Why does the language go numb? This is a frequent question. We will understand in this article.
Numbness of the tongue, complete or partial loss of sensitivity may indicate the presence of any violations or pathological changes in the body. Such pathologies may concern either one specific organ, or signal a disease in which nerve impulses are affected, their conductivity is disturbed.
So, consider the reasons for the numb language.
Causes of numbness
With a loss of sensitivity, the following reasons are noted:
- thermal burn
- mechanical damage to the body
- chemical burn
- tooth extraction (more often wisdom tooth removal),
- using unsuitable toothpaste or rinse,
- allergic reactions local manifestations
- hormonal changes in women.
Quite frequent cause of numbness of the tongue is smoking, it has a negative effect on the nerve endings that are in the mouth.
Diseases that numb the tongue
What does this mean when the language goes numb?
The loss of a sensitive organ itself is determined by paresthesia. Causes that are associated with mechanical damage are referred to as ordinary paresthesia, as a result of which the transmission of nerve impulses is interrupted for a short time, leaking is formed. If the nervous system is affected, paresthesia occurs without damage and visible disturbances, then this is a chronic form of pathology.
Such disturbances in the conduction of nerve impulses result from these diseases:
- nerve infection
- neurodegenerative lesion,
- tumor lesion,
- autoimmune processes
- due to alcohol abuse
- metabolic disorders
- lack of necessary vitamins,
- cervical osteochondrosis.
Sometimes numb tip of the tongue. The reasons are discussed below.
In such conditions, loss of sensitivity of the tongue may not be the only symptom. If the nervous system is affected, loss of sensation and tingling sensation often occurs along the peripheral nerves of various organs.
It is important to know that numbness of the tongue is not a separate disease, it has a causative factor, which is nerve conduction disturbance.
The process of numbness of the tongue can occur gradually or occur immediately. In the meantime, sensitivity is lost only at the tip of the tongue, or under the tongue and from the sides.
And if the lips and tongue are numb? Reasons are also presented.
Numbness of lips and tongue
Numbness of the tongue and lips can appear periodically or constantly, which means that there are some problems in the body. The main cause of this pathology is a violation of the conductivity of the nerves on the tongue and lips. They arise as a result of mechanical damage, with infectious or vascular factors:
- Bell's palsy,
- acute migraine,
- anemia (especially vitamin B deficiency12),
- suffered a stroke
- depression and other forms of disorders
- tumors (benign and malignant),
- dental procedures.
It often happens that the language goes numb after visiting the dentist.
Numbness of the tongue after extraction
In special cases, paresthesia of the tongue is noted after the removal of teeth, more often if wisdom teeth are removed. A similar phenomenon is observed in 7% of patients. Most often, this numbness occurs in older people or in those who suffer from abnormally close teeth to the lingual jaw area. If the procedure is carried out correctly, then after the removal of the tooth and anesthesia, the numbness stops completely after 1-10 days. If persistent numbness occurs (paresthesia persists for more than a month), you need to visit a doctor.
When the language goes numb, the reasons must be found.
Headache and numbness of the tongue
If numbness of the tongue is felt along with headaches, this may signal a developing hyperinsulinism. Often, such patients may resemble people who have been drunk. Also, numbness of the tongue can result from migraine-like headache.
Why is the tip of the tongue numb? The reasons are not all.
What is bothering you?
There are three levels of intensity of numbness of the tongue:
- The patient feels only slight tingling on the tip or throughout the tongue.
- Unpleasant goosebumps are felt all over the surface of the tongue.
- The last degree of the disease occurs when the tongue completely loses its sensitivity.
Numbness of the tip of the tongue
The tip of the tongue usually becomes numb for the following reasons:
- If a person smokes tobacco.
- With frequent use of alcoholic beverages.
- If the body has a deficiency or surplus of certain minerals.
- When a person receives radiation or undergoes radiation therapy.
- If the patient was poisoned by heavy metals.
- With a deficiency of vitamin B12.
Numbness of tongue after tooth extraction
In some cases, after removal of the teeth, especially wisdom teeth, tongue paresthesia may appear. This phenomenon occurs in 7% of cases. Especially often numbness occurs in older patients, as well as in those who suffer from abnormally close teeth to the lingual part of the jaw. If everything goes well, then after anesthesia and tooth extraction, the numbness completely ends in 1-10 days. If there is a so-called persistent numbness (that is, paresthesia does not pass more than a month), you should consult a doctor.
Numbness of tongue and throat
The cause of numbness of the tongue and throat can be malignant tumors in the laryngeal area. With this disease, it is sometimes difficult for patients to swallow, a sore throat manifests itself, as with ARVI, sometimes the digestive system does not work well.
Sometimes paresthesia of the throat and tongue appears after inflammations of the oral cavity and larynx, especially if they are severe or have not been cured in time.
