Women's Tips

Body temperature in cats and kittens: norm and deviations


The temperature of the body in cats, though higher than that of humans, but still has its limits. Any deviation from the norm should cause anxiety and excitement among the owners. Many people try to find out what the temperature of the cats is in their nose, however this is erroneous. The final and accurate verdict on the health of a pet can be made only on the basis of a thermometer.

Normal temperature cats

If the owner had doubts about the state of his pet, you should use a thermometer. The first indicator of the disease should always be the temperature of the cat's body. Norm - from 38 to 39 degrees. You should not resort to such national signs as a wet nose or sleepy behavior. Not always, these signs indicate a pet's illness.

Increased or decreased thermometer depends on many factors. In this case, the age of the pet, its gender, and the time of year are also important. Like any other animals, the normal body temperature in cats depends on the processes taking place in their bodies. In a dream, their indicators are noticeably reduced, since a minimum of energy is required to maintain this state.During the meal, the cat's body temperature rises to 38.5, but still remains normal. The limit of 39 degrees is reached only in the active state, when the pet jumps and runs a lot. It should immediately be noted that the kittens normal performance is slightly higher than in adult representatives of the species. It is associated with a mobile lifestyle. To ensure the active state of the kittens spent several times more energy, because their organs and systems have not yet strengthened.

It is recommended to measure the temperature of the pet during the day, some time after sleep. The fact is that in the evening, the indicators may slightly increase, and in the morning - on the contrary.

How to measure?

Before you determine what the body temperature in cats, you need to know a few nuances. Measurements are made only with a mercury thermometer, although some veterinarians allow the use of an electronic analogue. The difference is that the first one shows more accurately, and the second one - much faster, but with errors.

For measurement, a thermometer is introduced rectally. Pet this unexpected initiative of the owners is unlikely to appeal, so it is recommended to carry out the procedure together with an assistant who would keep the animal in a horizontal position. For convenient fixing of paws, a dense sheet or towel is suitable. You should also hold the cat's head with your hand, as it may start to bite. In addition, this action will calm the pet: he will feel the warmth of a familiar person. The most effective way to fix an animal is to firmly take it by the scruff of the neck and lightly press it against the horizontal surface (floor, sofa).

Before entering the thermometer, it is necessary to lubricate with petroleum jelly (any oil is prohibited). The result can be seen after 3 minutes. If the figures are in the range of 38-39 degrees, you can calm down and leave the animal alone. Otherwise, you need to look for the cause of the disease. If the temperature is too high or low, you should immediately contact your veterinarian.

In addition to the rectal method, there is one more method of measurement - an infrared ear thermometer. This thermometer is ideal for determining the state of the cat at home. He has no contraindications and does not cause negative emotions in the pet. Its rate in degrees is from 37.8 to 39.5. The only drawback of such a measurement is that during ear inflammation, the thermometer may show several divisions higher than it actually is.

Hyperthermia in pets

An increase in cat's body temperature can be due to several reasons. First, you should pay attention to the presence of infectious diseases in the pet. Also increase the performance of worms affect. If the kittens have intestinal parasites, then the temperature can reach up to 41 degrees. However, the main cause of hyperthermia is a bacterial imbalance in the body. If temperature indicators are significantly higher than normal, then it is urgent to bring down at least to 39.0. As a result of hyperthermia in cats, the breakdown of protein compounds occurs, as a result of which problems with the heart and other internal organs can begin. The first signs of a lack of vital substances are hair loss and peeling of the skin. Also, at an elevated temperature, the animal's breathing and pulse rate increase. With severe and prolonged hyperthermia, dehydration appears.

To reduce the temperature, you can use ice by applying it to places where there is no wool. It is important that the pet saws a lot and is not located near the heaters. Kittens with pronounced weakness and lack of appetite should pour water with a syringe. Any medications are prescribed only by a veterinarian.

