How to care for the wool of the Russian blue cat?
It is easy to care for the Russian blue cat's hair, despite its thickness and undercoat. Once in 7-10 days (during the molting period more often), it should be combed with a rubberized brush for shorthair dogs and cats in the direction of hair growth, thereby removing dead hair. Combing is recommended in the following sequence: neck, chest, back, sides, abdomen, paws. The tail should not be combed out, since the hairs on it are very easily pulled out, but they recover for a long time. Further, it is recommended to hold the whole body several times with wet hands, collecting the remains of the lost hair. At the end of the wool, it is desirable to rub a piece of suede or fur to give it shine and gloss.
How to bathe the Russian blue cat, and how often?
Russian blue cats are not recommended to bathe often, as this violates the protective function of the hair. It is necessary to bathe in the traditional way only when necessary (in case of heavy pollution, before the exhibition, etc.). When local pollution is recommended to use dry shampoo. With this cleaning, powder is applied to the area of wool, rubbed, and after a couple of minutes it is combed out with a massage brush (see the instructions for use). Warm bran has the same technology. With traditional bathing is recommended to use the bath. Less suitable for this pelvis and not at all recommended - sink. At the bottom of the bath it is advisable to lay a towel so that the cat is not nervous, standing on a slippery surface. Large pieces of cotton wool should be put in the ears of Russian blue cats to avoid accidental ingress of water into them. To wash should use only special shampoo for cats.
Human hair care products have a very negative effect on animal hair and skin. Apply shampoo recommended in the direction of hair growth 1-2 times (depending on the degree of contamination). Lathering the head is not recommended, it is better to simply wipe the face with wet hands. It is necessary to wash off the shampoo especially carefully so that when drying the hair does not stick together due to shampoo residues. It is advisable, but not necessary, to use air conditioning. Drying the wool of Russian blue cats is best with a towel or hair dryer, but very carefully, so as not to overdry the skin and hair.
What are the features of the content of the Russian blue cat?
Russian blue cats are very shy animals. Shyness does not mean cowardice, they just need some time to get used to the new: people, animals, and surroundings. The timidity of cats of this breed can be seen already with the purchase, but you should not immediately conclude that the pet will live by itself and will not be able to become a faithful companion. Mistrust of the owners with time passes, but with strangers, they will remain restrained forever, so do not cause them anxiety, trying to pull out from under the bed in the presence of guests. Early socialization will help smooth out this natural feature of Russian blue cats. Adaptation in representatives of this breed takes quite a long time (from several weeks to several months). They prefer stability to change, hard going through the moves and changing the usual environment.
Some items will be required for content. Traypurchased for the Russian blue cat, must be sufficiently deep and spacious so that an adult cat can safely sit in it (the height of the boards is from 7 cm). The tray can be both with a grid, and usual, with a filler. The configuration of the tray and the type of filler is recommended to check with the breeder. When using a filler in front of the toilet, it is recommended to lay a small rug that will prevent the spread of the filler stuck to the paws and facilitate cleaning. It is very important that the toilet is always clean, as Russian blue cats will not stop the need for a dirty tray, but will do it in any other clean place. Bowls It is recommended to be stored separately from the master tableware and kept clean. Ceramic bowls are considered more suitable. For water, it is desirable to purchase a deep and wide bowl. The water in the bowl should always be fresh, so it is recommended to change it several times a day. Kogtetochka can be of any configuration, as long as the Russian blue cat understands what it is intended for. The most interesting for cats is the pillar-like variation, since they can climb and play with such a clawed cat with a toy tied to it. However, it is worth several times more expensive than a conventional plank covered with cloth. Flat claws should be attached at a height of 50 cm or more from the floor. Carrying is no less important thing in the content of cats, than, for example, a claw or a tray. It must be selected on the basis of the size of an adult animal. Sleeping place can be purchased, but there is no urgent need for it. It is recommended to prepare a special “cat” first-aid kit in which preparations and items for rendering animals of various kinds can be stored. High-quality food and care products are also needed.
What care products should I buy for the care of a Russian blue cat?
Russian blue cats are short-haired animals, which facilitates care for them, but does not exclude it. For care, it is recommended to purchase a rubber brush for short-haired animals, shampoo for cats with the appropriate type of wool, a nail clipper or claw shears, and an ear cleaner. You should also have cotton wool, cotton swabs, paper napkins, at least one large and one small towel, as well as a piece of suede. Shampoo for traditional bathing can be replaced with a special powder (dry shampoo), in this case, you will need a massage brush to brush the powder after application.
For Russian blue cats participating in exhibitions, some additional funds and items of care will be required.
How to care for the teeth, ears, eyes and claws of the Russian blue cat?
Eyes Russian blue cats should be inspected every day. When discharge appears in the lacrimal canal, it is recommended to remove them with a tissue or a handkerchief. In the absence of even minimal secretions or, on the contrary, with heavy discharge, it is recommended to visit a veterinarian.
Ears require monthly cleaning preferably using a special tool designed for this procedure. The ear cleaner is sold at the pet store and costs about 40 rubles. In the absence of the opportunity to purchase it, you can use the usual vegetable or olive oil, or petroleum jelly. Cotton swabs are well suited for cleaning, but they are usually a little cotton, which causes the plastic base to be felt when pressed. In order to prevent this and avoid scratches on the inner surface of the ears of Russian blue cats, it is recommended to additionally wind the cotton wool on the existing one. Clean your ears should be only in the visible area, without going deep, very carefully.
Behind claws also need to look after. Cutting claws is highly recommended primarily because long claws can cause injury to the most Russian blue cat or other animals. They should be trimmed about once every 30-40 days with special scissors, claw cutters or nail clippers. All tools should be well sharpened so as not to break the claw and not to hurt the pet. It should be cut off the very tip, smoothly, as if dulling the claw. Before living tissue, which can be easily distinguished through the transparent claw shell, there should remain about 2 mm. It is not necessary to cut all the claws at once in one day, it can be done in 2-3 days, if the Russian blue cat strongly resists. In case of unsuccessful haircuts, it is recommended to have a hemostatic and disinfectant on hand. Some owners are afraid to cut the claws of their own pet, in this case, you can contact the veterinary clinic or a beauty salon for animals.
Teeth need a weekly inspection. Ideally, they should be cleaned with special toothpaste for dogs and cats, but, as a rule, this is rarely practiced in everyday life, so special attention should be paid to the prevention of dental diseases. A thorough examination once a week will allow time to identify problems with the teeth and promptly eliminate them by contacting a veterinarian.
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The origin of the Russian blue cat
As is often the case, the roots of the origin of these blue cats have been lost for centuries and it is unlikely to be able to establish for certain from whom this beautiful Russian beast breeds. In any case, nowadays no one tries to dispute the antiquity of the genus of the Russian cat with an unusual gray-blue color.
It is known for certain that the blue Russian beauty went to the favorites of the rulers of Russia - Peter the Great and Nicholas II, the empresses - Catherine I and Elizabeth. But Empress Catherine II, who didn’t particularly like a feline tribe, didn’t particularly like these cats, but being a naturally calculating man, she knew the price. Therefore, she gave away to Western ambassadors and rulers as a sign of special favor. So, the Russian blue beauty got into the best royal houses of Europe, instantly falling in love with the higher aristocratic society of that time.
In addition to the benevolence of those in power, the Russian blue cat settled in foreign countries and thanks to travelers, merchants and sailors. And it is possible that this happened long before the rule of the pragmatic Catherine II. For example, in the same UK of this beast, English merchant seamen were brought more than once, delivering cats with blue fur from the northernmost port of Russia at that time - Arkhangelsk. Why and the name of the breed chosen with skill - "blue archangels". The Blue Archangels took care of their sailing ships and perfectly destroyed mice and rats on ships. Well, how could they not be taken to the sea?
