Flowers are given on special occasions, and often without them, just to cheer up someone's mood. They are decorated with rooms for celebrations and gifts. However, fresh flowers tend to fade quickly.
In addition, dried flowers are inexpensive, but no less an excellent alternative to a live bouquet. Lavender and roses, for example, preserve their fragrance for a long time, delighting you, your loved ones and guests.
In this article we will tell you how to preserve the memory of a wonderful moment for a long time, having dried the flowers, decorating the celebration of soul and heart.
Herbarium do it yourself
Dry in the air
Drying flowers in the air is one of the easiest and least expensive ways to keep flowers in the form as close as possible to the original. To do this, do not need special devices, devices or substances.
It is enough to cut the flower that you want to dry if it grows in your garden, or cut the stem to the length you need if it is in a vase on your table. Remove the spines and leaves from the bottom of the stem, tie the twigs in one bunch so that the buds do not spoil or deform. Hang the bouquet in a well-ventilated area, away from sunlight, otherwise the flowers will simply burn out.
The whole process can take from several days, so please be patient and the result will amaze you. However, it is worth remembering that the flower will lose in the ode and will be less than about two times, as well as lose its original light. However, do not be upset - their vintage look will give your product a highlight.
Drying flowers in the microwave is currently the newest, fastest and efficient way. One of its main advantages is that the color and shape of the flower remain virtually unchanged. He retains his former beauty. However, it is worth remembering that this method is not suitable for small delicate flowers.
In order to dry the flower in the microwave, you will need either a small amount of silica gel or cat litter crystals. Place the silica gel or crystals in a dish that can be used for microwave heating. Make a small notch in them with your finger, put a bud in it and carefully fill it with crystals as much as possible.
After that, turn on the microwave for 1-2 minutes. Check the flower every 30 seconds until it is completely dry. Leave the flower with the crystals to cool. Carefully remove the flower from the crystals and enjoy the result. Most flowers dry out within 1-3 minutes. Remember that the juicier the petals, the more time they need.
Way for the lazy
For especially lazy beauty lovers, there is a way to dry flowers, which does not require much effort. Hydrangea, for example, is ideal for this purpose. Cut the stem of a hydrangea with a bud, on the length that is needed. Cutting is when the petals feel like paper to the touch.
Put the stems in a vase with a small amount of water, and wait until the water evaporates. At first it may seem that the flower loses its original beauty, but do not forget that it dries out, and it is normal that it changes shape and color. A few weeks later, use them as decoration, or just leave them standing in a vase.
Dry under the pressure
It should be warned that this method is not suitable for drying flowers with bulky buds, if you want to keep their shape - they simply become flat. The ideal choice would be chamomiles, dandelions, carnations and other flowers, which are not strongly deformed under the pressure, but the final decision is yours.
In order to dry the flowers under pressure and preserve their beauty, collect healthy plants without spots and damage. It is best to cut them off on a sunny day, if it has not been raining for some time, so that there are no drops of water or dew on the petals.
Cover the flower with parchment paper or baking paper and place it face down in some thick, heavy book. It is desirable that this was a telephone directory. After that, leave the flower under the press for 7-10 days, sometimes checking the result, if desired.
Flowers as a gift
Dry with silica gel
This method is ideal for drying large, whole flowers. Initially, for traditional drying, salt and sand were used. However, these materials are more difficult to clean, the process takes from 6 to 8 weeks, and the result is always unpredictable.
Nowadays, instead of sand and salt, silica gel is used - transparent or white crystals, sometimes with blue patches. It allows you to dry a flower in a few days, keeping its original color and shape to the maximum. Often, plants dried with silica gel look almost like freshly harvested ones.
Silica gel absorbs the liquid from the plant, and the blue crystals turn pink, signaling that the maximum amount of liquid has gone out of it. The process should take place in an airtight container.
In addition, silica gel can be reused - for this it only needs to be thoroughly dried. To do this, the used crystals must be placed on a baking sheet and sent to the oven, preheated to 210 degrees Celsius. When the crystals turn blue again, they can be reused.
How to keep flowers
Another traditional method is water drying. It sounds very contradictory, but this method allows you to freely preserve the shape and color of the plant. It is great for flowers with a strong stem and for those that you want to keep this stem.
In order for the process to be successful, you need some vessel, a deep plate or a container. Pour the minimum amount of water on the bottom and place your flower there. Over time, the water begins to evaporate, and the flowers will dry out without a special load on them, keeping their color and shape. This may take about 1-2 weeks.
In order to dry the flowers in the oven, the temperature should be low - no more than 38 º C, otherwise they will simply burn and lose their beauty. People use this method ever since they invented the oven, because it is very convenient and does not require additional costs.
It is good in that it will save you if there is no place for drying in the air in your house, or if you need to dry something in a short time. You can also resort to it for a kind of safety net. If you are not sure that when drying in air or in water, all the moisture has come out of the flower, and it will not be covered with mold, put it in the oven - this gives one hundred percent result.
