Sometimes the owners notice that the cat has black spots in its mouth and they start to get anxious. In fact, this phenomenon occurs quite often. It is inherent not only to cats, but also to dogs. In most cases it is a question of natural processes that do not threaten the health and life of the animal. Only occasionally the cause of dark spots in the mouth or around it become some kind of pathology. This article discusses the most common causes.
The “scary” word “lentingo” hides an absolutely harmless phenomenon explaining why a cat has black spots in the mouth (on the gums or the sky) and next to it (on the nose, on the lips, on the chin). This skin defect is the usual pigmentation, which is also characteristic of humans.
Lentingo - the most common cause of dark spots in the mouth. In most cases, it is she. In kittens, usually the tissues of the mouth are clean, monophonic. Later, small spots a few millimeters in size may appear.
Over time, they grow and sometimes reach a couple of centimeters. Often increases and their number. Lentingo can be noticed at the end of the first year of a cat's life, if it is prone to its appearance. In later life, spots are rare.
Most often, the lentingo in the mouth or near it is noticed in red cats. This can be compared with freckles, characteristic of people with “sunny” hair color and fair skin. Also in the group of "risk" - cats tortoise color. Spots at Lentingo:
- do not protrude above the surface of adjacent tissues,
- do not peel off:
- don't itch
- don't hurt
- do not cause the animal any other discomfort.
If everything is exactly as described, there is no reason to worry. Although to show the cat to the doctor just in case will not hurt.
If a cat has black spots near the mouth and not inside it and they look more like dots - perhaps it is acne (acne). They love to "settle" on the chin, where the most active sebaceous glands. However, they may appear in other places. The most common causes of acne are:
- Unbalanced nutrition, when the diet lacks the necessary vitamins and minerals for a cat. Often this happens if the animal is fed from the common table.
- The slovenliness of a cat that walks with food leftovers on its chin.
- Bad environmental situation.
- Strong stress experienced by animals.
- Dirty dishes.
- Allergic reaction to detergent or other irritant.
- Hereditary factor.
All other reasons, except the last, can be eliminated, and black dots around the mouth will disappear. If it is a matter of genetics, you will have to accept and be comforted by the thought that the cat does not cause any harm to the health of the cat.
If you look into the cat's mouth - and black dots are visible on the gums, which were not there before, and the animal has been around for years, you can sound the alarm. Such spots can be a manifestation of melanoma - a formidable cancer associated with pigmentation.
A tumor is sometimes deployed on the oral mucosa, or it gives metastases here, located on another part of the body. The second option is sadder than the first because it speaks of the advanced stage of the disease and the futility of treatment.
Melanoma in a cat is manifested not only by dark spots. The animal loses its appetite, looks exhausted, apathetic. As soon as the first warning signs appear, the pet needs to be shown to the veterinarian. In the case of oncological tumors, it is extremely important to start treatment in a timely manner.
However, cancer in fluffies is not common. In most cases, the spots on the lips of the cat or in the mouth are the usual pigmentation.. The doctor will examine the animal, if necessary, prescribe a diagnosis and explain why the color of the mucous has changed. After that, you can sleep peacefully.
The essence of the problem
The most common place where a cat has acne is the chin. Least dark spots can be seen on the tail. Fleas or other parasites leave the products of their life in any place on the body of the animal. In advanced cases, the points on the cat on the fur are localized on such sites.:
- bends on paws,
- inner surface of the thighs
Dark blotches can be detected around the anus. If multiple black lesions appear on the pet's skin, show the vet.
If a cat has black grains on its skin, the animal owner should check for other symptoms of the disease. For example, a cat may suffer:
- swelling of the body,
- reddening of the skin
- small pimples, which over time increase in size and quantity.
Pay attention to the behavior of the pet. The appearance of black spots on the cat's body is often accompanied by itching, due to which the animal becomes restless and itches constantly. An accurate diagnosis can only be made by an experienced veterinarian by conducting the necessary research work.
