Ganutel is not just a technique, but the real art of making various products from springs or spiral wires, threads, as well as various beads and beads. The history of such craftsmanship is rooted in the island of Malta, which is located in the Mediterranean Sea near Italy.
Initially, the Maltese nuns made ganutell flowers, which then decorated the monasteries. Then ordinary people began to master the technique. Yet gradually this art was forgotten. But, as you know, everything new is well forgotten old.
And at the end of the last century, the Maltese authorities decided to recall the ganutell and even dug out schools for teaching such an interesting skill. And the revival became successful, because today the products not only decorate the monasteries and even the residence of the Pope himself, but are also used to decorate clothes, accessories and interiors in various parts of the world.
By the way, the word “ganutel” itself, most likely, comes from the Italian “canutiglia”, which translates from this language as “a thin spiral thread”. The word "bother" (this is the name of a thin silver or gold thread for embroidery) also comes from the name of the technique.
What are the products made from?
So, what is required for the manufacture of products in the ganutele technique? All materials are affordable and inexpensive:
- Wire. It is better to have several coils of wire of different thickness for the manufacture of different parts (for example, 0.5 millimeter and 0.3). As for the color of the wire, it can be any, but still it is better to combine it with the color of the threads. So, the threads of cold tones will look harmonious with silver wire, and the threads of warm tones - with copper.
- For twisting the wires into a spiral, you will need a frame. Its function can be performed by an ordinary knitting needle or a thin metal rod.
- Thread. A real craftswoman has in her arsenal many threads of various shades and from different materials: floss, silk, metallized and ordinary.
- Extras: ruler or measuring tape for measurements, scissors for cutting threads, wire cutters for cutting wire. And to make it convenient and not painful to twist the wire, you can use thimbles or thick gloves.
The ganutele technique is very interesting, but simple at the same time. Several basic steps:
- First, a frame is made, which consists of two parts: a spiral and a base. For the manufacture of the coil is used easily bending and soft thin wire, and the role of the base plays a thicker wire. The base is threaded into a spiral, then the element is given the desired shape.
- Then the element is wrapped with a thread. The thread must go through each gap between the coils to make the product beautiful.
- Then all elements are interconnected. It is better to wind the joints with a thread so that they are not visible.
You can make beautiful poppies that will be incredibly similar to real ones. Here's what you need:
- black, green and red floss threads,
- wire (one thicker, the other thinner),
- scissors and pliers,
- Knitting needle or metal bar for winding.
- First you need to make a frame for the petal. To do this, take a knitting needle and wind a thin wire around it. The length of the spiral will depend on the size of the future petal. On each side of the spiral, be sure to leave 2–3 centimeters of straight wire, these ends will be required for fastening.
- Now put the resulting helix on a thick wire that acts as a skeleton. After that, you need to slightly stretch the spiral to form a space for winding threads. This can be done immediately after the manufacture of the spiral, but in this case it will be more difficult to string it onto the frame.
- Now bend the part to get a round petal. Twist the ends of the wire. To give the petal a regular round shape, you can use some round object.
- Now wind the petal with a red thread. First secure it at the base (in places twisting the ends of the wire). Stretch the thread up and from about the middle of the helix start to wind the element. The thread must pass between all the coils so that there are no voids left. At the end, secure the thread by tying a knot at the point where the petal is attached.
- In the same way, make the rest of the petals and a couple of leaves (their shape should be oblong, and the color - green).
- To make a stamen, cut into short pieces (2-3 centimeters) black thread and connect them together, tied at one end with a small segment of the same thread.
- Now connect the petals to each other, twisting their "legs". In the center, put the stamen. Also attach the stem immediately (thick wire or metal rod).
- Attach leaves to stalk. Then wind the entire stem with a green thread.
- The flower is ready!
Using the ganutel technique, you can make incredibly beautiful jewelry. How to make earrings? To do this you will need:
- wire of different thickness
- floss threads (choose the color at its discretion),
- 4 metal beads with wide holes,
- beads or beads (it is desirable to combine them in color with the threads, but you can play on the contrast),
- nippers and scissors,
- fasteners (the so-called base for earrings, which hold decorative parts).
