In order for the potato to retain its qualities throughout the winter, you first need to make the right choice. Many believe that absolutely all varieties are subject to storage, but this is a delusion. Leave for the winter season can only be medium and late ripened tubers. Early maturing ones have excellent taste, but they remain maximum until September-November, and then they begin to quickly germinate and rot.
Provide extended shelf life and proper preparation.
- Firstly, all tubers need to be sorted out in order to remove badly damaged and affected pests. Also having loose skin that exposes the skin of the skin or sprouts, even small ones.
- Secondly, it is desirable to clean the potatoes from the clods of the earth, as they can be insects and pathogenic microorganisms.
- Thirdly, the tubers need to be dried well, because humidity will inevitably lead to the formation of mold. To do this, place them in a ventilated place or in the open air and leave for some time, so that all excess moisture will evaporate. And if there are slight damages on the peel, they will drag on on their own, you just need to spread the potatoes for a week or two and store in this form at a temperature of about 15-18 degrees and high humidity.
Tip: for long-term storage throughout the winter, it is better to leave medium-sized tubers. The large ones are kept somewhat less, as they eventually begin to form voids. But it is better to leave a soft or rotting potato left for early use.
To extend the shelf life you need to ensure optimal conditions:
- The most exciting question is at what temperature the potatoes are stored. The optimal performance is 2-4 degrees above zero. With an increase, germination begins, and with a decrease - freezing.
- Illumination should be zero, since the light produces substances that spoil the potatoes and even make it inedible.
- Humidity should be at the level of 85-90%.
How to store potatoes in the winter? First you need to choose a suitable place in which optimal conditions will be created.
There are several options:
- The best option is a cellar, because in it it is simple to maintain suitable humidity and temperature conditions. But there is no such storage at all.
- You can also store potatoes in the basement, if, of course, there is no boiler room in it.
- Gazebo. The temperature in it in the winter period is close to the optimum, so it is quite possible to put the container with potatoes here, protecting it from light.
- Closet or pantry. Of course, in such rooms the temperature is quite high, but still they are often not heated and remain the only possible options for residents of city apartments.
- Unheated room in an apartment or private house. If there is one, then the tubers can be left for the winter just here. Moreover, you have the possibility of natural cooling by opening the window or using the ventilation function, which almost all plastic double-glazed windows are equipped with.
- Practiced storage in the pit. Its depth can be from 1.5 to 2 meters, and depending on the volume of potatoes. Place straw or hay on the bottom, then potatoes (the top layer should be at least a meter below the surface), then pour in the sand, and above the ground. But it is important to choose a plot with dense and dry soil without groundwater.
You can store potatoes in different containers. So, many leave it in boxes. They can be wooden or plastic, but they must have holes for the potatoes to be ventilated. You can make containers yourself from the boards, connecting them together with nails.
Another option is storage in bags, for example, in canvas. In such a container also preserve the natural circulation of air. If there are few potatoes, and other stocks will not be stored in the room, then it can be laid out directly on the floor, having previously covered it with straw or covered with sawdust.
Now a few words about the correct placement of the container. First, it must be lifted from the floor or the ground to avoid freezing of the lower layers. To do this, use coasters or pallets, and under them you can put hay or warm clothes. Secondly, to maintain natural circulation, leave space between the tanks. You can also place straw between them (if you put containers or boxes on top of each other, then do not fill them completely). Third, cover the top with dry grass.
Tip: In one container, fold the potatoes in a layer, the thickness of which should not exceed 1-1.5 meters. If it is thicker, it will interfere with the access of oxygen to the tubers located in the middle, and also lead to the deformation of the lower potatoes.
Finally, some useful tips that will extend the shelf life and avoid spoiling potatoes:
- If possible, cool the potatoes gradually so that they become accustomed to conditions that will become permanent during storage. Ideally, you should start at about 17-18 degrees and lower the temperature by a degree every day, bringing it to 3-4. Under such conditions, all the metabolic processes occurring inside almost stop, and the tubers seem to fall asleep, which ensures the safety of all properties.
