we were distracted! At present, slightly less than 200 Japanese companies are accredited in Moscow. True, about one hundred of them work actively. But this is enough to find a job. In addition, you can earn verbally (requires skill, as in other languages) and translation, work as a guide (and not only in Russia), teach ... Recently, Japanese banks have become extremely interested in specialists with language skills, have always been interested Russian raw materials companies. Japanese cars and accessories for them, Japanese cosmetics, the best computers and home appliances in the world, watches, Japanese cuisine, style and design (including architecture), cultural exchanges ... There is no list. The line of need for specialists in the field of Japanese inexorably creeps up the geometric progression, the line of training new specialists is in a barely visible straight line.
How much does a person with knowledge of Japanese earn?
Of course, every true professional has his own “secret” earning channels. But there is an implacable statistics that works for any language, if we talk about average earnings. It is based on the average monthly salary of a native speaker, that is, a resident of that country the language you are learning. Want to work with Italian? Beautiful language! How much does an average Italian get per month? The equivalent of 1200 US dollars! French? 1800! Deutsch? 2400! The average Japanese earns about $ 4,000 per month in yen terms, be it a bus driver or a junior school teacher. Here you have the bottom bar yapista! From it and will grow. And some more statistics. Translation of a page from English costs from 2 to 15 dollars (depending on the complexity and speed of execution of the order). Japanese page - from 20 to 60 dollars.
How much can a specialist in the Japanese language earn to the maximum?
По моим подсчётам (я не беру, разумеется, заработки человека, являющегося совладельцем или владельцем собственного бизнеса), при самом благоприятном стечении обстоятельств и при хорошо оплачиваемых заказах японист не может зарабатывать в эквиваленте более 30 000 долларов США в месяц. Это – предел!
С чего начинать изучение японского языка?
Сначала, ещё раз, скажите себе, для чего вы за это берётесь и удостоверьтесь, что повремените с благотворным результатом, скажем, годика три. Лучше – пять. А настоящий успех придёт лет через десять. Давайте оговоримся, что существуют случаи, когда конкретным людям, уже работающим на японском направлении, реально предлагают изучить японский язык с целью повышения квалификации. Here, with a good teacher, you can get a tangible result in a year, and even earlier.
If you are satisfied with the terms, calculate the financial base! Here you have two ways - a university, where there is a department of Oriental languages, or a private teacher (the latter is cheaper, but ... without a diploma) or study abroad, of course, in Japan. Carefully approach both the first and the second option. And God forbid you to make the decision to master Japanese professionally in courses. Even at the Foreign Ministry, even at the Japanese Embassy. You will not learn the language there-N-KO-GDA. Do not be fooled if, after visiting the latter, you began to understand rare phrases from manga, or to correspond with Japanese on everyday topics, or turn in 4th and even 3rd levels of Nihongo Noryoku. I assure you, you will not become a Japaneseist! Moreover, it is extremely difficult to retrain such "students"! And do not be inclined to learn the language from its carrier. Especially at the initial stage. And a strong translator, too, is not the most suitable acquisition for you, however strange it may sound. Good teacher should not be able to conduct international negotiations, BUT (!) he must be a qualitative methodologist!
How to recognize a quality methodologist?
There are several, in my opinion, components that must necessarily coexist together. Let me list them for you.
- I do not think that a student can be a qualitative methodologist. Reservation! Senior student, excellent student (!) can teach at the level of primary and secondary school age. If such a person feels the spark of a teacher, he, with certain efforts, will not spoil the student and will lay in him real knowledge and interest in the process of learning Japanese for the future,
- look for a teacher with experience. It is better that a person teach at least two languages, which means that you are dealing with a professional linguist,
- the teacher must follow one, the main selected benefit, of a Russian or foreign (not necessarily Japanese) edition of BUT (!), he must have his own workings out and pass them on to the student regularly. Since there are no perfect textbooks,
- a teacher, including a university teacher, necessarily he must read the texts out loud to the student (in an adequate pace for the educational process and taking into account the pauses of meaning), without referring to the fact that there are audio recordings. The quality of such a reading should not be lower than the recordings from the native speaker!
