Women's Tips

8 simple ways to relax during the work day


Many personnel in employment are interested in the question: what rules govern the lunch break at the enterprise? This is a very important point, which helps to provide employees with free time for eating. His absence makes you think about the employer's good faith. After all, eating is a natural need of the body. And every employee must satisfy her. But, of course, not at the expense of work. Often the working day lasts a long time. Or a person stays for overtime work. He somehow needs to eat. The norms regarding the lunch break in Russia are established by the Labor Code. What does it say? What are the key points for employees to pay attention to?

Direct duty

The first important point is that in the Labor Code of the Russian Federation breaks for meals are indicated as mandatory. That is, each employer is obliged to provide his employee during the working day or work shift a certain period of time for the lunch break. Especially if it is not about combining, but about a full-fledged shift. Lack of time for eating is a direct violation of the established labor standards. You can not starve subordinates. They have the right to complain about their employer. Do not provide a break for eating is possible only when the shift is approximately 4 hours. That is, when part-time. But in this case, the lunch break subordinates may require legally.

Not at the expense of work

The next moment is taking into account the time for rest and eating. Article 108 of the Labor Code indicates that the employer is not only obliged to provide this period of time to his subordinates. This period is not counted as a worker. That is, the employer does not have to pay for lunch breaks. And no one has the right to demand this from him. Even if a person on his own initiative did not interrupt the performance of official duties for the sake of eating.

There are certain rules regarding the duration of the break for rest and lunch. They are also spelled out in the Labor Code. But we are talking exclusively about the maximum and minimum. Exact figures must be specified in the employment contract of each employer. It turns out that the length of time allotted for eating is the time frame that the director is entitled to set independently. But given the established norms of the duration of rest.

How much time is allotted for the meal? At least 30 minutes is the minimum required by the law in Russia in order to take a meal or just relax. The establishment of a lunch break below the specified level is a violation of the legislation of the Russian Federation. An employment contract that specifies a period less than the established norm, as well as its complete absence, is a violation of human rights and labor.

What else should you pay attention to? What are the important points of the Labor Code? A lunch break is something that every employer must provide to their employees. Minimum for a meal is 30 minutes. And what about the longest put duration? Legally fixed maximum lunch break. For rest and eating is given up to two hours. In practice, such a long break is rarely observed. The main thing is that this time should not be paid by the employer under any circumstances.

Without stopping from work

In some cases, the employer can not provide personnel legal rest, which provides for separation from work. In this situation, the Labor Code of the Russian Federation also provides for certain rules. Already it became clear - you can not leave subordinates without eating. This means that the lunch break should be provided at the expense of the work shift. The director is obliged to provide the possibility of eating directly on duty. In what positions is it envisaged? This is governed by the employment contract between the employer and the subordinate. That it specifies the rules for breaks, as well as prescribed places where you can eat, as well as relax.

No hard frames

A lunch break is a value that, as already mentioned, has only maximums and minimums legally fixed. The article under study does not have any other specifics regarding the provision of time for rest or a meal. As already mentioned, each employer independently sets the duration of the lunch break. These rules are prescribed in the employment contract. As a rule, at the enterprises all employees are given a break at a specific time (for example, at 12:00). It can be used both for relaxation and for lunch.

In fact, 30 minutes is too little to eat. Often the staff do not have time to eat calmly. A 120 minutes - very much. Therefore, there is an unofficial rule regarding the issue under study. The break for rest by the majority of employers shall be 1 hour.

Where to rest and dine?

Of course, no food should be eaten directly in the workplace. Therefore, it is necessary to clearly designate in each enterprise a zone that is intended for recreation or lunch. This is quite normal. Most often, such a place is a dining room or cafe, located at the corporation.

It should be noted that the lunch break is carried out exclusively in accordance with the employment contract. So, the employer must not only allocate, but also indicate in the concluded agreement the places reserved for a meal or a break for unpaid legal rest. If there is no such item, employees can eat directly at the workplace or even leave the walls of a particular company in order to rest or stop for lunch. Therefore, this feature should not be neglected.