To do this, you need to set the temperature in the oven to 38 º C, and slightly open the door so that the excess moisture can easily come out. Lay the flowers or petals in one layer on baking paper and place the baking tray in the oven.
Watch the process and turn the flowers every 15 minutes. When the flowers become brittle and crunchy, remove them from the oven, and the decoration is ready. Depending on what you are drying, the process can take from several minutes to several hours, so try not to dry several different types at the same time.
How to dry a rose
Daffodils are delicate bulbous flowers that reveal their true beauty in early spring. They are very hardy. Their unique aroma, playfully white or sunny yellow color pleases every lucky person who has these beautiful flowers growing in the garden, or just standing in a vase on the table.
In order to preserve a piece of spring freshness in the house for a long time, you can dry the daffodils as a souvenir, or for decoration. This does not require additional costs, but the result will please you every day, even when the flowering of daffodils is over.
Drying daffodils is best in two ways - in the air, if you want to keep their shape, or under pressure, if you need to reduce their volume. For air drying, you need to choose the right place for it. The process itself is not very different from the process of drying other colors.
You need a dark, dry, often ventilated room. To prevent the flowers from fading, avoid direct sunlight, since it will be impossible to return their color. Avoid wet and damp places as well, otherwise the flowers will not dry out and will rot.
Clean daffodils without damages, stains or lumps of soil on the petals, tie in a bunch of 2-3 pieces, so that air can circulate between them, and hang these bouquets in the chosen room. Or simply arrange the flowers separately on baking paper - the effect will be the same.
Check them every few days. Make sure that there are not a drop of moisture in the flowers and stems, that they are fragile and fragile, otherwise there is a risk that they will be covered with mold or start to rot.
These beautiful flowers are often presented on special occasions, or they decorate the room and various compositions. If you cherish the memory of this wonderful day or person, you can easily dry your stunning roses before they fade and lose their former beauty. They will delight you every day, reminding you of the brightest moments of your life.
It is worth remembering that you need to choose a rose, not only with the most pleasant color, but also without defects, with a small amount of moisture in and on the petals. Excess moisture will cause decay, and stains and damage during the drying process will be even more pronounced.
Even if it seems to you that it is better to cut the stem near the bud, you should not do that. Leave about 15 centimeters, and the result will exceed all expectations. It is better to remove all foliage from the stem, it will only interfere with the drying process, because the leaves contain a large amount of moisture.
Collect the roses, like the rest of the flowers, in the bouquets with the help of gum; however, when drying roses it is worth remembering that the gum should not be clinging to the very beginning of the stem. Back out about 5-7 centimeters. If you are afraid that when making a bouquet of dry roses fragile petals are damaged, you can collect them in the bouquet you need directly before drying, if it consists of a small number of buds.
In order to dry the roses, it is better to use a place that you rarely use, but where there is no damp - a storeroom, for example, or the attic is perfect, because the flowers are better to touch as little as possible during the drying process. It is best to have excellent ventilation in the room. Hang your bouquets in a suitable room.
Most often, people choose roses of a certain color for drying, in the hope that they will keep it. It is best to use a room without windows and additional light, because in a dark room the roses will darken, but their native color will not change much, while in a bright room or in the sun it will fade and become less interesting than originally.
After 2-3 weeks, remove the roses and spray them with lacquer or hair spray to make them more durable. It is desirable that the spray had no sharp aroma, as well as make sure that excess moisture from the spray is not absorbed into the flower, otherwise the whole result will be a waste. To better maintain the color and shape of the rose, use silica gel. Do not dry them in the oven, as its delicate petals can be damaged during the drying process.
How to dry plants
Modern professional flower arrangers have several ways of drying plants. Fans involved in the compilation of flower dry bouquets for the first year can use only one of the following methods.
Herbaric method of drying plants is currently recognized as the most common. Before drying, the flowers and leaves of the selected plant should be carefully straightened. In order to separate the petals glued together, it is best to use a cotton swab.
Then the plants are placed between sheets of parchment paper, which has the ability to absorb moisture.
After that, the cooked plants are laid out on a special herbarium net. You can do it yourself. To do this, take two wooden frames and stretch between them a grid with cells no larger than 1.5 x 1.5 cm.
Then on one frame put a clean sheet of parchment or any other thin moisture-absorbing paper with plants stored between them. They are covered with a second frame. Both parts of the structure are fastened using prepared clamps. In the event that the herbaric method of drying is used, the plants should be inspected no earlier than three days after the start of the procedure. It is important to carefully monitor that the plants are not displaced. Ready, well-dried flowers are stored, attached to a sheet of thick paper.
