Akita Inu is a balanced, self-sufficient dog whose respect should be earned. Independent disposition and a high level of intelligence allows these dogs to be not only excellent hunters - bold, active and enterprising, but also to effectively protect the territory and housing that is entrusted to them. More recently, it was considered a medium-sized dog, but the modern standard has once again increased its growth.
Hard textured wool with a soft and dense undercoat, the amount of which varies depending on the season, allows the dog to live in the yard of a private house. Due to this feature, they tolerate snow and rain well, rarely get sick. Living in the city, these dogs are also convenient because they rarely bark.
The character of Akita has a strong tendency to dominate. This is especially true for males. From the first minutes spent in the new house, an Akita puppy demonstrates its own view of things. Given the fact that among the breed are rare food, making contact will require patience and special skills from the owner. Therefore, Akita cannot be recommended as the first dog.
In the Akita inu breed there are no varieties, but there are 4 colors that are similar in type. For families in which there are children, females are better suited, since they have a more flexible character and a strongly developed maternal instinct. At first, the child and the puppy should be under the vigilant supervision of adults until they learn to behave correctly with each other.
Akita Inu breed standard
The main characteristics of an Akita Inu, which determine their breed, are:
type of head structure
pronounced sexual differences between males and bitches.
The main idea of the exterior Japanese breeders see the simplicity, functionality, grandeur, strength and nobility of their dogs. Characteristic sloping ears, tight lips, moderate stop, lack of frontal folds, a triangular or round muzzle (the Hakoguchi type with a square muzzle found in the breed is undesirable) - this is what the Akita breed head looks like. Having looked at her, there is no doubt about which of the breeds of the 5th group the dog belongs to.
The height at the withers corresponds to the length of the body as 10 to 11. This means that the ideal Akita has an almost square format. Some stretching can occur in females. The priority in the assessment of dogs is their balance and the absence of exaggerated features.
A thick tail with a high output is wrapped in an energetic bagel. Its length should be sufficient so that in expanded form it reaches the hock joints. Leading experts - rock breeds prefer the tail to have the shape of an ellipse and be located parallel to the line of the back and neck. The standard assumes a good muscled dog, and such a structure of the front and rear girdle of the limbs, which would provide a harmonious and energetic movement.
The double hard coat of the dog is ideally suited to the harsh conditions of its habitat, keeps warm and repels dirt.
Among the serious shortcomings of the standard are bites, other than scissors, incomplete teeth, short tail, bright eyes, the presence of black or blue spots on the tongue. Short unstable tail and ears, long hair, the presence of spots on a white background, black mask on the face are considered vices. All of them testify to the decency of purebred akits of the blood of other breeds.
Character and features of Akita Inu
Akit wool is their decoration and one of the pedigree features. There are strictly regulated rules for breeding Akit, depending on their color. However, more important than color, the Japanese consider balance, when all parts of the Akita body work harmoniously, forming beautiful smooth movements and contributing to the effective work of the dog.
Another feature of the breed is its diet. These dogs feel best on fish and rice. Excess fatty foods harm them. Hailing from a cold climate, Akita poorly tolerate heat, reacting to it with the appearance of various eczemas. In general, skin problems are characteristic of these dogs, detached from their usual habitats. Disorders of the diet, the reaction to exposure to external allergens, psychological stress during exhibitions or training, the effect of high temperatures, improperly chosen vaccines cause skin irritations in dogs that are best treated by eliminating the cause of their occurrence.
According to the testimony of Japanese breeders, females can flow every three to four months. It is rather difficult to choose the right mating days, because sometimes during estrus the eggs do not go out and the bitch is empty. Stress, some postponed diseases, the presence of cysts, as well as antibiotic therapy have a negative effect on fertility.
Akita inu - dogs whose character has more unusual features than the qualities familiar to the European dog breeder. Their training should take place in an atmosphere of complete trust between man and dog. High intelligence does not allow dogs to obey the person implicitly. Communication with Akita is more of a partnership than submission by an Akita.
Care and maintenance of Akita Inu
Japanese Akita - a dog that can live in the yard of a private house or in a city apartment. True, in both cases the dog must have regular exercise and socialization. Grown without the ability to communicate with other dogs and cats, in a depleted communication environment, this dog becomes excessively aggressive and nervous, which often leads to the lack of proper contact between the dog and the owner and the development of allergies and eczema.
Despite the short wool, Akita molt twice a year and for quite a long time. The exceptions are dogs living in cold regions - there molting goes faster. Combing is a weekly ritual for your Akita, which she is taught from the first days of her life in a new house. During grooming, contact with the puppy is established, trust is formed.
Athletic addition of these dogs is a signal for their potential owners. They need long walks and loads, both physical and intellectual. Smart and cunning Akita - a permanent job for the mind of their owner. They can not be forced to do anything with force, for the education and management of the dog will need an understanding of its habits and the ability to outwit or re-direct your pet.
With group content, Akita can be aggressive towards their fellows. Therefore, early socialization is important for them. It should not be taken into the house where other dogs live, an Akita, raised in an open-air cage and having no skills to communicate with adult dogs.
