Women's Tips

Secrets of growing beautiful astilba

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The elegant beauty Astilbe has long been a classic plant of modern flower gardens, and you can meet it in almost any garden. There are few flower growers who show complete indifference to the Astilbe. And this is not surprising, because the graceful plant has a lot of advantages: it is unpretentious, winter-hardy, durable, ideally combines with most other colors, practically does not get sick, easily tolerates transplanting and dividing even in flowering form, and garden pests simply try to bypass it.


Astilbe - favorite of many gardeners. VarietySuperba

Perhaps her only whim inherited from wild relatives is abundant watering, especially in hot and dry weather. Under natural conditions, astilbe prefer to settle on the damp banks of streams in deciduous forests. Therefore, it is recommended to plant it in shady and half-shaded areas of the garden, where the humidity lasts longer. But a sunny place provided plenty of irrigation for astilba is suitable, especially since modern varieties and hybrids are much more suitable for open spaces, where the color of their various color inflorescences becomes even richer and brighter.


Astilby is very undemanding to the conditions. VarietyPumila
In order to grow the most decorative and abundantly flowering plant, you must perform a number of simple conditions. Plant in loose and rich in organic loamy or sandy garden soil with the addition of complex mineral fertilizer, annually in spring or late autumn to richly mulch already matured astilb bushes with good rotted manure, compost or peat and do not forget to feed 3–4 times during the season, you should not need to fill with water. .


For maximum decoration, it is enough to follow simple rules of care. VarietyOpal

From my experience I want to add that the abundance of annual flowering also depends on the timely removal of faded stems. Astilba refers to perennials, in which each escape of renewal goes through a two-year development cycle. In the first year of the growing season, the replacement buds develop only a rosette of leaves, which appears after the maternal shoot fade away, on the lower part of which they sit. And only the following year, the peduncle should develop from the apical bud located inside the socket.


Astilba will bloom more abundantly, if you remove fading stems in time. VarietyGloria

The development and appearance of young rosettes is inhibited, if the flowering stems spend time and energy on setting seeds, which, however, astilba rarely ripens in the Moscow region. On the contrary, the timely removal of the flowering shooters stimulates the laying of full-fledged flower buds in developing new sockets, which, expanding, also pleasantly transform the bushes of plants until late autumn. Therefore, as soon as the Astilbe panicles begin to grow brown and lose their decorative effect, safely remove them, providing the plant with a long-awaited rest after the festive fireworks of flowering.


Openwork astilba Flamingo
The modern abundance of magnificent varieties expands the range of application of astilbe, and it will adequately decorate any flower garden in the garden. For example, miniature and dwarf varieties, flaunting funny little panicles, such as 'Perkeo', 'Dagalet', 'Liliput', 'Peter Pan', 'Sprite', 'Pumila' in addition, its filigree-cut leathery foliage emphasizes the nobility of pictorial patterned or old mossy stones in rockeries.


Tiny astilba Lilliput will look great in rockeries

And borders from compactly growing grades of astilb from groups of Arends (A.arendsii), Japanese (A.japonica)A.simplicifolia) and Thunberg (A.thunbergii) in flower beds of regular style are decorative not only during flowering. Until late autumn, bushes with graceful pinnately-cut leaves ideally hold a proper strict shape and never fall apart.


Astilbe in the flower garden

In rabbit and mixborder, astilbe are excellent partners for daylilies, phlox, host, geyher, tradescantia, brunner and many other popular garden crops. In flower beds, astilbe can be a soloing plant or successfully play the role of a secondary element or background for other flowers of a ceremonial flower garden, without losing its majestic expressiveness at all.


Astilbe are excellent partners for many garden crops. VarietyVisions in red

In group landscape compositions astilb varieties with flaming colors - such as 'Fanal', 'Etna', 'Glut', 'Spinell', 'Montgomery', 'Red Sentinel' can serve as a bright accent and, like a flaming bonfire, attracts admiring glances.


Bright Montgomery - like a flaming fire

A few and therefore popular varieties like 'Straussenfeder', 'Avalanche', 'Brautschleier', 'Prof. Van der wielen ', 'Moerheimii', 'Flamingo', 'Pink Lighting' with the most delicate gracefully drooping inflorescences will give flower gardens romance and lightness, creating the illusion of a waterfall turning red at sunset, now covered with winter snow covered with heavy snow.