Air methoddrying plants is dried in a draft or open air. As a rule, when used, flowers, depending on the type and variety, are placed in a standing, recumbent or suspended form. For example, wheat ears and onion seed heads are best dried in a standing position. To do this, usually use low vases without water.
In the recumbent form you need to dry poppy, bamboo shoots, as well as any branches with leaves. Mosses and lichens are recommended to dry in paper boxes. This is done in order to prevent the deformation of plants.
Almost all flowers and ornamental herbs are dried in limbo. They are collected in small bundles and fastened together with metal wire. Before proceeding with the drying, these plants are best fumigated with sulfur.
With glycerol method for drying of plants, glycerin is used, respectively. However, it is not recommended to use when storing plants with a poorly developed vascular system. Most often in a similar way dried flowers such as hydrangea, viburnum, blackberry, barberry, chestnut and camellia.
The glycerol drying method consists in filling the cells of leaves and flowers of ornamental plants with a glycerin solution. Thus, the effect of preserving the elasticity of soft and juicy parts is achieved. In order to better nourish the woody stems with glycerin, you need to pre-split them using a small hammer or knife. For the preparation of the drying mixture should be diluted glycerin in hot water. Parts of the solution are taken in a ratio of 1: 2. Flowers are placed in glycerin so that the stems are immersed 8-10 cm. Small leaves are recommended to be fully immersed in the prepared glycerin solution.
Hygroscopic methoddrying plants is to use tools such as borax, silica gel, burnt alum, etc. Calendula, buttercup, delphinium, lily of the valley, etc. are usually dried in a similar way. Before drying, it is necessary to remove excess moisture from the plants. This is best done with filter paper.
Then a special container is filled with a desiccant and the flower heads are immersed in it, after which the drying substance is evenly distributed over the entire surface of the petals. The dishes are covered with a sheet of filter paper.
Three days after the start of drying, the plant is removed from the container and used for its intended purpose or stored in a dark room in a hanging position, flowers down.
Plants for drying
On the planet there is a great variety of ornamental plants. However, not all of them can be used for drying and making dry bouquets. Listed below are some plant species suitable for this purpose.
Acanthus - a plant that is widespread in the wild in the southern regions of Europe, in the Crimea and in the Caucasus. To make bouquets, flowers and leaves of the plant, which are of great decorative value, are usually dried.
Aquilegia - perennial plant belonging to the family of buttercups. Her homeland is Europe and America. Apply flowers and leaves of a plant for drying. It is best to use a pressing method for this purpose.
Aconite - perennial ornamental plant, found in nature mainly in Europe. For drying use whitish-blue flowers that are stored for a long time and after drying do not lose color and their decorative qualities. Flowers aconite will be a worthy decoration of the winter bouquet.
Amaranth tail - An annual plant in the wild distributed in Central Asia. Arrangers usually use his flowers that have an unusual shape. Aconite leaves can also be used to make dry bouquets.
Pansies - biennial plant, found in nature, mainly in America, Australia and New Zealand. It has large bright flowers. Usually used in the preparation of winter planar compositions.
Astilba - perennial plant, in wild form common in China and Japan. In the preparation of dry bouquets usually use bright inflorescences-panicles. It is recommended to dry flowers previously collected in small bunches and fastened with metal wire in a suspended position.
Astrantia - perennial plant, common in southern and central regions of Europe, Asia Minor and the Caucasus. It has fancy shaped ornamental flowers and beautiful fruits. For the compilation of dry bouquets and drying flowers and fruits are used.
Vinka — многолетнее декоративное растение, в природе встречающееся главным образом в Европе и на Кавказе. Для засушивания и аранжировки зимних букетов используют винку малую и большую. Винка малая обладает прямостоячим длинным стеблем и мелкими нежно-голубыми цветками, сохраняющими окраску после сушки. Vinki has large large flowers and leaves.
Teasel Disease - biennial ornamental plant, found wild in the south-western regions of Russia, mainly in the Crimea and the Caucasus. It has a high erect stem and large white or pale purple flowers. The plant is well kept, and therefore often used for drying and in the preparation of dry bouquets.
Dutch carnation - biennial plant, whose birthplace is the Mediterranean coast. Cloves are often used for drying and arranging winter bouquets due to large inflorescences of bright color.
Dahlia is changeable - perennial ornamental plant, found in nature in Central America. It is poorly stored, and therefore extremely rarely used in the preparation of dry flower compositions.
Delphinium - Annual plant, in wild form, common in areas of the northern hemisphere with a temperate climate and highland areas of Africa. Possesses beautiful high inflorescences-panicles. For drawing winter bouquets rarely used.
Oregano ordinary - perennial plant, common in Europe, Central Asia and the Caucasus. It has a dense inflorescence, collected from a variety of small flowers, painted in pale purple color. Usually in winter arrangements it is used to create a background.