Women with babies

Separate attention is demanded by women who immediately went to work after giving birth. Article 108 of the Labor Code of the RF indicates that such employees should be provided not only a break for eating. Up to a certain point, these frames have the full right to count on additional rest. According to the established rules, the lunch break for a woman who has children under the age of 1.5 years should last according to the rules of the corporation established by the internal schedule. But in addition it can be calculated on the periods for feeding the baby.

They also have their limitations. The maximum is set by the employer (usually by agreement of the parties). And the minimum is 30 minutes. That is, a woman with a small child can be interrupted for feeding the baby for at least half an hour extra, not at the expense of her own meal or rest.

How often do I need to provide time intervals allocated for a baby? At least every 3 hours. In fact, it is recommended to coordinate with the employer at the moment - all children are different. Someone wants to eat in 2 hours, someone can tolerate 4-5. Therefore, these features are pre-negotiated by the parties. Lunch break due to the need to feed a child under 1.5 years old should not be changed.

Where I want - go there

The time allotted for eating, as already mentioned, is not paid. It is not included in the working day. Accordingly, the Labor Code provides for some peculiarities that give free rein to personnel during the meal. The fact is that breaks for rest and meals are personal minutes (or hours) of an employee. He has the right to use them at his own discretion. For example, go home for lunch, go shopping, meet friends. The main thing is to comply with the limitations of the duration. The employer cannot prohibit the employee from doing this. If a subordinate wants to, he can go to a store or cafe for food during the lunch break. After all, the restriction of superiors in actions during periods that are not paid is a violation of human rights.

Rest outside the company

Lunch break - this is not necessarily the time at which meals are eaten. The fact is that since these segments are not paid for, the Labor Code of the Russian Federation provides for the free use of these periods of time by employees. They can not only eat, but also relax. Moreover, no one has the right to force a subordinate to remain within the company. Breaks for rest or lunch is the personal time of every citizen. And he has the right to dispose of them as he wishes.

The only subordinate should take into account the following point: if during the established lunch break the meal was not carried out, there would be no additional break for eating. The employer, at his own discretion, may make an employee's relief, but this is an extremely rare phenomenon. Hope for her should not.

Change breaks

Another important point is that the lunch break is a clearly defined internal schedule. It must be established and approved by the employer. It is important. Some are interested in whether it is possible to postpone lunch at one time or another. The answer is simple - no. You can try to negotiate with the employer, but no more. On an ongoing basis, no one will postpone for a specific employee the time allotted for rest and meals. On their own initiative can not tolerate breaks. Therefore, if the employer offers lunch from 12:00 to 13:00, for example, then it is necessary to eat during this period of time. After all, more breaks will not be provided.

Work in transport

Often, employees have to work on transport or constantly leave the main workplace to perform their duties in full. That is, people have features of the work schedule. What to do with lunch breaks in this situation? The employer must issue a special decree in which all the nuances of time given to employees working on transport or on permanent journeys for lunch and rest will be prescribed. Such documentation is called the provision of a break for personnel with features of the labor regime.

Often, employees independently allocate time for lunch, without notifying the employer. That is, until, for example, they get to the venue. According to the rules, you can not do that. But the unspoken rules provide for such a step. But only the employer does not exempt from providing an official break for meals. He still must necessarily allocate a certain period for lunch. Otherwise, subordinates can legally complain about it.


What conclusions can be drawn from the above? A lunch break is a legal time that must be allocated by the employer for rest and meals to all employees. Its minimum duration is 30 minutes, the maximum is 120. In fact, it is the practice of setting the lunch hour.

The studied period is allocated by the employer in accordance with the employment contract and the internal schedule of the enterprise. Only the boss can carry it. Employees without permission have no right to change the time of rest and lunch. It's illegal. Women with small children may require additional breaks to feed the baby. Not the most common practice, but it takes place. The employer cannot refuse it. The lunch break should not be reduced. It is provided to employees on the same conditions as all other subordinates.

