We have compiled a list of the 10 most famous and respectable rose nurseries in the world. Read before you go for the seedlings!
Rose is no wonder called the queen of flower beds. This luxurious beauty requires careful care, but with interest it pays back all the effort expended by its exuberant flowering and delicate aroma.
If you want your work not to be in vain, choose seedlings, bred by true professionals.
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Never buy seedlings on which these signs are noticed!
Official name: W. Kordes ’Söhne
A country: Germany
Cordes is perhaps one of the oldest leading rose nurseries in the world. It was founded in 1887, and since then already three generations of sons of Cordes have been pleased by flower growers with beautiful and unpretentious rose saplings.
The peculiarity of roses of this selection is an enviable frost resistance combined with a long lush flowering. Judging by the fact that the roses of this nursery were brought into a separate group (Hybrid Kordesii), the experiments of the Cordes family gave a decent result.
Several dozen varieties of roses W. Kordes ’Söhne were awarded the title of the best roses at the prestigious German ADR competition, as well as awards at other international competitions. For example, the Floribunda Iceberg variety (Iceberg) of the Cordes selection was once recognized as the Favorite Rose of the World, according to the World Federation of Rose Societies.
Other famous varieties of roses from Cordes are floribunda Sunsprite (Sunsprite), large-flowered Harlequin (Harlekin), climbing Dortmund (Dortmund).
Official name: Rosen tantau
A country: Germany
This German rose-growing company has been supplying the whole world with its seedlings for more than a century - ever since, in 1906, Mathias Tantau engaged in the selection of roses.
The nursery gained recognition among gardeners in the 1930s and today, along with a fellow countryman, the Cordes company managed to conquer half of the rose-growing market on the planet.
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Many “Tantau” roses are frost-resistant and do not lose beauty even with long rains. In addition, most of them bloom all summer.
Rose Black Magic (Black Magic) selection "Tantau" - one of the most popular in the world. Other well-known varieties of roses from the nursery are the Hybrid tea Freygrant Cloud (Fragrant Cloud), the Santander clipper (Santana), the ground cover Schneekönigin, etc.
Official name: David Austin Roses Limited
A country: Great Britain
“Ostinki”, as these roses are often called among the people, can be considered the work of the breeder’s entire life. While still a teenager, David Austin became fascinated with rose growing. At first it was just a hobby, then the breeding of new roses became a profession.
3 new varieties of roses David Austin 2017
Meet the replenishment in the "family" of English roses!
Since then, for several decades now, the world has gone crazy over the so-called “English roses” - modern hybrids, which combine the terry shape of inflorescences and the touching beauty of old cultivars with the stability and abundant repetition of modern roses.
David Austin’s rose box contains 22 gold medals at the prestigious Chelsea Flower Show.
Like the roses of the Cordes kennel, they were awarded a separate group in the international classification.
"David Austin Roses" - a family nursery. They are owned by three generations of Austin rozovodov: maestro David Austin himself, his son David Austin Jr. and grandson Richard Austin.
David Austin's popular rose varieties are Heritage shrub, Heritage shrub, William Shakespeare 2000 shrub (William Shakespeare 2000), climbing Albrighton Rambler, floribunda Queen Elizabeth, etc.
Official name: Roses guillot
A country: France
This French nursery entered the world history of rose growing thanks to Jean-Baptiste Andre Gillot, who is considered the father of all hybrid tea roses. In 1867, he managed to bring the rose La France (La France), which became the first representative of this group.
For six generations of the Guillot dynasty, they are working to create roses with spectacular, bright inflorescences, strong aroma and long flowering.
Naturally, the nursery specializes not only in tea and hybrid roses. In his catalog are such popular scrabes as Chantal Merieux, Emilien Guillot, Chantal Thomas (Chantal Thomass), Notre Dame du Rosari (Notre Dame du Rosaire), Agnes Schilliger (Agnes Schilliger).
Official name: Meilland International
A country: France
"Meiyan" is another world-famous family nursery from France with a century and a half history.
Breeders of this family managed to bring the roses, which do not need mandatory pruning and bloom up to 6-8 months. At the same time, many of them carry frosts down to –30–40 ° С.
Add to this list the exquisite shape and color of the inflorescences, and it will be easy to guess why Meiyan became the only nursery, several selection creations of which received the title of the Beloved Rose of the World and were listed in the Hall of Glory of the Roses by the World Federation of Rose Roses.
Five types of “Meiyan” rose were honored with this honor: Hybrid tea and Peace and Papa Meilland, climbing Pierre de Ronsard and Cocktail, and Floribunda Bonica 82 (Bonica 82) .
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Official name: Harkness roses
A country: Great Britain
The Harkness Kennel began work in the English county of Yorkshire in 1879 - it cannot be called an amateur in the rose market. The best quality for your money is the principle of this British company.
The nursery focuses not only on experienced roses, but also on beginners. According to the breeders, with the care of these roses can handle any - they are so unpretentious. The main thing is to plant a sapling, and the result will not be long in coming.
One of the very first varieties of "Harkness" - the shrab Mrs. Harkness (Mrs. Harkness). Other well-known roses of the nursery are floribunda Anne Harkness (Anne Harkness) and Susan Daniel (Susan Daniel), climbing Bridge of Says (Bridge of Sighs).
Official name: Louis Lens Roses
A country: Belgium
The main highlight of this Belgian nursery - musky roses, so named for the characteristic aroma. Lens hybrids can also boast resistance to many insidious diseases, including black spot and powdery mildew.
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Another advantage of this breeder's roses is a really lush bloom. The inflorescences cover the shoots in a lush setting, almost completely hiding all the greenery under the dense floral cap. At the same time this spectacular flower show lasts all summer.
Famous Lens roses - Heavenly Pink, Dingy, Walferdange, Anneliese.
Official name: Roseraies orard
A country: France
The family nursery "Orar" has its history since 1930, but it started breeding new varieties only in the 50s.
Breeders of this company specialize in climbing, hybrid tea and floribunda. In their catalog - a few dozen worthy, time-tested roses.
Seedlings of this manufacturer are resistant to all sorts of diseases, bloom almost all summer, gladden with interesting color of inflorescences and intoxicating scent.
In the Orar catalog, you should pay attention to the Winter Lodge Lodge Shrub, the hybrid tea tea Muriel Robin, Over the Moon and Hacienda.
