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Haworthia home care watering transplant reproduction

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Havrotia

Rod Khavortii (lat. Haworthias) belongs to the family of the Lille (Lat. Liliáceas), if you follow the classical classification, and phylogenetic havortia belongs to the asphodeal family (lat. Asphodelaceas).
This genus is very numerous. According to various estimates, Haworthia belongs to 70 - 90 species of plants endemic to South Africa. Since the plant belongs to the same family as Aloe, they live in about the same environment and are very similar in appearance. The genus of these plants is named after the botanist from England Adrian Hayworth. He named it so Henri Duval in 1809.

MB Bayer divided the genus Havorti into 3 subgenera, according to the structure of the flowers and the type of flowering:

  1. Haworthia (Latin Haworthia, it includes 45 species). This group includes the species: Haworthia zantneriana, Haworthia pulchella, Haworthia arachnoidea, Haworthia truncata, Haworthia retusa.
  2. Hexangulares (lat. Hexangulares, this species includes 17 species). This group includes Haworthia scabra,
  3. Haworthia coarctata, Haworthia venosa, Haworthia fasciata and Haworthia attenuata,
  4. Robustipendiculares (lat. Robustipedunculares, it includes 5 types). This group is represented by Haworthia pumila, Haworthia minima and Haworthia marginata.

Haworthia is a perennial succulent plant with an unassuming appearance, 3-10 cm in diameter. Plant height is less than 20 cm. Leaves of almost all species of havorti form rosettes. Most often the leaves are lanceolate, sometimes they are wrinkled. Sometimes they have transverse stripes on the reverse side. Some of them have longitudinal markings on their face that shine like windows.

Growing havortiya

How to grow havortiya, so sweet, almost exotic plant pleased us with its original appearance? It will be difficult to do this only if you spend little time with the plant and do not follow the basic rules of cultivation. If you follow the agricultural technique havortiya and provide it with maximum opportunities for development, you will get excellent results.

How to grow havortiya at home?

Types havortiya

First, I would like to highlight the type of plant that you will be most comfortable to grow.

Among these plants you can notice those species that were not previously expected to exist. This is what distinguishes a nice plant among others.

So, the most famous and popular types of havortiya.

Havortiya striped

Perennial herb that consists of dense basal rosettes and does not have a trunk. The leaves are distinguished by originality, and the almost exclusive appearance is given to them by convexity on the surface, merging into transverse strips of white. The upper part of the leaves of this species havorti smooth.

The flowering of striped havortiya is not particularly attractive, and there is no need for it when there is such a serious appearance.

Grow havortiu striped on the windowsill, observing farming practices

Havortia winding

In other words, just winding aloe, which is very different from the pot plant we used to see on our own windows. A small trunk, short leaves, bulges and even small "warts" - all this makes the plant even more unique.

Choosing havortiya winding for growing houses

Havortia mosaic

Chess havortia, as it is also called, is a practically stemless plant, which forms a rosette with very nice leaves. The spiral arrangement, interesting shape and tapering along the edges, outward curvature and incredible pattern on the surface are the main distinguishing qualities of the plant that will decorate your “garden on the windowsill” very simply.

Haworthia Mosaic - the perfect pot plant for your home

A huge number of species havortii can be considered for hours, and not only because of the large number, but also because the plants are very attractive and the time of their study flies by unnoticed.

In addition to the several species of plants indicated by us, we suggest that you pay attention to other equally interesting species of havortiya: Kavortia Adhesive, Limolistnaya, Reinvardt, Pearl, Terkovidnaya, Pauthoid and others.

Carefully studying each species, you will be very surprised, because some plants are so different from their relatives that it is impossible to attribute them to a single class like that.

Temperature for havortiya

What does our plant like? It turns out that the most suitable for havorti moderate temperature throughout the warm season. It is also noteworthy that our plant prefers serious drops during this period. If we talk about the winter period, the temperature of the content should seriously differ from the summer period (+ 22 + 26 ° С) and be set at + 11 + 12 ° С. But it is good that these are not marginal indicators, since chavortia is experiencing normally and a temperature of + 18 ° C.

Haworthia Lighting

The plant prefers good, even bright lighting, but not in direct sunlight. It would be most appropriate to place the plant on the east or west window, but it is very undesirable to place the flowerpot on the north side, as the havortiya quickly loses its decorative appearance.