Symptoms and causes of hyperthermia

The main signs that cats have a higher body temperature are a change in their behavior and condition. These symptoms include weakness, constant tremors, poor appetite. In pets with hyperthermia, severe dehydration occurs within 2 days, and breathing and heartbeat become more frequent. In rare cases, an animal experiences a state of shock or fear.The reasons for the increase in temperature can be infections, and viruses, and parasites. Most often, it is because of extraneous microorganisms that pets experience acute malaise and hyperthermia. Also, elevated temperature may be the result of impaired metabolism, endocrine system malfunction or the presence of a tumor. Before determining the cause of the onset of hyperthermia, it is necessary to exclude the variants with the animal's response to drugs and supplements.

Hypothermia in cats

Along with increased rates in pets, there are often reduced ones. Such a body temperature in cats can be the result of hypothermia or pathology of the kidneys. Sometimes the causes of hypothermia are complex operations in which anesthesia was used.

At low temperatures, the animals become depressed, lethargic, and seek a secluded place warmer, for example, near the battery. In kittens a disheveled coat, a noticeable shiver and a pale color of the mucous membranes can serve as a sign of illness. At home, you can help your pet warming. However, the process should not last too long. If warming did not produce results, you should contact a specialist.

The temperature of cats before giving birth

During pregnancy, animals rarely have abnormal temperatures. However, a few days before the onset of labor changes are inevitable. Firstly, it concerns the behavior of the cat, when it begins to set up its place, dragging soft toys, paper and even food into it. Worry in this case for the animal is not worth it. The main thing is to be aware of what the current temperature of the cat's body is. The norm for a couple of days before delivery is 37 degrees.
At this time, the cat's mammary glands swell, and its gait begins to resemble a bear. Behavior can change overnight - from undue anxiety to a gentle purr. A few days before giving birth, the animal may refuse to eat, but you should not worry. The most important thing for the owner on this period of time is to monitor the condition of the pet. The normal body temperature in cats per day before lambing can vary from 36.8 to 37.7 degrees. The day after birth, the indicators should not go beyond 37.5-39.2.

Temperature in kittens

Indicators of the smallest representatives of the species often exceed the norm of adult individuals. The fact is that kittens are very active, despite their small age and undeveloped organism. That is why the temperature in cats and kittens can vary by a degree. If the former have normal rates up to 39.0, then the latter have up to 40.5.

In weakened kittens, the temperature does not exceed 38.0 degrees. On the other hand, too high rates can be even more destructive and lead to death.

Sphynx temperature

Representatives of this breed differ from the others not only in appearance, but also in their internal indicators. For example, the body temperature of sphinx cats can be from 38.5 to 39.5. The situation is similar with newborns. Their performance should be no more than 40 degrees. In general, the kittens of this breed norm does not differ from the temperature of adult sphinxes.Some owners experience constant excitement, thinking that their pet has hyperthermia, as it is too hot. This opinion is erroneous, since the heat of sphinxes is directly transmitted to a person with a touch. In ordinary breeds, wool interferes with heat exchange.

Establishing diagnosis

To determine the temperature deviation from the norm in cats is easy. To do this, it is enough to measure it with an ordinary thermometer.

If there is an increase in body temperature in cats, a biochemical blood test of the pet, a test to determine diseases in the immune system, and urinalysis are recommended to identify the cause.

In difficult cases, veterinarians are sent to the animal on an x-ray or ultrasound of the internal organs.

External signs of temperature change

A rise in temperature in medicine is designated by the term “hyperthermia,” a decrease is “hypothermia.”

These conditions are accompanied by changes in behavior and well-being:

Cat refuses to eat and drink

The cat becomes sluggish, trembles

Hiding, sleeping unusually long

He climbs into warm places and refuses to leave

A shiver appears due to fever

Wool rises to keep warm.

Pulse increases up to 200 beats and higher per minute

Mucous surfaces turn pale

Sometimes it starts vomiting or diarrhea.

Blood pressure drops

Mucous membranes are inflamed

Pulse, heart rate, breathing slow

In advanced cases, dehydration begins.

It is erroneous to determine the temperature of the nose. The lobe becomes warm and dry in healthy animals during sleep and in old age.