A lot of trouble is delivered to the owners and the hunting skills of a dog. Many of them ferociously pursue cats and birds, hunt chickens and other host animals. Without an enclosure for such a dog is indispensable - it will save potential prey from death in dog teeth, and the dog - from the unjustified rage of its owner.
If you plan to get offspring from your bitch, then before pregnancy and childbirth come, you need to equip for her an open-air cage in a puppy. Akita puppies are well adapted to the cold, their dense thick fur allows you to feel great even in cold weather. But the heat brings these dogs a lot of inconvenience, so when you keep them in summer you need to provide for the presence of a shade or conditioner in the apartment.
Akita Inu Feeding
Despite its small size, Akita Inu - the dog is quite expensive in content. This is due to the fact that for her the best is feeding fish and rice. Low calorie content, a large amount of vitamins of group B, fatty acids - a distinctive feature of the diet of these dogs.
For residents of coastal areas, this will not be a problem. However, in the cities where fish are brought from afar, proper feeding of Akita will result in considerable money for its owners.
Proper selection of food ration is a guarantee of the health of these dogs. Excessive amounts of vegetable and animal fats, cereal, other than rice, lead to diseases, disorders of the liver, pancreas, problems with joints and ligaments, eczema and allergies. Particularly allergic to Akit is chicken. This is connected not so much with the special properties of chicken meat, as with the huge amount of antibiotics and hormones that are used in the industrial cultivation of chickens our time.
Often the solution to the problem with food is finished dry and wet food, the composition of which is suitable for these dogs. These are formulas based on rice, tuna or salmon. Some dogs of this breed feel good on feed containing lamb, duck, rabbit and rice. When choosing food, be sure to read its label on the label. Often stamps that say “salmon and rice” actually contain other cereals, offal, chicken. Such feed may not suit your dog. The most sensitive to food are those dogs that are exported from Japan.
Akita Inu Puppies
Adults over the years, Japanese Akita puppies from their young claws are distinguished by independence, self-confidence and a high level of intelligence. Before you decide to purchase this kind of dog, make sure that you can give it everything you need - from an optimal diet to proper training, that you don’t look for a dog in a dog ready to do anything for a piece of snack or a toy and are ready to reckon with your own opinion on your dog's stuff.
To choose the right puppy, it is important to consider the following points.
Be sure to familiarize yourself with the breed standard before you go to choose a puppy.
Try to pick the puppy yourself so that it does not work out that you paid one dog and got another.
Akit without pedigrees at the moment in nature does not exist. If the puppy is not provided by the breeder, make sure that they exist in nature and you didn’t get it because you paid less for the puppy.
The responsible breeder will ask you many questions before the sale and may refuse to purchase a dog from him if he considers that the breed does not suit you.
When choosing a puppy, make sure that the mother of the litter has a balanced temperament. In cowardly bitches, puppies with an unstable psyche are most often born and grow up.
Do not start training a puppy - after a year it will turn into a difficult task.
Do not neglect prophylactic vaccinations. Discuss their choice with the breeder to avoid an allergic reaction.
Akita Inu Training
Akita training begins with building trusting relationships with it. The first 10 days will be spent on studying your dog, its habits, skills and determining the rules of its behavior in your home, which should not change in the future.
A four-legged samurai will require patience and perseverance from you. He will choose a place in his house that would allow him to fully control the territory entrusted to him and people.
Akit vigilance and their innate distrust of strangers allow owners to be confident in the reliable protection of themselves and their property.
If there are children in the house, familiarity with them should not be postponed. Most Akita Inu are very careful with children and are patient and balanced educators. They enjoy playing with children and very rarely show impatience or aggression. However, this concerns properly grown dogs, which from childhood had the opportunity to communicate with people.
Owners of males should be aware of their fighting inclinations and as soon as possible begin to take them on walks with other dogs, controlling the situation and not allowing fights. Given the nature of the Akita, its training should be basically completed by 9 months. At the same time finally your dog will be formed by 2-3 years. Further education consists in honing exposure, contact and clarity of interaction.
The lack of cravings for food rewards will create additional difficulties in the traditional approach to training. The best combination of soft mechanics and close contact with the dog.
Akita Inu is one of the oldest breeds that appeared on the Japanese islands. Its name comes from the name of one of the northern Japanese provinces.
Archaeologists find images of dogs, very reminiscent of modern akit, in cave paintings that are more than 8 thousand years old.
Matagi inuThe ancestors of Akit were universal companions of ordinary Japanese. They guarded the house and yard, hunted bears and were of small size. In the 17th century, when the Japanese nobles were puzzled by personal security issues, Japanese akits began to appear in the rich houses of the country, where they were trained as watchmen and bodyguards. Over time, these dogs became very fashionable and decorated with their presence the best Japanese palaces and residences. Each dog had a personal servant, and their feeding and raising was heavily ritualized. Most likely, it was then that Akit had their hostility to shouting and violence fixed.