Proper care of lavortia: lighting and temperature control

Watering and humidity for havortiya

Perhaps we start with moisture, and immediately say that the plant has no special requirements for this factor. The main thing is to constantly ventilate the room in the summer, and sometimes in the cold period, since the havortia needs clean and fresh air.

If you raise the issue of watering, then you will need prepared water, settled and soft. Watering will need to be done rarely, only to moisten the top layer of soil in a pot. In winter, watering can almost stop, moistening the soil about 1 time per couple of months.

Soil and fertilizer

It will be correct to use a special ground mixture for succulents for planting and growing havortiya, but you can always prepare a mixture yourself. You will need to take sand with brick dust, mix it with peat and humus, leaf and sod land.

Fertilizer is produced by a special compound, which can always be purchased at wildlife stores (fertilizer for succulents). It is necessary to bring together with watering, strictly in the summer, once a month.

Correct agricultural technology havortii: moisture, watering, soil quality and fertilizer for plants

Breeding havortiya

If we are talking about reproduction, then we recommend reproduction by affiliated rosettes - the easiest and most correct way. In this case, the sockets are neatly cut off or simply detached from the mother plant, but always with a part of the root system.

You can sit havortiya and individual sheets, which are cut off, powdered with ash or coal and dried for 2-3 days. Next comes planting in sand or loosened soil. The first watering after planting is only 15-20 days, when the cut will give roots.

Growing havortiya: planting, care, reproduction of ornamental plants

Although some types of havortiya are distinguished by certain claims to agricultural machinery, in practice we found out that there will be no problem to grow havortiya.

Haworthia kinds of photos and titles

Havortiya striped - the most demanded "home" look. It has a narrow, fleshy foliage (similar to aloe) with a length of 5-10 cm, the bottom of the leaf is littered with a large number of bright inclusions, forming transverse stripes. The diameter of the leaf outlet does not exceed 15 cm.

Other types of havortiya grown at home may be so different from the striped one that at first glance you will not even believe that they belong to the same genus. The most popular ones are:

Haworthia Cooper - miniature (only 2.5 cm long), with a light green ciliated foliage rosette.

Haworthia Pearl - reaches 8 cm in length, white, pearl chaotically located warts cover the foliage on both sides.

Type havortia navicular - named on the outlines of almost smooth foliage of a bluish-green color, with a rosette diameter of 8-10 cm, has a variegated (variegated) shape, which is highly valued in plant growing.

Havortiya limolistnaya - a very decorative look, having an external resemblance to a symmetrical star, with a wide sheet base and narrow tip, each leaf is painted in a dark green color, and golden stripes fill its entire length.

Haworthia Retuz (blunted) - with rigid 3-sided, folded over the top of the leaves, either pure green or reddish or brownish, up to 5 cm long, coated with transparent windows and light strokes.

Species havortia pearl-bearing - Its green foliage is covered with randomly located white growths.

Haworthia truncated - low (2 cm in height, 10 - in width), easily recognizable by rectangular foliage with a cross-section, while the ends of the sheets seem to be cut (truncated).

Species havortia reynvardta - on the contrary, a rather high appearance - up to 20 cm in length, with a characteristic difference from all the others, manifested in the fact that the triangular, slightly concave inward foliage with pointed ends and white growths grows from the shoot.

Haworthia Big Band

Highly decorative, long narrow linearly-pointed dark green leaves up to 5-10 cm long on the bottom side have bright white blotches forming stripes.

Haworthia marginata - endowed with very tough glossy foliage, as if cast from plastic.

Kind of havortia drawn - resembles a striped one, however, its white bulging foliage is replaced by white and green convex dots.

Haworthia terkovidnaya - similar to pearl-bearing, but its foliage is narrower, elongated, long pointed, and growths are smaller and thicker, especially from the bottom.

Havortia winding - has a 2.5-centimeter leaves, convex bottom, obliquely keeled, dark green, speckled with small growths.

Type havortia mosaic (chess) - with short pointed, thick, bent outward, with light transverse stripes of leaves, dazzling in the sun with a dark brown-green shade.

Haworthia dwarf (pygmy) - very interesting thick foliage on the upper surface is rough, which makes it similar to the cat's tongue.

