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Overview of the 7 most popular sorbents for cleaning the body

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No one person can be one hundred percent certain that certain harmful or poisonous substances cannot penetrate into his gastrointestinal tract. It also happens when the gastric mucosa is very annoying even the most familiar to the body components such as alcohol or tobacco smoke.

How to get rid of them and is it even possible to do this?
There is actually a way out of this situation - these are enterosorbents. This group of drugs will help each of us to clean the gastrointestinal tract from all toxins accumulated in it. For each medication of this group, two characteristics play an important role, namely, of what substance the drug consists, and also what structure it possesses. It is very important that the substance that is part of the medication is not aggressive to the gastrointestinal tract. If we talk about the structure, then it should be created in such a way that, on the one hand, the excreted harmful components are firmly retained by it, and on the other, it would be possible to “collect” the greatest amount of toxins. It is also important that this or that enterosorbent does not disrupt the normal digestion process.

How do enterosorbents work?
This group of medicines is characteristic not only to protect the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, but also to cleanse the stomach of all harmful substances that for some reason have got into it. Moreover, it is precisely due to these drugs that the process of intoxication of the body can be stopped, since their use does not allow the painful area to increase in size. With their help, therapy is carried out not only for duodenitis, but also for gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, as well as gastritis with high acidity and many other pathologies.

One of the enterosorbents, which is particularly often used in modern medical practice, is a drug called phosphalugel. By acting on the human body, this medicine not only lowers acidity, but also normalizes the release of acid into the stomach. In addition, this drug is also characteristic of absorbing the gases and toxins that occur during the process of digesting food. As soon as he captures them, he immediately displays them. It should be noted that this enterosorbent is considered to be one of the safest, so it is calmly prescribed even for babies. One single contraindication to the use of this pharmaceutical agent is renal failure. In conclusion, we note that the use of phosphalugel for the treatment of infants is best discussed with a pediatrician, having previously registered with him for a consultation.

What are sorbents?

Sorbents are preparations on a synthetic or natural basis, capable of absorbing poisonous and harmful compounds and excreting them naturally through the digestive tract.

They are used to treat food and chemical poisoning, allergic reactions, to maintain the liver, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys.

Pectins and cellulose contained in fruits and vegetables have similar properties, but they are not capable of coping with severe poisonings.

The mechanism of action of sorbing drugs

Experts identify 4 groups of mechanisms that provide the sorbing function of pharmaceuticals.

  1. The absorption in the intestine of toxic substances, potential allergens, pathogenic microorganisms.
  2. Normalization of digestion due to changes in the concentration in the gastrointestinal tract of enzymes that contribute to the fight against harmful substances.
  3. Strengthening the excretion of toxic compounds from the tissues and internal organs into the intestinal cavity, followed by removal from the body.
  4. Stimulation of metabolism, contributing to the natural cleaning of internal organs.

Indications for use

The scope of sorption means is extensive and has no strictly established indications. Most often they are prescribed in the following cases:

  • disorders of the liver and kidneys, when the internal systems no longer cope independently with slags,
  • dysbacteriosis and changes in metabolic processes,
  • all types of allergic reactions
  • intoxication due to alcohol, drugs, narcotic or toxic substances,
  • food poisoning,
  • infectious diseases of the digestive system,
  • bronchial asthma and atopic dermatitis.

Sorbent Types

Sorbents for cleaning the body are distinguished by the method of absorption:

  • absorbents - react with toxic components to form one compound,
  • adsorbents - attract toxins to their surface due to the large absorption area,
  • chemical agents - act through chemical interaction with pectins,
  • ionites - work on the principle of substitution, replacing harmful ions with safe ones.

Preparations sorbents are classified according to the form of release - powder, tablets, granules, capsules, suspensions, suspensions, pastes.

By origin, they are divided into natural, synthetic and semi-synthetic. The most active are agents of synthetic origin, but complex drugs have a wider range of action.

The most popular sorbents

Medicinal adsorbents, drugs and their names are indicated by the doctor after collecting a thorough history of the patient and conducting diagnostic procedures. At home, funds can be used solely as an ambulance. Each of the drugs has its own spectrum of action and effectively copes with a specific medical problem.

Activated carbon

Adsorbent substance of animal or vegetable origin, previously purified from impurities. Coal is able to absorb alkaloids, sulfonamides, hydrocyanic acid, natural and chemical toxins, heavy metal salts, hypnotic drugs, acids and alkalis.

The drug is effective in dyspeptic disorders, salmonellosis, dysentery, hepatitis, asthma, chronic cholecystitis and liver cirrhosis. It is used during the preparation for endoscopic diagnosis - it is able to effectively remove accumulations of gases.