Each subordinate has the right to freely dispose of the time allotted for rest or lunch. You should pay attention to the fact that you can leave the walls of the company. No one can restrict an employee in this plan. After all, the employer does not pay for periods of rest and meals. So, it cannot claim personal time for the rest of subordinates.

How to quickly relax at work

It is impossible to work productively for eight hours at a time, especially if the work is sedentary and requires constant concentration and attentiveness. From prolonged sitting in one position, the muscles become stiff, the body becomes numb, and the head refuses to think.

It is said that sitting more than 10 hours a day is more detrimental to health than smoking. A chair as a joke is called the worst enemy of humanity. Such a long sitting with time leads to metabolic disorders, the development of heart disease and blood vessels, etc. Therefore, compliance with the so-called motor mode during the working day not only allows you to relax and increases labor productivity, but also serves as a preventive measure for various diseases that the sedentary entails. Lifestyle.

"Tell me how you relax?" - “And I'm not straining ...”

1. Change your working position

To less tired at work, doctors advise use dynamic working postures, that is, in the process of work, periodically change the position of the body so that the load is distributed evenly on different parts of the body. It is curious that not so long ago - some a hundred years ago, many office workers in Europe and America were working standing up. And the desktops were bureaus or desks. It was standing behind such a desk that N. V. Gogol wrote Dead Souls.

Thus, frequent change of working postures during the day allows you to work more productively. Interestingly, some creative offices allow creative staff to work in a prone position - after all, in this position the load on the spine is minimal, the muscles are completely relaxed, the pulse is slowed, resulting in a decrease in stress levels.

2. Exercise

So, doctors believe that the working posture is necessary change every half hour. Moreover, even the usual “get up - sit down” already reloads the muscular system. Every 2 hours you need to take a short break for 5–10 minutes, during which you should actively move.

You can do simple exercise right behind the desk - stretch, turn, crouch, bend, do exercises for the legs, twisting the feet in different directions, strain, and then relax the thigh muscles. Useful and 5-minute self-sore muscles of the neck, shoulders and arms.

Some companies, so that their employees “do not sit in their seats”, install water coolers as far as possible from the working space. Or, instead of individual trash cans, they place centralized bins, which forces employees to get up willy-nilly. In addition, it is practiced holding meetings and meetings with standing employees.

3. Breathe fresh air

During the break, you should not give in to the temptation to finish urgent work or to dine at your desk - change the picture before your eyes and go to breathe fresh air. Even a short walk will fully restore our strength.

5. Listen to music

Many people to relax at work helps your favorite music. It is worth trying to work in headphones: what if we fall into this category? (After all, there are those whom it, on the contrary, distracts and even annoys, making it difficult to concentrate - for such, we recommend listening to pleasant sounds instead of songs). In addition, the work in the headphones will help not to respond to extraneous conversations, if there are such fans in the team.

6. Use incense

If we work at home, you can use the services of aromatherapy. The positive effect of certain odors on a person is beyond doubt. Pleasant smells improve mood and performance, improve the overall condition. They can both tone up and reassure. For example, in some Japanese business offices, citrus or peppermint scent is spread, and in rooms designed for employees to relax, they use relaxing smells, such as orange. Although, of course, smells that are pleasant for some may cause allergies or rejection in others. Therefore, increasing your own performance or relaxing with the help of aromatherapy, you should take into account the tastes of colleagues. For example, not everyone will be delighted with the smell of tea tree oil, which is considered a source of intellectual activity, contributing to the intensification of information perception processes. The aroma of coffee is invigorating and uplifting.

7. Let your eyes rest

Work is closely interrelated with our vision. In people of mental labor, their eyes get tired first and foremost, especially as more and more people are transferring to the computer. Recently, such a term as “computer visual syndrome” has appeared. Its signs are blurred vision, double vision, misting of objects, a burning sensation or "sand" under the eyelids, pain in the eyes when the eye sockets move. These sensations will intensify if we do not give rest to our eyes.