Haworthia Maugani - as if not the most unusual of all the havortias, with a rosette formed by cylindrical sheets, at the ends of which there are transparent (and sometimes with a pattern) windows.

Haworthia care at home

It is easy to take care of home eating at home, as she, like all succulents, has an unpretentiousness. In nature, she prefers to grow in places sheltered from direct sunlight, and, therefore, in the apartment for her, it is necessary to ensure some shading - a shelf in the middle of the room with windows facing south is quite suitable.

If there is no shadow in the room, it is better to shade the windows, while at the same time it is impossible to create conditions of insufficient illumination, as the foliage will suffer from this.

Echeveria is a succulent plant that is easily grown for home care, the plant belongs to the Crass family and has a huge number of varieties and species. Recommendations for growing and care can be found in this article.

Watering havortiya

Watering plants should be moderate. It is impossible to prevent the stagnation of ground moisture - after the land is completely dried, it is watered 1 time in 5-10 days. Following the watering you need to drain the water from the pan.

This procedure requires distilled water, as salts that are part of the tap can destroy the root system. A prerequisite for each irrigation is to avoid the ingress of water on the foliage and in the central part of the outlet.

Soil for havortiya

The following components in equal proportions are applied to the soil mixture under the havortiya: clay-sod, leaf soil and sand. Also in the store you can buy ready-made substrate for succulents.

Drainage must be provided in the pot. If you add a brick that has been crushed to crumb, in addition to drainage, you can almost forget about moisture for the winter period of rest - 2 irrigations will suffice for a plant for 30 days.

Haworthia Transplant

It is recommended to transplant adult plants once in 2 years, in the springtime, but in the case of young stock, it is necessary to increase the frequency of the procedure - to perform it every year. When the roots begin to expand, the pot should be increased.

Since the roots are mostly on the surface, it is advisable to pick a low, wide pot. It should be noted that it will be easier for a plant to develop if its root system is somewhat cramped, therefore the pot for a couple of sizes is more inappropriate here. When planting do not need much to bury the roots!

Fertilizer for havortiya

Fertilizers for havortiya contribute monthly in the spring and summer. To do this, use a special solution for cacti or decorative leafy plants.

When soil overflows with mineral compounds, foliage may change color.

Trimming havortiya

In room conditions, flowering havorti rarely occurs. At the end of spring, adult specimens produce oblong flower stalks, which are not decorative, although, for example, in Haworia, the scaphoid flowering is quite beautiful. Nevertheless, experts advise to cut the flower stalks as soon as they appear, so as not to waste the reserves of the plant.

Moreover, some species die immediately after flowering. Interestingly, the better care for the havortia, the less often it blooms, and, if such a period has arrived, you need to wait for it to finish, and carefully remove the peduncle from the plant.

It is also possible to make a pollination of a flower in order to form seeds, which in the future will be useful for planting, however, it will take so much energy to ripen the seeds that this may result in the death of the plant.

Haworthia in winter

The optimum temperature is 15-20 in summer and 10-12 in winter. Lower temperatures will lead to the death of the plant. For the winter, it should be moved to cool (where there are no heating elements), but at the same time, to ensure an adequate level of lighting, otherwise during the period of rest the foliage will fade and lose its decorative qualities. Feed during rest is not worth it.

Under conditions of improper wintering, the root system may rot, then the plant should be removed from the pot, removed parts of the roots that rot, and transplanted into a new soil.

With the arrival of spring, the pot needs to be transferred to heat, and in the summer it should be placed on the balcony, but not in direct sunlight. In the fall, as soon as the temperature drops to 12-15 at night, bring it back to a warm room.

Haworthia seed reproduction

The third method - seed - is very difficult to implement, therefore only breeders are interested. The breeding procedure is best done in the spring, combining it with transplant.

Do not create a greenhouse for the plant, because if you cover it, it is likely to rot!

Diseases and pests

Havortia is extremely rarely ill, but such pests as the root scarlet and aphid occasionally cause her noticeable damage. For the appearance of the root worm is typical redness or yellowing leaves, and changing their shape.

Further spread of the pest is reflected by white flakes on the ground, at the edges of the pot and with a bloom similar to the wax.

