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All parents are moved by baby talk, but with age the child speaks more and more clearly, his vocabulary is growing, the ability to retell fairy tales and even independently compose stories develops. Before school, the kid speaks almost as clearly as adults; he is able to competently express his thoughts, practically does not confuse the endings. This is normal. And what if it seems to parents that their child’s speech develops too slowly and incorrectly? Speech therapist will help in this situation. When it is time to contact a specialist, tell the article. Let's go through the stages of maturation of the baby from a year to six years.
At a very early age - up to one year old - the baby should be pounding, babbling, trying to pronounce sounds, respond in their own way to the appeal of adults. At one and a half years old, a child should be able to say how a dog, cat, chicken, and so on does, say short words - “give,” “on,” “yes,” “no,” “mother,” “woman.” If you do not observe such a thing, then it is imperative to seek individual advice from a neurologist and a speech therapist. Do not worry, maybe this is a feature of your baby, and after 6 months he will overtake his peers.
At this age, the baby can lisp or even speak incomprehensibly to others - this is not so important. And a speech therapist is needed if at 2 years old a child does not know how to pronounce short phrases (in his own way): “Give to eat”, “Let's go for a walk”, “Give me a chyatz”, “It's like” and so on.
Reasons to turn to a speech therapist at 3 years old can be several:
- the kid speaks only in his own language and does not want to repeat the words after adults,
- does not pronounce more than half the letters of the alphabet
- baby understands everything, but stubbornly silent.
All this may be the consequences of motor or sensory disturbances, the correction of which is best held at an early age.
If at the age of 4 your son or daughter speaks very indistinctly, “swallows” many sounds, repeats the beginning of a phrase several times before saying it entirely, cannot relate the simplest fairy tale coherently (Repka, Ryaba Chicken or Kolobok) "), these are serious reasons to seek advice from a specialist.
At 5 years old, does your child still lisp, that is, speak too softly ("kisya", "syabaka", "syapka", "lympotka", "Ketya, etc.)? There may be various reasons for this, but the main pediatricians call such:
- dysarthria - a speech therapist will help correct the defect
- neurology, that is, in this way the child attracts the attention of adults, a children's neurologist will cope with it.
Time is running fast, and soon your son will go to the first class, but he still doesn’t pronounce all the sounds clearly, confuses the endings, hardly tells, cannot coherently answer the question. By the age of 6, the phonetic system of the child is fully formed, so there should be no such problems. If they are still observed, it means that parents should immediately take the child to a speech therapist.
When should I contact a speech therapist?
Advice for parents.
Often parents of preschool children ask me: when do you need to sound the alarm and take the child to a speech therapist? What is the harbinger of speech disorders in children?
If we pay attention to the intensive development of speech activity of children of younger preschool age, we note how quickly unusual words sound and meaning are replaced by the words “adult” speech, the vocabulary of a child is actively enriched from 1 to 3 years. But, of course, a quick transition to the level of speech development is possible only in favorable conditions - first of all, with the full communication of the child with adults. If communication with adults is not enough or, on the contrary, the close ones fulfill all the wishes of the child, focusing on his autonomous speech, the development of speech slows down. There is a delay in speech development in those cases when twins grow up, intensively communicating with each other in a common children's language.
The speech activity of the child usually increases dramatically between 2 and 3 years. The circle of his communication is expanding - he can already communicate with the help of speech not only with close people, but also with other adults, with children.
Up to four and a half years, the incorrect pronunciation of sounds is normal for a child. Until this age, the sound side of speech is still being formed. Younger preschoolers are beginning to realize the peculiarities of their pronunciation. But they still have previous ways of perceiving sounds, thanks to which they recognize incorrectly pronounced children's words. Later, thin and differentiated sound images of words and individual sounds are formed, the child ceases to recognize incorrectly spoken words, he hears and speaks correctly.
And if not? Some parents have a thought: “Well, let him not pronounce it. Grow up - learn to speak correctly. " Even speech therapists sometimes express a "seditious" thought: well, let them not pronounce it, unless you predict your career as a politician or actor to your child and if "lyba" is not caused by neurological problems.
But, unfortunately, there are children who neither in 3 years, nor in 5 years, nor in 7 - cannot independently learn to speak all sounds correctly. And the older the child is, the harder it is to straighten its speech defect. And even if a speech therapist will work with him at school, it’s not a fact that the child will begin to speak cleanly and will catch up with speech development, since the period of intensive development of all aspects of speech has already been missed. And it already threatens to turn into difficulties in writing and reading, and hence in problems at school. If you have this particular case, you cannot do without the help of a specialist.