It is produced in the form of tablets, granules, powder and paste. To enhance the sorbing properties of activated carbon tablets is recommended to grind.

A drug of natural origin with absorbent and antidiarrheal properties. The main active ingredient is dioctahedral smectite, supplemented by auxiliary components - sweeteners and flavors.

Smecta is available in a powder of a grayish-yellow hue. Before use, the powder should be diluted in half a glass of water and mixed vigorously until a suspension forms.

Indications for use Smekta are intestinal disorders in the form of chronic, acute or infectious diarrhea, dyspeptic syndrome, accompanied by abdominal distention, heartburn, heaviness.

Polysorb is an anti-toxic drug that is colloidal silicon dioxide. Dry white powder is packaged in disposable sealed bags and cans, diluted immediately before taking clean non-carbonated water.

Polysorb is prescribed for poisoning with any kind of poison, alcohol and any food, acute infections and other diseases involving diarrhea. It demonstrates good results in the treatment of allergic reactions, dysbacteriosis, renal and hepatic failure.

The active substance of the enterosorbent drug is lignin, which is obtained by the method of hydrolysis of wood of coniferous trees.

This sorbent for effective cleaning of the intestines neutralizes almost all toxic substances entering the digestive tract. It reduces cholesterol, bilirubin and urea, removes ammonia, radioactive isotopes and allergens. Positive effect on the intestinal microflora, strengthens the immune system at the cellular level.

Polyphepan can be taken in the form of tablets, granules and powder one hour before meals. Studies have shown that the drug based on lignin is 5-10 times more effective than activated carbon against pathogenic bacteria.

Enterosgel

Enterosorbent gel or paste-like structure in the form of a molecular sponge. It actively absorbs poisons and antigens, neutralizing their toxic effects on the human body. It consists of polymethylsiloxane polyhydrate and purified water as an auxiliary substance.

The drug removes excess cholesterol and bilirubin from the blood, helps with drug and food poisoning, intestinal infections, improves the functioning of the digestive organs, kidneys and liver, stabilizes immune responses.

Filtrum - a drug of natural origin, which effectively eliminates constipation and dysbiosis, normalizes the bowels and stomach. In its composition there is a proven sorbent hydrolyzed lignin, which is compacted into convenient tablets for use - Filtrum STI. The same preparation, produced in the form of lozenges, is called Filtrum-Safari, it is used in pediatric practice.

Prescribed medication for the treatment of poisoning with dysenteric bacilli, salmonella, drugs, alcohol. He successfully fights against the consequences of inflammatory diseases of viral and bacterial origin.

Lactofiltrum

Laktofiltrum is a combined pharmaceutical preparation combining the properties of a prebiotic and a sorbent. Sorbents bind poisons and slags on their surface, and prebiotic lactulose promotes the growth of healthy microflora in the intestines. The double action of the drug helps to strengthen the immune system, cleansing tissues and cells, eliminating signs of allergies and dysbiosis.

Forms of release - dark brown pills. Suitable for adults and children.

Other drugs

Other sorbents are on sale - the list of modern preparations can be supplemented with such means:

  • Karbolen, Sorbeks - made on the basis of activated carbon,
  • Neosmectin, Diosmectite - Smecta drug analogues,
  • Atoxyl - contains in the salt of silicon,
  • White coal is a bioadditive based on silicon and microcrystalline cellulose,
  • Polifan - natural enterosorbent, containing lignin,
  • Chitosan is obtained from chitin, which acts as a natural magnet for excess fats, salts and toxins,
  • Pectovit - contains pectin, lactose and fructose, which have detoxifying properties.

The best sorbents for children

Children's sorbing substances are used at the first signs of poisoning, infectious diseases, to combat the signs of allergies and diathesis. Some sorbents for children are produced in the form of sweet lozenges and suspensions that make taking the medicine pleasant (Filtrum-Safari, Smekta).

Safe for young patients are such drugs:

  • Sorbovit-K,
  • Laktofiltrum,
  • Enterosgel,
  • Polysorb MT.

These medicines can be prescribed to children of any age, they are practically not absorbed in the digestive tract and do not have a general effect on the body.

Contraindications and possible adverse reactions

The action of all sorbents is aimed at alleviating the patient's condition, however, experts do not recommend abusing them and self-medicating.

Sorbents for cleaning the body can not be used for:

  • hypersensitivity to the ingredients that make up the drug,
  • intestinal ulcer and stomach ulcer,
  • bleeding of the digestive tract,
  • intestinal obstruction
  • tendency to constipation and reduced intestinal motility,
  • erosive gastritis.

Patients with diabetes is not recommended to use drugs, which include sweeteners. With care appoint sorbents to pregnant women.

