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Keratosis: what is it? How to treat keratosis?

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Seborrheic keratosis of the skin is manifested by benign skin lesions (keratomas), which can be either single or multiple. To date, the reasons for this phenomenon have not been finally established.

Assumptions that exposure of the sun's rays to the skin can be a provocative factor of the disease, remain unproved. The theory that pathology occurs in people with oily seborrhea, or in those whose diet does not have enough vegetable oils, vitamins, and an excess of animal fat, is also unreliable.

Some scientists insist on the genetic nature of the disease. Since studies have shown that most often seborrheic keratosis, the treatment of which will be described below, develops in people whose families have had similar cases with relatives.

Such a pathology can develop as a result of various external and internal factors, namely:

excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays,

frequent mechanical damage to the skin,

chemical exposure to aerosols,

chronic diseases, especially the endocrine system,

immune disorders and hormonal drugs, especially estrogen,

of pregnancy.

What is dangerous disease?

Seborrheic keratosis is a benign tumor, but this pathology and aggressive types of skin cancer are still related:

Among cells, keratomas can independently develop cancer cells, while remaining undetected.

Seborrheic keratosis and cancer are sometimes so similar that they can only be distinguished by histological analysis.

A large accumulation of keratosis can indicate a cancer of the internal organs.

Symptoms of illness

Seborrheic keratosis is manifested by single or multiple elements that are localized most often on the front surface of the chest and back, in rare cases - on the face, neck, scalp, back of the forearm, dorsum of the hand, external genitals. Very rarely, the disease affects the palms and the plantar surface of the feet.

The shape of the tumor is most often oval or round, the size is from 2 mm to 6 cm. The formations have clear boundaries and are often accompanied by itching.

Tumors are pink, yellow, dark cherry, dark brown, black. The surface of tumors resembles a large number of scaly warts, covered with a thin crust easily removed, which begins to bleed at the slightest mechanical damage. Over time, the crust gradually thickens and can reach 2 cm, black dotted inclusions form in it.

Varieties of seborrheic keratosis

There are several types of this disease:

Flat. In this form of the disease, flat, highly pigmented plaques slightly raised above the skin surface are formed.

Reticular. The symptoms of this form of pathology, along with heavily pigmented plaques are horny cysts on the surface of the skin.

Irritated. In this case, lymph infiltration is diagnosed on the surface of the plaques. Plaques with this disease is usually flat.

Inflammatory. In this form of the disease in the neoplasms there are inflammatory processes.

When should I see a doctor?

If seborrheic keratosis is diagnosed, treatment is not necessary - as a rule, neoplasms do not cause any particular inconvenience. However, it is necessary to consult a doctor in the following cases:

The tumor begins to grow rapidly.

The neoplasm causes discomfort, as it constantly clings to clothing and is damaged.

The buildup was inflamed, began to bleed, there are symptoms of suppuration.

The neoplasm was localized on the face or other visible areas of the body and thus causes moral suffering.

Diagnostics

First of all, the doctor conducts an external examination of the patient. In some cases, additional testing and biopsy of the neoplasm may be necessary.

Histological examination makes it possible to exclude the development of diseases with similar symptoms, these include:

actinic keratosis and others.

Seborrheic skin keratosis: treatment

Neoplasms in seborrheic keratosis do not affect the deeper layers of the skin, so they are relatively easy to remove. At the growth site after the removal procedure, an almost imperceptible scar may remain.

Removal of seborrheic keratosis carried out by the following methods:

Cryodestruction - cauterization of a neoplasm with liquid nitrogen. This technique allows you to safely remove small plaques.

Curettage - cleaning with a special tool. This method is used to remove flat formations of small size.

Electrocogulation - cauterization with high-frequency current. After this procedure, scars can form at the site of the removed growths. Often electrocoagulation and curettage are used in the complex.

Laser therapy - neoplasms are burned out with a laser beam.

Drug therapy. As a rule, they use topical preparations (ointments, creams, solutions) that contain small doses of steroids, for example, Lorinden A, Mardil Zinc Max. Such treatment is not aimed at removing the tumor, but at eliminating unpleasant sensations in the form of itching and irritation.

Seborrheic keratosis: treatment of folk remedies

If tumors do not cause inconvenience, but the desire to get rid of them is still there, you can use the recipes of alternative medicine.

So, if there is seborrheic keratosis, how to treat it with folk remedies? First of all, you will need to be patient, since the treatment in this case will be quite long (several months).