The older the child, the harder it is to correct his pronunciation, and after 14 years it becomes almost impossible. Thus, one should pay close attention to the child's speech in the following cases:
- child interchangeable sounds. It’s one thing if instead of “beetle” he says “zuk” or in some other way distorts the word, it’s just the inability to pronounce the sound [g]. But, if he not only says “zuk” instead of “beetle”, but also “golden” instead of “yellow”. Hence, he does not “hear”, does not distinguish between sounds  and [g], and therefore interchange them. Such errors do not correct themselves. Therefore, do not wait for your child to be 7 years old and it’s time to go to school, take him to a speech therapist,
- the child swallows syllables or, on the contrary, adds superfluous ones. And in two, and even in three years, you can distort words almost beyond recognition, but in the “author's version” the word should consist of the correct number of syllables. The same “cap” can be “shaka”, “sap”, “pack”, but not “cap” or “cap”,
- children can omit or add consonants, but not vowels. After all, vowels are the basis of the word, rhythm. And violation of syllabic structures is a signal that the child does not hear the rhythm of the word. In normal development, this function is formed by two - two and a half years,
- the child is more than three and a half years old, but he speaks sluggishly, as if chewing words. We'll have to contact a speech therapist for special exercises, as in the case if the kid says "in the nose." Such pronons is not always associated with overgrown adenoids. Take the child to a doctor first: are the adenoids really to blame? Put a mirror on the nose of the child and let him say something. The mirror may slightly sweat from breathing, but if it sweats heavily, it means that a stream of air goes through the nose, and in fact our speech involves mouth breathing when uttering all sounds except [m] and [n].
Do not send the matter with the speech development of the child in the closet, later it may affect the development of writing. Seek help or advice from your school's speech therapist. You can find a lot of useful information on the logopedic websites of the worldwide information network. Take care of your children! Give them the opportunity to fully develop.
The norms of speech development of a child from birth to 7 years.
From the moment of birth to six months. When a baby is born, all that can be heard from it is a scream. A little later, there is a gnawing little by little, the child begins to make separate sounds, by the 3rd month he is already babbling.
6 months - 1 year. At this age, the child begins to pronounce individual syllables. It is during this period that parents usually hear the long-awaited “mom” and “dad”.
1 - 1.5 years. The first words appear, which means that the stage of active speech begins. The child speaks individual words, there may even appear sentences of two words. Vocabulary composition reaches 100 words.
1.5 - 2 years. The child actively makes 2 - 4 sentences.
2 - 3 years. The kid begins to actively communicate not only with his parents, but also with his peers. He can make mistakes in pronunciation, "eat" the middle of words, as well as make grammatical mistakes. A kid at that age is already able to memorize simple poems. But with complex sounds, he still can not cope.
34 years. At this age, vocabulary is noticeably expanding - up to 1300 words. The child begins to cope with complex sounds ("s", "s", "c"). He is already free to formulate proposals. During this period, many babies have errors in the pronunciation of words, as a rule, they rearrange the letters.
45 years. The child develops "sh" and "g", expands its vocabulary to 2,000 words. The kid masters different forms of words, makes less mistakes in speech.
5 - 7 years. During this period, the child is able to retell a fairy tale, to describe a picture, and is able to change the intonation of speech. Children at this age are already able to pronounce all sounds correctly, they practically do not allow grammatical errors. Vocabulary is 3500 words.
When should I contact a speech therapist?
If suddenly you notice that your child is lagging behind the norms of speech development, then this is a sure sign that you need a children's speech therapist.
But, as a rule, parents wait until the child is 5 - 6 years old, because at this age all the problems are visible. But earlier there may be difficulties and problems that need to be addressed. Classes with a speech therapist at an early age can bring maximum results and simplify the process of mastering literate speech.
It is absolutely normal, if a child at the age of 4 years cannot pronounce such complex sounds as “p”, “sh”, “n”, “l”, but if he has not mastered them at 5 years old, then it is better to consult a specialist. It is important that the child can cope with all the sounds to school.
Usually parents pay attention only to the pronunciation of their children, but you also need to monitor the quality of the speech itself. At 5 years old, he should be able to make coherent sentences, otherwise, it is better to also contact a speech therapist for help.