Iris - a perennial plant, whose birthplace is Siberia and south-eastern Europe. When drawing up dry bouquets flowers and leaves are used. Dry them by pressing each petal and leaf. The most spectacular are the planar compositions of irises.
Calendula - annual plant, in wild form, distributed mainly in the southern regions of Europe. For the preparation of dry planar compositions used flowers of the plant. Drying produced by pressing.
Clover - single and perennial plants, widely distributed in Europe, America and Africa. Often used for making small flower arrangements. In this case, dried flowers and leaves. After drying, the color of the plant does not change.
Thorny - a perennial plant found in the wild in the forests of Europe, mainly in Southern Siberia and the Caucasus. In the preparation of winter compositions used flowers and leaves. Usually the barb is dried in the open air.
Lavender - perennial plant, whose birthplace is the Mediterranean coast. It has bright decorative delicate blue small flowers, collected in inflorescences, and a sweetish aroma.
May lily of the valley - perennial plant, found in the wild everywhere in areas with a temperate climate. Drying are the flowers of the plant. After drying, they lose their flavor.
Liatris spiked - perennial plant, common in America. It has large flowers, painted in a reddish-purple color. Dry the plant in a hanging position.
Poppy It can be one-year and multi-year. For drying and composing dry bouquets use open flowers and fruit-boxes.
Daisy - biennial plant growing in middle and southern latitudes. Red, white and pale pink flowers are able to maintain color and shape.
Monarda - a perennial plant, wild in the form common in North America. For drying, only inflorescence-forming flowers of the plant with a delicate aroma are used.
Nigella Damask - An annual plant, whose birthplace is the southern regions of Europe. For drying and making winter bouquets, only seed boxes are used, the surface of which is painted in golden color.
Sedum - perennial plant, common in Europe and North America. The arrangements use bright flowers, after drying, not losing their shape and color.
Pion - perennial plant with large bright flowers. For drying and making winter bouquets, mainly peony buds and leaves are used.
Fragrant rezeda - An annual plant, common in North Africa and Asia Minor. In winter arrangements include flowers with a strong pleasant aroma.
Scabious - Annual plant with large decorative inflorescences having an elongated-oval shape. For drying usually use flowers of red-violet color.
Solidago - perennial plant with inflorescences, panicles, having a pyramidal shape. Solidago is one of the usual elements of any winter bouquet.
Yarrow - perennial plant, widespread in Europe, Siberia and China. Drying are small terry flowers.
Dill odorous - perennial plant, often used in the preparation of dry flower compositions. Drying is recommended by air. After drying, the plants, as a rule, retain their shape and color.
Phlox - A perennial plant, found in the wild in South America. The arrangement uses unblown buds. Drying is carried out by air.
Zinnia - annual plant with bright orange flowers. Usually used in the preparation of planar flower arrangements.
Edelweiss - perennial plant, whose homeland are high-alpine areas. For drying and in the preparation of compositions using flowers, sitting on slightly pubescent short stems.
Dry Composition Rules
Before you begin to make a composition, you need to prepare the tools and materials. Flowers are usually installed on a special basis, made of light porous materials: floristic sponge, oasis or piaflora.
As a basis for a bouquet, you can also use sand or earth. Lightly moistened sand is poured into a plastic transparent bag, and then placed in a prepared vessel. After the sand takes the form of a vessel, you can proceed to the placement of plants.
In composing the compositions, the arrangers use special metal tattoos. If live flowers prick directly onto the thorns of such nakolok, then dry plants put between them.
When drawing up a winter bouquet, rods of various lengths may also be needed. They are necessary to increase the length of plants. With their help, colors are given stability. Such devices can be made of copper wire, bamboo or straw. In addition, the irreplaceable helpers of the arranger are glue, scissors, sticky transparent tape, colored paper (brown and green).
It should be noted that the main principle in the preparation of dry winter bouquets is the rejection of excessively bright colors. Such flower compositions are based on the selection of dry plants, devoid of bright colors. A rich red ribbon or some other too bright accessory can obscure the plants, make the main element of the composition not flowers, but bows and cords used for decoration.
In addition, professional arrangers do not recommend the use of silk or satin ribbons and braid when composing compositions of dried flowers. A more acceptable material in this case are tapes made of cotton or flax.
Usually, dry bouquets are placed in two-piece sub-shoes. The top of the make openwork, and the bottom - solid. In this case, the upper part in size always exceeds the lower part by about 1.5 times.
In the cooked podbuketnik make a hole designed to accommodate plants. Then, through the cuts of both parts of the underburner, stalks of dried flowers are passed through.
In the lower circle, an incision is made along the radius, after which a bag is formed from it. In order to secure the bag, you can use a ribbon cut from colored paper.
The choice of a vase to place a dry bouquet depends on the shape, color and size of the composition.
It should be remembered that the vase, as well as accessories, should not be overly brightly colored. Otherwise, the emphasis in the composition will shift from bouquet to vessel. It is best to place bouquets of dried flowers in clay, metal and wooden vases.