The diagnostic results help to determine the exact cause of the appearance of dark patches on the fur and skin of a pet. It may be that the nuggets are due to parasite activity, a fungal infection, or due to a skin biopsy. Timely veterinary inspection will exclude similar diseases to which they belong:
- cat scabies
- allergic reactions
- eosinophilic granuloma.
The black spots that have appeared in the cat under the fur are most likely skin congestion, clogged with excess fat, or a manifestation of an internal disease.
Why do black spots appear in cat hair?
Acne in cats most often appear on the chin. This is due to the fact that in this area of the body there is practically no wool. It is concentrated on him a large number of sebaceous glands. They become soiled when they eat food, when dirt gets into them. But it is not always the case that pollution is to blame for black rashes around the mouth of the cat. All cats are very clean, and caring owners provide good care to your pet. Sometimes it just happens that black dots appear in the cat's fur due to poor heredity.
It is possible to treat acne, but to completely get rid of the pathology will not work. The only thing that the owner can do in this case is to control the situation using hygienic preparations.
Black dots appear in the pet's coat and for such reasons.:
- hormonal disbalance,
- problems in the central nervous system
- problems in the liver or digestive tract.
The appearance of black spots in the ears of a cat indicates poor quality animal care. Acne and acne in this area of the body appear due to the accumulation of a large amount of sulfur. In the ears of healthy cats, sulfur is very small, and therefore it does not disrupt the sebaceous glands. But this component accumulates over time, and if you do not follow the purity of the ears, the glands become clogged, and acne is formed. This problem is particularly relevant for cats with large and open ears.
The formation of black spots on the cat's body also contributes to the excessive care for him. If the owner constantly and thoroughly cleans the sulfur from the ears of the pet, the protective layer is erased, and the glands, in order to restore it, produce sulfur in double quantity.
If a cat has black grains in its hair, and at the same time the animal wears a flea collar around its neck, it is possible that the cause of the problem lies in the accessory itself. Sometimes sensitive animals develop irritation or an allergic reaction to the material from which the collar is made. Sometimes the accessory squeezes the skin, not letting air to it, which also provokes the appearance of black spots in the wool.
Rash in the form of black dots appear due to the development of contact dermatitis or other skin pathologies, which increase fat production, and the sebaceous glands strengthen their work. In any case, in order to understand why black spots appeared in the fur and on the cat's body, it is necessary to show the animal to the veterinarian and make a diagnosis.
How to treat acne in cats?
The host can treat black spots on his own. To do this, he needs to lubricate the pet's skin with salicylic alcohol, and also include vitamins in his diet. But it is worth considering that salicylic alcohol has a sharp, unpleasant smell, which is poorly tolerated by cats. Instead, you can use chlorhexidine (the drug gives a good effect in the treatment of acne). They are recommended to lubricate the skin and hair of a cat, and then dry it well.
A good drying effect has tar shampoo or soap. You can cope with comedones with the help of cucumber lotion. Such funds will dry the skin, stabilize the sebaceous glands. Dark grains dry out and fall off a few days after processing. If the animal has long hair, the grains get stuck in it, and in this case they need to be combed with a hairbrush. It is advisable to transfer the cat to a low-fat diet, change the feed to a more expensive and curative (at least until recovery).
If the owner of the cat decided to treat the pet on his own, he should take into account the following recommendations:
- you need to comb the grains of wool gently, without using a metal brush (it will damage the integuments even more),
- the areas affected by black grains should not be lubricated too abundantly with drying compositions, since the skin from such an impact will dry out greatly,
- alcohol preparations, iodine and brilliance should be used carefully and not for long (if you smear damaged skin for a long time, the sebaceous glands will begin to work more actively, which will lead to a worsening of the condition),
- It is recommended to apply the ointment with a thin ball, otherwise the pet's skin will not breathe and dermatitis will reappear.
To remove the black dots from the cat's fur, you can also use traditional preparations..
- A decoction of yarrow is used to wipe the black dots on the lips of a cat.
- Affected areas can be treated with celandine (or make lotion from this plant).
