Women's Tips

How to get rid of parasitic words: 5 tricks


Words parasites are such "pollutants" of speech that do not carry a special semantic load, most often, are introductory words and can be easily thrown out of context.

The problem of such semantic "parasites" is that they cause great damage to our speech; in most cases, a person does not even notice that he uses something similar in his conversation, but it can be seen from the side and rather annoying. Any modern person who sets himself high life goals should have a competent and concise spoken language.

The way people communicate and put words into beautiful and stylistically correct sentences depends on the attitude of the people around them, which means there are more chances to get a prestigious job, to get acquainted and to get serious relations with educated and educated people.

Such “harmful words” most often become words with a weak lexical meaning, for example, particles (as if, perhaps, well, well), introductory words (in short, you understand, in short, that means, listen, probably in general , listen) and so on.

It is not so easy to get rid of the parasitic words in speech, and sometimes you try to avoid such words, but during the next conversation they appear again, no matter how hard you try to follow you. It is all a matter of habit, when a person speaks in one particular manner for years, it is very difficult for him to take and rebuild his entire speech at one moment. Difficult, but possible.

Why is it so important to get rid of the words of the parasites?

  • If only because the eternal “as if” and “shorter” order people around them, they irritate the ear and produce not the most pleasant impression when they first met.
  • “Word-weeds” do not always speak of insufficient or improper upbringing, most often they reveal the character of a person, the main feature of which is acute self-doubt. Because of this, a person is lost and hardly expresses his own thoughts, filling awkward pauses with meaningless particles and introductory words, which turns speech into a meaningless stream of disconnected phrases. Such people are not something that you don’t want to listen to, they are just hard to understand, thoughts get confused and reach the final without losing anything, it is rather difficult.

How to understand that it is time for you to get rid of empty words?

The easiest option is to turn on the voice recorder and try to tell some simple text under the recording (for example, your biography or retell the main idea of ​​a book you read, a watched movie).

Next, listen to what you managed to record, for sure, the most popular phrases and phrases, which we call “parasites”, immediately come across.

There is another way to identify extra rubbish in your own speech: ask someone from friends or family members, it is desirable that this was a person who hears you quite often, for a short period of time listening to the purity of your speech. Let it be a week of time, during this time you will definitely reveal all your lexical flaws, which you will have to fight with later.

How to get rid of parasitic words?

On the Internet, you can often find a way to replace, the principle is simple: to replace an annoying useless word with any other word, and thus act with every “parasite”.

It seems to be nothing, but, as it turned out, the problem is not something that does not disappear, it is also aggravated: first, it is very difficult to track the words-parasites in their own speech, this is their main cunning, and how to replace What don't you notice?

Secondly, as a result, you constantly try to pull yourself up and control yourself, fixing on a new word, so as not to forget to insert it in the right situation, and, as a result, plus one parasite word in your vocabulary.

But it’s not necessary to give up, of course, there are no miracles from an empty place, there is no “magic pill” that switches the toggle switch and forces you to speak correctly and competently, but still there are several ways that can really help you.

The very first thing you have to learn is to notice in your own speech that useless “weeds” that come across, and if we cannot cope on our own, we will have to involve caring and responsible relatives.

Ask someone of your close relatives (members of seven and children are best suited for such purposes) to watch your speech, and for every use of the “parasite” you will instantly “fine” you. For example, slap lightly on the lips, on the shoulder or sharply exclaim something.

The most effective way - using financial opportunities - promise your controller for each word-parasite to count 10 rubles from your own wallet (100, 500, depending on your capabilities).

The more such controllers will be around you - the better - you will more often be “fined”, which means that the process of self-control will improve much faster. There are other ways to fight your own addiction: read as much as you can, out loud.

Naturally, articles from magazines or the tabloid press are not suitable for this, select high-quality works of fiction, a classic would be ideal. Give such exercises at least 15-20 minutes a day, and after some time you will notice that your speech did not just become cleaner, it was enriched with new words, the stupidity and angularity of speech disappeared.