If your child doesn’t start speaking at all, although it’s already time, or he can hardly pronounce the pronunciation of complex sounds, don’t despair. A timely appeal to an experienced speech therapist, as well as the joint work of parents and specialists will make the child's speech intelligible and competent.
Two to five
It is often enough to hear parents say about their young child: “He understands everything, but does not speak.” Usually they say this about children who use facial expressions, gestures, so-called babbling words (words consisting of the same syllables - woman, Lala) in communication. And if such verbal behavior is typical for children of the first year of life, then at 2-3 years of age such a situation is a cause for concern.
“If a child is diagnosed with a pathology associated with disorders of the central nervous system, the specialist should observe the development of his speech skills from an early age,” says Natalia Tyshkevich, speech therapist at the children's clinic, Chelyabinsk Regional Clinical Hospital No. 2. “In these cases, the speech therapist will determine the nature and depth of speech problems, will correct speech development, and give recommendations to parents.”
In the absence of deep pathologies, a mandatory examination by a speech therapist should take place at 3, 5, 6 and 7 years. Of course, if parents are concerned that the child “speaks little”, you should contact a specialist up to 3 years.
It is important that the speech therapist examine the child before he goes to the children's room. Speech therapist can diagnose problems and, perhaps, it turns out that the child needs to go not to a normal but to a speech therapy kindergarten.
Parents should not hope that in a normal kindergarten with “talking” children their child will learn to speak correctly, and the problem will be solved by itself. On the contrary, it is regular sessions with specialists that will form the child’s speech skills necessary for further harmonious development.
Correctional assistance is especially effective at the age of 2.5 to 5 years: at this time, the active formation of speech functions is underway. As a result, it is possible to achieve full compensation for speech underdevelopment even before the child enters school.
Stutter and computer
“Now, pathologies in speech development in children are observed much more often than 10-15 years ago,” says Natalya Petrovna. - In my opinion, this is due to the fact that parents pay less attention to communication, communication with the child.
For example, quite often treated with such a violation as stuttering. When you try to understand the reason for stuttering, it turns out that at home a small child spends a lot of time watching television or using a computer.
The visual and informational load in this case is so great that the child with his unstable psyche does not sustain it. Why does stuttering appear? The speech function is still fragile, it is not formed, and, therefore, mental distortion leads to speech deformation. "
No matter how trite it may sound, but for the normal speech development of children, parents should communicate with them as much as possible, and from infancy. Communication, playing together, reading aloud - all this develops speech skills, forms a “clear” pronunciation of sounds.
Signs of child speech development:
- The child has no neurological diseases.
- The child actively communicates with friends and family and is embarrassed to talk with strangers
- The child willingly repeats for you everything that hears
- The child listens to his speech and tries to correct his own mistakes
Signs of dysfunctional speech development in a child:
- The child has a neurological disease
- He reluctantly repeats the words and sentences he hears
- When a child hears the request “repeat” or “say again”, he is silent or leaves, as if he cannot hear you.
- He solves his own problems without asking you for help.
- The child doesn’t care if someone understands him, he speaks only in clear language to him.
Why is speech broken?
The causes of speech disorders in a child can be very diverse. This is a pathological development of pregnancy and complications arising during gestation, birth trauma, hearing impairment, hereditary predisposition, abnormal bite and anomalies of the maxillofacial apparatus, long and constant sucking of a finger, nipples or other objects, lack of attention, so-called pedagogical neglect (parents do not participate in the development of the child), congenital, infectious or traumatic lesions are responsible for the speech of the brain, and so on.
It is important to know! The earlier the causes of violations are identified, the greater the chances of restoring normal speech.
When should I turn to a specialist?
Strictly certain age at which you need to visit a speech therapist, no. Firstly, the child's speech begins to develop from 4-6 months, when the crumb makes the first sounds, albeit incomprehensible, but very important. Secondly, deviations can occur at any age, and suddenly. And even if the baby spoke normally, this does not mean that everything will be so in the future. Thirdly, speech disorders can provoke some health problems that are not related to the speech apparatus. And to identify some of them in the early stages is sometimes difficult. Below will be considered cases in which an appeal to a specialist is necessary.
Obvious speech disorders
So, when and at what age to go to a speech therapist? The table describes the violations that occur in different periods of growth and development of the child, in which the help of a specialist is needed.