Fighting it consists of several steps:

  1. You need to hermetically wrap the plant container with plastic wrap for a couple of days,
  2. Once in 14 days, the foliage should be treated with ethyl alcohol or calendula tincture,
  3. Additional processing - with the help of phytoverm, aktar, phozalona, ​​Intavira and the like - is performed 3-4 times, alternating drugs, with a frequency of 14-21 days.

In case of defeat by aphids leaves gradually dry and curl. It is possible to cope with this pest only by using chemical means, such as Actellic, and the aqtar and Intavir mentioned above.

Treatment involves 3-4 treatments with an interval of 10-12 days, also with alternating insecticides. To prevent aphid attacks, a plant can be sprayed once per 7 days with an infusion of onion or tobacco ash.

If a Haworthia suddenly stopped growingIt means that the air temperature is too low. It is worth noting that for the rest period this is quite a normal phenomenon, but if we are talking about the growing season, the temperature in the room must be raised.

Description of the plant, its origin

Haworthia is a small plant originally from Africa. It contains about 150 species and belongs to succulents.

Succulents are representatives of the plant world, having the ability to accumulate water (eg, cacti, aloe).

In the wild, havortia grows on dry, sandy or rocky slopes, preferring shade from other, higher plants. Fleshy leaves form a rosette. Height - about 12 cm in an adult.

Haworthia, like all succulents, has the ability to accumulate water in fleshy tissues.

The leaves are dense, fleshy, rigid, rough, with growths, their appearance and surface depend on the variety (some have pronounced, others have almost inconspicuous tubercles). Некоторые виды имеют листья с прозрачными зонами, через которые внутрь проникает свет. Окраска — от тёмно- до светло-зелёного. Стебель отсутствует или очень короткий. Цветонос — до 90 см в длину, цветы мелкие, не привлекающие внимания, розовато-белые или зеленоватые.

It is interesting! Своё имя Хавортия получила благодаря учёному Эдриану Хаворту.

Some species of havortiya are aloe-like. However, havortiya forms a lot of kids, but aloe - no. It is possible to distinguish as follows: on the lower side of the leaf, havortia has a clearly palpable edge, from the top, roughness, in aloe, it has smooth and even leaves.

Outwardly, havortia looks like aloe

At home, havortia multiplies quickly, in the care of unpretentious, but rarely blooms.

How to transplant

  1. Suitable plastic packaging, wide and shallow. In too large a pot, the plant will develop the root system to the detriment of the ground part, and in a very small “house”, the havoria leaves are crushed.

A havortiya pot should be wide and shallow.

Drainage holes in the bottom of the pot will protect the plant from stagnant moisture in the soil

If damaged roots are found during transplantation, they should be cut off.

After transplanting havortiya requires moderate watering.

How to create a mix of succulents

Haworthia looks great in company with other succulents. For the base of an unusual garden, a wide glass tank is suitable. It needs to be sanitized, fill the bottom with a layer of drainage. Priming:

  • garden and leaf land,
  • sand,
  • activated carbon (protects against mold).

For decoration, you can add stones, artificial elements, etc. Carefully plant the succulents in a pre-designed composition. A little water, then moisten the soil about once a month.

Succulents in an open florarium can be an unusual element of home decor.

Hawortia needs moderate watering once a week in the summer season, once every 2-3 weeks in the winter. The signal for the next wetting is topsoil dry. Water should not get inside the outlet.

Hawortia reacts with excess leaves to the withering leaves; excess water can even lead to the death of the flower.

Succulent is absolutely indifferent to air humidity. Spray havortiu should not be, but you can occasionally wipe the dust on the leaves with a damp cloth.

Fertilize havortiu only in spring and summer. Enough 1 time per month. Excess nutrients can change leaf color. A poor fertilizer solution is suitable for cacti and succulents or for ornamental plants.

Fertilizer for succulents Agricola is suitable for feeding havortiya

Haworthia is bred primarily because of the unusual leaves, but the flowers almost do not bear its decorativeness - they are small, dull and inconspicuous. In addition, havortia at home rarely blooms. If the peduncle still appeared - as a rule, it occurs in late spring - early summer, it is recommended to cut it, because the flowering weakens the plant very much.

Haworthia flowers have no decorative value.