В числе профилактических мер ― соблюдение режима работы, а именно: мини-перерывы (о них будут напоминать бесплатные программы, установленные на компьютере, которые напомнят, что пора отвлечься и сделать «глазные» упражнения. Среди таких программ ― EyeDefender, EyesRelaxing and Focusing и пр.

Глазам можно дать отдых, если периодически отрывать взгляд от монитора и смотреть вдаль или же на какой-то предмет, находящийся на расстоянии не менее 6 м от нас. Exists правило 20/20/20. Its essence is to look at an object 20 feet (6 meters) every 20 minutes for 20 seconds.

Useful and such exercises for the eyes, as the rotation of them, squeezing, wandering eyes on various objects, the consideration of structural surfaces.

You can just look out the window, blink or sit for a few seconds with eyes closed.

8. Eat right

They will help to lighten the mood, relieve fatigue, and therefore rest, some food and beverages, including ordinary water. You do not need to force a lot of water to drink at once - it’s enough to keep it in a cup on your desktop and take a sip from time to time. As you know, many people suffer from dehydration, especially office workers.

Green tea, herbal teas (chamomile, mint, lemon balm), and even with honey relaxing effect. Tea can be drunk with a piece of dark chocolate, which will enhance the mood and improve performance. Citrus fruits (oranges and grapefruits) and blueberries will help combat stress.

It is curious that the level of the hormone cortisol, which is involved in the development of stress reactions, decreases, and the usual chewing gum with any taste will help out here.

What is the task of breaks

Article 37 of the Constitution states that every citizen has the right to rest. Employees can not be forced to work around the clock - there are restrictions on the duration of the working day. But breaks during the working day should also be, otherwise the employee will begin to feel like a slave in the galleys. Under breaks, the legislator means the time that an employee can use for personal purposes - to have lunch, to smoke, to gossip with colleagues.

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There are three categories of breaks:

  • dinner (for rest and food),
  • special - for heating and rest,
  • for feeding the baby.

It is necessary to understand that pauses in the working process are not an annoying waste of time, but a means of preventing employee fatigue and reducing performance. It is unlikely that you will recruit employees to your company so that they can beat baklushi all day long (break will no longer help such “labor heroes”). However, good performance is unattainable without quality and regular rest. Yes, and humanly: squeezing the last juices out of people is not good.

Lunch break

The law does not establish a specific duration of the break for food, it only outlines its time frame. According to the Labor Code, the minimum duration is 30 minutes, and the maximum duration is 2 hours. It is within these limits that the employer can set the final duration, based on the specifics of the company’s activities and other factors. For example, with the standard five-day week (when a person spends 8 hours every day), almost all employers give their employees one hour of free time daily. If people work for you for 4-5 hours, you can shorten the break to a minimum salary, if you work at the Stakhanov pace of 12 hours - you need to let them rest for at least an hour and a half.

Most often, managers allocate employees one large period of time for rest and meals. For example, a person comes at 9 o'clock, works until 13, from 13 to 14 dines (smokes, listens to music, sleeps), and then continues to work until 18. This approach is convenient because it is easy to control all specialists. “So, on the clock is 14.03, and Ivanov is still cooling off somewhere, well, reprimand him!” However, the effectiveness of such a model of work-rest is doubtful. The ideal option is to let employees decide for themselves when and how much they should rest. You simply set the total duration of breaks during the working day (for example, 1 hour), and the task of the staff is to meet this deadline. Alas, it is not always achievable. If you do not have special software with the help of which people mark the hours they worked, it is better to go the standard way.