With prolonged use, sorbent drugs can cause constipation, dyspeptic disorders, worsen nutrient absorption and accelerate the excretion of vitamins.

Useful tips and tricks

To enterosorbent acted as efficiently as possible, you must follow the rules of admission:

  • the calculation of the drug is carried out in accordance with the patient's body weight - 0.2-1 g per 1 kg of weight,
  • the daily dose recommended by the doctor is divided into 3-4 times,
  • the drug is washed down with plenty of water
  • allergies combine sorbents with vitamin complexes, after a week the consumption of sorbents is gradually reduced up to complete withdrawal,
  • other medicines are taken two hours after the use of sorbents,
  • to reduce the absorption of alcohol detox drug is taken 25 minutes before the feast,
  • for prophylactic purposes, the use of absorbing and adsorbing agents lasts from one week to ten days.

Conclusion

A large range of modern sorbing drugs can successfully deal with various pathologies, strengthen the body's defenses and improve the health of allergy sufferers. But any disease involves a professional integrated approach, so enterosorbents alone can not do it without visiting a doctor in most cases.

How do modern sorbents work?

  • First, they have selective absorption properties.
  • Secondly, sorbents in case of poisoning actively absorb the so-called free hemoglobin from the blood. Why is this so important? Because with a number of diseases, as well as as a result of serious injuries, a large number of toxic substances are formed in hemolytic compounds. They are extremely dangerous, can in a short time provoke a violation of the functions of the kidneys: literally within 3 days a person can die as a result of poisoning of the body.
  • Third, they consume less glucose, which is also very important.
  • Fourth, have a reduced activity against potassium. The absence of this element in the patient's body can cause unwanted functional disorders of the cardiovascular system. Also modern drugs are neutral in relation to albumin and proteins.

Allergy Sorbents

If the diagnosis of "allergy" was confirmed, the doctor prescribes a diet that is selected for the patient individually. It gradually includes a small amount of the product, which is an allergen for humans. If the patient's body again reacted negatively, the doctor again changes the patient's diet.

Allergy sorbents can be prescribed as an adjuvant with an antihistamine. Serious allergic reactions are treated in the hospital. Patients in such cases take anti-allergic, hormonal, anti-inflammatory drugs. The most commonly used sorbents for allergies: activated carbon, enterodez, polysorb, anti-allergic drugs - Suprastin, Parlazin, Zyrtec.

Sorbents for poisoning

When an organism reacts to poisoning, your main goal is to remove toxic substances that cause disorders in a short time. For this reason, sorbent-based preparations must be present in any first-aid kit. They must meet the following characteristics:

  • Strong sorption potential.
  • The ability to bind different sizes of toxic molecules.
  • Safe use: do not enter the bloodstream, and are rapidly eliminated from the body along with toxins.

Treatment for stomach ulcers

For patients with stomach ulcers, the use of powdered drugs will provide a decrease in acidity. To date, there is a whole series of preparations based on enterosorbents. The most commonly used drug is Enterosgel. Characteristics of sorbents in the form of a gel:

  • has a consistency similar to enterosorbent,
  • within a few minutes reduces the acidity of gastric juice,
  • protects the mucosa,
  • with the addition of certain components, relieves pain.

Sorbents for treating children

Sorbents for children are the tools that are needed primarily for poisoning and allergic reactions. However, enterosorbents in the form of tablets and capsules adversely affect the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract of children in their first years of life. Permissible sorbents for children should be used in acceptable dosages.

The most famous drug "Enterosgel" perfectly absorbs toxic substances (heavy metals) and is suitable for children. It can be used for a long time.

Good or bad?

Speaking of sorbents, we should mention the harmful factors. Doctors have the opinion that if these drugs remove harmful substances, they are also useful with them. Yes, such an effect takes place, but, as a rule, in serious conditions of the disease, a decrease in the concentration of harmful components is much more important. Thus, we protect the liver, freeing it from unnecessary toxic ballast. The liver, instead of wasting energy on the elimination of toxic products (internal and external), begins to produce beneficial substances - hormones and vitamins, that is, it fully compensates for them.

Natural sorbents

The natural sorbents include pectin sorbent, which is mainly found in fruits. Они обладают очень мощным действием, поэтому следует осторожно соблюдать дозировку.Allergic reactions are the first signs of acidification of the body. Pectin sorbent helps to clean it from toxic substances, contributing to the improvement of the human condition.

What are enterosorbents and how are they used?

Preparations of therapeutic action are a complex of active substances. They are able to bind and hold in themselves many toxic elements. When this occurs, the excretion of bad microflora, its metabolic products, from the body occurs. With the help of drugs in this category, you can protect the body from the manifestation of an allergic reaction, improve metabolism and overcome dysbacteriosis.