- Black dots in wool are smeared with fresh pumpkin (cut) three times a day.
- A herbal mixture of chamomile and calendula flowers, in which 2 crushed furatsilin tablets are added, is used to treat black spots in the hair of a cat 2 times a day.
Clotrimazole 1% or Chlorophyllipt works well in the treatment of black spots on the face of a pet. Such preparations should be applied pointwise, without rubbing into the skin. Sulfuric ointment is still applied on top.
Treatment of black spots in the coat should be stopped if such symptoms appear.:
- skin irritation (you need to wait until the redness passes and the inflammatory process is removed),
- an increase in the area of the rash (this most often indicates that the chosen treatment was ineffective),
- there was a recovery and the points were gone.
If the cat does not start acne, then it can be cured with cosmetics, for 7 days. If the undertaken medical actions did not bring the necessary result, and the quantity of black points - increased, it is necessary to show the pet to the veterinarian. Most likely the problem is physiological in nature and requires additional diagnosis and inpatient therapy.
Cat Acne Prevention
As a preventive measure, in order to prevent black spots in the cat's hair, it is advisable to feed the animal from a ceramic, glass or iron bowl. It is better to refuse plastic ware. It is necessary to take care of that the cat always had clean water. It needs to be changed at least once a day.
If your cat is too well-fed, review its diet. Food should be enriched with microelements and vitamins. Take care of the pet and then the black spots in the wool will not annoy you or him.
Why do cats have acne?
Like humans, the black spots in cats are clogged skin pores, in which the sebaceous glands produce too much sebum. They appear precisely on the chin and near the lips, because it is there that the hairs are the least and they are very short, which means that it is here that the sebaceous glands are best developed.
One of the reasons is the lack of proper level of hygiene. The fact is that it is the chin that is most often contaminated during meals, and the cat cannot wash it thoroughly, which leads to the appearance of inflammation.
True, pollution is not the only cause of acne in cats. Sometimes banal heredity is the culprit - then the mustache is tormented by such a problem since childhood, it is impossible to get rid of it, one can only underestimate the effect of such an innate feature.
In addition, acne on the chin can be alarming symptoms of diseases of the intestinal tract, liver and stomach, as well as immune or autonomic disorders.
What to do?
First of all, you need to monitor the purity of the bowl, it is important to exclude it from possible sources of the problem. It is better if the bowl is metal, glass and wide enough. As soon as you notice the first symptoms of acne, you need to fight them immediately, promptly starting treatment.
In principle, you can cope at home, however, this is a slow process that can take several weeks or even a month. To get rid of black spots, the affected surface must be cleaned with antiseptics, for example, chlorhexidine.
For a mild cleansing, you can try using anti-dandruff shampoos (of course, only on problem areas). Sometimes acne is additionally burned with iodine, however, the main thing is not to overdo it.
It is not recommended to squeeze out clogged pores on your own, as the animal is unlikely to tolerate such a procedure, which increases the risk of infection and aggravate the situation. As a rule, such treatment is quite enough. With more serious lesions, the animal is still better to show the vet, it is possible that he will prescribe a course of special preparations, of course, after passing a series of tests.
The cat has black spots on its chin, what is it?
Black dots on the chin.
Black spots are acne, a skin disease characterized by inflammation of the sebaceous glands, the manifestation of black spots on the chin of an animal.
The main factors of appearance:
- improper care,
- primary skin diseases
- congenital pathology of the genesis of the sebaceous glands,
- anomaly in the genesis of hair follicles,
- low immunity
- non-compliance with sanitary and hygienic norms during feeding.
It should be emphasized that there are no clear reasons for the development of the disease and this is an approximate list of factors.
Incorrect metabolic processes can cause the occurrence of black spots on the chin.
It is believed that the development of the disease associated with abnormal metabolic processes in the skin , with the formation of fats, amino acids, keratin. These components give the skin strength and elasticity. In a healthy organism, the upper stratum corneum is exfoliated, replaced by young cells.