The most effective methods:

On problem areas to make lotions from undiluted apple cider vinegar. The procedure is carried out up to 6 times a day, the last - before bedtime.

Prepare the brew from fresh yeast. After it rises, make a cake and apply it on the affected area. After 2 hours, remove the compress and rinse the skin with warm water.

Prepare a decoction of buckwheat (1 tablespoon of cereal for 2 cups of water) and wipe the problem areas with the resulting product.

From the decoction or infusion of burdock to make a compress and attach to the affected areas.

Apply aloe to inflammation, cover with bandage and polyethylene, leave overnight. In the morning, remove and rub the skin with salicylic acid.

Pour onion peel with a glass of vinegar, leave for 2 weeks to infuse in a dark place. After strain and make lotion for 30-40 minutes. Daily time gradually increase, bringing the duration of the procedure up to 3 hours.

Raw grate potatoes, apply to cheesecloth and attach to the sore spot for an hour. The procedure is repeated three times.

Preventive measures

Unfortunately, there is no proven method that could prevent seborrheic keratosis. However, you should follow certain recommendations that will help strengthen the overall condition of the body, which, in turn, will reduce the risk of developing the disease.

Provide the body with essential vitamins. This can be achieved both by taking medication, and by adhering to a balanced diet.

Lead a healthy lifestyle. This will strengthen the immune system, improve metabolism, activates the body's defenses.

Reduce, if possible, the number of stressful situations.

Rest and get enough sleep. Good rest and healthy sound sleep - the key to excellent well-being.

What is keratosis?

By keratosis include a whole group of dermatological diseases, the most characteristic manifestation of which is the thickening of the epidermis. Pathology does not have a viral origin, but rather is the result of a certain set of provoking factors. These include:

  • Dry skin, which is considered the main cause of the pathology. If the skin is not moisturized, dead skin scales will not flake off properly, thereby creating a fertile ground for the onset of a painful condition. The reason for dryness can be frequent use of household cleaners, as well as the abuse of tan (ultraviolet light dries the skin),
  • A lack of vitamins A, C, E in the body can provoke a violation of metabolic processes and lead to keratosis,
  • Acceptance of hormonal drugs generates cell renewal and leads to the occurrence of the disease. A pathological condition can also manifest itself during puberty in adolescents, as well as during pregnancy, when hormonal alteration of the body occurs and keratin production increases,
  • Keratosis can be caused by diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as stress, which causes a deficiency of vitamin B in the body, the lack of which leads to dry skin.

Interconnection with oncology

Surely many have heard of such a disease as keratosis. What it is, however, is not everyone. In fact, pathology leads to the appearance of keratomas on the human skin - benign neoplasms (single or multiple). To date, the opinions of experts about the disease and its causes are ambiguous, the doctors are divided into two camps. Some argue that the causes leading to the appearance of the disease are of a purely genetic nature. Others do not exclude involvement of the factors mentioned above. Accordingly, the answers to questions about how to treat keratosis will also vary.

One way or another, there is a relationship between keratosis and skin cancer. Keratoma has a benign nature, however, there are cases when cancer cells develop in its structures. Neoplasms are hardly distinguishable from each other, therefore it is difficult to visually determine the type of pathology (cancer or keratosis). What is this will help establish only histological examination. In almost all cases, the procedure is resorted to when making a diagnosis.

Multiple foci of keratosis may indicate the presence of cancer in the internal organs. There is a certain statistics, according to which among 9 thousand examined patients with keratoma, in 900 people various forms of skin cancer were identified.

Classification

The disease "keratosis" is divided into groups according to various signs. For example, by nature of origin, emit:

  • Symptomatic keratosis - pathology occurs against the background of other diseases, as well as under the influence of adverse environmental factors,
  • Hereditary keratosis is a pathology that is formed for genetic reasons and manifests itself, as a rule, at an early age or immediately after birth,
  • Acquired keratosis is a disease whose causes are not completely clear.

Depending on how keratomas appear on the body, there are:

  • Localized keratosis - a disease affects a specific area (area) of the skin,
  • Diffuse keratosis - the disease covers the whole body or very large areas of the skin.

  • Follicular keratosis, in which foci of disease (horn plugs) form in the hair follicle,
  • Actinic keratosis is uneven, rough patches on the skin, which are gradually transformed into scaly patches from the color of a normal skin tone to red-brown,
  • Seborrheic keratosis is a nodular formation, covered with dark-colored horny scales.