- If the temperature drops, it can lead to freezing of tubers, due to which they lose some of the properties and get a sweetish taste. To avoid such consequences, cover the potatoes with warm clothes or straw.
- To avoid damage to the crop, periodically reassemble it, removing the tubers that started to rot. This will avoid the global spread of mold and preserve most of the volume.
- It is advisable to ventilate the room or organize ventilation in it, which will help remove excess moisture and avoid the formation of mold.
- If the humidity is elevated, then it can be forced to be lowered, for example, by placing several containers of flour in the storehouse, not slaked lime or starch. To increase the rate of space placed with water.
- Under optimal conditions, high-quality potatoes are stored for about 6-8 months, so before the expiration of this period the crop should be consumed.
- Before placing potatoes, the room must be well ventilated and preferably sanitized in order to destroy the pathogenic microorganisms living in it.
- Do not store potatoes with other vegetables, with the exception of beets.
- Some plants, such as spruce, mountain ash, elder, fern, can protect the crop from rot. Sprigs can be expanded around the perimeter of the vault and in the tank.
Let the potatoes remain tasty and healthy!
How to choose potatoes
It should be noted that not all tubers are suitable for long-term storage. We will understand what you should pay attention to when selecting potatoes.
First of all, you need to visually inspect the harvest, since most of the "potato diseases" have external manifestations:
- Do not buy tubers that have green or sprouted areas, this indicates a high content of solanine. This substance is toxic and even in small quantities causes great harm to our body,
- inspect the peel - it should be tight, smooth, without visible damage. Large grooves filled with earth is an indicator that the harvest was eaten by the larvae of the May beetle. Brown spots on the skin are characteristic of the disease (scab), and small holes indicate a defeat by the wireworm,
- the most insidious disease can be called late blight, because it has no external manifestations. Outside, the tubers look healthy, and inside they find blackened flesh. If you buy a large batch of potatoes, cut several tubers before purchasing to make sure there is no blight,
- dense skin - a characteristic feature of ripe fruit. The thicker the skin is, the more likely it is that the tubers will last until spring,
- potatoes must be clean and dry, without traces of soil. Tubers with sticky ground were collected in rainy weather and absorbed excess moisture, so they will not be left for a long time,
- To find out how much fertilizer was used in growing the crop, you can nail off a small patch of peel. If there was a crash, then the root crop was grown in environmentally friendly conditions. If there is no cod, and moisture oozes from the tuber, then the potato contains a lot of nitrates. When the nail easily pierces the peel and sinks into the pulp, as if in cotton wool, this indicates the use of nitrogen and mineral fertilizers.
In addition to the visual inspection of potatoes, you should consider a few rules:
- do not chase size. Despite the fact that large potatoes are easier to clean, medium tubers are suitable for winter storage - they have more nutrients,
- potatoes that have been dug recently will not be suitable for long-term storage. Before laying the root crop for storage, it needs to be allowed to “lie down” for several weeks. Before you buy, check if the potatoes have lain for a while or brought directly from the field.
- for long-term storage, mid-season and late varieties are suitable, which are harvested in August and September - such varieties are less susceptible to diseases,
- do not buy new potatoes in reserve, no matter how tempting the prospect of eating them in the winter. Thin scaly skin is characteristic of immature root crops, they will not be stored for a long time.
Speaking about the choice of potatoes, it is impossible not to say a few words about its varieties. Today there are more than 4 thousand varieties of potatoes, differing in terms of ripening, yield, resistance to diseases and pests, as well as by appointment in cooking.
The classification of potato varieties by destination is based on the starch content. If you buy mesh-packed potatoes in a supermarket, pay attention to the label. Varieties are grouped and denoted by Latin letters:
- A - potatoes with a minimum content of starch, it does not boil soft and is suitable for salads and soups,
- B - poorly boiling soft varieties, often used for making chips,
- С - medium-mealy potato, strongly boiled soft, good for deep-frying,
- D - very mealy varieties, suitable for casseroles and mashed potatoes.
Slightly starchy varieties that do not boil soft and keep their shape well include potatoes with red and pink skinned. For mashed potatoes suitable round tubers with white skin and pulp - they will be crumbly and tender. For frying and salads, choose oblong specimens of yellowish and brown with a yellow core.
