Women's Tips

How to quickly clean the old samovar?

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Did you find an old samovar that your great-grandmother used to find in the attic or in the storeroom? Do not rush to throw it away! The fact is that today it is incredibly fashionable to arrange tea drinking with a samovar on the table. They say that the water in it turns out to be softer, the tea becomes tastier, and the atmosphere is warmer. However, before you begin to exploit a rarity, it should be well cleaned. Today we offer to talk about how to clean the samovar at home, using not only modern, but also folk remedies. After all the procedures described below, you can brew flavored tea and enjoy it in the circle of the closest people.

Step-by-step instruction

In fact, cleaning up a rare book that was used many decades ago is not difficult. The most important thing is to strictly follow the instructions, do not damage the product, do not scratch it. The first stage consists in dismantling the samovar. You will need to remove the key, pens, crown and stand. All these parts must be soaked in a solution prepared from a tablespoon of baking soda and half a liter of water. Both ingredients of the cleansing composition must be thoroughly mixed, and then soak all small parts in it and leave for 30 minutes (by the way, you can clean the samovar inside and outside), then wash the removable parts in clean water and wipe with a soft cloth.

Cleaning the inside

Speaking about how to clean a samovar, it should be noted that one of the most important stages is the cleaning of the inside. If you clean a rarity only outside, leaving a scum inside, you are unlikely to be pleased with the taste of a drink made from water boiled in a samovar. There are several proven methods to put in order the insides of a samovar. Consider them in more detail.

You can remove scale using any plaque-removing agent found in a hardware store. Please note: the composition intended for cleaning the kettle will suit you, but what is intended for washing machines and dishwashers should be discarded. Always follow all instructions carefully. In the event that the plaque on the walls is not particularly noticeable, you can simply cook a kilogram of potato peel in a samovar. They must be thoroughly washed, put in a samovar, pour boiling water and leave until the water is completely cooled. This procedure must be repeated 3-4 times, of course, constantly changing potato peelings. After that, you need to empty the container, rinse and rub with soda powder. The best thing for this is a soft brush. With its help you remove all traces of scale. After that, you need to once again thoroughly rinse the samovar, pour fresh water into it, boil it. And only after you merge the cooled liquid, the samovar can be used for its intended purpose.

If you are thinking about how to clean the samovar, try using acetic acid. Pour vinegar into the samovar, heat it to 50-60 degrees. After that, leave for a few hours. During this time, the acid will have time to eat plaque. Please note: after this the samovar must be washed. Instead of acetic acid can be taken and citric. Two or three sachets should be diluted in water, boiled and left for 12-15 hours. Instead of citric acid powder, you can take a kilogram of fresh lemon fruit. Coke also demonstrates its effectiveness in fighting patina. It is necessary to pour it into the samovar, boil it, wait until it cools down, drain it. After this procedure, any scale can be easily removed with a hard side of the sponge.

Speaking about how to clean the samovar, it is impossible not to say about disinfection. After you remove scale from the internal parts of the device, dilute the potassium permanganate in water and pour inside for 20-30 minutes.

We clean the samovar outside

The answer to the question of how to clean the samovar to shine, our grandmothers knew well. At that time, there were no modern washing gels that could remove pollution, and therefore ordinary river sand was used to clean the outside of the hostess. True, this tool, although it was quite effective, left behind quite noticeable scratches on the sides of the samovar. Today you can find a lot of household chemicals that will cope with all the pollution, without damaging the samovar. In order to clean the samovar, it is necessary to understand what material it is made of, because the care of dishes from copper, brass and stainless steel is significantly different.

Copper samovar

How to clean a copper samovar? Best of all, this folk remedy will cope with this task: combine salt, flour and vinegar in equal proportions. Using a sponge with this compound it is necessary to treat the entire surface of the device. After that, wipe the samovar with a soft cloth. Experts say: no need to wait until a greenish patina appears on the surface. It is best to wipe the samovar with a slice of lemon from time to time, rub the bloom with a soft brush. In order to return the samovar shine, you can simply rub it with a cloth.

By the way, a light patina of copper will give your samovar a noble look. It is for this reason that it is not necessary to delete it at all. It is only necessary to get rid of a dense gray-green layer, talking about oxidative processes that negatively affect the state of the product.

Brass samovar

To restore the brass samovar will help ammonia. It should be applied to a soft cloth, wipe the product outside in a circular motion. It is not necessary to press on the sides of the samovar. By the way, you should not wash it after this procedure: just airing is enough. By the way, if the pollution outside is not too strong, you can dissolve ammonia in one liter of water. How to clean a brass samovar? Another excellent tool is oxalic acid. On a bucket of warm water you need only one glass. This composition must be applied with a sponge on the metal, and after five to seven minutes, just rinse with cold water. While the surface is wet, you need to rub it with a paste of baking soda, and then wash it off with dirt. Please note: brass samovars need to wipe dry. In order not to clean this product too often, it is advisable to simply store it in a dry place. Do not use household chemicals when working with brass.