Despite the fact that the Russian cat with a blue color is a primordially Russian breed (although it was encountered in ancient Scandinavia), it received its early development as an independent breed in England. Englishwoman Carew Cox, who was actively breeding cats, made a special trip to Arkhangelsk in 1893 in order to pick up a pair of blue kittens suitable for breeding. With this pair brought to Albion and began, in fact, the history of the English breeding of this breed. Not everything was smooth, there were not enough pedigree for a full-fledged selection, but the English enthusiasts, despite the difficulties, did a great and important thing.
And although in 1903 in Great Britain Mrs. Simpson wrote in her “Book of Cats” that the Russian blue cat is a separate species and comes from the outskirts of Arkhangelsk, but before 1912 the blue Russian cat exhibited at the championships on a par with blue British and French animals ( one category of participants). Only after 1912, British felinologists divided blue cats into British women (of a heavier and more massive type) and all other “foreign women” (with a more flexible and light body type).
At the beginning of the 20th century, “Arkhangelsk” blue cats appeared in the USA.
The First World War, and then the Second World War, seriously knocked down the population of these animals, both in Russia and in Europe. In the postwar years, felinologists of all countries made titanic efforts to revive an almost lost breed. Special contribution to the revival of the breed made the staff of the British zoo Danlow.
Thanks to the joint efforts of many enthusiasts, the breed was brought back to life (it became only in the 70s of the 20th century) and now Russian short-haired cats with blue color and green eyes occupy a worthy place in all world cat championships.
The external standard of cats breed Russian Blue
Representatives of the Blue Russian breed are a wonderfully folded, flexible animal, with a slight figure of a gymnast, of medium size, with strong muscles and a fine-boned, but strong skeleton. The maximum body weight of an adult animal (male) reaches 7 kg, cats weigh less - up to 4.5-5 kg.
- Head "Blue Archangel" medium-sized, complex wedge-shaped form (seven planes) with high and wide cheekbones. Profile straight. Flat forehead. Nose straight medium width and length. Chin pronounced, but not massive. The neck is graceful, long and rather thin, but because of the fur it looks thicker and shorter.
Ears Russian blue cats are alert, of medium size or large (the width of the base of the ear and its length are almost equal), set high, with rounded tips (but give the impression of pointed).
Eyes large, expressive, slightly oval or almond-shaped, widely and obliquely set. The classic color of the eyes is saturated with green of the whole spectrum of shades. There are individuals with yellow or bright yellow eyes, which is a violation of the standard.
Body type - from medium to slightly larger. The body of the Russian blue is long, flexible, light. Deviations towards the oriental breed are not allowed. Musculature developed, but not massive. The line of the back is almost straight. Limbs long, thin, strong. Paws round or oval, neat. Steel-colored paw pads or in tint with coat color. The tail is of medium length, in proportion to the body.
Wool The “blue archangels” are their pride. It is short, dense, “double”, silky. It looks and feels like a seal seal. When evaluating, much attention is paid to the structure of wool, its quality and uniformity of color.
The nature of the Russian blue cat
These furry friends at all times were valued for their sociable and friendly character, special ability to learn and excellent hunting talents (the English sailors greatly appreciated her as a tireless fighter of ship rats).
This blue beauty has always been loved for a soft but energetic character, a neat and aristocratic look and ability, truly, to serve the owner, whoever he is, a commoner or the emperor himself.
The blue-blooded cat has always been and is now an excellent companion animal, able to easily adapt its behavior to the requirements of the owner and the rules established by him.
She is intelligent and educated, never bothers and does not try to impose her own conditions. Having a soft and calmly energetic character, she is as independent as other cats, but she does not try, too zealously to demonstrate this to others. And in communicating with his beloved master, the Russian blue cat shows only its best qualities at all - gentleness, tact and obedience. She shows her independence with strangers or unfamiliar people, carefully and for a long time looking at their behavior, and, of course, not going straight to her hands, much less allowing herself to squeeze (for this, a stranger can suffer from her claws). At the same time, she is completely alien to manifestations of revenge or the need to somehow spoil in retaliation.
Russian Blue is great for living together with both lonely elderly people and for families with children. For the old men, she becomes a constant and unruly companion in all their affairs, gladly hearing their eternal grumbling and complaints, soothing and comforting. And with children, he instantly finds a common language, actively participating in their games and all sorts of children's running around. It is characteristic that when playing with children, she never uses claws, and to the youngest she treats her own little kittens.
Those with whom these green-eyed animals do not develop relationships are with dogs and various rodents. And if there are conflicts with dogs, this is a very old and well-known story, which sometimes gets its completely peaceful development. Especially if the joint life in the house of two primordial opponents began when the cat was a kitten, and the dog was a small puppy. That this blue beast has always irreconcilably fought with rodents (for which they were valued) and will always fight. Nothing can be done about it - these are instincts of the genetic level, fixed for centuries.
Possessing excellent intelligence, Russian Blue is easily able to learn various commands and simple tricks. But is it necessary for a cat with a moderately active temperament, it is up to you to decide. По крайней мере, туалетный лоток и все необходимые правила поведения этот питомец усваивает очень быстро, еще, будучи котенком.
Хотя домашняя голубая мурлыка и не требует регулярного выгуливания, тем не менее, она любит свежий воздух и обожает выезды на природу. Там она с удовольствием охотится на насекомых и мышей. И даже безбоязненно подходит к водоемам, хотя и опасается воды. А вот если ваш питомец большую часть жизни живет безвылазно в квартире, то такие поездки на пикник могут обернуться для него большим стрессом. Не надо забывать об этом.
Representatives of this blue breed are quite mobile and playful. And so they need attention and toys. Possessing extraordinary jumping ability, they often arrange for themselves a secluded corner somewhere on the closet or secretary, dragging their favorite toys there too. And at a younger age, young “archangels” can often play up to the point that they cannot calm down, even when everyone is sleeping for a long time, continuing to rustle and make noise in their corner.
Blue Russian cat is a wonderful representative of the cat family, which is able for a long time not only to keep you company, but also to become a good, cheerful friend. The nobility, sophistication and aristocracy of these wondrous creatures can not leave anyone indifferent.
Russian blue cats health
A feature of this breed is the fact that it was not bred by breeding. And all that was needed was natural selection, where, as is known, the strongest survive. That is why the representatives of this green-eyed breed with bluish-gray fur are distinguished by excellent health, strong immunity and do not have any hereditary pathologies, like other artificially bred breeds.
And yet, thanks to the unique qualities of the fur, they seamlessly withstand the cold, drafts and rather easily endure the heat. A strong immune system allows you to cope with infections (which does not exclude the need for timely vaccinations). Here is such a universal cat from cold Russia.
Due to good health, these animals live long enough - 14–16 years, and sometimes they live to 20 years.
Russian cat care tips
Beautiful blue-silver coat of your pet does not require complex care. It is enough only from time to time to comb the short fur with a rubber brush or at least wipe it with a suede cloth. Bathing is carried out only before viscous, with strong pollution (and this happens very rarely) or on the eve of the exhibition. This breed is not too fond of water procedures, and therefore it is necessary to accustom the animal to water from a young age and very gradually and carefully so as not to injure the psyche.
It is also necessary to regularly conduct examinations of the mouth, gums and teeth of your pet, occasionally cut the claws with a claw cutter.
The diet of the blue handsome is the most common - in accordance with the norms developed for short-haired and fairly mobile cats. The best choice (optimal in price, quality and convenience for the owner) is of course high-quality specially selected for the composition of the feed, industrial production. Food from your table is no good.