What time is the best time to rest? There is no universal answer, it all depends on the specifics of the work:

  • it would be enough for an office manager to snooze an hour behind the monitor in the middle of a shift,
  • it is better for the sales manager to take a sip of coffee more often, but for a shorter period - 10-15 minutes,
  • people who work in a state of nervous tension and are forced to constantly control something, check, count, you can be allowed to rest every hour and a half, but the breaks themselves can be reduced to literally 5-7 minutes,
  • loaders and other workers who are engaged in heavy physical labor will rejoice in more rare but prolonged pauses (15 minutes is enough to smoke and give muscles a little rest).

It is pointless to rest for less than 5 minutes (there is no talk about restoring strength for so much a short time), but the big breaks are harmful: the person relaxes too much and goes from the “arbeiten” phase to the “sleepy stuck in the monitor” mode. To return to a normal working condition, he will have to “swing” for another half an hour.

What else you need to know about lunch breaks

There is a golden rule: the harder the work, the earlier it is necessary to appoint a break. If fatigue noticeably accumulates already in the first half of the day or a shift - this is bad.

And one more important point. According to the Labor Code, breaks during the working day are free time, and a person can dispose of them as he pleases. He can go to the dining room and have lunch, and he can read a book. He has the right to go for a walk or even go home (if he lives nearby and is not late to return to work). It follows from this that it is not possible to restrict the worker in the use of precious moments of rest. If you forbid him to leave the building or leave his workplace, then violate labor laws.

You can only ask the employee not to leave his “post”, but not to demand it. Moreover, in case of agreement, you will have to pay a break at the standard rate - the rest time will be counted as a working time.

Relax and warm up

There are several categories of workers to whom the employer must provide breaks “for heating and rest.” These include:

  • those who work in the cold season in the open air (such as street vendors or lumberjacks) or in closed unheated premises,
  • people performing loading and unloading operations
  • some others who are given a break for heating are given individually in some specific cases.

The latter category includes:

  • drivers,
  • doctors,
  • teachers,
  • tobacco industry workers,
  • workers engaged in the production of alcohol products, juices,
  • fire retardant coating specialists
  • etc.

The peculiarity of “time-outs” for heating is that they must be paid at the standard rate (based on the cost of the working hour). In addition, the employer is obliged to provide workers with a warm, heated room for heating.

For more information on how to take care of the freezing poor fellows, you can read in the methodological recommendations "Work and rest regimes working in cold time in an open area or in unheated premises."

Break for feeding the child

This break can take advantage of women with infants (under the age of one and a half years). Every three hours, the employer must give such mothers at least 30 minutes to feed them. But if a girl has two small children, the minimum duration is increased to an hour.

Mothers of infants have the right to submit to the manager an application for accession breaks for feeding to the lunch "siesta". They can also ask to combine these breaks and transfer them to the beginning or end of the working day. In essence, this means a reduction in the work shift, but the employer cannot refuse - he must unconditionally satisfy all such statements. By the way, the time spent on feeding is also paid.

Let's sum up

Breaks during the working day or shift are needed not only by employees - small pauses restore the strength of your specialists and raise their spirits, which ultimately leads to an increase in the efficiency of the entire workflow. And you are interested in this personally.

If possible, do not limit yourself to the “like all” option (one hour of rest in the middle of the day). Ask your employees what time they feel most tired, enter the mode of life-giving ten-minutes (for example) of rest, and soon you will see the result. And do not fall into excessive pedantry - people really do not like it when a leader stands with his watch over his soul and makes severe reprimands because of one extra minute.

How correctly to reflect in the employment contracts concluded with the watchmen, the mode of working time according to the schedule “two days later”? Is it possible for such workers to establish a mode of work without a break for rest (work for which the guard is accepted does not imply the possibility of leaving the workplace during a break for rest and food)?

Having considered the issue, we came to the following conclusion:
Work on the schedule “a day after two” is a work in the weekly mode with the provision of days off according to a sliding schedule. If under the terms of work a break for rest and food cannot be provided for the guards, then rest and meals are possible during working hours. The employer should establish in the internal labor regulations a list of jobs where it is impossible to provide a break for rest and eating (in this case, the work of watchmen), as well as places for rest and eating. No requirements, such as duration, frequency of provision, have been established for this time. However, the fact that the specified time for rest and eating is included in the working time, in our opinion, does not mean that it should not be indicated in the employment contract.