Stainless steel samovar

How to clean stainless steel samovar? You will help gel for washing dishes. In the event that at hand there is no detergent, you can take vinegar. Use it to wipe the samovar well. It should be noted that clean sections of the product are subject to cleaning. Another great way is to use a product prepared from three tablespoons of water at room temperature, a teaspoon of any dental powder and a tablespoon of ten percent ammonia. In the resulting composition is necessary to moisten the sponge and rub the samovar, and then polish it with a dry cloth.

Useful tips

In order for you not to have to think about how to clean the samovar to shine, we have prepared a number of useful tips. First, in no case do not leave the hot samovar empty. Because of this, the inner tube can be tipped off, as a result of which water will begin to leak from the main tank. A samovar with residual water should not be left in a cold place. The fact is that water, freezing, increases significantly in volume. Because of this, a grid of small cracks may appear on the surface of the product. Of course, to restore the samovar in this case is simply impossible. In no case do not store it in damp unventilated areas, because because of this, the metal darkens and loses its luster.

Where to begin?

So, where to start cleaning? With the evaluation of the product. Inspect it carefully to understand what material it is made of. If there is a reddish tint, then surely your copper samovar. Also, such products used to be made of brass, and it is almost yellow.

Relatively modern samovars were made of stainless steel, which has a silvery shade. Aluminum samovars are infrequent, and they are gray without gloss.

It is also worth finding out if your old samovar is not antique. If there is a stamp on it, then there is surely not only the manufacturer, but also the date of manufacture. Find out how much such an item can cost.

Next, you need to completely disassemble the product, unscrewing all the valves, handles, stand hooks and so on. So cleaning will be faster and more efficient.

How to clean?

So, how to quickly clean the samovar? We offer several proven methods:

  • The brass product can be processed with a composition made from 30 grams of ammonia, half a glass of cool water and two tablespoons of tooth powder (instead of it you can use toothpaste, but only white). Apply the prepared mixture to the sponge and rub the entire surface of the samovar (both external and internal) well.
  • Aluminum is well cleaned by means consisting of one teaspoon of ammonia, three teaspoons of borax, as well as two glasses of warm water. Well rub this mixture with the object inside and out so that it becomes clean.
  • If you are the owner of an expensive gold-plated samovar, then it should be cleaned carefully. A mixture of one egg white and a tablespoon of sodium hypochlorite solution (8%) will do.
  • For cleaning the copper samovar, you can use a mixture prepared from a tablespoon of salt (finely ground), a tablespoon of flour, as well as two tablespoons of vinegar (9%). The finished slurry must be applied to the surface with a sponge, left for five to ten minutes, and then removed with a damp cloth or a clean sponge.
  • An ordinary lemon can help to get rid of scale. Simply cut off the lobule and rub the contaminated areas with it. You can also squeeze the juice and treat them to the surface. If there is no lemon, use citric acid. In a glass of warm water, dissolve one or two tablespoons (depending on the degree of pollution), soak a cloth in the solution and wipe the samovar with it.
  • You can use the most common vinegar, but not concentrated, but 5-10%. Dampen a cotton pad, a piece of cloth or a sponge and rub the surface well until it is shiny and clean. If the pollution is strong, then pour boiling water into the samovar and add vinegar (half a glass for every 500 ml of water). In this state, leave the product overnight, and wash the sutra well.
  • You can buy a specialized antiscale agent, but not for a washing machine or dishwasher, but for a kettle.
  • An ordinary raw potato will help to cope with a small touch. Simply rub the entire surface with it, and after half an hour, remove the residue with a damp cloth. You can also apply a slurry of grated potatoes overnight. Instead of mashed potatoes, you can use potato peels.
  • A copper samovar can be completely immersed in boiling water with soda ash dissolved in it (approximately two tablespoons for every 500 milliliters of water). After half an hour, remove the product and wipe it well with a soft cloth. It should shine again.
  • Brass samovar easy to clean oxalic acid. In one liter of water you need to dissolve one or two tablespoons of such funds. Spread the prepared liquid with a cloth or sponge over the surface. After an hour, thoroughly wash the samovar.
  • Surprisingly, but perfectly cope with the touch of so beloved by many "Coca-Cola." Just pour it into the samovar and put it on the fire for fifteen minutes. Cool the product and rinse thoroughly.