Elegant Straussenfeder for a romantic flower garden

Even in the front gardens, in which a motley and elegant country style invariably reigns, there is sure to be a place for astilbe with variously colored inflorescences - such as 'Amethyst', 'Bremen', 'Gloria', 'Finale', 'Lollipop', 'Catleya', 'Snowdrift', 'Superba', 'Purpurkerze', 'Visions' and many other great varieties.


Spectacular Visions will be appropriate in any flower garden.

Depending on their peculiarities, they can quickly grow out of vast meadows, drowning out annoying weeds, or compactly and unobtrusively coexist with other flowers for many years, taking up only their allotted space. And, of course, astilbe is traditionally grown in shady flower beds, where they illuminate the secluded corners of the garden with colorful salutes of fluffy inflorescences, and at the reservoir, where the astilbs will bring an element of peace of mind, oddly reflected in the dark water.
Astilbe presented her collection
Natalya Konstantinova
About astilbah read also:

  • Astilba: planting, growing, care
  • Step by step: choose and plant astilba
  • About astilba: dividing the bush, transplanting, care (video)

Breeding astilb

Astilba reproduces in three ways, the first of which is the division of rhizomes mainly in spring, although autumn time is also permissible. When dividing in the fall, it is important to know that the plant needs about a month before frost to recover.

The second method is reproduction by sowing seeds; this is necessary for the breeding of new species. Gardeners usually do not use this method, as the seeds often do not have time to ripen. If the coveted bag purchased in the store, then all actions are similar to the reproduction in this way, many perennial flowers.

At the beginning of March, surface sowing of seedlings is done (seedlings hatch for 12-15 days), watering, diving in the phase of two true leaves and planting in the fall in open ground with mandatory shelter for the winter. Saplings will delight in flowering for 3-4 year.

The third method is kidney renewal. It is advisable to carry out this operation in early spring, while there is no foliage and only growth buds are visible. Without digging the plant, you need to cut the kidney with a small part of the root system.

Gardener on the note - Peonies, planting and care.

Astilb planting and care

You need to start by choosing a landing site. Astilba prefers moist places lit in the morning. The midday sun can lead to the cessation of flowering, disease and wilt.

Many varieties can grow in places with groundwater close to the surface and withstand short-term flooding. Having chosen the place, it is necessary to prepare the landing holes (distance 30-40 cm).

They make humus, half a cup of bone meal and complex fertilizer. We plant and mulch the soil by 4-5 cm. Mulch can be very diverse: peat, bark, gravel, mowed grass. It is not recommended to use fresh sawdust in this quality - they make the soil acidic. The plant after planting requires frequent watering for two weeks.

Care is a mandatory abundant irrigation during dry periods, weeding, shallow loosening and mulching of the soil. Fertilizers before flowering produce infusion from herbs or complex fertilizers, after flowering - phosphorus-potassium. Faded stems cut off.

With proper care, the disease is almost not damaged. In autumn, the base is covered with fertile soil, as the root system grows upwards. For the winter of Astilbe, it is advisable to cover it with lapnik to avoid freezing in winters with little snow.

We build a country toilet with the hands.

Use astilb in your flower garden

BUTStilba looks great in mixed plantings and individual bushes. Low-growing varieties can be used in stone compositions and borders. Perfectly suitable for registration of reservoirs.

It is advisable to choose such neighbors who would not close its foliage, pleasing the eye the whole season. It is combined with hosts, geyhery, ferns, bergenia and lily of the valley.

In late December, put in a well-lit place. Begin to water, gradually increasing the volume of liquid and temperature. By March 8, flower stalks appear.

What does astilba look like when it blooms?

Emaciated Stepanenko: I weighed 108, and now 65. Saw warm at night. Read more here.

The astilbe herb is a member of the stone-heel family. The first representatives of this culture grew in Japan, East Asia and North America. There are about 40 species of this plant and more than 400 varieties.

  • The height of the bush can vary from 1 to 2 m.
  • In the panicle inflorescences with a length of 10-60 cm flowers are collected. The color of flowers can be very diverse: white, red, pink and purple.
  • The color of the foliage can be dark green, burgundy, bronze.
  • In the form of a fruit - a box with small seeds.
  • Flowering period - from June to August.