In pathological processes of separation does not occur. Old, dead cells mix with new ones to form blackheads. Pathology development does not depend on the sex of the animal, its breed, age. The one-time occurrence of black spots is not dangerous, does not bring discomfort, passes independently, imperceptibly, however there are a number of cases of chronic disease progression, with possible complications in the form of a secondary infection.
Symptoms of black spots on the chin
The most pronounced symptom is redness of the skin.
Kamedony squeezed by the owner of the cat.
Next come the smaller eels, called comedones , have the appearance of a cone with a black top, gradually increasing in size. The tops of the cones can be white. This is due to the fact that the cork is deep inside, not having access to air.
Pile of comedones look like flakes of dirt on the animal's fur. Usually, the owner of the cat thinks it is dirt that looks like earth.
Lower jaw swells. In the neglected or severe form of leakage in the affected area appear pustules, skin nodes. There is pain, itching. The cat worries, shows nervousness, aggression, combing the chin area. In the inflamed area exuded purulent or blood crusts. Wool falls out.
Diagnose yourself is not possible.
The exact clinical picture will establish a veterinarian in the clinic. After a visual examination, the doctor prescribes a laboratory examination. A pet's skin is scraped, a fungal infection is analyzed, a biopsy is performed less frequently.
Allergy has similar symptoms with ACNE.
Necessary studies are conducted to exclude similar diseases: demodicosis, dermatophytosis, allergies, eosinophilic granulomas, scabies.
Treatment is carried out comprehensively, including local treatment, oral administration, injections, diet. For local processing apply:
- tar soap,
- medicated shampoo against seborrhea,
- tar shampoo,
- антисептические растворы – хлоргексидин, мирамистин,
- ватно-марлевая повязка с настойкой календулы,
Баночка с перекисью водорода.
С осторожностью рекомендовано для лечения применение hydrogen peroxide, salicylic alcohol, iodine . Perkutan is prescribed twice a day until the symptoms disappear. When purulent and blood crusts shows the use of external antibiotics - mupirocin, baktroban.
Antibiotics prescribed in the presence of a secondary infection. Severe inflammation is treated with a course of corticosteroids - prednisone. It is necessary to treat the prescription of vitamin supplements in the form of omega-3, omega-6 acids. The animal is kept on a low fat diet.
Additionally, you can apply the solution chlorophilipta or clotrimazole . Apply precisely on eels. After treatment with the above solutions, apply, without rubbing, sulfuric ointment. Home treatment requires some precautionary rules to be followed. In no case can not squeeze acne, they must go through the process of maturation and dissection on their own.
It is not recommended to brush with brush the place of defeat. It is forbidden to treat the entire surface - only pinouts.
With frequent wetting, skin will dry out and, as a result, a chemical burn. With extreme caution, use antiseptics such as alcohol, iodine, greens. Frequent use will lead to a larger area of localization of the rash.
Green can be replaced with an aqueous solution of methylene blue, which will remove irritation. Apply local products necessarily a thin layer. In some cases, it is necessary to interrupt treatment. Such cases include situations in which skin irritation is enhanced. Even with positive results of treatment, it is necessary to immediately discontinue therapy and allow irritation to occur, providing all measures for healing the epidermis.
When the acne-affected area only increases, not decreases. For several days it is worth stopping the intensive use of drugs. After some time, the treatment is resumed, but other drugs are used.
Folk medicine against black spots
The effect in the treatment of acne gives help folk remedies.
Well helps decoction of chamomile with calendula and furatsilina. To do this, mix the broth with two tablets of furatsilina, powdered, process the inflamed area twice a day.
Grass celandine used for lotions. It is required to take four spoons of chopped herbs, six glasses of water, boil for five minutes. Cool, strain. Grease the sore spot, make a lotion.
Fresh pumpkin is useful in use. You can apply a freshly cut piece to the affected area three times a day and lubricate it. Keep should be 3-5 minutes.
One teaspoon of chopped yarrow herb is poured with a glass of water, brewed. Strained and cooled to room temperature with a decoction process the affected rash area.