The ratio of the size of the composition and the vessel is subject to certain rules. For example, the length of the shortest flower in a bouquet should be equal to the height of the vase. If the composition is horizontal, then the length of its lateral stems should not exceed 1.5 of the length of the selected vessel. The length of plants installed in a flat vase should not exceed two diameters of the latter.
The plants that make up the composition should be in harmony with each other in color. The most common color combinations are as follows:
- yellow and orange
- yellow and red
- yellow and green
- yellow, beige and pink,
- red and orange brown,
- red-brown, beige and green,
- pink and peach,
- pink and blue
- pink and gray
- lilac and red-violet.
The composition of dried flowers can be built on a contrasting combination of plants. In this case, the basis for creating a contrast can be both shape, and color, and the interposition of elements. The most common contrasting color combinations include:
- yellow and purple
- red and green
- blue and orange.
In that case, if the composition uses plants of contrasting shades that bring disharmony into the arrangement, it is possible to include in the bouquet a plant of neutral white or grayish-white color.
Plants listed in the red book
In our country, there are about 600 species of plants listed in the Red Book, among which there are also grown in gardens. Protected plants growing in forests, ponds, meadows or fields are prohibited from digging, cutting, tearing and harvesting in any other way; only the collection of seeds is allowed. Wild species of ornamental plants, which, if desired, can be grown in a garden plot, are listed below.
Spring adonis. Perennial rhizomatous plant growing in forest-steppe and steppe zones of the European part of Russia, as well as in Siberia. Adonis grows very slowly, begins to bloom only in the sixth year. The flowers are painted in golden color.
Anemone Silvestris, or forest anemone. Perennial rhizome plant, found in the forest-steppe and forest zones. Anemone breeds only seeds, blooms 10-12 years after sowing. The flowers are painted white.
Large-flowed slipper. Perennial orchid growing in deciduous forests of Russia. The flowers consist of a bright purple spherical lip and 4 perianth leaves.
Anemone nemorosa. Poisonous plant found in forest lowlands or ravines. It develops very slowly, it blooms on the 10-12th year. Flowering lasts one week, before the trees in the forest will be covered with foliage.
Hepatica noble, or liverworm. A low perennial plant found in the forests of the European part of Russia. The leaves are shaped like a liver, single flowers, painted blue. Hepatica blooms in April and May.
Gladiolus tiled, or steeple. Tuber-bulbous plant growing in the wet meadows of the steppe zone of Russia. It blooms in July and August.
Gentian pulmonary. Perennial rhizomatous flowering plant. Found in the middle lane of the European part of Russia. It blooms in July and August.
Winged delphinium, or larkspur. Decorative flowering perennial poisonous plant, which is distributed mainly in central Russia, as well as in the southern regions. Delphinium blooms in June and July.
Hand bell peach. Perennial plant, common in central Russia. The shoots are grassy, the flowers are very beautiful.
Bluebell. Perennial rhizomatous herbaceous plant growing in the forest zone. Most often found in forest glades, meadows and in hilly terrain.
Broadlea bell. Perennial herbaceous plant, distributed almost throughout the forest zone of Russia.
Lump yellow. Water rhizomatous perennial plant. The flowers are large, painted yellow.
White water lily, or nymphea. Perennial flowering plant, which is found mainly in water bodies of central Russia.
Lyubka double, or night violet. Very beautiful plant with a white spike-shaped inflorescence, surrounded by oval-shaped leaves. It grows in the forest zone of Russia. The aroma of flowers is intensified at night.
Medunitsa officinalis. Perennial rhizomatous medicinal plant. It blooms before the leaves fully bloom in the forests. During flowering, the color of the flowers gradually changes from bright purple to blue.
Primula medicinal. Rhizomatous perennial herbaceous plant that is found in forest areas of the European part of Russia. The flowers are golden yellow.
Medicinal. Rhizome plant. Occurs in the forest zone of the European part of Russia. Fruits are bathed medicinal gray-black, very poisonous.
Kupena many-flowered. A perennial plant found in the forests of the European part of Russia. Flowering occurs in May-June, after flowering poisonous fruits appear.
May lily of the valley, or concallaria. Perennial rhizomatous poisonous plant growing in the forest zone. Flowers have a pleasant smell.
Snow white snowdrop, or galantus. Miniature perennial plant. It grows in central Russia and the Caucasus. It blooms in early spring.
European trolley, or bathing suit. A rather high herbaceous rhizomatous plant growing in damp places of the European part of Russia. It blooms in May and June, the flowers are golden-yellow, globular in shape.
Lumbago, or sleep-grass. Low perennial flowering plant growing on the European part of Russia. It blooms in April-May, breeds very slowly.
Russian fritality, or hazel grouse Russian. Perennial plant, common in central Russia. Flowers brownish-yellow, solitary.