Causes of high temperature

Hyperthermia occurs due to external and internal stimuli, often under the influence of the following factors:

  • Viral diseases. Immunity reacts to pathogens by increasing the temperature, so the bacteria die faster. In cats, panleukopenia or distemper, rhinotracheitis, calcivirosis, and coronavirus are more common. It is possible to protect a pet from these diseases, except the last one, by vaccination.
  • Inflammations. Pathogenic bacteria enter the body when wounds and stitches after injury or surgery heal slowly or are carelessly treated.
  • Overheat. Heat dissipation is disturbed in a stuffy, hot room, car, or under direct sunlight. More often, kittens and older cats suffer from overheating.
  • Stress. Thermal control disorder sometimes begins in stressful situations: when traveling in transport, relocating, visiting a veterinarian.
  • Temperature jump within 1 degree happens after sterilization and vaccinations. In the first case, this is a reaction to surgical intervention, in the second - protection against viruses that enter the body with the vaccine. Elevated rates are kept for 3 days, if the heat does not subside longer, it is better to take the pet to the vet.

Reasons for lowering the temperature

With hypothermia, the blood flow is directed to the heart and brain, in other parts of the body it decreases, as a result the metabolism slows down.

Here are the conditions under which hypothermia begins:

  • Hypothermia after being in the cold with increased air humidity, it happens more often in old age and in kittens.
  • Weakened condition: exhaustion from malnutrition.
  • Violation of the internal organs: pathologies of the heart and blood vessels, kidneys and liver, endocrine system
  • Viral infections, if the disease proceeds against depressed immunity.
  • Blood loss: arise after serious cuts, surgeries, but internal bleeding is more dangerous because of bruises, falls, and diseases. The owners often do not notice and do not help the pet.
  • Helminthiasis: against an infection with parasites, anemia, exhaustion develops, thermoregulation is disturbed.

The owner can know for sure about hypothermia; other reasons cannot be identified without veterinary education and special examinations.

How to measure

The temperature is determined using a pharmacy thermometer in the rectum. Electronic thermometer is safer to use, but the measurement error is 0.1-0.5.

A mercurial rectal thermometer shows accurate results, but is dangerous for an animal due to its fragility. If there is no experience, it is better to use the electronic option. A clinical mercury thermometer is not suitable: its tip is too thick, and the measurement time increases to 5–7 minutes.

Unpleasant manipulations of the cat do not tolerate and violently resist, so you can not do without an assistant.

The measurement order is as follows:

  • pet is fixed on the table in a standing position or on its side,
  • the thermometer tip is disinfected with alcohol, smeared with petroleum jelly,
  • inserted into the anal passage 1 cm, kittens 0.5 cm,
  • mercury rectal thermometer hold 3 minutes, electronic to signal,
  • after using the thermometer wipe with alcohol.

For cats and infrared ear thermometer is suitable. The device does not cause unpleasant sensations, shows the result in 5–10 seconds, but allows for errors in ear inflammation.

First aid

In case of hyperthermia (elevated temperature), the cat is taken to the veterinarian, if it is impossible to show the pet to the doctor, the heat is reduced at least by tenth degrees.

The condition may be facilitated by the following actions:

  • increase the humidity in the room
  • wet the coat with water or wrap in a wet towel,
  • put ice on the thighs inside, neck or behind the ears,
  • drink cool water, if the pet refuses, use a dropper or syringe without a needle.

It is not allowed to treat a cat independently, to give drugs. "Human" antipyretic and antibiotics cause kidney problems.

When hypothermia (low temperature) due to hypothermia pet warm:

  • placed in a warm place without draft,
  • wrap a blanket
  • wrapped in hot water bottles or hot water tanks
  • give warm drink with a pipette.

If these measures do not help, the pet is taken to the clinic. They put a warm enema and a dropper with heated saline. If the cat is not supercooled, and the temperature values ​​fall, the animal is wrapped and taken to the doctor.

Temperature deviation from the norm is a clinical symptom of a mass of diseases that only a doctor can identify and cure. The cat owner's task is to find out the normal indicators of a pet, see dangerous changes in external symptoms in time, be able to measure and competently help.