The complex of preventive measures includes several requirements that are available to everyone. It is unacceptable to use plastic dishes for feeding the animal. Many pets are sensitive to chemicals that can cause allergies and, as a result, acne. Over time, scratches form on the plastic, where food remains fall, forming a favorable environment for the reproduction of pathogens.
Bacterial infection on the chin.
It is necessary to keep the dishes clean of the animal. Otherwise there is a risk of infection. Water cat should be changed at least once or twice a day. Water should be clean, fresh, filtered.
Since the chin area is not available to the cat for licking, you should wipe it after each feeding.
If the cat has had ACNE, then the black spots may reappear due to the danger of relapse. It is recommended in such cases to treat wool with antiseptic solutions.
Animals that have experienced a single case of manifestation of the acne disease are prone to recurrence and relapse, so the risk zone should be treated with antiseptic solutions after eating.
Do not allow the weakening of the cat's body. Balanced diet, with the presence of nutrients saturated with vitamins, trace elements, omega-3, omega-6 fatty acids.
Limit the consumption of fatty foods to cats prone to the occurrence of the disease. Monitor the state of the animal, mood swings, signs of nervousness.
From the hypodermic tick, BRONTEL injections help the steeper, the wounds can be smeared slightly with sulfuric ointment, wearing a collar so as not to lick.
Black, acne removes apple cider vinegar, diluted in half with water, wipe. Vinegar is sold.
Acne, if there is irritation, wounds - wipe with 3% hydrogen peroxide, then smear with antibiotic ointment, gentomicin, syntomycin, can be tetracycline, it is good to sprinkle the wounds with a broken streptocide tablet, it is not bitter when licking.
Gentomicin, kantomitsin and other antibiotics with the end of "qing" negatively affect the hearing, both in humans and animals, it is better to consult with a veterinarian. I treat chlorhexidine to my cat, and if there are no open wounds, then they are dried with alum, and after a thin layer of levomekol, although it is bitter, it does not act negatively on hearing. Veterinarian better tell us how to use an antibiotic.
Aminoglycoside antibiotics have a negative effect on hearing only with intravenous infusion, intramuscular and subcutaneous injections or ingestion. Ointments act locally, therefore they will not act on the organs of hearing.
A broad-spectrum antibiotic with minimal harm to the body "amoksil" and "amoksil K".
Amoxil is a semisynthetic broad-spectrum anti-aminophenicillin antibiotic.
Suppresses the production of elements of the cell wall of bacteria.
Amoxil is prescribed:
with respiratory infections,
with infections of the genitourinary system,
with infections of the digestive tract,
with infections of the skin, soft tissues.
You can not assign Amoxil:
with allergies to medication components, allergic reactions to cephalosporins, penicillins or other beta-lactams in the past,
with cholestatic (caused by a violation of the outflow of bile) jaundice,
in cases of liver malfunction caused by taking amoxicillin in the past,
with infectious mononucleosis,
with lymphocytic leukemia.
This medicine is used with caution in case of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, pseudomembranous colitis in the past, liver failure, intake of anticoagulants, severe renal impairment.
In all cases of the use of medications you need to accurately calculate the dosage.
In case of acne, I would sprinkle a moist wound with amoxil crushed into powder and give by weight orally (taking the medication by mouth).
I applied amoxil to chlamydia conjunctivitis, rhinotracheitis, encephalitis, cystitis, purulent wounds to cats, 95-98% positive results
Who are we treating?
Skin diseases in cats have recently become often diagnosed, large-scale. An increasing number of owners notice problems with the skin, see a doctor. Skin diseases have a different nature, they look different. Selected illustrative photos, description of symptoms, the basics of treatment described in our article will help you not to miss the first important signs of disease.
There is a whole gamut of possible factors, due to which cats develop skin diseases. Hereditary, man-made, infectious, and many others. They lead to skin problems, which sometimes are so unexpressed, that many of our pets are suffering for a long time.
