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The gorse is a shrub or liana plant belonging to the legume family. It grows in North America, Europe and some regions of Asia. Creeping on the soil or erect stems can reach 50-120 centimeters in length, they are covered with hairs.

The leaves have short petioles and an extended lanceolate form. The flowers are located at the ends of the stems and form racemes, they are painted in a bright yellow shade. Fruits are elongated, flat, naked beans. This plant blooms in June and July. The most common and popular species is the dyer's gibe, which is used to make paint.

The composition of the gorse includes a variety of substances, including alkaloids, saponins, tannins, organic acids, essential oils, resins, glycosides, flavonoids, calcium, silicon, manganese, phosphorus, potassium and ascorbic acid.

The collection of raw materials is carried out in the period of early flowering, when the gorse has young shoots and flowers. All ground parts are harvested, they are cut and dried naturally or in a dryer. You can apply and roots that are dug in early autumn. Fruits and their seeds are not used.

We list the beneficial properties of the plant:

  • Gorse has an astringent effect, which helps to stop bleeding and accelerate wound healing.
  • This plant has pronounced antiseptic and antibacterial properties that suppress the activity of pathogenic microorganisms.
  • This is an excellent general tonic that promotes rapid recovery from past illnesses or heavy loads.
  • The gorse is useful for the body, as it helps to strengthen the defenses, normalize the immune system, as well as increase resistance to attacks of fungi and viruses.
  • The plant has an analgesic effect, due to which it can be used for rheumatism, headaches, muscle spasms.
  • Gorse dilates blood vessels and increases blood pressure.
  • The herb has a pronounced choleretic effect and normalizes digestion, stimulating intestinal peristalsis and gently relieving constipation.
  • The plant is good for the liver, as it cleanses it of toxins and contributes to the restoration of this organ.
  • The gorse is used in folk medicine as a soft diuretic, which removes excess fluid and eliminates edema.
  • The herb is good for bones and joints: it strengthens them and helps restore mobility.
  • The application is useful in diseases of the thyroid gland, accompanied by an increase in its functions, as well as inflammatory processes.
  • Gorse can be used for respiratory diseases, for example, for bronchial asthma and bronchitis.
  • Properties are manifested when the plant is used externally and help to cope with dermatological diseases.

In what cases can a gorse harm?

First of all, it is worth mentioning contraindications, which include coronary heart disease, hypertension, individual hypersensitivity and periods of lactation and pregnancy. You also need to remember that the plant is poisonous and contains toxic substances, the concentration of which is highest in the seeds.

For this reason, when applying the gorse, it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage and use caution: abuse will increase the risk of poisoning and intoxication of the body. And with external use is likely to develop allergic reactions.

Excessive doses or prolonged use may cause side effects: dizziness, pain in the head and abdomen, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting.

Application

Gorse is actively used in traditional medicine. Consider several products based on this plant:

  1. For prevention, you can use tea, for the preparation of which you need half a teaspoon of dried raw materials, pour a glass of boiling water. Let the drink stand for fifteen minutes, cool it a little and drink at one time or divided into two.
  2. For diseases of the joints and organs of the respiratory system, it is recommended to use infusion. Four tablespoons of raw materials are poured with a liter of freshly boiled water. The container is tightly closed with a lid, and the agent is infused for two or three hours, after which it is filtered and taken one or two tablespoons three times a day.
  3. For external use recommended decoction. Make it simple: three tablespoons of dried shoots and flowers pour three cups of boiling water. Put the container on the fire, boil the product for ten minutes, let it cool and strain. Use a decoction in the form of compresses or lotions.
  4. Used tincture. Pour 30-40 g of raw material with a liter of vodka, leave for two weeks, sometimes shake. After straining, take 20 or 30 drops after a meal three times a day.

Interestingly: in the regions where the gorse grows, the plant is used in cooking and is pickled. The taste of such young shoots with flowers resemble capers.

Health to you! And a gorse can help strengthen it.

Harvesting and storage of droge dyeer

As a medicinal herb used and harvested the ground top of the branches of the drog dye, as well as its flowers. Also for the manufacture of natural medicines for the treatment of various diseases and roots are used.