The crested crest is hollow. The bulbotard plant found in deciduous forests of the European part of Russia. Reproduces only seeds, begins to bloom in 5 years.
Orchis. Perennial orchid, found only in the European part of Russia. Three species are distributed: spotted orchis, blood-red orchis, helmet-shaped orchid. All species bloom in April-May.
- Garden plants from A to Z
How to dry flowers?
So, in order for dried flowers to look your best, you need to follow some rules. For example, you need to choose only holistic, intact flowers. When drying, all the flaws are striking. Remember that the flowers can bloom a little more after drying, so you can also safely dry the buds too. Collect the flowers when they have not yet wilted from the heat, but already dry, that is, in the late dry morning. Orange, pink and blue flowers leave the color almost unchanged, but red can dull a little when dried.
For drying and creating compositions, you can use not only the flowers and leaves of flowers, but also the roots, fruits, and seeds. As well as vegetables, fruits, berries, moss, bark, branches, spikelets, cones.
Drying of flowers by the natural method
Collect the flowers in a bunch (5-10 pieces), remove the leaves and hang them down with their heads in a dry and warm place, for example, in a barn, garage, attic or on the veranda. This place should have good air circulation. This method is good for drying solidago, gypsophila paniculata, cornflowers, liatris, freesia, arunkus, geranium, marigold, celosia, burnet and achilles. Large flowers can be dried by spreading them in a single layer on the table.
Note that poppy, physalis and mordovnik should be dried upside down. Then you can not hang them, but simply put in an empty dry jar. In the same way we dry the yarrow, ageratum, onions, hydrangea, heather and saintpaulia, but pour water into the bottom of the jar approximately 1 cm. Those plants whose upper part is rather heavy (iris, fennel, dill, edelweiss) can be dried by sticking the stems into a wire cloth. This fabric will not allow the heads to break the stem, which will simply hang down from the bottom. But in immortelle, dried flowers and gomfreny stems are better to replace the wire frame, even before the flower dries. Then you can wrap the wire with a floral ribbon for beauty.
After about twenty days, you can try to break the stalk, if it breaks easily, the plant is completely dry. To make the flowers more durable, we recommend sprinkling them with a little hairspray.
Drying flowers in the sand
Usually, this method is well dried roses or asters. Pour dry sand (approximately 5 cm) into the carton. Make a depression in the sand under the flower. Turn the flower upside down and gradually fill the petals with sand, so that the sand is between each petal. When the flower is completely covered, leave it for about two weeks in this position. Gently pull out and remove the sand from the petals with a brush. Can be used for drying semolina or silica gel. To do this, grind the silica gel and dry it in the oven, then follow the same pattern as with the sand. Некоторые практикуют перекладывать лепестки розы ватой. Это также неплохой метод.
Засушивание цветов в микроволновой печи
Заверните цветы в фальцованную бумагу. To keep the petals and leaves from curling, place a plate on top. Place the flowers in the microwave for two minutes, turning on the maximum power. If necessary, it will be possible to slightly increase the time. Put the water saucer with the flowers in the microwave.
Drying flowers with paraffin
Heat paraffin in a small container. Soak a brush in melted paraffin. Apply paraffin on each petal, starting with the outer petals and ending with those that are in the very middle. Before you apply paraffin on the next petal, you need to let the previous one dry well. When the whole flower is covered, let it dry, then proceed to paraffin the stem. The color and shape of the flower will remain for several months.
Glycerin Flower Drying
On two parts of glycerin take four parts of boiling water. Make cuts at the ends of the plant stems. Immerse the plants in the resulting solution so that it covers them by four centimeters. Within two to three weeks, top up the solution to the desired level as it is absorbed by the flower. After some time, the plant will change color a little, this will be an indication that it has absorbed glycerin. After that, wash with water the ends of the stems and dry. This method is used to process cane, magnolia, yarrow, reed, dog rose and meadow cereals.
Drying of flowers by crystallization
In a salt solution (2: 1), lower the plant for 2-3 days. Then you need to dry it. The composition of such plants is well suited for the new year. This method is used to treat the branches of pine, spruce, larch, horshevik inflorescence.
Here you go. You have tried a lot of methods of drying plants, made a whole winter garden of a house of dried flowers and now you are thinking how to apply them? Include fantasy and get to work.
The easiest option is to create a bouquet of dried flowers. Put it in a vase or basket and admire your creation. To keep flowers in a vase or basket straight, use a floral sponge or brick.
You can make a beautiful panel, collage or a picture of dried flowers, seeds, fruits and leaves. The original composition will look good both in the house and in the office. With the help of dried herbs and fruits, you can decorate a cafe or restaurant in the folk style. In the kitchen, you can hang a wreath-composition of dried herbs, flowers and fruits.