Recommendations

Some useful tips for effective and safe cleaning of the samovar at home:

  1. It is undesirable to use aggressive abrasive compounds for cleaning a samovar, such as sand, salt, brick dust and so on. They are likely to clean the product well, but will certainly leave scratches on it.
  2. For the procedure, use either a very soft sponge or washcloth, or flannel or terry cloth. Coarse material may scratch the surface.
  3. Any means you have chosen pre-test on a small internal area of ​​the product to follow the reaction of the metal. If he has changed the color, it is better to choose a different composition.
  4. If you use an aggressive remedy (for example, oxalic acid or vinegar), it is better to carry out the procedure in rubber gloves to avoid skin burns.
  5. If you are cleaning the product with ammonia, it is advisable to wear a respirator or a protective mask so as not to inhale the vapors.
  6. If you often use a samovar, then wash it after each tea drinking.
  7. After each use, drain the water.
  8. Do not leave the samovar hot and empty; it is not only harmful, but also dangerous.

Choose a suitable tool and return the former shine to the samovar!

Types of samovars and features of purification

By sight, samovars are divided into:

  1. Running on fuel (wood or kerosene). Such devices, after boiling water, become soiled from the outside with soot, and the task of cleaning is to get rid of black deposits on the outer walls. For the manufacture of old samovars used copper, brass and some other metals.
  2. Electric. Modern devices, as a rule, are made of stainless steel.

Before you try to clean the samovar, you need to disassemble it - remove all the small parts: the crown, tap, stand, key, and so on. These items are washed separately.

The next step is to make sure that the chosen tool does not spoil the look of the product. To do this, a small amount of the composition is applied to an imperceptible area, after a few minutes, washed off. If the surface is not darkened, not lost luster and not covered with scratches, proceed to work.

Since antique items require special care, their owners need to know how to properly clean a copper samovar without spoiling it.

Over time, under the influence of the external environment, a patina forms on the surface of the metal - a greenish bloom. To get rid of it and return the original look to the copper samovar, different means are used:

  1. A slurry of lemon pulp and salt. For the pulp obtained from 1 citrus, you will need a tablespoon of coarse salt. This mixture is distributed over all external surfaces of the device, waiting for 10 minutes. Using a soft bristle brush, remove the gruel remnants, polish the sides of the samovar.
  2. Vinegar. A 9 percent solution removes green bloom if you moisten a soft cloth with it and then polish the surface.
  3. Pasta. Prepare it from a tablespoon of coarse salt, half a glass of vinegar and 200 ml of vinegar. Combining all the components, mix the mass thoroughly. Gain a little of the resulting composition on the flannel fabric, wipe the outer walls covered with a patina.
  4. Ammonia and chalk. 2 tablespoons of chalk combined with 5 tablespoons of ammonia, this mass is distributed over the entire contaminated surface, wait 10 minutes. Using a toothbrush, remove residues and softened plaque, thoroughly wash the samovar with running water.
  5. Tomato paste. Used as a mixture of chalk with ammonia.

Removable elements are immersed in a 9% acetic solution. After a quarter of an hour, they are taken out, put in a saucepan with 4% soda ash solution, brought to a boil, rinsed with clean water and dried on a paper towel.

An old brass samovar needs to be degreased before cleaning - treat with soapy water. Thereafter:

  1. To apply any product containing oxalic acid on a soft cloth, treat contaminated surfaces with it.
  2. After waiting 5 minutes, rinse with plenty of water.
  3. Do not wipe the walls of the device, sprinkle them with soda.
  4. After 5 minutes, rinse and dry.

Important! So that the product made of brass does not acquire a pink tint, it is not cleaned with products containing acids (except oxalic). Also, you can not use abrasive compounds, they scratch the surface of the alloy.

If the brass samovar is coated, a solution of ammonia 2% or toothpaste is used. You can also use a solution of Trilon B (10 g of powder is combined with 100 ml of water).

Nickel-plated samovar practically does not need to be cleaned - as a rule, you can put it in order by washing it with usual soap solution.

If the surface is very dirty, use a paste consisting of 50 ml of water, 30 ml of ammonia and 15 g of tooth powder.

Use acid-containing compounds should not be, because they can destroy the coating, because of which the surface of the samovar will no longer shine.

Stainless steel

The procedure for cleaning a samovar at home with the help of mustard:

  • the powder is combined with a small amount of water,
  • taking a little of this mass on a rag, rub the polluted places,
  • do not rinse, clean with a soft brush
  • rinsed.

To return the steel surface shine can be using ordinary potatoes. It is cut in half, the place of the slice is applied to the side of the samovar, rubbed. After washing the device under running warm water, wipe with a soft cloth.