There is an opinion that there are no parasitic words in Russian, the main problem is their incorrect and inappropriate use. For example, “as if” is well suited for the sentence where you want to reflect the comparison, and “shorter” is suitable for a brief formulation of some kind of three-dimensional thought.

There is one more problem: a peculiar fashion for words, when everyone around them begins to use the same word, it sticks so tightly to the language that, in consequence, it is impossible to get rid of it in any way. To prevent this from happening: drive away like words from yourself as soon as you feel that they are beginning to spin in your head too.

Try to always give yourself time to think about what you are going to say in a few seconds. In the head of each person such an action is carried out, very quickly and not noticeable to us, the phrases are selected quickly and to the place.

But it also happens that the thought you want to convey contains too many details and branches, a person begins to get confused and insert unnecessary words to have time to “think out” the rest of the thought.

Remember, it is better to speak in monosyllabic and simple sentences - they are both easier to build and heard by ear they are easier and simpler than composite ones, full of additional descriptions and inserts.

If, nevertheless, you feel that you cannot formulate a thought, do not hesitate to pause in your own monologue, remember, it is better to remain silent and then speak competently, than to launch a couple of “parasites” in an awkward space.

Why and why do we introduce parasitic words in our conversation?

Most often, the word parasites begin to slip in short pauses in dialogues or reports. If you are unable to remember a suitable term or combination of words in this situation, it is recommended to make a short pause to recall the necessary word in order to introduce it into a conversation or a lecture, but you should not introduce parasitic words into the conversation.

First, when you make a small pause with a duration of two to three seconds, you automatically, at a subconscious level, in your mind choose phrases you need that are logically related to the main topic of the conversation.

Secondly, pausing during the conversation, you give your interlocutor or listener time to think about what you said a few minutes ago. Therefore, a break during a conversation can be considered the most useful and effective tool used by people in getting rid of parasitic words.

It was the basis that will provide you with irreplaceable help in the process of getting rid of unnecessary words. Now, after the specified information, it is necessary to disassemble everything in order.
Getting rid of parasitic words can be done using five simple techniques:

Reception number 1. Constantly practice in your speaking

It is necessary to look for any, even the smallest, opportunity to speak to one or another target audience. Indeed, without constant training and self-improvement, it is impossible to achieve anything. If you clearly set a goal to get rid of parasitic words to improve your speaking, you should constantly speak in front of groups of people and communicate as much as possible in an intelligent society.

Reception number 2. Breath hold

If you suddenly feel a great temptation to insert into your speech any unnecessary word, you need to control yourself by taking a big breath. This action will result in an unintentional pause that can be used to further build your future phrases. This pause will look much better than the use of such words as: in short, how well, that is, that is, um.

Reception number 3. Control by

Strangers can help in getting rid of this problem. Ask your friend, acquaintance or relative to talk with you or just listen to a story on a specific topic, so that he can count the number of parasite words you use for further motivation. The result will need to be constantly adjusted, and as a result you will be able to make the speech more intelligent and clear.

Reception number 4. Forced stops in speech

You must train yourself to pause at the right place. If earlier instead you had a stream of unnecessary phrases and phrases you need to learn to “hold your horses”, because, according to the well-known saying, silence is gold. If an awkward situation arises or when the topic of the dialogue has completely exhausted itself, a minute silence will come to the rescue. And in this silence there are a lot of advantages:

First, with a slight stop, your attention automatically concentrates on the further continuation of the story.

Secondly, many people begin to digest the heard information only after a short pause, in which way you will help them.

Reception number 5. Drop all unrest

The appearance in the speech of the word-parasites most often occurs with a fuzzy formulation of thoughts or with the loss of the thread of the story. If you suddenly forgot the necessary word, it is better to just take a deep breath and mentally try to pull yourself together.