Types of seborrheic keratosis

Seborrheic keratosis is also divided into several forms:

  1. The illustration below reflects keratoma, which rises slightly above the skin surface and is characterized by strong pigment - this is a pathology called “flat keratosis” (photo). The treatment of such a neoplasm is surgically removed,
  2. Irritated keratosis is a type of disease in which the internal structures of a benign tumor contain large accumulations of lymphocytes. The tumor content can only be determined by histological analysis,
  3. Adenoid keratosis - manifestations of the disease in the form of a network of thin pigmented cells,
  4. Clear cell melanoacanthoma is a rare form of keratosis, which manifests itself as warty formations that have a rounded shape and resemble wet plaques. Melanoacanthomas occur predominantly on the lower limbs,
  5. Lichenoid keratosis. What it is? Pathology in which a neoplasm is characterized by inflammatory changes and is similar in manifestations to mycoses or erythematosus in lupus erythematosus. Similar foci on the skin can also occur with lichen planus.

Other forms of keratosis

Medical practice also known:

  • keratotic papilloma,
  • cutaneous horn
  • clonal keratosis.

Keratotic papilloma is a form of pathology that manifests itself in small formations consisting of single cysts with inclusions of horny cells,

Cutaneous horn is a form of keratosis, which is considered to be quite rare. The pathology is manifested by formations of horny cells of conditionally cylindrical shape protruding above the surface of the skin. The disease affects mainly older people. Swollen, which may be different in size, are classified into two subspecies:

  • Primary - in the form of this pathology there is not enough information, it can appear spontaneously, for no apparent reason,
  • Secondary - pathology occurs against the background of the inflammatory process in other skin formations. It is this form of skin horns that can degenerate into a malignant formation under the influence of viruses or microtraumas,

Clonal keratosis. What it is? This type of pathology is similar to epithelioma and refers to a special form of the disease, for which plaques in the form of warts are inherent. In addition, nests are located in the epithelial layer of the tumor. The formations themselves consist of keratinocytes - pigmented cells. Clonal keratosis mainly appears on the lower extremities and mainly in the elderly.

Main symptoms

The most obvious signs of keratosis are neoplasms (single or multiple), which appear in open areas of the skin - back, chest, forearm. Sometimes the disease can affect the neck, scalp, back of the hand, the genital area. Rare cases when the pathology acts on the soles of the feet. The size of a benign tumor can vary from a few mm to several cm. Education most often takes a rounded shape, its boundaries are clearly delineated. It is possible that in the place where the tumor is localized, the patient may experience itching.

Neoplasms, as a rule, have a pink or yellow shade, however, they can be dark brown or black. The surface of the tumor is rough, covered with a thin film, with the removal or damage of which blood is released. Gradually, the film becomes thicker, may be covered with cracks. With a thickening of the peel, the edges of the tumor change and take on an irregular shape. The new growth at the same time becomes too convex, with black or light impregnations.

Risk group and complications

The following group of people is more susceptible to the disease:

  • immunocompromised patients (after chemotherapy, patients with AIDS or a blood disorder),
  • people with a genetic predisposition
  • elderly people with dry skin,
  • representatives of countries with a warm climate and a large number of sunny days a year,
  • Keratosis is often diagnosed in people with fair skin and red hair.

In the treatment of keratosis, early screening is important, so before a diagnosis is made:

Keratosis is a disease that is treated consistently and takes a long time. The advanced disease stages can cause various complications:

  • The rebirth of benign tumors into cancer,
  • Pathology causes a malfunction of the endocrine system, as well as the nerve trunks and endings,
  • Pathology can lead to tooth loss,
  • Against the background of keratosis, microbial eczema often appears.

Treatment methods

As a rule, in the treatment of keratosis, surgical methods are the most effective. But only in the case when the manifestation of the pathology is represented by individual elements in the open areas of the body. Conservative treatment methods have a small effect, although often in order to stop the progression of the pathology, the patient is prescribed large doses of ascorbic acid.

I must say that this measure leads to a positive trend in treatment. Therapy is carried out with courses lasting up to two months. It is necessary to take breaks of several weeks between the stages of treatment in order to give the body a rest. Course therapy helps to ensure that no new foci of the disease called “keratosis” appear in the future. Treatment of folk remedies is a purely additional measure to the above two.