Numbness of the palate and tongue
Paresthesia of the tongue and palate can occur due to various injuries and illnesses. Sometimes this happens when you take certain medications. Therefore, before you visit a doctor, you should carefully read the instructions for the drugs that you are taking or have taken in recent times. It is also worth analyzing your emotional state. If you were often nervous or under stressful situations, it could cause paresthesia.
Numbness of mouth and tongue
Such numbness usually occurs after an allergic reaction to food, medicine, injections (especially at the dentist), as well as after the removal of teeth. To allergy did not develop further, it is recommended to stop using foods or drugs that could cause it. Usually after some time (in particular, a few days), paresthesia passes on its own.
Numbness of face and tongue
Numbness of the face occurs most often if a disease of the vessels or nerves that are in this area develops. When paresthesia goes to the tongue, it means that the person is ill at:
- Bell's palsy, which manifests itself after infectious diseases such as meningitis or herpes. In the course of this disease, the nerves become inflamed.
- Multiple sclerosis - the cells of the body itself attack the nerves and damage them. This is an autoimmune disease. As a result, the protective sheath of nerves is thinned and destroyed.
- The manifestation of trigeminal neuralgia - develops when inside the trigeminal nerve is compressed or irritated due to tumors, adhesions, dilated veins, inflammation.
- A stroke - the blood vessels are broken and clogged, so oxygen does not flow in the required amount to the brain.
- If the ocular, mandibular or maxillary nerves were damaged.
Numbness half tongue
With unilateral numbness of the tongue most likely the patient has a damaged lingual nerve. It often happens that patients complain of loss of sensation in only one half of the tongue. At the same time, the throat, mouth and other parts remain sensitive. It is worth pointing out this fact when going to the doctor so that he could make an accurate diagnosis.
Numbness of the tongue with osteochondrosis
Numbness of the tongue is one of the main symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis. This disease has become quite common in recent years, as it develops among those who sit for a long time in front of a computer screen. Cervical osteochondrosis is a disease that develops against the background of pinching of the endings of the spinal nerves. Other signs of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are: dizziness and frequent headaches, pain in the chest and arms, shooting in the cervical region. If you recognize this symptom in yourself, you should immediately visit a doctor.
Dizziness and numbness of the tongue
Numbness of the tongue is the first sign of a heart attack or stroke. First, “goosebumps” appear on its tip, and then full paresthesia begins. To make an accurate diagnosis of dizziness and numbness of the tongue, it is necessary to do an x-ray or magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Depending on which disease was the cause, the doctor prescribes treatment:
- Vegetative-vascular dystonia: help medicines that improve blood circulation (Cavinton, Memoplant, Vitamins B, Sermion).
- Neurological diseases: often also vomiting, nausea.
- Osteochondrosis: pressure increases, pain appears between the shoulder blades.
Vomiting and numbness of the tongue
Usually, in vegetative-vascular dystonia or panic attack syndrome, numbness of the tongue may be accompanied by severe nausea and vomiting. But an accurate diagnosis can only be made by a specialist (neurologist). He should write out a treatment that is not limited to the medical method, but goes in a complex (massages, special exercises).
Partial numbness of the tongue
If you notice a partial numbness of the tongue, you should immediately consult a doctor. The fact is that such a violation is usually a symptom of serious diseases: vegetative-vascular dystonia (when the brain receives insufficient oxygen due to improper circulation), vascular pathologies of the brain (including chronic ones), stroke.
Bitterness in mouth and tongue numbness
As a rule, such symptoms appear if a person takes certain medications. Even ordinary vitamins can cause numbness of the tongue and bitter taste in the mouth. In such cases, it is recommended to suspend treatment and seek help from the doctor who prescribed the remedy.
Numbness of tongue after eating
If numbness of the tongue occurs after eating, it can be a common allergic reaction to some foods. But there are cases that the paresthesia of the tongue remains and also increases when a person eats or talks, causing inconvenience. This may be a symptom of glossary. Glossalgia is not the disease itself, but the cause of not treated or untreated diseases.
Complications and consequences
If you have only one side of the tongue numb, it is considered less dangerous. Here it is most likely a matter of nerve damage. But bilateral is the cause of serious diseases that can develop further if not detected in time. That is why you should immediately contact a neurologist if you feel the first symptoms of paresthesia.
Diagnosis of language numbness
As soon as a person addresses the problem of paresthesia of the tongue, a comprehensive examination begins, which helps to find out the reason for the appearance of such pathology.
First, the doctor examines the patient, collects anamnesis, as well as all the information that is associated with the first signs of the disease. Also, the patient tells of which diseases he was treated in recent times and with what. After that, you need to pass a complete blood count to see if the patient has diabetes. Then begins a full examination of the cardiovascular system. In some cases, you may need additional studies: magnetic resonance, ultrasound.