When it is worth checking the pet's temperature

If you notice a change in the behavior and character of the pet, then you need to check his health. In the people there is an opinion that it is possible to understand that the cat got sick on a dry and warm nose. But this is not entirely true, since it may not be related to the temperature of the body of the animal.

In the following situations, when one or more of the following symptoms occur, a cat may experience a decrease or increase in temperature:

1) wool and ears become obviously hot,

2) refusal of any food,

3) increased thirst, the pet can not get drunk,

4) apathy - the cat shows no interest to anything, hides from everyone,

5) the cat is suddenly afraid of people, does not come close and does not walk on his hands,

6) uneven, rapid, heavy breathing and palpitations,

7) dilated pupils and poor coordination,

8) discharge from the nose, ears and eyes, vomiting or chills - it is urgent to find out the cause.

What is the normal temperature for cats

Normal body temperature for cats is a couple degrees higher than normal human temperature. The exact normal temperature for cats is from 38 ° C to 38.5 ° C.

It is important to remember that this value may vary within the normal range with age and even depending on the time of day. So in newborn kittens, the temperature can be even lower than human - about 35-36C. Weak kittens may have a low temperature, and the mother cat may not pay attention to them, be sure to provide them with warmth by warming up the place for them or placing a heating pad. The first months of a kitten’s life can also be one degree lower or higher than that of an adult cat, but this is absolutely normal.

With regards to the time of day - in the morning the temperature is lower by half a degree than in the evening. Also, the temperature during a pet's deep sleep may drop too much. up to 37C. Therefore, it is not necessary to measure the temperature of a sleeping animal!

Even in a healthy cat, the temperature may vary due to various external factors, for example, when it is exposed to extreme heat, nervous shock (moving or going to the doctor). This is a normal reaction of the body and do not worry.

Another important note is that the body temperature of naked cat breeds is the same as that of fluffy cats. They seem to feel hotter in comparison with our skin, and with fluffy pets there is no such difference due to the fact that wool serves as a thermal barrier.

Causes of low temperature and what to do

После того, как вы измерили температуру, нужно сравнить ее с нормальной.

Если температура ниже средней, то возможны следующие неинфекционные причины:

1) First of all, it is hypothermia. If your pet has spent a lot of time indoors / outdoors with low temperature. At the same temperature, different animals react differently. The breed and age of the cat will depend on how much time the animal has time to freeze.

2) Anesthesia. After operations with anesthesia, the temperature of the cat may fall as well as in deep sleep.

3) Injury and shock. If your pet has just hurt yourself or has suffered a lot of stress, then your body temperature may temporarily drop.

4) Diseases associated with the cardiovascular system. In the event of a malfunction of the heart or poor work of the vessels and a decrease in pressure, a constant low temperature is also observed.

What to do when the temperature drops?

Try to warm the animal. Wrap the cat in a blanket, blanket or towel, attach a heating pad or give warm water / soup. In no case should you try to warm the animal in hot water! Sudden changes in temperature can cause heart problems!

If the temperature is too low or you can’t raise it within a couple of hours, and if there are no reasons listed above, you should contact your nearest veterinary clinic for tests!

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Normal temperature in cats and kittens

Indicators of normal temperature in an animal are formed due to the work of internal organs: the nervous system, pituitary, hypothalamus. The study of the totality of all processes affecting the indicators continues today.

The normal temperature of a cat is in the range of 37.5 ° - 39 ° C. Such a spread is indicated due to the fact that for each cat nature has provided an individual indicator. For some cat it's 38.5 degrees, and for another 39 degrees.

In the morning, the indicators are usually somewhat underestimated, whereas in the evening, especially after an active pastime, the values ​​may be higher. Also, the indicators depend on the size of the animal: large individuals have lower temperature indicators than small cats.

For a little kitten is characterized by a higher temperature than for an adult cat. This can be explained by the high mobility of kittens.