Manifestations of keratosis are removed by various manipulations:

  • Laser or radio wave radiation
  • Криодеструкция – методика лечения, основанная на воздействии на пораженные участки кожи жидким азотом. This procedure is used mainly in case of multiple keratomas,
  • Chemical peeling - for the procedure using trichloroacetic acid (in pure form or solution in different proportions),
  • Electrocoagulation is a technique that uses electric current in the treatment of affected areas of the body,
  • Curettage - curettage procedure using a special metal tool (curette).

Children are subject to the disease on an equal basis with adults. In most cases, small patients are diagnosed with follicular keratosis, which occurs in the area of ​​the hair follicle. The reason for the development of the disease state can be the cold season, lack of vitamins in the body, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, daily stress in school or in the family. Nodular rash that resembles "goose bumps" manifests follicular keratosis in children. A photo of this manifestation of the disease is shown in the illustration below.

The diagnosis is established on the basis of the inspection, in addition can be carried out a study of biological material. Often, conservative treatment is aimed only at eliminating the cosmetic defect. The main task of therapy is to moisturize the skin and exfoliate the cornified particles with the help of special creams and ointments.

Prevention

It is important to remember that in the event of any pathological conditions, it is impossible to self-medicate. You should immediately seek the advice of a specialist and find out what violations occurred in the body.

It is necessary to consult a doctor if:

  • the neoplasm changes shape, color in a short time,
  • the tumor has inflamed, or it has been injured,
  • unhealed or bleeding areas appeared on the skin,
  • there is soreness or persistent itching at the site of keratoma.

In order to prevent pathology should:

  • Undergo a periodic consultation with a dermatologist,
  • Stay in the sun only during the permitted hours and protect the skin from ultraviolet radiation,
  • Ensure that the skin is always moisturized - for this you can use a variety of cosmetics,
  • Prevent prolonged skin irritation due to wearing tight shoes or uncomfortable clothing.

Independent tumors do not disappear, over time they only progress.

Recipes of traditional medicine for keratosis

As noted earlier, alternative medicine can only be an additional measure to conservative (surgical) therapy and only after establishing the correct diagnosis. Home treatment of keratosis involves the use of various ointments and compresses based on potatoes, propolis, yeast. For example, propolis covers the affected skin (it is necessary to apply a thin layer of the agent) for several days. Then give the skin a rest, and after some time, perform a similar procedure. The course of treatment consists of several cycles.

Effective in the fight against keratosis is the use of raw potatoes. The fruit is rubbed on a fine grater, placed in several layers of gauze and applied to the affected areas of the skin for 40–60 minutes. The procedure is repeated using fresh potatoes.

Often used for compresses live yeast. The product is applied to problem areas for several hours, then washed with plenty of water. The course of treatment is repeated for five days.

Physical therapy can also become an integral part in getting rid of the manifestations of the disease. However, the most important in the treatment of the disease is daily skin care.

Causes of skin keratosis

Among the causes is the accumulation of keratin - a solid protein that protects the skin from harmful substances and infections. It forms a scaly plug that blocks the opening of the hair follicle.

No one really knows why this protein accumulates. But it can occur in combination with genetic diseases or with other conditions, such as atopic dermatitis.

The main factor in the occurrence of the actinic type of pathology is a long-term effect on the integuments of ultraviolet rays (tanning during the hours when the sun is most active, excessive solar tanning interest).

Education looks like a wart, but if the cause of the wart is a human papillomavirus, the nature of the seborrhoeic variety has not been reliably established.

Among the diseases of the acquired nature are:

  • professional - occurs due to exposure to the skin of chemical, physical and mechanical factors associated with the patient's work,
  • symptomatic - provoked by impaired functionality of the nervous and endocrine systems,
  • infectious - on the background of vitamin deficiency (C, A, E) and venereal disorders (gonorrhea, HIV, syphilis),
  • paraoncological - arises due to the presence of malignant tumors in the body, usually localized on the soles and on the palms.

Similar forms meet universal and focal type. Each species has its own characteristics and characteristics, therefore, treatment techniques.


Symptoms and types of keratosis

The disease usually makes itself felt the following signs: erosion of the skin, bleeding cracks, itching, pain syndromes, thickening and tuberosity on the palms, soles, face and other areas of the body, peeling, keratinization of hair follicles. Each person's pathology is manifested individually, therefore, only a doctor can recognize its type, severity and choose an effective therapeutic course, relying on the results of studies and analyzes.