Instead of improvised means you can use household chemicals designed to clean the sink from stainless steel. Главное – удостовериться, что в составе средства нет абразивных компонентов, которые оставляют на металле царапины.

Изделия из фаянса легко и быстро очистить с помощью губки и жидкости для мытья посуды. Если на самоваре появилось загрязнение, его оттирают пастой из соды и нескольких капель воды.

Из фарфора

Porcelain samovars are fragile, and when washing you should be careful not to damage them. Use a soft cloth or sponge for cleaning. Intensively rub or strongly press on porcelain, trying to wipe off pollution, it is impossible.

If after washing in a warm soapy solution a bloom or stains remain on the samovar, they can be removed with a strong salt solution (half a glass of salt is combined with two liters of water). Dip the product into the liquid, with a flap of the flannel to rub problem areas.

Also, the ammonia solution will help to clean the device from porcelain — they are impregnated with a disk and gently try to scrub the stained area.

The same tools are suitable for chrome-plated surfaces as for nickel-plated ones: soap solution, ammonia paste and tooth powder. Also in the store you can buy paste for the care of chrome products, which not only eliminate dirt, but also return the same shine.

Gilded

The gilded samovar is a real antique, and it should be cleaned very carefully. Conventional products can damage the coating, and it is best to use a proven recipe - a paste of raw egg white protein and 15 ml of an 8% solution of lava water. Mass is distributed on the outer walls of the device, left for a minute, washed off.

From aluminum

What can be cleaned aluminum samovar:

  • A teaspoon of ammonia is combined with three spoons of borax, diluted with ½ l of water,
  • the resulting solution is impregnated with a sponge, rubbing the outer walls of the product,
  • if there is a patina on the surface, rub it gently,
  • wash off with plenty of water.

After this treatment, be sure to boil the water in the samovar and pour it out before you start using the device again.

It is impossible to use abrasive compounds or hard brushes when washing aluminum products - scratches easily appear on the surface of the soft metal.

Cleaning outside

There are special tools to clean the samovar from soot, but you can also use handy tools.

To cope with soot on the outer walls, apply soda solution. It is poured into a capacious tank, dipped in a liquid polluted samovar, put on fire. An hour after boiling, the water is removed from the heat, washed with running water.

External cleaning can also be carried out using crushed chalk or tooth powder. They perfectly cope with various raids on the surface of the product, made of any material, without scratching or damaging the samovar.

Cleaning the inside

As in the teapot, in the regularly used samovar, scum forms on the inner walls. You can clean the product by applying:

  1. Vinegar. A liter of water is poured into the samovar, a glass of 9% acetic solution is added. Bring the liquid to a boil, leave for some time. The softened plaque is removed with a sponge, the device is well washed inside.
  2. Citric acid. 2 sachets of 30 g are poured into a samovar filled with water and boiled. When the water has cooled completely, pour it off and scrape off the remnants of scale.
  3. Soda and vinegar. If the raid is old, then you will need to boil soda in the samovar first, and then the vinegar solution. Soda solution is prepared, adhering to the following proportions: 2 spoons of powder are taken for 1 l of water. When the liquid boils, it is drained, then filled with water and vinegar and again brought to a boil.
  4. Apple or potato peels. They contain acids that dissolve scale. Cleaning pre-washed from dirt, put in a samovar in such quantity that they occupy a third of the tank. Add water, boil. When the liquid has cooled, brush and rinse thoroughly.

Another way to remove plaque is to use soda water (for example, 7Up). The drink is left to boil for half an hour. During this time, the acid will corrode the plaque, and it will be possible to clean it with a brush or washcloth.

How to polish to shine

Polishing will help to return the original samovar to the washed samovar.

For this purpose, use GOI paste. A small amount is applied to the soft tissue flap, they begin to intensively, but gently rub one area. After it begins to shine, they proceed to the next. Trying to polish a large surface immediately is not worth it, it will not bring the desired result.

You can clean a samovar with a self-made pasta. Some ammonia is added to the tooth powder, mixed, with this compound the surface of the product is polished in the same way as GOI paste.

In order to return the samovar to its original appearance, one should strictly adhere to the rules when cleaning, as well as select a suitable tool, focusing on the type of material from which the product is made. If you ignore the recommendations, the surface of the device may become scratched or change color.



Simplicity and detail process

You can achieve the desired purity and brilliance as a modern shopping means, and with the help of folk "recipes". But already after solving the task - an excellent cleaning at home - you can sit with the whole family around the samovar and even invite guests.

For many ordinary consumers, cleaning a brass samovar is associated with works that have sunk into oblivion, and, therefore, unusually tedious and painful.