At enterosorbent minimum contraindications, and almost no side effects. It is easy to use them, and the availability of the drug attracts. The most popular of the substances described are activated carbon.

Despite the benefits of taking medications should be prescribed only by a doctor. The patient will not be able to choose the correct dosage for treatment. If the patient suffers from allergic manifestations or is suffering from the effects of poisoning, the medication should be taken in the first hours after the onset of symptoms. It is better to refrain from taking any food for the next hour and a half.

Provided that the patient does not begin to combine the intake of enterosorbents with other dosage forms, their effect can be significantly reduced. The physician should find out the exact weight of the patient in order to calculate the correct dosage of the medicine.

If earlier only activated carbon was used among the enterosorbents, now the list has expanded a lot:

  1. Organic These funds have a pleasant taste and do not harm the body. The healing powder is obtained by isolating the concentrate from natural dietary fiber. These include pectin, seaweed, chitin, cellulose and lignin. In the pharmacy, the medicine is sold under the name Multiorb, in addition, there are its analogues.
  2. Carbon. This includes all modifications of chemical type coal.
  3. Silicon. With the help of sorbents of this group produce high-quality cleansing of the body. In the pharmacy they are sold under the names - Smekta, Polysorb, Enterosgel.

Drug selection

Due to the high competition in this area there is no shortage of drugs. However, the buyer faces another problem - how to purchase the best chelators.

Before the purchase must be taken into account the volume of the sorption capacity of the drug. This parameter will prompt in favor of which drug to make a choice. By this value is meant the number of toxins that will be absorbed by the active substance. All modern medicines from this group of drugs have a lot of positive feedback. They can be used to treat various diseases. In what cases is enterosorbent therapy indicated:

  • diseases of the liver and biliary tract, peritonitis, pancreatitis,
  • alcoholism, drug addiction,
  • open wound infections, sepsis, burn toxicosis,
  • acute radiation sickness, oncological diseases,
  • autoimmune diseases, skin problems, asthma,
  • condition after acute poisoning.

We must not forget that the course for medical therapy prescribed exclusively by physicians. Independent use is prohibited due to subtleties in the calculation of dosage. In a hospital environment, activated carbon is most often used, which has proven itself over many years. In addition to it, such agents as Gastrosorb, Karbolen and Karbaktin can be prescribed.

Polymers of polymethylsiloxane type not only help cleanse the body, but also improve digestion. Behind this name hides familiar means - Smekta, Enterosgel and Smectite.

Recently, drugs that are made on the basis of lignin have been widely used. On the pharmacy shelf, they can be found in the form of Lignosorb, Polyphepanum and Filtrum. A good effect from the intake of enterosorbents can be noted in the treatment of allergic reactions. They will be much easier, and the symptoms go away after several doses of powder. At home, enterosorbents can overcome food poisoning and remove toxins from the body. The patient's condition after taking improves, diarrhea and nausea disappear.

Food enterosorbents

It is noted that with the help of these medicines and those extra pounds go. This is not a serious weight loss, but rather, the drug will have an auxiliary function. Indeed, to lose weight, toxins and lipids are actively released from adipose tissue. So that they do not get into the blood, it is enough to take enterosorbents.

There are useful compounds in food as well, there are 3 groups:

  1. Bran - enterosorbent non-medicinal type. The product is quite a lot of vitamin B and dietary fiber. You can buy it not only in a pharmacy, but also in a regular store. In order to get a positive effect, you should add a little bran in soups, porridge or kefir.
  2. To get a natural cleansing, you need to consume enough cereals, fruits and vegetables. Today, these are good natural enterosorbents.
  3. Algae contain a huge amount of pectin polysaccharide. Using this compound lowers cholesterol. Actually for people with atherosclerosis and similar diseases. In addition, doctors celebrate the beneficial effect on the body, which received a portion of radionuclides. Used by patients who are undergoing radiation therapy or received radiation due to increased background radiation.

If the patient has a goal of cleaning the body, then it is possible not only to take pharmaceutical-type enterosorbents. It is permissible to focus on products that can cleanse the body naturally. An integrated approach contributes to the achievement of rapid results.

Usually a competent program is a medical professional who calculates the amount of the drug consumed per day. In addition, he will prompt a diet to cleanse the body, which should be selected individually.