Jackson and Perkins
Official name: Jackson & perkins
A country: USA
The success story of Jackson & Perkins is the history of hard work and entrepreneurial ingenuity. In 1872, in a village in the suburbs of New York, Charles Perkins, along with his father-in-law, Albert Jackson, opened a small family business: they began to grow raspberries, grapes and strawberries for sale.
Soon, Perkins wanted to play big and go to the wholesale garden market. Making a bet on rose growing, in 1884 he hired a professional breeder.
Bringing out a successful variety of roses took more than one year, and in 1901 Jackson & Perkins finally revealed its novelty to the world - the climbing rose Dorothy Perkins. This beauty has brought the nursery international fame and reward from the British Royal Rose Society.
Charles Perkins named this rose in honor of his granddaughter, which set the fashion for assigning roses names in honor of real people.
Unfortunately, Dorothy Perkins was unable to withstand powdery mildew and other diseases, so the variety was taken out of the mass market, leaving the real connoisseurs the opportunity to purchase seedlings only in special nurseries. However, this rose still hangs off the walls of Windsor Palace.
Many cultivars of the nursery were awarded the title Rose of the Year by the American Rose-Growing Society: Grand Magnum Simpliore (Simply Magnifiscent), tea-hybrid Summer Surprise, and Ground Cover Wedding Dress, etc.
Official name: Canadian roses
A country: Canada
Canada, given its harsh climate, took up rose growing at the state level. The government of the country, together with a dozen partners, has invested finances in the national program “Winter-resistant Canadian roses” in order to bring out beautiful garden hybrids based on local species roses that are resistant to extremely low temperatures. Needless to say, they more than succeeded!
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These climbing roses are not afraid of the Siberian frost!
Canadian roses are divided into three series: Explorer (Explorer), Parkland (Parkland) and Kenedian Artist (Canadian Artist).
All plants of Canadian breeding hibernate without additional shelter at temperatures down to –30–40 ° C. Of course, in snowy winters it is desirable to pile up and sprinkle them with garden soil.
Some of the most spectacular Canadian roses are Adelaide Hoodless, Frontenac, Morden Blush, Prairie Snowdrift, etc.
Do you like roses? Try to test your knowledge of this luxurious plant by passing our test. What do you know about roses? I wonder how many questions out of 9 you answer correctly?
Rose can be safely called the most popular flower on Earth. She is often called the “queen of the garden” because of the incredible beauty. The existing palette of shades of this plant is amazing. Buds come in all shapes and sizes. Roses have a magnificent unparalleled scent. This plant can grow in many parts of the world, including in the Moscow region - a place with a very variable climate and great contrast of temperatures. The most important role in choosing a grade is its endurance. Most of the varieties bred for the Middle Band, perfectly adapted in the suburbs. Among the huge variety it is difficult to understand. Below are the most popular types of roses for this region:
- Park Roses - one of the oldest species. From the name it is clear that they are designed to decorate parks and gardens. A rather short term bloom, but it is very abundant. The maximum diameter of one bud is 10 cm. They have a rich, delicious aroma.
- Climbing Roses are great for decorating the garden. Their important feature is the sprouting stalks, which often need support. Miniature flowers are collected in small inflorescences and are presented in bright colors. Flowering begins in June and lasts until the first cold. They are divided into small and large-flowered.
- Floribunda - a mixture of hybrid tea and dwarf rose. Differs in very beautiful small buds, which are collected in large inflorescences. Long flowering period and intensive growth are the main differences of the species. They also have high frost resistance.
- Wrinkled Species are shrub roses, reaching 2 meters in height. They are collected in high powerful bushes and are allocated with plentiful long blossoming. Very unpretentious in care, the variety perfectly adapts to different climatic conditions. The buds are medium in size.
- David Austin Roses appeared in the 80s of the last century thanks to the famous breeder. They are considered special due to the long flowering (4 months) and unique unique flavor.
- Hybrid tea Roses are distinguished by their unpretentiousness in growing and long-term flowering. Have large buds with a classic form of petals. It is this type that can most often be seen in flower shops.
The rating presents the best varieties of roses for the Moscow region with a description and photos. The selection took into account the following characteristics:
- flowering period,
- resistance to climatic conditions of the region,
- features that
- gardeners reviews.
Top 10 best varieties of roses for the Moscow region 10 Iceberg
Best White Rose
Exquisite variety "Iceberg" is a branched shrub with a lot of gorgeous snow-white flowers on it. Intensive growth allows the plant to quickly fill the space. It can be a beautiful "hedge". The description of the variety says that the decorative qualities of the buds are preserved until the cold. Prolonged abundant flowering is an important feature of Iceberg. This climbing rose is considered one of the best among all the snow-white varieties. The maximum bud size is 9 cm. There can be up to 15 of them on each inflorescence.
The plant should be planted in protected from the wind solar areas. With timely removal of faded buds, you can count on re-flowering. Rapid expansion is another feature of the variety. For one season, he is able to close a nondescript wall. Landscape designers regularly use "Iceberg" in their compositions. Small white flowers look luxurious on any site. Pros: snow-white tint, long flowering time, excellent reviews, resistance to sub-zero temperatures. Cons: sometimes exposed to fungal diseases.
Excellent frost resistance
Variety "Alba" refers to the form of wrinkled roses. They are medium in height and fairly compact in size shrubs. Terry flowers with a diameter of 8 cm emit a pleasant fragrant smell. Rose planted in a composition with other flowers or a separate bush. In any case, it looks great. The buds have a white tint, but when burned out they can become creamy. Another feature is the leaves. They have an almond shape, a smooth texture and a dark green rich color.
Vigorous bushes can grow up to 2 meters. Flowering continues from mid-June and lasts about a month. The characteristics of the "Alba" can be considered increased resistance to frost, drought, rapid adaptation to different soils. It can even grow in urban environments. The rose quickly spreads over the plot, so the best solution would be to grow a variety in a fenced area. Main advantages: calmly endures cold and drought, beautiful snow-white buds, excellent survival rate, best reviews.
