To get started is to get acquainted with the causes of lime scale. As a rule, it is excessively hard water, in which there is a lot of magnesium and calcium salts. The factors contributing to the accumulation of water stone are:
- lack of aquarium flora or lack thereof,
- adding feed too often
- using water without sediment,
- irregular care
- no filter or its poor quality.
If we take into account all the listed nuances in time, a large number of sediments can be avoided.
Important! It is impossible to use water completely devoid of minerals, it violates the ecological balance of the aquarium, leads to the death of fish and vegetation.
This category includes specially designed cleaning compositions. These can be impregnated wipes, sprays or solutions. They allow you to clean without harming the flora and fauna. In this list, you need to add softeners that allow you to remove traces of calcium without replanting the inhabitants and draining water. An example of such means is:
- Tetratec, is a set of napkins impregnated with components that dissolve lime and green deposits,
- Aquarium Pharmaceuticals Safe and Easy, spray for cleaning glass and acrylic surfaces from traces of calcification,
- Aquayer, one of the softeners, when placed in the filter neutralizes calcium salts, reduces the level of hardness, is not recommended for prolonged use, after 45 minutes it should be removed from the filter.
The first two options require a full release of capacity. After draining and replanting the small fish with plants, the walls of the tank are treated with the selected agent, left for several minutes, then the chemistry, along with the remaining dirt, is washed off with running water.
Important! Despite the advertised safety of special formulations, after they have treated the internal cavity, the remnants of the substance must be completely washed. Its accumulation can damage aquarium inhabitants.
If special chemistry is not available, it is always possible to use cleaners prepared at home from improvised means. The most popular products for decalcification remain acid-rich lemon and vinegar, to which ammonium chloride is often added:
- instead of fresh lemon, citric acid is used more often, it is also effective against calcium deposits, it is diluted with 20 grams of substance to prepare a solution in a glass of water and interfere until complete dissolution,
- vinegar, a composition similar to 200 grams of water a tablespoon of a product with 9% concentration, for application you can use a spray or a clean cloth,
- ammonia, alcohol is diluted in a ratio of 1:10 and thoroughly mixed, the application procedure is the same,
- another effective option from among the people, the use of peroxide, the substance is diluted in a ratio of 30 ml per 100 water.
The application procedure differs little from the one described above. Since all formulations are prepared in the form of liquid solutions for application, it is most convenient to use sprayers.
Important! Some types of household cleaners may be dangerous, for example, when working with solutions on acetic acid, it is recommended to protect your hands with gloves.
This type of care is performed using a special plastic scraper, which can be purchased at any pet store. An alternative tool may be the hard side of the kitchen sponge. Hard to reach areas are brushed with a stiff bristle toothbrush. Despite the lack of chemistry, at the final stage, the tank should be flushed from cleaning residue. Replacing the mechanical tool can be a steam cleaner, steam softens plaque, facilitates its removal, but it will be useless against the stone.
Important! It is undesirable to use metal tools, small particles of metal begin to rust, form a reddish patina and scratches on the walls, harm the fish, getting into the esophagus.
An example of successful use of scrap materials is the use of 70% acetic acid. In addition to it, cotton pads and a half razor blade were prepared. To clean the glass walls
- the discs were periodically wetted with acid,
- contaminated areas were wiped
- places with strong deposits after wiping were additionally cleaned with a blade.
The surface is quickly cleaned, in most cases the blade was superfluous. After the procedure, the internal cavity should be thoroughly washed. Concentrated acid, even the minimum amount can damage flora and fauna.
Important! Acetic acid of this concentration gives a strong smell, so it is advisable to perform cleaning in a well-ventilated area.
Cleaning the aquarium without draining water
It is possible to remove a not too old limescale from the glass without the resettlement of aquarium inhabitants. This method is close to mechanical cleaning:
- filters, interior lighting and aeration systems are removed and washed,
- the place with dirt is cleaned with a special scraper,
- pumped out and replaced from 10 to 70% of water, depending on the frequency of service.
After completion of maintenance, all equipment returns to the site. This method is well suited for the removal of fresh deposits that have not yet turned into water stone. In the latter case, you will need to choose more serious and effective ways.
Important! The need to clean the aeration system is easy to check by float. The last can be any floating trifle. Immerse the float in the water, if within 10 minutes its position does not change, the system needs urgent care.
Prevention, tips and tricks
For beginners in the cultivation of room flora and fauna will be useful a few tips and recommendations for the prevention of scale:
- Not all filters are able to prevent calcification; when choosing, you need to pay attention to the reagent's particular features, recommendations of sellers and advice of experienced colleagues,
- Most of the additives in water are GH modifiers, which increase the content of minerals and calcium, it is possible to reduce the hardness by adding ordinary distilled water.
- the most effective way to combat lime deposits is to recognize regular maintenance, its frequency depends on the volume of the aquarium, the number of its inhabitants, the capabilities of the equipment, including filters, aeration and lighting systems.
In summary, the most effective methods to prevent the occurrence of plaque are timely care, a balanced ratio of flora and fauna, the adjusted amount of food, high-quality and efficient equipment.
