Such tulips are familiar from the very childhood, these are exactly the flowers that can be found in spring in almost every flowerbed or garden of the city. Despite the fact that many people are accustomed to count Holland as the birthplace of these disparate beauties, tulips did not get to Europe immediately, but the Persians and Turks first became acquainted with them.
By the way, this is where the name “toliban” comes from, which is translated from Persian as “turban”. Is there a certain similarity? As a rule, these flowers are grown in the open field, however, lately, varieties that can be grown in an ordinary apartment are gaining increasing popularity.
Can you imagine how surprised your guests will be if they see blooming tulips on your window sill in the cold winter? Or very early spring? Plus, a tulip growing in a pot can be an excellent alternative to cut flowers, because then you can plant it in the open ground and extend the life of the plant for many years!
There are many varieties of tulips and, of course, at home I really want to grow the most unusual and vibrant ones, for example, purple, blue or brown!
However, it will be foolish to say that growing tulips at home is a very simple and affordable occupation, and even more so when it comes to complex and very capricious exotic varieties. Therefore, it is best to start with proven options, for example, Parade Record or Aristocrat.
Where to get the planting material?
The easiest way is to go to the flower shop and buy the bulbs that are ready for planting. Usually they are already sorted, dried and, in fact, just waiting for them to be planted.
The bulbs can be harvested on their own, but for this the plant growing in the garden will have to be carefully maintained throughout the entire period of its growth: to feed, loosen the ground, water it and eliminate weeds.
As soon as the leaves begin to turn yellow, the plants are dug out and then sorted: for planting in pots, you need to choose the largest and healthiest bulbs.
We plant tulips at home
If you are going to plant bulbs dug from the garden bed, then do not forget that they must undergo a preliminary drying process. Place them in a dry and well-ventilated room, where it is necessary to maintain a constant temperature: the first 6-7 days are 30 ° -34 °, the next two months are 20 ° -23 ° and the last month is 17 °.
Then the dried onions are stored in a cloth bag, the air temperature should be 4 ° -5 °, for this the lower shelf of the refrigerator or the cellar will do.
The cultivation of tulips at home, most often, is done by forcing, that is, conditions are created for the plant that are very similar to natural ones. Particular attention should be paid to the cooling process, which simulates the winter holiday stage.
Only after it the bulb will be able to form strong shoots and, of course, flowers. After the onions have lain in a cool room for at least about a month, they can be planted in the ground. As a substrate, a ready mix with good permeability is usually used, which can be bought at a flower shop. Pots are better to choose wide in diameter and deep enough (from 15 cm).
Drainage is laid out on the bottom of the pot, and only then the finished substrate in such a way that the edges of the container remain three times larger than the height of the bulb itself. Spread onions over the ground, usually they are planted tightly to each other, but it is important to ensure that they do not touch.
To the very tops of the onions, they are filled with the substrate, then they need to be watered a little and move the pot to a dark room whose temperature is not higher than 9 °. Usually, planting begins in late September or early October, during this period the growing conditions are simple: water once a week and ensure that the soil does not mold.
The flowering period and preparation for it
Usually after a couple of weeks in the pot should appear the first shoots. Once they reach a height of 6-7 cm, they must be transferred to a bright room and accustomed to daylight. To do this, the first time sprouts, it is best to cover with a paper cap, the temperature must be increased gradually and, within 3 days, set the limit to 18 °.
We must not forget that higher temperatures are fraught for tulips with the formation of weak and short-lived peduncles. After the first buds appear, it is desirable to move them closer to the cool window, so the flowering time will stretch a little.
Remember that the humidity of the room is important for tulips, it should be about 80%, so periodically spray the leaves with slightly warm water, but do not fall on the peduncles.
The soil should be slightly moist all the time, but not damp, besides tulips are very afraid of drafts and do not like hot dry air coming from centrally heated batteries.
After the flowers open, it is better to put the pots on the balcony (or at least bring them there for the night), which again will prolong the flowering time. After the buds ottsvetut, they must be cut, and continue to care for the flower until the leaves turn yellow. After that, the bulbs must be dug and transplanted into open ground, they are too weak for re-forcing.