Harvest medicinal raw materials exclusively during the flowering period. The collected medicinal material is dried in the shade, avoiding direct sunlight, or under a canopy, in the open air (can be drafted), in well-ventilated dry rooms, or in special dryers. But in this case, you should carefully monitor that the temperature in the dryer does not exceed 45-50 degrees.

The term storage of medicinal material drog dye 12 months. Store well-dried leaves, as well as the flowers of the plant should be in clean cardboard boxes with lids, or bags of natural fabrics, in dry, well-ventilated areas, where there are no sharp third-party odors.

Composition and curative properties of dye drow

  1. In traditional medicine, drugs made on the basis of the dye-broom in the territory of the CIS countries are not used. But, for example, in the United States drugs from the gorse are used as part of the traditional complex therapy, which is prescribed for the treatment of malignant tumors, mainly the intestinal tract.
  2. In folk healers, wildcore dyeing is often used as the main component of drugs for the treatment of almost all thyroid diseases, as well as a measure for the prevention of endocrinological diseases.
  3. Aqueous preparations made from the extract of this medicinal plant are used as a means that promotes the effective expansion of blood vessels, as well as products that have a strong antibacterial effect.
  4. As an external medicinal product, alcoholic infusions and water decoctions from the dye-broom are used in certain dermatological diseases. Crushed fresh leaves, as well as the green fruits of this medicinal plant are used to remove hardened calluses and warts.
  5. And the essence of freshly harvested gorse dam shoots is used as a natural plant antibiotic.
  6. Infusions, as well as decoction of the woodclad dyer have a strong diuretic, as well as a laxative effect, reduce the uterus muscle. In folk medicine, they are used as an effective treatment for uterine bleeding in gynecology.
  7. Drugs based on gland and in inflammatory processes in the kidneys, liver and gall bladder, in chronic diseases of the respiratory tract, such as chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma, are used.

With aching joint pains (external use only)

3 tbsp. chopped dry leaves of the dorber dye pour 500 g of water, bring to a boil and then leave on low heat, preferably in an enamel bowl, for 30 minutes. After the expiration of the required time, turn off the fire completely and insist on the broth for another 1 hour. After that, the decoction should be drained. Gauze, or a piece of fabric made from natural fibers, must be moistened in cooked broth, not too tightly pressed and applied to the aching joint for a period of not more than 1 hour. Such compresses on aching aching joints can be done no more than 3 times per 24 hours.

Laxative

1st.l. seeds of gorse dye (without top!) pour 200 ml of boiling water and infuse for about 5 hours in a closed enamel (you can glass) dishes. After the expiration of this time, the infusion should be thoroughly drained. Drink prepared in such a way therapeutic infusion should be during the day. But at one time should drink no more than 3 tbsp. infusion!

With hypotension, depression and obesity

Prepare a decoction of the ground part of this medicinal plant - 3 tbsp. dry medicinal raw materials without top to fill in 200 ml. boiling water and soak in a constantly boiling water bath for about 15 minutes. Allow to cool and then strain thoroughly. Add to cooked broth 2 tsp. natural liquid fresh honey and take on 1st.l. 3 times a day for 20-30 minutes before meals.

With dermatological diseases (lichen, scrofula)

4 tbsp. crushed leaves and flowers of the dork drow pour 1 liter of boiled hot water and leave for about 1 hour. After this, the infusion should be filtered through several layers of natural fabric and poured into a bath with warm water. The temperature of the water in the medical bath should not exceed 37 degrees. The duration of such a treatment bath becomes 20 minutes no more than 1 time per week.

Diuretic, laxative, choleretic

1st.l. crushed dry leaves of the gorse drowning poured with 500 ml of cold water. Bring to a boil and cook over low heat in a tightly closed enamel bowl for 20 minutes. Allow to cool (about 40 minutes) and only after that strain. Take 65-70 g (1/3 cup) 2 times a day, regardless of the meal.

Gout

Mix in equal parts such herbs as: tricolor violet grass, leaves and flowers of the dorothrose, nettle leaves, and birch buds. 1 tbsp. chopped herb pour 200 ml boiling water, insist in a tightly closed glass container for 15 minutes and then strain. On the day, take an infusion of 2 cups a day prepared this way. They should be divided into 3 doses before meals (approximately 130 ml). The course of treatment is 1 month.