Medicines for cleansing the body

Despite the fact that enterosorbents have a similar effect, some items will still have differences. Depending on the main component, the effect on the patient’s body is different. In the practice of physicians, the following drugs are prescribed most often:

  1. Polyphepane It is completely safe, so it is even prescribed to pregnant women and those who are breastfeeding. It is impossible to take the drug for a long time, there is a risk of getting constipation and excessive gas formation. In the hangover period, the drug is not recommended, as it, along with toxins, removes positive substances. Thus, after the active use of alcohol, the body will recover even more difficult.
  2. Enterosgel Despite the relatively high cost of the drug, it is still actively buying. The reason is that, unlike its predecessor, the gel does not flush the body of nutrients. In addition, it has the highest sorption capacity, suggesting an excellent therapeutic effect. Hydrogel can be used for a long time, while it will not cause addiction. Allows you to clean the body without any possible consequences.
  3. Polysorb The powdered drug is mixed with water and consumed orally for suspected food poisoning. A suspension is immediately formed in the finished liquid, so it is difficult to consume inside. It also tastes unpleasant, in addition to everything, it is not able to distinguish the healthy flora from the harmful one. More often, they prefer to take Enterosgel instead, especially since they are from the same price category.
  4. Smekta. The basis of the drug is medical clay, which was previously cleaned. If the enterosorbent is diluted, a suspension similar to ordinary chalk will be visualized in the liquid. Therefore, before use, the finished solution is well shaken. The medicine begins to act not immediately, but after a few hours. The principle of the drug is such that when it enters the stomach, it interacts with mucus proteins. Pores Smekta well retain substances that will have a smaller volume.

Best of all, the drug Enterosgel copes with its task. It is pleasant to the taste, selective in the removal of toxins and does not have a detrimental effect on the general condition of the patient. It is easy to use it, as it dissolves in pure water, without leaving a trace in it.

How are enterosorbents used?

Having dealt with the concept of what enterosorbents, you need to go to the question, allowing you to learn the nuances of using drugs. As soon as the powder or gel is inside the body, the interaction with the contents of the stomach and intestines begins. The drug absorbs well the substances that remain after the vital processes of microorganisms. In addition, the removal of harmful flora. For this reason, to achieve good results, you should use the tool 60 minutes before meals.

Exceptions can be if acute poisoning or other force majeure occurs. Then it is allowed to take enterosorbents urgently. There are 2 subgroups of modern drugs:

  1. Adsorbents that work with the entire surface and absorb all, without exception, their structure.
  2. Absorbents, they can absorb toxic substances with all cells, showing high productivity.

When using the drug should take into account not only the absorption power, but also the ability of elimination. A number of funds can lose what was absorbed during the period of the intestines. In order for a truly useful drug to be bought, they take into account all the particularities of the situation. Different reasons for taking enterosorbent suggest the use of different means.

It will not be superfluous to focus attention on the cost of good drugs. The scatter is large, because the cheapest powder can cost about 50 rubles. The most expensive gels reach the cost of 2000 rubles. If earlier everyone purchased activated carbon, now it is well replaced by more effective means.

Recommendations for treatment

There are certain rules for receiving funds with sorption action.
Sorbents for poisoning should be taken, adhering to the following recommendations:

  1. Drink as much as possible of pure non-carbonated mineral water, weak mineralization (2 liters per day).
  2. Take sorbents to speed up detoxification processes. Enterosgel is recommended as a powder.
  3. Follow the rules of separate nutrition or recommended in your case diet. For example, with candidiasis, excluding flour and sweet foods is recommended.
  4. Exclude alcohol, coffee, spicy and fried foods.

The use of sorption methods is widely used in the treatment of many diseases:

  • immune and autoimmune,
  • hepatitis
  • pancreatitis,
  • kidney diseases
  • diseases of the nervous system, etc.

Enterosorbents allow you to remove from the body radionuclides, heavy metals, nitrates, pesticides, strengthen the immune system. Courses of taking sorbents for prophylactic purposes should be carried out 1-2 times annually, combining them with drugs containing vitamins and lactobacilli.

What it is?

An enterosorbent is a substance that absorbs toxins and neutralizes poisons in the stomach, intestines of a person, and then removes them from the body by emptying the rectum. No wonder the name consists of two Latin words denoting: "sorbens" - to absorb, absorb, and "entero" - the gastrointestinal tract (place of action).

Due to the pollution of the environment, the presence of harmful components in products and other adverse factors, sorption substances have found wide application in everyday life and are quite popular. Even a special science, enterosorption, was created.

  • natural, for example, charcoal,
  • created in scientific laboratories, namely, ion-exchange material - the sorbent of new technologies.

It should be noted that many natural sorbents are contained in food. These include pectins, cellulose, a by-product of the milling industry, called bran, alginic acids - seaweed polysaccharides.

Main sorbents and their characteristics

We present to your attention a list of the main enterosorbent preparations that are most in demand among the population:

"Activated carbon". This drug is the most popular and affordable. It can be bought at any pharmacy or store.

Effectively helps with various types of poisoning, namely:

  • food,
  • gasses
  • alkaloids (drugs, poisons),
  • industrial poisons
  • household poisons.