You can feed the animal with natural products: low-fat sea fish and meat, adding the necessary vitamins and minerals, but this is up to you.
Standardly puberty of cats of this breed comes at the age of about 2 years. As a rule, this age of a cat is optimal for the first mating. And here be careful! Russian blue cat is strictly forbidden to knit with cats of any other breeds (if you, of course, are serious about the continuation of the cat kind).
Pregnancy, lasting from 63 to 72 days, due to good health, mother cats are well tolerated. They almost never have pathologies or any complications during childbirth.
Up to 6 kittens are born in the litter. Completely healthy, but blind and deaf in the first week.
Russian cats-mothers do an excellent job with their responsibilities, giving their offspring all their time. The owner only remains, cares about the timely feeding of the mother and do not forget in time to make the necessary vaccinations for babies.
Price when buying a Russian blue kitten
If in the countries of Europe and the United States of America the breed of the blue Russian beauty is now experiencing a real boom in demand, then in Russia, with the advent of exotic cats of newly bred breeds, interest in their native breed began to fade somewhat.
To some extent, this was reflected in the price of kittens. So, the average cost of kittens from prestigious nurseries are in the range:
- Class "Pat" (kitten just for the soul) - from 7,000 to 16,000 rubles.
Breed Class (purebred kitten for own breeding) - from 17,000 to 2,500 rubles, depending on pedigree and sex.
If none of the options suits you according to some criteria, you can search for happiness in the bird market of your city or on the Internet. Usually prices are much lower there. But the level of pedigree - not at the height.
Therefore, if you are persuaded that the animal offered for 500 or 2500 rubles is a purebred Russian cat, you don’t believe the most “blue bloods”. At best, you are offered a blue mestizo, and at worst - just a similar color, the most ordinary cat. Also, do not believe that the yellow (or any other) eye color will change to bright green, that the dark hair will suddenly brighten, that the white spots will ever turn blue, that the undercoat will grow, that the short tail will grow.
Description breed Russian blue cats in this video:
The history of the breed
According to historical sources, cats with dark blue dense wool lived in the territory of the Arkhangelsk province. The famous Tsar of All Russia, Peter I, had a beloved cat, Vaska, traveling around the palace without any restrictions. Blue cats were the real passion of the king, and this love for elegant representatives was adopted by his daughter Elizabeth.
Excellent cats with a beautiful fur coat would have existed by themselves, if the famous breeder Carus Cox had not paid attention to them. In 1893, she grabbed a pair of female and one cat for breeding offspring. The animals were brought to Britain and they began to actively reproduce there by selective breeding.
During World War II, there was a threat to the existence of Russian blue cats, but in the post-war period, breeders again began to actively breed.
Photo kittens Russian blue cats
A remarkable fact: Russian blue cats became popular in Russia only at the end of the 80s.
To date, these magnificent representatives have retained their original qualities and amazing appearance, according to generally accepted standards, finally approved in the second half of the XX century.
Character and manners
Affectionate cats with a quiet and pleasant voice have a dedicated character and well-developed intelligence.
This pet will not tag along with its owner, and from the first days the cat will never show its love and affection. You need to earn it with your attention and care! But, having earned the confidence of this nice representative, you will find a truly reliable friend and unobtrusive companion, ready to support his master at any difficult moment.
A clever cat is wary of strangers and does not make contact with the first person he meets. With the arrival of guests in the house trying to retire and not be seen. But this is only a seemingly pet hiding, in fact, he is sitting in a secluded place and is closely watching what is happening from the side.
Russian blue cats are dexterous and bold, like height, so they often climb the highest shelves in the house.
They quickly learn and understand the owner’s commands. This cat well knows the word "no" and always tries to be educated and intelligent. There is usually no problem with raising cats of this breed.
And a few more qualities characterized by Russian Blue cats:
- love independence and freedom, often walk by themselves,
- they value order in everything, that is why they are often picky to an unwashed tray or an empty bowl,
- do not like noise in the house, prefer to live in a calm atmosphere,
- become attached to the house and hard to move,
- have a well-developed hunter instinct, love to catch birds and rodents,
- Kittens are active and playful, for entertainment often choose different toys and rustling objects.
Russian blue kitten 2 months (photo)
Characteristics of the breed (standard appearance)
- graceful, well proportioned body of small size,
- long legs with rounded cushions,
- the tail is long with a rounding at the tip,
- the neck is long, but because of the thick hair on the collar it seems a bit short,
- medium sized head with a pronounced chin and slightly raised mustache pillows,
- a small nose without kinks with a blue-gray tip,
- expressive eyes oval green
- large, wide-set ears, slightly pointed at the tip,
- silky soft wool with a long undercoat.
Cats of the Russian blue breed have a single color saturated blue or gray with a blue tint without marks and spots.
Photos of Russian Blue Cat
According to the breed standard for Russian blue cats, a saturated green eye color or with an emerald hue is allowed.
Photo of a cat with green eyes
Dimensions and weight by month
Cats of Russian blue breed have an average body size. Weight kitten at birth - 80-120 years. A kitten 3 months of life weighs 1-1.5 kg, a kitten 4 months - 1.7-3.5 kg, in six months the body weight reaches 2.5-4 kg, and only by the year the main weight of an adult animal is formed, reaching 3-6 kg (the largest male).
During life, the size and weight of a cat can vary, depending on the season, type of feeding, lifestyle and gender. As a rule, sterilized cats and neutered cats have more weight, which is quite typical for animals that have lost their sexual instinct.
Health and breed diseases
By nature, representatives of the Russian blue have strong immunity and excellent health. There is no predisposition to genetic diseases.
With improper nutrition and poor quality care, polycystosis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, problems with the visual organs and heart problems can develop in the cat.
To pet lived a long life and did not suffer from various diseases, provide the correct diet of healthy foods without dyes and chemical additives.
Russian blue cat recommended to vaccinate on schedule. If any adverse symptoms occur, do not self-medicate! Only an experienced veterinarian will be able to select an effective treatment for the speedy recovery of your pet.
The Russian blue cat has a short coat, but there is also a species of breed, called nibelung. These representatives have a long-haired fur coat, and Russian blue breed cats are considered their forefathers.
The Nibelung is a relatively young breed that appeared only at the end of the 20th century. Detailed information about the long-haired representatives can be found in the thematic article devoted to these exotic beauties.
Continuity to other pets
Cats of the Russian blue breed are distinguished by their wayward character and are not always ready to make friendly contact with other furry representatives in the house. But, gradually, they adapt and get used to this neighborhood, not showing aggression to other cats and dogs in the house.
It takes time for your multi-breed animals to become friends. A clever Russian blue cat will adapt to life under one roof, even with a dog, if it is not too active and aggressive.
Food, maintenance and care of Russian blue
As with any other purebred representative, cats of the Russian blue breed need proper care and, of course, high-quality nutrition!
It is necessary to care for a cat from the first days of its stay in your house. As we have said, kittens are wary of strangers and adapt for a long time in a new place. The owner needs to show patience and care that will allow to cause trust in a fluffy representative.
Experts recommend creating a separate place in the house for the Russian blue, where she can retire and have a quiet time at any time of the day.
You will also need a cat toilet with a filler, a bowl for food and water, accessories for combing, bathing and other care procedures.
All these items can be purchased at a specialized pet store and veterinary pharmacy. Experienced sellers will recommend the necessary equipment for a comfortable life of a new family member in your home!
What can you feed
Little kittens of the Russian blue breed need to be fed five times a day. As they grow older, the number of feedings is reduced and by the first year of life two meals are established.