Why do I need to wash and clean the aquarium
Cleaning the aquarium is vital for all living organisms inside the pond. Contaminants appear on all surfaces: the ground, the bottom, the wall, the plants and the decor, and the filter is also contaminated. Plaque and debris appear as a result of the vital activity of the inhabitants, who secrete feces, remnants of uneaten food and active growth of algae. Regardless of the size, a large and small aquarium equally need to be washed, if the procedure is regular, then it will not be difficult to wash the vessel, as it does not have time to form strong contaminants.
How often do I need to wash the aquarium
Cleaning the aquarium should be carried out depending on the rate of formation of plaque, which, in turn, is directly dependent on the population density inside the reservoir, as well as fish species. Usually wash the aquarium 1-2 times a week. And also significantly affects the frequency of cleaning the presence and number of live plants. Vegetation absorbs nitrates and nitrites, reducing the need for vessel cleaning.
Signs indicating that you need to wash the tank:
- Plaque on the walls.
- Plaque on the surface of plants and decorative items.
- A small movement of fish near the substrate contributes to raising turbidity.
It should be noted that under such conditions, the parameters of water do not change much, so there is no emergency threat to the life of the inhabitants. However, if the water inside the vessel began to change its color, cleaning is needed urgently.
How to wash the aquarium
For high-quality cleaning of the vessel from the inside, it should be washed using special equipment.
Necessary tools and accessories to clean the aquarium:
- Scraper for glass, to remove plaque and algae.
- Soil cleaner - siphon.
- A bucket or a bowl.
The scraper must be selected by type and size, relative to the type of aquarium. The most expensive and convenient option is a magnetic scraper, which collects dirt on the outside of the wall. Water can be washed with a conventional sponge, without impregnation with cleaning agents.
A primer is required to be able to clean the substrate without removing it from the tank. If you plan a significant or complete change of water inside the vessel, you must purchase a net for the safety of the fish. The net must be chosen relative to the size of the pet, so as not to damage the delicate fins.
When washing, you can use baking soda as a cleaning agent. It is important to carefully wash off the soda.
What cleaners can be used
It is not recommended to use cleaning chemicals to clean the reservoir, as there is a risk of leaving particles of the substance inside the vessel. The remaining product can cause significant harm to the health and lives of inhabitants. Allowed to use baking soda, however, this substance is harmful to pets. After cleaning the aquarium soda should be washed with running water several times.
If it is necessary to use strong chemical mixtures, you can use:
An important rule when using these products is to thoroughly rinse the container with water.
Washing and cleaning a new aquarium
The new aquarium also requires washing. However, the vessel should not be so thoroughly washed the first time. Small capacity can be rinsed with running water in the bath, there it will be most convenient to do. Rinse the aquarium is not recommended with hot water using a sponge. Too hot water can damage the glass walls of the vessel.
If there is any doubt about the cleanliness of the vessel, baking soda can be used, soap is not recommended, and before starting the vessel it is necessary to make sure that all particles of the cleaning agent are washed away. To do this, under strong pressure, the aquarium is rinsed at least 4 times. When cleaning is completed, the aquarium should be rinsed with clean water, free of chlorine. To do this, tap water should be defended for several days.
The purchased substrate also needs washing. Soil washes without the use of chemicals, until the water becomes clear. The new filter also needs thorough rinsing. All decor items are also washed, but using baking soda.
How to wash the aquarium
It is important to clean the aquarium with fish and without fish by observing certain rules, regardless of whether the reservoir is large or small. If the cleaning sequence is disturbed, it will be difficult to achieve proper cleanliness. Regular cleaning is necessary to preserve the natural balance of good and dangerous bacteria.
The procedure for cleaning an artificial reservoir:
- Elimination of glass from algae and bacteria.
- Cleansing decor elements and stones.
- Thinning of live plants.
- Removal of rotten leaves on plants.
- Ground siphon, to eliminate waste.
- Partial discharge of water.
- Cleaning and rinsing filters.
- Topping up with clean water.
If the aquarium is not new, then before starting to clean it is important to turn off all appliances connected to the electricity. Fish, if necessary, allowed to leave in the reservoir, with proper procedures in compliance with all the recommendations, the fish will not receive harm.
We clean the walls
The glass is always polluted and covered with a coating, even with the highest quality content of the inhabitants. Without regular cleaning, the glass becomes cloudy, preventing comfortable observation of the life of fish.
You can clean the walls without draining the water. For the procedure using a scraper or sponge. For plastic walls, metal scrapers are prohibited. For high containers, it is convenient to use a magnetic scraper to thoroughly clean the entire height. However, such an inventory is difficult to clean corners and hard to reach places.
If you can’t easily clean the coating, you can use a blade, but it should be done very carefully so as not to damage the surface. The walls on the outside and the lid of the reservoir can be washed with a sponge with water. On sale there are solutions for washing containers, which can be purchased at specialized points of sale.
Bottom care in the aquarium
To rid the aquarium of turbidity, it is recommended to completely wash out the soil. A siphon with a hose is used to clean the substrate. The device allows you to remove mist, let water through, preventing the stones from tightening. Cleaning is recommended to start with the most polluted area of the substrate, moving in the process of cleaning to the cleanest areas. It is recommended to use a white basin to drain water. Light capacity will allow you to immediately see a small fish that has got into the hose at random.