Astilba varieties

More than 400 varieties of astilba, differing from each other in size, color of flowers and the shape of the leaves were bred by scientists. The most famous and popular species include:

David The bush can reach a height of 150 cm. The inflorescences are located horizontally, they look down, the flowers are lilac-pink. Flowering period from July to August.

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Naked. Plant height up to 20 cm. Flowering - in June, July. Foliage has a bronze tint.

Chinese The bush can reach a height of up to 100 cm. The flowers of the plant are pink, lilac or white, and the leaves are covered with reddish fluff. Inflorescences have a length of up to 30 cm. The flowering period lasts from June to August.

Japanese Reaches in height about 70 cm. The bush well expands, forming a circle of wide diameter. Inflorescences up to 30 cm long, diamond-shaped, flowers are pink, red, white.

The flowering period is midsummer. This variety is resistant to cold, as well as the fact that it survives well.

Thunberg. The height of the bush is up to 80 cm, the flowers are white, the edges of the leaves are jagged. Inflorescences are rare, look down, panicle width 10 cm, length - 25 cm. Flowering period: July-August. This variety belongs to the pyramidal form; it is distinguished by the spreading of shoots covered by dense foliage. The species reacts poorly to low humidity and heat.

Preparing for landing

It is advisable to choose a site for planting astilbe with close adherence of groundwater. The plant can also be planted on the shore of a pond located in the garden. Since the sandy soil retains moisture poorly, the area must be mulched with peat from above.

Recommendation! Before planting the land on the site should be dug up, remove the roots and add organic matter.

If astilba was purchased in a store, then before planting, rhizome should be soaked in warm water for 1 hour. It is recommended to add potassium permanganate to the water so that the solution turns pale pink.

Watch the video! How to plant astilba

Dividing bush

Even old bushes can be used for breeding, because after the procedure dormant buds wake up on them.

To carry out the procedure of division should be more often 1 time in 3 years. Dig the plant should be in early spring - in March, or in late August.

Propagating the bush with the help of division, it is necessary to ensure that each delenki was 3-4 buds. The rhizomes are divided into 4-5 parts and planted on a new site, observing a gap of 35-40 cm between the bushes. Place the slices on the roots treated with crushed charcoal.

Kidney renewal

  1. In early spring, when the young shoots have not yet had time to grow, with a sharp garden knife it is necessary to cut the buds from the beginning of the rhizome, and then process the cuts with wood ash.
  2. Planting material obtained in this way is planted in a mixture consisting of 3 parts of peat and 1 part of gravel, then covered with a film to create a greenhouse effect.
  3. Then you should wait for the rooting of the shoot, which occurs within 3 weeks.
  4. Young and mature bushes are transplanted to a permanent place in early autumn, or next spring.

Cuttings

  1. After the bushes reach a height of 10-15 cm, they can be cut and divided into cuttings.
  2. Then shoots should be planted in a box filled with a mixture of peat and sand in a 1: 1 ratio and watered.
  3. After which it is necessary to spray the plant from the spray gun 2 times a day.
  4. During rooting, you should maintain the air temperature in the range of 20-22 degrees.
  5. Peduncle formed on the handle should be removed.

The method of propagation by seeds is used most often for selective work, since they do not germinate well.

  • Sow the seeds in the garden should in the spring or in the fall, not falling asleep their ground. The location for the plant, it is best to choose in the shade.
  • The first shoots appear in 10-15 days, and if they were sown in the fall, in the spring.
  • After the plant has the first true leaf, seedlings should be seated at a distance of 15 cm from each other.
  • Fortified bushes can be planted in a permanent place.
  • Young planting for the winter is covered with foliage.

When propagating from seedlings, pre-stratified seeds should be sown at the beginning or in the middle of March.

  • Seed material is placed in a container for planting a depth of 15-17 cm with a sand-peat mixture, covered with a layer of snow.
  • Melting snow will gradually moisten the soil and allow the seeds to sink to the required depth for cultivation.
  • Crops for 3 weeks should be placed in a cool place, previously covered with a film.
  • After sprouts appear the first true leaves, it is necessary to carry out a picking procedure.
  • Care of the plant in the future, is to conduct watering and compliance with the temperature of 20-22 degrees.