Follicular

Usually this variety passes by itself. Also, to improve the appearance, you can use a variety of cosmetic type. If scrubs, moisturizing creams are not suitable, the doctor may recommend the use of medicinal ointments and creams with the function of removing dead skin cells and restoring the skin. Typically, the composition of drugs against follicular keratosis includes:

  • retinoids - for hydration,
  • lactic acid,
  • alpha hydroxy acids.
Creams based on medicinal ingredients will help restore a healthy color and smoothness of the body. In some cases, after the cessation of the use of special creams, the disease returns. To prevent recurrence, it is necessary to use not only local treatment, but also with the help of a doctor to choose the proper diet. This species has been treated for several years.


Actinic

The spots that appear are usually accompanied by rapid growth, bleeding, ulceration, pain, redness, swelling.
A competent dermatologist, after diagnosis, decides how to properly cure this type of skin keratosis, and selects special medicinal gels or creams, for example:

  • gel "Diclofenac",
  • cream Imiquimod,
  • cream 5-fluorouracil.
With regular use of drugs, the affected areas are cleaned and restored. The course of therapy usually lasts from 3 to 10 days.

Folk remedies

There are several methods by which you can get rid of discomfort symptoms and the pathology itself. Here are some of them:

  1. Grate the cleaned tubers, squeeze a little liquid. The resulting gruel applied to a gauze bandage and attach to the sore spot for at least an hour. This kind of procedure should be repeated three days in a row.
  2. Husks of onion need to be filled with vinegar. Cover the container and place in a dark place for at least 14 days. The resulting vinegar-onion tincture filter and use for lotions. The duration of therapy can vary from 7 to 14 days. The first lotion is applied for half an hour, every day you need to gradually increase the duration of exposure up to 3 hours.
  3. Aloe leaves should be cut lengthwise and applied to the affected areas, cover tightly with a gauze bandage and leave for 8-10 hours. After removing the bandage and treat the surface with salicylic alcohol. The course of treatment is unlimited.
  4. Fresh newspaper ash applied to the skin. To achieve the visible effect is usually enough 4 procedures.
  5. Broths and tinctures of leaves and flowers of burdock. Liquids are used both for washes, and for baths and lotions.
  6. Butter and tar are mixed in equal proportions. The resulting ointment is applied overnight and covered with a bandage.
  7. Yeast Sponge Put the pellet on the affected place for two hours, then remove and rinse the area thoroughly with clean water. The procedure is repeated daily for five to seven days.
  8. Undiluted vinegar in the form of lotions. Perform short lotions six repetitions per day during the week.
  9. Saturation of the diet with cold-pressed oils: amaranth, sea buckthorn, nuts of nuts: cedar and walnut. The vitamins and minerals that make up the oils help the cells recover as quickly as possible. It is important to exclude from the diet animal fats, flour, sweet, fried, spicy foods.
When signs of pathology are detected (regardless of its type and stage), violations cannot be ignored, it is important to immediately consult a doctor to select the most effective therapy. Timely treatment will prevent the occurrence of irritation, ulceration, cracks, bleeding, pain, itching and other discomfort. In the case of large neoplasms, surgical removal can be undertaken.


How to recognize keratome?

Skin keratoma is an outgrowth of a solid, pink or brown color that rises above the epidermis. Tumors can have any localization, they are found on the face, torso, arms or legs. Depending on the appearance, the cause of keratosis, as well as the age of the patient, there are several types of keratomas.

Solar keratoma

This is a skin disease, ravvvivayuscheysya in open areas under the influence of ultraviolet radiation. After a long pastime under the sun spots or bubbles appear in different colors: flesh, red or shades of brown. growths compacted, practically do not rise above the surface of the epidermis, can peel off or become covered with crusts. Symptoms of solar keratosis often become itchy, soreness of the affected areas.

Senile keratoma

Occurs in patients older than 30 years. On the head, hands, sometimes on the chest, shoulders or forearms there are spots of yellow or brown. The disease progresses, the surface of the keratoma becomes crusted, darkens, the growth increases, rises above the surface of the skin. As a rule, it is a single round-shaped tumor, which can be inflamed and cause itching, discomfort, pain.

Seborrheic keratoma

The spot is yellow or brown in color, expanding and covering a large surface of the dermis. Over time, a brown growth is formed, it quickly increases in size and rises above the epidermis. The skin is rough, prone to dryness, flaking, cracking. Seborrheic keratoma is accompanied by itching, soreness, causing discomfort. The tumor can be stratified or injured mechanically (for example, if you scratch itchy areas), then open ulcers are formed. In this case, there is a risk of infection of wounds and the development of purulent inflammation.