Tip: Speech correction should be started as early as possible, as it is much easier to help a young child than an adult.
Pathologies that violate speech and require treatment to a speech therapist
In childhood, regular visits are required not only to the pediatrician, but also to narrow specialists who can identify abnormalities in the early stages and help eliminate them. And some violations can change speech. Consider a few such cases:
- The surgeon discovered that the bridle is very short and advised to cut it. With such a defect, the tip of the tongue does not reach the palate when the mouth is open, which prevents certain sounds from being clearly and correctly pronounced.
- An otolaryngologist diagnosed hearing loss. If the baby does not hear well, he will not be able to correctly perceive, process and reproduce sounds.
- The dentist noticed an incorrect bite or growth of teeth (both indigenous and dairy), as well as abnormalities of the jaw structure.
- Есть врождённые пороки: расщелина в нёбе, «заячья губа», «волчья пасть».
Есть некоторые признаки, указывающие на то, что речь требует коррекции. Родителям следует обратить внимание на такие моменты:
- Ребёнку трудно успевать за своими мыслями, он словно захлёбывается словами.
- Малыш иногда «сглатывает» некоторые слоги.
- Не хватает дыхания на произнесение фразы или короткого предложения, вдох делается во время разговора, что похоже на всхлип.
- Чадо говорит «в нос», но при этом насморка и простуды нет.
- There is no desire to communicate, the desire to describe what he saw or heard verbally.
- The child speaks inexpressively, monotonously.
How can you help your child by yourself?
Some exercises can be performed with the child at home:
- Talk and communicate with your child more often, tell him something, ask to answer, repeat words, describe what is happening. Correctly and gently correct the mistakes.
- Read to your child more, for example, stories, fairy tales, simple nursery rhymes.
- Regularly arrange articulation exercises. A speech therapist can advise on exercises, but you can just do simple movements together: stick out your tongue, touch the palate and cheeks, hold it between your teeth and release air, open your mouth wide, smile and freeze in this position for a few seconds, put your lips into a tube .
- Be sure to develop fine motor skills, because it stimulates the development of speech. You can arrange finger games, sculpt, weave bracelets, draw.
Timely help of a speech therapist will detect speech defects and teach the child to speak correctly and clearly.
Sign up for an online speech therapist consultation right on the “Native Path” here.
The author of the article and speech therapist is a defectologist: Tatyana Andreyevna Komarova.
About the author: Komarova Tatiana, a leading speech therapist is a defectologist of the remote speech center OPPI-ONLINE.
- Specialist - speech therapist, child psychologist.
- Graduated from the Russian State Pedagogical University named after A.I. Herzen (specialty - speech therapy, additional specialization - practical psychology)
- Practical experience with children - more than 10 years
- He has practical experience of helping children in the role of a speech therapist and a psychologist in a medical center, a children's center under the guidance of a well-known neuropsychologist, doctor of psychological sciences, candidate of medical sciences A. N. Kornev, and in development centers for children in St. Petersburg.
We are waiting for your questions to the speech therapist. Next year you will be able to hear the speech therapist's answers to your most interesting and important questions.
Tatyana Andreevna Komarova started answering your questions on the Native Path website: see
Thank you all for interesting questions. Tatyana Komarova will answer many of them in the video.
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Good afternoon. My daughter has a stutter in her speech. She tries to speak correctly, but when she forgets, she can repeat one word several times during a conversation. She doesn’t crush a word like a normal stutter, but utters a word completely but several times (maybe up to 5 repeat again). Then again the conversation continues.
Hello! Child 1 year 7 months. Generally does not say a single word. He is walking and babbling. Condensed woof-woof, the bi-bi is not even going to talk. He can say “ma-ma”, but not as a word, but as a syllable, and does not associate it with me at all. Most often, the child simply mumbles.
The child is healthy, born on the Apgar scale 9/9.
My conscience is perfectly clear. Since my birth, I have been doing everything that is possible with a child (and your site is just a great help!). I constantly talk, ask questions, and don’t bother, show and read the puppet theater, and sing the speech therapy, chant sayings, and say patters at a slow pace, and heartakes, even show articulation gymnastics, and finger games, and we develop fine motor skills, and she is absolutely beautiful, and we are engaged in creative work, and how much I sing for him - I don’t know of any such mother.
And in terms of emotional contact and psychological climate in the family - everything is also very good!