"Simple" skin diseases of cats
These include - acne, folliculitis, fungal otitis, ear mites, alopecia, parasites, allergic reactions. Let's take a closer look at each type of disease.
So called acne pet animals. Occurs more often on the chin. Looks like a bunch of black dots. Often, in advanced cases, a bacterial infection develops. The disease progresses, purulent inflammation appears. The causes of the development of the disease are varied - from poor nutrition to the symptom of any infection.
With improper care for your pet's ears, ticks begin to multiply at a furious pace. The disease manifests itself by scratching, an unpleasant smell from the ears, dark gray secretions. The skin of the ears reddens, the local temperature rises.
The rapid loss of wool. If the cat began to lose hair drastically, or an abnormally large number drops out during shedding, you should consult a specialist. Alopecia is a symptom of many diseases. The most common cause of its occurrence is skin parasites.
Small, nasty insects that feed on blood or the upper layer of the cat's epidermis. In advanced cases, you will absolutely see these parasites running through the fur of animals. The most tasty places for them are near the tail, the head. Spread the coat to the base and look closely. At an early stage, you can see accumulations of black matter near the skin - this is a waste product of fleas. The cat constantly itches, the hair falls out, the skin turns red, covered with wounds.
Arise in response to any irritant - food, natural, chemical. Food allergies are the most common - the cat combs its neck, head. Some breeds are prone to negative reactions to the flowering of certain plants. Many, especially young, animals are acutely responsive to bathing, haircut. To treat allergies, it is often enough to eliminate the allergen.
Tail gland hyperplasia
Increased secretion of this gland leads to excessive accumulation of sebaceous secretions. Standing out, it envelops the hairs at the point of growth, blocks their further development. As a result, the wool falls out, naked areas are formed. Treatment is reduced to the constant monitoring of the problem area, the cats are helped by castration.
Some older cats eventually develop thickening under the skin - isolated tumors. They can be easily removed surgically. Cats with white ears often suffer from a more dangerous variety - skin cancer. Manifested by a change in the appearance of a certain area of the skin, often visible darkening, skin roughness.
The causative agents of the disease are microscopic mold fungi. They love to feast on the top layer of skin. Veterinarians distinguish two types of parasites - microsporia, trichophytes. The external manifestations of the disease with both infections are similar, the only difference is in the occupied space. With microsporia, all integuments are affected by a pinch. When trichophytosis versicolor resembles an unsuccessful game of checkers - wool falls almost perfectly oval. Seen in the early stages of ringworm elementary treatment. The attending physician prescribes a special ointment.
Symptoms: hair loss on certain areas of the skin, peeling, the appearance of strange scales, sometimes purulent wounds. The cat may itch, but usually the lichen does not cause an itch.
A serious disease that microscopic mites cause. Very contagious, rapidly evolving. The main symptom is strong, permanent scabies, the skin is covered with red spots. It starts with the head, ears. Without treatment, it quickly captures the rest of the body, appearing consistently in the armpits, on the folds, at the base of the tail.
Here, too, two types of ticks are parasitic - some live in the hair follicles, others directly on the skin. And the most disgusting thing is that once a cat has recovered, it becomes a permanent source of invasion. The offspring obtained from such an animal is also likely to get sick. The fact is that these ticks are a kind of constant companion of cats. They live quietly, in a small amount, lead a quiet, inconspicuous life - and at some point something goes awry, demodecosis appears.
It develops more often in the warm season - that is why it is important to carry out preventive treatment against parasites on time. Do not neglect safety measures! Treatment comes down to treating the skin with special agents that kill ticks, soothe itching, and anti-inflammatory.
Factors predisposing to the appearance of demodicosis - improper feeding, maintenance, lack of a number of vitamins of group B, vitamin A, E, worms.
It develops as a result of the defeat of any part of the skin - infectious or local. High contamination of the skin, lack of grooming, infection with parasites, improperly chosen collar, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are possible causes of eczema. It may also occur if there are traumatic skin lesions - wounds, cuts, ulcers.