Rest period

In autumn and winter, the plant is in a dormant period. He needs to provide an air temperature of about 10–12 ° C, stop feeding, water 2 times a month, or even less. The place should also be lit and covered from direct sunlight.

If the temperature for havortiya is uncomfortable, the plant itself will tell the owner about it - the leaves begin to darken and rot.

How to propagate havortiu

  1. During transplantation in the spring, children should be carefully separated from the main plant.

Babies havortiya need to carefully separate the transplant

So that there are no voids in the ground, you need to knock a little on the pot

Processing the planting material with a fungicide will prevent it from rotting

You can also use havortiya seeds purchased in stores or on the Internet. However, this method is costly and time consuming, used only by breeders.

Flower grower reviews

Haworthia is suitable for those who sometimes forget to water the flowers, because he comes from arid countries and can keep water in the stem and leaves for a long time. Beautiful, lush green, rough leaves bribed me with their beauty. On the kitchen window sill, in the zone of direct exposure to the rays of the sun, the plant began to wither quickly, and the leaves rot and fall. After transplanting to another flower pot, for cacti, I left it in the bathroom in the washing machine. And what do you think? Juicy greens, new shoots just filled the pot, I had to plant.

Gardekja

http://otzovik.com/review_820753.html

I like it so much that I talk to him, it does not bother me in the care, it grows very slowly, who grows - he knows. I heard that it can even bloom occasionally, but that didn’t surprise me.

Clarice

http://irecommend.ru/content/vot-nichego-s-khavortiei-osobogo-ne-delayu-tolko-razgovarivayu-i-polivayu-ona-rastet-foto

Beautiful plant, completely unpretentious in the care. Looks great on the desktop near the computer or on the windowsill. Beautiful lively joy.

Siderted

http://otzyv.expert/ekzotika-na-okne-1385279

How to make a garden out of succulents - video

Haworthia was quite unpretentious in the care. A variety of species will allow almost any gardener to choose a plant for the soul. And if you make a mix of succulents, you can bring a unique charm to the interior of the apartment.

What is this plant?

Haworthia is a perennial plant, characterized by small growth. We can say that it is a shrub without a trunk or with a small trunk. In adulthood, can reach 12 cm in height. Many species are characterized by short-stemmed stalks, well branched. They also often have child sockets and side shoots.

The leaves of the plant are convex at the bottom. They are hard, leathery, fleshy. Often they have a triangular shape. They may be blunt, elongated, or cut at the end. Often they are characterized by a warty surface with a large number of hillocks. They form the transverse rows. The color may be dark green with blue, it may also have brownish tones.

In some species, the transparent epidermis, under which there is aquiferous tissue. Such sockets can form sods, which consist of scions. Blossom does not represent special value. The flowers have a cylindrical shape, they are characterized by 6 petals, which grow together at the bottom. They have a greenish-white or pale pink color.

How to transplant?

The pot should be chosen wide, but not too deep. After transplanting the soil should be covered with gravel. Pay attention that havortia will feel great in the event that the soil is created in the form of a hill. Watering can be carried out at the edges, because the plant takes a little time to adapt to a new place.

Abundant watering during planting can lead to rotting of the horse system. It should be transplanted in spring.

If the ground is too wet and there is stagnation of water in the pot, then the plant should be pulled out and remove all dead roots. You can also cut the lower part of the stem if rotting takes place on it.

When and why to do it?

Havortia should be transplanted as needed when the pot becomes too tight.

Young plants need to be transplanted every year by 2-3 times. Transplantation is best done in the spring, in March. The plant does not need a large pot. But you should pay attention to the drainage layer, since it is he who ensures good growth due to the fact that it does not allow water to stagnate.

Khavortiyam suitable mixture of leaf earth and turf, sand, peat and humus. You can also add brick chips in small quantities. Often use the purchase mix for succulents and cacti.

Soil for havortiy should absorb moisture in an excellent way, without delaying it. It should be porous, loose and not compacted. When wet, it should allow the roots to breathe. All these requirements are met by a mixture of 4 parts of the earth and 6 parts of a baking powder.

The baking powder is fine gravel. However, you can also choose expanded clay, perlite, pumice stone, charcoal, brick, foam plastic. For the roots suitable nutritional mixture, which must be different sand particles.