Today on the shelves you can find varieties of modern breeding - black, purple, blue and other multicolored potato tubers. The brighter the color, the greater the content of antioxidants and other nutrients.
Having bought several varieties for storage for the winter, you will provide yourself with potatoes for preparing various dishes.
After a high-quality potato is selected, you need to learn how to store it properly. First of all, the tubers must be sorted:
- for a long time take medium-sized potatoes, without damage and diseases, well ripened and dried,
- for medium term storage selected the largest tubers. They will lie until about the middle of winter, then their taste will deteriorate, and in the tubers there may be “voids”,
- for the near future - damaged and small tubers, they will be the first to go for cooking.
After sorting, go to the tab for storage of potatoes. It is no secret that the best storage facility is the cellar, but in urban areas very few people can boast of its presence. Find out how to store potatoes in the apartment and what you should pay attention to.
Humidity and temperature
The first question arises from housewives: at what temperature to store potatoes? The optimal conditions will be the temperature from 0 to +5, humidity 80-90% and the presence of ventilation. When the temperature rises, the tubers begin to germinate quickly and become useless. At low temperatures, the potato freezes, becomes sweet and tasteless.
The desired temperature can be achieved by placing the tubers on the balcony, in the basement, storage room, pantry, garage or in a dark unheated room.
For storage of potatoes use wicker baskets, linen bags, wooden boxes or plastic containers with air vents. As a heater used foam, sintepon or old things. The storage container is placed on a stand, for example, on a wooden pallet or bricks. To ensure ventilation, tanks do not move close to the wall.
To maintain optimum humidity, potatoes are poured with straw or sawdust, covered with burlap or matting, and the room is regularly ventilated.
In the spring, if the temperature outside increases significantly, the room is aired at night, forcing cold air, and the potatoes are cooled with ice water bottles.
Do not forget to periodically pick potatoes harvested for the winter. Even one "problematic" root vegetable can ruin the entire stock.
Light is detrimental to potatoes: it provokes the formation of solanine, which, as mentioned above, is very toxic to humans. Therefore, potatoes are stored in a dark place. Bags and baskets are covered with a dark cloth, boxes can be covered with sheets of plywood.
Another important question: how much can you store potatoes? It all depends on the temperature and grade:
- late varieties at a temperature of 0 ... + 4 ℃ and observance of other conditions lie up to 10 months,
- with + 5 ... + 7 ℃ - about 6-7 months,
- at + 7 ... + 10 ℃ - about 3-4 months,
- at room temperature, new potatoes and early varieties will last up to 2-3 weeks, late varieties up to 1-2 months.
Many housewives are interested in: is it possible to store potatoes in the refrigerator? Despite the temperature in the fridge (+5 ℃), mature potatoes quickly become raw and sprout. In the vegetable compartment such potatoes can lie for about 1 week, and new potatoes, wrapped in a paper bag - about 3 weeks.
Potato storage tips
Experienced housewives have their own secrets that allow them to keep stocks of potatoes for a long time. We share some of them:
- plants that produce phytoncides help the potatoes to not deteriorate longer. Tubers shift with fresh leaves of mountain ash, spruce or pine branches,
- dry bitter wormwood protects well from rot, snyt ordinary, elder and fern, they pave the tubers,
- potatoes will be better kept if they are put onion peel,
- to delay the germination of potatoes, mint is added to it,
- Potatoes and ginger are well kept together, both root vegetables benefit from this,
- interfere with the germination of potatoes, absorbing moisture, halves of apples put in a box with potatoes,
- To prevent rotting, potatoes can be poured with mashed garlic. 100 g of potatoes is enough 100 g of garlic,
- To reduce moisture, beetroot is added to potatoes, they get along well together,
- for 2-3 weeks you can keep the potatoes at room temperature, if you put up to 30 kg of tubers in a plastic bag and tightly tie it.
We wish you success and hope that our advice will be useful to you. And what are the secrets of proper storage of potatoes do you have?
How to store potatoes?