The main symptom of eczema is the weeping surface of the skin. The cat combs the affected area, there is redness, lumps on the skin. The general condition is changing: fever develops, the cat loses weight, kidney problems begin.
The veterinarian will, on the basis of a scraping from the skin, eliminate other skin diseases and prescribe antihistamines. It is not recommended to treat the kitty on its own, as any incorrect treatment can cause additional complications.
Local inflammation of the skin area. The main signs of the disease are redness, hyperemia, desquamation, the appearance of various spots. Protruding parts of the body - the paws, the ears, around the genitals - usually suffer. Dermatitis is the most extensive group of outdoor diseases. There are many types of illness, voiced them:
- Parasitic. Appears as a result of inadequate care of the animal's hair, ignoring prophylactic annual treatments. Is episodic.
- Miliary Specifically manifested by towering skin bumps. It develops against the background of major diseases.
- Traumatic. Due to the ingress of bacteria into the wound, decay, folliculitis development.
- Contact. Otherwise called allergic. Occurs as a result of contact of the cat with something that causes a similar reaction.
- Medication. As a result of taking a large dose of drugs, improper treatment.
Dermatitis is a dangerous, unpredictable manifestation. Untreated in time, they are capable of severely undermining the animal’s immune system.
Necrotic destruction of cat's skin due to prolonged lying in one place. Manifested by tissue necrosis, the death of skin cells. It is observed in sick animals, forced for a long time in one position. Symptoms: soreness when touched, lowering the temperature of the dying off area, discoloration, the appearance of ulcers. Prevention of the development of bedsores is simple - often turn the pet in the postoperative period, do not let us sit on the injured limb for a long time. Treatment is reduced to the treatment of wounds, dressings, removal of dead tissue.
Concomitant viral infections
Some feline diseases cause skin problems. For example, when leukemia integuments are affected especially strongly - abscesses, neoplasms, wounds appear. Immunodeficiencycats causes chronic otitis media with damage to the skin of the ears; numerous pustules appear on the body (vesicles with pus). Calicivirus infection causes skin lesions around the nose.
It is important to promptly seek help from a veterinarian to determine the cause of the appearance of skin disease. The specialist will determine the main cause of the sore, prescribe adequate therapy.
What is acne
Acne is the scientific name for blackheads, and you can also call them acne (acne), since it is them. If you notice a dark rash in your pet, make sure that it is acne. After all, the parasite feces and dried droplets of blood look identical. First try to remove the dots, if you do not succeed, then it is acne. Also pay attention to the localization of black dots. Most eels love to "settle" on the chin, and the waste products of insects can be found on any part of the body of the animal. Although, if the case is neglected, the black spots in the fur of the cat may be in other places:
- inner thighs
- elbow bends,
Localization can be observed even in the anus. If the rash is multiple pussy should be shown to the doctor.
In addition to the notorious black dots, other symptoms accompany skin disease:
- skin reddens
- small acne appears (then they become more, they increase in size).
Another pet may behave restlessly, itch. After all, education hurt and itch. Consider making an accurate diagnosis - the work of a veterinarian. To determine the nature of the rash can only qualified person. In this case, the diagnosis is an important factor. After all, according to the results of the study, black grains on the face of a cat may turn out to be traces of fungus activity, parasites, and even a skin biopsy. Also, inspection excludes the presence of diseases similar in symptoms:
- eosinophilic granuloma.
If you see a cat with black dots in the coat, there are corks in your skin in front of you, clogged with lard. In this sense, all animals have, like ours.
Causes of black spots
Причина локализации угрей на подбородке в особенностях шерстяного покрова зверька. Подбородок – это одно из самых свободных от шерсти мест на теле животного, поэтому сальных желез, провоцирующих появление высыпаний, там много. Among other things - this part of the body is often contaminated during meals, which is only on hand to the glands.
However, if the cat has black dots around the mouth, do not immediately blame the dirt. A lot of clean pets that receive proper care suffer from heredity. If your pet caught up with such an individual feature, do not worry. Although acne and not treated, their manifestations can be kept under control using hygiene products.