Self-deliverance from parasitic words is a long enough process that will require you to give maximum attention to what you say. If you deliberately and constantly “grind” your speech, then the success of a competent speaker or just a reasonable person who is able to support any conversation is guaranteed to you.

Unnecessary words: how to do without them?

The list of parasitic words is huge, being harmful, superfluous, “weeds” and “inserted elements”, they eat up the meaning of what was said, feeding on a person’s speech. However, they are absolutely not a sign of illiterate people and can be found in small numbers in the speech of cultural and literate individuals, and can even become an image that distinguishes a person from the crowd. An example is even the specially created creative movement "Mitka", which uses in its vocabulary "Ely-Paly", "aaaaaa", "Duc" and other words that play a tactical role. In this case, their pronunciation is conscious. And most of the words, parasites are used reflexively.

Tribute to fashion or illiteracy?

Word parasites in speech can be used as a fashion. And stick to the language just because they are pronounced all around. Some expressions can even embellish speech, writers and educated journalists sometimes use fancy inserts like “okay-smack”, “pipets”, “respect”, thus replacing a few words turn, which still need to be correctly chosen for a clear statement of their thoughts.

One of the reasons for speech blockage is an excited and emotional state of a person, when on weights weed words just fly off the tongue. Significantly pronounced “tin” will convey incredible impressions of the heard information, an approving “theme” will show the interlocutor an interest in something. The words –parasitic words “forever”, “cool”, “perfect”, “excellent” are used to convey delight, satisfaction, sympathy and joy. Such options are used more often in youth slang.

It is interesting to note that practically never verbs, conjunctions, nouns, adjectives, prepositions are included in the list of vermin words. These are mainly particles (“as if,” “perhaps,” “well,” “so,” “here”). Pronouns are also used (“like him”, “there”, “this is the same thing”). The superfluous introductory elements of speech (“strictly speaking,” “shorter,” “therefore,” “let's say,” “in principle,” “means”) that have a weak lexical meaning are also popular. Moreover, the problem in this case is not in the use of words – parasites, but in the inability to clearly and clearly express one’s thought. Therefore, a person awkward pauses, creating discomfort in the conversation, a person in a hurry to fill something.

Parasite words: examples

The list of extra details in everyday speech is extensive. Perhaps, rarely anyone without them:

  • Count it up.
  • Exactly this.
  • Well.
  • Like.
  • No problem.
  • As if.
  • No problem.
  • In short.
  • Basically.
  • Anyway.
  • Practically.
  • So to speak.
  • Generally.
  • Actually.
  • Clear.

In fact, you should not be afraid to use pauses in a conversation, skillful orators specifically in public speech use them as tricks that concentrate the attention of the public and allow them to perceive and analyze the heard information qualitatively.

Why is it necessary to remove the extra momentum from your vocabulary?

  • Due to their irritating, unnerving and unpleasant impression, especially during the first communication.
  • Parasite words and their meaning give a person’s insecurity, making the spoken phrases less weighty and clear and turning them into a stream of “water”, from which it can be concluded that this is a signal of poor control of the situation.
  • Clogging the speech, they lead to confusion in thoughts. With pure speech and thinking becomes clear and simple.
  • They do not make any sense, often being companions of ignorant people.
  • Difficult to understand the meaning of speech, disfiguring and simplifying it.

Parasite words and their meaning

Lexical parasites tend to give out secrets and character of the person who uses them.

"In short" - the most used nervous, always hurrying people. Most often in speech hot-tempered choleric persons. It is noticed that the use of "shorter" only lengthens the statement. It can be replaced by the following synonyms: “in one word,” “so.”

“Actually,” is typical of uncertain individuals who are able to throw up a scandal over the slightest excuse. It is also a catchword for self-confident individuals, who have little regard for the opinions of others and putting their own point of view in the first place, which they are ready to prove with foaming at the mouth. Synonyms: "strictly speaking", "in general terms", "as a whole", "generalized".