When buying a pet from a breeder, ask what kind of food the kitten is accustomed to.
If the baby from an early age was fed with ready-made premium-grade industrial feed, keep the diet that is familiar to him.
If the owner plans to feed the cat of this breed with natural products, it should be accustomed to such a diet gradually.
- provide your cat with a balanced diet of natural products,
- most of the daily menu should be lean meat,
- several times a week, the cat can be given offal, chicken eggs, dairy products, vegetables, cereal porridge, boneless sea fish,
- in the list of prohibited foods fatty meats and fish, sweets, pastries, spicy, salty, smoked and fried,
- you cannot feed a purebred cat with products from your table,
- pet food dishes are prepared separately without salt, pepper and other spices,
- clean drinking water should always be freely available,
- After feeding, remove leftovers from the bowl and clean the dishes.
If you choose ready-made feeds for feeding Russian blue, purchase exclusively high-quality formulations containing a complex of useful vitamins and trace elements.
Low cost feed is not recommended for the diet of Russian blue breed cats. Poor quality food will cause problems with the health of the cat.
Food for the neutered cat
Special attention should be paid to the feeding of animals after sterilization and castration. With the loss of sexual instinct in cats an excessive appetite. To prevent obesity, dispense portions by pet's age.
- choose food with a special mark “for castrated animals”,
- in the food supplied to the cat, protein should prevail - 50% and carbohydrates - 30%,
- feed your pet 4 times a day in small portions,
- 1-2 times a month spend fasting days,
- after castration, cats need to drink plenty of fluids a day, so clear water should always be freely available,
- it is undesirable to give the castrated cat meat in its pure form, mix this product with vegetables, cereals or low-fat broth,
- all food must be liquid or porridge-like consistency,
- you can feed the cat with vitamin complexes and bran (very useful for castrated animals),
- exclude cheap fish and cod species from the diet, this product can cause the development of diseases of the genitourinary system,
- Neutered cats should also not be given eggs, dairy products and by-products.
Detailed recommendations on feeding castrated animals are issued by a veterinarian after the procedure.
Features of the content in the house
Cats of this breed are a little shy, so they do not show their real qualities from the first days of life in a new house. They need to look at the people around them, get used to the situation and adapt to life in a new environment. You should not immediately draw conclusions and consider this cat timid and uninteresting, with time it will definitely show its best qualities, for which you will be able to madly love a new friend.
Russian blue cats by nature do not like strangers, and with their arrival at home they often hide in hidden places. You do not need to pull out the cat for a public inspection, she definitely will not like it.
For a comfortable life of a fluffy representative, there are quite a few basic things: a cozy place to sleep, a tray for going to the toilet, a bowl for food and water, a couple of interesting toys for entertainment and, of course, various care products for her lovely fur coat.
To make your cat always look beautiful and healthy, provide her with the right care.
- Teach a kitten to the tray from the first days of life in your home. A clever animal quickly learns about this accessory. Clean your cat toilet every day. Russian blue cats are very clean and will not be tolerated if it is dirty in their tray.
- Wash your cat's eyes with a weak herbal solution or clean boiled water with a cotton pad.
- As it gets dirty, clean the ears. Do not use ear sticks for cleaning. It is also unacceptable to carry out deep cleansing, only a superficial wiping of the ears on the inside with a soft napkin or cotton pad.
- Claws are clipped no more than once a month using a special clipper.
- To eliminate problems with teeth and gums, carry out periodic cleaning of the oral cavity. For this procedure, you will need a special toothbrush and paste for pets.
- Cats of this breed do not like to swim and are very afraid of water. Не следует часто мыть пушистого друга, сведите частотность этой процедуры к минимуму. Если кошка живет в доме и практически не бывает на улице, достаточно одной банной процедуры в полгода. Если шерсть кошки сильно загрязнена после уличной прогулки, проведите мытье шерсти с использованием специальных шампуней и бальзамов для короткошерстных животных.
- Вычесывание пушистой шубки проводится только в период линьки. В остальное время кошка сама неплохо следит за красотой своего пушистого покрова.
Имена для девочек кошек
If a charming Russian blue breed girl appeared in your house, you need to come up with a beautiful name corresponding to her character and appearance. Do not rush to pick up a nickname, look at the kitten and soon you will understand what is best for your baby. Well, we will show several options for reflection!
For cats of the Russian blue breed the following names are suitable:
Agouti, Agasha, Ava, Alika, Iris, Buffy, Bessi, Vixie, Grow, Gracia, Jonia, Haze, Jeannette, Ilona, Toffee, Courtney, Cassandra, Carmen, Katie, Lulu, Laetitia, Lokki, Marie, Mirtha, Madeleine, Nadir, Nicoletta, Oddi, Oregon, Patsy, Ryde, Rimsey, Ruffy, Cindy, Sonya, Sabina, Suzanne, Tais, Tertius, Tasha, Ulfi, Frau, Fiona, Fully, Honda, Heppi, Sharon, Shura, Erica, Evita, Anima, Yulona, Yuki, Jamaica, Java.
Names for boys cats
Cats of the Russian blue breed are perfect names from this list:
Adams, Albert, Armani, Alan, Achilles, Balu, Bars, Bonnie, Best, Wulf, Viking, Gucci, Garfi, Danila, Diego, Smoke, Eroshka, Jacques, Zeus, Zulan, Invar, Indigo, Cliff, Quinn, Candy, Congo, King, Lucky, Leopold, Mars, Moor, Maurice, Muscat, Nemo, Noris, Olympus, Odyssey, Patrick, Prince, Punch, Roco, Raphael, Raymond, Spotti, Simon, Strike, Toby, Timothy, Hurricane, Ursik, Fidel, Focus, Frost, Fredy, Harley, Khan, Chakki, Genghis Khan, Chubik, Storm, Shandy, Sheikh, Esmir, Andy, Ashley, Eux, Yashka, Yasson.
If you can not decide on a nickname, and you really like a few options, try to ask the cat, what name does he like. Call the selected nicknames one by one and watch the reaction of the cat. What name will he respond better to, choose it!
Kennels of Russian blue cats in Russia
There are a lot of nurseries in Russia, where you can buy a purebred kitten of Russian blue breed for home maintenance and for exhibitions. Breeders will offer a choice of kittens with metrics and pedigree, which will allow you to represent your furry friend at various events for animals.
Nurseries of this breed in Russia:
- Kennel Perfect Cat Moscow
- SHEER LOVE CATTERY Krasnodar
- BEST BEAST Saint-Petersburg
- Nizhegorodskoe Serebro Nizhny Novgorod
- LV * Fantasy RUSsia Kaliningrad
- Legenda Rusy, Vladimir
- Kennel Train Bai
- North Star, St. Petersburg
- Blue Grace Moscow
- Kennel Rosalia
How much do kittens Russian blue cats?
The price of a kitten of Russian blue breed is ambiguous and depends on various factors:
- Vaccinated cat with a veterinary passport for home maintenance costs 5-15 thousand rubles. These representatives are classified as "pet" (unsuitable for exhibitions).
- Kittens with pedigree and metric for breeding (category Brit) cost 17-25 thousand (price in rubles). The breeder will also complete a cat's vetpasport with an indication of vaccinations and parasitic treatment.
- The most expensive kittens of the Russian blue breed from the Show category, suitable for exhibitions and having all the necessary documents, are sold at a price of 25,000 rubles and more.
Seals of this breed are sold in specialized nurseries. If you want to buy a kitten from private traders, look for a responsible seller with a good reputation and positive reviews.