- since the Japanese language has a huge layer of linguistic studies (which is why high-quality electronic translators from Japanese have not yet been created), the teacher should regularly refer to country specific materials,
- the teacher must personally perform the hieroglyphic writing and regularly (especially in the first year of learning the language) indicate inaccuracies when writing the hieroglyphs, taking into account the proportions, direction and order of recording features in each individual hieroglyphic sign,
- if a teacher who works with a group, including a teacher from an institute, has a large percentage of students who have written poorly in another test paper, then this can only be considered poor teacher work!
P.S. By the way, go to the site www.repetitors.info/repetitor/japanese/.There are only 45 Japanese teachers per 2,200 English teachers. 24 of them are students!
How much to learn Japanese?
There is generally accepted, and, from my point of view, absolutely correct statistics on this subject.
200 hours of quality classes with a teacher, including group, will give you the opportunity to communicate on everyday topics. If you have to go to the country of the Rising Sun for any other activity than language, and you do not want to remain deaf and dumb, rely on this number of training hours.
600 hours of classes with a teacher will ensure your entry into work with the use of the Japanese language. Incidentally, this also applies to any language of the peoples of the world in general (perhaps only Russian and Hungarian languages are dropped, which are justifiably considered rather complicated). That is why the staff of serious companies, when applying for a job, ask for help from courses (2-3 years) with exactly this number of training hours. Or a diploma of higher education.
2000 hours prepare a professional out of you! It is this number of them (400 per year, 200 per semester) that you get for 5 years of study at the linguistic department of the university. This volume fits into theoretical and practical grammar, the practice of speech, phonetics, a course of translation, home reading, and in pedagogical universities and in the methodology of teaching a foreign language. True, the institutes are always and related science. Therefore, the above 2000 hours can be laid, with certain training schemes, and in 3-4 years.
The Japanese themselves say 「石 の 上 に も 三年」 or 「点滴 石 を 穿 つ」。
Truly, “Patience and hard work will do it all!” Or “The road will be mastered by going!”.
Where to learn Japanese - "for" and "against"!
If you are a high school student, you can start classes with a private teacher in order to continue to enter a vocational college or college and continue studying in a pre-selected specialty. This way seems to me the most correct. Parents, while their son or daughter is studying at a private tutor, it is necessary to make sure that the lessons are not boring, unreasonably hard and support and multiply the child's interest in learning in the future. If the child is not interested, change the teacher, do not pull.
If you entered the university and you, suddenly, identified in the group with the Japanese direction!
Unfortunately, I must state that the practice of recent years shows that many Moscow universities, being unable to maintain their own base of oriental studies (head of the department, plus five professional teachers), use the services of visiting teachers from other institutes. Such an option gives the department, as a rule, the opportunity to recruit two additional groups of 15 people each and, it’s not difficult to calculate, to earn not less than a million dollars in five years. However (!), If it so happened, and you, passing French or, say, Italian, at the entrance exams, turned out to be distributed in the Japanese language group, and you are not offered other options, demand put 400 language hours per year. If you are given a volume of 600-1000 hours in 5 years, you will be ruined as professionals! And operate it with the fact that in the neighboring departments of European languages give such volumes! If the department and the institute will treat your wishes with care and provide the required number of hours, you are lucky. Japanese language, unequivocally, promising European!
If you are a student and you want to have a sufficient level of work by the time you graduate from a higher education institution, you can use the services of private teachers or, taking a legitimate academic (preferably at senior courses), spend a year studying in Japan. Most of the private teachers, upon learning that you are a student of oriental studies faculties, will deny you classes for a known reason. Learn by yourself! As for studying in Tokyo for a year (and not only, you can choose a place to study up to Okinawa), this will not be more expensive than a year in a Moscow university - the equivalent of 9,000-10,000 dollars a year. For comparison - Paris costs 50,000 euros for the same period! In addition, you can, during the entire period of study, have arubaito, a part-time job, bringing you $ 1,000-2,000 a month in yen equivalent. While studying in Japan, you can issue invitations to the country for next of kin. Training takes place in a few groups, as a rule, international. Five times a week, 5 lessons a day. The number of hours is amazing - 900 hours per academic year! And do not forget that arubaito you also lead in the language of the country of study. Practice shows that after 6 months, the language of communication from representatives of various countries becomes just Japanese. It is not difficult to imagine that, returning to your home institution a year later and lagging behind your fellow countrymen for a year, you will give them a legitimate level of knowledge several years ahead. And when selecting for a job you will be the best!