To remove calluses and warts

50 g of crushed dried flowers and fresh fruits of dorber drowned pour 0.5 liters of vodka or moonshine and insist in a tightly sealed container for 7 days. Alcoholic infusion is used for lotions on sore spots. But before applying healthy areas of the skin, it is necessary to glue the adhesive tape to prevent this infusion from falling on healthy areas of the skin. The course of treatment becomes 7 days. For external use only!

Contraindications

The healing properties of this medicinal plant have been little studied, so in traditional medicine the dyer's dyer is not used in its pure form. This plant is very poisonous, therefore, when taking medications based on this medicinal plant, it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage prescribed by a specialist and carry out the treatment only under the supervision of a physician.

You can not take drugs on the basis of the gorse dye pregnant women for any period, patients with coronary heart disease, as well as people who suffer from arterial hypertension. You can not take drugs on the basis of this plant for people with high blood pressure.

General information

This plant belongs to the genus Lesbian, to the family of legumes and to the submortal moth. It is attributed to legumes because of the shape of its fruits, and to Motylkovs - because of the shape of its flowers, resembling the wings of a miniature butterfly. The peculiarity of dye-broom is its unique polymorphism. This means that depending on the environmental conditions, weather and climatic conditions, as well as the range of growth, its leaf shape, size, hair pubescence, bush form may differ, although all these variations will be the same species. From its unchanged qualities it is possible to name the period of flowering, which falls on the beginning of summer and lasts until the last days of July. The fruits also ripen at one time, approximately 30-45 days after the flowers wither.

Description of the drow drow

Regardless of growing conditions, this plant is a grassy shrub with thin long stems of rich green color. Their length varies from 60 to 170 cm. Gorse stalks may be erect or inclined to the ground, bare or slightly pubescent. Its leaves are also bright green, not large, thin, up to 25 mm long, lanceolate, alternate, growing on very short petioles or directly on the stem.

It is always very original and spectacular look bright yellow flowers dyer gorse. They, as mentioned above, resemble a small moth, folded wings. Flowers are located at the top of the stems, forming multiple loose brush. Like all members of the family of legumes, the fruit of the drocque is a bean. In shape, it is slightly curved, linear, not pubescent, two-fold. People call it a pod. Inside are shiny, dark, almost black seeds.

Growing area

Remarkable plant gorse dyeing quite unpretentious. It feels good in hot and temperate climates, does not suffer from the sun and infertility of the soil. The only thing he doesn’t like is the swampiness of the terrain, so there is no way to find it on the banks of the rivers. The gorse is spread quite widely. It can be found throughout Europe, from the Mediterranean to Scandinavia. It can be seen in the Caucasus and Central Asia, in Turkey and in the Caucasus. In Russia, the gorse grows in the temperate zone of the European part, in the Urals and in Western Siberia. He likes to settle on the edges of the forest, on the slopes of hills, in glades, among dense bushes, preferring sandy or limestone soils.

Chemical composition

The curative properties of a dye-broom are based on the substances contained in its root and terrestrial parts. Found in the plant:

  • flavonoids,
  • tar,
  • methylcytizine,
  • cytisine,
  • thyroxin
  • saponins
  • tannins,
  • essential oil (although a little, just from 0.02% to 0.04%),
  • organic acids
  • pigments genistein and luteolin,
  • vitamin C,
  • trace elements (phosphorus, barium, potassium, manganese, silicon, calcium).

It is important to remember that all parts of the gorse, especially the seeds, are poisonous.

Useful properties for people

The use of crayfish dye in broths and infusions can have the following therapeutic effects:

  • vasodilator
  • antibacterial,
  • tonic,
  • choleretic
  • hemostatic,
  • laxative.

Folk healers use gorse to treat malaria, asthma, hepatitis, rheumatism, constipation, uterine bleeding, herpes, scrofula, hypotension, gout, externally to remove warts and corns.

In America, in official medicine, this miraculous plant is used for the treatment of cancer. In our country, such methods are unpopular, but the dying drow with hypothyroidism is widely used. Reviews about the treatment of this grass are very good. People note that their well-being improves markedly, and the effectiveness of treatment is confirmed by analysis.