Watch the video! Astilba landing and care. Astilba sowing seeds

Diseases and pests

The plant very rarely falls prey to diseases and pests, in rare cases it can hit:

  • slobbering penny
  • gall nematode,
  • strawberry nematode.

The pennica is usually located in the leaf sinuses of the plant. After some time inside them salivary discharge in the form of foam, inside which are located the Tsikadki larvae. Affected leaves shrivel and become covered in yellow spots. Bush at the same time fully or partially fade.

In order to get rid of this pest, you should use:

  • Rogor,
  • Confidor
  • Aktar (2-3 g per 10 liters of water),
  • Karbofos.

The buds, flowers, leaves of the plant are subject to the settlement of strawberry nematode. Affected areas of the bush are deformed and covered with necrotic spots of brown or yellow color. Astilba growth worsens.

The gall nematode most often affects the roots of the plant and manifests itself in the form of small galls (growths) on their surface, within which the nematodes are located. Galls differ well in the second growing season. The flowering and growth of the affected bushes noticeably deteriorates, in some cases the plant dies. Therefore, shoots that have obvious signs of the disease, it is necessary to dig and destroy.

Important! In the first growing season it is very important to carry out the first weeding on time. In the second vegetation period, the overgrown plant root system will independently damp the weeds.

It is recommended to treat Astilbe Fitoverm.

Young foliage plants sometimes suffer from frosts that occur in late spring, but this can not be an obstacle to the emergence of new leaves and flowers. Astilba perennial tolerates harsh winters, but suffers from spring frosts and wetting. The plant is suitable for growing in regions with adverse climatic conditions, including in the Urals, in Siberia.

Important! Varieties that have the greatest ornamental value, with large inflorescences, can freeze slightly.

Astilba - elegant decoration shady garden

Astilba - this is a very bright and beautiful herbaceous plant, the family is a stone-hedgehog. This plant is loved by gardeners and landscape designers for a very abundant, lush, catchy and long flowering. It usually blooms in June, can bloom until August. Astilba is one of the few flowers that feels great in the shade. That is why the plant is considered the main decoration of shady gardens. The homeland of the plant is considered to be Japan, America and East Asia.

Today, this beautiful herbaceous flower can be found in parks and gardens around the world! If you are setting up a shady flower bed, then you just can not do without astilba. If you liked the plant, then be sure to plant it in your garden - buy astilbe https://florium.ua/ru/astilbe/

There are so many beautiful species of astilbe, the genus includes 40 main species. Among them are astilba Japanese, astilba plain-leaved, astilba Chinese and other beautiful species. Each species is divided into many varieties. You will definitely choose from 200 options the best for your garden. On the site https://florium.ua you will find the most popular species.

Astilbe flowers can be red, white, pink, purple, lilac. Flowers are collected in large inflorescences. Some varieties bloom in June, others - in July or in August. You can combine different sorts of astilbe while arranging your flower garden.

The plant grows well in partial shade, some varieties take root even in the shade of buildings. It is possible to combine shade-loving hosts, lilies of the valley, fern, bergenia, hellebore, some varieties of late tulips. It looks very interesting plant in combination with stones and near reservoirs. Astilba in the garden will be a gorgeous decoration and a bright accent.

Correct fit

Astilba is planted in May or June. Choose a shaded place. Some light varieties may grow in the sun, but they will not bloom as long. Very fond of plant moist air. Ideally planted it near ponds, rivers, artificial ponds or fountains.

Before planting, be sure to carefully dig the ground, remove all weeds, the remaining roots from plants. Do not forget to apply fertilizer. The ideal option is rotted manure, compost and rotten peat. Proportions: two buckets of fertilizer are used per square meter. Seedlings are placed in the hole. The depth of the pit is up to 30 cm. The distance between the plants is at least 30 cm. Ashes and mineral fertilizers are added to the wells.

Important! Over time, the root system becomes bare. You will need, if necessary, spud plants, adding land. After seven years it is better to transplant your own flowers.

In the photo astilba Japanese:

Astilba: the secrets of growing

Astilbe cultivation. Growing these gorgeous flowers is not difficult. You need to regularly water the plant, mulch the soil or remove weeds, sometimes to feed.