Today, potatoes take the leading place in the world after cereals as a food crop. Potatoes are more than a thousand varieties adapted for cultivation in different climatic conditions on different continents. However, for year-round use in food and reproduction, the culture needs long-term storage. Properly prepared potatoes, in specially equipped storage facilities, can be successfully stored for up to 8-10 months. In this article we will tell you how to properly save your or purchased potatoes.
How to store potatoes. © Kelli
Terms of harvesting potatoes for winter storage
Growing up potatoes in their households, gardeners often break in bushes with young potatoes or harvest them early for daily use.
For winter storage, early collection does not guarantee its good preservation. Keep only well-ripened tubers, which requires the following measures.
- The crop of potato tubers begins to form when the lower leaves of the tops are drying out. Maturation is about 3-4 weeks. During this period, the tops dry and die, and in the tubers starch and other substances accumulate, giving an individual taste and aroma to each variety.
- 1-2 weeks before harvesting dry tops mown. Potatoes are left in the ground for ripening. The potato is covered with a thick, hardened skin, forms dry eyes.
- They start digging up potatoes in dry sunny weather so that the tubers can dry out in the sun, and after processing they are still in the shade for some time.
- In warm regions, potatoes ripen completely in the ground, and in colder regions, it is more practical to determine the time of digging according to weather conditions.
- Ранние сорта картофеля убирают в июле-начале августа, средние — с 10-15 августа до конца месяца. Поздние — в третьей декаде августа – первой половине сентября. Дольше хранить картофель в земле непрактично: могут начаться осенние дожди. Клубни наберут много влаги и снизят лежкость в зимний период. With a long drought, the tubers can, on the contrary, lose moisture, becoming too soft.
Purchased potatoes for storage must be purchased in one variety. Better stored varieties with yellow flesh. Different varieties (in appearance, color of the pulp) lay in storage in different containers. Potatoes should be dried in the air for 1-3 weeks before being deposited, covering them from the sun so that they do not turn green. Further storage conditions are the same as self-grown.
Potato storage conditions
To keep more potatoes healthy, you need to fulfill the following requirements.
In any type of storage, keep the air temperature within +2 .. + 4 ° С. At this temperature, the potato is at rest - does not form roots and does not freeze. Lower temperatures contribute to the conversion of starch into sugars, and higher ones start the process of root formation.
Thermometers for temperature measurement must be in the store, as well as opportunities to take action when it changes. If the temperature rises quickly, open airflow, arrange ventilation.
Humidity in the room where the potatoes are stored, should not exceed 70-85%. To determine, install a hygrometer in the room. Increased humidity contributes to the appearance of mold fungi. Air dried in the room or use ventilation.
The bottom of the potato storage should be filled with sand, preferably quartz, pebbles, rubble, other material absorbing moisture. It is impossible to cement the bottom of the cellar and other types of storage, to cover with linoleum, smooth slate, flooring and other similar materials, as this accumulates moisture, contributing to the appearance of mold and other negative processes.
In storage the day and long artificial lighting is inadmissible. Light contributes to the development of poisonous solanine in potato tubers. The external manifestation of solanine production is the greening or dark green color of the tuber. Such potatoes are unsuitable for eating.
To save potatoes from winter pests and diseases, you need to carefully prepare the room and, accordingly, decompose the tubers into a convenient container.
- Isolate the repository from the penetration of pests from outside: mice, rats, slugs.
- Disinfect the premises from a fungal-bacterial infection (burning sulfur bombs or just sulfur lumps on a metal tray or use other methods of disinfecting the room).
Types of storage
If the area allows, then be sure to build cellars, basements, underground, vegetable pits and other specialized storage facilities for storage of products in the winter. They are equipped with special shelves, pallets are installed on the floor so that the container with products from all sides has free air exchange.
It is more difficult to provide winter storage of vegetables for gardeners-townspeople who have a country house with a vault far. It is necessary to store a loggia or a balcony for storage. In this case, storage in bags, nets and boxes, even covered with old fur coats, is no good. It is more practical to make wooden insulated boxes for storing potatoes and other vegetables. All self-made storage of wood materials must be painted to protect against external moisture.