Since 2008, it has become possible to leave for a similar study and immediately after graduating from high school (before it was necessary to provide a document on twelve-year education). Moreover, entrance exams are not required! During the two years of study, the diligent student is able to pass to the 1st level Nihongo Noryoku Siken. (rare luck for a graduate of the Moscow University with a five-year education!). Accommodation - in a hostel or in a private rented apartment, according to your desire. A young man who left to study immediately after school has the opportunity to leave the army, and with good results of study, not to return to the country at all and work abroad, it is not at all necessary in Japan. Yaponist is among the ten most necessary specialties of the leading countries of the world. After all, the Japanese, it’s not a secret, are the most traveling nation in the world, and Japanese-made goods greatly saturate the global trading space (of course, in this situation, knowledge of a second foreign language is necessary). After graduation, there is an opportunity for admission to a Japanese University in a chosen specialty. This will require additional costs. There is, among other things, the possibility, upon returning to Russia, to enroll at the Moscow University with the delivery of the Japanese language when entering.
Would I recommend going to study in Japan in less than a year? I think no. Year is - seriously! Less than a year - not serious!
You can, nevertheless, go for one or two summer months, so for a little practice, and see the country ...
How can you learn Japanese?
First of all, forget the word “Tutorial” and the expression “for self-study”. Tutorials do not happen! There are phrasebooks with which you can learn one or another volume of phrases or elementary grammar and not get lost in the expanses of foreign countries. The publication called "Tutorial" - deception, advertising move to sell the book! Lomonosov became a scientist himself, really. But ... for forty years of scientific work! Therefore, the educational process ALWAYS must have a bunch of textbook-teacher. The textbook is a visual expression of what the teacher sets out, which, in turn, selects and organizes accumulated knowledge, summarizes it and gives out in a sequence that allows you to "outrun time", that is, to become a specialist not for so long as if you were doing it yourself. This is the technique!
The benefits of learning Japanese are quite a few. For a long time these were only foreign publications. Own textbook (well, very ancient!) Was only at the department of military translators. Needless to say, it explored parts of a self-rolling firearm! Then came the notorious textbook edited by Golovnin, which captured the Russian space for more than a decade. The textbook was not bad in terms of globality, but it contained sections about which one could write - so never speak Japanese. There were also foreign publications. For example, “Elementary Japanese”, “Japanese for Today”.
Recently, there is more and more textbooks by Russian authors. Many educational institutions have adopted, as a base, a textbook by L.T. Nechaeva or a study guide edited by E.V. Strugova and N.S. Sheftelevich. All these books, undoubtedly, deserve respect, as the basic and serious works of Russian methodologists. Teach and Japanese publications. For example, 「み ん な の 日本語」 or 「新 日本語 の 基礎」. Several authors have published manuals on Japanese grammar. For example, the beautiful series of my teacher Danilov A.Yu. under the general title "Grammatical difficulties of the Japanese language." True, this series is highly professional and is recommended only to those who are already fluent in Japanese to summarize their knowledge. Not bad, in its format, "Essays on practical grammar of the Japanese language", edited by L.V. Pryakhina and A.A. Kolesnikova. At senior courses, “Reading and translating newspaper vocabulary” will be useful - N.V.Raddorskaya. It is quite appropriate, as an annex to the teaching process, maybe “Golden Japanese”, etc. I hope that by the autumn of 2010 I will be able to complete and prepare for publication the “Fundamental manual on learning Japanese” in 4 volumes - for students Oriental faculties of higher educational institutions. I try to write a textbook exactly university level, with detailed explanations of the grammar and with a huge number of phrases to translate (the entire 4th volume).