The plant bloom technique is popular today: flower petals are placed between two glasses. Thus, it is possible to arrange a lamp, a door or a screen. Light penetrating through such glass will sparkle with new colors on the walls.
You can create from dry flowers design type chandeliers. Such designs look particularly advantageous during the holidays.
Since darkened rooms are not very suitable for indoor plants, it is better to place the premises with dry flowers, which will create a cozy atmosphere and will please the eye all year round. Particularly advantageous floral arrangements look on the walls, in the door and window openings, the space under the ceiling.
Would you like to give friends or relatives a present in the original packaging? Just make a gift wrap dried flowers and leaves. The recipient of the gift will be delighted with your resourcefulness, and even the simplest gift, packed in such a box, will bring a lot of joy. The same can be done with a greeting card.
Practically any flowers can be dried. But for each type of plant requires certain conditions. Some dry well in air, others need sand, and others can only be stored under pressure. One thing remains unchanged: the flowers can be dried only fresh. If the bouquet has been standing in water for several days, then nothing will come out. Buds simply fade, losing its appeal.
You need to collect flowers for drying in dry weather. It is better to do this after 11 o'clock in the afternoon, when the dew has finally dried, and the buds have had time to open up. For future dry bouquets it is necessary to choose plants without defects, such as dry tips, spots on the petals and leaves. Flowers should be open, not fading.
If you want to save a bouquet bought in a flower pavilion, then you should start this process immediately after purchase. After all, these flowers have already come quite a long way from the nursery, where they were grown, to the buyer.
The easiest and most common method of drying plants is under pressure. Before you dry the flowers for herbaria, you need to straighten them, give them the desired shape. Bulk flowers, such as peony, cannot be preserved in this way, but the petals can be separated. An old book or a stack of read newspapers is suitable for such drying. Lay out the prepared plants between the sheets of paper, cover with several more layers of paper and press down on top. The thicker the paper layer, the faster the herbarium will be ready. Paper absorbs moisture released from plants. To speed up the process you need to change the layers of paper. Drying of herbarium occurs during the week, sometimes faster, depending on the humidity of the air and the thickness of the flower.
Finished products are obtained flat, it is good to use them in the manufacture of panels, jewelry with the use of epoxy resin, postcards, candles and other decorative objects.
To keep the volume of flowers, such a way as a herbarium will not work. In the preparation of bulk compositions can be applied drying in limbo. You can save cereals, wild flowers and some types of garden. This method is good for both the queen of the rose garden, and for daisies, calendula, buttercups and other flowers.
Collected plants need to be cleaned from the lower leaves, make beautiful bunches, forming a future composition. The stems are pruned on the same level. In one bundle should collect plants of the same species and tied with a thin rope. You do not need to pinch the stems too much, otherwise they can break in the process, and the free flow of air will contribute to more rapid drying and preservation of the form. If the branches are fluffy and bulky, then you can hang each separately.
In a well-ventilated dark room, tighten the rope or wire and hang the prepared bundles on it with the help of clothespins. In the process of drying on the plants should not fall the direct rays of the sun, otherwise the bright colors of delicate flowers fade.
It is important to protect them from dust and air regularly. The procedure will last about two weeks depending on the type of plant.
This method is simple, does not require financial and time costs and is easily controlled. From the beams you can make beautiful compositions. Well this way to dry and twigs with berries.
Sand and cotton wool
To preserve the color and shape of the bud, you can place the flowers in the sand, silica powder or cotton wool. How to dry flowers using these materials? Not at all difficult.
Unfortunately, only buds are dried this way. The stems must be cut, leaving a maximum of 3 cm (for roses up to 8 cm). In this way, you can save almost any flower - delicate lilies, bright gerberas, modest daisies and moody peonies.
Sand must be prepared in advance. It should be clean (it is recommended to rinse), dry (can be ignited in the oven) and homogeneous (sift through a sieve).
Pour a layer of sand about 2 cm on the bottom of the cardboard box. Carefully arrange the prepared buds so that they do not touch each other. Chamomiles and similar flowers should be laid bud down, but bulk roses should be placed heads up. To properly dry the flowers, to preserve the shape, you should carefully sprinkle the buds with sand. You can pour it into a plastic bag, the top of which is firmly tied. In the lower corner make a small hole through which a thin stream will pour out sand, a layer of which should completely close the buds and cover a couple of centimeters for uniform distribution of moisture. To speed up the process, the filler can be heated.
Put the box in a dry, well-ventilated place. The drying process will take from one to three weeks depending on the starting material. You can control the process by slightly undermining the filler layer and checking readiness. The finished flower is like a paper flower, and the petals do not break when touched. When the bud is ready, a hole should be made in the bottom of the box through which the contents are poured. From the buds stuck grains of sand can be shaken off.
If you are interested in how to dry the flowers in the sand, you can apply the new gardener - silica gel. It can be purchased in stores for summer residents. The process of use is similar to that described above. The crystals can be used many times.