- First make the base for earrings. To do this, wrap the wire around the needles. Leave the ends free (one should be slightly longer than the other), measure the length of the helix so that both earrings are the same.
- Now put the helix on a thicker wire that serves as a skeleton. Bend the part to make something like a petal (you can make it round, using a round object as a template). Wrap one end around the other (short around the long). Put a metal bead on the place of attachment, form a small loop from the free end, with the help of which the decorative part will be attached to the clip.
- Start winding. Secure the end of the thread at the base. Depart from the base about a third of the length of the helix, make the first turn of the thread in this place. Then wrap the spiral and move down in the upper part, and to the left in the lower part, towards the middle of the spiral (i.e., turn clockwise). The thread must go through all the spaces between the turns.
- After reaching the middle (at the bottom), put the beads on the thread (they should fill all the free space of the thread) and continue wrapping on the other side in the same way.
- In the same way make another earring.
- Attach the decorative parts to the earrings.
- Earrings ganutel ready!
Now you can embody the style of ganutell in your life and make many unique and original products.
It will take:
- Kinder surprise box
- Thin spoke,
- Thread floss or silk of different colors.
Heat the ends of the needles and pierce them with a box.
The box moves along the spoke.
Fix the wire on the spoke and start rotating the needle.
You can rotate in any direction, the main thing is not to change it.
Box used to seal the spring.
It should turn out like this.
When the spring is wound to the end of the needles, the box can be removed.
This spring will turn out.
Bite off the wire with a wire cutter and remove the spring from the knitting needle. The length should be about 32 cm.
Cut the spring into several pieces to the desired length.
A piece of blank for the part must be 2 times larger than the future finished part.
Stretch the segment to the desired length. For the middle 4 cm long, it is necessary to stretch the spring to 8 cm. 10 cm to the second row. 12 cm to the third row.
Insert the wire inside the spring.
Connect and twist the tips of the workpiece. Give the basis of the required form. After winding it can no longer be done.
Proceed to the winding threads. Split a piece of paper in half and twist the wire, thread through each thread.
Wrap the sheet to the top, without missing a single loop.
Reach the top and bring the thread down.
Give the leaf the desired shape.
Thus make 3 petals, form a bud of them and wrap the base with wire.
It turned out the middle.
Now you need to make 2 rows, each with 5 petals.
The flower is made. The queue for the leaves.
Leaves do the same as the petals.
When assembling, add wire to give the desired shape to the twig and attach it well to the flower.
It now remains to collect a rose. Need a twig or stick length of 20 cm. Attach a stick to the flower and wind the stalk. Add consistently petals and leaflets. Swipe to the end of the stalk, cut the thread and glue the flower to the stalk. Rose is ready!
Video on the topic of the article
Here are collected video master classes on ganutel technology.
Ganutel - crafts for everyone
Ganutel - handicraft technique using mainly two materials: wire and various threads. Optionally, you can use more items: beads, buttons, glue and other crafts, with which the finished product will gain individuality and unique beauty.
Craft technology ganutell do more often in the form of flowers and earrings. They can be used as interior decorations or as a fashion accessory in combination with clothing.
The popularity of this art is due to the fact that you do not need to be a genius or have some special gift to understand how to make flowers from wire at the proper level. In this case, all the necessary materials can be found in almost every home.
Very often, orchids are chosen as flowers, but why limit your fantasywhen you can come up with their own unique and original flowers?
It looks like orchid:
And this is already copyright flowers in the technique of ganutel, the difference is obvious. The hardworking craftsman, having studied all the subtleties of the ganutele technique, will be able to give master classes a few months after the study, which, in turn, can lead to additional income.
I would like to note that in the art world there is such a thing as “panel”.
In the ganutel technique, it comes across less frequently, since the panel is a decoration for the walls. For the panel are more suitable more "flat" work, for example - crafts from paper or paintings. However, the master's hand is able to combine these two directions in the art of needlework.
Gallery: handicraft ganutel (25 photos)
A bit of history
Ganutel takes its origin even before the XVII century in the country of South America - Brazil. It all started with the fact that the locals wound the roots of aquatic plants and various algae on some twig, then dried it and got simple decorations.