Over time, the dogs became more and more and they found use in the new hypostasis - as participants in the fighting. At this time, blood of imported mastiffs began to be added to them in order to increase the size of the dogs and the entertainment of the fights. The first signs of metallization was the loss of the characteristic strength of the composition and shape of the head. Akits began to appear with sagging wings and rectangular faces, as well as non-standard colors with extensive white spots. Over time, the Akita lost their place in the Tosa-Inu fighting ring - the Japanese Moloss molossam, fairly diluted with European breeds - the bull terriers, mastiffs, dogmas, St. Bernards.
The return of the breed to its original form in Japan was first talked about in 1927. It was then that the mayor of Odate, one of the Japanese cities, made these dogs an urban symbol and created the Conservation Society Akita Inu. Before the war, the livestock of dogs was significantly improved, the type of dogs approached the original (and indeed modern).
Active, loyal and courageous, Japanese Akita during the war participated in the battles along with their owners. Almost all dogs of pre-war breeding died during the war. Only a few copies, kept by the owners in secret from the authorities, survived and became the forefathers of the post-war livestock.
During the war, in order to preserve the lives of their dogs, Japanese breeders crossed them with German shepherds. This was due to the fact that all the other dogs were caught and went to the manufacture of soldier warm clothes. After the war, when the Americans were flooded by Japan, some dogs were taken to the United States, where a new breed, the American Akita, emerged from crossing them with various large Molossians.
Two breeds existed for a long time within the same standard of 1938. However, later on, the two breeds were separated. Currently, there are two standards Akita - FCI and AKIKO. The second, developed by Japanese breeders, is more rigid and is designed to return to dogs their original, Japanese exterior.
What was the real story
The snow-white dog was born in the autumn of 1923, in Japan, on the island of Honshu, at the farmer's.
After some time, the farmer decided to give it to the professor at the University of Tokyo, Hidesaburo Ueno. Which called him - Hachiko.
Every day, when the professor was going to college, the dog ran after him and waited for him at the Shibuya station.
The trouble came on May 21, 1925, by the time Hachiko was not more than two years old. On this day, with the professor had a stroke.
He died and did not arrive at the station where Hachiko was waiting for him.
No matter how many times he gave Hachiko to other people, he ran away every time and returned to his house.
When the dog realized that he would no longer see the owner here, he was waiting for his arrival on the platform of the station.
Every day, at exactly four o'clock, Hachiko came to the station and selflessly waited for his master.
It lasted ten years. Passers-by fed him. Once, he was noticed by one of the students. He was struck by the fate of the dog, and began to write articles about him and his dedication.
Monument of Fidelity
In 1933, the Japanese press published his articles, and the dog became a national sensation. People were amazed how many years a dog can be faithful.
Adults cited him as an example of selfless devotion to their children. He established a monument of bronze.
The monument was placed on the square of the station itself. Unfortunately, in the Great Patriotic War, the monument was melted down. But, in 1948, this famous monument to the faithful dog was restored.
Hachiko was found dead in the spring of 1935. After that, a mourning day was announced in Japan. In Tokyo's National Museum, you can see his effigy.
Today, many years later, a monument to a devotional dog can be seen at the Shibuya station, he still believes and waits for his master.
In Japan, guided tours, adults and children, from all over the country are going to see the Hachiko monument.
Choosing a puppy
При покупке щенка, необходимо помнить, что черный цвет на морде, и опущенный хвост, недопустимы для представителей данной породы.
Если в одном помете родилось много щенков, не стоит покупать одного из них. Выбирайте среднего по размеру, активного и игривого малыша из небольшого помета.
Здоровые щенки упитанные, не пугливые, и не агрессивные.
Akita Inu puppies are very temperamental, and only having matured, they become calm and reasonable.
In raising this dog, the main point is the socialization of the baby. In order for the dog to grow calm, intelligent and with a healthy psyche, this issue will have to work.
How much are puppies
After a movie about Hachiko appeared on the screens, those who want to buy this dog for themselves have grown fifteen times!
How much an Akita Inu puppy will cost you will depend on what kind of baby you buy.
For example, a dog without documents can cost from fifteen to thirty two thousand rubles. At the same time, the representative of the show class, will be released within fifty, one hundred thousand rubles.
Wool of dogs of this breed does not require special care, you can comb it four times a month. And only twice a year, when the pet starts to shed, it is combed out more often.
For this procedure, two combs are needed, for short hair and for the undercoat.
Akita Inu is bathed twice a year, washing too often can damage the scalp.
Twice a month, you need to cut the claws and brush your teeth with special pastes.
Akita Inu, a dog with character, in connection with this, walks should be long and active. As a rule, the dog itself determines where to go and loves to walk without a leash.
As often as possible, let go of the pet with a leash, give him the opportunity to run into plenty.
This active dog requires regular physical exertion, so the time for daily walks should be at least two hours a day.
Walking places and toys it is good to periodically change, thereby maintaining the interest of the dog.
In Japan, for many years, these dogs were given rice, sea food, seaweed and vegetables, eggs and various game as food.
Breeding Akita Inu adapted specifically to this diet, for poultry meat, veal, fatty milk containing products, they may experience a strong allergic reaction. Also, you can not feed corn and oatmeal.
In the store, dry feed should not be soy, they must contain one source of protein and the maximum proportion of protein, not less than 26%.