Sphynx cats body temperature

Temperature conditions of bald graceful sphinxes do not exceed normal values. There is a misconception that naked creatures by nature and selection heat the air around them with a body temperature of 42 degrees. Yes, to the touch it seems that the skin is excessively hot, but this is due only to the tactile sensation in the absence of hair.

How to measure the temperature of the cat

Not all owners are able to correctly measure cat's body temperature. In fact, it is easy to do. For this you need a thermometer, and it is better if it is a subject only for the use of animals. A thermometer is purchased at a pharmacy.

Measure the temperature readings with a mercury thermometer, electronic universal or electronic rectal. Electronic products produce results faster and more convenient to use.

Since the temperature in animals is measured in the rectum, it should be understood that it is necessary to act contrary to the wishes of the cat. Often for the procedure requires the help of households. The cat is fixed with a towel or any cloth - you need to hide the legs, wrapping the pet in a "cocoon". You can simply hold the cat by the paws of one person, holding the head by the collar, while the other person takes the measurement.

Before the thermometer is inserted into the rectum, its tip must be smeared with vaseline. If the thermometer is mercury, it is held no more than 5 minutes.

After the procedure, the thermometer is disinfected by any means.

Temperature symptoms in cats

Cat's body temperature can be lowered and raised. If the owner is attentive to the pet, he will not miss the disturbing symptoms.

External signs of hyperthermia in cats:

  • lethargic condition
  • rapid pulse,
  • strong thirst
  • nose to touch dry and hot.

To find out which indicators are normal for a cat, you need to measure indicators in a healthy state for several days in a row. Then the new value on the thermometer will reveal a deviation from the norm.

  • shivering from freezing,
  • apathetic and lethargic condition
  • pallor of visible mucous membranes,
  • the kitty is looking for a place warmer
  • cool belly
  • loss of appetite
  • breathing becomes less frequent.

In any case, it is important to establish the causes of changes in the usual indicators.

Causes of low temperature

The main reason for the temperature drop in the cat is hypothermia. It is more dangerous when the animal walked on a cold, wet street: the wool gets wet, the air warming layer disappears, and the cat begins to freeze.

If a kitten or an elderly cat got in adverse conditions, then it is more difficult for them to maintain normal temperature indicators in cold weather. A cat in advanced age may have liver or kidney disease, which is also expressed in hypothermia.

Other causes include various pathologies of the body, exhaustion, fasting, massive blood loss, internal bleeding, heart and vascular diseases, cancer, viruses, and nervous diseases.

Cat temperature treatment

Neither hypothermia nor hyperthermia can be ignored. As mentioned above, a decrease or increase in temperature conditions has serious reasons that must be found and eliminated. It is better to seek advice from a veterinarian: it may be necessary to conduct an inspection and pass tests.

How to raise the temperature

Frozen and shivering cat contribute to a warm room. Wet hair dry with a hair dryer.

A kitten with hypothermia needs to be urgently heated in any way: both the blanket and the heaters will come down. You can simply pull the baby to yourself and wrap yourself up with him. An adult kitten also needs warmth. Be sure to offer a warm drink and food, after the animal stops shivering.

If the low temperature keeps for a long time or the indicators have fallen heavily, the animal should be delivered to the veterinary clinic, and not try to treat the cat at home.

How to bring down the temperature of a cat

With a slight increase in body temperature cats do not fuss and do not knock it. But a significant increase signals that it is time to intervene. High values ​​on the thermometer threaten the cat's body with dehydration, which is fraught with the worst consequences.

There are some tips that will help bring down the temperature of the cat:

the wool is slightly moistened

ice is applied to the neck and inner thighs,

give the cat a cool drink.

If no decline occurs, the animal is shown to a specialist.

Normal cat body temperature

The normal temperature of the cat fits into the average interval of 38–39 degrees. Higher or lower numbers do not always talk about failures in the body. In order not to panic ahead of time, it is necessary:

  • know the temperature is normal for your pet,
  • understand the nature of her daily fluctuations,
  • understand the reasons for the decrease / increase (if they are caused by the disease),
  • learn how to measure temperature
  • be able to provide first aid.