And the child is smart, and understands everything. A neurologist writes "Delayed Speech Development."
In this regard, my questions:
1) Why do mothers constantly instill fear: “You will not study and communicate with the child - he will not speak for a long time”? Now I do not believe it.
2) Our neurologist is going to activate the speech center with special medicines that give people after a stroke. What can you say about this?
3) Now there is an active propaganda of a very fashionable trend in medicine "Osteopathy", ostensibly it can help. What do you think about this?
4) In our city opened a center for the development and correction of speech. The director of this center spoke on TV. Firstly, she assured everyone with a 100% guarantee that if a child does not speak in 1-1.5 grams, then he will UNIQUELY have problems at school. And in this center there is some kind of miracle machine that you put on your head and it sends miracle impulses to the speech center (if necessary, I can give a link to the video). Here, I would also like your opinion.
Good day! My husband and I both burry. Husband more. Should we somehow take this into account when developing a child?
Hello! My youngest daughter 2g 2 months. Born healthy, developed normally. But until now, only syllables are speaking (“ma”, “pa”, etc.). Recently the vocabulary began to actively expand, simple sentences appeared - “dya pi” - give it a drink., Etc., but it still speaks mostly syllables or incomprehensible on its own. And the eldest daughter, at her age, was already actively and clearly speaking with widespread sentences, asking questions.
At the same time, a child from an early age understands all requests, knows colors, shapes, constantly read. My mother is a speech therapist, really retired already. She comes to us rarely, but recently she was and saw the progress and recommended not to hurry and not to contact neurologists and speech therapists. And if there is no improvement in speech, then after 2.5 years turn to a pathologist. Is she right? Maybe we still have to go to the experts?
Hello! I'd like to learn how to teach reading a child with dysarthria. The son is 5 years old, he knows all the letters (well, except perhaps b and b), he adds the syllables, but only in 2 letters (this is m, this is a - together with ma). But if the word consists of a letter and a syllable - it is lost (“where”, “already”, etc.). Here he tries to combine the first 2 letters (“GD”, “too”), and already forgets about the vowels. Then he gets angry that he does not work and refuses to read at all.
The question is, in fact, are there any reading training methods targeted specifically at children with speech disorders? After all, much is given them much harder than others. Is it possible to learn fun, laid down and playfully?
Hello Tatiana! My daughter 2.4 and she speaks in syllables. If there are repeated syllables in a word, then it utters them completely (for example, mom, dad ...), and cannot mix different syllables into one word (for example, bear = memi, bunny = zyazya, eat = ku, sleep = pa ...). How can I teach her to unite syllables in a whole word? Even the phrases say this: ma di (mom, go), mi pi (misha is sleeping). By the way, when pronouncing phrases, it cuts down words with the same syllables (mom = ma), if they are at the beginning, and if at the end - utters completely (where is mom?).
How can I teach her to combine syllables into a whole word and not abbreviate words that she can speak in full?
Daughter year and 11 months. We pass the course "I Learn to Speak." I try to do everything as much as possible in terms of speech development (and not only) for my daughter. The process goes, but very slowly. During the entire pregnancy, the child had chronic hypoxia, then stress due to meals (negativism and my persistent desire to feed her), there is a suspicion of an atlanta (the first vertebra) being misaligned, the child is very sensitive and just starts to cry, we do not sleep at night since then QUESTION SUCH: how to understand our speech problems relate only to purely speech therapy or are there neurological disorders? What to look for in terms of neuroscience?
Hello! My oldest son, 2 years old, 2 months old, took a course “I Learn to Speak” about a year ago. We speak, we make sentences, we repeat phrases from fairy tales, almost everyone understands it. But I began to notice that some of the words he began to pronounce, highlighting the letter O (sobaka, hryomoy, and there were some others). Question: What does this mean? Or do I find fault with the child?
My youngest daughter is 7 months old. It seems to me that she does not walk, although relatives say the opposite. those sounds that are described in the article above, she does not pronounce. She says "MMMM", once it turned out "ma-ma." I remember that at this age the eldest child "chatted" and uttered sounds, syllables, in a singing tone. In the maternity hospital I was told that she had morphofunctional immaturity, they did not go into details. A neurologist doesn’t really explain anything either, he doesn’t ask anything about a child. At the last appointment I wanted to prescribe some kind of medication. the daughter has not yet sat down (after 1 week she has sat down), but then she appointed smt (stimulation with electric current). Question: are we lagging behind our peers? And is this related to neurology? Thank you in advance.