Below is a video about transplanting gravel:

The tank should be low, wide and shallow. If it is too overall, the plant will begin to develop in depth, not up. A cramped pot can cause leaves to shrink.

Transplantation as a breeding stage of havortiya is carried out in stages:

  1. Take a wide, shallow container. It must be round so that the succulent roots can develop normally.
  2. The soil should be neutral or alkaline. Sour in no case be used. In its composition, it should have sand, leaves, turf ground.
  3. Since the plant does not like stagnant water, good drainage is needed. At the bottom of the pot holes are made, which will regulate the amount of moisture.
  4. The plant after pulling out of the pot should be inspected. The presence of damaged and dry roots suggests that they need to be cut, and the places of the cuts treated with charcoal.
  5. After transplanting into a new container, the plant needs to be watered.

Care after transplant

After transplantation or reproduction, havortiyu need to determine the place where direct sunlight does not fall. The optimum temperature of the content in the summer is from 15 to 25, and in winter within 10-12 degrees.

Watering is important to carry out 1-2 times a week, but we should not allow the water to fall into the center of the bush. With excessive watering the roots will begin to rot, which can lead to the death of havortiya.

It is necessary to fertilize this succulent once a month. At the same time, you can use fertilizers for ornamental plants or a weak solution of mineral fertilizers.

Conditions for growing havortiya house

In the homeland of plants, in Africa, succulents grow almost everywhere and do not require special care.

However, for the normal adaptation of the flower in an unusual environment, he needs to create suitable living conditions.

Pay special attention to the place in which the pot will stand, the amount of light in it and the temperature.

Indoor light

In its natural conditions, the flower tries hide from hitting sunlight, which can very easily harm him and cause severe burns on the surface of the leaflets. From strong illumination havortia can dry out and die.

It is best to put a flower pot in the west or east of the apartment, in these places the light will have time to disperse until it hits the surface of the foliage. In the north, the flower may suffer from a lack of light, because of this slowing of development is possible. Often the lack of growth can be explained precisely wrong pot location.

Air humidity and room ventilation

Plant easy adapts even to the most adverse conditions, dry air will not be able to prevent havortiya from developing and blooming normally. But high humidity can have a very detrimental effect on it, and this applies to all varieties of the flower, especially striped havortiya.

Care at home for this and other varieties is, first of all, the creation of a comfortable indoor microclimate.

There are several important rules for caring for a flower:

  • You can not spray the foliage from the spray. To wash away the accumulated dust, just wipe them with a damp sponge or cloth.
  • Do not allow moisture in the foliage.
  • The optimal frequency of airing the room in which the flower pot stands is once every 4–5 days for literally 1–2 hours, depending on the season.
  • The plant is afraid of drafts, so it should be put in a place protected from strong air currents.

If you follow these rules, the flower will develop properly and timely bloom in your apartment. Like any home plant, havortiya requires mineral bait.

Mineral Fertilizer Schedule

The best time to make all sorts of nutrient mixes is the period from early spring to mid-autumn. Best used for this. finished complexes of mineral substances, which are sold in a large assortment in all specialty stores.

Fertilize flower need together with watering, but this can be done no more than once every 4 weeks, in order not to overpower the soil with minerals. Haworthia loves the uniformity and balance of the soil. When the flower goes into sleep mode (in winter), fertilizer is not necessary.

Transplanting and picking a pot

Replant the plant you need necessarily, do it very carefully and carefully. This process is slightly different from a similar procedure for other plants, so all the nuances must be taken into account and studied in advance.

The suitable season for transplanting is spring, at this very time the leaves and stems are the strongest, and it is easier for the flower to adapt to new conditions. The main task of the grower is to apply the least stress to the plant. Repotting is recommended only to those havortiyam, which the old pot has ceased to have in size.

Choosing a pot, you should pay attention to the round containers, whose width is greater than the height. At the base should be right organized drainage pad.

The soil is formed from the following components:

  • turf,
  • crushed dry leaves,
  • sand,
  • brick baby.

Brick perfectly absorbs excess fluid, makes the earth more airy and porous, acts as a moisture regulator.

In order to replenish the supply of nutrients in the soil in the process of transplantation, they add to it mineral fertilizers, and drainage from dried flowers is put on the bottom of the tank. To the roots of the flower evenly grew in a new pot, they are placed strictly in the center.