As a home reading, I can recommend a series of my own stories about Japan, which not so long ago, at the request of friends from Japan, translated into Japanese. Convenience will be achieved by the fact that two versions are synchronously located on one turn of the book, Russian on the left, Japanese on the right. All novels will have an audio part of the Japanese version on the attached disc. The first volume of "O-Yasumi Nasai" will appear on the shelves in February of this year. New volumes of novels will be published once every three months, in hardcover, on expensive paper. Parts of the story will be posted on the website GAKU.RU, where you can already read the first chapters of my first volume.
From the dictionaries, I would recommend, nevertheless, volumes of Japanese editions. For example, 「コ ン サ イ ス 和 露 辞典」 or 「講 談 社 和 露 辞典」. Order them through school leaders GAKU.RU
The Yarxi online program also provides excellent support for students of Japanese. You can download it on the site http://www.susi.ru/yarxi/
We hand over Nihongo Noroku Siken
One promotional article written for 1535 College, where high school students learn Japanese, said that “Those who passed the 1st level of Nihongo Noryoku can even conduct the most difficult international negotiations”. Can not! Rather, not all. Of course, this is already a serious level, but you have to understand that the exam is prepared according to the type of test, and that the number of errors allowed (the nightmare is simple!) Is determined within 40% for 4,3,2 levels and 30% for level 1. I do not mind 40% for level 4. At the initial stage of the study of science is always useful some advance payment trainee, incentive so to speak. But then ... Then it was necessary to leave 10%. If you receive an international certificate, then please be so kind!
And yet, Nihongo Noryoku is a good test that you are moving forward. And the level, which to you a year ago seemed transcendentally distant, is now completely on the shoulder. How fast can you take this or that level? Practice shows that this primarily depends on the age characteristics of the student. Any student must pass the 4th level after two years of learning a language, but maybe a year later. A diligent student is not difficult to prepare for the year to pass the 3rd level. I think it is impossible to pass the second level in a year. If such a fact did occur, it would rather be luck. In general, if you are a student of the Faculty of Foreign Languages, and your main language is Japanese, you should have a first level at the time of graduation.
As recommendations for preparing for the exam, I can advise you to resolve the test papers of previous years. As a rule, having completed training in the amount of eight or more controls, you are close to what can be defined by the phrase “ready for delivery”.
The Nihongo Noryoku certificate is good because it is taken into account by an employer in any country in the world and that it cannot be falsified. On each form - your individual number, which corresponds to and can be checked by international registries.
When my students ask me what to say in response to a question “Why are you learning Japanese?”I suggest answering "To be a wealthy person!". But also, I want to believe that the country that has the longest tree of the imperial dynasty in the world, the country that rebelled and conquered the world after nuclear bombings, a country that has retained unlimited identity, can not fail to captivate people. And yet, I know that when work coincides with your passion and, at the same time, gives you the opportunity to live well, this is probably the professional happiness of any person. Real happiness to be in demand and to do what you love for many years. All life!
1. Set motivating goals and realistic deadlines.
Studying any foreign language "for yourself" will not bring any results, except for disappointment. This rule applies especially to the Japanese. A clear understanding of the specifics of your goals is the basis for building an effective training plan.
Tourism, getting a unique education, the development of international business, the fascination with traditional and modern Japanese art, professional immigration - no matter what you choose, this will be your main motivation and driving force for immersion in Japanese.
Setting specific dates will help to set the pivot points throughout the training. For example, your goal is to take the Japanese language test “Nihongo Norkou Shiken” for knowledge of its entry level (N5) for eight months. Список необходимых для экзамена слов, иероглифов и грамматики можно заранее посмотреть на соответствующих сайтах и составить пошаговый план на весь срок обучения.
2. Структурируйте обучающий материал
Выберите несколько проверенных учебников и распечатайте прописи. Это станет основой вашего обучения. Параллельно можно использовать онлайн-тренажёр для проверки своих знаний. Одним из наиболее популярных и эффективных считается японский учебник Minna no Nihongo: Basic Workbook в двух частях, который лучше брать сразу с грамматическим комментарием и дополнительными обучающими материалами.