Puppies should get cottage cheese, boiled fish and vegetables every day.. Feeding babies, up to five months should be at least four times a day.
Only an adult dog can be transferred to two, three meals a day. Do not forget about the vitamin-mineral complexes.
A single portion should be about ten percent of the weight of the dog, and only if the dog can not cope with this volume, it is slightly reduced.
Often the question arises how many years the Akita Inu live, the representatives of this breed live on average 12-15 years.
They often have diseases associated with natural features.:
- joint dysplasia
- skin diseases
- vision problems
- blood diseases
We offer you photos of the legendary Japanese Akito Inu dog, also known as Hachiko. Despite its size, it is a very kind and affectionate dog, but if necessary it can also become an excellent guard.
If you have difficulty choosing this breed, watch this video. You will be told the story of the appearance of Hachiko, as well as how to look after, what kind of character the dog has and a lot of interesting things.
How to organize a diet
For Akita Inu need more thorough care than for four-fingered other breeds. In particular, it concerns the nutrition of the animal.
According to the recommendations of veterinarians, Akita owners can choose one of the following pet feeding options:
- food of natural origin (raw or cooked with your own hands),
- ready-made feed of industrial type (dry or wet),
- mixed food.
It is the third type - mixed food - is considered the best option for this breed of dogs. Dry food should be alternated with meat and meat by-products, cottage cheese and dairy products, fruits and vegetables. The daily diet should be balanced, control the amount of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
Also, do not forget that in our region, this breed of dog came from Japan, where there are other traditions and habits, including in gastronomic terms. The gentle stomach of Asian dogs often cannot cope with the food that other four-footed dogs are used to. In this case, Akita Inu requires special care and maintenance. Be sure to keep the food and water bowls clean. If the size of the booth where the pet lives, allow, try to isolate the dog "dining room" from the place to rest.
How to feed natural food
To feed an exotic breed dog with natural food is no easy task. Indeed, in their native country, the Akita Inu diet consists mainly of rice, fish, seafood, fruits and vegetables. It is necessary to feed an adult dog twice a day - these are morning and evening meals. Not sure which products should be on the menu?
The diet can include:
- sea fish
- meat of wild animals (venison, elk, roe deer),
- meat by-products (kidneys, liver, lungs, heart),
- fermented milk products (cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, natural yogurt),
- hard cheese (unsalted varieties),
- cereals from rice, buckwheat and wheat groats,
- vegetables (pumpkin, zucchini, carrots, eggplants, onions),
- fruits (apples, pears, cantaloupe, banana, persimmon in limited quantities, almost all berries),
- vegetable oil (olive, linseed, sunflower).
Features of feeding with dry feed
Often, owners of dogs of exotic breeds, wanting to make their lives easier, prefer ready-made industrial feeds. However, not any dry food is suitable for Akita Inu. So, how to choose a dry food for Akita Inu?
Carefully study the component composition. If soy is among the ingredients, you can immediately exclude this product from your list. Feed with a high content of soy is not suitable for dogs of Asian breeds. A large amount of protein can provoke an allergic reaction in a pet.
Wheat and corn are two more ingredients that should not be in exotic dog food. These two products will not cause special harm to the health of the animal, but may adversely affect the work of the gastrointestinal tract and the general state of health of the dog, who are not used to this type of food. Choose dry food with fish, meat, rice and bone meal.
Pay attention to those foods where the daily rate is indicated according to the weight and age of the animal, because an adult dog and a small puppy need different amounts of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. For example, the daily rate of fat for puppies should not exceed 18%, while the protein kids need at least 25%.
Prefer premium and super premium feeds. If you can’t find the food yourself, you can always ask for help from a veterinarian or more experienced dog breeders. They will certainly tell you how to care for four-pawed Asian breed.
What is absolutely impossible to feed
If you still could not resist the charisma of dogs of this breed, get ready for some difficulties in the care and maintenance of your pet.
Feeding an Akita Inu is significantly different from feeding dogs of other breeds. One slightest mistake in the organization of food can lead to serious problems with the health of the pet. In order to avoid such troubles, it is recommended to get acquainted in advance with the list of products that should not be present in the diet of this breed.
So, what food should not be given to Akita Inu?
- high salt food
- food with various food additives or "food chemistry",
- smoked meat and pickles,
- river fish (as there are many small bones in it),
- raw meat and raw fish (to avoid helminth ingestion in animals),
- all sugar foods (this breed has a hereditary predisposition to diabetes).
Regardless of whether you feed the dog with dry food or natural food cooked with your own hands, do not leave food in a dog bowl. Winding up, drying out, getting into a bowl of dust, debris and insects, which is especially characteristic of animals living in the kennel on the street, can adversely affect the health and well-being of the pet. Also, do not forget to monitor the cleanliness in the Akita Inu booth.
It is especially important not to miss this moment during the molting of the animal. Shedding dog requires more attention and care. Akita sheds, wool gathers in lumps, settles somewhere in the corner of the dog shed and, at the slightest breath, the breeze gets into the food. Representatives of this breed are capricious and have a good memory.