Cons of this breed
Russian blue cat - intelligent nature with a wayward character. She has a beautiful appearance and decent behavior, but there are also some drawbacks of the breed, made up of reviews of breeders and owners:
- long time to adapt in a new house
- does not recognize guests
- is independent and often shows love of freedom,
- does not tolerate noise, loves peace and quiet,
- needs a nook where she will always be calm and comfortable,
- choosy, loves cleanliness and basically does not eat from a dirty bowl,
- Hunting habits are strongly dominated, and therefore may pose a threat to small rodents and birds living in cages.
Reviews of owners and breeders
According to the owners, we have already told about the shortcomings of the breed, and now let's see what positive qualities characterize Russian blue cats:
- beautiful, intelligent, with good manners,
- playful, affectionate with the owners,
- has a sense of self-worth,
- faithful and neat,
- kind and interesting,
- undemanding in care,
- excellent hunting abilities
- the ability to show your best.
Reviews of allergies: the cat practically does not shed, and its wool does not cause allergic reactions and is considered hypoallergenic.
Russian blue cat: breed description
Cat breed "Russian Blue" has an amazing grace. She is considered one of the most elegant representatives of short-haired feline. It is distinguished by slimness, plasticity and refinement. But love her not only for appearance. This beauty admires her appeasable character. She is gentle, affectionate and appreciates a cozy homely atmosphere.
- Weight . The breed is of medium size. Among these pets you will never meet giants. Kittens are born weighing 80-120 g. Over time, they gain weight. The adult cat weighs about 3-4 kg, and the cat can reach 3.5-5.5 kg. At the same time, neutered and sterilized pets can weigh almost 1.5 times more.
- Growth . Pet is distinguished by its elegance and small size. Although dimensions may vary individually. The size of an adult Russian blue cat is very proportionate. In length, the body reaches 60 cm, and in height - only 23-26 cm.
- Color With the colors of the Russian blue cat everything is very clear. For this breed is characterized by a solid gray-blue color without patterns and inclusions. There may be a slight "banding" on the tail.
- Lifespan. To answer how much the Russian blue cat lives, it is necessary to proceed from the genetic diseases of the individual, care and maintenance of the pet. On average, life expectancy varies between 14-16 years. Some may live to be 20 years old.
- Character. Pet is very shy, neat and obedient. Therefore, the docile nature of Russian blue is unlikely to leave you indifferent. This slim, graceful baby is very attached to the house and the owners. She is proud, loyal and has some aristocracy. But at the same time she is a very excellent hunter who is able to fly a butterfly on the fly. In the presence of guests, the pet's favorite turns into a closed and unsociable coward.
- Intellect Representatives of the breed are very intelligent and tactful animals. Cats can easily understand the gestures of the owner, catch the speech and tone of a person. They are not vengeful and do not descend to sabotage.
External standard data
If you get a plush babe, then enjoy its “charm” in plenty. She gladly presents her hosts with devotion, tender purrs and happy mood. However, this character is inherent in a purebred pet. That is why it is important to know what the Russian blue cat looks like in order not to be mistaken with the choice.
Table - Breed Standard by WCF System
History of origin and interesting facts
The real origin of a cat with silky blue hair and bright emerald eyes has not been established. Therefore, to this day, the history of the Russian Blue breed is shrouded in many secrets, legends and conjectures.
The first documentary information dates from the era of Peter the Great. It is known that Catherine II presented gray-blue kittens as gifts to foreign diplomats. Probably, so they spread throughout the world. In England, the feline natives of Russia were brought in by sailors who were simply struck by the beauty, grace and good disposition of the pets.
During World War II, the number of purebred individuals decreased significantly. And in order to restore the population, the breeders of America, Germany, England and Russia set about restoring the breed.
Why did the kings love them
Small "plush" pets knew how to fascinate the powerful. This is confirmed by Peter I, who didn’t look for their souls in them. "Lumps of wool" and today touches his affection, tenderness and gentle nature. Many interesting facts are connected with these pets.
- Permanent smile. Features of the breed "Russian Blue" cat are associated not only with the docile nature and unique coat. The pet has a slightly raised corner of the mouth, so it seems that a mysterious "smile" constantly plays on its face.
- High "magnetics." The legendary magician Harry Houdini often used this particular breed of cat in his stunts, especially coupled with the disappearance of pets. He claimed that they are the most intelligent and magnetic cats in the world.
- Low allergenicity. Unlike other breeds, plush babies are much less likely to be the source of allergic reactions.
Since many breeders, among whom were Americans, British, and Europeans, were involved in the restoration of the breed, there are three standards.
- European. This standard is recognized by FIFe and WCF. This is the closest type to its ancient progenitors who inhabited the expanses of Russia. Pets have proportionality, they are characterized by almond-shaped slanted eyes. These cats are pretty jumping. They have a mighty skeleton.
- English This is the breed standard for the GCCF. Features of this type are in the wide-set eyes of a beautiful almond shape. In addition, the English pet neat oval paws and blue pads.
- American This standard is recognized by TICA and CFA. These cats are the least reminiscent of the native-Russian breed. Pets have round eyes. Their torso is smaller, and the skeleton is fragile. Wool is blue, with the lightest shades. The American look possesses small round paws with delicate pink pads.
If you decide to start breeding Russian blue, then remember the most important requirement. It is possible to knit a purebred pet only within one breed. Failure to comply with such a rule may be excluded from the club or prohibited to participate in exhibitions. It is equally important to remember three more recommendations.
- Do not rush to the first viscous. A calm, balanced cat matures rather slowly. Therefore, it is possible to plan the first knitting not earlier than it turns 1.5 years old. Before pairing both pets must necessarily inspect the vet. As a rule, mating occurs on the 7-10 day from the beginning of estrus.
- Show heightened attention during pregnancy. During this period, your pet needs a strong diet. In addition, she needs a lot of care and affection. Sometimes during pregnancy a cat may even change its character. Be patient. Cats bear babies only 65 days.
- Trust the professionals. Shortly before the expected birth, be sure to negotiate with a veterinarian who can receive a lambing. Do not rely only on yourself. If something goes wrong during the birth, then only a professional can save your tender beauty.
If you are not planning to breed, the most humane method is sterilization. If a cat constantly asks, but it does not happen to a cat, pathological processes begin to develop in its body. Mating with any cat "for health" is fraught with the introduction of a variety of infections.
A cat who is not going to happen is recommended castration. Otherwise, you risk turning your home into solid cat tags. Pet, calling for a cat, begins to mark the space. But since the latter does not appear on the horizon, the cat considers that it is necessary to leave tags with a stronger smell.
Disease and treatment
By nature, representatives of the breed is very strong. Therefore, they are practically not subject to various diseases. Genetics, conducting a study of the breed, found that these pets do not suffer from genetic diseases and have virtually no deviations. But if the plush darling is not provided with the right care, then it can develop some pathologies.
Most often they suffer from:
- diseases of the digestive tract,
- impaired heart function,
- eye diseases,
- polycystic kidney disease.
How to call this plush treasure with smart, bright green eyes? Such a question is always worried about the owners. As a rule, thoroughbred babies are called breeders. But the long and complex name is not always like the owners. Your smart cat will allow you to choose a new name for it. And if you reduce the aristocratic "Edward" to "Ed", then the pet will understand you.
What kind of animal is that?
The Russian blue cat is a breed that appeared in Russia and has become classical and traditional for this country. The first mentions of it are dated in 1860, but it gained fame only with the beginning of the activities of the international felinological organization, and really became popular in England.
But today the sale of representatives of the breed is common in Sweden, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Norway, Finland and Hungary.