"This is the most" - say lazy people, trying with the opportunity turned up to shift their duties and responsibilities on the shoulders of another person.

“By the way” is a favorite word of people who feel awkwardly in the company and thus try to draw attention to themselves. Synonyms: "by the way", "by the way."

"Type", "means" - use conservative and aggressive people. Synonyms: "therefore," "thus," "follows from here."

“As if” is a catchword of the teenage generation, as well as creative personalities, who thus unconsciously emphasize the life uncertainty and uncertainty in their own words, their approximation and incompetence. As if - this is either "yes", or "no", or "I do not know."

"That is" - the most insidious turnover. It is used most often and is disguised as a bundle of speech. If the use of word-parasites becomes a habit, then it will look cluttered. As a result, this will cause her poor understanding of the interlocutor.

“In general,” “as a whole,” “so to speak,” in unlimited consumption are a serious indicator of the uncertainty of the speaker, aspiring to leave himself a loophole for retreat.

How to get rid of unnecessary words?

It is noticed that a person who uses extra insertions in his speech often simply does not notice them, which indicates the need to identify such shortcomings. This can be done by recording a specific text on a dictaphone - an article retold from a newspaper or a recently watched movie. Listening to the recording will reveal a list of parasitic words, will lead to an understanding and awareness of the shortcomings and will cause the need to get rid of them, because it will become clear which elements are unnecessary garbage in oral speech.

Interviewees - frequent talking partners will help identify the excess. You can ask someone with whom you regularly communicate (friends, colleagues, family members), to follow the purity and transparency of speech.

Thinking over what was said and intonation

Легко отучиться от слов–паразитов, предварительно продумывая будущую речь (рассказ, доклад, выступление), стараясь придать ей лаконичность и нужную форму. Всегда много мусора в объемном тексте, поэтому, во избежание присутствия "воды", следует сделать его кратким и информативным. И не стоит переживать, что после избавления от лишних элементов речь станет казаться бедной и унылой. In this case, intonation will come to the rescue, helping you to speak with inspiration about the most ordinary things, revealing them to the listeners from a new, previously unknown side. Silent tonality of voice, almost whispers, which can turn into a sharp conclusion with an emphasis on the main idea, leisurely pronouncing of phrases, highlighting key turns and maintaining meaningful pauses - a spectacular tool that creates intrigue that attracts the attention of the listener and causes sincere interest in the conversation.

Speech purification methods

It is interesting to use the so-called knock on the keys. To do this, just imagine that you need to type text or SMS – message on the keyboard. And of course, it will be inappropriate that the typed text will contain empty words - “this is the most”, “here”, “pancake” ...

Many oratorial trainings offer a very effective method, according to the teachers, to get rid of their listeners from speech clogging. With each use of the “plug-in element” a person who has heard it receives a certain monetary reward, which is a penalty for the speaker.

There is an opinion that when replacing an “annoying” word, people close in meaning can be excluded from their speech, so you should always use synonyms to avoid repetition and use of parasitic words. For example, for the word "probably" a suitable replacement would be such: "probably", "guess", "maybe." Reading books plays a huge role in enriching vocabulary, and reading aloud lays in the mind structure of the utterance and contributes to the expansion of vocabulary, sharpening articulation, development of diction, getting rid of tongue-tied speech, angularity of speech and coarse expressions.

Clean speech

The statement needs to be built from short sentences that are understandable and accessible to everyone, excluding from it a list of parasitic words that carry a negative connotation and make it difficult to understand what was said.

In any case, your speech should always be carefully thought out, monitored, monitored and improved. At the same time, it doesn’t matter who the interlocutor is - the purity of speech should be unconditional when talking with any person!