Having once fed the dog with something forbidden, in the future you may encounter aggression or, on the contrary, excessive attention of a pet begging for another “delicacy”. As experienced dog experts note, prohibited foods can negatively affect the dog's gastrointestinal tract, as well as cause allergies. Frequent health problems adversely affect the psyche of the dog, the animal begins to be wary of any new food product.
Basics of care
To preserve the beauty of wool, give it time once a week. But keep in mind a big lack of breed - an abundant molt 2 times a year, which lasts about 2 weeks. At such times, care is required daily. Living in a cold climate and keeping a dog indoors can moderate a little shedding. With proper care, your pet will have a medium smooth coat and a very soft undercoat. Bathing a dog should be infrequent. The fact is that Akita Inu wool has waterproofing properties that you risk depriving a pet.
Once a month, wipe the eyes with chamomile decoction to prevent souring. Redness, swollen eyelids or excessive tearing can be not only a symptom of a common allergy, but also a more dangerous disease. Do not hesitate and consult your veterinarian.
With the same frequency should be cut and smooth nail files claws. But wipe the ear is important once a week. Healthy ears are always pink in color, without odors.
Pay attention to your teeth several times a week. Remember that cleaning should be done with a special paste for animals. Habitual human paste will be detrimental to the stomach.
Do not forget about routine vaccination and preventive examinations at the vet! Then you will be confident in the health and well-being of your pet, because your pet cannot complain and show where it hurts.
Characteristics of Akita Inu breed
Akita Inu - large dog, spitz-shaped breed. It is considered the most ancient on earth. It was bred in northern Japan and was used as a hunting ground.
The Japanese consider her their pride, even gave her the name "Treasure of Japan".
Standard FCI (ICF) Akita Inu breed
FCI Classification: Group 5 Spitz-shaped and primitive, Section 5 Asian Spitz (No working trial)
Build: strong, strong, well balanced, with strong bones. The length of the bitch's body is slightly longer than the length of the dog's body.
Constitution Type: Strong
Head: The skull is proportional to the body. The forehead is wide, with a distinct hollow in the middle. There are no folds on the muzzle.
Stop: well pronounced.
Nose: large, black.
Akita Inu photo of this riding "horse"
Muzzle: moderately long, powerful, wide at the base, tapers to the tip of the nose, not pointed. The back of the nose is straight.
Akita inu muzzle comes in three forms:
- Round (considered ideal, it gives a classic look, a lively and smiling expression)
- Rectangular or Hakoguchi (mouth-box, this type lacks the cheekbones, has loose lips, which gives it a sluggish look)
- Triangular (this type lacks completeness, the nose is narrow, the upper lip is slightly sagging)
Lips: tight fitting.
Jaws and teeth: correct, scissor bite, strong teeth.
Eyes: dark brown, small, moderately spaced. Raised outer corners give a triangular shape, the inner corner is set deep, the line of the lower eyelid stretches up to the outer corner, to the one located under the ear.
Ears: small, erect, triangular, slightly rounded at the ends, bent forward. Sinks are directed to the side or out. The line should be clearly parallel to the bend of the neck.
Neck: thick, muscular, without dewlap, proportional to the head.
Back: straight, strong.
Loin: broad, muscular.
Chest: Deep with well developed anterior part, ribs moderately arched.
Tail: set high, thick, vigorously thrown over the back, in the lowered state the tip of the tail almost reaches the hock.
Were limbs: direct, equal, strong bones. Shoulders moderately sloping, developed. Elbows tightly pressed to the body, looking strictly back. Paws are round, arched with elastic pads.
HINDQUARTERS: Well developed, powerful with moderate angulation. Densely covered with a thick coat of wool.
Wool: the guard hairs are hard, straight, the undercoat is soft and thick, somewhat longer on the withers and the sacrum, longer on the tail than on the body.
- Deviation from the sexual type (male in a bitch type or bitch in kobelinom)
- Incorrect bite (overshot or overshot)
- Incomplete set of teeth
- Tongue with blue or black spots
- Brightened Iris
- Short tail
- Timidity, cowardice
- Soft ears
- Hanging tail
- Long hair (shaggy)
- Black mask on the face
- Markings on a white background
PS: males have two normal, fully descended testicles.
Color Akita Inu
- Red - white
- Completely white
- Sesame (red-fawn wool with black ends)
In all of the above colors, with the exception of white, Akita Inu must have “uragero” (whitish hair on the sides of the muzzle, on the cheekbones, lower surface of the jaw, on the neck, chest, tail and on the inner surfaces of the legs).
Character Akita Inu
By the nature of Akita Inu is calm, sociable and affectionate. She adores people and will be an excellent pet for you and your family. Akita noble, famous for its quiet, docile temper, barks only when necessary. They are very intelligent and calm, with an independent character, have enormous willpower, an excellent watchman and guard at home.
Many breeders claim that in the presence of an Akita Inu, a person feels relaxed and calm. To many, it helps to cope with stress and anxiety.
The Japanese are respected for its cleanliness, lack of smell and a very clean and tidy appearance. Akita Inu is patient and devoted, gets along well with children and is always ready to protect them.