Rationale for the withdrawal:
In accordance with the first part of Art. 100 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, the working time should include the working week (five days with two days off, six days with one day off, working week with granting days off according to a sliding schedule, part-time working week), working with an irregular working day for certain categories of workers, duration daily work (shift), including part-time work (shift), start and end time of work, time of work breaks, number of shifts per day, alternation of working and non-working days, e established internal regulations in accordance with the labor laws and other normative legal acts containing norms of labor law, collective contracts, agreements, and for employees, work time regime which is different from the general rules established for the employer - the employment contract.
As we understood from the question, the guard's working time regime differs from the general rules in force for the employer, therefore the corresponding conditions must be included in their employment contracts (part two of article 57 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation). It is assumed that the same employee will perform his work function during the working day without a change, days off will fall on different days of the week. Therefore, in this case, the work on the schedule “a day after two” is a work in the working week mode with the provision of days off according to a sliding schedule (part three of article 111 of the LC RF).
A rolling schedule implies maintaining a cumulative record of working time, otherwise it is impossible to observe normal weekly working hours (40 hours). According to Art. 104 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, the accounting period may be a month, quarter or another period, but must not exceed one year. In order to comply with the working time for the accounting period as a whole, the employer should develop a rolling schedule for the entire accounting period at once. Since the legislation does not regulate the procedure for establishing and changing the rolling schedule for a particular employee, as well as the procedure for familiarizing an employee with a sliding schedule, we recommend setting such rules in a local regulatory act or directly in an employment contract.
However, in the case of summed-up work hours, it is necessary to take into account the normal working hours set for the respective accounting period, as well as the limitations on the length of overtime work that are provided for by labor legislation. So, from item 1 of the Procedure for calculating the norm of working time for certain calendar periods of time (month, quarter, year) depending on the established working time per week, approved by order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation of August 13, 2009 N 588n, with 40 hour working week, the normal number of working hours in 2015 is 1971 (40. 5 x 247 work days - 5 hours of working time reduction on the eve of non-working holidays on April 30, May 8, June 11, November 3, December 31). The duration of overtime work should not exceed 4 hours for each employee for two days in a row and 120 hours per year (part six of Art. 99 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation). It is also necessary to take into account that the employer’s involvement of an employee in overtime work is allowed with his written consent (part two, article 99 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation). Accordingly, if the employee does not agree to overtime, he is entitled not to do it.
In this situation, the introduction of the work schedule “a day after two to 24 hours,” the employer will actually violate the labor legislation for the following reasons. With this mode of work, the work schedule will provide for an employee to work out almost 2,920 hours per year (365 days x 24 h. 3). Even if for such an employee a summarized accounting of working time with the maximum allowable accounting period (one year) is introduced, the number of working hours according to the schedule will significantly exceed the normal working time for a year (2920 hours - 1971 hours). The employer must therefore plan the work of employees during the accounting period in order to prevent processing, and may not foresee the overtime in the work schedule. In addition, in this case, the number of hours worked by an employee overtime will exceed the maximum permissible (120 hours per year). This requirement of the law can not
It cannot be canceled by agreement of the parties, therefore the employer does not have the right, even with the consent of the workers, to set such a schedule for them, which will lead to processing beyond the specified limit. In the case of the introduction of such a schedule, the employer may be held administratively liable for violation of labor legislation on the basis of art. 5.27 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation (see in this connection the decision of the Magadan Regional Court of March 22, 2012 in case No. 12-44 / 12, the decision of the Khabarovsk Regional Court of April 9, 2013 No. 21-151 / 2013).
Therefore, although the employer is not deprived of the right to establish a work schedule at which the weekly working time exceeds 40 hours (for which he must introduce a summed working time record with the definition of the required accounting period), in order to bring the work schedule in line with the requirements of the labor legislation, the employer should either to reduce the number of working hours for each employee compared with the “two days later” work schedule, or to increase the number of employees, accepted for this job, and, as a result, increase the number of days of rest between their working days.
As follows from the question, the work for which the guard is accepted does not imply the possibility of leaving the workplace during a break for rest and food. Part Three Art. 108 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation establishes that at work, where provision of a break for rest and meals is impossible under the terms of production (work), the employer must provide the employee with the opportunity to rest and eat during working hours. The list of such works, as well as places for recreation and meals are established by the internal labor regulations. In such a situation, the time used by an employee for eating and rest is not a break, that is, a rest time within the meaning of Articles 106 and 107 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation. Accordingly, the employee at this time should not leave the territory of the employer and use it at his discretion. The time spent by the employee on food and rest at work due to the inability to provide a break is a worker and is payable. No requirements, such as duration, frequency of provision, have been established for this time. However, the fact that the specified time for rest and eating is included in the working time, in our opinion, does not mean that it should not be indicated in the employment contract.
Thus, if according to the working conditions a break for rest and food cannot be provided for the guards, then rest and meals are possible during working hours. Работодателю следует установить в правилах внутреннего трудового распорядка перечень работ, где невозможно предоставление перерыва для отдыха и приема пищи (в данном случае — работа сторожей), а также сами места для отдыха и приема пищи. Также в правилах внутреннего трудового распорядка нужно указать, что выходные сторожам предоставляются поочередно в различные дни недели (часть третья ст. 111 ТК РФ).
А в силу части второй ст. 57 и части первой ст. 100 ТК РФ в трудовом договоре с работником при установлении режима рабочего времени в виде рабочей недели с выходными по скользящему графику необходимо закрепить следующее:
- the fact of establishing such a regime and the order of alternation of working and non-working days (specifying, for example, the working week according to a sliding schedule, according to which one working day alternates with two days off),
- start and end time of work (for example, from 8.00 to 8.00 of the next day),
- time for rest and eating, which is included in the working time (for example, from 12.00 to 12.15, from 16.00 to 16.15, from 20.00 to 20.15).
In addition, we recommend that you include in the employment contract with the employee the fact of keeping a cumulative record of his working time, indicating the length of the accounting period, as well as the period and procedure for familiarizing the employee with the rolling work schedule for the accounting period.