Good afternoon, Tatiana and Asya! My son Mark 2.11. Speech problems have always been asked, since I am very disturbed by my mother. Now Mark says a lot of words and repeats. There are common proposals “Dad does not want to eat,” expressing his own opinion “This is not necessary for Mark,” commenting on his actions, “Mark sat in a chair to eat.” But I still worry a few questions.
1. When does self talk using the personal pronoun “I” appear? Mark only occasionally jumps, very rarely. Basically, Mark da Mark 🙂
2. Is it normal that Mark says “MOM does not want to Mark” when he himself does not want me to approach him. Now “Mama, get away” sometimes appears, but also very rarely.
3. Mark very often speaks his own language, which no one understands. Sometimes it looks like a song, sometimes it seems as though the verse reads with intonation, but gibberish instead of words. Ordinary poems can tell one quatrain, about five knows. In addition, sometimes strangers begin to explain something on their own, and they ask me to "translate", but I also do not understand. Answers questions about the name, age, affairs, and if you ask where you were, for example, you can begin to “carry the blizzard” very emotionally, with gestures, but it is completely incomprehensible. It feels like he is just training his mouth. 🙂 Can this be considered the normal verbal behavior of a three-year-old?
4. Mark does not pronounce many letters. L, R replaces with N. In often replaces with M. That is, the name of our grandfather Valera sounds Manin. When to start to put them or they will exhibit themselves over time?
5. We are still breastfed. How do you think long-term HB affects articulation, speech?
6. And I have one find, I would like to share with you. A couple of months ago, Mark learned how to pipe a pipe and a toy saxophone. I thought of doing these exercises regularly, asking Mark to blow before eating, calling everyone to the table. And home duty, and self-importance, and breathing.
Thank you for the opportunity to ask questions. I hope that I will get an answer to one of them. 🙂
My son is 2 years old and almost 4 months old. The boy is active, sociable, to new people is incredulous, but after a while of being together, it opens completely. He began to say “dad”, “mom” consciously only after 1.5 years, “woman” at 2 years. Over the past 4 months, I began to actively use word-syllables: am, boom, tu-tu, peepy, coca, yum for its intended purpose. One of the grandmothers can be called by name, but not woman Galya, but simply to answer the question, what is the woman's name. The word "grandfather" stubbornly says. In general, utters about 20 syllables-words. Maybe he himself to say something in his own language. I have a suspicion that he may say other words, but for some reason does not want to. Sometimes does not want to speak even the words that are actively used. At the same time, he understands everything, in developmental classes, where we go for the last 1.5 months, he does everything along with the rest of the children.
I understand that the vocabulary by this time should be qualitatively different: at that age my husband and I already spoke with sentences.
Therefore, my main question is: do you need to do something in the current situation, to which specialist to run (a neurologist, a psychologist, a speech therapist) or by 3 years there is a chance that the child will “talk” himself and what should his relatives do for this?
Hello! My daughter is 3 years old. She knows all the words, i.e. the names of the surrounding (and not only) objects, verbs-actions, can name at least 2 signs - color, shape (if the mood is good). Sings and sings. But .. it does not speak to us !! No speech addressed to others. Healthy, stubborn, Nordic character 🙂 What to do!? How to engage in dialogue?
I'm an elementary school teacher. My first-grade student does not make a p-sound (hard - sometimes it will work, with an exaggerated show, a soft one — no). The child attended correctional group ds. Mom - there is no sound l and p - so French ... She believes that everything is fine. There is no speech therapist at school. What to do?
The son spoke late; at the age of 2, there was only an imitation of animals. And mom's dad grandfather Abi could still say give.
Then we went into the garden and got into a conversation there.
Now, 3 years, he chatters incessantly, only in a hurry he swallows syllables. Sometimes at the end sometimes in the middle of the word. A lot of sounds replaces the other, which turns out. What has this name says separately. As if he does not hear them in the word. How can I help him?
Even now, the younger 6 months seems to me a little sound utters. That's just just the sound appeared n, before that began to say aha, then papa, and when the mother crys piteously cry sometimes. Vowels except a not. Is there a delay? Or is it a variant of the norm. The eldest at this time more sounds spoke and began to pronounce them at 4 months.