Replacing aquarium water
After cleaning the aquarium inside, you can begin to change the water in it. The volume of water replaced depends on the degree of contamination. As a rule, about 25% of the total amount of water is replaced. The required amount of water for replacement should be drained to clean the soil. Water is drained using a siphon, following the instructions of the device. It is forbidden to use normal running water for replacement, it must be defended in advance. It is recommended to pour new water on a pre-set, on a substrate a grotto or saucer, so that the water pressure does not immediately fall on the ground and does not damage it.
It is not recommended to wash the internal filter together with other elements of the aquarium, since abrupt changes in the biological balance can cause significant harm to the inhabitants of the reservoir. Once a month the filter can be disassembled and washed using a toothbrush.
Cleansing manipulations should be carried out so as not to harm the beneficial bacteria that have settled on it. They should not be thoroughly washed. The filter elements are lightly washed in water from the aquarium. If the filter has a ceramic filler, then it should not be washed more than 1 time per month.
If there is live vegetation in an artificial reservoir, then it also requires maintenance and purification. Plants can be cleaned at home, following certain rules:
- Plants do not like transplants.
- Vegetation is not treated with every harvesting manipulation.
- Spoiled and damaged leaves are cut.
- Sprouted plants must be removed so that they do not become an obstacle to the free movement of fish.
- Pruning should be as the bushes grow.
- The overgrown bushes should be thinned out so that they do not interfere with the penetration into the capacity of light.
- If it is necessary to remove a plant with a root, the manipulation is carried out as carefully as possible in order to avoid raising the turbidity from the substrate.
For additional assistance in the daily cleaning of the aquarium, you can get fish - nurses. There are species of fish that feed on single-celled algae, thereby saving an artificial reservoir from excessive sedimentation. However, these pets are only helpers and begin to eat algae only when they are hungry.
In addition to fish, other pets of an artificial reservoir can perform cleaning functions. Assistants in cleaning the aquarium:
Aquaria is a complex science that requires a large amount of knowledge in order for pets to be kept in a favorable environment and a proper aquarium. All manipulations carried out with capacity, including cleaning, require compliance with the rules.
Useful tips for cleaning in an artificial reservoir:
- How often it is necessary to completely wash the reservoir depends on individual indicators and the speed of its contamination; it is not necessary to produce unnecessary manipulations interfering with the life of the reservoir. As a rule, the procedure is carried out 1 time in 2 weeks.
- If possible, it is recommended not to use cleaning products.
- Substrates for plants should not be washed.
- If the new aquarium has a large size, then cleaning should be done at the installation site, while detergents should not be used, as in such conditions there will be a struggle with chemical particles that are difficult to wash off.
- To wipe the new aquarium, you can use hydrogen peroxide,
- All cleaning equipment must be safe and used only for one body of water.
- A few hours before washing the vessel to feed the fish is not recommended.
Wash your home aquarium carefully, applying all the recommendations, and then the artificial reservoir will delight with its beauty, and the fish and other pets will be healthy and attractive.
So, first we will think about how to choose a new aquarium and properly equip it.
Наиболее подходящий объём для домашних условий составляет 50 литров, но стоить заметить, что всё зависит от того, каким количеством и видами рыб вы его заселяете.
Please note that the stones and algae with which you will decorate the reservoir occupy a certain part of the space, and there must also be a special soil at the bottom of the artificial reservoir.
From the equipment, an aquarium with fish should be equipped with the following vital attributes:
- pump or filter for aquarium
- water heater
Water for the aquarium plays an equally important role. Do not neglect its quality, it depends on a good habitat for your fish.
To begin, let us explain how the cleaning of the aquarium.
Periodic maintenance of an artificial reservoir is an emotional excitement for its inhabitants, therefore try not to frighten ornamental fish with sharp hand movements.
The question arises: how often to clean your aquarium, so as not to harm the fish too much anxiety?
On average, they are taken care of once or twice a week, depending on the volume, as well as the population density.
When conducting this procedure, you should adhere to the following recommendations:
- wash off the walls of green plaque
- we carefully process decorative stones
- we carry out trimming of water plants (if any)
- we clean the primer with a siphon
- drain some of the water
What you need to do
First of all, you need to learn how to properly clean the aquarium, because the appearance of the fish house depends entirely on this.
This can be done using the following devices:
- special scrapers with a metal blade
- nylon washcloths
- ordinary kitchen sponges
Make it a rule to wipe the glass of the aquarium at least once a week, even if at first glance they seem to be clean. This procedure is much easier than washing turbid glass two or three weeks old.
- If you decide to clean the walls of the aquarium without removing its inhabitants, the use of any detergents is strictly prohibited.
- If you have planned a planned cleaning with the relocation of its inhabitants, then for this you can apply a special washing sample of potassium permanganate solution.
It is with the help of these rules that it is easy to wash off a raid of almost any complexity.
After clearing all the details of the artificial reservoir, we begin to fill it with water.
Pour water into the aquarium, at the bottom of which is already present in the ground, not so simple.
- To simplify this process will help you a flat plate, having laid that, we will protect the soil from deformation,
- Water is poured slowly, in a thin stream.
- From time to time it is worth pouring the separated water into the aquarium, as it tends to evaporate.
After filling the aquarium with water, install all the necessary equipment and connect it to the network.
Fish - helpers
In nature, there are species of fish that not only have a bright color, but also really benefit - it is the orderlies of the aquarium. The group of such unique fish include the swordtails, guppies and the patsili.