Its effect extends to a number of diseases, such as:

  • increased acidity of the stomach,
  • diarrhea,
  • flatulence,
  • chronic viral hepatitis,
  • cirrhosis of the liver,
  • skin diseases
  • bronchial asthma.

Disadvantages of using activated carbon:

  • does not destroy the pathogenic flora of the intestinal tract, which is inferior to the preparations of a new generation,
  • prolonged use of the drug causes irritation or damage to the gastrointestinal mucosa. Although the pathogenic flora of the intestine, it does not destroy.

Enterosgel has a more pronounced therapeutic effect than activated carbon, namely:

  • effectively neutralizes any toxins
  • destroys allergenic, pathogenic and viral microbes and removes them from the body,
  • restores tissue and mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract.

"Enterosgel" is completely harmless to the human body, even with its long use does not destroy the beneficial microflora and trace elements of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract.

Its effect is also effective in violation of the intestinal microflora imbalance: it eliminates dysbacteriosis, protecting the mucosa from exposure to microbes, including pathogenic. Perfectly cope with alcohol intoxication of the body.

This drug has been used in the fight against the aesthetic problem of the skin, for example, with acne.

"Smecta"- an excellent drug that treats pathological diseases in adults and children:

  • dysbacteriosis,
  • heartburn,
  • flatulence,
  • gastrointestinal tract diseases
  • intestinal infection with diarrhea, vomiting and fever.

Moreover, the remedy is often taken on the road to apply in the case of diarrhea, which may occur to travelers due to climate change.

Smecta is also indispensable for the removal of alcoholic toxins, the restoration of the mucous membrane, the protection of the digestive organs from harmful components, as well as from other symptoms of a hangover.

This sorbent is absolutely harmless, therefore it is recommended for use even by newborns. Restriction only in the course of treatment - no more than one week.

Contraindications: intestinal obstruction and idiosyncrasy to the components that make up Smekta.

Polysorb - German drug company "EvonikDegussa AG", which is used as an independent and auxiliary enterosorbent drug.

Once in the human body, it immediately acts by binding toxic substances, enhancing immunity, reducing the side effects of chemotherapy, enhancing the effectiveness of anticancer drugs.

"Lignin" - natural sorbent, which is obtained from coniferous trees. This drug has a wide range of actions, therefore it is used in the treatment of:

  • diarrhea,
  • flatulence,
  • colitis,
  • allergic reaction
  • housing infections,
  • pyelonephritis,
  • acute infectious diseases of the liver,
  • renal failure
  • purulent wounds,
  • burns
  • inflammation of the skin,
  • atherosclerosis,
  • hypertensive disease.

  • lesions of the gastrointestinal mucosa,
  • stomach ulcer,
  • gastritis (erosive and / or anacid).

Which products are included?

Many experts recommend not to use medicinal sorption preparations, but to introduce into the diet products containing enterosorbents. These include:

  • algae, sugar beet, fruit cake and fruit, which include pectin, which reduces cholesterol in the human body, reduces the level of radionuclides and salts of heavy metals,
  • bran is effective due to the content in them of vitamins of group B, as well as coarse dietary fiber,
  • all vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains, in which there is fiber.

And in conclusion, the advice: it is necessary to use enterosorbent in moderation, after consulting with a doctor, because not only toxic, but also useful components are removed from the body under the influence of a substance.

What are sorbents for?

The word sorbens (sorbent) means “absorbing” in Latin. So called substances in the solid or liquid state, which are capable of selectively absorbing gases, vapors and individual components of solutions from the environment. They are used in the national economy to maintain an environmentally clean space on land and in water bodies (for example, after an emergency oil spill on the sea surface), to purify industrial gases, wastewater, and various products of technological processes.

Operating principle

Depending on the purpose, different types of sorbents are used, which differ in the principles of action:

  • Absorbents are capable of absorbing gases or components of solutions with their entire volume.
  • Adsorbents thicken (hold) chemical compounds only on their surface.
  • Иониты поглощают из растворов одни ионы, а взамен отдают другие.
  • Chemical absorbers bind substances from the environment through chemical reactions.

Medical applications

In medical practice, sorbents are widely used - pharmacological preparations, the main purpose of which is the binding of toxins, chemical and toxic substances, by adsorbing them in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of a person. This prevents the intoxication of the body: the harmful elements of chemical and natural origin are not absorbed into the blood, but are bound and removed through the excretory system to the outside. Absorbent drugs are used for specific medical indications and for prophylactic cleansing.

A progressive method in the fight against cancer is the use of an adsorbent-polymer saturated with a cytostatic drug. The principle of its action is that the sorbent slowly releases a chemopreparation into the tumor tissue. This therapy minimizes side effects, is used as a non-surgical treatment of cancer. This technique is practiced so far only in scientific centers of Russia.