Homeland of this breed, as it becomes clear from the name, is Russia. But the debate about the exact origin continues to this day, because the specimens at one time or another met in Spain, some Scandinavian countries and the UK. A great effort to deducing the standard was applied by the British.
In the distant 16th century, British sailors began to bring from distant Arkhangelsk unusual cats with thick short hair and an unusual blue-gray color. Such animals were loved by everyone, because they were famous for their courage and coped well with catching rats and mice that lived on ships.
Cat Amelie, breed Russian Blue, nursery "Ricardo Mystery" photo Svetlana Gladkovoy
Then the Russian cats were noticed by the authorities and they began to keep them at court. And Catherine II herself gave the English royal family a kitten. By the way, there was a belief in Russia, according to which a blue cat could bring happiness and protect from evil spirits, therefore sometimes pets were put in babies' beds to protect them from the evil eye.
Russian blue cats have quite bright and memorable external data, which is clearly seen in the photo. The body is well developed and rather muscular, slightly elongated and elegant. The neck is graceful, long. The head is wedge-shaped, the muzzle is slightly elongated, the chin is powerful enough.
The mustache pads slightly protrude beyond the muzzle and are clearly marked, which gives the cat a special charm. Ears are rather wide and pointed, directly located. The eyes are set wide, have an oval, almond-shaped form, they look very expressive and make the look of the animal piercing.
Blue cats hair is not long, but very thick, since the covering hairs and undercoat have the same length, which gives the impression that the printed fur is like. Color uniform throughout the body, no blotches are not allowed.
It has a gray-blue tint with a subtle silvery sheen, which is explained by the shine of wool. Paw pads and nose are not pink, like many other cats, and gray-blue.
The nature of the Russian blue cat is rather calm, but at the same time it is freedom-loving, capricious and proud, although it will be unlikely to demonstrate such qualities with a caring owner. These pets are very calm, delicate and even polite, it may seem that aristocratic blue blood is flowing in their veins.
Russian blue is a real homebody, which is tied to both the place and its owner. And she can feel great even in a large family (including with children), but she is wary of strangers and does not make contact with them, preferring to hide.
She can remain cold and secretive until she feels that a person treats her sincerely and wishes her only good.
Such a pet is clever, it can react to a person’s speech and intonation, to his gestures and even his mood, capturing his changes. But to revenge or try to harm the Russian blue cat will not, she is not vindictive and not prone to bad deeds.
Such a pet will treat the owner very well, he will become a faithful companion and loyal friend, but at the same time will not require increased attention.
In addition, the Russian blue does not need affection and tactile contacts. She can come and sit by her side, but, most likely, she will not jump on her knees and will not walk on her hands, and if you try to take her, she will show discontent and retreat. Although a pet can react to strokes quite positively, if they are not intrusive and rude
Since Russian blue cats are innate hunters, they can satisfy their instincts and show characteristic qualities, and even a kitten will do so. But these animals in all know the measure, so they will definitely not throw at owners or strangers. But they will be happy to catch mice or play with a toy.
How to care for the Russian blue cat? There is nothing difficult in care. Russian blue cats are incredibly clean and themselves monitor the hygiene of their bodies. They often wash for a long time and even independently control the length of their nails, so that they will not have to be cut often.
These animals are short-haired and shed rarely and scarcely, so you can comb them once every one or two weeks (this procedure should be taught from an early age). Bathing a pet should be no more than once every 4-6 months. Clean your ears as they become dirty using cotton pads or tampons moistened with special liquid.
Такие кошки довольно хорошо обучаемы, поэтому в раннем возрасте их легко приучать к когтеточке и туалету. Но пытаться дрессировать питомца и менять его характер и привычки точно не стоит, это может привести к стрессу или психологической травме.
Если вы хотите что-то донести до любимца, то спокойно, но строго разговаривайте с ним, показывая своё недовольство. But in any case, do not beat the Russian blue and do not shout at her, such a proud cat will not tolerate.
Pay attention to physical stress, so that the pet has the opportunity to throw out energy. And although he will feel great in the apartment, still fresh air is also needed, so sometimes you can take walks or at least well ventilate the accommodation.
A cat needs a private space. And since the representatives of such a breed like elevations (therefore they quickly conquer any heights and jump beautifully), it is better to buy a house with several floors. But it is desirable to remove the tray from such a place and place it, for example, in the bathroom.
What to feed?
Russian blue food can be both natural and fodder. If you choose the first option, then in the diet include meat, lean fish, as well as dairy products (exclude whole milk). If you decide to give food, then responsibly consider his choice, it should be of high quality, preferably of premium class.
What is the difference between Russian blue and British?
They are completely different, representatives have different sizes, build, weight, structure of wool.
In Russian blue eyes are green, in animals of the British breed of a similar color - copper or amber.
The similarity is only in the color of wool, however, according to the British standard, almost any colors are allowed.
The cat has Russian blue hair on the chest, the inner surfaces of the legs have become slightly brown. Why could this happen?
Wool can cast brown if the cat is sleeping on the battery. Put him there mat. This will exclude direct contact with the battery.
The fur gets a darkish shade from exposure to direct sunlight, excess in the diet of copper and iron.
Adjust the diet, protect the cat from direct contact with sunlight. Subsequently, the wool will be the same.
Why a three-month kitten often hiccups after eating? Diet: canned food and dry food.
Watch the kitten eat. If he "pounces" on food, perhaps he does not eat enough because of too small portions. During such hasty swallowing, air enters the stomach, then the kitten hiccups. In this case, feed the animal more often or provide constant access to dry food and water.
Conversely, the kitten may hiccup due to overeating. In this case, it is necessary to slightly reduce the portions and be sure to check the pet for the presence of worms.
- Smart, easy to learn.
- Very docile, obedient.
- There are no negative traits, for example, meanness (the cat never spoils things).
- They bind to the owner, but loneliness is well tolerated.
- Get along well with children and other pets.
- Independent, entertain themselves if the household is busy with business.
- Unpretentious care.
- Have good health. They have excellent immunity, no genetic diseases have been identified.
- Live long. If you provide quality food, proper care, the cat will be able to live for 18 years.
- Wool does not cause allergies.
- Cats of this breed do not mark the territory.
- Very picky about the cleanliness of the toilet, bowls: do not go to the dirty tray and will not eat and not enough clean dishes.
- Mistrustful of strangers, showing shyness, wariness.
- They have a quiet voice, because of this it is difficult to determine when estrus occurred.
- Excessive mobility, restlessness can be a disadvantage for those who love a quiet measured life.
- Dependent on the psychological atmosphere in the house. If it is unfavorable (scandals, swearing), the pet will become apathetic, lethargic.
Photo of russian blue cat
Character can be called almost perfect. These are intellectuals of sorts, they are calm, polite, tactful and unobtrusive. Most of them are introverts who feel good alone. Noisy companies do not like, when meeting with unfamiliar people leave from the contact. The cat can hide in a secluded corner, carefully watching strangers until they leave the house.
A characteristic feature is uncommon intelligence:
- the cat understands gestures, intonation,
- can “keep up the conversation” in their own language
- quickly learns the rules of behavior in the house
- has his own opinion
- can make adequate decisions in certain situations.
Russian blue is freedom-loving, will not tolerate violence, otherwise the owners will forever lose its trust. She appreciates comfort and affection, does not like noise. It has a quiet voice, makes low purring sounds to attract attention. It expresses love and devotion in a very unusual way: it rises on its hind legs, embraces the leg and purrs softly.
The movable, “warm place” on the owner’s lap prefers elevation with a good view of the room. It adapts well to the peculiarities of household life, quickly finds a common language with children. If the child gets tired of the cat, she will never use her claws, but will simply leave. Russian blue gets along well with other cool pets. In relation to the relatives tries to keep a distance.