If he lives with other pets since puppyhood, then there will be no conflict. Later, having met a four-footed friend on the street, he will react more calmly. Akita Inu needs early socialization, otherwise it may show aggression towards other pets, including those of the same sex.
When choosing, it is desirable to have experience in maintaining such breeds. Suitable for people with a strong, decisive character, as the training and education is very difficult.
Akita Inu sometimes becomes very stubborn and assertive. Especially noticeable with insufficient amount of physical activity.
Let him be bored, and he will turn into destructive and difficult to control energy.
Wanting to buy Akita Inu, you need to know the breed from birth is prone to hunting instincts and often exhibits proprietary habits. To teach to communicate with other animals should be from an early age.
Akita Inu Content
For the maintenance of Akita inu, it is recommended a spacious yard, always enclosed with a fence.
When kept in a city apartment, keep in mind daily walking at least 2 times a day, physical exercise and compulsory training. Choose a secluded place in the apartment, without drafts and not near the battery.
Walking is carried out active with elements of training, for the work of the body and mind. She is strong enough and can easily cope with reasonable weights, such as riding a child on a sled in the winter.
An Akita Inu puppy up to 18 months can not be forced to pull a huge weight, for the reason that their bones and joints are not yet strong and not fully formed.
Give the dog an opportunity to independently exercise, jump, run, play and play whenever she wants. Be sure to buy toys stimulating to run. Having received a sufficient amount of exercise, Akita Inu will be calm, docile and obedient.
Training, training Akita Inu
Once in your house, Akita Inu puppy must feel that you are the owner, and she should obey the established rules.
She has a strong and independent character, needs a strong-willed and strong owner.
Too soft or timid people can hardly cope with it, feeling the power over the situation, she will not obey.
Training for subordination to the owner is the most important moment in pet training.
Do not allow to sleep in your bed, but allow to be on the floor next to you.
It will teach obedience, at the same time, it will be a pleasure, it is located next to the owner.
Care for Akita - Inu
Stock Foto Akita Inu in the endless winter taiga
Akita Inu has a beautiful thick coat of medium length with a very soft undercoat, shedding. Shedding abundant, seasonal 2 times a year: January-February and May-June. In the summer it can walk without undercoat, and only by the autumn it begins to grow.
При содержании в квартире с сухим теплым воздухом, линять может целый год.
Другая причина постоянной линьки, неправильное питание или проблемы со здоровьем.
Главный плюс по уходу за шерстью, она не нуждается в стрижке и тримминге. Из минуса - сильно линяет, но период длится всего пару недель. В период интенсивной линьки шерстяной покров выпадает клочьями.
Combing: once a week, with a metal comb or a brush with metal teeth. This way you take away the dead hair and massage your pet.
During the periods of a molt it is necessary to comb every day:
- furminator (you need to use it carefully, so as not to cut off the guard hair when the wool begins to creep into pieces)
- metal brush in the form of a rake
When kept in an apartment, air more often, in a cool climate, molting is less noticeable.
Bathing: Akita Inu is not recommended to bathe too often, no more than 1-2 times a year, as needed or before the show. They are very clean, when combing the dust and dirt is removed. With frequent bathing, the coat is deprived of its natural protective grease and waterproofing properties.
Eyes: regularly inspect, for the prevention of acidification, wipe chamomile tea once a month with special drops (ask the vet).
Healthy eyes are shiny, without tears or brown tracks. A little discharge in the corners of the eyes in the morning, is considered normal, if the dog ran all day on the street. Profuse tearing, redness or swelling of the eyelids, as a result of allergies or serious illness. Seeing these symptoms, be sure to show the vet.
Teeth: 1-2 times a week, brush your teeth Akita - Inu with a special toothpaste for dogs, using a toothbrush or attachment to your finger.
Do not practice toothbrushing with toothpaste for people, many of them do not tolerate a strong menthol smell and foam. Whatever, not to discourage interest in the procedure is better not to experiment.
Photo Akita Inu at competitions
Ears: Once a week, wipe the auricle with a damp cloth moistened with warm water. A healthy ear with a pleasant pink color, no unpleasant smell or liquid. Having noticed the redness, the dog often shakes his head and rubs against the floor, smells unpleasantly or fluid flows out, immediately contact the veterinarian. There are several reasons, otitis, ear mite, allergy, you should not self-medicate, better consult with a specialist.
Claws are cut 1 time per month with a large nail clipper. Sharp ends smooth nail file to avoid burrs.
Teach Akita - an inu to procedures from puppyhood, otherwise you simply can not cope with an adult. Never shout at her, speak in a gentle, moderate voice.
If the dog is very nervous, postpone the procedure the next day. After any procedure, be sure to praise and treat your favorite delicacy.
Diseases of Akita - Inu
- Hip dysplasia
- Bloating or inversion of the intestines
- Von Willebrand disease (blood disorder)
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Acquired pseudo-paralytic myasthenia (a violation of neuromuscular transmission, which is characterized by muscle weakness and fatigue.
Myasthenia congenital or acquired. This disease provokes skeletal, esophageal, facial, pharyngeal and laryngeal muscles.