If you are fluent in English, you can use time-tested and thousands of students textbooks, workbooks and audio materials of the GENKI series. From the Russian editions, one can advise the “Textbook of the Japanese language for children” in two parts by the author M. R. Golomidova, a well-known Russian specialist in the field of Japanese. The textbook will be an excellent educational tool for adults.
3. Start simple
The Japanese writing system consists of two syllabary alphabets (hiragana and katakana) and kanji (hieroglyphs). First you need to master both alphabets, where each of the 46 characters means not a sound, but a syllable. And only after that go to kanji. Try to study symbols and hieroglyphs not separately, but in the context of words and sentences.
The basic set of knowledge is very clearly spelled out in the requirements for the fifth level of the international exam in Japanese. For a beginner, this can be an excellent guide.
In the transition to the study of kanji, you should pay attention to the so-called keys, from which, as if from Lego cubes, you can compose and remember quite complex Japanese characters. Do not forget that your successful learning is not least dependent on constant written training. To do this, you can download and print ready recipe. It is better to work on pronunciation by reading out loud.
4. Learn Japanese regularly and in a variety of ways.
Despite the consistency of this point, many forget about it over time. Undoubtedly, with constant employment, it is really difficult to allocate a few hours a day for learning a language, but 20 minutes is quite realistic!
Diversify your weekly class plan, for example:
- Monday, Thursday - theoretical lessons on the textbook,
- Tuesday - reading of your favorite manga in the original or information from Japanese Internet resources,
- Wednesday - work with prescriptions,
- Friday, Saturday - watching interesting videos,
- Sunday - communication with native speakers.
A daily study of Japanese, if enjoyable, will bring tangible results very, very soon!
Cut out the required number of cards from thick paper, on one side, indicate the symbol or hieroglyph under study, on the other - the corresponding value. This will help not only in learning, but also in testing your knowledge. By the way, you can buy ready-made sets of cards.
This powerful technique helped me learn more than 1000 characters.
This is me in a calligraphy class.
The figure shows the character
When I tried this technique on myself, I firmly decided to share knowledge with my students so that they:
- got a simple and proven kanji learning system
- stopped being afraid of the kind of hieroglyphs and realized that they really learn
- learned to enjoy writing and memorizing hieroglyphs
- easily remembered reading and not confused in them
- forgotten forever about boring cramming that does not work
- Got solid knowledge that will remain for a long time
Therefore, my main goal was to create a simple and understandable course in the study of Japanese, which will help people get a stable result in order to save time searching for a high-quality learning system and money that many people spend trying to find one.
The main idea was that.
Lesson 1 - Description (2 hours)
- The history of hieroglyphs,
- How did the first hieroglyphs arise and how did they change over time
- How to learn to see images in hieroglyphs,
- How many total hieroglyphs are in Japanese and how many are used in everyday life,
- How many hieroglyphs does an ordinary Japanese recognize,
- How many hieroglyphs need to learn in order to understand 90% of the information material from any sources - newspapers, magazines,
- The meaning of hieroglyphs. Does the significance of the Chinese and Japanese characters. And how do they differ
- The rule of making words from several hieroglyphs by example,
- Learn the hieroglyphs - fire, flower, fireworks, mountain, volcano, man, fish, mermaid, personal,
- What are the “keys” of hieroglyphs and how to define them
- Japanese writing system in Japanese,
- What is “mixed writing” in Japanese?
- Speech styles in Japanese. How to talk with friends, with people of advanced age, neutral polite style and polite style of speech. How to use them in everyday life
- How the meaning of words changes by changing the ending,
- How to read hieroglyphs. 2 types of reading. Features of their use,
- Basic rules for writing hieroglyphs,
- We will learn to write hieroglyphs, in the correct sequence of features,
- Why are the Japanese in the show themselves on the nose,
- Hieroglyph “Own, personal”. Writing, reading-hieroglyphs. Words and phrases with its use,
- Hieroglyph "Person". Writing, reading + words and phrases with the hieroglyph “Man”,
- Hieroglyph "River". Reading, writing + words using a hieroglyph,
- Hieroglyph "Mountain". Writing, reading and words using the hieroglyph to practice,
- Hieroglyph "Big". Writing, reading Chinese, Japanese. And words and phrases using a hieroglyph,
- Hieroglyph "Blue". Writing, reading and words + phrases with him,
- 2 important rules of Japanese,
- Exercise to read the words to fix the characters,
- Cases in Japanese. How they are formed, what role they play, how they are written and what they mean,
- Detailed case analysis BUT. 8 functions of using this case with examples,
Lesson 2 - Description (1.50 hours)
- Basic rules for writing hieroglyphs,
- How to write hieroglyphs with axial symmetry,
- Typology of hieroglyphs. Unique methodical development.