Easy care, high popularity
Rosa "Angela" knows every gardener. She is a symbol of selection art. Bred by crossing several varieties, it combines incredible beauty and sensuality. Deep pink color with crimson notes emphasizes the elegant shape of the bud. On each inflorescence many small flowers are concentrated. Variety refers to the shrub type. The average bush in width is 80 cm, in height - 150 cm. By the way, "Angela" is not exposed to common diseases. Flowering roses occurs again. After completion of each of them it is necessary to do pruning of old buds.
Semi-double petals with a wavy edge of bright pink shade look advantageous against the background of dense green foliage. In diameter, one flower is 4 cm. The variety is quite hardy in our climate, so it is often grown by residents of the Moscow region. In terms of care, everything is very simple: you need watering if necessary, regular feeding and weeding. When choosing a site for planting, it is better to give preference to open areas with exposure to sunlight. Before the cold should cover the plant. Main advantages: simple care, small beautiful flowers, exquisite appearance, fragrant aroma.
7 Gloria Day
The most beautiful colors
"Gloria Day" - a variety known to many gardeners. It belongs to the numerous species of hybrid tea roses. Against the rest, it stands out for its coloring and large, beautiful buds. A unique combination of several flowers like most gardeners. The heart of the roses is bright yellow, and the petals, when opened, are whitish with pink edges. The variety is originally from France and is popular all over the world. "Gloriai Day" is recognized as a true beauty standard. Its excellent feature is increased resistance to the most aggressive factors. Quick adaptation to different climates allows gardeners to easily grow this wonderful plant.
Depending on the intensity of exposure to sunlight vary shades of buds. The rose is changeable not only in terms of color, but also of fragrance. It blooms for a very short period. В раскрытом виде цветок достигает в диаметре 19 см. При соблюдении условий выращивания, куст сорта может вырасти до 2-х метров.The main advantages: beautiful colors, very large buds, strong stems, calmly tolerate any aggressive factors. Cons: prone to black spot.
6 Pink Grottendorst
Popular park variety
Wild Rose Pink Grothendorst refers to park species and wrinkled varieties. It is great for growing in special street areas, be it gardens, squares, etc. Flowers up to 4 cm in diameter have a bright pink tint that looks very aesthetically pleasing against the background of light pink foliage. They grow both individually and in several pieces in one inflorescence. Rose bush is sprawling, can reach a height of 2.5 meters. The flowering period is quite long - almost the entire summer. And often the rose blooms again.
The variety belongs to the frost-resistant plants. Without a special shelter, it can withstand a strong sub-zero temperature (up to 40 degrees). Immunity to a wide variety of diseases is another feature of Pink Grothendorst. Opened in the last century in Japan, it is especially in demand in modern times. This is due to its simplicity and unusual external data. Unlike other varieties, this rose is often used to make jams, oils, liquors, etc. In one inflorescence there can be up to 15 buds. Advantages: ideal for growing in parks, unusual appearance, re-flowering, does not require much attention.
5 Leonardo da Vinci
The unique appearance of the bud
Rose Leonido da Vinci Floribunda is a unique variety. Bred in 1993, it is still in great demand. Looking at the photo of the bud, it is impossible to take your eyes off. Terry flower of rich pink color with an unusual arrangement of petals is something incredible. Its diameter is 10 cm. Intensive long flowering is another feature. Rose "Leonardo da Vinci" has upright bushes up to 1.1 meters. Even with constant sun exposure, the petals do not lose their original color. On one inflorescence can be up to 6 buds.
An important feature - resistance to various diseases. Rose is grown both on open land and at home. In the care variety does not require much attention. It adapts well to Russian frosts, so it is great for the Moscow region. "Leonardno da Vinci" refers to the number of vigorous flowering varieties. Advantages: a unique appearance, prolonged intensive flowering, the petals do not fade in the sun, the plant quickly adapts to the cold, strong tall stems, many excellent reviews of gardeners.
4 Charles Austin
Beautiful shades, the best fruit aroma
"Charles Austin" refers to the modern variety of English roses. They are named after their creator, a popular breeder. The uniqueness of the variety lies in the color and shape of the buds. Depending on ripening, they change their shades from light to rich apricot. On the same bush often located shoots of different colors. It looks very beautiful. They are 10 cm in diameter, and in shape resemble cups. The variety is famous not only for its buds, but also for its beautiful glossy foliage. The bush reaches a height of 150 cm and has a fairly compact size.
Flowering occurs in early spring. In the descriptions of the variety by the breeders it is said that if you want the plant to bloom again, you need to prune and fertilize it. An important distinguishing feature of the rose is a rich, fruity scent. It is planted both separately and in combination with other flowers. Due to the wide range of shades and sophisticated appearance, the variety looks great anywhere. On the brush is usually located up to 5 flowers. Advantages: a change in the color of the petals, a unique form of buds, beautiful foliage, delicious aroma, ease of care.
Ideal for the suburbs
The amazing variety "Flamentants" is known to every gardener. Judging by the description, it is not only well acclimatized in various parts of the world, but is also able to multiply rapidly and tolerate any changes in the weather. Large flowers of rich color will fill any area not only with subtle beauty, but also with magnificent aroma. It blooms once per season, most often in early June. Red buds are perfectly combined with dark green shiny foliage. With proper progress and compliance with all conditions of planting and cultivation, the stems grow to 5 meters in height. One inflorescence may consist of 15 flowers.
Before the cold, experts advise not to cover the rose, but only to bend its branches to the ground. It is very frost resistant. For landing should choose a well-lit place, protected from wind gusts. Successful cultivation of a variety depends on the implementation of the three types of care: watering, feeding and weeding. To get a more compact and voluminous bush, you need to cut the plant once a season. Main advantages: an ideal variety for the Moscow region, beautiful bright flower buds in large quantities, good tolerance of diseases and negative external factors, a lot of positive reviews.
2 New Dawn
The most unpretentious climbing grade
"New Dawn" - another well-known climbing variety, very valuable for gardeners. It grows at an accelerated pace, and from the third week of June to September it blooms profusely. A distinctive feature is its adaptation to any conditions. This rose can grow in the shade, tolerate cold, snow and variable climatic conditions. The variety is not subject to common diseases (for example, black spot). The buds are large in size (8 cm in the unopened form), they are very strong and weighty. The height of the rose can reach as much as 6 meters. Used to decorate land, balconies, arches, etc.