For a complete picture, the doctor will ask for a blood test. Thanks to this research, the number of all types of blood cells is calculated, and their shape and size are examined. Thanks to a general blood test, you can determine diabetes mellitus, which often numb the tongue.
How does it feel
The numbness of the tongue in different people is felt differently: someone “goose bumps running around”, someone feels a slight tingling or burning sensation, someone has tongue and lips numb, and someone completely loses the sensitivity of the tongue. In any case, this strangeness of his "behavior" should be alerted, especially if it does not pass a long time or regularly repeats.
A single case of numbness of the tongue is definitely not a cause for concern, but if this is repeated regularly and lasts a long time, then it is better not to delay visiting a doctor
Causes Numbing Tongue
In some cases, to understand why the language is numb, it is enough to remember what you were doing the day before. For example:
- You could treat a tooth. Quite often, after a visit to the dentist and anesthesia, a person may experience numbness of the tongue. After all, the roots of the teeth rather closely border the nerve endings of the tongue, so the doctor could accidentally press or damage his nerve. Usually, the uncomfortable feeling disappears after a couple of days, at worst it can last for a couple of months.
- You could abuse alcohol or nicotine. Because nicotine is a vasoconstrictor substance, numbness of the tongue may occur after smoking. Best of all, of course, give up nicotine or try to reduce the number of cigarettes smoked.
- This may be an elementary burn with a hot drink or food. Or in case of accidental ingress of alkali or acid into the oral cavity.
- If you are allergic, the condition could trigger an allergen. Anything can provoke a condition - a food or drink, alcohol, toothpaste or even a brush, chewing gum.
- This may be due to medication. Sometimes the body can respond to antibiotics or other drugs. As a rule, the language returns to its normal state after a few days. But if such a side effect has appeared, you should definitely consult with your doctor about the replacement of the drug with another.
- You could be nervous. Quite rarely, but still there are times when a person has numbness of the tongue due to stress, irritability, restless sleep, or depressive state.
- Maybe someone bit you. The bite of a poisonous spider or snake can cause paresthesia - numbness of the face, limbs, tongue, in addition, a person's heartbeat quickens, dizziness and drowsiness occur.
- Minerals in the body lacking or too much.
- You have taken hormone steroids. In the process of their reception, taste sensations may disappear, and hair may appear above the upper lip, stretch marks may appear on the abdomen and buttocks, and body weight may increase.
- And it can also be a mature age. Due to hormonal imbalance in women, for example, during menopause, the mucous membrane becomes thinner, the epithelium is updated more slowly - this explains why the tip of the tongue sometimes becomes numb.
- Or pregnancy. Sometimes this happens when the pregnancy reaches 15-16 weeks. Thus, the woman's body reacts to increased blood pressure and edema.
What diseases can be
However, apart from harmless reasons, there are others that can be hazardous to health if you do not seek help from a specialist in time. Numbness of the tongue can be one of the symptoms:
- Migraine with aura. People who are prone to depressive and stressful conditions are most often affected by this fairly rare disease. They have a disturbance in the work of the sense organs - they can see flashes of light or stripes, hear some sounds, smell unpleasant smells, problems with speech, numb fingers, and tingling on the tongue.
- Diabetes mellitus. Since this is a disease of the endocrine system that is responsible for insulin production, due to diabetes, various metabolic processes of the body are disturbed (starting from carbohydrate, ending with water-salt). Because of this, there is dry mouth, a person is tormented by constant thirst, trembling in the hands and partial loss of sensation of the tongue.
- Hypoglycemia. A rather frequent occurrence in diabetic patients when the upper lip is numb due to insulin abnormalities. This happens due to a decrease in blood glucose when it is less than less than 3 mmol / l. During hypoglycemia, a person experiences weakness, a feeling of acute hunger, he is thrown into cold, sticky sweat, his hands begin to shake, his body and face are numb. Состояние это довольно неприятное, но его можно быстро исправить, измерив уровень глюкозы в крови, а затем съев 20 г продуктов, которые ее повышают – это может быть мед, сахар, карамель или фруктовый сок.If the symptoms of hypoglycemia recur often, you should consult with your doctor about the dosage of the drug, correcting which, you can fix the problem.
- Angioedema. Urticaria is known to all. Sometimes, along with it, there is a lesion of the deeper layers of the skin, and a person begins to suffer not only from redness and convex rashes, but also from swelling of various parts of the body, reducing or losing their sensitivity, tingling, etc. This is angioedema or angioedema. , in which limbs, ears, lips, genitals swell. If the larynx swells up, the condition becomes life-threatening, because the person can simply suffocate. This is a disease of an autoimmune nature, and contact with an allergen can trigger off an attack. In order to determine what this reaction occurs on, a special analysis is carried out.
After identifying the provocateur, antihistamines, anti-inflammatory, hormonal, diuretic drugs are prescribed to the person. However, even without treatment, the swelling lasts a couple of days, and the test passes along with unpleasant symptoms. As a rule, the recurrence of the disease lasts 2-3 years, and then the body is self-healing.