Nature has endowed the unusual inhabitants of the aquatic environment with a special structure of the mouth. The lower part of the jaw is interestingly arranged and resembles the shape of a scraper. It is thanks to its jaw that the fish can clean the walls of the aquarium.
A distinctive feature of the fish called antsistrusy and armored catfish, is their mouthpiece, which resembles a sucker. With the help of the mouth, the fish attach themselves to the walls of their home and naturally clean it.
Such residents will be great assistants in the care of the built environment.
Now you know exactly how to properly clean the aquarium, without causing absolutely no harm to its inhabitants.
A clean aquarium is a prerequisite for the well-being and longevity of your fish, so do not neglect the timely care of it.
Regular cleaning is the key to healthy fish. The first time after the launch is enough to just remove the remnants of food and algae, and once a week add a small amount of clean, settled water.
When you notice that the liquid has acquired a yellowish tint, you can do the first "cleaning". If you doubt whether it is needed, you can purchase special tests that will show whether the basic indicators of water are normal.
On average, large containers (from 100 liters) need to be cleaned every 3-4 weeks, and small ones will have to be cleaned more often. To make pets feel as comfortable as possible in their home, this process should be divided into several stages.
Decor and seaweed
Carefully inspect the plants. Yellowed need to remove, and, if necessary, transplant. But the bush is better not to touch the first few months. Clean all decorative elements with a soft sponge and soap or soda.
Even if you change the water in time, a bloom of algae remains on the glass anyway. You can remove it in several ways:
- metal scraper
- magnetic scraper.
The bast is the most economical device, but it, like the metal scraper, is not suitable for plexiglass containers. It is better to use a soft foam or nylon washcloth.
In this case, a magnetic device is the most convenient, since there is no need to put your hands in water. It perfectly removes plaque from the walls, but it can not completely cope with dirt in the corners and on the edge.
No household cleaning products can be used, using only water. If the patina was too dense, you can purchase an environmentally friendly tool at the pet store, which will be safe for aquarium pets.
This is exactly the place that clogs most of all, because there remains the remains of food, algae and feces. How to check whether cleaning this site? Try to clear the bottom a little. If bubbles begin to emerge on the surface - take up work.
Soil cleaner can come to the rescue. It is a plastic or glass tip with a diverting hose. It is very simple to use such - it is enough just to drive the tip along the bottom, periodically pressing it. Through the hose will leave the water with dirt.
The main thing is to closely monitor the amount of drainage water. Its amount should not be more than 1/5 of the total.
When cleaning the bottom, try to carefully handle the plants so as not to damage their roots.
A quality filter is a very important thing. The well-being of fish and the state of water depend on its work. After all, the filter helps to remove most of the waste and saturate the water with oxygen.
Only external contamination should be removed from it, and the internal parts should be washed with water from an aquarium. Such measures are explained by the fact that colonies of microorganisms involved in important biological processes are formed on the filter sponge and its internal parts.
Detergents and tools
What is the best detergent to wash the walls from plaque? None The use of any chemistry will be extremely destructive for any fish. The use of household detergents is contraindicated for any items that have contact with the aquarium, as they remain a large number of harmful substances.
If you still used a chemical detergent to wash, then the tank must be repeatedly washed in running water.
However, you can use baking soda. But after it, the aquarium should be rinsed at least 4-5 times.
If the flora or fauna is infected with any disease, then disinfection should be carried out by means purchased in a specialty store.
Also for cleaning you will need: a sponge or a scraper, a device for cleaning an aquarium - a siphon, a net, a container for jigging fish.
How often do I need to clean the aquarium
Tanks with a volume of less than 60 liters should be cleaned more often, while large aquariums require maintenance about 1-2 times a month. Small household ponds in which only 15-20 liters of water can be placed are recommended to be washed once a week. But in fact, it all depends on how quickly the glass house for water inhabitants is covered with a patina consisting of their waste products. As a rule, the more densely populated an aquarium is with different inhabitants, the faster it loses its attractive appearance.
New tanks, just populated with fish and other tenants, do not get cloudy for a long time. If this happens, it means that the launch of the entire system was incorrect and it needs to be improved. For example, add useful microorganisms (sold in the store) or replace the filter with a more powerful one.
Caring for an aquarium involves regular cleaning of filters, both external and internal. Norms of the frequency of their washing does not exist, everything will depend on the specific case. After all, every household pond is unique - it contains a complex ecosystem with its own species diversity, living conditions and diet.
In order to establish how often the filter needs to be rinsed, it is necessary to remember what pressure the device had at the initial installation. His weakening suggests that it is time to clean.
The filter is washed in water, drained from the siphon, with a soft brush, without the use of detergents. All this is done in order to save valuable microorganisms involved in the process of water purification.
Now we define how to clean the aquarium at home. Several types of this procedure are divided: partial - 1-2 manipulations are carried out, general - the entire capacity and all elements are carefully processed, regular - procedures given at more or less constant intervals, urgent - inhabitants are afflicted with an illness and immediate washing and disinfection is required.
But any of these types consists of a combination of the following steps.
Regular cleaning of the bottom is carried out with the help of a siphon. This device is simply indispensable. How to clean the aquarium siphon? Hose the mechanical device into the container closer to the bottom - it will begin to pump out small particles together with water. So you can get rid of a large number of waste products and food residues. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that the water does not discharge too much: experts recommend to drain no more than 20% at a time, maximum half.