Some recipes

With constipation. 1 dessert without a hill, pour a spoonful of beans (seeds) with boiling water (one cup) and leave for at least 5 hours, then strain gently. Take the drug in small doses throughout the day.

With obesity. Dried stems and leaves (and flowers) can be crushed, take 3 tablespoons without a hill, put them in an enameled mug, pour boiling water and place in a water bath, where to withstand at least a quarter of an hour. Cool it down. Strain. Add a little honey (about 2 spoons) and use this tool three times a day, no more than a tablespoon about half an hour before the start of the meal.

When hypothyroidism. Drock Dye is widely used to treat this disease. We give two recipes.

  1. Tea. The dry crushed raw materials prepared from land parts of a plant to take in quantity of a teaspoon without a hill. Pour cold water (glass) and place on the stove. As the water with the grass boils, turn off, let stand a little and strain. Drink two very small sips during the day.
  2. Decoction (advised by patients). A teaspoon without a slide pour 100 ml of boiling water and leave to infuse for 2 hours. Strain. Drink three dessert spoons three times a day.

Outwardly (to get rid of corns). They prepare an alcohol tincture, for which they take fresh stems, flowers, green pods of a doroth, pour vodka and insist for a week. Before applying the prepared means to the corn, you need to glue the plaster to nearby areas of the body so as not to injure them.

Outwardly (for compresses with sore joints). Three tablespoons or four dessert spoons of dry grass gorse pour 500 ml of water and put on the stove. Boil. Reduce heat and simmer for half an hour. Insist another 60 minutes. Strain.In the resulting tool you need to moisten a rag or gauze, slightly squeeze, attach to the joint, cover with polyethylene and woolen on top. Keep no more than an hour.

Procurement rules

On what part of the plant you plan to use, depends on the time of harvesting. Thus, the ground part (stems, leaves) can be collected throughout the growing season, while the drowning dye is green, fresh and juicy. Flowers harvested from mid-June until the end of flowering. Roots and fruits harvested in the fall.

The assembled parts (except the roots) are placed in a ventilated place, where the sun's rays do not fall, and dried until ready. The roots are pre-washed. The finished raw material is folded in a glass or cardboard container with a lid and stored no more than one year.

Botanical characteristic of the dye-broom

Gorse is a low shrub of the legume family. Its erect or creeping stems reach a length of 30–150 cm and each of them is covered with adherent hairs. The leaves of the lanceolate form have short petioles, and yellow flowers are collected on the tops of the stems in thick brushes. The period of flowering plants - from June to July, the fruits ripen in August and September. Fruits are flat bare beans up to three cm long, the seeds of an elliptical shape are colored dark brown.

The gorse grows in the European part of Russia, in the Caucasus, in Western Siberia and Central Asia, preferring sandy or calcareous soils on hillsides, dry forests and pine forests. The plant is light-loving and drought-resistant, hardly tolerates waterlogging and severe frosts.

Useful properties of a gorse

The healing properties of the gorse have long been known in folk medicine, for medicinal purposes they collect flowers, roots and grass of the plant. The above-ground part is usually harvested during the flowering of the gorse, the roots are dug out in the fall. Drying is carried out on the street under shady canopies or in rooms with free access to air. Shelf storage period - 1 year. For drying, you can also use special dryers with an optimal temperature range of 45–50 ° C.

The gorse dyer is used as a hemostatic, choleretic, tonic, vasodilator and antibacterial agent. The plant contains alkaloids, essential oil, glycosides, tannins, flavonoids, organic acids. The flowers contain coloring pigments - luteolin and genistein.

Gorse Flowers

The gorse becomes more and more popular in ornamental horticulture, while garden forms differ from wild-growing counterparts in the height of the bush, the direction of growth of the stems and the presence of terry flowers. This drought-resistant plant is used in landscaping alone and in groups, it is often planted on rocky areas and slopes, on alpine hills and curbs.

The gorse is also notable for the fact that a once-lasting yellow dye was once obtained from its flowers, which was used to dye wool and linen fabrics. Of particular importance was the paint in the manufacture of carpets, it was used for dyeing carpet yarns. Hence the name of the plant - "drok dye". Gorse shoots are not a bad material for floristic compositions, although it belongs to a group of small plants.