Sorbents for cleaning the body

The term "enterosorbents" includes all sorbents for oral use, containing the active ingredient, which by absorption, adsorption, ion exchange or in a complex way bind toxins in the organs of the digestive system. Some sorbents are used for external use in the form of powder and tissue structures. Sorbents are characterized by properties:

  • Sorption capacity. It indicates the amount of the substance to be bound by the mass unit of the sorbent.
  • The ability to sorb chemical compounds, bacteria, expressed in units of physical quantity.
  • Toxicity (as far as the agent itself is safe for the human body).
  • Biological compatibility with the cellular structure of human tissues and organs.
  • The level of trauma enterosorbent mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract.

Performing its main function - cleaning the body of toxic substances - each of the sorbing drugs has its drawbacks. Among them:

  • desorption - the return output of the collected harmful substances and the absorption of their gastrointestinal tract,
  • low sorption surface
  • binding together with toxins of beneficial elements: vitamins, micro, macro elements.

Indications for use

Enterosorbents are used to treat patients in the form of monodrugs and in conjunction with other drugs. Their sorption action helps to rid the patient of the following symptoms and diseases:

  • food poisoning
  • intestinal infections
  • intoxication of the body with alcohol,
  • poisoning: poisons, drugs, drugs,
  • abstinence syndrome (breaking) of alcoholics and drug addicts,
  • acute (chronic) renal or hepatic failure,
  • pathology: gastrointestinal tract, pancreas,
  • prevention: overeating, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease,
  • allergy,
  • bronchial asthma,
  • psoriasis,
  • rheumatism,
  • dysbacteriosis,
  • multiple sclerosis, etc.

Rules of application

Sorbents are available in the form of powders, tablets, gels. Any sorbent drug has its own dosage, which is described in the instructions for use. For example, activated carbon in case of intoxication of an adult’s body is taken at the rate of: 1 tablet per 10 kg of weight. The calculated dose is divided into 2-3 doses per day. The general rule for all types of sorbents is that they are taken an hour (two) before or after meals.

Enterosorbents are not recommended to be used for more than 10–15 days in a row, because many useful substances are bound and removed from the body along with toxins. Between the intake of the sorbent drug and other drugs, it should take at least 1.5 hours so that the therapeutic effect is not disturbed. Before choosing a suitable sorbent for your first-aid kit in case of emergency use, you should consult with your doctor.

Characteristics of sorbents

Sorption properties of drugs depend on the type of raw materials from which they are made. Natural components, taken as a basis for the funds, are easily extracted from plant material and are inexpensive. Synthetic enterosorbents are more active and more expensive than natural. There are complex preparations containing both types of raw materials. Depending on the substances used, there are such groups of medical devices with sorption properties:

  • mineral (Polysorb, Atoxyl),
  • synthetic: ion exchange (Cholestyramine), alumogeli and aluminosilicates (Almagel, Smekta).
  • natural (Filtrum, Polyphepan).

Mineral

The active substance of mineral sorbent preparations is silicon dioxide or carbon. Silicon-based sorbents gently remove toxic substances from the body, do not stop the absorption of other GIT drugs, are an excellent alternative to activated carbon - carbon sorbent. They are often prescribed to young children, pregnant and nursing mothers. The most effective among them are:

Polysorb Acts by adsorption. It is indicated for allergies, various kinds of poisoning, including poisonous substances, and is capable of removing decomposition products for various kinds of hepatitis, chronic renal failure, etc. Recommended for workers in hazardous industries, residents of environmentally dirty areas. The duration of polysorb intake is from 3 to 30 days (with breaks), depending on the complexity of intoxication. The course is prescribed by the attending physician. In rare cases, there is a side effect in the form of constipation.

Atoxyl is an enterosorbent that adsorbs exogenous and endogenous toxins. It is prescribed for food poisoning, poisoning, hepatitis, allergies. The duration of therapy is from 3 to 15 days, depending on the complexity of the disease. Possible side effect - constipation.

Enterosgel Detoxification effect is manifested by absorption. Able to excrete opportunistic and pathogenic microorganisms from the body. Suppresses toxicosis during pregnancy. The average course is 7–14 days. The only side effect may be constipation. The drug is prescribed for:

  • cirrhosis of the liver,
  • all sorts of hepatitis
  • liver failure
  • kidney disease
  • allergies (food and drug),
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract,
  • diarrhea
  • infectious diseases (salmonellosis, dysentery, rotavirus infections),
  • intoxication (narcotic, alcoholic, burn, etc.),
  • skin diseases (diathesis, neurodermatitis, etc.),
  • dysbacteriosis,
  • intoxication with cancer.