The most common:

  1. Extremely limited vocabulary.Its deficiency forces a person to use junk words to communicate speech and express his thoughts.
  2. Low rate of transformation of thoughts into words. In this case, the pauses between phrases are automatically filled with words and sounds like “uh-uh”, “as if”, “umm ...”, etc.
  3. Common lazinessand lack of understanding of the culture of speech.
  4. Excessive agitation when expressing thoughts.
  5. Deliberate use of "garbage" in speech (when the communication style is part of the “fashionable” image).

Of course, it is impossible to judge from the use of word-parasites about the education or the level of the human intellect. Sometimes the “gopnik in the gateway” culturally expresses itself in a beautiful and pure Russian, while some well-known professor, speaking on TV, on the contrary, speaks like that very gopnik from the gateway.

It is worth noting that each has its own parasitic wordsand their “bundle” can be quite broad.

The most common "junk" words:

  • "Mmm ..." or "Uh ...". This “mooing” is common to many. Brain after language simply does not keep pace, and while the phrase is pondered, peculiar sounds appear. Naturally, the number of listeners of such a speaker will quickly decline. Just as the image itself: after all, such “parasites” say a lot about the level of unpreparedness.
  • "As if". Also very common "parasite". Listeners perceive this word as a speaker’s doubts about the correctness / sincerity of their own words. And it looks like a speech with such garbage is quite ridiculous.
  • "Actually…". The word, which is a substitute for the above mooing, like, "uh".
  • "Here" . This “parasite”, unfortunately, has long been perceived by people as the norm. The word does not carry any semantic load, and its perception is drastically reduced from its presence in speech.
  • "Well" . Popular "parasite", annoying even people who use it themselves.
  • "In short." Use this "garbage" even at official events, and even cultural figures. By popularity, the word confidently shares the step of this pedestal with "well."
  • "I.e" . Dangerous "parasite", cleverly disguised as a word for a bunch of phrases. At first it is so, but you don’t have time to look back, “that is,” it is already cluttering up the speech, complicating its understanding.
  • "Generally" . A word clearly demonstrating the speaker’s uncertainty.
  • "E-mine", "pancake", "tryndets", "type" and other "fashionable" words. Usually they stick in companies, on the Internet, in the society where they are used most often. Speakers with such a “lexicon” are simply not taken seriously - this is the style of an immature person who does not control both his actions and speech. These junk words are perceived by people as disrespecting the speaker to the audience.
  • "English language." Learning from other countries useful experience is good. But English-language words litter the purity of the Russian language, turning information into content, good / good into ok, songs into singles, security guards, braces in a facelift, etc. There are certainly moments in which borrowing is justified, but in most cases “English-speaking” they are used because of lack of vocabulary or trying to impress everyone with their “erudition”. It is worth noting that the Russian language is self-sufficient and does not require such borrowing at all.

It is unlikely that anyone will doubt that garbage in speech need to get rid of. And there are a lot of reasons to start fighting with him.

A man who uses the word parasites ...

  1. It gives the impression of a careless, illiterate and insecure person who is unable to control himself.
  2. Not able to express a thought clearly and cleanly, turning his monologue into a useless stream of water.
  3. Not interested in others. No one will take seriously, for example, a business partner who pours right and left with such words as “shorter”, “scribe”, etc. Parasitic words cause irritation, and nothing more.
  4. Confused himself. Clearing our speech, we clear and thoughts.
  5. Gives out his secrets. In many "parasites" one can form a certain opinion about a person - in which society he or she rotates, what it is, and so on.

It should be noted and useful functions of the word parasites. They are few, but they are still there:

  • If you are in a hurry, then with a “parasite”, for example, “That-se”, you can express the idea faster than to list what you will do on vacation or a walk.
  • Tactical trick. If you are asked an awkward question, then “parasites” (“you see,” “how to explain to you,” etc.) can be a little time pulling in order to have time to formulate the idea and “bomb” the opponent with it.
  • Without parasitic words, it is difficult to play ignorant people in the cinema and theater.
  • Without many parasitic words, speech would not be so emotional and easy to understand, even if the text was shortened, sometimes to the 1st word. Exceptionally literary speech in ordinary everyday life is similar to a dried mummy - without emotional coloring, naturalness and liveliness.