By the way, growing tulips in an apartment can be done without forcing; for this, the onions need to be dried and cooled, as it was said, and then planted in the same soil, completely sprinkling the tops of the onions.
After this, the pot is taken out into the air and remains there until the first buds appear and, only after this, they can be transferred to a cool room. After the tulips ottsvetut, the principle of action is the same as during the forcing. In the open ground bulbs will gather nutrients, strengthen and next year will delight you with lush flowering again.
Briefly about the origin of tulips
Some flower growers believe that the first tulips were bred in Holland, but Persia is the birthplace of these flowers. The progenitors of the present tulips are the wild tulips, which grew in the countries of Central Asia. Over time, this amazingly beautiful flower began to wander around the world, winning the hearts of gardeners. In the east, the tulip was considered a symbol of love and was actively grown in flower beds of nobles and sultans. The image of tulips can often be found on fabrics, carpets, paintings on the walls. However, in Europe, the flower settled later. A well-known Austrian politician Büsbeck brought tulip bulbs. In the second half of the 16th century, the tulip conquered its position and became the most common flower, which was actively selected. The first tulip bulbs were brought to Russia during the reign of Peter I, as a gift, and at the end of the 19th century, they became available to the nobles.
Soil needed for growing tulips
Tulip is not a capricious plant, however, it makes some demands on the soil. The soil should be nutritious and oily so that the flower blooms at full strength on your site. Also, it will not be superfluous, and to make tests for the pH level, tulips do not like acidic soils. The soil, as well as for any cultivated plants, must have good aeration, moisture capacity and drainage.
The most suitable soil for growing tulips is of course black soil and sandy soil. The soil must be prepared if it does not meet the needs of flowers. In black soil, for better aeration should be added river sand, half a bucket per square meter. In acidic soils, it is necessary to add lime, and in heavy loams add peat or chopped straw, as well as add sand. If your site has poor soil and groundwater drainage, the probability of putrid diseases will increase significantly. This problem is easily solved by a drainage pad of sand and expanded clay. In order for your tulips to please you, you should not grow them more than five years in one place, the bud is crushed, and the plant will become susceptible to fungal diseases. Also, do not interfere with varieties of tulips, the result will be ambiguous.
Varieties of tulips
At the moment, more than fifteen classes of tulips have been studied and formed. You can divide them into the following groups, early ripening, medium, late flowering, some types of tulips and their hybrids. The latter group includes wild varieties of tulips and those varieties that breeders took as the basis for hybridization. Further, the first group of tulips, in turn, is divided into simple and terry varieties. The second includes the triumph of tulips and hybrids. The third group included liliacette varieties, fringed and green flowers, as well as parrot and rembrant tulips. The fourth group includes flowers of Kaufman, Greig, Foster and hybrid varieties.
How to plant tulips
Tulips love the sun and warmth. Planting should be adjusted so that the bulb could take root before the onset of frost. In order for the bulb to take root, a month has to pass, sometimes more. Therefore, it is better to plant the bulbs in September. If you planted tulips later than the deadline, then you need to resort to mulching. Before planting tulips, the soil needs to be dug up for better aeration and in the future good digestibility of nutrients from the soil. To better navigate the choice of the distance of the beds, when planting, pay attention to the size of the bulbs. Larger ones should be planted apart from each other with an indentation of 10 centimeters, and smaller ones at a distance of 8 centimeters. The depth of embedding of the bulbs will depend on the weather conditions of your region, the size of the bulbs and the type of soil. So on heavy soils the depth of planting can vary from 12 centimeters, and on average from 14 centimeters.
Proper care of tulips stimulates its growth and the size of the bud
Tulips care, first of all, consists in dressings, which, undoubtedly, will increase the resistance of flowers to diseases and the quality of buds. Therefore, the first feeding is better to hold, as soon as the shoots of tulips seem from the soil. It is better to purchase fertilizers in a specialized store, and dilute yourself, given the fact that a high concentration of salts in the soil, will adversely affect the condition of the flower. Therefore, the specified rate of fertilizer is better divided in half. Feel free to purchase fertilizer for bulb flowers and feed in the main periods of vegetation of the tulip. There will be three periods, germination, bud-gathering and finishing, after the flower has blossomed.