The simplest storage on the balcony, loggia, in the corridor can be made independently in the form of a drawer / chest with double walls, a bottom and a lid. Thermal box household or portable balcony cellar is more aesthetic and practical. They can be bought or made by hand.
All types of such temporary / permanent storage facilities have double walls, a bottom and a cover. The empty space between the walls (4-6 cm) in the storages is filled with any kind of insulation (dry sawdust, fine dry chips, foam plastic, etc.). Craftsmen can equip such storage (especially, not warmed) with electric heating with a thermostat.
If the family budget allows, you can purchase a soft, portable household thermal container, or it is also called a balcony cellar. It consists of a tent fabric in the form of a double bag. Between the walls of the bags there is a heater (usually a synthetic winterizer) and an electric thermostat. Balcony cellars retain products at ambient temperatures up to -40 ° C. In the spring, the cellar is collected, cleaned / washed and stored in a secluded dry place until the next winter.
Container for storing potatoes. © John & Penny Container for storing potatoes. © John & Penny Container for storing potatoes. © John & Penny
Types of containers for storing potatoes for storage
Depending on the device of the potato storage container is prepared for the safety of potatoes.
The most common are wooden boxes. Loosely knocked planks, and an open top contribute to good air exchange. Boxes with 10-12 kg of potatoes are easy to transfer and, if necessary, to sort products.
They have boxes on racks or shelves so that from the storage wall the empty space is at least 25-30 cm, from the floor to the bottom of the box / container is about 15-20 cm and from the top of the container with potatoes to the ceiling at least 50-60 cm. Between drawers empty space is 10-15 cm.
It is easy to trace the storage of potatoes in mesh bags, which, like the boxes, are available for quick determination of preservation and, if necessary, for sorting frostbitten, rotting, damaged and diseased tubers.
If rodents live in storage during the winter season, it is better to store products in double wire mesh containers with small cells, the bottom of which rises above the floor. Through a single-layer grid, rodents reach and gnaw the sides of potatoes close to the grid. Some owners store potatoes in metal barrels with small holes for air exchange, closed on top with a metal grid.
Basic rules for storing potatoes
- Stored potatoes must be provided with ventilation.
- To store potatoes to ensure the family is more practical in small containers (10-12-15 kg), installed on pallets or shelves, covering the top with any protective cover from freezing.
- Before storing potatoes for storage, it is imperative to carry out a thorough reassembly and separate sick, damaged, greened tubers from healthy ones.
- It is practical to lay a layer of beet on top of stored potatoes. Absorbing moisture emanating from the "breathing" potatoes, beets protects the latter from excess moisture, leading to the defeat of a fungal infection.
- A few apples, placed in a box with stored potatoes, will slow down its germination.
- When storing potatoes in bulk, the mound should not exceed 1.5 m in height. Top need to cover the potatoes with burlap or old blanket, rug. This technique will reduce the freezing in case of any weather cataclysm and retain the possibility of free air exchange. If the floor is very cold, you can use felt to warm it, covering the side of the potato with moisture-absorbing material.
- For any type of winter storage, it is necessary to sort the tubers 2-3 times, removing diseased and greened ones.
- Early potato varieties are usually used for food immediately. They are not subject to storage.
Early potatoes remaining after November are stored as planting material. It is not used for food. Tubers shrink, lose moisture, become tasteless.
Potatoes for planting stored in the same conditions as the food.
When storing purchased potatoes, the following varieties can be recommended: Gatchina, Atlant, Scarlet, Chaika, Slav, Zhuravinka, Dolphin, Kolobok, Tiras, Nevsky. With proper storage, they retain their taste almost to the new crop of early varieties of potatoes.
From early and early ripe potato varieties, Hostess, Rocco, Aurora, Pirol are stored for up to 3 months. But, as a rule, early varieties are stored only as planting material.
Types of storage in different vaults
Store tubers in bulk, in a continuous layer, and in bags or in boxes. It is much more convenient to store potatoes in a container than in bulk. If it is decided to store the potato tubers in boxes, the boxes in the storage should be located so that air is freely circulating between them. Boxes can be installed on the entire height of the room. When stored in bags and in bulk, the height of the potato layer is set on the basis of the size of the tubers, as well as taking into account the ventilation conditions. Seed potatoes are poured to a height of 1.7 m, and food grade is up to 2.2 m. It is necessary to load potatoes into the store carefully, taking care not to damage the tubers, which can further lead to their rotting and deterioration.