People suffering from this scourge should always have corticosteroids and antihistamines in their medicine cabinet to help stop an attack.
- VSD. In fact, as such, this disease does not exist, it is just in our medicine that the combination of symptoms characteristic of a person’s psychological disorders — anxiety or a depressive state — is called so. As a rule, they are accompanied by severe sweating, tremor, excitability, palpitations, tingling and numbness of the limbs, face, discomfort in any organ (pathology is not confirmed), hypochondriac moods. The statement of this diagnosis is possible only after consultation with the doctor and the exclusion of other pathologies. For treatments, a visit to a psychologist and antidepressants are usually prescribed.
- Cervical osteochondrosis. As a result of this pathology, the sensitivity of the nerves of the tongue is reduced, because of this its mobility is limited. In some cases, people with this disease even change their voice, becoming more rough.
- Stroke As a rule, this condition is accompanied by nausea, dizziness, acute headache, paresthesia of the lips, tongue and extremities. In this case, the delay can cost life - a person needs to provide emergency medical care, you should call an ambulance.
- Anemia With a lack of vitamin B12 and iron in the body, a person may experience paresthesias of the fingers and toes, and balance may be lost when walking.
- Heavy metal poisoning (mercury, zinc, lead, cobalt, tin).
- Multiple sclerosis. With this disease, many other parts of the body may become numb.
- Bell's palsy. The disease is characterized by dysfunction of the facial nerves, accompanied by a loss of sensitivity of the cheeks, face, lips and tongue.
- Glossalgia. A disease of the tongue that causes burning, tingling, numbness for no apparent reason. Glossalgia is a secondary manifestation of some underlying disease, either caused by traumatizing the mouth with prostheses or after dental procedures.
- Facial, maxillary, cervical injuries, as well as hemorrhages due to brain damage.
- Candidiasis of the oral cavity. With this disease, the tongue of a person is covered with a whitish bloom, and if you try to remove it, you can cause bleeding of parts of the tongue. The disease is hard to bear, because it is very difficult for a person to chew and eat.
- Brain Tumors Numbness of the tongue is not the main symptom, but still occurs in this disease. Most often, the course of the disease is accompanied by severe headaches, nausea, gagging, dizziness, low blood pressure and body temperature. Such symptoms should cause oncological alertness. When diagnosing a doctor should exclude, first of all, the presence of voluminous formations of the neck and head.
- Hypothyroidism. With a lack of thyroid hormones, the development of tongue paresthesia is likely.
- Lyme disease. The disease caused by the bite of an infected tick is characterized by impaired nerve conduction.
What to do with numbness of the tongue?
As you can see, the causes of this symptom can be a lot, and without a proper examination of them we can only guess. Often people ignore this phenomenon, not knowing that numbness of the tongue can be a symptom of a dangerous disease. Therefore, if it is not related to dental treatment or allergies, and the phenomenon is regular, do not postpone the visit to the doctor and do not self-medicate. Go to the therapist. If necessary, he will give a referral to a neurologist, endocrinologist, psychiatrist, dentist. And, of course, collect history and appoint a number of necessary tests.
With numbness of the tip of the tongue
The tip of the tongue may become numb after eating, this indicates the presence of an allergic reaction, if a large part of the tongue is touched, it may be glossary, which is a functional disorder. In most cases, it occurs as a result of the defeat of the autonomic nervous system.
Sensitivity is also lost due to systemic vascular and infectious diseases. Here it is important to identify what caused the reason in order to properly conduct the treatment and block the allegedly serious illness at the initial stage.
Bilateral and unilateral numbness
During damage to the glossopharyngeal nerves, the root of the tongue numbness and loss of sensitivity on one side of the muscular organ occurs. In addition, salivation is also impaired, pains occur in the organs of the oral cavity, in the ear and in the tonsils. In turn, infections, injuries and tumors lead to nerve damage.
Sensitivity is also lost on the sides of the tongue or on one side with osteochondrosis, which means that a nerve clamping has occurred in the cervical region. Other possible reasons are:
- laryngeal carcinoma,
- a nerve was injured when a tooth was removed,
- other operations in the oral cavity.
Also, psychogenic disorders can provoke paresthesia of the language on both sides. Such anxiety states are characterized by some symptoms:
- unpleasant sensations in the solar plexus.
Causes of the disease
Why does tongue numbness occur? There are several reasons that can cause this symptom:
- A visit to the dentist to remove the tooth. In our time, such a procedure does not do without anesthetic: the doctor makes an injection into the patient's gum, and after a few minutes, everything in the mouth becomes numb. The duration of such exposure lasts for half an hour (depending on the dose of anesthetic). If the dentist has squeezed or damaged the nerve of the tongue, his sensitivity is dulled, and the numbness can last for a week, a month or even more. In this case, we recommend to visit a neurologist, so that he carried out a complete diagnosis of the body and appointed the appropriate treatment.