Cultivated over 80 years ago in America. The buds are pale pink in color, becoming white after burning out in the sun. By the way, “New Dawn” smells very nicely, filling the whole area with its floral and fruity aroma. For safe wintering the plant should be covered with special material. When growing a rose requires moderate watering. Advantages: unpretentious variety, tolerates the absence of sunlight, frost, diseases, intensive flowering, delicate beautiful flowers.
The most popular climbing rose
One of the most popular climbing varieties is Amadeus. He is a leader in vertical gardening. It is a climbing plant that looks great on various arches, walls and other supporting structures. Buds are semi-double types, have a bright red color and are collected in inflorescences of several pieces (most often 6). The size of the average, when blooming reach 12 cm in diameter. The variety is ideal for the Moscow region. The main feature is intensive growth and abundant bloom. Rose several times became the winner of prestigious international competitions.
"Amadeus" begins to bloom in early spring and continuously decorates the site until the autumn. Stems reach a height of 3 meters - one of the lowest grade among climbing. On them in large numbers there are branches with beautiful bright buds. Judging by the description of breeders, the plant tolerates cold, illness, and the flowers do not fade in the sun. When planting, you should choose a site that combines sunlight and shade on it during the day. In the care of the rose is almost whimsical. Advantages: the most popular, very beautiful appearance, accelerated growth, a large number of buds, the best reviews of gardeners.
Attention! The above information is not a guide to your purchase. For any advice should contact the experts!
Roses Cordes came to Russia only after the collapse of the USSR, but quickly gained popularity. These varieties are well adapted to the local climate, tolerate low temperatures and bloom magnificently in every corner of the garden. Growing pink bushes is easy, it is enough to know their features.
How are hybrid varieties of roses in Cordes better than others?
Roses Cordes were bred by a German breeder by crossing the then known varieties. The main focus of his work was on frost resistance and immunity of bushes, while not forgetting about the beauty of plants. In the nursery appeared unpretentious rose bushes, grafted on dogrose or dog rose. They not only took root easily, tolerated frosts, but also grew well on virtually any soil.
Soon the nursery gained popularity around the world. Today, new hybrids of these roses are displayed in the Crimea. Nikitsky Botanical Gardens acquired German plants for further breeding. Roses received a separate status, were combined into groups.
The best varieties of roses from Cordes are represented in some groups:
A distinctive feature is the packaging of seedlings. Manufacturing company protects the root system with metal mesh. This technique allows gardeners to keep a sapling for a long time if it is not possible to immediately plant a bush at a permanent place. Just dig a plant anywhere in the garden. In addition, when planting a grid, you can not remove, and plant a bush as it is. This does not injure the root system, and the development of plants does not suffer.
Today, Cordes roses are considered the best of all varieties, the manufacturer company monitors the seedlings. They meet international standards, have a quality mark. Such a high score is not accidental:
· Bushes are resistant to diseases, rarely affected by pests,
· Suffer severe frosts and sudden changes in temperature,
· Form a powerful bush, the height of shoots reaches from 1.5 to 3 m,
· The leaf cover is shiny, dark, rich color,
· Inflorescences terry, many-flowered, quite large,
· Flowering continuous, continues until late autumn.
The color range of roses is diverse. Bushes in any climate feel great, which allows them to grow everywhere.
The best varieties of large-flowered climbing roses Cordes
Among the large-flowered climbing roses, the most sought-after hybrids are Flamentanz, Ilse Krohn Superior and Alchymist.
Alchymist has gained popularity due to its peculiarity to change the color of the flower, depending on weather conditions. The inflorescence is large, about 10 cm in diameter, of terry type. The color of the petals from pale yellow to apricot color. The bush is powerful, it grows up to 3 m wide and high.
Hybrid Flamentanz - frost-resistant plant. Shrubs tolerate lowering the temperature to -30 ° C without additional cover. Shoots vigorous, reach 2.5-5 m, completely covered with flowers. The inflorescences are large, with velvety petals, collected in brush. The color of the petals is bright red with a raspberry shimmer, the golden center is visible in the fully opened buds. The variety is suitable for decorating arbors, walls, creating arches. Flowering occurs in early spring or in the first half of summer, not repeated.
Sort Ilse Krohn Superior is considered one of the best among white roses. Large cream flowers reach 15 cm in diameter, gathered in brushes of 5 pieces. Petals are densely machined, the core is not visible. During flowering the bush exudes a light scent. The shoots are powerful, grow rapidly in width and height, reach about 2.5 m.
Cordes tea hybrid varieties of roses: the best representatives of the group with photos
Among hybrid tea roses, Athena and Souvenir de Baden-Baden are distinguished.
Hybrid SouvenirdeBaden-Baden attracts gardeners with its ability to change the color of the flower throughout the flowering period. The buds are painted in pale yellow with a pink tinge. As they open, the lower petals change color to creamy pink, the middle ones acquire a pink edge and a jagged edging. The flowers are quite large, more than 12 cm in diameter, densely double, fragrant. The inflorescences are assembled in brushes of several pieces.
The advantage of this variety is high resistance to diseases and precipitation. The beauty of the plant will not spoil even heavy rain. Frost resistance is good, the bush painlessly tolerates lowering the temperature to - 30 ° C. Flowering occurs in the first half of summer, continues until frost. Type of flowering - wavy.
Variety Athena - ideal for cutting. At the ends of each shoot, only one bud is formed. The buds open slowly, which is good for a cut plant. The flowers are large, more than 10 cm in diameter. Inflorescence terry, petals are painted white, the edges of the crimson border. Shoots upright to 1 m, flowering occurs at the end of spring, continues until frost. Type of flowering - wavy. Winter hardiness is average, if the temperature in the region drops below -20 ° C, then the bush needs to be warmed.
The best hardy varieties of Cordes park roses
The most enduring and unpretentious among park roses are varieties:
They can be used to create a hedge. They easily carry thickened planting, grow quickly and bloom beautifully throughout the season.
Variety "Robusta" and "Weise Wolke" are similar in appearance. These are tall plants whose shoots reach 2.5 m. The shrubs, resistant to powdery mildew, tolerate harsh winters. They can often be found in group planting.
The Robusta variety blooms with terry flowers of wine-red color, and the Weiss Wolke petals are creamy white. The joint planting of these bushes gives an interesting effect.