Horny keratoma, or skin

It has a characteristic conical shape. A dense dark growth is formed from the stratum corneum of the epidermis, looks like a horn. In most patients, the tumor rises 1 cm, but over time can reach large sizes. Such formations are located in various parts of the body, they are both single and multiple, sometimes combined into groups. Horny keratoma is most likely to be converted into a malignant tumor. It is worth removing it when the first symptoms appear.

Congenital dyskeratosis

Congenital dyskeratosis, a congenital skin pathology, is a separate disease. The disease is manifested by hyperpigmentation of the skin, deformation of the nail plates, as well as impaired blood formation.

Less often, keratomas appear on the skin of the lower extremities, most often localized in areas that are open to the sun's rays.

Skin keratoma - causes of development

Keratosis is a non-communicable disease with a complex etiology. In a healthy person, the rate of death of epidermal cells is equal to the rate of formation of new ones. If the rate of their division increases, the skin thickens, and tumors consisting of dead cells appear. The basis for the development of keratomas is keratinocytes that are found in the skin of a healthy person.

There is a theory that links the appearance of skin tumors with the effect of ultraviolet radiation on the open areas of the epidermis. What matters is not a one-time, but a total dose of radiation that a patient receives throughout their lives, which explains the prevalence of the disease in older people. Direct sunlight, tanning in a solarium, radiation therapy can cause tumor growth in the cells of the epidermis.

How to treat keratosis?

Keratosis - what it is, how to treat a disease and how a disease is dangerous, the dermatologist will explain in detail when making a diagnosis. According to the survey results, traditional (non-invasive) treatment or surgical removal of the tumor is prescribed. Surgical intervention is carried out only if the formation is prone to malignancy or causes inconvenience to the patient.

The only form of keratosis that must be removed is cutaneous horn.

Treatment of keratosis of the skin of the face is often carried out at the request of the patient, since the formations look unaesthetic.

Ways to remove keratomas:

An effective method of treatment, in which tissue growth is destroyed with the help of a laser. One procedure is enough for complete removal, and after the intervention small scars may remain.

Method based on the effect of liquid nitrogen on the neoplasm. The operation is painless, is performed without anesthesia, during the intervention there is a slight burning sensation. The effect is not immediately noticeable, but after 7-10 days the keratoma is rejected. In its place remains a scar, which quickly becomes imperceptible.

An effective method in relation to both benign and malignant tumors. The operation takes place without blood loss, as the radiobahn burns blood vessels. The advantage is also that the risk of infection of operating wounds is minimal.

Method for removing skin neoplasms with high frequency current. After removal, a scar remains, with proper care, it heals completely, and no traces remain.

Traditional surgical method. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, intracutaneous suture is applied to the wound. The method is available compared to the others, but requires skin care in the postoperative period

Drug treatment is prescribed to patients who have a tendency to malignant degeneration formations. Drugs - cytostatics stop tumor growth, they are injected topically in the thickness of the skin growth. Additionally, anti-tumor antibiotics are used, as well as ointments (fluorouracil, colchamin).

Home treatment of keratomas

Therapy by folk methods is permissible only after consulting a dermatologist and, if the possibility of the growth of a malignant tumor is excluded.

Treatment of follicular keratosis of seborrheic, senile can be carried out at home with phytopreparations. Celandine juice, aloe, crushed raw potatoes, castor oil are applied to the affected skin. Such funds stop the growth of education and can reduce it in size. It is also useful to use foods high in vitamin P: green tea, citrus fruits, legumes, greens.

It is worth remembering that with a diagnosis of "keratoma", treatment at home does not exempt from periodic examination by a dermatologist, especially if there is an increase in education, bleeding, itching, or pain.

Possible complications of keratosis

Keratomas are benign changes, in most cases they are solely cosmetic problems and do not carry danger. The risk group consists of only those entities that are prone to accelerated growth, causing pain and discomfort. Alarming signs will also be bleeding without mechanical injury to keratomas. Such symptoms suggest a possible malignancy of the tumor, that is, the development of a malignant process in the skin. Skin cancer occurs when an untimely start of treatment of the disease, inaccurate diagnosis, or ignoring the advice of a doctor about the methods of therapy. Self-treatment can have a favorable outcome, but each case is individual, as are the ways to treat a pathology.