Ordinary cotton can also be used. It perfectly absorbs moisture and retains the shape of delicate petals.
Any of the above methods deprive the plants of moisture, making them fragile. But how to dry a bouquet of flowers and maintain their elasticity? The way is - preservation in glycerin.
You can put small buds and twigs tightly in a beautiful transparent container and pour glycerin solution, clog and leave in a visible place. Ready art object ready.
For ikebana use a slightly different approach. Pour the solution consisting of one part glycerol and two parts hot water into the tray and place the buds and leaves there. It is worth noting that the stems in this way can not be saved. Cover the tray from above so that all plants are immersed in the working solution. After 3 days, the resulting blanks should be removed and blotted with a dry cloth, removing excess moisture. Flowers and leaves thus preserved retain color and elasticity. They can be safely used in the preparation of compositions. In addition, they acquire a glossy shine. With such material it is easy to experiment, for example, twisting the leaves into a spiral or giving them a different shape.
Sometimes you need to perform this operation urgently. For example, when in the evening the child remembered that by the morning they needed an odd job to school from natural materials. But how to quickly dry the flowers? You can use the microwave by scrolling the bud in it for half an hour. Or leave for an hour in the oven with the door ajar at 60 ° C. This method is definitely fast. But the blanks thus obtained will be very fragile.
After learning how to dry the flowers, you can prepare suitable material for the season: buds, ears, leaves, twigs with berries, reed stems and dried flowers. And then you can make original compositions. Beautiful look such bouquets in wicker baskets, wooden vases, clay pots. Dried flowers can be used in the design of wreaths and panels that will decorate the walls. Dry buds tinted with gilded paint will be an original decoration of the Christmas tree and the New Year's table. The possibilities of application are mass.
Tips for preserving a dry bouquet
It is important not only to know how to properly dry the flowers, but also how to store them later so that they save their attractiveness for several years. It is not necessary to put a bouquet in a brightly lit place. When exposed to direct sunlight delicate petals are destroyed and crumbled. It is important that the room is regularly ventilated. Dry air is contraindicated not only for living plants, but also for dried plants.
Dust - the main enemy of dried plants. Because of her, they lose the brightness of colors. You can sprinkle the finished composition with hairspray - this will give brittle inflorescences stiffness and shine. Another option is to place an ikebana under a glass cap.
Flowers are a creation of nature, and ikebana made from dried flowers is a creation of human hands.
Before you choose one of the methods of drying, it is worth remembering some of the rules for the selection of plants:
- Choose them on a dry day, when the soil is not too wet, it will protect you from spoiled plants.
- Carefully inspect the flowers, it is important that they are not damaged.
- It is advisable not to use those that have spent several days in direct sunlight, in the process of drying, they can lose their color.
There are several ways of drying:
- in bulk materials
- in glycerin solution,
- under the press.
Now we will tell about each of them in more detail.
You can create a dry bouquet of plants by hanging them to dry in a well-ventilated room and a temperature not higher than 10-13 degrees. To do this, they need to be tied up into small bunches of several pieces, cut the stems evenly and leave for an average of 2 weeks.
Quickly and without problems in this way you can save many herbs, but you need to collect them just before flowering. And in the case of flowers, such as, for example, roses, poppies, lilac, you need to wait until the buds are fully opened. The thorns, if any, and the lower leaves of them are removed, bind the stems so that the flowers do not touch and hang their inflorescences to the bottom.
Of the bulk substances fit sand, borax, silica gel. Thus, it is easy to keep picky and especially delicate flowers from the bouquet. Another advantage of this method is that the petals retain their appearance and get a brighter color.
You can buy suitable sand or any other tool in the hardware store.
At the bottom of the box poured a layer of bulk material, put the plants and gently cover with another layer. You can see the result of your work in 2-4 weeks.
Using more modern desiccants, such as silica gel, you need to lay flowers on the cut of the stem to the substance layer, and carefully pour the petals on top so that the silica gel gets into each bud. Then close the box with a tight lid and leave in a dry place for 5 days.
So you can dry dahlias, chrysanthemums and peonies.
You can create a beautiful composition of dried flowers using glycerin. The most effective way to "preserve" the stems and leaves. To do this, mix glycerin with hot water in a ratio of 2: 1. The height of the liquid should be about 10 cm. Flowers and stems are immersed in it and left for 2 weeks.
In the process of drying the evaporated amount of liquid is filled with hot water.
Drying under the press - a method known to many from childhood. It allows you to keep the color, but makes the flowers flat. Plants need to be wrapped in paper, put between sheets of plywood, and put a press on top. It is better to choose plants with flat buds, like a chamomile, they will not break under the load.
From the original, delicate dried flowers, you can create a beautiful bouquet that will not only be a decoration, but will fill the house for a long time with pleasant summer aromas.