The matter is aggravated by the fact that the lack of skills and understanding of how to handle this kitchen utensil causes fear of scratching it or causing some other harm.

Meanwhile, on the Internet you can find detailed instructions on how and what to do to put in order a brass samovar. In general, the whole cleaning process is divided into several simple steps.

Stage Two

At this stage of work to cope with the most difficult task - to clean the inside of the tank. The difficulty is due to the need to remove scale from the surface of copper or brass. To combat scale you can choose one of the following methods.

Brass samovar can be cleaned with a special tool designed to clean the kettle. You can achieve a similar result and using acetic acid. The tool is poured inside, after which the container is heated to a temperature (+60).

Next, the device is left in this state for five to six hours. During this time, the acid corrodes the plaque. In conclusion, you need to rinse the samovar properly.

You can clean the samovar also citric acid. To do this, dilute one pack of the product in water. Then pour the mixture into the samovar, bring to a boil and leave for twelve or more hours. Instead of acid, you can use 1 kg of lemons.

With a slight raid samovar of copper can be put in order using one kilogram of potato peelwhich are boiled inside the tank. Drain the water, you need to remove the remnants of plaque with a soft sponge soaked in soda.

Relatively clean - without raid - the walls of the copper samovar are washed with a brush and some detergent.

Stage three and final

At the end of the washing, an external cleaning of the samovar is carried out.

Once, before the invention and the sale of special washing gels and other effective means, the hostess used river sand.

With all its advantages, one cannot ignore such a negative side as scratches remaining on the surface of the device. Now there are excellent tools to achieve the desired purity and brilliance.

However, you can always resort to handy tools.

External cleaning of the brass and copper samovar

Copper samovar. The best option in this case is a mixture of three components:

  • flour,
  • salt,
  • vinegar.

The mixture is applied to the surface of the container with a sponge. At the end you need to wipe with a soft cloth.

What to choose for a brass samovar? In this case, a spoonful of oxalic acid or ammonia, diluted in one liter of water will be effective. The solution is washed off after one minute. To neutralize the residues should be treated with baking soda and wipe dry.

In order not to complicate your life with additional troubles, you can simply not bring the kitchen accessories to a deplorable state.

In the case of a samovar, this means the need to keep it in a place that is completely protected from moisture and damp. And if it came to cleaning, you should not use household chemicals, if the material used to make the device is brass.

Useful information about samovars note

Before you start cleaning the samovar, it is recommended to get information about how much the progenitor of the electric kettles lay down. This can be done in the shop at an antiquary or familiar with stamping on the bottom of the device. Then you should find out the material of manufacture to find the right care product. As a rule, they were made of copper or brass.

To the note: before cleaning the utensils outside, experts advise to disassemble the device, i.e. Remove the crane, stand, handles and other items. Accessories are cleaned separately.

In addition to the great-grandfather samovar, modern stainless steel products are relevant in everyday life. It is noteworthy that the old kitchen utensils held in high esteem by collectors. However, regardless of the material from which it is made, the device requires systematic care. So, take care of the brass product weekly. Otherwise the material will become dark.

Nickel-plated utensils are subjected to delicate care. Therefore, chemistry is used with caution. It is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the composition of the product, otherwise you may spoil the product.

Stainless steel products can not be cleaned with abrasives and aggressive chemicals.

Methods and recommendations for cleaning a brass samovar

Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc. Upon contact with air, the material oxidizes and loses its original luster. If you pay attention to the stamp from the manufacturer, you can be sure of the value of the product. Because of this, antique samovars recommends trusting professionals.

The following substances are forbidden to use the samovar from brass:

  • Abrasives, i.e. powders because this leads to micro-scratches.
  • Means based on citric, hydrochloric, acetic or phosphoric acid. Such components wash out the zinc contained in the alloy. The product in this case will have a pink-red surface.

Before cleaning, the surface of the utensils degreased, using a soft tool. For these purposes, suitable households. soap, dishwashing detergent and similar.

At home, the product is easily cleaned with oxalic acid, which is part of many "shampoos" for plumbing and tile. To use the product, it is necessary to dispense 3-4 drops on a clean sponge and distribute it with gentle movements over the surface. Leave for five minutes. Interacting with pollution, sorrel acid absorbs them, thus becoming a dark color. Upon the occurrence of such a reaction, the vessel is washed under running water using a brush with a soft base. As a result, the brass samovar gets an aesthetic dark copper shade. After the product cleaning procedure, the walls are rubbed and covered with a thin layer of soda for five minutes. Next, re-rinse and rub with a lint-free cloth.