Character and habits include absolute cleanliness. A cat spends a lot of time caring for the cleanliness of the hair coat, it always looks well-groomed. Russian blue is quite unusual for water. If you open the tap, they can sniff it, try to lick, touch with its paw.
Animals often exhibit hunting habits, they can chase a fly, their own shadow. It is important not to leave the windows open - in the heat of the chase the pet can jump out onto the street. In nature, Russian blue can spend hours hunting rodents and birds, and the height is not an obstacle.
- rubber brush for short-haired animals (or a brush with natural bristles),
- claw cutter
- ear cleaner,
- paper napkins,
- cotton wool
- cotton buds,
Instead of the usual shampoo, you can buy a dry one, then you will additionally need a brush to remove it from the wool. Do not use shampoos, otherwise the silvery sheath of coat may disappear. Brush for combing can be replaced with a massage rubber mitten. You can not use the comb metal, plastic.
- Eyes: daily inspection, removal of discharge. Should alert: too abundant secret or lack thereof.
- Ears: weekly inspection, monthly cleaning with cotton buds and special means. It can be replaced with petroleum jelly, sunflower olive oil. In addition wrap a little cotton wool on a cotton swab so as not to scratch the ears. Clean them very carefully (only visible areas).
- Teeth: inspection every week, if there are signs of diseases of the teeth, oral cavity, show the pet to the veterinarian. Ideal: regular cleaning with a special toothpaste.
- Claws: pruning 1 time in 30-40 days. Use a nail clipper or tweezers. Cut only the very tips, so as not to touch the living tissue. In case of accidental microtrauma, use hydrogen peroxide. If the cat strongly resists, the claw trimming procedure can be “stretched” for 2-3 days.
Combing: 1 p. / W., Against hair growth. Sequence:
Do not touch the tail, the hairs on it are restored for a long time. Pet your pet with wet hands, it will help remove hair residue. To make the fur glistening, swipe a piece of suede or fur over it several times.
Use a texturing agent at trade shows, it improves the appearance of the coat. Apply the product from a distance of 15-20 cm, comb the pet in the opposite direction of hair growth. As an option, sprinkle the product on your hands, run it over the coat. Do not touch the cat before the examination; before judging, run the brush over the wool. "Laying" is ready!
If participation in exhibitions is not planned, get furmer for fur care. It is especially good to use it when the cat sheds. Pukhoyerku (sliker) do not buy, it hurts the hair. Note that the action of direct rays of the sun often leads to the fact that the fur acquires a brownish tint.
Only by necessity (strong pollution, participation in the exhibition). Frequent washing is not recommended: the coat will lose its protective function. Remove local contamination with dry shampoo. Apply it on the polluted places, rub, leave for 2 minutes, brush out.
Before traditional bathing, comb out the cat. In her ears, place a cotton wool to prevent water from entering. Moisten the coat with water, apply shampoo in the direction of hair growth. Do not soap your head, just wipe your face with wet hands. Rinse the shampoo thoroughly. It is recommended to additionally use a balm-conditioner (in a small amount). Wrap the cat in a towel.
It is not recommended to dry the Russian blue with a hair dryer. Better use a towel. If the hairline is damaged, buy a spray containing mink oil. Spray the agent around the pet (not on the wool), massage the hair, then comb it against the hair growth. After a few minutes, smooth a piece of suede.
Health, propensity to disease
Genetic diseases: not identified. Representatives of the breed differ in good health.
- Obesity, which can cause the development of diabetes, arthritis, heart disease. Prevention measures: diet control, adherence to the feeding schedule, elimination of snacks between meals, the inclusion of low-calorie foods in the menu.
- Food allergies. Manifested by severe itching, reddening of the skin, enhanced molting. What you need to do: identify the allergen product, exclude it from the diet.
To maintain the well-being of a pet, it is enough to provide good care, properly feed. Regular vaccination, prophylactic treatment for worms, fleas are needed.
Choosing a kitten, care and education
The kitten must be active, playful, but not shy, aggressive or inhibited. Signs of the breed:
- The body is slim.
- The head can be gently rounded.
- The nose should be straight.
- Ears wide, large.
- Limbs strong, high.
- The tail is long, mobile, there are no creases.
- The coat is shiny, soft, thick, white spots are absent.
- There may be barely noticeable stripes, they will disappear with age.
- Pale green eyes (but yellow!), Let's say a golden rim on the edge of the iris, it disappears with time. A too small kitten has gray-blue eyes, they become green by 3-4 months, and sometimes by the year.
How to care
Kittens Russian blue easily accustomed to the toilet, scratching posts. It is recommended to purchase 2 toilets. They are placed in different corners of the bathroom or toilet. These cats love elevation, so you can buy or make a house with several floors.
A bed can serve as a box with a soft warm bedding. When the pet grows up, it can be put on the windowsill. In order for the kitten not to climb the curtains, make a vertical fixture - a “crawler” on the cabinet, nail the scraper onto the door jamb to its full height. Make or buy toys: pieces of fur, mice, balls, candy wrappers from sweets, etc.
To care for wool, buy a rubber brush (with small spikes). Comb your pet 2 times a week. Ventilate the room well to make the kitten feel good. Avoid drafts - this is dangerous for his health.
How to bring up
Begin education should be as soon as possible. Proper handling of the kitten will affect future relationships. It is important to find a common language with him. Feature of education: you can not shout, punish, especially to beat. Speak calmly with your pet.
If the kitten is naughty, take him in your arms, strictly say "No!" Look into his eyes. Most often this is enough. In extreme cases, you can splash water on it. If the pet started the game late at night, when it's time to go to bed, then you need to play with it. He gets tired and will sleep soundly.
Preparation for the exhibition
Pay attention to the mental development of the kitten. It is necessary that he:
- not afraid of people, other cats,
- did not show aggression,
- calmly endured trips in the car,
- quietly was in the exhibition cell.
The kitten should not be afraid when they touch it. We need to take him in my hands more often. Teaching to loud sounds will help the included TV or radio. Not less than 3 weeks before the pet exhibition, it is necessary to proglytogonit, make vaccinations.
Need to regularly wash bowls. The drinker should always be filled with fresh water. You can not give ready-made feed economy class. Prohibited:
- whole milk (from the age of three months),
- River fish,
- fat sea fish,
- raw chicken skin,
- meat with small bones,
- fried, smoked, salty dishes,
- 1.5-2 months - 6 p. / Day,
- 3-4 months - 5 p. / Day,
- 4-6 months - 4 p. / Day,
- 6 months -1 year - 3 p. / Day,
- from 1-1.5 years old - 2 p. / day.
- Kittens - Ready food: ration marked Premium, Super Premium. Ratio: 70% - “drying”, 30% - canned food. Accustom from 2 months., Dry food must be pre-soaked.
- Adult animals - Ready-made feed: ration for active cats (Premium, Super Premium). Ratio: 75% - “drying”, 25% - canned food.
Kittens from the 1st month. give complementary foods:
- pasteurized milk 2.5-3.8% (up to three months of age),
- cream 10%,
- grated cheese
- grated curd
- liquid milk porridges,
- boiled yolk,
- boiled, chopped meat (chicken, turkey, rabbit, beef).
The consistency of meat dishes should be the same as that of liquid mashed potatoes. You can instead give the child canned food (only meat or with potatoes, cereals).
If you plan to feed the kitten with natural food, then add kefir, other sour-milk drinks, and vegetables to the diet. Food should contain enough calcium. From the age of 1.5 months, vitamins are given daily. It is good if there will always be grass in the house: from the street (washed), purchased or germinated independently.