- Iron deficiency anemia - low hemoglobin (red blood cells) in the blood, as well as a decrease in the number of red blood cells.
- Diabetes mellitus, as well as endocrine diseases associated with a decrease in the hormone insulin in humans. Such diseases indicate a violation of the hydrocarbon, protein, fat, water-salt and mineral metabolism.
- Treatment with antibiotics or other drugs. This is the most innocent cause of tongue numbness. As soon as the use of antibiotics is stopped, the sensitivity of the language returns to normal. Tip: if such side effects were observed, then be sure to tell your doctor about it, who prescribed this type of medication.
- The specific structure of the skull, which provokes the compression of the IX pair of cranial nerves (glossopharyngeal nerve). In this case, an operation is necessary.
- Osteocondritis of the spine. It is noticed that the defeat of the intervertebral discs and cartilage entails a number of diseases, accompanied by pain and numbness of certain parts of the body. Cervical osteochondrosis can cause numbness of the tongue, dizziness, headaches, etc. This disease is quite common among people of different ages, even among young people who spend an excessive amount of time behind the desk.
- Cardiovascular diseases, including stroke.
- Burn during a hot drink (tea, coffee). In this case, not the whole language can become numb, but only its tip.
- Cancer of the larynx, in which the throat becomes numb, tongue, whole mouth and even face. Such a disease often befalls people who smoke for a long time.
Diagnostic and treatment methods
Sensing the numbness of the language, the question immediately arises, what to do? The most correct decision is to seek help from a specialist in the clinic. Consultation is desirable:
- general practitioner
- a neurologist,
Your doctor will examine you, collect a history, as well as information about previously transferred diseases. Conduct a comprehensive diagnosis to identify the causes of the pathology and prescribe treatment.
- donates blood for analysis to exclude or confirm the presence of diabetes,
- examines the cardiovascular system
- undergoes a study of cranial nerves (glossopharyngeal and vagus),
- makes magnetic resonance and ultrasound diagnostics.
Instrumental methods of diagnosis of this disease:
- Ultrasound diagnostics using a special ultrasound transducer,
- Magnetic resonance tomography is performed to identify pathologies of the brain and spinal cord, which provokes paresthesia of the tongue.
Having determined the cause of the disease, the specialist prescribes:
- vitamin complex
- a number of drugs
So, if a patient has:
- vegetative-vascular dystonia, then vitamins and minerals are prescribed to improve blood circulation,
- cervical osteochondrosis, it is recommended to undergo a course of special exercises and therapeutic massage,
- laryngeal cancer - surgical and medical treatment,
- trigeminal neurology, damage to the nerves of the mouth and throat - prescribe medications, physiotherapy and / or surgical intervention in the form of pulsed currents, surgery, acupuncture, laser puncture.
The methods of folk treatment include the following:
- meditation and yoga
- cotton wool dipped in warm sea buckthorn oil, attach to the tongue,
- a piece of garlic tongue roll in his mouth, slightly biting him. The procedure should be done 10 minutes after meals 3 times / day, always at night,
- strict diet, excluding spicy, sour, salty and fried, period - 2-3 months.
- daily rinsing of the mouth with tincture of oak bark and a small amount of honey.
In conclusion, we note that self-medication numbness of the language is unacceptable! Therefore, folk treatment should be carried out only as a supplement to the treatment, which was prescribed by a specialist.
Unilateral numbness and soreness in the tongue
If at least in one part of the tongue there is numbness, then this indicates damage to the lingual nerve. This is a large branch of the mandibular nerve that innervates the anterior part of the tongue. If a person notes any irregularities and loss of sensation, you should also pay attention to the back. The glossopharyngeal nerve is responsible for its normal functioning.
In most cases, patients come to the doctor with complaints of a complete or partial loss of taste. At the same time, the second half of the tongue and the mucous membrane of the mouth function normally. In order to correctly make a diagnosis, it is necessary to determine whether there is a violation of the sensitivity of the tongue and whether it is not related to other parts of the oral cavity.
Another of the most likely reasons - this is iatrogenic damage. Symptom occurs when removing the second or third molar. The nerve is often damaged after osteotomy or similar surgery. Some patients seek medical help after performing a sublittoral abscess incision.
The tip of the tongue may lose sensitivity with a limited inflammatory or neoplastic process in the lateral part of the oral cavity. With the progression of such pathological processes, the whole nerve is damaged due to excessive squeezing or negative effects of toxic substances. The provoking factors are a tumor and other neoplasms in the body.
The most frequent and common factor of bilateral numbness is it's psychogenic pain. The patient has a loss of sensitivity of the tongue and the preservation of taste sensations. When the pathological process is symmetrically localized in the oral cavity or the corner of the mandible, then the person has similar symptoms. They have decreased or lost perception of taste.