Why is this needed, and what will it give you?

  • Your speech will become more meaningful and understandable to others.
  • Your “parasites” is not a part of you, not a highlight and not a certain feature that needs to be preserved. Your “parasites” are, first of all, parasites (without quotes) that you need to get rid of. However, if for you unclean teeth and dirty nails are also highlights, then you can not get rid of the “parasites” - live with them in peace and harmony further.
  • Clear speech today, unfortunately - a wonder. A person who is able to clearly and accurately express thoughts without garbage in words causes respect. He wants to listen, he wants to trust. Such a person will definitely be remembered, which, in turn, can help in work, school, etc.
  • Clearing your speech from "parasites", you clear your thoughts too. This level is not for “wimps,” because control over oneself is a difficult and lengthy process.

12 steps to get rid of parasitic words in speech - instruction

First of all, we take a voice recorder (camera) and record our usual dialogue, for example, by phone with a friend. Or comment out loud on the film revised on the eve.

If there is no voice recorder / camera, ask a friend to help you.

Next, we write out all our "parasites" on paper - identifying the "enemy", to defeat him much easier.

What's next?

  1. The most important thing is to realize that your parasitic words are evil that you have to fight.
  2. Expanding vocabulary. If you have a shortage of it, as a result of which you replace the Russian language with “parasites” - start reading. It is better to classics and every day, like medicine, that they drink regularly, in handfuls and 3 times a day.
  3. Develop self-confidence. Then you will not be afraid of pauses and awkward questions.
  4. Do not hurry. When you are in a hurry, your brain simply does not have time to give out the entire amount of information, as a result of which you have to express yourself with those words that lie "on the surface."
  5. Write a presentation. Every day - as homework. We read an excerpt of the text, memorize, re-write in writing as close as possible to the original. Over time, the brain itself will start to get from the depths of consciousness those synonyms and definitions that you lack in speech so much.
  6. Control yourself. Without self-discipline - nowhere. It is better to speak less and more slowly, but cleaner than quickly, a lot and alternating speech with words-parasites, slang, obscenities, etc. How to become a responsible person?
  7. Think of a punishment system. For example, for each pronounced "parasite" - 100 rubles in the piggy bank of a child (wife, husband, dog). Or 20 pushups. Or ban on sweets until tomorrow. So you will start to control yourself much faster.
  8. Family help. Ask household members to note your violations of self-discipline.
  9. Self control No matter how often you use the word-parasites in your environment - hold on and do not allow the "garbage" to settle in your speech. While in social networks (alas, and not only) they communicate in “Olban” (“Padonkaff language”), distorting the spelling, eliminating punctuation marks and the meaning of what was said, you continue to speak and write in Russian pure language, pleasantly surprising others.
  10. Read aloud. Child, husband, parents. Reading out loud not only expands vocabulary, but also hones diction, improves speech style, and also contributes to the acquisition of the habit of speaking culturally and beautifully. Over time, the tongue-tiedness will disappear, the angularity of speech will disappear along with the "parasites."
  11. Personal dictionary. While reading books, record interesting expressions, quotes, word turns, individual words in a notebook. Do not forget to sometimes re-read your dictionary and use written expressions more often in your speech.
  12. If no one is home, find the most hated parasite word in your speech and repeat it. until you completely get bored. Use the “hit scheme on the radio”: from a song being played at every corner and from each iron a hundred times a day, it begins to roil and storm with time. From the "parasite" you must be roiled so much that it disappears even from thoughts.

And one more important tip: do not allow yourself to relax even at home in the circle of loved ones. Of course, they do not shower you with tomatoes for “type” and “well”, but by allowing yourself illiterate speech at home, you cannot get rid of it among strangers — sooner or later the “parasite” will jump out at the most unnecessary moment and let you down.