- 3 types of hieroglyphs - assistants, standard, killers. How do they differ
- Hieroglyph “Day, sun”. Parsing writing and reading.
- Hieroglyph with meaning “Basis, book, tree roots”.
- Hieroglyph with meaning “Word, speech, language, speak, tell”.
- Hieroglyph "Little". Correct writing, analysis of 2 types of readings.
- Hieroglyph "Woman". Let us examine the feature of writing and reading. Hieroglyph “Rice field”. Reading, writing, creation history. Examples with the use of hieroglyph in famous Japanese surnames,
- Hieroglyph "The man". Let us examine the rules of writing, reading. We fix on examples
- Useful practical exercise to consolidate the material,
- The original case of "kara" and its functions. Which means where it is used
- Learning new words
- Homework to consolidate knowledge in practice.
Lesson 3 - Description (1.40 hours)
- Analysis of homework, work on the bugs,
- The name of the days of the week is in Japanese,
- The name of the months is Japanese,
- Consider the word order in the Japanese sentence,
- Hieroglyph with meaning “Month, Moon”. Features of writing, reading. Examples of use with words
- As the polite prefix is used in Japanese,
- Let's talk about the ancient festival “Enjoying the moon”, which is celebrated in September. You will find out why the Japanese are washing themselves with dew on this night,
- Hieroglyph "The fire". Readings, writing structure,
- Hieroglyph "Water". Reading, writing, pronunciation. Parsing words with this hieroglyph
- Hieroglyph "Tree". Pronunciation, spelling, reading. Words and phrases with this hieroglyph,
- Hieroglyph "Money". Writing, reading, words with hieroglyph,
- The secret of cash withdrawals in Japan. Where you can easily withdraw money with a small commission. Words to help you on the trip,
- Hieroglyph "Land". How to write, read and pronounce. Parsing words with its use,
- Hieroglyph “Day of the week”. Writing, reading. We make sentences with this hieroglyph,
- Find out what is the relationship between the names of the days of the week and Feng Shui,
- Grammar is the word order in the Japanese sentence. 4 important rules for constructing sentences,
- The use of the words kore, sore, are - this, that,
- The use of words responsible for the place - koko, soko, asoko - here, there, there,
- Scheme simple sentences. How to make a sentence without a verb,
- How to introduce yourself in Japanese
- Call sentences in Japanese. Exercises to secure the material,
- Exercise - translation of phrases from Russian into Japanese,
Lesson 4 - Description. (2 hours)
- Homework analysis,
- Keys in hieroglyphs. What are they needed for,
- Key table
- Detailed analysis of strong keys. How do they help in reading the unknown hieroglyphs,
- Key 9 - "man"
- Key 30 - “Mouth”,
- Key 32 - “Earth”,
- Key 61 - “Heart”,
- Key 64 - “Hand”,
- Key 75 - “Tree”,
- Key 85 - “Water”,
- Key 86 - “Fire”,
- Key 118 - “Bamboo”,
- Key 120 - “Thread”,
- Key 130 - “Meat”,
- Key 140 - “Grass”,
- Key 142 - “Insect”,
- Key 149 - “Talk”,
- Key 167 - “Metal”,
- Key 196 - The Bird,
- How to learn hieroglyphs. 6 simple and effective rules
- How many hieroglyphs need to learn per day
- What to do to not forget the hieroglyphs,
- Hieroglyph “Hour, time”. Readings, pronunciations. Examples of the use of hieroglyph in practice
- How in Japanese to talk about the clock. How to ask and answer the question - “what time is it”
- Hieroglyph with meaning “Share, minute, percent”. Readings, pronunciation, spelling. Hieroglyph words
- How to speak Japanese in minutes. The rule of the proposal with the minutes
- How to say in Japanese “without _ minutes 16.00 (hour)”,
- Hieroglyph “Year, age”. How to read, spell, pronounce,