Adult cat temperature

When measuring a healthy cat, one can see somewhat larger or smaller indicators than the generally accepted 38–39 °, for example, 37.2 degrees or 39.4 degrees. Each animal has its own, not exceeding the norm, temperature, which, however, should not be above 40 ° and below 37 ° (similar values ​​are already associated with pathology). Thus, the figure of 39.2 ° will be sufficiently standard for an adult cat with the usual temperature of 39 °, but will serve as a wake-up call if the daily temperature of the animal is 38 °.

It is interesting! Cats, especially young and mobile, are always somewhat "hot" cats. A warmer body and cats waiting for offspring. Older animals are slightly "colder" than active ones, due to the inhibition of metabolic processes.

In addition, during the day the temperature of the cat's body varies by half a degree (in both directions), falling in sleep and in the morning, but rising after eating, outdoor games or in the evening.

Temperature of kittens

For newly born animals, their own normal values ​​act, which is due to the unsteady mechanism of thermoregulation.. The body temperature of the newborn is in the range of 35.5–36.5 degrees, but gradually increases as it grows up. Values ​​of 38.5–39.5 ° appear on the thermometer at about 3-4 months, as soon as the kitten's body learns to regulate body temperature.

Breed features

One of the persistent misconceptions is that hairless cats (Canadian sphinxes, peterbolds, Ukrainian bayons, Don sphinxes, bambinos, elves, kohans and dvelfs) have elevated body temperature. In fact, these cats are not hotter than their “woolen” counterparts, and the feeling of an overheated calf arises due to the lack of a layer between the human palm and cat skin. The coat of ordinary cats simply does not allow us to feel the real warmth of their bodies.

Types of thermometers

If the thermometer is a contact type, let it be personal to your cat. Mercury thermometers are divided into clinical and rectal (with reduced tip). Clinical requires more time to measure, up to 10 minutes, while rectal shows the result after 3 minutes.

Important! Mercury thermometers have a single, but significant minus: they are easy to break, especially if the animal has a snap. Owners of hyper mobile cats better pay attention to electronic or infrared devices, however, they are not cheap.

  • Universal electronic thermometer (price 100–2000 rubles depending on the model) - gives the result in a few seconds or minutes, but assumes an error of 0.1–0.5 degrees.
  • Rectal Electronic Thermometer - thinks much faster, showing the temperature in 10 seconds.
  • Non-Contact Infrared Thermometer - it works (depending on the brand) at a distance of 2 to 15 cm, outputting the result in 5–10 seconds, with a probable error of about 0.3 degrees.
  • Infrared ear thermometer (price 2 thousand rubles) - programmed for the measurement cycle (8–10), after which the display shows the maximum value. Since the device is in contact with the skin, its tip is rubbed with alcohol before and after the procedure.

Temperature measurement

Manipulation is performed rectally (in the feline rectum). At this time, be sure and do not shout at the "patient", and talk with him calmly. Ideal if someone assists you.

The procedure is as follows:

  1. Prepare a table or cabinet where you will take measurements: it is inconvenient and traumatic to do on your hands.
  2. Wipe the tip of the thermometer with an alcoholic liquid, then smearing it with medical petroleum jelly or vegetable oil (there are perfume fragrances in the cream).
  3. Shake the mercury thermometer to 35 °.
  4. Fix the cat in a standing position or laying it on its side. You can wrap the paws with a cloth and / or put a veterinary collar on it to avoid scratches and bites.
  5. Lift the tail and gently, with rotational movements insert the tip (2-3 cm) into the anus.
  6. After the time specified in the instructions, remove the thermometer, wipe it with alcohol and record the readings.

Important! The measurement result is incorrect (upwards) if the cat actively opposes the procedure, involuntarily warming the body. If the mercury thermometer in the anus breaks, take it to the clinic.

Actions at a deviation from the norm

The attentive owner will always understand that something is wrong with the cat: external signs will tell him about this that differ in hyper- and hypothermia.