You must be constant in your self-control!

If you like our article and you have any thoughts on this, share with us. It is very important for us to know your opinion!

What is the word parasites

Everyone has his own words, and sometimes we adopt them from other people. It is worth watching for yourself, and you will reveal your own "parasites". Parasitic words are usually those that do not carry a semantic load and clog up human speech: "uh-uh", "like", "shorter", "so to speak", "this is the most", "as if" and others.

They can appear when the tongue is faster than the head and we have not yet decided what to say next.

The speaker is afraid that a long silence during a conversation will give out his doubts or incompetence, and therefore unconsciously seeks to fill the pauses with anything.

“A speaker may be more skilled or less skilled, but even the most eloquent do not always cope with the whole complex of operations necessary for speaking,” explains the linguist Vera Podlesskaya. “To help the speaker overcome these difficulties and help the listener to understand the speaker correctly, there are special means in the language.” One of the tasks that they solve is to gain time, Vera Podlesskaya continues: “By using the words“ there, ”like this,” we give the listener to understand that they are busy searching, and ask for patience until the search is completed. ”

Such words are also often found in television or radio interviews. They are irreplaceable if the interlocutor needs time to come up with an answer to a tricky or awkward question. In writing, this problem does not arise: you can rewrite the unsuccessful phrase or stop and think about what will be discussed further.

“Word-parasites” appear where you need to speak, and do it quickly: the higher the speed of speaking, the more debris.

Sometimes words-parasites emphasize emotions expressed in speech, or become a semantic accent, for example, “Today is just intolerable heat” or “He really was not aware of the news.”

There are so-called “parasites of feedback” (“Yes?”, “Do you know?”): This is not the most successful way you can attract the attention of the interlocutor or get his approval. Although these phrases are questionable in form, they do not require a response or comment.

Words-parasites have long been the subject of jokes and jokes. So, researchers have always been amused by the use of the words “clear” and “understandable”: when was this world understandable to someone? People are amused by the word “shorter”, after which long and extensive explanations most often follow.

Portrait of an unknown

At one time, an article by an unknown author titled “Word-parasites Give Out Our Secrets” went on the Internet. It stated that on the basis of the phrases used by a person, one can make up his psychological portrait. According to the author, “by the way,” people who are most insecure or who have recently joined a friendly company often insert into their speech. This is done primarily to attract attention to his person.

The phrase "this is the most" is considered characteristic of an inert and lazy person who is always happy to shift responsibilities to others and avoid responsibility.

The parasite is “shorter” characteristic of nervous personalities, quick-tempered choleric individuals.

The writers, the author is convinced, do not think of their life without “in fact,” and dependent on the opinions of others, in each case, roll in the word “simply”. This “classification” was repeatedly criticized by psychologists and linguists. Nevertheless, researchers recognize that parasitic words can still say something about a person.

The linguist Maxim Krongauz connects the use of parasitic words with such features as confidence (“unequivocally”) and self-doubt (“as it were”). He also notes that parasitic words are not only in Russian, but we rarely know about them, because they are not literary and do not fall into dictionaries. English informal speech can not do without such words as “like”, “I mean” and “you know”. These expressions have exact analogs in Russian too: our “as if” partially overlaps with the British “like”, and “you know” with the “you know”.

“For linguists, observation of the" words-parasites "in real-life speech provides invaluable material, says Vera Podlesskaya. “In fact, these words open up access to the speaker’s laboratory, making it possible to detect pain points in the process of generating unprepared speech and to understand how speech difficulties are overcome.”

Why do you need to get rid of parasitic words?

The appearance of one or two parasitic words in a lengthy monologue is unlikely to make you an outcast or undermine the trust of others, but their frequent use can play a cruel joke with anyone.

A speech in which there are many parasitic words is hard to perceive by ear. The interlocutor needs efforts to follow the train of thought, he begins to be distracted. These meaningless expressions do not allow us to speak clearly and convincingly; they make us doubt that the speaker understands what he is talking about.