The state of the appearance of the flower, can tell a lot, for example, to indicate an excess or lack of nutrients in the soil. Lack of nitrogen, reflected on the leaves of the plant, they lose their elasticity, lie on the ground, and the stems do not assume an upright position, with time the lower part of the tulip becomes pinkish. The lack of potassium-phosphorus fertilizers will be indicated by the bluish color of the edges of the leaf of the plant.
The main aspect in the care of flowers is the elimination of diseased plants and the timely prevention of tulip diseases. Remove the diseased plant with the bulb, and with viral diseases also with the ground. The excavated plant is destroyed, and the pit is disinfected with an average solution of manganese, by irrigating the affected area of soil.
Whatever actions you take to improve the state of flowers, be it loosening the soil, destroying weeds, fertilizing or watering, try not to harm the plant. After all, if you damage the leaves, the plant will not be able to get enough moisture, and by damaging the bulb, the tulip will die in some cases. Follow the health of flowers, during the conduct of prevention and treatment.
Like all representatives of the flower world, tulips, require plenty of moisture and nutrients in the soil. After all, tulips are rapidly developing stems and flowers, and in the ground bulb, growing rapidly, and gives new life to children - new bulbs. Therefore, the whole process of vegetation requires a large number of micronutrients, as well as regular and abundant watering of plants. It is very important to organize watering of flowers exactly when the flower starts to pick up a bud, and in the subsequent flowering. And when the tulip ottsvetet, watering must continue for a week, and that the bulb was able to gain strength and give the kids, to carry out additional feeding.
Digging bulbs for storage and transplanting tulips
In order for the bulb to still delight you with large buds and flowers, it is very important to prevent seed from appearing in the tulip. If the tulip still has a seed box, remove it as soon as possible. Do not touch the leaves of the plant, because at the expense of them the onion gets food.
So that the tulips do not become shallow, and the soil could gain strength for the subsequent planting and get rid of pests, flowers are dug out every year and stored in a cool room. However, if the tulip is planted in well-drained and nutritious soil, while deep enough, then with annual fertilizing it can be left for 3-5 years in the same place. However, after three years, the tulips should still be transplanted to a new place, this is done in order to separate the children from the mother's bulb, to inspect for diseases, and also to give the site time to rest. Therefore, in July, when the leaves begin to wither and turn yellow, the bulbs are dug out, cleaned from the ground, dried in a well-ventilated room, without getting sunlight on them, sorted into paper boxes or boxes and thus stored until the next planting in a cool and well-ventilated room .
Many gardeners planted tulips in September, so that the bulb could take root before the frost. Because otherwise, it will just freeze. Choose a suitable place that is well warmed by the sun and not exposed to water stagnation. Form beds, the recommended depth of which is about 20 centimeters, then add superphosphate, drain the trench with a thin layer of sand, this will prevent the bulb from rotting during heavy rains. Manure is better not to make, tulips do not like it, it can lead to rotting of the bulb.
Disembarkation occurs approximately in this order, large bulbs are planted down to the bottom, at a distance of 20 cm from each other, then small onion are planted between them and covered with soil. With such a planting scheme, there is no need to replace the bulbs annually. If in your region the winter is not very snowy and frosty, then tulips should be planted to a deeper seal and must be mulched, and when the low temperature recedes, collect the mulch so that the soil warms evenly. Also with the help of mulching and snow control of the site, you can shift the time of flowering of flowers. In general, tulips do not experience too low temperatures without consequences. Therefore, in the southern regions, there is no cause for concern for their flower beds. However, if the temperature drops below -25 degrees, there is a threat of losing your floral plantings, for this, the beds must be closed and warmed. Chopped straw, peat, sawdust will serve as the best insulation on the beds, and the mulch is covered with a layer of snow, and the tulips are not afraid of frost.
The secrets of growing tulips
In the cultivation of tulips, there are some subtleties. Although these flowers are not capricious in the care and are not whimsical, they, like all garden-bulbous plants, require special care.