At a reduced temperature, the following are noted:

  • bradycardia,
  • decreased activity and lethargy
  • hypotension
  • blanching of mucous membranes,
  • slow breathing, sharp breath / exhale.
  • attempts to find a warm place.

At elevated temperatures are observed:

  • tachycardia,
  • chills and fever,
  • loss of appetite and rejection of water
  • drowsiness and apathy,
  • dehydration (with prolonged fever),
  • diarrhea and / or vomiting with a bad odor (in severe cases).

In general, you should be alerted by any deviations from the temperature norm, since they can signal different diseases, sometimes very serious ones.

If the fever is high

Rise in temperature can cause both diseases and others (not physiological factors):

  • viral diseases - cats usually have plague (panleukopenia), calicivirosis, rhinotracheitis and coronavirus,
  • inflammatory processes - often occur during infection of wounds or postoperative sutures,
  • overheating - kittens are more likely to suffer from it, old and weak cats who have to stay in the heat for a long time, for example, in a car or in a stuffy room,
  • stress - often provokes a failure of thermoregulation. The reasons may be a trip in transport, a visit to the veterinarian, a change of owner or place of residence.

It is interesting! The temperature often rises by about 1 degree after vaccination, when the body produces antibodies against viruses, or sterilization (as a reaction to surgery).

Actions at elevated temperature

If a trip to the vet is not possible, bring the heat down with the means at hand:

  • moisten the air in the room
  • give the cat cool water (if refused, drink water from a syringe without a needle or pipette),
  • moisten exposed skin with water,
  • wrap a wet towel
  • put ice behind the ears, on the neck or inside the thighs.

Self-treatment, especially with the use of drugs developed for the human body, is not allowed. Antibiotics and antipyretics can adversely affect the cat's body, causing allergies or impaired liver / kidney function.

If low temperature

The causes of a cat's temperature drop are internal pathologies and external factors, such as:

  • depletion and fatigue due to chronic malnutrition,
  • viral infections (against a background of weakened immunity),
  • violation of the functions of the internal organs (heart and blood vessels, endocrine system, liver and kidneys),
  • blood loss occurring after injuries and operations (internal bleeding is especially dangerous, which the owners do not immediately notice):
  • helminthiasis - infestation with parasites leads to exhaustion, anemia and impaired thermoregulation.

But the most common cause of lowering the temperature becomes hypothermia, which happens after a long stay of the cat in the cold.

Actions at low temperature

If hypothermia is caused by hypothermia, the pet must be quickly warmed up:

  • wrap a blanket / rug,
  • put in a warm, windless place
  • drink warm liquid (can be pipetted),
  • impose warmers or hot water bottles.

If your efforts were ineffective, take the cat to the hospital. There, most likely, she will make a warm enema and put a drip with saline.

When to go to the vet

There are two borderline conditions that threaten the life of a cat, in which not only help is needed, but emergency veterinary care. This is a fever, accompanied by a temperature above 40.5 ° C and provoking heart failure: with dehydration, breathing becomes more frequent and tachycardia appears.

Cat's body temperature over 41.1 ° C is also extremely dangerous, as it quickly leads to:

  • swelling of the brain,
  • heart palpitations and arrhythmias,
  • failure of the respiratory system (shortness of breath and wheezing),
  • vomiting (usually with the smell of acetone from the mouth),
  • intestinal bleeding,
  • diarrhea
  • skin hemorrhage.

Important! You should also not relax if the temperature lasts for 3 days, even if it is not associated with critical indicators. In this case, the animal is also taken to the hospital, and this is more correct than to call the doctor to the house.

If the temperature rises, you may need resuscitation (with a set of equipment and medicines), which are impossible at home. With a reduced body temperature, professional treatment is also indicated. If you are sure that the cat did not overcool, the causes of the temperature drop should be clarified in the hospital.

It will also be useful:

After a clinical examination, blood / urine tests, ultrasound, radiography and biopsy (if necessary), the doctor makes an accurate diagnosis and, based on it, prescribes treatment. Therapeutic course usually includes drugs:

  • anti-inflammatory,
  • antiviral,
  • antibiotics
  • anthelmintic,
  • fortifying and vitamin,
  • restoring water-salt balance,
  • detoxification droppers.