Also, black dots in the mouth of a cat can pour out for the following reasons:
- hormone failure
- eating disorder,
- problems with the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, liver,
- vegetative and immune disorders.
Black grains of a cat in the ears speak of poor care. In the normal state, the body produces sulfur in small quantities. Normally, sulfur does not interfere with the normal functioning of the sebaceous glands, but it tends to accumulate, causing malfunction of the glands and, as a result, the appearance of acne. This is especially true for breeds with large, open ears. It is remarkable, but excessive care can also lead to the formation of points. If you thoroughly clean the ears of your pet, the glands may begin to secrete sulfur in duplicate to restore the protective layer.
If the cat has black dots in the fur, and she wears a collar, it may be an accessory. In this case, it may be an allergy to the material of the collar, irritation, or insufficient air flow to the skin.
Among other things, black spots in the mouth of a cat can cause stress, poor care of dishes, and allergies to the filler. More rashes can occur due to contact dermatitis, other skin diseases that provoke an increased release of fat.
As you can see, there are many reasons and to identify the source of the problem, you should contact the veterinarian.
Which cats and cats are more prone to black spots?
Most often, pet acne is more concerned about the owner than the animal. But if the ailment is in the acute stage, the mustache may feel irritation and itching, creating discomfort.
The black spots of a cat on the lips can occur at any time, regardless of age, breed or gender. Have castrated and sterilized pets more likely to avoid the appearance of points, but they are not fully insured.
If you decide to rid your pet of acne yourself, follow the simple rules that help speed recovery:
- Do not use brushes to brush the damaged surface.
- Do not often and abundantly lubricate the affected area, this leads to drying out of the skin.
- If you use iodine, brilliant green or alcohol-containing liquids for the treatment of black spots for a long time, you can provoke an increase in the secretion of the sebaceous glands. As a result - a new blockage and diffuse spread of rash your pet is provided. If the cat has black dots on its nose, instead of brilliant green you can take a water-based methylene blue. She has the same healing properties, but she will not cause irritation.
- If you apply ointment, then apply it with a thin layer. Otherwise, the skin will not breathe, which will lead to another surge of dermatitis.
In conclusion, I would like to give you advice - if you have found black dots in a cat, show it to the vet. After all, most of the skin diseases associated with the problems of internal organs. Suddenly your pet has liver problems or a digestive tract. In this case, it will not be possible to limit one ointment or lotion.
- Black dots of the cat on the lips can be cleaned with a decoction of yarrow.
- Well helps broth celandine. They rub the affected areas and make lotions.
- Some people treat acne in animals with pumpkin. To do this, take a fresh cut of the pumpkin and they are greased point. The procedure must be repeated three times a day. Every time you need to use a fresh cut.
- Not bad proved a decoction of calendula with chamomile flowers, mixed with two tablets furatsilina. It is recommended to apply means twice a day.
You can still treat the black spots on the cat's face with chlorophyllipt or clotrimazole 1%. Means do not rub, being limited to dot drawing. Sulfuric ointment is applied over the drug.
Treatment with any drugs and means should be discontinued in the following cases:
- Seen skin irritation. To treat a cat with black dots around the mouth, you must wait until the skin heals. After all, you can only influence the holistic cover.
- Expansion of the rash area. This indicates treatment failure.
- Acne disappeared due to recovery.
If the cat has black dots on the nose, the reason may be hiding in the pot. This is especially true when using plastic. Change your pet bowl. If we talk about the material, then fit ceramics, glass, iron. Do not forget to change the water animal, it should be done at least once a day.
If your pet is prone to completeness, think about his diet. Do not forget to strengthen the immunity of a small predator with vitamins and microelements. And if your cat is dirty, feel free to wash your pet.
A little care and about the black dots of the cat can be forgotten.
Any questions? You can ask them to staff the vet of our site, which will respond to them as soon as possible, in the comments field below.