There are also electric siphons - small compact devices. Their plus is that all pumped water passes through a special pocket and leaves there all the unnecessary garbage. After that, the liquid returns to the aquarium.
Getting rid of excess organic matter is not a quick procedure and takes about 1 hour. In this case, it is necessary to carefully carry out processing near the roots of plants, since they can be damaged.
How to clean the aquarium from lime and greenery that stick to the walls? The procedure is carried out either with the help of a usual economic sponge (its hard side well washes the mixture of calcined deposits and algae from the glass), or with a special scraper.
Scrapers rid the walls of plaque much better than sponges. In the shops you can find standard scrapers with a metal blade and magnetic.
Cleaning decorative items
Caring for an aquarium involves cleaning the various decorations that are in it. As a rule, these are stones of different sizes, anchors, decorative chests, ships and other attributes of a marine theme. An aquarium with such elements turns into an interesting interior detail, it is more attractive, and the added details give it an almost fabulous look. But all this can be lost if all these ships and chests are covered with a gray-green patina.
Therefore, all the decorations should be regularly washed without the use of chemicals: for this they are removed, and after all manipulations set back.
What contributes to pollution
It is not enough to know how to clean the aquarium. It should also be understood that contributes to pollution. Muddy water, algae and stones in a dirty raid, through the glass you can barely see the inhabitants - all this suggests the wrong conditions. So, pollution is enhanced by the following factors:
- excessive light,
- overcrowding aquarium
- excess feed
- lack of filtering
- diseases and fungi.
If for a long time it is not possible to determine the reason for which the tanks require frequent cleaning, then the aquarium is “restarted” - they are washed, disinfected, calcined stones, the soil is changed, and so on.
Aquarium snails and other beneficial inhabitants
Why learn how to clean the aquarium, if you can figure out which tenants to populate it, so that you have to do it as little as possible.
Cleanliness in the glass house helps maintain fish-cleaners. They have an interesting color, they differ calm behavior. The lower part of the mouth of these little helpers resembles a bucket, in some other species - a sucker. It is they who collect plaque from algae and food residues from the walls and decorative elements.
Soma of different species will help with cleaning in the aquarium, but some of them are large in size and do not get along with other residents. Many live-bearing small fishes also eat up the raid, the most famous representatives of this family are guppies.
Well with the pollution are struggling shrimp. But they need a lot - 1 individual per liter of water. However, they are too defenseless, and they are often eaten by neighbors.
You can also settle in a glass house snails - universal cleaners.
Snails for an aquarium: which ones are better to clean?
What are good snails compared with the other sweepers? The fact that they are really omnivorous. And if the fish are selective in food, for example, they eat only a certain type of algae on the walls, the gastropods eat everything - food remnants, excrement of all living inhabitants, decaying remains of the dead, rotten plants, mucus and other organic substances.
Snails can be bought specially in the store, or accidentally brought to the aquarium with new fish, soil, plants or water.
There are also negative consequences of the presence of snails in the water house. They very quickly give birth to offspring, while their numbers are difficult to control. With an excess of gastropods from them more harm than good - they stain all the mucous secretions, eat healthy plants.
Which snails clean the aquarium best? Here is a list of the most common:
- Ampullar. Large, up to 10 cm gastropods with brown and yellow color. In food unpretentious, but can eat up young shoots of plants.
- Melania. A small dark gray dirt snail. Often they become inhabitants of the aquarium by chance. Adults are 3-4 cm in length, and almost not shown from the ground. Viviparous Omnivores and very helpful.
- Neretina (black, tiger, hedgehog). Medium-sized, up to 3.5 cm gastropods with interesting colors. Eat a touch from walls and plants, without damaging them. Can get out of the aquarium. The disadvantages include the fact that they leave unattractive clutches on the walls.
- Septaria (snail-turtle). Interesting yellow-striped color and flat shell. Slow, but good cleans plaque. The minus is the same - ugly masonry.
- Corbicula. Bright yellow snail, 3 cm in length. The live water filter - the mollusk passes and filters up to 5 liters of water per hour. Cons - can damage plants with a weak root system.
Some factors indicate that it is time to clean the aquarium. For this, water quality is tested (nitrates, ammonia). If the indicators exceed the norm, time to change the water. When the fishes raise a cloud of dirt when moving, it's time to rinse the ground. The walls of the aquarium were covered with green bloom - this is a signal to wash the glass. From here a conclusion: cleaning is carried out on external factors, tests.
Every aquarist has a tool that they clean. Conventionally, it is divided into standard and individually-specific set.
The first includes the necessary things: sponges, buckets, scrapers, hoses, siphons.
The second set includes additional tools: tweezers, indicator of acidity, feeders, aquarium tests.
Just collect liquid from the tap can not. It must meet certain parameters in which the fish will feel comfortable.
The indicator checks the pH acidity, the norm is the indicator - 7. To increase the use of soda, a decrease - peat.
The smell of chlorine is excluded. Water defend 3 days. If this does not help, use a dechlorinating agent.
Distilled liquid is undesirable for freshwater fish, as it is considered “dead” water.
Recommended upper layers of water from old aquariums, they have established biological equilibrium.
In order not to run your hand while cleaning the glass inside the aquarium, it is convenient to use magnetic scrapers.