- Hieroglyph "Each". Read, write, pronunciation,
- Hieroglyph "A week". Writing, reading. Phrases with hieroglyph
- Hieroglyph "Mama". Writing, reading, pronunciation. 2 types of use. Examples of phrases with hieroglyphs,
- Hieroglyph "Dad". Read, pronunciation, spelling. 2 types of use. Phrases examples
- New words. How will it be in Japanese - today, yesterday, tomorrow, the day before yesterday, the day after tomorrow,
- A practical exercise to memorize words - translated from Japanese into Russian,
- Practical exercise 2 on writing words - translating sentences from Russian into Japanese,
Lesson 5 - Description (duration 2 hours)
- Parsing homework. Work on bugs
- The topic of the lesson is verb characters,
- Hieroglyph “Go, move”. Writing, pronunciation, reading. Hieroglyph words
- Hieroglyph "See". Hieroglyph words
- Practical exercises for memorizing hieroglyphs - translating sentences from Japanese into Russian,
- Grammar structure. How to say in Japanese - I love something
- Hieroglyph "To come". Hieroglyph words
- Hieroglyph "Write". Hieroglyph words
- Hieroglyph with meaning “Hear, listen”. Writing a hieroglyph and reading it, words with this hieroglyph,
- Hieroglyph “Eat, eat”. His writing, reading and words with him,
- You will learn how the end of the verb changes depending on the time and form of the verb (affirmative or negative),
- Fastening grammar, translating sentences from Japanese into Russian,
- Group of words - kono, sono, ano, rules of their use,
- Exercises to consolidate the material - translate sentences from Japanese into Russian,
- Formation of an alternative question with examples,
Lesson 1 - Description (1.30 hours duration)
- Detailed analysis original case "kara". What 5 functions it performs and for what is responsible. With examples, sentences and tasks for writing, reading and pronunciation of new words,
- Detailed analysis of what is extreme case “made”. Main functions. With examples, sentences and tasks for writing, reading and pronunciation of new words,
- How do you say from what and to what place do you go or eat,
- How to say how much and how much you do, for example, study or work,
- An exercise to consolidate - read, translate, write sentences with new grammar,
- The structure of the construction of the phrase - "it lasted ... hours", the duration in time
- Learning to translate sentences from Japanese into Russian,
Lesson 2 - Description (1.30 hours)
- Guide Case “e” Analysis of its main 2 functions, which means where it is used. With examples, sentences and tasks for writing, reading and pronunciation of new words,
- Joint case "to". Analysis of the main 2 functions, which means where it is used. With examples, sentences and tasks for writing, reading and pronunciation of new words,
- As items are listed in Japanese,
- How to behave properly when talking to the Japanese, to show that you are carefully listening to the interlocutor. Analysis of the popular phrase - “understandable”, “that's how”,
- Grammar. Subject - nouns. How nouns change in Japanese depending on time and form (affirmative and negative form),
- Exercises to strengthen grammar, characters and new words,
Lesson 3 - Description (1.30 hours)
- The subject of the lesson is numbers. How to count in Japanese.
- Hieroglyphs of numbers, write numbers from 1 to 10 hieroglyphs.
- Find out why the number 4 is considered “unlucky”
- How to count numbers greater than 10. Learn to call and write numbers from 10 to 100 in Japanese,
- How to count numbers from 100 to 1000,
- How to count numbers from 1000 to 10 000 and more
- What is the difference between a Japanese and a Russian account?