This is quite an archaic way to store the harvest, but, nevertheless, it is still quite often practiced, for example, in summer cottages. However, everyday access to potatoes stored in this way is rather difficult. We will understand how to store potatoes in the pit. Storage pit is equipped as follows: in a garden or in another convenient place, you need to dig a hole about 2 m in diameter and 1.5 m in depth. The bottom of this pit should be covered with dry straw 30-40 cm, not more. Then potatoes are poured into this storage, but not to the top, you need to leave about 40 cm for the top layer of straw. After laying the top layer of straw, the pit is tightly closed on top of the board and covered with earth up to 80 cm. It is advisable to make ventilation holes in the pit, although this is not necessary.
On the balcony
If there is no place to store potatoes except in his apartment, then a suitable place for this is a balcony, if, of course, this balcony is stiff and closed. In this case, the tubers are best stored in boxes.
Storage in ordinary boxes does not provide any additional devices and procedures. Just put the potatoes in the boxes and covered with rags on top. Such storage can withstand temperatures down to -10 ° C. In moderate climates and a closed balcony, potatoes can be stored in bags, spreading oilcloth under them, so as not to spread the dirt, and covering the bags with rags. For a more severe climate, the second option is preferable. This requires two drawers made of board, plywood or lining. They should be invested in each other like a matryoshka. A smaller box is used directly as a storage chamber for tubers. A bigger box is used as a thermal insulating chamber.
Between the walls and the bottom of the boxes should be a gap of at least 5 centimeters, which is filled with foam. This container should be closed with a lid. The outer part of this structure is upholstered with linoleum or any other moisture-resistant material, for example, plastic or galvanized iron.
And finally: to maintain a constant temperature in the storage, two 15-25 watt bulbs are installed as heating elements. They are included only with a strong cooling, and they should be darkened with something opaque. Such a container can be installed on the open balcony.
It is believed that it is best to store potatoes in the cellar - this method is known as one of the most effective. To prepare the cellar for the reception of the harvest, it is necessary, first of all, to clean it from debris. It is advisable to disinfect the room by whitewashing it: two kilograms of slaked lime and 200 grams of copper sulphate are added to ten liters of water, all this should be thoroughly mixed and the walls and ceiling should be whitened with the resulting solution.
Potatoes are stored in the basement in almost the same way as in the cellar. For the best preservation of tubers requires exactly the same whitewash. But, since the basement designs differ from the cellar, it is necessary to monitor both the optimum humidity of 70-80% and the temperature of + 3-5 ° C. It is also necessary to protect the stored crop from any light, because its long-term effect leads to the release of solanine in potato tubers, which is why they turn green.
Error 1: all varieties are suitable for long-term storage
We make a huge mistake by depositing the tubers of early ripe potato varieties. And the matter here is not at all in its taste qualities - they are canceled - but this potato cannot be stored for a long time. Even in ideal conditions, early ripe potatoes are stored only until November. Then it starts to germinate quickly and fades, losing its qualities completely, which means it becomes unsuitable for food needs.
Potatoes of different varieties
For long-term storage only suitable medium and late potato ripening - remember this.
Error 2: you can store poor quality potatoes
Sometimes, succumbing to the fleeting temptation, we deposit for potatoes of dubious or low quality, hoping that he will successfully perezimuet. Most often this happens in lean years, but believe me, this is a serious mistake! Potatoes are successfully stored throughout the long winter only if the harvest of tubers is of excellent quality and completely healthy.
That is why, before storing the tubers for storage, they must not only be thoroughly dried, removing all the earth and various impurities, but also sorted, throwing away all small, frost-bitten, rotting, damaged and sick. Even if you store them at optimum temperature and humidity, lay on the winter only high-quality healthy potatoes.
Mistake 3: potatoes and other vegetables
This is how we got used: the potatoes were put into storage boxes, beets, carrots, onions and garlic were also distributed among individual boxes. And if there is no place, how to be? Can't potatoes be stored together with other vegetables?