Gorse yellow

This low nekolyuchy shrub grows up to 1 meter. It has thin, weakly branched shoots covered with oblong leaves (up to 2.5 cm long). The flowers are yellow, odorless, collected in the apical brush. Duration of flowering is 40-60 days, the fruits ripen in early autumn. The fruit is an oblong and laterally compressed bean, up to three cm long. The yellow gorse loves sunny places and barren calcareous soils. It grows in pine forests, steppes, cuttings and meadows. Plant propagated by cuttings and seeds.

Gorse is commonly used in folk medicine as a medicinal plant. Decoctions and infusions of it have choleretic, tonic, antibacterial, soothing and hemostatic properties. With the help of the infusions of ferment, diseases of the thyroid gland, uterine bleeding, malaria, rheumatism, ringworm, furunculosis, diseases of the liver and urinary tract, arthritis, gout are treated.

From the roots make diuretics to relieve swelling of the heart and kidney origin. Broth root helps in the deposition of salts in the joints. With the help of fresh leaves and flowers, dry warts and corns are removed.

Gorse Spanish

The birthplace of this type of gorse is the rocky mountain slopes in Spain and France, from where it was brought to Russia. This is a perennial shrub with straight and prickly stems at the base, the height of which can reach two to three meters. Small leaves about 1 cm long fit closely to the rounded stems. During the flowering period, bright yellow large flowers (more than 1 cm) form apical inflorescences. Spanish gorse grows well and blooms on any drained soils in a sunny place.

In terms of its therapeutic effect, this species is similar to dying drow, therefore it is also used in homeopathy and traditional medicine. Broths, infusions and ointments from it are effective in treating the thyroid gland, salt deposition, bone fractures, rheumatism, gout. Components of the gorse are included in hemorrhoids suppositories. It is used in bronchial asthma, ringworm, furunculosis, arthritis.

For skin diseases (boils, scrofula, lichen), an infusion of herbs can be applied externally - in the form of local baths and wiping. Well helps gorse with warts and dry calluses. Herbal preparations are also used as an antibacterial, diuretic, choleretic and tonic.

Thistle

This thorny shrub is used to fill stony and sandy soils and as a hedge. It grows well in sunny or slightly shaded areas. The gorse has yellow flowers and prickly at the base of the branch, its height reaches 60 cm. Almost every shoot ends with a brush of flowers up to 5–7 cm long. The fruits ripen in early October, and until the onset of frost shoots continue to grow.

The gorse is scratchy in its chemical composition and effects on the human body is similar to dyeing gorse, so it is also used in traditional medicine. For medicinal purposes, collect grass, flowers, leaves and roots of the plant. Broths and infusions of prickly gorse are used as a blood-purifying, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, choleretic and diuretic agent.

Preparation of raw materials

The raw materials for the preparation of healing agents are the leaves, flowers and rhizomes of the plant in question. Harvest all parts of the gorse is necessary during the flowering period. Inflorescences are harvested separately from other ground parts. Collection of rhizomes is recommended at the beginning of the autumn period. The rhizomes are dug, washed, cut into small pieces and dried in a room with sufficient ventilation, or in a special dryer at a temperature not exceeding fifty degrees.

Properly harvested raw material has a green color. It is poured into cardboard boxes or canvas bags and placed in storage in a dry room with good ventilation. Recommend storing raw gorse separately. Duration of storage and use of blanks - a year.

Composition and use

The widespread use of the gorse is determined by the chemical composition and unique pharmacological properties. The plant contains a fairly large number of useful and healing substances:

  • alkaloids,
  • cytisine,
  • methylcytine,
  • Sparteina,
  • glycosides,
  • tannins,
  • flavonoids,
  • organic acids
  • triterpenic saponins,
  • bitter substances
  • essential oils
  • mucus
  • mineral salts
  • dyes.

Due to this composition, the plant has a mass of healing properties. The following effects are known on the basis of the plant in question: a diuretic, choleretic, laxative, blood purifying, analgesic, lactogonic, antibacterial, tonic, hemostatic, immunostimulating, tonic, antineoplastic and anthelmintic.