Astilba care. First of all, pay attention to watering. These plants are very fond of moisture, even the slightest drying of the soil adversely affects the decorative effect. In the hot summer the plants are watered twice a day. The root system should not overheat. Mulch the soil or constantly loosen it. You can put a number of hosts. The leaves of these plants will retain moisture and create a pleasant shade for astilbe.

For abundant flowering astilba must be fed. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied in early spring, in the summer they are fertilized with potash supplements, and at the end of flowering phosphorus is introduced. After each feeding, do not forget to loosen the soil and again mulch it.

Astilba in the garden

Unfortunately, sometimes pests can spoil the beauty of plants. Frequent pests: gall nematode, strawberry nematode, pennitsa. If the leaves wither or become covered with yellow spots, then most likely pennits settled on the plant. Immediately process the flowers karbofos! If the plant stops growing, leaves are deformed, spots are formed, then these are nematodes. Fitoverm will help you in the fight against these pests.

Better to prevent infection. To do this, always remove the weeds in time and inspect the astilbe leaves, stems and flowers.

If you decide to propagate astilba, then do it in three ways: by seed, by dividing the bush, by dividing the rhizome. It is possible to divide a bush at any time of the year, except for winter. Rhizomes are usually separated in early spring or autumn. Cut out a piece of rhizome with a kidney and put in peat with sand. Rooting takes place in three weeks. After that, astilba can be transplanted to a permanent place. But some gardeners do this in the fall, covering young plants with their spruce branches.

Preparing for the winter. Astilba usually fades away in August, but it all depends on the variety. Inflorescences can not be removed, even when dry, they look very beautiful. In the autumn you need to cut them. Cut not only the inflorescence, but the stems. After that, the soil is mulched. Early fall can be divided rhizomes. At each of them must be present kidney. If you plant young plants in the fall, then be sure to cover them with spruce leaves. The distance between the bushes can be mulched with pine needles. Adult astilbe is not afraid of frost, but the spring temperature drops can be disastrous for her. If your region often grieves the changeable temperature in the spring, then cover the astilbe with spruce branches for the winter.

A bit of history

The plant came to our gardens and flower gardens quite recently, but reliably and firmly settled there. Where is the birthplace of a beautiful flower? The forests and wet shores of North America or South Asia boast a lush flowering that adorns the wild corners of nature.

The above-ground part develops only in the warm season, dies off for the winter and the roots go into hibernation. Over time, they are actively increasing new processes and buds, and the old rhizome gradually dies.

Flowers can not boast, they are small, although different shades. Thanks to the huge inflorescences, the leaves are almost invisible.

Start growing from seed

There are several breeding methods. The most popular are:

  • seeds
  • dividing the bushes
  • by planting part of the rhizome with buds.

When experience is not enough, I would not recommend doing the seed method, it is more difficult than dividing a bush. But it’s worth a try, maybe you can bring out new amazing varieties of a beautiful plant.

You can prepare the soil for growing seedlings by yourself:

Since the seeds are tiny, I advise you to use an ingenious way - after putting a drainage layer and prepared soil mixture, put a little snow, evenly spreading over the entire surface. On a white canvas, it will be much easier to decompose fine planting material.

An important condition for germination - after the box is covered with a film, send it not to the windowsill, but to the refrigerator. Only after the seeds begin to sprout, you can move them closer to the sun - on the bright and warm window.

I prefer to engage in planting in March, then by the arrival of stable heat on the windowsill will be strong and lush young green plants. Can't wait to get seedlings, and you sent the seeds to the ground earlier? Prepare for the need for additional coverage. There is such a lamp in the house, there will be no problems, otherwise you will have to spend money on purchasing the backlight. Lack of coverage will affect the growth rate, and in the open field bushes will continue to lag behind in development.

Planting plant

I will hurry to please - there is no need to look for a lit sunny area, the flower develops well in the shade. Excess sun significantly reduces the number of flowers, although some varieties are well adapted to the light. There is an opportunity, next to the plant, land the host, it will help keep the moisture in the soil and protect the root system from overheating.

It is possible to land only after several beautiful leaves appear. Also wait for the complete care of frosts. It often happens that winter returns, lowering the night temperature even in May. I would advise the first time at night to cover young bushes film.