After the correct arrangement of the roots in the pot, the flower should be filled with soil substrate. Roots do not need to bury deep, it is better to leave them near the surface of the earth, so that they breathe normally and get the right amount of moisture during each irrigation.

A few days after transplantation, you may have to fill up some more soil, if the soil layer is significantly settled and compacted.

The most important rule of transplant havortiya is protecting its roots from accidental damage. If by negligence cause them even the slightest harm, in the future it can lead to diseases and even death of the plant.

Popular species

The most popular species of havortiya has long been decorated with window sill growers. Due to their diminutiveness, they can be diluted in city apartments, without thinking about the lack of space, and if you do not spare time, then you can not take your eyes off the variety of colors in the collection.

Haworthia scaphoid

Haworthia cymbiformis has conquered the world due to its remarkable qualities - it is beautiful, unpretentious in care, it reproduces very easily. Even in a small pot (with a diameter of not more than 7 cm) the flower quickly gives shoots and babies, and the babies are immediately with roots. Due to this feature, the plant forms rather large curtains. The leaves of the flower are light green, wide at the bottom and sharply pointed at the top. Short leaves are like a rook. The flowers are small, white shades, form an inflorescence on a short peduncle. Hawortia scaphoid often called - "havortia for beginners."

Haworthia Pearl

Rather common view. It has dark green leaves up to 7 cm long, about 2.0-2.5 cm wide. The edges of the leaves are dotted with short spikes of white color. The bush resembles a green flower, into which the pearls are scattered, hence the second name - “pearl-bearing”. Pale greenish flowers on a short peduncle are not at all interesting in appearance.

Haworthia Retuz

Haworthia Retuzay variegata

Also applies to very popular varieties. Haworthia Retuz is very interesting in appearance - on a dense basis there are many small (no more than 5 cm) triangular, folded back leaves. Color katinok very diverse, there are even red varieties (to brown). Due to the multitude of translucent “windows”, the plant looks interesting and attractive.

Haworthia Limifolia

Haworthia limypolia, or sternum leaf, is very similar to pearl-bearing, but its leaves are much longer (up to 9 cm). The shape of the sheet - strongly pronounced tapering at the ends and not a particularly pronounced pattern, which is mainly inside the curtain. This makes lymifolia unusual.

Havortiya mix

Despite a separate name, the havortia mix is ​​not a view, but a way of landing in a tank. The collection of dwarf succulents, planted together in one pot, looks amazing and very decorative.

Haworthia Reinward

Densely pressed to the stem, up to 12 cm high, the leaves form a very unusual form of the plant. It looks like a spike or braided spit. Large growths are formed in comfortable conditions and make the flower chic. It can throw a very long peduncle with small flowers - asterisks.

Haworthia Attenuatus

Forms curtains of dense sockets. Each rosette is formed by 30-35 leaves, long enough (up to 8 cm), but not wide. Young leaves tend upwards, older ones bend. A very interesting pattern on the surface of leaves, which distinguishes this subspecies from others: on the upper side of the leaf are longitudinal lines of tubercles, on the lower side - transverse. Blossoms tubular greenish flowers, collected in a brush.

Havortiya limolistnaya

This subspecies has a unique pattern: all the warts merge into solid lines on both sides of the leaf, the resulting pattern is reflected mirror.

Household care at home

The plant is unusually unpretentious and very grateful to the care at home, especially - competent.

It is quite possible to use the purchase of soil for succulents, but the plant will thank for the quality substrate, compiled independently.

Для этого взять:

  • глинисто-дерновую землю – 1/3,
  • листовую землю – 1/3,
  • песок — 1/3.

Все хорошо перемешать и добавить компонент, всасывающий влагу и повышающий рыхлость и пористость грунта (например, кирпичную крошку).

In nature, the plant does not like open spaces, scorched by the sun. In our latitudes, for a sunny place on the western and eastern windowsill, the flower will say “thank you”. Semi-darkness on the north side, if it does not destroy havortiu, then it will completely deprive it of its decorativeness.

Side shoots

To do this, carefully cut off a small shoot without roots, place it in a flat container with a wet substrate and provide a "greenhouse" for rooting. A similar way - reproduction "kids." A daughter with little roots is also rooted easily.