The following method using oxalic acid is related to old contamination:

  1. In a large container, so that the product fits completely, water is poured with acid (2%) for two days.
  2. Every 8-12 hours, remove, rinse under running water and lower again. This allows you to control the purification procedure.

Also cleaning the brass samovar is carried out with ammonia. This tool effectively deals with a deep and old touch. To do this, apply ammonia on a soft cloth and wipe the oxidized areas.

Attention! Brass must not be exposed to moisture. Because of this, it is recommended to store the product in a dry place.

Ways to care for a copper samovar

Copper kitchenware is covered with a patina during manufacture, i.e. several layers of bloom with a greenish tinge are used. Experienced owners of antique products know how to clean the samovar from oxide.

  1. An old copper samovar is cleaned with gruel made from flour, coarse salt, and table vinegar. In a glass of flour add a tablespoon of rock salt and mix with 100 ml. vinegar. The resulting mixture is rubbed into the surface of the product with a soft cloth. Then rinse under running water.
  2. Lemon. Peel the citrus, remove the pulp with a spoon, add 1 tbsp. baking soda large fraction. Apply the mixture to the surface and leave for ten minutes. After that, use a soft brush to clean the walls.
  3. Cleaning the copper samovar is also carried out with the help of tomato paste. To do this, apply a thick layer on the darkened areas and leave for ten minutes. Then rinse with a soft sponge.
  4. Table vinegar (9%) dissolves plaque. On a soft cloth, apply vinegar and wipe the product.
  5. Chalk and ammonia solution is also effective in removing plaque. To do this, mix five parts of ammonia with two fractions of crushed chalk and add ten parts of water. The resulting pasty mixture is rubbed into the surface of the samovar and left for 10 minutes. Next, the surface is cleaned with medium hard brush.

To clean the removable elements of the samovar from copper, you should soak the accessories in table vinegar for 15 minutes. Then, boil in dissolved soda ash (4%).

We clean stainless steel utensils

You can clean a stainless steel samovar by any means, incl. and liquid ammonia to care for a hob or sink made from this material. In the composition of such gels there is no chlorine, which causes damage to the protective film of the surface. Also, such tools should not be with abrasives.

Mustard powder is recommended to care for the steel samovar. The substance is diluted in warm water to form a thick mixture. Then applied to the surface with a soft cloth. In this case, also help old toothbrush with soft bristles.

Effectiveness shows and raw potatoes. So, the root crop is cut into two parts and rub the walls of the samovar to 100% cleansing. Wash the rest of the potatoes with warm water and dry the product.

Tips for taking care of other materials

Products of their nickel silver are exposed to dark color oxide. Therefore, for the care of the nickel silver samovar use special tools, including napkins. The composition of such gels and liquids contains a substance that covers the samovar film. In addition, for the cleaning of such products is allowed to use the classic dishwashing detergent. It is important that it does not contain chlorine and fine powder particles.

Cleaning a nickel-plated samovar is simple, because This material does not oxidize. A simple and fast product care product is a dish detergent.

But the use of aggressive acids is not recommended, because dishes lose luster.

To polish a samovar with a chrome-plated surface, soft abrasives are allowed. If contamination is old, then ammonia is used (30 gr.), Diluted in tooth powder (15 gr.) With the addition of water (50 gr.). It is possible to add shine with the help of compositions with wax.

Effective methods for cleaning the inside of the samovar from scale

The systematic elimination of known plaque allows you to maintain the original thermal conductivity characteristics of the samovar and prevents the risk of burnout walls. At home, you can qualitatively get rid of plaque, using both modern means with chemical composition, and folk methods.

Recommended methods from experienced housewives:

  • Effectively clean the samovar from the scale can be organic acids. These substances dissolve a thick precipitate, not affecting the structure of the dish. To use this method, boiling water is poured into the samovar for of the volume and adipic or succinic acid is poured at the rate of 50 grams. per liter of water. Leave for three hours, then drain and repeat the procedure.
  • Using table vinegar allows you to quickly and accurately get rid of the raid inside the samovar. A glass of vinegar (9%) is diluted with 5 glasses of water (80 ° C) and kept in a container until the scale is completely dissolved.

Attention! For the electric samovar only cold solution is used with boiling. Under the influence of vinegar and high temperature, the bloom softens and can be easily removed from the walls of the dish.

In the case when the limescale is old and makes a decent thickness, the samovar should be boiled with soda diluted in it before cleaning. The proportions of the solution - a liter of water with three tablespoons of baking soda. Then, proceed to cleaning the product. To get rid of the specific smell of vinegar, it is recommended to boil the samovar 2-3 times. By the way, vinegar can be replaced with citric acid or lemon slices. In this case, the acid should be diluted in cold water and boil. The full amount of kitchen utensils requires 60 grams. citric acid.