- Exercises to work out the material, we train to pronounce the numbers,
- Exercise - to translate from Japanese into Russian sentences with numbers,
- Exercise - translate from Russian into Japanese sentences with numbers,
- How will it be in Japanese “How much does it cost?”,
1. Do not attach too much importance to your age.
You can often hear from people "I'm too old / old to learn a foreign language." For some reason in the world there is an opinion that only small children are able to quickly and easily learn a foreign language. But not children can learn a foreign language! In fact, it's all about the approach.
The first is that we forget about such a simple thing as motivation, which allows us to reach the conversational level in a fairly short period of time (compare with how many years children in school learn a foreign language, and yet cannot speak).
The second thing that adult language learners often stumble over is an approach to learning. For some reason, we immediately strive to take into the hands of textbooks that we were taught at school, or similar ones, and we try to painstakingly carry out each exercise, and the result is not as fast as we would like. Textbooks are a good helper in learning a language, but it should not be the only one.
I hope, I have already encouraged you in that age is not an obstacle for learning Japanese? :) Go to the next item.
2. Memorize phrases, not individual words
There is something we can learn from young children when they learn their mother tongue. Imagine yourself in the place of such a tiny person. You can say absolutely nothing! You do not know any words, and do not understand at all the sounds that people around you make. Gradually, you begin to compare that a certain set of sounds corresponds to a particular object, action, or abstract concept. Remembering these juxtapositions, studying already prepared phrases, you learn to express yourself in a way that is understandable to others. You have probably noticed that children often copy the phrases of the parents, and from the mouth it sounds very funny.
The key that we should take from this example is the importance of studying phrases and phrases, rather than individual words (learning words in context). Native speakers do not speak in separate words, they speak in phrases. It is natural. But we want to learn Japanese to that level, to speak practically like a native speaker? :)
3. Listen, listen, listen
This advice, as the most important one, I heard from my wonderful English teacher at school. He is really effective. The textbook will not give us a full understanding of how to pronounce words. The book will help to learn new words, but we are unlikely to be able to pronounce them correctly. Only when we listen to speech do we learn to distinguish it, to understand it, and after repeating it, to pronounce it correctly!
We have quite a lot of resources that allow you to listen to Japanese speech: these are radio stations, news broadcasts, anime, dramas, podcasts, videos, and even songs. How to work with these resources?
The basic concept is:
- listen to the text for the first time. If you do not understand even in general terms, what is at stake, look for a simpler text,
- listen to the text a few more times until you are sure that you understand what it is about (even if you do not understand absolutely all the words),
- Now listen to the text, in parallel reading the transcription of this text, pay attention to unfamiliar words, translate them,
- after that, start trying to repeat the text you listened to. Speak after the speaker until your pronunciation speed is almost the same as on the recording.
- Now go to the next audio recording.
Please note that you should not look for unfamiliar words in the dictionary before you listen to the text several times. You need to learn to grasp the basic idea of a sentence by ear. After all, with real communication, we will not have the opportunity to stop the interlocutor, ask to repeat the last word and translate it :)
Next time I will continue to describe tips for us learning Japanese :)
In the meantime, let's make sense and try to practice what has been written :) Have you noticed in your experience the effectiveness of listening to the speakers? What textbooks do you like to study?
Mnemonic memorization techniques are the best suited for Japanese. Studying kanji, it is often difficult to remember the spelling of a hieroglyph and its meaning. To solve this problem for each hieroglyph invent your own image! For example:
- 木 (дерево) действительно похож на дерево,
- 森 (лес) — а вот три дерева превращаются в настоящий лес,
- 火(огонь) — немного воображения, и вы уже греете руки у огня недалеко от горы (山).
So you can effectively memorize several hieroglyphs at once.
Word replacement method
To do this, you will need an excellent computer program called "Kananization" (from the Japanese word "Kana" - alphabet). The program replaces syllables with signs of Japanese alphabets in any Russian text copied into it.
There is Japan's name.
It is easier to say:
C お take い take one あ wait for the beast い
Choose い go with え be king!
Using this program will help to easily memorize Japanese characters.
Perhaps the most important rule for learning Japanese (and not only) of a language is belief in oneself and focus on results. Do not believe that Japanese can not be learned. The same foreigners speak about the Russian language. But we somehow learned it? Successes to you, patience and fulfillment of the Japanese dream!