A patient with a different form of psychogenic disorder has no depressed mood. Most often, they do not recognize their problems, they are sufficiently active emotionally. Typical symptoms are a decrease in sensation during a meal, anxious-hypochondriacal state occurs in patients due to a disorder of the digestive system.
As the primary therapy such people prescribe the use of antidepressants and antipsychotic drugs. Improvement occurs after completing a full course of psychotherapy by a qualified professional.
Carcinoma of the upper larynx and associated conditions
Numbness occurs due to the progression of serious pathology. It may be throat cancer, laryngeal carcinoma, which is located in its upper part. The most frequent causes have not yet been fully studied by scientists. But, as statistics show, the disease often occurs in people with a long history of smoking, alcohol dependence, working or living in poor environmental conditions.
Along with tongue numbness, such unpleasant symptoms occur.like aching pain in larynx and difficulty swallowing. Patients have hoarseness of voice and foreign body sensation in the throat. Soreness can be given in the ear. A tumor or other lump in the neck can numb the tip of the tongue. To make a correct diagnosis, patients are prescribed magnetic resonance or computed tomography. As an additional examination, it is advisable to undergo endoscopy.
Carcinoma can be cured only with the help of surgery and X-ray irradiation. It will allow for the most gentle treatment and not damage the main functions of the larynx.
Pernicious anemia Also called Addison-Birmer disease. This is a malignant pathology that develops when blood supply is impaired (lack of vitamin B12 in the body). With such a deficiency, the tissues of the nervous system and the bone marrow are most often at risk.
Not only the tongue becomes numb in patients, but also external symptoms appear. Its surface becomes shiny or becomes bright red. Patients feel excessive weakness, quickly tired, shortness of breath, severe dizziness, heart rhythm.
Numbness of the tongue is not an independent symptomand a consequence of serious illness. That is why you need to undergo a comprehensive examination by a doctor who will make the correct diagnosis and treatment. A timely visit to the doctor will help solve the problem and prevent a complete loss of taste.
Desensitization or numbness of tongue and lips indicate problems that develop in the body. The person immediately notices if the lips lose sensitivity or the tongue becomes numb.
What this means, and which diseases can manifest themselves by a decrease in taste, tactile sensitivity, it is best to find out from a doctor. But still there are certain features of this symptom. Thus, the tongue or lips can become numb gradually or almost instantly. Almost always, this symptom is accompanied by other signs of the disease, which makes it possible to facilitate the diagnosis.
Sensitivity is reduced due to violation of the innervation of the lips and tongue. Speaking about the fact that numbness of the tongue is a sign of what and which diseases may indicate, a number of factors should be noted: infectious, vascular, mechanical, etc. However, it is important to find out exactly what causes the disease and the lips and lips. The features of this symptom and the diseases in which it manifests itself will be discussed below.
Diseases that are not associated with the nervous system, but affecting it
Edema and numbness are possible in case of vascular pathologies leading to acute impairment of blood flow (transient ischemic attack, stroke). Также этот симптом проявляется при заболеваниях кровеносной системы, в частности анемии, связанной с недостатком vitamin b12.
If the lower or upper lip is swollen or the tongue is numb, this may be due to infectious-allergic processes - allergic manifestations, a simple virus. herpes.
Numbness after dental procedures
Those who are interested in why the language is numb, the causes of this phenomenon can be found in the recent conduct of any dental procedures with “wisdom teeth”. Rapid removal of the eighth teeth, especially if they have assumed a horizontal position, is difficult, using anesthesia.
Causes of numbness of the tongue may be associated with local anesthesia. Sensitivity on the one hand disappears for a while. If the sky goes numb, the reasons can also be associated with dental procedures. This manifestation is not dangerous, but can be repeated for up to six months, which is why a person feels discomfort. Treatment in this case is not required. However, a person should clearly know why the language becomes numb and that it is connected with dental procedures in order not to miss the development of serious diseases.
Heart and Vascular Diseases
One of the most serious reasons why the tongue and lips become numb is associated with the so-called "vascular catastrophe." Stroke - A disease from among those that occupy leading places in terms of mortality. Therefore, it is very important to know the symptoms of this terrible disease, among which are the numbness of the lips and tongue. The causes of this disease may be different. The signs are as follows:
- Paralysis and numbness of the right side or the left side of the face; one eye may be closed, the corner of the mouth may be lowered.
- Numbness of the left side of the body or the right side.
- There is no speech or is slurred.
- A person cannot move his leg and arm on one side or it is very difficult for him to do this.
- Coordination is broken.
- Possible manifestation of depression of consciousness.
Helping a person with such symptoms is needed very quickly: it is important that this be done within 6 hours from the onset of the attack. If adequate assistance is provided on time, there is a greater likelihood to restore speech and muscle function.