Algae can be cleaned with a scraper that has a metal blade. You just need to be extremely careful not to hook the silicone sealant (wall connector), scratch the acrylic.
If you regularly wash the glass, at least once every 7 days, an ordinary kitchen sponge will do. Only it is necessary to use a new copy, without the rests of food, fat.
While cleaning sand, pebbles, water is drained, garbage. Therefore, we must have a large bucket to collect.
A large bucket will also be required to settle the water. The material is desirable to choose a neutral - inert plastic, enamel. All other materials: zinc, aluminum, copper, exclude. From the reaction of elements, harmful substances are formed that cause an imbalance, the death of hydrobionts.
Снять известковый налёт со стёкол поможет специальное средство для чистки стёкол аквариума, но если его нет под рукой, воспользуйтесь винным уксусом. Возьмите стакан воды, добавьте столовую ложку уксуса. Раствором обработайте стёкла. Кислота не оставляет разводов, быстро справляется с налётом.
Некоторые скребки имеют лезвие. The material may be plastic, metal. When working with scrapers it is necessary to be careful, for example, acrylic aquariums are easily scratched.
Some models of scrapers have a combined filling. The blade is replaced with a sponge and vice versa.
Other necessary things
During the cleaning of the aquarium will need at least the necessary things:
- nets of different sizes
- long tweezers to plant the plants and lift various parts from the bottom,
- fixing material - suction cups,
- liquid measuring container
- syringe, long needle for handling algae.
In stock should be the necessary substitutes: thermometer, heater, compressor. In case of failure of the main elements.
Rules for surface cleaning of the aquarium
When carrying out routine or surface cleaning of the aquarium, follow some rules and procedures:
- Unplug electrical appliances. External filters leave,
- clean the glass with a scraper or sponge,
- if the decorations are covered with bloom, remove them, rinse with hot water. Use any detergent, but rinse thoroughly,
- cut living plants, weeding,
- as needed siphon the primer,
- empty the water (if you clean the bottom, it will be done automatically),
- rinse the filter as necessary
- fill the clear water.
After the water has settled, brush the scenery and shake off the raid.
Rules for deep cleaning aquarium
Deep cleaning means a complete restart of the aquarium. The death of the fish, the disease of plants, the construction has given a leak, the design has bothered them to such actions.
The algorithm of work is carried out the same as during scheduled cleaning. The only differences are total disinfection.
Fish prepare house. If suitable aquarium water, dial. In case of an epidemic, this should not be done, prepare the separated water for several days, and heat it up before settling.
Plants pull out. It is important not to damage the root system. In case of illness, land new samples. If they are dear to you, treat with penicillin. Connect 10 liters of water, 50 mg of the drug. The course of treatment is seven days. Temperature hold 25 degrees.
Then, pull out the ground. Conduct heat treatment.
Prepare the salt solution for decoration.
50% of the water from the aquarium leave for a quick restart, if the cause is not an infection, a virus.
Start washing the aquarium.
In case of mycobacteriosis, fill the container with detergent at the rate of 400 g of mixture, per 60 l of water. Inventory all boiled.
Dry the aquarium for several days, at least a day.
Fill with water to check for leaks, hold for 2 hours, if everything is good, drain the liquid, start restarting.
Actions are carried out in reverse order.
Before cleaning the walls of the aquarium, arm yourself with the necessary scraper. Do not eat used sponges from the kitchen.
Act carefully near the bottom. Sand that has risen from the bottom will scratch the glass.
Algae, washed from the walls, do not remove. Part of the fish will eat, remove the remnants during the change of fluid.
Treat algae with special preparations, for example, Easy Clean, Algicide or sidex.
Easy Clean - pour into the aquarium. It is relevant without live vegetation.
Algicide or sidex - kills algae, stimulates plant growth. For 50 liters of liquid, add 2 mg of the drug.
Treat affected surfaces with a syringe. Dead algae will eat algae.
Replacing the filter cartridges (how to clean the filter in the aquarium)
Filter sponges perform two functions: clean the liquid, accumulate beneficial microorganisms. Do not disturb the balance, carefully remove mechanical impurities. Use liquid only from the aquarium.
Replacing the internal filter is carried out as pollution. Replacement signal - poor water flow, loss of shape. It happens once a year or more. In the internal filter the washcloth consists of several parts. Change only one. After two weeks, when the microorganisms fill the sponge, replace the next part.
Elements of porous material: rings, balls, change 1 time in 3 months.
Rinse the head with a cotton swab. Do not use detergents.
Use a siphon or hose to drain the water. Combine the descent with cleaning the bottom of the soil. Lower the tube inwards to remove polluted places. Collect the contents in a bucket. If the vessel is filled with large fish, feel free to lower the other end of the hoses into the sewer. Provided that the ground is pebble.
Partial replacement of water is done from 15 to 50%. It depends on some factors:
- population density
- filter power,
- plant availability
- fish size and clean water.
Full replacement of water is required in extreme cases - an epidemic.
How to clean the aquarium siphon
The components of the siphon are the pump, the tube. One piece goes down inside the aquarium. Pumping up a pomp, suck up dirt. To do this, a tip is inserted into the tube, shaking the primer, and sewage is chosen.