Potatoes and other vegetables
It is possible, but not with all. Just perfect potatoes are stored with beets, which lay on top of the tubers. And they do it not only in order to save space. Beetroot perfectly absorbs excess moisture, which is only good for it, thereby protecting the potato tubers from rotting.
Error 4: potatoes do not require special storage conditions
In order to preserve the harvest in the winter, we adapt cellars and undergrounds, cellars, and some urban gardeners have to use a loggia or balcony for this, or even a storage room in the apartment. But if the storage of potatoes in the cellars and cellars of problems (with the right approach to business, of course) should not arise, then in the case of balconies and balconies trouble happens quite often. By the way, about how to properly store potatoes in cellars and cellars, you can read in the article The best ways of winter storage of vegetables.
If a loggia or a balcony is the only place where you can store your crop, go to this difficult matter responsibly. Do not leave an unopened bag of potatoes on the balcony and hope that it will continue normally - a miracle will not happen. Try better to use simple home storage:
Potato storage box
You can build it from wooden boards or shields. It is best when there are two such boxes (of various sizes), inserted one into the other - like dolls. The volume of the inner box should be slightly smaller - so that there is a distance of about 5 cm between them. By the way, the bottom and the lid of the box must also be made double. It is best to fill the empty space between the boxes and the lids with thick foam or dry wood sawdust. Outside, the storage must be upholstered with plastic, a piece of galvanized steel, linoleum, or just paint - so you protect its contents from moisture.
Thermal container household "Balcony cellar"
If you build a stationary container for storing potatoes on the balcony, you have neither the time nor the desire, I suggest an alternative - the thermal container “Balcony cellar”. It is, in fact, a double bag, made of durable tent fabric, very attractive in appearance. It is insulated with a special highly durable padding polyester and equipped with electric heating. In such a cellar, any vegetables will remain on the balcony even when the frost is -40 ° C, because inside this miracle device, the temperature is always automatically maintained at +1. +7 ° C.
You can control the temperature using an electronic thermostat with a special convenient screen. The cellar opens with ordinary lightning. And it's very easy to take care of him - in the spring it is enough to clean it, if necessary - to wash it, and you can clean it until next season. The cellar is produced in 3 versions: per 100 liters (about 1 sack of potatoes), 180 liters (about 2 sacks of potatoes) and 300 liters (about 3 sacks of potatoes).
Error 5: you can not sort the potatoes in storage
There is an opinion that, going through the potatoes in the store, we only harm him - involuntarily damage the tubers and mix the sick with the healthy. It's a delusion.
During winter storage potatoes need to sort out, as it can manifest various infectious diseases. The bulkhead of the tubers needs to start as soon as you notice decaying tubers - this is bacterial soft rot.
When turning over potatoes, it is necessary to remove not only rotten tubers from the storage, but also all those that come in contact with them. Если на поверхности лежат только здоровые клубни, но от контейнера исходит неприятный запах и в помещении появились мелкие мушки — дрозофилы, это тоже признаки гнили. Такой картофель необходимо перебрать весь, удаляя больные и зараженные клубни.
Надеюсь, благодаря моим советам вам удастся сохранить картофель как можно дольше. А мне было бы очень интересно узнать, как храните картофель вы? Какие ошибки допускали при его хранении, как вам удалось их устранить, какие секреты вы для себя открыли?
To keep your fruits and vegetables as long as possible stay fresh and not rot, they need to be prepared for winter. However, not all varieties can survive such a long period of time.
Long-term storage of varieties that ripen in August and September.
- The roots, planted in early spring, will survive a maximum until December.
- Colds survive only vegetables dug in August or September.
What you need to do before removing the potatoes in storage:
- Dry the roots in the sun. Ultraviolet protects against early germination.
- Clean the tubers from the ground.
Do not rub or scrape the peel - it threatens with the rapid rotting of the roots.
Photos: well-prepared vegetables retain useful properties longer.
- Sort potato varietiesby quality and size.
Put the boxes with the best quality vegetables in the farthest corner to use the second grade fruits first.