With an abundance of parasitic words in speech, it may seem that the speaker is not competent in the question or is poorly prepared to speak.

There is a risk that an unfavorable impression will negatively affect the course of business negotiations or confuse partners. And in general, a person is unlikely to be able to like as a professional, constantly “eco-friendly”. The parasitic words also hinder the speaker himself: “garbage” does not make it clear to express a thought and logically build a story.

Man's speech is part of his overall appearance. Etiquette dictates the rules of speech behavior for different life situations. If in friendly companies you will be forgiven for careless and littering speech, then during business meetings it is better to speak competently and cleanly.

How to get rid of "garbage"

Experts call several ways to combat the dominance of word-parasites, but they warn: the process of “cleansing” speech will be difficult and long enough. Для многих очевидно, что «мычание» в разговоре недопустимо, а вот слова «да?» или «вот» в конце предложений далеко не всеми воспринимаются как балласт.

Первым делом нужно выявить-слова паразиты. Для этого можно попросить приятеля или коллегу хлопать в ладоши каждый раз, когда вы их произносите. Так можно понять, насколько критична ситуация. If you don’t want to involve anyone in this process, you can turn on the voice recorder or send yourself a voice message. When listening to the recording, pay attention to the phrases that you unknowingly say on the machine.

Make a list of all the excess. It can include primitive (“like him”, “means”, “shorter”, “uh-uh”, “as if”, “practically”, “in fact” and others), as well as newfangled words (“cool ") And" deputies "curses (" pancake "," e-mine ").

Some linguists are convinced that the words-parasites include English terms, the use of which is unjustified. The speech and the use of "abstruse" expressions worsens if they are out of place.

In the list with parasites, sometimes there are some frequently used symbolic words - for example, the same “cool” or the phrase “I'm in shock.”

When the list of word parasites is made, you need to figure out why they appear in your speech. The reasons for their occurrence are many: poor vocabulary, low literacy, anxiety at the moment of speaking, or lack of confidence in one’s own opinion. Often we adopt words and phrases from those with whom we communicate, so it’s helpful to give yourself a directive not to “absorb” too much among friends, acquaintances or colleagues.

Breathe, train and not lose the thread of the story

If you can’t completely get rid of parasitic words, you should try to replace them with something more meaningful or at least more acceptable. This method is suitable for dealing with primitive or annoying expressions. Instead of short parasites, you can use more detailed introductory revolutions. Instead of “well,” “here,” “type,” “uh, uh,” or “hear,” insert “as expected”, “after”, “consequently”, “next” or “see” in the sentences .

Every time you want to insert a parasite word into a sentence, hold your breath. This short pause will make it possible to correctly formulate the following sentence.

Do not be afraid of such a short silence: in any case, it is perceived better than “shorter” or “um”.

Try to follow your voice. At a certain point, it will be difficult for you to insert “uh-uh” into your speech and at the same time maintain the same rhythm, tempo and volume. This will help you and others to focus on the content of the conversation.

As in any business, practice plays an important role in the fight against parasitic words. No need to give up the opportunity to once again make a monologue to the public. At first, you can prepare the text in advance, rehearse it in front of a mirror, or record it on a dictaphone. Constant training, communication with people who know how to speak correctly and expressively, sooner or later will give their fruits.

Psychologists also note that in most cases, parasitic words make their way into speech when a person is nervous, does not clearly formulate thoughts, or loses the thread of a story. If during the speech you have forgotten a word, it is better to take a deep breath and restore composure.

Sometimes the word parasites "come to the surface" when we simply have nothing to say. If you are not well acquainted with the topic that the interlocutors are discussing, it would be more correct to remain silent and not participate in the conversation.

It is important not to be too critical and not to abuse yourself for every mistake. Get rid of all the words-parasites in a day or two will not succeed, so you need to be patient and practice more often.