Rose "Westerland" has a strong aroma. The inflorescences smell like spices with subtle notes of clove. The bush blooms in waves to the most frost. The flowers are large, terry type, apricot orange. Spreading sprouts up to 2 m in height. Hybrid tolerates lowering the temperature to - 25 ° C.
The varieties of roses Cordes floribunda group: the best representatives with photos
Flowerbed roses with a bouquet type of flowering were quickly loved by gardeners around the world. Among them are popular varieties:
· Rose Der Hofnung.
The variety "Novaliz" blooms all season with large, densely-colored flowers of lilac-purple shade. This variety is bred in memory of the German writer Friedrich von Hardenberg, who wrote under the pseudonym Novalis. Bush up to 80 cm in height, inflorescences up to 10 cm in diameter with a light aroma. The plant is resistant to diseases, tolerates frost well.
The variety "Rose Der Hofnung" forms a compact bush that grows quickly. The height of the bush is not more than 70 cm, about 40 cm wide. The leaf cover is dark green and shiny. Rose blooms from spring to frost yellow-red flowers that exude a pleasant aroma. Inflorescences gustomahrovye.
Features of growing roses Cordes in Russia
All varieties of roses Cordes unpretentious in the care, their cultivation does not cause trouble. These plants develop and bloom on any soil, therefore fertilizers are applied at their discretion. Before planting the hole can be filled with mature compost. Make sure that the roots of the plant are not in contact with the top dressing.
In the southern regions of the country, rose bushes are grown without shelter for the winter. In the central and northern parts of Russia, climbing roses are removed from the supports and covered with dry foliage or covered with non-woven material.
Bushes do not need spraying from pests, as they are rarely attacked.
When planting bushes, keep in mind that the roses of Cordes should not be planted where they have already been rosaceous before for 5 years. Shrubs will not give the desired flowering.
Types of roses for growing in harsh climatic conditions with photos
Amateur flower growers living in a harsh climate with frosty and often snowless winters, it is difficult to keep roses in the period of cold weather. Initially, the rose was intended for cultivation in warm regions. But those wishing to admire the beauty of this flower became more and more around the world, and then the breeders set themselves the task of growing frost-resistant varieties that can survive quite strong frosts. As a result of their work, the arsenal of flower growers was replenished with several types of roses, which are able to live in unpredictable weather conditions not only in the middle zone, but also during strong weather in Siberia.
All types of winter-resistant roses are divided into three types:
- Absolutely cold resistant. Able to winter in an upright position and even in severe frosts that do not require attention.
- Medium winter-hardy. They overwinter without shelter only in regions with a mild climate, but with sufficient snow cover. With a lack of snow can freeze. It is recommended to bend down the stems of roses for high-quality snow shelter.
- Relatively hardy. Hibernate in an upright position, subject to moderate frost. In regions with a harsh climate require high-quality, air-dry shelter.
Canadian Breeding Roses
This species was bred in northern Canada, therefore it is resistant to the most severe frosts. Shrubs with proper shelter can tolerate frosts down to -45. Canadian breeders began to breed winter-hardy roses in the second half of the 20th century. Works were financed by the state.
Roses Canadian selection. Sort Alexander Mackenzie
The range of a look is presented by two series: Explorer and Parkland. In 2009, another series appeared on the world market - Canadian Artists. Roses are intended for cultivation in 4 climatic zones. Therefore, under the earthen shelter can winter in conditions of Penza and St. Petersburg, as well as in all nearby cities. In the third climatic zone, in the conditions of the Urals and Trans-Urals, for these roses it is necessary to construct a frame shelter and cover them with lapnik branches.
The most popular varieties of roses of this type:
- Charles Austin. Сорт идеально подходит для климата Подмосковья. Высота куста до полутора метров. Цветы оранжевые, на лепестках цвет бледнее, чем в центре.
- Morden Centennial. Парковая роза с красно-розовыми. Среднего размера цветами. Куст высокий, иногда вырастает до двух метров.
- Wasagaming. Розовые цветы с приятным стойким ароматом. Неприхотливый сорт, выдерживает сильный мороз. По отзывам цветоводов этот сорт подходит даже для сурового климата Тюмени.
Розы канадской селекции. Сорт Champlain
Одно из явных преимуществ роз этого вида – невероятная устойчивость к перепадам температур. In the suburban areas, this type is often used for decorating unattractive zones, decorating arbors and fences. Climbing roses shoots grow from two to 10-15 meters in length and during flowering the bushes are completely covered with flowers. Frost-resistant varieties of small-flowered climbing roses:
- Super excelsa. Blossoms large tassels fuchsia. Shrubs easily tolerate heat and frost.
- Snow goose. Flowers of this grade remind white balls. Due to the abundance of petals. From 5 to 25 flowers are formed in each brush. The variety blossoms almost continuously for two months.
- Super dorothy. Differs in especially pleasant, strong aroma. Stems grow to 3 meters. Flowers semi-double, crimson.
- Rambling rector. Variety chameleon: at the beginning of flowering are ivory. As burnout in the sun become white. In each brush forms from 20 to 50 small flowers. The rose is able to winter without shelters.
Climbing roses. Variety Rosarium yuthersen
Ground cover roses
This type of roses is notable for its particular simplicity and amazing vitality. They quickly grow, forming a low, abundantly flowering shrub with a diameter of up to three meters. Wintering under the shelter of spruce branches and non-woven material, and in the Volga region are able to winter under a small layer of peat-soil mixture. The most popular varieties of roses:
- Amber San. The flowers have an unusual, changing during flowering color at the beginning of blooming a copper-yellow bud, closer to wilt - brightens to pale cream.
- Stadt Rum. The height of the bush is not more than 50 centimeters. Blossoms in salmon color. Does not fade and does not fade even in strong sun.
- Solero. The variety has a high resistance to diseases and pests. Flowers are bright yellow or lemon, cup-shaped.
- Residenz. Unique variety with enhanced rain resistance. Recommended for growing in conditions of high humidity of St. Petersburg. Blooms semi-double flowers, collected in racemes inflorescences. The color of the petals is carmine, the middle of the flower is light pink.
- Golden showers. The most winter-hardy variety of climbing roses. Blooms bright yellow from June to late autumn. The variety is not picky about the composition of the soil and is resistant to diseases.