Removal methods

A doctor after analyzing the characteristics of the disease and the patient’s body, deciding how to get rid of keratosis, may resort to surgical methods:

  1. Freezing with liquid nitrogen (cryosurgery). Allows you to prevent the emergence of new formations, the dermis becomes smooth and clean. Does not cause pain.
  2. Scraping the skin surface with a special tool (curettage). Иногда используется вместе с криохирургией для лечения мелких или плоских пятен. Процедура может проводиться в комплексе со следующим методом – электрокоагуляцией.
  3. Воздействие электрическим током. Electrocoagulation can be effective in removing seborrheic keratosis. The device can be used separately or in parallel with scraping. This procedure can leave scars if it is performed incorrectly, takes a lot of time compared to other methods.
  4. Growth evaporation by laser (ablation). Most often used to treat seborrheic varieties. In medical practice, various types of lasers are used depending on the type and stage of the disease.

What is keratosis of the skin?

This term refers to several diseases related to violations of keratinization of the skin and not having an inflammatory nature.

The appearance of slight peeling or thickened layers of horny nature become cosmetological or medical problems.
Sometimes the disease manifests itself in the form of keratomas - benign neoplasms, having the appearance of gray or brown spots, similar to moles.

Causes of skin keratosis

Acquired disease may appear:

  • as a result of functional disorders of the nervous and endocrine systems,
  • cancer of internal organs,
  • due to negative contacts with mechanical, chemical and physical effects (professional keratosis),
  • as a consequence of venereal disease, complicated by deficiency of vitamins A, E, C,
  • excessive sun exposure.

When the epidermis layer is damaged, actinic or senile keratosis appears.

Signs of actinic keratosis appear in a person about 50 years old. And by the age of 80 everyone has signs of this disease. This is due to the fact that over time, the effect of ultraviolet radiation on the human body accumulates.

Manifestations of early disease are noted in people with light skin, red or blonde hair, blue, gray or green eyes.

More susceptible to a person whose body is less able to fight the negative effects of radiation, with a weakened immune defense, undergoing chemotherapy or exposure to X-rays, and others.

The hereditary causes of the disease are associated with a genetic factor. If your relatives have symptoms of keratosis, then you may also have keratomas, hair deprive and other signs of the disease.

Symptoms of manifestation

The initial symptoms of keratosis are not always noticeable. Their manifestations in the form of small irregularities and roughness can be found on the cheeks, ears, nose, neck - in those places that are open to the sun.

  • keratinization of hair follicles,
  • skin roughness,
  • peeling skin
  • bleeding cracks,
  • erosive expressions
  • the appearance of painful sensations.

It is necessary to seek advice from specialists if:

  • the neoplasm is increasing rapidly,
  • bleeding changes do not stop,
  • the color of the tumor changes, the pain and itching stop.

Types of keratosis

Follicular keratosis, its main feature is light eruptions, with an increase in which small nodules are visible. They are horny plugs, clogged mouth of the hair follicles.

Follicular keratosis manifests itself more in the cold, in the warm season there are no rash. The remaining traces of the nodules are cosmetic defect. With an increase in the nodule more than 3 mm, painful sensations appear. Inflamed, these nodules can turn red and cause itching. Inflammation of the nodules can start from eating foods that cause allergies.

Hair lichen, the main symptom of which is a rash in the form of small pink nodules in large quantities, is also referred to follicular keratosis. On closer examination of the nodules, it can be seen that there are hard, rough scales on their surface. And in the center of each knot is twisted hair. Hair loss can affect the back, abdomen or limb flexion sites. Often deprive children or teenagers.

Follicular keratosis can be hereditary, it is called Kirle's disease, the first signs of which are the appearance of follicular gray papules on the skin surface. Growing up, tumors merge and become covered with a crust.

Seborrheic keratosis determined by nodular or plaque-like formations resembling warts and covered with a dry mass of horn-like character. The sizes of the spots are various - from minimal, barely visible, and up to 2 cm. Externally, the formations look flat or convex, the color varies from flesh to brown and even black.

When seborrheic keratosis neoplasms are benign, they are present in most people after 40 years. Once established, keratosis can become chronic, developing for many years. A malignant tumor may be masked under this defect.

The cause of seborrheic keratosis was considered to be the presence of the papiloma virus, but this opinion has been refuted by modern scientists. Like the fact that sunlight affects the development of this disease. Favorable symptoms of seborrheic keratosis, heredity and old age of the patient A doctor is consulted in case of rapid growth of formations or the appearance of an inflammatory process in the affected area.