Synthetic

Synthetic chemical compounds are based on synthetic enterosorbents. Most of the drugs in this group bind not only toxins, but also harmful bacteria in the intestine. The most effective sorption synthetic tools include:

  • Cholestyramine - ion exchange resin,
  • Almagel,
  • Smekta.

Cholestyramine - ion exchange resin. Able to bind bile acids. It is indicated for obstruction of the biliary tract, metabolic disorders. Available in pill or suspension form. The dosage and course is chosen by the attending physician based on the patient's age and the complexity of the disease. Possible side effects:

  • constipation,
  • flatulence,
  • nausea,
  • vomiting
  • skin rash with itching
  • increase sexual attraction and activity,
  • pancreatitis.

Almagel is an antacid - able to protect the gastric mucosa from the action of hydrochloric acid and bile. The active ingredient is aluminum hydroxide. In addition to adsorbing, it has enveloping and gastroprotective properties. Available in gel form. The dosage is calculated based on the patient's age. The average course of treatment is 14 days. Side effects: constipation, nausea, stomach pain. Indications for use:

  • gastritis caused by acidity,
  • stomach ulcer and intestines,
  • flatulence,
  • food infections
  • enteritis,
  • esophagitis,
  • abdominal pain caused by excessive consumption of drugs, alcohol, coffee.

Smecta is available in powder form. The portion needs to be dissolved in water before the use. It is used as an effective antidiarrheal drug in the fight against abdominal bloating in infants. It is indicated for heartburn, colitis of the gastrointestinal tract, ulcer, gastritis. Recommended course - 3-7 days. Constipation can be the only adverse reaction of the body to taking Smekta.

Pharmacology actively uses natural ingredients for the manufacture of natural sorbents. The main materials for the production of such drugs are:

  • Lignin - polymeric compounds that are found in the stems of plants and some algae.
  • Chitin - polysaccharides containing nitrogen - the main component of the walls of fungi, the exoskeleton of invertebrates.
  • Cellulose is an integral part of higher plant cells.
  • Pectin is a structural jelly-like junction of cell walls and intercellular substance of fruits, berries, and vegetables.
  • Activated carbon. It is produced from charred wood.

Natural sorbents are produced as biologically active additives (BAA), are highly effective for eliminating the symptoms of intoxication. Their dosage depends on the age of the patient. In medical practice are often used:

  • Lignosorb
  • chitosan
  • microcrystalline cellulose (MCC),
  • apple pectin.

Lignosorb binds not only toxic substances, decomposition products of pathogenic flora, but also harmful microorganisms. Available in the form of tablets, powder or paste (for topical use in gynecology). The optimal course is 10–15 days, after which a ten-day break should be taken. Side effects: constipation, allergic reactions. Indications for use:

  • diarrhea,
  • intestinal dysbiosis,
  • dysentery,
  • salmonella,
  • cholera,
  • kidney and liver failure
  • allergy,
  • lipid metabolism disorders
  • radionuclide damage,
  • gynecological diseases: candidiasis, vaginosis, cervicitis, etc.,
  • dental problems: stomatitis, periodontitis.

Chitosan is made from shells of sea crabs. It absorbs fats, preventing their absorption by the intestines. It has antimicrobial, antimycotic properties. Available in capsules. Children over 14 years old and adults are advised to take 2 capsules 3 times daily with meals. Course - 1 month. Contraindicated in people with individual intolerance to chitin. Indications for use:

  • high blood cholesterol
  • obesity,
  • lipid metabolism,
  • gout,
  • biliary dyskinesia,
  • atony of the stomach.

Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) consists of dietary fiber. Has the ability to:

  • gently cleanse the body of toxins, radionuclides, slags, cholesterol,
  • reduce blood sugar levels
  • consistently reduce body weight
  • correct metabolism
  • to improve the work of the gastrointestinal tract,
  • improve human performance.

MCC is available in pill form. Depending on the desired result, the product is taken 3–10 tablets three times a day with meals (for weight loss, 20 minutes before meals). The course is 1 month, after which you need to take a ten-day break. Contraindications and side effects have been identified. Indications for use:

  • high blood sugar and cholesterol levels
  • obesity,
  • problems with the passage of blood vessels
  • poisoning.

Pectin sorbents are high-molecular carbohydrates capable of binding bile acids, radionuclides, heavy metal ions. Apple pectin has an antimicrobial effect: it suppresses the effect of opportunistic microflora of the intestines and pathogens of intestinal infections. Normalizes gastrointestinal microbiosis. Available in powder form. For a single dose of 5 g of pectin pour 200 ml of liquid, taken daily 3 times before meals. Before using this dietary supplement, you should consult with your doctor. He will determine the required course.

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