Ground cover roses. Ferdy variety
Floribunda species obtained by crossing a hybrid tea and polyantha rose. From their forefathers floribunda inherited abundant flowering, resistance to diseases and pests, excellent winter hardiness. In the presence of air-dry frame cover, this species can tolerate frosts of minus 35-40 degrees. In regions with a milder climate, for example, in particular in the gardens of Volgograd, floribunda can overwinter under light peat-soil shelter. The most cold-resistant are the following varieties of roses:
- Arthur Bell. The variety is particularly popular in Europe, but it is quite suitable for cultivation in the expanses of Siberia and the middle zone. The height of the bush - 75-80 centimeters. The buds are semi-double, pale yellow with pink edging petals. Blossoms in brushes of 3-5 pieces. It has a weak fruity aroma. The lack of variety - petal burnout in the sun.
- Deja vu. Variety bred in Siberia and is characterized by high winter hardiness. The bush is upright. With branches. Flowers are bright yellow with coral edging petals, cone-shaped.
- Jack Frost. The color of the buds is white with a slight green tint. Goblet bud. When loose, the diameter of the flower is about 9 centimeters.
- Luminion. Blooms buds of 6-7 pieces. The flowers are cupped, fiery scarlet.
- Sunsprite (Freesia). It is considered the best representative of the floribunda species. Maintains frosts to minus 30 degrees under light cover. Disease resistant. The flowers are cupped, golden in color. The lack of varieties - rapid shedding of the petals.
- Evelyn fison. Sprawling bush, up to 80 centimeters in height. Cupped flowers, bright red in the center, burgundy at the edges. The variety is resistant to the sun and rain.
Floribunda Roses. Grade iceberg
Shrub roses or scrubs were bred in the middle of the last century. The words "srab" translated from English means "bush." In principle, all genera are bushes. But the shrubs are “bush bushes.” Their height often reaches 2 meters, the stems are powerful, elastic.
Scrubs are frost resistant. In the middle lane can winter without shelters, in regions with strong frosts require only light shelters. It is customary to assign many subgroups to the scrab Basically, this group includes varieties that are not ideally suited to other species. Most resistant to frost varieties:
- Crown Princess Margaret. The height of the bush is 2.5 meters. Blooms profuse from June to October. Flowers apricot, saturated shade. It has a strong fruity aroma.
- Snow ballet. Flowers are white. Diameter up to 7 centimeters, with a delicate aroma.
- Gazebo. Resistant to drought, frost, disease, rain and fading. Flowers up to 12 centimeters in diameter, golden-pink. Flowering long.
- Mansted Wood. The color of flowers is burgundy or red, at the beginning of flowering crimson. The bush is thick, large in diameter, up to one and a half meters high.
- Lilac rain. Variety with high frost resistance, does not freeze out even in the absence of snow. Blooms lilac. Flowers of small size, densely double. Flowering undulating, repeated. The height of the bush 60-120 centimeters.
- Abraham Derby. Pink-apricot flowers, more saturated colors in the center and light around the edges. The diameter of the flower is about 14-15 centimeters. 2-3 flowers are formed on one stalk. Bush in height 130 -140 centimeters.
- Piano. The flowers are spherical at the bud stage and cupped, densely double in the opened state. Depending on the variety, the flowers range from pale cream to burgundy. The diameter of the flower is about 12 centimeters. Wave blooming. The height of the bush is 120-130 centimeters, the width is no more than 60 centimeters. Frost tolerates well, but is not resistant to rain.
- Toscanini One of the most cold-resistant varieties, can winter without shelter even during severe frosts. It blooms in red, the diameter of the flower is about 10 centimeters. With a strong pruning can winter without shelter. The height of the bush is 130 centimeters. Stalks of uneven length, which gives the bush a somewhat untidy look.
Shrub roses. Variety Summer Sunset
We offer you to get acquainted with the features of growing garden roses. Enjoy watching!
Tea and hybrid rose grade Black Baccara (Black Baccara)
The most famous group of garden roses, which is represented in a huge variety of spectacular varieties. Shrubs sredneroslye, compact with straight shoots or spreading, wide. At the tops of the stems, one or more fragrant, double or semi-double flowers 12–18 cm in diameter, of various shapes and colors, are formed.
Flowering is long and very lush - from the second decade of June to late autumn. Shrubs are located in beds alone or in groups, they are excellent in cutting and in combination with leafy perennials. Plants need a reliable shelter in case of the onset of cold weather.
- Gloria Day (Gloria Dei),
- Black Baccara,
- Super Star (Super Star),
- Rina Herhold (Rina Herholdt),
- Rose Gozhar (Rose Gaujard).
Powerful bushes reach a height of 1.3–1.8 m, on each shoot they form 3-5 buds, blossoming simultaneously. Large flowers are densely sized, 10–12 cm in diameter, more often red or pink, less often cream and white.
The main advantage of the group - with a magnificent flowering, comparable to tea and hybrid roses, the plants are able to bloom again, continuing to delight with bright colors until late autumn. An additional plus is good frost resistance. These unpretentious species are recommended for planting groups in lawns or in mixed flowerbeds.
- George Dickson
- Frau Karl Druški,
- Paul Neuron.
Park rose Consuell (Konsuella)
Huge spreading bushes up to 1.8–2.1 m high are magnificent in soliterny landings on a lawn. Flowers showy, catchy, with a diameter of up to 22 cm, a variety of shades. The advantage of the park group in a stable decoration, cold resistance and weak disease disease. Bloom one or more times per season.
- Consuelo (Konsuella),
- Tornado (Tornado),
- Lord Byron.
The difference of this type is in long elastic shoots growing up to 2–5 m. Stems spread along the ground or rise to a vertical support. Depending on the design goals, it is possible to form in the form of spectacular flower cascades or trellis, entwined with roses, walls or arches.
The flowers are small (2-6 cm), form numerous inflorescences. Flowering is usually once a year - at the beginning of summer, some varieties bloom repeatedly and continuously until the first frost. How to grow and care for climbing roses, you will learn in the article "Climbing roses - planting and care."
Small graceful bushes form even colored borders, adorn stony hills or land in a pot culture. Stems 20–40 cm high are densely covered with dark green leaves and flowers of varying degrees of terry and coloring, forming a loose brush.