Actinic keratosis at the beginning of the disease look like a roughness or roughness of the skin. Subsequently, these defects become scaly coarse spots of various sizes, reaching up to 2 cm. Over time, they become red or brown in color, turn into growths.

The growths and spots do not cause any particular discomfort, they may even periodically disappear. But they can also become inflamed or bleed. Often the inconvenience of tumors are of an aesthetic nature. Not everyone will like the unexpected spot of unpleasant appearance and color in the most prominent place. Actinic keratosis chooses places that are really prominent, appearing on the skin of the décolleté, neck and face.

The sick person should be monitored regularly by a dermatologist, since this type of skin disease can develop into cancer.

Skin keratosis treatment

Surgical elimination of a neoplasm is suggested if it increases, bleeds and itches. Sometimes foci of the disease may disappear spontaneously. But more often, specialists not only observe, but also offer treatment with creams and ointments. Early treatment allows you to avoid the appearance of various types of skin cancer.

Surgical removal - With the help of a special tool - curettes remove the problem area of ​​the skin and smooth out this place.

Liquid nitrogen cryosurgery. A well tolerated, common procedure is performed on an outpatient basis. Skin defects are treated with liquid nitrogen using a cryodestructor - special equipment. Sometimes the treatment is carried out by the "reed" method - nitrogen is applied using a cotton swab.
This method of treatment is not used to remove hyperkeratotic tumors.

Photodynamic therapy. In this form of treatment, methyl aminolevulinate is used, which is applied to the neoplasm. Then it is exposed to the spot with light having special characteristics. As a result of this procedure, tissue necrosis occurs. Photodynamic therapy will please with an excellent cosmetic result, the skin defect becomes completely invisible.

Chemical peeling. For chemical peeling, Jessner solution is used, which includes lactic and salicylic acids in ethanol and resorcin.
This drug is sometimes replaced with a solution of trichloroacetic acid, which has a 35% consistency.

Dermabrasion - method of removing the affected areas with an abrasive brush, which moves quickly.

Keratotic diet

In this disease, it is necessary to consume more vitamin C, which blocks the growth of radionuclides. Useful products containing vitamins E and B.

It is recommended to use:

You can not eat:

  • soda,
  • fast food
  • canned food
  • sausages,
  • sausages
  • smoked meats
  • marinades,
  • semi-finished products.

The above products, as well as additives and dyes contribute to the multiplication of cancer cells.
Dieting can cure minor skin lesions without medication.

Palmar and plantar keratoderma

Keratosis of the palm-plantar type may manifest itself in different ways. This and painful deep heel cracks, tumors, blisters and keratinization. There are several reasons why this ailment arose: infectious diseases, severe flu, sore throat, tuberculosis, venereal diseases, leprosy, and many others. If a person has cured the disease, then this type of keratosis may disappear.

If the reason lies in the damage of a mechanical or traumatic nature, then you should think about comfortable shoes, or other irritants from the outside. It is also worth contacting the pedicure room so that you can help get rid of the dense stumps of the legs.

Senile keratosis

This phenomenon is associated with skin degeneration due to age. Its manifestation is carried out in the form of warts, spots, which can be localized on the face, shoulders, back, arms and other places, mainly in the upper part of the body. Such manifestations have no threat to life and health and never degenerate into malignant tumors.

Home treatment

As popular methods of getting rid of the disease using various compresses, lotions and decoctions. For the preparation of healing tools suitable herbs and fees with a healing effect. Among them are especially popular chamomile, burdock, aloe, onion peel, raw potatoes and others. Good help soda compresses, and the use of tar soap also contributes to successful recovery.

Treatment of keratosis should have an integrated approach, taking into account all possible ways of treatment. Sometimes the healing process takes a long time.

  • The main and main task in eliminating the disease is softening and dissolving the thickness of tumors and neoplasms.
  • The use of a pedicure, especially with the palm-plantar keratosis, is simply indispensable. For children with the manifestation of the disease you need to strictly adhere to the diet, monitor the cleanliness of the body and replenish the body with vitamin reserves.
  • All age groups should strengthen the immune system and avoid hypothermia and overheating of the skin.

With the right lifestyle, giving up bad habits, keeping the epidermis clean, and having a positive outlook on life, keratosis will have no chance of success, and your skin will always be healthy.

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