Signs of myasthenia gravis in dogs: exercise intolerance, mega esophagus, neck ventroflexion, problems with swallowing, hypersalivation, regurgitation, inability to blink and loss of voice).
- Male: 64 cm - 70 cm
- Bitch: 58cm - 64 cm
- Male: 40kg - 45kg
- Bitch: 32kg - 45kg
The origin and stages of development of the breed
The name Akita is taken from the name of the prefecture of the same name, located in the northern part of the island of Honshu, where the legendary breed originated. Output for hunting. The inhabitants of the island of Honshu managed to achieve the birth of a smart and hardy hunter. The long history of the breed indicates the loyalty of dogs. They served the owners, hunted for them, respected with all their hearts. In Akita’s soul, a place is open only for the sole owner, to whom the dog will remain devoted until the end of his days.
If you take into account the archaeological research, it is assumed the antiquity of the breed. During the excavations, skeletons and drawings of dogs were found, strongly resembling modern Akita Inu. Experts call the Matagi Inu ancestral breed, known since the 8th century and actively used for hunting wild boar and bear.
The newest history of Akita Inu dogs began in the 17th century, when hunting entertainment ceased and dedicated dogs were needed to protect and guard the service. Breed migrated from the peasant houses in the luxurious buildings of the Japanese nobles. Respect between people and the dog remained mutual, once even issued a law on the punishment of a person who subjected to violence or killed a dog of the specified type. This circumstance had a positive effect on the development of the breed.
However, further existence was under threat. In the early twentieth century, the breed began to actively breed, just because of the risk of extinction. The blame was the introduction of a tax on the content of dogs and rampant epidemic of rabies in dogs. Timely urgent measures were taken to preserve the Akita Inu (for example, the law on the transfer of rocks under state protection) rescued wonderful dogs. Although the main crisis was ahead. We are talking about the terrible years of the Second World War, when the dogs were forgotten. After the end of the war, fewer than a dozen purebreds of the breed remained.
At the same time, Americans appeared on Japanese soil, interested in unique dogs. The dogs naturally possessed a typical Japanese character (calm, silent, persistent) and good physical strength. The Japanese Akita Inu dog breed migrated to the United States. Today, Akita dogs are sold in specialized kennels and breeders.
Akita Inu is a breed of amazing dogs. A considerable number of people watched the Japanese or American version of the film Hachiko. The breed of dog - the main character interested viewers. The dog won the hearts of people with an unusual pleasant appearance, intelligence, and most importantly - devotion, for which the Japanese deservedly captured the dog in the monument.
Description of the standard and character
Breed description Akita:
- energetic animal
- powerful skeleton
- powerful muscles.
The modern breed standard was approved on July 17, 1982. In appearance, sometimes the growth of males reaches 70 cm, weight - 35 or 45 kg. The head is wide, the appearance resembles a dull triangle. The muzzle of the dog looks hurt and sullen, in reality the beast shows a playful and cheerful disposition. A distinctive feature is called a long tail, which is strongly twisted. In the appearance of the breed harmony is visible, the animal looks beautiful and elegant.
Let us consider the characteristics of the breed. Powerful white fangs look frightening, but not used to harm. It is said that the shoulder girdle is considered the weak point of the animal. The musculature in this part of the body is poorly developed. The shoulder blades stand out, look powerful and have a fully developed musculature. The hair on the withers is long, reaches 5 centimeters, rough to the touch.
There are a number of colors Akita. More often it is possible to meet red representatives, with a characteristic spot on the forehead. There are white representatives of Akita Inu, which are rapidly gaining popularity recently. The undercoat can vary in color from wool. The dog moves quickly and vigorously due to serious musculature. The main advantage is an interesting tandem of remarkable strength and complete obedience. She never barks without a serious reason. Not prone to sudden bouts of rage. Perfectly coexists with pets, even with cats. Akita Inu intelligent dog, seeks to help, accompany the owner and family.
Breed perfectly in contact with children, even small ones. If a mischievous kid starts to hunt the dog by the ears, Akita will not follow the intimidating grin, barking or trying to bite the baby. The dog will not touch the owner's child, it will not allow a sense of respect and devotion. Dog experts attributed the breed to the Nordic type of dogs. It means that a strong sense of independence lives in the dog, but there is no desire for vagrancy.
The nature of the species is associated with Japanese origin. In addition to the typical Japanese qualities, dogs are distinguished by extraordinary devotion to the owner. However, the feelings are restrained, not to mention the attitude towards strangers, with whom the dogs are kept aloof. Puppies, as a rule, behave overactively, however, activity decreases exponentially with age. As a result, the dogs become calm, even phlegmatic.
Representatives of the breed are kept independently, because of loyalty to the owners are not inclined to escape. Silent and balanced, almost no trouble. The only drawback is the often occurring conflicts between dogs because of the desire to dominate due to obvious self-esteem. Fights often happen between fellows.
Decent character, individuality, external charm deservedly made dogs popular among the population of the planet. The Akita Inu dog breed is a devoted friend of the host, capable of being there at any time to stand up for protection.