Lower the end of the siphon with a special nozzle into the aquarium, and slightly raise the ground. Clicking on the pump, trash from the bottom will go through the tube, the rest of the soil will fall. Do not touch the areas with plants, so as not to disturb the root system.
Otherwise sand is cleaned. It uses a hose. Lower one end to the sand, the other end into the bucket. Gathering increment from the surface, sand falls. After cleaning, rinse it under running water and return to the aquarium.
Live plants do not grow without a substrate. Therefore, the bottom is covered with a layer of soil. The next layer is sand or pebbles. The soil is cleaned during general cleaning. The substrate is heat treated or changed.
If the plants are decorative, under the ground means sand, quartz, pebbles. Clean once a week with a hose or siphon.
How to clean the aquarium without draining water
If you use the net to clean the aquarium, the water will remain at the same level. Get the tool in the sand. He will successfully sift, and get enough sleep down, and the pollution will be in the net.
The walls are washed with a magnetic scraper water from the aquarium.
Decorative items pulled out, washed.
Procedure for catching fish from an aquarium tank
For fishing, prepare a trap yourself. Take a plastic bottle, cut the neck. Make a hot nail a hole all over the surface to make the product sink. In the middle lay the load, fish food. Turn the bottle inside the bottle. Thread the rope through the holes to raise the trap. Lower the product into the aquarium, expect the catch.
Features of the use of aquarium salt
Sea salt, unsuitable for food has found use in aquariums. Problems related to the health of fish are solved with the help of salt:
- use in stressful situations.
- during transportation,
- the effect of salt affects osmoregulation.
Salt changes the quality of water.
Saltwater Aquarium Care Rules
For the preparation of sea water using liquid distilled or double cleaning. Just to defend will not be enough.
- measure parameters every day
- using a pump to imitate the flow
- weekly partially change the water,
- cleaning the walls once a week,
- monitor equipment
- regularly test water quality,
- weekly cleaned from food debris, excrement.
Works globally do not differ freshwater aquarium.
Disposal of pests and excess organics, restoration of the aquarium balance
In the vessel, beneficial microelements and harmful algae develop. Biobalance required. At a deviation resort to various methods:
- the launch of cleaners (snails, shrimps, fish),
- mechanical cleaning
- reduction of daylight hours to 8 hours
- adjusting the number of fish
- vessel restart,
- artificial and live sera filters,
- purchase preparations for algae control.
Before applying any method, identify the cause of the disturbance of the biobalance.
Biological organisms, purifying aquariums
Toxic products (excrement, leftover food, plant waste) are neutralized, broken down by beneficial bacteria to form suitable for plant nutrition.
The waste products of bacteria are absorbed by filters or removed by changing water.
Plants purify water, absorb carbon dioxide, emit oxygen. The most active are floating plants.
Among the biological organisms are mollusks. They translate calcium into an insoluble state, bring food residues to the desired consistency, bacteria can easily process them later.
Amoebas prefer to eat algae, organic residues. Thereby giving food to bacteria.
The appearance of bryozoans in the vessel, says a safe balance. Since they live only in clean water with a sufficient dose of oxygen.
All flora and fauna is involved in the biological equilibrium of the aquarium, but their significance is unequal.
Active fighters with algae among snails:
- Javanese Corbicula,
- Black ear
- Porcelain Septaria
The temperature content in the range of 22-27 degrees.
In the vessel, the cochlea does not breed, except for the “black ear” type. Caviar can be seen on the glass walls.
Up to 5 years, the horned snail Neritina Gliton lives among the fish. The uniqueness of the form - miniature size of 1-1.5 cm.
In freshwater aquariums, scavenger fish benefit:
- Siamese algae,
The main food of fish are algae. The temperature content of 23-26 degrees.
Shrimps are popular among aquarists:
Shrimps destroy algae, rotted leaves of plants.
Causes of pathogenic algae growth
There are many types of algae, the causes can be:
- violation of biobalance (bacteria, fungi, mollusks, etc.),
- lack or excess of daylight,
- dead organic matter.
In the aquarium, poisons accumulate, which give rise to the appearance of algae and have a destructive effect on all life.
Basic rules for daily care of an aquarium
- Check parameters.
- Feeding fish
- Monitor the operation of the equipment (sanctification, filtration, aeration, heating devices).
- Look at the condition of the fish - whether all are healthy. If you identify a patient specimen, urgently otsadite in a separate container.
Cleaning a dirty aquarium
A complete analysis of the aquarium will destroy all the beneficial colonies of bacteria that eliminate the waste of fish. Exceptions are extremely neglected cases. In order for the tank to look like new, you need a little special cleaning agent and several fixtures. Accessories and tools for cleaning:
- metal scraper for algae removal (plastic for acrylic tanks),
- sponge on a stick
- special pet store cleaner
- water siphon
- bucket (new or not used for other purposes),
- harmless glass cleaner
- filter material
- filter brush,
- old towels
- paper towels.
Thanks to these tools, you can quickly and easily wash the aquarium with fish without changing water.
The aquarium is cleaned in a specific order:
- inner glass
- scenery (large stones, figures, etc.),
- outer glass and lamps,
It is important to properly clean the aquarium with fish, otherwise you can cause serious harm to your pets and disrupt the integrity of the formed ecosystem.
To begin with, clean the algae from the inside of the glass. A scraper and a sponge make it possible to clean the walls of the aquarium without draining the water.