The answer is prepared:
Expert Advisor Legal Consulting GARANT
Tsesareva Tatiana

Answer quality control:
Legal Consulting Service Reviewer GARANT
Kudryashov Maxim

The material was prepared on the basis of individual written advice provided within the framework of the Legal Consulting service.

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Life hacking for life

As scientists in different countries of the world have proved, a person gets more tired not physically, but morally. And if a full supper and 8 hours of sleep can solve the issue of physical fatigue, then you can’t oppose the moral factor. In this regard, people of science advise hard-working personnel to "switch", namely, to leave thoughts about work - at work. For this you need to be able to be distracted.

1) Change the situation

When every day the same picture happens in your life, when there are no “flashes” of something interesting, you will quickly get morally tired. Therefore, if you want to relax and really feel the relaxation, fully escape and even get bored of work - regularly look for something new around you.

2) Find simple, free entertainment.

This may be communication with new people, the way home a different route, visiting social events (and those are held both in summer and in winter). Go to another dining room for lunch, make a small permutation in the room where you live, and take a book to read.

3) Change your daily routine

If you have been working on a day shift for 3 months - switch to a night shift, if you have already had a long breakfast before traveling to work, then try to leave earlier and have breakfast near the workplace, not at home. Also, the time to watch TV or visit Internet pages can be moved from evening to morning or from morning to evening.

4) Try new employment

In each profession there are many sub-professions. So, for example, if you work at a construction site as a concrete worker, then try yourself as a plasterer or bricklayer. If you are a seamstress and have been working on shirts and skirts for a long time, then ask for a few orders for jackets.