Flowering is long lasting, plants are moderately resistant to diseases. Compact size allows fans to collect a delightful collection of miniature varieties.
- Aprikot Sunbleys,
- Baby Baccara.
Compact bushes, up to 40 cm tall, bloom profusely until late autumn. Small terry roses are collected in loose paniculate bouquets of 30–80 flowers or more. The smell is absent or weak, the colors are varied.
Polyanthic varieties are widely used in gardening, creating flowerbeds and mixborders, since they are much more resistant to adverse weather conditions and diseases than the tea-hybrid group.
English roses Excalibur variety (Excalibur)
Spreading bushes 130–150 cm high when flowering emit a strong aroma, the bouquet of which depends on the variety. English roses bloom very lushly, several times a season. Flowers with a diameter of 12-15 cm densely stuffed with a variety of petals of various, often pastel shades. In winter, bushes need good shelter.
Small flowers (spray)
The original category of Floribunda cultivars with low bushes of 40–65 cm, 20–30 graceful buds form on upright shoots, with each rosette blooming on its own peduncle, which gives the shoots the appearance of magnificent bouquets. Abundant flowering throughout the season.
Bushes are unpretentious, require light cover in the winter. Used in decoration, floristics, small-flowered species look great near coniferous ponds, ponds or rocky hills.
- Beloved Lydia.
Standard and cascade
These spectacular forms are obtained by grafting one of the climbing or miniature varieties onto a previously grown flat stem of a frost-resistant dogrose 1.5–2 m high.
This technique will provide an opportunity to create incredibly attractive trees with a flowering crown, which are especially decorative when grown in groups. In winter, the standard roses bend down, fasten to the ground and cover.
Tea and hybrid rose Gloria Day grade (Gloria Dei)
Most famous variety hybrid tea group. The bush is powerful, with strong upright shoots 0.8–1.2 m high, covered with thick green glossy leaves. Gustomahrovye flowers cupped, fragrant, large - with a diameter of 16-18 cm, has up to 45 petals, magnificent in the unblown bud and in full bloom. The hue of the petals is pale yellow, pastel, with a pink, very thin and bright border.
It blooms for a long time, throughout the season with a two-week break after the first June bloom. It requires shelter for the winter; in cold, wet summer it can be affected by fungal diseases.
Dark red velvet rose with elegant buds in the shape of a glass refers to hybrid tea group. At full disclosure the flower is cup-shaped, its terry dense structure with more than 40 petals is visible. The aroma is thin, fresh, unobtrusive.
Bush srednerosly - up to 1.2 m, strict, straight. The leaves are dense, dense green with a red glow. It blooms without interruption - from June to the first frost. The plant is moderately resistant to fungal diseases - black spot and powdery mildew, for the winter shelter is necessary.
Super Star (Super Star)
Tea and hybrid rose Super Star variety (Super Star)
These graceful coral-red, rose-shaped buds hybrid tea group from afar attract the eye, in full color create catchy glowing accents. The flower is dense, large - 42 petals, opens singly on the shoot or up to 5 pieces in the inflorescence. The aroma is strong, sweet, pleasant. Flowering is long - from the beginning of summer to frost.
The height of upright shoots is 0.8–1.1 m, stalks are strong, long - up to 60 cm, the variety is ideal in the section, it stands for a long time in a bouquet - more than a week. The leaves are glossy, attractive, dark green, young leaves - red-brown. One of the best resistant species, tolerates difficult weather conditions and is slightly affected by fungal diseases.
Exceptionally decorative variety hybrid tea group with subtle yellow flowers of deep tone, which look especially impressive in the evening or against the background of dark conifers. Gustomahrovy flower tightly filled with tight petals slightly elongated, pointed shape.
The height of the bush is 1.0–1.2 m, slender strong shoots densely cover dark green leaves, which only emphasize shining joyful flowers. The variety is cold-resistant, slightly affected by fungal diseases, but in a cool summer it can be affected by black spot.
Park rose grade Tornado (Tornado)
Park Rose with red large double flowers of dense saturated tone, exuding a spicy aroma. The bush is very large, upright, with shoots up to 2.5 m high. The flowers are full, 10–15 cm in diameter, with rounded petals, do not fade in the sun and in the rain, bloom in late June and bloom magnificently until the first frost.
Reliable stable form is frost-resistant, slightly affected by fungal diseases and will decorate the garden in the most unfavorable year.
New Dawn (New Dawn)
One of the best unpretentious and beautiful varieties climbing group with strong shoots from 2 to 5 m long. The flowers are large for this type of roses - up to 8 cm in diameter, can fade slightly under the bright sun. Blooming buds thick pink, with full disclosure, the tone varies from pinkish to creamy white, delicate shade. Blossoming plentiful and long - before frosts.
New Dawn looks great when used in vertical gardening, highlighting the dark corners of the garden, and when forming in bush form it looks like a delicate cloud of all shades of pink tone. In winter, whips are removed from the supports and covered.
Small neat bush miniature roses grows up to 40 cm tall. The flowers are scarlet, with a diameter of 5–6 cm, terry - up to 60 petals, bloom on erect shoots in groups of 2–5 pieces. Blooming buds slightly brighten. The leaves are dark, shiny, rich green, perfectly in harmony with colorful inflorescences.
An elegant, spectacular plant blooms throughout the summer, and once planted in a pot, it will decorate a veranda or hall until frost is steady. This variety of roses is moderately resistant to black spot and powdery mildew.
Lydia's Lovely (Lovely Lydia)
Rose group spray grade Lydia (Lovely Lydia)
This variety is considered the benchmark of roses. spray type - bright crimson flowers of an ideal goblet form completely cover a small sprawling bush 60–70 cm high. Roses are densely double, collected from 5–9 pieces on short individual peduncles, form magnificent bouquets. It blooms very long, almost continuously, until the onset of cold weather. Overwinters with light shelter, resistance to fungal diseases is above average.
The world of roses is huge and the florist, the first time a rose bush has been planted in his front garden, remains forever under the power of the unspeakable charm of this magnificent aristocratic flower garden.
Video: The best varieties of roses
All the huge variety of species gives unlimited possibilities for decorating the site - from borders and vertical gardening to lush rose gardens of bright or delicate tones. Picking up varieties of roses of different flowering time, color and shape, you can create in your home a unique, ever-blooming fragrant rose garden.