What is important to know

For a start, it will not hurt you to figure out, if possible, how old an electric kettle is for years. Antique dealers will help you with this. It would also be nice to find out what the samovar is made from: it will help you choose the right cleaner. By the way, old samovars are usually made of copper or brass.

Remember: Before you clean the samovar, it would be nice to disassemble it a little bit - remove the handles, key, tap, stand and crown. This is usually easy to do. All these small parts are cleaned separately.

Чистим поверхность медного самовара

Уксус, мука, лимон — все они помогут тебе «омолодить» медного старичка, вернуть ему его здоровую желтизну и блеск.

Уксусно-мучная чистка

Такая чистка поможет тебе избавиться от не очень сильного наружного окисления:

Смешай муку, уксус и соль (крупную).

Clean the surface with the resulting cleaning agent.

Take a piece of paper (a newspaper will do) or a soft cloth, and “polish” the places where there was dirt thoroughly.

Lemon peeling

It is also quite effective for external cleaning of "non-critical" contaminants:

You take one lemon slice.

Wipe it "appearance" of the samovar.

You brush further.

At the end you wash the samovar under the tap.

To clean the samovar enough a few slices of lemon.

Tip: A small copper greenish patina (patina) should not be removed: it is the “trademark” of antiquity, which makes the rare product especially charming.

Acetic acid cleaning

This tool cleans even the strong greyish bloom caused by oxidation.

Wear gloves. Do it necessarily - it is better not to joke with acetic acid.

Wet in 5−10% vinegar a small soft cloth.

Rub the copper surface.

Dampen acetic solution with water soaked in water.

Well wipe the treated samovar exterior with a dry cloth.

Ammonia

The tool perfectly removes even quite strong plaque.

You put a little ammonia on a piece of soft cloth.

Wipe it oxidized surface.

Remember: Brass and moisture are poorly compatible. So try to keep the old brass where it is dry.

Oxalic acid

Removes the oxidation of almost any “severity”:

You must wear rubber gloves - sorrel can pinch skin pretty. With him, caution does not hurt.

In a bucket of water (standard size) you dilute 150-200 g of oxalic acid.

You apply solution with a soft rag or a sponge on a samovar surface. Do not touch for 5-7 minutes.

Then rinse with cold water.

After that, clean the surface with baking soda.

You clean the soda with cold water.

You thoroughly wipe the entire cleaned surface with a dry soft cloth.

Soda Ash for key and faucets

She is best to clean the removed small parts of the copper samovar (faucets, keys, handles):

You put the faucets and knobs in the saucepan, pour half a liter of water.

Add 20 grams of calcined salt.

Now the small parts of the samovar are very clean - as if they had come down from the pre-revolutionary cheap popular prints.

Mighty pasta GOI

For GOI everything is kosher - this paste will clean not only the stainless steel, but any other highly oxidized and dull samovar.

Apply GOI paste to soft flannel rags.

Rub the samovar surface, but not all at once, but only a small area. Do not rush anywhere.

Dry the soft area with a soft cloth. Then rub the new one.

If it is not possible to remove the whole paste with polishing, use alcohol or gasoline.

Important: Chemistry and abrasives use only as a last resort, if no other means of plaque can not cope.

Coke, sprites and other sweet soda

If soda does not mind, then go ahead:

Pour cola sprites into a samovar.

Then you drink a soda you send to the sink, take a brush and use it to remove the remnants of the now pliable lime.

At the end you wash the kettle with tepid water.

If from the first time soft drinks did not cope with their task, repeat everything. From the second bottle of attempt you will succeed.

We get a coke from the bins and let's go clean the samovar.

Tip: Always drain the rest of the boiling water. This will slow down the formation of limescale. But do it only after the water has cooled, otherwise the heating elements of the samovar may be damaged.

By the way, the cola will fit for cleaning not only the samovar, but also, for example, a thermo-cotton (read how to clean a thermo-cotton from scale).

Potato peelings

You take the most common fresh peeling potatoes, wash them well and put them in a samovar.

Pour water, be sure to cold.

Boil for 40 minutes.

A few hours do not touch.

Then you pull up the cleaning, and thoroughly rinse the samovar with tepid water.

The remnants of scale remove table soda. You put it on a sponge or a sponge and you rub the rested dirt.

Well, in the end, rinse your old friend with warm water and polish with a dry cloth.

If part of the scale has survived, grit your teeth and do everything above. Attempts number 2 she just did not survive.