The sponge will help to remove light scurf on the walls. To facilitate the process, you can use special washcloths with a handle. It is recommended to buy a sponge in a pet store, and not in the economic department of a supermarket. At first glance it may seem that there is no difference, but the sponges for dishes may contain soap or chemical residues. This sediment is not harmful in everyday use, but can be deadly to fish.
To facilitate the cleaning of the glass walls of the aquarium from algae, you can use a metal scraper
More durable residues on the glass are removed with a metal scraper. If the aquarium is acrylic, you need to use a plastic scraper so as not to scratch the acrylic.
Soiled decorative elements
After the inner glass is cleaned, you can gently get stones, artificial plants and other decorations that are very dirty. Even in severe cases, you should not use soap and detergents. They are very difficult to completely remove from the surface, and even a small residue can be fatal to the entire ecosystem. As a rule, the sponge perfectly removes algae and dirt from stones and jewelry.
Stones and other decorative elements are also cleaned either with a sponge or with special detergents for aquariums.
For particularly difficult cases, you can use a solution from a special cleaner for aquariums. To start items need to be soaked in solution for 15 minutes. After that, wipe the remaining residue with a sponge and rinse the decor well with running water.
Live plants can also be cleaned with a solution. However, stem plants tolerate such procedures worse. Therefore, a 5% bleaching solution is prepared for living plants, in which they are soaked for two to three minutes and then washed well.
Peeled stones, decorations and plants are left to dry while the ground is being washed. This way you can avoid re-contamination due to debris that rises from under the gravel.
Living algae can also be cleaned in an aquarium by soaking it in a special solution.
Siphon for soil
There are several types of siphons - they all have a similar principle of operation. There are also more convenient models that drain dirty water directly into the sink, thereby eliminating the need for buckets. Or have an adapter that allows water to pass through the filter and return it back to the tank.
This removes large debris, and smaller particles will pass through the filter and return to the aquarium. It is very important to thoroughly clean the entire surface of the soil in order to remove debris.
Thanks to the siphon, cleaning the soil in the aquarium is much easier and faster.
Glass cleaners and fixtures
Conventional glass cleaners contain ammonia, which is toxic to fish. Vinegar is highly recommended. or cleaning products intended for the aquarium.
Despite the fact that the outer glass and equipment does not come into contact with fish and plants, it is still better to carry out preventive measures.
If the outer surface is clean, stones, plants and other decorations can be returned to the tank. Then you need to wait a few weeks before cleaning the filter. The fact is that the main cleaning removed colonies of beneficial bacteria on plants, stones and soil. Fortunately, some of them are inside the filtering material, so the ecosystem is not completely destroyed. However, if you replace the filter immediately, it can cause a dangerous release of ammonia, as there will be too few bacteria to eliminate toxins.
Some experts warn that replacing the filter material removes too many good bacteria. Others claim that there are enough bacteria on the stones, plants and in the ground so that the ecosystem is not in danger when changing the filter. Further actions will largely depend on the type of filter material used.
Filters can be cleaned several weeks after the main cleaning of the aquarium.
If the filter contains carbon, ammonia absorbers or ion exchange resins, it should be replaced every three weeks. Means that act as a mechanical filter (i.e., ceramic rings, filter fiber or sponge) should be carefully rinsed to remove debris and installed back into the filter.
It is also important to clean the filter tube and other parts of the filter assembly. A filter brush will help clean the sediment, which always accumulates in all small crevices.
If the fish live in a small tank, it is important to constantly purge, as a too dirty aquarium can cause illness and death of the fish. Regular weekly cleaning will help keep the fish healthy in its habitat.
Before you clean the aquarium at home, you need to get the fish. For this:
- use a clean container
- fill it with a piece of old water
- cover the container so that the fish do not jump out
- restrict access to light.
A fish that does not usually jump will behave differently in a stressful situation, so it’s best to be safe. Reducing the light will also help reduce the load on the fish. You can put a thin towel on the container to reduce the light and not let the fish jump out.
Regardless of the source, water should be prepared to remove chlorine, chloramines, heavy metals and other potentially harmful substances. It is important to maintain a constant water temperature to avoid a sharp drop in fish. Наконец, водопроводная вода содержит растворенные газы, которые рассеиваются через короткое время, часто меняя рН воды, что является ещё одним фактором стресса для рыбы.
Все эти проблемы можно избежать простым отстаиванием воды. You need to fill the bucket with water and let it stand overnight.
Since there is not enough space for cleaning without draining the water, you will have to completely disassemble the aquarium. It should start with the removal of all the decorations. Next, the water pours out, gets the ground. It is best to wash the soil with warm water, shaking it several times to ensure that the garbage is washed out.
While the tank is still wet, you can wash the inside of the glass with a paper towel. If there are stiff spots on the bowl, a small brush should be applied. The same brush can be used to clean jewelry. Rinse the aquarium and jewelry several times with warm water.
After the aquarium regains a pleasant appearance, it will be much easier to maintain cleanliness on an ongoing basis. The inner glass should be cleaned once a week, the ground can be washed with a siphon every time there is a change of water, and stones or plants should be cleaned as soon as dirt or algae appear on them.
The filter will have to be washed monthly. Components will need to be replaced or rinsed, depending on the model design. With regular care, the aquarium will look beautiful all the time.