Grade - Frau Karl Druški
With white flowers. Suitable for the Middle Urals. The flowers are snow white, very large (12–14 cm in diameter, terry (35 petals), in inflorescences of 3 to 5 pieces. It blooms very abundantly. Good repair-resistant winter-hardy variety.
Sort - Alinka (Alinka)
Charming, large double flower up to 10 cm in diameter. Rose petals with an amazing transition of color from golden yellow at the base to scarlet, coral-red edge, reflecting the silk velvet. The aroma is thin and delicate. It blooms from summer to late autumn, without reducing its ornamentation.
Sort - Ingrid Bergman (Ingrid Bergman)
Elegant classic rose, bright and unforgettable. The flowers are large, up to 10 cm in diameter, densely double-lined with terracotta-red petals of velvet shades of ripe cherry color. Aroma gentle unique.
Enthusiastic descriptions in the catalogs and praises of flower-shaped, can give you the impression that the tea hybrid ryazha is the ideal rose. This is not quite true. Some varieties form bushes with ugly stiff branches, and their flowers deteriorate quickly in wet weather. They bloom less often and are inferior in brightness to the Floribunda roses. Они требовательны к хорошим условиям для роста.
Будьте внимательны для выбора роз этой группы. Не все сорта подходят для украшения сада — некоторые предназначены специально для выставок, а их красоту могут оценить только судьи.
Чайно-гибридную розу по праву считают королевой роз — но и она не лишена недостатков.
Такая группа сортов роз получена скрещиванием розы китайской и многоцветковой. Differs in long flowering and an abundance of small, multicolored flowers collected in large brushes, mostly without aroma.
Rose bushes are low up to 60 cm. Flowers are in diameter from 3 to 4 cm, usually terry: white, pink, red and salmon. Bloom profusely and continuously from mid-July to frost. Winter-hardy plants, but require light protection for the winter. Well grow and bloom in the open field on their roots. Look great in landscape design as borders.
Grade - Arthur Belle (Arthur Bell)
Translated means beautiful and irresistible, handsome barin. The flowers are large amber-yellow, 10 cm in diameter, semi-double and very fragrant. Bright red crimson stamens - beautifully glow in the gold of the petals.
Variety - Hot Chocolate (Hot chocolate)
The rose attracts the attention of extraordinary coffee and terracotta-pink shades of petals that change color as it blooms from light salmon-orange to rich brownish-cherry. An outlandish chocolate rose.
The flowers are large up to 9 cm in diameter, with a delicate delicate aroma, resistant to rain and are especially good in autumnal cold weather. The height of the bush to 1 meter.
Sort - Claire Renaissance (Klair renaissance)
The flowers are gorgeous, large up to 12 cm in diameter, as the blooming forms a huge bowl with a lot of wavy silk milk-pink petals. The aroma is fresh, delicate. Bush height up to 150 cm.
The use of roses from this group makes it possible to give the landscape design of the suburban area a variety of colors. They can be grown as a bush or as a stem. Among them are varieties for planting in hedges, as well as dwarf varieties. Almost all dwarf varieties with a height of about 50 cm have recently been allocated to a special group of popular patio roses.
Rose Varieties - Patio
A group of roses patio was formed quite recently. There is no exact definition of a patio group. Now this group includes varieties of Floribunda roses that do not exceed 45 - 55 cm in height and form dense bushes. These varieties have smaller flowers and leaves, but they bloom profusely throughout the season. The popularity of the patio group is growing.
Sort - Gentle touch
The flowers have features of hybrid tea roses, which eventually become flat. Inflorescences are strong and consist of many pink flowers that appear throughout the season. It ranks high among other types of patio.
Sort - Sweet magic
Golden-yellow flowers are collected in large flaming racemes. Over time, the petals become pink blush. The zone is good for growing in a tub, on the edge of a flower bed or border. The aroma is quite intense.
Climbing variety of roses is indispensable from the last century to the present day. Hybrids appeared as a result of the crossing of a multi-flowered rose with North American climbing and hybrid tea. So a new group of tall shrubs appeared with abundant flowering on last year's shoots. Flowers in large inflorescences, simple or double, varied in color.
Their main purpose is to cover part of a house, trellis, gazebos, fences, pergolas, architectural structures,
The group of climbing roses is divided into five types:
- Climbing Multiflora
- Large-flowered climbing plants - with single or few flowers in inflorescence
- Climbing Kisttsvetnye - with buds like Floribunda roses
- Climbing species - wild roses and their close relatives
- Climbing miniature
Unfortunately, the climbing forms of these roses usually do not retain the ability to shrub to re-bloom and give only one or two waves of flowering.
Sort - High hopes
Flowers terry, pale pink, fragrant. The plant is unpretentious, with brilliant, beautiful and healthy foliage with unusually abundant flowering at the end of the season. suitable for decorating arches and pergolas. Repeating flowering.
Grade - Golden fragrant (Golden parfum)
Flowers with honey aroma. Amber-yellow goblet buds unfold in bright, saffron-like, dense flowers with a diameter of 8 to 10 cm. Blooms profusely with a short break. The bush is very powerful, strong-growing, up to 3 meters high.
Variety - Sympathie
The flowers are elegantly elegant, terry, with a spectacular, rich red-crimson color of velvet petals. The aroma is pleasant, quite strong. It blooms continuously all summer and autumn, maintaining the excellent shape and beauty of the petals in any weather. Height is 250 cm.
Shruba - shrub roses
Shruba in translation from English “shrub” is a shrub. Scrub bushes have hard branches. The flowers are very diverse in shape and color, with and without smell. Many varieties are distinguished by their power, reaching a height of 2 meters. There are undersized scrubs. Bushes are winter-hardy and require light shelter for the winter, very resistant to disease.
Modern scrab varieties have all the positive qualities. Scrubs can be used in single, group and mixed plantings.
The standard rose is a rose tree, a creation created by man from plants. Such a plant has a rosehip stem, onto which a varietal rose is grafted. Straights vary in graft height. Standard trees require shelter.
If desired, and so you can arrange a tree with two colors.
Famous varieties: Pimprenelle, Burgundy Ice, Rosarium Uetersen, Super Dorothy.