How to feed an older kitten Russian blue:
- Beef, lamb, raw or boiled (very finely chopped or give the stuffing).
- Chicken, boiled turkey (breast).
- Sea lean fish in boiled form.
- Sour-milk beverages and products: kefir, natural yogurt, ryazhenka, sour cream, grated cheese, grated curd.
- Cream 10%.
- Egg yolk - 1-2 p. / Week., Boiled, raw. Raw add to cottage cheese.
- Porridge, boiled in milk (semolina, buckwheat, rolled oats).
- Soups, including medium-sized meat,
- Doctor sausage (in small quantities).
In 1 reception they feed a meat or sour-milk dish. Daily caloric intake - 80 kcal / 1 kg of weight (on average, the weight of an adult animal is 4-5 kg). Meat Feeding:
Meat, especially beef, lamb, is better to cut into small pieces.
- lean sea fish (1 p. / week),
- boiled egg (1 p. in 7-10 days),
- porridge - rolled oats, rice, buckwheat (2-3 p. / week.).
- cream (10%),
- vegetable puree (zucchini, potatoes, beets), greens - mix with meat.
It is allowed to include in the menu baby purees - daily for 2 tea. l It is necessary to give vitamin and mineral supplements (for wool), but only after consulting a veterinarian. Brewer's yeast (containing vitamins B) will be useful for improving coat. Duration of admission - 1-2 months. There should be at least 2 courses per year. If suddenly the color begins to darken, eliminate the additive.
Feeding aging pets
It should go from dry to canned food. When feeding with natural food, increase the amount of food rich in vitamins, proteins. The fat content in the diet should not be higher than 10%, exclude high-calorie fatty foods (cream, sour cream, fatty meat).
The ideal dish will be a lean sea fish with grilled vegetables. To improve digestion, give fermented milk products. Reduce the volume of a single portion and feed more often. Food should be warm, drink - plentiful.
Breeding begins with the selection of the manufacturer. The optimal age for mating is 1.5-2 g. Permission to participate in breeding are positive exhibition scores. The rules prohibit tying Russian blue with representatives of any other breed. For this, the owner can be excluded from the club, and the pet - deprived of the right to participate in breeding work.
Before mating in animals, claws are trimmed, and parasites are treated. Knitting is carried out on the territory of the cat, the cat is left with him for 3-5 days. Pregnancy lasts about 65 days. Most often, complications do not develop, childbirth also proceeds without any problems. The Russian blue is an ideal mother, since the representatives of this breed have a pronounced maternal instinct: kittens can be under the care of their mother up to five months of age. The place for animals should be warm and dry.
After giving birth, the cat becomes restless, protecting the babies. It is not recommended to take them in hand until five days of age. Kitty eyes usually open on day 16, hearing appears by day 17. Lure start to give from three weeks of age. When the kittens are 2 months old, they are registered in the club (activated).
History of russian blue
Scientists have not yet succeeded in establishing the exact time and place of origin of the breed. The reason for this is that this breed had many names, until it was officially registered.
Some experts are of the opinion that the animal once (in 1860) fell on the British Isles, thanks to one sailor, originally from Arkhangelsk. Therefore, at first, cats were called that way - Archangelis.
Later the names were changed repeatedly. Так, голубая кошка еще именовала как: мальтийская и испанская.
Но несмотря на непонятную историю появления и красивый окрас, новая порода не становилась популярной. Так, на рубеже 20 века большим спросом пользовались голубые кошки с длинной шерстью - британцы и персы.
Only in 1939, the pet gets its present name and a new breed is recorded. After the end of World War II, the Russian blue cat began to disappear and the breeders had to restore the population. They crossed British Shorthair with Siamese cats and Russian blue cat. But as a result, important characteristics of the breed began to disappear. Therefore, it was decided to return to the starting position and cross among themselves only the original Russian blue pets with exclusively gray colors.
In the 80s of the last century in America this breed was bred with half long hair. There they had high popularity. Then this “kind” of pets got their own name - Nibelung. And in the late 80s of the 20th century, such cats were called a separate breed. But now the Nibelungs are extremely rare.
- The animal has a body of a standard size (medium). It is quite muscular and elongated.
- Cats have a graceful neck, slender legs with oval legs.
- The cat's long tail is slightly curved at the tip.
- The cat's ears are tall, lean forward slightly and set wide apart.
- The eyes of this gray pet are large, oval-shaped. Have a rich green color.
- Wool has a peculiarity - it is the same length as the undercoat. Therefore, it seems a lot. Also, the wool is not adjacent to the body of the animal. It is silky and short.
- According to the standard allowed a single color - gray with a slightly silver tint.
The nature of the Russian blue
Russian blue cats are kind and obedient animals. They are smart and smart.
But these pets can be stubborn. If they do not want to obey the owner, they will pretend that they do not hear his requests.
For guests at home, this cat may seem shy and shy. The latter is a character trait of this person. However, with their domestic cat always behaves bravely and confidently.
Russian blue cat loves comfort and peace. That is, the animal feels great in the “four walls”. However, she will not mind walking on the street. These pets get along well with other pets, considering them to be full members of the family.
And although these cats love routine and “home-living”, sometimes they are not averse to hunting. This is especially noticeable to residents of private homes. If there is a mouse in the garden, the cat will track it for hours until it catches the prey. Flies, butterflies and mosquitoes also make the blue cat want to be caught.
The pet will attack the birds. But there is one peculiarity in this love of hunting - the Russian blue cat always shares its prey with the owners! So, if we let the animal go hunting, then wait in the near future under your door half of the game.
Russian blue cat completely unpretentious in the care. They bathe her once a quarter or as they are polluted (no more than 2 times in 3 months), and they brush their pet once a week. For these purposes, it is recommended to buy a soft brush.
This pet bathes with pleasure. It is also important to teach the animal to the fact that from time to time you will cut the claws. Otherwise, do not escape the damaged furniture in the house.
At least once a month, the Russian blue cat should inspect the ears and clean them with wet ear sticks, avoiding getting deep inside the auricle.
Since the Russian blue cat belongs to an aristocratic breed, pets should often wash the dishes from which they eat. It is also important to wash trays every day. These cats do not accept bad odors.
Since the Russian blue cat loves hunting very much, after such adventures it is important to examine it for lice, lichen and other parasites.
Food Russian blue cat should be balanced. It is important to ensure that the animal’s body is fully saturated with protein (80% of the total food).
Russian blue cat is given only freshly prepared food at room temperature.
The standard pet menu should consist of:
- Sea fish without bones (not fat) or boiled meat (poultry, beef, lamb).
- Offal: lungs, liver, heart.
- Cottage cheese, yogurt, sour cream, ryazhenka.
- Croup (semolina, buckwheat, oatmeal).
- Vegetables (beets, broccoli, cabbage, zucchini).
Also in the diet should include vegetable oils (olive, corn, sunflower).
At least once every 3 days, a Russian blue cat is fed raw yolk of chicken eggs.
Add to the menu of the animal is vitamins and minerals that can be bought at a veterinary clinic or store.
If you feed your pet with industrial feed, then in the case of the Russian blue cat, the owners should give preference to premium products. Their composition already includes all the micronutrients and vitamins necessary for the cat.
Do not forget that this pet can not be overfed, otherwise overweight will cause possible diseases of the cat.
Diseases of the Russian blue cat
Russian blue cat is sick very rarely. She has strong immunity. Basically, all pet diseases that occur during his life, typical of all cats.
If you carefully care for the Russian blue cat, the animal can live a long enough life, as this cat is considered to be a long-lived.