Soil should be dug deep, after putting a thick layer of humus or compost. Try to immediately remove the roots of weeds, eliminates the frequent weeding. Between the seedling holes, leave a distance of 32-35 cm, and in each recess, place a small handful of wood ash and long-acting mineral fertilizer. Young plants should be planted in spring (May) competently, deepening the growth points by several centimeters.

Complete the planting with generous watering and a thick layer of mulch. You can use peat chips, rotted manure or compost. During the warm season, the layer will have to be periodically refreshed, but it will be much less frequent to produce boring and tedious weeding.

Caring properly

I warn you right away - a plant without a lot of moisture can die, so prepare for frequent and abundant watering. Of course, a layer of mulch will help a little, but during a hot, hot time, you will have to arm with a hose or a watering can twice a day.

You are not in a hurry to replant the shrub to a new place, it grows well up to 10 years without changing its location. If you don’t be greedy with additional feedings, then you will not have to deal with a tedious transplant for several decades.

You will need to feed only three times, which can not but rejoice forever busy flower growers. The introduction of organic matter (humus or compost) in the spring perfectly replaces the first feeding. The days are warm and dry, be sure to generously pour on the thick mulch.

In June, will have to do the next feeding. In a bucket of water, completely dissolve two matchboxes of saltpeter and pour the bushes, trying not to get liquid on the leaves. Saltpeter can be replaced with complex fertilizer, but it seems to me that the growth rate is slightly reduced.

Watch the flowering - when it starts to stop, feel free to apply phosphate fertilizers. One bush will need up to 25 grams. Pamper your favorite with generous warm watering before each application and don't be too lazy to loosen the soil. So the nutritional elements are rapidly absorbed, and the astilbe will thank for its lush beautiful flowering and rapid growth.

It will be nice to know that the plant is unattractive for insects from our edges. Since overseas pests have not yet reached us, we will not have to fight with anyone.

Despite the absence of pests, I want to warn you, you notice small flakes of unpleasant foam on a bush, then this pennitsa is an annoying neighbor.

She does not do much harm herself, but in the frothy secretions tiny cicadas that feed on sap plants are hidden. Over time, the leaves will begin to wither and wither, and the flower will stop growing. You can spray aktar or konfidor, usually just one treatment is enough to pest disappeared without a trace for a long period.

When we do not carry out weeding and feeding in time, two types of nematode can settle on weak, neglected bushes:

Gallic usually manages in the ground, bringing harm to the roots. After the defeat, you will find small growths (galls) in which young nematodes comfortably settled. What pests threaten your favorite? It will develop slowly, and maybe even stop growing altogether, but death is not uncommon.

Strawberry nematode prefers to settle on the leaves, flowers, in the sinuses of the kidneys. These parts of the plant are deformed, numerous brown or gray spots appear, flowering stops.

You will see signs of the appearance of pests, carefully examine all the bushes and remove the affected ones. Burn, and the remaining process several times the fitoherm.

Getting ready for winter

Did the plant bloom? Do not rush to him with scissors and shears, dried inflorescences are also decorative and some period will serve as a wonderful decoration. It is necessary to cut off all the above-ground part in the autumn, during the arrangement of the flower bed. Leave no need even penechkov for future growth, they are not needed.

The bush was large and lush, you can at the end of the summer divide it into several parts and plant it in the garden. Next year they will be covered with full bloom. I want to warn you, if you are late with seating, then in the spring it will be quite problematic, the root system stiffens during the cold season.

Preparing for winter will not do without a warm mulch layer. Cover all the prepared plants, and on those that only spread, put a high layer of pine needles or dry leaves. After the snowfalls, take a walk to your beloved’s sleeping place and scoop up some snow, so it will be even warmer and more comfortable for them to wait for spring days.

February is an unpredictable month, at the end it can start to pamper with warm sunny days. What am I leading to? It should be removed layer of spruce leaves or leaves, young roots can melt.

I think I told you enough so that you could successfully grow beautiful gentle bushes on the plot. A little advice from me, the last one for today - subscribe to blog news. Ahead of a lot of exciting and interesting, allowing to facilitate the work in the garden, flower garden or garden! See you soon!

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