Conservative therapy is practiced in rehabilitation centers where recovery is carried out after a stroke. Also for recovery the following actions are important:
- Maintain normal limits blood pressure (not more than 140/90).
- Control of fluid intake - its amount per day should be 1.5-2 liters.
- ACE inhibitors are considered the drug of choice.
- Balanced diet.
- Glucose control, as with its index of more than 11-12 mmol / l, rehabilitation becomes more difficult.
- Preventive measures to prevent the formation of blood clots.
- Sedative treatment with the aim of providing psycho-emotional comfort.
When asked whether blue lips are a sign of what a disease, problems with the heart and blood vessels may also be the answer.
Migraine with aura
People who suffer migraine, often before the attack feel changes in the sense of smell, vision, hearing. Sometimes these are only short flashes - the appearance of lines before the eyes, numbness, tingling of the face. The aura appears one hour before the attack and completely disappears after the condition has normalized.
For the purpose of treating migraines, triptans are used, but the physician should select the form of the drug and its dosage. Those who often have a migraine, should reconsider their diet and abandon those products that can trigger headaches. These are cheese, chocolate, wine, canned food, etc. It is also important to prevent stressful situations as much as possible.
Idiopathic neuropathy of the facial nerve (Bell's palsy)
In rare cases (approximately 1-2%), after a medical examination, it is not possible to determine the causes of lip numbness. Often in this case, people complain of complete paralysis of the face or the fact that the face of the patient is numb. What to do in this case, the doctor will tell. Often idiopathic neuropathy develops as a consequence of cold, flu, and sometimes - the herpes simplex virus.
In most cases, patients with Bell's palsy recover without additional treatment, and the consequences for the nerves of the face is not observed.
If necessary, in-hospital treatment is provided with corticosteroid hormones, which are combined with antiviral therapy for 1-2 weeks.
It is also advisable to practice gymnastic exercises for the facial muscles. Recovery can take a long time, up to one year.
Recurrences of the disease are rare. But when they occur, it is necessary to additionally examine the brain in order to determine or exclude formations.
People suffering diabetes mellitus, often feels that they have numb upper lip, subject to violation of the application insulin. This symptom develops due to a decrease in blood glucose to 3 mmol / l and less. Symptoms hypoglycemiamay be as follows:
- cold and sticky sweat
- numbness of parts of the face and body
- trembling hands
- a sharp feeling of hunger.
With a decrease in glucose, a person feels bad, but to stop this phenomenon is easy. If there are signs of hypoglycemia, you should measure the level of glucose, for which you need to immediately eat about 20 grams of sugar, honey, caramel or other products that increase the level of glucose. Food with slow-release carbohydrates will not work. If signs of hypoglycemia, among which are numbness of parts of the body, are repeated often, you need to talk to your doctor about the possibility of adjusting the dosage of drugs taken by a diabetic.
Why the tip of the tongue is numb, and the reasons for the numbness of the lips may be associated with mental disorders. This symptom is combined with an increased heartbeat, a feeling of lack of air, from which a person feels anxiety. If the tip of the tongue becomes numb, what does this mean, doctors usually diagnose it by determining organic pathology. If such a cause of numbness of the tip of the tongue and other symptoms is not detected, then the patient is diagnosed "vascular dystonia". However, in fact, this condition is not a disease, but only a set of symptoms that are associated with psychological problems. Very often vegetative dystonia is a sign of a depressive state or a state of increased anxiety. That is why such a symptom should be treated by a psychotherapist.
If we are talking about vegetative disorders of a psychogenic nature, the following symptoms may occur:
- heart palpitations
- numb face, tongue tip, sky in mouth, limbs,
- increased sweating,
- irrational discomfort in different organs
- strong health concern on the part of the patient.
In this case, it is possible to determine why the tip of the tongue is numb in a person, and the doctor can make a correct diagnosis by first eliminating all possible diseases with similar symptoms. For the purpose of treatment, psychotherapy sessions and antidepressants are prescribed.
Hives suffer so many people. But sometimes this allergic manifestation is accompanied by damage to the deep layers of the skin. Then the patient can not only redden different areas of the skin, but also shows puffiness, tingling. Lost sensitivity. Sometimes suffering allergiesthe person notes that his cheek becomes numb, edema of the tongue appears, limbs, genitals, lips swell up. So manifested Quincke's edema or angioedema. A swollen tongue, laryngeal tumor can be life-threatening, as this makes it difficult for normal breathing. If time does not take action, it can happen asphyxia.
Angioedema is autoimmune, this process is triggered by exposure to an allergen. It is often difficult to determine exactly which substance caused such a reaction. Therefore, a study is conducted of the patient’s response to five different components:
- food and drugs,
- plant pollen, dust,
- insect bites and parenterally administered drugs,
- chronic diseases
If angioedema was confirmed. what to do, the doctor determines. He prescribes hormonal, antihistamine, anti-inflammatory, diuretic drugs.