Hello. My son, 7 years old, goes to grade 2. In the second half of the first class began to stutter a bit. Were treated by an acupuncturist, then a vacation, we went to the sea. The son stopped stuttering. But he went to class 2 and again it all started over again. Poems tell without stuttering.
What do we do with our problem?
Girls! Another question came up! A friend who studies as a third-year speech therapist said that they were taught that no early English was possible. That it is very harmful. What do you think about it? What exactly is harmful? Is it true that I conclude that half of our country (bilingual by birth, such as Tatars, Yakuts) are experiencing speech therapy problems due to bilingualism? Mark and I (2.11) are engaged in a little Galitsky, I would not want to delete him from our life. I want to listen to you 🙂 thanks!
Let time work for you: child speech up to 3 years
When a child is already 4-5 years old, you can objectively talk about the correct pronunciation of sounds, the construction of phrases, etc. However, even before the age of one year, you can find some problems that need to be corrected. Exactly early specialist assistance will be the most effective, you just need to find a speech therapist who specializes in working with babies.
In order to understand if a child does not need a speech therapist, it is important to know which stages of speech development match the age of the child.
The child’s speech activity begins as early as three months. At this age, tots begin to make various sounds, to roar. If a child is silent for 3-4 months, this may be the first alarm signal worth paying attention to.
At 8-10 months, the baby makes the first attempts to copy the speech of adults, says first syllables: “Ma”, “ba”, “pa”, etc. At this age, the child understands the words addressed to him, responds to his own name. If parents notice that by the end of the first year the baby does not respond to their speech, does not try to pronounce the first words, this is a reason to contact a specialist for advice. An alarming symptom is the peculiar lowing of a child at the moment when he tries to express his desires.
By the age of 1.5, the speech of the child himself begins to develop. At this age, it's time for kids to use simple words: “mom”, “dad”, “give”, “av-av”, etc. In 1 year the vocabulary of the baby is still small, it can be about 10 words, but the child consciously uses them. At this time, the child's speech develops very actively, vocabulary can be replenished every day.
By the age of 2, the baby should not only understand adults’s speech well, but also be able to express their desires. simple sentences. If by 2.5 years the child clearly understands adults, but expresses his thoughts exclusively with gestures, does not formulate simple phrases like “I want to drink,” you should definitely visit a speech therapist. Please note that at this age it doesn’t matter how the child utters “difficult” sounds; what matters is the nature of the speech activity.
Child's speech is three to five
Even kiddies, in whose speech parents do not notice the features, it makes sense to visit the speech therapist's office at the age of 3-4 years. There are obvious deviations that need correction with the help of a specialist. Again, depending on the age of the child, different demands are made on his speech.
In three years, it is important to make sure that articulation machine baby is well developed. The child should be able to perform simple movements: at the request of adults, stick out the tongue, reach the sky, stretch out the lips with a straw, inflate the cheeks, etc. At the same age, check whether the crumb can reproduce a simple rhythm. The lack of these skills should alarm caring parents. The speech therapist in this case will not only carry out the necessary diagnostics, but also help to strengthen the articulation apparatus.
Also 3-3.5 years old child must not miss syllables в словах, переставлять их местами, «глотать» окончания. Обратите внимание на эту особенность в речи крохи, когда будете консультироваться с доктором. А вот правильного произношения всех звуков пока может и не быть. Оно может сформироваться только к 5 годам.
Если ребенок пока не умеет говорить «ш», «щ», «р», «л», в три года это не повод бежать к логопеду. Hissing and sonorous (“p”, “l”) sounds are the most complex, they may appear last in the speech of a small speaker. Watch the baby say the words with these sounds. If you miss them, at this stage it is not scary. But if instead of "l" says "in" “P” utters gutturally, in French style, it is better to visit a specialist. Any distortion of sounds needs to be corrected. Timely correction will help to make the wrong pronunciation stuck.
At the age of 4.5-5, it’s time for the child not only to pronounce all the sounds correctly, but also to be able to make connected sentences. Ask your baby to describe a picture or event. If he does not adhere to consistency, makes up uncoordinated sentences (incorrectly uses case, number), does not use unions in speech, this is a deviation from the norm. Observe for a while, if the crumb responds to your corrections, and if there is no progress, talk to a specialist.
As you can see, a speech therapist helps not only to correct the incorrect pronunciation of individual sounds. Any deviation in the speech of the baby should not be ignored. In this matter, it is better to be safe than to miss something important.