What to feed a puppy
Dog breeders often offer special literature to puppy buyers, which describe in detail the important points of keeping and caring for Akita. The topic of feeding is not difficult. Despite the sophistication and become, Akita Inu puppies eat everything offered, are not picky about food. Separate owners of animals feed on dry food, maintaining a rational grain. Modern dry food contains the necessary:
There is nothing difficult in the organization of food, the breed reveals tremendous health and immunity. Puppies will be sold from the age of two months. Until the moment of sale, the baby probably ate mother's milk and a small amount of complementary foods. When the animal has moved to new owners, the diet changes dramatically. The best solution would be to feed the baby with natural household food. In the absence of a tendency to long cooking, it is possible to choose premium dry food.
The Akita training deserves close attention. Akita Inu shows serious muscles in need of development. Starting from six months, it is permissible to drive a puppy to the training ground for dogs. The kid will not immediately begin to perform commands and exercises, but he will run with interest on interesting devices and slides.
Akita is a smart dog, distinguished by a playful and good-natured disposition. Easy to train due to curiosity and thirst for physical exertion. The owners are sure that the pet will endure any loads and trials, it is difficult to find the beast with more endurance and obstinacy.
Due to its popularity, Akita Inu is often found in an apartment setting. You still need to do daily workouts and long walks.
As soon as the dog crossed the threshold of the apartment, it imposingly begins to inspect the territory. Any item on the floor will undergo rigorous testing, on the smell and taste, it is recommended valuable clean up. You can not beat a puppy. Nothing but anger, the baby will not leave in memory.
If the puppy is naughty, you need to indicate in a threatening tone that he is wrong, and you must do this immediately after the offense. The memory of the young dogs is short, having received a reprimand in half an hour, the dog simply does not understand what it is punished for.
The process of self-training dogs requires a lot of patience and takes a lot of time. Education is slow but sure, without tedious lessons and difficult lessons. Templates do not pass, each representative needs an individual, unique approach. You can't bring an Akita inu like a guard dog.
The development is slow. By the age of two, the dog finally matures. The lazy look quickly gives way to an unexpected reaction. The nature of the dogs is deep, it will take a long time to study, and only then it will be possible to adequately evaluate.
Akita inu was used in the Japanese army and police, in the form of rescue dogs. In the US, the breed is famous for its remarkable bodyguards. There are plenty of areas where it is possible to use representatives of the breed. Most lovers of fellow Hachiko agree that dogs should not be trained to attack: if you mix their qualities of hardness and independence with aggressive skills, the dog will become dangerous to others.
Features care for Akita Inu
Akita Inu - an unpretentious animal and does not require excessive effort in care, despite the rich wool.
Akita has very unusual for dogs, wool, more similar to needles. So there are no problems with moulting, since the wool practically does not fall out. But during this period it is recommended to comb the dog every day. Hair easily collected in mats and removed with a brush.
The Akita Inu hairstyle also does not require frequent washing. It will be enough to carry out water procedures once a month using Happy Pet Shampoo for Japanese dog shampoo, which was developed in Japan specifically for this dog breed.
You can also use any hypoallergenic shampoo for long-haired breeds with a thick undercoat, for example:
- GlobalVet with panthenol and aloe vera,
- ISLE of DOGS Coature Royal Jelly Shampoo or Keratin Volume Shampoo,
You should also resort to air conditioners for wool, preferably without washing, because the undercoat dries rather badly. Or after washing and processing dry the hair with a hair dryer.
As cosmetics for Akita Inu, you can use:
- ISLE of DOGS Coature Light Management Conditioner,
- Coature Evening Primrose Oil Conditioning Mist,
- Vanity Isle Hold or Isle Style,
With a balanced diet, representatives of this breed do not have problems with eyes, ears and teeth.
It is necessary to mix raw materials with olive oil and insist for 3 days, and use, moistened with a cotton swab.
In addition, pet stores sell ready-made products for washing the ears to dogs:
If dust and dirt get into your eyes, it is enough to rinse them with chilled chamomile broth. For cleaning teeth, you can use special bones and sticks for dogs.
Pay special attention to the Akita Inu puppy vaccination regime. In addition, babies of this breed up to 7 months should not be heavily loaded with physical exertion due to the weakness of the joints in these dogs.
Food Features Akita Inu
Feeding Akita Inu should be carried out:
- 4-7 months - 4 times a day
- 8-12 months - 3 times a day
- From 1 year - 2 times a day.
The ration should be maintained based on puppy age:
- 5-6 months - 1 kg
- 6-9 months. - 1-1,5 kg
- 9-12 months -1.6-1.8 kg
- 1 year and further - 2 kg
Since these dogs are from Japan, their diet should correspond to Asian cuisine. The overwhelming majority of the Akita menu should include fish or some duck meat, rice, potatoes, oats and barley.
But do not allow the dog to excessively absorb protein foods, since excessive protein nutrition contributes to allergic manifestations in the animal in the form of dermatitis and digestive disorders.
Allergies can provoke:
- Beef, chicken, turkey,
- Milk products,
- Wheat, corn,
To strengthen the joints in the dog's diet should include mineral supplements:
- cdVet ArthroGreen.
- CHONDROCAN Biosol.
- Gelacan Plus Darling.
- Gelacan Fast.