And finally, a video with another method of cleaning - with the help of toothpaste:

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How to remove scale

First you need to clean the old samovar from the scale inside. To do this, use special tools that remove plaque in the kettle. But before using them, you need to read the instructions, and make sure that the tool is suitable for this metal. After that, determine what to clean the samovar.

Nutritional products

Chemical products can be discarded and food products that are safe can be used. Lemon acid is diluted with water, and boiled in a samovar, while the plaque begins to lag. If the scale is strong, then the liquid is left for some time. At the end of the procedure, the device is washed out with clean water. Acid can be replaced with ordinary lemons, and perform similar actions.

For internal cleansing, you can use potato peels, they are boiled for about 6 hours, then removed, and scum removed with a sponge, which is pre-applied soda.

Cleaning soot and soot

There are wood-type samovars, soot settles on their surface, and carbon deposits are formed, and first you need to learn how to clean the samovar from such contaminants.

To clean the pollution, use special pastes or powders. You can use food products, such as soda, it is diluted in water, for this purpose a large container is used, then a samovar is placed inside and boiled for about an hour. After the procedure, the device is washed with plain water and polished. Thus, the samovar is cleaned outside.

Features of cleaning a samovar from various materials

Depending on the type of material of the product, there are a number of nuances that must be observed when cleaning.

Consider how to clean the copper samovar. For cleansing the copper surface, use the composition of fine salt and flour in one spoon, vinegar add two spoons. The product is applied to a vintage device with a sponge, left for up to ten minutes, and removed with a damp cloth. You can use a lemon in the cut form, they rub the samovar to shine. Gel or detergent for dishes diluted in water, and wash the device. To clean the surface using kerosene, they are impregnated with fabric, and proceed to rubbing. Then, chalk processing is performed, and rubbing with a woolen cut.

Brass products must not be left in rooms with high humidity. You can clean the old device with 30 g of ammonia, which is added to 125 ml of water, and two tablespoons of dental powder are thrown there. Such a composition can be applied both on the inside and on the outside. The brass samovar can be cleaned with oxalic acid, one spoon is diluted in a liter of water, rubbed on the surface, and left for an hour. Then proceed to thorough washing with plain water. This acid is part of many cleaning products that are used for plumbing. When this gel is applied to the surface, left for some time, then washed with a brush and soda. For instruments made of brass, the use of citric acid, hydrochloric acid or acetic acid is prohibited.

Stainless steel

To clean the surface of stainless steel look, apply toothpaste without the content of silicon dioxide, that is, it should not have a whitening property. It must be applied to the product from the outside, and then cleaned with a soft-look cloth. At the end of the samovar must be well washed. To clean stainless steel products, it is prohibited to use aggressive compounds with chlorine, this may cause damage to the surface.

Nickel and chrome

Nickel or chrome-plated samovar is not cleaned with abrasive compounds, acids or metal objects, as the surface of the product is damaged. Plaque in the inner surface is removed with grape vinegar. From the outside, a nickel-plated samovar is cleaned with special pastes, as well as home-made methods - salt with vinegar or chalk, which is soaked in water. If a rust stain has formed on the device, it can be removed with animal fat, it is smeared, left for 24 hours, and then wiped with a cloth with ammonia. If the damage is strong, then perform additional coverage, for this use nickel. Elements of the chrome-plated look washed out with a soft cloth, and a solution of soap.

Aluminum can be cleaned with a composition of three small spoons of borax, one with an ammonia-based alcohol, and 500 ml of water. This composition is processed product from the inside and outside to the full purity.

Gold-covered samovars must be cleaned with special care so as not to destroy the coating. To do this, combine 15 grams of 8% sodium hypochlorite with egg white. This composition is applied to the surface and then washed. Such a cleaning compound is effective for gilded surfaces.

How to make the surface of the samovar shiny

To the surface of the product regained the same shine, it must be polished. The sticky and dusty plaque is removed using a salt and vinegar formulation. Polishing dull samovar is performed after cleaning.

Polishing is performed with chalk or tooth powder. Chalk must be mixed with ammonia-type alcohol to the smetana state. It can also be soaked in water and applied to the surface. Such methods are used for copper, brass or bronze surfaces.

Can be used special paste, which is intended for polishing metal products. Such a tool can remove minor damage in the form of scratches, and give the device the original shine.

Rules for self-cleaning samovar

The use of abrasive compounds that have an aggressive effect, i.e. salt, stone or sand, is prohibited. This will cause scratches on the surface.

When performing the procedure, you must use a soft-look fabric or sponge. Rough items can damage the surface. This is the basic rule of how to clean the surface of a samovar.

The selected composition for cleaning the surface of samovars, you need to test on a small area of ​​the product, and check how the metal behaves. If it changes color, it is better to use another method.

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