These were not yet flowers from threads and wires, but over time the technique was improved and developed until it acquired a modern look.
Special popular this craft was used in the Maltese Islands, in particular - in monasteries. The nuns, probably, were bored, not to pray to them from morning till night, so they found a way to pass the time and decided to make jewelry for their monastery. Later and to the residence of the Pope got crafts in the technique of ganutel: the flowers decorated the altar, giving it a softer and more pleasant look, which undoubtedly pleased the priest himself. Because this craft and became widespread throughout the world.
The word itself was formed, most likely, from the Italian word canutiglia, which means “twisted thin thread". What does it have to do with Italian? So Italy is located next to Malta, so they "inherited" in history.
And in the Russian language there is a consonant word “bother”, denoting a thin gold or silver thread. However, this word is colloquially synonymous with the word “chaos”.
Technique of creation and master class
The technique of creating ganute is divided into two main types:
- Traditional simple. With this method, you need to wind the thread on the wire or fishing line. For children and for beginners, this method is most suitable.
- The way in which beads are strung on a wire. It is more complicated than the first one, but the blanks can turn out much more effective.
Further, the simplest example of creating flowers in the ganutell technique will be demonstrated. Master Class even children can repeat this lesson, so drop your fears and go ahead! The following items are required for the lesson:
- copper wire, about 0.5 mm thick and about 8 meters long,
- silk threads of different colors or iris, floss or other similar material,
- green satin ribbon
- the core base, which may be a hook, a needle or even a screwdriver,
- You can also use a ruler, so as not to measure pieces of wire "by eye".
The process of creation itself:
It is necessary to cut a few pieces of wire 30-50 cm long.
Then you need to wind them on a rod-basis.
Now we compress the wire and give it the appearance of a spring. Then again unclamp, and so a few pieces.
Then you need to get "droplets" as shown in the figure. Next comes the work of threads - they need to twist in a simple way in a spiral to get the petals of the future flower.
We finish the finished petals together, and from the green ribbon we make the stem. In the middle of the petals, you can glue the bead.
That's basically all - a flower made from wire and thread is ready. It remains to make the rest of the flowers, beautifully arrange them and turn into a bouquet.
Ways to create in the style of ganutel
Depending on the chosen method of winding the threads, you can get different "patterns" on the product.
Technique winding threads of different colors on one element looks generally amazing:
Combining different techniques and your own flight of fantasy will allow you to get an elegant product that will not have analogues. Products can be made for a wedding ceremony, for a birthday, and for any holiday!
Ganutel will reveal the creative potential of man and his capabilities. The most skillful needlewomen or handicraftsmen can even earn their bread and butter with this craft. After all, you can use the materials more expensive, and a professional in his field will always be one step ahead of most amateurs.
Subtleties and tricks
- It should be noted that despite the seemingly simple type of needlework, it has its own features and techniques, allowing to get the effect of "wow". Before starting work, it is important to clearly set yourself a task and imagine what you want to get in the end - decoration on clothes, decoration, or, perhaps, an animal figure at all - everything is in your hands.
- After a rough idea of what kind of wire frame it will be, you need to decide on the colors of the future product. And if it is an accessory to clothing, then you need to figure out how it will look with her. That is, it is important to understand that the created thing individually may look impressive, but at the same time be unsuitable for the color of clothes.
- After choosing a color, there are two options: use threads of a suitable shade or use threads that will be dyed with fabric paint. Using paint, you can get the effect of color blur, which is much more difficult to achieve when using threads of different colors.
- When working with wire, you need to remember about your own hand strength and do not bend the wire where it will be noticeable and ugly. Also note that bending the wire in the same place several times can be broken.
- If the wire is difficult to bend in some places, for example - when twisting, it is not necessary to use your own hands. Instead, you can use pliers or nippers.
- All materials should be prepared in advance, in order to make sure that there is already everything you need and do not think in the middle of the process on how to do it now. Another important point in the preparation of materials is its type. For example, if these are threads, then it should be remembered that there are threads that give off glitter, are thick, thin, etc.
- Therefore, before creating anything, you need to think carefully about everything, especially before a grandiose project. For a start, it is better to create something small, test the technique, and feel it. And only when you feel that you are ready for more - start and dare!