- Spray the crop with antifungal biologics. These are relatively inexpensive means, the price for 200 grams will be 50-150 rubles.
- Allow the tubers to pre-cool..
- Thendistribute in the cellar.
9 rules storage root vegetables
Storage of potatoes at home is based on compliance with a number of rules:
Prepare the room before laying the tubers.
Clean, get rid of sources of decay, create an ideal environment for keeping vegetables.
It is recommended to process the storage with 5% bleach using a spray bottle to prevent the formation of fungus.
Provide a basement with ventilation. Good ventilation in the cellar prolongs the shelf life of vegetables.
Distribute the volume of the crop in containers of 15-20 kg.
Put sand or sawdust on the bottom of the container - they will absorb excess moisture.
Tubers cover with hay or rags on top - this will reliably protect against freezing.
Put in a box a couple of fresh apples - they will slow down the germination of potatoes. Watch out for apples: their shelf life is shorter than potato.
Store potatoes for planting in a separate compartment.
When keeping tubers in the form of an embankment - do not allow the height of pile more than a meter.
The crop should be located at a distance of 20-30 cm from the walls so that condensate does not flow.
Root storage conditions
Tuber health is directly dependent on several factors. From where, in what and how potatoes are stored. In any room you can independently set the desired temperature, a suitable level of humidity and saturation of the light.
Properly stored roots easily when they feel comfortable.
To keep potatoes healthy throughout the winter, create the necessary conditions for it:
It is most convenient to keep the tubers in the basement or cellar. Nature itself creates optimal conditions. Potatoes, even if laid out in boxes, even if packed in bags, or just dumped, can be stored until May.
The situation is different with those who need to preserve the harvest without a cellar. It will be most convenient for city dwellers to send root vegetables in a special container to a balcony.
Potatoes can be stored on the balcony without spoiling the design of the room.
There are three ways to store potatoes in any container:
- Wooden boxes - the most popular and convenient option. Small in size, they hold 10-15 kg of tubers at a time. It is recommended to place them at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other, so that a sprouted or infected fruit from one container does not share its “gifts” with others.
- Polypropylene or cloth bags - it is honorable to take second place. They hold up to 25 kg. It is convenient to have them - it is allowed to bet on each other.
Putting the bags in a pile, remember that under a large weight, tubers can crack.
Sacking passes air, and therefore suitable for long-term storage of vegetables.
- Storage in nets - less common method, but not inferior in efficiency. Summer residents recommend forming a wire like a box, preferably in two layers. Think of how to fix this design so that it does not touch the floor, and you can store potatoes, without fear that it will get rodents.
Properly preparing the container and premises for the maintenance of root crops, you will find the answer to the last questions. At what temperature to store potatoes in the winter? How to choose the lighting? How humid should the air be in storage?
The optimum temperature for storing fruits is +2 to +4 ° C.
When keeping root crops on the balcony in the cold, cover them with old warm clothes.
The humidity of the air in the storage room for potatoes should not exceed 85%.
Illumination in the place where the fruits are kept should be minimal, exclusively artificial.
Original storage methods
For those who have long wanted to try new extraordinary methods of storage, I suggest two options. One for the garden, the second for the apartment.
This unusual method is suitable for those who have a summer cottage. Follow the elementary instructions, and the tubers will be able to stay fresh for almost a year.
- Dig a hole 4 by 4 meters deep and 1.5 meters deep.
Choose a place that never gets flooded with water.
- With the first frost, place the potatoes in a hole.
- Harvest 20-30 cm of sand or rubble.
- Create a mound of 20-25 cm above the structure.
- Overlay the shelter of earth with branches so that rodents do not get to the harvest.
At the time of severe frost cover the pit with a 15 cm layer of peat, hay or leaves.
This option is perfect for those who live in a house without a balcony. A special container can be placed in any convenient location of the apartment.
The box resembles a mini-fridge on which you can set any temperature and humidity.
That's all the secrets of storing potatoes. Choose the one that is convenient for you, and enjoy a wide variety of dishes from this wonderful vegetable all year round. In the comments, share secrets of how you manage to keep potatoes for a long period.