Cut the leaf, put it in a warm place for 48 - 72 hours for drying. Place the dried leaf in the sand, cover (make a greenhouse) for rooting. When the first roots appear, transplant tiny havortiya into the soil.

Surprisingly, it is quite possible to grow havortii from seeds. For this:

  • prepare a special soil (for example: vermiculite, perlite, ceramis, sand, soil for succulents and dolomite flour (very little),
  • place the substrate in wide and flat containers,
  • press the seeds into the prepared substrate,
  • tighten the seeded containers with food film,
  • place containers in a not very hot, semi-dark place,
  • when seedlings appear, move crops to bright light or provide illumination,
  • if the seedlings are under artificial lighting - provide them with greenhouse conditions,
  • dive neatly, pre-dried soil.

Possible problems with growing

Unfortunately, despite the simplicity, havortii can be capricious. For example:

  • with an excess or late application of fertilizers, the leaves change their natural color,
  • at too low temperature and humidity - the leaves rot,
  • with high temperature and dry air (on a heated window-sill) - the tips of the leaves dry and curl,
  • when the air is too moist the leaves wither.

Proper care at home will allow for a long time to enjoy the healthy look of this exotic and beautiful plants.

Mealybug

Mealybugs (furry lice) - so named for their white, like cotton, selection. When this pest appears, the flower suffers, completely retards its growth.

To control pests, it is necessary to treat the plant with insecticides. The best insecticides "Aktara", "Aktellik", "Mospilan". Processing is carried out according to the instructions, twice. If the roots are damaged, it is necessary to remove the plant from the substrate, rinse the root system and lower the roots into the insecticide solution for a few minutes. After treatment, the plant is transplanted into a new pot with a fresh substrate.

If all the rules of agricultural technology are observed, excellent havortias will not only delight their owners with exquisite and diverse beauty, but also improve the psychological climate at home. This guest from the warm countries has a tremendous positive energy.

Pot and soil

The pot can be any, but still it is best to choose a small and round one, since in a square the root system can start to rot, because the shoots will have to bend in an unnatural way. It is not recommended to choose excessively deep containers, give preference to low ones. At the bottom should lay a layer of full drainage.

As for the soil, then ready store composition for succulents, in which you can add a small amount of sand. Acid substrates with a pH below 5.5-6 do not tolerate the plant, but feel comfortable in weakly alkaline or neutral soils with a pH of about 7-7.5. The mixture can be prepared with your own hands from turf and horticultural lands, as well as coarse sand. Some recommend adding peat, but don't do it. In any case, in the earth should be no more than half of organic matter, otherwise the rapid acidification will begin.

Hawortia loves light, but it is better to protect it from direct sunlight, especially at the peak of sun activity. You can place the pot on the east or west window. In the shade, the plant will also grow, but inactive, having lost its decorative qualities.

Humidity is not particularly important, it can be both high and low, and regularly spray the leaves is optional.

Temperature

The optimum summer temperature is 25-27 degrees, although the plant will tolerate higher values ​​if the heat is short. At night, coolness is desirable, at this time the temperature should drop to 18-20 degrees. During the rest period, which coincides with winter, lower temperatures are required, ranging from 8-10 degrees.

Tip: Although some species withstand low temperatures, it is still advisable to avoid critical lows (below 15 degrees in summer and less than 5 in winter), as they may adversely affect the shape of the outlet.

The abundance of moisture havortiya is not required, on the contrary, it prefers moderation, as it grows in nature in dry places. Watering should be done after complete drying of the topsoil. During the period of active growth, this can be done every seven or ten days in bright light. With a lack of light, the frequency should be reduced. Winter comes to rest, and at this stage the flower should be watered even less often - once a month. Make sure that the water does not fall into the outlet itself, as in the leaf sinuses, it is harmful.

Tip: for irrigation, it is desirable to use soft defended water.

Fertilize the plant should be only in the summer warm period once or twice a month, using liquid formulations for succulents. But the dose should be reduced by half. In addition, it is desirable to dilute the fertilizer so that the solution turns out to be unconcentrated.

Transplants are carried out regularly as havortiya grows. It is advisable to “relocate” a young plant annually, and an adult - once every two or three years. In this case, choose a pot that is slightly larger than the previous one in size, but shallow.

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