- Watering tulips should be separated with water warmed to room temperature.
- In order for tulips to please you with large buds, the correct form and brightness of colors, feed the flowers with liquid fertilizer intended for bulbous crops.
- Do not plant tulips in the scorching sun. The scorching sun can damage the buds and flowers, the petals can wither and fall, the plant loses its horizontal position. Leaves may turn yellow. It is better to plant tulips in well-lit places, but with variable illumination by the sun.
- Flowers do not tolerate drafts, and sudden changes in temperature. Therefore, choose a place for planting tulips protected from the wind to avoid disease and negative consequences. From the wind can protect plantings from the hedge.
- If you grow tulips in pots, indoors, you should keep the flowers away from heating devices, so as not to harm the vegetation of the plant. Otherwise, the plant is threatened with overheating and in the severe case of death.
- If you want to form a bouquet of tulips, then cutting flowers is better early in the morning, before watering. Cut off at the very base of the stem.
- When flowering stops, and the petals fall off, watering continues for another two weeks, and then gradually stop, flower stalks are cut and disposed of.
- Когда листья станут желтеть и усыхать, луковицу выкапывают, очищают от старой почвы, просушивают и, отсортировав, хранят до следующей высадки в грунт.
- Если вы высаживали тюльпаны в домашних условиях, то повторно для высадки в горшки эти луковицы не годятся, так как при малом поступлении питательных веществ луковица истощается и повторить свое цветение она не сможет. Лучшим решением для таких луковиц послужит их высадка на участке, для восстановления сил. In a year the bulb will be able to recover, and in a year it will bloom again.
Undoubtedly, among the most beautiful and common flowers, tulips occupy an honorable place, due to their unpretentiousness, ease of care and a variety of varieties. Tulips are able to decorate any flower arrangement. These flowers can be grown both in open ground and at home in pots. Thus, you can please yourself with the beauty of spring flowers all year round. Tulip growing technologies are not complicated, so even a beginner florist can handle these flowers.
Adding an article to a new collection
When growing tulips, the key points are fertilizing, watering, digging and storing the bulbs. We will tell about them in more detail.
Like other decorative flowers, tulips need to be weeded regularly, loosen the soil, make sure that they do not hurt and are not damaged by insects. And without what other activities can plants not survive?
1. Top dressing of tulips
In the soil there is an insufficient number of macro - and micronutrients. Therefore, without additional dressings, flowers are stunted and poorly bloom. And whimsical varieties with large and original flowers may die at all.
And additional feeding is important because nowadays tulips are often planted very thickly: up to 100 plants per 1 sq. M (for comparison: earlier, in this area, as a rule, no more than 60 were placed). Under these conditions, it is even more difficult for flowers to get the necessary nutritional elements in the right quantity.
Correct top dressing of tulips is a pledge of lush and long flowering
During the entire growing season should be 3-4 top dressing:
- In the springas soon as the snow melts and thaws the earth, only nitrogen fertilizers are applied to the soil (20 g of ammonium nitrate per 1 square meter). This fertilizer stimulates leaf growth.
- When the first buds (make 20 g of ammonium nitrate, 10 g of urea and 10 g of superphosphate per 1 square meter).
- During flowering and 1-2 weeks after its completion (30 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potash nitrate per 1 square meter).
Some instructions for the use of granular fertilizers indicated that they can simply be scattered on the ground, and then watered. But experienced growers are advised to make feeding in liquid form only. And in this case the main thing - do not overdo it with concentration. For tulips, the solution should be 0.5%. And for 1 sq. M enough 20-25 ml.
Remember: chlorine fertilizers are not recommended for tulips. They can damage their roots. You also can not use manure, because this dressing can lead to rotting of the bulbs.
3. Digging tulip bulbs
When the leaves turn yellow (usually in June), the bulbs need to be dug. At the same time, keep in mind that modern varieties of unusual tulips (lilianvet, multi-flowered, green flowers, parrot) should be dug out annually. Otherwise, next year you should not expect spectacular flowering
But tulips of simple and less fastidious varieties can be dug out once in 2-3 years. But in this case, it is better to plant them in baskets, containers or mesh boxes. As the bulbs deepen into the ground every year, and by the third year it is difficult to get to them.