Medicinal formulations of the dye-broom promote:

  • suppression of growth and reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms,
  • immunity,
  • relief of pain,
  • minimization of inflammatory processes,
  • dilation of blood vessels
  • stopping bleeding,
  • normalization of metabolism
  • to prevent the development of tumors,
  • treatment of intestinal cancer, edema, asthma, migraine, rickets, psoriasis, diathesis, arthritis, rheumatism, pyoderma, atopic dermatitis, furunculosis, scrofula, depriving.

Gout: Herbal Therapy

Mix in equal ratios of leaves and flowers of gorse with three-colored violet, nettle and birch buds. All components must be dried and crushed. Stock twenty grams of raw materials in three hundred milliliters of boiling water. Let the composition stand for half an hour. Drink ½ cup of the filtered drug three times a day.

Treatment of hepatitis and cirrhosis infusion

Combine in equal proportions the leaves of the gorse with the letter, centaury, eyebright, blue cornflower, horse chestnut, hop seedlings, graviato, corn stigmas and rosehips. Pair half a liter of freshly boiled water with a spoonful of raw materials. Remove the container with heat for two hours. Use 100 ml of the filtered medication twice a day.

Growing conditions

The gorse grows in the countries of Baltic, in the south of Russia, in the Crimea. It is distributed throughout Europe and Asia. It can be found everywhere where dry sandy and consequently infertile soil prevails. No winter frost and periods of severe drought plant are not terrible. The gorse is able to quickly recover from growing in bad conditions.

Useful properties of dye gum

The gorse dyer has a number of useful properties. This is the basis of its widespread use in traditional medicine. All flowers, roots and stems of the plant are usually used for treatment. Drok Dyeer has many useful qualities and has the following effects:

  • choleretic
  • hemostatic,
  • vasodilator
  • tonic,
  • antibacterial.

What does gorse cure for?

The gorse dyer is taken in the form of infusions and herbal decoctions. The infusion must be prepared from this calculation: for 2 cups of boiling water there is one tablespoon of herbs. The tool a couple of hours infused and taken in the exact dosage of one tablespoon 3 times a day. Its use for therapeutic purposes is quite widespread.

The aboveground part of the plant is used to treat a variety of diseases. Among them:

  • severe furunculosis,
  • rheumatism,
  • frequent cystitis
  • hepatitis,
  • allergic dermatitis,
  • child rickets.

Infusions and decoctions of this shrub have some tonic properties. Essential oils and tannins, which it contains, have a very good and relaxing effect on the body. That is why often such infusions are used for aromatherapy sessions.

The plant is widely used for the treatment of edema of different origin, for fractures, strong salt deposits. This infusion helps with some diseases related to the thyroid gland, as well as with bronchial asthma. Yellow flowers and specific seeds of gorse in some countries are used even for complex treatment of venereal diseases and malignant tumors. Their use is fully justified.

The gorse dyeing is often used in dermatology. Fresh leaves are well help quickly get rid of corns and all kinds of warts. The plant is used even in the treatment of diseases such as jaundice and malaria. Its roots help well in salt diathesis and constipation. However, you should always remember that whatever additional funds are used to treat certain diseases, you should always consult your doctor. After all, self-healing, you can not help yourself, but rather cause irreparable harm to the body. Then we will talk about the elimination of complications from taking decoctions from the gorse.

Main contraindications

The gorse dyer has several direct contraindications for use for the complex treatment of certain diseases. This plant is considered poisonous, so when it is taken it is necessary to strictly observe the specified dosage. Categorical contraindications are:

  • pregnancy,
  • high blood pressure,
  • coronary heart disease,
  • chronic kidney and liver diseases. In such cases, herbs can cause irreparable harm to the body. After all, such infusions are a supporting factor of treatment, but not the main drug.

If overdose occurs with a gambler, then such signs of poisoning may appear:

  • dizziness,
  • Strong headache,
  • nausea,
  • indomitable vomiting.

When such symptoms occur, the use of a plant is strictly prohibited. After all, if you do not stop taking it on time, the consequences can be dire. Therefore, it is necessary to observe the exact dosage of broth for each individual case.

In any case, before starting treatment with such a plant, it is better to consult with your doctor, who will help you choose the correct dosage. Only after that you can take a decoction, without worrying about possible adverse reactions. But it should be remembered that folk remedies are not a panacea in the treatment of most diseases. They can be considered only as additional supporting means, but not as the basis of the entire therapeutic process.

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