If the disease is not treated, its symptoms linger for several days, after which they pass along with the discomfort. Every person who has been diagnosed with Quincke edema at least once should always have free access to antihistamine medications, corticosteroids and Epinephrineto stop the spread of edema to the larynx if necessary.
If a person has nausea, it may be due to an allergy to cold. True, the reasons why the tip of the nose goes numb may be associated with more serious problems. If the nose is numb with the nape of the head, this may indicate stroke.
The answer to the question of why a person goes numb or tongue may be other diseases. The tongue and lips sometimes become numb due to mechanical compression of the neoplasm. A tumor can develop in the brain, and then there is damage to the nerve centers that determine the sensitivity of a particular part of the body. Therefore, if a person becomes numb, the reasons must be clarified, and oncological alertness must occur. Although the numbness of the face with the IRR occurs quite often, but it is still important to eliminate more serious causes.
Determining the causes of facial numbness, the doctor must exclude neoplasms of the neck and head. Therefore, it is not worth long to think about what to do if the numbness of the right side of the face is constantly felt or the left side loses sensitivity. It is important to be examined as soon as possible.
You should be alert and in time to consult a doctor if your head becomes numb. The reasons for this may also be associated with a tumor. Therefore, numbness of the head, which appears regularly, is the reason for the visit to the doctor.
More rare causes, due to which the tongue becomes numb, the upper and lower jaw and even the teeth become numb are Lyme disease, sarcoidosis, oropharyngeal neoplasms, preeclampsiaas well as other diseases.
Only a specialist in a medical institution can carry out differential diagnostics. Therefore, it is important to determine the causes of numbness in the cheeks, lips, tongue as soon as possible.
For any symptom that has arisen that has not appeared before or is not typical for a healthy person, you should make an appointment with a neurologist, a dentist, an endocrinologist.
If the language goes numb, treatment should be comprehensive.
Homeopathic treatment usually begins after the correct diagnosis is established. It is important to know that numbness of the tongue is simply a symptom that may indicate the presence of another serious disease. Such therapy is prescribed depending on many factors:
- patient's appearance
- what symptoms accompany the disease
- psycho-emotional state
- body reactions of the patient.
When prescribing treatment should take into account the constitutional type. One of the main signs of homeopathy is not the disease itself, but the person who is being treated.
Even with the same diagnoses, each person is individually prescribed drugs. This approach contributes to the effectiveness of treatment. Homeopathy can be used as an auxiliary method, and in complex treatment.
Consider which drugs prescribed by doctors.
For the treatment of anxiety disorder, IRR, high nervous excitability prescribe these tools:
- "Nervoheel" (Nervoheel) is a composite homeopathic remedy, which is used in complex treatment as an auxiliary drug in drug alopathic therapy, acts as a sedative. It also helps with depression and cramps.
- Barite Carbonica. This remedy fits equally in adolescence and old age. It helps people who suffer from problems with blood circulation and nervous disorders.
When osteochondrosis take the following drugs:
- "Strontium Carbonica". Used in osteochondrosis of the neck, which is often the cause of numbness of the tongue.
- "Traumel C" is a homeopathic composite remedy for diseases of the joints, bones, neuralgia and osteochondrosis.
These drugs very effectively eliminate the causes of numbness of the tongue. To eliminate the symptoms, it is recommended to take:
- Natrium Muriatikum. It is used for tingling sensations on the lips, nose and tongue.
- “Laurocerasus” (Laurocerasus officinalis). Burning sensation in the tongue, feeling when the tongue seems to be cold or "wooden."
- "Cocculus Indus". Used for numbness of the tongue and face as well.
- Natrium Muriatikum. Tingling and numbness of the tongue, burning sensation, feeling of presence of hair on the tongue.
- "Gwaco" (Micania guaco) for language paresis.
- "Reum Palmatum" with numbness of the tongue.
Now we know why the language goes numb. The reasons we reviewed.
Manifestations and causes of language numbness
- Numbness of the tongue and lips. The problem occurs after mechanical injuries, with vascular and infectious diseases, including acute migraine, Bell's paralysis, anemia, hypoglycemia, tumors, after stroke.
- Tongue and hand numb. Most often, such numbness occurs during migraine attacks.
- Numbness and throat. The problem develops after severe or not cured inflammation of the oral cavity, larynx. Sometimes symptoms provoke malignant neoplasms of the larynx.
- Numb sky and language. Symptoms develop as a side effect after taking certain medications, as well as on the background of severe stress, depressed emotional state.
- Numb face and tongue. This occurs against a background of vascular and nerve diseases in the affected area. The cause is often Bell's palsy, multiple sclerosis, trigeminal neuralgia, damage to the maxillary, mandibular, and optic nerves.
Sometimes numbness does not develop due to illness, but after external exposure. For example, after dental anesthesia, excessive drinking, frequent smoking.