The doctor resorts to the appointment of antipyretic drugs only in the most difficult situations when the animal is threatened with death.. In other cases, timely and correct therapy gives a positive result in the first day.

How to measure temperature

In order to understand how to measure the temperature of a cat, you need to know that it uses the same human thermometers, which are familiar to people. But at the same time the temperature in the cat is measured rectally.

For a pet, it would be best to purchase a separate thermometer. Он может быть обычным стеклянным ртутным, электронным или ректальным.Electronic and rectal thermometers greatly simplify the manipulation. Since it takes much less time.

Many new owners do not quite imagine how to measure the temperature of a cat without damaging it and without injuring itself. It is unlikely that it will be possible to do this on its own, as a rare animal can safely tolerate such actions. It is best to measure the temperature of the cats together, if the animal is strong enough and aggressive, then the three, having prepared in advance.

  1. The tip of the thermometer itself must first be sanitized, and then smeared with petroleum jelly to ensure its easy entry.
  2. Then you need to fix the pet so that it could not break out and spin, as well as scratch the owner. To do this, you can roll up your pet in the bedspread and sit him in one side and elbow another side.
  3. Lift the tail and gently, slightly scrolling around its axis, enter the thermometer into the anus. Thermometer must be held to the cat, jerking, not injured. When using a normal mercury thermometer, you need to wait 2-3 minutes, and the electronic one - just wait for the peep of the thermometer.
  4. Get a thermometer, look at the body of your pet, again wipe the thermometer with a prepared antiseptic.
  5. Soothe the cat by stroking it or having treated him something tasty.

Recently, infrared ear thermometers, which measure body temperature based on data read from the eardrum, have become increasingly popular. With such measurements, the cat does not suffer and does not feel any discomfort.

Signs of fever

How to understand that the cat is unwell and there is a need for measurements? Before you need to measure the temperature of a cat, you can assess its condition by a simple inspection. If you stroke a cat, you can feel that its wool is very warm, as if it had been lying in the sun for a long time. If at the same time the ears have become hotter than usual, then this is a reason to check the temperature of the cat.

With an increase in performance, the cat often becomes sluggish, she loses her appetite, she tries to spend more time in the supine position, breathes heavily, and the animal's heart begins to beat much faster.

Some owners mistakenly focus on the state of the nose of their pet. Allegedly, if it is dry and warm, then the cat feels unwell. Such a statement can not be considered reliable, because the dryness of the spout can occur for various reasons, not always associated with poor health. Best of all, of course, just take measurements to find out what the temperature of the cats is.


The temperature in cats may increase for the following reasons:

  • severe stress
  • overheat,
  • long physical activity
  • pregnancy cat,
  • infection with viruses, bacteria,
  • intoxication,
  • exposure to drugs that accelerate thermoregulation,
  • the accumulation of salts in the body,
  • cell necrosis.

At the house purrs very often the question arises, how to bring down the temperature of the cat, because it is known that it is absolutely impossible to give her human drugs. If the pet figures on the thermometer showed high values, for example, at night, and you can visit the doctor only in the morning, you can put ice on the neck, hips, ears of a cat.

In no case should the coat be wetted, as this will not contribute to normal thermoregulation. You can lubricate the paw pads of your pet every hour with alcohol, vodka or vinegar.

Despite all the manipulations, at the first opportunity it is necessary to visit the veterinarian, because the high temperature, which lasts a long time, is a rather dangerous symptom and a sign of various diseases. The numbers on the thermometer above 40.6 degrees are extremely dangerous for the life of the animal.

The doctor in the conditions of the veterinary clinic will do the necessary tests for diagnosis, and will prescribe the necessary treatment.

Owners of small tender clumps should always remember that pets are entirely dependent on the care and concern of the owner. If a person pays enough attention to her beloved, monitors her health, visits the doctor regularly, then cats will have a normal temperature, and nothing will threaten her health.