Dig the bulbs of tulips on time
After digging the bulbs, shake off the ground, rinse well and soak for 30 minutes in the fungicide for disinfection. At the same time, do not forget that the soil in the place where these tulips grew is also recommended to be treated with a fungicide solution when planted next year.
4. Storage of tulip bulbs in winter
After disinfecting the bulbs should be dried for 3-5 days in a dark place. Then you need to separate the children, carefully remove the dead roots and put the bulbs for about a month in a well-ventilated, dark room with an air temperature of 22-25 ° C.
The temperature regime must be carefully monitored, since at that time the flower of the next year is laid near the bulbs.
If the bulbs do not have enough heat, then they may appear so-called blind buds
After such refining, the bulbs should be stored at room temperature in a dark, ventilated and dry room until the autumn planting. It is usually carried out in September. Do not forget to treat the bulbs with a light pink solution of potassium permanganate for the prevention of diseases.
Take note of these important rules for caring for tulips - and your bright flowers will create a spring mood every year and please the eye with its lush flowering.
The right place is the key to success.
It would seem that tulips, in general, grow by themselves from year to year, they can be found on the fields, what about them to worry about? That's the way it is, only the quality of flowering will not be the best. Especially it concerns varietal species. The bulbous ones are demanding to the ground and the most important thing is that there is no stagnation of moisture, otherwise everything is rotting. There are other subtleties.
- Tulips can and not dig, but by doing this, you will provide abundant and prolonged flowering.
- If you do not remove the bulbs every summer, they can start to hurt, shallow, and therefore the inflorescences will be small.
- When the tulips have faded, the place is empty - either to plan planting correctly here, or to dig out the plants again.
- Bulbs in the soil are easy to confuse, varieties are mixed, and already perfect aesthetics fail.
Let's take a closer look at the last paragraph.
How to properly sort and plant tulips?
If you planted flowers in rows, changing varieties for decoration, then in summer, when you start digging everything up, there is a risk of mixing the bulbs. To prevent this, experienced gardeners plant flowers in baskets with holes - wooden or plastic.
That is, one variety - one capacity. So that the onions do not fail, they lay down paper that is easily decomposed. After the tulips are growing up, and will no longer slip during the digging. This method allows you to get a maximum of bulbs, not to be confused varieties, the flowerbed will not be empty, because you can plant more on it.
Straight lines and geometry are not relevant.
The next tip is a place for tulips. It is already unfashionable to plant flowers, like on an alley at school - in a straight row or in the correct form. Individual spots in the garden look much better and more decorative. Again, planting in baskets makes this method easy.
If you plant a spot of varietal tulips with trim, then combine other flowers in shades. And primroses blooming under the trees look beautiful too. Such foci create a natural look.
No, it's not about food, but about a new way of planting onions. The bottom line is to put tulips in the ground layer by layer in a pot, creating a unique composition as a result. Generally, planting in a pot is convenient and always fresh.
Pallas look, changed the pots in some places, and everything new, flowers bloomed - removed in a dark place before the new season. “Lasagna” is made of 3-4 layers of bulbs by increasing diameter - the largest ones to a depth. Everything is planted through a layer of soil.
Another tip is to carefully size the bulbs. Then your flower beds will look neat. Tulips bloom on the principle - a large onion - a large flower. The little ones need a place where their big brothers won't score.
Therefore, it is better to carefully sort the bulbs and the smallest planted at the edges. We should also say that the Dutch varieties are measured not by diameter, but by the circumference of the widest part. Be careful.
Select the size and timing of flowering plants
Remember the main rule in the garden - in the foreground should be planted ground cover and undersized varieties, then - sredneroslye, and in the background - tall. In order for the garden to always bloom, tulip varieties and other flowers are selected like this - some lose their beauty, but the latter bloom, and thus the whole season. The aesthetics of this garden will be on top.
Simple tips, but helpful. Always plan something first, and then proceed, including with the plants.